In this work we present an advanced computational pipeline for the approximation and prediction of the lift coefficient of a parametrized airfoil profile. The non-intrusive reduced order method is based on dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) and it is coupled with dynamic active subspaces (DyAS) to enhance the future state prediction of the target function and reduce the parameter space dimensionality. The pipeline is based on high-fidelity simulations carried out by the application of finite volume method for turbulent flows, and automatic mesh morphing through radial basis functions interpolation technique. The proposed pipeline is able to save 1/3 of the overall computational resources thanks to the application of DMD. Moreover exploiting DyAS and performing the regression on a lower dimensional space results in the reduction of the relative error in the approximation of the time-varying lift coefficient by a factor 2 with respect to using only the DMD.

1 aTezzele, Marco1 aDemo, Nicola1 aStabile, Giovanni1 aMola, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2001.0523702335nas a2200325 4500008004100000022001400041245014400055210006900199300000800268490000600276520131600282653001801598653002401616653001801640653002301658653001601681653002401697653002501721653002501746100002501771700002101796700002301817700002201840700002101862700002501883700002201908700001701930700001901947856004301966 2020 eng d a2640-350100aMicroMotility: State of the art, recent accomplishments and perspectives on the mathematical modeling of bio-motility at microscopic scales0 aMicroMotility State of the art recent accomplishments and perspe a2300 v23 aMathematical modeling and quantitative study of biological motility (in particular, of motility at microscopic scales) is producing new biophysical insight and is offering opportunities for new discoveries at the level of both fundamental science and technology. These range from the explanation of how complex behavior at the level of a single organism emerges from body architecture, to the understanding of collective phenomena in groups of organisms and tissues, and of how these forms of swarm intelligence can be controlled and harnessed in engineering applications, to the elucidation of processes of fundamental biological relevance at the cellular and sub-cellular level. In this paper, some of the most exciting new developments in the fields of locomotion of unicellular organisms, of soft adhesive locomotion across scales, of the study of pore translocation properties of knotted DNA, of the development of synthetic active solid sheets, of the mechanics of the unjamming transition in dense cell collectives, of the mechanics of cell sheet folding in volvocalean algae, and of the self-propulsion of topological defects in active matter are discussed. For each of these topics, we provide a brief state of the art, an example of recent achievements, and some directions for future research.

10aactive matter10aadhesive locomotion10acell motility10acell sheet folding10aknotted DNA10atopological defects10aunicellular swimmers10aunjamming transition1 aAgostinelli, Daniele1 aCerbino, Roberto1 aDel Alamo, Juan, C1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHöhn, Stephanie1 aMicheletti, Cristian1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aSharon, Eran1 aYeomans, Julia uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3934/mine.202001100384nas a2200097 4500008004100000245010100041210006900142100002100211700001700232856003700249 2020 eng d00aA numerical study of the jerky crack growth in elastoplastic materials with localized plasticity0 anumerical study of the jerky crack growth in elastoplastic mater1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aHeltai, Luca uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2004.1270502038nas a2200133 4500008004100000245011600041210006900157520156100226100001701787700002201804700002101826700002001847856003701867 2020 eng d00aA POD-Galerkin reduced order model of a turbulent convective buoyant flow of sodium over a backward-facing step0 aPODGalerkin reduced order model of a turbulent convective buoyan3 aA Finite-Volume based POD-Galerkin reduced order modeling strategy for steady-state Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) simulation is extended for low-Prandtl number flow. The reduced order model is based on a full order model for which the effects of buoyancy on the flow and heat transfer are characterized by varying the Richardson number. The Reynolds stresses are computed with a linear eddy viscosity model. A single gradient diffusion hypothesis, together with a local correlation for the evaluation of the turbulent Prandtl number, is used to model the turbulent heat fluxes. The contribution of the eddy viscosity and turbulent thermal diffusivity fields are considered in the reduced order model with an interpolation based data-driven method. The reduced order model is tested for buoyancy-aided turbulent liquid sodium flow over a vertical backward-facing step with a uniform heat flux applied on the wall downstream of the step. The wall heat flux is incorporated with a Neumann boundary condition in both the full order model and the reduced order model. The velocity and temperature profiles predicted with the reduced order model for the same and new Richardson numbers inside the range of parameter values are in good agreement with the RANS simulations. Also, the local Stanton number and skin friction distribution at the heated wall are qualitatively well captured. Finally, the reduced order simulations, performed on a single core, are about $10^5$ times faster than the RANS simulations that are performed on eight cores.

1 aStar, Kelbij1 aStabile, Giovanni1 aRozza, Gianluigi1 aDegroote, Joris uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2003.0111401427nas a2200121 4500008004100000245013900041210006900180520096200249100001701211700001901228700002101247856003701268 2020 eng d00aA supervised learning approach involving active subspaces for an efficient genetic algorithm in high-dimensional optimization problems0 asupervised learning approach involving active subspaces for an e3 aIn this work, we present an extension of the genetic algorithm (GA) which exploits the active subspaces (AS) property to evolve the individuals on a lower dimensional space. In many cases, GA requires in fact more function evaluations than others optimization method to converge to the optimum. Thus, complex and high-dimensional functions may result intractable with the standard algorithm. To address this issue, we propose to linearly map the input parameter space of the original function onto its AS before the evolution, performing the mutation and mate processes in a lower dimensional space. In this contribution, we describe the novel method called ASGA, presenting differences and similarities with the standard GA method. We test the proposed method over n-dimensional benchmark functions – Rosenbrock, Ackley, Bohachevsky, Rastrigin, Schaffer N. 7, and Zakharov – and finally we apply it to an aeronautical shape optimization problem.

1 aDemo, Nicola1 aTezzele, Marco1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2006.0728202037nas a2200133 4500008004100000245013800041210006900179520154400248100001701792700001901809700001701828700002101845856003701866 2019 eng d00aA complete data-driven framework for the efficient solution of parametric shape design and optimisation in naval engineering problems0 acomplete datadriven framework for the efficient solution of para3 aIn the reduced order modeling (ROM) framework, the solution of a parametric partial differential equation is approximated by combining the high-fidelity solutions of the problem at hand for several properly chosen configurations. Examples of the ROM application, in the naval field, can be found in [31, 24]. Mandatory ingredient for the ROM methods is the relation between the high-fidelity solutions and the parameters. Dealing with geometrical parameters, especially in the industrial context, this relation may be unknown and not trivial (simulations over hand morphed geometries) or very complex (high number of parameters or many nested morphing techniques). To overcome these scenarios, we propose in this contribution an efficient and complete data-driven framework involving ROM techniques for shape design and optimization, extending the pipeline presented in [7]. By applying the singular value decomposition (SVD) to the points coordinates defining the hull geometry –- assuming the topology is inaltered by the deformation –-, we are able to compute the optimal space which the deformed geometries belong to, hence using the modal coefficients as the new parameters we can reconstruct the parametric formulation of the domain. Finally the output of interest is approximated using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation technique. To conclude, we apply this framework to a naval shape design problem where the bulbous bow is morphed to reduce the total resistance of the ship advancing in calm water.

1 aDemo, Nicola1 aTezzele, Marco1 aMola, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1905.0598200891nas a2200277 4500008004100000022001300041245003700054210003000091520010800121100001800229700002300247700002600270700001900296700001800315700002700333700001900360700001800379700001700397700002400414700002500438700002000463700002500483700002000508700001700528856006800545 2019 eng d a1570282000aThe deal.II Library, Version 9.10 adealII Library Version 913 aThis paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II, version 9.1.1 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aClevenger, Thomas, C.1 aDavydov, Denis1 aFehling, Marc1 aGarcia-Sanchez, Daniel1 aHarper, Graham1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aKynch, Ross, Maguire1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean, Paul1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWells, David uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/dealii-library-version-9102145nas a2200157 4500008004100000245008600041210006900127260003000196300001500226490000800241520163000249100002001879700002001899700002101919856004701940 2019 eng d00aIsomonodromy deformations at an irregular singularity with coalescing eigenvalues0 aIsomonodromy deformations at an irregular singularity with coale bDuke University Pressc04 a967–11080 v1683 aWe consider an n×n linear system of ODEs with an irregular singularity of Poincar\'e rank 1 at z=∞, holomorphically depending on parameter t within a polydisc in Cn centred at t=0. The eigenvalues of the leading matrix at z=∞ coalesce along a locus Δ contained in the polydisc, passing through t=0. Namely, z=∞ is a resonant irregular singularity for t∈Δ. We analyse the case when the leading matrix remains diagonalisable at Δ. We discuss the existence of fundamental matrix solutions, their asymptotics, Stokes phenomenon and monodromy data as t varies in the polydisc, and their limits for t tending to points of Δ. When the deformation is isomonodromic away from Δ, it is well known that a fundamental matrix solution has singularities at Δ. When the system also has a Fuchsian singularity at z=0, we show under minimal vanishing conditions on the residue matrix at z=0 that isomonodromic deformations can be extended to the whole polydisc, including Δ, in such a way that the fundamental matrix solutions and the constant monodromy data are well defined in the whole polydisc. These data can be computed just by considering the system at fixed t=0. Conversely, if the t-dependent system is isomonodromic in a small domain contained in the polydisc not intersecting Δ, if the entries of the Stokes matrices with indices corresponding to coalescing eigenvalues vanish, then we show that Δ is not a branching locus for the fundamental matrix solutions. The importance of these results for the analytic theory of Frobenius Manifolds is explained. An application to Painlev\'e equations is discussed.

1 aCotti, Giordano1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGuzzetti, Davide uhttps://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-2018-005902026nas a2200205 4500008004100000022001400041245009500055210006900150300001100219520136500230653002001595653002401615653001701639653002101656100002501677700002701702700002201729700002201751856004701773 2019 eng d a0022-509600aNutations in growing plant shoots: The role of elastic deformations due to gravity loading0 aNutations in growing plant shoots The role of elastic deformatio a1037023 aThe effect of elastic deformations induced by gravity loading on the active circumnutation movements of growing plant shoots is investigated. We consider first a discrete model (a gravitropic spring-pendulum system) and then a continuous rod model which is analyzed both analytically (under the assumption of small deformations) and numerically (in the large deformation regime). We find that, for a choice of material parameters consistent with values reported in the available literature on plant shoots, rods of sufficient length may exhibit lateral oscillations of increasing amplitude, which eventually converge to limit cycles. This behavior strongly suggests the occurrence of a Hopf bifurcation, just as for the gravitropic spring-pendulum system, for which this result is rigorously established. At least in this restricted set of material parameters, our analysis supports a view of Darwin’s circumnutations as a biological analogue to structural systems exhibiting flutter instabilities, i.e., spontaneous oscillations away from equilibrium configurations driven by non-conservative loads. Here, in the context of nutation movements of growing plant shoots, the energy needed to sustain oscillations is continuously supplied to the system by the internal biochemical machinery presiding the capability of plants to maintain a vertical pose.

10aCircumnutations10aFlutter instability10aGravitropism10aHopf bifurcation1 aAgostinelli, Daniele1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2019.10370200394nas a2200109 4500008004100000245004900041210004800090100002000138700001800158700002400176856008400200 2019 eng d00aQuasi-continuous vector fields on RCD spaces0 aQuasicontinuous vector fields on RCD spaces1 aDebin, Clément1 aGigli, Nicola1 aPasqualetto, Enrico uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/quasi-continuous-vector-fields-rcd-spaces02365nas a2200121 4500008004100000245014200041210006900183520189700252100001902149700001702168700002102185856003702206 2019 eng d00aShape optimization through proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation and dynamic mode decomposition enhanced by active subspaces0 aShape optimization through proper orthogonal decomposition with 3 aWe propose a numerical pipeline for shape optimization in naval engineering involving two different non-intrusive reduced order method (ROM) techniques. Such methods are proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI) and dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). The ROM proposed will be enhanced by active subspaces (AS) as a pre-processing tool that reduce the parameter space dimension and suggest better sampling of the input space. We will focus on geometrical parameters describing the perturbation of a reference bulbous bow through the free form deformation (FFD) technique. The ROM are based on a finite volume method (FV) to simulate the multi-phase incompressible flow around the deformed hulls. In previous works we studied the reduction of the parameter space in naval engineering through AS [38, 10] focusing on different parts of the hull. PODI and DMD have been employed for the study of fast and reliable shape optimization cycles on a bulbous bow in [9]. The novelty of this work is the simultaneous reduction of both the input parameter space and the output fields of interest. In particular AS will be trained computing the total drag resistance of a hull advancing in calm water and its gradients with respect to the input parameters. DMD will improve the performance of each simulation of the campaign using only few snapshots of the solution fields in order to predict the regime state of the system. Finally PODI will interpolate the coefficients of the POD decomposition of the output fields for a fast approximation of all the fields at new untried parameters given by the optimization algorithm. This will result in a non-intrusive data-driven numerical optimization pipeline completely independent with respect to the full order solver used and it can be easily incorporated into existing numerical pipelines, from the reference CAD to the optimal shape.

1 aTezzele, Marco1 aDemo, Nicola1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1905.0548300406nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005200041210004800093100002400141700002000165700002500185856008600210 2019 eng d00aThe sharp quantitative isocapacitary inequality0 asharp quantitative isocapacitary inequality1 aDe Philippis, Guido1 aMarini, Michele1 aMukoseeva, Ekaterina uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/sharp-quantitative-isocapacitary-inequality00682nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007400041210006600115260001000181520028100191100002100472700001900493856004800512 2018 en d00aOn the Cauchy problem for the wave equation on time-dependent domains0 aCauchy problem for the wave equation on timedependent domains bSISSA3 aWe introduce a notion of solution to the wave equation on a suitable class of time-dependent domains and compare it with a previous de nition. We prove an existence result for the solution of the Cauchy problem and present some additional conditions which imply uniqueness.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3531400702nas a2200253 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078100002200108700001800130700001700148700001800165700002100183700001900204700002200223700001800245700001700263700002300280700002400303700002000327700002400347700001700371700001700388856004300405 2018 eng d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 9.00 adealII Library Version 901 aAlzetta, Giovanni1 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, W.1 aBoddu, Vishal1 aBrands, Benjamin1 aDavydov, Denis1 aGassmöller, Rene1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKormann, Katharina1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aTurcksin, B.1 aWells, David uhttps://doi.org/10.1515/jnma-2018-005402869nas a2200241 4500008004100000022002200041245016200063210006900225260007400294520193000368653002102298653002802319653003102347653003202378653002602410653003002436653002602466100001702492700001902509700001702528700002102545856006102566 2018 eng d a978-1-880653-87-600aAn efficient shape parametrisation by free-form deformation enhanced by active subspace for hull hydrodynamic ship design problems in open source environment0 aefficient shape parametrisation by freeform deformation enhanced aSapporo, JapanbInternational Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers3 aIn this contribution, we present the results of the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces to the hull hydrodynamic design problem. Several parametric deformations of an initial hull shape are considered to assess the influence of the shape parameters considered on the hull total drag. The hull resistance is typically computed by means of numerical simulations of the hydrodynamic flow past the ship. Given the high number of parameters involved - which might result in a high number of time consuming hydrodynamic simulations - assessing whether the parameters space can be reduced would lead to considerable computational cost reduction. Thus, the main idea of this work is to employ the active subspaces to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space, or to verify the parameter distribution in the position of the control points. To this end, a fully automated procedure has been implemented to produce several small shape perturbations of an original hull CAD geometry which are then used to carry out high-fidelity flow simulations and collect data for the active subspaces analysis. To achieve full automation of the open source pipeline described, both the free form deformation methodology employed for the hull perturbations and the solver based on unsteady potential flow theory, with fully nonlinear free surface treatment, are directly interfaced with CAD data structures and operate using IGES vendor-neutral file formats as input files. The computational cost of the fluid dynamic simulations is further reduced through the application of dynamic mode decomposition to reconstruct the steady state total drag value given only few initial snapshots of the simulation. The active subspaces analysis is here applied to the geometry of the DTMB-5415 naval combatant hull, which is which is a common benchmark in ship hydrodynamics simulations.10aActive subspaces10aBoundary element method10aDynamic mode decomposition10aFluid structure interaction10aFree form deformation10aFully nonlinear potential10aNumerical towing tank1 aDemo, Nicola1 aTezzele, Marco1 aMola, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ISOPE-I-18-48100762nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133520032400202100002100526700002600547700001900573856004800592 2018 en d00aExistence for elastodynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition0 aExistence for elastodynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maxima3 aWe consider a model of elastodynamics with fracture evolution, based on energy-dissipation balance and a maximal dissipation condition. We prove an existence result in the case of planar elasticity with a free crack path, where the maximal dissipation condition is satisfied among suitably regular competitor cracks.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLarsen, Cristopher J.1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3530800373nas a2200133 4500008004100000245003700041210003600078300000800114490000600122100001700128700001900145700002100164856005400185 2018 eng d00aEZyRB: Easy Reduced Basis method0 aEZyRB Easy Reduced Basis method a6610 v31 aDemo, Nicola1 aTezzele, Marco1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://joss.theoj.org/papers/10.21105/joss.0066100442nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005000041210005000091100002600141700002200167700002700189700001900216856008500235 2018 eng d00aFoldable structures made of hydrogel bilayers0 aFoldable structures made of hydrogel bilayers1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aLučić, Danka uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/foldable-structures-made-hydrogel-bilayers01258nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104260001000167520083800177100002001015700002001035700002101055856004801076 2018 en d00aLocal moduli of semisimple Frobenius coalescent structures0 aLocal moduli of semisimple Frobenius coalescent structures bSISSA3 aThere is a conjectural relation, formulated by the second author, between the enumerative geometry of a wide class of smooth projective varieties and their derived category of coherent sheaves. In particular, there is an increasing interest for an explicit description of certain local invariants, called monodromy data, of semisimple quantum cohomologies in terms of characteristic classes of exceptional collections in the derived categories. Being intentioned to address this problem, which, to our opinion, is still not well understood, we have realized that some issues in the theory of Frobenius manifolds need to be preliminarily clarified, and that an extension of the theory itself is necessary, in view of the fact that quantum cohomologies of certain classes of homogeneous spaces may show a coalescence phenomenon.

1 aCotti, Giordano1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGuzzetti, Davide uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3530400806nas a2200181 4500008004100000022001400041245009400055210006900149260000800218300001400226490000700240520023200247100002900479700002900508700002300537700001800560856004600578 2018 eng d a1424-066100aLp-Boundedness of Wave Operators for the Three-Dimensional Multi-Centre Point Interaction0 aLpBoundedness of Wave Operators for the ThreeDimensional MultiCe cJan a283–3220 v193 aWe prove that, for arbitrary centres and strengths, the wave operators for three-dimensional Schrödinger operators with multi-centre local point interactions are bounded in Lp(R3)for 1<p<3 and unbounded otherwise.

1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aScandone, Raffaele1 aYajima, Kenji uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00023-017-0628-400694nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260001000185520028900195100002100484700001900505856004800524 2018 en d00aA minimization approach to the wave equation on time-dependent domains0 aminimization approach to the wave equation on timedependent doma bSISSA3 aWe prove the existence of weak solutions to the homogeneous wave equation on a suitable class of time-dependent domains. Using the approach suggested by De Giorgi and developed by Serra and Tilli, such solutions are approximated by minimizers of suitable functionals in space-time.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDe Luca, Lucia uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3531801777nas a2200157 4500008004100000245013300041210006900174260003000243520120300273100001901476700001701495700002101512700001701533700002101550856004801571 2018 eng d00aModel Order Reduction by means of Active Subspaces and Dynamic Mode Decomposition for Parametric Hull Shape Design Hydrodynamics0 aModel Order Reduction by means of Active Subspaces and Dynamic M aTrieste, ItalybIOS Press3 aWe present the results of the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces (AS) to the hull hydrodynamic design problem. Several parametric deformations of an initial hull shape are considered to assess the influence of the shape parameters on the hull wave resistance. Such problem is relevant at the preliminary stages of the ship design, when several flow simulations are carried out by the engineers to establish a certain sensibility with respect to the parameters, which might result in a high number of time consuming hydrodynamic simulations. The main idea of this work is to employ the AS to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space. The complete pipeline involves the use of free form deformation to parametrize and deform the hull shape, the full order solver based on unsteady potential flow theory with fully nonlinear free surface treatment directly interfaced with CAD, the use of dynamic mode decomposition to reconstruct the final steady state given only few snapshots of the simulation, and the reduction of the parameter space by AS, and shared subspace. Response surface method is used to minimize the total drag.1 aTezzele, Marco1 aDemo, Nicola1 aGadalla, Mahmoud1 aMola, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/4927002205nas a2200253 4500008004100000022001400041245007200055210006900127260001200196490000600208520146100214653002201675653002201697653002501719653002101744653001701765653001601782653002001798653001801818100002501836700002301861700002201884856004501906 2018 eng d a2296-914400aPeristaltic Waves as Optimal Gaits in Metameric Bio-Inspired Robots0 aPeristaltic Waves as Optimal Gaits in Metameric BioInspired Robo c09/20180 v53 a*Peristalsis*, i.e., a motion pattern arising from the propagation of muscle contraction and expansion waves along the body, is a common locomotion strategy for limbless animals. Mimicking peristalsis in bio-inspired robots has attracted considerable attention in the literature. It has recently been observed that maximal velocity in a metameric earthworm-like robot is achieved by actuating the segments using a “phase coordination” principle. This paper shows that, in fact, peristalsis (which requires not only phase coordination, but also that all segments oscillate at same frequency and amplitude) emerges from optimization principles. More precisely, basing our analysis on the assumption of small deformations, we show that peristaltic waves provide the optimal actuation solution in the ideal case of a periodic infinite system, and that this is approximately true, modulo edge effects, for the real, finite length system. Therefore, this paper confirms the effectiveness of mimicking peristalsis in bio-inspired robots, at least in the small-deformation regime. Further research will be required to test the effectiveness of this strategy if large deformations are allowed.

In this work we apply reduced basis methods for parametric PDEs to an isogeometric formulation based on

NURBS. The motivation for this work is an integrated and complete work pipeline from CAD to parametrization

of domain geometry, then from full order to certified reduced basis solution. IsoGeometric Analysis

(IGA) is a growing research theme in scientic computing and computational mechanics, as well as reduced

basis methods for parametric PDEs. Their combination enhances the solution of some class of problems,

especially the ones characterized by parametrized geometries we introduced in this work. For a general

overview on Reduced Basis (RB) methods we recall [7, 15] and on IGA [3]. This work wants to demonstrate

that it is also possible for some class of problems to deal with ane geometrical parametrization combined

with a NURBS IGA formulation. This is what this work brings as original ingredients with respect to other

works dealing with reduced order methods and IGA (set in a non-affine formulation, and using a POD [2]

sampling without certication: see for example for potential flows [12] and for Stokes flows [17]). In this work

we show a certication of accuracy and a complete integration between IGA formulation and parametric

certified greedy RB formulation. Section 2 recalls the abstract setting for parametrized PDEs, Section 3

recalls IGA setting, Section 4 deals with RB formulation, and Section 5 illustrates two numerical examples in heat transfer with different parametrization.

1 aDevaud, Denis1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/certi-fied-reduced-basis-method-affinely-parametric-isogeometric-analysis-nurbs00424nas a2200145 4500008004100000245005000041210004700091260002500138300001400163490000700177100001800184700001700202700001300219856004600232 2017 eng d00aCurvature-adapted remeshing of {CAD} surfaces0 aCurvatureadapted remeshing of CAD surfaces bSpringer Naturecdec a565–5760 v341 aDassi, Franco1 aMola, Andrea1 aSi, Hang uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-017-0558-200585nas a2200217 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078300001400108490000700122100001800129700001700147700001900164700001800183700001700201700002400218700002000242700002400262700001700286700001700303856004700320 2017 eng d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 8.50 adealII Library Version 85 a137–1450 v251 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, W.1 aDavydov, Denis1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aTurcksin, B.1 aWells, David uhttps://www.dealii.org/deal85-preprint.pdf01416nas a2200169 4500008004100000020002200041245008400063210007000147260004400217300001400261520082100275100002001096700002301116700002901139700002901168856004901197 2017 eng d a978-3-319-58904-600aDispersive Estimates for Schrödinger Operators with Point Interactions in ℝ30 aDispersive Estimates for Schrödinger Operators with Point Intera aChambSpringer International Publishing a187–1993 aThe study of dispersive properties of Schrödinger operators with point interactions is a fundamental tool for understanding the behavior of many body quantum systems interacting with very short range potential, whose dynamics can be approximated by non linear Schrödinger equations with singular interactions. In this work we proved that, in the case of one point interaction in $\mathbb{R}^3$, the perturbed Laplacian satisfies the same $L^p$−$L^q$ estimates of the free Laplacian in the smaller regime $q \in [2,3)$. These estimates are implied by a recent result concerning the Lpboundedness of the wave operators for the perturbed Laplacian. Our approach, however, is more direct and relatively simple, and could potentially be useful to prove optimal weighted estimates also in the regime $q \geq 3$.

1 aIandoli, Felice1 aScandone, Raffaele1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_1101139nas a2200157 4500008004100000020002200041245007400063210006900137260004400206300001400250520058600264100002400850700002900874700002900903856004900932 2017 eng d a978-3-319-58904-600aEffective Non-linear Dynamics of Binary Condensates and Open Problems0 aEffective Nonlinear Dynamics of Binary Condensates and Open Prob aChambSpringer International Publishing a239–2563 aWe report on a recent result concerning the effective dynamics for a mixture of Bose-Einstein condensates, a class of systems much studied in physics and receiving a large amount of attention in the recent literature in mathematical physics; for such models, the effective dynamics is described by a coupled system of non-linear Schödinger equations. After reviewing and commenting our proof in the mean-field regime from a previous paper, we collect the main details needed to obtain the rigorous derivation of the effective dynamics in the Gross-Pitaevskii scaling limit.

1 aOlgiati, Alessandro1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_1401393nas a2200145 4500008004100000245005300041210005100094260001000145520095500155100002201110700002101132700001901153700002701172856004801199 2017 en d00aGamma-Convergence of Free-discontinuity problems0 aGammaConvergence of Freediscontinuity problems bSISSA3 aWe study the Gamma-convergence of sequences of free-discontinuity functionals depending on vector-valued functions u which can be discontinuous across hypersurfaces whose shape and location are not known a priori. The main novelty of our result is that we work under very general assumptions on the integrands which, in particular, are not required to be periodic in the space variable. Further, we consider the case of surface integrands which are not bounded from below by the amplitude of the jump of u. We obtain three main results: compactness with respect to Gamma-convergence, representation of the Gamma-limit in an integral form and identification of its integrands, and homogenisation formulas without periodicity assumptions. In particular, the classical case of periodic homogenisation follows as a by-product of our analysis. Moreover, our result covers also the case of stochastic homogenisation, as we will show in a forthcoming paper.1 aCagnetti, Filippo1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aScardia, Lucia1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3527601320nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124300001400193490000700207520089100214100001801105700002201123856004101145 2017 eng d00aOn the genesis of directional friction through bristle-like mediating elements0 agenesis of directional friction through bristlelike mediating el a1023-10460 v233 aWe propose an explanation of the genesis of directional dry friction, as emergent property of the oscillations produced in a bristle-like mediating element by the interaction with microscale fluctuations on the surface. Mathematically, we extend a convergence result by Mielke, for Prandtl–Tomlinson-like systems, considering also non-homothetic scalings of a wiggly potential. This allows us to apply the result to some simple mechanical models, that exemplify the interaction of a bristle with a surface having small fluctuations. We find that the resulting friction is the product of two factors: a geometric one, depending on the bristle angle and on the fluctuation profile, and a energetic one, proportional to the normal force exchanged between the bristle-like element and the surface. Finally, we apply our result to discuss the with the nap/against the nap asymmetry.

1 aGidoni, Paolo1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1051/cocv/201703000713nas a2200157 4500008004100000245004400041210004000085520026500125653001200390653001000402653004000412100002000452700002400472700001800496856004100514 2017 eng d00aThe injectivity radius of Lie manifolds0 ainjectivity radius of Lie manifolds3 aWe prove in a direct, geometric way that for any compatible Riemannian metric on a Lie manifold the injectivity radius is positive

10a(58J40)10a53C2110aMathematics - Differential Geometry1 aAntonini, Paolo1 aDe Philippis, Guido1 aGigli, Nicola uhttps://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.07595.pdf01406nas a2200133 4500008004100000245004000041210004000081520101100121100002301132700002101155700002401176700002401200856004801224 2017 en d00aLinearisation of multiwell energies0 aLinearisation of multiwell energies3 aLinear elasticity can be rigorously derived from finite elasticity under the assumption of small loadings in terms of Gamma-convergence. This was first done in the case of one-well energies with super-quadratic growth and later generalised to different settings, in particular to the case of multi-well energies where the distance between the wells is very small (comparable to the size of the load). In this paper we study the case when the distance between the wells is independent of the size of the load. In this context linear elasticity can be derived by adding to the multi-well energy a singular higher order term which penalises jumps from one well to another. The size of the singular term has to satisfy certain scaling assumptions whose optimality is shown in most of the cases. Finally, the derivation of linear elasticty from a two-well discrete model is provided, showing that the role of the singular perturbation term is played in this setting by interactions beyond nearest neighbours.1 aAlicandro, Roberto1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aPalombaro, Mariapia uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3528800988nas a2200157 4500008004100000245010900041210006900150260001500219300001400234490000700248520038700255100002100642700002200663700001900685856012600704 2017 eng d00aLower semicontinuity of a class of integral functionals on the space of functions of bounded deformation0 aLower semicontinuity of a class of integral functionals on the s bDe Gruyter a183–2070 v103 aWe study the lower semicontinuity of some free discontinuity functionals with linear growth defined on the space of functions with bounded deformation. The volume term is convex and depends only on the Euclidean norm of the symmetrized gradient. We introduce a suitable class of surface terms, which make the functional lower semicontinuous with respect to $L^1$ convergence.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aOrlando, Gianluca1 aToader, Rodica uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/lower-semicontinuity-class-integral-functionals-space-functions-bounded-deformation01104nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009100041210006900132300001200201490000800213520063400221100001800855700002100873700001900894856004500913 2017 en d00aA lower semicontinuity result for a free discontinuity functional with a boundary term0 alower semicontinuity result for a free discontinuity functional a952-9900 v1083 aWe study the lower semicontinuity in $GSBV^{p}(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^{m})$ of a free discontinuity functional $\mathcal{F}(u)$ that can be written as the sum of a crack term, depending only on the jump set $S_{u}$, and of a boundary term, depending on the trace of $u$ on $\partial\Omega$. We give sufficient conditions on the integrands for the lower semicontinuity of $\mathcal{F}$. Moreover, we prove a relaxation result, which shows that, if these conditions are not satisfied, the lower semicontinuous envelope of $\mathcal{F}$ can be represented by the sum of two integrals on $S_{u}$ and $\partial\Omega$, respectively.

