The majority of the most common physical phenomena can be described using partial differential equations (PDEs). However, they are very often characterized by strong nonlinearities. Such features lead to the coexistence of multiple solutions studied by the bifurcation theory. Unfortunately, in practical scenarios, one has to exploit numerical methods to compute the solutions of systems of PDEs, even if the classical techniques are usually able to compute only a single solution for any value of a parameter when more branches exist. In this work, we implemented an elaborated deflated continuation method that relies on the spectral element method (SEM) and on the reduced basis (RB) one to efficiently compute bifurcation diagrams with more parameters and more bifurcation points. The deflated continuation method can be obtained combining the classical continuation method and the deflation one: the former is used to entirely track each known branch of the diagram, while the latter is exploited to discover the new ones. Finally, when more than one parameter is considered, the efficiency of the computation is ensured by the fact that the diagrams can be computed during the online phase while, during the offline one, one only has to compute one-dimensional diagrams. In this work, after a more detailed description of the method, we will show the results that can be obtained using it to compute a bifurcation diagram associated with a problem governed by the Navier-Stokes equations.\

}, doi = {10.1007/s10444-020-09827-6}, author = {Moreno Pintore and Federico Pichi and Martin Hess and Gianluigi Rozza and Claudio Canuto} } @article {2021, title = {An efficient computational framework for naval shape design and optimization problems by means of data-driven reduced order modeling techniques}, journal = {Bolletino dell Unione Matematica Italiana}, volume = {14}, year = {2021}, pages = {211-230}, abstract = {This contribution describes the implementation of a data-driven shape optimization pipeline in a naval architecture application. We adopt reduced order models in order to improve the efficiency of the overall optimization, keeping a modular and equation-free nature to target the industrial demand. We applied the above mentioned pipeline to a realistic cruise ship in order to reduce the total drag. We begin by defining the design space, generated by deforming an initial shape in a parametric way using free form deformation. The evaluation of the performance of each new hull is determined by simulating the flux via finite volume discretization of a two-phase (water and air) fluid. Since the fluid dynamics model can result very expensive{\textemdash}especially dealing with complex industrial geometries{\textemdash}we propose also a dynamic mode decomposition enhancement to reduce the computational cost of a single numerical simulation. The real-time computation is finally achieved by means of proper orthogonal decomposition with Gaussian process regression technique. Thanks to the quick approximation, a genetic optimization algorithm becomes feasible to converge towards the optimal shape.

}, doi = {10.1007/s40574-020-00263-4}, author = {Nicola Demo and Giulio Ortali and Gianluca Gustin and Gianluigi Rozza and Gianpiero Lavini} } @article {BacDeRFraLan21, title = {Exactness of Linear Response in the Quantum Hall Effect}, journal = {Annales Henri Poincar{\'e}}, volume = {22}, number = {4}, year = {2021}, month = {Jan}, pages = {1113{\textendash}1132}, publisher = {Springer Science and Business Media LLC}, issn = {1424-0661}, doi = {10.1007/s00023-020-00989-z}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00023-020-00989-z}, author = {Sven Bachmann and De Roeck, Wojciech and Fraas, Martin and Markus Lange} } @article {2021, title = {An existence result for the fractional Kelvin{\textendash}Voigt{\textquoteright}s model on time-dependent cracked domains}, year = {2021}, month = {2021/06/04}, abstract = {We prove an existence result for the fractional Kelvin{\textendash}Voigt{\textquoteright}s model involving Caputo{\textquoteright}s derivative on time-dependent cracked domains. We first show the existence of a solution to a regularized version of this problem. Then, we use a compactness argument to derive that the fractional Kelvin{\textendash}Voigt{\textquoteright}s model admits a solution which satisfies an energy-dissipation inequality. Finally, we prove that when the crack is not moving, the solution is unique.

}, isbn = {1424-3202}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00028-021-00713-2}, author = {Maicol Caponi and Francesco Sapio} } @unpublished {2021, title = {AN EXTENDED PHYSICS INFORMED NEURAL NETWORK FOR PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF PARAMETRIC OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEMS}, year = {2021}, author = {Nicola Demo and Maria Strazzullo and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {13850, title = {Efficient computation of bifurcation diagrams with a deflated approach to reduced basis spectral element method}, journal = {Advances in Computational Mathematics}, year = {2020}, abstract = {The majority of the most common physical phenomena can be described using partial differential equations (PDEs). However, they are very often characterized by strong nonlinearities. Such features lead to the coexistence of multiple solutions studied by the bifurcation theory. Unfortunately, in practical scenarios, one has to exploit numerical methods to compute the solutions of systems of PDEs, even if the classical techniques are usually able to compute only a single solution for any value of a parameter when more branches exist. In this work we implemented an elaborated deflated continuation method, that relies on the spectral element method (SEM) and on the reduced basis (RB) one, to efficiently compute bifurcation diagrams with more parameters and more bifurcation points. The deflated continuation method can be obtained combining the classical continuation method and the deflation one: the former is used to entirely track each known branch of the diagram, while the latter is exploited to discover the new ones. Finally, when more than one parameter is considered, the efficiency of the computation is ensured by the fact that the diagrams can be computed during the online phase while, during the offline one, one only has to compute one-dimensional diagrams. In this work, after a more detailed description of the method, we will show the results that can be obtained using it to compute a bifurcation diagram associated with a problem governed by the Navier-Stokes equations.

}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.06089}, author = {Moreno Pintore and Federico Pichi and Martin Hess and Gianluigi Rozza and Claudio Canuto} } @article {2020, title = {Efficient Geometrical parametrization for finite-volume based reduced order methods}, journal = {International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering}, volume = {121}, year = {2020}, pages = {2655-2682}, abstract = {In this work, we present an approach for the efficient treatment of parametrized geometries in the context of POD-Galerkin reduced order methods based on Finite Volume full order approximations. On the contrary to what is normally done in the framework of finite element reduced order methods, different geometries are not mapped to a common reference domain: the method relies on basis functions defined on an average deformed configuration and makes use of the Discrete Empirical Interpolation Method (D-EIM) to handle together non-affinity of the parametrization and non-linearities. In the first numerical example, different mesh motion strategies, based on a Laplacian smoothing technique and on a Radial Basis Function approach, are analyzed and compared on a heat transfer problem. Particular attention is devoted to the role of the non-orthogonal correction. In the second numerical example the methodology is tested on a geometrically parametrized incompressible Navier{\textendash}Stokes problem. In this case, the reduced order model is constructed following the same segregated approach used at the full order level

}, doi = {10.1002/nme.6324}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.06373}, author = {Giovanni Stabile and Matteo Zancanaro and Gianluigi Rozza} } @conference {HijaziAliStabileBallarinRozza2020, title = {The Effort of Increasing Reynolds Number in Projection-Based Reduced Order Methods: from Laminar to Turbulent Flows}, booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering}, year = {2020}, pages = {245{\textendash}264}, publisher = {Springer International Publishing}, organization = {Springer International Publishing}, address = {Cham}, abstract = {We present in this double contribution two different reduced order strategies for incompressible parameterized Navier-Stokes equations characterized by varying Reynolds numbers. The first strategy deals with low Reynolds number (laminar flow) and is based on a stabilized finite element method during the offline stage followed by a Galerkin projection on reduced basis spaces generated by a greedy algorithm. The second methodology is based on a full order finite volume discretization. The latter methodology will be used for flows with moderate to high Reynolds number characterized by turbulent patterns. For the treatment of the mentioned turbulent flows at the reduced order level, a new POD-Galerkin approach is proposed. The new approach takes into consideration the contribution of the eddy viscosity also during the online stage and is based on the use of interpolation. The two methodologies are tested on classic benchmark test cases.

}, isbn = {978-3-030-30705-9}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-30705-9_22}, author = {Saddam Hijazi and Shafqat Ali and Giovanni Stabile and F. Ballarin and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {2020, title = {Energy-dissipation balance of a smooth moving crack}, volume = {483}, year = {2020}, month = {2020/03/15/}, pages = {123656}, abstract = {In this paper we provide necessary and sufficient conditions in order to guarantee the energy-dissipation balance of a Mode III crack, growing on a prescribed smooth path. Moreover, we characterize the singularity of the displacement near the crack tip, generalizing the result in [10] valid for straight fractures.

}, keywords = {Energy-dissipation balance, Fracture dynamics, Wave equation in time-dependent domains}, isbn = {0022-247X}, url = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X19309242}, author = {Maicol Caponi and Ilaria Lucardesi and Emanuele Tasso} } @article {2020, title = {Enhancing CFD predictions in shape design problems by model and parameter space reduction}, journal = {Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences}, volume = {7}, year = {2020}, abstract = {In this work we present an advanced computational pipeline for the approximation and prediction of the lift coefficient of a parametrized airfoil profile. The non-intrusive reduced order method is based on dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) and it is coupled with dynamic active subspaces (DyAS) to enhance the future state prediction of the target function and reduce the parameter space dimensionality. The pipeline is based on high-fidelity simulations carried out by the application of finite volume method for turbulent flows, and automatic mesh morphing through radial basis functions interpolation technique. The proposed pipeline is able to save 1/3 of the overall computational resources thanks to the application of DMD. Moreover exploiting DyAS and performing the regression on a lower dimensional space results in the reduction of the relative error in the approximation of the time-varying lift coefficient by a factor 2 with respect to using only the DMD.

