01027nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125260001300194520058900207100002400796700001700820700002000837856003600857 2003 en_Ud 00aDrift in phase space: a new variational mechanism with optimal diffusion time0 aDrift in phase space a new variational mechanism with optimal di bElsevier3 aWe consider non-isochronous, nearly integrable, a-priori unstable Hamiltonian systems with a (trigonometric polynomial) $O(\\\\mu)$-perturbation which does not preserve the unperturbed tori. We prove the existence of Arnold diffusion with diffusion time $ T_d = O((1/ \\\\mu) \\\\log (1/ \\\\mu))$ by a variational method which does not require the existence of ``transition chains of tori\\\'\\\' provided by KAM theory. We also prove that our estimate of the diffusion time $T_d $ is optimal as a consequence of a general stability result derived from classical perturbation theory.1 aBerti, Massimiliano1 aBiasco, Luca1 aBolle, Philippe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/3020