The HWI inequality is an “interpolation”inequality between the Entropy H, the Fisher information I and the Wasserstein distance W. We present a pathwise proof of the HWI inequality which is obtained through a zero noise limit of the Schrödinger problem. Our approach consists in making rigorous the Otto–Villani heuristics in Otto and Villani (2000) taking advantage of the entropic interpolations, which are regular both in space and time, rather than the displacement ones.

10aEntropic interpolations10aFisher information10aRelative entropy10aSchrödinger problem10aWasserstein distance1 aGentil, Ivan1 aLéonard, Christian1 aRipani, Luigia1 aTamanini, Luca uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030441491830345400424nas a2200121 4500008004100000022001400041245007800055210006900133260000800202100002400210700002100234856004700255 2019 eng d a1432-044400aOn the Number of Flats Tangent to Convex Hypersurfaces in Random Position0 aNumber of Flats Tangent to Convex Hypersurfaces in Random Positi cMar1 aKozhasov, Khazhgali1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-019-00067-002026nas a2200205 4500008004100000022001400041245009500055210006900150300001100219520136500230653002001595653002401615653001701639653002101656100002501677700002701702700002201729700002201751856004701773 2019 eng d a0022-509600aNutations in growing plant shoots: The role of elastic deformations due to gravity loading0 aNutations in growing plant shoots The role of elastic deformatio a1037023 aThe effect of elastic deformations induced by gravity loading on the active circumnutation movements of growing plant shoots is investigated. We consider first a discrete model (a gravitropic spring-pendulum system) and then a continuous rod model which is analyzed both analytically (under the assumption of small deformations) and numerically (in the large deformation regime). We find that, for a choice of material parameters consistent with values reported in the available literature on plant shoots, rods of sufficient length may exhibit lateral oscillations of increasing amplitude, which eventually converge to limit cycles. This behavior strongly suggests the occurrence of a Hopf bifurcation, just as for the gravitropic spring-pendulum system, for which this result is rigorously established. At least in this restricted set of material parameters, our analysis supports a view of Darwin’s circumnutations as a biological analogue to structural systems exhibiting flutter instabilities, i.e., spontaneous oscillations away from equilibrium configurations driven by non-conservative loads. Here, in the context of nutation movements of growing plant shoots, the energy needed to sustain oscillations is continuously supplied to the system by the internal biochemical machinery presiding the capability of plants to maintain a vertical pose.

10aCircumnutations10aFlutter instability10aGravitropism10aHopf bifurcation1 aAgostinelli, Daniele1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aNoselli, Giovanni1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2019.10370200411nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245004800055210004400103260000800147300001400155490000700169100001900176700002400195856004600219 2019 eng d a1973-440900aThe Serre–Swan theorem for normed modules0 aSerre–Swan theorem for normed modules cAug a385–4040 v681 aLučić, Danka1 aPasqualetto, Enrico uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12215-018-0366-601047nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007000041210006900111300001400180490000700194520062800201100002400829700002100853856003900874 2018 eng d00aAnalysis of a Dynamic Peeling Test with Speed-Dependent Toughness0 aAnalysis of a Dynamic Peeling Test with SpeedDependent Toughness a1206-12270 v783 aWe analyse a one-dimensional model of dynamic debonding for a thin film, where the local toughness of the glue between the film and the substrate also depends on the debonding speed. The wave equation on the debonded region is strongly coupled with Griffith's criterion for the evolution of the debonding front. We provide an existence and uniqueness result and find explicitly the solution in some concrete examples. We study the limit of solutions as inertia tends to zero, observing phases of unstable propagation, as well as time discontinuities, even though the toughness diverges at a limiting debonding speed.

1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aNardini, Lorenzo uhttps://doi.org/10.1137/17M114735401651nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009700041210006900138300001400207490000700221520116600228100001901394700002401413700002201437856004601459 2018 eng d00aCohesive fracture with irreversibility: Quasistatic evolution for a model subject to fatigue0 aCohesive fracture with irreversibility Quasistatic evolution for a1371-14120 v283 aIn this paper we prove the existence of quasistatic evolutions for a cohesive fracture on a prescribed crack surface, in small-strain antiplane elasticity. The main feature of the model is that the density of the energy dissipated in the fracture process depends on the total variation of the amplitude of the jump. Thus, any change in the crack opening entails a loss of energy, until the crack is complete. In particular this implies a fatigue phenomenon, i.e. a complete fracture may be produced by oscillation of small jumps. The first step of the existence proof is the construction of approximate evolutions obtained by solving discrete-time incremental minimum problems. The main difficulty in the passage to the continuous-time limit is that we lack of controls on the variations of the jump of the approximate evolutions. Therefore we resort to a weak formulation where the variation of the jump is replaced by a Young measure. Eventually, after proving the existence in this weak formulation, we improve the result by showing that the Young measure is concentrated on a function and coincides with the variation of the jump of the displacement.

1 aCrismale, Vito1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aOrlando, Gianluca uhttps://doi.org/10.1142/S021820251850037901813nas a2200205 4500008004100000245005400041210005400095260001400149300000700163520117300170100002601343700001901369700002001388700002101408700002201429700002101451700002601472700002501498856008401523 2018 eng d00aComputational methods in cardiovascular mechanics0 aComputational methods in cardiovascular mechanics bCRC Press a543 aThe introduction of computational models in cardiovascular sciences has been progressively bringing new and unique tools for the investigation of the physiopathology. Together with the dramatic improvement of imaging and measuring devices on one side, and of computational architectures on the other one, mathematical and numerical models have provided a new, clearly noninvasive, approach for understanding not only basic mechanisms but also patient-specific conditions, and for supporting the design and the development of new therapeutic options. The terminology in silico is, nowadays, commonly accepted for indicating this new source of knowledge added to traditional in vitro and in vivo investigations. The advantages of in silico methodologies are basically the low cost in terms of infrastructures and facilities, the reduced invasiveness and, in general, the intrinsic predictive capabilities based on the use of mathematical models. The disadvantages are generally identified in the distance between the real cases and their virtual counterpart required by the conceptual modeling that can be detrimental for the reliability of numerical simulations.

1 aAuricchio, Ferdinando1 aConti, Michele1 aLefieux, Adrian1 aMorganti, Simone1 aReali, Alessandro1 aRozza, Gianluigi1 aVeneziani, Alessandro1 aLabrosse, Michel, F. uhttps://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315280288/chapters/10.1201%2Fb21917-500493nas a2200097 4500008004100000245012200041210006900163100001900232700001900251856012500270 2018 eng d00aDimension reduction for thin films with transversally varying prestrain: the oscillatory and the non-oscillatory case0 aDimension reduction for thin films with transversally varying pr1 aLewicka, Marta1 aLučić, Danka uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/dimension-reduction-thin-films-transversally-varying-prestrain-oscillatory-and-non00754nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005600041210005500097520037100152100001900523700002200542700002000564856004800584 2018 en d00aEnergy-dissipation balance of a smooth moving crack0 aEnergydissipation balance of a smooth moving crack3 aIn this paper we provide necessary and sufficient conditions in order to guarantee the energy-dissipation balance of a Mode III crack, growing on a prescribed smooth path. Moreover, we characterize the singularity of the displacement near the crack tip, generalizing the result in [S. Nicaise, A.M. Sandig - J. Math. Anal. Appl., 2007] valid for straight fractures.1 aCaponi, Maicol1 aLucardesi, Ilaria1 aTasso, Emanuele uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3532000762nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133520032400202100002100526700002600547700001900573856004800592 2018 en d00aExistence for elastodynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition0 aExistence for elastodynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maxima3 aWe consider a model of elastodynamics with fracture evolution, based on energy-dissipation balance and a maximal dissipation condition. We prove an existence result in the case of planar elasticity with a free crack path, where the maximal dissipation condition is satisfied among suitably regular competitor cracks.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLarsen, Cristopher J.1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3530800442nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005000041210005000091100002600141700002200167700002700189700001900216856008500235 2018 eng d00aFoldable structures made of hydrogel bilayers0 aFoldable structures made of hydrogel bilayers1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aLučić, Danka uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/foldable-structures-made-hydrogel-bilayers00570nas a2200121 4500008004100000245011800041210006900159260001700228100002600245700002700271700001900298856013100317 2018 eng d00aHeterogeneous elastic plates with in-plane modulation of the target curvature and applications to thin gel sheets0 aHeterogeneous elastic plates with inplane modulation of the targ bEDP Sciences1 aAgostiniani, Virginia1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aLučić, Danka uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/heterogeneous-elastic-plates-plane-modulation-target-curvature-and-applications-thin-gel01019nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245008700055210006900142260000800211300001400219490000700233520053000240100002400770700002100794856004600815 2018 eng d a1432-146700aOn the Quasistatic Limit of Dynamic Evolutions for a Peeling Test in Dimension One0 aQuasistatic Limit of Dynamic Evolutions for a Peeling Test in Di cFeb a269–3040 v283 aThe aim of this paper is to study the quasistatic limit of a one-dimensional model of dynamic debonding. We start from a dynamic problem that strongly couples the wave equation in a time-dependent domain with Griffith's criterion for the evolution of the domain. Passing to the limit as inertia tends to zero, we find that the limit evolution satisfies a stability condition; however, the activation rule in Griffith's (quasistatic) criterion does not hold in general, thus the limit evolution is not rate-independent.

1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aNardini, Lorenzo uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00332-017-9407-001912nas a2200157 4500008004100000245009800041210006900139260003000208520136800238100001701606700001901623700002101642700002201663700002101685856004801706 2018 eng d00aShape Optimization by means of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and Dynamic Mode Decomposition0 aShape Optimization by means of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition a aTrieste, ItalybIOS Press3 aShape optimization is a challenging task in many engineering fields, since the numerical solutions of parametric system may be computationally expensive. This work presents a novel optimization procedure based on reduced order modeling, applied to a naval hull design problem. The advantage introduced by this method is that the solution for a specific parameter can be expressed as the combination of few numerical solutions computed at properly chosen parametric points. The reduced model is built using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI) method. We use the free form deformation (FFD) for an automated perturbation of the shape, and the finite volume method to simulate the multiphase incompressible flow around the deformed hulls. Further computational reduction is done by the dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) technique: from few high dimensional snapshots, the system evolution is reconstructed and the final state of the simulation is faithfully approximated. Finally the global optimization algorithm iterates over the reduced space: the approximated drag and lift coefficients are projected to the hull surface, hence the resistance is evaluated for the new hulls until the convergence to the optimal shape is achieved. We will present the results obtained applying the described procedure to a typical Fincantieri cruise ship.1 aDemo, Nicola1 aTezzele, Marco1 aGustin, Gianluca1 aLavini, Gianpiero1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/4922900999nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009100041210006900132260001000201520057300211100002400784700002100808856004800829 2017 en d00aOn the 1D wave equation in time-dependent domains and the problem of debond initiation0 a1D wave equation in timedependent domains and the problem of deb bSISSA3 aMotivated by a debonding model for a thin film peeled from a substrate, we analyse the one-dimensional wave equation, in a time-dependent domain which is degenerate at the initial time. In the first part of the paper we prove existence for the wave equation when the evolution of the domain is given; in the second part of the paper, the evolution of the domain is unknown and is governed by an energy criterion coupled with the wave equation. Our existence result for such coupled problem is a contribution to the study of crack initiation in dynamic fracture.

1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aNardini, Lorenzo uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3530201821nas a2200181 4500008004100000024003700041245012000078210006900198520118600267653002301453653002601476100002201502700001901524700002101543700001701564700002101581856003701602 2017 eng d ahttps://arxiv.org/abs/1701.0342400aAdvances in Reduced order modelling for CFD: vortex shedding around a circular cylinder using a POD-Galerkin method0 aAdvances in Reduced order modelling for CFD vortex shedding arou3 aVortex shedding around circular cylinders is a well known and studied phenomenon that appears in many engineering fields. In this work a Reduced Order Model (ROM) of the incompressible flow around a circular cylinder, built performing a Galerkin projection of the governing equations onto a lower dimensional space is presented. The reduced basis space is generated using a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) approach. In particular the focus is into (i) the correct reproduction of the pressure field, that in case of the vortex shedding phenomenon, is of primary importance for the calculation of the drag and lift coefficients; (ii) for this purpose the projection of the Governing equations (momentum equation and Poisson equation for pressure) is performed onto different reduced basis space for velocity and pressure, respectively; (iii) all the relevant modifications necessary to adapt standard finite element POD-Galerkin methods to a finite volume framework are presented. The accuracy of the reduced order model is assessed against full order results.