}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1186/s40323-020-00177-y}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.05237}, author = {Marco Tezzele and Nicola Demo and Giovanni Stabile and Andrea Mola and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {stupovski2020existence, title = {Existence of Riemannian metrics with positive biorthogonal curvature on simply connected 5-manifolds}, journal = {Archiv der Mathematik}, year = {2020}, pages = {1{\textendash}9}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {Using the recent work of Bettiol, we show that a first-order conformal deformation of Wilking{\textquoteright}s metric of almost-positive sectional curvature on $S2\times S3$ yields a family of metrics with strictly positive average of sectional curvatures of any pair of 2-planes that are separated by a minimal distance in the 2-Grassmanian. A result of Smale allows us to conclude that every closed simply connected 5-manifold with torsion-free homology and trivial second Stiefel{\textendash}Whitney class admits a Riemannian metric with a strictly positive average of sectional curvatures of any pair of orthogonal 2-planes.

}, doi = {10.1007/s00013-020-01511-x}, url = {https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00013-020-01511-x}, author = {Boris Stupovski and Rafael Torres} } @article {2020, title = {Existence of solutions to a phase{\textendash}field model of dynamic fracture with a crack{\textendash}dependent dissipation}, volume = {27}, year = {2020}, month = {2020/02/11}, pages = {14}, abstract = {We propose a phase{\textendash}field model of dynamic fracture based on the Ambrosio{\textendash}Tortorelli{\textquoteright}s approximation, which takes into account dissipative effects due to the speed of the crack tips. By adapting the time discretization scheme contained in Larsen et al. (Math Models Methods Appl Sci 20:1021{\textendash}1048, 2010), we show the existence of a dynamic crack evolution satisfying an energy{\textendash}dissipation balance, according to Griffith{\textquoteright}s criterion. Finally, we analyze the dynamic phase{\textendash}field model of Bourdin et al. (Int J Fract 168:133{\textendash}143, 2011) and Larsen (in: Hackl (ed) IUTAM symposium on variational concepts with applications to the mechanics of materials, IUTAM Bookseries, vol 21. Springer, Dordrecht, 2010, pp 131{\textendash}140) with no dissipative terms.

}, isbn = {1420-9004}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-020-0617-z}, author = {Maicol Caponi} } @conference {2019, title = {Efficient reduction in shape parameter space dimension for ship propeller blade design}, booktitle = {8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019}, year = {2019}, abstract = {In this work, we present the results of a ship propeller design optimization campaign carried out in the framework of the research project PRELICA, funded by the Friuli Venezia Giulia regional government. The main idea of this work is to operate on a multidisciplinary level to identify propeller shapes that lead to reduced tip vortex-induced pressure and increased efficiency without altering the thrust. First, a specific tool for the bottom-up construction of parameterized propeller blade geometries has been developed. The algorithm proposed operates with a user defined number of arbitrary shaped or NACA airfoil sections, and employs arbitrary degree NURBS to represent the chord, pitch, skew and rake distribution as a function of the blade radial coordinate. The control points of such curves have been modified to generate, in a fully automated way, a family of blade geometries depending on as many as 20 shape parameters. Such geometries have then been used to carry out potential flow simulations with the Boundary Element Method based software PROCAL. Given the high number of parameters considered, such a preliminary stage allowed for a fast evaluation of the performance of several hundreds of shapes. In addition, the data obtained from the potential flow simulation allowed for the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces (AS) property, which suggested that the main propeller performance indices are, at a first but rather accurate approximation, only depending on a single parameter which is a linear combination of all the original geometric ones. AS analysis has also been used to carry out a constrained optimization exploiting response surface method in the reduced parameter space, and a sensitivity analysis based on such surrogate model. The few selected shapes were finally used to set up high fidelity RANS simulations and select an optimal shape.

}, url = {https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075395143\&partnerID=40\&md5=b6aa0fcedc2f88e78c295d0f437824d0}, author = {Andrea Mola and Marco Tezzele and Mahmoud Gadalla and Valdenazzi, Federica and Grassi, Davide and Padovan, Roberta and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {GENTIL2019, title = {An entropic interpolation proof of the HWI inequality}, journal = {Stochastic Processes and their Applications}, year = {2019}, abstract = {The HWI inequality is an {\textquotedblleft}interpolation{\textquotedblright}inequality between the Entropy H, the Fisher information I and the Wasserstein distance W. We present a pathwise proof of the HWI inequality which is obtained through a zero noise limit of the Schr{\"o}dinger problem. Our approach consists in making rigorous the Otto{\textendash}Villani heuristics in Otto and Villani (2000) taking advantage of the entropic interpolations, which are regular both in space and time, rather than the displacement ones.

}, keywords = {Entropic interpolations, Fisher information, Relative entropy, Schr{\"o}dinger problem, Wasserstein distance}, issn = {0304-4149}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spa.2019.04.002}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304414918303454}, author = {Ivan Gentil and Christian L{\'e}onard and Luigia Ripani and Luca Tamanini} } @article {HeltaiRotundo-2019-a, title = {Error estimates in weighted Sobolev norms for finite element immersed interface methods}, journal = {Computers \& Mathematics with Applications}, volume = {78}, number = {11}, year = {2019}, pages = {3586{\textendash}3604}, publisher = {Elsevier BV}, doi = {10.1016/j.camwa.2019.05.029}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2019.05.029}, author = {Luca Heltai and Nella Rotundo} } @article {riccobelli2018constitutive, title = {On the existence of elastic minimizers for initially stressed materials}, journal = {Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A}, volume = {377}, number = {2144}, year = {2019}, publisher = {The Royal Society}, author = {Davide Riccobelli and A. Agosti and Pasquale Ciarletta} } @article {Michelangeli_2018, title = {Effective non-linear spinor dynamics in a spin-1 Bose{\textendash}Einstein condensate}, journal = {Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical}, volume = {51}, number = {40}, year = {2018}, month = {sep}, pages = {405201}, publisher = {IOP Publishing}, abstract = {We derive from first principles the experimentally observed effective dynamics of a spinor Bose gas initially prepared as a Bose{\textendash}Einstein condensate and then left free to expand ballistically. In spinor condensates, which represent one of the recent frontiers in the manipulation of ultra-cold atoms, particles interact with a two-body spatial interaction and a spin{\textendash}spin interaction. The effective dynamics is well-known to be governed by a system of coupled semi-linear Schr{\"o}dinger equations: we recover this system, in the sense of marginals in the limit of infinitely many particles, with a mean-field re-scaling of the many-body Hamiltonian. When the resulting control of the dynamical persistence of condensation is quantified with the parameters of modern observations, we obtain a bound that remains quite accurate for the whole typical duration of the experiment.

}, doi = {10.1088/1751-8121/aadbc2}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1088\%2F1751-8121\%2Faadbc2}, author = {Alessandro Michelangeli and Alessandro Olgiati} } @proceedings {demo2018efficient, title = {An efficient shape parametrisation by free-form deformation enhanced by active subspace for hull hydrodynamic ship design problems in open source environment}, year = {2018}, publisher = {International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers}, address = {Sapporo, Japan}, abstract = {In this contribution, we present the results of the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces to the hull hydrodynamic design problem. Several parametric deformations of an initial hull shape are considered to assess the influence of the shape parameters considered on the hull total drag. The hull resistance is typically computed by means of numerical simulations of the hydrodynamic flow past the ship. Given the high number of parameters involved - which might result in a high number of time consuming hydrodynamic simulations - assessing whether the parameters space can be reduced would lead to considerable computational cost reduction. Thus, the main idea of this work is to employ the active subspaces to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space, or to verify the parameter distribution in the position of the control points. To this end, a fully automated procedure has been implemented to produce several small shape perturbations of an original hull CAD geometry which are then used to carry out high-fidelity flow simulations and collect data for the active subspaces analysis. To achieve full automation of the open source pipeline described, both the free form deformation methodology employed for the hull perturbations and the solver based on unsteady potential flow theory, with fully nonlinear free surface treatment, are directly interfaced with CAD data structures and operate using IGES vendor-neutral file formats as input files. The computational cost of the fluid dynamic simulations is further reduced through the application of dynamic mode decomposition to reconstruct the steady state total drag value given only few initial snapshots of the simulation. The active subspaces analysis is here applied to the geometry of the DTMB-5415 naval combatant hull, which is which is a common benchmark in ship hydrodynamics simulations.}, keywords = {Active subspaces, Boundary element method, Dynamic mode decomposition, Fluid structure interaction, Free form deformation, Fully nonlinear potential, Numerical towing tank}, issn = {978-1-880653-87-6}, url = {https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ISOPE-I-18-481}, author = {Nicola Demo and Marco Tezzele and Andrea Mola and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {2018, title = {Existence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a one dimensional debonding model with damping}, number = {SISSA;28/2018/MATE}, year = {2018}, abstract = {In this paper we analyse a one-dimensional debonding model for a thin film peeled from a substrate when friction is taken into account. It is described by the weakly damped wave equation whose domain, the debonded region, grows according to a Griffth{\textquoteright}s criterion. Firstly we prove that the equation admits a unique solution when the evolution of the debonding front is assigned. Finally we provide an existence and uniqueness result for the coupled problem given by the wave equation together with Griffth{\textquoteright}s criterion.

