We prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems, bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori, by the use of a generalization of the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Birkhoff Theorem.

}, issn = {0362-546X}, doi = {10.1016/j.na.2019.111720}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2019.111720}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Giuliano Klun and Andrea Sfecci} } @conference {2020, title = {A Reduced Order Approach for the Embedded Shifted Boundary FEM and a Heat Exchange System on Parametrized Geometries}, booktitle = {IUTAM Symposium on Model Order Reduction of Coupled Systems, Stuttgart, Germany, May 22{\textendash}25, 2018}, year = {2020}, publisher = {Springer International Publishing}, organization = {Springer International Publishing}, abstract = {A model order reduction technique is combined with an embedded boundary finite element method with a POD-Galerkin strategy. The proposed methodology is applied to parametrized heat transfer problems and we rely on a sufficiently refined shape-regular background mesh to account for parametrized geometries. In particular, the employed embedded boundary element method is the Shifted Boundary Method (SBM) recently proposed. This approach is based on the idea of shifting the location of true boundary conditions to a surrogate boundary, with the goal of avoiding cut cells near the boundary of the computational domain. This combination of methodologies has multiple advantages. In the first place, since the Shifted Boundary Method always relies on the same background mesh, there is no need to update the discretized parametric domain. Secondly, we avoid the treatment of cut cell elements, which usually need particular attention. Thirdly, since the whole background mesh is considered in the reduced basis construction, the SBM allows for a smooth transition of the reduced modes across the immersed domain boundary. The performances of the method are verified in two dimensional heat transfer numerical examples.

}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-21013-7_8}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.07753}, author = {Efthymios N. Karatzas and Giovanni Stabile and Nabib Atallah and Guglielmo Scovazzi and Gianluigi Rozza}, editor = {Fehr, J{\"o}rg and Haasdonk, Bernard} } @article {ArndtBangerthClevenger-2019-a, title = {The deal.II Library, Version 9.1}, journal = {Journal of Numerical Mathematics}, year = {2019}, abstract = {This paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II, version 9.1.}, issn = {15702820}, doi = {10.1515/jnma-2019-0064}, author = {Arndt, Daniel and Bangerth, Wolfgang and Clevenger, Thomas C. and Davydov, Denis and Fehling, Marc and Garcia-Sanchez, Daniel and Harper, Graham and Heister, Timo and Heltai, Luca and Kronbichler, Martin and Maguire Kynch, Ross and Maier, Matthias and Pelteret, Jean Paul and Turcksin, Bruno and Wells, David} } @article {FEOLA2019119, title = {Local well-posedness for quasi-linear NLS with large Cauchy data on the circle}, journal = {Annales de l{\textquoteright}Institut Henri Poincar{\'e} C, Analyse non lin{\'e}aire}, volume = {36}, number = {1}, year = {2019}, pages = {119 - 164}, abstract = {We prove local in time well-posedness for a large class of quasilinear Hamiltonian, or parity preserving, Schr{\"o}dinger equations on the circle. After a paralinearization of the equation, we perform several paradifferential changes of coordinates in order to transform the system into a paradifferential one with symbols which, at the positive order, are constant and purely imaginary. This allows to obtain a priori energy estimates on the Sobolev norms of the solutions.

}, keywords = {Dispersive equations, Energy method, Local wellposedness, NLS, Para-differential calculus, Quasi-linear PDEs}, issn = {0294-1449}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anihpc.2018.04.003}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144918300428}, author = {Roberto Feola and Felice Iandoli} } @article {FEOLA2019932, title = {Reducibility of first order linear operators on tori via Moser{\textquoteright}s theorem}, journal = {Journal of Functional Analysis}, volume = {276}, number = {3}, year = {2019}, pages = {932 - 970}, abstract = {In this paper we prove reducibility of a class of first order, quasi-linear, quasi-periodic time dependent PDEs on the torus∂tu+ζ.∂xu+a(ωt,x).∂xu=0,x∈Td,ζ∈Rd,ω∈Rν. As a consequence we deduce a stability result on the associated Cauchy problem in Sobolev spaces. By the identification between first order operators and vector fields this problem can be formulated as the problem of finding a change of coordinates which conjugates a weakly perturbed constant vector field on Tν+d to a constant diophantine flow. For this purpose we generalize Moser{\textquoteright}s straightening theorem: considering smooth perturbations we prove that the corresponding straightening torus diffeomorphism is smooth, under the assumption that the perturbation is small only in some given Sobolev norm and that the initial frequency belongs to some Cantor-like set. In view of applications in KAM theory for PDEs we provide also tame estimates on the change of variables.

}, keywords = {Hyperbolic PDEs, KAM theory, Nash{\textendash}Moser, Reducibility}, issn = {0022-1236}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2018.10.009}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123618303793}, author = {Roberto Feola and Filippo Giuliani and Riccardo Montalto and Michela Procesi} } @article {2019, title = {On the topological degree of planar maps avoiding normal cones}, journal = {TOPOLOGICAL METHODS IN NONLINEAR ANALYSIS}, volume = {53}, number = {SISSA;04/2019/MATE}, year = {2019}, pages = {825-845}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {The classical Poincar{\'e}-Bohl theorem provides the existence of a zero for a function avoiding external rays. When the domain is convex, the same holds true when avoiding normal cones.

We consider here the possibility of dealing with nonconvex sets having inward corners or cusps, in which cases the normal cone vanishes. This allows us to deal with situations where the topological degree may be strictly greater than $1$.

We study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright}+(λa+(t)-μa-(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and sublinear growth at infinity. For λ,μ positive and large, we prove the existence of 3^m-1 positive T-periodic solutions when the weight function a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a T-periodicity interval). As a byproduct of our approach we also provide abundance of positive subharmonic solutions and symbolic dynamics. The proof is based on coincidence degree theory for locally compact operators on open unbounded sets and also applies to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Neumann and the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35264}, author = {Alberto Boscaggin and Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {doi:10.1142/S0219199717500213, title = {Positive subharmonic solutions to nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight}, journal = {Communications in Contemporary Mathematics}, volume = {20}, number = {01}, year = {2018}, pages = {1750021}, abstract = {We prove that the superlinear indefinite equation u" + a(t)up = 0, where p \> 1 and a(t) is a T-periodic sign-changing function satisfying the (sharp) mean value condition ∫0Ta(t)dt \< 0, has positive subharmonic solutions of order k for any large integer k, thus providing a further contribution to a problem raised by Butler in its pioneering paper [Rapid oscillation, nonextendability, and the existence of periodic solutions to second order nonlinear ordinary differential equations, J. Differential Equations 22 (1976) 467{\textendash}477]. The proof, which applies to a larger class of indefinite equations, combines coincidence degree theory (yielding a positive harmonic solution) with the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Birkhoff fixed point theorem (giving subharmonic solutions oscillating around it).

}, doi = {10.1142/S0219199717500213}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219199717500213}, author = {Alberto Boscaggin and Guglielmo Feltrin} } @article {1806.06604, title = {Reducibility for a class of weakly dispersive linear operators arising from the Degasperis Procesi equation}, year = {2018}, author = {Roberto Feola and Filippo Giuliani and Michela Procesi} } @article {1809.03586, title = {On some rigorous aspects of fragmented condensation}, year = {2018}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1809.03586}, author = {Daniele Dimonte and Marco Falconi and Alessandro Olgiati} } @article {2018, title = {Transmission conditions obtained by homogenisation}, number = {SISSA;11/2018/MATE}, year = {2018}, abstract = {We study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to variational problems in perforated domains with Neumann boundary conditions. We consider perforations that in the limit concentrate on a smooth manifold. We characterise the limits of the solutions and show that they solve a variational problem with a transmission condition across the manifold. This is expressed through a measure on the manifold, vanishing on sets of capacity zero. Then, we prove that every such measure can be obtained by homogenising suitable perforations. Eventually, we provide an asymptotic formula for this measure by using some auxiliary minimum problems.}, url = {http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35310}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Giovanni Franzina and Davide Zucco} } @article {feltrin2017, title = {An application of coincidence degree theory to cyclic feedback type systems associated with nonlinear differential operators}, journal = {Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal.}, volume = {50}, number = {2}, year = {2017}, pages = {683{\textendash}726}, publisher = {Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies}, doi = {10.12775/TMNA.2017.038}, url = {https://doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2017.038}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {FONDA20171064, title = {An avoiding cones condition for the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Birkhoff Theorem}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations}, volume = {262}, number = {2}, year = {2017}, pages = {1064 - 1084}, abstract = {We provide a geometric assumption which unifies and generalizes the conditions proposed in [11], [12], so to obtain a higher dimensional version of the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Birkhoff fixed point Theorem for Poincar{\'e} maps of Hamiltonian systems.

}, keywords = {Avoiding cones condition, Hamiltonian systems, Periodic solutions, Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Birkhoff theorem}, issn = {0022-0396}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2016.10.002}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616303278}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Paolo Gidoni} } @article {FEDELI2017247, title = {Computer simulations of phase field drops on super-hydrophobic surfaces}, journal = {Journal of Computational Physics}, volume = {344}, year = {2017}, pages = {247 - 259}, abstract = {We present a novel quasi-Newton continuation procedure that efficiently solves the system of nonlinear equations arising from the discretization of a phase field model for wetting phenomena. We perform a comparative numerical analysis that shows the improved speed of convergence gained with respect to other numerical schemes. Moreover, we discuss the conditions that, on a theoretical level, guarantee the convergence of this method. At each iterative step, a suitable continuation procedure develops and passes to the nonlinear solver an accurate initial guess. Discretization performs through cell-centered finite differences. The resulting system of equations is solved on a composite grid that uses dynamic mesh refinement and multi-grid techniques. The final code achieves three-dimensional, realistic computer experiments comparable to those produced in laboratory settings. This code offers not only new insights into the phenomenology of super-hydrophobicity, but also serves as a reliable predictive tool for the study of hydrophobic surfaces.

}, keywords = {Multigrid, Phase field, Quasi-Newton, Super-hydrophobicity}, issn = {0021-9991}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2017.04.068}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002199911730356X}, author = {Livio Fedeli} } @article {1534-0392_2017_3_1083, title = {Multiple positive solutions of a sturm-liouville boundary value problem with conflicting nonlinearities}, journal = {Communications on Pure \& Applied Analysis}, volume = {16}, number = {1534-0392_2017_3_108}, year = {2017}, pages = {1083}, abstract = {We study the second order nonlinear differential equation

\begindocument $ u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + \sum\limits_i = 1^m α_ia_i(x)g_i(u) - \sum\limits_j = 1^m + 1 β_jb_j(x)k_j(u) = 0,\rm $ \enddocument

where $\alpha_i, \beta_j\>0$, $a_i(x), b_j(x)$ are non-negative Lebesgue integrable functions defined in $\mathopen[0, L\mathclose]$, and the nonlinearities $g_i(s), k_j(s)$ are continuous, positive and satisfy suitable growth conditions, as to cover the classical superlinear equation $u"+a(x)u.p = 0$, with $p\>1$.When the positive parameters $\beta_j$ are sufficiently large, we prove the existence of at least $2.m-1$positive solutions for the Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems associated with the equation.The proof is based on the Leray-Schauder topological degree for locally compact operators on open and possibly unbounded sets.Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

}, keywords = {Leray-Schauder topological degree;, positive solutions, Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions, Superlinear indefinite problems}, issn = {1534-0392}, doi = {10.3934/cpaa.2017052}, url = {http://aimsciences.org//article/id/1163b042-0c64-4597-b25c-3494b268e5a1}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin} } @article {FELTRIN20174255, title = {Multiplicity of positive periodic solutions in the superlinear indefinite case via coincidence degree}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations}, volume = {262}, number = {8}, year = {2017}, pages = {4255 - 4291}, abstract = {We study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear differential equationu"+cu'+(a+(t)-μa-(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity, a(t) is a periodic sign-changing weight, c∈R and μ\>0 is a real parameter. Our model includes (for c=0) the so-called nonlinear Hill{\textquoteright}s equation. We prove the existence of 2m-1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a periodicity interval) and μ is sufficiently large, thus giving a complete solution to a problem raised by G.J. Butler in 1976. The proof is based on Mawhin{\textquoteright}s coincidence degree defined in open (possibly unbounded) sets and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Our method also provides a topological approach to detect subharmonic solutions.

}, keywords = {Coincidence degree, Multiplicity results, Neumann boundary value problems, Positive periodic solutions, subharmonic solutions, Superlinear indefinite problems}, issn = {0022-0396}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2017.01.009}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039617300219}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {12163, title = {A note on a fixed point theorem on topological cylinders}, journal = {Ann. Mat. Pura Appl.}, number = {Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata;}, year = {2017}, note = {AMS Subject Classification: 47H10, 37C25, 47H11, 54H25.}, publisher = {Springer Verlag}, abstract = {We present a fixed point theorem on topological cylinders in normed linear spaces for maps satisfying a property of stretching a space along paths. This result is a generalization of a similar theorem obtained by D. Papini and F. Zanolin. In view of the main result, we discuss the existence of fixed points for maps defined on different types of domains and we propose alternative proofs for classical fixed point theorems, as Brouwer, Schauder and Krasnosel{\textquoteright}skii ones.

