01264nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006600043210006600109260002600175520086100201100002301062700002101085856003601106 2005 en_Ud 00aVanishing viscosity solutions of nonlinear hyperbolic systems0 aVanishing viscosity solutions of nonlinear hyperbolic systems bAnnals of Mathematics3 aWe consider the Cauchy problem for a strictly hyperbolic, $n\\\\times n$ system in one space dimension: $u_t+A(u)u_x=0$, assuming that the initial data has small total variation.\\nWe show that the solutions of the viscous approximations $u_t+A(u)u_x=\\\\ve u_{xx}$ are defined globally in time and satisfy uniform BV estimates, independent of $\\\\ve$. Moreover, they depend continuously on the initial data in the $\\\\L^1$ distance, with a Lipschitz constant independent of $t,\\\\ve$. Letting $\\\\ve\\\\to 0$, these viscous solutions converge to a unique limit, depending Lipschitz continuously on the initial data. In the conservative case where $A=Df$ is the Jacobian of some flux function $f:\\\\R^n\\\\mapsto\\\\R^n$, the vanishing viscosity limits are precisely the unique entropy weak solutions to the system of conservation laws $u_t+f(u)_x=0$.1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aBressan, Alberto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/3074