We prove existence results for systems of boundary value problems involving elliptic second-order differential operators. The assumptions involve lower and upper solutions, which may be either well-ordered, or not at all. The results are stated in an abstract framework, and can be translated also for systems of parabolic type.We prove existence results for systems of boundary value problems involving elliptic second-order differential operators. The assumptions involve lower and upper solutions, which may be either well-ordered, or not at all. The results are stated in an abstract framework, and can be translated also for systems of parabolic type.

SN - 0219-1997 UR - https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219199721500802 JO - Commun. Contemp. Math. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Periodic Solutions of Second-Order Differential Equations in Hilbert Spaces Y1 - 2021 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Giuliano Klun A1 - Andrea Sfecci AB -We prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional systems by the use of the lower/upper solutions method. Both the well-ordered and non-well-ordered cases are treated, thus generalizing to systems some well-established results for scalar equations.

VL - 18 SN - 1660-5454 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00009-021-01857-8 IS - 5 JO - Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quadratic Life Span of Periodic Gravity-capillary Water Waves Y1 - 2021 A1 - Massimiliano Berti A1 - Roberto Feola A1 - Luca Franzoi AB -We consider the gravity-capillary water waves equations for a bi-dimensional fluid with a periodic one-dimensional free surface. We prove a rigorous reduction of this system to Birkhoff normal form up to cubic degree. Due to the possible presence of three-wave resonances for general values of gravity, surface tension, and depth, such normal form may be not trivial and exhibit a chaotic dynamics (Wilton ripples). Nevertheless, we prove that for all the values of gravity, surface tension, and depth, initial data that are of size $$ \varepsilon $$in a sufficiently smooth Sobolev space leads to a solution that remains in an $$ \varepsilon $$-ball of the same Sobolev space up times of order $$ \varepsilon ^{-2}$$. We exploit that the three-wave resonances are finitely many, and the Hamiltonian nature of the Birkhoff normal form.

VL - 3 SN - 2523-3688 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s42286-020-00036-8 IS - 1 JO - Water Waves ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Traveling Quasi-periodic Water Waves with Constant Vorticity Y1 - 2021 A1 - Massimiliano Berti A1 - Luca Franzoi A1 - Alberto Maspero AB -We prove the first bifurcation result of time quasi-periodic traveling wave solutions for space periodic water waves with vorticity. In particular, we prove the existence of small amplitude time quasi-periodic solutions of the gravity-capillary water waves equations with constant vorticity, for a bidimensional fluid over a flat bottom delimited by a space-periodic free interface. These quasi-periodic solutions exist for all the values of depth, gravity and vorticity, and restrict the surface tension to a Borel set of asymptotically full Lebesgue measure.

VL - 240 SN - 1432-0673 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-021-01607-w IS - 1 JO - Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Well-Ordered and Non-Well-Ordered Lower and Upper Solutions for Periodic Planar Systems JF - Advanced Nonlinear Studies Y1 - 2021 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Giuliano Klun A1 - Andrea Sfecci VL - 21 UR - https://doi.org/10.1515/ans-2021-2117 IS - 2 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The deal.II library, Version 9.2 JF - Journal of Numerical Mathematics Y1 - 2020 A1 - Daniel Arndt A1 - Wolfgang Bangerth A1 - Bruno Blais A1 - Thomas C. Clevenger A1 - Marc Fehling A1 - Alexander V. Grayver A1 - Timo Heister A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - Martin Kronbichler A1 - Matthias Maier A1 - Peter Munch A1 - Jean-Paul Pelteret A1 - Reza Rastak A1 - Ignacio Tomas A1 - Bruno Turcksin A1 - Zhuoran Wang A1 - David Wells VL - 28 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Gauge theories on compact toric manifolds Y1 - 2020 A1 - Giulio Bonelli A1 - Francesco Fucito A1 - Morales, Jose Francisco A1 - Massimiliano Ronzani A1 - Sysoeva, Ekaterina A1 - Alessandro Tanzini ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Periodic solutions of nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori JF - NONLINEAR ANALYSIS Y1 - 2020 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Giuliano Klun A1 - Andrea Sfecci AB -We prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems, bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori, by the use of a generalization of the Poincaré–Birkhoff Theorem.

UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2019.111720 ER - TY - CONF T1 - A Reduced Order Approach for the Embedded Shifted Boundary FEM and a Heat Exchange System on Parametrized Geometries T2 - IUTAM Symposium on Model Order Reduction of Coupled Systems, Stuttgart, Germany, May 22–25, 2018 Y1 - 2020 A1 - Efthymios N Karatzas A1 - Giovanni Stabile A1 - Nabib Atallah A1 - Guglielmo Scovazzi A1 - Gianluigi Rozza ED - Fehr, Jörg ED - Bernard Haasdonk AB -A model order reduction technique is combined with an embedded boundary finite element method with a POD-Galerkin strategy. The proposed methodology is applied to parametrized heat transfer problems and we rely on a sufficiently refined shape-regular background mesh to account for parametrized geometries. In particular, the employed embedded boundary element method is the Shifted Boundary Method (SBM) recently proposed. This approach is based on the idea of shifting the location of true boundary conditions to a surrogate boundary, with the goal of avoiding cut cells near the boundary of the computational domain. This combination of methodologies has multiple advantages. In the first place, since the Shifted Boundary Method always relies on the same background mesh, there is no need to update the discretized parametric domain. Secondly, we avoid the treatment of cut cell elements, which usually need particular attention. Thirdly, since the whole background mesh is considered in the reduced basis construction, the SBM allows for a smooth transition of the reduced modes across the immersed domain boundary. The performances of the method are verified in two dimensional heat transfer numerical examples.

JF - IUTAM Symposium on Model Order Reduction of Coupled Systems, Stuttgart, Germany, May 22–25, 2018 PB - Springer International Publishing UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.07753 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Reduced order methods for parametric optimal flow control in coronary bypass grafts, toward patient-specific data assimilation JF - International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical EngineeringInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical EngineeringInt J Numer Meth Biomed Engng Y1 - 2020 A1 - Zakia Zainib A1 - F. Ballarin A1 - Stephen E. Fremes A1 - Piero Triverio A1 - Laura Jiménez-Juan A1 - Gianluigi Rozza KW - coronary artery bypass grafts KW - data assimilation KW - flow control KW - Galerkin methods KW - hemodynamics modeling KW - Optimization KW - patient-specific simulations KW - Proper orthogonal decomposition KW - reduced order methods AB -Abstract Coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) surgery is an invasive procedure performed to circumvent partial or complete blood flow blockage in coronary artery disease. In this work, we apply a numerical optimal flow control model to patient-specific geometries of CABG, reconstructed from clinical images of real-life surgical cases, in parameterized settings. The aim of these applications is to match known physiological data with numerical hemodynamics corresponding to different scenarios, arisen by tuning some parameters. Such applications are an initial step toward matching patient-specific physiological data in patient-specific vascular geometries as best as possible. Two critical challenges that reportedly arise in such problems are: (a) lack of robust quantification of meaningful boundary conditions required to match known data as best as possible and (b) high computational cost. In this work, we utilize unknown control variables in the optimal flow control problems to take care of the first challenge. Moreover, to address the second challenge, we propose a time-efficient and reliable computational environment for such parameterized problems by projecting them onto a low-dimensional solution manifold through proper orthogonal decomposition-Galerkin.

VL - n/a SN - 2040-7939 UR - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cnm.3367?af=R IS - n/a JO - International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The deal.II Library, Version 9.1 JF - Journal of Numerical Mathematics Y1 - 2019 A1 - Daniel Arndt A1 - Wolfgang Bangerth A1 - Thomas C. Clevenger A1 - Denis Davydov A1 - Marc Fehling A1 - Garcia-Sanchez, Daniel A1 - Harper, Graham A1 - Timo Heister A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - Martin Kronbichler A1 - Maguire Kynch, Ross A1 - Matthias Maier A1 - Jean-Paul Pelteret A1 - Bruno Turcksin A1 - David Wells AB - This paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II, version 9.1. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The deal.II Library, Version 9.1 JF - Journal of Numerical Mathematics Y1 - 2019 A1 - Daniel Arndt A1 - Wolfgang Bangerth A1 - Thomas C. Clevenger A1 - Denis Davydov A1 - Marc Fehling A1 - Garcia-Sanchez, Daniel A1 - Harper, Graham A1 - Timo Heister A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - Martin Kronbichler A1 - Maguire Kynch, Ross A1 - Matthias Maier A1 - Jean-Paul Pelteret A1 - Bruno Turcksin A1 - David Wells ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Local well-posedness for quasi-linear NLS with large Cauchy data on the circle JF - Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré C, Analyse non linéaire Y1 - 2019 A1 - Roberto Feola A1 - Felice Iandoli KW - Dispersive equations KW - Energy method KW - Local wellposedness KW - NLS KW - Para-differential calculus KW - Quasi-linear PDEs AB -We prove local in time well-posedness for a large class of quasilinear Hamiltonian, or parity preserving, Schrödinger equations on the circle. After a paralinearization of the equation, we perform several paradifferential changes of coordinates in order to transform the system into a paradifferential one with symbols which, at the positive order, are constant and purely imaginary. This allows to obtain a priori energy estimates on the Sobolev norms of the solutions.

VL - 36 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144918300428 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Reducibility for a fast-driven linear Klein–Gordon equation Y1 - 2019 A1 - Luca Franzoi A1 - Alberto Maspero AB -We prove a reducibility result for a linear Klein–Gordon equation with a quasi-periodic driving on a compact interval with Dirichlet boundary conditions. No assumptions are made on the size of the driving; however, we require it to be fast oscillating. In particular, provided that the external frequency is sufficiently large and chosen from a Cantor set of large measure, the original equation is conjugated to a time-independent, diagonal one. We achieve this result in two steps. First, we perform a preliminary transformation, adapted to fast oscillating systems, which moves the original equation in a perturbative setting. Then, we show that this new equation can be put to constant coefficients by applying a KAM reducibility scheme, whose convergence requires a new type of Melnikov conditions.

VL - 198 SN - 1618-1891 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00823-2 IS - 4 JO - Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Reducibility of first order linear operators on tori via Moser's theorem JF - Journal of Functional Analysis Y1 - 2019 A1 - Roberto Feola A1 - Filippo Giuliani A1 - Riccardo Montalto A1 - Michela Procesi KW - Hyperbolic PDEs KW - KAM theory KW - Nash–Moser KW - Reducibility AB -In this paper we prove reducibility of a class of first order, quasi-linear, quasi-periodic time dependent PDEs on the torus∂tu+ζ⋅∂xu+a(ωt,x)⋅∂xu=0,x∈Td,ζ∈Rd,ω∈Rν. As a consequence we deduce a stability result on the associated Cauchy problem in Sobolev spaces. By the identification between first order operators and vector fields this problem can be formulated as the problem of finding a change of coordinates which conjugates a weakly perturbed constant vector field on Tν+d to a constant diophantine flow. For this purpose we generalize Moser's straightening theorem: considering smooth perturbations we prove that the corresponding straightening torus diffeomorphism is smooth, under the assumption that the perturbation is small only in some given Sobolev norm and that the initial frequency belongs to some Cantor-like set. In view of applications in KAM theory for PDEs we provide also tame estimates on the change of variables.

VL - 276 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123618303793 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the topological degree of planar maps avoiding normal cones JF - TOPOLOGICAL METHODS IN NONLINEAR ANALYSIS Y1 - 2019 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Giuliano Klun AB -The classical Poincaré-Bohl theorem provides the existence of a zero for a function avoiding external rays. When the domain is convex, the same holds true when avoiding normal cones.

We consider here the possibility of dealing with nonconvex sets having inward corners or cusps, in which cases the normal cone vanishes. This allows us to deal with situations where the topological degree may be strictly greater than $1$.

