A parametric, hybrid reduced order model approach based on the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition with both Galerkin projection and interpolation based on Radial Basis Functions method is presented. This method is tested against a case of turbulent non-isothermal mixing in a T-junction pipe, a common ow arrangement found in nuclear reactor cooling systems. The reduced order model is derived from the 3D unsteady, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations weakly coupled with the energy equation. For high Reynolds numbers, the eddy viscosity and eddy diffusivity are incorporated into the reduced order model with a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (nested and standard) with Interpolation (PODI), where the interpolation is performed using Radial Basis Functions. The reduced order solver, obtained using a k-ω SST URANS full order model, is tested against the full order solver in a 3D T-junction pipe with parametric velocity inlet boundary conditions.

VL - 208 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.08725 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Benamou–Brenier and duality formulas for the entropic cost on RCD*(K,N) spaces JF - Probability Theory and Related Fields Y1 - 2019 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Luca Tamanini AB -In this paper we prove that, within the framework of $\textsf{RCD}^\star(K,N)$ spaces with $N<\infty$, the entropic cost (i.e. the minimal value of the Schrödinger problem) admits:A threefold dynamical variational representation, in the spirit of the Benamou–Brenier formula for the Wasserstein distance; A Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman dual representation, in line with Bobkov–Gentil–Ledoux and Otto–Villani results on the duality between Hamilton–Jacobi and continuity equation for optimal transport;A Kantorovich-type duality formula, where the Hopf–Lax semigroup is replaced by a suitable `entropic' counterpart.We thus provide a complete and unifying picture of the equivalent variational representations of the Schrödinger problem as well as a perfect parallelism with the analogous formulas for the Wasserstein distance. Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded from below are a relevant class of $\textsf{RCD}^*(K,N)$ spaces and our results are new even in this setting.

UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00440-019-00909-1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - BlackNUFFT: Modular customizable black box hybrid parallelization of type 3 NUFFT in 3D JF - Computer Physics Communications Y1 - 2019 A1 - Nicola Giuliani KW - C++ KW - Extensibility KW - FFT KW - Modularity KW - MPI KW - MRI image processing KW - NUFFT type 3 KW - TBB AB -Many applications benefit from an efficient Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) between arbitrarily spaced points. The Non Uniform Fast Fourier Transform reduces the computational cost of such operation from O(N2) to O(NlogN) exploiting gridding algorithms and a standard Fast Fourier Transform on an equi-spaced grid. The parallelization of the NUFFT of type 3 (between arbitrary points in space and frequency) still poses some challenges: we present a novel and flexible hybrid parallelization in a MPI-multithreaded environment exploiting existing HPC libraries on modern architectures. To ensure the reliability of the developed library, we exploit continuous integration strategies using Travis CI. We present performance analyses to prove the effectiveness of our implementation, possible extensions to the existing library, and an application of NUFFT type 3 to MRI image processing. Program summary Program Title: BlackNUFFT Program Files doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/vxfj6x2p8x.1 Licensing provisions: LGPL Programming language: C++ External routines/libraries: deal.II , FFTW, PFFT Nature of problem: Provide a modular and extensible implementation of a parallel Non Uniform Fast Fourier Transform of type 3. Solution method: Use of hybrid shared distributed memory paradigm to achieve high level of efficiency. We exploit existing HPC library following best practices in scientific computing (as continuous integration via TravisCI) to reach higher complexities and guarantee the accuracy of the solution proposed.

VL - 235 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010465518303539 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The deal.II Library, Version 9.1 JF - Journal of Numerical Mathematics Y1 - 2019 A1 - Arndt, Daniel A1 - Bangerth, Wolfgang A1 - Clevenger, Thomas C. A1 - Davydov, Denis A1 - Fehling, Marc A1 - Garcia-Sanchez, Daniel A1 - Harper, Graham A1 - Heister, Timo A1 - Heltai, Luca A1 - Kronbichler, Martin A1 - Maguire Kynch, Ross A1 - Maier, Matthias A1 - Pelteret, Jean Paul A1 - Turcksin, Bruno A1 - Wells, David AB - This paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II, version 9.1. ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Differential structure associated to axiomatic Sobolev spaces JF - Expositiones Mathematicae Y1 - 2019 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Enrico Pasqualetto KW - Axiomatic Sobolev space KW - Cotangent module KW - Locality of differentials AB -The aim of this note is to explain in which sense an axiomatic Sobolev space over a general metric measure space (à la Gol’dshtein–Troyanov) induces – under suitable locality assumptions – a first-order differential structure.