1 aAlmi, Stefano1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/1597900506nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009700041210006900138300001400207490000800221100001700229700001500246700002200261700002200283856005500305 2017 eng d00aA natural framework for isogeometric fluid-structure interaction based on BEM-shell coupling0 anatural framework for isogeometric fluidstructure interaction ba a522–5460 v3161 aHeltai, Luca1 aKiendl, J.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aReali, Alessandro uhttp://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2017CMAME.316..522H00917nas a2200157 4500008004100000020002200041245008300063210006900146260004400215300001400259520035500273100002400628700002900652700002900681856004900710 2017 eng d a978-3-319-58904-600aRemarks on the Derivation of Gross-Pitaevskii Equation with Magnetic Laplacian0 aRemarks on the Derivation of GrossPitaevskii Equation with Magne aChambSpringer International Publishing a257–2663 aThe effective dynamics for a Bose-Einstein condensate in the regime of high dilution and subject to an external magnetic field is governed by a magnetic Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We elucidate the steps needed to adapt to the magnetic case the proof of the derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation within the ``projection counting'' scheme.

1 aOlgiati, Alessandro1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_1501538nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245009300055210006900148260000800217300001400225490000700239520104800246100001801294700002201312856004601334 2017 eng d a1572-964800aStasis domains and slip surfaces in the locomotion of a bio-inspired two-segment crawler0 aStasis domains and slip surfaces in the locomotion of a bioinspi cFeb a587–6010 v523 aWe formulate and solve the locomotion problem for a bio-inspired crawler consisting of two active elastic segments (i.e., capable of changing their rest lengths), resting on three supports providing directional frictional interactions. The problem consists in finding the motion produced by a given, slow actuation history. By focusing on the tensions in the elastic segments, we show that the evolution laws for the system are entirely analogous to the flow rules of elasto-plasticity. In particular, sliding of the supports and hence motion cannot occur when the tensions are in the interior of certain convex regions (stasis domains), while support sliding (and hence motion) can only take place when the tensions are on the boundary of such regions (slip surfaces). We solve the locomotion problem explicitly in a few interesting examples. In particular, we show that, for a suitable range of the friction parameters, specific choices of the actuation strategy can lead to net displacements also in the direction of higher friction.

1 aGidoni, Paolo1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s11012-016-0408-000795nas a2200241 4500008004100000245011200041210006900153260003500222300001100257490000800268100001800276700001800294700001600312700002200328700001900350700002300369700002200392700002200414700001800436700001800454700002100472856006000493 2017 eng d00aUniversality of the Peregrine Soliton in the Focusing Dynamics of the Cubic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation0 aUniversality of the Peregrine Soliton in the Focusing Dynamics o bAmerican Physical SocietycJul a0339010 v1191 aTikan, Alexey1 aBillet, Cyril1 aEl, Gennady1 aTovbis, Alexander1 aBertola, Marco1 aSylvestre, Thibaut1 aGustave, Francois1 aRandoux, Stephane1 aGenty, Goëry1 aSuret, Pierre1 aDudley, John, M. uhttps://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.03390102562nas a2200145 4500008004100000245012400041210006900165300001100234490000700245520198000252100001702232700001702249700002202266856012802288 2017 eng d00aWet and Dry Transom Stern Treatment for Unsteady and Nonlinear Potential Flow Model for Naval Hydrodynamics Simulations0 aWet and Dry Transom Stern Treatment for Unsteady and Nonlinear P a1–140 v613 aWe present a model for the fast evaluation of the total drag of ship hulls operating in both wet and dry transom stern conditions, in calm or wavy water, based on the combination of an unsteady semi-Lagrangian potential flow formulation with fully nonlinear free-surface treatment, experimental correlations, and simplified viscous drag modeling. The implementation is entirely based on open source libraries. The spatial discretization is solved using a streamline upwind Petrov‐Galerkin stabilization of an iso-parametric, collocation based, boundary element method, implemented using the open source library deal.II. The resulting nonlinear differential-algebraic system is integrated in time using implicit backward differentiation formulas, implemented in the open source library SUNDIALS. The Open CASCADE library is used to interface the model directly with computer-aided design data structures. The model accounts automatically for hulls with a transom stern, both in wet and dry regimes, by using a specific treatment of the free-surface nodes on the stern edge that automatically detects when the hull advances at low speeds. In this case, the transom stern is partially immersed, and a pressure patch is applied on the water surface detaching from the transom stern, to recover the gravity effect of the recirculating water on the underlying irrotational flow domain. The parameters of the model used to impose the pressure patch are approximated from experimental relations found in the literature. The test cases considered are those of the U.S. Navy Combatant DTMB-5415 and the National Physical Laboratory hull. Comparisons with experimental data on quasi-steady test cases for both water elevation and total hull drag are presented and discussed. The quality of the results obtained on quasi-steady simulations suggests that this model can represent a promising alternative to current unsteady solvers for simulations with Froude numbers below 0.35.

1 aMola, Andrea1 aHeltai, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/wet-and-dry-transom-stern-treatment-unsteady-and-nonlinear-potential-flow-model-naval00506nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245011400055210006900169300001200238490000800250100001900258700002000277700001300297856005000310 2016 eng d a0167-278900aCorrelation functions of the KdV hierarchy and applications to intersection numbers over $\overline\CalM_g,n$0 aCorrelation functions of the KdV hierarchy and applications to i a30–570 v3271 aBertola, Marco1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYang, Di uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2016.04.00800573nas a2200205 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078300001400108490000700122100001700129700001900146700001800165700001700183700001700200700002400217700002000241700001700261700001700278856007200295 2016 eng d00aThe deal.II library, Version 8.40 adealII library Version 84 a135–1410 v241 aBangerth, W.1 aDavydov, Denis1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKanschat, G.1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aTurcksin, B.1 aWells, David uhttps://www.math.clemson.edu/ heister/preprints/deal84-preprint.pdf01120nas a2200229 4500008004100000022001400041245008700055210006900142300001600211490000800227520034000235653002200575653003200597653002100629653002500650653003400675653004400709100002100753700002400774700002100798856007100819 2016 eng d a0022-039600aExistence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a peeling test in dimension one0 aExistence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a peeling tes a4897 - 49230 v2613 aIn this paper we present a one-dimensional model of a dynamic peeling test for a thin film, where the wave equation is coupled with a Griffith criterion for the propagation of the debonding front. Our main results provide existence and uniqueness for the solution to this coupled problem under different assumptions on the data.

10aDynamic debonding10aDynamic energy release rate10aDynamic fracture10aGriffith's criterion10aMaximum dissipation principle10aWave equation in time-dependent domains1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aNardini, Lorenzo uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203961630177200965nas a2200169 4500008004100000022001400041245012900055210006900184260000800253300000700261490000700268520041200275100002100687700002200708700001900730856004600749 2016 eng d a1432-083500aFracture models for elasto-plastic materials as limits of gradient damage models coupled with plasticity: the antiplane case0 aFracture models for elastoplastic materials as limits of gradien cApr a450 v553 aWe study the asymptotic behavior of a variational model for damaged elasto-plastic materials in the case of antiplane shear. The energy functionals we consider depend on a small parameter $\varepsilon$, which forces damage concentration on regions of codimension one. We determine the $\Gamma$-limit as $\varepsilon$ tends to zero and show that it contains an energy term involving the crack opening.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aOrlando, Gianluca1 aToader, Rodica uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-016-0981-z00690nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116520030100185100002100486700002200507856005100529 2016 en d00aA model for the quasistatic growth of cracks with fractional dimension0 amodel for the quasistatic growth of cracks with fractional dimen3 aWe study a variational model for the quasistatic growth of cracks with fractional dimension in brittle materials. We give a minimal set of properties of the collection of admissible cracks which ensure the existence of a quasistatic evolution. Both the antiplane and the planar cases are treated.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMorandotti, Marco uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3517501781nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245006600055210006600121260000800187300000700195490000700202520131900209100002601528700002201554856004701576 2016 eng d a1292-895X00aMotion planning and motility maps for flagellar microswimmers0 aMotion planning and motility maps for flagellar microswimmers cJul a720 v393 aWe study two microswimmers consisting of a spherical rigid head and a passive elastic tail. In the first one the tail is clamped to the head, and the system oscillates under the action of an external torque. In the second one, head and tail are connected by a joint allowing the angle between them to vary periodically, as a result of an oscillating internal torque. Previous studies on these models were restricted to sinusoidal actuations, showing that the swimmers can propel while moving on average along a straight line, in the direction given by the symmetry axis around which beating takes place. We extend these results to motions produced by generic (non-sinusoidal) periodic actuations within the regime of small compliance of the tail. We find that modulation in the velocity of actuation can provide a mechanism to select different directions of motion. With velocity-modulated inputs, the externally actuated swimmer can translate laterally with respect to the symmetry axis of beating, while the internally actuated one is able to move along curved trajectories. The governing equations are analysed with an asymptotic perturbation scheme, providing explicit formulas, whose results are expressed through motility maps. Asymptotic approximations are further validated by numerical simulations.

1 aCicconofri, Giancarlo1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2016-16072-y00912nas a2200229 4500008004100000020002200041245004000063210004000103260004400143300001100187520024800198100002100446700002400467700002000491700001800511700002000529700002200549700001900571700002000590700002400610856004800634 2016 eng d a978-3-319-29116-100aPimsner Algebras and Circle Bundles0 aPimsner Algebras and Circle Bundles aChambSpringer International Publishing a1–253 aWe report on the connections between noncommutative principal circle bundles, Pimsner algebras and strongly graded algebras. We illustrate several results with examples of quantum weighted projective and lens spaces and θ-deformations.

1 aArici, Francesca1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aAlpay, Daniel1 aCipriani, Fabio1 aColombo, Fabrizio1 aGuido, Daniele1 aSabadini, Irene1 aSauvageot, Jean-Luc uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29116-1_100651nas a2200157 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137260005800206300001400264490000600278100001700284700001700301700002200318700002400340856012900364 2016 eng d00aShip Sinkage and Trim Predictions Based on a CAD Interfaced Fully Nonlinear Potential Model0 aShip Sinkage and Trim Predictions Based on a CAD Interfaced Full bInternational Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers a511–5180 v31 aMola, Andrea1 aHeltai, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aBerti, Massimiliano uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/ship-sinkage-and-trim-predictions-based-cad-interfaced-fully-nonlinear-potential-model00397nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004500041210004500086490000900131100001900140700002000159700001300179856008300192 2016 eng d00aSimple Lie Algebras and Topological ODEs0 aSimple Lie Algebras and Topological ODEs0 v20161 aBertola, Marco1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYang, Di uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/simple-lie-algebras-and-topological-odes01183nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007100041210006300112260001800175520077400193100002100967700002200988856005101010 2016 en d00aOn the third critical speed for rotating Bose-Einstein condensates0 athird critical speed for rotating BoseEinstein condensates bAIP Publisher3 aWe study a two-dimensional rotating Bose-Einstein condensate confined by an anharmonic trap in the framework of the Gross-Pitaevskii theory. We consider a rapid rotation regime close to the transition to a giant vortex state. It was proven in Correggi et al. [J. Math. Phys. 53, 095203 (2012)] that such a transition occurs when the angular velocity is of order ε−4, with ε−2 denoting the coefficient of the nonlinear term in the Gross-Pitaevskii functional and ε ≪ 1 (Thomas-Fermi regime). In this paper, we identify a finite value Ωc such that if Ω = Ω0/ε4 with Ω0 > Ωc, the condensate is in the giant vortex phase. Under the same condition, we prove a refined energy asymptotics and an estimate of the winding number of any Gross-Pitaevskii minimizer.1 aDimonte, Daniele1 aCorreggi, Michele uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3524601837nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120520133000189100002201519700002901541700002001570700002901590700002101619856005101640 2015 en d00aA class of Hamiltonians for a three-particle fermionic system at unitarity0 aclass of Hamiltonians for a threeparticle fermionic system at un3 aWe consider a quantum mechanical three-particle system made of two identical fermions of mass one and a different particle of mass $m$, where each fermion interacts via a zero-range force with the different particle. In particular we study the unitary regime, i.e., the case of infinite two-body scattering length. The Hamiltonians describing the system are, by definition, self-adjoint extensions of the free Hamiltonian restricted on smooth functions vanishing at the two-body coincidence planes, i.e., where the positions of two interacting particles coincide. It is known that for $m$ larger than a critical value $m^* \simeq (13.607)^{-1}$ a self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonian $H_0$ can be constructed, whose domain is characterized in terms of the standard point-interaction boundary condition at each coincidence plane. Here we prove that for $m\in(m^*,m^{**})$, where $m^{**}\simeq (8.62)^{-1}$, there is a further family of self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonians $H_{0,\beta}$, $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$, describing the system. Using a quadratic form method, we give a rigorous construction of such Hamiltonians and we show that the elements of their domains satisfy a further boundary condition, characterizing the singular behavior when the positions of all the three particles coincide.1 aCorreggi, Michele1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFinco, Domenico1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aTeta, Alessandro uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3446901267nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009800041210006900139520082000208100002101028700002601049700001901075856005101094 2015 en d00aExistence for constrained dynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition0 aExistence for constrained dynamic Griffith fracture with a weak 3 aThere are very few existence results for fracture evolution, outside of globally minimizing quasi-static evolutions. Dynamic evolutions are particularly problematic, due to the difficulty of showing energy balance, as well as of showing that solutions obey a maximal dissipation condition, or some similar condition that prevents stationary cracks from always being solutions. Here we introduce a new weak maximal dissipation condition and show that it is compatible with cracks constrained to grow smoothly on a smooth curve. In particular, we show existence of dynamic fracture evolutions satisfying this maximal dissipation condition, subject to the above smoothness constraints, and exhibit explicit examples to show that this maximal dissipation principle can indeed rule out stationary cracks as solutions.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLarsen, Cristopher J.1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3504500594nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009400041210006900135260001300204300001200217100001900229700001700248700003200265700002600297856012500323 2015 eng d00aExperience on vectorizing lattice Boltzmann kernels for multi-and many-core architectures0 aExperience on vectorizing lattice Boltzmann kernels for multiand bSpringer a53–621 aCalore, Enrico1 aDemo, Nicola1 aSchifano, Sebastiano, Fabio1 aTripiccione, Raffaele uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/experience-vectorizing-lattice-boltzmann-kernels-multi-and-many-core-architectures00912nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010700041210006900148260001000217520041300227100002000640700002400660700001800684700001600702856004800718 2015 en d00aExtended affine Weyl groups of BCD type, Frobenius manifolds and their Landau-Ginzburg superpotentials0 aExtended affine Weyl groups of BCD type Frobenius manifolds and bSISSA3 aFor the root systems of type Bl, Cl and Dl, we generalize the result of [7] by showing the existence of Frobenius manifold structures on the orbit spaces of the extended affine Weyl groups that correspond to any vertex of the Dynkin diagram instead of a particular choice made in [7]. It also depends on certain additional data. We also construct LG superpotentials for these Frobenius manifold structures.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aStrachan, Ian, A.B.1 aZhang, Youjin1 aZuo, Dafeng uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3531601765nas a2200217 4500008004100000022001400041245005300055210005300108300001400161490000700175520110000182653002201282653002501304653002801329653003001357653002701387100002201414700001801436700002201454856007101476 2015 eng d a0022-509600aLiquid crystal elastomer strips as soft crawlers0 aLiquid crystal elastomer strips as soft crawlers a254 - 2720 v843 aIn this paper, we speculate on a possible application of Liquid Crystal Elastomers to the field of soft robotics. In particular, we study a concept for limbless locomotion that is amenable to miniaturisation. For this purpose, we formulate and solve the evolution equations for a strip of nematic elastomer, subject to directional frictional interactions with a flat solid substrate, and cyclically actuated by a spatially uniform, time-periodic stimulus (e.g., temperature change). The presence of frictional forces that are sensitive to the direction of sliding transforms reciprocal, ‘breathing-like’ deformations into directed forward motion. We derive formulas quantifying this motion in the case of distributed friction, by solving a differential inclusion for the displacement field. The simpler case of concentrated frictional interactions at the two ends of the strip is also solved, in order to provide a benchmark to compare the continuously distributed case with a finite-dimensional benchmark. We also provide explicit formulas for the axial force along the crawler body.

10aCrawling motility10aDirectional surfaces10aFrictional interactions10aLiquid crystal elastomers10aSoft biomimetic robots1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aGidoni, Paolo1 aNoselli, Giovanni uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002250961530043001569nas a2200181 4500008004100000022001400041245006000055210005800115300001400173490000700187520100500194653001901199653002201218653002801240100002601268700002201294856007101316 2015 eng d a0020-746200aMotility of a model bristle-bot: A theoretical analysis0 aMotility of a model bristlebot A theoretical analysis a233 - 2390 v763 aBristle-bots are legged robots that can be easily made out of a toothbrush head and a small vibrating engine. Despite their simple appearance, the mechanism enabling them to propel themselves by exploiting friction with the substrate is far from trivial. Numerical experiments on a model bristle-bot have been able to reproduce such a mechanism revealing, in addition, the ability to switch direction of motion by varying the vibration frequency. This paper provides a detailed account of these phenomena through a fully analytical treatment of the model. The equations of motion are solved through an expansion in terms of a properly chosen small parameter. The convergence of the expansion is rigorously proven. In addition, the analysis delivers formulas for the average velocity of the robot and for the frequency at which the direction switch takes place. A quantitative description of the mechanism for the friction modulation underlying the motility of the bristle-bot is also provided.

10aBristle-robots10aCrawling motility10aFrictional interactions1 aCicconofri, Giancarlo1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002074621500002500719nas a2200217 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260003300202100002200235700002400257700001600281700002300297700001500320700001400335700002200349700002600371700002100397700001300418700001900431856005100450 2015 en d00aThe phototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a strong efficacy gradient0 aphototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a stron bNational Academy of Sciences1 aMazzolini, Monica1 aFacchetti, Giuseppe1 aAndolfi, L.1 aZaccaria, Proietti1 aTuccio, S.1 aTreud, J.1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aDi Fabrizio, Enzo, M.1 aLazzarino, Marco1 aRapp, G.1 aTorre, Vincent uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3515701018nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007900041210007000120260001000190520058700200100002900787700002900816856005100845 2015 en d00aSchödinger operators on half-line with shrinking potentials at the origin0 aSchödinger operators on halfline with shrinking potentials at th bSISSA3 aWe discuss the general model of a Schrödinger quantum particle constrained on a straight half-line with given self-adjoint boundary condition at the origin and an interaction potential supported around the origin. We study the limit when the range of the potential scales to zero and its magnitude blows up. We show that in the limit the dynamics is generated by a self-adjoint negative Laplacian on the half-line, with a possible preservation or modification of the boundary condition at the origin, depending on the magnitude of the scaling and of the strength of the potential.1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3443901791nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008400041210006900125300001300194490000800207520132400215100002601539700002201565856007001587 2015 eng d00aA study of snake-like locomotion through the analysis of a flexible robot model0 astudy of snakelike locomotion through the analysis of a flexible a201500540 v4713 aWe examine the problem of snake-like locomotion by studying a system consisting of a planar inextensible elastic rod with adjustable spontaneous curvature, which provides an internal actuation mechanism that mimics muscular action in a snake. Using a Cosserat model, we derive the equations of motion in two special cases: one in which the rod can only move along a prescribed curve, and one in which the rod is constrained to slide longitudinally without slipping laterally, but the path is not fixed a priori (free-path case). The second setting is inspired by undulatory locomotion of snakes on flat surfaces. The presence of constraints leads in both cases to non-standard boundary conditions that allow us to close and solve the equations of motion. The kinematics and dynamics of the system can be recovered from a one-dimensional equation, without any restrictive assumption on the followed trajectory or the actuation. We derive explicit formulae highlighting the role of spontaneous curvature in providing the driving force (and the steering, in the free-path case) needed for locomotion. We also provide analytical solutions for a special class of serpentine motions, which enable us to discuss the connection between observed trajectories, internal actuation and forces exchanged with the environment.

1 aCicconofri, Giancarlo1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2015.005401401nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007200041210006900113260001300182520098700195100002401182700002201206856005101228 2015 en d00aThree-sphere low-Reynolds-number swimmer with a passive elastic arm0 aThreesphere lowReynoldsnumber swimmer with a passive elastic arm bSpringer3 aOne of the simplest model swimmers at low Reynolds number is the three-sphere swimmer by Najafi and Golestanian. It consists of three spheres connected by two rods which change their lengths periodically in non-reciprocal fashion. Here we investigate a variant of this model in which one rod is periodically actuated while the other is replaced by an elastic spring. We show that the competition between the elastic restoring force and the hydrodynamic drag produces a delay in the response of the passive elastic arm with respect to the active one. This leads to non-reciprocal shape changes and self-propulsion. After formulating the equations of motion, we study their solutions qualitatively and numerically. The leading-order term of the solution is computed analytically. We then address questions of optimization with respect to both actuation frequency and swimmer's geometry. Our results can provide valuable conceptual guidance in the engineering of robotic microswimmers.1 aMontino, Alessandro1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3453001514nas a2200109 4500008004100000245013600041210006900177520106400246100002101310700002201331856005101353 2015 en d00aThe wave equation on domains with cracks growing on a prescribed path: existence, uniqueness, and continuous dependence on the data0 awave equation on domains with cracks growing on a prescribed pat3 aGiven a bounded open set $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ with Lipschitz boundary and an increasing family $\Gamma_t$, $t\in [0,T]$, of closed subsets of $\Omega$, we analyze the scalar wave equation $\ddot{u} - div (A \nabla u) = f$ in the time varying cracked domains $\Omega\setminus\Gamma_t$. Here we assume that the sets $\Gamma_t$ are contained into a prescribed $(d-1)$-manifold of class $C^2$. Our approach relies on a change of variables: recasting the problem on the reference configuration $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_0$, we are led to consider a hyperbolic problem of the form $\ddot{v} - div (B\nabla v) + a \cdot \nabla v - 2 b \cdot \nabla \dot{v} = g$ in $\Omega \setminus \Gamma_0$. Under suitable assumptions on the regularity of the change of variables that transforms $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_t$ into $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_0$, we prove existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for both formulations. Moreover, we provide an energy equality, which gives, as a by-product, the continuous dependence of the solutions with respect to the cracks.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLucardesi, Ilaria uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3462901209nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010300041210006900144260001000213520075500223100002100978700002000999700002001019856003601039 2014 eng d00aAdler-Gelfand-Dickey approach to classical W-algebras within the theory of Poisson vertex algebras0 aAdlerGelfandDickey approach to classical Walgebras within the th bSISSA3 aWe put the Adler-Gelfand-Dickey approach to classical W-algebras in the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. We show how to recover the bi-Poisson structure of the KP hierarchy, together with its generalizations and reduction to the N-th KdV hierarchy, using the formal distribution calculus and the lambda-bracket formalism. We apply the Lenard-Magri scheme to prove integrability of the corresponding hierarchies. We also give a simple proof of a theorem of Kupershmidt and Wilson in this framework. Based on this approach, we generalize all these results to the matrix case. In particular, we find (non-local) bi-Poisson structures of the matrix KP and the matrix N-th KdV hierarchies, and we prove integrability of the N-th matrix KdV hierarchy.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724201294nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001000214520083900224100002101063700002001084700002001104856003601124 2014 en d00aClassical W-algebras and generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies for minimal and short nilpotents0 aClassical Walgebras and generalized DrinfeldSokolov hierarchies bSISSA3 aWe derive explicit formulas for lambda-brackets of the affine classical W-algebras attached to the minimal and short nilpotent elements of any simple Lie algebra g. This is used to compute explicitly the first non-trivial PDE of the corresponding intgerable generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies. It turns out that a reduction of the equation corresponding to a short nilpotent is Svinolupov's equation attached to a simple Jordan algebra, while a reduction of the equation corresponding to a minimal nilpotent is an integrable Hamiltonian equation on 2h-3 functions, where h is the dual Coxeter number of g. In the case when g is sl_2 both these equations coincide with the KdV equation. In the case when g is not of type C_n, we associate to the minimal nilpotent element of g yet another generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/697901733nas a2200217 4500008004100000022001400041245003700055210003700092300001200129490000700141520111900148653002901267653001901296653002201315653002501337653002001362100001801382700002201400700002201422856007101444 2014 eng d a0020-746200aCrawling on directional surfaces0 aCrawling on directional surfaces a65 - 730 v613 aIn this paper we study crawling locomotion based on directional frictional interactions, namely, frictional forces that are sensitive to the sign of the sliding velocity. Surface interactions of this type are common in biology, where they arise from the presence of inclined hairs or scales at the crawler/substrate interface, leading to low resistance when sliding ‘along the grain’, and high resistance when sliding ‘against the grain’. This asymmetry can be exploited for locomotion, in a way analogous to what is done in cross-country skiing (classic style, diagonal stride). We focus on a model system, namely, a continuous one-dimensional crawler and provide a detailed study of the motion resulting from several strategies of shape change. In particular, we provide explicit formulae for the displacements attainable with reciprocal extensions and contractions (breathing), or through the propagation of extension or contraction waves. We believe that our results will prove particularly helpful for the study of biological crawling motility and for the design of bio-mimetic crawling robots.

10aBio-mimetic micro-robots10aCell migration10aCrawling motility10aDirectional surfaces10aSelf-propulsion1 aGidoni, Paolo1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002074621400021301482nas a2200157 4500008004100000245004800041210004700089260001300136300001400149490000700163520105700170100001801227700001701245700001301262856004901275 2014 en d00aCurvature-adapted remeshing of CAD surfaces0 aCurvatureadapted remeshing of CAD surfaces bElsevier a253–2650 v823 aA common representation of surfaces with complicated topology and geometry is through composite parametric surfaces as is the case for most CAD modelers. A challenging problem is how to generate a mesh of such a surface that well approximates the geometry of the surface, preserves its topology and important geometric features, and contains nicely shaped elements. In this work, we present an optimization-based surface remeshing method that is able to satisfy many of these requirements simultaneously. This method is inspired by the recent work of Lévy and Bonneel (Proc. 21th International Meshing Roundtable, October 2012), which embeds a smooth surface into a high-dimensional space and remesh it uniformly in that embedding space. Our method works directly in the 3d spaces and uses an embedding space in R6 to evaluate mesh size and mesh quality. It generates a curvatureadapted anisotropic surface mesh that well represents the geometry of the surface with a low number of elements. We illustrate our approach through various examples.

1 aDassi, Franco1 aMola, Andrea1 aSi, Hang uhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.10.38801079nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104260003200167520063100199100002000830700002200850700002200872856005100894 2014 en d00aDirac operators on noncommutative principal circle bundles0 aDirac operators on noncommutative principal circle bundles bWorld Scientific Publishing3 aWe study spectral triples over noncommutative principal U(1)-bundles of arbitrary dimension and a compatibility condition between the connection and the Dirac operator on the total space and on the base space of the bundle. Examples of low-dimensional noncommutative tori are analyzed in more detail and all connections found that are compatible with an admissible Dirac operator. Conversely, a family of new Dirac operators on the noncommutative tori, which arise from the base-space Dirac operator and a suitable connection is exhibited. These examples are extended to the theta-deformed principal U(1)-bundle S 3 θ → S2.1 aSitarz, Andrzej1 aZucca, Alessandro1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3512500706nas a2200133 4500008004100000245004800041210004800089260001000137520032800147100002100475700002000496700002000516856003600536 2014 en d00aDirac reduction for Poisson vertex algebras0 aDirac reduction for Poisson vertex algebras bSISSA3 aWe construct an analogue of Dirac's reduction for an arbitrary local or non-local Poisson bracket in the general setup of non-local Poisson vertex algebras. This leads to Dirac's reduction of an arbitrary non-local Poisson structure. We apply this construction to an example of a generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/698001213nas a2200145 4500008004100000245011200041210006900153260001300222520069800235653001900933100002200952700002000974700002200994856005101016 2014 en d00aDiscrete one-dimensional crawlers on viscous substrates: achievable net displacements and their energy cost0 aDiscrete onedimensional crawlers on viscous substrates achievabl bElsevier3 aWe study model one-dimensional crawlers, namely, model mechanical systems that can achieve self-propulsion by controlled shape changes of their body (extension or contraction of portions of the body), thanks to frictional interactions with a rigid substrate. We evaluate the achievable net displacement and the related energetic cost for self-propulsion by discrete crawlers (i.e., whose body is made of a discrete number of contractile or extensile segments) moving on substrates with either a Newtonian (linear) or a Bingham-type (stick-slip) rheology. Our analysis is aimed at constructing the basic building blocks towards an integrative, multi-scale description of crawling cell motility.10aCell migration1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aTatone, Amabile1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3444900943nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006300041210006200104520045300166653013100619100001600750700001900766856003600785 2014 en d00aDonagi–Markman cubic for the generalised Hitchin system0 aDonagi–Markman cubic for the generalised Hitchin system3 aDonagi and Markman (1993) have shown that the infinitesimal period map for an algebraic completely integrable Hamiltonian system (ACIHS) is encoded in a section of the third symmetric power of the cotangent bundle to the base of the system. For the ordinary Hitchin system the cubic is given by a formula of Balduzzi and Pantev. We show that the Balduzzi–Pantev formula holds on maximal rank symplectic leaves of the G-generalised Hitchin system.10aGeneralized Hitchin system, Donagi-Markman cubic, algebraically completely integrable systems, moduli space of Higgs G-bundles1 aBruzzo, Ugo1 aDalakov, Peter uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/725301107nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007000043210006800113260001000181520068600191100002900877700002900906856005000935 2014 en_Ud 00aDynamics on a graph as the limit of the dynamics on a "fat graph"0 aDynamics on a graph as the limit of the dynamics on a fat graph bSISSA3 aWe discuss how the vertex boundary conditions for the dynamics of a quantum particle constrained on a graph emerge in the limit of the dynamics of a particle in a tubular region around the graph (\fat graph") when the transversal section of this region shrinks to zero. We give evidence of the fact that if the limit dynamics exists and is induced by the Laplacian on the graph with certain self-adjoint boundary conditions, such conditions are determined by the possible presence of a zero energy resonance on the fat graph. Pictorially, one may say that in the shrinking limit the resonance acts as a bridge connecting the boundary values at the vertex along the different rays.1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/748500316nas a2200121 4500008004100000245001400041210001400055260001300069100002000082700002100102700002000123856005100143 2014 en d00aEditorial0 aEditorial bSpringer1 aCiliberto, Ciro1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aVetro, Pasquale uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3471201955nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009100041210006900132260006400201520139800265100002701663700002201690700002101712700002501733856005101758 2014 en d00aAn effective model for nematic liquid crystal composites with ferromagnetic inclusions0 aeffective model for nematic liquid crystal composites with ferro bSociety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications3 aMolecules of a nematic liquid crystal respond to an applied magnetic field by reorienting themselves in the direction of the field. Since the dielectric anisotropy of a nematic is small, it takes relatively large fields to elicit a significant liquid crystal response. The interaction may be enhanced in colloidal suspensions of ferromagnetic particles in a liquid crystalline matrix- ferronematics-as proposed by Brochard and de Gennes in 1970. The ability of these particles to align with the field and simultaneously cause reorientation of the nematic molecules greatly increases the magnetic response of the mixture. Essentially the particles provide an easy axis of magnetization that interacts with the liquid crystal via surface anchoring. We derive an expression for the effective energy of ferronematic in the dilute limit, that is, when the number of particles tends to infinity while their total volume fraction tends to zero. The total energy of the mixture is assumed to be the sum of the bulk elastic liquid crystal contribution, the anchoring energy of the liquid crystal on the surfaces of the particles, and the magnetic energy of interaction between the particles and the applied magnetic field. The homogenized limiting ferronematic energy is obtained rigorously using a variational approach. It generalizes formal expressions previously reported in the physical literature.1 aCalderer, Maria, Carme1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aGolovaty, Dmitry1 aPanchenko, Alexander uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3494000833nas a2200121 4500008004100000245010200041210006900143260003900212520036100251100002300612700002500635856005100660 2014 en d00aExistence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in the space of probability measures0 aExistence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in bEUT Edizioni Universita di Trieste3 aAfter a brief introduction on gradient flows in metric spaces and on geodesically convex functionals, we give an account of the proof (following the outline of [3, 7]) of the existence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in the space of Borel probability measures over a compact geodesic metric space with Ricci curvature bounded from below.1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aDabrowski, Alexander uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3469301202nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010600041210006900147260001000216520062900226653002300855100001700878700001700895700002200912856012200934 2014 en d00aA fully nonlinear potential model for ship hydrodynamics directly interfaced with CAD data structures0 afully nonlinear potential model for ship hydrodynamics directly bSISSA3 aWe present a model for ship hydrodynamics simulations currently under development at SISSA. The model employs potential flow theory and fully nonlinear free surface boundary conditions. The spatial discretization of the equations is performed by means of a collocation BEM. This gives rise to a Differential Algbraic Equations (DAE) system, solved using an implicit BDF scheme to time advance the solution. The model has been implemented into a C++ software able to automatically generate the computational grids from the CAD geometry of the hull. Numerical results on Kriso KCS and KVLCC2 hulls are presented and discussed.10aship hydrodynamics1 aMola, Andrea1 aHeltai, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/fully-nonlinear-potential-model-ship-hydrodynamics-directly-interfaced-cad-data00754nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006000041210005900101260001000160520035300170100002100523700002000544700002000564856003600584 2014 en d00aIntegrability of Dirac reduced bi-Hamiltonian equations0 aIntegrability of Dirac reduced biHamiltonian equations bSISSA3 aFirst, we give a brief review of the theory of the Lenard-Magri scheme for a non-local bi-Poisson structure and of the theory of Dirac reduction. These theories are used in the remainder of the paper to prove integrability of three hierarchies of bi-Hamiltonian PDE's, obtained by Dirac reduction from some generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724700957nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260004100185520053400226100002000760700001900780856003600799 2014 en d00aOn an isomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property0 aisomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property bMaik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing3 aWe show that the fourth order nonlinear ODE which controls the pole dynamics in the general solution of equation $P_I^2$ compatible with the KdV equation exhibits two remarkable properties: 1) it governs the isomonodromy deformations of a $2\times2$ matrix linear ODE with polynomial coefficients, and 2) it does not possesses the Painlev\'e property. We also study the properties of the Riemann--Hilbert problem associated to this ODE and find its large $t$ asymptotic solution for the physically interesting initial data.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aKapaev, Andrey uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646601118nas a2200145 4500008004100000245013100041210006900172260001000241520052100251653010200772100002100874700002200895700001900917856003600936 2014 en d00aLaplace equation in a domain with a rectilinear crack: higher order derivatives of the energy with respect to the crack length0 aLaplace equation in a domain with a rectilinear crack higher ord bSISSA3 aWe consider the weak solution of the Laplace equation in a planar domain with a straight crack, prescribing a homogeneous Neumann condition on the crack and a nonhomogeneous Dirichlet condition on the rest of the boundary. For every k we express the k-th derivative of the energy with respect to the crack length in terms of a finite number of coefficients of the asymptotic expansion of the solution near the crack tip and of a finite number of other parameters, which only depend on the shape of the domain.