10afinite volume, CFD10aReduced order methods1 aStabile, Giovanni1 aHijazi, Saddam1 aLorenzi, Stefano1 aMola, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1701.0342400906nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137520045600206100002300662700002400685700002400709856005100733 2017 en d00aDerivation of a rod theory from lattice systems with interactions beyond nearest neighbours0 aDerivation of a rod theory from lattice systems with interaction3 aWe study continuum limits of discrete models for (possibly heterogeneous) nanowires. The lattice energy includes at least nearest and next-to-nearest neighbour interactions: the latter have the role of penalising changes of orientation. In the heterogeneous case, we obtain an estimate on the minimal energy spent to match different equilibria. This gives insight into the nucleation of dislocations in epitaxially grown heterostructured nanowires.1 aAlicandro, Roberto1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aPalombaro, Mariapia uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3526901090nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131520064600200100002300846700002400869700002400893856005100917 2017 en d00aOn the effect of interactions beyond nearest neighbours on non-convex lattice systems0 aeffect of interactions beyond nearest neighbours on nonconvex la3 aWe analyse the rigidity of non-convex discrete energies where at least nearest and next-to-nearest neighbour interactions are taken into account. Our purpose is to show that interactions beyond nearest neighbours have the role of penalising changes of orientation and, to some extent, they may replace the positive-determinant constraint that is usually required when only nearest neighbours are accounted for. In a discrete to continuum setting, we prove a compactness result for a family of surface-scaled energies and we give bounds on its possible Gamma-limit in terms of interfacial energies that penalise changes of orientation.1 aAlicandro, Roberto1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aPalombaro, Mariapia uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3526800440nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245004400055210004400099260000800143300000800151490000700159100002500166700002400191700002100215856004600236 2017 eng d a1432-083500aHomotopically invisible singular curves0 aHomotopically invisible singular curves cJul a1050 v561 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aBoarotto, Francesco1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-017-1203-z00569nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009900041210006900140260003400209300001400243490000700257100002400264700002100288856012600309 2017 eng d00aHomotopy properties of horizontal path spaces and a theorem of Serre in subriemannian geometry0 aHomotopy properties of horizontal path spaces and a theorem of S bInternational Press of Boston a269–3010 v251 aBoarotto, Francesco1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/homotopy-properties-horizontal-path-spaces-and-theorem-serre-subriemannian-geometry01112nas a2200157 4500008004100000245007700041210006900118260003100187300001400218490000700232520054200239100002200781700001800803700002400821856010900845 2017 eng d00aIntegrability of dominated decompositions on three-dimensional manifolds0 aIntegrability of dominated decompositions on threedimensional ma bCambridge University Press a606–6200 v373 a

We investigate the integrability of two-dimensional invariant distributions (tangent sub-bundles) which arise naturally in the context of dynamical systems on 3-manifolds. In particular, we prove unique integrability of dynamically dominated and volume-dominated Lipschitz continuous invariant decompositions as well as distributions with some other regularity conditions.

Employing the technique of vanishing viscosity and time rescaling, we show the existence of quasistatic evolutions of cracks in brittle materials in the setting of antiplane shear. The crack path is not prescribed a priori and is chosen in an admissible class of piecewise regular sets that allows for branching and kinking.

1 aCrismale, Vito1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-016-0426-600325nas a2200109 4500008004100000245002400041210002400065100001900089700002400108700002100132856006200153 2017 eng d00aRandom spectrahedra0 aRandom spectrahedra1 aBreiding, Paul1 aKozhasov, Khazhgali1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/random-spectrahedra00591nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008800041210006900129300001200198490000700210100002100217700001900238700001700257700002100274856015000295 2017 eng d00aA reduced order model for investigating the dynamics of the Gen-IV LFR coolant pool0 areduced order model for investigating the dynamics of the GenIV a263-2840 v461 aLorenzi, Stefano1 aCammi, Antonio1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85020006623&doi=10.1016%2fj.apm.2017.01.066&partnerID=40&md5=f6e5715037eb0ef2ecb9ae03f373294f00688nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005300041210005200094520031100146100001600457700002100473700002400494856004800518 2017 en d00aSemistable Higgs Bundles on Calabi-Yau Manifolds0 aSemistable Higgs Bundles on CalabiYau Manifolds3 aWe provide a partial classification of semistable Higgs bundles over a simply connected Calabi-Yau manifold. Applications to a conjecture about a special class of semistable Higgs bundles are given. In particular, the conjecture is proved for K3 and Enriques surfaces, and some related classes of surfaces.1 aBruzzo, Ugo1 aLanza, Valeriano1 aLo Giudice, Alessio uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3529501304nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124520084400193100002201037700002201059700002001081700001801101856005101119 2016 en d00aConfinement of dislocations inside a crystal with a prescribed external strain0 aConfinement of dislocations inside a crystal with a prescribed e3 aWe study screw dislocations in an isotropic crystal undergoing antiplane shear. In the framework of linear elasticity, by fixing a suitable boundary condition for the strain (prescribed non-vanishing boundary integral), we manage to confine the dislocations inside the material. More precisely, in the presence of an external strain with circulation equal to n times the lattice spacing, it is energetically convenient to have n distinct dislocations lying inside the crystal. The novelty of introducing a Dirichlet boundary condition for the tangential strain is crucial to the confinement: it is well known that, if Neumann boundary conditions are imposed, the dislocations tend to migrate to the boundary. The results are achieved using PDE techniques and Ƭ-convergence theory, in the framework of the so-called core radius approach.1 aLucardesi, Ilaria1 aMorandotti, Marco1 aScala, Riccardo1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3524701120nas a2200229 4500008004100000022001400041245008700055210006900142300001600211490000800227520034000235653002200575653003200597653002100629653002500650653003400675653004400709100002100753700002400774700002100798856007100819 2016 eng d a0022-039600aExistence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a peeling test in dimension one0 aExistence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a peeling tes a4897 - 49230 v2613 aIn this paper we present a one-dimensional model of a dynamic peeling test for a thin film, where the wave equation is coupled with a Griffith criterion for the propagation of the debonding front. Our main results provide existence and uniqueness for the solution to this coupled problem under different assumptions on the data.

10aDynamic debonding10aDynamic energy release rate10aDynamic fracture10aGriffith's criterion10aMaximum dissipation principle10aWave equation in time-dependent domains1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aNardini, Lorenzo uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203961630177200789nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131300001200200490000700212520031400219100002200533700001800555700002400573856004600597 2016 eng d00aA Frobenius theorem for corank-1 continuous distributions in dimensions two and three0 aFrobenius theorem for corank1 continuous distributions in dimens a16500610 v273 aWe formulate a notion of (uniform) asymptotic involutivity and show that it implies (unique) integrability of corank-1 continuous distributions in dimensions three or less. This generalizes and extends a classical Frobenius theorem, which says that an involutive C1 distribution is uniquely integrable.

1 aLuzzatto, Stefano1 aTüreli, Sina1 aWar, Khadim, Mbacke uhttps://doi.org/10.1142/S0129167X1650061001057nas a2200145 4500008004100000245004700041210004300088300001600131490000600147520062100153100002100774700001700795700002000812856007900832 2016 eng d00aThe Gysin sequence for quantum lens spaces0 aGysin sequence for quantum lens spaces a1077–11110 v93 aWe define quantum lens spaces as ‘direct sums of line bundles’ and exhibit them as ‘total spaces’ of certain principal bundles over quantum projective spaces. For each of these quantum lens spaces we construct an analogue of the classical Gysin sequence in K-theory. We use the sequence to compute the K-theory of the quantum lens spaces, in particular to give explicit geometric representatives of their K-theory classes. These representatives are interpreted as ‘line bundles’ over quantum lens spaces and generically define ‘torsion classes’. We work out explicit examples of these classes.

1 aArici, Francesca1 aBrain, Simon1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/gysin-sequence-quantum-lens-spaces-000676nas a2200157 4500008004100000245004500041210004500086260002100131300001000152490000700162520023500169100002200404700001800426700002400444856005000468 2016 eng d00aIntegrability of C1 invariant splittings0 aIntegrability of C1 invariant splittings bTaylor & Francis a79-880 v313 aWe derive some new conditions for integrability of dynamically defined C1 invariant splittings, formulated in terms of the singular values of the iterates of the derivative of the diffeomorphism which defines the splitting.

1 aLuzzatto, Stefano1 aTüreli, Sina1 aWar, Khadim, Mbacke uhttps://doi.org/10.1080/14689367.2015.105748001951nas a2200169 4500008004100000245009300041210006900134260001300203300000800216490000700224520142100231100002101652700001901673700001701692700002101709856005101730 2016 en d00aA multi-physics reduced order model for the analysis of Lead Fast Reactor single channel0 amultiphysics reduced order model for the analysis of Lead Fast R bElsevier a2080 v873 aIn this work, a Reduced Basis method, with basis functions sampled by a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition technique, has been employed to develop a reduced order model of a multi-physics parametrized Lead-cooled Fast Reactor single-channel. Being the first time that a reduced order model is developed in this context, the work focused on a methodological approach and the coupling between the neutronics and the heat transfer, where the thermal feedbacks on neutronics are explicitly taken into account, in time-invariant settings. In order to address the potential of such approach, two different kinds of varying parameters have been considered, namely one related to a geometric quantity (i.e., the inner radius of the fuel pellet) and one related to a physical quantity (i.e., the inlet lead velocity). The capabilities of the presented reduced order model (ROM) have been tested and compared with a high-fidelity finite element model (upon which the ROM has been constructed) on different aspects. In particular, the comparison focused on the system reactivity prediction (with and without thermal feedbacks on neutronics), the neutron flux and temperature field reconstruction, and on the computational time. The outcomes provided by the reduced order model are in good agreement with the high-fidelity finite element ones, and a computational speed-up of at least three orders of magnitude is achieved as well.1 aSartori, Alberto1 aCammi, Antonio1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3519100912nas a2200229 4500008004100000020002200041245004000063210004000103260004400143300001100187520024800198100002100446700002400467700002000491700001800511700002000529700002200549700001900571700002000590700002400610856004800634 2016 eng d a978-3-319-29116-100aPimsner Algebras and Circle Bundles0 aPimsner Algebras and Circle Bundles aChambSpringer International Publishing a1–253 aWe report on the connections between noncommutative principal circle bundles, Pimsner algebras and strongly graded algebras. We illustrate several results with examples of quantum weighted projective and lens spaces and θ-deformations.

1 aArici, Francesca1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aAlpay, Daniel1 aCipriani, Fabio1 aColombo, Fabrizio1 aGuido, Daniele1 aSabadini, Irene1 aSauvageot, Jean-Luc uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29116-1_100454nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245007100055210006900126300001200195490000700207100002100214700001500235700002000250856003800270 2016 eng d a1661-695200aPimsner algebras and Gysin sequences from principal circle actions0 aPimsner algebras and Gysin sequences from principal circle actio a29–640 v101 aArici, Francesca1 aKaad, Jens1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/2066/16295102275nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260006800202520165800270100002101928700001901949700001701968700002101985856012302006 2016 en d00aPOD-Galerkin Method for Finite Volume Approximation of Navier-Stokes and RANS Equations0 aPODGalerkin Method for Finite Volume Approximation of NavierStok bComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Elsevier3 aNumerical simulation of fluid flows requires important computational efforts but it is essential in engineering applications. Reduced Order Model (ROM) can be employed whenever fast simulations are required, or in general, whenever a trade-off between computational cost and solution accuracy is a preeminent issue as in process optimization and control. In this work, the efforts have been put to develop a ROM for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) application based on Finite Volume approximation, starting from the results available in turbulent Reynold-Averaged Navier Stokes simulations in order to enlarge the application field of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition – Reduced Order Model (POD – ROM) technique to more industrial fields. The approach is tested in the classic benchmark of the numerical simulation of the 2D lid-driven cavity. In particular, two simulations at Re = 103 and Re = 105 have been considered in order to assess both a laminar and turbulent case. Some quantities have been compared with the Full Order Model in order to assess the performance of the proposed ROM procedure i.e., the kinetic energy of the system and the reconstructed quantities of interest (velocity, pressure and turbulent viscosity). In addition, for the laminar case, the comparison between the ROM steady-state solution and the data available in literature has been presented. The results have turned out to be very satisfactory both for the accuracy and the computational times. As a major outcome, the approach turns out not to be affected by the energy blow up issue characterizing the results obtained by classic turbulent POD-Galerkin methods.1 aLorenzi, Stefano1 aCammi, Antonio1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/pod-galerkin-method-finite-volume-approximation-navier-stokes-and-rans-equations01691nas a2200169 4500008004100000245008700041210006900128260001800197300000600215490000600221520116500227100002101392700001901413700001701432700002101449856005101470 2016 en d00aA Reduced Basis Approach for Modeling the Movement of Nuclear Reactor Control Rods0 aReduced Basis Approach for Modeling the Movement of Nuclear Reac bASMEc02/2016 a80 v23 aThis work presents a reduced order model (ROM) aimed at simulating nuclear reactor control rods movement and featuring fast-running prediction of reactivity and neutron flux distribution as well. In particular, the reduced basis (RB) method (built upon a high-fidelity finite element (FE) approximation) has been employed. The neutronics has been modeled according to a parametrized stationary version of the multigroup neutron diffusion equation, which can be formulated as a generalized eigenvalue problem. Within the RB framework, the centroidal Voronoi tessellation is employed as a sampling technique due to the possibility of a hierarchical parameter space exploration, without relying on a “classical” a posteriori error estimation, and saving an important amount of computational time in the offline phase. Here, the proposed ROM is capable of correctly predicting, with respect to the high-fidelity FE approximation, both the reactivity and neutron flux shape. In this way, a computational speedup of at least three orders of magnitude is achieved. If a higher precision is required, the number of employed basis functions (BFs) must be increased.1 aSartori, Alberto1 aCammi, Antonio1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3519201826nas a2200145 4500008004100000245012700041210006900168260001600237520129800253100002101551700001901572700001701591700002101608856005101629 2016 en d00aReduced basis approaches in time-dependent noncoercive settings for modelling the movement of nuclear reactor control rods0 aReduced basis approaches in timedependent noncoercive settings f bSISSAc20163 aIn this work, two approaches, based on the certified Reduced Basis method, have been developed for simulating the movement of nuclear reactor control rods, in time-dependent non-coercive settings featuring a 3D geometrical framework. In particular, in a first approach, a piece-wise affine transformation based on subdomains division has been implemented for modelling the movement of one control rod. In the second approach, a “staircase” strategy has been adopted for simulating the movement of all the three rods featured by the nuclear reactor chosen as case study. The neutron kinetics has been modelled according to the so-called multi-group neutron diffusion, which, in the present case, is a set of ten coupled parametrized parabolic equations (two energy groups for the neutron flux, and eight for the precursors). Both the reduced order models, developed according to the two approaches, provided a very good accuracy compared with high-fidelity results, assumed as “truth” solutions. At the same time, the computational speed-up in the Online phase, with respect to the fine “truth” finite element discretization, achievable by both the proposed approaches is at least of three orders of magnitude, allowing a real-time simulation of the rod movement and control.