}, doi = {10.1007/s10231-016-0623-2}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35263}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin} } @article {2017, title = {Numerical modeling of hemodynamics scenarios of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts}, journal = {Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology}, volume = {16}, year = {2017}, pages = {1373-1399}, doi = {10.1007/s10237-017-0893-7}, url = {https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85015065851\&doi=10.1007\%2fs10237-017-0893-7\&partnerID=40\&md5=c388f20bd5de14187bad9ed7d9affbd0}, author = {Francesco Ballarin and Elena Faggiano and Andrea Manzoni and Alfio Quarteroni and Gianluigi Rozza and Sonia Ippolito and Roberto Scrofani} } @article {Fiorenza2016, title = {Construction of Real-Valued Localized Composite Wannier Functions for Insulators}, journal = {Annales Henri Poincar{\'e}}, volume = {17}, number = {1}, year = {2016}, month = {Jan}, pages = {63{\textendash}97}, abstract = {We consider a real periodic Schr{\"o}dinger operator and a physically relevant family of $m \geq 1$ Bloch bands, separated by a gap from the rest of the spectrum, and we investigate the localization properties of the corresponding composite Wannier functions. To this aim, we show that in dimension $d\leq 3$, there exists a global frame consisting of smooth quasi-Bloch functions which are both periodic and time-reversal symmetric. Aiming to applications in computational physics, we provide a constructive algorithm to obtain such a Bloch frame. The construction yields the existence of a basis of composite Wannier functions which are real-valued and almost-exponentially localized. The proof of the main result exploits only the fundamental symmetries of the projector on the relevant bands, allowing applications, beyond the model specified above, to a broad range of gapped periodic quantum systems with a time-reversal symmetry of bosonic type.

}, issn = {1424-0661}, doi = {10.1007/s00023-015-0400-6}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00023-015-0400-6}, author = {Domenico Fiorenza and Domenico Monaco and Gianluca Panati} } @article {20.500.11767_11949, title = {Error Estimates of B-spline based finite-element method for the wind-driven ocean circulation}, journal = {JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING}, volume = {69}, year = {2016}, pages = {430{\textendash}459}, doi = {10.1007/s10915-016-0201-1}, author = {Rotundo, N. and Kim, T. -Y. and Jiang, W. and Luca Heltai and Fried, E.} } @article {2016, title = {A fast virtual surgery platform for many scenarios haemodynamics of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts}, year = {2016}, institution = {Submitted}, abstract = {A fast computational framework is devised to the study of several configurations of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts. This is especially useful to perform a sensitivity analysis of the haemodynamics for different flow conditions occurring in native coronary arteries and bypass grafts, the investigation of the progression of the coronary artery disease and the choice of the most appropriate surgical procedure. A complete pipeline, from the acquisition of patientspecific medical images to fast parametrized computational simulations, is proposed. Complex surgical configurations employed in the clinical practice, such as Y-grafts and sequential grafts, are studied. A virtual surgery platform based on model reduction of unsteady Navier Stokes equations for blood dynamics is proposed to carry out sensitivity analyses in a very rapid and reliable way. A specialized geometrical parametrization is employed to compare the effect of stenosis and anastomosis variation on the outcome of the surgery in several relevant cases.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35240}, author = {Francesco Ballarin and Elena Faggiano and Andrea Manzoni and Gianluigi Rozza and Alfio Quarteroni and Sonia Ippolito and Roberto Scrofani and Carlo Antona} } @article {Fonda2016, title = {Generalizing the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Miranda theorem: the avoiding cones condition}, journal = {Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -)}, volume = {195}, number = {4}, year = {2016}, month = {Aug}, pages = {1347{\textendash}1371}, abstract = {After proposing a variant of the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Bohl theorem, we extend the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Miranda theorem in several directions, by introducing an avoiding cones condition. We are thus able to deal with functions defined on various types of convex domains, and situations where the topological degree may be different from \$\$\backslashpm \$\${\textpm}1. An illustrative application is provided for the study of functionals having degenerate multi-saddle points.

}, issn = {1618-1891}, doi = {10.1007/s10231-015-0519-6}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-015-0519-6}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Paolo Gidoni} } @article {2016, title = {Pairs of positive periodic solutions of nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight: a topological degree approach for the super-sublinear case}, journal = {Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A 146 (2016), 449{\textendash}474.}, number = {Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section A. Mathematics;volume 146; issue 3; pages 449-474;}, year = {2016}, note = {AMS Subject Classification: Primary 34B18; 34C25; Secondary 34B15; 47H11;}, publisher = {Cambridge University Press}, abstract = {We study the periodic and Neumann boundary value problems associated with the second order nonlinear differential equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright}+cu{\textquoteright}+λa(t)g(u)=0, where g:[0,+$\infty$[{\textrightarrow}[0,+$\infty$[ is a sublinear function at infinity having superlinear growth at zero. We prove the existence of two positive solutions when ∫a(t)dt 0 is sufficiently large. Our approach is based on Mawhin{\textquoteright}s coincidence degree theory and index computations.

}, doi = {10.1017/S0308210515000621}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35262}, author = {Alberto Boscaggin and Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {fonda2016periodic, title = {Periodic perturbations of Hamiltonian systems}, journal = {Advances in Nonlinear Analysis}, volume = {5}, number = {4}, year = {2016}, pages = {367{\textendash}382}, publisher = {De Gruyter}, abstract = {We prove existence and multiplicity results for periodic solutions of Hamiltonian systems, by the use of a higher dimensional version of the Poincar{\'e}{\textendash}Birkhoff fixed point theorem. The first part of the paper deals with periodic perturbations of a completely integrable system, while in the second part we focus on some suitable global conditions, so to deal with weakly coupled systems.

}, doi = {10.1515/anona-2015-0122}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Maurizio Garrione and Paolo Gidoni} } @mastersthesis {2016, title = {Positive solutions to indefinite problems: a topological approach}, year = {2016}, note = {The research work described in this Ph.D. thesis has produced 10 papers.}, school = {SISSA}, abstract = {The present Ph.D. thesis is devoted to the study of positive solutions to indefinite problems. In particular, we deal with the second order nonlinear differential equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + a(t) g(u) = 0, where g : [0,+$\infty$[{\textrightarrow}[0,+$\infty$[ is a continuous nonlinearity and a : [0,T]{\textrightarrow}R is a Lebesgue integrable sign-changing weight. We analyze the Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic boundary value problems on [0,T] associated with the equation and we provide existence, nonexistence and multiplicity results for positive solutions. In the first part of the manuscript, we investigate nonlinearities g(u) with a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity (including the classical superlinear case g(u)=u^p, with p>1). In particular, we prove that there exist 2^m-1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by negative ones and the negative part of a(t) is sufficiently large. Then, for the Dirichlet problem, we solve a conjecture by G{\'o}mez-Re{\~n}asco and L{\'o}pez-G{\'o}mez (JDE, 2000) and, for the periodic problem, we give a complete answer to a question raised by Butler (JDE, 1976). In the second part, we study the super-sublinear case (i.e. g(u) is superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity). If a(t) has m positive humps separated by negative ones, we obtain the existence of 3^m-1 positive solutions of the boundary value problems associated with the parameter-dependent equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + λ a(t) g(u) = 0, when both λ>0 and the negative part of a(t) are sufficiently large. We propose a new approach based on topological degree theory for locally compact operators on open possibly unbounded sets, which applies for Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic boundary conditions. As a byproduct of our method, we obtain infinitely many subharmonic solutions and globally defined positive solutions with complex behavior, and we deal with chaotic dynamics. Moreover, we study positive radially symmetric solutions to the Dirichlet and Neumann problems associated with elliptic PDEs on annular domains. Furthermore, this innovative technique has the potential and the generality needed to deal with indefinite problems with more general differential operators. Indeed, our approach apply also for the non-Hamiltonian equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + cu{\textquoteright} + a(t) g(u) = 0. Meanwhile, more general operators in the one-dimensional case and problems involving PDEs will be subjects of future investigations.}, keywords = {positive solutions}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin} } @article {farina2016symmetry, title = {Symmetry properties of some solutions to some semilinear elliptic equations}, journal = {Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di scienze}, volume = {16}, number = {4}, year = {2016}, pages = {1209{\textendash}1234}, publisher = {Classe di Scienze}, author = {Farina, Alberto and Andrea Malchiodi and Matteo Rizzi} } @article {Fiorenza2016, title = {t-Structures are Normal Torsion Theories}, journal = {Applied Categorical Structures}, volume = {24}, number = {2}, year = {2016}, month = {Apr}, pages = {181{\textendash}208}, abstract = {We characterize $t$-structures in stable $\infty$-categories as suitable quasicategorical factorization systems. More precisely we show that a $t$-structure $\mathcal{t}$ on a stable $\infty$-category $\mathbb{C}$ is equivalent to a normal torsion theory $\mathbf{F}$ on $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. to a factorization system $\mathbf{F} = (\mathcal{\epsilon}, \mathcal{M})$ where both classes satisfy the 3-for-2 cancellation property, and a certain compatibility with pullbacks/pushouts.

}, issn = {1572-9095}, doi = {10.1007/s10485-015-9393-z}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s10485-015-9393-z}, author = {Domenico Fiorenza and Fosco Loregian} } @article {Fiorenza2016, title = {Z2 Invariants of Topological Insulators as Geometric Obstructions}, journal = {Communications in Mathematical Physics}, volume = {343}, number = {3}, year = {2016}, month = {May}, pages = {1115{\textendash}1157}, abstract = {We consider a gapped periodic quantum system with time-reversal symmetry of fermionic (or odd) type, i.e. the time-reversal operator squares to $-\mathbb{1}$. We investigate the existence of periodic and time-reversal invariant Bloch frames in dimensions 2 and 3. In 2d, the obstruction to the existence of such a frame is shown to be encoded in a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-valued topological invariant, which can be computed by a simple algorithm. We prove that the latter agrees with the Fu-Kane index. In 3d, instead, four $\mathbb{Z}_2$ invariants emerge from the construction, again related to the Fu-Kane-Mele indices. When no topological obstruction is present, we provide a constructive algorithm yielding explicitly a periodic and time-reversal invariant Bloch frame. The result is formulated in an abstract setting, so that it applies both to discrete models and to continuous ones.

}, issn = {1432-0916}, doi = {10.1007/s00220-015-2552-0}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-015-2552-0}, author = {Domenico Fiorenza and Domenico Monaco and Gianluca Panati} } @article {2015, title = {A class of Hamiltonians for a three-particle fermionic system at unitarity}, year = {2015}, note = {This SISSA preprint is composed of 29 pages and is recorded in PDF format}, abstract = {We consider a quantum mechanical three-particle system made of two identical fermions of mass one and a different particle of mass $m$, where each fermion interacts via a zero-range force with the different particle. In particular we study the unitary regime, i.e., the case of infinite two-body scattering length. The Hamiltonians describing the system are, by definition, self-adjoint extensions of the free Hamiltonian restricted on smooth functions vanishing at the two-body coincidence planes, i.e., where the positions of two interacting particles coincide. It is known that for $m$ larger than a critical value $m^* \simeq (13.607)^{-1}$ a self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonian $H_0$ can be constructed, whose domain is characterized in terms of the standard point-interaction boundary condition at each coincidence plane. Here we prove that for $m\in(m^*,m^{**})$, where $m^{**}\simeq (8.62)^{-1}$, there is a further family of self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonians $H_{0,\beta}$, $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$, describing the system. Using a quadratic form method, we give a rigorous construction of such Hamiltonians and we show that the elements of their domains satisfy a further boundary condition, characterizing the singular behavior when the positions of all the three particles coincide.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34469}, author = {Michele Correggi and Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Domenico Finco and Alessandro Michelangeli and Alessandro Teta} } @article {2015, title = {Existence of positive solutions in the superlinear case via coincidence degree: the Neumann and the periodic boundary value problems}, journal = {Adv. Differential Equations 20 (2015), 937{\textendash}982.}, number = {Advances in Differential Equations;volume 20; issue 9/10; pages 937-982;}, year = {2015}, note = {AMS Subject Classification: 34B18, 34B15, 34C25, 47H11.}, publisher = {Khayyam Publishing}, abstract = {We prove the existence of positive periodic solutions for the second order nonlinear equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + a(x) g(u) = 0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. The weight function a(x) is allowed to change its sign. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of nontrivial solutions are obtained. The proof is based on Mawhin{\textquoteright}s coincidence degree and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Applications are given to the search of positive solutions for a nonlinear PDE in annular domains and for a periodic problem associated to a non-Hamiltonian equation.