10acracked domains, energy release rate, higher order derivatives, asymptotic expansion of solutions1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aOrlando, Gianluca1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/727100830nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005800041210005800099260003100157520043000188100001700618700002200635856005100657 2014 en d00aLecture notes on gradient flows and optimal transport0 aLecture notes on gradient flows and optimal transport bCambridge University Press3 aWe present a short overview on the strongest variational formulation for gradient flows of geodesically λ-convex functionals in metric spaces, with applications to diffusion equations in Wasserstein spaces of probability measures. These notes are based on a series of lectures given by the second author for the Summer School "Optimal transportation: Theory and applications" in Grenoble during the week of June 22-26, 2009.1 aDaneri, Sara1 aSavarè, Giuseppe uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3509301077nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007900041210007000120260001700190300001400207490000700221520058200228100001800810856011500828 2014 eng d00aLinearized plastic plate models as Γ-limits of 3D finite elastoplasticity0 aLinearized plastic plate models as Γlimits of 3D finite elastopl bEDP Sciences a725–7470 v203 aThe subject of this paper is the rigorous derivation of reduced models for a thin plate by means of $\Gamma$-convergence, in the framework of finite plasticity. Denoting by $\epsilon$ the thickness of the plate, we analyse the case where the scaling factor of the elasto-plastic energy per unit volume is of order $\epsilon^{2 \alpha -2}$, with $\alpha \geq 3$. According to the value of $\alpha$, partially or fully linearized models are deduced, which correspond, in the absence of plastic deformation, to the Von Kármán plate theory and the linearized plate theory.

1 aDavoli, Elisa uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/linearized-plastic-plate-models-%CE%B3-limits-3d-finite-elastoplasticity00578nas a2200145 4500008004100000245004600041210004500087260001000132520011500142653003000257100002200287700001700309700002500326856008100351 2014 en d00aLocal behavior of fractional p-minimizers0 aLocal behavior of fractional pminimizers bSISSA3 aWe extend the De Giorgi-Nash Moser theory to nonlocal, possibly degerate integro-differential operators

10afractional Sobolev spaces1 aDi Castro, Agnese1 aKuusi, Tuomo1 aPalatucci, Giampiero uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/local-behavior-fractional-p-minimizers01625nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120260001300189520117000202100002301372700002001395700002501415856005101440 2014 en d00aMinimal Liouville gravity correlation numbers from Douglas string equation0 aMinimal Liouville gravity correlation numbers from Douglas strin bSpringer3 aWe continue the study of $(q,p)$ Minimal Liouville Gravity with the help of Douglas string equation. We generalize the results of \cite{Moore:1991ir}, \cite{Belavin:2008kv}, where Lee-Yang series $(2,2s+1)$ was studied, to $(3,3s+p_0)$ Minimal Liouville Gravity, where $p_0=1,2$. We demonstrate that there exist such coordinates $\tau_{m,n}$ on the space of the perturbed Minimal Liouville Gravity theories, in which the partition function of the theory is determined by the Douglas string equation. The coordinates $\tau_{m,n}$ are related in a non-linear fashion to the natural coupling constants $\lambda_{m,n}$ of the perturbations of Minimal Lioville Gravity by the physical operators $O_{m,n}$. We find this relation from the requirement that the correlation numbers in Minimal Liouville Gravity must satisfy the conformal and fusion selection rules. After fixing this relation we compute three- and four-point correlation numbers when they are not zero. The results are in agreement with the direct calculations in Minimal Liouville Gravity available in the literature \cite{Goulian:1990qr}, \cite{Zamolodchikov:2005sj}, \cite{Belavin:2006ex}.1 aBelavin, Alexander1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMukhametzhanov, Baur uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3458800423nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005600041210005500097260001300152653002200165100001800187700002100205700002700226856003600253 2014 en d00aNew results on Gamma-limits of integral functionals0 aNew results on Gammalimits of integral functionals bElsevier10aGamma-convergence1 aAnsini, Nadia1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/588002051nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117260001300186520158600199653002601785100001701811700001901828700002201847856003601869 2014 en d00aNonsingular Isogeometric Boundary Element Method for Stokes Flows in 3D0 aNonsingular Isogeometric Boundary Element Method for Stokes Flow bElsevier3 aIsogeometric analysis (IGA) is emerging as a technology bridging Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD), most commonly based on Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS) surfaces, and engineering analysis. In finite element and boundary element isogeometric methods (FE-IGA and IGA-BEM), the NURBS basis functions that de- scribe the geometry define also the approximation spaces. In the FE-IGA approach, the surfaces generated by the CAGD tools need to be extended to volumetric descriptions, a major open problem in 3D. This additional passage can be avoided in principle when the partial differential equations to be solved admit a formulation in terms of bound- ary integral equations, leading to Boundary Element Isogeometric Analysis (IGA-BEM). The main advantages of such an approach are given by the dimensionality reduction of the problem (from volumetric-based to surface-based), by the fact that the interface with CAGD tools is direct, and by the possibility to treat exterior problems, where the computational domain is infinite. By contrast, these methods produce system matrices which are full, and require the integration of singular kernels. In this paper we address the second point and propose a nonsingular formulation of IGA-BEM for 3D Stokes flows, whose convergence is carefully tested numerically. Standard Gaussian quadrature rules suffice to integrate the boundary integral equations, and carefully chosen known exact solutions of the interior Stokes problem are used to correct the resulting matrices, extending the work by Klaseboer et al. [27] to IGA-BEM.10aIsogeometric Analysis1 aHeltai, Luca1 aArroyo, Marino1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/632600655nas a2200157 4500008004100000245010000041210006900141260005800210300001400268490000600282100001700288700001700305700002200322700002400344856012900368 2014 eng d00aPotential Model for Ship Hydrodynamics Simulations Directly Interfaced with CAD Data Structures0 aPotential Model for Ship Hydrodynamics Simulations Directly Inte bInternational Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers a815–8220 v41 aMola, Andrea1 aHeltai, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aBerti, Massimiliano uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/potential-model-ship-hydrodynamics-simulations-directly-interfaced-cad-data-structures01462nas a2200145 4500008004100000245005600041210005600097260005100153520096300204100002501167700002401192700002701216700002201243856005101265 2014 en d00aQuantum gauge symmetries in noncommutative geometry0 aQuantum gauge symmetries in noncommutative geometry bEuropean Mathematical Society Publishing House3 aWe discuss generalizations of the notion of i) the group of unitary elements of a (real or complex) finite-dimensional C*-algebra, ii) gauge transformations and iii) (real) automorphisms in the framework of compact quantum group theory and spectral triples. The quantum analogue of these groups are defined as universal (initial) objects in some natural categories. After proving the existence of the universal objects, we discuss several examples that are of interest to physics, as they appear in the noncommutative geometry approach to particle physics: in particular, the C*-algebras M n(R), Mn(C) and Mn(H), describing the finite noncommutative space of the Einstein-Yang-Mills systems, and the algebras A F = C H M3 (C) and Aev = H H M4(C), that appear in Chamseddine-Connes derivation of the Standard Model of particle physics coupled to gravity. As a byproduct, we identify a "free" version of the symplectic group Sp.n/ (quaternionic unitary group).1 aBhowmick, Jyotishman1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDas, Biswarup, Krishna1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3489700712nas a2200157 4500008004100000245005200041210005100093260001300144300001200157490000800169520027400177100001800451700002100469700001900490856004500509 2014 en d00aQuasi-static crack growth in hydraulic fracture0 aQuasistatic crack growth in hydraulic fracture bElsevier a301-3180 v1093 aWe present a variational model for the quasi-static crack growth in hydraulic fracture in the framework of the energy formulation of rate-independent processes. The cracks are assumed to lie on a prescribed plane and to satisfy a very weak regularity assumption.

1 aAlmi, Stefano1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/1735000819nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245007800055210006900133260000800202300001400210490000700224520034300231100002100574700002000595856004600615 2014 eng d a1572-922200aQuasistatic Evolution in Perfect Plasticity as Limit of Dynamic Processes0 aQuasistatic Evolution in Perfect Plasticity as Limit of Dynamic cDec a915–9540 v263 aWe introduce a model of dynamic visco-elasto-plastic evolution in the linearly elastic regime and prove an existence and uniqueness result. Then we study the limit of (a rescaled version of) the solutions when the data vary slowly. We prove that they converge, up to a subsequence, to a quasistatic evolution in perfect plasticity.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aScala, Riccardo uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10884-014-9409-701155nas a2200121 4500008004100000245010200041210006900143300001400212490000700226520073600233100001800969856004600987 2014 eng d00aQuasistatic evolution models for thin plates arising as low energy Γ-limits of finite plasticity0 aQuasistatic evolution models for thin plates arising as low ener a2085-21530 v243 aIn this paper we deduce by $\Gamma$-convergence some partially and fully linearized quasistatic evolution models for thin plates, in the framework of finite plasticity. Denoting by $\epsilon$ the thickness of the plate, we study the case where the scaling factor of the elasto-plastic energy is of order $\epsilon^{2 \alpha -2}$, with $\alpha\geq 3$. These scalings of the energy lead, in the absence of plastic dissipation, to the Von Kármán and linearized Von Kármán functionals for thin plates. We show that solutions to the three-dimensional quasistatic evolution problems converge, as the thickness of the plate tends to zero, to a quasistatic evolution associated to a suitable reduced model depending on $\alpha$.

1 aDavoli, Elisa uhttps://doi.org/10.1142/S021820251450016X01083nas a2200121 4500008004100000245012700041210006900168260002900237520052100266100002200787700002200809856013000831 2014 en d00aA robotic crawler exploiting directional frictional interactions: experiments, numerics, and derivation of a reduced model0 arobotic crawler exploiting directional frictional interactions e bRoyal Society Publishing3 aWe present experimental and numerical results for a model crawler which is able to extract net positional changes from reciprocal shape changes, i.e. ‘breathing-like’ deformations, thanks to directional, frictional interactions with a textured solid substrate, mediated by flexible inclined feet. We also present a simple reduced model that captures the essential features of the kinematics and energetics of the gait, and compare its predictions with the results from experiments and from numerical simulations.1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/robotic-crawler-exploiting-directional-frictional-interactions-experiments-numerics-and01169nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008500041210006900126260001000195520065500205653006700860100002100927700001900948700002000967856003600987 2014 en d00aSecond Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard Functional0 aSecond Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic CahnHill bSISSA3 aThe asymptotic behavior of an anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard functional with prescribed mass and Dirichlet boundary condition is studied when the parameter $\varepsilon$ that determines the width of the transition layers tends to zero. The double-well potential is assumed to be even and equal to $|s-1|^\beta$ near $s=1$, with $1<\beta<2$. The first order term in the asymptotic development by $\Gamma$-convergence is well-known, and is related to a suitable anisotropic perimeter of the interface. Here it is shown that, under these assumptions, the second order term is zero, which gives an estimate on the rate of convergence of the minimum values.10aGamma-convergence, Cahn-Hilliard functional, phase transitions1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/739001649nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260001300185520123700198100001901435700002201454856005101476 2014 en d00aShape control of active surfaces inspired by the movement of euglenids0 aShape control of active surfaces inspired by the movement of eug bElsevier3 aWe examine a novel mechanism for active surface morphing inspired by the cell body deformations of euglenids. Actuation is accomplished through in-plane simple shear along prescribed slip lines decorating the surface. Under general non-uniform actuation, such local deformation produces Gaussian curvature, and therefore leads to shape changes. Geometrically, a deformation that realizes the prescribed local shear is an isometric embedding. We explore the possibilities and limitations of this bio-inspired shape morphing mechanism, by first characterizing isometric embeddings under axisymmetry, understanding the limits of embeddability, and studying in detail the accessibility of surfaces of zero and constant curvature. Modeling mechanically the active surface as a non-Euclidean plate (NEP), we further examine the mechanism beyond the geometric singularities arising from embeddability, where mechanics and buckling play a decisive role. We also propose a non-axisymmetric actuation strategy to accomplish large amplitude bending and twisting motions of elongated cylindrical surfaces. Besides helping understand how euglenids delicately control their shape, our results may provide the background to engineer soft machines.1 aArroyo, Marino1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3511800707nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245007900055210006900134300001400203490000700217520023000224100001700454700001900471856007100490 2014 eng d a0294-144900aSmooth approximation of bi-Lipschitz orientation-preserving homeomorphisms0 aSmooth approximation of biLipschitz orientationpreserving homeom a567 - 5890 v313 aWe show that a planar bi-Lipschitz orientation-preserving homeomorphism can be approximated in the W1,p norm, together with its inverse, with an orientation-preserving homeomorphism which is piecewise affine or smooth.

1 aDaneri, Sara1 aPratelli, Aldo uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S029414491300071101769nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001900193520130400212100002001516700002101536700002701557856005101584 2014 en d00aSome remarks on the seismic behaviour of embedded cantilevered retaining walls0 aSome remarks on the seismic behaviour of embedded cantilevered r bThomas Telford3 aThis paper is a numerical investigation of the physical phenomena that control the dynamic behaviour of embedded cantilevered retaining walls. Recent experimental observations obtained from centrifuge tests have shown that embedded cantilevered retaining walls experience permanent displacements even before the acceleration reaches its critical value, corresponding to full mobilisation of the soil strength. The motivation for this work stems from the need to incorporate these observations in simplified design procedures. A parametric study was carried out on a pair of embedded cantilevered walls in dry sand, subjected to real earthquakes scaled at different values of the maximum acceleration. The results of these analyses indicate that, for the geotechnical design of the wall, the equivalent acceleration to be used in pseudo-static calculations can be related to the maximum displacement that the structure can sustain, and can be larger than the maximum acceleration expected at the site. For the structural design of the wall, it is suggested that the maximum bending moments of the wall can be computed using a realistic distribution of contact stress and a conservative value of the pseudo-static acceleration, taking into account two-dimensional amplification effects near the walls.1 aConti, Riccardo1 aD'Arezzo, Burali1 aViggiani, Giulia, M.B. uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3507300993nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006500041210006500106260003000171520058100201100001600782700002200798856005100820 2014 en d00aSpontaneous division and motility in active nematic droplets0 aSpontaneous division and motility in active nematic droplets bAmerican Physical Society3 aWe investigate the mechanics of an active droplet endowed with internal nematic order and surrounded by an isotropic Newtonian fluid. Using numerical simulations we demonstrate that, due to the interplay between the active stresses and the defective geometry of the nematic director, this system exhibits two of the fundamental functions of living cells: spontaneous division and motility, by means of self-generated hydrodynamic flows. These behaviors can be selectively activated by controlling a single physical parameter, namely, an active variant of the capillary number.1 aGiomi, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3490201002nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005800041210005500099260001000154520060700164100002100771700002000792700002000812856003600832 2014 en d00aStructure of classical (finite and affine) W-algebras0 aStructure of classical finite and affine Walgebras bSISSA3 aFirst, we derive an explicit formula for the Poisson bracket of the classical finite W-algebra W^{fin}(g,f), the algebra of polynomial functions on the Slodowy slice associated to a simple Lie algebra g and its nilpotent element f. On the other hand, we produce an explicit set of generators and we derive an explicit formula for the Poisson vertex algebra structure of the classical affine W-algebra W(g,f). As an immediate consequence, we obtain a Poisson algebra isomorphism between W^{fin}(g,f) and the Zhu algebra of W(g,f). We also study the generalized Miura map for classical W-algebras.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/731401048nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001300214520050500227653007400732100002100806700001900827700002000846856003600866 2013 en d00aAnalytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth with elasticity on vicinal surfaces0 aAnalytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth bSpringer3 aIn this paper it is shown existence of weak solutions of a variational inequality derived from the continuum model introduced by Xiang [7, formula (3.62)] (see also the work of Xiang and E [8] and Xu and Xiang [9]) to describe the self-organization of terraces and steps driven by misfit elasticity between a film and a substrate in heteroepitaxial growth. This model is obtained as a continuum limit of discrete theories of Duport, Politi, and Villain [3] and Tersoff, Phang, Zhang, and Lagally[6].10asingular nonlinear parabolic equations, Hilbert transform, thin films1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724500882nas a2200133 4500008004100000245004600041210004600087260001000133520050000143100002600643700002100669700002200690856003600712 2013 en d00aAttainment results for nematic elastomers0 aAttainment results for nematic elastomers bSISSA3 aWe consider a class of non-quasiconvex frame indifferent energy densities which includes Ogden-type energy densities for nematic elastomers. For the corresponding geometrically linear problem we provide an explicit minimizer of the energy functional satisfying a nontrivial boundary condition. Other attainment results, both for the nonlinear and the linearized model, are obtained by using the theory of convex integration introduced by Mueller and Sverak in the context of crystalline solids.1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/717401065nas a2200133 4500008004100000245012700041210006900168260001300237520058400250100002100834700002000855700002000875856003600895 2013 en d00aClassical W-algebras and generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov bi-Hamiltonian systems within the theory of Poisson vertex algebras0 aClassical Walgebras and generalized DrinfeldSokolov biHamiltonia bSpringer3 aWe provide a description of the Drinfeld-Sokolov Hamiltonian reduction for the construction of classical W-algebras within the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. In this context, the gauge group action on the phase space is translated in terms of (the exponential of) a Lie conformal algebra action on the space of functions. Following the ideas of Drinfeld and Sokolov, we then establish under certain sufficient conditions the applicability of the Lenard-Magri scheme of integrability and the existence of the corresponding integrable hierarchy of bi-Hamiltonian equations.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/697801890nas a2200145 4500008004100000245011800041210006900159260001300228520137300241653003501614100001801649700002001667700002101687856003601708 2013 en d00aA combination between the reduced basis method and the ANOVA expansion: On the computation of sensitivity indices0 acombination between the reduced basis method and the ANOVA expan bElsevier3 aWe consider a method to efficiently evaluate in a real-time context an output based on the numerical solution of a partial differential equation depending on a large number of parameters. We state a result allowing to improve the computational performance of a three-step RB-ANOVA-RB method. This is a combination of the reduced basis (RB) method and the analysis of variations (ANOVA) expansion, aiming at compressing the parameter space without affecting the accuracy of the output. The idea of this method is to compute a first (coarse) RB approximation of the output of interest involving all the parameter components, but with a large tolerance on the a posteriori error estimate; then, we evaluate the ANOVA expansion of the output and freeze the least important parameter components; finally, considering a restricted model involving just the retained parameter components, we compute a second (fine) RB approximation with a smaller tolerance on the a posteriori error estimate. The fine RB approximation entails lower computational costs than the coarse one, because of the reduction of parameter dimensionality. Our result provides a criterion to avoid the computation of those terms in the ANOVA expansion that are related to the interaction between parameters in the bilinear form, thus making the RB-ANOVA-RB procedure computationally more feasible.

10aPartial differential equations1 aDevaud, Denis1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/738901565nas a2200169 4500008004100000245010100041210006900142260001000211520092400221100002201145700002401167700002201191700001701213700001901230700002201249856012401271 2013 en d00aCommon dynamical features of sensory adaptation in photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons.0 aCommon dynamical features of sensory adaptation in photoreceptor bSISSA3 aSensory systems adapt, i.e., they adjust their sensitivity to external stimuli according to the ambient level. In this paper we show that single cell electrophysiological responses of vertebrate olfactory receptors and of photoreceptors to different input protocols exhibit several common features related to adaptation, and that these features can be used to investigate the dynamical structure of the feedback regulation responsible for the adaptation. In particular, we point out that two different forms of adaptation can be observed, in response to steps and to pairs of pulses. These two forms of adaptation appear to be in a dynamical trade-off: the more adaptation to a step is close to perfect, the slower is the recovery in adaptation to pulse pairs and viceversa. Neither of the two forms is explained by the dynamical models currently used to describe adaptation, such as the integral feedback model.

1 aDe Palo, Giovanna1 aFacchetti, Giuseppe1 aMazzolini, Monica1 aMenini, Anna1 aTorre, Vincent1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/common-dynamical-features-sensory-adaptation-photoreceptors-and-olfactory-sensory01080nas a2200169 4500008004100000022001400041245009400055210006900149300001200218490000800230520048300238653003400721653002000755653004300775100002100818856007100839 2013 eng d a0022-039600aConcentration of solutions for a singularly perturbed mixed problem in non-smooth domains0 aConcentration of solutions for a singularly perturbed mixed prob a30 - 660 v2543 aWe consider a singularly perturbed problem with mixed Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions in a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ whose boundary has an $(n−2)$-dimensional singularity. Assuming $1<p<\frac{n+2}{n−2}$, we prove that, under suitable geometric conditions on the boundary of the domain, there exist solutions which approach the intersection of the Neumann and the Dirichlet parts as the singular perturbation parameter tends to zero.

10aFinite-dimensional reductions10aLocal inversion10aSingularly perturbed elliptic problems1 aDipierro, Serena uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203961200331201071nas a2200145 4500008004100000245006700041210006600108260001300174520054900187100002200736700002400758700002200782700002000804856010100824 2013 en d00aCrawlers in viscous environments: linear vs nonlinear rheology0 aCrawlers in viscous environments linear vs nonlinear rheology bElsevier3 aWe study model self-propelled crawlers which derive their propulsive capabilities from the tangential resistance to motion offered by the environment. Two types of relationships between tangential forces and slip velocities are considered: a linear, Newtonian one and a nonlinear one of Bingham-type. Different behaviors result from the two different rheologies. These differences and their implications in terms of motility performance are discussed. Our aim is to develop new tools and insight for future studies of cell motility by crawling.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aGuarnieri, Federica1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aTatone, Amabile uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/crawlers-viscous-environments-linear-vs-nonlinear-rheology01219nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001000193520068100203100002000884700001800904700002100922700001800943856011200961 2013 en d00aOn critical behaviour in systems of Hamiltonian partial differential equations0 acritical behaviour in systems of Hamiltonian partial differentia bSISSA3 aWe study the critical behaviour of solutions to weakly dispersive Hamiltonian systems considered as perturbations of elliptic and hyperbolic systems of hydrodynamic type with two components. We argue that near the critical point of gradient catastrophe of the dispersionless system, the solutions to a suitable initial value problem for the perturbed equations are approximately described by particular solutions to the Painlev\'e-I (P$_I$) equation or its fourth order analogue P$_I^2$. As concrete examples we discuss nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations in the semiclassical limit. A numerical study of these cases provides strong evidence in support of the conjecture.

1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian1 aMoro, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/critical-behaviour-systems-hamiltonian-partial-differential-equations00967nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005000041210004800091260003400139520056900173653001300742100002200755700002000777856003600797 2013 en d00aCurved noncommutative torus and Gauss--Bonnet0 aCurved noncommutative torus and GaussBonnet bAmerican Institute of Physics3 aWe study perturbations of the flat geometry of the noncommutative two-dimensional torus T^2_\theta (with irrational \theta). They are described by spectral triples (A_\theta, \H, D), with the Dirac operator D, which is a differential operator with coefficients in the commutant of the (smooth) algebra A_\theta of T_\theta. We show, up to the second order in perturbation, that the zeta-function at 0 vanishes and so the Gauss-Bonnet theorem holds. We also calculate first two terms of the perturbative expansion of the corresponding local scalar curvature.10aGeometry1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aSitarz, Andrzej uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/737601202nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005000041210005000091260001900141520081700160653001200977100002200989700002101011856003601032 2013 en d00aDirac operator on spinors and diffeomorphisms0 aDirac operator on spinors and diffeomorphisms bIOP Publishing3 aThe issue of general covariance of spinors and related objects is reconsidered. Given an oriented manifold $M$, to each spin structure $\sigma$ and Riemannian metric $g$ there is associated a space $S_{\sigma, g}$ of spinor fields on $M$ and a Hilbert space $\HH_{\sigma, g}= L^2(S_{\sigma, g},\vol{M}{g})$ of $L^2$-spinors of $S_{\sigma, g}$. The group $\diff{M}$ of orientation-preserving diffeomorphisms of $M$ acts both on $g$ (by pullback) and on $[\sigma]$ (by a suitably defined pullback $f^*\sigma$). Any $f\in \diff{M}$ lifts in exactly two ways to a unitary operator $U$ from $\HH_{\sigma, g} $ to $\HH_{f^*\sigma,f^*g}$. The canonically defined Dirac operator is shown to be equivariant with respect to the action of $U$, so in particular its spectrum is invariant under the diffeomorphisms.10agravity1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aDossena, Giacomo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/737700951nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009100041210006900132260001000201520045700211653003300668100002100701700002500722700002200747856003600769 2013 en d00aDislocation dynamics in crystals: a macroscopic theory in a fractional Laplace setting0 aDislocation dynamics in crystals a macroscopic theory in a fract bSISSA3 aWe consider an evolution equation arising in the Peierls-Nabarro model for crystal dislocation. We study the evolution of such dislocation function and show that, at a macroscopic scale, the dislocations have the tendency to concentrate at single points of the crystal, where the size of the slip coincides with the natural periodicity of the medium. These dislocation points evolve according to the external stress and an interior repulsive potential.10anonlocal Allen-Cahn equation1 aDipierro, Serena1 aPalatucci, Giampiero1 aValdinoci, Enrico uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/712400989nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010200041210006900143260002600212520042000238100002100658700002500679700002200704856012900726 2013 en d00aExistence and symmetry results for a Schrodinger type problem involving the fractional Laplacian0 aExistence and symmetry results for a Schrodinger type problem in bUniversity of Catania3 aThis paper deals with the following class of nonlocal Schr\"odinger equations $$ \displaystyle (-\Delta)^s u + u = |u|^{p-1}u \ \ \text{in} \ \mathbb{R}^N, \quad \text{for} \ s\in (0,1). $$ We prove existence and symmetry results for the solutions $u$ in the fractional Sobolev space $H^s(\mathbb{R}^N)$. Our results are in clear accordance with those for the classical local counterpart, that is when $s=1$.