1 aSartori, Alberto1 aCammi, Antonio1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3496300906nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245004500055210004400100260000800144300001400152490000700166520048600173100002300659700002000682856004600702 2016 eng d a1572-909500at-Structures are Normal Torsion Theories0 atStructures are Normal Torsion Theories cApr a181–2080 v243 aWe characterize $t$-structures in stable ∞-categories as suitable quasicategorical factorization systems. More precisely we show that a $t$-structure $\mathcal{t}$ on a stable $\infty$-category $\mathbb{C}$ is equivalent to a normal torsion theory $\mathbf{F}$ on $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. to a factorization system $\mathbf{F} = (\mathcal{\epsilon}, \mathcal{M})$ where both classes satisfy the 3-for-2 cancellation property, and a certain compatibility with pullbacks/pushouts.

1 aFiorenza, Domenico1 aLoregian, Fosco uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10485-015-9393-z01189nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005100041210004600092260001000138520072900148653011900877100002000996856005101016 2016 en d00at-structures on stable (infinity,1)-categories0 atstructures on stable infinity1categories bSISSA3 aThe present work re-enacts the classical theory of t-structures reducing the classical definition coming from Algebraic Geometry to a rather primitive categorical gadget: suitable reflective factorization systems (defined in the work of Rosický, Tholen, and Cassidy-Hébert-Kelly), which we call "normal torsion theories" following. A relation between these two objects has previously been noticed by other authors, on the level of the triangulated homotopy categories of stable (infinity,1)-categories. The main achievement of the present thesis is to observe and prove that this relation exists genuinely when the definition is lifted to the higher-dimensional world where the notion of triangulated category comes from.10acategory theory, higher category theory, factorization system, torsion theory, homological algebra, higher algebra1 aLoregian, Fosco uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3520200786nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245009300055210006900148260000800217300000700225490000700232520030000239100001900539700002400558856004600582 2016 eng d a1432-083500aViscous approximation of quasistatic evolutions for a coupled elastoplastic-damage model0 aViscous approximation of quasistatic evolutions for a coupled el cJan a170 v553 aEmploying the technique of vanishing viscosity and time rescaling, we show the existence of quasistatic evolutions for elastoplastic materials with incomplete damage affecting both the elastic tensor and the plastic yield surface, in a softening framework and in small strain assumptions.

1 aCrismale, Vito1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-015-0947-600968nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245003700055210003700092300000900129490000700138520055900145100002200704700002000726856007600746 2016 eng d a1078-094700aYoung towers for product systems0 aYoung towers for product systems a14650 v363 aWe show that the direct product of maps with Young towers admits a Young tower whose return times decay at a rate which is bounded above by the slowest of the rates of decay of the return times of the component maps. An application of this result, together with other results in the literature, yields various statistical properties for the direct product of various classes of systems, including Lorenz-like maps, multimodal maps, piecewise $C^2$ interval maps with critical points and singularities, Hénon maps and partially hyperbolic systems.

1 aLuzzatto, Stefano1 aRuziboev, Marks uhttp://aimsciences.org//article/id/18d4526e-470d-467e-967a-a0345ad4c64200903nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131260001000200520043700210100002100647700002400668700002700692856005000719 2015 en d00aA bridging mechanism in the homogenisation of brittle composites with soft inclusions0 abridging mechanism in the homogenisation of brittle composites w bSISSA3 aWe provide a homogenisation result for the energy-functional associated with a purely brittle composite whose microstructure is characterised by soft periodic inclusions embedded in a stiffer matrix. We show that the two constituents as above can be suitably arranged on a microscopic scale ε to obtain, in the limit as ε tends to zero, a homogeneous macroscopic energy-functional explicitly depending on the opening of the crack.1 aBarchiesi, Marco1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/749201267nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009800041210006900139520082000208100002101028700002601049700001901075856005101094 2015 en d00aExistence for constrained dynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition0 aExistence for constrained dynamic Griffith fracture with a weak 3 aThere are very few existence results for fracture evolution, outside of globally minimizing quasi-static evolutions. Dynamic evolutions are particularly problematic, due to the difficulty of showing energy balance, as well as of showing that solutions obey a maximal dissipation condition, or some similar condition that prevents stationary cracks from always being solutions. Here we introduce a new weak maximal dissipation condition and show that it is compatible with cracks constrained to grow smoothly on a smooth curve. In particular, we show existence of dynamic fracture evolutions satisfying this maximal dissipation condition, subject to the above smoothness constraints, and exhibit explicit examples to show that this maximal dissipation principle can indeed rule out stationary cracks as solutions.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLarsen, Cristopher J.1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3504501188nas a2200157 4500008004100000245005800041210005700099260003700156300001600193490000700209520065100216100002500867700002400892700002100916856009300937 2015 eng d00aGeodesics and horizontal-path spaces in Carnot groups0 aGeodesics and horizontalpath spaces in Carnot groups bMathematical Sciences Publishers a1569–16300 v193 aWe study properties of the space of horizontal paths joining the origin with a vertical point on a generic two-step Carnot group. The energy is a Morse-Bott functional on paths and its critical points (sub-Riemannian geodesics) appear in families (compact critical manifolds) with controlled topology. We study the asymptotic of the number of critical manifolds as the energy grows. The topology of the horizontal-path space is also investigated, and we find asymptotic results for the total Betti number of the sublevels of the energy as it goes to infinity. We interpret these results as local invariants of the sub-Riemannian structure.

1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aGentile, Alessandro1 aLerario, Antonio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/geodesics-and-horizontal-path-spaces-carnot-groups00719nas a2200217 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260003300202100002200235700002400257700001600281700002300297700001500320700001400335700002200349700002600371700002100397700001300418700001900431856005100450 2015 en d00aThe phototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a strong efficacy gradient0 aphototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a stron bNational Academy of Sciences1 aMazzolini, Monica1 aFacchetti, Giuseppe1 aAndolfi, L.1 aZaccaria, Proietti1 aTuccio, S.1 aTreud, J.1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aDi Fabrizio, Enzo, M.1 aLazzarino, Marco1 aRapp, G.1 aTorre, Vincent uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3515701420nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009400041210006900135260001000204520094900214100002401163700002401187700002501211856005001236 2015 en d00aRigidity of three-dimensional lattices and dimension reduction in heterogeneous nanowires0 aRigidity of threedimensional lattices and dimension reduction in bSISSA3 aIn the context of nanowire heterostructures we perform a discrete to continuum limit of the corresponding free energy by means of Γ-convergence techniques. Nearest neighbours are identified by employing the notions of Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations. The scaling of the nanowire is done in such a way that we perform not only a continuum limit but a dimension reduction simultaneously. The main part of the proof is a discrete geometric rigidity result that we announced in an earlier work and show here in detail for a variety of three-dimensional lattices. We perform the passage from discrete to continuum twice: once for a system that compensates a lattice mismatch between two parts of the heterogeneous nanowire without defects and once for a system that creates dislocations. It turns out that we can verify the experimentally observed fact that the nanowires show dislocations when the radius of the specimen is large1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aPalombaro, Mariapia1 aSchlomerkemper, Anja uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/749400527nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245010200055210006900157300001400226490000700240100001900247700001900266700002000285700002400305856004000329 2015 eng d a0010-364000aStrong asymptotics of the orthogonal polynomials with respect to a measure supported on the plane0 aStrong asymptotics of the orthogonal polynomials with respect to a112–1720 v681 aBalogh, Ferenc1 aBertola, Marco1 aLee, Seung-Yeop1 aMcLaughlin, Kenneth uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpa.2154101514nas a2200109 4500008004100000245013600041210006900177520106400246100002101310700002201331856005101353 2015 en d00aThe wave equation on domains with cracks growing on a prescribed path: existence, uniqueness, and continuous dependence on the data0 awave equation on domains with cracks growing on a prescribed pat3 aGiven a bounded open set $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ with Lipschitz boundary and an increasing family $\Gamma_t$, $t\in [0,T]$, of closed subsets of $\Omega$, we analyze the scalar wave equation $\ddot{u} - div (A \nabla u) = f$ in the time varying cracked domains $\Omega\setminus\Gamma_t$. Here we assume that the sets $\Gamma_t$ are contained into a prescribed $(d-1)$-manifold of class $C^2$. Our approach relies on a change of variables: recasting the problem on the reference configuration $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_0$, we are led to consider a hyperbolic problem of the form $\ddot{v} - div (B\nabla v) + a \cdot \nabla v - 2 b \cdot \nabla \dot{v} = g$ in $\Omega \setminus \Gamma_0$. Under suitable assumptions on the regularity of the change of variables that transforms $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_t$ into $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_0$, we prove existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for both formulations. Moreover, we provide an energy equality, which gives, as a by-product, the continuous dependence of the solutions with respect to the cracks.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLucardesi, Ilaria uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3462901483nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005900041210005900100260005900159520105100218100002201269700001901291856005101310 2014 en d00aAchieving unanimous opinions in signed social networks0 aAchieving unanimous opinions in signed social networks bInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.3 aBeing able to predict the outcome of an opinion forming process is an important problem in social network theory. However, even for linear dynamics, this becomes a difficult task as soon as non-cooperative interactions are taken into account. Such interactions are naturally modeled as negative weights on the adjacency matrix of the social network. In this paper we show how the Perron-Frobenius theorem can be used for this task also beyond its standard formulation for cooperative systems. In particular we show how it is possible to associate the achievement of unanimous opinions with the existence of invariant cones properly contained in the positive orthant. These cases correspond to signed adjacency matrices having the eventual positivity property, i.e., such that in sufficiently high powers all negative entries have disappeared. More generally, we show how for social networks the achievement of a, possibily non-unanimous, opinion can be associated to the existence of an invariant cone fully contained in one of the orthants of n.1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aLini, Gabriele uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3493501081nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260003100184520057600215100002700791700002100818700002300839700002200862856005100884 2014 en d00aBuckling dynamics of a solvent-stimulated stretched elastomeric sheet0 aBuckling dynamics of a solventstimulated stretched elastomeric s bRoyal Society of Chemistry3 aWhen stretched uniaxially, a thin elastic sheet may exhibit buckling. The occurrence of buckling depends on the geometrical properties of the sheet and the magnitude of the applied strain. Here we show that an elastomeric sheet initially stable under uniaxial stretching can destabilize when exposed to a solvent that swells the elastomer. We demonstrate experimentally and computationally that the features of the buckling pattern depend on the magnitude of stretching, and this observation offers a new way for controlling the shape of a swollen homogeneous thin sheet.1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aRoché, Matthieu1 aNardinocchi, Paola1 aStone, Howard, A. uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3496702011nas a2200241 4500008004100000245013600041210006900177260002200246300000800268490000700276520123100283100002101514700001901535700001901554700001901573700001701592700002701609700002001636700002301656700002101679700001801700856005101718 2014 en d00aComparison of a Modal Method and a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition approach for multi-group time-dependent reactor spatial kinetics0 aComparison of a Modal Method and a Proper Orthogonal Decompositi bElsevierc09/2014 a2290 v713 aIn this paper, two modelling approaches based on a Modal Method (MM) and on the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) technique, for developing a control-oriented model of nuclear reactor spatial kinetics, are presented and compared. Both these methods allow developing neutronics description by means of a set of ordinary differential equations. The comparison of the outcomes provided by the two approaches focuses on the capability of evaluating the reactivity and the neutron flux shape in different reactor configurations, with reference to a TRIGA Mark II reactor. The results given by the POD-based approach are higher-fidelity with respect to the reference solution than those computed according to the MM-based approach, in particular when the perturbation concerns a reduced region of the core. If the perturbation is homogeneous throughout the core, the two approaches allow obtaining comparable accuracy results on the quantities of interest. As far as the computational burden is concerned, the POD approach ensures a better efficiency rather than direct Modal Method, thanks to the ability of performing a longer computation in the preprocessing that leads to a faster evaluation during the on-line phase.