}, url = {http://preprints.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35319}, author = {Lorenzo Nardini and Filippo Riva} } @article {2018, title = {Existence for elastodynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition}, number = {SISSA;04/2018/MATE}, year = {2018}, abstract = {We consider a model of elastodynamics with fracture evolution, based on energy-dissipation balance and a maximal dissipation condition. We prove an existence result in the case of planar elasticity with a free crack path, where the maximal dissipation condition is satisfied among suitably regular competitor cracks.}, url = {http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35308}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Cristopher J. Larsen and Rodica Toader} } @article {demo2018ezyrb, title = {EZyRB: Easy Reduced Basis method}, journal = {The Journal of Open Source Software}, volume = {3}, number = {24}, year = {2018}, pages = {661}, doi = {10.21105/joss.00661}, url = {https://joss.theoj.org/papers/10.21105/joss.00661}, author = {Nicola Demo and Marco Tezzele and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {2017, title = {On the effect of interactions beyond nearest neighbours on non-convex lattice systems}, number = {SISSA;57/2016/MATE}, year = {2017}, abstract = {We analyse the rigidity of non-convex discrete energies where at least nearest and next-to-nearest neighbour interactions are taken into account. Our purpose is to show that interactions beyond nearest neighbours have the role of penalising changes of orientation and, to some extent, they may replace the positive-determinant constraint that is usually required when only nearest neighbours are accounted for. In a discrete to continuum setting, we prove a compactness result for a family of surface-scaled energies and we give bounds on its possible Gamma-limit in terms of interfacial energies that penalise changes of orientation.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35268}, author = {Roberto Alicandro and Giuliano Lazzaroni and Mariapia Palombaro} } @inbook {Olgiati2017, title = {Effective Non-linear Dynamics of Binary Condensates and Open Problems}, booktitle = {Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems}, year = {2017}, pages = {239{\textendash}256}, publisher = {Springer International Publishing}, organization = {Springer International Publishing}, address = {Cham}, abstract = {We report on a recent result concerning the effective dynamics for a mixture of Bose-Einstein condensates, a class of systems much studied in physics and receiving a large amount of attention in the recent literature in mathematical physics; for such models, the effective dynamics is described by a coupled system of non-linear Sch{\"o}dinger equations. After reviewing and commenting our proof in the mean-field regime from a previous paper, we collect the main details needed to obtain the rigorous derivation of the effective dynamics in the Gross-Pitaevskii scaling limit.

}, isbn = {978-3-319-58904-6}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_14}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_14}, author = {Alessandro Olgiati}, editor = {Alessandro Michelangeli and Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio} } @article {1708.01518, title = {Elliptic diffeomorphisms of symplectic 4-manifolds}, year = {2017}, url = {https://arxiv.org/pdf/1708.01518.pdf}, author = {Vsevolod Shevchishin and Gleb Smirnov} } @article {almi2017energy, title = {Energy release rate and quasi-static evolution via vanishing viscosity in a fracture model depending on the crack opening}, journal = {ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations}, volume = {23}, number = {3}, year = {2017}, month = {05/2017}, pages = {791{\textendash}826}, publisher = {EDP Sciences}, abstract = {In the setting of planar linearized elasticity, we study a fracture model depending on the crack opening. Assuming that the crack path is known a priori and sufficiently smooth, we prove that the energy release rate is well defined. Then, we consider the problem of quasi-static evolution for our model. Thanks to a vanishing viscosity approach, we show the existence of such an evolution satisfying a weak Griffith{\textquoteright}s criterion.

}, doi = {10.1051/cocv/2016014}, url = {https://www.esaim-cocv.org/component/article?access=doi\&doi=10.1051/cocv/2016014}, author = {Stefano Almi} } @article {1611.09645, title = {Equivalence of two different notions of tangent bundle on rectifiable metric measure spaces}, year = {2016}, author = {Nicola Gigli and Enrico Pasqualetto} } @article {20.500.11767_11949, title = {Error Estimates of B-spline based finite-element method for the wind-driven ocean circulation}, journal = {JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING}, volume = {69}, year = {2016}, pages = {430{\textendash}459}, doi = {10.1007/s10915-016-0201-1}, author = {Rotundo, N. and Kim, T. -Y. and Jiang, W. and Luca Heltai and Fried, E.} } @article {2016, title = {Eulerian, Lagrangian and Broad continuous solutions to a balance law with non-convex flux I}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations, vol. 261, issue 8 (2016): 4298-4337}, number = {Journal of Differential Equations;261}, year = {2016}, publisher = {Elsevier}, doi = {10.1016/j.jde.2016.06.026}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35207}, author = {Giovanni Alberti and Stefano Bianchini and Laura Caravenna} } @article {2016, title = {Eulerian, Lagrangian and Broad continuous solutions to a balance law with non convex flux II}, number = {SISSA;32/2016/MATE}, year = {2016}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35197}, author = {Giovanni Alberti and Stefano Bianchini and Laura Caravenna} } @article {Bershtein2016, title = {Exact results for N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on compact toric manifolds and equivariant Donaldson invariants}, journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics}, volume = {2016}, number = {7}, year = {2016}, month = {Jul}, pages = {23}, abstract = {We provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric $U(N)$ gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for $U(2)\; \mathcal{N}=2^\star$ theory on $\mathbb{P}^2$ for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the $\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a longstanding conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new.

}, issn = {1029-8479}, doi = {10.1007/JHEP07(2016)023}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2016)023}, author = {Mikhail Bershtein and Giulio Bonelli and Massimiliano Ronzani and Alessandro Tanzini} } @article {BATTAGLIA20163750, title = {Existence and non-existence results for the SU(3) singular Toda system on compact surfaces}, journal = {Journal of Functional Analysis}, volume = {270}, number = {10}, year = {2016}, pages = {3750 - 3807}, abstract = {We consider the SU(3) singular Toda system on a compact surface (Σ,g)-Δu1=2ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg-1)-ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg-1)-4π∑m=1Mα1m(δpm-1)-Δu2=2ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg-1)-ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg-1)-4π∑m=1Mα2m(δpm-1), where hi are smooth positive functions on Σ, ρi∈R+, pm∈Σ and αim\>-1. We give both existence and non-existence results under some conditions on the parameters ρi and αim. Existence results are obtained using variational methods, which involve a geometric inequality of new type; non-existence results are obtained using blow-up analysis and localized Poho{\v z}aev-type identities."

}, keywords = {Liouville-type equations, Min{\textendash}max solutions, Non-existence results, Toda system}, issn = {0022-1236}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2015.12.011}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123615004942}, author = {Luca Battaglia and Andrea Malchiodi} } @article {DALMASO20164897, title = {Existence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a peeling test in dimension one}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations}, volume = {261}, number = {9}, year = {2016}, pages = {4897 - 4923}, abstract = {In this paper we present a one-dimensional model of a dynamic peeling test for a thin film, where the wave equation is coupled with a Griffith criterion for the propagation of the debonding front. Our main results provide existence and uniqueness for the solution to this coupled problem under different assumptions on the data.

}, keywords = {Dynamic debonding, Dynamic energy release rate, Dynamic fracture, Griffith{\textquoteright}s criterion, Maximum dissipation principle, Wave equation in time-dependent domains}, issn = {0022-0396}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2016.07.012}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616301772}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Giuliano Lazzaroni and Lorenzo Nardini} } @article {BATTAGLIA201549, title = {Existence and multiplicity result for the singular Toda system}, journal = {Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications}, volume = {424}, number = {1}, year = {2015}, pages = {49 - 85}, abstract = {We consider the Toda system on a compact surface (Σ,g)-Δu1=2ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg-1)-ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg-1)-4π∑j=1Jα1j(δpj-1),-Δu2=2ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg-1)-ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg-1)-4π∑j=1Jα2j(δpj-1), where hi are smooth positive functions, ρi are positive real parameters, pj are given points on Σ and αij are numbers greater than -1. We give existence and multiplicity results, using variational and Morse-theoretical methods. It is the first existence result when some of the αij{\textquoteright}s are allowed to be negative."

}, keywords = {Existence result, Liouville-type equations, Multiplicity result, PDEs on compact surfaces, Toda system}, issn = {0022-247X}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2014.10.081}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X14010191}, author = {Luca Battaglia} } @article {2015, title = {Existence for constrained dynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition}, year = {2015}, abstract = {There are very few existence results for fracture evolution, outside of globally minimizing quasi-static evolutions. Dynamic evolutions are particularly problematic, due to the difficulty of showing energy balance, as well as of showing that solutions obey a maximal dissipation condition, or some similar condition that prevents stationary cracks from always being solutions. Here we introduce a new weak maximal dissipation condition and show that it is compatible with cracks constrained to grow smoothly on a smooth curve. In particular, we show existence of dynamic fracture evolutions satisfying this maximal dissipation condition, subject to the above smoothness constraints, and exhibit explicit examples to show that this maximal dissipation principle can indeed rule out stationary cracks as solutions.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35045}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Cristopher J. Larsen and Rodica Toader} } @article {2015, title = {Existence of positive solutions in the superlinear case via coincidence degree: the Neumann and the periodic boundary value problems}, journal = {Adv. Differential Equations 20 (2015), 937{\textendash}982.}, number = {Advances in Differential Equations;volume 20; issue 9/10; pages 937-982;}, year = {2015}, note = {AMS Subject Classification: 34B18, 34B15, 34C25, 47H11.}, publisher = {Khayyam Publishing}, abstract = {We prove the existence of positive periodic solutions for the second order nonlinear equation u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright} + a(x) g(u) = 0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. The weight function a(x) is allowed to change its sign. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of nontrivial solutions are obtained. The proof is based on Mawhin{\textquoteright}s coincidence degree and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Applications are given to the search of positive solutions for a nonlinear PDE in annular domains and for a periodic problem associated to a non-Hamiltonian equation.

}, url = {http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1435064518}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin and Fabio Zanolin} } @article {0133-0189_2015_special_436, title = {Existence of positive solutions of a superlinear boundary value problem with indefinite weight}, journal = {Conference Publications}, volume = {2015}, number = {0133-0189_2015_special_43}, year = {2015}, pages = {436}, abstract = {We deal with the existence of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated with the nonlinear second order equation $u{\textquoteright}{\textquoteright}+a(x)g(u)=0$. The weight $a(x)$ is allowed to change sign. We assume that the function $g\colon\mathopen[0,+$\infty$\mathclose[\to\mathbb{R}$ is continuous, $g(0)=0$ and satisfies suitable growth conditions, including the superlinear case $g(s)=s^p$, with $p\>1$. In particular we suppose that $g(s)/s$ is large near infinity, but we do not require that $g(s)$ is non-negative in a neighborhood of zero. Using a topological approach based on the Leray-Schauder degree we obtain a result of existence of at least a positive solution that improves previous existence theorems.

