We consider an n×n linear system of ODEs with an irregular singularity of Poincar\'e rank 1 at z=∞, holomorphically depending on parameter t within a polydisc in Cn centred at t=0. The eigenvalues of the leading matrix at z=∞ coalesce along a locus Δ contained in the polydisc, passing through t=0. Namely, z=∞ is a resonant irregular singularity for t∈Δ. We analyse the case when the leading matrix remains diagonalisable at Δ. We discuss the existence of fundamental matrix solutions, their asymptotics, Stokes phenomenon and monodromy data as t varies in the polydisc, and their limits for t tending to points of Δ. When the deformation is isomonodromic away from Δ, it is well known that a fundamental matrix solution has singularities at Δ. When the system also has a Fuchsian singularity at z=0, we show under minimal vanishing conditions on the residue matrix at z=0 that isomonodromic deformations can be extended to the whole polydisc, including Δ, in such a way that the fundamental matrix solutions and the constant monodromy data are well defined in the whole polydisc. These data can be computed just by considering the system at fixed t=0. Conversely, if the t-dependent system is isomonodromic in a small domain contained in the polydisc not intersecting Δ, if the entries of the Stokes matrices with indices corresponding to coalescing eigenvalues vanish, then we show that Δ is not a branching locus for the fundamental matrix solutions. The importance of these results for the analytic theory of Frobenius Manifolds is explained. An application to Painlev\'e equations is discussed.

1 aCotti, Giordano1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aGuzzetti, Davide uhttps://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-2018-005900612nas a2200169 4500008004100000245015500041210006900196300001100265490000800276100002200284700002000306700002000326700002300346700001700369700001900386856003700405 2018 eng d00aIterative map-making with two-level preconditioning for polarized cosmic microwave background data sets. A worked example for ground-based experiments0 aIterative mapmaking with twolevel preconditioning for polarized a1–140 v6181 aPuglisi, Giuseppe1 aPoletti, Davide1 aFabbian, Giulio1 aBaccigalupi, Carlo1 aHeltai, Luca1 aStompor, Radek uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1801.0893700710nas a2200157 4500008004100000245004400041210004000085520026500125653001200390653001000402653004000412100002000452700002100472700001800493856004100511 2017 eng d00aThe injectivity radius of Lie manifolds0 ainjectivity radius of Lie manifolds3 aWe prove in a direct, geometric way that for any compatible Riemannian metric on a Lie manifold the injectivity radius is positive

10a(58J40)10a53C2110aMathematics - Differential Geometry1 aAntonini, Paolo1 aDe Philippis, G.1 aGigli, Nicola uhttps://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.07595.pdf01112nas a2200157 4500008004100000245007700041210006900118260003100187300001400218490000700232520054200239100002200781700001800803700002400821856010900845 2017 eng d00aIntegrability of dominated decompositions on three-dimensional manifolds0 aIntegrability of dominated decompositions on threedimensional ma bCambridge University Press a606–6200 v373 a

We investigate the integrability of two-dimensional invariant distributions (tangent sub-bundles) which arise naturally in the context of dynamical systems on 3-manifolds. In particular, we prove unique integrability of dynamically dominated and volume-dominated Lipschitz continuous invariant decompositions as well as distributions with some other regularity conditions.

Inspired by the work of Molino, we show that the integrability obstruction for transitive Lie algebroids can be made to vanish by adding extra dimensions. In particular, we prove that the Weinstein groupoid of a non-integrable transitive and abelian Lie algebroid, is the quotient of a finite dimensional Lie groupoid. Two constructions as such are given: First, explaining the counterexample to integrability given by Almeida and Molino, we see that it can be generalized to the construction of an "Almeida-Molino" integrable lift when the base manifold is simply connected. On the other hand, we notice that the classical de Rham isomorphism provides a universal integrable algebroid. Using it we construct a "de Rham" integrable lift for any given transitive Abelian Lie algebroid.