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0723086918300975 ER - TY - CONF T1 - Efficient Reduction in Shape Parameter Space Dimension for Ship Propeller Blade Design T2 - VIII International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering Y1 - 2019 A1 - Mola, Andrea A1 - Tezzele, Marco A1 - Gadalla, Mahmoud A1 - Valdenazzi, Federica A1 - Grassi, Davide A1 - Padovan, Roberta A1 - Rozza, Gianluigi AB -In this work, we present the results of a ship propeller design optimization campaign carried out in the framework of the research project PRELICA, funded by the Friuli Venezia Giulia regional government. The main idea of this work is to operate on a multidisciplinary level to identify propeller shapes that lead to reduced tip vortex-induced pressure and increased efficiency without altering the thrust. First, a specific tool for the bottom-up construction of parameterized propeller blade geometries has been developed. The algorithm proposed operates with a user defined number of arbitrary shaped or NACA airfoil sections, and employs arbitrary degree NURBS to represent the chord, pitch, skew and rake distribution as a function of the blade radial coordinate. The control points of such curves have been modified to generate, in a fully automated way, a family of blade geometries depending on as many as 20 shape parameters. Such geometries have then been used to carry out potential flow simulations with the Boundary Element Method based software PROCAL. Given the high number of parameters considered, such a preliminary stage allowed for a fast evaluation of the performance of several hundreds of shapes. In addition, the data obtained from the potential flow simulation allowed for the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces (AS) property, which suggested that the main propeller performance indices are, at a first but rather accurate approximation, only depending on a single parameter which is a linear combination of all the original geometric ones. AS analysis has also been used to carry out a constrained optimization exploiting response surface method in the reduced parameter space, and a sensitivity analysis based on such surrogate model. The few selected shapes were finally used to set up high fidelity RANS simulations and select an optimal shape.

JF - VIII International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1905.09815 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An entropic interpolation proof of the HWI inequality JF - Stochastic Processes and their Applications Y1 - 2019 A1 - Ivan Gentil A1 - Christian Léonard A1 - Luigia Ripani A1 - Luca Tamanini KW - Entropic interpolations KW - Fisher information KW - Relative entropy KW - Schrödinger problem KW - Wasserstein distance AB -The HWI inequality is an “interpolation”inequality between the Entropy H, the Fisher information I and the Wasserstein distance W. We present a pathwise proof of the HWI inequality which is obtained through a zero noise limit of the Schrödinger problem. Our approach consists in making rigorous the Otto–Villani heuristics in Otto and Villani (2000) taking advantage of the entropic interpolations, which are regular both in space and time, rather than the displacement ones.

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304414918303454 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Finite Volume approximation of the Navier-Stokes equations with nonlinear filtering stabilization JF - Computers & Fluids Y1 - 2019 A1 - Girfoglio, Michele A1 - Quaini, Annalisa A1 - Rozza, Gianluigi AB -We consider a Leray model with a nonlinear differential low-pass filter for the simulation of incompressible fluid flow at moderately large Reynolds number (in the range of a few thousands) with under-refined meshes. For the implementation of the model, we adopt the three-step algorithm Evolve-Filter-Relax (EFR). The Leray model has been extensively applied within a Finite Element (FE) framework. Here, we propose to combine the EFR algorithm with a computationally efficient Finite Volume (FV) method. Our approach is validated against numerical data available in the literature for the 2D flow past a cylinder and against experimental measurements for the 3D fluid flow in an idealized medical device, as recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We will show that for similar levels of mesh refinement FV and FE methods provide significantly different results. Through our numerical experiments, we are able to provide practical directions to tune the parameters involved in the model. Furthermore, we are able to investigate the impact of mesh features (element type, non-orthogonality, local refinement, and element aspect ratio) and the discretization method for the convective term on the agreement between numerical solutions and experimental data.

VL - 187 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.05251 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Isomonodromy deformations at an irregular singularity with coalescing eigenvalues JF - Duke Math. J. Y1 - 2019 A1 - Giordano Cotti A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB -We consider an n×n linear system of ODEs with an irregular singularity of Poincar\'e rank 1 at z=∞, holomorphically depending on parameter t within a polydisc in Cn centred at t=0. The eigenvalues of the leading matrix at z=∞ coalesce along a locus Δ contained in the polydisc, passing through t=0. Namely, z=∞ is a resonant irregular singularity for t∈Δ. We analyse the case when the leading matrix remains diagonalisable at Δ. We discuss the existence of fundamental matrix solutions, their asymptotics, Stokes phenomenon and monodromy data as t varies in the polydisc, and their limits for t tending to points of Δ. When the deformation is isomonodromic away from Δ, it is well known that a fundamental matrix solution has singularities at Δ. When the system also has a Fuchsian singularity at z=0, we show under minimal vanishing conditions on the residue matrix at z=0 that isomonodromic deformations can be extended to the whole polydisc, including Δ, in such a way that the fundamental matrix solutions and the constant monodromy data are well defined in the whole polydisc. These data can be computed just by considering the system at fixed t=0. Conversely, if the t-dependent system is isomonodromic in a small domain contained in the polydisc not intersecting Δ, if the entries of the Stokes matrices with indices corresponding to coalescing eigenvalues vanish, then we show that Δ is not a branching locus for the fundamental matrix solutions. The importance of these results for the analytic theory of Frobenius Manifolds is explained. An application to Painlev\'e equations is discussed.

