01185nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008500041210006900126260001000195520076800205100002100973700001800994856005101012 2015 en d00aConvex combinations of low eigenvalues, Fraenkel asymmetries and attainable sets0 aConvex combinations of low eigenvalues Fraenkel asymmetries and bSISSA3 aWe consider the problem of minimizing convex combinations of the first two eigenvalues of the Dirichlet-Laplacian among open set of $R^N$ of fixed measure. We show that, by purely elementary arguments, based on the minimality condition, it is possible to obtain informations on the geometry of the minimizers of convex combinations: we study, in particular, when these minimizers are no longer convex, and the optimality of balls. As an application of our results we study the boundary of the attainable set for the Dirichlet spectrum.
Our techniques involve symmetry results à la Serrin, explicit constants in quantitative inequalities, as well as a purely geometrical problem: the minimization of the Fraenkel 2-asymmetry among convex sets of fixed measure.1 aMazzoleni, Dario1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35140