TY - JOUR
T1 - Minimal surfaces in pseudohermitian geometry
JF - Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, Classe di Scienze (5), 4 (2005) 129-177.
Y1 - 2005
A1 - Jih-Hsin Cheng
A1 - JennFang Hwang
A1 - Andrea Malchiodi
A1 - Paul Yang
AB - We consider surfaces immersed in three-dimensional pseudohermitian manifolds. We define the notion of (p-)mean curvature and of the associated (p-)minimal surfaces, extending some concepts previously given for the (flat) Heisenberg group. We interpret the p-mean curvature not only as the tangential sublaplacian of a defining function, but also as the curvature of a characteristic curve, and as a quantity in terms of calibration geometry. As a differential equation, the p-minimal surface equation is degenerate (hyperbolic and elliptic). To analyze the singular set, we formulate some {\em extension} theorems, which describe how the characteristic curves meet the singular set. This allows us to classify the entire solutions to this equation and to solve a Bernstein-type problem (for graphs over the $xy$-plane) in the Heisenberg group $H_1$. In $H_{1}$, identified with the Euclidean space $R^{3}$, the p-minimal surfaces are classical ruled surfaces with the rulings generated by Legendrian lines. We also prove a uniqueness theorem for the Dirichlet problem under a condition on the size of the singular set in two dimensions, and generalize to higher dimensions without any size control condition. We also show that there are no closed, connected, $C^{2}$ smoothly immersed constant p-mean curvature or p-minimal surfaces of genus greater than one in the standard $S^{3}.$ This fact continues to hold when $S^{3}$ is replaced by a general spherical pseudohermitian 3-manifold.
PB - Scuola Normale Superiore
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4579
U1 - 4347
U2 - Mathematics
U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications
U4 - -1
ER -