We study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear equation u''+(λa+(t)−μa−(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and sublinear growth at infinity. For λ,μ positive and large, we prove the existence of 3^m−1 positive T-periodic solutions when the weight function a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a T-periodicity interval). As a byproduct of our approach we also provide abundance of positive subharmonic solutions and symbolic dynamics. The proof is based on coincidence degree theory for locally compact operators on open unbounded sets and also applies to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Neumann and the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

PB - American Mathematical Society UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35264 N1 - AMS Subject Classification: 34B15, 34B18, 34C25, 34C28, 47H11. U1 - 35568 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Positive subharmonic solutions to nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight JF - Communications in Contemporary Mathematics Y1 - 2018 A1 - Alberto Boscaggin A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin AB -We prove that the superlinear indefinite equation u″ + a(t)up = 0, where p > 1 and a(t) is a T-periodic sign-changing function satisfying the (sharp) mean value condition ∫0Ta(t)dt < 0, has positive subharmonic solutions of order k for any large integer k, thus providing a further contribution to a problem raised by Butler in its pioneering paper [Rapid oscillation, nonextendability, and the existence of periodic solutions to second order nonlinear ordinary differential equations, J. Differential Equations 22 (1976) 467–477]. The proof, which applies to a larger class of indefinite equations, combines coincidence degree theory (yielding a positive harmonic solution) with the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem (giving subharmonic solutions oscillating around it).

VL - 20 UR - https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219199717500213 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Reducibility for a class of weakly dispersive linear operators arising from the Degasperis Procesi equation Y1 - 2018 A1 - Roberto Feola A1 - Filippo Giuliani A1 - Michela Procesi ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On some rigorous aspects of fragmented condensation Y1 - 2018 A1 - Daniele Dimonte A1 - Marco Falconi A1 - Alessandro Olgiati UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1809.03586 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Transmission conditions obtained by homogenisation Y1 - 2018 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Giovanni Franzina A1 - Davide Zucco AB - We study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to variational problems in perforated domains with Neumann boundary conditions. We consider perforations that in the limit concentrate on a smooth manifold. We characterise the limits of the solutions and show that they solve a variational problem with a transmission condition across the manifold. This is expressed through a measure on the manifold, vanishing on sets of capacity zero. Then, we prove that every such measure can be obtained by homogenising suitable perforations. Eventually, we provide an asymptotic formula for this measure by using some auxiliary minimum problems. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35310 U1 - 35618 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An application of coincidence degree theory to cyclic feedback type systems associated with nonlinear differential operators JF - Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. Y1 - 2017 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin A1 - Fabio Zanolin PB - Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies VL - 50 UR - https://doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2017.038 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An avoiding cones condition for the Poincaré–Birkhoff Theorem JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2017 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Paolo Gidoni KW - Avoiding cones condition KW - Hamiltonian systems KW - Periodic solutions KW - Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem AB -We provide a geometric assumption which unifies and generalizes the conditions proposed in [11], [12], so to obtain a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point Theorem for Poincaré maps of Hamiltonian systems.

VL - 262 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616303278 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Computer simulations of phase field drops on super-hydrophobic surfaces JF - Journal of Computational Physics Y1 - 2017 A1 - Livio Fedeli KW - Multigrid KW - Phase field KW - Quasi-Newton KW - Super-hydrophobicity AB -We present a novel quasi-Newton continuation procedure that efficiently solves the system of nonlinear equations arising from the discretization of a phase field model for wetting phenomena. We perform a comparative numerical analysis that shows the improved speed of convergence gained with respect to other numerical schemes. Moreover, we discuss the conditions that, on a theoretical level, guarantee the convergence of this method. At each iterative step, a suitable continuation procedure develops and passes to the nonlinear solver an accurate initial guess. Discretization performs through cell-centered finite differences. The resulting system of equations is solved on a composite grid that uses dynamic mesh refinement and multi-grid techniques. The final code achieves three-dimensional, realistic computer experiments comparable to those produced in laboratory settings. This code offers not only new insights into the phenomenology of super-hydrophobicity, but also serves as a reliable predictive tool for the study of hydrophobic surfaces.

VL - 344 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002199911730356X ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multiple positive solutions of a sturm-liouville boundary value problem with conflicting nonlinearities JF - Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis Y1 - 2017 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin KW - Leray-Schauder topological degree; KW - positive solutions KW - Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions KW - Superlinear indefinite problems AB -We study the second order nonlinear differential equation

\begindocument $ u'' + \sum\limits_i = 1^m α_ia_i(x)g_i(u) - \sum\limits_j = 1^m + 1 β_jb_j(x)k_j(u) = 0,\rm $ \enddocument

where $\alpha_i, \beta_j>0$, $a_i(x), b_j(x)$ are non-negative Lebesgue integrable functions defined in $\mathopen[0, L\mathclose]$, and the nonlinearities $g_i(s), k_j(s)$ are continuous, positive and satisfy suitable growth conditions, as to cover the classical superlinear equation $u"+a(x)u.p = 0$, with $p>1$.When the positive parameters $\beta_j$ are sufficiently large, we prove the existence of at least $2.m-1$positive solutions for the Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems associated with the equation.The proof is based on the Leray-Schauder topological degree for locally compact operators on open and possibly unbounded sets.Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

VL - 16 UR - http://aimsciences.org//article/id/1163b042-0c64-4597-b25c-3494b268e5a1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multiplicity of positive periodic solutions in the superlinear indefinite case via coincidence degree JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2017 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin A1 - Fabio Zanolin KW - Coincidence degree KW - Multiplicity results KW - Neumann boundary value problems KW - Positive periodic solutions KW - subharmonic solutions KW - Superlinear indefinite problems AB -We study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear differential equationu″+cu′+(a+(t)−μa−(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity, a(t) is a periodic sign-changing weight, c∈R and μ>0 is a real parameter. Our model includes (for c=0) the so-called nonlinear Hill's equation. We prove the existence of 2m−1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a periodicity interval) and μ is sufficiently large, thus giving a complete solution to a problem raised by G.J. Butler in 1976. The proof is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree defined in open (possibly unbounded) sets and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Our method also provides a topological approach to detect subharmonic solutions.

VL - 262 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039617300219 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A note on a fixed point theorem on topological cylinders JF - Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. Y1 - 2017 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin AB -We present a fixed point theorem on topological cylinders in normed linear spaces for maps satisfying a property of stretching a space along paths. This result is a generalization of a similar theorem obtained by D. Papini and F. Zanolin. In view of the main result, we discuss the existence of fixed points for maps defined on different types of domains and we propose alternative proofs for classical fixed point theorems, as Brouwer, Schauder and Krasnosel’skii ones.

PB - Springer Verlag UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35263 N1 - AMS Subject Classification: 47H10, 37C25, 47H11, 54H25. U1 - 35567 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical modeling of hemodynamics scenarios of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts JF - Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology Y1 - 2017 A1 - F. Ballarin A1 - Elena Faggiano A1 - Andrea Manzoni A1 - Alfio Quarteroni A1 - Gianluigi Rozza A1 - Sonia Ippolito A1 - Roberto Scrofani VL - 16 UR - https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85015065851&doi=10.1007%2fs10237-017-0893-7&partnerID=40&md5=c388f20bd5de14187bad9ed7d9affbd0 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Construction of Real-Valued Localized Composite Wannier Functions for Insulators JF - Annales Henri Poincaré Y1 - 2016 A1 - Domenico Fiorenza A1 - Domenico Monaco A1 - Gianluca Panati AB -We consider a real periodic Schrödinger operator and a physically relevant family of $m \geq 1$ Bloch bands, separated by a gap from the rest of the spectrum, and we investigate the localization properties of the corresponding composite Wannier functions. To this aim, we show that in dimension $d\leq 3$, there exists a global frame consisting of smooth quasi-Bloch functions which are both periodic and time-reversal symmetric. Aiming to applications in computational physics, we provide a constructive algorithm to obtain such a Bloch frame. The construction yields the existence of a basis of composite Wannier functions which are real-valued and almost-exponentially localized. The proof of the main result exploits only the fundamental symmetries of the projector on the relevant bands, allowing applications, beyond the model specified above, to a broad range of gapped periodic quantum systems with a time-reversal symmetry of bosonic type.

VL - 17 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00023-015-0400-6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Error Estimates of B-spline based finite-element method for the wind-driven ocean circulation JF - JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING Y1 - 2016 A1 - Rotundo, N. A1 - Kim, T. -Y. A1 - Jiang, W. A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - Fried, E. VL - 69 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - A fast virtual surgery platform for many scenarios haemodynamics of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts Y1 - 2016 A1 - F. Ballarin A1 - Elena Faggiano A1 - Andrea Manzoni A1 - Gianluigi Rozza A1 - Alfio Quarteroni A1 - Sonia Ippolito A1 - Roberto Scrofani A1 - Carlo Antona AB - A fast computational framework is devised to the study of several configurations of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts. This is especially useful to perform a sensitivity analysis of the haemodynamics for different flow conditions occurring in native coronary arteries and bypass grafts, the investigation of the progression of the coronary artery disease and the choice of the most appropriate surgical procedure. A complete pipeline, from the acquisition of patientspecific medical images to fast parametrized computational simulations, is proposed. Complex surgical configurations employed in the clinical practice, such as Y-grafts and sequential grafts, are studied. A virtual surgery platform based on model reduction of unsteady Navier Stokes equations for blood dynamics is proposed to carry out sensitivity analyses in a very rapid and reliable way. A specialized geometrical parametrization is employed to compare the effect of stenosis and anastomosis variation on the outcome of the surgery in several relevant cases. PB - Submitted UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35240 U1 - 35545 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/08 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Generalizing the Poincaré–Miranda theorem: the avoiding cones condition JF - Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) Y1 - 2016 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Paolo Gidoni AB -After proposing a variant of the Poincaré–Bohl theorem, we extend the Poincaré–Miranda theorem in several directions, by introducing an avoiding cones condition. We are thus able to deal with functions defined on various types of convex domains, and situations where the topological degree may be different from \$\$\backslashpm \$\$±1. An illustrative application is provided for the study of functionals having degenerate multi-saddle points.

VL - 195 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-015-0519-6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Pairs of positive periodic solutions of nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight: a topological degree approach for the super-sublinear case JF - Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A 146 (2016), 449–474. Y1 - 2016 A1 - Alberto Boscaggin A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin A1 - Fabio Zanolin AB -We study the periodic and Neumann boundary value problems associated with the second order nonlinear differential equation u''+cu'+λa(t)g(u)=0, where g:[0,+∞[→[0,+∞[ is a sublinear function at infinity having superlinear growth at zero. We prove the existence of two positive solutions when ∫a(t)dt 0 is sufficiently large. Our approach is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree theory and index computations.

PB - Cambridge University Press UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35262 N1 - AMS Subject Classification: Primary 34B18; 34C25; Secondary 34B15; 47H11; U1 - 35566 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Periodic perturbations of Hamiltonian systems JF - Advances in Nonlinear Analysis Y1 - 2016 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione A1 - Paolo Gidoni AB -We prove existence and multiplicity results for periodic solutions of Hamiltonian systems, by the use of a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem. The first part of the paper deals with periodic perturbations of a completely integrable system, while in the second part we focus on some suitable global conditions, so to deal with weakly coupled systems.