}, url = {http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1435064518}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {0133-0189_2015_special_436, title = {Existence of positive solutions of a superlinear boundary value problem with indefinite weight}, journal = {Conference Publications}, volume = {2015}, number = {0133-0189_2015_special_43}, year = {2015}, pages = {436}, abstract = {We deal with the existence of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated with the nonlinear second order equation $u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright}+a(x)g(u)=0$. The weight $a(x)$ is allowed to change sign. We assume that the function $g\colon\mathopen[0,+$\infty$\mathclose[\to\mathbb{R}$ is continuous, $g(0)=0$ and satisfies suitable growth conditions, including the superlinear case $g(s)=s^p$, with $p\>1$. In particular we suppose that $g(s)/s$ is large near infinity, but we do not require that $g(s)$ is non-negative in a neighborhood of zero. Using a topological approach based on the Leray-Schauder degree we obtain a result of existence of at least a positive solution that improves previous existence theorems.

}, keywords = {boundary value problem, indefinite weight, Positive solution; existence result., superlinear equation}, issn = {0133-0189}, doi = {10.3934/proc.2015.0436}, url = {http://aimsciences.org//article/id/b3c1c765-e8f5-416e-8130-05cc48478026}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin} } @article {2015, title = {Fast simulations of patient-specific haemodynamics of coronary artery bypass grafts based on a POD-Galerkin method and a vascular shape parametrization}, year = {2015}, abstract = {In this work a reduced-order computational framework for the study of haemodynamics in three-dimensional patient-specific configurations of coronary artery bypass grafts dealing with a wide range of scenarios is proposed. We combine several efficient algorithms to face at the same time both the geometrical complexity involved in the description of the vascular network and the huge computational cost entailed by time dependent patient-specific flow simulations. Medical imaging procedures allow to reconstruct patient-specific configurations from clinical data. A centerlines-based parametrization is proposed to efficiently handle geometrical variations. POD{\textendash}Galerkin reduced-order models are employed to cut down large computational costs. This computational framework allows to characterize blood flows for different physical and geometrical variations relevant in the clinical practice, such as stenosis factors and anastomosis variations, in a rapid and reliable way. Several numerical results are discussed, highlighting the computational performance of the proposed framework, as well as its capability to perform sensitivity analysis studies, so far out of reach.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34623}, author = {Francesco Ballarin and Elena Faggiano and Sonia Ippolito and Andrea Manzoni and Alfio Quarteroni and Gianluigi Rozza and Roberto Scrofani} } @article {2015, title = {FEM SUPG stabilisation of mixed isoparametric BEMs: application to linearised free surface flows}, journal = {Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 59 (2015), pp. 8-22}, year = {2015}, abstract = {In finite element formulations, transport dominated problems are often stabilised through the Streamline-Upwind-Petrov{\textendash}Galerkin (SUPG) method. Its application is straightforward when the problem at hand is solved using Galerkin methods. Applications of boundary integral formulations often resort to collocation techniques which are computationally more tractable. In this framework, the Galerkin method and the stabilisation may still be used to successfully apply boundary conditions and resolve instabilities that are frequently observed in transport dominated problems. We apply this technique to an adaptive collocation boundary element method for the solution of stationary potential flows, where we solve a mixed Poisson problem in boundary integral form, with the addition of linearised free surface boundary conditions. We use a mixed boundary element formulation to allow for different finite dimensional spaces describing the flow potential and its normal derivative, and we validate our method simulating the flow around both a submerged body and a surface piercing body. The coupling of mixed surface finite elements and strongly consistent stabilisation techniques with boundary elements opens up the possibility to use non conformal unstructured grids with local refinement, without introducing the inconsistencies of other stabilisation techniques based on up-winding and finite difference schemes.

}, doi = {10.1016/j.enganabound.2015.04.006}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34466}, author = {Nicola Giuliani and Andrea Mola and Luca Heltai and L. Formaggia} } @article {2015, title = {Multiple positive solutions for a superlinear problem: a topological approach}, journal = {J. Differential Equations 259 (2015), 925{\textendash}963.}, number = {Journal of Differential Equations;volume 259; issue 3; pages 925-963;}, year = {2015}, note = {Work presented at the "Special Session 21" of the "10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications" (Madrid, July 7-11, 2014).}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {We study the multiplicity of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated to the nonlinear second order equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright}+f(x,u)=0. We allow x ↦ f(x,s) to change its sign in order to cover the case of scalar equations with indefinite weight. Roughly speaking, our main assumptions require that f(x,s)/s is below λ_1 as s{\textrightarrow}0^+ and above λ_1 as s{\textrightarrow}+$\infty$. In particular, we can deal with the situation in which f(x,s) has a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. We propose a new approach based on the topological degree which provides the multiplicity of solutions. Applications are given for u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + a(x) g(u) = 0, where we prove the existence of 2^n-1 positive solutions when a(x) has n positive humps and a^-(x) is sufficiently large.

}, doi = {10.1016/j.jde.2015.02.032}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35147}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {FONDA201573, title = {A permanence theorem for local dynamical systems}, journal = {Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods \& Applications}, volume = {121}, year = {2015}, note = {Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations, in honor of Enzo Mitidieri for his 60th birthday}, pages = {73 - 81}, abstract = {We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for permanence related to a local dynamical system on a suitable topological space. We then present an illustrative application to a Lotka{\textendash}Volterra predator{\textendash}prey model with intraspecific competition.

}, keywords = {Lotka{\textendash}Volterra, permanence, Predator{\textendash}prey, Uniform persistence}, issn = {0362-546X}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2014.10.011}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X14003332}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Paolo Gidoni} } @article {2015, title = {The phototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a strong efficacy gradient}, number = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America;Volume 112, issue 20; pp. E2715-E2724}, year = {2015}, note = {Open Access article}, publisher = {National Academy of Sciences}, doi = {10.1073/pnas.1423162112}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35157}, author = {Monica Mazzolini and Giuseppe Facchetti and L. Andolfi and R. Proietti Zaccaria and S. Tuccio and J. Treud and Claudio Altafini and Enzo M. Di Fabrizio and Marco Lazzarino and G. Rapp and Vincent Torre} } @article {FortiRozza2014, title = {Efficient geometrical parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling: application to fluid{\textendash}structure interaction coupling problems}, journal = {International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics}, volume = {28}, number = {3-4}, year = {2014}, pages = {158{\textendash}169}, abstract = {We present some recent advances and improvements in shape parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling with special attention to fluid{\textendash}structure interaction problems and the management of structural deformations, namely, to represent them into a low-dimensional space (by control points). This allows to reduce the computational effort, and to significantly simplify the (geometrical) deformation procedure, leading to more efficient and fast reduced-order modelling applications in this kind of problems. We propose an efficient methodology to select the geometrical control points for the radial basis functions based on a modal greedy algorithm to improve the computational efficiency in view of more complex fluid{\textendash}structure applications in several fields. The examples provided deal with aeronautics and wind engineering.}, doi = {10.1080/10618562.2014.932352}, author = {Forti, D. and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {2014, title = {Finite dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili τ-functions. I. Finite Grassmannians}, number = {Journal of Mathematical Physics;volume 55; issue 8; article number 1.4890818;}, year = {2014}, publisher = {American Institute of Physics Inc.}, abstract = {We study τ-functions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy in terms of abelian group actions on finite dimensional Grassmannians, viewed as subquotients of the Hilbert space Grassmannians of Sato, Segal, and Wilson. A determinantal formula of Gekhtman and Kasman involving exponentials of finite dimensional matrices is shown to follow naturally from such reductions. All reduced flows of exponential type generated by matrices with arbitrary nondegenerate Jordan forms are derived, both in the Grassmannian setting and within the fermionic operator formalism. A slightly more general determinantal formula involving resolvents of the matrices generating the flow, valid on the big cell of the Grassmannian, is also derived. An explicit expression is deduced for the Pl{\"u}cker coordinates appearing as coefficients in the Schur function expansion of the τ-function.}, doi = {10.1063/1.4890818}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34952}, author = {Ferenc Balogh and Tiago Fonseca and John P. Harnad} } @article {2014, title = {Second Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard Functional}, year = {2014}, note = {This article is composed if 33 pages and recorded in PDF format}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {The asymptotic behavior of an anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard functional with prescribed mass and Dirichlet boundary condition is studied when the parameter $\varepsilon$ that determines the width of the transition layers tends to zero. The double-well potential is assumed to be even and equal to $|s-1|^\beta$ near $s=1$, with $1<\beta<2$. The first order term in the asymptotic development by $\Gamma$-convergence is well-known, and is related to a suitable anisotropic perimeter of the interface. Here it is shown that, under these assumptions, the second order term is zero, which gives an estimate on the rate of convergence of the minimum values.}, keywords = {Gamma-convergence, Cahn-Hilliard functional, phase transitions}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7390}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni} } @article {2013, title = {Ambrosio-Tortorelli approximation of cohesive fracture models in linearized elasticity}, year = {2013}, institution = {SISSA}, abstract = {We provide an approximation result in the sense of $\Gamma$-convergence for cohesive fracture energies of the form \[ \int_\Omega \mathscr{Q}_1(e(u))\,dx+a\,\mathcal{H}^{n-1}(J_u)+b\,\int_{J_u}\mathscr{Q}_0^{1/2}([u]\odot\nu_u)\,d\mathcal{H}^{n-1}, \] where $\Omega\subset{\mathbb R}^n$ is a bounded open set with Lipschitz boundary, $\mathscr{Q}_0$ and $\mathscr{Q}_1$ are coercive quadratic forms on ${\mathbb M}^{n\times n}_{sym}$, $a,\,b$ are positive constants, and $u$ runs in the space of fields $SBD^2(\Omega)$ , i.e., it{\textquoteright}s a special field with bounded deformation such that its symmetric gradient $e(u)$ is square integrable, and its jump set $J_u$ has finite $(n-1)$-Hausdorff measure in ${\mathbb R}^n$. The approximation is performed by means of Ambrosio-Tortorelli type elliptic regularizations, the prototype example being \[ \int_\Omega\Big(v|e(u)|^2+\frac{(1-v)^2}{\varepsilon}+{\gamma\,\varepsilon}|\nabla v|^2\Big)\,dx, \] where $(u,v)\in H^1(\Omega,{\mathbb R}^n){\times} H^1(\Omega)$, $\varepsilon\leq v\leq 1$ and $\gamma\>0$.

}, keywords = {Functions of bounded deformation}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6615}, author = {Matteo Focardi and Flaviana Iurlano} } @article {2013, title = {Analytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth with elasticity on vicinal surfaces}, number = {Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis}, year = {2013}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {In this paper it is shown existence of weak solutions of a variational inequality derived from the continuum model introduced by Xiang [7, formula (3.62)] (see also the work of Xiang and E [8] and Xu and Xiang [9]) to describe the self-organization of terraces and steps driven by misfit elasticity between a film and a substrate in heteroepitaxial growth. This model is obtained as a continuum limit of discrete theories of Duport, Politi, and Villain [3] and Tersoff, Phang, Zhang, and Lagally[6].}, keywords = {singular nonlinear parabolic equations, Hilbert transform, thin films}, doi = {10.1007/s00205-014-0730-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7245}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni} } @article {2013, title = {Common dynamical features of sensory adaptation in photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons.}, journal = {Nature. Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 1251, Published : 13 February 2013}, year = {2013}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {Sensory systems adapt, i.e., they adjust their sensitivity to external stimuli according to the ambient level. In this paper we show that single cell electrophysiological responses of vertebrate olfactory receptors and of photoreceptors to different input protocols exhibit several common features related to adaptation, and that these features can be used to investigate the dynamical structure of the feedback regulation responsible for the adaptation. In particular, we point out that two different forms of adaptation can be observed, in response to steps and to pairs of pulses. These two forms of adaptation appear to be in a dynamical trade-off: the more adaptation to a step is close to perfect, the slower is the recovery in adaptation to pulse pairs and viceversa. Neither of the two forms is explained by the dynamical models currently used to describe adaptation, such as the integral feedback model.

}, doi = {10.1038/srep01251}, author = {Giovanna De Palo and Giuseppe Facchetti and Monica Mazzolini and Anna Menini and Vincent Torre and Claudio Altafini} } @article {2013, title = {Expanded degenerations and pairs}, journal = {Communications in Algebra. Volume 41, Issue 6, May 2013, Pages 2346-2386}, number = {arXiv:1110.2976v1;}, year = {2013}, note = {This article is composed of 41 pages and is recorded in PDF format}, publisher = {Taylor and Francis}, abstract = {Since Jun Li{\textquoteright}s original definition, several other definitions of expanded pairs and expanded degenerations have appeared in the literature. We explain how these definitions are related and introduce several new variants and perspectives. Among these are the twisted expansions used by Abramovich and Fantechi as a basis for orbifold techniques in degeneation formulas.}, keywords = {Expanded pairs}, doi = {10.1080/00927872.2012.658589}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7383}, author = {Dan Abramovich and Charles Cadman and Barbara Fantechi and Jonathan Wise} } @article {fonda2013, title = {Generalized Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions for first order differential systems in the plane}, journal = {Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal.}, volume = {42}, number = {2}, year = {2013}, pages = {293{\textendash}325}, publisher = {Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies}, abstract = {We study asymptotically positively homogeneous first order systems in the plane, with boundary conditions which are positively homogeneous, as well. Defining a generalized concept of Fu{\v c}{\'\i}k spectrum which extends the usual one for the scalar second order equation, we prove existence and multiplicity of solutions. In this way, on one hand we extend to the plane some known results for scalar second order equations (with Dirichlet, Neumann or Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions), while, on the other hand, we investigate some other kinds of boundary value problems, where the boundary points are chosen on a polygonal line, or in a cone. Our proofs rely on the shooting method.