1 aDipierro, Serena1 aPalatucci, Giampiero1 aValdinoci, Enrico uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/existence-and-symmetry-results-schrodinger-type-problem-involving-fractional-laplacian00902nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005300041210005200094260004800146520050700194100002100701700002200722856003600744 2013 en d00aFracture models as Gamma-limits of damage models0 aFracture models as Gammalimits of damage models bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aWe analyze the asymptotic behavior of a variational model for damaged elastic materials. This model depends on two small parameters, which govern the width of the damaged regions and the minimum elasticity constant attained in the damaged regions. When these parameters tend to zero, we find that the corresponding functionals Gamma-converge to a functional related to fracture mechanics. The corresponding problem is brittle or cohesive, depending on the asymptotic ratio of the two parameters.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aIurlano, Flaviana uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/422500625nas a2200157 4500008004100000245011600041210006900157260001700226300001400243490000700257100001500264700002300279700002200302700001800324856012500342 2013 eng d00aMacroscopic contact angle and liquid drops on rough solid surfaces via homogenization and numerical simulations0 aMacroscopic contact angle and liquid drops on rough solid surfac bEDP Sciences a837–8580 v471 aCacace, S.1 aChambolle, Antonin1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aFedeli, Livio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/macroscopic-contact-angle-and-liquid-drops-rough-solid-surfaces-homogenization-and01090nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005800041210005800099260001300157520067800170653003000848100002200878700002000900856003600920 2013 en d00aNoncommutative circle bundles and new Dirac operators0 aNoncommutative circle bundles and new Dirac operators bSpringer3 aWe study spectral triples over noncommutative principal U(1) bundles. Basing on the classical situation and the abstract algebraic approach, we propose an operatorial definition for a connection and compatibility between the connection and the Dirac operator on the total space and on the base space of the bundle. We analyze in details the example of the noncommutative three-torus viewed as a U(1) bundle over the noncommutative two-torus and find all connections compatible with an admissible Dirac operator. Conversely, we find a family of new Dirac operators on the noncommutative tori, which arise from the base-space Dirac operator and a suitable connection.10aQuantum principal bundles1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aSitarz, Andrzej uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/738401596nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010900041210006900150260001000219520113200229100002101361700002201382700002201404856003601426 2013 en d00aOne-dimensional swimmers in viscous fluids: dynamics, controllability, and existence of optimal controls0 aOnedimensional swimmers in viscous fluids dynamics controllabili bSISSA3 aIn this paper we study a mathematical model of one-dimensional swimmers performing a planar motion while fully immersed in a viscous fluid. The swimmers are assumed to be of small size, and all inertial effects are neglected. Hydrodynamic interactions are treated in a simplified way, using the local drag approximation of resistive force theory. We prove existence and uniqueness of the solution of the equations of motion driven by shape changes of the swimmer. Moreover, we prove a controllability result showing that given any pair of initial and final states, there exists a history of shape changes such that the resulting motion takes the swimmer from the initial to the final state. We give a constructive proof, based on the composition of elementary maneuvers (straightening and its inverse, rotation, translation), each of which represents the solution of an interesting motion planning problem. Finally, we prove the existence of solutions for the optimal control problem of finding, among the histories of shape changes taking the swimmer from an initial to a final state, the one of minimal energetic cost.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMorandotti, Marco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646701461nas a2200217 4500008004100000022001400041245008900055210006900144300001400213490000700227520075100234653001700985653002301002653003101025653002601056653003101082653001601113100001801129700002501147856007101172 2013 eng d a0294-144900aA quasistatic evolution model for perfectly plastic plates derived by Γ-convergence0 aquasistatic evolution model for perfectly plastic plates derived a615 - 6600 v303 aThe subject of this paper is the rigorous derivation of a quasistatic evolution model for a linearly elastic–perfectly plastic thin plate. As the thickness of the plate tends to zero, we prove via Γ-convergence techniques that solutions to the three-dimensional quasistatic evolution problem of Prandtl–Reuss elastoplasticity converge to a quasistatic evolution of a suitable reduced model. In this limiting model the admissible displacements are of Kirchhoff–Love type and the stretching and bending components of the stress are coupled through a plastic flow rule. Some equivalent formulations of the limiting problem in rate form are derived, together with some two-dimensional characterizations for suitable choices of the data.

10a-convergence10aPerfect plasticity10aPrandtl–Reuss plasticity10aQuasistatic evolution10aRate-independent processes10aThin plates1 aDavoli, Elisa1 aMora, Maria Giovanna uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S029414491200103500531nas a2200121 4500008004100000245011700041210006900158300001100227490000700238100001800245700002100263856012500284 2013 eng d00aReduced Basis Approximation for the Structural-Acoustic Design based on Energy Finite Element Analysis (RB-EFEA)0 aReduced Basis Approximation for the StructuralAcoustic Design ba a98-1150 v481 aDevaud, Denis1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/reduced-basis-approximation-structural-acoustic-design-based-energy-finite-element01660nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010800041210006900149260001000218520115900228653003501387100001701422700001701439700002201456856003601478 2013 en d00aA stable and adaptive semi-Lagrangian potential model for unsteady and nonlinear ship-wave interactions0 astable and adaptive semiLagrangian potential model for unsteady bSISSA3 aWe present an innovative numerical discretization of the equations of inviscid potential flow for the simulation of three dimensional unsteady and nonlinear water waves generated by a ship hull advancing in water. The equations of motion are written in a semi-Lagrangian framework, and the resulting integro-diff erential equations are discretized in space via an adaptive iso-parametric collocation Boundary Element Method, and in time via adaptive implicit Backward Di erentiation Formulas (BDF) with variable step and variable order. When the velocity of the advancing ship hull is non-negligible, the semi-Lagrangian formulation (also known as Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formulation, or ALE) of the free surface equations contains dominant transport terms which are stabilized with a Streamwise Upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method. The SUPG stabilization allows automatic and robust adaptation of the spatial discretization with unstructured quadrilateral grids. Preliminary results are presented where we compare our numerical model with experimental results on the case of a Wigley hull advancing in calm water with fi xed sink and trim.

10aUnsteady ship-wave interaction1 aMola, Andrea1 aHeltai, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/566900380nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001000184100002300194700001700217856003600234 2013 en d00aOn Sudakov's type decomposition of transference plans with norm costs0 aSudakovs type decomposition of transference plans with norm cost bSISSA1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aDaneri, Sara uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/720600868nas a2200145 4500008004100000245004700041210004400088260004800132520037400180100002100554700002100575700002500596700002200621856007900643 2012 en d00aAsymptotics of the s-perimeter as s →0 0 aAsymptotics of the sperimeter as s →0 bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aWe deal with the asymptotic behavior of the $s$-perimeter of a set $E$ inside a domain $\Omega$ as $s\searrow0$. We prove necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of such limit, by also providing an explicit formulation in terms of the Lebesgue measure of $E$ and $\Omega$. Moreover, we construct examples of sets for which the limit does not exist.

1 aDipierro, Serena1 aFigalli, Alessio1 aPalatucci, Giampiero1 aValdinoci, Enrico uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/asymptotics-s-perimeter-s-%E2%86%92001113nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008000041210006900121260001000190520071100200100002000911700002400931856003600955 2012 en d00aClassical double, R-operators, and negative flows of integrable hierarchies0 aClassical double Roperators and negative flows of integrable hie bSISSA3 aUsing the classical double G of a Lie algebra g equipped with the classical R-operator, we define two sets of functions commuting with respect to the initial Lie–Poisson bracket on g and its extensions. We consider examples of Lie algebras g with the “Adler–Kostant–Symes” R-operators and the two corresponding sets of mutually commuting functions in detail. Using the constructed commutative Hamiltonian flows on different extensions of g, we obtain zero-curvature equations with g-valued U–V pairs. The so-called negative flows of soliton hierarchies are among such equations. We illustrate the proposed approach with examples of two-dimensional Abelian and non-Abelian Toda field equations.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aSkrypnyk, Taras, V. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646800824nas a2200169 4500008004100000020001800041245006300059210006300122260001300185520030800198653002400506100002200530700001700552700002300569700002600592856003600618 2012 en d a978146143996700aComputing optimal strokes for low reynolds number swimmers0 aComputing optimal strokes for low reynolds number swimmers bSpringer3 aWe discuss connections between low-Reynolds-number swimming and geometric control theory, and present a general algorithm for the numerical computation of energetically optimal strokes. As an illustration of our approach, we show computed motility maps and optimal strokes for two model swimmers.

10aNumerical analysis.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHeltai, Luca1 aAlouges, François1 aAline, Lefebvre-Lepot uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/644500854nas a2200157 4500008004100000245012200041210007200163260002100235300001200256490000700268520031300275100002000588700002300608700001900631856004600650 2012 eng d00aConcentration on circles for nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson systems with unbounded potentials vanishing at infinity0 aConcentration on circles for nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson syste bWorld Scientific a12500090 v143 aThe present paper is devoted to weighted nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson systems with potentials possibly unbounded and vanishing at infinity. Using a purely variational approach, we prove the existence of solutions concentrating on a circle.

1 aBonheure, Denis1 aDi Cosmo, Jonathan1 aMercuri, Carlo uhttps://doi.org/10.1142/S021919971250009501915nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008100041210006900122260001300191520151100204100002201715700002001737856003601757 2012 en d00aCrawling motility through the analysis of model locomotors: two case studies0 aCrawling motility through the analysis of model locomotors two c bSpringer3 aWe study model locomotors on a substrate, which derive their propulsive capabilities from the tangential (viscous or frictional) resistance offered by the substrate. Our aim is to develop new tools and insight for future studies of cellular motility by crawling and of collective bacterial motion. The purely viscous case (worm) is relevant for cellular motility by crawling of individual cells. We re-examine some recent results on snail locomotion in order to assess the role of finely regulated adhesion mechanisms in crawling motility. Our main conclusion is that such regulation, although well documented in several biological systems, is not indispensable to accomplish locomotion driven by internal deformations, provided that the crawler may execute sufficiently large body deformations. Thus, there is no snail theorem. Namely, the crawling analog of the scallop theorem of low Reynolds number hydrodynamics does not hold for snail-like crawlers. The frictional case is obtained by assuming that the viscous coefficient governing tangential resistance forces, which act parallel and in the direction opposite to the velocity of the point to which they are applied, depends on the normal force acting at that point. We combine these surface interactions with inertial effects in order to investigate the mechanisms governing the motility of a bristle-robot. This model locomotor is easily manufactured and has been proposed as an effective tool to replicate and study collective bacterial motility.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aTatone, Amabile uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/701700864nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008100041210006900122260001000191520046700201100002000668700001800688856003600706 2012 en d00aOn the critical behavior in nonlinear evolutionary PDEs with small viscocity0 acritical behavior in nonlinear evolutionary PDEs with small visc bSISSA3 aWe address the problem of general dissipative regularization of the quasilinear transport equation. We argue that the local behavior of solutions to the regularized equation near the point of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation is described by the logarithmic derivative of the Pearcey function, a statement generalizing the result of A.M.Il\\\'in \\\\cite{ilin}. We provide some analytic arguments supporting such conjecture and test it numerically.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aElaeva, Maria uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646501693nas a2200157 4500008004100000245008400041210006900125260003400194520117300228100002201401700002001423700001701443700001701460700002201477856003601499 2012 en d00aA dynamical feedback model for adaptation in the olfactory transduction pathway0 adynamical feedback model for adaptation in the olfactory transdu bBiophysical Society, Elsevier3 aOlfactory transduction exhibits two distinct types of adaptation, which we denote multipulse and step adaptation. In terms of measured transduction current, multipulse adaptation appears as a decrease in the amplitude of the second of two consecutive responses when the olfactory neuron is stimulated with two brief pulses. Step adaptation occurs in response to a sustained steplike stimulation and is characterized by a return to a steady-state current amplitude close to the prestimulus value, after a transient peak. In this article, we formulate a dynamical model of the olfactory transduction pathway, which includes the kinetics of the CNG channels, the concentration of Ca ions flowing through them, and the Ca-complexes responsible for the regulation. Based on this model, a common dynamical explanation for the two types of adaptation is suggested. We show that both forms of adaptation can be well described using different time constants for the kinetics of Ca ions (faster) and the kinetics of the feedback mechanisms (slower). The model is validated on experimental data collected in voltage-clamp conditions using different techniques and animal species.1 aDe Palo, Giovanna1 aBoccaccio, Anna1 aMiri, Andrew1 aMenini, Anna1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/701900456nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006900041210006700110260001300177653003000190100001800220700002100238700002700259856003600286 2012 en d00aGamma-convergence and H-convergence of linear elliptic operators0 aGammaconvergence and Hconvergence of linear elliptic operators bElsevier10aLinear elliptic operators1 aAnsini, Nadia1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/587800982nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007000041210006300111260001000174520057500184100002000759700001500779700001800794856003600812 2012 en d00aOn the genus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds0 agenus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds bSISSA3 aWe represent the genus two free energy of an arbitrary semisimple Frobenius\\r\\nmanifold as a sum of contributions associated with dual graphs of certain\\r\\nstable algebraic curves of genus two plus the so-called \\\"genus two G-function\\\".\\r\\nConjecturally the genus two G-function vanishes for a series of important\\r\\nexamples of Frobenius manifolds associated with simple singularities as well as\\r\\nfor ${\\\\bf P}^1$-orbifolds with positive Euler characteristics. We explain the\\r\\nreasons for such Conjecture and prove it in certain particular cases.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aLiu, Si-Qi1 aZhang, Youjin uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646401971nas a2200169 4500008004100000245009100041210006900132260003100201520131900232100002201551700001701573700002001590700002201610700002201632700002501654856012201679 2012 en d00aHybridization in nanostructured DNA monolayers probed by AFM: theory versus experiment0 aHybridization in nanostructured DNA monolayers probed by AFM the bRoyal Society of Chemistry3 aNanografted monolayers (NAMs) of DNA show novel physico-chemical properties that make them ideally suited for advanced biosensing applications. In comparison with alternative solid-phase techniques for diagnostic DNA detection, NAMs have the advantage of combining a small size with a high homogeneity of the DNA surface coverage. These two properties favour the extreme miniaturization and ultrasensitivity in high-throughput biosensing devices. The systematic use of NAMs for quantitative DNA (and protein) detection has so far suffered from the lack of a control on key fabrication parameters, such as the ss- or ds-DNA surface coverage. Here we report on a combined experimental-computational study that allows us to estimate the surface density of the grafted DNA by analyzing the sample mechanical response, that is the DNA patch height vs. applied tip load curves. It is shown that the same analysis scheme can be used to detect the occurrence of hybridization with complementary strands in solution and estimate its efficiency. Thanks to these quantitative relationships it is possible to use a single AFM-based setup to: (i) fabricate a DNA NAM, (ii) control the DNA surface coverage, and (iii) characterize its level of hybridization helping the design of NAMs with pre-determined fabrication parameters.1 aBosco, Alessandro1 aBano, Fouzia1 aParisse, Pietro1 aCasalis, Loredana1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMicheletti, Cristian uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/hybridization-nanostructured-dna-monolayers-probed-afm-theory-versus-experiment00709nas a2200169 4500008004100000245011000041210006900151260003000220300001200250490000700262520014000269653002500409100002600434700002100460700002200481856003600503 2012 en d00aLinear elasticity obtained from finite elasticity by Gamma-convergence under weak coerciveness conditions0 aLinear elasticity obtained from finite elasticity by Gammaconver bGauthier-Villars;Elsevier a715-7350 v293 aThe energy functional of linear elasticity is obtained as G-limit of suitable rescalings of the energies of finite elasticity...

10aNonlinear elasticity1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/426701914nas a2200145 4500008004100000020001800041245010100059210006900160260003100229520140500260653002201665100002301687700002201710856003601732 2012 en d a978160511380700aMathematical and numerical modeling of liquid crystal elastomer phase transition and deformation0 aMathematical and numerical modeling of liquid crystal elastomer bCambridge University Press3 aLiquid crystal (in particular, nematic) elastomers consist of cross-linked flexible polymer chains with embedded stiff rod molecules that allow them to behave as a rubber and a liquid crystal. Nematic elastomers are characterized by a phase transition from isotropic to nematic past a temperature threshold. They behave as rubber at high temperature and show nematic behavior below the temperature threshold. Such transition is reversible. While in the nematic phase, the rod molecules are aligned along the direction of the "nematic director". This molecular rearrangement induces a stretch in the polymer chains and hence macroscopic spontaneous deformations. The coupling between nematic order parameter and deformation gives rise to interesting phenomena with a potential for new interesting applications. In the biological field, the ability to considerably change their length makes them very promising as artificial muscles actuators. Their tunable optical properties make them suitable, for example, as lenses for new imaging systems. We present a mathematical model able to describe the behavior of nematic elastomers and numerical simulations reproducing such peculiar behavior. We use a geometrically linear version of the Warner and Terentjev model [1] and consider cooling experiments and stretching experiments in the direction perpendicular to the one of the director at cross-linking.10aArtificial muscle1 aDe Luca, Mariarita1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/702001861nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117260001300186520138500199653002701584100002001611700002101631700002701652856003601679 2012 en d00aNumerical modelling of installation effects for diaphragm walls in sand0 aNumerical modelling of installation effects for diaphragm walls bSpringer3 aThe scopes of this work are to study the mechanisms of load transfer and the deformations of the ground during slurry trenching and concreting in dry sand and to evaluate their effects on service structural loads, wall deflections and ground displacements behind the wall caused by subsequent excavation. A series of three-dimensional finite element analyses was carried out modelling the installation of diaphragm walls consisting of panels of different length. The soil was modelled as either linearly elastic-perfectly plastic or incrementally non-linear (hypoplastic) with elastic strain range. Plane strain analyses of diaphragm walls of identical cross section were also carried out in which wall installation was either modelled or the wall was wished in place (WIP). The analyses predict ground movements consistent with the experimental observations both in magnitude and trend. The results also show that the maximum horizontal wall deflections and structural loads reduce with increasing panel aspect ratio towards a minimum which is about twice the value computed for WIP analyses. Panel aspect ratios should be larger than about three to take advantage of the three-dimensional effects. The pattern and magnitude of surface vertical displacements obtained from linearly elastic-perfectly plastic analyses, no matter whether three- or two-dimensional, are unrealistic.10aConstitutive relations1 aConti, Riccardo1 ade Sanctis, Luca1 aViggiani, Giulia, M.B. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/693401684nas a2200157 4500008004100000245004700041210004600088260001300134300001200147490000700159520120600166653002501372100002601397700002201423856008101445 2012 en d00aOgden-type energies for nematic elastomers0 aOgdentype energies for nematic elastomers bElsevier a402-4120 v473 aOgden-type extensions of the free-energy densities currently used to model the mechanical behavior of nematic elastomers are proposed and analyzed. Based on a multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into an elastic and a spontaneous or remanent part, they provide a suitable framework to study the stiffening response at high imposed stretches. Geometrically linear versions of the models (Taylor expansions at order two) are provided and discussed. These small strain theories provide a clear illustration of the geometric structure of the underlying energy landscape (the energy grows quadratically with the distance from a non-convex set of spontaneous strains or energy wells). The comparison between small strain and finite deformation theories may also be useful in the opposite direction, inspiring finite deformation generalizations of small strain theories currently used in the mechanics of active and phase-transforming materials. The energy well structure makes the free-energy densities non-convex. Explicit quasi-convex envelopes are provided, and applied to compute the stiffening response of a specimen tested in plane strain extension experiments (pure shear).

10aNonlinear elasticity1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/ogden-type-energies-nematic-elastomers01387nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008800043210006900131260001300200520093500213100002101148700002201169700002601191856003601217 2012 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic evolution for Cam-Clay plasticity: properties of the viscosity solution0 aQuasistatic evolution for CamClay plasticity properties of the v bSpringer3 aCam-Clay plasticity is a well established model for the description of the mechanics of fine grained soils. As solutions can develop discontinuities in time, a weak notion of solution, in terms of a rescaled time s , has been proposed in [8] to give a meaning to this discontinuous evolution. In this paper we first prove that this rescaled evolution satisfies the flow-rule for the rate of plastic strain, in a suitable measure-theoretical sense. In the second part of the paper we consider the behavior of the evolution in terms of the original time variable t . We prove that the unrescaled solution satisfies an energy-dissipation balance and an evolution law for the internal variable, which can be expressed in terms of integrals depending only on the original time. Both these integral identities contain terms concentrated on the jump times, whose size can only be determined by looking at the rescaled formulation.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aSolombrino, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/390002076nas a2200145 4500008004100000245004700041210004700088520166300135653001801798100001901816700001701835700002001852700002201872856003601894 2012 en d00aReverse engineering the euglenoid movement0 aReverse engineering the euglenoid movement3 aEuglenids exhibit an unconventional motility strategy amongst unicellular eukaryotes, consisting of large-amplitude highly concerted deformations of the entire body (euglenoid movement or metaboly). A plastic cell envelope called pellicle mediates these deformations. Unlike ciliary or flagellar motility, the biophysics of this mode is not well understood, including its efficiency and molecular machinery. We quantitatively examine video recordings of four euglenids executing such motions with statistical learning methods. This analysis reveals strokes of high uniformity in shape and pace. We then interpret the observations in the light of a theory for the pellicle kinematics, providing a precise understanding of the link between local actuation by pellicle shear and shape control. We systematically understand common observations, such as the helical conformations of the pellicle, and identify previously unnoticed features of metaboly. While two of our euglenids execute their stroke at constant body volume, the other two exhibit deviations of about 20% from their average volume, challenging current models of low Reynolds number locomotion. We find that the active pellicle shear deformations causing shape changes can reach 340%, and estimate the velocity of the molecular motors. Moreover, we find that metaboly accomplishes locomotion at hydrodynamic efficiencies comparable to those of ciliates and flagellates. Our results suggest new quantitative experiments, provide insight into the evolutionary history of euglenids, and suggest that the pellicle may serve as a model for engineered active surfaces with applications in microfluidics.10amicroswimmers1 aArroyo, Marino1 aHeltai, Luca1 aMillán, Daniel1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/644400324nas a2200097 4500008004100000245006100041210005700102260001000159100002100169856003600190 2012 en d00aSome aspects of spinors – classical and noncommutative0 aSome aspects of spinors classical and noncommutative bSISSA1 aDossena, Giacomo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/631700568nas a2200121 4500008004100000245003800041210003800079260003200117520021000149653002200359100002900381856003600410 2012 en d00aSome remarks on quantum mechanics0 aSome remarks on quantum mechanics bWorld Scientific Publishing3 aWe discuss the similarities and differences between the formalism of Hamiltonian Classical Mechanics and of Quantum Mechanics and exemplify the differences through an analysis of tracks in a cloud chamber.10aQuantum mechanics1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/701801607nas a2200157 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137260002100206520106500227100002201292700002901314700002001343700002901363700002101392856003601413 2012 en d00aStability for a System of N Fermions Plus a Different Particle with Zero-Range Interactions0 aStability for a System of N Fermions Plus a Different Particle w bWorld Scientific3 aWe study the stability problem for a non-relativistic quantum system in\\r\\ndimension three composed by $ N \\\\geq 2 $ identical fermions, with unit mass,\\r\\ninteracting with a different particle, with mass $ m $, via a zero-range\\r\\ninteraction of strength $ \\\\alpha \\\\in \\\\R $. We construct the corresponding\\r\\nrenormalised quadratic (or energy) form $ \\\\form $ and the so-called\\r\\nSkornyakov-Ter-Martirosyan symmetric extension $ H_{\\\\alpha} $, which is the\\r\\nnatural candidate as Hamiltonian of the system. We find a value of the mass $\\r\\nm^*(N) $ such that for $ m > m^*(N)$ the form $ \\\\form $ is closed and bounded from below. As a consequence, $ \\\\form $ defines a unique self-adjoint and bounded from below extension of $ H_{\\\\alpha}$ and therefore the system is stable. On the other hand, we also show that the form $ \\\\form $ is unbounded from below for $ m < m^*(2)$. In analogy with the well-known bosonic case, this suggests that the system is unstable for $ m < m^*(2)$ and the so-called Thomas effect occurs.1 aCorreggi, Michele1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFinco, Domenico1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aTeta, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/606900518nas a2200109 4500008004100000245011900041210006900160100001700229700001700246700002200263856012300285 2012 eng d00aA stable semi-lagrangian potential method for the simulation of ship interaction with unsteady and nonlinear waves0 astable semilagrangian potential method for the simulation of shi1 aMola, Andrea1 aHeltai, Luca1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/stable-semi-lagrangian-potential-method-simulation-ship-interaction-unsteady-and00948nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006000041210006000101260002200161520056500183100002400748700001800772856003600790 2012 en d00aThermodynamic phase transitions and shock singularities0 aThermodynamic phase transitions and shock singularities bThe Royal Society3 aWe show that under rather general assumptions on the form of the entropy\\r\\nfunction, the energy balance equation for a system in thermodynamic equilibrium is equivalent to a set of nonlinear equations of hydrodynamic type. This set of equations is integrable via the method of the characteristics and it provides the equation of state for the gas. The shock wave catastrophe set identifies the phase transition. A family of explicitly solvable models of\\r\\nnon-hydrodynamic type such as the classical plasma and the ideal Bose gas are\\r\\nalso discussed.1 aDe Nittis, Giuseppe1 aMoro, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/609001400nas a2200169 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131260005000200520083200250100001401082700001801096700001501114700002201129700002201151700002101173856003601194 2011 en d00aAdaptation as a genome-wide autoregulatory principle in the stress response of yeast.0 aAdaptation as a genomewide autoregulatory principle in the stres bThe Institution of Engineering and Technology3 aThe gene expression response of yeast to various types of stresses/perturbations shows a common functional and dynamical pattern for the vast majority of genes, characterised by a quick transient peak (affecting primarily short genes) followed by a return to the pre-stimulus level. Kinetically, this process of adaptation following the transient excursion can be modelled using a genome-wide autoregulatory mechanism by means of which yeast aims at maintaining a preferential concentration in its mRNA levels. The resulting feedback system explains well the different time constants observable in the transient response, while being in agreement with all the known experimental dynamical features. For example, it suggests that a very rapid transient can be induced also by a slowly varying concentration of the gene products.1 aEduati, F1 aDi Camillo, B1 aToffolo, G1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aDe Palo, Giovanna1 aZampieri, Mattia uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/510600435nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137260001300206300001200219490000700231100002100238856005400259 2011 eng d00aConcentration of solutions for a singularly perturbed Neumann problem in non-smooth domains0 aConcentration of solutions for a singularly perturbed Neumann pr bElsevier a107-1260 v281 aDipierro, Serena uhttp://www.numdam.org/item/AIHPC_2011__28_1_107_001012nas a2200169 4500008004100000245005500041210005400096260006700150520046800217653002100685100002400706700002400730700002000754700001900774700001300793856003600806 2011 en d00aCones of divisors of blow-ups of projective spaces0 aCones of divisors of blowups of projective spaces bUniversità degli Studi di Catania. Dipartimento di matematica3 aWe investigate Mori dream spaces obtained by blowing-up the n-dimensional complex projective space at n+1, n+2 or n+3 points in very general position. Using toric techniques we study the movable cone of the blow-up of Pn at n+1 points, its decomposition into nef chambers and the action of theWeyl group on the set of chambers. Moreover, using different methods, we explicitly write down the equations of the movable cone also for Pn blown-up at n+2 points.10aMori dream space1 aLo Giudice, Alessio1 aCacciola, Salvatore1 aDonten-Bury, M.1 aDumitrescu, O.1 aPark, J. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/661300974nas a2200121 4500008004300000245009300043210006900136260004800205520051800253100002100771700002400792856003600816 2011 en_Ud 00aCrack growth with non-interpenetration : a simplified proof for the pure Neumann problem0 aCrack growth with noninterpenetration a simplified proof for the bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aWe present a recent existence result concerning the quasi-static evolution of cracks in hyperelastic brittle materials, in the frame-work of finite elasticity with non-interpenetration. In particular, here we consider the problem where no Dirichlet conditions are imposed, the boundary is traction-free, and the body is subject only to time-dependent volume forces. This allows us to present the main ideas of the proof in a simpler way, avoiding some of the technicalities needed in the general case, studied in.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/380100428nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005400041210005300095260001000148653003100158100002600189700002200215700002100237856003600258 2011 en d00aCritical points of the Moser-Trudinger functional0 aCritical points of the MoserTrudinger functional bSISSA10aMoser-Trudinger inequality1 aDe Marchis, Francesca1 aMalchiodi, Andrea1 aMartinazzi, Luca uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/459200524nas a2200133 4500008004100000245012600041210006900167260003300236100002000269700002100289700002200310700002200332856003600354 2011 en d00aCytoskeletal actin networks in motile cells are critically self-organized systems synchronized by mechanical interactions0 aCytoskeletal actin networks in motile cells are critically selfo bNational Academy of Sciences1 aCardamone, Luca1 aLaio, Alessandro1 aShahapure, Rajesh1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/435801229nas a2200169 4500008004100000245006500041210006200106260001000168520073800178100001600916700003100932700001500963700001200978700001400990700001901004856003601023 2011 en d00aD-branes, surface operators, and ADHM quiver representations0 aDbranes surface operators and ADHM quiver representations bSISSA3 aA supersymmetric quantum mechanical model is constructed for BPS states bound to surface operators in five dimensional SU(r) gauge theories using D-brane engineering. This model represents the effective action of a certain D2-brane configuration, and is naturally obtained by dimensional reduction of a quiver $(0,2)$ gauged linear sigma model. In a special stability chamber, the resulting moduli space of quiver representations is shown to be smooth and isomorphic to a moduli space of framed quotients on the projective plane. A precise conjecture relating a K-theoretic partition function of this moduli space to refined open string invariants of toric lagrangian branes is formulated for conifold and local P^1 x P^1 geometries.1 aBruzzo, Ugo1 aDiaconescu, Duiliu-Emanuel1 aYardim, M.1 aPan, G.1 aZhang, Yi1 aWu-yen, Chuang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/413300653nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009700041210006900138260001000207520027300217100001700490856003600507 2011 en d00aDimensional Reduction and Approximation of Measures and Weakly Differentiable Homeomorphisms0 aDimensional Reduction and Approximation of Measures and Weakly D bSISSA3 aThis thesis is devoted to the study of two different problems: the properties of the disintegration of the Lebesgue measure on the faces of a convex function and the existence of smooth approximations of bi-Lipschitz orientation-preserving homeomorphisms in the plane.1 aDaneri, Sara uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/534800628nas a2200109 4500008004100000245003900041210003800080260004800118520029500166100002100461856003600482 2011 en d00aEnnio De Giorgi and Γ-convergence0 aEnnio De Giorgi and Γconvergence bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aΓ-convergence was introduced by Ennio De Giorgi in a series of papers published between 1975 and 1983. In the same years he developed many applications of this tool to a great variety of asymptotic problems in the calculus of variations and in the theory of partial differential equations.1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/530801548nas a2200157 4500008004300000245008600043210006900129260005100198300001400249490000800263520101800271100002101289700002201310700002201332856003601354 2011 en_Ud 00aAn Existence and Uniqueness Result for the Motion of Self-Propelled Microswimmers0 aExistence and Uniqueness Result for the Motion of SelfPropelled bSociety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics a1345-13680 v 433 aWe present an analytical framework to study the motion of micro-swimmers in a viscous fluid. Our main result is that, under very mild regularity assumptions, the change of shape determines uniquely the motion of the swimmer. We assume that the Reynolds number is very small, so that the velocity field of the surrounding, infinite fluid is governed by the Stokes system and all inertial effects can be neglected. Moreover, we enforce the self propulsion constraint (no external forces and torques). Therefore, Newton\\\'s equations of motion reduce to the vanishing of the viscous drag force and torque acting on the body. By exploiting an integral representation of viscous force and torque, the equations of motion can be reduced to a system of six ordinary differential equations. Variational techniques are used to prove the boundedness and measurability of its coefficients, so that classical results on ordinary differential equations can be invoked to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMorandotti, Marco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/389401004nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260003400184520055100218653001800769100002100787700002600808856003600834 2011 en d00aExistence for wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks0 aExistence for wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing c bEuropean Mathematical Society3 aIn this paper we formulate and study scalar wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks. This includes a zero Neumann condition on the crack sets, and the only assumptions on these sets are that they have bounded surface measure and are growing in the sense of set inclusion. In particular, they may be dense, so the weak formulations must fall outside of the usual weak formulations using Sobolev spaces. We study both damped and undamped equations, showing existence and, for the damped equation, uniqueness and energy conservation.10aWave equation1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLarsen, Cristopher J. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/428400898nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001300193490000800206520043400214653002000648100002600668700002200694856003600716 2011 en d00aGamma-convergence of energies for nematic elastomers in the small strain limit0 aGammaconvergence of energies for nematic elastomers in the small bSpringer0 v 233 aWe study two variational models recently proposed in the literature to describe the mechanical behaviour of nematic elastomers either in the fully nonlinear regime or in the framework of a geometrically linear theory. We show that, in the small strain limit, the energy functional of the first one I\\\"-converges to the relaxation of the second one, a functional for which an explicit representation formula is available.

