We study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear equation u''+(λa+(t)−μa−(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and sublinear growth at infinity. For λ,μ positive and large, we prove the existence of 3^m−1 positive T-periodic solutions when the weight function a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a T-periodicity interval). As a byproduct of our approach we also provide abundance of positive subharmonic solutions and symbolic dynamics. The proof is based on coincidence degree theory for locally compact operators on open unbounded sets and also applies to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Neumann and the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

1 aBoscaggin, Alberto1 aFeltrin, Guglielmo1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3526401002nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006100041210006000102520056900162100002200731700002100753700001900774700002700793856004800820 2018 en d00aStochastic homogenisation of free-discontinuity problems0 aStochastic homogenisation of freediscontinuity problems3 aIn this paper we study the stochastic homogenisation of free-discontinuity functionals. Assuming stationarity for the random volume and surface integrands, we prove the existence of a homogenised random free-discontinuity functional, which is deterministic in the ergodic case. Moreover, by establishing a connection between the deterministic convergence of the functionals at any fixed realisation and the pointwise Subadditive Ergodic Theorem by Akcoglou and Krengel, we characterise the limit volume and surface integrands in terms of asymptotic cell formulas.1 aCagnetti, Filippo1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aScardia, Lucia1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3530901022nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005500041210005500096520063900151100002100790700002300811700001800834856004800852 2018 en d00aTransmission conditions obtained by homogenisation0 aTransmission conditions obtained by homogenisation3 aWe study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to variational problems in perforated domains with Neumann boundary conditions. We consider perforations that in the limit concentrate on a smooth manifold. We characterise the limits of the solutions and show that they solve a variational problem with a transmission condition across the manifold. This is expressed through a measure on the manifold, vanishing on sets of capacity zero. Then, we prove that every such measure can be obtained by homogenising suitable perforations. Eventually, we provide an asymptotic formula for this measure by using some auxiliary minimum problems.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aFranzina, Giovanni1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3531000564nas a2200133 4500008004100000245012900041210006900170260008500239300001400324490000700338100002300345700001900368856004300387 2017 eng d00aAn application of coincidence degree theory to cyclic feedback type systems associated with nonlinear differential operators0 aapplication of coincidence degree theory to cyclic feedback type bNicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies a683–7260 v501 aFeltrin, Guglielmo1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttps://doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2017.03801393nas a2200145 4500008004100000245005300041210005100094260001000145520095500155100002201110700002101132700001901153700002701172856004801199 2017 en d00aGamma-Convergence of Free-discontinuity problems0 aGammaConvergence of Freediscontinuity problems bSISSA3 aWe study the Gamma-convergence of sequences of free-discontinuity functionals depending on vector-valued functions u which can be discontinuous across hypersurfaces whose shape and location are not known a priori. The main novelty of our result is that we work under very general assumptions on the integrands which, in particular, are not required to be periodic in the space variable. Further, we consider the case of surface integrands which are not bounded from below by the amplitude of the jump of u. We obtain three main results: compactness with respect to Gamma-convergence, representation of the Gamma-limit in an integral form and identification of its integrands, and homogenisation formulas without periodicity assumptions. In particular, the classical case of periodic homogenisation follows as a by-product of our analysis. Moreover, our result covers also the case of stochastic homogenisation, as we will show in a forthcoming paper.1 aCagnetti, Filippo1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aScardia, Lucia1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3527601598nas a2200217 4500008004100000022001400041245010600055210006900161300001600230490000800246520083500254653002301089653002501112653003601137653003201173653002601205653003601231100002301267700001901290856007101309 2017 eng d a0022-039600aMultiplicity of positive periodic solutions in the superlinear indefinite case via coincidence degree0 aMultiplicity of positive periodic solutions in the superlinear i a4255 - 42910 v2623 aWe study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear differential equationu″+cu′+(a+(t)−μa−(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity, a(t) is a periodic sign-changing weight, c∈R and μ>0 is a real parameter. Our model includes (for c=0) the so-called nonlinear Hill's equation. We prove the existence of 2m−1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a periodicity interval) and μ is sufficiently large, thus giving a complete solution to a problem raised by G.J. Butler in 1976. The proof is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree defined in open (possibly unbounded) sets and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Our method also provides a topological approach to detect subharmonic solutions.

10aCoincidence degree10aMultiplicity results10aNeumann boundary value problems10aPositive periodic solutions10asubharmonic solutions10aSuperlinear indefinite problems1 aFeltrin, Guglielmo1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203961730021901304nas a2200133 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124520084400193100002201037700002201059700002001081700001801101856005101119 2016 en d00aConfinement of dislocations inside a crystal with a prescribed external strain0 aConfinement of dislocations inside a crystal with a prescribed e3 aWe study screw dislocations in an isotropic crystal undergoing antiplane shear. In the framework of linear elasticity, by fixing a suitable boundary condition for the strain (prescribed non-vanishing boundary integral), we manage to confine the dislocations inside the material. More precisely, in the presence of an external strain with circulation equal to n times the lattice spacing, it is energetically convenient to have n distinct dislocations lying inside the crystal. The novelty of introducing a Dirichlet boundary condition for the tangential strain is crucial to the confinement: it is well known that, if Neumann boundary conditions are imposed, the dislocations tend to migrate to the boundary. The results are achieved using PDE techniques and Ƭ-convergence theory, in the framework of the so-called core radius approach.1 aLucardesi, Ilaria1 aMorandotti, Marco1 aScala, Riccardo1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3524700961nas a2200133 4500008004100000245014200041210006900183260003100252520042800283100002300711700002300734700001900757856005100776 2016 en d00aPairs of positive periodic solutions of nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight: a topological degree approach for the super-sublinear case0 aPairs of positive periodic solutions of nonlinear ODEs with inde bCambridge University Press3 aWe study the periodic and Neumann boundary value problems associated with the second order nonlinear differential equation u''+cu'+λa(t)g(u)=0, where g:[0,+∞[→[0,+∞[ is a sublinear function at infinity having superlinear growth at zero. We prove the existence of two positive solutions when ∫a(t)dt 0 is sufficiently large. Our approach is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree theory and index computations.

1 aBoscaggin, Alberto1 aFeltrin, Guglielmo1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3526200903nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131260001000200520043700210100002100647700002400668700002700692856005000719 2015 en d00aA bridging mechanism in the homogenisation of brittle composites with soft inclusions0 abridging mechanism in the homogenisation of brittle composites w bSISSA3 aWe provide a homogenisation result for the energy-functional associated with a purely brittle composite whose microstructure is characterised by soft periodic inclusions embedded in a stiffer matrix. We show that the two constituents as above can be suitably arranged on a microscopic scale ε to obtain, in the limit as ε tends to zero, a homogeneous macroscopic energy-functional explicitly depending on the opening of the crack.1 aBarchiesi, Marco1 aLazzaroni, Giuliano1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/749201185nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008500041210006900126260001000195520076800205100002100973700001800994856005101012 2015 en d00aConvex combinations of low eigenvalues, Fraenkel asymmetries and attainable sets0 aConvex combinations of low eigenvalues Fraenkel asymmetries and bSISSA3 aWe consider the problem of minimizing convex combinations of the first two eigenvalues of the Dirichlet-Laplacian among open set of $R^N$ of fixed measure. We show that, by purely elementary arguments, based on the minimality condition, it is possible to obtain informations on the geometry of the minimizers of convex combinations: we study, in particular, when these minimizers are no longer convex, and the optimality of balls. As an application of our results we study the boundary of the attainable set for the Dirichlet spectrum. Our techniques involve symmetry results à la Serrin, explicit constants in quantitative inequalities, as well as a purely geometrical problem: the minimization of the Fraenkel 2-asymmetry among convex sets of fixed measure.1 aMazzoleni, Dario1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3514001084nas a2200121 4500008004100000245013700041210006900178260002300247520059900270100002300869700001900892856005100911 2015 en d00aExistence of positive solutions in the superlinear case via coincidence degree: the Neumann and the periodic boundary value problems0 aExistence of positive solutions in the superlinear case via coin bKhayyam Publishing3 aWe prove the existence of positive periodic solutions for the second order nonlinear equation u'' + a(x) g(u) = 0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. The weight function a(x) is allowed to change its sign. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of nontrivial solutions are obtained. The proof is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Applications are given to the search of positive solutions for a nonlinear PDE in annular domains and for a periodic problem associated to a non-Hamiltonian equation.