}, keywords = {boundary value problem, indefinite weight, Positive solution; existence result., superlinear equation}, issn = {0133-0189}, doi = {10.3934/proc.2015.0436}, url = {http://aimsciences.org//article/id/b3c1c765-e8f5-416e-8130-05cc48478026}, author = {Guglielmo Feltrin} } @conference {calore2015experience, title = {Experience on vectorizing lattice Boltzmann kernels for multi-and many-core architectures}, booktitle = {International Conference on Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics}, year = {2015}, pages = {53{\textendash}62}, publisher = {Springer}, organization = {Springer}, author = {Calore, Enrico and Nicola Demo and Schifano, Sebastiano Fabio and Tripiccione, Raffaele} } @article {2015, title = {Explicit formulas for relaxed disarrangement densities arising from structured deformations}, number = {SISSA;37/2015/MATE}, year = {2015}, institution = {SISSA}, abstract = {Structured deformations provide a multiscale geometry that captures the contributions at the macrolevel of both smooth geometrical changes and non-smooth geometrical changes (disarrangements) at submacroscopic levels. For each (first-order) structured deformation (g,G) of a continuous body, the tensor field G is known to be a measure of deformations without disarrangements, and M:=∇g-G is known to be a measure of deformations due to disarrangements. The tensor fields G and M together deliver not only standard notions of plastic deformation, but M and its curl deliver the Burgers vector field associated with closed curves in the body and the dislocation density field used in describing geometrical changes in bodies with defects. Recently, Owen and Paroni [13] evaluated explicitly some relaxed energy densities arising in Choksi and Fonseca{\textquoteright}s energetics of structured deformations [4] and thereby showed: (1) (trM)+ , the positive part of trM, is a volume density of disarrangements due to submacroscopic separations, (2) (trM)-, the negative part of trM, is a volume density of disarrangements due to submacroscopic switches and interpenetrations, and (3) trM, the absolute value of trM, is a volume density of all three of these non-tangential disarrangements: separations, switches, and interpenetrations. The main contribution of the present research is to show that a different approach to the energetics of structured deformations, that due to Ba\'{i}a, Matias, and Santos [1], confirms the roles of (trM)+, (trM)-, and trM established by Owen and Paroni. In doing so, we give an alternative, shorter proof of Owen and Paroni{\textquoteright}s results, and we establish additional explicit formulas for other measures of disarrangements.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34492}, author = {Ana Cristina Barroso and Jose Matias and Marco Morandotti and David R. Owen} } @article {2015, title = {Extended affine Weyl groups of BCD type, Frobenius manifolds and their Landau-Ginzburg superpotentials}, year = {2015}, institution = {SISSA}, abstract = {For the root systems of type Bl, Cl and Dl, we generalize the result of [7] by showing the existence of Frobenius manifold structures on the orbit spaces of the extended affine Weyl groups that correspond to any vertex of the Dynkin diagram instead of a particular choice made in [7]. It also depends on certain additional data. We also construct LG superpotentials for these Frobenius manifold structures.}, url = {http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35316}, author = {Boris Dubrovin and Ian A.B. Strachan and Youjin Zhang and Dafeng Zuo} } @article {2014, title = {Editorial}, number = {Rendiconti del circolo matematico di Palermo;volume 63; issue 3; pages 317-318;}, year = {2014}, publisher = {Springer}, doi = {10.1007/s12215-014-0172-8}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34712}, author = {Ciro Ciliberto and Gianni Dal Maso and Pasquale Vetro} } @article {2014, title = {An effective model for nematic liquid crystal composites with ferromagnetic inclusions}, number = {SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics;volume 74; issue 2; pages 237-262;}, year = {2014}, publisher = {Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications}, abstract = {Molecules of a nematic liquid crystal respond to an applied magnetic field by reorienting themselves in the direction of the field. Since the dielectric anisotropy of a nematic is small, it takes relatively large fields to elicit a significant liquid crystal response. The interaction may be enhanced in colloidal suspensions of ferromagnetic particles in a liquid crystalline matrix- ferronematics-as proposed by Brochard and de Gennes in 1970. The ability of these particles to align with the field and simultaneously cause reorientation of the nematic molecules greatly increases the magnetic response of the mixture. Essentially the particles provide an easy axis of magnetization that interacts with the liquid crystal via surface anchoring. We derive an expression for the effective energy of ferronematic in the dilute limit, that is, when the number of particles tends to infinity while their total volume fraction tends to zero. The total energy of the mixture is assumed to be the sum of the bulk elastic liquid crystal contribution, the anchoring energy of the liquid crystal on the surfaces of the particles, and the magnetic energy of interaction between the particles and the applied magnetic field. The homogenized limiting ferronematic energy is obtained rigorously using a variational approach. It generalizes formal expressions previously reported in the physical literature.}, doi = {10.1137/130910348}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34940}, author = {Maria Carme Calderer and Antonio DeSimone and Dmitry Golovaty and Alexander Panchenko} } @article {2014, title = {An efficient computational framework for reduced basis approximation and a posteriori error estimation of parametrized Navier-Stokes flows}, year = {2014}, abstract = {We present the current Reduced Basis framework for the efficient numerical approximation of parametrized steady Navier-Stokes equations. We have extended the existing setting developed in the last decade (see e.g. [Deparis, Veroy \& Patera, Quarteroni \& Rozza] to more general affine and nonaffine parametrizations (such as volume-based techniques), to a simultaneous velocity-pressure error estimates and to a fully decoupled Offline/Online procedure in order to speedup the solution of the reduced-order problem. This is particularly suitable for real-time and many-query contexts, which are both part of our final goal. Furthermore, we present an efficient numerical implementation for treating nonlinear advection terms in a convenient way. A residual-based a posteriori error estimation with respect to a truth, full-order Finite Element approximation is provided for joint pressure/velocity errors, according to the Brezzi-Rappaz-Raviart stability theory. To do this, we take advantage of an extension of the Successive Constraint Method for the estimation of stability factors and of a suitable fixed-point algorithm for the approximation of Sobolev embedding constants. Finally, we present some numerical test cases, in order to show both the approximation properties and the computational efficiency of the derived framework.}, keywords = {Reduced Basis Method, parametrized Navier-Stokes equations, steady incompressible fluids, a posteriori error estimation, approximation stability}, author = {Andrea Manzoni} } @article {FortiRozza2014, title = {Efficient geometrical parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling: application to fluid{\textendash}structure interaction coupling problems}, journal = {International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics}, volume = {28}, number = {3-4}, year = {2014}, pages = {158{\textendash}169}, abstract = {We present some recent advances and improvements in shape parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling with special attention to fluid{\textendash}structure interaction problems and the management of structural deformations, namely, to represent them into a low-dimensional space (by control points). This allows to reduce the computational effort, and to significantly simplify the (geometrical) deformation procedure, leading to more efficient and fast reduced-order modelling applications in this kind of problems. We propose an efficient methodology to select the geometrical control points for the radial basis functions based on a modal greedy algorithm to improve the computational efficiency in view of more complex fluid{\textendash}structure applications in several fields. The examples provided deal with aeronautics and wind engineering.}, doi = {10.1080/10618562.2014.932352}, author = {Forti, D. and Gianluigi Rozza} } @article {2014, title = {Existence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in the space of probability measures}, number = {Rendiconti dell{\textquoteright}Istituto di Matematica dell{\textquoteright}Universita di Trieste;Volume 46; issue 1; pp. 43-70;}, year = {2014}, note = {This paper resumes the main part of the Bachelor thesis of the second author, discussed in 2013 at the University of Trieste.}, publisher = {EUT Edizioni Universita di Trieste}, abstract = {After a brief introduction on gradient flows in metric spaces and on geodesically convex functionals, we give an account of the proof (following the outline of [3, 7]) of the existence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in the space of Borel probability measures over a compact geodesic metric space with Ricci curvature bounded from below.}, url = {http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34693}, author = {Stefano Bianchini and Alexander Dabrowski} } @article {MONDINO2014707, title = {Existence of immersed spheres minimizing curvature functionals in non-compact 3-manifolds}, journal = {Annales de l{\textquoteright}Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis}, volume = {31}, number = {4}, year = {2014}, pages = {707 - 724}, abstract = {We study curvature functionals for immersed 2-spheres in non-compact, three-dimensional Riemannian manifold $(M,h)$ without boundary. First, under the assumption that $(M,h)$ is the euclidean 3-space endowed with a semi-perturbed metric with perturbation small in $C^1$ norm and of compact support, we prove that if there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})\>0$ then there exists a smooth embedding $ f:\mathbb{S}^2\ \hookrightarrow\ M$ minimizing the Willmore functional $\frac{1}{4}\int |H|^2$, where $H$ is the mean curvature. Second, assuming that $(M,h)$ is of bounded geometry (i.e. bounded sectional curvature and strictly positive injectivity radius) and asymptotically euclidean or hyperbolic we prove that if there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})\>6$ then there exists a smooth immersion $f:\mathbb{S}^2\hookrightarrow\ M$ minimizing the functional $\int (\frac{1}{2}|A|^2+1)$, where $A$ is the second fundamental form. Finally, adding the bound $K^M \leq 2$ to the last assumptions, we obtain a smooth minimizer $f:\mathbb{S}^2\ \hookrightarrow\ M$ for the functional $\int \frac{1}{4}(|H|^2+1)$. The assumptions of the last two theorems are satisfied in a large class of 3-manifolds arising as spacelike timeslices solutions of the Einstein vacuum equation in case of null or negative cosmological constant.