1 aSartori, Alberto1 aBaroli, Davide1 aCammi, Antonio1 aChiesa, Davide1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aPonciroli, Roberto, R.1 aPrevitali, Ezio1 aRicotti, Marco, E.1 aRozza, Gianluigi1 aSisti, Monica uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3503901650nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007300041210006900114260001300183520112000196100001801316700002001334700002201354700002101376856010701397 2014 en d00aModel Order Reduction in Fluid Dynamics: Challenges and Perspectives0 aModel Order Reduction in Fluid Dynamics Challenges and Perspecti bSpringer3 aThis chapter reviews techniques of model reduction of fluid dynamics systems. Fluid systems are known to be difficult to reduce efficiently due to several reasons. First of all, they exhibit strong nonlinearities - which are mainly related either to nonlinear convection terms and/or some geometric variability - that often cannot be treated by simple linearization. Additional difficulties arise when attempting model reduction of unsteady flows, especially when long-term transient behavior needs to be accurately predicted using reduced order models and more complex features, such as turbulence or multiphysics phenomena, have to be taken into consideration. We first discuss some general principles that apply to many parametric model order reduction problems, then we apply them on steady and unsteady viscous flows modelled by the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. We address questions of inf-sup stability, certification through error estimation, computational issues and-in the unsteady case - long-time stability of the reduced model. Moreover, we provide an extensive list of literature references.1 aLassila, Toni1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aQuarteroni, Alfio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/model-order-reduction-fluid-dynamics-challenges-and-perspectives01353nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001000184520088100194100002401075700002001099700001901119700001901138856005001157 2014 en d00aRate-independent damage in thermo-viscoelastic materials with inertia0 aRateindependent damage in thermoviscoelastic materials with iner bSISSA3 aWe present a model for rate-independent, unidirectional, partial damage in visco-elastic materials with inertia and thermal effects. The damage process is modeled by means of an internal variable, governed by a rate-independent flow rule. The heat equation and the momentum balance for the displacements are coupled in a highly nonlinear way. Our assumptions on the corresponding energy functional also comprise the case of the Ambrosio-Tortorelli phase-field model (without passage to the brittle limit). We discuss a suitable weak formulation and prove an existence theorem obtained with the aid of a (partially) decoupled time-discrete scheme and variational convergence methods. We also carry out the asymptotic analysis for vanishing viscosity and inertia and obtain a fully rate-independent limit model for displacements and damage, which is Independent of temperature.1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aRossi, Riccarda1 aThomas, Marita1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/744401688nas a2200193 4500008004100000020002000041245009500061210006900156250004400225260008500269300002800354520096400382100002101346700001901367700001901386700001701405700002101422856005101443 2014 en d a978-079184595-000aA reduced order model for multi-group time-dependent parametrized reactor spatial kinetics0 areduced order model for multigroup timedependent parametrized re aAmerican Society Mechanical Engineering aPrague, Czech RepublicbAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)c07/2014 aV005T17A048-V005T17A0483 aIn this work, a Reduced Order Model (ROM) for multigroup time-dependent parametrized reactor spatial kinetics is presented. The Reduced Basis method (built upon a high-fidelity "truth" finite element approximation) has been applied to model the neutronics behavior of a parametrized system composed by a control rod surrounded by fissile material. The neutron kinetics has been described by means of a parametrized multi-group diffusion equation where the height of the control rod (i.e., how much the rod is inserted) plays the role of the varying parameter. In order to model a continuous movement of the rod, a piecewise affine transformation based on subdomain division has been implemented. The proposed ROM is capable to efficiently reproduce the neutron flux distribution allowing to take into account the spatial effects induced by the movement of the control rod with a computational speed-up of 30000 times, with respect to the "truth" model.

1 aSartori, Alberto1 aBaroli, Davide1 aCammi, Antonio1 aLuzzi, Lelio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3512301169nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008500041210006900126260001000195520065500205653006700860100002100927700001900948700002000967856003600987 2014 en d00aSecond Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard Functional0 aSecond Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic CahnHill bSISSA3 aThe asymptotic behavior of an anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard functional with prescribed mass and Dirichlet boundary condition is studied when the parameter $\varepsilon$ that determines the width of the transition layers tends to zero. The double-well potential is assumed to be even and equal to $|s-1|^\beta$ near $s=1$, with $1<\beta<2$. The first order term in the asymptotic development by $\Gamma$-convergence is well-known, and is related to a suitable anisotropic perimeter of the interface. Here it is shown that, under these assumptions, the second order term is zero, which gives an estimate on the rate of convergence of the minimum values.10aGamma-convergence, Cahn-Hilliard functional, phase transitions1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/739000987nas a2200145 4500008004100000245008700041210006900128260001000197520050200207100002400709700002000733700001900753700001900772856005000791 2014 en d00aSome remarks on a model for rate-independent damage in thermo-visco-elastodynamics0 aSome remarks on a model for rateindependent damage in thermovisc bSISSA3 aThis note deals with the analysis of a model for partial damage, where the rateindependent, unidirectional flow rule for the damage variable is coupled with the rate-dependent heat equation, and with the momentum balance featuring inertia and viscosity according to Kelvin-Voigt rheology. The results presented here combine the approach from Roubicek [1] with the methods from Lazzaroni/Rossi/Thomas/Toader [2] and extend the analysis to the setting of inhomogeneous time-dependent Dirichlet data.1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aRossi, Riccarda1 aThomas, Marita1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/746301169nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007700041210006900118260003400187520069100221100002700912700002300939700002200962856005100984 2014 en d00aSwelling dynamics of a thin elastomeric sheet under uniaxial pre-stretch0 aSwelling dynamics of a thin elastomeric sheet under uniaxial pre bAmerican Institute of Physics3 aIt has been demonstrated experimentally that pre-stretch affects the swelling of an elastomeric membrane when it is exposed to a solvent. We study theoretically the one-dimensional swelling of a pre-stretched thin elastomeric sheet, bonded to an impermeable rigid substrate, to quantify the influence of pre-stretch. We show that the solvent uptake increases when pre-stretch increases, both at equilibrium and during the swelling transient, where it exhibits two different scaling regimes. The coupling between the solvent uptake and pre-stretch may be practically exploited to design soft actuators where the swelling-induced deformations can be controlled by varying the pre-stretch.1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aNardinocchi, Paola1 aStone, Howard, A. uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3511301394nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006500041210006400106260002800170520094000198100002701138700002301165700002101188856005101209 2014 en d00aSwelling-induced and controlled curving in layered gel beams0 aSwellinginduced and controlled curving in layered gel beams bRoyal Society of London3 aWe describe swelling-driven curving in originally straight and non-homogeneous beams. We present and verify a structural model of swollen beams, based on a new point of view adopted to describe swelling-induced deformation processes in bilayered gel beams, that is based on the split of the swelling-induced deformation of the beam at equilibrium into two components, both depending on the elastic properties of the gel. The method allows us to: (i) determine beam stretching and curving, once assigned the characteristics of the solvent bath and of the non-homogeneous beam, and (ii) estimate the characteristics of non-homogeneous flat gel beams in such a way as to obtain, under free-swelling conditions, three-dimensional shapes. The study was pursued by means of analytical, semi-analytical and numerical tools; excellent agreement of the outcomes of the different techniques was found, thus confirming the strength of the method.1 aLucantonio, Alessandro1 aNardinocchi, Paola1 aPezzulla, Matteo uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3498701048nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001300214520050500227653007400732100002100806700001900827700002000846856003600866 2013 en d00aAnalytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth with elasticity on vicinal surfaces0 aAnalytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth bSpringer3 aIn this paper it is shown existence of weak solutions of a variational inequality derived from the continuum model introduced by Xiang [7, formula (3.62)] (see also the work of Xiang and E [8] and Xu and Xiang [9]) to describe the self-organization of terraces and steps driven by misfit elasticity between a film and a substrate in heteroepitaxial growth. This model is obtained as a continuum limit of discrete theories of Duport, Politi, and Villain [3] and Tersoff, Phang, Zhang, and Lagally[6].10asingular nonlinear parabolic equations, Hilbert transform, thin films1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724500420nas a2200097 4500008004100000245008000041210006900121260001000190100001900200856010300219 2013 en d00aOn the desingularization of Kahler orbifolds with constant scalar curvature0 adesingularization of Kahler orbifolds with constant scalar curva bSISSA1 aLena, Riccardo uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/desingularization-kahler-orbifolds-constant-scalar-curvature01314nas a2200181 4500008004100000245006100041210006100102260001000163520076900173653001800942653002400960653002700984653002301011100002301034700002001057700001901077856003601096 2013 en d00aGenus stabilization for moduli of curves with symmetries0 aGenus stabilization for moduli of curves with symmetries bSISSA3 aIn a previous paper, arXiv:1206.5498, we introduced a new homological\r\ninvariant $\\e$ for the faithful action of a finite group G on an algebraic\r\ncurve.\r\n We show here that the moduli space of curves admitting a faithful action of a\r\nfinite group G with a fixed homological invariant $\\e$, if the genus g\' of the\r\nquotient curve is sufficiently large, is irreducible (and non empty iff the\r\nclass satisfies the condition which we define as \'admissibility\'). In the\r\nunramified case, a similar result had been proven by Dunfield and Thurston\r\nusing the classical invariant in the second homology group of G, H_2(G, \\ZZ).\r\n We achieve our result showing that the stable classes are in bijection with\r\nthe set of admissible classes $\\e$.10agroup actions10amapping class group10aModuli space of curves10aTeichmüller space1 aCatanese, Fabrizio1 aLönne, Michael1 aPerroni, Fabio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/650900548nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260001000202100001800212700002000230700002200250700002100272856012100293 2013 en d00aA Reduced Computational and Geometrical Framework for Inverse Problems in Haemodynamics0 aReduced Computational and Geometrical Framework for Inverse Prob bSISSA1 aLassila, Toni1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aQuarteroni, Alfio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/reduced-computational-and-geometrical-framework-inverse-problems-haemodynamics00568nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010500041210006900146260001000215100001800225700002000243700002200263700002100285856012800306 2013 en d00aA reduced-order strategy for solving inverse Bayesian identification problems in physiological flows0 areducedorder strategy for solving inverse Bayesian identificatio bSISSA1 aLassila, Toni1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aQuarteroni, Alfio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/reduced-order-strategy-solving-inverse-bayesian-identification-problems-physiological00490nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120260001000189100001800199700002000217700002100237856011000258 2013 en d00aReduction Strategies for Shape Dependent Inverse Problems in Haemodynamics0 aReduction Strategies for Shape Dependent Inverse Problems in Hae bSISSA1 aLassila, Toni1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/reduction-strategies-shape-dependent-inverse-problems-haemodynamics00835nas a2200145 4500008004100000245006200041210006200103260001000165490000600175520040600181653002300587100002400610700001900634856003600653 2013 en d00aSome remarks on the viscous approximation of crack growth0 aSome remarks on the viscous approximation of crack growth bSISSA0 v63 aWe describe an existence result for quasistatic evolutions of cracks in antiplane elasticity obtained in [16] by a vanishing viscosity approach, with free (but regular enough) crack path. We underline in particular the motivations for the choice of the class of admissible cracks and of the dissipation potential. Moreover, we extend the result to a model with applied forces depending on time.