1 aFeltrin, Guglielmo1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/143506451800912nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010700041210006900148260001000217520041300227100002000640700002400660700001800684700001600702856004800718 2015 en d00aExtended affine Weyl groups of BCD type, Frobenius manifolds and their Landau-Ginzburg superpotentials0 aExtended affine Weyl groups of BCD type Frobenius manifolds and bSISSA3 aFor the root systems of type Bl, Cl and Dl, we generalize the result of [7] by showing the existence of Frobenius manifold structures on the orbit spaces of the extended affine Weyl groups that correspond to any vertex of the Dynkin diagram instead of a particular choice made in [7]. It also depends on certain additional data. We also construct LG superpotentials for these Frobenius manifold structures.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aStrachan, Ian, A.B.1 aZhang, Youjin1 aZuo, Dafeng uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3531601194nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008200041210006900123260001300192520077400205100002300979700001901002856005101021 2015 en d00aMultiple positive solutions for a superlinear problem: a topological approach0 aMultiple positive solutions for a superlinear problem a topologi bElsevier3 aWe study the multiplicity of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated to the nonlinear second order equation u''+f(x,u)=0. We allow x ↦ f(x,s) to change its sign in order to cover the case of scalar equations with indefinite weight. Roughly speaking, our main assumptions require that f(x,s)/s is below λ_1 as s→0^+ and above λ_1 as s→+∞. In particular, we can deal with the situation in which f(x,s) has a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. We propose a new approach based on the topological degree which provides the multiplicity of solutions. Applications are given for u'' + a(x) g(u) = 0, where we prove the existence of 2^n-1 positive solutions when a(x) has n positive humps and a^-(x) is sufficiently large.

1 aFeltrin, Guglielmo1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3514700719nas a2200217 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260003300202100002200235700002400257700001600281700002300297700001500320700001400335700002200349700002600371700002100397700001300418700001900431856005100450 2015 en d00aThe phototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a strong efficacy gradient0 aphototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a stron bNational Academy of Sciences1 aMazzolini, Monica1 aFacchetti, Giuseppe1 aAndolfi, L.1 aZaccaria, Proietti1 aTuccio, S.1 aTreud, J.1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aDi Fabrizio, Enzo, M.1 aLazzarino, Marco1 aRapp, G.1 aTorre, Vincent uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3515701079nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104260003200167520063100199100002000830700002200850700002200872856005100894 2014 en d00aDirac operators on noncommutative principal circle bundles0 aDirac operators on noncommutative principal circle bundles bWorld Scientific Publishing3 aWe study spectral triples over noncommutative principal U(1)-bundles of arbitrary dimension and a compatibility condition between the connection and the Dirac operator on the total space and on the base space of the bundle. Examples of low-dimensional noncommutative tori are analyzed in more detail and all connections found that are compatible with an admissible Dirac operator. Conversely, a family of new Dirac operators on the noncommutative tori, which arise from the base-space Dirac operator and a suitable connection is exhibited. These examples are extended to the theta-deformed principal U(1)-bundle S 3 θ → S2.1 aSitarz, Andrzej1 aZucca, Alessandro1 aDabrowski, Ludwik uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3512500921nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001300193520050800206100001800714700001600732856005100748 2014 en d00aInfinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda lattice hierarchy0 aInfinitedimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda latt bElsevier3 aFollowing the approach of Carlet et al. (2011) [9], we construct a class of infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda lattice hierarchy, which are defined on the space of pairs of meromorphic functions with possibly higher-order poles at the origin and at infinity. We also show a connection between these infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds and the finite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds on the orbit space of extended affine Weyl groups of type A defined by Dubrovin and Zhang.1 aWu, Chaozhong1 aZuo, Dafeng uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3502600683nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005300041210005300094260001300147520034200160100002000502856005100522 2014 en d00aMaximal generalized solution of eikonal equation0 aMaximal generalized solution of eikonal equation bElsevier3 aWe study the Dirichlet problem for the eikonal equation: 1/2 |∇u(x)|^2-a(x)=0 in Ω u(x)=(x) on Ω, without continuity assumptions on the map a(.). We find a class of maps a(.) contained in the space L∞(Ω) for which the problem admits a (maximal) generalized solution, providing a generalization of the notion of viscosity solution.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3464200423nas a2200133 4500008004100000245005600041210005500097260001300152653002200165100001800187700002100205700002700226856003600253 2014 en d00aNew results on Gamma-limits of integral functionals0 aNew results on Gammalimits of integral functionals bElsevier10aGamma-convergence1 aAnsini, Nadia1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/588000851nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009300041210006900134260001300203520042700216100001900643700001600662856005100678 2014 en d00aPseudo-automorphisms of positive entropy on the blowups of products of projective spaces0 aPseudoautomorphisms of positive entropy on the blowups of produc bSpringer3 aWe use a concise method to construct pseudo-automorphisms fn of the first dynamical degree d1(fn) > 1 on the blowups of the projective n-space for all n ≥ 2 and more generally on the blowups of products of projective spaces. These fn, for n=3 have positive entropy, and for n≥ 4 seem to be the first examples of pseudo-automorphisms with d1(fn) > 1 (and of non-product type) on rational varieties of higher dimensions.1 aPerroni, Fabio1 aZhang, Deqi uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3471400995nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007400043210006900117260001000186520059200196100001700788700001800805856005000823 2014 en_Ud 00aWhere best to place a Dirichlet condition in an anisotropic membrane?0 aWhere best to place a Dirichlet condition in an anisotropic memb bSISSA3 aWe study a shape optimization problem for the first eigenvalue of an elliptic operator in divergence form, with non constant coefficients, over a fixed domain $\Omega$. Dirichlet conditions are imposed along $\partial\Omega$ and, in addition, along a set $\Sigma$ of prescribed length ($1$-dimensional Hausdorff measure). We look for the best shape and position for the supplementary Dirichlet region $\Sigma$ in order to maximize the first eigenvalue. We characterize the limit distribution of the optimal sets, as their prescribed length tends to infinity, via $\Gamma$-convergence.1 aTilli, Paolo1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/748101539nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260005100202520107800253100001701331700001801348856005101366 2013 en d00aAsymptotics of the first Laplace eigenvalue with Dirichlet regions of prescribed length0 aAsymptotics of the first Laplace eigenvalue with Dirichlet regio bSociety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics3 aWe consider the problem of maximizing the first eigenvalue of the $p$-Laplacian (possibly with nonconstant coefficients) over a fixed domain $\Omega$, with Dirichlet conditions along $\partial\Omega$ and along a supplementary set $\Sigma$, which is the unknown of the optimization problem. The set $\Sigma$, which plays the role of a supplementary stiffening rib for a membrane $\Omega$, is a compact connected set (e.g., a curve or a connected system of curves) that can be placed anywhere in $\overline{\Omega}$ and is subject to the constraint of an upper bound $L$ to its total length (one-dimensional Hausdorff measure). This upper bound prevents $\Sigma$ from spreading throughout $\Omega$ and makes the problem well-posed. We investigate the behavior of optimal sets $\Sigma_L$ as $L\to\infty$ via $\Gamma$-convergence, and we explicitly construct certain asymptotically optimal configurations. We also study the behavior as $p\to\infty$ with $L$ fixed, finding connections with maximum-distance problems related to the principal frequency of the $\infty$-Laplacian.1 aTilli, Paolo1 aZucco, Davide uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3514100555nas a2200133 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137260003700206300001200243490000700255100002300262700001900285856011700304 2013 eng d00aPairs of nodal solutions for a class of nonlinear problems with one-sided growth conditions0 aPairs of nodal solutions for a class of nonlinear problems with bAdvanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. a13–530 v131 aBoscaggin, Alberto1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/pairs-nodal-solutions-class-nonlinear-problems-one-sided-growth-conditions01092nas a2200205 4500008004100000022001400041245010400055210006900159300000700228490000700235520037600242653003000618653003400648653002300682653003700705653002600742100002300768700001900791856007600810 2013 eng d a1078-094700aSubharmonic solutions for nonlinear second order equations in presence of lower and upper solutions0 aSubharmonic solutions for nonlinear second order equations in pr a890 v333 aWe study the problem of existence and multiplicity of subharmonic solutions for a second order nonlinear ODE in presence of lower and upper solutions. We show how such additional information can be used to obtain more precise multiplicity results. Applications are given to pendulum type equations and to Ambrosetti-Prodi results for parameter dependent equations.