10a14F4010a58H0510aMathematics - Differential Geometry1 aAndroulidakis, I.1 aAntonini, Paolo uhttps://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.04855.pdf02791nas a2200121 4500008004100000245004400041210004400085260001000129520243500139653001802574100002602592856005102618 2016 en d00aInstanton counting on compact manifolds0 aInstanton counting on compact manifolds bSISSA3 aIn this thesis we analyze supersymmetric gauge theories on compact manifolds and their relation with representation theory of infinite Lie algebras associated to conformal field theories, and with the computation of geometric invariants and superconformal indices. The thesis contains the work done by the candidate during the doctorate programme at SISSA under the supervision of A. Tanzini and G. Bonelli. • in Chapter 2, we consider N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories on four manifolds admitting an isometry. Generalized Killing spinor equations are derived from the consistency of supersymmetry algebrae and solved in the case of four manifolds admitting a U(1) isometry. This is used to explicitly compute the supersymmetric path integral on S2 × S2 via equivariant localization. The building blocks of the resulting partition function are shown to contain the three point functions and the conformal blocks of Liouville Gravity. • in Chapter 3, we provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of N = 2 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for U(2) N = 2∗ theory on P2 for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a long-standing conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new. • in Chapter 4, we explore N = (1, 0) superconformal six-dimensional theories arising from M5 branes probing a transverse Ak singularity. Upon circle compactification to five dimensions, we describe this system with a dual pq-web of five-branes and propose the spectrum of basic five-dimensional in- stanton operators driving global symmetry enhancement. For a single M5 brane, we find that the exact partition function of the 5d quiver gauge theory matches the 6d (1, 0) index, which we compute by letter counting. We finally show which relations among vertex correlators of qW algebrae are implied by the S-duality of the pq-web.10aSupersymmetry1 aRonzani, Massimiliano uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3521900676nas a2200157 4500008004100000245004500041210004500086260002100131300001000152490000700162520023500169100002200404700001800426700002400444856005000468 2016 eng d00aIntegrability of C1 invariant splittings0 aIntegrability of C1 invariant splittings bTaylor & Francis a79-880 v313 aWe derive some new conditions for integrability of dynamically defined C1 invariant splittings, formulated in terms of the singular values of the iterates of the derivative of the diffeomorphism which defines the splitting.

1 aLuzzatto, Stefano1 aTüreli, Sina1 aWar, Khadim, Mbacke uhttps://doi.org/10.1080/14689367.2015.105748000539nas a2200109 4500008004100000245007800041210006900119260001000188520009700198100002400295856011000319 2016 en d00aIntegrability of continuous bundles and applications to dynamical systems0 aIntegrability of continuous bundles and applications to dynamica bSISSA3 aIn this dissertation we study the problem of integrability of bundles with low regularities.1 aWar, Khadim, Mbacke uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/integrability-continuous-bundles-and-applications-dynamical-systems01409nas a2200145 4500008004100000245011900041210006900160260007700229520081900306100002501125700002401150700001701174700002101191856005101212 2016 en d00aIsogeometric analysis-based reduced order modelling for incompressible linear viscous flows in parametrized shapes0 aIsogeometric analysisbased reduced order modelling for incompres bSpringer, AMOS Advanced Modelling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences3 aIn this work we provide a combination of isogeometric analysis with reduced order modelling techniques, based on proper orthogonal decomposition, to guarantee computational reduction for the numerical model, and with free-form deformation, for versatile geometrical parametrization. We apply it to computational fluid dynamics problems considering a Stokes flow model. The proposed reduced order model combines efficient shape deformation and accurate and stable velocity and pressure approximation for incompressible viscous flows, computed with a reduced order method. Efficient offine-online computational decomposition is guaranteed in view of repetitive calculations for parametric design and optimization problems. Numerical test cases show the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed reduced order model.1 aSalmoiraghi, Filippo1 aBallarin, Francesco1 aHeltai, Luca1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3519901024nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005200041210005100093260001000144520060600154653007300760100001800833856005100851 2015 en d00aIntegrability of Continuous Tangent Sub-bundles0 aIntegrability of Continuous Tangent Subbundles bSISSA3 aIn this thesis, the main aim is to study the integrability properties of continuous tangent sub-bundles, especially those that arise in the study of dynamical systems. After the introduction and examples part we start by studying integrability of such sub-bundles under different regularity and dynamical assumptions. Then we formulate a continuous version of the classical Frobenius theorem and state some applications to such bundles, to ODE and PDE. Finally we close of by stating some ongoing work related to interactions between integrability, sub-Riemannian geometry and contact geometry.10aDynamical Systems, Global