PB - De Gruyter VL - 5 ER - TY - THES T1 - Positive solutions to indefinite problems: a topological approach Y1 - 2016 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin KW - positive solutions AB - The present Ph.D. thesis is devoted to the study of positive solutions to indefinite problems. In particular, we deal with the second order nonlinear differential equation u'' + a(t) g(u) = 0, where g : [0,+∞[→[0,+∞[ is a continuous nonlinearity and a : [0,T]→R is a Lebesgue integrable sign-changing weight. We analyze the Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic boundary value problems on [0,T] associated with the equation and we provide existence, nonexistence and multiplicity results for positive solutions. In the first part of the manuscript, we investigate nonlinearities g(u) with a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity (including the classical superlinear case g(u)=u^p, with p>1). In particular, we prove that there exist 2^m-1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by negative ones and the negative part of a(t) is sufficiently large. Then, for the Dirichlet problem, we solve a conjecture by Gómez‐Reñasco and López‐Gómez (JDE, 2000) and, for the periodic problem, we give a complete answer to a question raised by Butler (JDE, 1976). In the second part, we study the super-sublinear case (i.e. g(u) is superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity). If a(t) has m positive humps separated by negative ones, we obtain the existence of 3^m-1 positive solutions of the boundary value problems associated with the parameter-dependent equation u'' + λ a(t) g(u) = 0, when both λ>0 and the negative part of a(t) are sufficiently large. We propose a new approach based on topological degree theory for locally compact operators on open possibly unbounded sets, which applies for Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic boundary conditions. As a byproduct of our method, we obtain infinitely many subharmonic solutions and globally defined positive solutions with complex behavior, and we deal with chaotic dynamics. Moreover, we study positive radially symmetric solutions to the Dirichlet and Neumann problems associated with elliptic PDEs on annular domains. Furthermore, this innovative technique has the potential and the generality needed to deal with indefinite problems with more general differential operators. Indeed, our approach apply also for the non-Hamiltonian equation u'' + cu' + a(t) g(u) = 0. Meanwhile, more general operators in the one-dimensional case and problems involving PDEs will be subjects of future investigations. PB - SISSA N1 - The research work described in this Ph.D. thesis has produced 10 papers. U1 - 35528 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Symmetry properties of some solutions to some semilinear elliptic equations JF - Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di scienze Y1 - 2016 A1 - Farina, Alberto A1 - Andrea Malchiodi A1 - Matteo Rizzi PB - Classe di Scienze VL - 16 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - t-Structures are Normal Torsion Theories JF - Applied Categorical Structures Y1 - 2016 A1 - Domenico Fiorenza A1 - Fosco Loregian AB -We characterize $t$-structures in stable ∞-categories as suitable quasicategorical factorization systems. More precisely we show that a $t$-structure $\mathcal{t}$ on a stable $\infty$-category $\mathbb{C}$ is equivalent to a normal torsion theory $\mathbf{F}$ on $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. to a factorization system $\mathbf{F} = (\mathcal{\epsilon}, \mathcal{M})$ where both classes satisfy the 3-for-2 cancellation property, and a certain compatibility with pullbacks/pushouts.

VL - 24 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10485-015-9393-z ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Z2 Invariants of Topological Insulators as Geometric Obstructions JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics Y1 - 2016 A1 - Domenico Fiorenza A1 - Domenico Monaco A1 - Gianluca Panati AB -We consider a gapped periodic quantum system with time-reversal symmetry of fermionic (or odd) type, i.e. the time-reversal operator squares to $-\mathbb{1}$. We investigate the existence of periodic and time-reversal invariant Bloch frames in dimensions 2 and 3. In 2d, the obstruction to the existence of such a frame is shown to be encoded in a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-valued topological invariant, which can be computed by a simple algorithm. We prove that the latter agrees with the Fu-Kane index. In 3d, instead, four $\mathbb{Z}_2$ invariants emerge from the construction, again related to the Fu-Kane-Mele indices. When no topological obstruction is present, we provide a constructive algorithm yielding explicitly a periodic and time-reversal invariant Bloch frame. The result is formulated in an abstract setting, so that it applies both to discrete models and to continuous ones.

VL - 343 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-015-2552-0 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - A class of Hamiltonians for a three-particle fermionic system at unitarity Y1 - 2015 A1 - Michele Correggi A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Domenico Finco A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli A1 - Alessandro Teta AB - We consider a quantum mechanical three-particle system made of two identical fermions of mass one and a different particle of mass $m$, where each fermion interacts via a zero-range force with the different particle. In particular we study the unitary regime, i.e., the case of infinite two-body scattering length. The Hamiltonians describing the system are, by definition, self-adjoint extensions of the free Hamiltonian restricted on smooth functions vanishing at the two-body coincidence planes, i.e., where the positions of two interacting particles coincide. It is known that for $m$ larger than a critical value $m^* \simeq (13.607)^{-1}$ a self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonian $H_0$ can be constructed, whose domain is characterized in terms of the standard point-interaction boundary condition at each coincidence plane. Here we prove that for $m\in(m^*,m^{**})$, where $m^{**}\simeq (8.62)^{-1}$, there is a further family of self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonians $H_{0,\beta}$, $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$, describing the system. Using a quadratic form method, we give a rigorous construction of such Hamiltonians and we show that the elements of their domains satisfy a further boundary condition, characterizing the singular behavior when the positions of all the three particles coincide. UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34469 N1 - This SISSA preprint is composed of 29 pages and is recorded in PDF format U1 - 34644 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Existence of positive solutions in the superlinear case via coincidence degree: the Neumann and the periodic boundary value problems JF - Adv. Differential Equations 20 (2015), 937–982. Y1 - 2015 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin A1 - Fabio Zanolin AB -We prove the existence of positive periodic solutions for the second order nonlinear equation u'' + a(x) g(u) = 0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. The weight function a(x) is allowed to change its sign. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of nontrivial solutions are obtained. The proof is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Applications are given to the search of positive solutions for a nonlinear PDE in annular domains and for a periodic problem associated to a non-Hamiltonian equation.

PB - Khayyam Publishing UR - http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1435064518 N1 - AMS Subject Classification: 34B18, 34B15, 34C25, 47H11. U1 - 35388 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Existence of positive solutions of a superlinear boundary value problem with indefinite weight JF - Conference Publications Y1 - 2015 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin KW - boundary value problem KW - indefinite weight KW - Positive solution; existence result. KW - superlinear equation AB -We deal with the existence of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated with the nonlinear second order equation $u''+a(x)g(u)=0$. The weight $a(x)$ is allowed to change sign. We assume that the function $g\colon\mathopen[0,+∞\mathclose[\to\mathbb{R}$ is continuous, $g(0)=0$ and satisfies suitable growth conditions, including the superlinear case $g(s)=s^p$, with $p>1$. In particular we suppose that $g(s)/s$ is large near infinity, but we do not require that $g(s)$ is non-negative in a neighborhood of zero. Using a topological approach based on the Leray-Schauder degree we obtain a result of existence of at least a positive solution that improves previous existence theorems.

VL - 2015 UR - http://aimsciences.org//article/id/b3c1c765-e8f5-416e-8130-05cc48478026 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Fast simulations of patient-specific haemodynamics of coronary artery bypass grafts based on a POD-Galerkin method and a vascular shape parametrization Y1 - 2015 A1 - F. Ballarin A1 - Elena Faggiano A1 - Sonia Ippolito A1 - Andrea Manzoni A1 - Alfio Quarteroni A1 - Gianluigi Rozza A1 - Roberto Scrofani AB - In this work a reduced-order computational framework for the study of haemodynamics in three-dimensional patient-specific configurations of coronary artery bypass grafts dealing with a wide range of scenarios is proposed. We combine several efficient algorithms to face at the same time both the geometrical complexity involved in the description of the vascular network and the huge computational cost entailed by time dependent patient-specific flow simulations. Medical imaging procedures allow to reconstruct patient-specific configurations from clinical data. A centerlines-based parametrization is proposed to efficiently handle geometrical variations. POD–Galerkin reduced-order models are employed to cut down large computational costs. This computational framework allows to characterize blood flows for different physical and geometrical variations relevant in the clinical practice, such as stenosis factors and anastomosis variations, in a rapid and reliable way. Several numerical results are discussed, highlighting the computational performance of the proposed framework, as well as its capability to perform sensitivity analysis studies, so far out of reach. UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34623 U1 - 34824 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/08 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - FEM SUPG stabilisation of mixed isoparametric BEMs: application to linearised free surface flows JF - Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 59 (2015), pp. 8-22 Y1 - 2015 A1 - Nicola Giuliani A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - L. Formaggia AB -In finite element formulations, transport dominated problems are often stabilised through the Streamline-Upwind-Petrov–Galerkin (SUPG) method. Its application is straightforward when the problem at hand is solved using Galerkin methods. Applications of boundary integral formulations often resort to collocation techniques which are computationally more tractable. In this framework, the Galerkin method and the stabilisation may still be used to successfully apply boundary conditions and resolve instabilities that are frequently observed in transport dominated problems. We apply this technique to an adaptive collocation boundary element method for the solution of stationary potential flows, where we solve a mixed Poisson problem in boundary integral form, with the addition of linearised free surface boundary conditions. We use a mixed boundary element formulation to allow for different finite dimensional spaces describing the flow potential and its normal derivative, and we validate our method simulating the flow around both a submerged body and a surface piercing body. The coupling of mixed surface finite elements and strongly consistent stabilisation techniques with boundary elements opens up the possibility to use non conformal unstructured grids with local refinement, without introducing the inconsistencies of other stabilisation techniques based on up-winding and finite difference schemes.

UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34466 U1 - 34640 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/08 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multiple positive solutions for a superlinear problem: a topological approach JF - J. Differential Equations 259 (2015), 925–963. Y1 - 2015 A1 - Guglielmo Feltrin A1 - Fabio Zanolin AB -We study the multiplicity of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated to the nonlinear second order equation u''+f(x,u)=0. We allow x ↦ f(x,s) to change its sign in order to cover the case of scalar equations with indefinite weight. Roughly speaking, our main assumptions require that f(x,s)/s is below λ_1 as s→0^+ and above λ_1 as s→+∞. In particular, we can deal with the situation in which f(x,s) has a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. We propose a new approach based on the topological degree which provides the multiplicity of solutions. Applications are given for u'' + a(x) g(u) = 0, where we prove the existence of 2^n-1 positive solutions when a(x) has n positive humps and a^-(x) is sufficiently large.

PB - Elsevier UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35147 N1 - Work presented at the "Special Session 21" of the "10th AIMS Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications" (Madrid, July 7-11, 2014). U1 - 35387 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A permanence theorem for local dynamical systems JF - Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications Y1 - 2015 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Paolo Gidoni KW - Lotka–Volterra KW - permanence KW - Predator–prey KW - Uniform persistence AB -We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for permanence related to a local dynamical system on a suitable topological space. We then present an illustrative application to a Lotka–Volterra predator–prey model with intraspecific competition.

VL - 121 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X14003332 N1 - Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations, in honor of Enzo Mitidieri for his 60th birthday ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The phototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a strong efficacy gradient Y1 - 2015 A1 - Monica Mazzolini A1 - Giuseppe Facchetti A1 - L. Andolfi A1 - R. Proietti Zaccaria A1 - S. Tuccio A1 - J. Treud A1 - Claudio Altafini A1 - Enzo M. Di Fabrizio A1 - Marco Lazzarino A1 - G. Rapp A1 - Vincent Torre PB - National Academy of Sciences UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35157 N1 - Open Access article U1 - 35382 U2 - Neuroscience ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Efficient geometrical parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling: application to fluid–structure interaction coupling problems JF - International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics Y1 - 2014 A1 - Forti, D. A1 - Gianluigi Rozza AB - We present some recent advances and improvements in shape parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling with special attention to fluid–structure interaction problems and the management of structural deformations, namely, to represent them into a low-dimensional space (by control points). This allows to reduce the computational effort, and to significantly simplify the (geometrical) deformation procedure, leading to more efficient and fast reduced-order modelling applications in this kind of problems. We propose an efficient methodology to select the geometrical control points for the radial basis functions based on a modal greedy algorithm to improve the computational efficiency in view of more complex fluid–structure applications in several fields. The examples provided deal with aeronautics and wind engineering. VL - 28 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Finite dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili τ-functions. I. Finite Grassmannians Y1 - 2014 A1 - Ferenc Balogh A1 - Tiago Fonseca A1 - John P. Harnad AB - We study τ-functions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy in terms of abelian group actions on finite dimensional Grassmannians, viewed as subquotients of the Hilbert space Grassmannians of Sato, Segal, and Wilson. A determinantal formula of Gekhtman and Kasman involving exponentials of finite dimensional matrices is shown to follow naturally from such reductions. All reduced flows of exponential type generated by matrices with arbitrary nondegenerate Jordan forms are derived, both in the Grassmannian setting and within the fermionic operator formalism. A slightly more general determinantal formula involving resolvents of the matrices generating the flow, valid on the big cell of the Grassmannian, is also derived. An explicit expression is deduced for the Plücker coordinates appearing as coefficients in the Schur function expansion of the τ-function. PB - American Institute of Physics Inc. UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34952 U1 - 35153 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Second Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard Functional Y1 - 2014 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni KW - Gamma-convergence, Cahn-Hilliard functional, phase transitions AB - The asymptotic behavior of an anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard functional with prescribed mass and Dirichlet boundary condition is studied when the parameter $\varepsilon$ that determines the width of the transition layers tends to zero. The double-well potential is assumed to be even and equal to $|s-1|^\beta$ near $s=1$, with $1<\beta<2$. The first order term in the asymptotic development by $\Gamma$-convergence is well-known, and is related to a suitable anisotropic perimeter of the interface. Here it is shown that, under these assumptions, the second order term is zero, which gives an estimate on the rate of convergence of the minimum values. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7390 N1 - This article is composed if 33 pages and recorded in PDF format U1 - 7439 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Ambrosio-Tortorelli approximation of cohesive fracture models in linearized elasticity Y1 - 2013 A1 - Matteo Focardi A1 - Flaviana Iurlano KW - Functions of bounded deformation AB -We provide an approximation result in the sense of $\Gamma$-convergence for cohesive fracture energies of the form \[ \int_\Omega \mathscr{Q}_1(e(u))\,dx+a\,\mathcal{H}^{n-1}(J_u)+b\,\int_{J_u}\mathscr{Q}_0^{1/2}([u]\odot\nu_u)\,d\mathcal{H}^{n-1}, \] where $\Omega\subset{\mathbb R}^n$ is a bounded open set with Lipschitz boundary, $\mathscr{Q}_0$ and $\mathscr{Q}_1$ are coercive quadratic forms on ${\mathbb M}^{n\times n}_{sym}$, $a,\,b$ are positive constants, and $u$ runs in the space of fields $SBD^2(\Omega)$ , i.e., it's a special field with bounded deformation such that its symmetric gradient $e(u)$ is square integrable, and its jump set $J_u$ has finite $(n-1)$-Hausdorff measure in ${\mathbb R}^n$. The approximation is performed by means of Ambrosio-Tortorelli type elliptic regularizations, the prototype example being \[ \int_\Omega\Big(v|e(u)|^2+\frac{(1-v)^2}{\varepsilon}+{\gamma\,\varepsilon}|\nabla v|^2\Big)\,dx, \] where $(u,v)\in H^1(\Omega,{\mathbb R}^n){\times} H^1(\Omega)$, $\varepsilon\leq v\leq 1$ and $\gamma>0$.

PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6615 U1 - 6573 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Analytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth with elasticity on vicinal surfaces Y1 - 2013 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni KW - singular nonlinear parabolic equations, Hilbert transform, thin films AB - In this paper it is shown existence of weak solutions of a variational inequality derived from the continuum model introduced by Xiang [7, formula (3.62)] (see also the work of Xiang and E [8] and Xu and Xiang [9]) to describe the self-organization of terraces and steps driven by misfit elasticity between a film and a substrate in heteroepitaxial growth. This model is obtained as a continuum limit of discrete theories of Duport, Politi, and Villain [3] and Tersoff, Phang, Zhang, and Lagally[6]. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7245 U1 - 7284 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Common dynamical features of sensory adaptation in photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons. JF - Nature. Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 1251, Published : 13 February 2013 Y1 - 2013 A1 - Giovanna De Palo A1 - Giuseppe Facchetti A1 - Monica Mazzolini A1 - Anna Menini A1 - Vincent Torre A1 - Claudio Altafini AB -Sensory systems adapt, i.e., they adjust their sensitivity to external stimuli according to the ambient level. In this paper we show that single cell electrophysiological responses of vertebrate olfactory receptors and of photoreceptors to different input protocols exhibit several common features related to adaptation, and that these features can be used to investigate the dynamical structure of the feedback regulation responsible for the adaptation. In particular, we point out that two different forms of adaptation can be observed, in response to steps and to pairs of pulses. These two forms of adaptation appear to be in a dynamical trade-off: the more adaptation to a step is close to perfect, the slower is the recovery in adaptation to pulse pairs and viceversa. Neither of the two forms is explained by the dynamical models currently used to describe adaptation, such as the integral feedback model.

PB - SISSA U1 - 6453 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Expanded degenerations and pairs JF - Communications in Algebra. Volume 41, Issue 6, May 2013, Pages 2346-2386 Y1 - 2013 A1 - Dan Abramovich A1 - Charles Cadman A1 - Barbara Fantechi A1 - Jonathan Wise KW - Expanded pairs AB - Since Jun Li's original definition, several other definitions of expanded pairs and expanded degenerations have appeared in the literature. We explain how these definitions are related and introduce several new variants and perspectives. Among these are the twisted expansions used by Abramovich and Fantechi as a basis for orbifold techniques in degeneation formulas. PB - Taylor and Francis UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7383 N1 - This article is composed of 41 pages and is recorded in PDF format U1 - 7431 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Generalized Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions for first order differential systems in the plane JF - Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. Y1 - 2013 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione AB -We study asymptotically positively homogeneous first order systems in the plane, with boundary conditions which are positively homogeneous, as well. Defining a generalized concept of Fučík spectrum which extends the usual one for the scalar second order equation, we prove existence and multiplicity of solutions. In this way, on one hand we extend to the plane some known results for scalar second order equations (with Dirichlet, Neumann or Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions), while, on the other hand, we investigate some other kinds of boundary value problems, where the boundary points are chosen on a polygonal line, or in a cone. Our proofs rely on the shooting method.

PB - Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies VL - 42 UR - https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.tmna/1461248981 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Macroscopic contact angle and liquid drops on rough solid surfaces via homogenization and numerical simulations JF - ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis Y1 - 2013 A1 - Cacace, S. A1 - Antonin Chambolle A1 - Antonio DeSimone A1 - Livio Fedeli PB - EDP Sciences VL - 47 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A note on non-homogeneous hyperbolic operators with low-regularity coefficients Y1 - 2013 A1 - Ferruccio Colombini A1 - Francesco Fanelli AB -In this paper we obtain an energy estimate for a complete strictly hyperbolic operator with second order coefficients satisfying a log-Zygmund-continuity condition with respect to $t$, uniformly with respect to $x$, and a log-Lipschitz-continuity condition with respect to $x$, uniformly with respect to $t$.

ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Periodic bouncing solutions for nonlinear impact oscillators JF - Advanced Nonlinear Studies Y1 - 2013 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Andrea Sfecci PB - Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. VL - 13 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Asymptotics of the s-perimeter as s →0 JF - Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 33, nr.7 (2012): 2777-2790 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Serena Dipierro A1 - Alessio Figalli A1 - Giampiero Palatucci A1 - Enrico Valdinoci AB -We deal with the asymptotic behavior of the $s$-perimeter of a set $E$ inside a domain $\Omega$ as $s\searrow0$. We prove necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of such limit, by also providing an explicit formulation in terms of the Lebesgue measure of $E$ and $\Omega$. Moreover, we construct examples of sets for which the limit does not exist.

PB - American Institute of Mathematical Sciences U1 - 7317 U2 - Mathematics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Conservation of Geometric Structures for Non-Homogeneous Inviscid Incompressible Fluids JF - Communications in Partial Differential Equations Y1 - 2012 A1 - Francesco Fanelli AB -In this article we get a result on propagation of geometric properties for solutions of the non-homogeneous incompressible Euler system in any dimension N ≥ 2. In particular, we investigate conservation of striated and conormal regularity, which generalize the 2-D structure of vortex patches. The results we get are only local in time, even for N = 2; however, we provide an explicit lower bound for the lifespan of the solution. In the case of physical dimension N = 2 or 3, we investigate also propagation of Hölder regularity in the interior of a bounded domain.

PB - Taylor & Francis VL - 37 UR - https://doi.org/10.1080/03605302.2012.698343 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks JF - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. Volume 86, Issue 3, 26 September 2012, Article number036116 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Giuseppe Facchetti A1 - Giovanni Iacono A1 - Claudio Altafini AB - Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6504 U1 - 6451 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A general method for the existence of periodic solutions of differential systems in the plane JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2012 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Andrea Sfecci KW - Nonlinear dynamics KW - Periodic solutions AB -We propose a general method to prove the existence of periodic solutions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations, which can be used in many different circumstances. Applications are given to some nonresonant cases, even for systems with superlinear growth in some direction, or with a singularity. Systems “at resonance” are also considered, provided a Landesman–Lazer type of condition is assumed.

VL - 252 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039611003196 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Nonlinear thin-walled beams with a rectangular cross-section-Part I JF - Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. 22, 1150016 (2012) Y1 - 2012 A1 - Lorenzo Freddi A1 - Maria Giovanna Mora A1 - Roberto Paroni AB - Our aim is to rigorously derive a hierarchy of one-dimensional models for thin-walled beams with rectangular cross-section, starting from three-dimensional nonlinear elasticity. The different limit models are distinguished by the different scaling of the elastic energy and of the ratio between the sides of the cross-section. In this paper we report the first part of our results. PB - World Scientific UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4104 U1 - 300 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Periodic solutions of a system of coupled oscillators with one-sided superlinear retraction forces JF - Differential Integral Equations Y1 - 2012 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Andrea Sfecci PB - Khayyam Publishing, Inc. VL - 25 UR - https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.die/1356012248 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Predicting and characterizing selective multiple drug treatments for metabolic diseases and cancer. JF - BMC Systems Biology. 29 August 2012, Page 115 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Giuseppe Facchetti A1 - Claudio Altafini A1 - Mattia Zampieri AB - Background: In the field of drug discovery, assessing the potential of multidrug therapies is a difficult task because of the combinatorial complexity (both theoretical and experimental) and because of the requirements on the selectivity of the therapy. To cope with this problem, we have developed a novel method for the systematic in silico investigation of synergistic effects of currently available drugs on genome-scale metabolic networks. The algorithm finds the optimal combination of drugs which guarantees the inhibition of an objective function, while minimizing the side effect on the overall network. Results: Two different applications are considered: finding drug synergisms for human metabolic diseases (like diabetes, obesity and hypertension) and finding antitumoral drug combinations with minimal side effect on the normal human metabolism.The results we obtain are consistent with some of the available therapeutic indications and predict some new multiple drug treatments.A cluster analysis on all possible interactions among the currently available drugs indicates a limited variety on the metabolic targets for the approved drugs. Conclusion: The in silico prediction of drug synergism can represent an important tool for the repurposing of drug in a realistic perspective which considers also the selectivty of the therapy. Moreover, for a more profitable exploitation of drug-drug interactions, also drugs which show a too low efficacy but which have a non-common mechanism of action, can be reconsider as potential ingredients of new multicompound therapeutic indications.Needless to say the clues provided by a computational study like ours need in any case to be thoroughly evaluated experimentally. PB - BioMed Central UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6515 U1 - 6450 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quasistatic evolution in non-associative plasticity - the cap models JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis 44, nr. 1 (2012) 245-292 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Jean-Francois Babadjian A1 - Gilles A. Francfort A1 - Maria Giovanna Mora KW - Elasto-plasticity AB - Non-associative elasto-plasticity is the working model of plasticity for soil and rocks mechanics. Yet, it is usually viewed as non-variational. In this work, we prove a contrario the existence of a variational evolution for such a model under a natural capping assumption on the hydrostatic stresses and a less natural mollification of the stress admissibility constraint. The obtained elasto-plastic evolution is expressed for times that are conveniently rescaled. PB - SIAM UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4139 U1 - 3879 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Stability for a System of N Fermions Plus a Different Particle with Zero-Range Interactions JF - Rev. Math. Phys. 24 (2012), 1250017 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Michele Correggi A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Domenico Finco A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli A1 - Alessandro Teta AB - We study the stability problem for a non-relativistic quantum system in\\r\\ndimension three composed by $ N \\\\geq 2 $ identical fermions, with unit mass,\\r\\ninteracting with a different particle, with mass $ m $, via a zero-range\\r\\ninteraction of strength $ \\\\alpha \\\\in \\\\R $. We construct the corresponding\\r\\nrenormalised quadratic (or energy) form $ \\\\form $ and the so-called\\r\\nSkornyakov-Ter-Martirosyan symmetric extension $ H_{\\\\alpha} $, which is the\\r\\nnatural candidate as Hamiltonian of the system. We find a value of the mass $\\r\\nm^*(N) $ such that for $ m > m^*(N)$ the form $ \\\\form $ is closed and bounded from below. As a consequence, $ \\\\form $ defines a unique self-adjoint and bounded from below extension of $ H_{\\\\alpha}$ and therefore the system is stable. On the other hand, we also show that the form $ \\\\form $ is unbounded from below for $ m < m^*(2)$. In analogy with the well-known bosonic case, this suggests that the system is unstable for $ m < m^*(2)$ and the so-called Thomas effect occurs. PB - World Scientific UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6069 U1 - 5955 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks. JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Volume 108, Issue 52, 27 December 2011, Pages 20953-20958 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Giuseppe Facchetti A1 - Giovanni Iacono A1 - Claudio Altafini KW - Combinatorial optimization AB - Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly \\\"apparent disorder,\\\" rather than true \\\"frustration.\\\" PB - National Academy of Sciences UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6426 N1 - Free fulltext article in Pubmed Central U1 - 6362 U2 - Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Double resonance with Landesman–Lazer conditions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2011 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione KW - Double resonance KW - Landesman–Lazer conditions KW - Nonlinear planar systems AB -We prove the existence of periodic solutions for first order planar systems at resonance. The nonlinearity is indeed allowed to interact with two positively homogeneous Hamiltonians, both at resonance, and some kind of Landesman–Lazer conditions are assumed at both sides. We are thus able to obtain, as particular cases, the existence results proposed in the pioneering papers by Lazer and Leach (1969) [27], and by Frederickson and Lazer (1969) [18]. Our theorem also applies in the case of asymptotically piecewise linear systems, and in particular generalizes Fabry's results in Fabry (1995) [10], for scalar equations with double resonance with respect to the Dancer–Fučik spectrum.