10alower and upper solutions10aparameter dependent equations10aPeriodic solutions10aPoincaré-Birkhoff twist theorem10asubharmonic solutions1 aBoscaggin, Alberto1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://aimsciences.org//article/id/3638a93e-4f3e-4146-a927-3e8a64e6863f02153nas a2200181 4500008004100000245015200041210006900193260001000262520154500272100001101817700002101828700001601849700001501865700001401880700001901894700002201913856003601935 2012 en d00aDetection of transcriptional triggers in the dynamics of microbial growth: application to the respiratory-versatile bacterium Shewanella oneidensis0 aDetection of transcriptional triggers in the dynamics of microbi bSISSA3 aThe capacity of microorganisms to respond to variable external conditions requires a coordination of environment-sensing mechanisms and decisionmaking regulatory circuits. Here, we seek to understand the interplay between these two processes by combining high-throughput measurement of time-dependent mRNA profiles with a novel computational approach that searches for key genetic triggers of transcriptional changes. Our approach helped us understand the regulatory strategies of a respiratorily versatile bacterium with promising bioenergy and bioremediation applications, Shewanella oneidensis, in minimal and rich media. By comparing expression profiles across these two conditions, we unveiled components of the transcriptional program that depend mainly on the growth phase. Conversely, by integrating our time-dependent data with a previously available large compendium of static perturbation responses, we identified transcriptional changes that cannot be explained solely by internal network dynamics, but are rather triggered by specific genes acting as key mediators of an environment-dependent response. These transcriptional triggers include known and novel regulators that respond to carbon, nitrogen and oxygen limitation. Our analysis suggests a sequence of physiological responses, including a coupling between nitrogen depletion and glycogen storage, partially recapitulated through dynamic flux balance analysis, and experimentally confirmed by metabolite measurements. Our approach is broadly applicable to other systems1 aBeg, Q1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aKlitgord, N1 aCollins, S1 aSerres, M1 aSegrè, Daniel1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/650600456nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006900041210006700110260001300177653003000190100001800220700002100238700002700259856003600286 2012 en d00aGamma-convergence and H-convergence of linear elliptic operators0 aGammaconvergence and Hconvergence of linear elliptic operators bElsevier10aLinear elliptic operators1 aAnsini, Nadia1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/587800982nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007000041210006300111260001000174520057500184100002000759700001500779700001800794856003600812 2012 en d00aOn the genus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds0 agenus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds bSISSA3 aWe represent the genus two free energy of an arbitrary semisimple Frobenius\\r\\nmanifold as a sum of contributions associated with dual graphs of certain\\r\\nstable algebraic curves of genus two plus the so-called \\\"genus two G-function\\\".\\r\\nConjecturally the genus two G-function vanishes for a series of important\\r\\nexamples of Frobenius manifolds associated with simple singularities as well as\\r\\nfor ${\\\\bf P}^1$-orbifolds with positive Euler characteristics. We explain the\\r\\nreasons for such Conjecture and prove it in certain particular cases.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aLiu, Si-Qi1 aZhang, Youjin uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646401215nas a2200193 4500008004100000022001400041245010000055210006900155300001600224490000800240520056000248653002000808653002500828653003200853653002300885100002300908700001900931856007100950 2012 eng d a0022-039600aPairs of positive periodic solutions of second order nonlinear equations with indefinite weight0 aPairs of positive periodic solutions of second order nonlinear e a2900 - 29210 v2523 aWe study the problem of the existence and multiplicity of positive periodic solutions to the scalar ODEu″+λa(t)g(u)=0,λ>0, where g(x) is a positive function on R+, superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity, and a(t) is a T-periodic and sign indefinite weight with negative mean value. We first show the nonexistence of solutions for some classes of nonlinearities g(x) when λ is small. Then, using critical point theory, we prove the existence of at least two positive T-periodic solutions for λ large. Some examples are also provided.

10aCritical points10aNecessary conditions10aPairs of positive solutions10aPeriodic solutions1 aBoscaggin, Alberto1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203961100389501126nas a2200193 4500008004100000022001400041245013400055210006900189300001600258490000800274520044900282653002100731653001800752653003200770653001700802100002300819700001900842856007100861 2012 eng d a0022-039600aPositive periodic solutions of second order nonlinear equations with indefinite weight: Multiplicity results and complex dynamics0 aPositive periodic solutions of second order nonlinear equations a2922 - 29500 v2523 aWe prove the existence of a pair of positive T-periodic solutions as well as the existence of positive subharmonic solutions of any order and the presence of chaotic-like dynamics for the scalar second order ODEu″+aλ,μ(t)g(u)=0, where g(x) is a positive function on R+, superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity, and aλ,μ(t) is a T-periodic and sign indefinite weight of the form λa+(t)−μa−(t), with λ,μ>0 and large.

10aComplex dynamics10aPoincaré map10aPositive periodic solutions10aSubharmonics1 aBoscaggin, Alberto1 aZanolin, Fabio uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203961100388302201nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010400041210006900145260001900214520173100233100002401964700002201988700002102010856003602031 2012 en d00aPredicting and characterizing selective multiple drug treatments for metabolic diseases and cancer.0 aPredicting and characterizing selective multiple drug treatments bBioMed Central3 aBackground: In the field of drug discovery, assessing the potential of multidrug therapies is a difficult task because of the combinatorial complexity (both theoretical and experimental) and because of the requirements on the selectivity of the therapy. To cope with this problem, we have developed a novel method for the systematic in silico investigation of synergistic effects of currently available drugs on genome-scale metabolic networks. The algorithm finds the optimal combination of drugs which guarantees the inhibition of an objective function, while minimizing the side effect on the overall network. Results: Two different applications are considered: finding drug synergisms for human metabolic diseases (like diabetes, obesity and hypertension) and finding antitumoral drug combinations with minimal side effect on the normal human metabolism.The results we obtain are consistent with some of the available therapeutic indications and predict some new multiple drug treatments.A cluster analysis on all possible interactions among the currently available drugs indicates a limited variety on the metabolic targets for the approved drugs. Conclusion: The in silico prediction of drug synergism can represent an important tool for the repurposing of drug in a realistic perspective which considers also the selectivty of the therapy. Moreover, for a more profitable exploitation of drug-drug interactions, also drugs which show a too low efficacy but which have a non-common mechanism of action, can be reconsider as potential ingredients of new multicompound therapeutic indications.Needless to say the clues provided by a computational study like ours need in any case to be thoroughly evaluated experimentally.1 aFacchetti, Giuseppe1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aZampieri, Mattia uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/651501400nas a2200169 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131260005000200520083200250100001401082700001801096700001501114700002201129700002201151700002101173856003601194 2011 en d00aAdaptation as a genome-wide autoregulatory principle in the stress response of yeast.0 aAdaptation as a genomewide autoregulatory principle in the stres bThe Institution of Engineering and Technology3 aThe gene expression response of yeast to various types of stresses/perturbations shows a common functional and dynamical pattern for the vast majority of genes, characterised by a quick transient peak (affecting primarily short genes) followed by a return to the pre-stimulus level. Kinetically, this process of adaptation following the transient excursion can be modelled using a genome-wide autoregulatory mechanism by means of which yeast aims at maintaining a preferential concentration in its mRNA levels. The resulting feedback system explains well the different time constants observable in the transient response, while being in agreement with all the known experimental dynamical features. For example, it suggests that a very rapid transient can be induced also by a slowly varying concentration of the gene products.1 aEduati, F1 aDi Camillo, B1 aToffolo, G1 aAltafini, Claudio1 aDe Palo, Giovanna1 aZampieri, Mattia uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/510600613nas a2200097 4500008004100000245003000041210003000071520034600101100002000447856004800467 2011 en d00aCompactness by maximality0 aCompactness by maximality3 aWe derive a compactness property in the Sobolev space $W^{1,1}(\O)$ in order to study the Dirichlet problem for the eikonal equation \begin{displaymath} \begin{cases} \ha |\n u(x)|^2 - a(x) = 0 & \ \textrm{in} \ \O\cr u(x)=\varphi(x) & \ \textrm{on} \ \partial \O, \end{cases} \end{displaymath} without continuity assumptions on the map $a$.