10aVariational models1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/420601894nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001000193520137300203653005401576100002401630856011801654 2013 en d00aSome topics on Higgs bundles over projective varieties and their moduli spaces0 aSome topics on Higgs bundles over projective varieties and their bSISSA3 aIn this thesis we study vector bundles on projective varieties and their moduli spaces. In Chapters 2, 3 and 4 we recall some basic notions as Higgs bundles, decorated bundles and generalized parabolic sheaves and introduce the problem we want to study. In chapter 5, we study Higgs bundles on nodal curves. After moving the problem on the normalization of the curve, starting from a Higgs bundle we obtain a generalized parabolic Higgs bundle. Using decorated bundles we are able to construct a projective moduli space which parametrizes equivalence classes of Higgs bundles on a nodal curve X. This chapter is an extract of a joint work with Andrea Pustetto Later on Chapter 6 is devoted to the study of holomorphic pairs (or twisted Higgs bundles) on elliptic curve. Holomorphic pairs were introduced by Nitsure and they are a natural generalization of the concept of Higgs bundles. In this Chapter we extend a result of E. Franco, O. Garc\'ia-Prada And P.E. Newstead valid for Higgs bundles to holomorphic pairs. Finally the last Chapter describes a joint work with Professor Ugo Bruzzo. We study Higgs bundles over varieties with nef tangent bundle. In particular generalizing a result of Nitsure we prove that if a Higgs bundle $(E,\phi)$ over the variety X with nef tangent remains semisatble when pulled-back to any smooth curve then it discrimiant vanishes.10aAlgebraic Geometry, Moduli spaces, Vector bundles1 aLo Giudice, Alessio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/some-topics-higgs-bundles-over-projective-varieties-and-their-moduli-spaces00539nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245011800055210006900173300001400242490000800256100001900264700001900283700001600302700001500318856004800333 2013 eng d a0022-471500aSpectra of random Hermitian matrices with a small-rank external source: the supercritical and subcritical regimes0 aSpectra of random Hermitian matrices with a smallrank external s a654–6970 v1531 aBertola, Marco1 aBuckingham, R.1 aLee, S., Y.1 aPierce, V. uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10955-013-0845-201501nas a2200157 4500008004100000245010600041210006900147260003100216520095600247653002301203100001801226700002001244700002201264700002101286856003601307 2012 en d00aBoundary control and shape optimization for the robust design of bypass anastomoses under uncertainty0 aBoundary control and shape optimization for the robust design of bCambridge University Press3 aWe review the optimal design of an arterial bypass graft following either a (i) boundary optimal control approach, or a (ii) shape optimization formulation. The main focus is quantifying and treating the uncertainty in the residual flow when the hosting artery is not completely occluded,\\r\\nfor which the worst-case in terms of recirculation e ffects is inferred to correspond to a strong ori fice flow through near-complete occlusion. A worst-case optimal control approach is applied to the steady\\r\\nNavier-Stokes equations in 2D to identify an anastomosis angle and a cu ed shape that are robust with respect to a possible range of residual \\r\\nflows. We also consider a reduced order modelling framework\\r\\nbased on reduced basis methods in order to make the robust design problem computationally feasible. The results obtained in 2D are compared with simulations in a 3D geometry but without model\\r\\nreduction or the robust framework.10ashape optimization1 aLassila, Toni1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aQuarteroni, Alfio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/633701015nas a2200109 4500008004100000245004300041210004300084260001300127520070800140100002100848856003600869 2012 en d00aConvex pencils of real quadratic forms0 aConvex pencils of real quadratic forms bSpringer3 aWe study the topology of the set X of the solutions of a system of two quadratic inequalities in the real projective space RP^n (e.g. X is the intersection of two real quadrics). We give explicit formulae for its Betti numbers and for those of its double cover in the sphere S^n; we also give similar formulae for level sets of homogeneous quadratic maps to the plane. We discuss some applications of these results, especially in classical convexity theory. We prove the sharp bound b(X)\leq 2n for the total Betti number of X; we show that for odd n this bound is attained only by a singular X. In the nondegenerate case we also prove the bound on each specific Betti number b_k(X)\leq 2(k+2).1 aLerario, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/709901643nas a2200157 4500008004100000245012600041210006900167260001300236520109700249653002201346100001801368700002001386700002201406700002101428856003601449 2012 en d00aGeneralized reduced basis methods and n-width estimates for the approximation of the solution manifold of parametric PDEs0 aGeneralized reduced basis methods and nwidth estimates for the a bSpringer3 aThe set of solutions of a parameter-dependent linear partial di fferential equation with smooth coe fficients typically forms a compact manifold in a Hilbert space. In this paper we review the generalized reduced basis method as a fast computational tool for the uniform approximation of the solution manifold. We focus on operators showing an affi ne parametric dependence, expressed as a linear combination of parameter-independent operators through some smooth, parameter-dependent scalar functions. In the case that the parameter-dependent operator has a dominant term in its affi ne expansion, one can prove the existence of exponentially convergent uniform approximation spaces for the entire solution manifold. These spaces can be constructed without any assumptions on the parametric regularity of the manifold \\r\\nonly spatial regularity of the solutions is required. The exponential convergence rate is then inherited by the generalized reduced basis method. We provide a numerical example related to parametrized elliptic\\r\\nequations con rming the predicted convergence rates.10asolution manifold1 aLassila, Toni1 aManzoni, Andrea1 aQuarteroni, Alfio1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/634000982nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007000041210006300111260001000174520057500184100002000759700001500779700001800794856003600812 2012 en d00aOn the genus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds0 agenus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds bSISSA3 aWe represent the genus two free energy of an arbitrary semisimple Frobenius\\r\\nmanifold as a sum of contributions associated with dual graphs of certain\\r\\nstable algebraic curves of genus two plus the so-called \\\"genus two G-function\\\".\\r\\nConjecturally the genus two G-function vanishes for a series of important\\r\\nexamples of Frobenius manifolds associated with simple singularities as well as\\r\\nfor ${\\\\bf P}^1$-orbifolds with positive Euler characteristics. We explain the\\r\\nreasons for such Conjecture and prove it in certain particular cases.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aLiu, Si-Qi1 aZhang, Youjin uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646401072nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008700043210006900130260002800199520065000227100001700877700002000894856003600914 2012 en_Ud 00aModuli spaces of noncommutative instantons: gauging away noncommutative parameters0 aModuli spaces of noncommutative instantons gauging away noncommu bOxford University Press3 aUsing the theory of noncommutative geometry in a braided monoidal category, we improve upon a previous construction of noncommutative families of instantons of arbitrary charge on the deformed sphere S^4_\\\\theta. We formulate a notion of noncommutative parameter spaces for families of instantons and we explore what it means for such families to be gauge equivalent, as well as showing how to remove gauge parameters using a noncommutative quotient construction. Although the parameter spaces are a priori noncommutative, we show that one may always recover a classical parameter space by making an appropriate choice of gauge transformation.1 aBrain, Simon1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/377700821nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007700041210006900118520040700187100002500594700002300619700002100642856003600663 2012 en d00aOn robust Lie-algebraic stability conditions for switched linear systems0 arobust Liealgebraic stability conditions for switched linear sys3 aThis paper presents new sufficient conditions for exponential stability of switched linear systems under arbitrary switching, which involve the commutators (Lie brackets) among the given matrices generating the switched system. The main novelty feature of these stability criteria is that, unlike their earlier counterparts, they are robust with respect to small perturbations of the system parameters.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aBaryshnikov, Yurij1 aLiberzon, Daniel uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/645500559nas a2200157 4500008004100000022001400041245011500055210006900170300001400239490000800253100001900261700001900280700001600299700001500315856007100330 2012 eng d a0022-471500aSpectra of random Hermitian matrices with a small-rank external source: the critical and near-critical regimes0 aSpectra of random Hermitian matrices with a smallrank external s a475–5180 v1461 aBertola, Marco1 aBuckingham, R.1 aLee, S., Y.1 aPierce, V. uhttp://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1007/s10955-011-0409-200723nas a2200121 4500008004100000245003800041210003800079260001000117520039200127100002500519700002100544856003600565 2012 en d00aSystems of Quadratic Inequalities0 aSystems of Quadratic Inequalities bSISSA3 aWe present a spectral sequence which efficiently computes Betti numbers of a closed semi-algebraic subset of RP^n defined by a system of quadratic inequalities and the image of the homology homomorphism induced by the inclusion of this subset in RP^n. We do not restrict ourselves to the term E_2 of the spectral sequence and give a simple explicit formula for the differential d_2.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aLerario, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/707200585nas a2200121 4500008004100000245011300041210006900154260001000223520015500233100002500388700001400413856003600427 2011 en d00aBishop and Laplacian Comparison Theorems on Three Dimensional Contact Subriemannian Manifolds with Symmetry0 aBishop and Laplacian Comparison Theorems on Three Dimensional Co bSISSA3 aWe prove a Bishop volume comparison theorem and a Laplacian comparison\r\ntheorem for three dimensional contact subriemannian manifolds with symmetry.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aLee, Paul uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/650801012nas a2200169 4500008004100000245005500041210005400096260006700150520046800217653002100685100002400706700002400730700002000754700001900774700001300793856003600806 2011 en d00aCones of divisors of blow-ups of projective spaces0 aCones of divisors of blowups of projective spaces bUniversità degli Studi di Catania. Dipartimento di matematica3 aWe investigate Mori dream spaces obtained by blowing-up the n-dimensional complex projective space at n+1, n+2 or n+3 points in very general position. Using toric techniques we study the movable cone of the blow-up of Pn at n+1 points, its decomposition into nef chambers and the action of theWeyl group on the set of chambers. Moreover, using different methods, we explicitly write down the equations of the movable cone also for Pn blown-up at n+2 points.10aMori dream space1 aLo Giudice, Alessio1 aCacciola, Salvatore1 aDonten-Bury, M.1 aDumitrescu, O.1 aPark, J. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/661300974nas a2200121 4500008004300000245009300043210006900136260004800205520051800253100002100771700002400792856003600816 2011 en_Ud 00aCrack growth with non-interpenetration : a simplified proof for the pure Neumann problem0 aCrack growth with noninterpenetration a simplified proof for the bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aWe present a recent existence result concerning the quasi-static evolution of cracks in hyperelastic brittle materials, in the frame-work of finite elasticity with non-interpenetration. In particular, here we consider the problem where no Dirichlet conditions are imposed, the boundary is traction-free, and the body is subject only to time-dependent volume forces. This allows us to present the main ideas of the proof in a simpler way, avoiding some of the technicalities needed in the general case, studied in.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/380100524nas a2200133 4500008004100000245012600041210006900167260003300236100002000269700002100289700002200310700002200332856003600354 2011 en d00aCytoskeletal actin networks in motile cells are critically self-organized systems synchronized by mechanical interactions0 aCytoskeletal actin networks in motile cells are critically selfo bNational Academy of Sciences1 aCardamone, Luca1 aLaio, Alessandro1 aShahapure, Rajesh1 aDeSimone, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/435800728nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007600043210006900119260001300188520032600201100002400527700001900551856003600570 2011 en_Ud 00aEnergy release rate and stress intensity factor in antiplane elasticity0 aEnergy release rate and stress intensity factor in antiplane ela bElsevier3 aIn the setting of antiplane linearized elasticity, we show the existence of the stress intensity factor and its relation with the energy release rate when the crack path is a C1,1 curve. Finally, we show that the energy release rate is continuous with respect to the Hausdorff convergence in a class of admissible cracks.1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aToader, Rodica uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/378001004nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260003400184520055100218653001800769100002100787700002600808856003600834 2011 en d00aExistence for wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks0 aExistence for wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing c bEuropean Mathematical Society3 aIn this paper we formulate and study scalar wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks. This includes a zero Neumann condition on the crack sets, and the only assumptions on these sets are that they have bounded surface measure and are growing in the sense of set inclusion. In particular, they may be dense, so the weak formulations must fall outside of the usual weak formulations using Sobolev spaces. We study both damped and undamped equations, showing existence and, for the damped equation, uniqueness and energy conservation.10aWave equation1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLarsen, Cristopher J. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/428400398nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009300041210006900134260001000203100002500213700001400238856003600252 2011 en d00aGeneralized Ricci Curvature Bounds for Three Dimensional Contact Subriemannian manifolds0 aGeneralized Ricci Curvature Bounds for Three Dimensional Contact bSISSA1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aLee, Paul uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/650701189nas a2200109 4500008004100000245004200041210004200083260001000125520088700135100002101022856003601043 2011 en d00aHomology invariants of quadratic maps0 aHomology invariants of quadratic maps bSISSA3 aGiven a real projective algebraic set X we could hope that the equations describing it can give some information on its topology, e.g. on the number of its connected components. Unfortunately in the general case this hope is too vague and there is no direct way to extract such information from the algebraic description of X: Even the problem to decide whether X is empty or not is far from an easy visualization and requires some complicated algebraic machinery. A fi rst step observation is that as long as we are interested only in the topology of X, we can replace, using some Veronese embedding, the original ambient space with a much bigger RPn and assume that X is cut by quadratic equations. The price for this is the increase of the number of equations de ning our set; the advantage is that quadratic polynomials are easier to handle and our hope becomes more concrete...1 aLerario, Antonio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/624501120nas a2200133 4500008004300000245010500043210006900148260001300217520065000230100001900880700002500899700002600924856003600950 2011 en_Ud 00aThe matching property of infinitesimal isometries on elliptic surfaces and elasticity on thin shells0 amatching property of infinitesimal isometries on elliptic surfac bSpringer3 aUsing the notion of Γ-convergence, we discuss the limiting behavior of the three-dimensional nonlinear elastic energy for thin elliptic shells, as their thickness h converges to zero, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like h β with 2 < β < 4. We establish that, for the given scaling regime, the limiting theory reduces to linear pure bending. Two major ingredients of the proofs are the density of smooth infinitesimal isometries in the space of W 2,2 first order infinitesimal isometries, and a result on matching smooth infinitesimal isometries with exact isometric immersions on smooth elliptic surfaces.1 aLewicka, Marta1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aPakzad, Mohammad Reza uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/339201532nas a2200277 4500008004100000022001600041245006500057210006300122260009400185300001600279490000900295520056700304653002100871653002200892653002200914653002400936653003200960653002500992653002101017653002901038653002401067653002401091100002401115700001901139856009601158 2011 eng d a{0218-2025}00aA MODEL FOR CRACK PROPAGATION BASED ON VISCOUS APPROXIMATION0 aMODEL FOR CRACK PROPAGATION BASED ON VISCOUS APPROXIMATION a{5 TOH TUCK LINK, SINGAPORE 596224, SINGAPORE}b{WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD}c{OCT} a{2019-2047}0 v{21}3 a{In the setting of antiplane linearized elasticity, we show the existence of quasistatic evolutions of cracks in brittle materials by using a vanishing viscosity approach, thus taking into account local minimization. The main feature of our model is that the path followed by the crack need not be prescribed a priori: indeed, it is found as the limit (in the sense of Hausdorff convergence) of curves obtained by an incremental procedure. The result is based on a continuity property for the energy release rate in a suitable class of admissible cracks.}

10aBrittle fracture10aCrack propagation10aenergy derivative10aenergy release rate10afree-discontinuity problems10aGriffith's criterion10alocal minimizers10astress intensity factor}10avanishing viscosity10a{Variational models1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aToader, Rodica uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/model-crack-propagation-based-viscous-approximation-001064nas a2200193 4500008004100000020002200041245004100063210003700104260002800141300001400169520049000183100002300673700002200696700002100718700002400739700001900763700001600782856007200798 2011 eng d a978-1-4419-9554-400aThe Monge Problem in Geodesic Spaces0 aMonge Problem in Geodesic Spaces aBoston, MAbSpringer US a217–2333 aWe address the Monge problem in metric spaces with a geodesic distance: (X, d) is a Polish non branching geodesic space. We show that we can reduce the transport problem to 1-dimensional transport problems along geodesics. We introduce an assumption on the transport problem π which implies that the conditional probabilities of the first marginal on each geodesic are continuous. It is known that this regularity is sufficient for the construction of an optimal transport map.