VL - 250 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039610002901 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Metastable equilibria of capillary drops on solid surfaces: a phase field approach JF - Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics Y1 - 2011 A1 - Livio Fedeli A1 - Turco, Alessandro A1 - Antonio DeSimone AB -We discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of metastable equilibria of capillary drops resting on rough solid surfaces and for the description of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The model is able to reproduce observed transitions of drops on micropillars from Cassie–Baxter to Wenzel states. When supplemented with a dissipation potential which describes energy losses due to frictional forces resisting the motion of the contact line, the model can describe metastable states such as drops in equilibrium on vertical glass plates. The reliability of the model is assessed by a detailed comparison of its predictions with experimental data on the maximal size of water drops that can stick on vertical glass plates which have undergone different surface treatments.

VL - 23 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00161-011-0189-6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Nonlinear resonance: a comparison between Landesman-Lazer and Ahmad-Lazer-Paul conditions JF - Advanced Nonlinear Studies Y1 - 2011 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione AB -We show that the Ahmad-Lazer-Paul condition for resonant problems is more general than the Landesman-Lazer one, discussing some relations with other existence conditions, as well. As a consequence, such a relation holds, for example, when considering resonant boundary value problems associated with linear elliptic operators, the p-Laplacian and, in the scalar case, with an asymmetric oscillator.

PB - Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. VL - 11 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Nonlinear thin-walled beams with a rectangular cross-section - Part II Y1 - 2011 A1 - Lorenzo Freddi A1 - Maria Giovanna Mora A1 - Roberto Paroni KW - Thin-walled cross-section beams AB - In this paper we report the second part of our results concerning the rigorous derivation of a hierarchy of one-dimensional models for thin-walled beams with rectangular cross-section.. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4169 U1 - 3891 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quantum Geometry on Quantum Spacetime: Distance, Area and Volume Operators JF - Commun. Math. Phys. 308 (2011) 567-589 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Dorothea Bahns A1 - Sergio Doplicher A1 - Klaus Fredenhagen A1 - Gherardo Piacitelli AB - We develop the first steps towards an analysis of geometry on the quantum\\r\\nspacetime proposed in Doplicher et al. (Commun Math Phys 172:187–220, 1995). The homogeneous elements of the universal differential algebra are naturally identified with operators living in tensor powers of Quantum Spacetime; this allows us to compute their spectra. In particular, we consider operators that can be interpreted as distances, areas, 3- and 4-volumes. The Minkowski distance operator between two independent events is shown to have pure Lebesgue spectrum with infinite multiplicity. The Euclidean distance operator is shown to have spectrum bounded below by a constant of the order of the Planck length. The corresponding statement is proved also for both the space-space and space-time area operators, as well as for the Euclidean length of the vector representing the 3-volume operators. However, the space 3-volume operator (the time component of that vector) is shown to have spectrum equal to the whole complex plane. All these operators are normal, while the distance operators are also selfadjoint. The Lorentz invariant spacetime volume operator, representing the 4- volume spanned by five\\r\\nindependent events, is shown to be normal. Its spectrum is pure point with a\\r\\nfinite distance (of the order of the fourth power of the Planck length) away\\r\\nfrom the origin. The mathematical formalism apt to these problems is developed and its relation to a general formulation of Gauge Theories on Quantum Spaces is outlined. As a byproduct, a Hodge Duality between the absolute differential and the Hochschild boundary is pointed out. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5203 U1 - 5025 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Singular perturbation models in phase transitions for second order materials JF - Indiana Univ. Math. J. 60 (2011) 367-409 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Milena Chermisi A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni AB - A variational model proposed in the physics literature to describe the onset of pattern formation in two-component bilayer membranes and amphiphilic monolayers leads to the analysis of a Ginzburg-Landau type energy with a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Scaling arguments motivate the study of the family of second order singular perturbed energies Fe having a negative term depending on the first derivative of the phase function. Here, the asymptotic behavior of {Fe} is studied using G-convergence techniques. In particular, compactness results and an integral representation of the limit energy are obtained. PB - Indiana University UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3858 U1 - 851 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The well-posedness issue for the density-dependent Euler equations in endpoint Besov spaces JF - Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées Y1 - 2011 A1 - Raphaël Danchin A1 - Francesco Fanelli KW - Blow-up criterion KW - Critical regularity KW - Incompressible Euler equations KW - Lifespan KW - Nonhomogeneous inviscid fluids AB -This work is the continuation of the recent paper (Danchin, 2010) [9] devoted to the density-dependent incompressible Euler equations. Here we concentrate on the well-posedness issue in Besov spaces of type B∞,rs embedded in the set of Lipschitz continuous functions, a functional framework which contains the particular case of Hölder spaces C1,α and of the endpoint Besov space B∞,11. For such data and under the non-vacuum assumption, we establish the local well-posedness and a continuation criterion in the spirit of that of Beale, Kato and Majda (1984) [2]. In the last part of the paper, we give lower bounds for the lifespan of a solution. In dimension two, we point out that the lifespan tends to infinity when the initial density tends to be a constant. This is, to our knowledge, the first result of this kind for the density-dependent incompressible Euler equations. Résumé Ce travail complète lʼarticle récent (Danchin, 2010) [9] consacré au système dʼEuler incompressible à densité variable. Lorsque lʼétat initial ne comporte pas de vide, on montre ici que le système est bien posé dans tous les espaces de Besov B∞,rs inclus dans lʼensemble des fonctions lipschitziennes. Ce cadre fonctionnel contient en particulier les espaces de Hölder C1,α et lʼespace de Besov limite B∞,11. On établit également un critère de prolongement dans lʼesprit de celui de Beale, Kato et Majda (1984) [2] pour le cas homogène. Dans la dernière partie de lʼarticle, on donne des minorations pour le temps de vie des solutions du système. En dimension deux, on montre que ce temps de vie tend vers lʼinfini lorsque la densité tend à être homogène. À notre connaissance, il sʼagit du premier résultat de ce type pour le système dʼEuler incompressible à densité variable.

VL - 96 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021782411000511 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Exact reconstruction of damaged color images using a total variation model JF - Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire 27 (2010) 1291-1331 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni A1 - Francesco Maggi A1 - Massimiliano Morini AB - In this paper the reconstruction of damaged piecewice constant color images is studied using a RGB total variation based model for colorization/inpainting. In particular, it is shown that when color is known in a uniformly distributed region, then reconstruction is possible with maximal fidelity. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4039 U1 - 363 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the geometric origin of the bi-Hamiltonian structure of the Calogero-Moser system JF - Int. Math. Res. Not. (2010) 2010:279-296 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Claudio Bartocci A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Igor Mencattini A1 - Giovanni Ortenzi A1 - Marco Pedroni AB - We show that the bi-Hamiltonian structure of the rational n-particle (attractive) Calogero-Moser system can be obtained by means of a double projection from a very simple Poisson pair on the cotangent bundle of gl(n,R). The relation with the Lax formalism is also discussed. PB - Oxford University Press UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3800 U1 - 8 U2 - LISNU U3 - Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Studies ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Homogeneous binary trees as ground states of quantum critical Hamiltonians JF - Phys. Rev. A 81 (2010) 062335 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Pietro Silvi A1 - Vittorio Giovannetti A1 - Simone Montangero A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - J. Ignacio Cirac A1 - Rosario Fazio AB -Many-body states whose wave-function admits a representation in terms of a uniform binary-tree tensor decomposition are shown to obey to power-law two-body correlations functions. Any such state can be associated with the ground state of a translational invariant Hamiltonian which, depending on the dimension of the systems sites, involve at most couplings between third-neighboring sites. A detailed analysis of their spectra shows that they admit an exponentially large ground space.

PB - American Physical Society UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3909 U1 - 800 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Homogeneous multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz tensor networks for quantum critical systems JF - New J. Phys. 12 (2010) 075018 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - Simone Montangero A1 - Pietro Silvi A1 - Vittorio Giovannetti A1 - Rosario Fazio AB -In this paper, we review the properties of homogeneous multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) to describe quantum critical systems.We discuss in more detail our results for one-dimensional (1D) systems (the Ising and Heisenberg models) and present new data for the 2D Ising model. Together with the results for the critical exponents, we provide a detailed description of the numerical algorithm and a discussion of new optimization\\nstrategies. The relation between the critical properties of the system and the tensor structure of the MERA is expressed using the formalism of quantum channels, which we review and extend.

PB - IOP Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4067 U1 - 335 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Nonlocal character of the reduced theory of thin films with higher order perturbations JF - Adv. Calc. Var. 3 (2010) 287-319 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3754 U1 - 563 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - CONF T1 - A Phase Field Approach to Wetting and Contact Angle Hysteresis Phenomena T2 - IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials Y1 - 2010 A1 - Antonio DeSimone A1 - Livio Fedeli A1 - Turco, Alessandro ED - Hackl, Klaus AB -We discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The performance of the model is assessed by comparing its predictions with experimental data on the critical size of drops that can stick on a vertical glass plate.

JF - IUTAM Symposium on Variational Concepts with Applications to the Mechanics of Materials PB - Springer Netherlands CY - Dordrecht SN - 978-90-481-9195-6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Riemann-Roch theorems and elliptic genus for virtually smooth schemes JF - Geom. Topol. 14 (2010) 83-115 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Barbara Fantechi A1 - Lothar Göttsche AB - For a proper scheme X with a fixed 1-perfect obstruction theory, we define virtual versions of holomorphic Euler characteristic, chi y-genus, and elliptic genus; they are deformation invariant, and extend the usual definition in the smooth case. We prove virtual versions of the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch and Hirzebruch-Riemann-Roch theorems. We show that the virtual chi y-genus is a polynomial, and use this to define a virtual topological Euler characteristic. We prove that the virtual elliptic genus satisfies a Jacobi modularity property; we state and prove a localization theorem in the toric equivariant case. We show how some of our results apply to moduli spaces of stable sheaves. PB - Mathematical Sciences Publishers UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3888 U1 - 821 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Sharp nonexistence results for a linear elliptic inequality involving Hardy and Leray potentials Y1 - 2010 A1 - Mouhamed Moustapha Fall A1 - Roberta Musina AB - In this paper we deal with nonnegative distributional supersolutions for a class of linear\\nelliptic equations involving inverse-square potentials and logarithmic weights. We prove sharp nonexistence results. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3869 U1 - 840 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A three-dimensional model for the dynamics and hydrodynamics of rowing boats JF - Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology Y1 - 2010 A1 - L. Formaggia A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - N Parolini A1 - M Pischiutta AB -This paper proposes a new model describing the dynamics of a rowing boat for general three-dimensional motions. The complex interaction between the different components of the rowers–-oars–-boat system is analysed and reduced to a set of ordinary differential equations governing the rigid motion along the six degrees of freedom. To treat the unstable nature of the physical problem, a rather simple (but effective) control model is included, which mimics the main active control techniques adopted by the rowers during their action.

