We present an analytical framework to study the motion of micro-swimmers in a viscous fluid. Our main result is that, under very mild regularity assumptions, the change of shape determines uniquely the motion of the swimmer. We assume that the Reynolds number is very small, so that the velocity field of the surrounding, infinite fluid is governed by the Stokes system and all inertial effects can be neglected. Moreover, we enforce the self propulsion constraint (no external forces and torques). Therefore, Newton\\\'s equations of motion reduce to the vanishing of the viscous drag force and torque acting on the body. By exploiting an integral representation of viscous force and torque, the equations of motion can be reduced to a system of six ordinary differential equations. Variational techniques are used to prove the boundedness and measurability of its coefficients, so that classical results on ordinary differential equations can be invoked to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution.

}, doi = {10.1137/10080083X}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3894}, author = {Gianni Dal Maso and Antonio DeSimone and Marco Morandotti} } @article {2004, title = {Energetics and switching of quasi-uniform states in small ferromagnetic particles}, journal = {M2AN Math. Model. Numer. Anal. 38 (2004) 235-248}, year = {2004}, publisher = {EDP Sciences}, abstract = {We present a numerical algorithm to solve the micromagnetic equations based on tangential-plane minimization for the magnetization update and a homothethic-layer decomposition of outer space for the computation of the demagnetization field. As a first application, detailed results on the flower-vortex transition in the cube of Micromagnetic Standard Problem number 3 are obtained, which confirm, with a different method, those already present in the literature, and validate our method and code. We then turn to switching of small cubic or almost-cubic particles, in the single-domain limit. Our data show systematic deviations from the Stoner-Wohlfarth model due to the non-ellipsoidal shape of the particle, and in particular a non-monotone dependence on the particle size.}, doi = {10.1051/m2an:2004011}, url = {http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2999}, author = {Fran{\c c}ois Alouges and Sergio Conti and Antonio DeSimone and Ivo Pokern} }