PB - Duke University Press VL - 168 UR - https://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-2018-0059 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Localized Reduced-Order Modeling Approach for PDEs with Bifurcating Solutions JF - Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering Y1 - 2019 A1 - Hess, Martin A1 - Alla, Alessandro A1 - Quaini, Annalisa A1 - Rozza, Gianluigi A1 - Gunzburger, Max AB -Reduced-order modeling (ROM) commonly refers to the construction, based on a few solutions (referred to as snapshots) of an expensive discretized partial differential equation (PDE), and the subsequent application of low-dimensional discretizations of partial differential equations (PDEs) that can be used to more efficiently treat problems in control and optimization, uncertainty quantification, and other settings that require multiple approximate PDE solutions. In this work, a ROM is developed and tested for the treatment of nonlinear PDEs whose solutions bifurcate as input parameter values change. In such cases, the parameter domain can be subdivided into subregions, each of which corresponds to a different branch of solutions. Popular ROM approaches such as proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), results in a global low-dimensional basis that does no respect not take advantage of the often large differences in the PDE solutions corresponding to different subregions. Instead, in the new method, the k-means algorithm is used to cluster snapshots so that within cluster snapshots are similar to each other and are dissimilar to those in other clusters. This is followed by the construction of local POD bases, one for each cluster. The method also can detect which cluster a new parameter point belongs to, after which the local basis corresponding to that cluster is used to determine a ROM approximation. Numerical experiments show the effectiveness of the method both for problems for which bifurcation cause continuous and discontinuous changes in the solution of the PDE.

VL - 351 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.08851 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Note About the Strong Maximum Principle on RCD Spaces JF - Canadian Mathematical Bulletin Y1 - 2019 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Chiara Rigoni AB -We give a direct proof of the strong maximum principle on finite dimensional RCD spaces based on the Laplacian comparison of the squared distance.

PB - Canadian Mathematical Society VL - 62 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Parametric POD-Galerkin Model Order Reduction for Unsteady-State Heat Transfer Problems JF - Communications in Computational Physics Y1 - 2019 A1 - Sokratia Georgaka A1 - Giovanni Stabile A1 - Gianluigi Rozza A1 - Michael J. Bluck AB -A parametric reduced order model based on proper orthogonal decom- position with Galerkin projection has been developed and applied for the modeling of heat transport in T-junction pipes which are widely found in nuclear power plants. Thermal mixing of different temperature coolants in T-junction pipes leads to tem- perature fluctuations and this could potentially cause thermal fatigue in the pipe walls. The novelty of this paper is the development of a parametric ROM considering the three dimensional, incompressible, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the heat transport equation in a finite volume approximation. Two different paramet- ric cases are presented in this paper: parametrization of the inlet temperatures and parametrization of the kinematic viscosity. Different training spaces are considered and the results are compared against the full order model.

VL - 27 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.05175 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Quasi-continuous vector fields on RCD spaces Y1 - 2019 A1 - Clément Debin A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Enrico Pasqualetto ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Reducibility of first order linear operators on tori via Moser's theorem JF - Journal of Functional Analysis Y1 - 2019 A1 - Roberto Feola A1 - Filippo Giuliani A1 - Riccardo Montalto A1 - Michela Procesi KW - Hyperbolic PDEs KW - KAM theory KW - Nash–Moser KW - Reducibility AB -In this paper we prove reducibility of a class of first order, quasi-linear, quasi-periodic time dependent PDEs on the torus∂tu+ζ⋅∂xu+a(ωt,x)⋅∂xu=0,x∈Td,ζ∈Rd,ω∈Rν. As a consequence we deduce a stability result on the associated Cauchy problem in Sobolev spaces. By the identification between first order operators and vector fields this problem can be formulated as the problem of finding a change of coordinates which conjugates a weakly perturbed constant vector field on Tν+d to a constant diophantine flow. For this purpose we generalize Moser's straightening theorem: considering smooth perturbations we prove that the corresponding straightening torus diffeomorphism is smooth, under the assumption that the perturbation is small only in some given Sobolev norm and that the initial frequency belongs to some Cantor-like set. In view of applications in KAM theory for PDEs we provide also tame estimates on the change of variables.