1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aCavalletti, Fabio1 aBressan, Alberto1 aChen, Gui-Qiang, G.1 aLewicka, Marta1 aWang, Dehua uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/monge-problem-geodesic-spaces01263nas a2200277 4500008004100000022001600041245007000057210006900127260008600196300001400282490001000296520028400306653002100590653002200611653002400633653002200657653003200679653002500711653002600736653001800762653002600780653003100806653002400837100002400861856010000885 2011 eng d a{0373-3114}00aQuasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with Lipschitz data0 aQuasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with Lipschitz dat a{TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY}b{SPRINGER HEIDELBERG}c{JAN} a{165-194}0 v{190}3 a{We extend the recent existence result of Dal Maso and Lazzaroni (Ann Inst H Poincare Anal Non Lineaire 27:257-290, 2010) for quasistatic evolutions of cracks in finite elasticity, allowing for boundary conditions and external forces with discontinuous first derivatives.}

10aBrittle fracture10aCrack propagation10aEnergy minimization10aFinite elasticity10afree-discontinuity problems10aGriffith's criterion10aNon-interpenetration}10aPolyconvexity10aQuasistatic evolution10aRate-independent processes10a{Variational models1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/quasistatic-crack-growth-finite-elasticity-lipschitz-data01135nas a2200145 4500008004300000245008100043210006900124260002300193520065600216100002100872700002100893700001900914700002000933856003600953 2011 en_Ud 00aSingular perturbation models in phase transitions for second order materials0 aSingular perturbation models in phase transitions for second ord bIndiana University3 aA variational model proposed in the physics literature to describe the onset of pattern formation in two-component bilayer membranes and amphiphilic monolayers leads to the analysis of a Ginzburg-Landau type energy with a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Scaling arguments motivate the study of the family of second order singular perturbed energies Fe having a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Here, the asymptotic behavior of {Fe} is studied using G-convergence techniques. In particular, compactness results and an integral representation of the limit energy are obtained.1 aChermisi, Milena1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/385801822nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260002800202520132600230100002101556700002201577700001901599700002201618856003601640 2011 en d00aA system-level approach for deciphering the transcriptional response to prion infection0 asystemlevel approach for deciphering the transcriptional respons bOxford University Press3 aMOTIVATION: Deciphering the response of a complex biological system to an insulting event, at the gene expression level, requires adopting theoretical models that are more sophisticated than a one-to-one comparison (i.e. t-test). Here, we investigate the ability of a novel reverse engineering approach (System Response Inference) to unveil non-obvious transcriptional signatures of the system response induced by prion infection.\\r\\nRESULTS: To this end, we analyze previously published gene expression data, from which we extrapolate a putative full-scale model of transcriptional gene-gene dependencies in the mouse central nervous system. Then, we use this nominal model to interpret the gene expression changes caused by prion replication, aiming at selecting the genes primarily influenced by this perturbation. Our method sheds light on the mode of action of prions by identifying key transcripts that are the most likely to be responsible for the overall transcriptional rearrangement from a nominal regulatory network. As a first result of our inference, we have been able to predict known targets of prions (i.e. PrP(C)) and to unveil the potential role of previously unsuspected genes.\\r\\nCONTACT: altafini@sissa.it\\r\\nSUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aLegname, Giuseppe1 aSegrè, Daniel1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/574500703nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007900041210006900120260001000189520030700199100002500506700001400531856003600545 2010 en d00aContinuity of optimal control costs and its application to weak KAM theory0 aContinuity of optimal control costs and its application to weak bSISSA3 aWe prove continuity of certain cost functions arising from optimal control of\\r\\naffine control systems. We give sharp sufficient conditions for this\\r\\ncontinuity. As an application, we prove a version of weak KAM theorem and\\r\\nconsider the Aubry-Mather problems corresponding to these systems.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aLee, Paul uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/645900773nas a2200145 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122260001300191520030200204100001900506700002000525700002100545700002500566856003600591 2010 en_Ud 00aExact reconstruction of damaged color images using a total variation model0 aExact reconstruction of damaged color images using a total varia bElsevier3 aIn this paper the reconstruction of damaged piecewice constant color images is studied using a RGB total variation based model for colorization/inpainting. In particular, it is shown that when color is known in a uniformly distributed region, then reconstruction is possible with maximal fidelity.1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMaggi, Francesco1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/403900439nas a2200133 4500008004100000022001400041245006200055210006100117300001400178490000700192100001900199700001600218856007100234 2010 eng d a0176-427600aFirst colonization of a hard-edge in random matrix theory0 aFirst colonization of a hardedge in random matrix theory a231–2570 v311 aBertola, Marco1 aLee, S., Y. uhttp://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1007/s00365-009-9052-402590nas a2200265 4500008004100000245013200041210006900173260001000242520175000252100001702002700002402019700002002043700001902063700002102082700001802103700003002121700001802151700001702169700001702186700002002203700002202223700002402245700001902269856003602288 2010 en d00aGene expression analysis of the emergence of epileptiform activity after focal injection of kainic acid into mouse hippocampus.0 aGene expression analysis of the emergence of epileptiform activi bWiley3 aWe report gene profiling data on genomic processes underlying the progression towards recurrent seizures after injection of kainic acid (KA) into the mouse hippocampus. Focal injection enabled us to separate the effects of proepileptic stimuli initiated by KA injection. Both the injected and contralateral hippocampus participated in the status epilepticus. However, neuronal death induced by KA treatment was restricted to the injected hippocampus, although there was some contralateral axonal degeneration. We profiled gene expression changes in dorsal and ventral regions of both the injected and contralateral hippocampus. Changes were detected in the expression of 1526 transcripts in samples from three time-points: (i) during the KA-induced status epilepticus, (ii) at 2 weeks, before recurrent seizures emerged, and (iii) at 6 months after seizures emerged. Grouping genes with similar spatio-temporal changes revealed an early transcriptional response, strong immune, cell death and growth responses at 2 weeks and an activation of immune and extracellular matrix genes persisting at 6 months. Immunostaining for proteins coded by genes identified from array studies provided evidence for gliogenesis and suggested that the proteoglycan biglycan is synthesized by astrocytes and contributes to a glial scar. Gene changes at 6 months after KA injection were largely restricted to tissue from the injection site. This suggests that either recurrent seizures might depend on maintained processes including immune responses and changes in extracellular matrix proteins near the injection site or alternatively might result from processes, such as growth, distant from the injection site and terminated while seizures are maintained.

1 aMotti, Dario1 aLe Duigou, Caroline1 aChemaly, Nicole1 aWittner, Lucia1 aLazarevic, Dejan1 aKrmac, Helena1 aMarstrand, Troels, Torben1 aValen, Eivind1 aSanges, Remo1 aStupka, Elia1 aSandelin, Albin1 aCherubini, Enrico1 aGustincich, Stefano1 aMiles, Richard uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/448000409nas a2200109 4500008004300000245009100043210006900134100002100203700001900224700002000243856003600263 2010 en_Ud 00aNonlocal character of the reduced theory of thin films with higher order perturbations0 aNonlocal character of the reduced theory of thin films with high1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/375401187nas a2200145 4500008004300000245004000043210004000083520078100123100002300904700002200927700001700949700002000966700001900986856003601005 2010 en_Ud 00aOptimally swimming Stokesian Robots0 aOptimally swimming Stokesian Robots3 aWe study self propelled stokesian robots composed of assemblies of balls, in dimen-\\nsions 2 and 3, and prove that they are able to control their position and orientation. This is a result of controllability, and its proof relies on applying Chow\\\'s theorem in an analytic framework, similarly to what has been done in [3] for an axisymmetric system swimming along the axis of symmetry. However, we simplify drastically\\nthe analyticity result given in [3] and apply it to a situation where more complex swimmers move either in a plane or in three-dimensional space, hence experiencing also rotations. We then focus our attention on energetically optimal strokes, which we are able to compute numerically. Some examples of computed optimal strokes are discussed in detail.1 aAlouges, François1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aHeltai, Luca1 aLefebvre, Aline1 aMerlet, Benoit uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/392900595nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007600043210006900119520021600188100002100404700002400425856003600449 2010 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with non-interpenetration0 aQuasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with noninterpenet3 aWe present a variational model to study the quasistatic growth of brittle cracks in hyperelastic materials, in the framework of finite elasticity, taking\\ninto account the non-interpenetration condition.