}, keywords = {Direct methods in the calculus of variations, General Relativity, Geometric measure theory, second fundamental form, Willmore functional}, issn = {0294-1449}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anihpc.2013.07.002}, url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144913000851}, author = {Andrea Mondino and Johannes Schygulla} } @article {Kuwert2014, title = {Existence of immersed spheres minimizing curvature functionals in compact 3-manifolds}, journal = {Mathematische Annalen}, volume = {359}, number = {1}, year = {2014}, month = {Jun}, pages = {379{\textendash}425}, abstract = {We study curvature functionals for immersed 2-spheres in a compact, three-dimensional Riemannian manifold $M$. Under the assumption that the sectional curvature $K^M$ is strictly positive, we prove the existence of a smooth immersion $f:{\mathbb{S}}^2 \rightarrow M$ minimizing the $L^2$ integral of the second fundamental form. Assuming instead that $K^M \leq 2 $ and that there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})\>6$, we obtain a smooth minimizer $f:{\mathbb{S}}^2 \rightarrow M$ for the functional $\int \frac{1}{4}|H|^2+1$, where $H$ is the mean curvature.

}, issn = {1432-1807}, doi = {10.1007/s00208-013-1005-3}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00208-013-1005-3}, author = {Kuwert, Ernst and Andrea Mondino and Johannes Schygulla} } @article {Mondino2014, title = {Existence of integral m-varifolds minimizing $\int |A|^p $ and $\int |H|^p$ , p>m, in Riemannian manifolds}, journal = {Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations}, volume = {49}, number = {1}, year = {2014}, month = {Jan}, pages = {431{\textendash}470}, abstract = {We prove existence of integral rectifiable $m$-dimensional varifolds minimizing functionals of the type $\int |H|^p$ and $\int |A|^p$ in a given Riemannian $n$-dimensional manifold $(N,g)$, $2 \leq m\<n$ and $p\>m$ under suitable assumptions on $N$ (in the end of the paper we give many examples of such ambient manifolds). To this aim we introduce the following new tools: some monotonicity formulas for varifolds in ${\mathbb{R }^S}$ involving $\int\ |H|^p$to\ avoid degeneracy of the minimizer, and a sort of isoperimetric inequality to bound the mass in terms of the mentioned functionals.

}, issn = {1432-0835}, doi = {10.1007/s00526-012-0588-y}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-012-0588-y}, author = {Andrea Mondino} } @article {2013, title = {Early phase of plasticity-related gene regulation and SRF dependent transcription in the hippocampus}, journal = {PloS one. Volume 8, Issue 7, July 2013 : e68078}, number = {PMID:23935853;}, year = {2013}, note = {The article is composed of 15 pages}, publisher = {Public Library of Science}, abstract = {Hippocampal organotypic cultures are a highly reliable in vitro model for studying neuroplasticity: in this paper, we analyze the early phase of the transcriptional response induced by a 20 {\textmu}M gabazine treatment (GabT), a GABA-Ar antagonist, by using Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarray, RT-PCR based time-course and chromatin-immuno-precipitation. The transcriptome profiling revealed that the pool of genes up-regulated by GabT, besides being strongly related to the regulation of growth and synaptic transmission, is also endowed with neuro-protective and pro-survival properties. By using RT-PCR, we quantified a time-course of the transient expression for 33 of the highest up-regulated genes, with an average sampling rate of 10 minutes and covering the time interval [10:90] minutes. The cluster analysis of the time-course disclosed the existence of three different dynamical patterns, one of which proved, in a statistical analysis based on results from previous works, to be significantly related with SRF-dependent regulation (p-value<0.05). The chromatin immunoprecipitation (chip) assay confirmed the rich presence of working CArG boxes in the genes belonging to the latter dynamical pattern and therefore validated the statistical analysis. Furthermore, an in silico analysis of the promoters revealed the presence of additional conserved CArG boxes upstream of the genes Nr4a1 and Rgs2. The chip assay confirmed a significant SRF signal in the Nr4a1 CArG box but not in the Rgs2 CArG box.}, doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0068078}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7287}, author = {Giovanni Iacono and Claudio Altafini and Vincent Torre} } @article {2013, title = {Epitaxially strained elastic films: the case of anisotropic surface energies}, journal = {ESAIM Control. Optim. Calc. Var. 19 (2013) 167-189}, number = {SISSA;31/2011/M}, year = {2013}, publisher = {EDP Sciences}, abstract = {In the context of a variational model for the epitaxial growth of strained elastic films, we study the effects of the presence of anisotropic surface energies in the determination of equilibrium configurations. We show that the threshold effect that describes the stability of flat morphologies in the isotropic case remains valid for weak anisotropies, but is no longer present in the case of highly anisotropic surface energies, where we show that the flat configuration is always a local minimizer of the total energy. The main tool used to obtain these results is a minimality criterion based on the positivity of the second variation.

}, doi = {10.1051/cocv/2012003}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4268}, author = {Marco Bonacini} } @article {2013, title = {Equilibrium measures for a class of potentials with discrete rotational symmetries}, number = {arXiv:1312.1483;}, year = {2013}, note = {23 pages, 3 figures}, institution = {SISSA}, abstract = {In this note the logarithmic energy problem with external potential $|z|^{2n}+tz^d+\bar{t}\bar{z}^d$ is considered in the complex plane, where $n$ and $d$ are positive integers satisfying $d\leq 2n$. Exploiting the discrete rotational invariance of the potential, a simple symmetry reduction procedure is used to calculate the equilibrium measure for all admissible values of $n,d$ and $t$. It is shown that, for fixed $n$ and $d$, there is a critical value $|t|=t_{cr}$ such that the support of the equilibrium measure is simply connected for $|t|This paper deals with the following class of nonlocal Schr\"odinger equations $$ \displaystyle (-\Delta)^s u + u = |u|^{p-1}u \ \ \text{in} \ \mathbb{R}^N, \quad \text{for} \ s\in (0,1). $$ We prove existence and symmetry results for the solutions $u$ in the fractional Sobolev space $H^s(\mathbb{R}^N)$. Our results are in clear accordance with those for the classical local counterpart, that is when $s=1$.

}, author = {Serena Dipierro and Giampiero Palatucci and Enrico Valdinoci} } @article {jevnikar_2013, title = {An existence result for the mean-field equation on compact surfaces in a doubly supercritical regime}, journal = {Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Section A Mathematics}, volume = {143}, number = {5}, year = {2013}, pages = {1021{\textendash}1045}, publisher = {Royal Society of Edinburgh Scotland Foundation}, doi = {10.1017/S030821051200042X}, author = {Aleks Jevnikar} } @article {2013, title = {Expanded degenerations and pairs}, journal = {Communications in Algebra. Volume 41, Issue 6, May 2013, Pages 2346-2386}, number = {arXiv:1110.2976v1;}, year = {2013}, note = {This article is composed of 41 pages and is recorded in PDF format}, publisher = {Taylor and Francis}, abstract = {Since Jun Li{\textquoteright}s original definition, several other definitions of expanded pairs and expanded degenerations have appeared in the literature. We explain how these definitions are related and introduce several new variants and perspectives. Among these are the twisted expansions used by Abramovich and Fantechi as a basis for orbifold techniques in degeneation formulas.}, keywords = {Expanded pairs}, doi = {10.1080/00927872.2012.658589}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7383}, author = {Dan Abramovich and Charles Cadman and Barbara Fantechi and Jonathan Wise} } @article {2012, title = {Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks}, journal = {Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. Volume 86, Issue 3, 26 September 2012, Article number036116}, year = {2012}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers.}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.86.036116}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6504}, author = {Giuseppe Facchetti and Giovanni Iacono and Claudio Altafini} } @article {bonheure2011embedding, title = {Embedding theorems and existence results for nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger{\textendash}Poisson systems with unbounded and vanishing potentials}, journal = {Journal of Differential Equations}, volume = {251}, number = {4-5}, year = {2011}, pages = {1056{\textendash}1085}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {Motivated by existence results for positive solutions of non-autonomous nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger{\textendash}Poisson systems with potentials possibly unbounded or vanishing at infinity, we prove embedding theorems for weighted Sobolev spaces. We both consider a general framework and spaces of radially symmetric functions when assuming radial symmetry of the potentials.

}, doi = {10.1016/j.jde.2011.04.010}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2011.04.010}, author = {Bonheure, Denis and Mercuri, Carlo} } @article {2011, title = {Energy release rate and stress intensity factor in antiplane elasticity}, journal = {Journal de Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees 95 (2011) 565-584}, number = {SISSA;67/2009/M}, year = {2011}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {In the setting of antiplane linearized elasticity, we show the existence of the stress intensity factor and its relation with the energy release rate when the crack path is a C1,1 curve. Finally, we show that the energy release rate is continuous with respect to the Hausdorff convergence in a class of admissible cracks.}, doi = {10.1016/j.matpur.2011.01.001}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3780}, author = {Giuliano Lazzaroni and Rodica Toader} } @article {2011, title = {Ennio De Giorgi and Γ-convergence}, journal = {Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series A 31 (2011) 1017-1021}, year = {2011}, publisher = {American Institute of Mathematical Sciences}, abstract = {Γ-convergence was introduced by Ennio De Giorgi in a series of papers published between 1975 and 1983. In the same years he developed many applications of this tool to a great variety of asymptotic problems in the calculus of variations and in the theory of partial differential equations.}, doi = {10.3934/dcds.2011.31.1017}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5308}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso} } @article {2011, title = {An Estimate on the Flow Generated by Monotone Operators}, journal = {Communications in Partial Differential Equations 36 (2011) 777-796}, number = {SISSA;29/2009/M}, year = {2011}, publisher = {Taylor \& Francis}, doi = {10.1080/03605302.2010.534224}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3646}, author = {Stefano Bianchini and Matteo Gloyer} } @article {2011, title = {An Existence and Uniqueness Result for the Motion of Self-Propelled Microswimmers}, journal = {SIAM J. Math. Anal.}, volume = { 43}, number = {SISSA;44/2010/M}, year = {2011}, pages = {1345-1368}, publisher = {Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics}, abstract = {We present an analytical framework to study the motion of micro-swimmers in a viscous fluid. Our main result is that, under very mild regularity assumptions, the change of shape determines uniquely the motion of the swimmer. We assume that the Reynolds number is very small, so that the velocity field of the surrounding, infinite fluid is governed by the Stokes system and all inertial effects can be neglected. Moreover, we enforce the self propulsion constraint (no external forces and torques). Therefore, Newton\\\'s equations of motion reduce to the vanishing of the viscous drag force and torque acting on the body. By exploiting an integral representation of viscous force and torque, the equations of motion can be reduced to a system of six ordinary differential equations. Variational techniques are used to prove the boundedness and measurability of its coefficients, so that classical results on ordinary differential equations can be invoked to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution.