VL - 276 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123618303793 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Comparison Between Active Strain and Active Stress in Transversely Isotropic Hyperelastic Materials JF - J. Elast. Y1 - 2018 A1 - Giulia Giantesio A1 - Alessandro Musesti A1 - Davide Riccobelli PB - Springer Nature ER - TY - JOUR T1 - deal2lkit: A toolkit library for high performance programming in deal.II JF - SOFTWAREX Y1 - 2018 A1 - Alberto Sartori A1 - Nicola Giuliani A1 - Mauro Bardelloni A1 - Luca Heltai VL - 7 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The deal.II Library, Version 9.0 JF - JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS Y1 - 2018 A1 - Giovanni Alzetta A1 - Arndt, Daniel A1 - W. Bangerth A1 - Boddu, Vishal A1 - Brands, Benjamin A1 - Denis Davydov A1 - Gassmöller, Rene A1 - Timo Heister A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - Kormann, Katharina A1 - Martin Kronbichler A1 - Matthias Maier A1 - Pelteret, Jean-Paul A1 - B. Turcksin A1 - David Wells UR - https://doi.org/10.1515/jnma-2018-0054 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Differential of metric valued Sobolev maps Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Enrico Pasqualetto A1 - Elefterios Soultanis ER - TY - CHAP T1 - A distributed lagrange formulation of the finite element immersed boundary method for fluids interacting with compressible solids T2 - Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System and Applications Y1 - 2018 A1 - Boffi, Daniele A1 - Gastaldi, Lucia A1 - Luca Heltai JF - Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System and Applications PB - Springer International Publishing CY - Cham VL - 16 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02545v1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On fractional powers of singular perturbations of the Laplacian JF - Journal of Functional Analysis Y1 - 2018 A1 - Vladimir Georgiev A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli A1 - Raffaele Scandone KW - Point interactions KW - Regular and singular component of a point-interaction operator KW - Singular perturbations of the Laplacian AB -We qualify a relevant range of fractional powers of the so-called Hamiltonian of point interaction in three dimensions, namely the singular perturbation of the negative Laplacian with a contact interaction supported at the origin. In particular we provide an explicit control of the domain of such a fractional operator and of its decomposition into regular and singular parts. We also qualify the norms of the resulting singular fractional Sobolev spaces and their mutual control with the corresponding classical Sobolev norms.

VL - 275 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123618301046 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On Geometric Quantum Confinement in Grushin-Like Manifolds Y1 - 2018 A1 - Matteo Gallone A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli A1 - Eugenio Pozzoli AB - We study the problem of so-called geometric quantum confinement in a class of two-dimensional incomplete Riemannian manifold with metric of Grushin type. We employ a constant-fibre direct integral scheme, in combination with Weyl's analysis in each fibre, thus fully characterising the regimes of presence and absence of essential self-adjointness of the associated Laplace-Beltrami operator. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35322 N1 - 16 pages U1 - 35632 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Hydrogenoid Spectra with Central Perturbations Y1 - 2018 A1 - Matteo Gallone A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli AB - Through the Kreĭn-Višik-Birman extension scheme, unlike the previous classical analysis based on von Neumann's theory, we reproduce the construction and classification of all self-adjoint realisations of two intimately related models: the three-dimensional hydrogenoid-like Hamiltonians with singular perturbation supported at the centre (the nucleus), and the Schördinger operators on the halfline with Coulomb potentials centred at the origin. These two problems are technically equivalent, albeit sometimes treated by their own in the the literature. Based on such scheme, we then recover the formula to determine the eigenvalues of each self-adjoint extension, which are corrections to the non-relativistic hydrogenoid energy levels.We discuss in which respect the Kreĭn-Višik-Birman scheme is somehow more natural in yielding the typical boundary condition of self-adjointness at the centre of the perturbation and in identifying the eigenvalues of each extension. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35321 N1 - Mathematics Subject Classification (2010) 34L10 . 34L15 . 34L16 . 47B15 . 47B25 . 47N20 . 81Q10 . 81Q80 U1 - 35631 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Local moduli of semisimple Frobenius coalescent structures Y1 - 2018 A1 - Giordano Cotti A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB -There is a conjectural relation, formulated by the second author, between the enumerative geometry of a wide class of smooth projective varieties and their derived category of coherent sheaves. In particular, there is an increasing interest for an explicit description of certain local invariants, called monodromy data, of semisimple quantum cohomologies in terms of characteristic classes of exceptional collections in the derived categories. Being intentioned to address this problem, which, to our opinion, is still not well understood, we have realized that some issues in the theory of Frobenius manifolds need to be preliminarily clarified, and that an extension of the theory itself is necessary, in view of the fact that quantum cohomologies of certain classes of homogeneous spaces may show a coalescence phenomenon.