1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/339700741nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009200043210006900135260001900204520028800223100001800511700002100529700002100550856003600571 2010 en_Ud 00aThe reductions of the dispersionless 2D Toda hierarchy and their Hamiltonian structures0 areductions of the dispersionless 2D Toda hierarchy and their Ham bIOP Publishing3 aWe study finite-dimensional reductions of the dispersionless 2D Toda hierarchy showing that the consistency conditions for such reductions are given by a system of radial Loewner equations. We then construct their Hamiltonian structures, following an approach proposed by Ferapontov.1 aCarlet, Guido1 aLorenzoni, Paolo1 aRaimondo, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/384600794nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008000043210006900123520037400192100001900566700002500585700002600610856003600636 2010 en_Ud 00aShell theories arising as low energy Gamma-limit of 3d nonlinear elasticity0 aShell theories arising as low energy Gammalimit of 3d nonlinear 3 aWe discuss the limiting behavior (using the notion of gamma-limit) of the 3d nonlinear elasticity for thin shells around an arbitrary smooth 2d surface. In particular, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like h4, h being the thickness of a shell, we derive a limiting theory which is a generalization of the von Karman theory for plates.1 aLewicka, Marta1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aPakzad, Mohammad Reza uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/260100396nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007300043210006900116100002200185700002300207700002000230856003600250 2009 en_Ud 00aBiological Fluid Dynamics, Non-linear Partial Differential Equations0 aBiological Fluid Dynamics Nonlinear Partial Differential Equatio1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aAlouges, François1 aLefebvre, Aline uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/263000938nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007800043210006900121520056500190100001700755700002000772856003600792 2009 en_Ud 00aFamilies of Monads and Instantons from a Noncommutative ADHM Construction0 aFamilies of Monads and Instantons from a Noncommutative ADHM Con3 aWe give a \\\\theta-deformed version of the ADHM construction of SU(2) instantons with arbitrary topological charge on the sphere S^4. Classically the instanton gauge fields are constructed from suitable monad data; we show that in the deformed case the set of monads is itself a noncommutative space. We use these monads to construct noncommutative `families\\\' of SU(2) instantons on the deformed sphere S^4_\\\\theta. We also compute the topological charge of each of the families. Finally we discuss what it means for such families to be gauge equivalent.1 aBrain, Simon1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/347800454nas a2200133 4500008004100000022001400041245006900055210006900124300001400193490000700207100001900214700001600233856007100249 2009 eng d a0176-427600aFirst colonization of a spectral outpost in random matrix theory0 aFirst colonization of a spectral outpost in random matrix theory a225–2630 v301 aBertola, Marco1 aLee, S., Y. uhttp://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1007/s00365-008-9026-y00873nas a2200133 4500008004300000245004600043210004600089260001300135520049300148100002000641700001800661700002400679856003600703 2009 en_Ud 00aGauged Laplacians on quantum Hopf bundles0 aGauged Laplacians on quantum Hopf bundles bSpringer3 aWe study gauged Laplacian operators on line bundles on a quantum 2-dimensional sphere. Symmetry under the (co)-action of a quantum group allows for their complete diagonalization. These operators describe `excitations moving on the quantum sphere\\\' in the field of a magnetic monopole. The energies are not invariant under the exchange monopole/antimonopole, that is under inverting the direction of the magnetic field. There are potential applications to models of quantum Hall effect.1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampini, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/354000927nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007300043210006900116520048700185100002100672700001900693700002000712700002500732856003600757 2009 en_Ud 00aA higher order model for image restoration: the one dimensional case0 ahigher order model for image restoration the one dimensional cas3 aThe higher order total variation-based model for image restoration proposed by Chan, Marquina, and Mulet in [6] is analyzed in one dimension. A suitable functional framework in which the minimization problem is well posed is being proposed and it is proved analytically that the\\nhigher order regularizing term prevents the occurrence of the staircase effect. The generalized version of the model considered here includes, as particular cases, some curvature dependent functionals.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/317401588nas a2200133 4500008004300000245010000043210006900143260000900212520113200221100002101353700002201374700002201396856003601418 2009 en_Ud 00aInvestigating the Conformational Stability of Prion Strains through a Kinetic Replication Model0 aInvestigating the Conformational Stability of Prion Strains thro bPLoS3 aPrion proteins are known to misfold into a range of different aggregated forms, showing different phenotypic and pathological states. Understanding strain specificities is an important problem in the field of prion disease. Little is known about which PrPSc structural properties and molecular mechanisms determine prion replication, disease progression and strain phenotype. The aim of this work is to investigate, through a mathematical model, how the structural stability of different aggregated forms can influence the kinetics of prion replication. The model-based results suggest that prion strains with different conformational stability undergoing in vivo replication are characterizable in primis by means of different rates of breakage. A further role seems to be played by the aggregation rate (i.e. the rate at which a prion fibril grows). The kinetic variability introduced in the model by these two parameters allows us to reproduce the different characteristic features of the various strains (e.g., fibrils\\\' mean length) and is coherent with all experimental observations concerning strain-specific behavior.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aLegname, Giuseppe1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/398900443nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245004700055210004700102300001500149490000700164100001900171700001600190700001500206856007600221 2009 eng d a1751-811300aMesoscopic colonization in a spectral band0 aMesoscopic colonization in a spectral band a415204, 170 v421 aBertola, Marco1 aLee, S., Y.1 aMo, M., Y. uhttp://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1088/1751-8113/42/41/41520400530nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006400043210006200107520013300169100001900302700002500321700002600346856003600372 2009 en_Ud 00aA nonlinear theory for shells with slowly varying thickness0 anonlinear theory for shells with slowly varying thickness3 aWe study the Γ-limit of 3d nonlinear elasticity for shells of small, variable thickness, around an arbitrary smooth 2d surface.1 aLewicka, Marta1 aMora, Maria Giovanna1 aPakzad, Mohammad Reza uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/263201018nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005800043210005800101520067400159100002500833700001400858856003600872 2009 en_Ud 00aOptimal transportation under nonholonomic constraints0 aOptimal transportation under nonholonomic constraints3 aWe study the Monge\\\'s optimal transportation problem where the cost is given by optimal control cost. We prove the existence and uniqueness of optimal map under certain regularity conditions on the Lagrangian, absolute continuity of the measures and most importantly the absent of sharp abnormal minimizers. In particular, this result is applicable in the case of subriemannian manifolds with a 2-generating distribution and cost given by d2, where d is the subriemannian distance. Also, we discuss some properties of the optimal plan when abnormal minimizers are present. Finally, we consider some examples of displacement interpolation in the case of Grushin plane.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aLee, Paul uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/217601110nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125520069200194100002400886700002200910700002000932856003600952 2008 en_Ud 00aThe Isospectral Dirac Operator on the 4-dimensional Orthogonal Quantum Sphere0 aIsospectral Dirac Operator on the 4dimensional Orthogonal Quantu3 aEquivariance under the action of Uq(so(5)) is used to compute the left regular and (chiral) spinorial representations of the algebra of the quantum Euclidean 4-sphere S^4_q. These representations are the constituents of a spectral triple on this sphere with a Dirac operator which is isospectral to the canonical one of the spin structure of the round undeformed four-sphere and which gives metric dimension four for the noncommutative geometry. Non-triviality of the geometry is proved by pairing the associated Fredholm module with an `instanton\\\' projection. A real structure which satisfies all required properties modulo a suitable ideal of `infinitesimals\\\' is also introduced.1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/256700746nas a2200145 4500008004300000245004200043210004200085260002800127520032600155100002000481700001900501700001800520700002600538856003600564 2008 en_Ud 00aNoncommutative families of instantons0 aNoncommutative families of instantons bOxford University Press3 aWe construct $\\\\theta$-deformations of the classical groups SL(2,H) and Sp(2). Coacting on the basic instanton on a noncommutative four-sphere $S^4_\\\\theta$, we construct a noncommutative family of instantons of charge 1. The family is parametrized by the quantum quotient of $SL_\\\\theta(2,H)$ by $Sp_\\\\theta(2)$.1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aPagani, Chiara1 aReina, Cesare1 avan Suijlekom, Walter uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/341700576nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006400043210006000107520018500167100002400352700002200376700002000398856003600418 2008 en_Ud 00aThe Noncommutative Geometry of the Quantum Projective Plane0 aNoncommutative Geometry of the Quantum Projective Plane3 aWe study the spectral geometry of the quantum projective plane CP^2_q. In particular, we construct a Dirac operator which gives a 0^+ summable triple, equivariant under U_q(su(3)).1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/254801131nas a2200133 4500008004300000245006500043210006400108260001300172520071100185100002300896700002200919700002000941856003600961 2008 en_Ud 00aOptimal Strokes for Low Reynolds Number Swimmers: An Example0 aOptimal Strokes for Low Reynolds Number Swimmers An Example bSpringer3 aSwimming, i.e., being able to advance in the absence of external forces by performing cyclic shape changes, is particularly demanding at low Reynolds numbers. This is the regime of interest for micro-organisms and micro- or nano-robots. We focus in this paper on a simple yet representative example: the three-sphere swimmer of Najafi and Golestanian (Phys. Rev. E, 69, 062901-062904, 2004). For this system, we show how to cast the problem of swimming in the language of control theory, prove global controllability (which implies that the three-sphere swimmer can indeed swim), and propose a numerical algorithm to compute optimal strokes (which turn out to be suitably defined sub-Riemannian geodesics).1 aAlouges, François1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aLefebvre, Aline uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/400600855nas a2200133 4500008004300000245005000043210005000093520045800143100002400601700002200625700002000647700001800667856003600685 2007 en_Ud 00aDirac operators on all Podles quantum spheres0 aDirac operators on all Podles quantum spheres3 aWe construct spectral triples on all Podles quantum spheres. These noncommutative geometries are equivariant for a left action of $U_q(su(2))$ and are regular, even and of metric dimension 2. They are all isospectral to the undeformed round geometry of the 2-sphere. There is also an equivariant real structure for which both the commutant property and the first order condition for the Dirac operators are valid up to infinitesimals of arbitrary order.1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aWagner, Elmar uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/217701323nas a2200133 4500008004300000245010700043210006900150520085200219100001901071700001801090700002001108700002501128856003601153 2007 en_Ud 00aEquilibrium configurations of epitaxially strained crystalline films: existence and regularity results0 aEquilibrium configurations of epitaxially strained crystalline f3 aStrained epitaxial films grown on a relatively thick substrate are considered in the context of plane linear elasticity. The total free energy of the system is assumed to be the sum of the energy of the free surface of the film and the strain energy. Because of the lattice mismatch between film and substrate, flat configurations are in general energetically unfavorable and a corrugated or islanded morphology is the preferred growth mode of the strained film. After specifying the functional setup in which the existence problem can be properly framed, a study of the qualitative properties of the solutions is undertaken. New regularity results for volume-constrained local minimizers of the total free energy are established, leading, as a byproduct, to a rigorous proof of the zero-contact-angle condition between islands and wetting layers.1 aFonseca, Irene1 aFusco, Nicola1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/235000581nas a2200109 4500008004300000245009300043210006900136520018500205100002000390700002500410856003600435 2007 en_Ud 00aNecessary and sufficient conditions for the chainrule in W1,1loc(RN;Rd) and BVloc(RN;Rd)0 aNecessary and sufficient conditions for the chainrule in W11locR3 aIn this paper we prove necessary and sufficient conditions for the validity of the classical chain rule in Sobolev spaces and in the space of functions of bounded variation.