10aLiquid crystals1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/414101081nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004900041210004900090260001000139520061100149653014200760100002100902856003600923 2011 en d00aGeneralised functions of bounded deformation0 aGeneralised functions of bounded deformation bSISSA3 aWe introduce the space GBD of generalized functions of bounded deformation and study the structure properties of these functions: the rectifiability and the slicing properties of their jump sets, and the existence of their approximate symmetric gradients. We conclude by proving a compactness results for GBD, which leads to a compactness result for the space GSBD of generalized special functions of bounded deformation. The latter is connected to the existence of solutions to a weak formulation of some variational problems arising in fracture mechanics in the framework of linearized elasticity.

10afree discontinuity problems, special functions of bounded deformation, jump set, rec- tifiability, slicing, approximate differentiability1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/637400770nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007400043210006900117260001300186520033600199100001800535700002000553700002700573856003600600 2011 en_Ud 00aInfinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds for 2 + 1 integrable systems0 aInfinitedimensional Frobenius manifolds for 2 1 integrable syste bSpringer3 aWe introduce a structure of an infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifold on a subspace in the space of pairs of functions analytic inside/outside the unit circle with simple poles at 0/infinity respectively. The dispersionless 2D Toda equations are embedded into a bigger integrable hierarchy associated with this Frobenius manifold.1 aCarlet, Guido1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMertens, Luca Philippe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/358400860nas a2200181 4500008004100000022001400041245007500055210007200130300001600202490000700218520024700225653004900472653002400521100002300545700002200568700001700590856007100607 2011 eng d a0362-546X00aInfinitely many positive solutions for a Schrödinger–Poisson system0 aInfinitely many positive solutions for a Schrödinger–Poisson sys a5705 - 57210 v743 aWe are interested in the existence of infinitely many positive solutions of the Schrödinger–Poisson system −Δu+u+V(|x|)ϕu=|u|p−1u,x∈R3,−Δϕ=V(|x|)u2,x∈R3, where V(|x|) is a positive bounded function, 1<p<5 and V(r

10aNon-autonomous Schrödinger–Poisson system10aPerturbation method1 ad’Avenia, Pietro1 aPomponio, Alessio1 aVaira, Giusi uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X1100351800923nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010600041210006900147260001300216520043000229653002300659100002000682700001700702700002200719856003600741 2011 en d00aLinearly degenerate Hamiltonian PDEs and a new class of solutions to the WDVV associativity equations0 aLinearly degenerate Hamiltonian PDEs and a new class of solution bSpringer3 aWe define a new class of solutions to the WDVV associativity equations. This class is determined by the property that one of the commuting PDEs associated with such a WDVV solution is linearly degenerate. We reduce the problem of classifying such solutions of the WDVV equations to the particular case of the so-called algebraic Riccati equation and, in this way, arrive at a complete classification of irreducible solutions.10aFrobenius manifold1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aPavlov, M.V.1 aZykov, Sergei, A. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643001329nas a2200169 4500008004100000022001400041245008700055210006900142260000800211300001400219490000700233520081100240100001801051700002201069700002201091856004601113 2011 eng d a1432-095900aMetastable equilibria of capillary drops on solid surfaces: a phase field approach0 aMetastable equilibria of capillary drops on solid surfaces a pha cSep a453–4710 v233 aWe discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of metastable equilibria of capillary drops resting on rough solid surfaces and for the description of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The model is able to reproduce observed transitions of drops on micropillars from Cassie–Baxter to Wenzel states. When supplemented with a dissipation potential which describes energy losses due to frictional forces resisting the motion of the contact line, the model can describe metastable states such as drops in equilibrium on vertical glass plates. The reliability of the model is assessed by a detailed comparison of its predictions with experimental data on the maximal size of water drops that can stick on vertical glass plates which have undergone different surface treatments.

1 aFedeli, Livio1 aTurco, Alessandro1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00161-011-0189-600786nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117300001400186490000600200520033000206100002600536856010200562 2011 eng d00aMultiplicity of solutions for a mean field equation on compact surfaces0 aMultiplicity of solutions for a mean field equation on compact s a245–2570 v43 aWe consider a scalar field equation on compact surfaces which has variational structure. When the surface is a torus and a physical parameter ρ belongs to $(8\pi, 4\pi^2 )$ we show under some extra assumptions that, as conjectured in [9], the functional admits at least three saddle points other than a local minimum.

1 aDe Marchis, Francesca uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/multiplicity-solutions-mean-field-equation-compact-surfaces00467nas a2200121 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001900214100002900233700002600262700002100288856003600309 2011 en d00aOn the number of eigenvalues of a model operator related to a system of three particles on lattices0 anumber of eigenvalues of a model operator related to a system of bIOP Publishing1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aMuminov, Zahriddin I.1 aShermatova, Y.M. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/549600977nas a2200145 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122260002100191520050000212653002100712100002300733700002200756700001700778856003600795 2011 en_Ud 00aNumerical Strategies for Stroke Optimization of Axisymmetric Microswimmers0 aNumerical Strategies for Stroke Optimization of Axisymmetric Mic bWorld Scientific3 aWe propose a computational method to solve optimal swimming problems, based on the boundary integral formulation of the hydrodynamic interaction between swimmer and surrounding fluid and direct constrained minimization of the energy consumed by the swimmer. We apply our method to axisymmetric model examples. We consider a classical model swimmer (the three-sphere swimmer of Golestanian et al.) as well as a novel axisymmetric swimmer inspired by the observation of biological micro-organisms.10aOptimal swimming1 aAlouges, François1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHeltai, Luca uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/365701547nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008700041210006900128260000900197520111200206100002001318700001801338700002101356856003601377 2011 en d00aNumerical Study of breakup in generalized Korteweg-de Vries and Kawahara equations0 aNumerical Study of breakup in generalized Kortewegde Vries and K bSIAM3 aThis article is concerned with a conjecture in [B. Dubrovin, Comm. Math. Phys., 267 (2006), pp. 117–139] on the formation of dispersive shocks in a class of Hamiltonian dispersive regularizations of the quasi-linear transport equation. The regularizations are characterized by two arbitrary functions of one variable, where the condition of integrability implies that one of these functions must not vanish. It is shown numerically for a large class of equations that the local behavior of their solution near the point of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation is described by a special solution of a Painlevé-type equation. This local description holds also for solutions to equations where blowup can occur in finite time. Furthermore, it is shown that a solution of the dispersive equations away from the point of gradient catastrophe is approximated by a solution of the transport equation with the same initial data, modulo terms of order $\\\\epsilon^2$, where $\\\\epsilon^2$ is the small dispersion parameter. Corrections up to order $\\\\epsilon^4$ are obtained and tested numerically.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/495100295nas a2200097 4500008004100000245004400041210004100085100001700126700001900143856003500162 2011 eng d00aA planar bi-Lipschitz extension Theorem0 aplanar biLipschitz extension Theorem1 aDaneri, Sara1 aPratelli, Aldo uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1110.612400961nas a2200121 4500008004300000245005200043210005100095260001300146520059700159100002200756700002500778856003600803 2011 en_Ud 00aPoincaré covariance and κ-Minkowski spacetime0 aPoincaré covariance and κMinkowski spacetime bElsevier3 aA fully Poincaré covariant model is constructed out of the k-Minkowski spacetime. Covariance is implemented by a unitary representation of the Poincaré group, and thus complies with the original Wigner approach to quantum symmetries. This provides yet another example (besides the DFR model), where Poincaré covariance is realised á la Wigner in the presence of two characteristic dimensionful parameters: the light speed and the Planck length. In other words, a Doubly Special Relativity (DSR) framework may well be realised without deforming the meaning of \\\"Poincaré covariance\\\".1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aPiacitelli, Gherardo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/389300741nas a2200121 4500008004100000245003700041210003700078260002100115520040400136100002200540700002100562856003600583 2011 en d00aProduct of real spectral triples0 aProduct of real spectral triples bWorld Scientific3 aWe construct the product of real spectral triples of arbitrary finite dimension (and arbitrary parity) taking into account the fact that in the even case there are two possible real structures, in the odd case there are two inequivalent representations of the gamma matrices (Clifford algebra), and in the even-even case there are two natural candidates for the Dirac operator of the product triple.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aDossena, Giacomo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/551002121nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120260001300189520164700202100002001849700002201869700002301891700002501914856003601939 2011 en d00aQuantum Geometry on Quantum Spacetime: Distance, Area and Volume Operators0 aQuantum Geometry on Quantum Spacetime Distance Area and Volume O bSpringer3 aWe develop the first steps towards an analysis of geometry on the quantum\\r\\nspacetime proposed in Doplicher et al. (Commun Math Phys 172:187–220, 1995). The homogeneous elements of the universal differential algebra are naturally identified with operators living in tensor powers of Quantum Spacetime; this allows us to compute their spectra. In particular, we consider operators that can be interpreted as distances, areas, 3- and 4-volumes. The Minkowski distance operator between two independent events is shown to have pure Lebesgue spectrum with infinite multiplicity. The Euclidean distance operator is shown to have spectrum bounded below by a constant of the order of the Planck length. The corresponding statement is proved also for both the space-space and space-time area operators, as well as for the Euclidean length of the vector representing the 3-volume operators. However, the space 3-volume operator (the time component of that vector) is shown to have spectrum equal to the whole complex plane. All these operators are normal, while the distance operators are also selfadjoint. The Lorentz invariant spacetime volume operator, representing the 4- volume spanned by five\\r\\nindependent events, is shown to be normal. Its spectrum is pure point with a\\r\\nfinite distance (of the order of the fourth power of the Planck length) away\\r\\nfrom the origin. The mathematical formalism apt to these problems is developed and its relation to a general formulation of Gauge Theories on Quantum Spaces is outlined. As a byproduct, a Hodge Duality between the absolute differential and the Hochschild boundary is pointed out.1 aBahns, Dorothea1 aDoplicher, Sergio1 aFredenhagen, Klaus1 aPiacitelli, Gherardo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/520300860nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008400041210006900125260001300194520041200207100002500619700002400644700002200668856003600690 2011 en d00aQuantum Isometries of the finite noncommutative geometry of the Standard Model0 aQuantum Isometries of the finite noncommutative geometry of the bSpringer3 aWe compute the quantum isometry group of the finite noncommutative geometry F describing the internal degrees of freedom in the Standard Model of particle physics. We show that this provides genuine quantum symmetries of the spectral triple corresponding to M x F where M is a compact spin manifold. We also prove that the bosonic and fermionic part of the spectral action are preserved by these symmetries.1 aBhowmick, Jyotishman1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/490600673nas a2200109 4500008004300000245010600043210006900149520026500218100002200483700002200505856003600527 2011 en_Ud 00aQuasiconvex envelopes of energies for nematic elastomers in the small strain regime and applications0 aQuasiconvex envelopes of energies for nematic elastomers in the 3 aWe provide some explicit formulas for the quasiconvex envelope of energy densities for nematic elastomers in the small strain regime and plane strain conditions. We then demonstrate their use as a powerful tool for the interpretation of mechanical experiments.1 aCesana, Pierluigi1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/406501427nas a2200145 4500008004300000245012100043210006900164260001300233520090600246653002401152100002101176700002201197700002601219856003601245 2011 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic evolution for Cam-Clay plasticity: a weak formulation via viscoplastic regularization and time rescaling0 aQuasistatic evolution for CamClay plasticity a weak formulation bSpringer3 aCam-Clay nonassociative plasticity exhibits both hardening and softening behaviour, depending on the loading. For many initial data the classical formulation of the quasistatic evolution problem has no smooth solution. We propose here a notion of generalized solution, based on a viscoplastic approximation. To study the limit of the viscoplastic evolutions we rescale time, in such a way that the plastic strain is uniformly Lipschitz with respect to the rescaled time. The limit of these rescaled solutions, as the viscosity parameter tends to zero, is characterized through an energy-dissipation balance, that can be written in a natural way using the rescaled time. As shown in [4] and [6], the proposed solution may be discontinuous with respect to the original time. Our formulation allows to compute the amount of viscous dissipation occurring instantaneously at each discontinuity time.

10aCam-Clay plasticity1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aSolombrino, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/367000823nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007200041210006900113260001300182520042600195100002200621700002200643856003600665 2011 en d00aQuasistatic evolution of sessile drops and contact angle hysteresis0 aQuasistatic evolution of sessile drops and contact angle hystere bSpringer3 aWe consider the classical model of capillarity coupled with a rate-independent dissipation mechanism due to frictional forces acting on the contact line, and prove the existence of quasistatic evolutions with prescribed initial configuration. We also discuss in detail some explicit solutions to show that the model does account for contact angle hysteresis, and to compare its predictions with experimental observations.1 aAlberti, Giovanni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/491200804nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005600041210005400097260001300151520040700164100002300571700002300594700001700617856003600634 2011 en d00aSBV regularity for Hamilton-Jacobi equations in R^n0 aSBV regularity for HamiltonJacobi equations in Rn bSpringer3 aIn this paper we study the regularity of viscosity solutions to the following Hamilton-Jacobi equations $$ \partial_t u + H(D_{x} u)=0 \qquad \textrm{in}\quad \Omega\subset \mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^{n} . $$ In particular, under the assumption that the Hamiltonian $H\in C^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is uniformly convex, we prove that $D_{x}u$ and $\partial_t u$ belong to the class $SBV_{loc}(\Omega)$.

1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aDe Lellis, Camillo1 aRobyr, Roger uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/491101135nas a2200145 4500008004300000245008100043210006900124260002300193520065600216100002100872700002100893700001900914700002000933856003600953 2011 en_Ud 00aSingular perturbation models in phase transitions for second order materials0 aSingular perturbation models in phase transitions for second ord bIndiana University3 aA variational model proposed in the physics literature to describe the onset of pattern formation in two-component bilayer membranes and amphiphilic monolayers leads to the analysis of a Ginzburg-Landau type energy with a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Scaling arguments motivate the study of the family of second order singular perturbed energies Fe having a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Here, the asymptotic behavior of {Fe} is studied using G-convergence techniques. In particular, compactness results and an integral representation of the limit energy are obtained.1 aChermisi, Milena1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/385800731nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007500043210006900118260002800187520027600215100002200491700002600513700002200539856003600561 2011 en_Ud 00aSupercritical conformal metrics on surfaces with conical singularities0 aSupercritical conformal metrics on surfaces with conical singula bOxford University Press3 aWe study the problem of prescribing the Gaussian curvature on surfaces with conical singularities in supercritical regimes. Using a Morse-theoretical approach we prove a general existence theorem on surfaces with positive genus, with a generic multiplicity result.

1 aBardelloni, Mauro1 aDe Marchis, Francesca1 aMalchiodi, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/409501043nas a2200097 4500008004100000245013400041210006900175520055400244100001800798856012900816 2011 eng d00aThin-walled beams with a cross-section of arbitrary geometry: derivation of linear theories starting from 3D nonlinear elasticity0 aThinwalled beams with a crosssection of arbitrary geometry deriv3 aThe subject of this paper is the rigorous derivation of lower dimensional models for a nonlinearly elastic thin-walled beam whose cross-section is given by a thin tubular neighbourhood of a smooth curve. Denoting by h and δ_h, respectively, the diameter and the thickness of the cross-section, we analyse the case where the scaling factor of the elastic energy is of order ε_h^2, with ε_h/δ_h^2 \rightarrow l \in [0, +\infty). Different linearized models are deduced according to the relative order of magnitude of δ_h with respect to h.

1 aDavoli, Elisa uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/thin-walled-beams-cross-section-arbitrary-geometry-derivation-linear-theories-starting02515nas a2200205 4500008004100000022001400041245009600055210006900151300001400220490000700234520182300241653002202064653002402086653003502110653001302145653003502158100002202193700002302215856007102238 2011 eng d a0021-782400aThe well-posedness issue for the density-dependent Euler equations in endpoint Besov spaces0 awellposedness issue for the densitydependent Euler equations in a253 - 2780 v963 aThis work is the continuation of the recent paper (Danchin, 2010) [9] devoted to the density-dependent incompressible Euler equations. Here we concentrate on the well-posedness issue in Besov spaces of type B∞,rs embedded in the set of Lipschitz continuous functions, a functional framework which contains the particular case of Hölder spaces C1,α and of the endpoint Besov space B∞,11. For such data and under the non-vacuum assumption, we establish the local well-posedness and a continuation criterion in the spirit of that of Beale, Kato and Majda (1984) [2]. In the last part of the paper, we give lower bounds for the lifespan of a solution. In dimension two, we point out that the lifespan tends to infinity when the initial density tends to be a constant. This is, to our knowledge, the first result of this kind for the density-dependent incompressible Euler equations. Résumé Ce travail complète lʼarticle récent (Danchin, 2010) [9] consacré au système dʼEuler incompressible à densité variable. Lorsque lʼétat initial ne comporte pas de vide, on montre ici que le système est bien posé dans tous les espaces de Besov B∞,rs inclus dans lʼensemble des fonctions lipschitziennes. Ce cadre fonctionnel contient en particulier les espaces de Hölder C1,α et lʼespace de Besov limite B∞,11. On établit également un critère de prolongement dans lʼesprit de celui de Beale, Kato et Majda (1984) [2] pour le cas homogène. Dans la dernière partie de lʼarticle, on donne des minorations pour le temps de vie des solutions du système. En dimension deux, on montre que ce temps de vie tend vers lʼinfini lorsque la densité tend à être homogène. À notre connaissance, il sʼagit du premier résultat de ce type pour le système dʼEuler incompressible à densité variable.

10aBlow-up criterion10aCritical regularity10aIncompressible Euler equations10aLifespan10aNonhomogeneous inviscid fluids1 aDanchin, Raphaël1 aFanelli, Francesco uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002178241100051101351nas a2200109 4500008004300000245003600043210003500079520104400114100002501158700002201183856003601205 2010 en_Ud 00aCanonical k-Minkowski Spacetime0 aCanonical kMinkowski Spacetime3 aA complete classification of the regular representations of the relations [T,X_j] = (i/k)X_j, j=1,...,d, is given. The quantisation of RxR^d canonically (in the sense of Weyl) associated with the universal representation of the above relations is intrinsically \\\"radial\\\", this meaning that it only involves the time variable and the distance from the origin; angle variables remain classical. The time axis through the origin is a spectral singularity of the model: in the large scale limit it is topologically disjoint from the rest. The symbolic calculus is developed; in particular there is a trace functional on symbols. For suitable choices of states localised very close to the origin, the uncertainties of all spacetime coordinates can be made simultaneously small at wish. On the contrary, uncertainty relations become important at \\\"large\\\" distances: Planck scale effects should be visible at LHC energies, if processes are spread in a region of size 1mm (order of peak nominal beam size) around the origin of spacetime.1 aPiacitelli, Gherardo1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/386300908nas a2200109 4500008004300000245010700043210006900150520050000219100001800719700002500737856003600762 2010 en_Ud 00aConvergence of equilibria of thin elastic rods under physical growth conditions for the energy density0 aConvergence of equilibria of thin elastic rods under physical gr3 aThe subject of this paper is the study of the asymptotic behaviour of the equilibrium configurations of a nonlinearly elastic thin rod, as the diameter of the cross-section tends to zero. Convergence results are established assuming physical growth conditions for the elastic energy density and suitable scalings of the applied loads, that correspond at the limit to different rod models: the constrained linear theory, the analogous of von Kármán plate theory for rods, and the linear theory.1 aDavoli, Elisa1 aMora, Maria Giovanna uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/408600681nas a2200109 4500008004300000245004900043210004900092520034800141100002400489700002200513856003600535 2010 en_Ud 00aDirac Operators on Quantum Projective Spaces0 aDirac Operators on Quantum Projective Spaces3 aWe construct a family of self-adjoint operators D_N which have compact resolvent and bounded commutators with the coordinate algebra of the quantum projective space CP_q(l), for any l>1 and 0We consider the disintegration of the Lebesgue measure on the graph of a convex function f:\\\\Rn-> \\\\R w.r.t. the partition into its faces, which are convex sets and therefore have a well defined linear dimension, and we prove that each conditional measure is equivalent to the k-dimensional Hausdorff measure of the k-dimensional face on which it is concentrated. The remarkable fact is that a priori the directions of the faces are just Borel and no Lipschitz regularity is known. Notwithstanding that, we also prove that a Green-Gauss formula for these directions holds on special sets.1 aCaravenna, Laura1 aDaneri, Sara uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/362200702nas a2200121 4500008004300000245011200043210007000155260001900225520025100244100002900495700002000524856003600544 2010 en_Ud 00aEffective Schroedinger dynamics on $ ε$-thin Dirichlet waveguides via Quantum Graphs I: star-shaped graphs0 aEffective Schroedinger dynamics on εthin Dirichlet waveguides vi bIOP Publishing3 aWe describe the boundary conditions at the vertex that one must choose to obtain a dynamical system that best describes the low-energy part of the evolution of a quantum system confined to a very small neighbourhood of a star-shaped metric graph.1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aCosta, Emanuele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/410600947nas a2200181 4500008004100000022001400041245007300055210006900128300001600197490000800213520035200221653002500573653002000598653002300618653002700641100002600668856007100694 2010 eng d a0022-123600aGeneric multiplicity for a scalar field equation on compact surfaces0 aGeneric multiplicity for a scalar field equation on compact surf a2165 - 21920 v2593 aWe prove generic multiplicity of solutions for a scalar field equation on compact surfaces via Morse inequalities. In particular our result improves significantly the multiplicity estimate which can be deduced from the degree-counting formula in Chen and Lin (2003) [12]. Related results are derived for the prescribed Q-curvature equation.

10aGeneric multiplicity10aGeometric PDE's10aMorse inequalities10aScalar field equations1 aDe Marchis, Francesca uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002212361000269701140nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006600043210006200109520077800171100002400949700002100973856003600994 2010 en_Ud 00aThe geometry emerging from the symmetries of a quantum system0 ageometry emerging from the symmetries of a quantum system3 aWe investigate the relation between the symmetries of a quantum system and its topological quantum numbers, in a general C*-algebraic framework. We prove that, under suitable assumptions on the symmetry algebra, there exists a generalization of the Bloch-Floquet transform which induces a direct-integral decomposition of the algebra of observables. Such generalized transform selects uniquely the set of \\\"continuous sections\\\" in the direct integral, thus yielding a Hilbert bundle. The emerging geometric structure provides some topological invariants of the quantum system. Two running examples provide an Ariadne\\\'s thread through the paper. For the sake of completeness, we review two related theorems by von Neumann and Maurin and compare them with our result.1 aDe Nittis, Giuseppe1 aPanati, Gianluca uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/383400685nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006100041210005800102260001000160520034900170100002000519856003600539 2010 en d00aHamiltonian PDEs: deformations, integrability, solutions0 aHamiltonian PDEs deformations integrability solutions bSISSA3 aWe review recent classification results on the theory of systems of nonlinear\\r\\nHamiltonian partial differential equations with one spatial dimension, including\\r\\na perturbative approach to the integrability theory of such systems, and discuss\\r\\nuniversality conjectures describing critical behaviour of solutions to such\\r\\nsystems.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646900629nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122260002200191520021000213100002100423700002700444856003600471 2010 en_Ud 00aHomogenization of fiber reinforced brittle material: the intermediate case0 aHomogenization of fiber reinforced brittle material the intermed bWalter de Gruyter3 aWe derive a cohesive fracture model by homogenizing a periodic composite material whose microstructure is characterized by the presence of brittle inclusions in a reticulated unbreakable elastic structure.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/360700901nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004400043210004300087520054400130100002200674700002200696700002500718856003600743 2010 en_Ud 00aLorentz Covariant k-Minkowski Spacetime0 aLorentz Covariant kMinkowski Spacetime3 aIn recent years, different views on the interpretation of Lorentz covariance of non commuting coordinates were discussed. Here, by a general procedure, we construct the minimal canonical central covariantisation of the k-Minkowski spacetime. We then show that, though the usual k-Minkowski spacetime is covariant under deformed (or twisted) Lorentz action, the resulting framework is equivalent to taking a non covariant restriction of the covariantised model. We conclude with some general comments on the approach of deformed covariance.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aGodlinski, Michal1 aPiacitelli, Gherardo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/382900409nas a2200109 4500008004300000245009100043210006900134100002100203700001900224700002000243856003600263 2010 en_Ud 00aNonlocal character of the reduced theory of thin films with higher order perturbations0 aNonlocal character of the reduced theory of thin films with high1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/375401187nas a2200145 4500008004300000245004000043210004000083520078100123100002300904700002200927700001700949700002000966700001900986856003601005 2010 en_Ud 00aOptimally swimming Stokesian Robots0 aOptimally swimming Stokesian Robots3 aWe study self propelled stokesian robots composed of assemblies of balls, in dimen-\\nsions 2 and 3, and prove that they are able to control their position and orientation. This is a result of controllability, and its proof relies on applying Chow\\\'s theorem in an analytic framework, similarly to what has been done in [3] for an axisymmetric system swimming along the axis of symmetry. However, we simplify drastically\\nthe analyticity result given in [3] and apply it to a situation where more complex swimmers move either in a plane or in three-dimensional space, hence experiencing also rotations. We then focus our attention on energetically optimal strokes, which we are able to compute numerically. Some examples of computed optimal strokes are discussed in detail.1 aAlouges, François1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHeltai, Luca1 aLefebvre, Aline1 aMerlet, Benoit uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/392900902nas a2200169 4500008004100000020002200041245007700063210006900140260003600209300001200245520028600257100002200543700001800565700002200583700001700605856011000622 2010 eng d a978-90-481-9195-600aA Phase Field Approach to Wetting and Contact Angle Hysteresis Phenomena0 aPhase Field Approach to Wetting and Contact Angle Hysteresis Phe aDordrechtbSpringer Netherlands a51–633 aWe discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The performance of the model is assessed by comparing its predictions with experimental data on the critical size of drops that can stick on a vertical glass plate.

1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aFedeli, Livio1 aTurco, Alessandro1 aHackl, Klaus uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/phase-field-approach-wetting-and-contact-angle-hysteresis-phenomena00550nas a2200109 4500008004300000245008300043210006900126520016900195100002100364700001900385856003600404 2010 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic crack growth in elasto-plastic materials: the two-dimensional case0 aQuasistatic crack growth in elastoplastic materials the twodimen3 aWe study a variational model for the quasistatic evolution of elasto-plastic materials with cracks in the case of planar small strain associative elasto-plasticity.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/296400595nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007600043210006900119520021600188100002100404700002400425856003600449 2010 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with non-interpenetration0 aQuasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with noninterpenet3 aWe present a variational model to study the quasistatic growth of brittle cracks in hyperelastic materials, in the framework of finite elasticity, taking\\ninto account the non-interpenetration condition.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/339701311nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125520088800194653002401082100002101106700002601127856003601153 2010 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic evolution for Cam-Clay plasticity: the spatially homogeneous case0 aQuasistatic evolution for CamClay plasticity the spatially homog3 aWe study the spatially uniform case of the problem of quasistatic evolution in small strain nonassociative elastoplasticity (Cam-Clay model). Through the introdution of a viscous approximation, the problem reduces to determine the limit behavior of the solutions of a singularly perturbed system of ODE\\\'s in a finite dimensional Banach space. Depending on the sign of two explicit scalar indicators, we see that the limit dynamics presents, under quite generic assumptions, the alternation of three possible regimes: the elastic regime, when the limit equation is just the equation of linearized elasticity, the slow dynamics, when the strain evolves smoothly on the yield surface and plastic flow is produced, and the fast dynamics, which may happen only in the softening regime, where\\nviscous solutions exhibit a jump across a heteroclinic orbit of an auxiliary system.