Analysis, Frobenius Theorem, Integrability1 aTüreli, Sina uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3463003404nas a2200121 4500008004100000245013600041210006900177260001000246520292200256653003303178100002003211856005103231 2015 en d00aInteraction functionals, Glimm approximations and Lagrangian structure of BV solutions for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservations Laws0 aInteraction functionals Glimm approximations and Lagrangian stru bSISSA3 aThis thesis is a contribution to the mathematical theory of Hyperbolic Conservation Laws. Three are the main results which we collect in this work. The first and the second result (denoted in the thesis by Theorem A and Theorem B respectively) deal with the following problem. The most comprehensive result about existence, uniqueness and stability of the solution to the Cauchy problem \begin{equation}\tag{$\mathcal C$} \label{E:abstract} \begin{cases} u_t + F(u)_x = 0, \\u(0, x) = \bar u(x), \end{cases} \end{equation} where $F: \R^N \to \R^N$ is strictly hyperbolic, $u = u(t,x) \in \R^N$, $t \geq 0$, $x \in \R$, $\TV(\bar u) \ll 1$, can be found in [Bianchini, Bressan 2005], where the well-posedness of \eqref{E:abstract} is proved by means of vanishing viscosity approximations. After the paper [Bianchini, Bressan 2005], however, it seemed worthwhile to develop a \emph{purely hyperbolic} theory (based, as in the genuinely nonlinear case, on Glimm or wavefront tracking approximations, and not on vanishing viscosity parabolic approximations) to prove existence, uniqueness and stability results. The reason of this interest can be mainly found in the fact that hyperbolic approximate solutions are much easier to study and to visualize than parabolic ones. Theorems A and B in this thesis are a contribution to this line of research. In particular, Theorem A proves an estimate on the change of the speed of the wavefronts present in a Glimm approximate solution when two of them interact; Theorem B proves the convergence of the Glimm approximate solutions to the weak admissible solution of \eqref{E:abstract} and provides also an estimate on the rate of convergence. Both theorems are proved in the most general setting when no assumption on $F$ is made except the strict hyperbolicity. The third result of the thesis, denoted by Theorem C, deals with the Lagrangian structure of the solution to \eqref{E:abstract}. The notion of Lagrangian flow is a well-established concept in the theory of the transport equation and in the study of some particular system of conservation laws, like the Euler equation. However, as far as we know, the general system of conservations laws \eqref{E:abstract} has never been studied from a Lagrangian point of view. This is exactly the subject of Theorem C, where a Lagrangian representation for the solution to the system \eqref{E:abstract} is explicitly constructed. The main reasons which led us to look for a Lagrangian representation of the solution of \eqref{E:abstract} are two: on one side, this Lagrangian representation provides the continuous counterpart in the exact solution of \eqref{E:abstract} to the well established theory of wavefront approximations; on the other side, it can lead to a deeper understanding of the behavior of the solutions in the general setting, when the characteristic field are not genuinely nonlinear or linearly degenerate.10aHyperbolic conservation laws1 aModena, Stefano uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3454201082nas a2200145 4500008004100000245007200041210006900113300001400182490000800196520057300204100001600777700002100793700002100814856010100835 2014 eng d00aAn improvement on geometrical parameterizations by transfinite maps0 aimprovement on geometrical parameterizations by transfinite maps a263–2680 v3523 aWe present a method to generate a non-affine transfinite map from a given reference domain to a family of deformed domains. The map is a generalization of the Gordon-Hall transfinite interpolation approach. It is defined globally over the reference domain. Once we have computed some functions over the reference domain, the map can be generated by knowing the parametric expressions of the boundaries of the deformed domain. Being able to define a suitable map from a reference domain to a desired deformation is useful for the management of parameterized geometries.1 aJäggli, C.1 aIapichino, Laura1 aRozza, Gianluigi uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/improvement-geometrical-parameterizations-transfinite-maps00921nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001300193520050800206100001800714700001600732856005100748 2014 en d00aInfinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda lattice hierarchy0 aInfinitedimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda latt bElsevier3 aFollowing the approach of Carlet et al. (2011) [9], we construct a class of infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda lattice hierarchy, which are defined on the space of pairs of meromorphic functions with possibly higher-order poles at the origin and at infinity. We also show a connection between these infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds and the finite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds on the orbit space of extended affine Weyl groups of type A defined by Dubrovin and Zhang.1 aWu, Chaozhong1 aZuo, Dafeng uhttp://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/3502600754nas a2200133 4500008004100000245006000041210005900101260001000160520035300170100002100523700002000544700002000564856003600584 2014 en d00aIntegrability of Dirac reduced bi-Hamiltonian equations0 aIntegrability of Dirac reduced biHamiltonian equations bSISSA3 aFirst, we give a brief review of the theory of the Lenard-Magri scheme for a non-local bi-Poisson structure and of the theory of Dirac reduction. These theories are used in the remainder of the paper to prove integrability of three hierarchies of bi-Hamiltonian PDE's, obtained by Dirac reduction from some generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies.1 aDe Sole, Alberto1 aKac, Victor, G.1 aValeri, Daniele uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/724700974nas a2200109 4500008004100000245008800041210006900129520042300198653010900621100002200730856011200752 2014 en d00aAn irreducible symplectic orbifold of dimension 6 with a Lagrangian Prym fibration0 airreducible symplectic orbifold of dimension 6 with a Lagrangian3 aA new example of an irreducible symplectic variety of dimension 6, with only finite quotient singularities, is described as a relative compactified Prymian of a family of genus 4 curves with involution. It is associated to a K3 surface which is a double cover of a cubic surface. It has a natural Lagrangian fibration in abelian 3-folds with polarization type (1,1,2). It does not admit any symplectic resolution.10aIrreducible symplectic variety, Lagrangian fibration, Prym variety, automorphism of symplectic varieties1 aMatteini, Tommaso uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/irreducible-symplectic-orbifold-dimension-6-lagrangian-prym-fibration00957nas a2200121 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260004100185520053400226100002000760700001900780856003600799 2014 en d00aOn an isomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property0 aisomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property bMaik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing3 aWe show that the fourth order nonlinear ODE which controls the pole dynamics in the general solution of equation $P_I^2$ compatible with the KdV equation exhibits two remarkable properties: 1) it governs the isomonodromy deformations of a $2\times2$ matrix linear ODE with polynomial coefficients, and 2) it does not possesses the Painlev\'e property. We also study the properties of the Riemann--Hilbert problem associated to this ODE and find its large $t$ asymptotic solution for the physically interesting initial data.1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aKapaev, Andrey uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/646600420nas a2200109 4500008004100000245011000041210006900151260001000220100002200230700002200252856003600274 2013 en d00aAn improved geometric inequality via vanishing moments, with applications to singular Liouville equations0 aimproved geometric inequality via vanishing moments with applica bSISSA1 aBardelloni, Mauro1 aMalchiodi, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/656100476nas a2200145 4500008004100000022001400041245007100055210006700126300001600193490000800209100001900217700001800236700002200254856005400276 2013 eng d a0002-993900aInversion formulae for the $\romancosh$-weighted Hilbert transform0 aInversion formulae for the romancoshweighted Hilbert transform a2703–27180 v1411 aBertola, Marco1 aKatsevich, A.1 aTovbis, Alexander uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-2013-11642-400389nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005900041210005800100260001000158100002500168700002100193700001700214856003600231 2012 en d00aIntroduction to Riemannian and sub-Riemannian geometry0 aIntroduction to Riemannian and subRiemannian geometry bSISSA1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aBarilari, Davide1 aBoscain, Ugo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/587700770nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007400043210006900117260001300186520033600199100001800535700002000553700002700573856003600600 2011 en_Ud 00aInfinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds for 2 + 1 integrable systems0 aInfinitedimensional Frobenius manifolds for 2 1 integrable syste bSpringer3 aWe introduce a structure of an infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifold on a subspace in the space of pairs of functions analytic inside/outside the unit circle with simple poles at 0/infinity respectively. The dispersionless 2D Toda equations are embedded into a bigger integrable hierarchy associated with this Frobenius manifold.1 aCarlet, Guido1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aMertens, Luca Philippe uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/358400860nas a2200181 4500008004100000022001400041245007500055210007200130300001600202490000700218520024700225653004900472653002400521100002300545700002200568700001700590856007100607 2011 eng d a0362-546X00aInfinitely many positive solutions for a Schrödinger–Poisson system0 aInfinitely many positive solutions for a Schrödinger–Poisson sys a5705 - 57210 v743 aWe are interested in the existence of infinitely many positive solutions of the Schrödinger–Poisson system −Δu+u+V(|x|)ϕu=|u|p−1u,x∈R3,−Δϕ=V(|x|)u2,x∈R3, where V(|x|) is a positive bounded function, 1<p<5 and V(r

