We prove existence results for systems of boundary value problems involving elliptic second-order differential operators. The assumptions involve lower and upper solutions, which may be either well-ordered, or not at all. The results are stated in an abstract framework, and can be translated also for systems of parabolic type.We prove existence results for systems of boundary value problems involving elliptic second-order differential operators. The assumptions involve lower and upper solutions, which may be either well-ordered, or not at all. The results are stated in an abstract framework, and can be translated also for systems of parabolic type.

1 aFonda, Alessandro1 aKlun, Giuliano1 aSfecci, Andrea uhttps://doi.org/10.1142/S021919972150080200795nas a2200169 4500008004100000020001400041245008000055210006900135260001500204300000800219490000700227520028400234100002200518700001900540700001900559856004700578 2021 eng d a1660-545400aPeriodic Solutions of Second-Order Differential Equations in Hilbert Spaces0 aPeriodic Solutions of SecondOrder Differential Equations in Hilb c2021/09/07 a2230 v183 aWe prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional systems by the use of the lower/upper solutions method. Both the well-ordered and non-well-ordered cases are treated, thus generalizing to systems some well-established results for scalar equations.

1 aFonda, Alessandro1 aKlun, Giuliano1 aSfecci, Andrea uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00009-021-01857-800524nas a2200145 4500008004100000245006800041210006800109300001000177490000700187100001700194700002300211700002400234700001700258856010300275 2021 eng d00aPropagating geometry information to finite element computations0 aPropagating geometry information to finite element computations a1--300 v471 aHeltai, Luca1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMola, Andrea uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/propagating-geometry-information-finite-element-computations01746nas a2200217 4500008004100000020001400041245012200055210006900177260001600246520096600262653003001228653003001258653004101288653002501329653001801354100002701372700001901399700001701418700002101435856007201456 2021 eng d a0898-122100aA Reduced Order Cut Finite Element method for geometrically parametrized steady and unsteady Navier–Stokes problems0 aReduced Order Cut Finite Element method for geometrically parame c2021/08/12/3 aWe focus on steady and unsteady Navier–Stokes flow systems in a reduced-order modeling framework based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition within a levelset geometry description and discretized by an unfitted mesh Finite Element Method. This work extends the approaches of [1], [2], [3] to nonlinear CutFEM discretization. We construct and investigate a unified and geometry independent reduced basis which overcomes many barriers and complications of the past, that may occur whenever geometrical morphings are taking place. By employing a geometry independent reduced basis, we are able to avoid remeshing and transformation to reference configurations, and we are able to handle complex geometries. This combination of a fixed background mesh in a fixed extended background geometry with reduced order techniques appears beneficial and advantageous in many industrial and engineering applications, which could not be resolved efficiently in the past.

10aCut Finite Element Method10aNavier–Stokes equations10aParameter–dependent shape geometry10aReduced Order Models10aUnfitted mesh1 aKaratzas, Efthymios, N1 aNonino, Monica1 aBallarin, F.1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S089812212100279000480nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260000900202300001400211490000700225100002200232700001900254700001900273856004200292 2021 eng d00aWell-Ordered and Non-Well-Ordered Lower and Upper Solutions for Periodic Planar Systems0 aWellOrdered and NonWellOrdered Lower and Upper Solutions for Per c2021 a397 - 4190 v211 aFonda, Alessandro1 aKlun, Giuliano1 aSfecci, Andrea uhttps://doi.org/10.1515/ans-2021-211700617nas a2200193 4500008004100000245007100041210006300112100001800175700002300193700001900216700001800235700001700253700002400270700002000294700002400314700002000338700001700358856004800375 2020 eng d00aThe deal.II finite element library: Design, features, and insights0 adealII finite element library Design features and insights1 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aDavydov, Denis1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWells, David uhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2020.02.02200839nas a2200301 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078300001400108490000700122100001800129700002300147700001700170700002600187700001800213700002700231700001800258700001700276700002400293700002000317700001700337700002400354700001700378700001900395700002000414700001800434700001700452856006800469 2020 eng d00aThe deal.II library, Version 9.20 adealII library Version 92 a131–1460 v281 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aBlais, Bruno1 aClevenger, Thomas, C.1 aFehling, Marc1 aGrayver, Alexander, V.1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aMunch, Peter1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aRastak, Reza1 aTomas, Ignacio1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWang, Zhuoran1 aWells, David uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/dealii-library-version-9200784nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004300041210003900084300001200123490000800135520045300143100001900596856004700615 2020 eng d00aOn functions having coincident p-norms0 afunctions having coincident pnorms a955-9680 v1993 aIn a measure space $(X,{\mathcal {A}},\mu )$, we consider two measurable functions $f,g:E\rightarrow {\mathbb {R}}$, for some $E\in {\mathcal {A}}$. We prove that the property of having equal p-norms when p varies in some infinite set $P\subseteq [1,+\infty )$ is equivalent to the following condition: $\begin{aligned} \mu (\{x\in E:|f(x)|>\alpha \})=\mu (\{x\in E:|g(x)|>\alpha \})\quad \text { for all } \alpha \ge 0. \end{aligned}$

1 aKlun, Giuliano uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00907-z00942nas a2200133 4500008004100000022001400041245010700055210006900162520047200231100002200703700001900725700001900744856004500763 2020 eng d a0362-546X00aPeriodic solutions of nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori0 aPeriodic solutions of nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems bifu3 aWe prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems, bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori, by the use of a generalization of the Poincaré–Birkhoff Theorem.

1 aFonda, Alessandro1 aKlun, Giuliano1 aSfecci, Andrea uhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2019.11172001515nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009800041210006900139300001200208490000700220520092500227100002701152700001701179700002101196856015201217 2020 eng d00aProjection-based reduced order models for a cut finite element method in parametrized domains0 aProjectionbased reduced order models for a cut finite element me a833-8510 v793 aThis work presents a reduced order modeling technique built on a high fidelity embedded mesh finite element method. Such methods, and in particular the CutFEM method, are attractive in the generation of projection-based reduced order models thanks to their capabilities to seamlessly handle large deformations of parametrized domains and in general to handle topological changes. The combination of embedded methods and reduced order models allows us to obtain fast evaluation of parametrized problems, avoiding remeshing as well as the reference domain formulation, often used in the reduced order modeling for boundary fitted finite element formulations. The resulting novel methodology is presented on linear elliptic and Stokes problems, together with several test cases to assess its capability. The role of a proper extension and transport of embedded solutions to a common background is analyzed in detail.

1 aKaratzas, Efthymios, N1 aBallarin, F.1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85070900852&doi=10.1016%2fj.camwa.2019.08.003&partnerID=40&md5=2d222ab9c7832955d155655d3c93e1b101868nas a2200181 4500008004100000245012100041210006900162260003800231520122900269100002701498700002201525700001901547700002401566700002101590700001601611700002201627856003701649 2020 eng d00aA Reduced Order Approach for the Embedded Shifted Boundary FEM and a Heat Exchange System on Parametrized Geometries0 aReduced Order Approach for the Embedded Shifted Boundary FEM and bSpringer International Publishing3 aA model order reduction technique is combined with an embedded boundary finite element method with a POD-Galerkin strategy. The proposed methodology is applied to parametrized heat transfer problems and we rely on a sufficiently refined shape-regular background mesh to account for parametrized geometries. In particular, the employed embedded boundary element method is the Shifted Boundary Method (SBM) recently proposed. This approach is based on the idea of shifting the location of true boundary conditions to a surrogate boundary, with the goal of avoiding cut cells near the boundary of the computational domain. This combination of methodologies has multiple advantages. In the first place, since the Shifted Boundary Method always relies on the same background mesh, there is no need to update the discretized parametric domain. Secondly, we avoid the treatment of cut cell elements, which usually need particular attention. Thirdly, since the whole background mesh is considered in the reduced basis construction, the SBM allows for a smooth transition of the reduced modes across the immersed domain boundary. The performances of the method are verified in two dimensional heat transfer numerical examples.

1 aKaratzas, Efthymios, N1 aStabile, Giovanni1 aAtallah, Nabib1 aScovazzi, Guglielmo1 aRozza, Gianluigi1 aFehr, Jörg1 aHaasdonk, Bernard uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1807.0775301444nas a2200157 4500008004100000245010200041210006900143490000800212520080500220100002701025700002201052700001701074700002401091700002101115856015001136 2020 eng d00aA reduced-order shifted boundary method for parametrized incompressible Navier–Stokes equations0 areducedorder shifted boundary method for parametrized incompress0 v3703 aWe investigate a projection-based reduced order model of the steady incompressible Navier–Stokes equations for moderate Reynolds numbers. In particular, we construct an “embedded” reduced basis space, by applying proper orthogonal decomposition to the Shifted Boundary Method, a high-fidelity embedded method recently developed. We focus on the geometrical parametrization through level-set geometries, using a fixed Cartesian background geometry and the associated mesh. This approach avoids both remeshing and the development of a reference domain formulation, as typically done in fitted mesh finite element formulations. Two-dimensional computational examples for one and three parameter dimensions are presented to validate the convergence and the efficacy of the proposed approach.

1 aKaratzas, Efthymios, N1 aStabile, Giovanni1 aNouveau, Leo1 aScovazzi, Guglielmo1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85087886522&doi=10.1016%2fj.cma.2020.113273&partnerID=40&md5=d864e4808190b682ecb1c8b27cda72d800890nas a2200277 4500008004100000022001300041245003700054210003000091520010800121100001800229700002300247700002600270700001900296700001800315700002700333700001900360700001800379700001700397700002400414700002500438700002000463700002400483700002000507700001700527856006800544 2019 eng d a1570282000aThe deal.II Library, Version 9.10 adealII Library Version 913 aThis paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II, version 9.1.1 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aClevenger, Thomas, C.1 aDavydov, Denis1 aFehling, Marc1 aGarcia-Sanchez, Daniel1 aHarper, Graham1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aKynch, Ross, Maguire1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWells, David uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/dealii-library-version-9100747nas a2200253 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078100001800108700002300126700002600149700001900175700001800194700002700212700001900239700001800258700001700276700002400293700002500317700002000342700002400362700002000386700001700406856007000423 2019 eng d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 9.10 adealII Library Version 911 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aClevenger, Thomas, C.1 aDavydov, Denis1 aFehling, Marc1 aGarcia-Sanchez, Daniel1 aHarper, Graham1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aKynch, Ross, Maguire1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWells, David uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/dealii-library-version-91-000424nas a2200121 4500008004100000022001400041245007800055210006900133260000800202100002400210700002100234856004700255 2019 eng d a1432-044400aOn the Number of Flats Tangent to Convex Hypersurfaces in Random Position0 aNumber of Flats Tangent to Convex Hypersurfaces in Random Positi cMar1 aKozhasov, Khazhgali1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-019-00067-000731nas a2200133 4500008004100000022001400041245007800055210006900133260000800202520029500210100002100505700002400526856004700550 2019 eng d a1615-338300aThe Real Polynomial Eigenvalue Problem is Well Conditioned on the Average0 aReal Polynomial Eigenvalue Problem is Well Conditioned on the Av cMay3 aWe study the average condition number for polynomial eigenvalues of collections of matrices drawn from some random matrix ensembles. In particular, we prove that polynomial eigenvalue problems defined by matrices with random Gaussian entries are very well conditioned on the average.

1 aBeltrán, Carlos1 aKozhasov, Khazhgali uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10208-019-09414-202191nas a2200169 4500008004100000245015000041210006900191300001200260490000800272520148000280100002701760700002201787700001701809700002401826700002101850856015001871 2019 eng d00aA reduced basis approach for PDEs on parametrized geometries based on the shifted boundary finite element method and application to a Stokes flow0 areduced basis approach for PDEs on parametrized geometries based a568-5870 v3473 aWe propose a model order reduction technique integrating the Shifted Boundary Method (SBM) with a POD-Galerkin strategy. This approach allows to deal with complex parametrized domains in an efficient and straightforward way. The impact of the proposed approach is threefold. First, problems involving parametrizations of complex geometrical shapes and/or large domain deformations can be efficiently solved at full-order by means of the SBM. This unfitted boundary method permits to avoid remeshing and the tedious handling of cut cells by introducing an approximate surrogate boundary. Second, the computational effort is reduced by the development of a Reduced Order Model (ROM) technique based on a POD-Galerkin approach. Third, the SBM provides a smooth mapping from the true to the surrogate domain, and for this reason, the stability and performance of the reduced order basis are enhanced. This feature is the net result of the combination of the proposed ROM approach and the SBM. Similarly, the combination of the SBM with a projection-based ROM gives the great advantage of an easy and fast to implement algorithm considering geometrical parametrization with large deformations. The transformation of each geometry to a reference geometry (morphing) is in fact not required. These combined advantages will allow the solution of PDE problems more efficiently. We illustrate the performance of this approach on a number of two-dimensional Stokes flow problems.