VL - 224 UR - https://doi.org/10.1243/17543371jset46 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A time-dependent perturbative analysis for a quantum particle in a cloud chamber JF - Annales Henri Poincare 11 (2010) 539-564 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Rodolfo Figari A1 - Alessandro Teta AB - We consider a simple model of a cloud chamber consisting of a test particle (the alpha-particle) interacting with two other particles (the atoms of the vapour) subject to attractive potentials centered in $a_1, a_2 \\\\in \\\\mathbb{R}^3$. At time zero the alpha-particle is described by an outgoing spherical wave centered in the origin and the atoms are in their ground state. We show that, under suitable assumptions on the physical parameters of the system and up to second order in perturbation theory, the probability that both atoms are ionized is negligible unless $a_2$ lies on the line joining the origin with $a_1$. The work is a fully time-dependent version of the original analysis proposed by Mott in 1929. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3969 U1 - 432 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Foliations of small tubes in Riemannian manifolds by capillary minimal discs JF - Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications Y1 - 2009 A1 - Fall, Mouhamed Moustapha A1 - Mercuri, Carlo AB -Letting be an embedded curve in a Riemannian manifold , we prove the existence of minimal disc-type surfaces centered at inside the surface of revolution of around , having small radius, and intersecting it with constant angles. In particular we obtain that small tubular neighborhoods can be foliated by minimal discs.

PB - Elsevier VL - 70 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2008.10.024 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A higher order model for image restoration: the one dimensional case JF - SIAM J. Math. Anal. 40 (2009) 2351-2391 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni A1 - Massimiliano Morini AB - The higher order total variation-based model for image restoration proposed by Chan, Marquina, and Mulet in [6] is analyzed in one dimension. A suitable functional framework in which the minimization problem is well posed is being proposed and it is proved analytically that the\\nhigher order regularizing term prevents the occurrence of the staircase effect. The generalized version of the model considered here includes, as particular cases, some curvature dependent functionals. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3174 U1 - 1127 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Minimal disc-type surfaces embedded in a perturbed cylinder JF - Differential and Integral Equations Y1 - 2009 A1 - Fall, Mouhamed Moustapha A1 - Mercuri, Carlo AB -In the present note we deal with small perturbations of an infinite cylinder in the 3D euclidian space. We find minimal disc-type surfaces embedded in the cylinder and intersecting its boundary perpendicularly. The existence and localization of those minimal discs is a consequence of a non-degeneracy condition for the critical points of a functional related to the oscillations of the cylinder from the flat configuration.