}, doi = {10.1137/10080083X}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3894}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Antonio DeSimone and Marco Morandotti} } @article {2011, title = {Existence for wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks}, journal = {Rend. Lincei Mat. Appl. 22 (2011) 387-408}, number = {SISSA;32/2011/M}, year = {2011}, publisher = {European Mathematical Society}, abstract = {In this paper we formulate and study scalar wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks. This includes a zero Neumann condition on the crack sets, and the only assumptions on these sets are that they have bounded surface measure and are growing in the sense of set inclusion. In particular, they may be dense, so the weak formulations must fall outside of the usual weak formulations using Sobolev spaces. We study both damped and undamped equations, showing existence and, for the damped equation, uniqueness and energy conservation.}, keywords = {Wave equation}, doi = {10.4171/RLM/606}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4284}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Cristopher J. Larsen} } @article {2010, title = {Effective Schroedinger dynamics on $ ε$-thin Dirichlet waveguides via Quantum Graphs I: star-shaped graphs}, journal = {J. Phys. A 43 (2010) 474014}, number = {arXiv.org;1004.4750v2}, year = {2010}, publisher = {IOP Publishing}, abstract = {We describe the boundary conditions at the vertex that one must choose to obtain a dynamical system that best describes the low-energy part of the evolution of a quantum system confined to a very small neighbourhood of a star-shaped metric graph.}, doi = {10.1088/1751-8113/43/47/474014}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4106}, author = {Gianfausto Dell{\textquoteright}Antonio and Emanuele Costa} } @article {2010, title = {Estimates on path functionals over Wasserstein Spaces}, journal = {SIAM J. Math. Anal. 42 (2010) 1179-1217}, number = {SISSA;11/2009/M}, year = {2010}, abstract = {In this paper we consider the class a functionals (introduced in [Brancolini, Buttazzo, and Santambrogio, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 8 (2006), pp. 415-434] $\\\\mathcal{G}_{r,p}$ defined on Lipschitz curves $\\\\gamma$ valued in the $p$-Wasserstein space. The problem considered is the following: given a measure $\\\\mu$, give conditions in order to assure the existence of a curve $\\\\gamma$ such that $\\\\gamma(0)=\\\\mu$, $\\\\gamma(1)=\\\\delta_{x_0}$, and $\\\\mathcal{G}_{r,p}(\\\\gamma)<+\\\\infty$. To this end, new estimates on $\\\\mathcal{G}_{r,p}(\\\\mu)$ are given, and a notion of dimension of a measure (called path dimension) is introduced: the path dimension specifies the values of the parameters $(r,p)$ for which the answer to the previous reachability problem is positive. Finally, we compare the path dimension with other known dimensions.}, doi = {10.1137/100782693}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3583}, author = {Stefano Bianchini and Alessio Brancolini} } @article {2010, title = {On the Euler-Lagrange equation for a variational problem : the general case II}, journal = {Math. Z. 265 (2010) 889-923}, number = {SISSA;75/2007/M}, year = {2010}, doi = {10.1007/s00209-009-0547-2}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2551}, author = {Stefano Bianchini and Matteo Gloyer} } @article {2010, title = {Exact reconstruction of damaged color images using a total variation model}, journal = {Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire 27 (2010) 1291-1331}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {In this paper the reconstruction of damaged piecewice constant color images is studied using a RGB total variation based model for colorization/inpainting. In particular, it is shown that when color is known in a uniformly distributed region, then reconstruction is possible with maximal fidelity.}, doi = {10.1016/j.anihpc.2010.06.004}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4039}, author = {Irene Fonseca and Giovanni Leoni and Francesco Maggi and Massimiliano Morini} } @article {2010, title = {Existence of planar curves minimizing length and curvature}, journal = {Proc. Steklov Inst. Math. 270 (2010) 43-56}, number = {arXiv.org;0906.5290v2}, year = {2010}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {In this paper we consider the problem of reconstructing a curve that is partially hidden or corrupted by minimizing the functional $\\\\int \\\\sqrt{1+K_\\\\gamma^2} ds$, depending both on length and curvature $K$. We fix starting and ending points as well as initial and final directions.\\nFor this functional we discuss the problem of existence of minimizers on various functional spaces. We find non-existence of minimizers in cases in which initial and final directions are considered with orientation. In this case, minimizing sequences of trajectories can converge to curves with angles.\\nWe instead prove existence of minimizers for the \\\"time-reparameterized\\\" functional $$\\\\int \\\\| \\\\dot\\\\gamma(t) \\\\|\\\\sqrt{1+K_\\\\ga^2} dt$$ for all boundary conditions if initial and final directions are considered regardless to orientation. In this case, minimizers can present cusps (at most two) but not angles.}, doi = {10.1134/S0081543810030041}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4107}, author = {Ugo Boscain and Gr{\'e}goire Charlot and Francesco Rossi} } @article {2009, title = {Equivariant cohomology and localization for Lie algebroids}, journal = {Funct. Anal. Appl. 43 (2009) 18-29}, number = {SISSA;40/2005/FM}, year = {2009}, abstract = {Let M be a manifold carrying the action of a Lie group G, and A a Lie algebroid on M equipped with a compatible infinitesimal G-action. Out of these data we construct an equivariant Lie algebroid cohomology and prove for compact G a related localization formula. As an application we prove a Bott-type formula.}, isbn = {978-981-270-377-4}, doi = {10.1007/s10688-009-0003-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1724}, author = {Ugo Bruzzo and Lucio Cirio and Paolo Rossi and Vladimir Rubtsov} } @article {2009, title = {ERNEST: a toolbox for chemical reaction network theory}, journal = {Bioinformatics 25 (2009) 2853-2854}, year = {2009}, publisher = {Oxford University Press}, abstract = {Summary: ERNEST Reaction Network Equilibria Study Toolbox is a MATLAB package which, by checking various different criteria on the structure of a chemical reaction network, can exclude the multistationarity of the corresponding reaction system. The results obtained are independent of the rate constants of the reactions, and can be used for model discrimination.\\nAvailability and Implementation: The software, implemented in MATLAB, is available under the GNU GPL free software license from http://people.sissa.it/~altafini/papers/SoAl09/. It requires the MATLAB Optimization Toolbox.}, doi = {10.1093/bioinformatics/btp513}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3826}, author = {Nicola Soranzo and Claudio Altafini} } @article {2009, title = {Exact results for topological strings on resolved Yp,q singularities}, journal = {Comm. Math. Phys. 289 (2009) 205-252}, number = {SISSA;22/2008/FM}, year = {2009}, doi = {10.1007/s00220-009-0814-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2631}, author = {Andrea Brini and Alessandro Tanzini} } @article {2009, title = {Existence of extremals for the Maz\\\'ya and for the Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg inequalities}, journal = {Nonlinear Anal. 70 (2009) 3002-3007}, number = {SISSA;53/2008/M}, year = {2009}, abstract = {This paper deals with some Sobolev-type inequalities with weights that were proved by Maz\\\'ya in 1980 and by Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg in 1984.}, doi = {10.1016/j.na.2008.12.024}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2739}, author = {Roberta Musina} } @article {2009, title = {An existence result for the Monge problem in R^n with norm cost}, number = {SISSA;30/2009/M}, year = {2009}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3647}, author = {Laura Caravenna} } @article {2009, title = {On the extremality, uniqueness and optimality of transference plans}, journal = {Bull. Inst. Math. Acad. Sin. (N.S.) 4 (2009) 353-458}, number = {SISSA;46/2009/M}, year = {2009}, abstract = {We consider the following standard problems appearing in optimal mass transportation theory: when a transference plan is extremal; when a transference plan is the unique transference plan concentrated on a set A,; when a transference plan is optimal.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3692}, author = {Stefano Bianchini and Laura Caravenna} } @article {2008, title = {Entire solutions of autonomous equations on Rn with nontrivial asymptotics}, journal = {Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. Rend. Lincei (9) Mat. Appl. 19 (2008) 65-72}, year = {2008}, abstract = {We prove existence of a new type of solutions for the semilinear equation $- \\\\D u + u = u^p$ on $\\\\R^n$, with $1 < p < \\\\frac{n+2}{n-2}$. These solutions are positive, bounded, decay exponentially to zero away from three half-lines with a common origin, and at infinity are asymptotically periodic.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2640}, author = {Andrea Malchiodi} } @article {2008, title = {An entropy based Glimm-type functional}, journal = {J. Hyperbolic Differ. Equ. 5 (2008) 643-662}, year = {2008}, publisher = {World Scientific}, doi = {10.1142/S0219891608001635}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4051}, author = {Laura Caravenna} } @article {2008, title = {Equivalent definitions of asymptotic 100\% B.E.C.}, journal = {Nuovo Cimento B 123 (2008) 181-192}, number = {SISSA;102/2007/MP}, year = {2008}, abstract = {In the mathematical analysis Bose-Einstein condensates, in particular in the study of the quantum dynamics, some kind of factorisation property has been recently proposed as a convenient technical assumption of condensation. After having surveyed both the standard definition of complete Bose-Einstein condensation in the limit of infinitely many particles and some forms of asymptotic factorisation, we prove that these characterisations are equivalent.