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Linear ODEs in the complex domain and isomonodromy deformations

Course Type: 
PhD Course
Anno (LM): 
First Year
Academic Year: 
60 h
The aim of the course is to introduce the audience to linear systems of differential equations in the complex domain, their monodromy and essential monodromy data. Then, the theory of isomonodromy deformations will be studied, with applications to some examples. These notions play an important role in modern mathematical physics, for example in integrable systems.
  •     Existence and uniqueness theorems in the complex domain.
  •     Linear systems
  •     Singularities and monodromy
  •     Classification of isolated singularities of linear systems (first and second kind).
  •     Linear systems with singularities of first kind (Fuchsian systems). Reduction to Birkhoff normal form.
  •     Linear equations of order n. Riemann and Gauss equations.
  •     Review of Poincar´e asymptotics.
  •     Linear Systems with singularities of the second kind.
  •     Unramified singularities. Reduction to Birkhoff normal form. Invariants. Stokes phenomenon (some examples, such as the Bessel equation).
  •     Global description. Monodromy data.
  •     Linear systems depending on parameters.
  •     Monodromy preserving deformations.
  •     Examples. Painlev´e equations.
  •     Painlev´e equations.


Prerequisites: Complex analysis, theory of analytic functions in one complex variable (see Reference 4. below).


Basic References
  1. W. Wasow: Asymptotic Expansions for Ordinary Differential Equations.
  2. E.A. Coddington, N. Levinson: Theory of Ordinary Differential Equations.
  3. E.L. Ince: Ordinary Differential Equations
  4. V.I. Smirnov: A course of higher mathematics. Vol. 3. Part 2: complex variables, special functions
  5. K. Iwasaki, H. Kimura, S. Shimomura, M. Yoshida: From Gauss to Painlev´e.
  6. W. Balser, W.B. Jurkat, D.A. Lutz: "Birkhoff Invariants and Stokes’ Multipliers for Meromorphic Linear Differential Equations". Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications 71, 48-94 (1979).
  7. W. Balser, W.B. Jurkat, D.A. Lutz: A Genearal Theory of Invariants for Meromorphic Differential Equations. Funkcialaj Evacioj, 22, (1979). Part I (pages 197-221), Part II (pages 257-283)
  8. A. Fokas, A.R. Its, A.A. Kapaev, V.Y. Novokshenov: Painlev´e Transcendents, The Riemann-Hilbert approach.
  9. Y. Sibuya: Linear Differential Equations in Complex Domain; Problems of Analytic Continuation. Translations of Mathematical Monographs 82, AMS.
  10. Jimbo M., Miwa T., Ueno K., Monodromy Preserving Deformations of Linear Ordinary Differential Equations with Rational Coefficients (I), Physica, D2, (1981), 306.
  11. Jimbo M., Miwa T. Monodromy Preserving Deformations of Linear Ordinary Differential Equations with Rational Coefficients (II), Physica, D2, (1981), 407-448.
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