10aNon-autonomous Schrödinger–Poisson system10aPerturbation method1 ad’Avenia, Pietro1 aPomponio, Alessio1 aVaira, Giusi uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X1100351800632nas a2200133 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001000184520020000194100002000394700002400414700002400438856003600462 2011 en d00aInstantons on ALE spaces and Super Liouville Conformal Field Theories0 aInstantons on ALE spaces and Super Liouville Conformal Field The bSISSA3 aWe provide evidence that the conformal blocks of N=1 super Liouville\\r\\nconformal field theory are described in terms of the SU(2) Nekrasov partition\\r\\nfunction on the ALE space O_{P^1}(-2).1 aBonelli, Giulio1 aMaruyoshi, Kazunobu1 aTanzini, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/426201512nas a2200109 4500008004100000245009500041210006900136260002200205520111900227100002001346856003601366 2011 en d00aAn Integro-Extremization Approach for Non Coercive and Evolution Hamilton-Jacobi Equations0 aIntegroExtremization Approach for Non Coercive and Evolution Ham bHeldermann Verlag3 aWe devote the \\\\textit{integro-extremization} method to the study of the Dirichlet problem for homogeneous Hamilton-Jacobi equations \\\\begin{displaymath} \\\\begin{cases} F(Du)=0 & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{in} \\\\quad\\\\O\\\\cr u(x)=\\\\varphi(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad x\\\\in \\\\partial \\\\O, \\\\end{cases} \\\\end{displaymath} with a particular interest for non coercive hamiltonians $F$, and to the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for the corresponding homogeneous time-dependent equations \\\\begin{displaymath} \\\\begin{cases} \\\\frac{\\\\partial u}{\\\\partial t}+ F(\\\\nabla u)=0 & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{in} \\\\quad ]0,T[\\\\times \\\\O\\\\cr u(0,x)=\\\\eta(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad x\\\\in\\\\O \\\\cr u(t,x)=\\\\psi(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad (t,x)\\\\in[0,T]\\\\times \\\\partial \\\\O. \\\\end{cases} \\\\end{displaymath} We prove existence and some qualitative results for viscosity and almost everywhere solutions, under suitably convexity conditions on the hamiltonian $F$, on the domain $\\\\O$ and on the boundary datum, without any growth assumptions on $F$.1 aZagatti, Sandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/553800383nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007000043210006900113260001300182100002300195700001900218856003600237 2011 en_Ud 00aInvariant manifolds for a singular ordinary differential equation0 aInvariant manifolds for a singular ordinary differential equatio bElsevier1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aSpinolo, Laura uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/255401397nas a2200121 4500008004100000245006800041210006600109260001000175520100500185653002801190100002101218856003601239 2011 en d00aInvariants, volumes and heat kernels in sub-Riemannian geometry0 aInvariants volumes and heat kernels in subRiemannian geometry bSISSA3 aSub-Riemannian geometry can be seen as a generalization of Riemannian geometry under non-holonomic constraints. From the theoretical point of view, sub-Riemannian geometry is the geometry underlying the theory of hypoelliptic operators (see [32, 57, 70, 92] and references therein) and many problems of geometric measure theory (see for instance [18, 79]). In applications it appears in the study of many mechanical problems (robotics, cars with trailers, etc.) and recently in modern elds of research such as mathematical models of human behaviour, quantum control or motion of self-propulsed micro-organism (see for instance [15, 29, 34])\\r\\nVery recently, it appeared in the eld of cognitive neuroscience to model the\\r\\nfunctional architecture of the area V1 of the primary visual cortex, as proposed by Petitot in [87, 86], and then by Citti and Sarti in [51]. In this context, the sub-Riemannian heat equation has been used as basis to new applications in image reconstruction (see [35]).10aSub-Riemannian geometry1 aBarilari, Davide uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/612400468nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005900041210005900100260001000159520012800169100002500297856003600322 2010 en d00aInvariant Lagrange submanifolds of dissipative systems0 aInvariant Lagrange submanifolds of dissipative systems bSISSA3 aWe study solutions of modified Hamilton-Jacobi equations H(du/dq,q) + cu(q) =\\r\\n0, q \\\\in M, on a compact manifold M .1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/645700963nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008100043210006900124260001300193520052900206100001800735700002200753700001800775856003600793 2009 en_Ud 00aInitial value problem of the Whitham equations for the Camassa-Holm equation0 aInitial value problem of the Whitham equations for the CamassaHo bElsevier3 aWe study the Whitham equations for the Camassa-Holm equation. The equations are neither strictly hyperbolic nor genuinely nonlinear. We are interested in the initial value problem of the Whitham equations. When the initial values are given by a step function, the Whitham solution is self-similar. When the initial values are given by a smooth function, the Whitham solution exists within a cusp in the x-t plane. On the boundary of the cusp, the Whitham equation matches the Burgers solution, which exists outside the cusp.1 aGrava, Tamara1 aPierce, Virgil U.1 aTian, Fei-Ran uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/342901520nas a2200133 4500008004300000245008600043210006900129520106500198100002501263700001701288700002401305700002101329856003601350 2009 en_Ud 00aThe intrinsic hypoelliptic Laplacian and its heat kernel on unimodular Lie groups0 aintrinsic hypoelliptic Laplacian and its heat kernel on unimodul3 aWe present an invariant definition of the hypoelliptic Laplacian on sub-Riemannian structures with constant growth vector, using the Popp\\\'s volume form introduced by Montgomery. This definition generalizes the one of the Laplace-Beltrami operator in Riemannian geometry. In the case of left-invariant problems on unimodular Lie groups we prove that it coincides with the usual sum of squares.\\nWe then extend a method (first used by Hulanicki on the Heisenberg group) to compute explicitly the kernel of the hypoelliptic heat equation on any unimodular Lie group of type I. The main tool is the noncommutative Fourier transform. We then study some relevant cases: SU(2), SO(3), SL(2) (with the metrics inherited by the Killing form), and the group SE(2) of rototranslations of the plane.\\nOur study is motivated by some recent results about the cut and conjugate loci on these sub-Riemannian manifolds. The perspective is to understand how singularities of the sub-Riemannian distance reflect on the kernel of the corresponding hypoelliptic heat equation.1 aAgrachev, Andrei, A.1 aBoscain, Ugo1 aGauthier, Jean-Paul1 aRossi, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/266901588nas a2200133 4500008004300000245010000043210006900143260000900212520113200221100002101353700002201374700002201396856003601418 2009 en_Ud 00aInvestigating the Conformational Stability of Prion Strains through a Kinetic Replication Model0 aInvestigating the Conformational Stability of Prion Strains thro bPLoS3 aPrion proteins are known to misfold into a range of different aggregated forms, showing different phenotypic and pathological states. Understanding strain specificities is an important problem in the field of prion disease. Little is known about which PrPSc structural properties and molecular mechanisms determine prion replication, disease progression and strain phenotype. The aim of this work is to investigate, through a mathematical model, how the structural stability of different aggregated forms can influence the kinetics of prion replication. The model-based results suggest that prion strains with different conformational stability undergoing in vivo replication are characterizable in primis by means of different rates of breakage. A further role seems to be played by the aggregation rate (i.e. the rate at which a prion fibril grows). The kinetic variability introduced in the model by these two parameters allows us to reproduce the different characteristic features of the various strains (e.g., fibrils\\\' mean length) and is coherent with all experimental observations concerning strain-specific behavior.1 aZampieri, Mattia1 aLegname, Giuseppe1 aAltafini, Claudio uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/398900891nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004600043210004600089520053600135100001600671700002200687700002400709856003600733 2008 en_Ud 00aInstanton counting on Hirzebruch surfaces0 aInstanton counting on Hirzebruch surfaces3 aWe perform a study of the moduli space of framed torsion free sheaves on Hirzebruch surfaces by using localization techniques. After discussing general properties of this moduli space, we classify its fixed points under the appropriate toric action and compute its Poincare\\\' polynomial. From the physical viewpoint, our results provide the partition function of N=4 Vafa-Witten theory on Hirzebruch surfaces, which is relevant in black hole entropy counting problems according to a conjecture due to Ooguri, Strominger and Vafa.1 aBruzzo, Ugo1 aPoghossian, Rubik1 aTanzini, Alessandro uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/285200870nas a2200109 4500008004300000245007800043210006900121520049600190100001700686700002100703856003600724 2008 en_Ud 00aInvariant Carnot-Caratheodory metrics on S3, SO(3), SL(2) and Lens Spaces0 aInvariant CarnotCaratheodory metrics on S3 SO3 SL2 and Lens Spac3 aIn this paper we study the invariant Carnot-Caratheodory metrics on SU(2) \\\' S3,\\nSO(3) and SL(2) induced by their Cartan decomposition. Beside computing explicitly geodesics and conjugate loci, we compute the cut loci (globally) and we give the expression of the Carnot-Caratheodory distance as the inverse of an elementary function. We then prove that the metric\\ngiven on SU(2) projects on the so called Lens Spaces L(p; q). Also for Lens Spaces, we compute\\nthe cut loci (globally).1 aBoscain, Ugo1 aRossi, Francesco uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/214400382nas a2200097 4500008004300000245009400043210006900137100002300206700001900229856003600248 2008 en_Ud 00aInvariant Manifolds for Viscous Profiles of a Class of Mixed Hyperbolic-Parabolic Systems0 aInvariant Manifolds for Viscous Profiles of a Class of Mixed Hyp1 aBianchini, Stefano1 aSpinolo, Laura uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/340001110nas a2200121 4500008004300000245008200043210006900125520069200194100002400886700002200910700002000932856003600952 2008 en_Ud 00aThe Isospectral Dirac Operator on the 4-dimensional Orthogonal Quantum Sphere0 aIsospectral Dirac Operator on the 4dimensional Orthogonal Quantu3 aEquivariance under the action of Uq(so(5)) is used to compute the left regular and (chiral) spinorial representations of the algebra of the quantum Euclidean 4-sphere S^4_q. These representations are the constituents of a spectral triple on this sphere with a Dirac operator which is isospectral to the canonical one of the spin structure of the round undeformed four-sphere and which gives metric dimension four for the noncommutative geometry. Non-triviality of the geometry is proved by pairing the associated Fredholm module with an `instanton\\\' projection. A real structure which satisfies all required properties modulo a suitable ideal of `infinitesimals\\\' is also introduced.1 aD'Andrea, Francesco1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/256700794nas a2200109 4500008004300000245005500043210005500098520044900153100002100602700002500623856003600648 2006 en_Ud 00aInfinite Horizon Noncooperative Differential Games0 aInfinite Horizon Noncooperative Differential Games3 aFor a non-cooperative differential game, the value functions of the various players satisfy a system of Hamilton-Jacobi equations. In the present paper, we