PB - Khayyam Publishing, Inc. VL - 22 UR - https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.die/1356019407 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A model for the dynamics of rowing boats JF - International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids Y1 - 2009 A1 - L. Formaggia A1 - Edie Miglio A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - Antonio Montano PB - Wiley VL - 61 UR - https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1940 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - mRNA stability and the unfolding of gene expression in the long-period yeast metabolic cycle JF - BMC Systems Biology (2009) 3:18 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Nicola Soranzo A1 - Mattia Zampieri A1 - Lorenzo Farina A1 - Claudio Altafini AB - Background: In yeast, genome-wide periodic patterns associated with energy-metabolic oscillations have been shown recently for both short (approx. 40 min) and long (approx. 300 min) periods.\\nResults: The dynamical regulation due to mRNA stability is found to be an important aspect of the genome-wide coordination of the long-period yeast metabolic cycle. It is shown that for periodic genes, arranged in classes according either to expression profile or to function, the pulses of mRNA abundance have phase and width which are directly proportional to the corresponding turnover rates.\\nConclusion: The cascade of events occurring during the yeast metabolic cycle (and their correlation with mRNA turnover) reflects to a large extent the gene expression program observable in other dynamical contexts such as the response to stresses/stimuli. PB - BioMed Central UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3630 U1 - 674 U2 - Physics U3 - Statistical and Biological Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Topological expansion for the Cauchy two-matrix model JF - J. Phys. A Y1 - 2009 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Ferrer, A. Prats VL - 42 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/42/33/335201 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Fluid–structure interaction problems in free surface flows: Application to boat dynamics JF - International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids Y1 - 2008 A1 - L. Formaggia A1 - Edie Miglio A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - N Parolini PB - Wiley VL - 56 UR - https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1583 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov pairing in one-dimensional optical lattices JF - Phys. Rev. B 77 (2008) 245105 Y1 - 2008 A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - Marco Polini A1 - Miguel A. Cazalilla A1 - M.R. Bakhtiari A1 - Mario P. Tosi A1 - Rosario Fazio AB -Spin-polarized attractive Fermi gases in one-dimensional (1D) optical lattices are expected to be remarkably good candidates for the observation of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase. We model these systems with an attractive Hubbard model with population imbalance. By means of the density-matrix renormalization-group method we compute the pairing correlations as well as the static spin and charge structure factors in the whole range from weak to strong coupling. We demonstrate that pairing correlations exhibit quasi-long range order and oscillations at the wave number expected from FFLO theory. However, we also show by numerically computing the mixed spin-charge static structure factor that charge and spin degrees of freedom appear to be coupled already for small imbalance. We discuss the consequences of this coupling for the observation of the FFLO phase, as well as for the stabilization of the quasi-long range order into long-range order by coupling many identical 1D systems, as in quasi-1D optical lattices.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2694 U1 - 1406 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Harish-Chandra integrals as nilpotent integrals JF - Int. Math. Res. Not. IMRN Y1 - 2008 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Ferrer, Aleix Prats ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Symmetric obstruction theories and Hilbert schemes of points on threefolds JF - Algebra Number Theory 2 (2008) 313-345 Y1 - 2008 A1 - Kai Behrend A1 - Barbara Fantechi AB - In an earlier paper by one of us (Behrend), Donaldson-Thomas type invariants were expressed as certain weighted Euler characteristics of the moduli space. The Euler characteristic is weighted by a certain canonical\\nZ-valued constructible function on the moduli space. This constructible function associates to\\nany point of the moduli space a certain invariant of the singularity of the space at the point. Here we evaluate this invariant for the case of a singularity that is an isolated point of a C∗-action and that admits a symmetric obstruction theory compatible with the C∗-action. The answer is (-1)d, where d\\nis the dimension of the Zariski tangent space. We use this result to prove that for any threefold, proper or not, the weighted Euler characteristic of the Hilbert scheme of n points on the threefold is, up to sign, equal to the usual Euler characteristic. For the case of a projective Calabi-Yau threefold, we deduce that the Donaldson-Thomas invariant of the Hilbert scheme of n points is, up to sign, equal to the Euler characteristic. This proves a conjecture of Maulik, Nekrasov, Okounkov and Pandharipande. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2709 U1 - 1392 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Equilibrium configurations of epitaxially strained crystalline films: existence and regularity results JF - Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 186 (2007) 477-537 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Nicola Fusco A1 - Giovanni Leoni A1 - Massimiliano Morini AB - Strained epitaxial films grown on a relatively thick substrate are considered in the context of plane linear elasticity. The total free energy of the system is assumed to be the sum of the energy of the free surface of the film and the strain energy. Because of the lattice mismatch between film and substrate, flat configurations are in general energetically unfavorable and a corrugated or islanded morphology is the preferred growth mode of the strained film. After specifying the functional setup in which the existence problem can be properly framed, a study of the qualitative properties of the solutions is undertaken. New regularity results for volume-constrained local minimizers of the total free energy are established, leading, as a byproduct, to a rigorous proof of the zero-contact-angle condition between islands and wetting layers. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2350 U1 - 1666 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Luther-Emery Phase and Atomic-Density Waves in a Trapped Fermion Gas JF - Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 030404 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Gao Xianlong A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - Marco Polini A1 - Rosario Fazio A1 - Mario P. Tosi A1 - Vivaldo L. Jr. Campo A1 - Klaus Capelle AB -The Luther-Emery liquid is a state of matter that is predicted to occur in one-dimensional systems of interacting fermions and is characterized by a gapless charge spectrum and a gapped spin spectrum. In this Letter we discuss a realization of the Luther-Emery phase in a trapped cold-atom gas. We study by means of the density-matrix renormalization-group technique a two-component atomic Fermi gas with attractive interactions subject to parabolic trapping inside an optical lattice. We demonstrate how this system exhibits compound phases characterized by the coexistence of spin pairing and atomic-density waves. A smooth crossover occurs with increasing magnitude of the atom-atom attraction to a state in which tightly bound spin-singlet dimers occupy the center of the trap. The existence of atomic-density waves could be detected in the elastic contribution to the light-scattering diffraction pattern.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2056 U1 - 2140 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Smooth toric DM stacks Y1 - 2007 A1 - Barbara Fantechi A1 - Etienne Mann A1 - Fabio Nironi AB - We give a new definition of smooth toric DM stacks in the same spirit of toric varieties. We show that our definition is equivalent to the one of Borisov, Chen and Smith in terms of stacky fans. In particular, we give a geometric interpretation of the combinatorial data contained in a stacky fan. We also give a bottom up classification in terms of simplicial toric varieties and fiber products of root stacks. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2120 U1 - 2123 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Surfactants in Foam Stability: A Phase-Field Model JF - Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 183 (2007) 411-456 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Massimiliano Morini A1 - Valeriy Slastikov AB - The role of surfactants in stabilizing the formation of bubbles in foams is studied using a phase-field model. The analysis is centered on a van der Walls-Cahn-Hilliard-type energy with an added term accounting for the interplay between the presence of a surfactant density and the creation of interfaces. In particular, it is concluded that the surfactant segregates to the interfaces, and that the prescriptionof the distribution of surfactant will dictate the locus of interfaces, what is in agreement with experimentation. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2035 U1 - 2161 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - 4e-condensation in a fully frustrated Josephson junction diamond chain JF - Phys. Rev. B 73 (2006) 100502(R) Y1 - 2006 A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - Vittorio Cataudella A1 - Rosario Fazio AB -Fully frustrated one-dimensional diamond Josephson chains have been shown [B. Dou\\\\c{c}ot and J. Vidal, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\\\bf 88}, 227005 (2002)] to posses a remarkable property: The superfluid phase occurs through the condensation of pairs of Cooper pairs. By means of Monte Carlo simulations we analyze quantitatively the Insulator to $4e$-Superfluid transition. We determine the location of the critical point and discuss the behaviour of the phase-phase correlators. For comparison we also present the case of a diamond chain at zero and 1/3 frustration where the standard $2e$-condensation is observed.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2400 U1 - 2297 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On a Camassa-Holm type equation with two dependent variables Y1 - 2006 A1 - Gregorio Falqui AB - We consider a generalization of the Camassa Holm (CH) equation with two dependent variables, called CH2, introduced in [16]. We briefly provide an alternative derivation of it based on the theory of Hamiltonian structures\\non (the dual of) a Lie Algebra. The Lie Algebra here involved is the same algebra underlying the NLS hierarchy. We study the structural properties of the CH2 hierarchy within the bihamiltonian theory of integrable PDEs, and\\nprovide its Lax representation. Then we explicitly discuss how to construct classes of solutions, both of peakon and of algebro-geometrical type. We finally sketch the construction of a class of singular solutions, defined by setting to zero one of the two dependent variables. JF - J. Phys. A 39 (2006) 327-342 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1721 U1 - 2430 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - N=1 superpotentials from multi-instanton calculus Y1 - 2006 A1 - Francesco Fucito A1 - Jose F. Morales A1 - Rubik Poghossian A1 - Alessandro Tanzini AB - In this paper we compute gaugino and scalar condensates in N = 1 supersymmetric gauge\\ntheories with and without massive adjoint matter, using localization formulae over the multi-instanton moduli space. Furthermore we compute the chiral ring relations among the correlators of the N = 1* theory and check this result against the multi-instanton computation finding agreement. JF - JHEP01(2006)031 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1773 U1 - 2771 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quantisation of bending flows JF - Czechoslovak Journal of Physics 56 (2006), n. 10-11, 1143-1148 Y1 - 2006 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Fabio Musso AB - We briefly review the Kapovich-Millson notion of Bending flows as an integrable system on the space of polygons in ${\\\\bf R}^3$, its connection with a specific Gaudin XXX system, as well as the generalisation to $su(r), r>2$. Then we consider the quantisation problem of the set of Hamiltonians pertaining to the problem, quite naturally called Bending Hamiltonians, and prove that their commutativity is preserved at the quantum level. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2537 U1 - 1582 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On Separation of Variables for Homogeneous SL(r) Gaudin Systems Y1 - 2006 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Fabio Musso AB - By means of a recently introduced bihamiltonian structure for the homogeneous Gaudin models, we find a new set of Separation Coordinates for the sl(r) case. JF - Math. Phys. Anal. Geom. 9 (2006), n. 3, 233-262 (2007) UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2538 U1 - 1581 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the Blow-up for a Discrete Boltzmann Equation in the Plane JF - Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 13 (2005) 1-12 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Massimo Fonte AB - We study the possibility of finite-time blow-up for a two dimensional Broadwell model. In a set of rescaled variables, we prove that no self-similar blow-up solution exists, and derive some a priori bounds on the blow-up rate. In the final section, a possible blow-up scenario is discussed. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2244 U1 - 2000 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich Systems and Algebraic Integrability: the Volterra Lattice Revisited Y1 - 2005 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Marco Pedroni AB - In this paper we will discuss some features of the bi-Hamiltonian method for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi (H-J) equations by Separation of Variables, and make contact with the theory of Algebraic Complete Integrability and, specifically, with the Veselov-Novikov notion of algebro-geometric (AG) Poisson brackets. JF - Regul. Chaotic Dyn. 10 (2005) 399-412 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1689 U1 - 2444 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Ground states of nonlinear Schroedinger equations with potentials vanishing at infinity JF - J. Eur. Math. Soc. 7 (2005) 117-144 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Antonio Ambrosetti A1 - Veronica Felli A1 - Andrea Malchiodi AB - We deal with a class on nonlinear Schr\\\\\\\"odinger equations \\\\eqref{eq:1} with potentials $V(x)\\\\sim |x|^{-\\\\a}$, $0<\\\\a<2$, and $K(x)\\\\sim |x|^{-\\\\b}$, $\\\\b>0$. Working in weighted Sobolev spaces, the existence of ground states $v_{\\\\e}$ belonging to $W^{1,2}(\\\\Rn)$ is proved under the assumption that $p$ satisfies \\\\eqref{eq:p}. Furthermore, it is shown that $v_{\\\\e}$ are {\\\\em spikes} concentrating at a minimum of ${\\\\cal A}=V^{\\\\theta}K^{-2/(p-1)}$, where $\\\\theta= (p+1)/(p-1)-1/2$. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2352 U1 - 1664 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Ionization for Three Dimensional Time-dependent Point Interactions JF - Comm. Math. Phys. 257 (2005) 169-192 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Michele Correggi A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Rodolfo Figari A1 - Andrea Mantile AB - We study the time evolution of a three dimensional quantum particle under the action of a time-dependent point interaction fixed at the origin. We assume that the ``strength\\\'\\\' of the interaction (\\\\alpha(t)) is a periodic function with an arbitrary mean. Under very weak conditions on the Fourier coefficients of (\\\\alpha(t)), we prove that there is complete ionization as (t \\\\to \\\\infty), starting from a bound state at time (t = 0). Moreover we prove also that, under the same conditions, all the states of the system are scattering states. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2297 U1 - 1719 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - An Optimal Transportation Metric for Solutions of the Camassa-Holm Equation Y1 - 2005 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Massimo Fonte AB - In this paper we construct a global, continuous flow of solutions to the Camassa-Holm equation on the entire space H1. Our solutions are conservative, in the sense that the total energy int[(u2 + u2x) dx] remains a.e. constant in time. Our new approach is based on a distance functional J(u, v), defined in terms of an optimal transportation problem, which satisfies d dtJ(u(t), v(t)) ≤ κ · J(u(t), v(t)) for every couple of solutions. Using this new distance functional, we can construct arbitrary solutions as the uniform limit of multi-peakon solutions, and prove a general uniqueness result. JF - Methods Appl. Anal. 12 (2005) 191-219 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1719 U1 - 2432 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quasistatic Crack Growth in Nonlinear Elasticity JF - Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 176 (2005) 165-225 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Gilles A. Francfort A1 - Rodica Toader AB - In this paper, we prove a new existence result for a variational model of crack growth in brittle materials proposed in [15]. We consider the case of $n$-dimensional finite elasticity, for an arbitrary $n\\\\ge1$, with a quasiconvex bulk energy and with prescribed boundary deformations and applied loads, both depending on time. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2293 U1 - 1723 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Blow-up solutions for the Schrödinger equation in dimension three with a concentrated nonlinearity JF - Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire 21 (2004) 121-137 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Riccardo Adami A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Rodolfo Figari A1 - Alessandro Teta AB - We present some results on the blow-up phenomenon for the Schroedinger equation in dimension three with a nonlinear term supported in a fixed point. We find sufficient conditions for the blow up exploiting the moment of inertia of the solution and the uncertainty principle. In the critical case, we discuss the additional symmetry of the equation and construct a family of explicit blow up solutions. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2998 U1 - 1335 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A geometric approach to the separability of the Neumann-Rosochatius system JF - Differential Geom. Appl. 21 (2004) 349-360 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Claudio Bartocci A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Marco Pedroni AB - We study the separability of the Neumann-Rosochatius system on the n-dimensional sphere using the geometry of bi-Hamiltonian manifolds. Its well-known separation variables are recovered by means of a separability condition relating the Hamiltonian with a suitable (1,1) tensor field on the sphere. This also allows us to iteratively construct the integrals of motion of the system. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2541 U1 - 1578 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Higher order quasiconvexity reduces to quasiconvexity JF - Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 171 (2004) 55-81 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Irene Fonseca A1 - Giovanni Leoni A1 - Massimiliano Morini AB - In this paper it is shown that higher order quasiconvex functions suitable in the variational treatment of problems involving second derivatives may be extended to the space of all matrices as classical quasiconvex functions. Precisely, it is proved that a smooth strictly 2-quasiconvex function with p-growth at infinity, p>1, is the restriction to symmetric matrices of a 1-quasiconvex function with the same growth. As a consequence, lower semicontinuity results for second-order variational problems are deduced as corollaries of well-known first order theorems. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2911 U1 - 1789 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quasi-static evolution in brittle fracture: the case of bounded solutions JF - Quad. Mat. Dip. Mat. Seconda Univ. Napoli 14 (2004) 245-266 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Gilles A. Francfort A1 - Rodica Toader AB - The main steps of the proof of the existence result for the quasi-static evolution of cracks in brittle materials, obtained in [7] in the vector case and for a general quasiconvex elastic energy, are presented here under the simplifying assumption that the minimizing sequences involved in the problem are uniformly bounded in $L^\\\\infty$. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2229 U1 - 2015 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Superlocalization formulas and supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories JF - Nucl. Phys. B 678 (2004) 638-655 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Francesco Fucito AB - By using supermanifold techniques we prove a generalization of the localization formula in equivariant cohomology which is suitable for studying supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in terms of ADHM data. With these techniques one can compute the reduced partition functions of topological super Yang-Mills theory with 4, 8 or 16 supercharges. More generally, the superlocalization formula can be applied to any topological field theory in any number of dimensions. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2886 U1 - 1814 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Autonomous integral functionals with discontinous nonconvex integrands: Lipschitz regularity of mimimizers, DuBois-Reymond necessary conditions and Hamilton-Jacobi equations JF - Applied Math.Optim. 48 (2003), no.1, p.39-66 Y1 - 2003 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Helene Frankowska PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1625 U1 - 2493 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Gaudin models and bending flows: a geometrical point of view JF - J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 36 (2003) 11655-11676 Y1 - 2003 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Fabio Musso AB - In this paper we discuss the bihamiltonian formulation of the (rational XXX) Gaudin models of spin-spin interaction, generalized to the case of sl(r)-valued spins. In particular, we focus on the homogeneous models. We find a pencil of Poisson brackets that recursively define a complete set of integrals of the motion, alternative to the set of integrals associated with the \\\'standard\\\' Lax representation of the Gaudin model. These integrals, in the case of su(2), coincide wih the Hamiltonians of the \\\'bending flows\\\' in the moduli space of polygons in Euclidean space introduced by Kapovich and Millson. We finally address the problem of separability of these flows and explicitly find separation coordinates and separation relations for the r=2 case. PB - IOP Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2884 U1 - 1816 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Motion on submanifolds of noninvariant holonomic constraints for a kinematic control system evolving on a matrix Lie group JF - Syst. Control Lett. 50 (2003) 241-250 Y1 - 2003 A1 - Claudio Altafini A1 - Ruggero Frezza AB - For a control system on a matrix Lie group with one or more configuration constraints that are not left/right invariant, finding the combinations of (kinematic) control inputs satisfying the motion constraints is not a trivial problem. Two methods, one coordinate-dependent and the other coordinate-free are suggested. The first is based on the Wei-Norman formula; the second on the calculation of the annihilator of the coadjoint action of the constraint one-form at each point of the group manifold. The results are applied to a control system on SE(3) with a holonomic inertial constraint involving the noncommutative part in a nontrivial way. The difference in terms of compactness of the result between the two methods is considerable. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3018 U1 - 1315 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-instanton calculus and equivariant cohomology JF - J.High Energy Phys. 2003,no.5,054,24 pp. Y1 - 2003 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Jose F. Morales A1 - Francesco Fucito A1 - Alessandro Tanzini PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1645 U1 - 2473 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Poisson Pencils, Integrability, and Separation of Variables Y1 - 2003 A1 - Gregorio Falqui AB - In this paper we will review a recently introduced method for solving the Hamilton-Jacobi equations by the method of Separation of Variables. This method is based on the notion of pencil of Poisson brackets and on the bihamiltonian approach to integrable systems. We will discuss how separability conditions can be intrinsically characterized within such a geometrical set-up, the definition of the separation coordinates being encompassed in the \\\\bih structure itself. We finally discuss these constructions studying in details a particular example, based on a generalization of the classical Toda Lattice. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3026 U1 - 1307 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Separation of variables for Bi-Hamiltonian systems JF - Math. Phys. Anal. Geom. 6 (2003) 139-179 Y1 - 2003 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Marco Pedroni AB - We address the problem of the separation of variables for the Hamilton-Jacobi equation within the theoretical scheme of bi-Hamiltonian geometry. We use the properties of a special class of bi-Hamiltonian manifolds, called omega-N manifolds, to give intrisic tests of separability (and Staeckel separability) for Hamiltonian systems. The separation variables are naturally associated with the geometrical structures of the omega-N manifold itself. We apply these results to bi-Hamiltonian systems of the Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich type and we give explicit procedures to find the separated coordinates and the separation relations. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1598 U1 - 2520 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On a Poisson reduction for Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich manifolds JF - Rep.Math.Phys.50 (2002), no.3, 395 Y1 - 2002 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Marco Pedroni PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1602 U1 - 2516 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Bihamiltonian geometry and separation of variables for Toda lattices JF - J. Nonlinear Math. Phys. 8 (2001), suppl., 118-127 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Franco Magri A1 - Marco Pedroni PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1354 U1 - 3101 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Lax representation and Poisson geometry of the Kowalevski top JF - J. Phys. A 34 (2001) 2077-2085 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Gregorio Falqui AB - We discuss the Poisson structure underlying the two-field Kowalevski gyrostat and the Kowalevski top. We start from their Lax structure and construct a suitable pencil of Poisson brackets which endows these systems with the structure of bi-Hamiltonian completely integrable systems. We study the Casimir functions of such pencils, and show how it is possible to frame the Kowalevski systems within the so-called Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich bi-Hamiltonian setting for integrable systems. PB - IOP Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3244 U1 - 1457 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the Multi-Instanton Measure for Super Yang-Mills Theories JF - Nuclear Phys. B 611 (2001), no. 1-3, 205--226. Y1 - 2001 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Francesco Fucito A1 - Alessandro Tanzini A1 - Gabriele Travaglini PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1531 U1 - 2632 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A note on the super Krichever map JF - J. Geom. Phys. 37 (2001), no. 1-2, 169-181 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Alessandro Zampa AB - We consider the geometrical aspects of the Krichever map in the context of Jacobian Super KP hierarchy. We use the representation of the hierarchy based\\non the Fa`a di Bruno recursion relations, considered as the cocycle condition for the natural double complex associated with the deformations of super Krichever data. Our approach is based on the construction of the universal super divisor (of degree g), and a local universal family of geometric data which give the map into the Super Grassmannian. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1494 U1 - 2669 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness of solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi equations arising in the Calculus of Variations JF - Optimal control and partial differential equations : in honour of professor Alain Bensoussan\\\'s 60th birthday / edited by José Luis Menaldi, Edmundo Rofman, and Agnès Sulem.,Amsterdam : IOS Press, 2001, p. 335-345 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Helene Frankowska AB - We prove the uniqueness of the viscosity solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation associated with a Bolza problem of the Calculus of Variations, assuming that the Lagrangian is autonomous, continuous, superlinear, and satisfies the usual convexity hypothesis. Under the same assumptions we prove also the uniqueness, in a class of lower semicontinuous functions, of a slightly different notion of solution, where classical derivatives are replaced only by subdifferentials. These results follow from a new comparison theorem for lower semicontinuous viscosity supersolutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, that is proved in the general case of lower semicontinuous Lagrangians. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1515 U1 - 2648 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - 3D superconformal theories from Sasakian seven-manifolds: new nontrivial evidences for AdS_4/CFT_3 JF - Nucl.Phys. B577 (2000) 547-608 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Davide Fabbri A1 - Pietro Fré A1 - Leonardo Gualtieri A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Alessandro Tomasiello A1 - Alberto Zaffaroni A1 - Alessandro Zampa PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1327 U1 - 3128 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A bi-Hamiltonian theory for stationary KDV flows and their separability JF - Regul. Chaotic Dyn. 5 (2000), no. 1, 33-52 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Franco Magri A1 - Marco Pedroni A1 - Jorge P. Zubelli PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1352 U1 - 3103 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An elementary approach to the polynomial $\\\\tau$-functions of the KP Hierarchy JF - Theor. Math. Phys. 122 (2000) 17-28 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Franco Magri A1 - Marco Pedroni A1 - Jorge P. Zubelli AB - We give an elementary construction of the solutions of the KP hierarchy associated with polynomial τ-functions starting with a geometric approach to soliton equations based on the concept of a bi-Hamiltonian system. As a consequence, we establish a Wronskian formula for the polynomial τ-functions of the KP hierarchy. This formula, known in the literature, is obtained very directly. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3223 U1 - 1078 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Reduction of bi-Hamiltonian systems and separation of variables: an example from the Boussinesq hierarchy JF - Theor. Math. Phys. 122 (2000) 176-192 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Franco Magri A1 - G. Tondo AB - We discuss the Boussinesq system with $t_5$ stationary, within a general framework for the analysis of stationary flows of n-Gel\\\'fand-Dickey hierarchies. We show how a careful use of its bihamiltonian structure can be used to provide a set of separation coordinates for the corresponding Hamilton--Jacobi equations. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3219 U1 - 1082 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Remark on One-Dimensional Many-Body Problems with Point Interactions JF - Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 14 (2000) 721-727 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Sergio Albeverio A1 - Ludwik Dabrowski A1 - Shao-Ming Fei AB - The integrability of one dimensional quantum mechanical many-body problems with general contact interactions is extensively studied. It is shown that besides the pure (repulsive or attractive) $\\\\delta$-function interaction there is another singular point interactions which gives rise to a new one-parameter family of integrable quantum mechanical many-body systems. The bound states and scattering matrices are calculated for both bosonic and fermionic statistics. PB - World Scientific UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3214 U1 - 1087 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Super KP equations and Darboux transformations: another perspective on the Jacobian super KP hierarchy JF - J. Geom. Phys. 35 (2000), no. 2-3, 239-272 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Alessandro Zampa PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1367 U1 - 3088 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Value Functions for Bolza Problems with Discontinuous Lagrangians and Hamilton-Jacobi inequalities JF - ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var., 5 (2000), n. 5, p. 369-393. Y1 - 2000 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Helene Frankowska PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1514 U1 - 2649 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - CHAP T1 - A bihamiltonian approach to separation of variables in mechanics T2 - Proceedings of the workshop on nonlinearity, integrability and all that : twenty years after NEEDS \\\'79, Lecce, Italy, July 1 - 10, 1999 / ed. by M. Boiti. - Singapore : World Scientific, 2000. - p. 258-266 Y1 - 1999 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Franco Magri A1 - Marco Pedroni AB - This paper is a report on a recent approach to the theory of separability of the Hamilton-Jacobi equations from the viewpoint of bihamiltonian geometry. JF - Proceedings of the workshop on nonlinearity, integrability and all that : twenty years after NEEDS \\\'79, Lecce, Italy, July 1 - 10, 1999 / ed. by M. Boiti. - Singapore : World Scientific, 2000. - p. 258-266 PB - World Scientific UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3222 U1 - 1079 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - CHAP T1 - The method of Poisson pairs in the theory of nonlinear PDEs T2 - Direct and inverse methods in nonlinear evolution equations : Lectures Given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School Held in Cetraro, Italy, September 5-12, 1999 / Robert Conte ... ; Antonio M. Greco ed. - Berlin : Springer, 2003. - (Lecture Notes in Physics ; 632) Y1 - 1999 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Franco Magri A1 - Marco Pedroni AB - The aim of these lectures is to show that the methods of classical Hamiltonian mechanics can be profitably used to solve certain classes of nonlinear partial differential equations. The prototype of these equations is the well-known Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation.\\nIn these lectures we touch the following subjects:\\ni) the birth and the role of the method of Poisson pairs inside the theory of the KdV equation;\\nii) the theoretical basis of the method of Poisson pairs;\\niii) the Gel\\\'fand-Zakharevich theory of integrable systems on bi-Hamiltonian manifolds;\\niv) the Hamiltonian interpretation of the Sato picture of the KdV flows and of its linearization on an infinite-dimensional Grassmannian manifold.\\nv) the reduction technique(s) and its use to construct classes of solutions;\\nvi) the role of the technique of separation of variables in the study of the reduced systems;\\nvii) some relations intertwining the method of Poisson pairs with the method of Lax pairs. JF - Direct and inverse methods in nonlinear evolution equations : Lectures Given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School Held in Cetraro, Italy, September 5-12, 1999 / Robert Conte ... ; Antonio M. Greco ed. - Berlin : Springer, 2003. - (Lecture Notes in Physics ; 632) PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1350 U1 - 3105 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A note on fractional KDV hierarchies. II. The bihamiltonian approach Y1 - 1999 A1 - Paolo Casati A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Marco Pedroni PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1220 U1 - 2723 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Diffusion of a particle in presence of N moving point sources JF - Annales Poincare Phys.Theor.69:413-424,1998 Y1 - 1998 A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Rodolfo Figari A1 - Alessandro Teta PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/134 U1 - 75 U2 - LISNU U3 - Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Studies ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Krichever maps, Faà di Bruno polynomials, and cohomology in KP theory JF - Lett. Math. Phys. 42 (1997) 349-361 Y1 - 1997 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Alessandro Zampa AB - We study the geometrical meaning of the Faa\\\' di Bruno polynomials in the context of KP theory. They provide a basis in a subspace W of the universal Grassmannian associated to the KP hierarchy. When W comes from geometrical data via the Krichever map, the Faa\\\' di Bruno recursion relation turns out to be the cocycle condition for (the Welters hypercohomology group describing) the deformations of the dynamical line bundle on the spectral curve together with the meromorphic sections which give rise to the Krichever map. Starting from this, one sees that the whole KP hierarchy has a similar cohomological meaning. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3539 U1 - 1162 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Statistics in space dimension two JF - Lett. Math. Phys. 40 (1997), no. 3, 235-256 Y1 - 1997 A1 - Gianfausto Dell'Antonio A1 - Rodolfo Figari A1 - Alessandro Teta AB - We construct as a selfadjoint operator the Schroedinger hamiltonian for a system of $N$ identical particles on a plane, obeying the statistics defined by a representation $\\\\pi_1$ of the braid group. We use quadratic forms and potential theory, and give details only for the free case; standard arguments provide the extension of our approach to the case of potentials which are small in the sense of forms with respect to the laplacian. We also comment on the relation between the analysis given here and other approaches to the problem, and also on the connection with the description of a quantum particle on a plane under the influence of a shielded magnetic field (Aharanov-Bohm effect). PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/130 U1 - 12 U2 - LISNU U3 - Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Advanced Studies ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Three-Phase Solutions of the Kadomtsev - Petviashvili Equation JF - Studies in Applied Mathematics. Year : 1997 ; Volume: 99 ; Issue: 2 ; Pages: 137-203 Y1 - 1997 A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Ron Flickinger A1 - Harvey Segur AB - The Kadomtsev]Petviashvili KP. equation is known to admit explicit periodic\\r\\nand quasiperiodic solutions with N independent phases, for any integer\\r\\nN, based on a Riemann theta-function of N variables. For Ns1 and 2,\\r\\nthese solutions have been used successfully in physical applications. This\\r\\narticle addresses mathematical problems that arise in the computation of\\r\\ntheta-functions of three variables and with the corresponding solutions of\\r\\nthe KP equation. We identify a set of parameters and their corresponding\\r\\nranges, such that e¨ery real-valued, smooth KP solution associated with a\\r\\nRiemann theta-function of three variables corresponds to exactly one choice\\r\\nof these parameters in the proper range. Our results are embodied in a\\r\\nprogram that computes these solutions efficiently and that is available to the\\r\\nreader. We also discuss some properties of three-phase solutions. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6484 U1 - 6426 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Integrable functional equations and algebraic geometry JF - Duke Mathematical Journal. Volume: 76, Issue: 2, Pages: 645-668 Y1 - 1994 A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - A.S. Fokas A1 - P.M. Santini PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6482 U1 - 6428 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/03 GEOMETRIA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Borel-Weil-Bott approach to representations of \rm sl\sb q(2,C) JF - Lett. Math. Phys. 29 (1993) 215-217 Y1 - 1993 A1 - Davide Franco A1 - Cesare Reina AB -We use a quite concrete and simple realization of $\slq$ involving finite difference operators. We interpret them as derivations (in the non-commutative sense) on a suitable graded algebra, which gives rise to the double of the projective line as the non commutative version of the standard homogeneous space.

PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3538 U1 - 1163 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A class of absolute retracts of dwarf spheroidal galaxies JF - Proc.Amer.Math.Soc. 112 (1991), no.2, 413 Y1 - 1991 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Arrigo Cellina A1 - Andrzej Fryszkowski PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/837 U1 - 2954 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - THES T1 - Moduli Spaces and Geometrical Aspects of Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theories Y1 - 1990 A1 - Gregorio Falqui KW - Algebraic curves PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5552 U1 - 5395 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - N=2 super Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry JF - J. Math. Phys. 31 (1990), no.4, 948-952 Y1 - 1990 A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Gregorio Falqui AB - The geometric framework for N=2 superconformal field theories are described by studying susy2 curves-a nickname for N=2 super Riemann surfaces. It is proved that \\\"single\\\'\\\' susy2 curves are actually split supermanifolds, and their local model is a Serre self-dual locally free sheaf of rank two over a smooth algebraic curve. Superconformal structures on these sheaves are then examined by setting up deformation theory as a first step in studying moduli problems. PB - American Institute of Physics UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/807 U1 - 2984 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A note on the global structure of supermoduli spaces JF - Comm.Math.Phys. 31 (1990), no.4, 948 Y1 - 1990 A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Gregorio Falqui PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/806 U1 - 2985 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Susy-curves and supermoduli Y1 - 1988 A1 - Gregorio Falqui A1 - Cesare Reina PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/761 U1 - 3030 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER -