The majority of the most common physical phenomena can be described using partial differential equations (PDEs). However, they are very often characterized by strong nonlinearities. Such features lead to the coexistence of multiple solutions studied by the bifurcation theory. Unfortunately, in practical scenarios, one has to exploit numerical methods to compute the solutions of systems of PDEs, even if the classical techniques are usually able to compute only a single solution for any value of a parameter when more branches exist. In this work, we implemented an elaborated deflated continuation method that relies on the spectral element method (SEM) and on the reduced basis (RB) one to efficiently compute bifurcation diagrams with more parameters and more bifurcation points. The deflated continuation method can be obtained combining the classical continuation method and the deflation one: the former is used to entirely track each known branch of the diagram, while the latter is exploited to discover the new ones. Finally, when more than one parameter is considered, the efficiency of the computation is ensured by the fact that the diagrams can be computed during the online phase while, during the offline one, one only has to compute one-dimensional diagrams. In this work, after a more detailed description of the method, we will show the results that can be obtained using it to compute a bifurcation diagram associated with a problem governed by the Navier-Stokes equations.

1 aPintore, Moreno1 aPichi, Federico1 aHess, Martin1 aRozza, Gianluigi1 aCanuto, Claudio uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/efficient-computation-bifurcation-diagrams-deflated-approach-reduced-basis-spectral-001649nas a2200145 4500008004100000245011300041210007100154300001200225490000700237520104600244100001701290700002101307700002101328856015401349 2020 eng d00aReduced basis model order reduction for Navier–Stokes equations in domains with walls of varying curvature0 aReduced basis model order reduction for Navier–Stokes equations a119-1260 v343 aWe consider the Navier–Stokes equations in a channel with a narrowing and walls of varying curvature. By applying the empirical interpolation method to generate an affine parameter dependency, the offline-online procedure can be used to compute reduced order solutions for parameter variations. The reduced-order space is computed from the steady-state snapshot solutions by a standard POD procedure. The model is discretised with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 4752 degrees of freedom. The proposed reduced-order model produces accurate approximations of steady-state solutions for a wide range of geometries and kinematic viscosity values. The application that motivated the present study is the onset of asymmetries (i.e. symmetry breaking bifurcation) in blood flow through a regurgitant mitral valve, depending on the Reynolds number and the valve shape. Through our computational study, we found that the critical Reynolds number for the symmetry breaking increases as the wall curvature increases.

1 aHess, Martin1 aQuaini, Annalisa1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85085233294&doi=10.1080%2f10618562.2019.1645328&partnerID=40&md5=e2ed8f24c66376cdc8b5485aa400efb001338nas a2200145 4500008004100000245010000041210007100141300001200212490000800224520076800232100001701000700002101017700002101038856013301059 2020 eng d00aA spectral element reduced basis method for navier–stokes equations with geometric variations0 aspectral element reduced basis method for navier–stokes equation a561-5710 v1343 aWe consider the Navier-Stokes equations in a channel with a narrowing of varying height. The model is discretized with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 6372 degrees of freedom. The steady-state snapshot solutions define a reduced order space through a standard POD procedure. The reduced order space allows to accurately and efficiently evaluate the steady-state solutions for different geometries. In particular, we detail different aspects of implementing the reduced order model in combination with a spectral element discretization. It is shown that an expansion in element-wise local degrees of freedom can be combined with a reduced order modelling approach to enhance computational times in parametric many-query scenarios.

1 aHess, Martin1 aQuaini, Annalisa1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/spectral-element-reduced-basis-method-navier%E2%80%93stokes-equations-geometric-variations01648nas a2200121 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136520122200205100002401427700001701451700002101468856003701489 2019 eng d00aDiscontinuous Galerkin Model Order Reduction of Geometrically Parametrized Stokes Equation0 aDiscontinuous Galerkin Model Order Reduction of Geometrically Pa3 aThe present work focuses on the geometric parametrization and the reduced order modeling of the Stokes equation. We discuss the concept of a parametrized geometry and its application within a reduced order modeling technique. The full order model is based on the discontinuous Galerkin method with an interior penalty formulation. We introduce the broken Sobolev spaces as well as the weak formulation required for an affine parameter dependency. The operators are transformed from a fixed domain to a parameter dependent domain using the affine parameter dependency. The proper orthogonal decomposition is used to obtain the basis of functions of the reduced order model. By using the Galerkin projection the linear system is projected onto the reduced space. During this process, the offline-online decomposition is used to separate parameter dependent operations from parameter independent operations. Finally this technique is applied to an obstacle test problem.The numerical outcomes presented include experimental error analysis, eigenvalue decay and measurement of online simulation time. Keywords: Discontinuous Galerkin method, Stokes flow, Geometric parametrization, Proper orthogonal decomposition.

1 aShah, Nirav, Vasant1 aHess, Martin1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1912.09787