10aCam-Clay plasticity1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aSolombrino, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/367101810nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007000043210006600113520141500179100001901594700002201613700001701635856003601652 2010 en_Ud 00aThe role of membrane viscosity in the dynamics of fluid membranes0 arole of membrane viscosity in the dynamics of fluid membranes3 aFluid membranes made out of lipid bilayers are the fundamental separation structure in eukaryotic cells. Many physiological processes rely on dramatic shape and topological changes (e.g. fusion, fission) of fluid membrane systems. Fluidity is key to the versatility and constant reorganization of lipid bilayers. Here, we study the role of the membrane intrinsic viscosity, arising from the friction of the lipid molecules as they rearrange to accommodate shape changes, in the dynamics of morphological changes of fluid vesicles. In particular, we analyze the competition between the membrane viscosity and the viscosity of the bulk fluid surrounding the vesicle as the dominant dissipative mechanism. We consider the relaxation dynamics of fluid vesicles put in an out-of-equilibrium state, but conclusions can be drawn regarding the kinetics or power consumption in regulated shape changes in the cell. On the basis of numerical calculations, we find that the dynamics arising from the membrane viscosity are qualitatively different from the dynamics arising from the bulk viscosity. When these two dissipation mechanisms are put in competition, we find that for small vesicles the membrane dissipation dominates, with a relaxation time that scales as the size of the vesicle to the power 2. For large vesicles, the bulk dissipation dominates, and the exponent in the relaxation time vs. size relation is 3.1 aArroyo, Marino1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHeltai, Luca uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/393001175nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008500043210006900128260001300197520072500210100002900935700002000964700002100984856003601005 2010 en_Ud 00aA time-dependent perturbative analysis for a quantum particle in a cloud chamber0 atimedependent perturbative analysis for a quantum particle in a bSpringer3 aWe consider a simple model of a cloud chamber consisting of a test particle (the alpha-particle) interacting with two other particles (the atoms of the vapour) subject to attractive potentials centered in $a_1, a_2 \\\\in \\\\mathbb{R}^3$. At time zero the alpha-particle is described by an outgoing spherical wave centered in the origin and the atoms are in their ground state. We show that, under suitable assumptions on the physical parameters of the system and up to second order in perturbation theory, the probability that both atoms are ionized is negligible unless $a_2$ lies on the line joining the origin with $a_1$. The work is a fully time-dependent version of the original analysis proposed by Mott in 1929.1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFigari, Rodolfo1 aTeta, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/396900396nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007300043210006900116100002200185700002300207700002000230856003600250 2009 en_Ud 00aBiological Fluid Dynamics, Non-linear Partial Differential Equations0 aBiological Fluid Dynamics Nonlinear Partial Differential Equatio1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aAlouges, François1 aLefebvre, Aline uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/263000806nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007400043210006700117260004800184520037100232100002100603700002400624856003600648 2009 en_Ud 00aOn the convergence of viscous approximations after shock interactions0 aconvergence of viscous approximations after shock interactions bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aWe consider a piecewise smooth solution to a scalar conservation law, with possibly interacting shocks. We show that, after the interactions have taken place, vanishing viscosity approximations can still be represented by a regular expansion on smooth regions and by a singular perturbation expansion near the shocks, in terms of powers of the viscosity coefficient.1 aBressan, Alberto1 aDonadello, Carlotta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/341201141nas a2200133 4500008004300000245014200043210006900185260004800254520060000302100002000902700002200922700002700944856003600971 2009 en_Ud 00aDiscrete-to-continuum limits for strain-alignment-coupled systems: Magnetostrictive solids, ferroelectric crystals and nematic elastomers0 aDiscretetocontinuum limits for strainalignmentcoupled systems Ma bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aIn the framework of linear elasticity, we study the limit of a class of discrete free energies modeling strain-alignment-coupled systems by a rigorous coarse-graining procedure, as the number of molecules diverges. We focus on three paradigmatic examples: magnetostrictive solids, ferroelectric crystals and nematic elastomers, obtaining in the limit three continuum models consistent with those commonly employed in the current literature. We also derive the correspondent macroscopic energies in the presence of displacement boundary conditions and of various kinds of applied external fields.1 aCicalese, Marco1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/378801528nas a2200121 4500008004100000020002200041245010900063210006900172260001000241520109900251100002001350856003601370 2009 en d a978-90-481-2810-500aHamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic PDEs: from classification results to the properties of solutions0 aHamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic PDEs from classification bSISSA3 aWe begin with presentation of classi cation results in the theory of Hamiltonian\\r\\nPDEs with one spatial dimension depending on a small parameter. Special\\r\\nattention is paid to the deformation theory of integrable hierarchies, including an\\r\\nimportant subclass of the so-called integrable hierarchies of the topological type\\r\\nassociated with semisimple Frobenius manifolds. Many well known equations of\\r\\nmathematical physics, such as KdV, NLS, Toda, Boussinesq etc., belong to this\\r\\nsubclass, but there are many new integrable PDEs, some of them being of interest\\r\\nfor applications. Connections with the theory of Gromov{Witten invariants\\r\\nand random matrices are outlined. We then address the problem of comparative\\r\\nstudy of singularities of solutions to the systems of first order quasilinear\\r\\nPDEs and their Hamiltonian perturbations containing higher derivatives. We\\r\\nformulate Universality Conjectures describing different types of critical behavior\\r\\nof perturbed solutions near the point of gradient catastrophe of the unperturbed\\r\\none.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647000927nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007300043210006900116520048700185100002100672700001900693700002000712700002500732856003600757 2009 en_Ud 00aA higher order model for image restoration: the one dimensional case0 ahigher order model for image restoration the one dimensional cas3 aThe higher order total variation-based model for image restoration proposed by Chan, Marquina, and Mulet in [6] is analyzed in one dimension. A suitable functional framework in which the minimization problem is well posed is being proposed and it is proved analytically that the\\nhigher order regularizing term prevents the occurrence of the staircase effect. The generalized version of the model considered here includes, as particular cases, some curvature dependent functionals.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/317401152nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007700043210006900120260000900189520075400198100002100952700002100973856003600994 2009 en_Ud 00aHomogenization of fiber reinforced brittle materials: the extremal cases0 aHomogenization of fiber reinforced brittle materials the extrema bSIAM3 aWe analyze the behavior of a fragile material reinforced by a reticulated elastic unbreakable structure in the case of antiplane shear. The microscopic geometry of this material is described by means of two small parameters: the period $\\\\varepsilon$ of the grid and the ratio $\\\\delta$ between the thickness of the fibers and the period $\\\\varepsilon$. We show that the asymptotic behavior as $\\\\varepsilon\\\\to0^+$ and $\\\\delta\\\\to0^+$ depends dramatically on the relative size of these parameters. Indeed, in the two cases considered, i.e., $\\\\varepsilon\\\\ll\\\\delta$ and $\\\\varepsilon\\\\gg\\\\delta$, we obtain two different limit models: a perfectly elastic model and an elastic model with macroscopic cracks, respectively.1 aBarchiesi, Marco1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/270500735nas a2200109 4500008004300000245009500043210006900138520033900207100002100546700002200567856003600589 2009 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic evolution for Cam-Clay plasticity: examples of spatially homogeneous solutions0 aQuasistatic evolution for CamClay plasticity examples of spatial3 aWe study a quasistatic evolution problem for Cam-Clay plasticity under a special loading program which leads to spatially homogeneous solutions. Under some initial conditions, the solutions exhibit a softening behaviour and time discontinuities.\\nThe behavior of the solutions at the jump times is studied by a viscous approximation.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/339501411nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004300043210004300086260003000129520105300159100001901212700002201231856003601253 2009 en_Ud 00aRelaxation dynamics of fluid membranes0 aRelaxation dynamics of fluid membranes bAmerican Physical Society3 aWe study the effect of membrane viscosity in the dynamics of liquid membranes-possibly with free or internal boundaries-driven by conservative forces (curvature elasticity and line tension) and dragged by the bulk dissipation of the ambient fluid and the friction occurring when the amphiphilic molecules move relative to each other. To this end, we formulate a continuum model which includes a form of the governing equations for a two-dimensional viscous fluid moving on a curved, time-evolving surface. The effect of membrane viscosity has received very limited attention in previous continuum studies of the dynamics of fluid membranes, although recent coarse-grained discrete simulations suggest its importance. By applying our model to the study of vesiculation and membrane fusion in a simplified geometry, we conclude that membrane viscosity plays a dominant role in the relaxation dynamics of fluid membranes of sizes comparable to those found in eukaryotic cells, and is not negligible in many large synthetic systems of current interest.1 aArroyo, Marino1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/361800893nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007600043210006900119520051500188100002200703700002200725856003600747 2009 en_Ud 00aStrain-order coupling in nematic elastomers: equilibrium configurations0 aStrainorder coupling in nematic elastomers equilibrium configura3 aWe consider models that describe liquid crystal elastomers either in a biaxial or in a uniaxial phase and in the framework of Frank\\\'s director theory. We prove existence of static equilibrium solutions in the presence of frustrations due to electro-mechanical boundary conditions and to applied loads and fields. We find explicit solutions arising in connection with special boundary conditions and the corresponding phase diagrams, leading to significant implications on possible experimental observations.1 aCesana, Pierluigi1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/270000754nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007200043210006900115520035700184100002200541700001600563700001700579856003600596 2009 en_Ud 00aStratos: a code for 3D free surface flows with floating constraints0 aStratos a code for 3D free surface flows with floating constrain3 aThis report presents a brief discussion of the theoretical aspects and practical implementation of STRATOS . STRATOS is a 3D code for the simulation\\nof hydrodynamic flows for incompressible fluids, in the presence of a free surface, capable of simulating the interaction between the free surface and a\\nfloating object via Lagrange multipliers......1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aBianchi, B.1 aHeltai, Luca uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/370100841nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007600043210006900119520043200188100002200620700001700642700002400659856003600683 2009 en_Ud 00aTools for the Solution of PDEs Defined on Curved Manifolds with deal.II0 aTools for the Solution of PDEs Defined on Curved Manifolds with 3 aThe deal.II finite element library was originally designed to solve partial differential equations defined on one, two or three space dimensions, mostly\\nvia the Finite Element Method. In its versions prior to version 6.2, the user could not solve problems defined on curved manifolds embedded in two or\\nthree spacial dimensions. This infrastructure is needed if one wants to solve, for example, Boundary Integral Equations.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHeltai, Luca1 aManigrasso, Cataldo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/370000978nas a2200121 4500008004300000245018700043210006900230520046200299100002000761700001800781700002100799856003600820 2009 en_Ud 00aOn universality of critical behaviour in the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation, elliptic umbilic catastrophe and the {\\\\it tritronquée} solution to the Painlevé-I equation0 auniversality of critical behaviour in the focusing nonlinear Sch3 aWe argue that the critical behaviour near the point of ``gradient catastrophe\\\" of the solution to the Cauchy problem for the focusing nonlinear Schr\\\\\\\"odinger equation $ i\\\\epsilon \\\\psi_t +\\\\frac{\\\\epsilon^2}2\\\\psi_{xx}+ |\\\\psi|^2 \\\\psi =0$ with analytic initial data of the form $\\\\psi(x,0;\\\\epsilon) =A(x) e^{\\\\frac{i}{\\\\epsilon} S(x)}$ is approximately described by a particular solution to the Painlev\\\\\\\'e-I equation.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/252500454nas a2200109 4500008004300000245012300043210006900166100002100235700002600256700002600282856003600308 2009 en_Ud 00aA variational model for quasistatic crack growth in nonlinear elasticity: some qualitative properties of the solutions0 avariational model for quasistatic crack growth in nonlinear elas1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aGiacomini, Alessandro1 aPonsiglione, Marcello uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/267500386nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006300043210006300106260003100169100002100200700001900221856003600240 2008 en_Ud 00aDecomposition results for functions with bounded variation0 aDecomposition results for functions with bounded variation bUnione Matematica Italiana1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/353500962nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008100043210006900124260000900193520056300202100001700765700002200782856003600804 2008 en_Ud 00aEulerian calculus for the displacement convexity in the Wasserstein distance0 aEulerian calculus for the displacement convexity in the Wasserst bSIAM3 aIn this paper we give a new proof of the (strong) displacement convexity of a class of integral functionals defined on a compact Riemannian manifold satisfying a lower Ricci curvature bound. Our approach does not rely on existence and regularity results for optimal transport maps on Riemannian manifolds, but it is based on the Eulerian point of view recently introduced by Otto and Westdickenberg [SIAM J. Math. Anal., 37 (2005), pp. 1227-1255] and on the metric characterization of the gradient flows generated by the functionals in the Wasserstein space.1 aDaneri, Sara1 aSavarè, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/341300797nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006300043210006000106520044300166100002000609700002200629856003600651 2008 en_Ud 00aExistence of conformal metrics with constant $Q$-curvature0 aExistence of conformal metrics with constant Qcurvature3 aGiven a compact four dimensional manifold, we prove existence of conformal metrics with constant $Q$-curvature under generic assumptions. The problem amounts to solving a fourth-order nonlinear elliptic equation with variational structure. Since the corresponding Euler functional is in general unbounded from above and from below, we employ topological methods and minimax schemes, jointly with a compactness result by the second author.1 aDjadli, Zindine1 aMalchiodi, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/230800701nas a2200121 4500008004300000245009900043210006900142520027900211100002000490700001500510700001800525856003600543 2008 en_Ud 00aFrobenius Manifolds and Central Invariants for the Drinfeld - Sokolov Bihamiltonian Structures0 aFrobenius Manifolds and Central Invariants for the Drinfeld Soko3 aThe Drinfeld - Sokolov construction associates a hierarchy of bihamiltonian integrable systems with every untwisted affine Lie algebra. We compute the complete set of invariants of the related bihamiltonian structures with respect to the group of Miura type transformations.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aSi-Qi, Liu1 aYoujin, Zhang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/252301036nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007100043210006900114520059000183100002100773700002200794700002500816700002500841856003600866 2008 en_Ud 00aGlobally stable quasistatic evolution in plasticity with softening0 aGlobally stable quasistatic evolution in plasticity with softeni3 aWe study a relaxed formulation of the quasistatic evolution problem in the context of small strain associative elastoplasticity with softening. The relaxation takes place in spaces of generalized Young measures. The notion of solution is characterized by the following properties: global stability at each time and energy balance on each\\ntime interval. An example developed in detail compares the solutions obtained by this method with the ones provided by a vanishing viscosity approximation, and shows that only the latter capture a decreasing branch in the stress-strain response.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/196500681nas a2200109 4500008004300000245012000043210006900163520026100232100002100493700002100514856003600535 2008 en_Ud 00aGradient bounds for minimizers of free discontinuity problems related to cohesive zone models in fracture mechanics0 aGradient bounds for minimizers of free discontinuity problems re3 aIn this note we consider a free discontinuity problem for a scalar function, whose energy depends also on the size of the jump. We prove that the gradient of every smooth local minimizer never exceeds a constant, determined only by the data of the problem.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aGarroni, Adriana uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/172301495nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007100041210006900112260001000181520113800191100002001329856003601349 2008 en d00aHamiltonian partial differential equations and Frobenius manifolds0 aHamiltonian partial differential equations and Frobenius manifol bSISSA3 aIn the first part of this paper the theory of Frobenius manifolds\\r\\nis applied to the problem of classification of Hamiltonian systems of partial\\r\\ndifferential equations depending on a small parameter. Also developed is\\r\\na deformation theory of integrable hierarchies including the subclass of\\r\\nintegrable hierarchies of topological type. Many well-known examples\\r\\nof integrable hierarchies, such as the Korteweg–de Vries, non-linear\\r\\nSchr¨odinger, Toda, Boussinesq equations, and so on, belong to this\\r\\nsubclass that also contains new integrable hierarchies. Some of these new\\r\\nintegrable hierarchies may be important for applications. Properties of the\\r\\nsolutions to these equations are studied in the second part. Consideration\\r\\nis given to the comparative study of the local properties of perturbed and\\r\\nunperturbed solutions near a point of gradient catastrophe. A Universality\\r\\nConjecture is formulated describing the various types of critical behaviour\\r\\nof solutions to perturbed Hamiltonian systems near the point of gradient\\r\\ncatastrophe of the unperturbed solution.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647101110nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125520069200194100002400886700002200910700002000932856003600952 2008 en_Ud 00aThe Isospectral Dirac Operator on the 4-dimensional Orthogonal Quantum Sphere0 aIsospectral Dirac Operator on the 4dimensional Orthogonal Quantu3 aEquivariance under the action of Uq(so(5)) is used to compute the left regular and (chiral) spinorial representations of the algebra of the quantum Euclidean 4-sphere S^4_q. These representations are the constituents of a spectral triple on this sphere with a Dirac operator which is isospectral to the canonical one of the spin structure of the round undeformed four-sphere and which gives metric dimension four for the noncommutative geometry. Non-triviality of the geometry is proved by pairing the associated Fredholm module with an `instanton\\\' projection. A real structure which satisfies all required properties modulo a suitable ideal of `infinitesimals\\\' is also introduced.1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/256700576nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006400043210006000107520018500167100002400352700002200376700002000398856003600418 2008 en_Ud 00aThe Noncommutative Geometry of the Quantum Projective Plane0 aNoncommutative Geometry of the Quantum Projective Plane3 aWe study the spectral geometry of the quantum projective plane CP^2_q. In particular, we construct a Dirac operator which gives a 0^+ summable triple, equivariant under U_q(su(3)).1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/254801131nas a2200133 4500008004300000245006500043210006400108260001300172520071100185100002300896700002200919700002000941856003600961 2008 en_Ud 00aOptimal Strokes for Low Reynolds Number Swimmers: An Example0 aOptimal Strokes for Low Reynolds Number Swimmers An Example bSpringer3 aSwimming, i.e., being able to advance in the absence of external forces by performing cyclic shape changes, is particularly demanding at low Reynolds numbers. This is the regime of interest for micro-organisms and micro- or nano-robots. We focus in this paper on a simple yet representative example: the three-sphere swimmer of Najafi and Golestanian (Phys. Rev. E, 69, 062901-062904, 2004). For this system, we show how to cast the problem of swimming in the language of control theory, prove global controllability (which implies that the three-sphere swimmer can indeed swim), and propose a numerical algorithm to compute optimal strokes (which turn out to be suitably defined sub-Riemannian geodesics).1 aAlouges, François1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aLefebvre, Aline uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/400600444nas a2200121 4500008004300000245009700043210006900140100001700209700001800226700002200244700002000266856003600286 2008 en_Ud 00aRelaxation of some transversally isotropic energies and applications to smectic A elastomers0 aRelaxation of some transversally isotropic energies and applicat1 aAdams, James1 aConti, Sergio1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aDolzmann, Georg uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/191201276nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008900043210006900132520081200201100002101013700002201034700002501056700002501081856003601106 2008 en_Ud 00aA vanishing viscosity approach to quasistatic evolution in plasticity with softening0 avanishing viscosity approach to quasistatic evolution in plastic3 aWe deal with quasistatic evolution problems in plasticity with softening, in the framework of small strain associative elastoplasticity. The presence of a nonconvex term due to the softening phenomenon requires a nontrivial extension of the variational framework for rate-independent problems to the case of a nonconvex energy functional. We argue that, in this case, the use of global minimizers in the corresponding incremental problems is not justified from the mechanical point of view. Thus, we analize a different selection criterion for the solutions of the quasistatic evolution problem, based on a viscous approximation. This leads to a generalized formulation in terms of Young measures, developed in the first part of the paper. In the second part we apply our approach to some concrete examples.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/184400899nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006800043210006800111520053400179100002000713700002000733856003600753 2007 en_Ud 00aCanonical structure and symmetries of the Schlesinger equations0 aCanonical structure and symmetries of the Schlesinger equations3 aThe Schlesinger equations S (n,m) describe monodromy preserving deformations of order m Fuchsian systems with n+1 poles. They can be considered as a family of commuting time-dependent Hamiltonian systems on the direct product of n copies of m×m matrix algebras equipped with the standard linear Poisson bracket. In this paper we present a new canonical Hamiltonian formulation ofthe general Schlesinger equations S (n,m) for all n, m and we compute the action of the symmetries of the Schlesinger equations in these coordinates.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMazzocco, Marta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/199700643nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006200043210005400105520029200159100002200451700002400473856003600497 2007 en_Ud 00aThe complete one-loop spin chain for N=2 Super-Yang-Mills0 acomplete oneloop spin chain for N2 SuperYangMills3 aWe show that the complete planar one-loop mixing matrix of the N=2 Super Yang--Mills theory can be obtained from a reduction of that of the N=4 theory. For composite operators of scalar fields, this yields an anisotropic XXZ spin chain, whose spectrum of excitations displays a mass gap.1 aDi Vecchia, Paolo1 aTanzini, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/230901187nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006000043210006000103520080200163100002200965700002200987700002001009856003601029 2007 en_Ud 00aCritical voltages and blocking stresses in nematic gels0 aCritical voltages and blocking stresses in nematic gels3 aWe use a recently proposed model to study the dynamics of director remodeling in nematic gels under combined electro-mechanical loading. Focusing on a model specimen, we describe the critical volt-ages that must be exceeded to achieve mesogen reorientation, and the blocking stresses that prevent alignment of the nematic mesogens with the electric field. The corresponding phase diagram shows that the dynamic thresholds defined above are different from those predicted on the sole basis of energetics. Multistep loading programs are used to explore the energy landscape of our model specimen, showing the existence of multiple local minima under the same voltage and applied stress. This leads us to conclude that hysteresis should be expected in the electro-mechanical response of nematic gels.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aDi Carlo, Antonio1 aTeresi, Luciano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/255300855nas a2200133 4500008004300000245005000043210005000093520045800143100002400601700002200625700002000647700001800667856003600685 2007 en_Ud 00aDirac operators on all Podles quantum spheres0 aDirac operators on all Podles quantum spheres3 aWe construct spectral triples on all Podles quantum spheres. These noncommutative geometries are equivariant for a left action of $U_q(su(2))$ and are regular, even and of metric dimension 2. They are all isospectral to the undeformed round geometry of the 2-sphere. There is also an equivariant real structure for which both the commutant property and the first order condition for the Dirac operators are valid up to infinitesimals of arbitrary order.1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aWagner, Elmar uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/217701154nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004500043210004300088520080300131100002200934700002400956700001600980856003600996 2007 en_Ud 00aA new model for contact angle hysteresis0 anew model for contact angle hysteresis3 aWe present a model which explains several experimental observations relating contact angle hysteresis with surface roughness. The model is based on the balance between released energy and dissipation, and it describes the stick-slip behavior of drops on a rough surface using ideas similar to those employed in dry friction, elasto-plasticity and fracture mechanics. The main results of our analysis are formulas giving the interval of stable contact angles as a function of the surface roughness. These formulas show that the difference between advancing and receding angles is much larger for a drop in complete contact with the substrate (Wenzel drop) than for one whose cavities are filled with air (Cassie-Baxter drop). This fact is used as the key tool to interpret the experimental evidence.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aGruenewald, Natalie1 aOtto, Felix uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/184801143nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005700041210005700098260001000155520076800165653002800933100002400961856003600985 2007 en d00aNoncommutative geometry and quantum group symmetries0 aNoncommutative geometry and quantum group symmetries bSISSA3 aIt is a widespread belief that mathematics originates from the desire to understand (and eventually to formalize) some aspects of the real world. Quoting [Man07], «we are doing mathematics in order to understand, create, and handle things, and perhaps this understanding is mathematics» . Let me thus begin with a brief discussion of the physical ideas that motivated the development of Noncommutative Geometry and Quantum Group Theory - the areas of mathematics to which this dissertation belongs. Some physicists believe, and Einstein himself expressed this view in [Ein98a], that physics progresses in stages: there is no `final\\\' theory of Nature, but simply a sequence of theories which provide more and more accurate descriptions of the real world...10aNoncommutative geometry1 aD'Andrea, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/526900613nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006800043210006200111520025400173100002100427700001900448856003600467 2007 en_Ud 00aOn a notion of unilateral slope for the Mumford-Shah functional0 anotion of unilateral slope for the MumfordShah functional3 aIn this paper we introduce a notion of unilateral slope for the Mumford-Shah functional, and provide an explicit formula in the case of smooth cracks. We show that the slope is not lower semicontinuous and study the corresponding relaxed functional.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/205901687nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008300043210007000126520125600196100002201452700002901474700002601503856003601529 2007 en_Ud 00aThe number of eigenvalues of three-particle Schrödinger operators on lattices0 anumber of eigenvalues of threeparticle Schrödinger operators on 3 aWe consider the Hamiltonian of a system of three quantum mechanical particles (two identical fermions and boson)on the three-dimensional lattice $\\\\Z^3$ and interacting by means of zero-range attractive potentials. We describe the location and structure of the essential spectrum of the three-particle discrete Schr\\\\\\\"{o}dinger operator $H_{\\\\gamma}(K),$ $K$ being the total quasi-momentum and $\\\\gamma>0$ the ratio of the mass of fermion and boson.\\nWe choose for $\\\\gamma>0$ the interaction $v(\\\\gamma)$ in such a way the system consisting of one fermion and one boson has a zero energy resonance.\\nWe prove for any $\\\\gamma> 0$ the existence infinitely many eigenvalues of the operator $H_{\\\\gamma}(0).$ We establish for the number $N(0,\\\\gamma; z;)$ of eigenvalues lying below $z<0$ the following asymptotics $$ \\\\lim_{z\\\\to 0-}\\\\frac{N(0,\\\\gamma;z)}{\\\\mid \\\\log \\\\mid z\\\\mid \\\\mid}={U} (\\\\gamma) .$$ Moreover, for all nonzero values of the quasi-momentum $K \\\\in T^3 $ we establish the finiteness of the number $ N(K,\\\\gamma;\\\\tau_{ess}(K))$ of eigenvalues of $H(K)$ below the bottom of the essential spectrum and we give an asymptotics for the number $N(K,\\\\gamma;0)$ of eigenvalues below zero.1 aAlbeverio, Sergio1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aLakaev, Saidakhmat N. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/257600626nas a2200109 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125520024600194100002100440700001900461856003600480 2007 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic crack growth for a cohesive zone model with prescribed crack path0 aQuasistatic crack growth for a cohesive zone model with prescrib3 aIn this paper we study the quasistatic crack growth for a cohesive zone model. We assume that the crack path is prescribed and we study the time evolution of the crack in the framework of the variational theory of rate-independent processes.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZanini, Chiara uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/168600558nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007600043210006900119520014800188100002100336700002100357700002200378856003600400 2007 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic evolution problems for pressure-sensitive plastic materials0 aQuasistatic evolution problems for pressuresensitive plastic mat3 aWe study quasistatic evolution problems for pressure-sensitive plastic materials in the context of small strain associative perfect plasticity.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDemyanov, Alexey1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/196200931nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007500041210006800116260001000184520053900194100002000733700002000753856003600773 2007 en d00aOn the reductions and classical solutions of the Schlesinger equations0 areductions and classical solutions of the Schlesinger equations bSISSA3 aThe Schlesinger equations S(n,m) describe monodromy preserving\\r\\ndeformations of order m Fuchsian systems with n+1 poles. They\\r\\ncan be considered as a family of commuting time-dependent Hamiltonian\\r\\nsystems on the direct product of n copies of m×m matrix algebras\\r\\nequipped with the standard linear Poisson bracket. In this paper we address\\r\\nthe problem of reduction of particular solutions of “more complicated”\\r\\nSchlesinger equations S(n,m) to “simpler” S(n′,m′) having n′ < n\\r\\nor m′ < m.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMazzocco, Marta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647200945nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006300043210006300106520056100169100002200730700001700752700001800769856003600787 2007 en_Ud 00aSoft elasticity and microstructure in smectic C elastomers0 aSoft elasticity and microstructure in smectic C elastomers3 aSmectic C elastomers are layered materials exhibiting a solid-like elastic response along the layer normal and a rubbery one in the plane. The set of strains minimizing the elastic energy contains a one-parameter family of simple stretches associated with an internal degree of freedom, coming from the in-plane component of the director. We investigate soft elasticity and the corresponding microstructure by determining the quasiconvex hull of the set , and use this to propose experimental tests that should make the predicted soft response observable.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aAdams, James1 aConti, Sergio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/181100406nas a2200097 4500008004300000245011700043210006900160100001900229700002400248856003600272 2007 en_Ud 00aStability of front tracking solutions to the initial and boundary value problem for systems of conservation laws0 aStability of front tracking solutions to the initial and boundar1 aMarson, Andrea1 aDonadello, Carlotta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/176900987nas a2200133 4500008004300000245005700043210005600100520056800156100002100724700002200745700002500767700002500792856003600817 2007 en_Ud 00aTime-dependent systems of generalized Young measures0 aTimedependent systems of generalized Young measures3 aIn this paper some new tools for the study of evolution problems in the framework of Young measures are introduced. A suitable notion of time-dependent system of generalized Young measures is defined, which allows to extend the classical notions of total variation and absolute continuity with respect to time, as well as the notion of time derivative. The main results are a Helly type theorem for sequences of systems of generalized Young measures and a theorem about the existence of the time derivative for systems with bounded variation with respect to time.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/179500572nas a2200121 4500008004300000245003600043210003500079520024300114100002200357700001900379700001600398856003600414 2006 en_Ud 00a2-d stability of the Néel wall0 a2d stability of the Néel wall3 aWe are interested in thin-film samples in micromagnetism, where the magnetization m is a 2-d unit-length vector field. More precisely we are interested in transition layers which connect two opposite magnetizations, so called Néel walls.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aKnuepfer, Hans1 aOtto, Felix uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/219400728nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122520035400191100001900545700001800564856003600582 2006 en_Ud 00aA Canonical Frame for Nonholonomic Rank Two Distributions of Maximal Class0 aCanonical Frame for Nonholonomic Rank Two Distributions of Maxim3 aIn 1910 E. Cartan constructed the canonical frame and found the most symmetric case for maximally nonholonomic rank 2 distributions in R5. We solve the analogous problems for rank 2 distributions in Rn for arbitrary n > 5. Our method is a kind of symplectification of the problem and it is completely different from the Cartan method of equivalence.1 aDoubrov, Boris1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/171201941nas a2200133 4500008004300000245006300043210005900106520150700165100002501672700003001697700002001727700002401747856003601771 2006 en_Ud 00aA cyclic integral on k-Minkowski noncommutative space-time0 acyclic integral on kMinkowski noncommutative spacetime3 aWe examine some alternative possibilities for an action functional for $\\\\kappa$-Minkowski noncommutative spacetime, with an approach which should be applicable to other spacetimes with coordinate-dependent commutators of the spacetime coordinates ($[x_\\\\mu,x_\\\\nu]=f_{\\\\mu,\\\\nu}(x)$). Early works on $\\\\kappa$-Minkowski focused on $\\\\kappa$-Poincar\\\\\\\'e covariance and the dependence of the action functional on the choice of Weyl map, renouncing to invariance under cyclic permutations of the factors composing the argument of the action functional. A recent paper (hep-th/0307149), by Dimitrijevic, Jonke, Moller, Tsouchnika, Wess and Wohlgenannt, focused on a specific choice of Weyl map and, setting aside the issue of $\\\\kappa$-Poincar\\\\\\\'e covariance of the action functional, introduced in implicit form a cyclicity-inducing measure. We provide an explicit formula for (and derivation of) a choice of measure which indeed ensures cyclicity of the action functional, and we show that the same choice of measure is applicable to all the most used choices of Weyl map. We find that this ``cyclicity-inducing measure\\\'\\\' is not covariant under $\\\\kappa$-Poincar\\\\\\\'e transformations. We also notice that the cyclicity-inducing measure can be straightforwardly derived using a map which connects the $\\\\kappa$-Minkowski spacetime coordinates and the spacetime coordinates of a ``canonical\\\'\\\' noncommutative spacetime, with coordinate-independent commutators.1 aAgostini, Alessandra1 aAmelino-Camelia, Giovanni1 aArzano, Michele1 aD'Andrea, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/215800687nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006200043210005900105520031100164100002000475700001800495700001600513856003600529 2006 en_Ud 00aExtended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds -- II0 aExtended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds II3 aFor the root system of type $B_l$ and $C_l$, we generalize the result of \\\\cite{DZ1998} by showing the existence of a Frobenius manifold structure on the orbit space of the extended affine Weyl group that corresponds to any vertex of the Dynkin diagram instead of a particular choice of \\\\cite{DZ1998}.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYoujin, Zhang1 aDafeng, Zuo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/178700819nas a2200097 4500008004300000245011600043210006900159520043700228100002000665856003600685 2006 en_Ud 00aOn Hamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic systems of conservation laws, II: universality of critical behaviour0 aHamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic systems of conservation 3 aHamiltonian perturbations of the simplest hyperbolic equation $u_t + a(u) u_x=0$ are studied. We argue that the behaviour of solutions to the perturbed equation near the point of gradient catastrophe of the unperturbed one should be essentially independent on the choice of generic perturbation neither on the choice of generic solution. Moreover, this behaviour is described by a special solution to an integrable fourth order ODE.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/178601265nas a2200121 4500008004300000245012600043210006900169520081600238100002001054700001501074700001801089856003601107 2006 en_Ud 00aOn Hamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic systems of conservation laws I: quasitriviality of bihamiltonian perturbations0 aHamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic systems of conservation 3 aWe study the general structure of formal perturbative solutions to the Hamiltonian perturbations of spatially one-dimensional systems of hyperbolic PDEs. Under certain genericity assumptions it is proved that any bihamiltonian perturbation can be eliminated in all orders of the perturbative expansion by a change of coordinates on the infinite jet space depending rationally on the derivatives. The main tools is in constructing of the so-called quasi-Miura transformation of jet coordinates eliminating an arbitrary deformation of a semisimple bihamiltonian structure of hydrodynamic type (the quasitriviality theorem). We also describe, following \\\\cite{LZ1}, the invariants of such bihamiltonian structures with respect to the group of Miura-type transformations depending polynomially on the derivatives.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aSi-Qi, Liu1 aYoujin, Zhang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/253500649nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005600043210005600099520030200155100002400457700002200481856003600503 2006 en_Ud 00aLocal Index Formula on the Equatorial Podles Sphere0 aLocal Index Formula on the Equatorial Podles Sphere3 aWe discuss spectral properties of the equatorial Podles sphere. As a preparation we also study the `degenerate\\\' (i.e. $q=0$) case (related to the quantum disk). We consider two different spectral triples: one related to the Fock representation of the Toeplitz algebra and the isopectral one....1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/178201091nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008400043210006900127520066900196100002100865700002200886700002500908856003600933 2006 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic evolution problems for linearly elastic-perfectly plastic materials0 aQuasistatic evolution problems for linearly elasticperfectly pla3 aThe problem of quasistatic evolution in small strain associative elastoplasticity is studied in the framework of the variational theory for rate-independent processes. Existence of solutions is proved through the use of incremental variational problems in spaces of functions with bounded deformation. This provides a new approximation result for the solutions of the quasistatic evolution problem, which are shown to be absolutely continuous in time. Four equivalent formulations of the problem in rate form are derived. A strong formulation of the flow rule is obtained by introducing a precise definition of the stress on the singular set of the plastic strain.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMora, Maria Giovanna uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/212900420nas a2200133 4500008004300000020002200043245005300065210005300118100002200171700002100193700002000214700001600234856003600250 2006 en_Ud a978-0-12-480874-400aRecent analytical developments in micromagnetics0 aRecent analytical developments in micromagnetics1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aKohn, Robert, V.1 aMüller, Stefan1 aOtto, Felix uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/223001217nas a2200097 4500008004300000245004300043210004200086520093100128100002401059856003601083 2006 en_Ud 00aSpectral geometry of k-Minkowski space0 aSpectral geometry of kMinkowski space3 aAfter recalling Snyder's idea of using vector fields over a smooth manifold as "coordinates on a noncommutative space", we discuss a two dimensional toy-model whose "dual" noncommutative coordinates form a Lie algebra: this is the well known $\kappa$-Minkowski space. We show how to improve Snyder's idea using the tools of quantum groups and noncommutative geometry. We find a natural representation of the coordinate algebra of $\kappa$-Minkowski as linear operators on an Hilbert space study its "spectral properties" and discuss how to obtain a Dirac operator for this space. We describe two Dirac operators. The first is associated with a spectral triple. We prove that the cyclic integral of M. Dimitrijevic et al. can be obtained as Dixmier trace associated to this triple. The second Dirac operator is equivariant for the action of the quantum Euclidean group, but it has unbounded commutators with the algebra.