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/3531701229nas a2200169 4500008004100000245006500041210006200106260001000168520073800178100001600916700003100932700001500963700001200978700001400990700001901004856003601023 2011 en d00aD-branes, surface operators, and ADHM quiver representations0 aDbranes surface operators and ADHM quiver representations bSISSA3 aA supersymmetric quantum mechanical model is constructed for BPS states bound to surface operators in five dimensional SU(r) gauge theories using D-brane engineering. This model represents the effective action of a certain D2-brane configuration, and is naturally obtained by dimensional reduction of a quiver $(0,2)$ gauged linear sigma model. In a special stability chamber, the resulting moduli space of quiver representations is shown to be smooth and isomorphic to a moduli space of framed quotients on the projective plane. A precise conjecture relating a K-theoretic partition function of this moduli space to refined open string invariants of toric lagrangian branes is formulated for conifold and local P^1 x P^1 geometries.1 aBruzzo, Ugo1 aDiaconescu, Duiliu-Emanuel1 aYardim, M.1 aPan, G.1 aZhang, Yi1 aWu-yen, Chuang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/413301512nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136260002200205520111900227100002001346856003601366 2011 en d00aAn Integro-Extremization Approach for Non Coercive and Evolution Hamilton-Jacobi Equations0 aIntegroExtremization Approach for Non Coercive and Evolution Ham bHeldermann Verlag3 aWe devote the \\\\textit{integro-extremization} method to the study of the Dirichlet problem for homogeneous Hamilton-Jacobi equations \\\\begin{displaymath} \\\\begin{cases} F(Du)=0 & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{in} \\\\quad\\\\O\\\\cr u(x)=\\\\varphi(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad x\\\\in \\\\partial \\\\O, \\\\end{cases} \\\\end{displaymath} with a particular interest for non coercive hamiltonians $F$, and to the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for the corresponding homogeneous time-dependent equations \\\\begin{displaymath} \\\\begin{cases} \\\\frac{\\\\partial u}{\\\\partial t}+ F(\\\\nabla u)=0 & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{in} \\\\quad ]0,T[\\\\times \\\\O\\\\cr u(0,x)=\\\\eta(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad x\\\\in\\\\O \\\\cr u(t,x)=\\\\psi(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad (t,x)\\\\in[0,T]\\\\times \\\\partial \\\\O. \\\\end{cases} \\\\end{displaymath} We prove existence and some qualitative results for viscosity and almost everywhere solutions, under suitably convexity conditions on the hamiltonian $F$, on the domain $\\\\O$ and on the boundary datum, without any growth assumptions on $F$.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/553800923nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010600041210006900147260001300216520043000229653002300659100002000682700001700702700002200719856003600741 2011 en d00aLinearly degenerate Hamiltonian PDEs and a new class of solutions to the WDVV associativity equations0 aLinearly degenerate Hamiltonian PDEs and a new class of solution bSpringer3 aWe define a new class of solutions to the WDVV associativity equations. This class is determined by the property that one of the commuting PDEs associated with such a WDVV solution is linearly degenerate. We reduce the problem of classifying such solutions of the WDVV equations to the particular case of the so-called algebraic Riccati equation and, in this way, arrive at a complete classification of irreducible solutions.10aFrobenius manifold1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aPavlov, M.V.1 aZykov, Sergei, A. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/643000818nas a2200133 4500008004100000245003700041210003300078260001000111520046800121100002000589700002400609700001500633856003600648 2011 en d00aThe Liouville side of the vortex0 aLiouville side of the vortex bSISSA3 aWe analyze conformal blocks with multiple (semi-)degenerate field insertions in Liouville/Toda conformal field theories an show that their vector space is fully reproduced by the four-dimensional limit of open topological string amplitudes on the strip with generic boundary conditions associated to a suitable quiver gauge theory. As a byproduct we identify the non-abelian vortex partition function with a specific fusion channel of degenerate conformal blocks.1 aBonelli, Giulio1 aTanzini, Alessandro1 aZhao, Jian uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/430401822nas a2200145 4500008004100000245009200041210006900133260002800202520132600230100002101556700002201577700001901599700002201618856003601640 2011 en d00aA system-level approach for deciphering the transcriptional response to prion infection0 asystemlevel approach for deciphering the transcriptional respons bOxford University Press3 aMOTIVATION: Deciphering the response of a complex biological system to an insulting event, at the gene expression level, requires adopting theoretical models that are more sophisticated than a one-to-one comparison (i.e. t-test). Here, we investigate the ability of a novel reverse engineering approach (System Response Inference) to unveil non-obvious transcriptional signatures of the system response induced by prion infection.\\r\\nRESULTS: To this end, we analyze previously published gene expression data, from which we extrapolate a putative full-scale model of transcriptional gene-gene dependencies in the mouse central nervous system. Then, we use this nominal model to interpret the gene expression changes caused by prion replication, aiming at selecting the genes primarily influenced by this perturbation. Our method sheds light on the mode of action of prions by identifying key transcripts that are the most likely to be responsible for the overall transcriptional rearrangement from a nominal regulatory network. As a first result of our inference, we have been able to predict known targets of prions (i.e. PrP(C)) and to unveil the potential role of previously unsuspected genes.\\r\\nCONTACT: altafini@sissa.it\\r\\nSUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aLegname, Giuseppe1 aSegrè, Daniel1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/574500629nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122260002200191520021000213100002100423700002700444856003600471 2010 en_Ud 00aHomogenization of fiber reinforced brittle material: the intermediate case0 aHomogenization of fiber reinforced brittle material the intermed bWalter de Gruyter3 aWe derive a cohesive fracture model by homogenizing a periodic composite material whose microstructure is characterized by the presence of brittle inclusions in a reticulated unbreakable elastic structure.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/360701174nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005400043210005300097520082800150100002900978700002101007856003601028 2009 en_Ud 00a1D periodic potentials with gaps vanishing at k=00 a1D periodic potentials with gaps vanishing at k03 aAppearance of energy bands and gaps in the dispersion relations of a periodic potential is a standard feature of Quantum Mechanics. We investigate the class of one-dimensional periodic potentials for which all gaps vanish at the center of the Brillouin zone. We characterise themthrough a necessary and sufficient condition. Potentials of the form we focus on arise in different fields of Physics, from supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics, to Korteweg-de Vries equation theory and classical diffusion problems. The O.D.E. counterpart to this problem is the characterisation of periodic potentials for which coexistence occurs of linearly independent solutions of the corresponding Schrödinger equation (Hill\\\'s equation). This result is placed in the perspective of the previous related results available in the literature.1 aMichelangeli, Alessandro1 aZagordi, Osvaldo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/181801885nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008700043210006900130260001300199520148100212100001801693700001601711856003601727 2009 en_Ud 00aDifferential geometry of curves in Lagrange Grassmannians with given Young diagram0 aDifferential geometry of curves in Lagrange Grassmannians with g bElsevier3 aCurves in Lagrange Grassmannians appear naturally in the intrinsic study of geometric structures on manifolds. By a smooth geometric structure on a manifold we mean any submanifold of its tangent bundle, transversal to the fibers. One can consider the time-optimal problem naturally associate with a geometric structure. The Pontryagin extremals of this optimal problem are integral curves of certain Hamiltonian system in the cotangent bundle. The dynamics of the fibers of the cotangent bundle w.r.t. this system along an extremal is described by certain curve in a Lagrange Grassmannian, called Jacobi curve of the extremal. Any symplectic invariant of the Jacobi curves produces the invariant of the original geometric structure. The basic characteristic of a curve in a Lagrange Grassmannian is its Young diagram. The number of boxes in its kth column is equal to the rank of the kth derivative of the curve (which is an appropriately defined linear mapping) at a generic point. We will describe the construction of the complete system of symplectic invariants for parameterized curves in a Lagrange Grassmannian with given Young diagram. It allows to develop in a unified way local differential geometry of very wide classes of geometric structures on manifolds, including both classical geometric structures such as Riemannian and Finslerian structures and less classical ones such as sub-Riemannian and sub-Finslerian structures, defined on nonholonomic distributions.1 aZelenko, Igor1 aChengbo, Li uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/381901141nas a2200133 4500008004300000245014200043210006900185260004800254520060000302100002000902700002200922700002700944856003600971 2009 en_Ud 00aDiscrete-to-continuum limits for strain-alignment-coupled systems: Magnetostrictive solids, ferroelectric crystals and nematic elastomers0 aDiscretetocontinuum limits for strainalignmentcoupled systems Ma bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aIn the framework of linear elasticity, we study the limit of a class of discrete free energies modeling