}, url = {https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.tmna/1461248981}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Maurizio Garrione} } @article {cacace_chambolle_desimone_fedeli_2013, title = {Macroscopic contact angle and liquid drops on rough solid surfaces via homogenization and numerical simulations}, journal = {ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis}, volume = {47}, number = {3}, year = {2013}, pages = {837{\textendash}858}, publisher = {EDP Sciences}, doi = {10.1051/m2an/2012048}, author = {Cacace, S. and Antonin Chambolle and Antonio DeSimone and Livio Fedeli} } @article {1305.1133, title = {A note on non-homogeneous hyperbolic operators with low-regularity coefficients}, year = {2013}, abstract = {In this paper we obtain an energy estimate for a complete strictly hyperbolic operator with second order coefficients satisfying a log-Zygmund-continuity condition with respect to $t$, uniformly with respect to $x$, and a log-Lipschitz-continuity condition with respect to $x$, uniformly with respect to $t$.

}, author = {Ferruccio Colombini and Francesco Fanelli} } @article {fonda2013periodic, title = {Periodic bouncing solutions for nonlinear impact oscillators}, journal = {Advanced Nonlinear Studies}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, year = {2013}, pages = {179{\textendash}189}, publisher = {Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc.}, doi = {10.1515/ans-2013-0110}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Andrea Sfecci} } @article {2012, title = {Asymptotics of the s-perimeter as s {\textrightarrow}0 }, journal = {Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 33, nr.7 (2012): 2777-2790}, number = {arXiv:1204.0750v2;}, year = {2012}, publisher = {American Institute of Mathematical Sciences}, abstract = {We deal with the asymptotic behavior of the $s$-perimeter of a set $E$ inside a domain $\Omega$ as $s\searrow0$. We prove necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of such limit, by also providing an explicit formulation in terms of the Lebesgue measure of $E$ and $\Omega$. Moreover, we construct examples of sets for which the limit does not exist.

}, doi = {10.3934/dcds.2013.33.2777}, author = {Serena Dipierro and Alessio Figalli and Giampiero Palatucci and Enrico Valdinoci} } @article {doi:10.1080/03605302.2012.698343, title = {Conservation of Geometric Structures for Non-Homogeneous Inviscid Incompressible Fluids}, journal = {Communications in Partial Differential Equations}, volume = {37}, number = {9}, year = {2012}, pages = {1553-1595}, publisher = {Taylor \& Francis}, abstract = {In this article we get a result on propagation of geometric properties for solutions of the non-homogeneous incompressible Euler system in any dimension N >= 2. In particular, we investigate conservation of striated and conormal regularity, which generalize the 2-D structure of vortex patches. The results we get are only local in time, even for N = 2; however, we provide an explicit lower bound for the lifespan of the solution. In the case of physical dimension N = 2 or 3, we investigate also propagation of H{\"o}lder regularity in the interior of a bounded domain.

}, doi = {10.1080/03605302.2012.698343}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1080/03605302.2012.698343}, author = {Francesco Fanelli} } @article {2012, title = {Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks}, journal = {Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. Volume 86, Issue 3, 26 September 2012, Article number036116}, year = {2012}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers.}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.86.036116}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6504}, author = {Giuseppe Facchetti and Giovanni Iacono and Claudio Altafini} } @article {FONDA20121369, title = {A general method for the existence of periodic solutions of differential systems in the plane}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations}, volume = {252}, number = {2}, year = {2012}, pages = {1369 - 1391}, abstract = {We propose a general method to prove the existence of periodic solutions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations, which can be used in many different circumstances. Applications are given to some nonresonant cases, even for systems with superlinear growth in some direction, or with a singularity. Systems {\textquotedblleft}at resonance{\textquotedblright} are also considered, provided a Landesman{\textendash}Lazer type of condition is assumed.

}, keywords = {Nonlinear dynamics, Periodic solutions}, issn = {0022-0396}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2011.08.005}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039611003196}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Andrea Sfecci} } @article {2012, title = {Nonlinear thin-walled beams with a rectangular cross-section-Part I}, journal = {Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. 22, 1150016 (2012)}, number = {SISSA;79/2010/M}, year = {2012}, publisher = {World Scientific}, abstract = {Our aim is to rigorously derive a hierarchy of one-dimensional models for thin-walled beams with rectangular cross-section, starting from three-dimensional nonlinear elasticity. The different limit models are distinguished by the different scaling of the elastic energy and of the ratio between the sides of the cross-section. In this paper we report the first part of our results.}, doi = {10.1142/S0218202511500163}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4104}, author = {Lorenzo Freddi and Maria Giovanna Mora and Roberto Paroni} } @article {fonda2012, title = {Periodic solutions of a system of coupled oscillators with one-sided superlinear retraction forces}, journal = {Differential Integral Equations}, volume = {25}, number = {11/12}, year = {2012}, month = {11}, pages = {993{\textendash}1010}, publisher = {Khayyam Publishing, Inc.}, url = {https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.die/1356012248}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Andrea Sfecci} } @article {2012, title = {Predicting and characterizing selective multiple drug treatments for metabolic diseases and cancer.}, journal = {BMC Systems Biology. 29 August 2012, Page 115}, year = {2012}, publisher = {BioMed Central}, abstract = {Background: In the field of drug discovery, assessing the potential of multidrug therapies is a difficult task because of the combinatorial complexity (both theoretical and experimental) and because of the requirements on the selectivity of the therapy. To cope with this problem, we have developed a novel method for the systematic in silico investigation of synergistic effects of currently available drugs on genome-scale metabolic networks. The algorithm finds the optimal combination of drugs which guarantees the inhibition of an objective function, while minimizing the side effect on the overall network. Results: Two different applications are considered: finding drug synergisms for human metabolic diseases (like diabetes, obesity and hypertension) and finding antitumoral drug combinations with minimal side effect on the normal human metabolism.The results we obtain are consistent with some of the available therapeutic indications and predict some new multiple drug treatments.A cluster analysis on all possible interactions among the currently available drugs indicates a limited variety on the metabolic targets for the approved drugs. Conclusion: The in silico prediction of drug synergism can represent an important tool for the repurposing of drug in a realistic perspective which considers also the selectivty of the therapy. Moreover, for a more profitable exploitation of drug-drug interactions, also drugs which show a too low efficacy but which have a non-common mechanism of action, can be reconsider as potential ingredients of new multicompound therapeutic indications.Needless to say the clues provided by a computational study like ours need in any case to be thoroughly evaluated experimentally.}, doi = {doi:10.1186/1752-0509-6-115}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6515}, author = {Giuseppe Facchetti and Claudio Altafini and Mattia Zampieri} } @article {2011, title = {Quasistatic evolution in non-associative plasticity - the cap models}, journal = {SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis 44, nr. 1 (2012) 245-292}, number = {SISSA;05/2011/M}, year = {2012}, publisher = {SIAM}, abstract = {Non-associative elasto-plasticity is the working model of plasticity for soil and rocks mechanics. Yet, it is usually viewed as non-variational. In this work, we prove a contrario the existence of a variational evolution for such a model under a natural capping assumption on the hydrostatic stresses and a less natural mollification of the stress admissibility constraint. The obtained elasto-plastic evolution is expressed for times that are conveniently rescaled.}, keywords = {Elasto-plasticity}, doi = {10.1137/110823511}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4139}, author = {Jean-Francois Babadjian and Gilles A. Francfort and Maria Giovanna Mora} } @article {2012, title = {Stability for a System of N Fermions Plus a Different Particle with Zero-Range Interactions}, journal = {Rev. Math. Phys. 24 (2012), 1250017}, number = {arXiv:1201.5740;}, year = {2012}, publisher = {World Scientific}, abstract = {We study the stability problem for a non-relativistic quantum system in\\r\\ndimension three composed by $ N \\\\geq 2 $ identical fermions, with unit mass,\\r\\ninteracting with a different particle, with mass $ m $, via a zero-range\\r\\ninteraction of strength $ \\\\alpha \\\\in \\\\R $. We construct the corresponding\\r\\nrenormalised quadratic (or energy) form $ \\\\form $ and the so-called\\r\\nSkornyakov-Ter-Martirosyan symmetric extension $ H_{\\\\alpha} $, which is the\\r\\nnatural candidate as Hamiltonian of the system. We find a value of the mass $\\r\\nm^*(N) $ such that for $ m > m^*(N)$ the form $ \\\\form $ is closed and bounded from below. As a consequence, $ \\\\form $ defines a unique self-adjoint and bounded from below extension of $ H_{\\\\alpha}$ and therefore the system is stable. On the other hand, we also show that the form $ \\\\form $ is unbounded from below for $ m < m^*(2)$. In analogy with the well-known bosonic case, this suggests that the system is unstable for $ m < m^*(2)$ and the so-called Thomas effect occurs.}, doi = {10.1142/S0129055X12500171}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6069}, author = {Michele Correggi and Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Domenico Finco and Alessandro Michelangeli and Alessandro Teta} } @article {2011, title = {Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks.}, journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Volume 108, Issue 52, 27 December 2011, Pages 20953-20958}, number = {PMID:22167802;}, year = {2011}, note = {Free fulltext article in Pubmed Central}, publisher = {National Academy of Sciences}, abstract = {Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly \\\"apparent disorder,\\\" rather than true \\\"frustration.\\\"}, keywords = {Combinatorial optimization}, doi = {10.1073/pnas.1109521108}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6426}, author = {Giuseppe Facchetti and Giovanni Iacono and Claudio Altafini} } @article {FONDA20111052, title = {Double resonance with Landesman{\textendash}Lazer conditions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations}, volume = {250}, number = {2}, year = {2011}, pages = {1052 - 1082}, abstract = {We prove the existence of periodic solutions for first order planar systems at resonance. The nonlinearity is indeed allowed to interact with two positively homogeneous Hamiltonians, both at resonance, and some kind of Landesman{\textendash}Lazer conditions are assumed at both sides. We are thus able to obtain, as particular cases, the existence results proposed in the pioneering papers by Lazer and Leach (1969) [27], and by Frederickson and Lazer (1969) [18]. Our theorem also applies in the case of asymptotically piecewise linear systems, and in particular generalizes Fabry{\textquoteright}s results in Fabry (1995) [10], for scalar equations with double resonance with respect to the Dancer{\textendash}Fu{\v c}ik spectrum.

}, keywords = {Double resonance, Landesman{\textendash}Lazer conditions, Nonlinear planar systems}, issn = {0022-0396}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2010.08.006}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039610002901}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Maurizio Garrione} } @article {Fedeli2011, title = {Metastable equilibria of capillary drops on solid surfaces: a phase field approach}, journal = {Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics}, volume = {23}, number = {5}, year = {2011}, month = {Sep}, pages = {453{\textendash}471}, abstract = {We discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of metastable equilibria of capillary drops resting on rough solid surfaces and for the description of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The model is able to reproduce observed transitions of drops on micropillars from Cassie{\textendash}Baxter to Wenzel states. When supplemented with a dissipation potential which describes energy losses due to frictional forces resisting the motion of the contact line, the model can describe metastable states such as drops in equilibrium on vertical glass plates. The reliability of the model is assessed by a detailed comparison of its predictions with experimental data on the maximal size of water drops that can stick on vertical glass plates which have undergone different surface treatments.

}, issn = {1432-0959}, doi = {10.1007/s00161-011-0189-6}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00161-011-0189-6}, author = {Livio Fedeli and Turco, Alessandro and Antonio DeSimone} } @article {fonda2011nonlinear, title = {Nonlinear resonance: a comparison between Landesman-Lazer and Ahmad-Lazer-Paul conditions}, journal = {Advanced Nonlinear Studies}, volume = {11}, number = {2}, year = {2011}, pages = {391{\textendash}404}, publisher = {Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc.}, abstract = {We show that the Ahmad-Lazer-Paul condition for resonant problems is more general than the Landesman-Lazer one, discussing some relations with other existence conditions, as well. As a consequence, such a relation holds, for example, when considering resonant boundary value problems associated with linear elliptic operators, the p-Laplacian and, in the scalar case, with an asymmetric oscillator.