1 aD'Andrea, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/213101070nas a2200121 4500008004100000020002200041245006200063210005900125260003400184520067400218100002000892856003600912 2006 en d a978-0-8218-4674-200aOn universality of critical behaviour in Hamiltonian PDEs0 auniversality of critical behaviour in Hamiltonian PDEs bAmerican Mathematical Society3 aOur main goal is the comparative study of singularities of solutions to\\r\\nthe systems of rst order quasilinear PDEs and their perturbations containing higher\\r\\nderivatives. The study is focused on the subclass of Hamiltonian PDEs with one\\r\\nspatial dimension. For the systems of order one or two we describe the local structure\\r\\nof singularities of a generic solution to the unperturbed system near the point of\\r\\n\\\\gradient catastrophe\\\" in terms of standard objects of the classical singularity theory;\\r\\nwe argue that their perturbed companions must be given by certain special solutions\\r\\nof Painlev e equations and their generalizations.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/649100654nas a2200097 4500008004300000245004700043210004700090520036200137100002100499856003600520 2006 en_Ud 00aVariational problems in fracture mechanics0 aVariational problems in fracture mechanics3 aWe present some recent existence results for the variational model of crack growth in brittle materials proposed by Francfort and Marigo in 1998. These results, obtained in collaboration with Francfort and Toader, cover the case of arbitrary space dimension with a general quasiconvex bulk energy and with prescribed boundary deformations and applied loads.1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/181600318nas a2200109 4500008004100000020001500041245004300056210004300099260001000142100002000152856003600172 2006 en d a012512661100aWDVV equations and Frobenius manifolds0 aWDVV equations and Frobenius manifolds bSISSA1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647300818nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007400043210006900117520043500186100002200621700002900643856003600672 2005 en_Ud 00aDecay of a bound state under a time-periodic perturbation: a toy case0 aDecay of a bound state under a timeperiodic perturbation a toy c3 aWe study the time evolution of a three dimensional quantum particle, initially in a bound state, under the action of a time-periodic zero range interaction with ``strength\\\'\\\' (\\\\alpha(t)). Under very weak generic conditions on the Fourier coefficients of (\\\\alpha(t)), we prove complete ionization as (t \\\\to \\\\infty). We prove also that, under the same conditions, all the states of the system are scattering states.1 aCorreggi, Michele1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/229801006nas a2200157 4500008004100000245003400041210002700075260001300102520058600115100002200701700002000723700002000743700002600763700002300789856003600812 2005 en d00aThe Dirac operator on SU_q(2)0 aDirac operator on SUq2 bSpringer3 aWe construct a 3^+ summable spectral triple (A(SU_q(2)),H,D) over the quantum group SU_q(2) which is equivariant with respect to a left and a right action of U_q(su(2)). The geometry is isospectral to the classical case since the spectrum of the operator D is the same as that of the usual Dirac operator on the 3-dimensional round sphere. The presence of an equivariant real structure J demands a modification in the axiomatic framework of spectral geometry, whereby the commutant and first-order properties need be satisfied only modulo infinitesimals of arbitrary high order.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aSitarz, Andrzej1 avan Suijlekom, Walter1 aVarilly, Joseph C. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/442500716nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009400041210006900135260001300204520029900217100002000516700002200536856003600558 2005 en d00aA fourth order uniformization theorem on some four manifolds with large total Q-curvature0 afourth order uniformization theorem on some four manifolds with bElsevier3 aGiven a four-dimensional manifold (M,g), we study the existence of a conformal metric for which the Q-curvature, associated to a conformally invariant fourth-order operator (the Paneitz operator), is constant. Using a topological argument, we obtain a new result in cases which were still open.1 aDjadli, Zindine1 aMalchiodi, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/486801006nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007100043210006900114520056200183100002200745700002900767700002000796700002000816856003600836 2005 en_Ud 00aIonization for Three Dimensional Time-dependent Point Interactions0 aIonization for Three Dimensional Timedependent Point Interaction3 aWe study the time evolution of a three dimensional quantum particle under the action of a time-dependent point interaction fixed at the origin. We assume that the ``strength\\\'\\\' of the interaction (\\\\alpha(t)) is a periodic function with an arbitrary mean. Under very weak conditions on the Fourier coefficients of (\\\\alpha(t)), we prove that there is complete ionization as (t \\\\to \\\\infty), starting from a bound state at time (t = 0). Moreover we prove also that, under the same conditions, all the states of the system are scattering states.1 aCorreggi, Michele1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFigari, Rodolfo1 aMantile, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/229700687nas a2200145 4500008004300000245003900043210003300082520027900115100002600394700002200420700002000442700002000462700002300482856003600505 2005 en_Ud 00aThe local index formula for SUq(2)0 alocal index formula for SUq23 aWe discuss the local index formula of Connes-Moscovici for the isospectral noncommutative geometry that we have recently constructed on quantum SU(2). We work out the cosphere bundle and the dimension spectrum as well as the local cyclic cocycles yielding the index formula.1 avan Suijlekom, Walter1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aSitarz, Andrzej1 aVarilly, Joseph C. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/171300706nas a2200121 4500008004300000245005300043210005300096520033400149100002100483700002500504700001900529856003600548 2005 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic Crack Growth in Nonlinear Elasticity0 aQuasistatic Crack Growth in Nonlinear Elasticity3 aIn this paper, we prove a new existence result for a variational model of crack growth in brittle materials proposed in [15]. We consider the case of $n$-dimensional finite elasticity, for an arbitrary $n\\\\ge1$, with a quasiconvex bulk energy and with prescribed boundary deformations and applied loads, both depending on time.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFrancfort, Gilles A.1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/229301313nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125260001300194520087600207100001801083700002201101700002001123856003601143 2005 en_Ud 00aSelf-similar folding patterns and energy scaling in compressed elastic sheets0 aSelfsimilar folding patterns and energy scaling in compressed el bElsevier3 aThin elastic sheets under isotropic compression, such as for example blisters formed by thin films which debonded from the substrate, can exhibit remarkably complex folding patterns. We discuss the scaling of the elastic energy with respect to the film thickness, and show that in certain regimes the optimal energy scaling can be reached\\nby self-similar folding patterns that refine towards the boundary, in agreement with experimental observations. We then extend the analysis\\nto anisotropic compression, and discuss a simplified scalar model which suggests the presence of a transition between a regime where\\nthe deformation is governed by global properties of the domain and another one where the direction of maximal compression dominates and the scale of the folds is mainly determined by the distance to the boundary in the direction of the folds themselves.1 aConti, Sergio1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aMüller, Stefan uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/300000351nas a2200085 4500008004300000245009600043210006900139100002100208856003600229 2005 en_Ud 00aSolutions of Neumann problems in domains with cracks and applications to fracture mechanics0 aSolutions of Neumann problems in domains with cracks and applica1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/168400730nas a2200133 4500008004300000245005800043210005400101520032400155100002200479700002000501700001900521700002000540856003600560 2005 en_Ud 00aThe spectral geometry of the equatorial Podles sphere0 aspectral geometry of the equatorial Podles sphere3 aWe propose a slight modification of the properties of a spectral geometry a la Connes, which allows for some of the algebraic relations to be satisfied only modulo compact operators. On the equatorial Podles sphere we construct suq2-equivariant Dirac operator and real structure which satisfy these modified properties.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aPaschke, Mario1 aSitarz, Andrzej uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/227501246nas a2200109 4500008004300000245010500043210006900148520083800217100002201055700002301077856003601100 2005 en_Ud 00aStress-dilatancy based modelling of granular materials and extensions to soils with crushable grains0 aStressdilatancy based modelling of granular materials and extens3 aStress-dilatancy relations have played a crucial role in the understanding of the mechanical behaviour of soils and in the development of realistic constitutive models for their response. Recent investigations on the mechanical behaviour of materials with crushable grains have called into question the validity of classical relations such as those used in critical state soil mechanics.\\nIn this paper, a method to construct thermodynamically consistent (isotropic, three-invariant) elasto-plastic models based on a given stress-dilatancy relation is discussed. Extensions to cover the case of granular materials with crushable grains are also presented, based on the interpretation of some classical model parameters (e.g. the stress ratio at critical state) as internal variables that evolve according to suitable hardening laws.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aTamagnini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/216501324nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005700043210005600100520097800156100002201134700002201156856003601178 2005 en_Ud 00aWetting of rough surfaces: a homogenization approach0 aWetting of rough surfaces a homogenization approach3 aThe contact angle of a drop in equilibrium on a solid is strongly affected by the roughness of the surface on which it rests. We study the roughness-induced enhancement of the hydrophobic or hydrophilic properties of a solid surface through homogenization theory. By relying on a variational formulation of the problem, we show that the macroscopic contact angle is associated with the solution of two cell problems, giving the minimal energy per unit macroscopic area for a transition layer between the rough solid surface and a liquid or vapor phase. Our results are valid for both chemically heterogeneous and homogeneous surfaces. In the latter case, a very transparent structure emerges from the variational\\napproach: the classical laws of Wenzel and Cassie-Baxter give bounds for the optimal energy, and configurations of minimal energy are those leading to the smallest macroscopic contact angle in the hydrophobic case, to the largest one in the hydrophilic case.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aAlberti, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/225300665nas a2200097 4500008004300000245004600043210004300089520037900132100002000511856003600531 2004 en_Ud 00aOn almost duality for Frobenius manifolds0 aalmost duality for Frobenius manifolds3 aWe present a universal construction of almost duality for Frobenius manifolds. The analytic setup of this construction is described in details for the case of semisimple Frobenius manifolds. We illustrate the general considerations by examples from the singularity theory, mirror symmetry, the theory of Coxeter groups and Shephard groups, from the Seiberg - Witten duality.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/254301230nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005200041210004900093260001000142520091200152100002001064856003601084 2004 en d00aOn analytic families of invariant tori for PDEs0 aanalytic families of invariant tori for PDEs bSISSA3 aWe propose to apply a version of the classical Stokes\\r\\nexpansion method to the perturbative construction of invariant tori for\\r\\nPDEs corresponding to solutions quasiperiodic in space and time variables.\\r\\nWe argue that, for integrable PDEs all but finite number of the\\r\\nsmall divisors arising in the perturbative analysis cancel. As an illustrative\\r\\nexample we establish such cancellations for the case of KP equation.\\r\\nIt is proved that, under mild assumptions about decay of the magnitude\\r\\nof the Fourier modes all analytic families of finite-dimensional invariant\\r\\ntori for KP are given by the Krichever construction in terms of thetafunctions\\r\\nof Riemann surfaces. We also present an explicit construction\\r\\nof infinite dimensional real theta-functions and corresponding quasiperiodic\\r\\nsolutions to KP as sums of infinite number of interacting plane\\r\\nwaves.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647401188nas a2200121 4500008004100000245012000041210006900161260001800230520074100248100002100989700002001010856003601030 2004 en d00aAsymptotic behaviour and correctors for linear Dirichlet problems with simultaneously varying operators and domains0 aAsymptotic behaviour and correctors for linear Dirichlet problem bSISSA Library3 aWe consider a sequence of Dirichlet problems in varying domains (or, more generally, of relaxed Dirichlet problems involving measures in M_0) for second order linear elliptic operators in divergence form with varying matrices of coefficients. When the matrices H-converge to a matrix A^0, we prove that there exist a subsequence and a measure mu^0 in M_0 such that the limit problem is the relaxed Dirichlet problem corresponding to A^0 and mu^0. We also prove a corrector result which provides an explicit approximation of the solutions in the H^1-norm, and which is obtained by multiplying the corrector for the H-converging matrices by some special test function which depends both on the varying matrices and on the varying domains.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMurat, Francois uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/161100908nas a2200145 4500008004300000245010400043210007000147260001300217520040600230100002000636700002900656700002000685700002100705856003600726 2004 en_Ud 00aBlow-up solutions for the Schrödinger equation in dimension three with a concentrated nonlinearity0 aBlowup solutions for the Schrödinger equation in dimension three bElsevier3 aWe present some results on the blow-up phenomenon for the Schroedinger equation in dimension three with a nonlinear term supported in a fixed point. We find sufficient conditions for the blow up exploiting the moment of inertia of the solution and the uncertainty principle. In the critical case, we discuss the additional symmetry of the equation and construct a family of explicit blow up solutions.1 aAdami, Riccardo1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFigari, Rodolfo1 aTeta, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/299800910nas a2200109 4500008004100000245008500041210006900126260001300195520053400208100002200742856003600764 2004 en d00aCoarse-grained models of materials with non-convex free-energy: two case studies0 aCoarsegrained models of materials with nonconvex freeenergy two bElsevier3 aBridging across length scales is one of the fundamental challenges in the computational modelling of material systems whose mechanical response is driven by rough energy landscapes. The typical feature of such systems is that of exhibiting fine scale microstructures. Two case studies, namely, nematic elastomers and ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, are presented to illustrate the use of modern techniques from (non-convex) calculus of variations in developing coarse-grained models of microstructure-driven material response.1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/488401258nas a2200145 4500008004300000245008600043210006900129260001700198520078200215100002300997700001801020700002201038700001601060856003601076 2004 en_Ud 00aEnergetics and switching of quasi-uniform states in small ferromagnetic particles0 aEnergetics and switching of quasiuniform states in small ferroma bEDP Sciences3 aWe present a numerical algorithm to solve the micromagnetic equations based on tangential-plane minimization for the magnetization update and a homothethic-layer decomposition of outer space for the computation of the demagnetization field. As a first application, detailed results on the flower-vortex transition in the cube of Micromagnetic Standard Problem number 3 are obtained, which confirm, with a different method, those already present in the literature, and validate our method and code. We then turn to switching of small cubic or almost-cubic particles, in the single-domain limit. Our data show systematic deviations from the Stoner-Wohlfarth model due to the non-ellipsoidal shape of the particle, and in particular a non-monotone dependence on the particle size.1 aAlouges, François1 aConti, Sergio1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aPokern, Ivo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/299900305nas a2200109 4500008004300000245003200043210002800075100001800103700002000121700001800141856003600159 2004 en_Ud 00aThe Extended Toda Hierarchy0 aExtended Toda Hierarchy1 aCarlet, Guido1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYoujin, Zhang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/254201010nas a2200145 4500008004300000245005800043210005800101260001300159520057100172100002100743700001900764700002000783700002500803856003600828 2004 en_Ud 00aHigher order quasiconvexity reduces to quasiconvexity0 aHigher order quasiconvexity reduces to quasiconvexity bSpringer3 aIn this paper it is shown that higher order quasiconvex functions suitable in the variational treatment of problems involving second derivatives may be extended to the space of all matrices as classical quasiconvex functions. Precisely, it is proved that a smooth strictly 2-quasiconvex function with p-growth at infinity, p>1, is the restriction to symmetric matrices of a 1-quasiconvex function with the same growth. As a consequence, lower semicontinuity results for second-order variational problems are deduced as corollaries of well-known first order theorems.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/291100759nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007800043210006900121520034600190100002100536700002500557700001900582856003600601 2004 en_Ud 00aQuasi-static evolution in brittle fracture: the case of bounded solutions0 aQuasistatic evolution in brittle fracture the case of bounded so3 aThe main steps of the proof of the existence result for the quasi-static evolution of cracks in brittle materials, obtained in [7] in the vector case and for a general quasiconvex elastic energy, are presented here under the simplifying assumption that the minimizing sequences involved in the problem are uniformly bounded in $L^\\\\infty$.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFrancfort, Gilles A.1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/222901012nas a2200121 4500008004300000245005300043210005300096260001300149520064100162100002200803700002900825856003600854 2004 en_Ud 00aRotating Singular Perturbations of the Laplacian0 aRotating Singular Perturbations of the Laplacian bSpringer3 aWe study a system of a quantum particle interacting with a singular time-dependent uniformly rotating potential in 2 and 3 dimensions: in particular we consider an interaction with support on a point (rotating point interaction) and on a set of codimension 1 (rotating blade). We prove the existence of the Hamiltonians of such systems as suitable self-adjoint operators and we give an explicit expression for their unitary semigroups. Moreover we analyze the asymptotic limit of large angular velocity and we prove strong convergence of the time-dependent propagator to some one-parameter unitary group as (\\\\omega \\\\to \\\\infty).1 aCorreggi, Michele1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/294500849nas a2200121 4500008004300000245005800043210005800101260001900159520046100178100002900639700002300668856003600691 2004 en_Ud 00aSemiclassical analysis of constrained quantum systems0 aSemiclassical analysis of constrained quantum systems bIOP Publishing3 aWe study the dynamics of a quantum particle in R^(n+m) constrained by a strong potential force to stay within a distance of order hbar (in suitable units) from a smooth n-dimensional submanifold M. We prove that in the semiclassical limit the evolution of the wave function is approximated in norm, up to terms of order hbar^(1/2), by the evolution of a semiclassical wave packet centred on the trajectory of the corresponding classical constrained system.1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aTenuta, Lucattilio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/299701068nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005500043210005500098520073100153100002000884700001800904856003600922 2004 en_Ud 00aVirasoro Symmetries of the Extended Toda Hierarchy0 aVirasoro Symmetries of the Extended Toda Hierarchy3 aWe prove that the extended Toda hierarchy of \\\\cite{CDZ} admits nonabelian Lie algebra of infinitesimal symmetries isomorphic to the half of the Virasoro algebra. The generators $L_m$, $m\\\\geq -1$ of the Lie algebra act by linear differential operators onto the tau function of the hierarchy. We also prove that the tau function of a generic solution to the extended Toda hierarchy is annihilated by a combination of the Virasoro operators and the flows of the hierarchy. As an application we show that the validity of the Virasoro constraints for the $CP^1$ Gromov-Witten invariants and their descendents implies that their generating function is the logarithm of a particular tau function of the extended Toda hierarchy.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYoujin, Zhang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/254400496nas a2200109 4500008004100000245017800041210006900219260001800288100002100306700002300327856003600350 2003 en d00aAutonomous integral functionals with discontinous nonconvex integrands: Lipschitz regularity of mimimizers, DuBois-Reymond necessary conditions and Hamilton-Jacobi equations0 aAutonomous integral functionals with discontinous nonconvex inte bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFrankowska, Helene uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/162500697nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009100043210006900134260001300203520024900216100002200465700001900487700002100506856003600527 2003 en_Ud 00aThe calibration method for the Mumford-Shah functional and free-discontinuity problems0 acalibration method for the MumfordShah functional and freediscon bSpringer3 aWe present a minimality criterion for the Mumford-Shah functional, and more generally for non convex variational integrals on SBV which couple a surface and a bulk term. This method provides short and easy proofs for several minimality results.1 aAlberti, Giovanni1 aBouchitte, Guy1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/305100868nas a2200145 4500008004300000245005900043210005800102260002300160520042200183100001800605700002100623700001900644700002300663856003600686 2003 en_Ud 00aHybrid optimal control: case study of a car with gears0 aHybrid optimal control case study of a car with gears bTaylor and Francis3 aThe purpose of this paper is to show the use of some analytical tools for hybrid optimal control. We illustrate both the hybrid maximum principle and the hybrid necessary principle at work on a simple example of a car with gears. The model is sufficiently rich to generate non-trivial optimization problems and the obtained results match with intuition. Finally, computer simulations confirm the theoretical analysis.1 aD'Apice, Ciro1 aGaravello, Mauro1 aManzo, Rosanna1 aPiccoli, Benedetto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/302200815nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009200043210006900135260002100204520035600225100002200581700002200603700002000625856003600645 2003 en_Ud 00aNon-linear sigma-models in noncommutative geometry: fields with values in finite spaces0 aNonlinear sigmamodels in noncommutative geometry fields with val bWorld Scientific3 aWe study sigma-models on noncommutative spaces, notably on noncommutative tori. We construct instanton solutions carrying a nontrivial topological charge q and satisfying a Belavin-Polyakov bound. The moduli space of these instantons is conjectured to consists of an ordinary torus endowed with a complex structure times a projective space $CP^{q-1}$.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aKrajewski, Thomas1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/321500736nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008800043210006900131260001300200520028300213100002000496700002200516700002800538856003600566 2003 en_Ud 00aPrescribing scalar and boundary mean curvature on the three dimensional half sphere0 aPrescribing scalar and boundary mean curvature on the three dime bSpringer3 aWe consider the problem of prescribing the scalar curvature and the boundary mean curvature of the standard half three sphere, by deforming conformally its standard metric. Using blow up analysis techniques and minimax arguments, we prove some existence and compactness results.1 aDjadli, Zindine1 aMalchiodi, Andrea1 aAhmedou, Mohameden Ould uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/308600751nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004200041210004200083260001900125520040900144100002200553700001800575856003600593 2003 en d00aQuantum spin coverings and statistics0 aQuantum spin coverings and statistics bIOP Publishing3 aSL_q(2) at odd roots of unity q^l =1 is studied as a quantum cover of the complex rotation group SO(3,C), in terms of the associated Hopf algebras of (quantum) polynomial functions. We work out the irreducible corepresentations, the decomposition of their tensor products and a coquasitriangular structure, with the associated braiding (or statistics). As an example, the case l=3 is discussed in detail.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aReina, Cesare uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/166700672nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008000041210006900121260001800190520022400208100002100432700002300453700002600476856003600502 2003 en d00aA stability result for nonlinear Neumann problems under boundary variations0 astability result for nonlinear Neumann problems under boundary v bSISSA Library3 aIn this paper we study, in dimension two, the stability of the solutions of some nonlinear elliptic equations with Neumann boundary conditions, under perturbations of the domains in the Hausdorff complementary topology.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aEbobisse, Francois1 aPonsiglione, Marcello uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/161800461nas a2200133 4500008004100000022001400041245006600055210005700121300001600178490000700194100002100201700001900222856008600241 2002 eng d a0022-248800aCoherent state realizations of $\rm su(n+1)$ on the $n$-torus0 aCoherent state realizations of rm sun1 on the ntorus a3425–34440 v431 ade Guise, Hubert1 aBertola, Marco uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/coherent-state-realizations-rm-sun1-n-torus00932nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004500043210004400088260001300132520058700145100002200732700002000754856003600774 2002 en_Ud 00aInstanton algebras and quantum 4-spheres0 aInstanton algebras and quantum 4spheres bElsevier3 aWe study some generalized instanton algebras which are required to describe `instantonic complex rank 2 bundles\\\'. The spaces on which the bundles are defined are not prescribed from the beginning but rather are obtained from some natural requirements on the instantons. They turn out to be quantum 4-spheres $S^4_q$, with $q\\\\in\\\\IC$, and the instantons are described by self-adjoint idempotents e. We shall also clarify some issues related to the vanishing of the first Chern-Connes class $ch_1(e)$ and on the use of the second Chern-Connes class $ch_2(e)$ as a volume form.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/313400398nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006200043210006100105260001300166100002100179700001800200700002200218856003600240 2002 en_Ud 00aLinearized elasticity as gamma-limit of finite elasticity0 aLinearized elasticity as gammalimit of finite elasticity bSpringer1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aNegri, Matteo1 aPercivale, Danilo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/305201609nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009900041210006900140260001800209520118400227100002101411700001901432856003601451 2002 en d00aA model for the quasi-static growth of a brittle fracture: existence and approximation results0 amodel for the quasistatic growth of a brittle fracture existence bSISSA Library3 aWe study a variant of the variational model for the quasi-static growth of brittle fractures proposed by Francfort and Marigo.9 The main feature of our model is that, in the discrete-time formulation, in each step we do not consider absolute minimizers of the energy, but, in a sense, we look for local minimizers which are sufficiently close to the approximate solution obtained in the previous step. This is done by introducing in the variational problem an additional term which penalizes the L2-distance between the approximate solutions at two consecutive times. We study the continuous-time version of this model, obtained by passing to the limit as the time step tends to zero, and show that it satisfies (for almost every time) some minimality conditions which are slightly different from those considered in Refs. 9 and 8, but are still enough to prove (under suitable regularity assumptions on the crack path) that the classical Griffith\\\'s criterion holds at the crack tips. We also prove that, if no initial crack is present and if the data of the problem are sufficiently smooth, no crack will develop in this model, provided the penalization term is large enough.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/157101599nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008900041210006900130260001800199520118400217100002101401700001901422856003601441 2002 en d00aA model for the quasi-static growth of brittle fractures based on local minimization0 amodel for the quasistatic growth of brittle fractures based on l bSISSA Library3 aWe study a variant of the variational model for the quasi-static growth of brittle fractures proposed by Francfort and Marigo.9 The main feature of our model is that, in the discrete-time formulation, in each step we do not consider absolute minimizers of the energy, but, in a sense, we look for local minimizers which are sufficiently close to the approximate solution obtained in the previous step. This is done by introducing in the variational problem an additional term which penalizes the L2-distance between the approximate solutions at two consecutive times. We study the continuous-time version of this model, obtained by passing to the limit as the time step tends to zero, and show that it satisfies (for almost every time) some minimality conditions which are slightly different from those considered in Refs. 9 and 8, but are still enough to prove (under suitable regularity assumptions on the crack path) that the classical Griffith\\\'s criterion holds at the crack tips. We also prove that, if no initial crack is present and if the data of the problem are sufficiently smooth, no crack will develop in this model, provided the penalization term is large enough.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/162101237nas a2200121 4500008004300000245009800043210006900141260001300210520081600223100002101039700001901060856003601079 2002 en_Ud 00aA Model for the Quasi-Static Growth of Brittle Fractures: Existence and Approximation Results0 aModel for the QuasiStatic Growth of Brittle Fractures Existence bSpringer3 aWe give a precise mathematical formulation of a variational model for the irreversible quasi-static evolution of brittle fractures proposed by G.A. Francfort and J.-J. Marigo, and based on Griffith\\\'s theory of crack growth. In the two-dimensional case we prove an existence result for the quasi-static evolution and show that the total energy is an absolutely continuous function of time, although we can not exclude that the bulk energy and the surface energy may present some jump discontinuities. This existence result is proved by a time discretization process, where at each step a global energy minimization is performed, with the constraint that the new crack contains all cracks formed at the previous time steps. This procedure provides an effective way to approximate the continuous time evolution.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/305600461nas a2200121 4500008004100000245010500041210006900146260001800215100002000233700002800253700002200281856003600303 2002 en d00aPrescribing a fourth oder conformal invariant on the standard sphere - Part I: a perturbation result0 aPrescribing a fourth oder conformal invariant on the standard sp bSISSA Library1 aDjadli, Zindine1 aAhmedou, Mohameden Ould1 aMalchiodi, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/153900474nas a2200121 4500008004100000245011800041210006900159260001800228100002000246700002200266700002800288856003600316 2002 en d00aPrescribing a fourth oder conformal invariant on the standard sphere - Part II: blow up analysis and applications0 aPrescribing a fourth oder conformal invariant on the standard sp bSISSA Library1 aDjadli, Zindine1 aMalchiodi, Andrea1 aAhmedou, Mohameden Ould uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/154000361nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005700041210005700098260001800155100002200173700002000195856003600215 2001 en d00aDirac operator on the standard Podles quantum sphere0 aDirac operator on the standard Podles quantum sphere bSISSA Library1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aSitarz, Andrzej uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/166800435nas a2200121 4500008004100000245003800041210003700079260001800116520010100134100002100235700002100256856003600277 2001 en d00aGamma-limit of periodic obstacles0 aGammalimit of periodic obstacles bSISSA Library3 aWe compute the Gamma-limit of a sequence obstacle functionals in the case of periodic obstacles.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aTrebeschi, Paola uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/149501003nas a2200133 4500008004300000245004600043210004300089260001300132520062600145100002200771700002000793700002000813856003600833 2001 en_Ud 00aInstantons on the Quantum 4-Spheres S^4_q0 aInstantons on the Quantum 4Spheres S4q bSpringer3 aWe introduce noncommutative algebras $A_q$ of quantum 4-spheres $S^4_q$, with $q\\\\in\\\\IR$, defined via a suspension of the quantum group $SU_q(2)$, and a quantum instanton bundle described by a selfadjoint idempotent $e\\\\in \\\\Mat_4(A_q)$, $e^2=e=e^*$. Contrary to what happens for the classical case or for the noncommutative instanton constructed in Connes-Landi, the first Chern-Connes class $ch_1(e)$ does not vanish thus signaling a dimension drop. The second Chern-Connes class $ch_2(e)$ does not vanish as well and the couple $(ch_1(e), ch_2(e))$ defines a cycle in the $(b,B)$ bicomplex of cyclic homology.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMasuda, Tetsuya uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/313501054nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008200041210006900123260001800192520064300210100002100853700002200874856003600896 2001 en d00aA monotonicity approach to nonlinear Dirichlet problems in perforated domains0 amonotonicity approach to nonlinear Dirichlet problems in perfora bSISSA Library3 aWe study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to Dirichlet problems in perforated domains for nonlinear elliptic equations associated with monotone operators. The main difference with respect to the previous papers on this subject is that no uniformity is assumed in the monotonicity condition. Under a very general hypothesis on the holes of the domains, we construct a limit equation, which is satisfied by the weak limits of the solutions. The additional term in the limit problem depends only on the local behaviour of the holes, which can be expressed in terms of suitable nonlinear capacities associated with the monotone operator.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aSkrypnik, Igor V. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/155501109nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136260001800205520068400223100002100907700002300928856003600951 2001 en d00aUniqueness of solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi equations arising in the Calculus of Variations0 aUniqueness of solutions to HamiltonJacobi equations arising in t bSISSA Library3 aWe prove the uniqueness of the viscosity solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation associated with a Bolza problem of the Calculus of Variations, assuming that the Lagrangian is autonomous, continuous, superlinear, and satisfies the usual convexity hypothesis. Under the same assumptions we prove also the uniqueness, in a class of lower semicontinuous functions, of a slightly different notion of solution, where classical derivatives are replaced only by subdifferentials. These results follow from a new comparison theorem for lower semicontinuous viscosity supersolutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, that is proved in the general case of lower semicontinuous Lagrangians.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFrankowska, Helene uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/151500397nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006300041210005500104260001800159100002200177700001800199700002200217856003600239 2000 en d00aA(SLq(2)) at roots of unity is a free module over A(SL(2))0 aASLq2 at roots of unity is a free module over ASL2 bSISSA Library1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/150000508nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005900041210005500100260001800155520016800173100002100341856003600362 2000 en d00aThe Calibration Method for Free Discontinuity Problems0 aCalibration Method for Free Discontinuity Problems bSISSA Library3 aThe calibration method is used to identify some minimizers of the Mumford-Shah functional. The method is then extended to more general free discontinuity problems.1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/149600462nas a2200121 4500008004100000245010500041210006900146260001800215100002100233700002500254700002500279856003600304 2000 en d00aLocal calibrations for minimizers of the Mumford-Shah functional with rectilinear discontinuity sets0 aLocal calibrations for minimizers of the MumfordShah functional bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/126101068nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007400043210007000117260001300187520067000200100002000870700002000890856003600910 2000 en_Ud 00aMonodromy of certain Painlevé-VI transcendents and reflection groups0 aMonodromy of certain PainlevéVI transcendents and reflection gro bSpringer3 aWe study the global analytic properties of the solutions of a particular family of Painleve\\\' VI equations with the parameters $\\\\beta=\\\\gamma=0$, $\\\\delta={1\\\\over2}$ and $\\\\alpha$ arbitrary. We introduce a class of solutions having critical behaviour of algebraic type, and completely compute the structure of the analytic continuation of these solutions in terms of an auxiliary reflection group in the three dimensional space. The analytic continuation is given in terms of an action of the braid group on the triples of generators of the reflection group. This result is used to classify all the algebraic solutions of our Painleve\\\' VI equation.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMazzocco, Marta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/288200914nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007500043210006900118260002100187520047300208100002200681700002200703700001900725856003600744 2000 en_Ud 00aA Remark on One-Dimensional Many-Body Problems with Point Interactions0 aRemark on OneDimensional ManyBody Problems with Point Interactio bWorld Scientific3 aThe integrability of one dimensional quantum mechanical many-body problems with general contact interactions is extensively studied. It is shown that besides the pure (repulsive or attractive) $\\\\delta$-function interaction there is another singular point interactions which gives rise to a new one-parameter family of integrable quantum mechanical many-body systems. The bound states and scattering matrices are calculated for both bosonic and fermionic statistics.1 aAlbeverio, Sergio1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aFei, Shao-Ming uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/321400945nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001800184520050900202100002200711700002200733700002000755856003600775 2000 en d00aSome Properties of Non-linear sigma-Models in Noncommutative Geometry0 aSome Properties of Nonlinear sigmaModels in Noncommutative Geome bSISSA Library3 aWe introduce non-linear $\\\\sigma$-models in the framework of noncommutative geometry with special emphasis on models defined on the noncommutative torus. We choose as target spaces the two point space and the circle and illustrate some characteristic features of the corresponding $\\\\sigma$-models. In particular we construct a $\\\\sigma$-model instanton with topological charge equal to 1. We also define and investigate some properties of a noncommutative analogue of the Wess-Zumino-Witten model.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aKrajewski, Thomas1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/137300421nas a2200109 4500008004100000245010300041210006900144260001800213100002100231700002300252856003600275 2000 en d00aValue Functions for Bolza Problems with Discontinuous Lagrangians and Hamilton-Jacobi inequalities0 aValue Functions for Bolza Problems with Discontinuous Lagrangian bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFrankowska, Helene uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/151400405nas a2200109 4500008004100000020001400041245009200055210006900147100002100216700002200237856003600259 1999 en d a1618-189100aAsymptotic behaviour of nonlinear elliptic higher order equations in perforated domains0 aAsymptotic behaviour of nonlinear elliptic higher order equation1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aSkrypnik, Igor V. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643300703nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005900041210005400100260001300154520030400167100002200471700001900493700002100512856003600533 1999 en d00aThe calibration method for the Mumford-Shah functional0 acalibration method for the MumfordShah functional bElsevier3 aIn this Note we adapt the calibration method to functionals of Mumford-Shah type, and provide a criterion (Theorem 1) to verify that a given function is energy minimizing. Among other applications, we use this criterion to show that certain triple-junction configurations are minimizing (Example 3).1 aAlberti, Giovanni1 aBouchitte, Guy1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/123500394nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007500043210006900118260001700187100002300204700002100227856003600248 1999 en_Ud 00aDiscrete approximation of the Mumford-Shah functional in dimension two0 aDiscrete approximation of the MumfordShah functional in dimensio bEDP Sciences1 aChambolle, Antonin1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/358800336nas a2200109 4500008004100000245004800041210004700089260001000136100002100146700002300167856003600190 1999 en d00aEvans-Vasilesco theorem in Dirichlet spaces0 aEvansVasilesco theorem in Dirichlet spaces bSISSA1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDe Cicco, Virginia uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643600734nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004900043210004900092260001300141520038400154100002000538700001800558856003600576 1999 en_Ud 00aFrobenius manifolds and Virasoro constraints0 aFrobenius manifolds and Virasoro constraints bSpringer3 aFor an arbitrary Frobenius manifold a system of Virasoro constraints is constructed. In the semisimple case these constraints are proved to hold true in the genus one approximation. Particularly, the genus $\\\\leq 1$ Virasoro conjecture of T.Eguchi, K.Hori, M.Jinzenji, and C.-S.Xiong and of S.Katz is proved for smooth projective varieties having semisimple quantum cohomology.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYoujin, Zhang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/288300817nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136260001000205520036300215100002100578700002700599700002100626856003600647 1999 en d00aA Lipschitz selection from the set of minimizers of a nonconvex functional of the gradient0 aLipschitz selection from the set of minimizers of a nonconvex fu bSISSA3 aA constructive and improved version of the proof that there exist a continuous map that solves the convexified problem is presented. A Lipschitz continuous map is analyzed such that a map vector minimizes the functional at each vector satisfying Cellina\\\'s condition of existence of minimum. This map is explicitly given by a direct constructive algorithm.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aGoncharov, Vladimir V.1 aOrnelas, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643900382nas a2200109 4500008004300000020001800043245007200061210007000133260001300203100002000216856003600236 1999 en_Ud a0-387-98888-200aPainlevé transcendents in two-dimensional topological field theory0 aPainlevé transcendents in twodimensional topological field theor bSpringer1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/323800981nas a2200121 4500008004100000245011300041210007000154260001000224520054300234100002000777700002600797856003600823 1999 en d00aRecurrent procedure for the determination of the free energy ε^2 expansion in the topological string theory0 aRecurrent procedure for the determination of the free energy ε2 bSISSA3 aWe present here the iteration procedure for the determination of free energy ǫ2-expansion using the theory of KdV - type equations. In our approach we use the conservation laws for KdV - type equations depending explicitly on times t1, t2, . . . to find the ǫ2-expansion of u(x, t1, t2, . . .) after the infinite number of shifts of u(x, 0, 0, . . .) ≡ x along t1, t2, . . . in recurrent form. The formulas for the free energy expansion are just obtained then as a result of quite simple integration procedure applied to un(x).

1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMaltsev, Andrei, Ya A uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648900470nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260003700185100002100222700002000243700001800263700001900281856003600300 1999 en d00aRenormalized solutions of elliptic equations with general measure data0 aRenormalized solutions of elliptic equations with general measur bScuola Normale Superiore di Pisa1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMurat, Francois1 aOrsina, Luigi1 aPrignet, Alain uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/123600363nas a2200097 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117100002200186700002100208856003600229 1999 en d00aSome properties of the solutions of obstacle problems with measure data0 aSome properties of the solutions of obstacle problems with measu1 aDall'Aglio, Paolo1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643201405nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009900043210006900142260001300211520094900224100002001173700002101193700002101214856003601235 1999 en_Ud 00aVariational formulation of softening phenomena in fracture mechanics. The one-dimensional case0 aVariational formulation of softening phenomena in fracture mecha bSpringer3 aStarting from experimental evidence, the authors justify a variational model for softening phenomena in fracture of one-dimensional bars where the energy is given by the contribution and interaction of two terms: a typical bulk energy term depending on elastic strain and a discrete part that depends upon the jump discontinuities that occur in fracture. A more formal, rigorous derivation of the model is presented by examining the $\\\\Gamma$-convergence of discrete energy functionals associated to an array of masses and springs. Close attention is paid to the softening and fracture regimes. \\nOnce the continuous model is derived, it is fully analyzed without losing sight of its discrete counterpart. In particular, the associated boundary value problem is studied and a detailed analysis of the stationary points under the presence of a dead load is performed. A final, interesting section on the scale effect on the model is included.1 aBraides, Andrea1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aGarroni, Adriana uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/337100395nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007800041210006900119260001800188100002100206700002200227856003600249 1998 en d00aAsymptotic behavior of nonlinear Dirichlet problems in perforated domains0 aAsymptotic behavior of nonlinear Dirichlet problems in perforate bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aSkrypnik, Igor V. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/106400862nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008700043210006900130260001300199520045400212100002000666700001800686856003600704 1998 en_Ud 00aBihamiltonian Hierarchies in 2D Topological Field Theory At One-Loop Approximation0 aBihamiltonian Hierarchies in 2D Topological Field Theory At OneL bSpringer3 aWe compute the genus one correction to the integrable hierarchy describing coupling to gravity of a 2D topological field theory. The bihamiltonian structure of the hierarchy is given by a classical W-algebra; we compute the central charge of this algebra. We also express the generating function of elliptic Gromov - Witten invariants via tau-function of the isomonodromy deformation problem arising in the theory of WDVV equations of associativity.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aYoujin, Zhang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/369600609nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006800043210006800111260002400179520024000203100002000443856003600463 1998 en_Ud 00aDifferential geometry of the space of orbits of a Coxeter group0 aDifferential geometry of the space of orbits of a Coxeter group bInternational Press3 aDifferential-geometric structures on the space of orbits of a finite Coxeter group, determined by Groth\\\\\\\'endieck residues, are calculated. This gives a construction of a 2D topological field theory for an arbitrary Coxeter group.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/356200418nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006600041210006600107260001800173100002900191700002000220700002100240856003500261 1998 en d00aDiffusion of a particle in presence of N moving point sources0 aDiffusion of a particle in presence of N moving point sources bSISSA Library1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFigari, Rodolfo1 aTeta, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/13400348nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005600041210005600097260001100153100002000164700001800184856003600202 1998 en d00aExtended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds0 aExtended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds bKluwer1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aZhang, Youjin uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648600741nas a2200097 4500008004100000245005600041210005600097520043400153100002000587856003600607 1998 en d00aGeometry and analytic theory of Frobenius manifolds0 aGeometry and analytic theory of Frobenius manifolds3 aMain mathematical applications of Frobenius manifolds are\\r\\nin the theory of Gromov - Witten invariants, in singularity theory, in\\r\\ndifferential geometry of the orbit spaces of reflection groups and of their\\r\\nextensions, in the hamiltonian theory of integrable hierarchies. The theory\\r\\nof Frobenius manifolds establishes remarkable relationships between\\r\\nthese, sometimes rather distant, mathematical theories.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648800455nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001000184100002100194700002300215700002300238700002400261856003600285 1998 en d00aLimits of variational problems for Dirichlet forms in varying domains0 aLimits of variational problems for Dirichlet forms in varying do bSISSA1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDe Cicco, Virginia1 aNotarantonio, Lino1 aTchou, Nicoletta A. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/644000833nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004300041210004300084260001300127520049300140100002100633700002200654856003500676 1997 en d00aCapacity theory for monotone operators0 aCapacity theory for monotone operators bSpringer3 aIf $Au=-div(a(x,Du))$ is a monotone operator defined on the Sobolev space $W^{1,p}(R^n)$, $1< p <+\\\\infty$, with $a(x,0)=0$ for a.e. $x\\\\in R^n$, the capacity $C_A(E,F)$ relative to $A$ can be defined for every pair $(E,F)$ of bounded sets in $R^n$ with $E\\\\subset F$. We prove that $C_A(E,F)$ is increasing and countably subadditive with respect to $E$ and decreasing with respect to $F$. Moreover we investigate the continuity properties of $C_A(E,F)$ with respect to $E$ and $F$.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aSkrypnik, Igor V. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/91100323nas a2200085 4500008004100000245007000041210006900111100002100180856003600201 1997 it d00aComportamento asintotico delle soluzioni di problemi di Dirichlet0 aComportamento asintotico delle soluzioni di problemi di Dirichle1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643800967nas a2200121 4500008004300000020001800043245005200061210005200113260002100165520060300186100002000789856003600809 1997 en_Ud a981-02-3266-700aFlat pencils of metrics and Frobenius manifolds0 aFlat pencils of metrics and Frobenius manifolds bWorld Scientific3 aThis paper is based on the author\\\'s talk at 1997 Taniguchi Symposium \\\"Integrable Systems and Algebraic Geometry\\\". We consider an approach to the theory of Frobenius manifolds based on the geometry of flat pencils of contravariant metrics. It is shown that, under certain homogeneity assumptions, these two objects are identical. The flat pencils of contravariant metrics on a manifold $M$ appear naturally in the classification of bihamiltonian structures of hydrodynamics type on the loop space $L(M)$. This elucidates the relations between Frobenius manifolds and integrable hierarchies.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/323700430nas a2200109 4500008004100000020001500041245010400056210007000160260003400230100002000264856003600284 1997 en d a082180666100aFunctionals of the Peierls - Fröhlich Type and the Variational Principle for the Whitham Equations0 aFunctionals of the Peierls Fröhlich Type and the Variational Pri bAmerican Mathematical Society1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648500401nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009300041210006900134260001000203100002100213700002100234856003600255 1997 en d00aSome properties of reachable solutions of nonlinear elliptic equations with measure data0 aSome properties of reachable solutions of nonlinear elliptic equ bSISSA1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMalusa, Annalisa uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643401073nas a2200133 4500008004100000245003800041210003800079260001800117520069900135100002900834700002000863700002100883856003500904 1997 en d00aStatistics in space dimension two0 aStatistics in space dimension two bSISSA Library3 aWe construct as a selfadjoint operator the Schroedinger hamiltonian for a system of $N$ identical particles on a plane, obeying the statistics defined by a representation $\\\\pi_1$ of the braid group. We use quadratic forms and potential theory, and give details only for the free case; standard arguments provide the extension of our approach to the case of potentials which are small in the sense of forms with respect to the laplacian. We also comment on the relation between the analysis given here and other approaches to the problem, and also on the connection with the description of a quantum particle on a plane under the influence of a shielded magnetic field (Aharanov-Bohm effect).1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFigari, Rodolfo1 aTeta, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/13001348nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006700041210006400108260001000172520093800182100002001120700002001140700001801160856003601178 1997 en d00aThree-Phase Solutions of the Kadomtsev - Petviashvili Equation0 aThreePhase Solutions of the Kadomtsev Petviashvili Equation bSISSA3 aThe Kadomtsev]Petviashvili KP. equation is known to admit explicit periodic\\r\\nand quasiperiodic solutions with N independent phases, for any integer\\r\\nN, based on a Riemann theta-function of N variables. For Ns1 and 2,\\r\\nthese solutions have been used successfully in physical applications. This\\r\\narticle addresses mathematical problems that arise in the computation of\\r\\ntheta-functions of three variables and with the corresponding solutions of\\r\\nthe KP equation. We identify a set of parameters and their corresponding\\r\\nranges, such that e¨ery real-valued, smooth KP solution associated with a\\r\\nRiemann theta-function of three variables corresponds to exactly one choice\\r\\nof these parameters in the proper range. Our results are embodied in a\\r\\nprogram that computes these solutions efficiently and that is available to the\\r\\nreader. We also discuss some properties of three-phase solutions.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aFlickinger, Ron1 aSegur, Harvey uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648400411nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009800041210006900139260001800208100002100226700001900247856003500266 1996 en d00aA capacity method for the study of Dirichlet problems for elliptic systems in varying domains0 acapacity method for the study of Dirichlet problems for elliptic bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/98900323nas a2200097 4500008004100000245005500041210005500096260001800151100002100169856003500190 1995 en d00aCapacity and Dirichlet problems in varying domains0 aCapacity and Dirichlet problems in varying domains bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/95000328nas a2200097 4500008004100000245005400041210005300095260001800148100002900166856003500195 1995 en d00aClassical solutions for a perturbed N-body system0 aClassical solutions for a perturbed Nbody system bSISSA Library1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/12600493nas a2200121 4500008004100000020001800041245004600059210004600105260001000151520015400161100002000315856003600335 1995 en d a3-540-60542-800aGeometry of 2D topological field theories0 aGeometry of 2D topological field theories bSISSA3 aThese notes are devoted to the theory of “equations of associativity”\\r\\ndescribing geometry of moduli spaces of 2D topological field theories.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648300375nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004500041210004500086260001800131100002500149700002300174700002100197856003500218 1995 en d00aSpecial functions of bounded deformation0 aSpecial functions of bounded deformation bSISSA Library1 aBellettini, Giovanni1 aCoscia, Alessandra1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/97800368nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006800043210006600111260001000177100001500187700002000202856003600222 1994 en_Ud 00aAlgebraic-geometrical Darboux coordinates in R-matrix formalism0 aAlgebraicgeometrical Darboux coordinates in Rmatrix formalism bSISSA1 aDiener, P.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/365500381nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005900041210005900100260001000159100002000169700001600189700001800205856003600223 1994 en d00aIntegrable functional equations and algebraic geometry0 aIntegrable functional equations and algebraic geometry bSISSA1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aFokas, A.S.1 aSantini, P.M. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648200448nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007400043210006900117260007600186100002100262700001900283856003600302 1994 en_Ud 00aLimits of Dirichlet problems in perforated domains: a new formulation0 aLimits of Dirichlet problems in perforated domains a new formula bUniversità degli Studi di Trieste, Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/364900684nas a2200121 4500008004100000020001500041245007100056210006900127260001000196520030000206100002000506856003600526 1993 en d a354055913200aDispersion relations for non-linear waves and the Schottky problem0 aDispersion relations for nonlinear waves and the Schottky proble bSISSA3 aAn approach to the Schottky problem of specification of periods of holomorphic differentials\\r\\non Riemann surfaces (or, equivalently, specification of Jacobians among all principaly\\r\\npolarized Abelian varieties) based on the theory of Kadomtsev - Petviashvili equation,\\r\\nis discussed.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648001159nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006900041210006800110260001000178520080500188100002000993856003601013 1993 en d00aGeometry and integrability of topological-antitopological fusion0 aGeometry and integrability of topologicalantitopological fusion bSISSA3 aIntegrability of equations of topological-antitopological fusion (being proposed\\r\\nby Cecotti and Vafa) describing the ground state metric on a given 2D topological\\r\\nfield theory (TFT) model, is proved. For massive TFT models these equations\\r\\nare reduced to a universal form (being independent on the given TFT model) by\\r\\ngauge transformations. For massive perturbations of topological conformal field theory\\r\\nmodels the separatrix solutions of the equations bounded at infinity are found\\r\\nby the isomonodromy deformations method. Also it is shown that the ground state\\r\\nmetric together with some part of the underlined TFT structure can be parametrized\\r\\nby pluriharmonic maps of the coupling space to the symmetric space of real positive\\r\\ndefinite quadratic forms.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648101540nas a2200121 4500008004100000020001500041245007500056210006900131260001000200520115200210100002001362856003601382 1993 en d a081763653600aIntegrable systems and classification of 2D topological field theories0 aIntegrable systems and classification of 2D topological field th bSISSA3 aIn this paper we consider from the point of view of differential geometry and of the\\r\\ntheory of integrable systems the so-called WDVV equations as defining relations of 2-\\r\\ndimensional topological field theory. A complete classification of massive topological conformal\\r\\nfield theories (TCFT) is obtained in terms of monodromy data of an auxillary\\r\\nlinear operator with rational coefficients. Procedure of coupling of a TCFT to topological\\r\\ngravity is described (at tree level) via certain integrable bihamiltonian hierarchies of\\r\\nhydrodynamic type and their τ -functions. A possible role of bihamiltonian formalism in\\r\\ncalculation of high genus corrections is discussed. As a biproduct of this discussion new\\r\\nexamples of infinite dimensional Virasoro-type Lie algebras and their nonlinear analogues\\r\\nare constructed. As an algebro-geometrical applications it is shown that WDVV is just the\\r\\nuniversal system of integrable differential equations (high order analogue of the Painlev´e-\\r\\nVI) specifying periods of Abelian differentials on Riemann surfaces as functions on moduli\\r\\nof these surfaces.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647800952nas a2200121 4500008004100000020001500041245008400056210006900140260001000209520055500219100002000774856003600794 1993 en d a030644534400aTopological conformal field theory from the point of view of integrable systems0 aTopological conformal field theory from the point of view of int bSISSA3 aRecent results on classification of massive topological conformal field theories (TCFT) in terms of monodromy data of auxiliary linear operators with rational coefficients are presented. Procedure of coupling of a TCFT to topological gravity is described (at tree-level approximation) via certain integrable hierarchies of hydrodynamic type and their tau-functions. It is explained how the calculation of the ground state metric on TCFT can be interpreted in terms of harmonic maps. Also a construction of some models via Coxeter groups is described.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647900347nas a2200097 4500008004100000245006500041210006200106260001800168100002900186856003400215 1993 en d00aWorkshop on point interactions, Trieste, 21-23 December 19920 aWorkshop on point interactions Trieste 2123 December 1992 bSISSA Library1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/7100882nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136260001000205520050100215100002000716856003600736 1992 en d00aHamiltonian formalism of Whitham-type hierarchies and topological Landau - Ginsburg models0 aHamiltonian formalism of Whithamtype hierarchies and topological bSISSA3 aWe show that the bi-hamiltonian structure of the averaged Gelfand-Dikii\\r\\nhierarchy is involved in the Landau-Ginsburg topological models (for An-Series):\\r\\nthe Casimirs for the first P.B. give the correct coupling parameters for the perturbed\\r\\ntopological minimal model; the correspondence {coupling parameters} ~ {primary\\r\\nfields} is determined by the second P.B. The partition function (at the tree level) and\\r\\nthe chiral algebra for LG models are calculated for any genus g.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647601141nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005100041210005100092260001000143520082200153100002000975856003600995 1992 en d00aIntegrable systems in topological field theory0 aIntegrable systems in topological field theory bSISSA3 aIntegrability of the system of PDE for dependence on coupling parameters of the (tree-level) primary partition function in massive topological field theories, being imposed by the associativity of the perturbed primary chiral algebra, is proved. In the conformal case it is shown that all the topological field theories are classified as solutions of a universal high-order Painlevé-type equation. Another integrable hierarchy (of systems of hydrodynamic type) is shown to describe coupling to gravity of the matter sector of any topological field theory. Different multicritical models with the given structure of primary correlators are identified with particular self-similar solutions of the hierarchy. The partition function of any of the models is calculated as the corresponding tau-function of the hierarchy.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647700433nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001800193100002100211700002300232700002100255856003500276 1992 en d00aA variational method in image segmentation: existence and approximation result0 avariational method in image segmentation existence and approxima bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMorel, Jean-Michel1 aSolimini, Sergio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/80801022nas a2200109 4500008004100000245012700041210006900168260003700237520058200274100002000856856003600876 1991 en d00aDifferential geometry of moduli spaces and its applications to soliton equations and to topological conformal field theory0 aDifferential geometry of moduli spaces and its applications to s bScuola Normale Superiore di Pisa3 aWe construct flat Riemannian metrics on moduli spaces of algebraic curves with marked meromorphic function. This gives a new class of exact algebraic-geometry solutions to certain non-linear equations in terms of functions on the moduli spaces. We show that the Riemannian metrics on the moduli spaces coincide with two-point correlators in topological conformal field theory and calculate the partition function for A_n model for arbitrary genus. A universal method for constructing complete families of conservation laws for Whitham-type hierarchies of PDEs is also proposed.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647500410nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009300041210006900134260001800203100002300221700002100244856003500265 1991 en d00aShape optimization for Dirichlet problems: relaxed formulations and optimally conditions0 aShape optimization for Dirichlet problems relaxed formulations a bSISSA Library1 aButtazzo, Giuseppe1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/88000391nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117260001800186100002100204700002100225856003500246 1991 en d00aOn systems of ordinary differential equations with measures as controls0 asystems of ordinary differential equations with measures as cont bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aRampazzo, Franco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/84000375nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006100041210006100102260001800163100002100181700002800202856003500230 1990 en d00aCorrectors for the homogeneization of monotone operators0 aCorrectors for the homogeneization of monotone operators bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/81200370nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004000041210003900081260001800120100002600138700002100164700002800185856003500213 1990 en d00aG-convergence of monotone operators0 aGconvergence of monotone operators bSISSA Library1 aChiadò Piat, Valeria1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/68000355nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005600041210005400097260001800151100002000169700002100189856003500210 1990 en d00aA general chain rule for distributional derivatives0 ageneral chain rule for distributional derivatives bSISSA Library1 aAmbrosio, Luigi1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/65000408nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009100041210006900132260001800201100002300219700002100242856003500263 1990 en d00aShape optimization for Dirichlet problems: relaxed solutions and optimality conditions0 aShape optimization for Dirichlet problems relaxed solutions and bSISSA Library1 aButtazzo, Giuseppe1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/80900407nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009300041210006900134260001800203100002100221700002000242856003500262 1989 en d00aAn approach to the thin obstacle problem for variational functionals depending on vector0 aapproach to the thin obstacle problem for variational functional bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMusina, Roberta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/80200377nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006200041210006200103260001800165100002100183700002800204856003500232 1989 en d00aConvergence of unilateral problems for monotone operators0 aConvergence of unilateral problems for monotone operators bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/72200424nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005700041210005600098260001800154100002100172700002200193700001900215700002100234856003500255 1989 en d00aLimits of obstacle problems for the area functional.0 aLimits of obstacle problems for the area functional bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aCarriero, Michele1 aLeaci, Antonio1 aPascali, Eduardo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/57700455nas a2200109 4500008004100000245012600041210006900167260001800236100002900254700002700283856003500310 1989 en d00aOn the number of families of periodic solutions of a Hamiltonian system near equilibrium. II. (English. Italian summary)0 anumber of families of periodic solutions of a Hamiltonian system bSISSA Library1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aD'Onofrio, Biancamaria uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/60900407nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006300041210006000104260001800164100002100182700001900203700002800222856003500250 1989 en d00aA pointwise regularity theory for the two-obstacle problem0 apointwise regularity theory for the twoobstacle problem bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aMosco, Umberto1 aVivaldi, Maria Agostina uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/64300332nas a2200109 4500008004100000245004100041210003800082260001800120100002100138700002800159856003500187 1988 en d00aA Kellogg property for µ-capacities0 aKellogg property for µcapacities bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/49200693nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006300041210006200104260001800166520030300184100002100487700002800508856003500536 1988 en d00aLimits of nonlinear Dirichlet problems in varying domains.0 aLimits of nonlinear Dirichlet problems in varying domains bSISSA Library3 aWe study the general form of the limit, in the sense of gamma-convergence, of a sequence of nonlinear variational problems in varying domains with Dirichlet boudary conditions. The asymptotic problem is characterized in terms of the limit of suitable nonlinear capacities associated to the domains.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/53600412nas a2200097 4500008004100000245012200041210006900163260001800232100002900250856003500279 1988 en d00aMethods of stochastic stability and properties of the Gribov horizon in the stochastic quantization of gauge theories0 aMethods of stochastic stability and properties of the Gribov hor bSISSA Library1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/81700392nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007100041210006800112260001800180100002100198700002800219856003500247 1988 en d00aSome properties of a class of nonlinear variational $m$-capacities0 aSome properties of a class of nonlinear variational mcapacities bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/48500399nas a2200109 4500008004100000245008200041210006900123260001800192100002100210700002300231856003500254 1988 en d00aVariational inequalities for the biharmonic operator with variable obstacles.0 aVariational inequalities for the biharmonic operator with variab bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aPaderni, Gabriella uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/53100371nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006200041210006100103260001800164100002100182700002300203856003500226 1987 en d00aIntegral representation of some convex local functionals.0 aIntegral representation of some convex local functionals bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aPaderni, Gabriella uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/49700395nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007300041210006900114260001800183100002100201700002800222856003500250 1987 en d00aLimits of nonlinear Dirichlet problems in varying domains. (Italian)0 aLimits of nonlinear Dirichlet problems in varying domains Italia bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDefranceschi, Anneliese uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/48600371nas a2200097 4500008004100000245008900041210006900130260001800199100002100217856003500238 1986 en d00aConvergence of unilateral convex sets. Optimization and related fields (Erice, 1984)0 aConvergence of unilateral convex sets Optimization and related f bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/35300389nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005200041210005200093260001800145100002500163700002300188700002100211856003500232 1986 en d00aDirichlet problems for demicoercive functionals0 aDirichlet problems for demicoercive functionals bSISSA Library1 aAnzellotti, Gabriele1 aButtazzo, Giuseppe1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/39000369nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006100041210006100102260001800163100002000181700002300201856003500224 1985 en d00aFlat connections for Lax hierarchies on coadjoint orbits0 aFlat connections for Lax hierarchies on coadjoint orbits bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aDe Filippo, Sergio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/46000386nas a2200097 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001800214100002100232856003500253 1985 en d00aSome necessary and sufficient conditions for the convergence of sequences of unilateral convex sets0 aSome necessary and sufficient conditions for the convergence of bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/31800353nas a2200097 4500008004100000245007100041210006900112260001800181100002100199856003500220 1985 en d00aSome singular perturbation problems in the calculus of variations.0 aSome singular perturbation problems in the calculus of variation bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/29700419nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007200041210006900113260001800182100002100200700002100221700002000242856003500262 1985 en d00aWeak convergence of measures on spaces of semicontinuous functions.0 aWeak convergence of measures on spaces of semicontinuous functio bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aDe Giorgi, Ennio1 aModica, Luciano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/46300345nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005700041210005700098260001000155653001200165100002200177856003600199 1984 en d00aSpin Structures and Global Conformal Transformations0 aSpin Structures and Global Conformal Transformations bSISSA10aSpinors1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/5854