PB - SISSA UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35304 U1 - 35610 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/03 ER - TY - CONF T1 - Model Order Reduction by means of Active Subspaces and Dynamic Mode Decomposition for Parametric Hull Shape Design Hydrodynamics T2 - Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research Y1 - 2018 A1 - Marco Tezzele A1 - Nicola Demo A1 - Mahmoud Gadalla A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - Gianluigi Rozza AB - We present the results of the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces (AS) to the hull hydrodynamic design problem. Several parametric deformations of an initial hull shape are considered to assess the influence of the shape parameters on the hull wave resistance. Such problem is relevant at the preliminary stages of the ship design, when several flow simulations are carried out by the engineers to establish a certain sensibility with respect to the parameters, which might result in a high number of time consuming hydrodynamic simulations. The main idea of this work is to employ the AS to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space. The complete pipeline involves the use of free form deformation to parametrize and deform the hull shape, the full order solver based on unsteady potential flow theory with fully nonlinear free surface treatment directly interfaced with CAD, the use of dynamic mode decomposition to reconstruct the final steady state given only few snapshots of the simulation, and the reduction of the parameter space by AS, and shared subspace. Response surface method is used to minimize the total drag. JF - Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research PB - IOS Press CY - Trieste, Italy UR - http://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/49270 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On the notion of parallel transport on RCD spaces Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Enrico Pasqualetto ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical study of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation and dispersive shock waves JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences Y1 - 2018 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein A1 - Giuseppe Pitton AB -A detailed numerical study of the long time behaviour of dispersive shock waves in solutions to the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KP) I equation is presented. It is shown that modulated lump solutions emerge from the dispersive shock waves. For the description of dispersive shock waves, Whitham modulation equations for KP are obtained. It is shown that the modulation equations near the soliton line are hyperbolic for the KPII equation while they are elliptic for the KPI equation leading to a focusing effect and the formation of lumps. Such a behaviour is similar to the appearance of breathers for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation in the semiclassical limit.

VL - 474 UR - https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2017.0458 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Painlevé IV Critical Asymptotics for Orthogonal Polynomials in the Complex Plane JF - Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry. Methods and Applications Y1 - 2018 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - José Gustavo Elias Rebelo A1 - Tamara Grava AB -We study the asymptotic behaviour of orthogonal polynomials in the complex plane that are associated to a certain normal matrix model. The model depends on a parameter and the asymptotic distribution of the eigenvalues undergoes a transition for a special value of the parameter, where it develops a corner-type singularity. In the double scaling limit near the transition we determine the asymptotic behaviour of the orthogonal polynomials in terms of a solution of the Painlev´e IV equation. We determine the Fredholm determinant associated to such solution and we compute it numerically on the real line, showing also that the corresponding Painlev´e transcendent is pole-free on a semiaxis.

PB - National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine VL - 14 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Predicting and Optimizing Microswimmer Performance from the Hydrodynamics of Its Components: The Relevance of Interactions JF - SOFT ROBOTICS Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Giuliani A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - Antonio DeSimone VL - 5 UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094362/ ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Recognizing the flat torus among RCD*(0,N) spaces via the study of the first cohomology group JF - Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Chiara Rigoni AB -We prove that if the dimension of the first cohomology group of a $\mathsf{RCD}^\star (0,N)$ space is $N$, then the space is a flat torus. This generalizes a classical result due to Bochner to the non-smooth setting and also provides a first example where the study of the cohomology groups in such synthetic framework leads to geometric consequences.

VL - 57 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-018-1377-z ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Reducibility for a class of weakly dispersive linear operators arising from the Degasperis Procesi equation Y1 - 2018 A1 - Roberto Feola A1 - Filippo Giuliani A1 - Michela Procesi ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Second order differentiation formula on RCD(K, N) spaces JF - Rendiconti Lincei-Matematica e Applicazioni Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Luca Tamanini VL - 29 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Second order differentiation formula on RCD*(K,N) spaces Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Luca Tamanini ER - TY - CONF T1 - Shape Optimization by means of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and Dynamic Mode Decomposition T2 - Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Demo A1 - Marco Tezzele A1 - Gianluca Gustin A1 - Gianpiero Lavini A1 - Gianluigi Rozza AB - Shape optimization is a challenging task in many engineering fields, since the numerical solutions of parametric system may be computationally expensive. This work presents a novel optimization procedure based on reduced order modeling, applied to a naval hull design problem. The advantage introduced by this method is that the solution for a specific parameter can be expressed as the combination of few numerical solutions computed at properly chosen parametric points. The reduced model is built using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI) method. We use the free form deformation (FFD) for an automated perturbation of the shape, and the finite volume method to simulate the multiphase incompressible flow around the deformed hulls. Further computational reduction is done by the dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) technique: from few high dimensional snapshots, the system evolution is reconstructed and the final state of the simulation is faithfully approximated. Finally the global optimization algorithm iterates over the reduced space: the approximated drag and lift coefficients are projected to the hull surface, hence the resistance is evaluated for the new hulls until the convergence to the optimal shape is achieved. We will present the results obtained applying the described procedure to a typical Fincantieri cruise ship. JF - Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research PB - IOS Press CY - Trieste, Italy UR - http://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/49229 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Symplectic invariants for parabolic orbits and cusp singularities of integrable systems JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences Y1 - 2018 A1 - Alexey Bolsinov A1 - Lorenzo Guglielmi A1 - Elena Kudryavtseva AB -We discuss normal forms and symplectic invariants of parabolic orbits and cuspidal tori in integrable Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom. Such singularities appear in many integrable systems in geometry and mathematical physics and can be considered as the simplest example of degenerate singularities. We also suggest some new techniques which apparently can be used for studying symplectic invariants of degenerate singularities of more general type. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Finite dimensional integrable systems: new trends and methods’.