}, doi = {10.1515/ans-2011-0209}, author = {Alessandro Fonda and Maurizio Garrione} } @article {2011, title = {Nonlinear thin-walled beams with a rectangular cross-section - Part II}, number = {SISSA;14/2011/M}, year = {2011}, institution = {SISSA}, abstract = {In this paper we report the second part of our results concerning the rigorous derivation of a hierarchy of one-dimensional models for thin-walled beams with rectangular cross-section..}, keywords = {Thin-walled cross-section beams}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4169}, author = {Lorenzo Freddi and Maria Giovanna Mora and Roberto Paroni} } @article {2011, title = {Quantum Geometry on Quantum Spacetime: Distance, Area and Volume Operators}, journal = {Commun. Math. Phys. 308 (2011) 567-589}, number = {arXiv:1005.2130;}, year = {2011}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We develop the first steps towards an analysis of geometry on the quantum\\r\\nspacetime proposed in Doplicher et al. (Commun Math Phys 172:187{\textendash}220, 1995). The homogeneous elements of the universal differential algebra are naturally identified with operators living in tensor powers of Quantum Spacetime; this allows us to compute their spectra. In particular, we consider operators that can be interpreted as distances, areas, 3- and 4-volumes. The Minkowski distance operator between two independent events is shown to have pure Lebesgue spectrum with infinite multiplicity. The Euclidean distance operator is shown to have spectrum bounded below by a constant of the order of the Planck length. The corresponding statement is proved also for both the space-space and space-time area operators, as well as for the Euclidean length of the vector representing the 3-volume operators. However, the space 3-volume operator (the time component of that vector) is shown to have spectrum equal to the whole complex plane. All these operators are normal, while the distance operators are also selfadjoint. The Lorentz invariant spacetime volume operator, representing the 4- volume spanned by five\\r\\nindependent events, is shown to be normal. Its spectrum is pure point with a\\r\\nfinite distance (of the order of the fourth power of the Planck length) away\\r\\nfrom the origin. The mathematical formalism apt to these problems is developed and its relation to a general formulation of Gauge Theories on Quantum Spaces is outlined. As a byproduct, a Hodge Duality between the absolute differential and the Hochschild boundary is pointed out.}, doi = {10.1007/s00220-011-1358-y}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5203}, author = {Dorothea Bahns and Sergio Doplicher and Klaus Fredenhagen and Gherardo Piacitelli} } @article {2011, title = {Singular perturbation models in phase transitions for second order materials}, journal = {Indiana Univ. Math. J. 60 (2011) 367-409}, number = {SISSA;20/2010/M}, year = {2011}, publisher = {Indiana University}, abstract = {A variational model proposed in the physics literature to describe the onset of pattern formation in two-component bilayer membranes and amphiphilic monolayers leads to the analysis of a Ginzburg-Landau type energy with a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Scaling arguments motivate the study of the family of second order singular perturbed energies Fe having a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Here, the asymptotic behavior of {Fe} is studied using G-convergence techniques. In particular, compactness results and an integral representation of the limit energy are obtained.}, doi = {10.1512/iumj.2011.60.4346}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3858}, author = {Milena Chermisi and Gianni Dal Maso and Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni} } @article {DANCHIN2011253, title = {The well-posedness issue for the density-dependent Euler equations in endpoint Besov spaces}, journal = {Journal de Math{\'e}matiques Pures et Appliqu{\'e}es}, volume = {96}, number = {3}, year = {2011}, pages = {253 - 278}, abstract = {This work is the continuation of the recent paper (Danchin, 2010) [9] devoted to the density-dependent incompressible Euler equations. Here we concentrate on the well-posedness issue in Besov spaces of type B$\infty$,rs embedded in the set of Lipschitz continuous functions, a functional framework which contains the particular case of H{\"o}lder spaces C1,α and of the endpoint Besov space B$\infty$,11. For such data and under the non-vacuum assumption, we establish the local well-posedness and a continuation criterion in the spirit of that of Beale, Kato and Majda (1984) [2]. In the last part of the paper, we give lower bounds for the lifespan of a solution. In dimension two, we point out that the lifespan tends to infinity when the initial density tends to be a constant. This is, to our knowledge, the first result of this kind for the density-dependent incompressible Euler equations. R{\'e}sum{\'e} Ce travail compl{\`e}te l'article r{\'e}cent (Danchin, 2010) [9] consacr{\'e} au syst{\`e}me d'Euler incompressible {\`a} densit{\'e} variable. Lorsque l'{\'e}tat initial ne comporte pas de vide, on montre ici que le syst{\`e}me est bien pos{\'e} dans tous les espaces de Besov B$\infty$,rs inclus dans l'ensemble des fonctions lipschitziennes. Ce cadre fonctionnel contient en particulier les espaces de H{\"o}lder C1,α et l'espace de Besov limite B$\infty$,11. On {\'e}tablit {\'e}galement un crit{\`e}re de prolongement dans l'esprit de celui de Beale, Kato et Majda (1984) [2] pour le cas homog{\`e}ne. Dans la derni{\`e}re partie de l'article, on donne des minorations pour le temps de vie des solutions du syst{\`e}me. En dimension deux, on montre que ce temps de vie tend vers l'infini lorsque la densit{\'e} tend {\`a} {\^e}tre homog{\`e}ne. {\`A} notre connaissance, il s'agit du premier r{\'e}sultat de ce type pour le syst{\`e}me d'Euler incompressible {\`a} densit{\'e} variable.

}, keywords = {Blow-up criterion, Critical regularity, Incompressible Euler equations, Lifespan, Nonhomogeneous inviscid fluids}, issn = {0021-7824}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpur.2011.04.005}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021782411000511}, author = {Rapha{\"e}l Danchin and Francesco Fanelli} } @article {2010, title = {Exact reconstruction of damaged color images using a total variation model}, journal = {Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire 27 (2010) 1291-1331}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {In this paper the reconstruction of damaged piecewice constant color images is studied using a RGB total variation based model for colorization/inpainting. In particular, it is shown that when color is known in a uniformly distributed region, then reconstruction is possible with maximal fidelity.}, doi = {10.1016/j.anihpc.2010.06.004}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4039}, author = {Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni and Francesco Maggi and Massimiliano Morini} } @article {2010, title = {On the geometric origin of the bi-Hamiltonian structure of the Calogero-Moser system}, journal = {Int. Math. Res. Not. (2010) 2010:279-296}, number = {arXiv.org;0902.0953v2}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Oxford University Press}, abstract = {We show that the bi-Hamiltonian structure of the rational n-particle (attractive) Calogero-Moser system can be obtained by means of a double projection from a very simple Poisson pair on the cotangent bundle of gl(n,R). The relation with the Lax formalism is also discussed.}, doi = {10.1093/imrn/rnp130}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3800}, author = {Claudio Bartocci and Gregorio Falqui and Igor Mencattini and Giovanni Ortenzi and Marco Pedroni} } @article {2010, title = {Homogeneous binary trees as ground states of quantum critical Hamiltonians}, journal = {Phys. Rev. A 81 (2010) 062335}, number = {arXiv.org;0912.0466v2}, year = {2010}, publisher = {American Physical Society}, abstract = {Many-body states whose wave-function admits a representation in terms of a uniform binary-tree tensor decomposition are shown to obey to power-law two-body correlations functions. Any such state can be associated with the ground state of a translational invariant Hamiltonian which, depending on the dimension of the systems sites, involve at most couplings between third-neighboring sites. A detailed analysis of their spectra shows that they admit an exponentially large ground space.

}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.81.062335}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3909}, author = {Pietro Silvi and Vittorio Giovannetti and Simone Montangero and Matteo Rizzi and J. Ignacio Cirac and Rosario Fazio} } @article {2010, title = {Homogeneous multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz tensor networks for quantum critical systems}, journal = {New J. Phys. 12 (2010) 075018}, year = {2010}, publisher = {IOP Publishing}, abstract = {In this paper, we review the properties of homogeneous multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) to describe quantum critical systems.We discuss in more detail our results for one-dimensional (1D) systems (the Ising and Heisenberg models) and present new data for the 2D Ising model. Together with the results for the critical exponents, we provide a detailed description of the numerical algorithm and a discussion of new optimization\\nstrategies. The relation between the critical properties of the system and the tensor structure of the MERA is expressed using the formalism of quantum channels, which we review and extend.

}, doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/12/7/075018}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4067}, author = {Matteo Rizzi and Simone Montangero and Pietro Silvi and Vittorio Giovannetti and Rosario Fazio} } @article {2010, title = {Nonlocal character of the reduced theory of thin films with higher order perturbations}, journal = {Adv. Calc. Var. 3 (2010) 287-319}, number = {SISSA;57/2009/M}, year = {2010}, doi = {10.1515/ACV.2010.012, /July/2010}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3754}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni} } @conference {10.1007/978-90-481-9195-6_4, title = {A Phase Field Approach to Wetting and Contact Angle Hysteresis Phenomena}, booktitle = {IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials}, year = {2010}, pages = {51{\textendash}63}, publisher = {Springer Netherlands}, organization = {Springer Netherlands}, address = {Dordrecht}, abstract = {We discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The performance of the model is assessed by comparing its predictions with experimental data on the critical size of drops that can stick on a vertical glass plate.

}, isbn = {978-90-481-9195-6}, author = {Antonio DeSimone and Livio Fedeli and Turco, Alessandro}, editor = {Hackl, Klaus} } @article {2010, title = {Riemann-Roch theorems and elliptic genus for virtually smooth schemes}, journal = {Geom. Topol. 14 (2010) 83-115}, number = {arXiv.org;0706.0988v1}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Mathematical Sciences Publishers}, abstract = {For a proper scheme X with a fixed 1-perfect obstruction theory, we define virtual versions of holomorphic Euler characteristic, chi y-genus, and elliptic genus; they are deformation invariant, and extend the usual definition in the smooth case. We prove virtual versions of the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch and Hirzebruch-Riemann-Roch theorems. We show that the virtual chi y-genus is a polynomial, and use this to define a virtual topological Euler characteristic. We prove that the virtual elliptic genus satisfies a Jacobi modularity property; we state and prove a localization theorem in the toric equivariant case. We show how some of our results apply to moduli spaces of stable sheaves.}, doi = {10.2140/gt.2010.14.83}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3888}, author = {Barbara Fantechi and Lothar G{\"o}ttsche} } @article {2010, title = {Sharp nonexistence results for a linear elliptic inequality involving Hardy and Leray potentials}, number = {SISSA;31/2010/M}, year = {2010}, abstract = {In this paper we deal with nonnegative distributional supersolutions for a class of linear\\nelliptic equations involving inverse-square potentials and logarithmic weights. We prove sharp nonexistence results.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3869}, author = {Mouhamed Moustapha Fall and Roberta Musina} } @article {FormaggiaEtAlRowing2010, title = {A three-dimensional model for the dynamics and hydrodynamics of rowing boats}, journal = {Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology}, volume = {224}, number = {1}, year = {2010}, pages = {51-61}, abstract = {This paper proposes a new model describing the dynamics of a rowing boat for general three-dimensional motions. The complex interaction between the different components of the rowers{\textendash}-oars{\textendash}-boat system is analysed and reduced to a set of ordinary differential equations governing the rigid motion along the six degrees of freedom. To treat the unstable nature of the physical problem, a rather simple (but effective) control model is included, which mimics the main active control techniques adopted by the rowers during their action.

}, doi = {10.1243/17543371jset46}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1243/17543371jset46}, author = {L. Formaggia and Andrea Mola and N Parolini and M Pischiutta} } @article {2010, title = {A time-dependent perturbative analysis for a quantum particle in a cloud chamber}, journal = {Annales Henri Poincare 11 (2010) 539-564}, number = {arXiv.org;0907.5503v1}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We consider a simple model of a cloud chamber consisting of a test particle (the alpha-particle) interacting with two other particles (the atoms of the vapour) subject to attractive potentials centered in $a_1, a_2 \\\\in \\\\mathbb{R}^3$. At time zero the alpha-particle is described by an outgoing spherical wave centered in the origin and the atoms are in their ground state. We show that, under suitable assumptions on the physical parameters of the system and up to second order in perturbation theory, the probability that both atoms are ionized is negligible unless $a_2$ lies on the line joining the origin with $a_1$. The work is a fully time-dependent version of the original analysis proposed by Mott in 1929.}, doi = {10.1007/s00023-010-0037-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3969}, author = {Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Rodolfo Figari and Alessandro Teta} } @article {fall2009foliations, title = {Foliations of small tubes in Riemannian manifolds by capillary minimal discs}, journal = {Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods \& Applications}, volume = {70}, number = {12}, year = {2009}, pages = {4422{\textendash}4440}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {Letting\ \ be an embedded curve in a Riemannian manifold\ , we prove the existence of minimal disc-type surfaces centered at\ inside the surface of revolution of\ \ around\ , having small radius, and intersecting it with constant angles. In particular we obtain that small tubular neighborhoods can be foliated by minimal discs.