strain-alignment-coupled systems by a rigorous coarse-graining procedure, as the number of molecules diverges. We focus on three paradigmatic examples: magnetostrictive solids, ferroelectric crystals and nematic elastomers, obtaining in the limit three continuum models consistent with those commonly employed in the current literature. We also derive the correspondent macroscopic energies in the presence of displacement boundary conditions and of various kinds of applied external fields.1 aCicalese, Marco1 aDeSimone, Antonio1 aZeppieri, Caterina Ida uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/378800873nas a2200133 4500008004300000245004600043210004600089260001300135520049300148100002000641700001800661700002400679856003600703 2009 en_Ud 00aGauged Laplacians on quantum Hopf bundles0 aGauged Laplacians on quantum Hopf bundles bSpringer3 aWe study gauged Laplacian operators on line bundles on a quantum 2-dimensional sphere. Symmetry under the (co)-action of a quantum group allows for their complete diagonalization. These operators describe `excitations moving on the quantum sphere\\\' in the field of a magnetic monopole. The energies are not invariant under the exchange monopole/antimonopole, that is under inverting the direction of the magnetic field. There are potential applications to models of quantum Hall effect.1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampini, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/354001588nas a2200133 4500008004300000245010000043210006900143260000900212520113200221100002101353700002201374700002201396856003601418 2009 en_Ud 00aInvestigating the Conformational Stability of Prion Strains through a Kinetic Replication Model0 aInvestigating the Conformational Stability of Prion Strains thro bPLoS3 aPrion proteins are known to misfold into a range of different aggregated forms, showing different phenotypic and pathological states. Understanding strain specificities is an important problem in the field of prion disease. Little is known about which PrPSc structural properties and molecular mechanisms determine prion replication, disease progression and strain phenotype. The aim of this work is to investigate, through a mathematical model, how the structural stability of different aggregated forms can influence the kinetics of prion replication. The model-based results suggest that prion strains with different conformational stability undergoing in vivo replication are characterizable in primis by means of different rates of breakage. A further role seems to be played by the aggregation rate (i.e. the rate at which a prion fibril grows). The kinetic variability introduced in the model by these two parameters allows us to reproduce the different characteristic features of the various strains (e.g., fibrils\\\' mean length) and is coherent with all experimental observations concerning strain-specific behavior.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aLegname, Giuseppe1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/398902238nas a2200109 4500008004300000245010000043210006900143520184600212100001602058700001802074856003602092 2009 en_Ud 00aJacobi Equations and Comparison Theorems for Corank 1 Sub-Riemannian structures with symmetries0 aJacobi Equations and Comparison Theorems for Corank 1 SubRiemann3 aThe Jacobi curve of an extremal of optimal control problem is a curve in a Lagrangian Grassmannian defined up to a symplectic transformation and containing all information about the solutions of the Jacobi equations along this extremal. In our previous works we constructed the canonical\\nbundle of moving frames and the complete system of symplectic invariants, called curvature maps, for\\nparametrized curves in Lagrange Grassmannians satisfying very general assumptions. The structural\\nequation for a canonical moving frame of the Jacobi curve of an extremal can be interpreted as the\\nnormal form for the Jacobi equation along this extremal and the curvature maps can be seen as the\\n\\\"coefficients\\\"of this normal form. In the case of a Riemannian metric there is only one curvature map and it is naturally related to the Riemannian sectional curvature. In the present paper we study the curvature maps for a sub-Riemannian structure on a corank 1 distribution having an additional transversal infinitesimal symmetry. After the factorization by the integral foliation of this symmetry, such sub-Riemannian structure can be reduced to a Riemannian manifold equipped with a closed 2-form(a magnetic field). We obtain explicit expressions for the curvature maps of the original sub-Riemannian structure in terms of the curvature tensor of this Riemannian manifold and the magnetic field. We also estimate the number of conjugate points along the sub-Riemannian extremals in terms of the bounds for the curvature tensor of this Riemannian manifold and the magnetic field in the case of an uniform magnetic field. The language developed for the calculation of the curvature maps can be applied to more general sub-Riemannian structures with symmetries, including sub-Riemmannian structures appearing naturally in Yang-Mills fields.1 aChengbo, Li1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/373601344nas a2200145 4500008004300000245009700043210006900140260001900209520085100228100002001079700002101099700002001120700002201140856003601162 2009 en_Ud 00amRNA stability and the unfolding of gene expression in the long-period yeast metabolic cycle0 amRNA stability and the unfolding of gene expression in the longp bBioMed Central3 aBackground: In yeast, genome-wide periodic patterns associated with energy-metabolic oscillations have been shown recently for both short (approx. 40 min) and long (approx. 300 min) periods.\\nResults: The dynamical regulation due to mRNA stability is found to be an important aspect of the genome-wide coordination of the long-period yeast metabolic cycle. It is shown that for periodic genes, arranged in classes according either to expression profile or to function, the pulses of mRNA abundance have phase and width which are directly proportional to the corresponding turnover rates.\\nConclusion: The cascade of events occurring during the yeast metabolic cycle (and their correlation with mRNA turnover) reflects to a large extent the gene expression program observable in other dynamical contexts such as the response to stresses/stimuli.1 aSoranzo, Nicola1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aFarina, Lorenzo1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/363001000nas a2200121 4500008004300000245006600043210006400109520060600173100002000779700002400799700001900823856003600842 2009 en_Ud 00aTopological branes, p-algebras and generalized Nahm equations0 aTopological branes palgebras and generalized Nahm equations3 aInspired by the recent advances in multiple M2-brane theory, we consider the generalizations of Nahm equations for arbitrary p-algebras. We construct the topological p-algebra quantum mechanics associated to them and we show that this can be obtained as a truncation of the topological p-brane theory previously studied by the authors. The resulting topological p-algebra quantum mechanics is discussed in detail and the relation with the M2-M5 system is pointed out in the p=3 case, providing a geometrical argument for the emergence of the 3-algebra structure in the Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson theory1 aBonelli, Giulio1 aTanzini, Alessandro1 aZabzine, Maxim uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/270200547nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005600043210005200099260003400151520019600185100002000381856003600401 2009 en_Ud 00aOn viscosity solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations0 aviscosity solutions of HamiltonJacobi equations bAmerican Mathematical Society3 aWe consider the Dirichlet problem for Hamilton-Jacobi equations and prove existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence on boundary data of Lipschitz continuous maximal viscosity solutions.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/342002210nas a2200121 4500008004300000245009000043210006900133520178700202100002101989700002002010700002202030856003602052 2008 en_Ud 00aDiscerning static and causal interactions in genome-wide reverse engineering problems0 aDiscerning static and causal interactions in genomewide reverse 3 aBackground. In the past years devicing methods for discovering gene regulatory mechanisms at a genome-wide level has become a fundamental topic in the field of system biology. The aim is to infer gene-gene interactions in a more sophisticated and reliable way through the continuously improvement of reverse engineering algorithms exploiting microarray technologies. Motivation. This work is inspired by the several studies suggesting that co-expression is mostly related to \\\"static\\\" stable binding relationships, like belonging to the same protein complex, rather than other types of interactions more of a \\\"causal\\\" and transient nature (metabolic pathway or transcription factor-binding site interaction). Discerning static relationships from causal ones on the basis of their characteristic regulatory structures and in particular identifing \\\"dense modules\\\" with protein complex, and \\\"sparse modules\\\" with causal interactions such as those between transcription factor and corresponding binding site, the performances of different network inference algorithms in artificial and real networks (derived from E.coli and S.cerevisiae) can be tested and compared. Results. Our study shows that methods that try to prune indirect interactions from the inferred gene networks may fail to retrieve genes co-participating in a protein complex. On the other hand they are more robust in the identification of transcription factor-binding sites dependences when multiple transcription factors regulate the expression of the same gene. In the end we confirm the stronger co-expression regarding genes belonging to a protein complex than transcription factor-binding site, according, also, to the effect of multiple transcription factors and a low expression variance.