VL - 376 UR - https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rsta.2017.0424 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - π-BEM : A flexible parallel implementation for adaptive , geometry aware , and high order boundary element methods JF - Advances in Engineering Software Y1 - 2018 A1 - Nicola Giuliani A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - Luca Heltai VL - 121 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Analytic geometry of semisimple coalescent Frobenius structures JF - Random Matrices: Theory and Applications Y1 - 2017 A1 - Giordano Cotti A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB -We present some results of a joint paper with Dubrovin (see references), as exposed at the Workshop “Asymptotic and Computational Aspects of Complex Differential Equations” at the CRM in Pisa, in February 2017. The analytical description of semisimple Frobenius manifolds is extended at semisimple coalescence points, namely points with some coalescing canonical coordinates although the corresponding Frobenius algebra is semisimple. After summarizing and revisiting the theory of the monodromy local invariants of semisimple Frobenius manifolds, as introduced by Dubrovin, it is shown how the definition of monodromy data can be extended also at semisimple coalescence points. Furthermore, a local Isomonodromy theorem at semisimple coalescence points is presented. Some examples of computation are taken from the quantum cohomologies of complex Grassmannians.

VL - 06 UR - https://doi.org/10.1142/S2010326317400044 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An avoiding cones condition for the Poincaré–Birkhoff Theorem JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2017 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Paolo Gidoni KW - Avoiding cones condition KW - Hamiltonian systems KW - Periodic solutions KW - Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem AB -We provide a geometric assumption which unifies and generalizes the conditions proposed in [11], [12], so to obtain a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point Theorem for Poincaré maps of Hamiltonian systems.

VL - 262 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616303278 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Discrete spectra for critical Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonians Y1 - 2017 A1 - Matteo Gallone A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli AB - The one-particle Dirac Hamiltonian with Coulomb interaction is known to be realised, in a regime of large (critical) couplings, by an infinite multiplicity of distinct self-adjoint operators, including a distinguished physically most natural one. For the latter, Sommerfeld’s celebrated fine structure formula provides the well-known expression for the eigenvalues in the gap of the continuum spectrum. Exploiting our recent general classification of all other self-adjoint realisations, we generalise Sommerfeld’s formula so as to determine the discrete spectrum of all other self-adjoint versions of the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian. Such discrete spectra display naturally a fibred structure, whose bundle covers the whole gap of the continuum spectrum. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35300 U1 - 35606 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the genesis of directional friction through bristle-like mediating elements JF - ESAIM: COCV Y1 - 2017 A1 - Paolo Gidoni A1 - Antonio DeSimone AB -We propose an explanation of the genesis of directional dry friction, as emergent property of the oscillations produced in a bristle-like mediating element by the interaction with microscale fluctuations on the surface. Mathematically, we extend a convergence result by Mielke, for Prandtl–Tomlinson-like systems, considering also non-homothetic scalings of a wiggly potential. This allows us to apply the result to some simple mechanical models, that exemplify the interaction of a bristle with a surface having small fluctuations. We find that the resulting friction is the product of two factors: a geometric one, depending on the bristle angle and on the fluctuation profile, and a energetic one, proportional to the normal force exchanged between the bristle-like element and the surface. Finally, we apply our result to discuss the with the nap/against the nap asymmetry.

VL - 23 UR - https://doi.org/10.1051/cocv/2017030 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The injectivity radius of Lie manifolds JF - ArXiv e-prints Y1 - 2017 A1 - Paolo Antonini A1 - Guido De Philippis A1 - Nicola Gigli KW - (58J40) KW - 53C21 KW - Mathematics - Differential Geometry AB -We prove in a direct, geometric way that for any compatible Riemannian metric on a Lie manifold the injectivity radius is positive