}, doi = {10.1393/ncb/i2008-10521-y}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2546}, author = {Alessandro Michelangeli} } @article {2008, title = {Eulerian calculus for the displacement convexity in the Wasserstein distance}, journal = {SIAM J. Math. Anal. 40 (2008) 1104-1122}, number = {arXiv.org;0801.2455v1}, year = {2008}, publisher = {SIAM}, abstract = {In this paper we give a new proof of the (strong) displacement convexity of a class of integral functionals defined on a compact Riemannian manifold satisfying a lower Ricci curvature bound. Our approach does not rely on existence and regularity results for optimal transport maps on Riemannian manifolds, but it is based on the Eulerian point of view recently introduced by Otto and Westdickenberg [SIAM J. Math. Anal., 37 (2005), pp. 1227-1255] and on the metric characterization of the gradient flows generated by the functionals in the Wasserstein space.}, doi = {10.1137/08071346X}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3413}, author = {Sara Daneri and Giuseppe Savar{\`e}} } @article {2008, title = {Existence of conformal metrics with constant $Q$-curvature}, journal = {Ann. of Math. 168 (2008) 813-858}, number = {SISSA;70/2004/M}, year = {2008}, abstract = {Given a compact four dimensional manifold, we prove existence of conformal metrics with constant $Q$-curvature under generic assumptions. The problem amounts to solving a fourth-order nonlinear elliptic equation with variational structure. Since the corresponding Euler functional is in general unbounded from above and from below, we employ topological methods and minimax schemes, jointly with a compactness result by the second author.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2308}, author = {Zindine Djadli and Andrea Malchiodi} } @article {Bertola:EffectiveIMRN, title = {Effective inverse spectral problem for rational Lax matrices and applications}, journal = {Int. Math. Res. Not. IMRN}, number = {23}, year = {2007}, pages = {Art. ID rnm103, 39}, issn = {1073-7928}, author = {Marco Bertola and Gekhtman, M.} } @article {2007, title = {Equilibrium configurations of epitaxially strained crystalline films: existence and regularity results}, journal = {Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 186 (2007) 477-537}, year = {2007}, abstract = {Strained epitaxial films grown on a relatively thick substrate are considered in the context of plane linear elasticity. The total free energy of the system is assumed to be the sum of the energy of the free surface of the film and the strain energy. Because of the lattice mismatch between film and substrate, flat configurations are in general energetically unfavorable and a corrugated or islanded morphology is the preferred growth mode of the strained film. After specifying the functional setup in which the existence problem can be properly framed, a study of the qualitative properties of the solutions is undertaken. New regularity results for volume-constrained local minimizers of the total free energy are established, leading, as a byproduct, to a rigorous proof of the zero-contact-angle condition between islands and wetting layers.}, doi = {10.1007/s00205-007-0082-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2350}, author = {Irene Fonseca and Nicola Fusco and Giovanni Leoni and Massimiliano Morini} } @article {2007, title = {On the Euler-Lagrange equation for a variational problem}, journal = {Discrete Contin. Dynam. Systems A 17 (2007) 449-480}, number = {SISSA;95/2005/M}, year = {2007}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1792}, author = {Stefano Bianchini} } @article {2006, title = {An estimation of the controllability time for single-input systems on compact Lie Groups}, journal = {ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var. 12 (2006) 409-441}, year = {2006}, abstract = {Geometric control theory and Riemannian techniques are used to describe the reachable set at time t of left invariant single-input control systems on semi-simple compact Lie groups and to estimate the minimal time needed to reach any point from identity. This method provides an effective way to give an upper and a lower bound for the minimal time needed to transfer a controlled quantum system with a drift from a given initial position to a given final position. The bounds include diameters of the flag manifolds; the latter are also explicitly computed in the paper.}, doi = {10.1051/cocv:2006007}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2135}, author = {Andrei A. Agrachev and Thomas Chambrion} } @article {2006, title = {Experimental and modeling studies of desensitization of P2X3 receptors.}, journal = {Molecular pharmacology. 2006 Jul; 70(1):373-82}, number = {PMID:16627751;}, year = {2006}, publisher = {the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics}, abstract = {The function of ATP-activated P2X3 receptors involved in pain sensation is modulated by desensitization, a phenomenon poorly understood. The present study used patch-clamp recording from cultured rat or mouse sensory neurons and kinetic modeling to clarify the properties of P2X3 receptor desensitization. Two types of desensitization were observed, a fast process (t1/2 = 50 ms; 10 microM ATP) following the inward current evoked by micromolar agonist concentrations, and a slow process (t1/2 = 35 s; 10 nM ATP) that inhibited receptors without activating them. We termed the latter high-affinity desensitization (HAD). Recovery from fast desensitization or HAD was slow and agonist-dependent. When comparing several agonists, there was analogous ranking order for agonist potency, rate of desensitization and HAD effectiveness, with 2-methylthioadenosine triphosphate the strongest and beta,gamma-methylene-ATP the weakest. HAD was less developed with recombinant (ATP IC50 = 390 nM) than native P2X3 receptors (IC50 = 2.3 nM). HAD could also be induced by nanomolar ATP when receptors seemed to be nondesensitized, indicating that resting receptors could express high-affinity binding sites. Desensitization properties were well accounted for by a cyclic model in which receptors could be desensitized from either open or closed states. Recovery was assumed to be a multistate process with distinct kinetics dependent on the agonist-dependent dissociation rate from desensitized receptors. Thus, the combination of agonist-specific mechanisms such as desensitization onset, HAD, and resensitization could shape responsiveness of sensory neurons to P2X3 receptor agonists. By using subthreshold concentrations of an HAD-potent agonist, it might be possible to generate sustained inhibition of P2X3 receptors for controlling chronic pain.}, doi = {10.1124/mol.106.023564}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4974}, author = {Elena Sokolova and Andrei Skorinkin and Igor Moiseev and Andrei A. Agrachev and Andrea Nistri and Rashid Giniatullin} } @article {2006, title = {Extended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds -- II}, number = {SISSA;90/2005/FM}, year = {2006}, abstract = {For the root system of type $B_l$ and $C_l$, we generalize the result of \\\\cite{DZ1998} by showing the existence of a Frobenius manifold structure on the orbit space of the extended affine Weyl group that corresponds to any vertex of the Dynkin diagram instead of a particular choice of \\\\cite{DZ1998}.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1787}, author = {Boris Dubrovin and Zhang Youjin and Zuo Dafeng} } @inbook {MR2128760, title = {Enhanced residual-free bubble method for convection-diffusion problems}, booktitle = {Internat. J. Numer. Methods Fluids}, volume = {47}, number = {10-11}, year = {2005}, note = {8th ICFD Conference on Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics. Part 2}, pages = {1307{\textendash}1313}, issn = {0271-2091}, doi = {10.1002/fld.859}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.859}, author = {Andrea Cangiani and S{\"u}li, E.} } @article {MR2195345, title = {Enhanced RFB method}, journal = {Numer. Math.}, volume = {101}, number = {2}, year = {2005}, pages = {273{\textendash}308}, issn = {0029-599X}, doi = {10.1007/s00211-005-0620-7}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s00211-005-0620-7}, author = {Andrea Cangiani and S{\"u}li, Endre} } @article {2005, title = {Explicit Wei{\textendash}Norman formulae for matrix Lie groups via Putzer\\\'s method}, journal = {Systems and Control Letters, 54 (11):1121-1130, 2005}, year = {2005}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {The Wei{\textendash}Norman formula locally relates the Magnus solution of a system of linear time-varying ODEs with the solution expressed in terms of products of exponentials by means of a set of nonlinear differential equations in the parameters of the two types of solutions. A closed form expression of such formula is proposed based on the use of Putzer\\\'s method.}, doi = {10.1016/j.sysconle.2005.03.006}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4538}, author = {Claudio Altafini} } @proceedings {2004, title = {The elliptic representation of the sixth Painlev{\'e} equation.}, year = {2004}, publisher = {Societe Matematique de France}, abstract = {We find a class of solutions of the sixth Painlev{\textasciiacute}e equation corresponding\r\nto almost all the monodromy data of the associated linear system; actually, all data\r\nbut one point in the space of data. We describe the critical behavior close to the\r\ncritical points by means of the elliptic representation, and we find the relation among\r\nthe parameters at the different critical points (connection problem).}, keywords = {Painlev{\'e} equation}, isbn = {978-2-85629-229-7}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6529}, author = {Davide Guzzetti} } @article {2004, title = {Energetics and switching of quasi-uniform states in small ferromagnetic particles}, journal = {M2AN Math. Model. Numer. Anal. 38 (2004) 235-248}, year = {2004}, publisher = {EDP Sciences}, abstract = {We present a numerical algorithm to solve the micromagnetic equations based on tangential-plane minimization for the magnetization update and a homothethic-layer decomposition of outer space for the computation of the demagnetization field. As a first application, detailed results on the flower-vortex transition in the cube of Micromagnetic Standard Problem number 3 are obtained, which confirm, with a different method, those already present in the literature, and validate our method and code. We then turn to switching of small cubic or almost-cubic particles, in the single-domain limit. Our data show systematic deviations from the Stoner-Wohlfarth model due to the non-ellipsoidal shape of the particle, and in particular a non-monotone dependence on the particle size.