We consider the gravity-capillary water waves equations for a bi-dimensional fluid with a periodic one-dimensional free surface. We prove a rigorous reduction of this system to Birkhoff normal form up to cubic degree. Due to the possible presence of three-wave resonances for general values of gravity, surface tension, and depth, such normal form may be not trivial and exhibit a chaotic dynamics (Wilton ripples). Nevertheless, we prove that for all the values of gravity, surface tension, and depth, initial data that are of size $$ \varepsilon $$in a sufficiently smooth Sobolev space leads to a solution that remains in an $$ \varepsilon $$-ball of the same Sobolev space up times of order $$ \varepsilon ^{-2}$$. We exploit that the three-wave resonances are finitely many, and the Hamiltonian nature of the Birkhoff normal form.

}, isbn = {2523-3688}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s42286-020-00036-8}, author = {Massimiliano Berti and Roberto Feola and Luca Franzoi} } @article {2021, title = {Traveling Quasi-periodic Water Waves with Constant Vorticity}, volume = {240}, year = {2021}, month = {2021/04/01}, pages = {99 - 202}, abstract = {We prove the first bifurcation result of time quasi-periodic traveling wave solutions for space periodic water waves with vorticity. In particular, we prove the existence of small amplitude time quasi-periodic solutions of the gravity-capillary water waves equations with constant vorticity, for a bidimensional fluid over a flat bottom delimited by a space-periodic free interface. These quasi-periodic solutions exist for all the values of depth, gravity and vorticity, and restrict the surface tension to a Borel set of asymptotically full Lebesgue measure.

}, isbn = {1432-0673}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-021-01607-w}, author = {Massimiliano Berti and Luca Franzoi and Alberto Maspero} } @article {2019, title = {Reducibility for a fast-driven linear Klein{\textendash}Gordon equation}, volume = {198}, year = {2019}, month = {2019/08/01}, pages = {1407 - 1439}, abstract = {We prove a reducibility result for a linear Klein{\textendash}Gordon equation with a quasi-periodic driving on a compact interval with Dirichlet boundary conditions. No assumptions are made on the size of the driving; however, we require it to be fast oscillating. In particular, provided that the external frequency is sufficiently large and chosen from a Cantor set of large measure, the original equation is conjugated to a time-independent, diagonal one. We achieve this result in two steps. First, we perform a preliminary transformation, adapted to fast oscillating systems, which moves the original equation in a perturbative setting. Then, we show that this new equation can be put to constant coefficients by applying a KAM reducibility scheme, whose convergence requires a new type of Melnikov conditions.

}, isbn = {1618-1891}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00823-2}, author = {Luca Franzoi and Alberto Maspero} }