UR - https://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.07595.pdf ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Krein-Visik-Birman self-adjoint extension theory revisited Y1 - 2017 A1 - Matteo Gallone A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli A1 - Andrea Ottolini AB - The core results of the so-called KreIn-Visik-Birman theory of self-adjoint extensions of semi-bounded symmetric operators are reproduced, both in their original and in a more modern formulation, within a comprehensive discussion that includes missing details, elucidative steps, and intermediate results of independent interest. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35286 U1 - 35591 U2 - Mathematics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Quasi-periodic solutions for quasi-linear generalized KdV equations JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2017 A1 - Filippo Giuliani KW - KAM for PDE's KW - KdV KW - Nash–Moser theory KW - Quasi-linear PDE's KW - Quasi-periodic solutions AB -We prove the existence of Cantor families of small amplitude, linearly stable, quasi-periodic solutions of quasi-linear autonomous Hamiltonian generalized KdV equations. We consider the most general quasi-linear quadratic nonlinearity. The proof is based on an iterative Nash–Moser algorithm. To initialize this scheme, we need to perform a bifurcation analysis taking into account the strongly perturbative effects of the nonlinearity near the origin. In particular, we implement a weak version of the Birkhoff normal form method. The inversion of the linearized operators at each step of the iteration is achieved by pseudo-differential techniques, linear Birkhoff normal form algorithms and a linear KAM reducibility scheme.

VL - 262 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039617300487 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Second order differentiation formula on compact RCD*(K,N) spaces Y1 - 2017 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Luca Tamanini ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Self-Adjoint Extensions of Dirac Operator with Coulomb Potential Y1 - 2017 A1 - Matteo Gallone AB - In this note we give a concise review of the present state-of-art for the problem of self-adjoint realisations for the Dirac operator with a Coulomb-like singular scalar potential V(x) = Ø(x)I4. We try to follow the historical and conceptual path that leads to the present understanding of the problem and to highlight the techniques employed and the main ideas. In the final part we outline a few major open questions that concern the topical problem of the multiplicity of self-adjoint realisations of the model, and which are worth addressing in the future. PB - SISSA UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35273 U1 - 35579 U4 - 1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Self-adjoint realisations of the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian for heavy nuclei Y1 - 2017 A1 - Matteo Gallone A1 - Alessandro Michelangeli AB - We derive a classification of the self-adjoint extensions of the three-dimensional Dirac-Coulomb operator in the critical regime of the Coulomb coupling. Our approach is solely based upon the KreĬn-Višik- Birman extension scheme, or also on Grubb's universal classification theory, as opposite to previous works within the standard von Neu- mann framework. This let the boundary condition of self-adjointness emerge, neatly and intrinsically, as a multiplicative constraint between regular and singular part of the functions in the domain of the exten- sion, the multiplicative constant giving also immediate information on the invertibility property and on the resolvent and spectral gap of the extension. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35287 U1 - 35592 U2 - Mathematics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Stasis domains and slip surfaces in the locomotion of a bio-inspired two-segment crawler JF - Meccanica Y1 - 2017 A1 - Paolo Gidoni A1 - Antonio DeSimone AB -We formulate and solve the locomotion problem for a bio-inspired crawler consisting of two active elastic segments (i.e., capable of changing their rest lengths), resting on three supports providing directional frictional interactions. The problem consists in finding the motion produced by a given, slow actuation history. By focusing on the tensions in the elastic segments, we show that the evolution laws for the system are entirely analogous to the flow rules of elasto-plasticity. In particular, sliding of the supports and hence motion cannot occur when the tensions are in the interior of certain convex regions (stasis domains), while support sliding (and hence motion) can only take place when the tensions are on the boundary of such regions (slip surfaces). We solve the locomotion problem explicitly in a few interesting examples. In particular, we show that, for a suitable range of the friction parameters, specific choices of the actuation strategy can lead to net displacements also in the direction of higher friction.

VL - 52 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11012-016-0408-0 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality of the Peregrine Soliton in the Focusing Dynamics of the Cubic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation JF - Phys. Rev. Lett. Y1 - 2017 A1 - Tikan, Alexey A1 - Billet, Cyril A1 - Gennady El A1 - Alexander Tovbis A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Sylvestre, Thibaut A1 - Gustave, Francois A1 - Randoux, Stephane A1 - Genty, Goëry A1 - Suret, Pierre A1 - Dudley, John M. PB - American Physical Society VL - 119 UR - https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.033901 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Behaviour of the reference measure on RCD spaces under charts Y1 - 2016 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Enrico Pasqualetto ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Equivalence of two different notions of tangent bundle on rectifiable metric measure spaces Y1 - 2016 A1 - Nicola Gigli A1 - Enrico Pasqualetto ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Generalizing the Poincaré–Miranda theorem: the avoiding cones condition JF - Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) Y1 - 2016 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Paolo Gidoni AB -After proposing a variant of the Poincaré–Bohl theorem, we extend the Poincaré–Miranda theorem in several directions, by introducing an avoiding cones condition. We are thus able to deal with functions defined on various types of convex domains, and situations where the topological degree may be different from \$\$\backslashpm \$\$±1. An illustrative application is provided for the study of functionals having degenerate multi-saddle points.

VL - 195 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-015-0519-6 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Periodic perturbations of Hamiltonian systems JF - Advances in Nonlinear Analysis Y1 - 2016 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione A1 - Paolo Gidoni AB -We prove existence and multiplicity results for periodic solutions of Hamiltonian systems, by the use of a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem. The first part of the paper deals with periodic perturbations of a completely integrable system, while in the second part we focus on some suitable global conditions, so to deal with weakly coupled systems.