}, doi = {10.1051/m2an:2004011}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2999}, author = {Fran{\c c}ois Alouges and Sergio Conti and Antonio DeSimone and Ivo Pokern} } @article {2004, title = {Existence of H-bubbles in a perturbative setting}, journal = {Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana 20 (2004) 611-626}, number = {SISSA;35/2002/M}, year = {2004}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, abstract = {Given a $C^{1}$ function $H: \\\\mathbb{R}^3 \\\\to \\\\mathbb{R}$, we look for $H$-bubbles, i.e., surfaces in $\\\\mathbb{R}^3$ parametrized by the sphere $\\\\mathbb{S}^2$ with mean curvature $H$ at every regular point. Here we study the case $H(u)=H_{0}(u)+\\\\epsilon H_{1}(u)$ where $H_{0}$ is some \\\"good\\\" curvature (for which there exist $H_{0}$-bubbles with minimal energy, uniformly bounded in $L^{\\\\infty}$), $\\\\epsilon$ is the smallness parameter, and $H_{1}$ is {\\\\em any} $C^{1}$ function.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1606}, author = {Paolo Caldiroli and Roberta Musina} } @article {2004, title = {The Extended Toda Hierarchy}, journal = {Moscow Math. J. 4 (2004)\\n313-332.}, number = {arXiv.org;nlin/0306060}, year = {2004}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2542}, author = {Guido Carlet and Boris Dubrovin and Zhang Youjin} } @article {2003, title = {Effective dynamics for Bloch electrons: Peierls substitution and beyond}, number = {arXiv.org;math-ph/0212041v2}, year = {2003}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We consider an electron moving in a periodic potential and subject to an additional slowly varying external electrostatic potential, $\\\\phi(\\\\epsi x)$, and vector potential $A(\\\\epsi x)$, with $x \\\\in \\\\R^d$ and $\\\\epsi \\\\ll 1$. We prove that associated to an isolated family of Bloch bands there exists an almost invariant subspace of $L^2(\\\\R^d)$ and an effective Hamiltonian governing the evolution inside this subspace to all orders in $\\\\epsi$. To leading order the effective Hamiltonian is given through the Peierls substitution. We explicitly compute the first order correction. From a semiclassical analysis of this effective quantum Hamiltonian we establish the first order correction to the standard semiclassical model of solid state physics.}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3040}, author = {Gianluca Panati and Herbert Spohn and Stefan Teufel} } @article {2002, title = {The Elliptic Representation of the General Painlev{\'e} 6 Equation}, journal = {Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 55, Issue 10, October 2002, Pages 1280-1363}, number = {arXiv:math/0108073;}, year = {2002}, note = {60 pages; Latex; 3 figures. The statements of theorems have been\r\n simplified}, publisher = {SISSA}, abstract = {We study the analytic properties and the critical behavior of the elliptic\r\nrepresentation of solutions of the Painlev\\\'e 6 equation. We solve the\r\nconnection problem for elliptic representation in the generic case and in a\r\nnon-generic case equivalent to WDVV equations of associativity.}, doi = {10.1002/cpa.10045}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6523}, author = {Davide Guzzetti} } @proceedings {2002, title = {The Elliptic Representation of the Painleve 6 Equation}, number = {RIMS Kokyuroku;vol. 1296}, year = {2002}, publisher = {Kyoto University, Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences}, abstract = {We review our results on the elliptic representation of the sixth Painleve{\textquoteright} equation}, keywords = {Painleve equations}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6530}, author = {Davide Guzzetti} } @article {2002, title = {Existence of minimal H-bubbles}, journal = {Commun. Contemp. Math. 4 (2002) 177-209}, number = {SISSA;67/00/M}, year = {2002}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1142/S021919970200066X}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1525}, author = {Paolo Caldiroli and Roberta Musina} } @article {2001, title = {Existence and nonexistence results for a class of nonlinear, singular Sturm-Liouville equations}, journal = {Adv. Differential Equations 6 (2001), no. 3, 303-326}, number = {SISSA;105/99/M}, year = {2001}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1319}, author = {Paolo Caldiroli and Roberta Musina} } @article {2001, title = {Extremal synthesis for generic planar systems}, journal = {J. Dynam. Control Systems, 2001, 7, 209}, number = {SISSA;45/00/M}, year = {2001}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1023/A:1013003204923}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1503}, author = {Ugo Boscain and Benedetto Piccoli} } @article {2000, title = {An elementary approach to the polynomial $\\\\tau$-functions of the KP Hierarchy}, journal = {Theor. Math. Phys. 122 (2000) 17-28}, number = {SISSA;117/98/FM}, year = {2000}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We give an elementary construction of the solutions of the KP hierarchy associated with polynomial τ-functions starting with a geometric approach to soliton equations based on the concept of a bi-Hamiltonian system. As a consequence, we establish a Wronskian formula for the polynomial τ-functions of the KP hierarchy. This formula, known in the literature, is obtained very directly.}, doi = {10.1007/BF02551166}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3223}, author = {Gregorio Falqui and Franco Magri and Marco Pedroni and Jorge P. Zubelli} } @article {2000, title = {Elliptic variational problems in $ R\\\\sp N$ with critical growth}, journal = {J. Differential Equations 168 (2000), no. 1, 10--32}, number = {SISSA;44/99/M}, year = {2000}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1006/jdeq.2000.3875}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1258}, author = {Antonio Ambrosetti and Jesus Garcia Azorero and Ireneo Peral} } @article {2000, title = {Existence and multiplicity results for some nonlinear elliptic equations: a survey.}, journal = {Rend. Mat. Appl., 2000, 20, 167}, number = {SISSA;4/00/M}, year = {2000}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1462}, author = {Antonio Ambrosetti and Jesus Garcia Azorero and Ireneo Peral} } @mastersthesis {2000, title = {Existence and multiplicity results for some problems in Riemannian geometry}, year = {2000}, school = {SISSA}, keywords = {Yamabe problem}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5948}, author = {Andrea Malchiodi} } @article {1999, title = {Enhanced gauge symmetries on elliptic K3}, journal = {Phys.Lett. B452 (1999) 244-250}, number = {SISSA;74/98/EP-FM}, year = {1999}, publisher = {Elsevier}, abstract = {We show that the geometry of K3 surfaces with singularities of type A-D-E contains enough information to reconstruct a copy of the Lie algebra associated to the given Dynkin diagram. We apply this construction to explain the enhancement of symmetry in F and IIA theories compactified on singular K3\\\'s.}, doi = {10.1016/S0370-2693(99)00295-6}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3366}, author = {Loriano Bonora and Cesare Reina and Alessandro Zampa} } @article {1999, title = {Evans-Vasilesco theorem in Dirichlet spaces}, journal = {Rendiconti di Matematica e delle sue Applicazioni. vol. 19, Issue 7, (1999), pages : 1-15}, year = {1999}, publisher = {SISSA}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6436}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Virginia De Cicco} } @article {1999, title = {Extremal faces of the range of a vector measure and a theorem of Lyapunov}, journal = {J. Math. Anal. Appl. 231 (1999) 301-318}, number = {SISSA;4/98/M}, year = {1999}, publisher = {Elsevier}, doi = {10.1006/jmaa.1998.6260}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3370}, author = {Stefano Bianchini} } @article {1998, title = {Error bounds for a deterministic version of the Glimm scheme}, journal = {Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 142 (1998), no. 2, 155-176}, number = {SISSA;143/95/M}, year = {1998}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {Consider the hyperbolic system of conservation laws $u_t F(u)_x=0. Let $u$ be the unique viscosity solution with initial condition $u(0,x)=\\\\bar u(x)$ and let $u^\\\\varepsilon$ be an approximate solution constructed by the Glimm scheme, corresponding to the mesh sizes $\\\\Delta x,\\\\Delta t=O(\\\\Delta x). With a suitable choise of the sampling sequence, we prove the estimate $$ \\\\left\\\\Vert u^\\\\varepsilon(t,\\\\cdot)-u(t,\\\\cdot) \\\\right\\\\Vert_1=o(1)\\\\cdot\\\\sqrt{\\\\Delta x}\\\\vert\\\\ln\\\\Delta x\\\\vert. $$}, doi = {10.1007/s002050050088}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1045}, author = {Andrea Marson and Alberto Bressan} } @article {1998, title = {Extended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds}, journal = {Compositio Mathematica. Volume 111, Issue 2, 1998, Pages 167-219}, year = {1998}, publisher = {Kluwer}, doi = {10.1023/A:1000258122329}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6486}, author = {Boris Dubrovin and Youjin Zhang} } @mastersthesis {1997, title = {On Existence and Continuous Dependence for Systems of Conservation Laws}, year = {1997}, school = {SISSA}, keywords = {Conservation laws}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5588}, author = {Paolo Baiti} } @article {1995, title = {An existence result in a problem of the vectorial case of the calculus of variations}, year = {1995}, publisher = {SIAM}, abstract = {SIAM J. Control Optim. 33 (1995) 960-970}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3513}, author = {Arrigo Cellina and Sandro Zagatti} } @article {1990, title = {Existence and continuous dependence for discontinuous O.D.E.s}, journal = {Boll. Un. Mat. Ital. B (7) 4 (1990), no. 2, 295--311}, number = {SISSA;120/88/M}, year = {1990}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/716}, author = {Alberto Bressan and Giovanni Colombo} } @article {1990, title = {Existence of solutions for a class of non-convex differential inclusions}, journal = {Rend.Sem.Mat.Univ. Padova, 83 (1990), 71-76}, number = {SISSA;31/89/M}, year = {1990}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/792}, author = {Fabio Ancona and Giovanni Colombo} } @article {1988, title = {Einstein algebras and the algebraic Kaluza-Klein monopole.}, journal = {Phys. Lett. B 210 (1988), no. 1-2, 68--72.}, number = {SISSA;7/88/FM}, year = {1988}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(88)90351-6}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/603}, author = {Giovanni Landi and Giuseppe Marmo} } @article {1987, title = {Extensions of Lie superalgebras and supersymmetric Abelian gauge fields.}, journal = {Phys. Lett. B 193 (1987), no. 1, 61-66.}, number = {SISSA;26/87/FM}, year = {1987}, publisher = {SISSA Library}, doi = {10.1016/0370-2693(87)90456-4}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/507}, author = {Giovanni Landi and Giuseppe Marmo} }