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1D periodic potentials with gaps vanishing at k=0

Title1D periodic potentials with gaps vanishing at k=0
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsMichelangeli, A, Zagordi, O
JournalMem. Differential Equations Math. Phys. 47 (2009) 133-158

Appearance of energy bands and gaps in the dispersion relations of a periodic potential is a standard feature of Quantum Mechanics. We investigate the class of one-dimensional periodic potentials for which all gaps vanish at the center of the Brillouin zone. We characterise themthrough a necessary and sufficient condition. Potentials of the form we focus on arise in different fields of Physics, from supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics, to Korteweg-de Vries equation theory and classical diffusion problems. The O.D.E. counterpart to this problem is the characterisation of periodic potentials for which coexistence occurs of linearly independent solutions of the corresponding Schrödinger equation (Hill\\\'s equation). This result is placed in the perspective of the previous related results available in the literature.


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