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aSoranzo, Nicola1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/275700334nas a2200085 4500008004300000245008000043210006900123100002000192856003600212 2008 en_Ud 00aMinimization of non quasiconvex functionals by integro-extremization method0 aMinimization of non quasiconvex functionals by integroextremizat1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/276100355nas a2200085 4500008004300000245010100043210006900144100002000213856003600233 2008 en_Ud 00aMinimizers of non convex scalar functionals and viscosity solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations0 aMinimizers of non convex scalar functionals and viscosity soluti1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/276002183nas a2200133 4500008004300000245010900043210006900152520170600221100002101927700002001948700002301968700002201991856003602013 2008 en_Ud 00aOrigin of Co-Expression Patterns in E.coli and S.cerevisiae Emerging from Reverse Engineering Algorithms0 aOrigin of CoExpression Patterns in Ecoli and Scerevisiae Emergin3 aBackground: The concept of reverse engineering a gene network, i.e., of inferring a genome-wide graph of putative genegene interactions from compendia of high throughput microarray data has been extensively used in the last few years to deduce/integrate/validate various types of \\\"physical\\\" networks of interactions among genes or gene products. Results: This paper gives a comprehensive overview of which of these networks emerge significantly when reverse engineering large collections of gene expression data for two model organisms, E.coli and S.cerevisiae, without any prior information. For the first organism the pattern of co-expression is shown to reflect in fine detail both the operonal structure of the DNA and the regulatory effects exerted by the gene products when co-participating in a protein complex. For the second organism we find that direct transcriptional control (e.g., transcription factor-binding site interactions) has little statistical significance in comparison to the other regulatory mechanisms (such as co-sharing a protein complex, colocalization on a metabolic pathway or compartment), which are however resolved at a lower level of detail than in E.coli. Conclusion: The gene co-expression patterns deduced from compendia of profiling experiments tend to unveil functional categories that are mainly associated to stable bindings rather than transient interactions. The inference power of this systematic analysis is substantially reduced when passing from E.coli to S.cerevisiae. This extensive analysis provides a way to describe the different complexity between the two organisms and discusses the critical limitations affecting this type of methodologies.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aSoranzo, Nicola1 aBianchini, Daniele1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/272201000nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004900043210004800092520063900140100002000779700002400799700001900823856003600842 2007 en_Ud 00aComputing Amplitudes in topological M-theory0 aComputing Amplitudes in topological Mtheory3 aWe define a topological quantum membrane theory on a seven dimensional manifold of $G_2$ holonomy. We describe in detail the path integral evaluation for membrane geometries given by circle bundles over Riemann surfaces. We show that when the target space is $CY_3\\\\times S^1$ quantum amplitudes of non-local observables of membranes wrapping the circle reduce to the A-model amplitudes. \\nIn particular for genus zero we show that our model computes the Gopakumar-Vafa invariants. Moreover, for membranes wrapping calibrated homology spheres in the $CY_3$, we find that the amplitudes of our model are related to Joyce invariants.1 aBonelli, Giulio1 aTanzini, Alessandro1 aZabzine, Maxim uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/190102024nas a2200109 4500008004300000245009300043210006900136520163000205100002501835700001801860856003601878 2007 en_Ud 00aOn feedback classification of control-affine systems with one and two-dimensional inputs0 afeedback classification of controlaffine systems with one and tw3 aThe paper is devoted to the local classification of generic control-affine systems on an n-dimensional manifold with scalar input for any n>3 or with two inputs for n=4 and n=5, up to state-feedback transformations, preserving the affine structure. First using the Poincare series of moduli numbers we introduce the intrinsic numbers of functional moduli of each prescribed number of variables on which a classification problem depends. In order to classify affine systems with scalar input we associate with such a system the canonical frame by normalizing some structural functions in a commutative relation of the vector fields, which define our control system. Then, using this canonical frame, we introduce the canonical coordinates and find a complete system of state-feedback invariants of the system. It also gives automatically the micro-local (i.e. local in state-input space) classification of the generic non-affine n-dimensional control system with scalar input for n>2. Further we show how the problem of feedback-equivalence of affine systems with two-dimensional input in state space of dimensions 4 and 5 can be reduced to the same problem for affine systems with scalar input. In order to make this reduction we distinguish the subsystem of our control system, consisting of the directions of all extremals in dimension 4 and all abnormal extremals in dimension 5 of the time optimal problem, defined by the original control system. In each classification problem under consideration we find the intrinsic numbers of functional moduli of each prescribed number of variables according to its Poincare series.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/218600311nas a2200097 4500008004300000245005000043210005000093100001800143700001600161856003600177 2007 en_Ud 00aParametrized curves in Lagrange Grassmannians0 aParametrized curves in Lagrange Grassmannians1 aZelenko, Igor1 aChengbo, Li uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/256000626nas a2200109 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125520024600194100002100440700001900461856003600480 2007 en_Ud 00aQuasistatic crack growth for a cohesive zone model with prescribed crack path0 aQuasistatic crack growth for a cohesive zone model with prescrib3 aIn this paper we study the quasistatic crack growth for a cohesive zone model. We assume that the crack path is prescribed and we study the time evolution of the crack in the framework of the variational theory of rate-independent processes.1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aZanini, Chiara uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/168600726nas a2200097 4500008004300000245009800043210006900141520036200210100002000572856003600592 2007 en_Ud 00aSolutions of vectorial Hamilton-Jacobi equations and minimizers of nonquasiconvex functionals0 aSolutions of vectorial HamiltonJacobi equations and minimizers o3 aWe provide a unified approach to prove existence results for the Dirichlet problem for Hamilton-Jacobi equations and for the minimum problem for nonquasiconvex functionals of the Calculus of Variations with affine boundary data. The idea relies on the definition of integro-extremal solutions introduced in the study of nonconvex scalar variational problem.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/276300718nas a2200097 4500008004300000245012400043210006900167520032800236100002000564856003600584 2007 en_Ud 00aUniqueness and continuous dependence on boundary data for integro-extremal minimizers of the functional of the gradient0 aUniqueness and continuous dependence on boundary data for integr3 aWe study some qualitative properties of the integro-extremal minimizers of the functional of the gradient defined on Sobolev spaces with Dirichlet boundary conditions. We discuss their use in the non-convex case via viscosity methods and give conditions under which they are unique and depend continuously on boundary data.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/276200611nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006500043210006200108520025700170100001900427700001900446856003600465 2006 en_Ud 00aAn artificial viscosity approach to quasistatic crack growth0 aartificial viscosity approach to quasistatic crack growth3 aWe introduce a new model of irreversible quasistatic crack growth in which the evolution of cracks is the limit of a suitably modified $\\\\epsilon$-gradient flow of the energy functional, as the \\\"viscosity\\\" parameter $\\\\epsilon$ tends to zero.1 aToader, Rodica1 aZanini, Chiara uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/185000728nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122520035400191100001900545700001800564856003600582 2006 en_Ud 00aA Canonical Frame for Nonholonomic Rank Two Distributions of Maximal Class0 aCanonical Frame for Nonholonomic Rank Two Distributions of Maxim3 aIn 1910 E. Cartan constructed the canonical frame and found the most symmetric case for maximally nonholonomic rank 2 distributions in R5. We solve the analogous problems for rank 2 distributions in Rn for arbitrary n > 5. Our method is a kind of symplectification of the problem and it is completely different from the Cartan method of equivalence.1 aDoubrov, Boris1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/171201285nas a2200097 4500008004300000245007100043210006700114520095200181100001801133856003601151 2006 en_Ud 00aFundamental form and Cartan tensor of (2,5)-distributions coincide0 aFundamental form and Cartan tensor of 25distributions coincide3 aIn our previous paper for generic rank 2 vector distributions on n-dimensional manifold (n greater or equal to 5) we constructed a special differential invariant, the fundamental form. In the case n=5 this differential invariant has the same algebraic nature, as the covariant binary biquadratic form, constructed by E.Cartan in 1910, using his ``reduction- prolongation\\\'\\\' procedure (we call this form Cartan\\\'s tensor). In the present paper we prove that our fundamental form coincides (up to constant factor -35) with Cartan\\\'s tensor. This result explains geometric reason for existence of Cartan\\\'s tensor (originally this tensor was obtained by very sophisticated algebraic manipulations) and gives the true analogs of this tensor in Riemannian geometry. In addition, as a part of the proof, we obtain a new useful formula for Cartan\\\'s tensor in terms of structural functions of any frame naturally adapted to the distribution.