1 aKaratzas, Efthymios, N1 aStabile, Giovanni1 aNouveau, Leo1 aScovazzi, Guglielmo1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85060107322&doi=10.1016%2fj.cma.2018.12.040&partnerID=40&md5=1a3234f0cb000c91494d946428f8ebef01397nas a2200193 4500008004100000245006200041210006000103260003800163490000800201520080600209100002101015700002101036700002501057700001801082700001601100700002801116700002201144856003701166 2019 eng d00aA Spectral Element Reduced Basis Method in Parametric CFD0 aSpectral Element Reduced Basis Method in Parametric CFD bSpringer International Publishing0 v1263 aWe consider the Navier-Stokes equations in a channel with varying Reynolds numbers. The model is discretized with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 14 259 degrees of freedom. The steady-state snapshot solu- tions define a reduced order space, which allows to accurately evaluate the steady- state solutions for varying Reynolds number with a reduced order model within a fixed-point iteration. In particular, we compare different aspects of implementing the reduced order model with respect to the use of a spectral element discretization. It is shown, how a multilevel static condensation in the pressure and velocity boundary degrees of freedom can be combined with a reduced order modelling approach to enhance computational times in parametric many-query scenarios.

1 aHess, Martin, W.1 aRozza, Gianluigi1 aRadu, Florin, Adrian1 aKumar, Kundan1 aBerre, Inga1 aNordbotten, Jan, Martin1 aPop, Iuliu, Sorin uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1712.0643201106nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245006700055210006000122260001000182300001200192490000700204520065100211100002200862700001900884856004500903 2019 en d a1230-342900aOn the topological degree of planar maps avoiding normal cones0 atopological degree of planar maps avoiding normal cones bSISSA a825-8450 v533 aThe classical Poincaré-Bohl theorem provides the existence of a zero for a function avoiding external rays. When the domain is convex, the same holds true when avoiding normal cones.

We consider here the possibility of dealing with nonconvex sets having inward corners or cusps, in which cases the normal cone vanishes. This allows us to deal with situations where the topological degree may be strictly greater than $1$.

We construct generic real symmetric tensors with only real eigenvectors or, equivalently, real homogeneous polynomials with the maximum possible finite number of critical points on the sphere.

1 aKozhasov, Khazhgali uhttps://epubs.siam.org/doi/pdf/10.1137/17M114590201671nas a2200205 4500008004100000022001400041245009100055210006900146300001100215490000800226520095800234653002501192653005401217653002501271653002901296100002501325700001901350700002501369856007101394 2018 eng d a0021-782400aMinimizing movements for mean curvature flow of droplets with prescribed contact angle0 aMinimizing movements for mean curvature flow of droplets with pr a1 - 580 v1173 aWe study the mean curvature motion of a droplet flowing by mean curvature on a horizontal hyperplane with a possibly nonconstant prescribed contact angle. Using the solutions constructed as a limit of an approximation algorithm of Almgren–Taylor–Wang and Luckhaus–Sturzenhecker, we show the existence of a weak evolution, and its compatibility with a distributional solution. We also prove various comparison results. Résumé Nous étudions le mouvement par courbure moyenne d'une goutte qui glisse par courbure moyenne sur un hyperplan horizontal avec un angle de contact prescrit éventuellement non constant. En utilisant les solutions construites comme limites d'un algorithme d'approximation dû à Almgren, Taylor et Wang et Luckhaus et Sturzenhecker, nous montrons l'existence d'une évolution faible, et sa compatibilité avec une solution au sens des distributions. Nous démontrons également plusieurs résultats de comparaison.

10aCapillary functional10aMean curvature flow with prescribed contact angle10aMinimizing movements10aSets of finite perimeter1 aBellettini, Giovanni1 aNovaga, Matteo1 aKholmatov, Shokhrukh uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002178241830082501065nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104300001400167490000700181520065400188100002500842700002500867856003900892 2018 eng d00aMinimizing Movements for Mean Curvature Flow of Partitions0 aMinimizing Movements for Mean Curvature Flow of Partitions a4117-41480 v503 aWe prove the existence of a weak global in time mean curvature flow of a bounded partition of space using the method of minimizing movements. The result is extended to the case when suitable driving forces are present. We also prove some consistency results for a minimizing movement solution with smooth and viscosity solutions when the evolution starts from a partition made by a union of bounded sets at a positive distance. In addition, the motion starting from the union of convex sets at a positive distance agrees with the classical mean curvature flow and is stable with respect to the Hausdorff convergence of the initial partitions.

1 aBellettini, Giovanni1 aKholmatov, Shokhrukh uhttps://doi.org/10.1137/17M115929401177nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008600041210006900127300001300196490000800209520068400217100001800901700002100919700002100940856007000961 2018 eng d00aNumerical study of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation and dispersive shock waves0 aNumerical study of the KadomtsevPetviashvili equation and disper a201704580 v4743 aA detailed numerical study of the long time behaviour of dispersive shock waves in solutions to the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KP) I equation is presented. It is shown that modulated lump solutions emerge from the dispersive shock waves. For the description of dispersive shock waves, Whitham modulation equations for KP are obtained. It is shown that the modulation equations near the soliton line are hyperbolic for the KPII equation while they are elliptic for the KPI equation leading to a focusing effect and the formation of lumps. Such a behaviour is similar to the appearance of breathers for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation in the semiclassical limit.

1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian1 aPitton, Giuseppe uhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2017.045801093nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133300001300202490000800215520058600223100002100809700002300830700002400853856007000877 2018 eng d00aSymplectic invariants for parabolic orbits and cusp singularities of integrable systems0 aSymplectic invariants for parabolic orbits and cusp singularitie a201704240 v3763 aWe discuss normal forms and symplectic invariants of parabolic orbits and cuspidal tori in integrable Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom. Such singularities appear in many integrable systems in geometry and mathematical physics and can be considered as the simplest example of degenerate singularities. We also suggest some new techniques which apparently can be used for studying symplectic invariants of degenerate singularities of more general type. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Finite dimensional integrable systems: new trends and methods’.

1 aBolsinov, Alexey1 aGuglielmi, Lorenzo1 aKudryavtseva, Elena uhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rsta.2017.042400568nas a2200145 4500008004100000020002200041245008900063210006900152260004400221300001400265100002100279700002700300700002800327856006700355 2018 eng d a978-3-319-91545-600aOn Uniqueness of Weak Solutions to Transport Equation with Non-smooth Velocity Field0 aUniqueness of Weak Solutions to Transport Equation with Nonsmoot aChambSpringer International Publishing a191–2031 aBonicatto, Paolo1 aKlingenberg, Christian1 aWestdickenberg, Michael uhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-91545-6_1500594nas a2200217 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078300001400108490000700122100001800129700002300147700001900170700001800189700001700207700002400224700002000248700002400268700002000292700001700312856004700329 2017 eng d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 8.50 adealII Library Version 85 a137–1450 v251 aArndt, Daniel1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aDavydov, Denis1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aPelteret, Jean-Paul1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWells, David uhttps://www.dealii.org/deal85-preprint.pdf01160nas a2200205 4500008004100000022001400041245006400055210006400119300000900183490000700192520049200199653003500691653001800726653003600744653002900780100002500809700001900834700002500853856007600878 2017 eng d a1534-039200aMinimizers of anisotropic perimeters with cylindrical norms0 aMinimizers of anisotropic perimeters with cylindrical norms a14270 v163 aWe study various regularity properties of minimizers of the Φ–perimeter, where Φ is a norm. Under suitable assumptions on Φ and on the dimension of the ambient space, we prove that the boundary of a cartesian minimizer is locally a Lipschitz graph out of a closed singular set of small Hausdorff dimension. Moreover, we show the following anisotropic Bernstein-type result: any entire cartesian minimizer is the subgraph of a monotone function depending only on one variable.

