Spin-polarized attractive Fermi gases in one-dimensional (1D) optical lattices are expected to be remarkably good candidates for the observation of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase. We model these systems with an attractive Hubbard model with population imbalance. By means of the density-matrix renormalization-group method we compute the pairing correlations as well as the static spin and charge structure factors in the whole range from weak to strong coupling. We demonstrate that pairing correlations exhibit quasi-long range order and oscillations at the wave number expected from FFLO theory. However, we also show by numerically computing the mixed spin-charge static structure factor that charge and spin degrees of freedom appear to be coupled already for small imbalance. We discuss the consequences of this coupling for the observation of the FFLO phase, as well as for the stabilization of the quasi-long range order into long-range order by coupling many identical 1D systems, as in quasi-1D optical lattices.

1 aRizzi, Matteo1 aPolini, Marco1 aCazalilla, Miguel A.1 aBakhtiari, M.R.1 aTosi, Mario P.1 aFazio, Rosario uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/269401450nas a2200169 4500008004300000245007300043210006900116520092200185100001801107700001801125700001801143700001901161700001901180700002601199700001901225856003601244 2007 en_Ud 00aLuther-Emery Phase and Atomic-Density Waves in a Trapped Fermion Gas0 aLutherEmery Phase and AtomicDensity Waves in a Trapped Fermion G3 aThe Luther-Emery liquid is a state of matter that is predicted to occur in one-dimensional systems of interacting fermions and is characterized by a gapless charge spectrum and a gapped spin spectrum. In this Letter we discuss a realization of the Luther-Emery phase in a trapped cold-atom gas. We study by means of the density-matrix renormalization-group technique a two-component atomic Fermi gas with attractive interactions subject to parabolic trapping inside an optical lattice. We demonstrate how this system exhibits compound phases characterized by the coexistence of spin pairing and atomic-density waves. A smooth crossover occurs with increasing magnitude of the atom-atom attraction to a state in which tightly bound spin-singlet dimers occupy the center of the trap. The existence of atomic-density waves could be detected in the elastic contribution to the light-scattering diffraction pattern.

1 aXianlong, Gao1 aRizzi, Matteo1 aPolini, Marco1 aFazio, Rosario1 aTosi, Mario P.1 aCampo, Vivaldo L. Jr.1 aCapelle, Klaus uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/2056