consider a class of infinite-horizon games with nonlinear costs exponentially discounted in time. By the analysis of the value\\nfunctions, we establish the existence of Nash equilibrium solutions in feedback form and provide results and counterexamples on their uniqueness and stability.1 aBressan, Alberto1 aPriuli, Fabio Simone uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/172000891nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004100043210003800084520054500122100002100667700002800688700001700716856003600733 2006 en_Ud 00aAn instability of the Godunov scheme0 ainstability of the Godunov scheme3 aWe construct a solution to a $2\\\\times 2$ strictly hyperbolic system of conservation laws, showing that the Godunov scheme \\\\cite{Godunov59} can produce an arbitrarily large amount of oscillations. This happens when the speed of a shock is close to rational, inducing a resonance with the grid. Differently from the Glimm scheme or the vanishing viscosity method, for systems of conservation laws our counterexample indicates that no a priori BV bounds or $L^1$ stability estimates can in general be valid for finite difference schemes.1 aBressan, Alberto1 aJenssen, Helge Kristian1 aBaiti, Paolo uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/218301006nas a2200133 4500008004300000245007100043210006900114520056200183100002200745700002900767700002000796700002000816856003600836 2005 en_Ud 00aIonization for Three Dimensional Time-dependent Point Interactions0 aIonization for Three Dimensional Timedependent Point Interaction3 aWe study the time evolution of a three dimensional quantum particle under the action of a time-dependent point interaction fixed at the origin. We assume that the ``strength\\\'\\\' of the interaction (\\\\alpha(t)) is a periodic function with an arbitrary mean. Under very weak conditions on the Fourier coefficients of (\\\\alpha(t)), we prove that there is complete ionization as (t \\\\to \\\\infty), starting from a bound state at time (t = 0). Moreover we prove also that, under the same conditions, all the states of the system are scattering states.1 aCorreggi, Michele1 aDell'Antonio, Gianfausto1 aFigari, Rodolfo1 aMantile, Andrea uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/229700449nas a2200121 4500008004100000022001400041245006300055210006300118300001400181100001900195700001500214856009800229 2005 eng d a1687-301700aIsomonodromic deformation of resonant rational connections0 aIsomonodromic deformation of resonant rational connections a565–6351 aBertola, Marco1 aMo, M., Y. uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/isomonodromic-deformation-resonant-rational-connections00871nas a2200109 4500008004300000245008000043210006900123260002600192520048600218100002100704856003600725 2003 en_Ud 00aAn ill posed Cauchy problem for a hyperbolic system in two space dimensions0 aill posed Cauchy problem for a hyperbolic system in two space di bUniversità di Padova3 aThe theory of weak solutions for nonlinear conservation laws is now well developed in the case of scalar equations [3] and for one-dimensional hyperbolic systems [1, 2]. For systems in several space dimensions, however, even the global existence of solutions to the Cauchy problem remains a challenging open question. In this note we construct a conterexample showing that, even for a simple class of hyperbolic systems, in two space dimensions the Cauchy problem can be ill posed.1 aBressan, Alberto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/291300338nas a2200097 4500008004100000245006000041210005700101260001800158100002800176856003600204 2003 en d00aAn interior estimate for a nonlinear parabolic equation0 ainterior estimate for a nonlinear parabolic equation bSISSA Library1 aCoclite, Giuseppe Maria uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/162200932nas a2200121 4500008004300000245004500043210004400088260001300132520058700145100002200732700002000754856003600774 2002 en_Ud 00aInstanton algebras and quantum 4-spheres0 aInstanton algebras and quantum 4spheres bElsevier3 aWe study some generalized instanton algebras which are required to describe `instantonic complex rank 2 bundles\\\'. The spaces on which the bundles are defined are not prescribed from the beginning but rather are obtained from some natural requirements on the instantons. They turn out to be quantum 4-spheres $S^4_q$, with $q\\\\in\\\\IC$, and the instantons are described by self-adjoint idempotents e. We shall also clarify some issues related to the vanishing of the first Chern-Connes class $ch_1(e)$ and on the use of the second Chern-Connes class $ch_2(e)$ as a volume form.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/313401003nas a2200133 4500008004300000245004600043210004300089260001300132520062600145100002200771700002000793700002000813856003600833 2001 en_Ud 00aInstantons on the Quantum 4-Spheres S^4_q0 aInstantons on the Quantum 4Spheres S4q bSpringer3 aWe introduce noncommutative algebras $A_q$ of quantum 4-spheres $S^4_q$, with $q\\\\in\\\\IR$, defined via a suspension of the quantum group $SU_q(2)$, and a quantum instanton bundle described by a selfadjoint idempotent $e\\\\in \\\\Mat_4(A_q)$, $e^2=e=e^*$. Contrary to what happens for the classical case or for the noncommutative instanton constructed in Connes-Landi, the first Chern-Connes class $ch_1(e)$ does not vanish thus signaling a dimension drop. The second Chern-Connes class $ch_2(e)$ does not vanish as well and the couple $(ch_1(e), ch_2(e))$ defines a cycle in the $(b,B)$ bicomplex of cyclic homology.1 aDabrowski, Ludwik1 aLandi, Giovanni1 aMasuda, Tetsuya uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/313501141nas a2200121 4500008004100000245008100041210006900122260002700191520059400218653007100812100002100883856011500904 2001 en d00aInverse Problem and Monodromy Data for Three-Dimensional Frobenius Manifolds0 aInverse Problem and Monodromy Data for ThreeDimensional Frobeniu bRIMS, Kyoto University3 aWe study the inverse problem for semi-simple Frobenius manifolds of dimension 3 and we\r\nexplicitly compute a parametric form of the solutions of theWDVV equations in terms of Painlevé VI\r\ntranscendents. We show that the solutions are labeled by a set of monodromy data. We use our parametric\r\nform to explicitly construct polynomial and algebraic solutions and to derive the generating\r\nfunction of Gromov–Witten invariants of the quantum cohomology of the two-dimensional projective\r\nspace. The procedure is a relevant application of the theory of isomonodromic deformations.10aFrobenius Manifolds, Painleve Equations, Isomonodromy deformations1 aGuzzetti, Davide uhttps://www.math.sissa.it/publication/inverse-problem-and-monodromy-data-three-dimensional-frobenius-manifolds00383nas a2200097 4500008004100000245010000041210006900141260001800210100002100228856003600249 2000 en d00aInverse problem for Semisimple Frobenius Manifolds Monodromy Data and the Painlevé VI Equation0 aInverse problem for Semisimple Frobenius Manifolds Monodromy Dat bSISSA Library1 aGuzzetti, Davide uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/155701111nas a2200109 4500008004300000245003600043210003600079260001700115520081000132100002300942856003600965 1998 en_Ud 00aInfinite time regular synthesis0 aInfinite time regular synthesis bEDP Sciences3 aIn this paper we provide a new sufficiency theorem for regular syntheses. The concept of regular synthesis is discussed in [12], where a sufficiency theorem for finite time syntheses is proved. There are interesting examples of optimal syntheses that are very regular, but whose trajectories have time domains not necessarily bounded. The regularity assumptions of the main theorem in [12] are verified by every piecewise smooth feedback control generating extremal trajectories that reach the target in finite time with a finite number of switchings. In the case of this paper the situation is even more complicate, since we admit both trajectories with finite and infinite time. We use weak differentiability assumptions on the synthesis and weak continuity assumptions on the associated value function.1 aPiccoli, Benedetto uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/351700381nas a2200121 4500008004100000245005900041210005900100260001000159100002000169700001600189700001800205856003600223 1994 en d00aIntegrable functional equations and algebraic geometry0 aIntegrable functional equations and algebraic geometry bSISSA1 aDubrovin, Boris1 aFokas, A.S.1 aSantini, P.M. uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/648201540nas a2200121 4500008004100000020001500041245007500056210006900131260001000200520115200210100002001362856003601382 1993 en d a081763653600aIntegrable systems and classification of 2D topological field theories0 aIntegrable systems and classification of 2D topological field th bSISSA3 aIn this paper we consider from the point of view of differential geometry and of the\\r\\ntheory of integrable systems the so-called WDVV equations as defining relations of 2-\\r\\ndimensional topological field theory. A complete classification of massive topological conformal\\r\\nfield theories (TCFT) is obtained in terms of monodromy data of an auxillary\\r\\nlinear operator with rational coefficients. Procedure of coupling of a TCFT to topological\\r\\ngravity is described (at tree level) via certain integrable bihamiltonian hierarchies of\\r\\nhydrodynamic type and their τ -functions. A possible role of bihamiltonian formalism in\\r\\ncalculation of high genus corrections is discussed. As a biproduct of this discussion new\\r\\nexamples of infinite dimensional Virasoro-type Lie algebras and their nonlinear analogues\\r\\nare constructed. As an algebro-geometrical applications it is shown that WDVV is just the\\r\\nuniversal system of integrable differential equations (high order analogue of the Painlev´e-\\r\\nVI) specifying periods of Abelian differentials on Riemann surfaces as functions on moduli\\r\\nof these surfaces.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647801141nas a2200109 4500008004100000245005100041210005100092260001000143520082200153100002000975856003600995 1992 en d00aIntegrable systems in topological field theory0 aIntegrable systems in topological field theory bSISSA3 aIntegrability of the system of PDE for dependence on coupling parameters of the (tree-level) primary partition function in massive topological field theories, being imposed by the associativity of the perturbed primary chiral algebra, is proved. In the conformal case it is shown that all the topological field theories are classified as solutions of a universal high-order Painlevé-type equation. Another integrable hierarchy (of systems of hydrodynamic type) is shown to describe coupling to gravity of the matter sector of any topological field theory. Different multicritical models with the given structure of primary correlators are identified with particular self-similar solutions of the hierarchy. The partition function of any of the models is calculated as the corresponding tau-function of the hierarchy.1 aDubrovin, Boris uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/647700371nas a2200109 4500008004100000245006200041210006100103260001800164100002100182700002300203856003500226 1987 en d00aIntegral representation of some convex local functionals.0 aIntegral representation of some convex local functionals bSISSA Library1 aDal Maso, Gianni1 aPaderni, Gabriella uhttp://hdl.handle.net/1963/497