10aanisotropic Bernstein problem;10aminimal cones10aNon parametric minimal surfaces10aSets of finite perimeter1 aBellettini, Giovanni1 aNovaga, Matteo1 aKholmatov, Shokhrukh uhttp://aimsciences.org//article/id/47054f15-00c7-40b7-9da1-4c0b1d0a103d00506nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009700041210006900138300001400207490000800221100001700229700001500246700002200261700002200283856005500305 2017 eng d00aA natural framework for isogeometric fluid-structure interaction based on BEM-shell coupling0 anatural framework for isogeometric fluidstructure interaction ba a522–5460 v3161 aHeltai, Luca1 aKiendl, J.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aReali, Alessandro uhttp://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2017CMAME.316..522H00325nas a2200109 4500008004100000245002400041210002400065100001900089700002400108700002100132856006200153 2017 eng d00aRandom spectrahedra0 aRandom spectrahedra1 aBreiding, Paul1 aKozhasov, Khazhgali1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/random-spectrahedra00453nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137260000700206300001100213100001900224700002100243700001800264856003700282 2017 eng d00aSymplectic geometry of the moduli space of projective structures in homological coordinates0 aSymplectic geometry of the moduli space of projective structures c06 a1–561 aBertola, Marco1 aKorotkin, Dmitry1 aNorton, Chaya uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1506.0791800496nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245007000055210006900125300001800194490000700212100002100219700002100240700001600261700002200277856003900299 2016 eng d a1064-827500aAdaptivity and blow-up detection for nonlinear evolution problems0 aAdaptivity and blowup detection for nonlinear evolution problems aA3833–A38560 v381 aCangiani, Andrea1 aGeorgoulis, E.H.1 aKyza, Irene1 aMetcalfe, Stephen uhttps://doi.org/10.1137/16M106073X00503nas a2200181 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078300001100108490000600119100002300125700001800148700001700166700001700183700002400200700002000224700002000244856005700264 2016 eng d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 8.30 adealII Library Version 83 a1–110 v41 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKanschat, G.1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aTurcksin, Bruno uhttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-ans-23122600582nas a2200205 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078300001400108490000700122100002300129700001900152700001800171700001700189700001700206700002400223700002000247700002000267700001700287856007200304 2016 eng d00aThe deal.II library, Version 8.40 adealII library Version 84 a135–1410 v241 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aDavydov, Denis1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKanschat, G.1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aWells, David uhttps://www.math.clemson.edu/ heister/preprints/deal84-preprint.pdf00590nas a2200157 4500008004100000245009800041210006900139300001400208490000700222100001600229700001700245700001400262700001700276700001400293856012500307 2016 eng d00aError Estimates of B-spline based finite-element method for the wind-driven ocean circulation0 aError Estimates of Bspline based finiteelement method for the wi a430–4590 v691 aRotundo, N.1 aKim, T., -Y.1 aJiang, W.1 aHeltai, Luca1 aFried, E. uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/error-estimates-b-spline-based-finite-element-method-wind-driven-ocean-circulation01362nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005800041210005800099520096700157100002401124700002101148700002301169856004801192 2016 en d00aLarge KAM tori for perturbations of the dNLS equation0 aLarge KAM tori for perturbations of the dNLS equation3 aWe prove that small, semi-linear Hamiltonian perturbations of the defocusing nonlinear Schr\"odinger (dNLS) equation on the circle have an abundance of invariant tori of any size and (finite) dimension which support quasi-periodic solutions. When compared with previous results the novelty consists in considering perturbations which do not satisfy any symmetry condition (they may depend on x in an arbitrary way) and need not be analytic. The main difficulty is posed by pairs of almost resonant dNLS frequencies. The proof is based on the integrability of the dNLS equation, in particular the fact that the nonlinear part of the Birkhoff coordinates is one smoothing. We implement a Newton-Nash-Moser iteration scheme to construct the invariant tori. The key point is the reduction of linearized operators, coming up in the iteration scheme, to 2×2 block diagonal ones with constant coefficients together with sharp asymptotic estimates of their eigenvalues.1 aBerti, Massimiliano1 aKappeler, Thomas1 aMontalto, Riccardo uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3528400454nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245007100055210006900126300001200195490000700207100002100214700001500235700002000250856003800270 2016 eng d a1661-695200aPimsner algebras and Gysin sequences from principal circle actions0 aPimsner algebras and Gysin sequences from principal circle actio a29–640 v101 aArici, Francesca1 aKaad, Jens1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/2066/16295101201nas a2200145 4500008004100000245005000041210005000091260003400141300001400175490000700189520075600196100002200952700003100974856005001005 2016 eng d00aRefined node polynomials via long edge graphs0 aRefined node polynomials via long edge graphs bInternational Press of Boston a193–2340 v103 aThe generating functions of the Severi degrees for sufficiently ample line bundles on algebraic surfaces are multiplicative in the topological invariants of the surface and the line bundle. Recently new proofs of this fact were given for toric surfaces by Block, Colley, Kennedy and Liu, Osserman, using tropical geometry and in particular the combinatorial tool of long-edged graphs. In the first part of this paper these results are for $\mathbb{P}^2$ and rational ruled surfaces generalised to refined Severi degrees. In the second part of the paper we give a number of mostly conjectural generalisations of this result to singular surfaces, and curves with prescribed multiple points. The formulas involve modular forms and theta functions.

1 aGöttsche, Lothar1 aKikwai, Benjamin, Kipkirui uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.4310/CNTP.2016.v10.n2.a200434nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006500041210006200106100001900168700002500187700002200212856009000234 2016 eng d00aOn Sobolev instability of the interior problem of tomography0 aSobolev instability of the interior problem of tomography1 aBertola, Marco1 aKatsevich, Alexander1 aTovbis, Alexander uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/sobolev-instability-interior-problem-tomography00605nas a2200181 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078520010700108100002300215700001800238700001700256700001700273700002400290700002000314700002000334700001800354856005100372 2015 en d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 8.20 adealII Library Version 823 aThis paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II version 8.21 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKanschat, G.1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aYoung, T., D. uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3446400332nas a2200085 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120100001900189856003800208 2015 eng d00aGli abachi: antichi strumenti precursori delle moderne macchine da calcolo0 aGli abachi antichi strumenti precursori delle moderne macchine d1 aKlun, Giuliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/10077/1088400591nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136260003700205300001600242490000600258100002000264700001800284700002200302856012100324 2015 eng d00aA topological join construction and the Toda system on compact surfaces of arbitrary genus0 atopological join construction and the Toda system on compact sur bMathematical Sciences Publishers a1963–20270 v81 aJevnikar, Aleks1 aKallel, Sadok1 aMalchiodi, Andrea uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/topological-join-construction-and-toda-system-compact-surfaces-arbitrary-genus00787nas a2200121 4500008004100000245013000041210006900171260001000240520031200250100002300562700002900585856005100614 2015 en d00aTranslation and adaptation of Birman's paper "On the theory of self-adjoint extensions of positive definite operators" (1956)0 aTranslation and adaptation of Birmans paper On the theory of sel bSISSA3 aThis is an accurate translation from Russian and adaptation to the modern mathematical jargon of a classical paper by M. Sh. Birman published in 1956, which is still today central in the theory of self-adjoint extensions of semi-bounded operators, and for which yet no English version was available so far.1 aKhotyakov, Mikhail1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3444301209nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010300041210006900144260001000213520075500223100002100978700002000999700002001019856003601039 2014 eng d00aAdler-Gelfand-Dickey approach to classical W-algebras within the theory of Poisson vertex algebras0 aAdlerGelfandDickey approach to classical Walgebras within the th bSISSA3 aWe put the Adler-Gelfand-Dickey approach to classical W-algebras in the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. We show how to recover the bi-Poisson structure of the KP hierarchy, together with its generalizations and reduction to the N-th KdV hierarchy, using the formal distribution calculus and the lambda-bracket formalism. We apply the Lenard-Magri scheme to prove integrability of the corresponding hierarchies. We also give a simple proof of a theorem of Kupershmidt and Wilson in this framework. Based on this approach, we generalize all these results to the matrix case. In particular, we find (non-local) bi-Poisson structures of the matrix KP and the matrix N-th KdV hierarchies, and we prove integrability of the N-th matrix KdV hierarchy.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724201294nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001000214520083900224100002101063700002001084700002001104856003601124 2014 en d00aClassical W-algebras and generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies for minimal and short nilpotents0 aClassical Walgebras and generalized DrinfeldSokolov hierarchies bSISSA3 aWe derive explicit formulas for lambda-brackets of the affine classical W-algebras attached to the minimal and short nilpotent elements of any simple Lie algebra g. This is used to compute explicitly the first non-trivial PDE of the corresponding intgerable generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies. It turns out that a reduction of the equation corresponding to a short nilpotent is Svinolupov's equation attached to a simple Jordan algebra, while a reduction of the equation corresponding to a minimal nilpotent is an integrable Hamiltonian equation on 2h-3 functions, where h is the dual Coxeter number of g. In the case when g is sl_2 both these equations coincide with the KdV equation. In the case when g is not of type C_n, we associate to the minimal nilpotent element of g yet another generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/697900706nas a2200133 4500008004100000245004800041210004800089260001000137520032800147100002100475700002000496700002000516856003600536 2014 en d00aDirac reduction for Poisson vertex algebras0 aDirac reduction for Poisson vertex algebras bSISSA3 aWe construct an analogue of Dirac's reduction for an arbitrary local or non-local Poisson bracket in the general setup of non-local Poisson vertex algebras. This leads to Dirac's reduction of an arbitrary non-local Poisson structure. We apply this construction to an example of a generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/698001126nas a2200169 4500008004100000022001400041245009000055210006900145260000800214300001400222490000800236520060400244100001800848700002000866700002400886856004600910 2014 eng d a1432-180700aExistence of immersed spheres minimizing curvature functionals in compact 3-manifolds0 aExistence of immersed spheres minimizing curvature functionals i cJun a379–4250 v3593 aWe study curvature functionals for immersed 2-spheres in a compact, three-dimensional Riemannian manifold $M$. Under the assumption that the sectional curvature $K^M$ is strictly positive, we prove the existence of a smooth immersion $f:{\mathbb{S}}^2 \rightarrow M$ minimizing the $L^2$ integral of the second fundamental form. Assuming instead that $K^M \leq 2 $ and that there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})>6$, we obtain a smooth minimizer $f:{\mathbb{S}}^2 \rightarrow M$ for the functional $\int \frac{1}{4}|H|^2+1$, where $H$ is the mean curvature.

1 aKuwert, Ernst1 aMondino, Andrea1 aSchygulla, Johannes uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00208-013-1005-300754nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006000041210005900101260001000160520035300170100002100523700002000544700002000564856003600584 2014 en d00aIntegrability of Dirac reduced bi-Hamiltonian equations0 aIntegrability of Dirac reduced biHamiltonian equations bSISSA3 aFirst, we give a brief review of the theory of the Lenard-Magri scheme for a non-local bi-Poisson structure and of the theory of Dirac reduction. These theories are used in the remainder of the paper to prove integrability of three hierarchies of bi-Hamiltonian PDE's, obtained by Dirac reduction from some generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724700957nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260004100185520053400226100002000760700001900780856003600799 2014 en d00aOn an isomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property0 aisomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property bMaik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing3 aWe show that the fourth order nonlinear ODE which controls the pole dynamics in the general solution of equation $P_I^2$ compatible with the KdV equation exhibits two remarkable properties: 1) it governs the isomonodromy deformations of a $2\times2$ matrix linear ODE with polynomial coefficients, and 2) it does not possesses the Painlev\'e property. We also study the properties of the Riemann--Hilbert problem associated to this ODE and find its large $t$ asymptotic solution for the physically interesting initial data.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aKapaev, Andrey uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646600578nas a2200145 4500008004100000245004600041210004500087260001000132520011500142653003000257100002200287700001700309700002500326856008100351 2014 en d00aLocal behavior of fractional p-minimizers0 aLocal behavior of fractional pminimizers bSISSA3 aWe extend the De Giorgi-Nash Moser theory to nonlocal, possibly degerate integro-differential operators

10afractional Sobolev spaces1 aDi Castro, Agnese1 aKuusi, Tuomo1 aPalatucci, Giampiero uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/local-behavior-fractional-p-minimizers00581nas a2200109 4500008004100000245016900041210006900210100001900279700002500298700002200323856012600345 2014 eng d00aSingular Value Decomposition of a Finite Hilbert Transform Defined on Several Intervals and the Interior Problem of Tomography: The Riemann-Hilbert Problem Approach0 aSingular Value Decomposition of a Finite Hilbert Transform Defin1 aBertola, Marco1 aKatsevich, Alexander1 aTovbis, Alexander uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/singular-value-decomposition-finite-hilbert-transform-defined-several-intervals-and01002nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005800041210005500099260001000154520060700164100002100771700002000792700002000812856003600832 2014 en d00aStructure of classical (finite and affine) W-algebras0 aStructure of classical finite and affine Walgebras bSISSA3 aFirst, we derive an explicit formula for the Poisson bracket of the classical finite W-algebra W^{fin}(g,f), the algebra of polynomial functions on the Slodowy slice associated to a simple Lie algebra g and its nilpotent element f. On the other hand, we produce an explicit set of generators and we derive an explicit formula for the Poisson vertex algebra structure of the classical affine W-algebra W(g,f). As an immediate consequence, we obtain a Poisson algebra isomorphism between W^{fin}(g,f) and the Zhu algebra of W(g,f). We also study the generalized Miura map for classical W-algebras.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/731400917nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104260002500167520051500192100001900707700001800726856005100744 2014 en d00aWeighted quantile correlation test for the logistic family0 aWeighted quantile correlation test for the logistic family bUniversity of Szeged3 aWe summarize the results of investigating the asymptotic behavior of the weighted quantile correlation tests for the location-scale family associated to the logistic distribution. Explicit representations of the limiting distribution are given in terms of integrals of weighted Brownian bridges or alternatively as infinite series of independent Gaussian random variables. The power of this test and the test for the location logistic family against some alternatives are demonstrated by numerical simulations.1 aBalogh, Ferenc1 aKrauczi, Éva uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3502501065nas a2200133 4500008004100000245012700041210006900168260001300237520058400250100002100834700002000855700002000875856003600895 2013 en d00aClassical W-algebras and generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov bi-Hamiltonian systems within the theory of Poisson vertex algebras0 aClassical Walgebras and generalized DrinfeldSokolov biHamiltonia bSpringer3 aWe provide a description of the Drinfeld-Sokolov Hamiltonian reduction for the construction of classical W-algebras within the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. In this context, the gauge group action on the phase space is translated in terms of (the exponential of) a Lie conformal algebra action on the space of functions. Following the ideas of Drinfeld and Sokolov, we then establish under certain sufficient conditions the applicability of the Lenard-Magri scheme of integrability and the existence of the corresponding integrable hierarchy of bi-Hamiltonian equations.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/697801219nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001000193520068100203100002000884700001800904700002100922700001800943856011200961 2013 en d00aOn critical behaviour in systems of Hamiltonian partial differential equations0 acritical behaviour in systems of Hamiltonian partial differentia bSISSA3 aWe study the critical behaviour of solutions to weakly dispersive Hamiltonian systems considered as perturbations of elliptic and hyperbolic systems of hydrodynamic type with two components. We argue that near the critical point of gradient catastrophe of the dispersionless system, the solutions to a suitable initial value problem for the perturbed equations are approximately described by particular solutions to the Painlev\'e-I (P$_I$) equation or its fourth order analogue P$_I^2$. As concrete examples we discuss nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations in the semiclassical limit. A numerical study of these cases provides strong evidence in support of the conjecture.

1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian1 aMoro, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/critical-behaviour-systems-hamiltonian-partial-differential-equations00613nas a2200193 4500008004100000245003700041210003000078260001000108520010800118100002300226700001800249700001700267700001700284700002400301700002000325700002000345700001800365856003600383 2013 en d00aThe deal.II Library, Version 8.10 adealII Library Version 81 bSISSA3 aThis paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II version 8.0.1 aBangerth, Wolfgang1 aHeister, Timo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aKanschat, G.1 aKronbichler, Martin1 aMaier, Matthias1 aTurcksin, Bruno1 aYoung, T., D. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/723601318nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120520083000189100002001019700002201039700002101061856011401082 2013 eng d00aFree Form Deformation Techniques Applied to 3D Shape Optimization Problems0 aFree Form Deformation Techniques Applied to 3D Shape Optimizatio3 aThe purpose of this work is to analyse and study an efficient parametrization technique for a 3D shape optimization problem. After a brief review of the techniques and approaches already available in literature, we recall the Free Form Deformation parametrization, a technique which proved to be efficient and at the same time versatile, allowing to manage complex shapes even with few parameters. We tested and studied the FFD technique by establishing a path, from the geometry definition, to the method implementation, and finally to the simulation and to the optimization of the shape. In particular, we have studied a bulb and a rudder of a race sailing boat as model applications, where we have tested a complete procedure from Computer-Aided-Design to build the geometrical model to discretization and mesh generation.1 aKoshakji, Anwar1 aQuarteroni, Alfio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/free-form-deformation-techniques-applied-3d-shape-optimization-problems00476nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245007100055210006700126300001600193490000800209100001900217700001800236700002200254856005400276 2013 eng d a0002-993900aInversion formulae for the $\romancosh$-weighted Hilbert transform0 aInversion formulae for the romancoshweighted Hilbert transform a2703–27180 v1411 aBertola, Marco1 aKatsevich, A.1 aTovbis, Alexander uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-2013-11642-401015nas a2200133 4500008004100000245004500041210003400086260001000120520062000130100001800750700001900768700002100787856007300808 2013 en d00aOn the tritronquée solutions of P$_I^2$0 atritronquée solutions of PI2 bSISSA3 aFor equation P$_I^2$, the second member in the P$_I$ hierarchy, we prove existence of various degenerate solutions depending on the complex parameter $t$ and evaluate the asymptotics in the complex $x$ plane for $|x|\to\infty$ and $t=o(x^{2/3})$. Using this result, we identify the most degenerate solutions $u^{(m)}(x,t)$, $\hat u^{(m)}(x,t)$, $m=0,\dots,6$, called {\em tritronqu\'ee}, describe the quasi-linear Stokes phenomenon and find the large $n$ asymptotics of the coefficients in a formal expansion of these solutions. We supplement our findings by a numerical study of the tritronqu\'ee solutions.

1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKapaev, Andrey1 aKlein, Christian uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/tritronqu%C3%A9e-solutions-pi202153nas a2200181 4500008004100000245015200041210006900193260001000262520154500272100001101817700002101828700001601849700001501865700001401880700001901894700002201913856003601935 2012 en d00aDetection of transcriptional triggers in the dynamics of microbial growth: application to the respiratory-versatile bacterium Shewanella oneidensis0 aDetection of transcriptional triggers in the dynamics of microbi bSISSA3 aThe capacity of microorganisms to respond to variable external conditions requires a coordination of environment-sensing mechanisms and decisionmaking regulatory circuits. Here, we seek to understand the interplay between these two processes by combining high-throughput measurement of time-dependent mRNA profiles with a novel computational approach that searches for key genetic triggers of transcriptional changes. Our approach helped us understand the regulatory strategies of a respiratorily versatile bacterium with promising bioenergy and bioremediation applications, Shewanella oneidensis, in minimal and rich media. By comparing expression profiles across these two conditions, we unveiled components of the transcriptional program that depend mainly on the growth phase. Conversely, by integrating our time-dependent data with a previously available large compendium of static perturbation responses, we identified transcriptional changes that cannot be explained solely by internal network dynamics, but are rather triggered by specific genes acting as key mediators of an environment-dependent response. These transcriptional triggers include known and novel regulators that respond to carbon, nitrogen and oxygen limitation. Our analysis suggests a sequence of physiological responses, including a coupling between nitrogen depletion and glycogen storage, partially recapitulated through dynamic flux balance analysis, and experimentally confirmed by metabolite measurements. Our approach is broadly applicable to other systems1 aBeg, Q1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aKlitgord, N1 aCollins, S1 aSerres, M1 aSegrè, Daniel1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/650600918nas a2200133 4500008004100000245011000041210006900151260001300220520035800233653003100591100001800622700002100640856012300661 2012 en d00aNumerical study of the small dispersion limit of the Korteweg-de Vries equation and asymptotic solutions0 aNumerical study of the small dispersion limit of the Kortewegde bElsevier3 aWe study numerically the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ for $\epsilon\ll1$ and give a quantitative comparison of the numerical solution with various asymptotic formulae for small $\epsilon$ in the whole $(x,t)$-plane. The matching of the asymptotic solutions is studied numerically.10aKorteweg-de Vries equation1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/numerical-study-small-dispersion-limit-korteweg-de-vries-equation-and-asymptotic01547nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008700041210006900128260000900197520111200206100002001318700001801338700002101356856003601377 2011 en d00aNumerical Study of breakup in generalized Korteweg-de Vries and Kawahara equations0 aNumerical Study of breakup in generalized Kortewegde Vries and K bSIAM3 aThis article is concerned with a conjecture in [B. Dubrovin, Comm. Math. Phys., 267 (2006), pp. 117–139] on the formation of dispersive shocks in a class of Hamiltonian dispersive regularizations of the quasi-linear transport equation. The regularizations are characterized by two arbitrary functions of one variable, where the condition of integrability implies that one of these functions must not vanish. It is shown numerically for a large class of equations that the local behavior of their solution near the point of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation is described by a special solution of a Painlevé-type equation. This local description holds also for solutions to equations where blowup can occur in finite time. Furthermore, it is shown that a solution of the dispersive equations away from the point of gradient catastrophe is approximated by a solution of the transport equation with the same initial data, modulo terms of order $\\\\epsilon^2$, where $\\\\epsilon^2$ is the small dispersion parameter. Corrections up to order $\\\\epsilon^4$ are obtained and tested numerically.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/495102590nas a2200265 4500008004100000245013200041210006900173260001000242520175000252100001702002700002402019700002002043700001902063700002102082700001802103700003002121700001802151700001702169700001702186700002002203700002202223700002402245700001902269856003602288 2010 en d00aGene expression analysis of the emergence of epileptiform activity after focal injection of kainic acid into mouse hippocampus.0 aGene expression analysis of the emergence of epileptiform activi bWiley3 aWe report gene profiling data on genomic processes underlying the progression towards recurrent seizures after injection of kainic acid (KA) into the mouse hippocampus. Focal injection enabled us to separate the effects of proepileptic stimuli initiated by KA injection. Both the injected and contralateral hippocampus participated in the status epilepticus. However, neuronal death induced by KA treatment was restricted to the injected hippocampus, although there was some contralateral axonal degeneration. We profiled gene expression changes in dorsal and ventral regions of both the injected and contralateral hippocampus. Changes were detected in the expression of 1526 transcripts in samples from three time-points: (i) during the KA-induced status epilepticus, (ii) at 2 weeks, before recurrent seizures emerged, and (iii) at 6 months after seizures emerged. Grouping genes with similar spatio-temporal changes revealed an early transcriptional response, strong immune, cell death and growth responses at 2 weeks and an activation of immune and extracellular matrix genes persisting at 6 months. Immunostaining for proteins coded by genes identified from array studies provided evidence for gliogenesis and suggested that the proteoglycan biglycan is synthesized by astrocytes and contributes to a glial scar. Gene changes at 6 months after KA injection were largely restricted to tissue from the injection site. This suggests that either recurrent seizures might depend on maintained processes including immune responses and changes in extracellular matrix proteins near the injection site or alternatively might result from processes, such as growth, distant from the injection site and terminated while seizures are maintained.