}, doi = {10.1016/j.na.2008.10.024}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2008.10.024}, author = {Fall, Mouhamed Moustapha and Mercuri, Carlo} } @article {2009, title = {A higher order model for image restoration: the one dimensional case}, journal = {SIAM J. Math. Anal. 40 (2009) 2351-2391}, number = {SISSA;66/2008/M}, year = {2009}, abstract = {The higher order total variation-based model for image restoration proposed by Chan, Marquina, and Mulet in [6] is analyzed in one dimension. A suitable functional framework in which the minimization problem is well posed is being proposed and it is proved analytically that the\\nhigher order regularizing term prevents the occurrence of the staircase effect. The generalized version of the model considered here includes, as particular cases, some curvature dependent functionals.}, doi = {10.1137/070697823}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3174}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni and Massimiliano Morini} } @article {fall2009minimal, title = {Minimal disc-type surfaces embedded in a perturbed cylinder}, journal = {Differential and Integral Equations}, volume = {22}, number = {11/12}, year = {2009}, pages = {1115{\textendash}1124}, publisher = {Khayyam Publishing, Inc.}, abstract = {In the present note we deal with small perturbations of an infinite cylinder in the 3D euclidian space. We find minimal disc-type surfaces embedded in the cylinder and intersecting its boundary perpendicularly. The existence and localization of those minimal discs is a consequence of a non-degeneracy condition for the critical points of a functional related to the oscillations of the cylinder from the flat configuration.

}, url = {https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1356019407}, author = {Fall, Mouhamed Moustapha and Mercuri, Carlo} } @article {Formaggia2009, title = {A model for the dynamics of rowing boats}, journal = {International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids}, volume = {61}, number = {2}, year = {2009}, month = {sep}, pages = {119{\textendash}143}, publisher = {Wiley}, doi = {10.1002/fld.1940}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1940}, author = {L. Formaggia and Edie Miglio and Andrea Mola and Antonio Montano} } @article {2009, title = {mRNA stability and the unfolding of gene expression in the long-period yeast metabolic cycle}, journal = {BMC Systems Biology (2009) 3:18}, year = {2009}, publisher = {BioMed Central}, abstract = {Background: In yeast, genome-wide periodic patterns associated with energy-metabolic oscillations have been shown recently for both short (approx. 40 min) and long (approx. 300 min) periods.\\nResults: The dynamical regulation due to mRNA stability is found to be an important aspect of the genome-wide coordination of the long-period yeast metabolic cycle. It is shown that for periodic genes, arranged in classes according either to expression profile or to function, the pulses of mRNA abundance have phase and width which are directly proportional to the corresponding turnover rates.\\nConclusion: The cascade of events occurring during the yeast metabolic cycle (and their correlation with mRNA turnover) reflects to a large extent the gene expression program observable in other dynamical contexts such as the response to stresses/stimuli.}, doi = {10.1186/1752-0509-3-18}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3630}, author = {Nicola Soranzo and Mattia Zampieri and Lorenzo Farina and Claudio Altafini} } @article {MR2525872, title = {Topological expansion for the Cauchy two-matrix model}, journal = {J. Phys. A}, volume = {42}, number = {33}, year = {2009}, pages = {335201, 28}, issn = {1751-8113}, doi = {10.1088/1751-8113/42/33/335201}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/42/33/335201}, author = {Marco Bertola and Ferrer, A. Prats} } @article {Formaggia2008, title = {Fluid{\textendash}structure interaction problems in free surface flows: Application to boat dynamics}, journal = {International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids}, volume = {56}, number = {8}, year = {2008}, pages = {965{\textendash}978}, publisher = {Wiley}, doi = {10.1002/fld.1583}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1583}, author = {L. Formaggia and Edie Miglio and Andrea Mola and N Parolini} } @article {2008, title = {Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov pairing in one-dimensional optical lattices}, journal = {Phys. Rev. B 77 (2008) 245105}, number = {arXiv.org;0712.3364v1}, year = {2008}, abstract = {Spin-polarized attractive Fermi gases in one-dimensional (1D) optical lattices are expected to be remarkably good candidates for the observation of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase. We model these systems with an attractive Hubbard model with population imbalance. By means of the density-matrix renormalization-group method we compute the pairing correlations as well as the static spin and charge structure factors in the whole range from weak to strong coupling. We demonstrate that pairing correlations exhibit quasi-long range order and oscillations at the wave number expected from FFLO theory. However, we also show by numerically computing the mixed spin-charge static structure factor that charge and spin degrees of freedom appear to be coupled already for small imbalance. We discuss the consequences of this coupling for the observation of the FFLO phase, as well as for the stabilization of the quasi-long range order into long-range order by coupling many identical 1D systems, as in quasi-1D optical lattices.

}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.77.245105}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2694}, author = {Matteo Rizzi and Marco Polini and Miguel A. Cazalilla and M.R. Bakhtiari and Mario P. Tosi and Rosario Fazio} } @article {MR2435752, title = {Harish-Chandra integrals as nilpotent integrals}, journal = {Int. Math. Res. Not. IMRN}, number = {16}, year = {2008}, pages = {Art. ID rnn062, 15}, issn = {1073-7928}, author = {Marco Bertola and Ferrer, Aleix Prats} } @article {2008, title = {Symmetric obstruction theories and Hilbert schemes of points on threefolds}, journal = {Algebra Number Theory 2 (2008) 313-345}, number = {arXiv.org;math/0512556v1}, year = {2008}, abstract = {In an earlier paper by one of us (Behrend), Donaldson-Thomas type invariants were expressed as certain weighted Euler characteristics of the moduli space. The Euler characteristic is weighted by a certain canonical\\nZ-valued constructible function on the moduli space. This constructible function associates to\\nany point of the moduli space a certain invariant of the singularity of the space at the point. Here we evaluate this invariant for the case of a singularity that is an isolated point of a C*-action and that admits a symmetric obstruction theory compatible with the C*-action. The answer is (-1)d, where d\\nis the dimension of the Zariski tangent space. We use this result to prove that for any threefold, proper or not, the weighted Euler characteristic of the Hilbert scheme of n points on the threefold is, up to sign, equal to the usual Euler characteristic. For the case of a projective Calabi-Yau threefold, we deduce that the Donaldson-Thomas invariant of the Hilbert scheme of n points is, up to sign, equal to the Euler characteristic. This proves a conjecture of Maulik, Nekrasov, Okounkov and Pandharipande.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2709}, author = {Kai Behrend and Barbara Fantechi} } @article {2007, title = {Equilibrium configurations of epitaxially strained crystalline films: existence and regularity results}, journal = {Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 186 (2007) 477-537}, year = {2007}, abstract = {Strained epitaxial films grown on a relatively thick substrate are considered in the context of plane linear elasticity. The total free energy of the system is assumed to be the sum of the energy of the free surface of the film and the strain energy. Because of the lattice mismatch between film and substrate, flat configurations are in general energetically unfavorable and a corrugated or islanded morphology is the preferred growth mode of the strained film. After specifying the functional setup in which the existence problem can be properly framed, a study of the qualitative properties of the solutions is undertaken. New regularity results for volume-constrained local minimizers of the total free energy are established, leading, as a byproduct, to a rigorous proof of the zero-contact-angle condition between islands and wetting layers.}, doi = {10.1007/s00205-007-0082-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2350}, author = {Irene Fonseca and Nicola Fusco and Giovanni Leoni and Massimiliano Morini} } @article {2007, title = {Luther-Emery Phase and Atomic-Density Waves in a Trapped Fermion Gas}, journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 030404}, number = {arXiv.org;cond-mat/0609346v1}, year = {2007}, abstract = {The Luther-Emery liquid is a state of matter that is predicted to occur in one-dimensional systems of interacting fermions and is characterized by a gapless charge spectrum and a gapped spin spectrum. In this Letter we discuss a realization of the Luther-Emery phase in a trapped cold-atom gas. We study by means of the density-matrix renormalization-group technique a two-component atomic Fermi gas with attractive interactions subject to parabolic trapping inside an optical lattice. We demonstrate how this system exhibits compound phases characterized by the coexistence of spin pairing and atomic-density waves. A smooth crossover occurs with increasing magnitude of the atom-atom attraction to a state in which tightly bound spin-singlet dimers occupy the center of the trap. The existence of atomic-density waves could be detected in the elastic contribution to the light-scattering diffraction pattern.

}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.030404}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2056}, author = {Gao Xianlong and Matteo Rizzi and Marco Polini and Rosario Fazio and Mario P. Tosi and Vivaldo L. Jr. Campo and Klaus Capelle} } @article {2007, title = {Smooth toric DM stacks}, number = {SISSA;64/2007/MP}, year = {2007}, abstract = {We give a new definition of smooth toric DM stacks in the same spirit of toric varieties. We show that our definition is equivalent to the one of Borisov, Chen and Smith in terms of stacky fans. In particular, we give a geometric interpretation of the combinatorial data contained in a stacky fan. We also give a bottom up classification in terms of simplicial toric varieties and fiber products of root stacks.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2120}, author = {Barbara Fantechi and Etienne Mann and Fabio Nironi} } @article {2007, title = {Surfactants in Foam Stability: A Phase-Field Model}, journal = {Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 183 (2007) 411-456}, year = {2007}, abstract = {The role of surfactants in stabilizing the formation of bubbles in foams is studied using a phase-field model. The analysis is centered on a van der Walls-Cahn-Hilliard-type energy with an added term accounting for the interplay between the presence of a surfactant density and the creation of interfaces. In particular, it is concluded that the surfactant segregates to the interfaces, and that the prescriptionof the distribution of surfactant will dictate the locus of interfaces, what is in agreement with experimentation.}, doi = {10.1007/s00205-006-0012-x}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2035}, author = {Irene Fonseca and Massimiliano Morini and Valeriy Slastikov} } @article {2006, title = {4e-condensation in a fully frustrated Josephson junction diamond chain}, journal = {Phys. Rev. B 73 (2006) 100502(R)}, number = {arXiv.org;cond-mat/0511423v1}, year = {2006}, abstract = {Fully frustrated one-dimensional diamond Josephson chains have been shown [B. Dou\\\\c{c}ot and J. Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\\\bf 88}, 227005 (2002)] to posses a remarkable property: The superfluid phase occurs through the condensation of pairs of Cooper pairs. By means of Monte Carlo simulations we analyze quantitatively the Insulator to $4e$-Superfluid transition. We determine the location of the critical point and discuss the behaviour of the phase-phase correlators. For comparison we also present the case of a diamond chain at zero and 1/3 frustration where the standard $2e$-condensation is observed.