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/218701442nas a2200097 4500008004300000245010600043210006900149520107200218100001801290856003601308 2006 en_Ud 00aOn geodesic equivalence of Riemannian metrics and sub-Riemannian metrics on distributions of corank 10 ageodesic equivalence of Riemannian metrics and subRiemannian met3 aThe present paper is devoted to the problem of (local) geodesic equivalence of Riemannian metrics and sub-Riemannian metrics on generic corank 1 distributions. Using Pontryagin Maximum Principle, we treat Riemannian and sub-Riemannian cases in an unified way and obtain some algebraic necessary conditions for the geodesic equivalence of (sub-)Riemannian metrics. In this way first we obtain a new elementary proof of classical Levi-Civita\\\'s Theorem about the classification of all Riemannian geodesically equivalent metrics in a neighborhood of so-called regular (stable) point w.r.t. these metrics. Secondly we prove that sub-Riemannian metrics on contact distributions are geodesically equivalent iff they are constantly proportional. Then we describe all geodesically equivalent sub-Riemannian metrics on quasi-contact distributions. Finally we make the classification of all pairs of geodesically equivalent Riemannian metrics on a surface, which proportional in an isolated point. This is the simplest case, which was not covered by Levi-Civita\\\'s Theorem.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/220500584nas a2200121 4500008004300000245002800043210002400071520026800095100002000363700002400383700001900407856003600426 2006 en_Ud 00aOn topological M-theory0 atopological Mtheory3 aWe construct a gauge fixed action for topological membranes on G2-manifolds such that its bosonic part is the standard membrane theory in a particular gauge. We prove that quantum mechanically the path-integral in this gauge localizes on associative submanifolds.1 aBonelli, Giulio1 aTanzini, Alessandro1 aZabzine, Maxim uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/176501764nas a2200097 4500008004300000245008100043210006900124520141900193100001801612856003601630 2006 en_Ud 00aOn variational approach to differential invariants of rank two distributions0 avariational approach to differential invariants of rank two dist3 an the present paper we construct differential invariants for generic rank 2 vector distributions on n-dimensional manifold. In the case n=5 (the first case containing functional parameters) E. Cartan found in 1910 the covariant fourth-order tensor invariant for such distributions, using his \\\"reduction-prolongation\\\" procedure. After Cartan\\\'s work the following questions remained open: first the geometric reason for existence of Cartan\\\'s tensor was not clear; secondly it was not clear how to generalize this tensor to other classes of distributions; finally there were no explicit formulas for computation of Cartan\\\'s tensor. Our paper is the first in the series of papers, where we develop an alternative approach, which gives the answers to the questions mentioned above. It is based on the investigation of dynamics of the field of so-called abnormal extremals (singular curves) of rank 2 distribution and on the general theory of unparametrized curves in the Lagrange Grassmannian, developed in our previous works with A. Agrachev . In this way we construct the fundamental form and the projective Ricci curvature of rank 2 vector distributions for arbitrary n greater than 4.\\nFor n=5 we give an explicit method for computation of these invariants and demonstrate it on several examples. In our next paper we show that in the case n=5 our fundamental form coincides with Cartan\\\'s tensor.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/218801949nas a2200097 4500008004300000245007900043210006900122520160600191100001801797856003601815 2005 en_Ud 00aComplete systems of invariants for rank 1 curves in Lagrange Grassmannians0 aComplete systems of invariants for rank 1 curves in Lagrange Gra3 aCurves in Lagrange Grassmannians naturally appear when one studies intrinsically \\\"the Jacobi equations for extremals\\\", associated with control systems and geometric structures. In this way one reduces the problem of construction of the curvature-type invariants for these objects to the much more concrete problem of finding of invariants of curves in Lagrange Grassmannians w.r.t. the action of the linear Symplectic group. In the present paper we develop a new approach to differential geometry of so-called rank 1 curves in Lagrange Grassmannian, i.e., the curves with velocities being rank one linear mappings (under the standard identification of the tangent space to a point of the Lagrange Grassmannian with an appropriate space of linear mappings). The curves of this class are associated with \\\"the Jacobi equations for extremals\\\", corresponding to control systems with scalar control and to rank 2 vector distributions. In particular, we construct the tuple of m principal invariants, where m is equal to half of dimension of the ambient linear symplectic space, such that for a given tuple of arbitrary m smooth functions there exists the unique, up to a symplectic transformation, rank 1 curve having this tuple, as the tuple of the principal invariants. This approach extends and essentially simplifies some results of our previous paper (J. Dynamical and Control Systems, 8, 2002, No. 1, 93-140), where only the uniqueness part was proved and in rather cumbersome way. It is based on the construction of the new canonical moving frame with the most simple structural equation.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/231002094nas a2200121 4500008004300000245013000043210006900173520162100242100002501863700003001888700001801918856003601936 2005 en_Ud 00aOn curvatures and focal points of distributions of dynamical Lagrangian distributions and their reductions by first integrals0 acurvatures and focal points of distributions of dynamical Lagran3 aPairs (Hamiltonian system, Lagrangian distribution), called dynamical Lagrangian distributions, appear naturally in Differential Geometry, Calculus of Variations and Rational Mechanics. The basic differential invariants of a dynamical Lagrangian distribution w.r.t. the action of the group of symplectomorphisms of the ambient symplectic manifold are the curvature operator and the curvature form. These invariants can be seen as generalizations of the classical curvature tensor in Riemannian Geometry. In particular, in terms of these invariants one can localize the focal points along extremals of the corresponding variational problems. In the present paper we study the behavior of the curvature operator, the curvature form and the focal points of a dynamical Lagrangian distribution after its reduction by arbitrary first integrals in involution. The interesting phenomenon is that the curvature form of so-called monotone increasing Lagrangian dynamical distributions, which appear naturally in mechanical systems, does not decrease after reduction. It also turns out that the set of focal points to the given point w.r.t. the monotone increasing dynamical Lagrangian distribution and the corresponding set of focal points w.r.t. its reduction by one integral are alternating sets on the corresponding integral curve of the Hamiltonian system of the considered dynamical distributions. Moreover, the first focal point corresponding to the reduced Lagrangian distribution comes before any focal point related to the original dynamical distribution. We illustrate our results on the classical $N$-body problem.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aChtcherbakova, Natalia N.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/225400521nas a2200097 4500008004300000245006000043210005300103520021100156100002000367856003600387 2005 en_Ud 00aOn the Minimum Problem for Nonconvex Scalar Functionals0 aMinimum Problem for Nonconvex Scalar Functionals3 aWe study the minimum problem for scalar nonconvex functionals defined on Sobolev maps satisfying a Dirichlet boundary condition and refine well-known existence results under standard regularity assumptions.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/276400367nas a2200097 4500008004300000245007600043210007000119100002400189700002000213856003600233 2005 en_Ud 00aNonlinear Schrödinger Equations with vanishing and decaying potentials0 aNonlinear Schrödinger Equations with vanishing and decaying pote1 aAmbrosetti, Antonio1 aZhi-Qiang, Wang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/176000551nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007300041210006900114260004800183520011800231100002400349700002000373856003600393 2003 en d00aPositive solutions to a class of quasilinear elliptic equations on R0 aPositive solutions to a class of quasilinear elliptic equations bAmerican Institute of Mathematical Sciences3 aWe discuss the existence of positive solutions of perturbation to a class of quasilinear elliptic equations on R.1 aAmbrosetti, Antonio1 aZhi-Qiang, Wang uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/162801353nas a2200121 4500008004300000245003200043210003200075260001300107520103200120100002501152700001801177856003601195 2002 en_Ud 00aGeometry of Jacobi Curves I0 aGeometry of Jacobi Curves I bSpringer3 aJacobi curves are deep generalizations of the spaces of \\\"Jacobi fields\\\" along Riemannian geodesics. Actually, Jacobi curves are curves in the Lagrange Grassmannians. In our paper we develop differential geometry of these curves which provides basic feedback or gauge invariants for a wide class of smooth control systems and geometric structures. Two principal invariants are the generalized Ricci curvature, which is an invariant of the parametrized curve in the Lagrange Grassmannian endowing the curve with a natural projective structure, and a fundamental form, which is a fourth-order differential on the curve. The so-called rank 1 curves are studied in more detail. Jacobi curves of this class are associated with systems with scalar controls and with rank 2 vector distributions.\\nIn the forthcoming second part of the paper we will present the comparison theorems (i.e., the estimates for the conjugate points in terms of our invariants( for rank 1 curves an introduce an important class of \\\"flat curves\\\".1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/311000314nas a2200109 4500008004100000245003300041210003300074260001800107100002500125700001800150856003600168 2002 en d00aGeometry of Jacobi curves II0 aGeometry of Jacobi curves II bSISSA Library1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/158900873nas a2200133 4500008004100000245003800041210003600079260001800115520050900133100002100642700001800663700002200681856003600703 2001 en d00aA note on the super Krichever map0 anote on the super Krichever map bSISSA Library3 aWe consider the geometrical aspects of the Krichever map in the context of Jacobian Super KP hierarchy. We use the representation of the hierarchy based\\non the Fa`a di Bruno recursion relations, considered as the cocycle condition for the natural double complex associated with the deformations of super Krichever data. Our approach is based on the construction of the universal super divisor (of degree g), and a local universal family of geometric data which give the map into the Super Grassmannian.1 aFalqui, Gregorio1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/149400587nas a2200169 4500008004100000245010300041210006900144260001800213100001900231700001700250700002400267700001800291700002700309700002300336700002200359856003600381 2000 en d00a3D superconformal theories from Sasakian seven-manifolds: new nontrivial evidences for AdS_4/CFT_30 a3D superconformal theories from Sasakian sevenmanifolds new nont bSISSA Library1 aFabbri, Davide1 aFré, Pietro1 aGualtieri, Leonardo1 aReina, Cesare1 aTomasiello, Alessandro1 aZaffaroni, Alberto1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/132700397nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006300041210005500104260001800159100002200177700001800199700002200217856003600239 2000 en d00aA(SLq(2)) at roots of unity is a free module over A(SL(2))0 aASLq2 at roots of unity is a free module over ASL2 bSISSA Library1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/150000454nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117260001800186100002100204700001800225700001900243700002200262856003600284 2000 en d00aA bi-Hamiltonian theory for stationary KDV flows and their separability0 abiHamiltonian theory for stationary KDV flows and their separabi bSISSA Library1 aFalqui, Gregorio1 aMagri, Franco1 aPedroni, Marco1 aZubelli, Jorge P. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/135200863nas a2200145 4500008004300000245008500043210006900128260001300197520039100210100002100601700001800622700001900640700002200659856003600681 2000 en_Ud 00aAn elementary approach to the polynomial $\\\\tau$-functions of the KP Hierarchy0 aelementary approach to the polynomial taufunctions of the KP Hie bSpringer3 aWe give an elementary construction of the solutions of the KP hierarchy associated with polynomial τ-functions starting with a geometric approach to soliton equations based on the concept of a bi-Hamiltonian system. As a consequence, we establish a Wronskian formula for the polynomial τ-functions of the KP hierarchy. This formula, known in the literature, is obtained very directly.1 aFalqui, Gregorio1 aMagri, Franco1 aPedroni, Marco1 aZubelli, Jorge P. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/322300916nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006700043210006600110260000900176520056500185100002000750856003600770 2000 en_Ud 00aMinimization of functionals of the gradient by Baire's theorem0 aMinimization of functionals of the gradient by Baires theorem bSIAM3 aWe give sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions of the minimum problem $$ {\mathcal{P}}_{u_0}: \qquad \hbox{Minimize}\quad \int_\Omega g(Du(x))dx, \quad u\in u_0 + W_0^{1,p}(\Omega,{\mathbb{R}}), $$ based on the structure of the epigraph of the lower convex envelope of g, which is assumed be lower semicontinuous and to grow at infinity faster than the power p with p larger than the dimension of the space. No convexity conditions are required on g, and no assumptions are made on the boundary datum $u_0\in W_0^{1,p}(\Omega,\mathbb{R})$.

1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/351100974nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004200043210004200085260001300127520063300140100002500773700001800798856003600816 2000 en_Ud 00aPrincipal invariants of Jacobi curves0 aPrincipal invariants of Jacobi curves bSpringer3 aJacobi curves are far going generalizations of the spaces of \\\"Jacobi fields\\\" along Riemannian geodesics. Actually, Jacobi curves are curves in the Lagrange Grassmannians. Differential geometry of these curves provides basic feedback or gauge invariants for a wide class of smooth control systems and geometric structures. In the present paper we mainly discuss two principal invariants: the generalized Ricci curvature, which is an invariant of the parametrized curve in the Lagrange Grassmanian providing the curve with a natural projective structure, and a fundamental form, which is a 4-oder differential on the curve.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aZelenko, Igor uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/382500454nas a2200121 4500008004100000245010700041210006900148260001800217100002100235700001800256700002200274856003600296 2000 en d00aSuper KP equations and Darboux transformations: another perspective on the Jacobian super KP hierarchy0 aSuper KP equations and Darboux transformations another perspecti bSISSA Library1 aFalqui, Gregorio1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/136700685nas a2200133 4500008004300000245004500043210004500088260001300133520030900146100002000455700001800475700002200493856003600515 1999 en_Ud 00aEnhanced gauge symmetries on elliptic K30 aEnhanced gauge symmetries on elliptic K3 bElsevier3 aWe show that the geometry of K3 surfaces with singularities of type A-D-E contains enough information to reconstruct a copy of the Lie algebra associated to the given Dynkin diagram. We apply this construction to explain the enhancement of symmetry in F and IIA theories compactified on singular K3\\\'s.1 aBonora, Loriano1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/336600762nas a2200109 4500008004300000245006900043210006100112260000900173520041400182100002000596856003600616 1998 en_Ud 00aOn the Dirichlet problem for vectorial Hamilton-Jacobi equations0 aDirichlet problem for vectorial HamiltonJacobi equations bSIAM3 aWe give sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions to the Hamilton--Jacobi equations with Dirichlet boundary condition: $$ \\\\cases{ g(x,{\\\\hbox{\\\\rm det}}Du(x))=0, \\\\ & for a.e. $x\\\\in\\\\Omega,$\\\\cr u(x)=\\\\varphi(x), & for $x\\\\in\\\\partial\\\\Omega,$} $$ obtaining, in addition, an application to the theory of existence of minimizers for a class of nonconvex variational problems.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/351200348nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005600041210005600097260001100153100002000164700001800184856003600202 1998 en d00aExtended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds0 aExtended affine Weyl groups and Frobenius manifolds bKluwer1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aZhang, Youjin uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648601059nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007500043210007000118260001300188520062700201100002100828700001800849700002200867856003600889 1997 en_Ud 00aKrichever maps, Faà di Bruno polynomials, and cohomology in KP theory0 aKrichever maps Faà di Bruno polynomials and cohomology in KP the bSpringer3 aWe study the geometrical meaning of the Faa\\\' di Bruno polynomials in the context of KP theory. They provide a basis in a subspace W of the universal Grassmannian associated to the KP hierarchy. When W comes from geometrical data via the Krichever map, the Faa\\\' di Bruno recursion relation turns out to be the cocycle condition for (the Welters hypercohomology group describing) the deformations of the dynamical line bundle on the spectral curve together with the meromorphic sections which give rise to the Krichever map. Starting from this, one sees that the whole KP hierarchy has a similar cohomological meaning.1 aFalqui, Gregorio1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/353900453nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008900043210006900132260000900201520004500210100002000255700002000275856003600295 1995 en_Ud 00aAn existence result in a problem of the vectorial case of the calculus of variations0 aexistence result in a problem of the vectorial case of the calcu bSIAM3 aSIAM J. Control Optim. 33 (1995) 960-9701 aCellina, Arrigo1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/351300343nas a2200109 4500008004100000245004900041210004900090260001800139100001800157700002200175856003600197 1995 en d00aQuantum homogeneous spaces at roots of unity0 aQuantum homogeneous spaces at roots of unity bSISSA Library1 aReina, Cesare1 aZampa, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/102200702nas a2200121 4500008004300000245007700043210006900120260000900189520030600198100002000504700002000524856003600544 1994 en_Ud 00aA version of Olech\\\'s lemma in a problem of the calculus of variations0 aversion of Olechs lemma in a problem of the calculus of variatio bSIAM3 aThis paper studies the solutions of the minimum problem for a functional of the gradient under linear boundary conditions. A necessary and sufficient condition, based on the facial structure of the epigraph of the integrand, is provided for the continuous dependence of the solutions on boundary data.1 aCellina, Arrigo1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/351400348nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005200041210005200093260001000145653002700155100002000182856003600202 1992 en d00aSome Problems in the Calculus of the Variations0 aSome Problems in the Calculus of the Variations bSISSA10aCalculus of variations1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/5428