1 aMotti, Dario1 aLe Duigou, Caroline1 aChemaly, Nicole1 aWittner, Lucia1 aLazarevic, Dejan1 aKrmac, Helena1 aMarstrand, Troels, Torben1 aValen, Eivind1 aSanges, Remo1 aStupka, Elia1 aSandelin, Albin1 aCherubini, Enrico1 aGustincich, Stefano1 aMiles, Richard uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/448001048nas a2200121 4500008004300000245012100043210006900164520059600233100002200829700001800851700002100869856003600890 2010 en_Ud 00aNumerical Solution of the Small Dispersion Limit of the Camassa-Holm and Whitham Equations and Multiscale Expansions0 aNumerical Solution of the Small Dispersion Limit of the CamassaH3 aThe small dispersion limit of solutions to the Camassa-Holm (CH) equation is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations. An asymptotic description of these oscillations is given, for short times, by the one-phase solution to the CH equation, where the branch points of the corresponding elliptic curve depend on the physical coordinates via the Whitham equations. We present a conjecture for the phase of the asymptotic solution. A numerical study of this limit for smooth hump-like initial data provides strong evidence for the validity of this conjecture....1 aAbenda, Simonetta1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/384000978nas a2200121 4500008004300000245018700043210006900230520046200299100002000761700001800781700002100799856003600820 2009 en_Ud 00aOn universality of critical behaviour in the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation, elliptic umbilic catastrophe and the {\\\\it tritronquée} solution to the Painlevé-I equation0 auniversality of critical behaviour in the focusing nonlinear Sch3 aWe argue that the critical behaviour near the point of ``gradient catastrophe\\\" of the solution to the Cauchy problem for the focusing nonlinear Schr\\\\\\\"odinger equation $ i\\\\epsilon \\\\psi_t +\\\\frac{\\\\epsilon^2}2\\\\psi_{xx}+ |\\\\psi|^2 \\\\psi =0$ with analytic initial data of the form $\\\\psi(x,0;\\\\epsilon) =A(x) e^{\\\\frac{i}{\\\\epsilon} S(x)}$ is approximately described by a particular solution to the Painlev\\\\\\\'e-I equation.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/252501399nas a2200109 4500008004300000245010600043210006900149520099600218100001801214700002101232856003601253 2008 en_Ud 00aNumerical study of a multiscale expansion of the Korteweg-de Vries equation and Painlevé-II equation0 aNumerical study of a multiscale expansion of the Kortewegde Vrie3 aThe Cauchy problem for the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation with small dispersion of order $\\\\e^2$, $\\\\e\\\\ll 1$, is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations. These oscillations are approximately described by the elliptic solution of KdV where the amplitude, wave-number and frequency are not constant but evolve according to the Whitham equations. Whereas the difference between the KdV and the asymptotic solution decreases as $\\\\epsilon$ in the interior of the Whitham oscillatory zone, it is known to be only of order $\\\\epsilon^{1/3}$ near the leading edge of this zone. To obtain a more accurate description near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone we present a multiscale expansion of the solution of KdV in terms of the Hastings-McLeod solution of the Painlev\\\\\\\'e-II equation. We show numerically that the resulting multiscale solution approximates the KdV solution, in the small dispersion limit, to the order $\\\\epsilon^{2/3}$.1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/259200873nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009700043210006900140520040800209100002500617700001900642700002100661700002100682856003600703 2007 en_Ud 00aOn finite-dimensional projections of distributions for solutions of randomly forced PDE\\\'s0 afinitedimensional projections of distributions for solutions of 3 aThe paper is devoted to studying the image of probability measures on a Hilbert space under finite-dimensional analytic maps. We establish sufficient conditions under which the image of a measure has a density with respect to the Lebesgue measure and continuously depends on the map. The results obtained are applied to the 2D Navier-Stokes equations perturbed by various random forces of low dimension.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aKuksin, Sergei1 aSarychev, Andrey1 aShirikyan, Armen uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/201201358nas a2200109 4500008004300000245009600043210006900139520096500208100001801173700002101191856003601212 2007 en_Ud 00aNumerical solution of the small dispersion limit of Korteweg de Vries and Whitham equations0 aNumerical solution of the small dispersion limit of Korteweg de 3 aThe Cauchy problem for the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation with small dispersion of order $\\\\epsilon^2$, is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations of wave-length of order $\\\\epsilon$. These oscillations are approximately described by the elliptic solution of KdV where the amplitude, wave-number and frequency are not constant but evolve according to the Whitham equations. In this manuscript we give a quantitative analysis of the discrepancy between the numerical solution of the KdV equation in the small dispersion limit and the corresponding approximate solution for values of $\\\\epsilon$ between $10^{-1}$ and $10^{-3}$. The numerical results are compatible with a difference of order $\\\\epsilon$ within the `interior\\\' of the Whitham oscillatory zone, of order $\\\\epsilon^{1/3}$ at the left boundary outside the Whitham zone and of order $\\\\epsilon^{1/2}$ at the right boundary outside the Whitham zone.1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/178801084nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122520070800191100001800899700002100917856003600938 2007 en_Ud 00aNumerical study of a multiscale expansion of KdV and Camassa-Holm equation0 aNumerical study of a multiscale expansion of KdV and CamassaHolm3 aWe study numerically solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries and Camassa-Holm equation close to the breakup of the corresponding solution to the dispersionless equation. The solutions are compared with the properly rescaled numerical solution to a fourth order ordinary differential equation, the second member of the Painlev\\\\\\\'e I hierarchy. It is shown that this solution gives a valid asymptotic description of the solutions close to breakup. We present a detailed analysis of the situation and compare the Korteweg-de Vries solution quantitatively with asymptotic solutions obtained via the solution of the Hopf and the Whitham equations. We give a qualitative analysis for the Camassa-Holm equation1 aGrava, Tamara1 aKlein, Christian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/252700572nas a2200121 4500008004300000245003600043210003500079520024300114100002200357700001900379700001600398856003600414 2006 en_Ud 00a2-d stability of the Néel wall0 a2d stability of the Néel wall3 aWe are interested in thin-film samples in micromagnetism, where the magnetization m is a 2-d unit-length vector field. More precisely we are interested in transition layers which connect two opposite magnetizations, so called Néel walls.1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aKnuepfer, Hans1 aOtto, Felix uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/219400420nas a2200133 4500008004300000020002200043245005300065210005300118100002200171700002100193700002000214700001600234856003600250 2006 en_Ud a978-0-12-480874-400aRecent analytical developments in micromagnetics0 aRecent analytical developments in micromagnetics1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aKohn, Robert, V.1 aMüller, Stefan1 aOtto, Felix uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/223000495nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245006800055210006300123300001200186490000800198100001900206700001500225700001800240856009100258 2003 eng d a0564-616200aThe duality of spectral curves that arises in two-matrix models0 aduality of spectral curves that arises in twomatrix models a32–450 v1341 aBertola, Marco1 aEynard, B.1 aKharnad, Dzh. uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/duality-spectral-curves-arises-two-matrix-models00815nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009200043210006900135260002100204520035600225100002200581700002200603700002000625856003600645 2003 en_Ud 00aNon-linear sigma-models in noncommutative geometry: fields with values in finite spaces0 aNonlinear sigmamodels in noncommutative geometry fields with val bWorld Scientific3 aWe study sigma-models on noncommutative spaces, notably on noncommutative tori. We construct instanton solutions carrying a nontrivial topological charge q and satisfying a Belavin-Polyakov bound. The moduli space of these instantons is conjectured to consists of an ordinary torus endowed with a complex structure times a projective space $CP^{q-1}$.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aKrajewski, Thomas1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/321500945nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001800184520050900202100002200711700002200733700002000755856003600775 2000 en d00aSome Properties of Non-linear sigma-Models in Noncommutative Geometry0 aSome Properties of Nonlinear sigmaModels in Noncommutative Geome bSISSA Library3 aWe introduce non-linear $\\\\sigma$-models in the framework of noncommutative geometry with special emphasis on models defined on the noncommutative torus. We choose as target spaces the two point space and the circle and illustrate some characteristic features of the corresponding $\\\\sigma$-models. In particular we construct a $\\\\sigma$-model instanton with topological charge equal to 1. We also define and investigate some properties of a noncommutative analogue of the Wess-Zumino-Witten model.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aKrajewski, Thomas1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/1373