}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.73.100502}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2400}, author = {Matteo Rizzi and Vittorio Cataudella and Rosario Fazio} } @article {2006, title = {On a Camassa-Holm type equation with two dependent variables}, number = {SISSA;35/2005/FM}, year = {2006}, abstract = {We consider a generalization of the Camassa Holm (CH) equation with two dependent variables, called CH2, introduced in [16]. We briefly provide an alternative derivation of it based on the theory of Hamiltonian structures\\non (the dual of) a Lie Algebra. The Lie Algebra here involved is the same algebra underlying the NLS hierarchy. We study the structural properties of the CH2 hierarchy within the bihamiltonian theory of integrable PDEs, and\\nprovide its Lax representation. Then we explicitly discuss how to construct classes of solutions, both of peakon and of algebro-geometrical type. We finally sketch the construction of a class of singular solutions, defined by setting to zero one of the two dependent variables.}, doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/39/2/004}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1721}, author = {Gregorio Falqui} } @article {2006, title = {N=1 superpotentials from multi-instanton calculus}, number = {SISSA;73/2005/FM}, year = {2006}, abstract = {In this paper we compute gaugino and scalar condensates in N = 1 supersymmetric gauge\\ntheories with and without massive adjoint matter, using localization formulae over the multi-instanton moduli space. Furthermore we compute the chiral ring relations among the correlators of the N = 1* theory and check this result against the multi-instanton computation finding agreement.}, doi = {10.1088/1126-6708/2006/01/031}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1773}, author = {Francesco Fucito and Jose F. Morales and Rubik Poghossian and Alessandro Tanzini} } @article {2006, title = {Quantisation of bending flows}, journal = {Czechoslovak Journal of Physics 56 (2006), n. 10-11, 1143-1148}, number = {arXiv.org;nlin/0610003}, year = {2006}, abstract = {We briefly review the Kapovich-Millson notion of Bending flows as an integrable system on the space of polygons in ${\\\\bf R}^3$, its connection with a specific Gaudin XXX system, as well as the generalisation to $su(r), r>2$. Then we consider the quantisation problem of the set of Hamiltonians pertaining to the problem, quite naturally called Bending Hamiltonians, and prove that their commutativity is preserved at the quantum level.}, doi = {10.1007/s10582-006-0415-9}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2537}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Fabio Musso} } @article {2006, title = {On Separation of Variables for Homogeneous SL(r) Gaudin Systems}, number = {SISSA;106/2003/FM}, year = {2006}, abstract = {By means of a recently introduced bihamiltonian structure for the homogeneous Gaudin models, we find a new set of Separation Coordinates for the sl(r) case.}, doi = {10.1007/s11040-006-9012-1}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2538}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Fabio Musso} } @article {2005, title = {On the Blow-up for a Discrete Boltzmann Equation in the Plane}, journal = {Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 13 (2005) 1-12}, number = {arXiv.org;math/0403047v2}, year = {2005}, abstract = {We study the possibility of finite-time blow-up for a two dimensional Broadwell model. In a set of rescaled variables, we prove that no self-similar blow-up solution exists, and derive some a priori bounds on the blow-up rate. In the final section, a possible blow-up scenario is discussed.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2244}, author = {Alberto Bressan and Massimo Fonte} } @article {2005, title = {Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich Systems and Algebraic Integrability: the Volterra Lattice Revisited}, number = {SISSA;29/2005/FM}, year = {2005}, abstract = {In this paper we will discuss some features of the bi-Hamiltonian method for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equations by Separation of Variables, and make contact with the theory of Algebraic Complete Integrability and, specifically, with the Veselov-Novikov notion of algebro-geometric (AG) Poisson brackets.}, doi = {10.1070/RD2005v010n04ABEH000322}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1689}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Marco Pedroni} } @article {2005, title = {Ground states of nonlinear Schroedinger equations with potentials vanishing at infinity}, journal = {J. Eur. Math. Soc. 7 (2005) 117-144}, number = {SISSA;16/2004/M}, year = {2005}, abstract = {We deal with a class on nonlinear Schr\\\\\\\"odinger equations \\\\eqref{eq:1} with potentials $V(x)\\\\sim |x|^{-\\\\a}$, $0<\\\\a<2$, and $K(x)\\\\sim |x|^{-\\\\b}$, $\\\\b>0$. Working in weighted Sobolev spaces, the existence of ground states $v_{\\\\e}$ belonging to $W^{1,2}(\\\\Rn)$ is proved under the assumption that $p$ satisfies \\\\eqref{eq:p}. Furthermore, it is shown that $v_{\\\\e}$ are {\\\\em spikes} concentrating at a minimum of ${\\\\cal A}=V^{\\\\theta}K^{-2/(p-1)}$, where $\\\\theta= (p+1)/(p-1)-1/2$.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2352}, author = {Antonio Ambrosetti and Veronica Felli and Andrea Malchiodi} } @article {2005, title = {Ionization for Three Dimensional Time-dependent Point Interactions}, journal = {Comm. Math. Phys. 257 (2005) 169-192}, number = {SISSA;11/2004/FM}, year = {2005}, abstract = {We study the time evolution of a three dimensional quantum particle under the action of a time-dependent point interaction fixed at the origin. We assume that the {\textquoteleft}{\textquoteleft}strength\\\'\\\' of the interaction (\\\\alpha(t)) is a periodic function with an arbitrary mean. Under very weak conditions on the Fourier coefficients of (\\\\alpha(t)), we prove that there is complete ionization as (t \\\\to \\\\infty), starting from a bound state at time (t = 0). Moreover we prove also that, under the same conditions, all the states of the system are scattering states.}, doi = {10.1007/s00220-005-1293-x}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2297}, author = {Michele Correggi and Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Rodolfo Figari and Andrea Mantile} } @article {2005, title = {An Optimal Transportation Metric for Solutions of the Camassa-Holm Equation}, number = {SISSA;27/2005/M}, year = {2005}, abstract = {In this paper we construct a global, continuous flow of solutions to the Camassa-Holm equation on the entire space H1. Our solutions are conservative, in the sense that the total energy int[(u2 + u2x) dx] remains a.e. constant in time. Our new approach is based on a distance functional J(u, v), defined in terms of an optimal transportation problem, which satisfies d dtJ(u(t), v(t)) <= κ {\textperiodcentered} J(u(t), v(t)) for every couple of solutions. Using this new distance functional, we can construct arbitrary solutions as the uniform limit of multi-peakon solutions, and prove a general uniqueness result.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1719}, author = {Alberto Bressan and Massimo Fonte} } @article {2005, title = {Quasistatic Crack Growth in Nonlinear Elasticity}, journal = {Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 176 (2005) 165-225}, number = {SISSA;2/2004/M}, year = {2005}, abstract = {In this paper, we prove a new existence result for a variational model of crack growth in brittle materials proposed in [15]. We consider the case of $n$-dimensional finite elasticity, for an arbitrary $n\\\\ge1$, with a quasiconvex bulk energy and with prescribed boundary deformations and applied loads, both depending on time.}, doi = {10.1007/s00205-004-0351-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2293}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Gilles A. Francfort and Rodica Toader} } @article {2004, title = {Blow-up solutions for the Schr{\"o}dinger equation in dimension three with a concentrated nonlinearity}, journal = {Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire 21 (2004) 121-137}, year = {2004}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {We present some results on the blow-up phenomenon for the Schroedinger equation in dimension three with a nonlinear term supported in a fixed point. We find sufficient conditions for the blow up exploiting the moment of inertia of the solution and the uncertainty principle. In the critical case, we discuss the additional symmetry of the equation and construct a family of explicit blow up solutions.}, doi = {10.1016/j.anihpc.2003.01.002}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2998}, author = {Riccardo Adami and Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Rodolfo Figari and Alessandro Teta} } @article {2004, title = {A geometric approach to the separability of the Neumann-Rosochatius system}, journal = {Differential Geom. Appl. 21 (2004) 349-360}, number = {arXiv.org;nlin/0307021}, year = {2004}, abstract = {We study the separability of the Neumann-Rosochatius system on the n-dimensional sphere using the geometry of bi-Hamiltonian manifolds. Its well-known separation variables are recovered by means of a separability condition relating the Hamiltonian with a suitable (1,1) tensor field on the sphere. This also allows us to iteratively construct the integrals of motion of the system.}, doi = {10.1016/j.difgeo.2004.07.001}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2541}, author = {Claudio Bartocci and Gregorio Falqui and Marco Pedroni} } @article {2004, title = {Higher order quasiconvexity reduces to quasiconvexity}, journal = {Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 171 (2004) 55-81}, number = {SISSA;41/2003/M}, year = {2004}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {In this paper it is shown that higher order quasiconvex functions suitable in the variational treatment of problems involving second derivatives may be extended to the space of all matrices as classical quasiconvex functions. Precisely, it is proved that a smooth strictly 2-quasiconvex function with p-growth at infinity, p>1, is the restriction to symmetric matrices of a 1-quasiconvex function with the same growth. As a consequence, lower semicontinuity results for second-order variational problems are deduced as corollaries of well-known first order theorems.}, doi = {10.1007/s00205-003-0278-1}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2911}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni and Massimiliano Morini} } @article {2004, title = {Quasi-static evolution in brittle fracture: the case of bounded solutions}, journal = {Quad. Mat. Dip. Mat. Seconda Univ. Napoli 14 (2004) 245-266}, number = {SISSA;3/2004/M}, year = {2004}, abstract = {The main steps of the proof of the existence result for the quasi-static evolution of cracks in brittle materials, obtained in [7] in the vector case and for a general quasiconvex elastic energy, are presented here under the simplifying assumption that the minimizing sequences involved in the problem are uniformly bounded in $L^\\\\infty$.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2229}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Gilles A. Francfort and Rodica Toader} } @article {2004, title = {Superlocalization formulas and supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories}, journal = {Nucl. Phys. B 678 (2004) 638-655}, number = {arXiv.org;math-ph/0310036v1}, year = {2004}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {By using supermanifold techniques we prove a generalization of the localization formula in equivariant cohomology which is suitable for studying supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in terms of ADHM data. With these techniques one can compute the reduced partition functions of topological super Yang-Mills theory with 4, 8 or 16 supercharges. More generally, the superlocalization formula can be applied to any topological field theory in any number of dimensions.}, doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2003.11.033}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2886}, author = {Ugo Bruzzo and Francesco Fucito} } @article {2003, title = {Autonomous integral functionals with discontinous nonconvex integrands: Lipschitz regularity of mimimizers, DuBois-Reymond necessary conditions and Hamilton-Jacobi equations}, journal = {Applied Math.Optim. 48 (2003), no.1, p.39-66}, number = {SISSA;55/2002/M}, year = {2003}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1007/s00245-003-0768-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1625}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Helene Frankowska} } @article {2003, title = {Gaudin models and bending flows: a geometrical point of view}, journal = {J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 36 (2003) 11655-11676}, number = {SISSA;45/2003/FM}, year = {2003}, publisher = {IOP Publishing}, abstract = {In this paper we discuss the bihamiltonian formulation of the (rational XXX) Gaudin models of spin-spin interaction, generalized to the case of sl(r)-valued spins. In particular, we focus on the homogeneous models. We find a pencil of Poisson brackets that recursively define a complete set of integrals of the motion, alternative to the set of integrals associated with the \\\'standard\\\' Lax representation of the Gaudin model. These integrals, in the case of su(2), coincide wih the Hamiltonians of the \\\'bending flows\\\' in the moduli space of polygons in Euclidean space introduced by Kapovich and Millson. We finally address the problem of separability of these flows and explicitly find separation coordinates and separation relations for the r=2 case.}, doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/36/46/009}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2884}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Fabio Musso} } @article {2003, title = {Motion on submanifolds of noninvariant holonomic constraints for a kinematic control system evolving on a matrix Lie group}, journal = {Syst. Control Lett. 50 (2003) 241-250}, year = {2003}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {For a control system on a matrix Lie group with one or more configuration constraints that are not left/right invariant, finding the combinations of (kinematic) control inputs satisfying the motion constraints is not a trivial problem. Two methods, one coordinate-dependent and the other coordinate-free are suggested. The first is based on the Wei-Norman formula; the second on the calculation of the annihilator of the coadjoint action of the constraint one-form at each point of the group manifold. The results are applied to a control system on SE(3) with a holonomic inertial constraint involving the noncommutative part in a nontrivial way. The difference in terms of compactness of the result between the two methods is considerable.}, doi = {10.1016/S0167-6911(03)00168-3}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3018}, author = {Claudio Altafini and Ruggero Frezza} } @article {2003, title = {Multi-instanton calculus and equivariant cohomology}, journal = {J.High Energy Phys. 2003,no.5,054,24 pp.}, number = {SISSA;75/2002/FM}, year = {2003}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1088/1126-6708/2003/05/054}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1645}, author = {Ugo Bruzzo and Jose F. Morales and Francesco Fucito and Alessandro Tanzini} } @article {2003, title = {Poisson Pencils, Integrability, and Separation of Variables}, number = {SISSA;90/2003/FM}, year = {2003}, institution = {SISSA}, abstract = {In this paper we will review a recently introduced method for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi equations by the method of Separation of Variables. This method is based on the notion of pencil of Poisson brackets and on the bihamiltonian approach to integrable systems. We will discuss how separability conditions can be intrinsically characterized within such a geometrical set-up, the definition of the separation coordinates being encompassed in the \\\\bih structure itself. We finally discuss these constructions studying in details a particular example, based on a generalization of the classical Toda Lattice.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3026}, author = {Gregorio Falqui} } @article {2003, title = {Separation of variables for Bi-Hamiltonian systems}, journal = {Math. Phys. Anal. Geom. 6 (2003) 139-179}, number = {SISSA;27/2002/FM}, year = {2003}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, abstract = {We address the problem of the separation of variables for the Hamilton-Jacobi equation within the theoretical scheme of bi-Hamiltonian geometry. We use the properties of a special class of bi-Hamiltonian manifolds, called omega-N manifolds, to give intrisic tests of separability (and Staeckel separability) for Hamiltonian systems. The separation variables are naturally associated with the geometrical structures of the omega-N manifold itself. We apply these results to bi-Hamiltonian systems of the Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich type and we give explicit procedures to find the separated coordinates and the separation relations.}, doi = {10.1023/A:1024080315471}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1598}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Marco Pedroni} } @article {2002, title = {On a Poisson reduction for Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich manifolds}, journal = {Rep.Math.Phys.50 (2002), no.3, 395}, number = {SISSA;31/2002/FM}, year = {2002}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1016/S0034-4877(02)80068-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1602}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Marco Pedroni} } @article {2001, title = {Bihamiltonian geometry and separation of variables for Toda lattices}, journal = {J. Nonlinear Math. Phys. 8 (2001), suppl., 118-127}, number = {SISSA;139/99/FM}, year = {2001}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1354}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and Marco Pedroni} } @article {2001, title = {Lax representation and Poisson geometry of the Kowalevski top}, journal = {J. Phys. A 34 (2001) 2077-2085}, number = {SISSA;70/2000/FM}, year = {2001}, publisher = {IOP Publishing}, abstract = {We discuss the Poisson structure underlying the two-field Kowalevski gyrostat and the Kowalevski top. We start from their Lax structure and construct a suitable pencil of Poisson brackets which endows these systems with the structure of bi-Hamiltonian completely integrable systems. We study the Casimir functions of such pencils, and show how it is possible to frame the Kowalevski systems within the so-called Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich bi-Hamiltonian setting for integrable systems.}, doi = {10.1088/0305-4470/34/11/301}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3244}, author = {Gregorio Falqui} } @article {2001, title = {On the Multi-Instanton Measure for Super Yang-Mills Theories}, journal = {Nuclear Phys. B 611 (2001), no. 1-3, 205--226.}, number = {SISSA;74/00/FM}, year = {2001}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1016/S0550-3213(01)00349-2}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1531}, author = {Ugo Bruzzo and Francesco Fucito and Alessandro Tanzini and Gabriele Travaglini} } @article {2001, title = {A note on the super Krichever map}, journal = {J. Geom. Phys. 37 (2001), no. 1-2, 169-181}, number = {SISSA;36/00/FM}, year = {2001}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, abstract = {We consider the geometrical aspects of the Krichever map in the context of Jacobian Super KP hierarchy. We use the representation of the hierarchy based\\non the Fa{\textquoteleft}a di Bruno recursion relations, considered as the cocycle condition for the natural double complex associated with the deformations of super Krichever data. Our approach is based on the construction of the universal super divisor (of degree g), and a local universal family of geometric data which give the map into the Super Grassmannian.}, doi = {10.1016/S0393-0440(00)00037-1}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1494}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Cesare Reina and Alessandro Zampa} } @article {2001, title = {Uniqueness of solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi equations arising in the Calculus of Variations}, journal = {Optimal control and partial differential equations : in honour of professor Alain Bensoussan\\\'s 60th birthday / edited by José Luis Menaldi, Edmundo Rofman, and Agnès Sulem.,Amsterdam : IOS Press, 2001, p. 335-345}, number = {SISSA;57/00/M}, year = {2001}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, abstract = {We prove the uniqueness of the viscosity solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation associated with a Bolza problem of the Calculus of Variations, assuming that the Lagrangian is autonomous, continuous, superlinear, and satisfies the usual convexity hypothesis. Under the same assumptions we prove also the uniqueness, in a class of lower semicontinuous functions, of a slightly different notion of solution, where classical derivatives are replaced only by subdifferentials. These results follow from a new comparison theorem for lower semicontinuous viscosity supersolutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, that is proved in the general case of lower semicontinuous Lagrangians.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1515}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Helene Frankowska} } @article {2000, title = {3D superconformal theories from Sasakian seven-manifolds: new nontrivial evidences for AdS_4/CFT_3}, journal = {Nucl.Phys. B577 (2000) 547-608}, number = {SISSA;113/99/FM}, year = {2000}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1016/S0550-3213(00)00098-5}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1327}, author = {Davide Fabbri and Pietro Fr{\'e} and Leonardo Gualtieri and Cesare Reina and Alessandro Tomasiello and Alberto Zaffaroni and Alessandro Zampa} } @article {2000, title = {A bi-Hamiltonian theory for stationary KDV flows and their separability}, journal = {Regul. Chaotic Dyn. 5 (2000), no. 1, 33-52}, number = {SISSA;137/99/FM}, year = {2000}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1070/rd2000v005n01ABEH000122}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1352}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and Marco Pedroni and Jorge P. Zubelli} } @article {2000, title = {An elementary approach to the polynomial $\\\\tau$-functions of the KP Hierarchy}, journal = {Theor. Math. Phys. 122 (2000) 17-28}, number = {SISSA;117/98/FM}, year = {2000}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We give an elementary construction of the solutions of the KP hierarchy associated with polynomial τ-functions starting with a geometric approach to soliton equations based on the concept of a bi-Hamiltonian system. As a consequence, we establish a Wronskian formula for the polynomial τ-functions of the KP hierarchy. This formula, known in the literature, is obtained very directly.}, doi = {10.1007/BF02551166}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3223}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and Marco Pedroni and Jorge P. Zubelli} } @article {2000, title = {Reduction of bi-Hamiltonian systems and separation of variables: an example from the Boussinesq hierarchy}, journal = {Theor. Math. Phys. 122 (2000) 176-192}, number = {SISSA;123/98/FM}, year = {2000}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We discuss the Boussinesq system with $t_5$ stationary, within a general framework for the analysis of stationary flows of n-Gel\\\'fand-Dickey hierarchies. We show how a careful use of its bihamiltonian structure can be used to provide a set of separation coordinates for the corresponding Hamilton--Jacobi equations.}, doi = {10.1007/BF02551195}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3219}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and G. Tondo} } @article {2000, title = {A Remark on One-Dimensional Many-Body Problems with Point Interactions}, journal = {Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 14 (2000) 721-727}, number = {arXiv.org;quant-ph/0001089v1}, year = {2000}, publisher = {World Scientific}, abstract = {The integrability of one dimensional quantum mechanical many-body problems with general contact interactions is extensively studied. It is shown that besides the pure (repulsive or attractive) $\\\\delta$-function interaction there is another singular point interactions which gives rise to a new one-parameter family of integrable quantum mechanical many-body systems. The bound states and scattering matrices are calculated for both bosonic and fermionic statistics.}, doi = {10.1142/S0217979200000601}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3214}, author = {Sergio Albeverio and Ludwik Dabrowski and Shao-Ming Fei} } @article {2000, title = {Super KP equations and Darboux transformations: another perspective on the Jacobian super KP hierarchy}, journal = {J. Geom. Phys. 35 (2000), no. 2-3, 239-272}, number = {SISSA;152/99/FM}, year = {2000}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1016/S0393-0440(00)00007-3}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1367}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Cesare Reina and Alessandro Zampa} } @article {2000, title = {Value Functions for Bolza Problems with Discontinuous Lagrangians and Hamilton-Jacobi inequalities}, journal = {ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var., 5 (2000), n. 5, p. 369-393.}, number = {SISSA;56/00/M}, year = {2000}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1051/cocv:2000114}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1514}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Helene Frankowska} } @inbook {1999, title = {A bihamiltonian approach to separation of variables in mechanics}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the workshop on nonlinearity, integrability and all that : twenty years after NEEDS \\\'79, Lecce, Italy, July 1 - 10, 1999 / ed. by M. Boiti. - Singapore : World Scientific, 2000. - p. 258-266}, year = {1999}, publisher = {World Scientific}, organization = {World Scientific}, abstract = {This paper is a report on a recent approach to the theory of separability of the Hamilton-Jacobi equations from the viewpoint of bihamiltonian geometry.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3222}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and Marco Pedroni} } @inbook {1999, title = {The method of Poisson pairs in the theory of nonlinear PDEs}, booktitle = {Direct and inverse methods in nonlinear evolution equations : Lectures Given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School Held in Cetraro, Italy, September 5-12, 1999 / Robert Conte ... ; Antonio M. Greco ed. - Berlin : Springer, 2003. - (Lecture Notes in Physics ; 632)}, number = {SISSA;135/99/FM}, year = {1999}, publisher = {Springer}, organization = {Springer}, abstract = {The aim of these lectures is to show that the methods of classical Hamiltonian mechanics can be profitably used to solve certain classes of nonlinear partial differential equations. The prototype of these equations is the well-known Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation.\\nIn these lectures we touch the following subjects:\\ni) the birth and the role of the method of Poisson pairs inside the theory of the KdV equation;\\nii) the theoretical basis of the method of Poisson pairs;\\niii) the Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich theory of integrable systems on bi-Hamiltonian manifolds;\\niv) the Hamiltonian interpretation of the Sato picture of the KdV flows and of its linearization on an infinite-dimensional Grassmannian manifold.\\nv) the reduction technique(s) and its use to construct classes of solutions;\\nvi) the role of the technique of separation of variables in the study of the reduced systems;\\nvii) some relations intertwining the method of Poisson pairs with the method of Lax pairs.}, doi = {10.1007/b13714}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1350}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and Marco Pedroni} } @article {1999, title = {A note on fractional KDV hierarchies. II. The bihamiltonian approach}, number = {SISSA;6/99/FM}, year = {1999}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1220}, author = {Paolo Casati and Gregorio Falqui and Marco Pedroni} } @article {1998, title = {Diffusion of a particle in presence of N moving point sources}, journal = {Annales Poincare Phys.Theor.69:413-424,1998}, number = {SISSA;9/96/ILAS/FM}, year = {1998}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/134}, author = {Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Rodolfo Figari and Alessandro Teta} } @article {1997, title = {Krichever maps, Fa{\`a} di Bruno polynomials, and cohomology in KP theory}, journal = {Lett. Math. Phys. 42 (1997) 349-361}, number = {SISSA;37/97/FM}, year = {1997}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We study the geometrical meaning of the Faa\\\' di Bruno polynomials in the context of KP theory. They provide a basis in a subspace W of the universal Grassmannian associated to the KP hierarchy. When W comes from geometrical data via the Krichever map, the Faa\\\' di Bruno recursion relation turns out to be the cocycle condition for (the Welters hypercohomology group describing) the deformations of the dynamical line bundle on the spectral curve together with the meromorphic sections which give rise to the Krichever map. Starting from this, one sees that the whole KP hierarchy has a similar cohomological meaning.}, doi = {10.1023/A:1007323118991}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3539}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Cesare Reina and Alessandro Zampa} } @article {1997, title = {Statistics in space dimension two}, journal = {Lett. Math. Phys. 40 (1997), no. 3, 235-256}, number = {SISSA;5/96/ILAS/FM}, year = {1997}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, abstract = {We construct as a selfadjoint operator the Schroedinger hamiltonian for a system of $N$ identical particles on a plane, obeying the statistics defined by a representation $\\\\pi_1$ of the braid group. We use quadratic forms and potential theory, and give details only for the free case; standard arguments provide the extension of our approach to the case of potentials which are small in the sense of forms with respect to the laplacian. We also comment on the relation between the analysis given here and other approaches to the problem, and also on the connection with the description of a quantum particle on a plane under the influence of a shielded magnetic field (Aharanov-Bohm effect).}, doi = {10.1023/A:1007361832622}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/130}, author = {Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Rodolfo Figari and Alessandro Teta} } @article {1997, title = {Three-Phase Solutions of the Kadomtsev - Petviashvili Equation}, journal = {Studies in Applied Mathematics. Year : 1997 ; Volume: 99 ; Issue: 2 ; Pages: 137-203}, year = {1997}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {The Kadomtsev]Petviashvili KP. equation is known to admit explicit periodic\\r\\nand quasiperiodic solutions with N independent phases, for any integer\\r\\nN, based on a Riemann theta-function of N variables. For Ns1 and 2,\\r\\nthese solutions have been used successfully in physical applications. This\\r\\narticle addresses mathematical problems that arise in the computation of\\r\\ntheta-functions of three variables and with the corresponding solutions of\\r\\nthe KP equation. We identify a set of parameters and their corresponding\\r\\nranges, such that e{\textasciidieresis}ery real-valued, smooth KP solution associated with a\\r\\nRiemann theta-function of three variables corresponds to exactly one choice\\r\\nof these parameters in the proper range. Our results are embodied in a\\r\\nprogram that computes these solutions efficiently and that is available to the\\r\\nreader. We also discuss some properties of three-phase solutions.}, doi = {10.1111/1467-9590.00059}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6484}, author = {Boris Dubrovin and Ron Flickinger and Harvey Segur} } @article {10521, title = {Integrable functional equations and algebraic geometry}, journal = {Duke Mathematical Journal. Volume: 76, Issue: 2, Pages: 645-668}, year = {1994}, publisher = {SISSA}, doi = {10.1215/S0012-7094-94-07623-0}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6482}, author = {Boris Dubrovin and A.S. Fokas and P.M. Santini} } @article {1993, title = {A Borel-Weil-Bott approach to representations of {\rm sl}\sb q(2,C)}, journal = {Lett. Math. Phys. 29 (1993) 215-217}, number = {SISSA;58/93/FM}, year = {1993}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We use a quite concrete and simple realization of $\slq$ involving finite difference operators. We interpret them as derivations (in the non-commutative sense) on a suitable graded algebra, which gives rise to the double of the projective line as the non commutative version of the standard homogeneous space.