1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/203701687nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008300043210007000126520125600196100002201452700002901474700002601503856003601529 2007 en_Ud 00aThe number of eigenvalues of three-particle Schrödinger operators on lattices0 anumber of eigenvalues of threeparticle Schrödinger operators on 3 aWe consider the Hamiltonian of a system of three quantum mechanical particles (two identical fermions and boson)on the three-dimensional lattice $\\\\Z^3$ and interacting by means of zero-range attractive potentials. We describe the location and structure of the essential spectrum of the three-particle discrete Schr\\\\\\\"{o}dinger operator $H_{\\\\gamma}(K),$ $K$ being the total quasi-momentum and $\\\\gamma>0$ the ratio of the mass of fermion and boson.\\nWe choose for $\\\\gamma>0$ the interaction $v(\\\\gamma)$ in such a way the system consisting of one fermion and one boson has a zero energy resonance.\\nWe prove for any $\\\\gamma> 0$ the existence infinitely many eigenvalues of the operator $H_{\\\\gamma}(0).$ We establish for the number $N(0,\\\\gamma; z;)$ of eigenvalues lying below $z<0$ the following asymptotics $$ \\\\lim_{z\\\\to 0-}\\\\frac{N(0,\\\\gamma;z)}{\\\\mid \\\\log \\\\mid z\\\\mid \\\\mid}={U} (\\\\gamma) .$$ Moreover, for all nonzero values of the quasi-momentum $K \\\\in T^3 $ we establish the finiteness of the number $ N(K,\\\\gamma;\\\\tau_{ess}(K))$ of eigenvalues of $H(K)$ below the bottom of the essential spectrum and we give an asymptotics for the number $N(K,\\\\gamma;0)$ of eigenvalues below zero.1 aAlbeverio, Sergio1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aLakaev, Saidakhmat N. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/257601156nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007100043210006800114520075900182100002000941700001900961700001800980856003600998 2006 en_Ud 00aA Hopf bundle over a quantum four-sphere from the symplectic group0 aHopf bundle over a quantum foursphere from the symplectic group3 aWe construct a quantum version of the SU(2) Hopf bundle $S^7 \\\\to S^4$. The quantum sphere $S^7_q$ arises from the symplectic group $Sp_q(2)$ and a quantum 4-sphere $S^4_q$ is obtained via a suitable self-adjoint idempotent $p$ whose entries generate the algebra $A(S^4_q)$ of polynomial functions over it. This projection determines a deformation of an (anti-)instanton bundle over the classical sphere $S^4$. We compute the fundamental $K$-homology class of $S^4_q$ and pair it with the class of $p$ in the $K$-theory getting the value -1 for the topological charge. There is a right coaction of $SU_q(2)$ on $S^7_q$ such that the algebra $A(S^7_q)$ is a non trivial quantum principal bundle over $A(S^4_q)$ with structure quantum group $A(SU_q(2))$.1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aPagani, Chiara1 aReina, Cesare uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/217901006nas a2200157 4500008004100000245003400041210002700075260001300102520058600115100002200701700002000723700002000743700002600763700002300789856003600812 2005 en d00aThe Dirac operator on SU_q(2)0 aDirac operator on SUq2 bSpringer3 aWe construct a 3^+ summable spectral triple (A(SU_q(2)),H,D) over the quantum group SU_q(2) which is equivariant with respect to a left and a right action of U_q(su(2)). The geometry is isospectral to the classical case since the spectrum of the operator D is the same as that of the usual Dirac operator on the 3-dimensional round sphere. The presence of an equivariant real structure J demands a modification in the axiomatic framework of spectral geometry, whereby the commutant and first-order properties need be satisfied only modulo infinitesimals of arbitrary high order.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aSitarz, Andrzej1 avan Suijlekom, Walter1 aVarilly, Joseph C. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/442500687nas a2200145 4500008004300000245003900043210003300082520027900115100002600394700002200420700002000442700002000462700002300482856003600505 2005 en_Ud 00aThe local index formula for SUq(2)0 alocal index formula for SUq23 aWe discuss the local index formula of Connes-Moscovici for the isospectral noncommutative geometry that we have recently constructed on quantum SU(2). We work out the cosphere bundle and the dimension spectrum as well as the local cyclic cocycles yielding the index formula.1 avan Suijlekom, Walter1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aSitarz, Andrzej1 aVarilly, Joseph C. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/171300942nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005300043210005300096520060100149100002000750700002600770856003600796 2005 en_Ud 00aPrincipal fibrations from noncommutative spheres0 aPrincipal fibrations from noncommutative spheres3 aWe construct noncommutative principal fibrations S_\\\\theta^7 \\\\to S_\\\\theta^4 which are deformations of the classical SU(2) Hopf fibration over the four sphere. We realize the noncommutative vector bundles associated to the irreducible representations of SU(2) as modules of coequivariant maps and construct corresponding projections. The index of Dirac operators with coefficients in the associated bundles is computed with the Connes-Moscovici local index formula. The algebra inclusion $A(S_\\\\theta^4) \\\\into A(S_\\\\theta^7)$ is an example of a not trivial quantum principal bundle.1 aLandi, Giovanni1 avan Suijlekom, Walter uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/228400730nas a2200133 4500008004300000245005800043210005400101520032400155100002200479700002000501700001900521700002000540856003600560 2005 en_Ud 00aThe spectral geometry of the equatorial Podles sphere0 aspectral geometry of the equatorial Podles sphere3 aWe propose a slight modification of the properties of a spectral geometry a la Connes, which allows for some of the algebraic relations to be satisfied only modulo compact operators. On the equatorial Podles sphere we construct suq2-equivariant Dirac operator and real structure which satisfy these modified properties.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aPaschke, Mario1 aSitarz, Andrzej uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/227501246nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005100041210005100092260001800143520089000161100001701051700002001068856003601088 2004 en d00aFredholm modules for quantum euclidean spheres0 aFredholm modules for quantum euclidean spheres bSISSA Library3 aThe quantum Euclidean spheres, $S_q^{N-1}$, are (noncommutative) homogeneous spaces of quantum orthogonal groups, $\\\\SO_q(N)$. The *-algebra $A(S^{N-1}_q)$ of polynomial functions on each of these is given by generators and relations which can be expressed in terms of a self-adjoint, unipotent matrix. We explicitly construct complete sets of generators for the K-theory (by nontrivial self-adjoint idempotents and unitaries) and the K-homology (by nontrivial Fredholm modules) of the spheres $S_q^{N-1}$. We also construct the corresponding Chern characters in cyclic homology and cohomology and compute the pairing of K-theory with K-homology. On odd spheres (i. e., for N even) we exhibit unbounded Fredholm modules by means of a natural unbounded operator D which, while failing to have compact resolvent, has bounded commutators with all elements in the algebra $A(S^{N-1}_q)$.1 aHawkins, Eli1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/163601010nas a2200145 4500008004300000245005800043210005800101260001300159520057100172100002100743700001900764700002000783700002500803856003600828 2004 en_Ud 00aHigher order quasiconvexity reduces to quasiconvexity0 aHigher order quasiconvexity reduces to quasiconvexity bSpringer3 aIn this paper it is shown that higher order quasiconvex functions suitable in the variational treatment of problems involving second derivatives may be extended to the space of all matrices as classical quasiconvex functions. Precisely, it is proved that a smooth strictly 2-quasiconvex function with p-growth at infinity, p>1, is the restriction to symmetric matrices of a 1-quasiconvex function with the same growth. As a consequence, lower semicontinuity results for second-order variational problems are deduced as corollaries of well-known first order theorems.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFonseca, Irene1 aLeoni, Giovanni1 aMorini, Massimiliano uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/291100815nas a2200133 4500008004300000245009200043210006900135260002100204520035600225100002200581700002200603700002000625856003600645 2003 en_Ud 00aNon-linear sigma-models in noncommutative geometry: fields with values in finite spaces0 aNonlinear sigmamodels in noncommutative geometry fields with val bWorld Scientific3 aWe study sigma-models on noncommutative spaces, notably on noncommutative tori. We construct instanton solutions carrying a nontrivial topological charge q and satisfying a Belavin-Polyakov bound. The moduli space of these instantons is conjectured to consists of an ordinary torus endowed with a complex structure times a projective space $CP^{q-1}$.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aKrajewski, Thomas1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/321500932nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004500043210004400088260001300132520058700145100002200732700002000754856003600774 2002 en_Ud 00aInstanton algebras and quantum 4-spheres0 aInstanton algebras and quantum 4spheres bElsevier3 aWe study some generalized instanton algebras which are required to describe `instantonic complex rank 2 bundles\\\'. The spaces on which the bundles are defined are not prescribed from the beginning but rather are obtained from some natural requirements on the instantons. They turn out to be quantum 4-spheres $S^4_q$, with $q\\\\in\\\\IC$, and the instantons are described by self-adjoint idempotents e. We shall also clarify some issues related to the vanishing of the first Chern-Connes class $ch_1(e)$ and on the use of the second Chern-Connes class $ch_2(e)$ as a volume form.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/313401003nas a2200133 4500008004300000245004600043210004300089260001300132520062600145100002200771700002000793700002000813856003600833 2001 en_Ud 00aInstantons on the Quantum 4-Spheres S^4_q0 aInstantons on the Quantum 4Spheres S4q bSpringer3 aWe introduce noncommutative algebras $A_q$ of quantum 4-spheres $S^4_q$, with $q\\\\in\\\\IR$, defined via a suspension of the quantum group $SU_q(2)$, and a quantum instanton bundle described by a selfadjoint idempotent $e\\\\in \\\\Mat_4(A_q)$, $e^2=e=e^*$. Contrary to what happens for the classical case or for the noncommutative instanton constructed in Connes-Landi, the first Chern-Connes class $ch_1(e)$ does not vanish thus signaling a dimension drop. The second Chern-Connes class $ch_2(e)$ does not vanish as well and the couple $(ch_1(e), ch_2(e))$ defines a cycle in the $(b,B)$ bicomplex of cyclic homology.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMasuda, Tetsuya uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/313500436nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008800043210006900131260001300200100001700213700002500230700002300255856003600278 2001 en_Ud 00aUniqueness of classical and nonclassical solutions for nonlinear hyperbolic systems0 aUniqueness of classical and nonclassical solutions for nonlinear bElsevier1 aBaiti, Paolo1 aLeFloch, Philippe G.1 aPiccoli, Benedetto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/311300945nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001800184520050900202100002200711700002200733700002000755856003600775 2000 en d00aSome Properties of Non-linear sigma-Models in Noncommutative Geometry0 aSome Properties of Nonlinear sigmaModels in Noncommutative Geome bSISSA Library3 aWe introduce non-linear $\\\\sigma$-models in the framework of noncommutative geometry with special emphasis on models defined on the noncommutative torus. We choose as target spaces the two point space and the circle and illustrate some characteristic features of the corresponding $\\\\sigma$-models. In particular we construct a $\\\\sigma$-model instanton with topological charge equal to 1. We also define and investigate some properties of a noncommutative analogue of the Wess-Zumino-Witten model.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aKrajewski, Thomas1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/137300841nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007100043210006900114260004800183520041200231100002100643700001900664856003600683 2000 en_Ud 00aA Uniqueness Condition for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws0 aUniqueness Condition for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aConsider the Cauchy problem for a hyperbolic $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws in one space dimension: $$u_t+f(u)_x=0, u(0,x)=\\\\bar u(x).\\\\eqno(CP)$$ Relying on the existence of a continuous semigroup of solutions, we prove that the entropy admissible solution of (CP) is unique within the class of functions $u=u(t,x)$ which have bounded variation along a suitable family of space-like curves.1 aBressan, Alberto1 aLewicka, Marta uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/319501453nas a2200133 4500008004300000245005600043210005500099260001300154520106200167100002101229700001801250700001501268856003601283 1999 en_Ud 00aL-1 stability estimates for n x n conservation laws0 aL1 stability estimates for n x n conservation laws bSpringer3 aLet $u_t+f(u)_x=0$ be a strictly hyperbolic $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws, each characteristic field being linearly degenerate or genuinely nonlinear. In this paper we explicitly define a functional $\\\\Phi=\\\\Phi(u,v)$, equivalent to the $L^1$ distance, which is `almost decreasing\\\', i.e., $\\\\Phi(u(t),v(t))-\\\\Phi(u(s),v(s))\\\\leq\\\\break O (\\\\epsilon)·(t-s)$ for all $t>s\\\\geq 0$, for every pair of $\\\\epsilon$-approximate solutions $u,v$ with small total variation, generated by a wave-front-tracking algorithm. The small parameter $\\\\epsilon$ here controls the errors in the wave speeds, the maximum size of rarefaction fronts and the total strength of all non-physical waves in $u$ and in $v$. From the above estimate, it follows that front-tracking approximations converge to a unique limit solution, depending Lipschitz continuously on the initial data, in the $L^1$ norm. This provides a new proof of the existence of the standard Riemann semigroup generated by an $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws.\\\'\\\'1 aBressan, Alberto1 aLiu, Tai-Ping1 aYang, Tong uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/337301145nas a2200145 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122260001300191520067400204100002000878700001700898700002500915700002300940856003600963 1999 en_Ud 00aNonclassical Shocks and the Cauchy Problem for Nonconvex Conservation Laws0 aNonclassical Shocks and the Cauchy Problem for Nonconvex Conserv bElsevier3 aThe Riemann problem for a conservation law with a nonconvex (cubic) flux can be solved in a class of admissible nonclassical solutions that may violate the Oleinik entropy condition but satisfy a single entropy inequality and a kinetic relation. We use such a nonclassical Riemann solver in a front tracking algorithm, and prove that the approximate solutions remain bounded in the total variation norm. The nonclassical shocks induce an increase of the total variation and, therefore, the classical measure of total variation must be modified accordingly. We prove that the front tracking scheme converges strongly to a weak solution satisfying the entropy inequality.1 aAmadori, Debora1 aBaiti, Paolo1 aLeFloch, Philippe G.1 aPiccoli, Benedetto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/331200739nas a2200121 4500008004300000245010400043210006900147260002300216520029600239100002100535700002500556856003600581 1999 en_Ud 00aStructural stability and regularity of entropy solutions to hyperbolic systems of conservation laws0 aStructural stability and regularity of entropy solutions to hype bIndiana University3 aThe paper is concerned with the qualitative structure of entropy solutions to a strictly hyperbolic, genuinely nonlinear system of conservation laws. We first give an accurate description of the local and global wave-front structure of a BV solution, generated by a front tracking algorithm.1 aBressan, Alberto1 aLeFloch, Philippe G. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/337400354nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005500041210005500096260001800151100002000169700002000189856003500209 1990 en d00aAlgebraic differential calculus for gauge theories0 aAlgebraic differential calculus for gauge theories bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMarmo, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/89100655nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005500041210005400096260001800150520026000168100002000428700002200448700001600470856003500486 1990 en d00aChern-Simons forms on principal superfiber bundles0 aChernSimons forms on principal superfiber bundles bSISSA Library3 aA graded Weil homomorphism is defined for principal superfiber bundles and the related transgression (or Chern-Simons) forms are introduced. As an example of the application of these concepts, a ``superextension\\\'\\\' of the Dirac monopole is discussed.1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aBartocci, Claudio1 aBruzzo, Ugo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/59000424nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005700041210005600098260001800154100002100172700002200193700001900215700002100234856003500255 1989 en d00aLimits of obstacle problems for the area functional.0 aLimits of obstacle problems for the area functional bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aCarriero, Michele1 aLeaci, Antonio1 aPascali, Eduardo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/57700397nas a2200109 4500008004100000245008400041210006900125260001800194100002000212700002000232856003500252 1988 en d00aAlgebraic reduction of the \\\'t Hooft-Polyakov monopole to the Dirac monopole.0 aAlgebraic reduction of the t HooftPolyakov monopole to the Dirac bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMarmo, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/57800290nas a2200097 4500008004100000245004400041210004100085260001000126100002000136856003600156 1988 en d00aAn Algebraic Setting for Gauge Theories0 aAlgebraic Setting for Gauge Theories bSISSA1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/582800368nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006300041210006100104260001800165100002000183700002000203856003500223 1988 en d00aEinstein algebras and the algebraic Kaluza-Klein monopole.0 aEinstein algebras and the algebraic KaluzaKlein monopole bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMarmo, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/60300390nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007700041210006900118260001800187100002000205700002000225856003500245 1987 en d00aExtensions of Lie superalgebras and supersymmetric Abelian gauge fields.0 aExtensions of Lie superalgebras and supersymmetric Abelian gauge bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMarmo, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/50700303nas a2200109 4500008004100000245003000041210002900071260001800100100002000118700002000138856003500158 1987 en d00aGraded Chern-Simons terms0 aGraded ChernSimons terms bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMarmo, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/50800343nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005000041210004900091260001800140100002000158700002000178856003500198 1987 en d00aLie algebra extensions and abelian monopoles.0 aLie algebra extensions and abelian monopoles bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMarmo, Giuseppe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/50600334nas a2200097 4500008004100000245006600041210005600107260001800163100002000181856003500201 1986 en d00aThe natural spinor connection on $S\\\\sb 8$ is a gauge field0 anatural spinor connection on Ssb 8 is a gauge field bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/44800369nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006100041210006100102260001800163100002000181700002300201856003500224 1985 en d00aFlat connections for Lax hierarchies on coadjoint orbits0 aFlat connections for Lax hierarchies on coadjoint orbits bSISSA Library1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aDe Filippo, Sergio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/46000605nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006100041210006000102260003200162520020700194100002700401700002000428856003500448 1985 en d00aMaximal acceleration and Sakharov's limiting temperature0 aMaximal acceleration and Sakharovs limiting temperature bSocietà Italiana di Fisica3 aIt is shown that Sakharov's maximal temperature, derived by him from astrophysical considerations, is a straightforward consequence of the maximal acceleration introduced by us in previous works.

1 aCaianiello, Eduardo R.1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/372