}, doi = {10.1007/BF00761109}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3538}, author = {Davide Franco and Cesare Reina} } @article {1991, title = {A class of absolute retracts of dwarf spheroidal galaxies}, journal = {Proc.Amer.Math.Soc. 112 (1991), no.2, 413}, number = {SISSA;79/89/M}, year = {1991}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/837}, author = {Alberto Bressan and Arrigo Cellina and Andrzej Fryszkowski} } @mastersthesis {1990, title = {Moduli Spaces and Geometrical Aspects of Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theories}, year = {1990}, school = {SISSA}, keywords = {Algebraic curves}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5552}, author = {Gregorio Falqui} } @article {1990, title = {N=2 super Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry}, journal = {J. Math. Phys. 31 (1990), no.4, 948-952}, number = {SISSA;47/89/FM}, year = {1990}, publisher = {American Institute of Physics}, abstract = {The geometric framework for N=2 superconformal field theories are described by studying susy2 curves-a nickname for N=2 super Riemann surfaces. It is proved that \\\"single\\\'\\\' susy2 curves are actually split supermanifolds, and their local model is a Serre self-dual locally free sheaf of rank two over a smooth algebraic curve. Superconformal structures on these sheaves are then examined by setting up deformation theory as a first step in studying moduli problems.}, doi = {10.1063/1.528775}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/807}, author = {Cesare Reina and Gregorio Falqui} } @article {1990, title = {A note on the global structure of supermoduli spaces}, journal = {Comm.Math.Phys. 31 (1990), no.4, 948}, number = {SISSA;46/89/FM}, year = {1990}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/806}, author = {Cesare Reina and Gregorio Falqui} } @article {1988, title = {Susy-curves and supermoduli}, number = {SISSA;169/88/FM}, year = {1988}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/761}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Cesare Reina} }