PB - De Gruyter VL - 5 ER - TY - CHAP T1 - Pimsner Algebras and Circle Bundles T2 - Noncommutative Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications Y1 - 2016 A1 - Francesca Arici A1 - Francesco D'Andrea A1 - Giovanni Landi ED - Alpay, Daniel ED - Cipriani, Fabio ED - Colombo, Fabrizio ED - Guido, Daniele ED - Sabadini, Irene ED - Sauvageot, Jean-Luc AB -We report on the connections between noncommutative principal circle bundles, Pimsner algebras and strongly graded algebras. We illustrate several results with examples of quantum weighted projective and lens spaces and θ-deformations.

JF - Noncommutative Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications PB - Springer International Publishing CY - Cham SN - 978-3-319-29116-1 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29116-1_1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Refined node polynomials via long edge graphs JF - Communications in Number Theory and Physics Y1 - 2016 A1 - Lothar Göttsche A1 - Benjamin Kipkirui Kikwai AB -The generating functions of the Severi degrees for sufficiently ample line bundles on algebraic surfaces are multiplicative in the topological invariants of the surface and the line bundle. Recently new proofs of this fact were given for toric surfaces by Block, Colley, Kennedy and Liu, Osserman, using tropical geometry and in particular the combinatorial tool of long-edged graphs. In the first part of this paper these results are for $\mathbb{P}^2$ and rational ruled surfaces generalised to refined Severi degrees. In the second part of the paper we give a number of mostly conjectural generalisations of this result to singular surfaces, and curves with prescribed multiple points. The formulas involve modular forms and theta functions.

PB - International Press of Boston VL - 10 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/CNTP.2016.v10.n2.a2 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Renormalization for Autonomous Nearly Incompressible BV Vector Fields in Two Dimensions JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis Y1 - 2016 A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - Paolo Bonicatto A1 - N.A. Gusev AB -Given a bounded autonomous vector field $b \colon \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^d$, we study the uniqueness of bounded solutions to the initial value problem for the related transport equation \begin{equation*} \partial_t u + b \cdot \nabla u= 0. \end{equation*} We are interested in the case where $b$ is of class BV and it is nearly incompressible. Assuming that the ambient space has dimension $d=2$, we prove uniqueness of weak solutions to the transport equation. The starting point of the present work is the result which has been obtained in [7] (where the steady case is treated). Our proof is based on splitting the equation onto a suitable partition of the plane: this technique was introduced in [3], using the results on the structure of level sets of Lipschitz maps obtained in [1]. Furthermore, in order to construct the partition, we use Ambrosio's superposition principle [4].

VL - 48 UR - https://doi.org/10.1137/15M1007380 ER - TY - THES T1 - Two explorations in Dynamical Systems and Mechanics Y1 - 2016 A1 - Paolo Gidoni KW - Poincaré-Birkhoff Theorem AB - This thesis contains the work done by Paolo Gidoni during the doctorate programme in Matematical Analysis at SISSA, under the supervision of A. Fonda and A. DeSimone. The thesis is composed of two parts: "Avoiding cones conditions and higher dimensional twist" and "Directional friction in bio-inspired locomotion". PB - SISSA U1 - 35527 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Deal2lkit: a Toolkit Library for High Performance Programming in deal.II Y1 - 2015 A1 - Alberto Sartori A1 - Nicola Giuliani A1 - Mauro Bardelloni A1 - Luca Heltai AB - We present version 1.0.0 of the deal2lkit (deal.II ToolKit) library. deal2lkit is a collection of modules and classes for the general purpose finite element library deal.II. Its principal aim is to provide a high level interface, controlled via parameter files, for those steps that are common in all finite element programs: mesh generation, selection of the finite element type, application of boundary conditions and many others. Each module can be used as a building block independently on the others, and can be integrated in existing finite element codes based on deal.II, drastically reducing the size of programs, rendering their use automatically parametrised, and reducing the overall time-to-market of finite element programming. Moreover, deal2lkit features interfaces with the SUNDIALS (SUite of Nonlinear and DIfferential/ALgebraic equation Solvers) and ASSIMP (Open Asset Import Library) libraries. Some examples are provided which show the aim and scopes of deal2lkit. The deal2lkit library is released under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) and can be retrieved from the deal2lkit repository https://github.com/mathLab/deal2lkit. PB - SISSA UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35006 U1 - 35235 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/08 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A degeneration of two-phase solutions of the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation via Riemann-Hilbert problems JF - J. Math. Phys. Y1 - 2015 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Giavedoni, Pietro VL - 56 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4922362 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - FEM SUPG stabilisation of mixed isoparametric BEMs: application to linearised free surface flows JF - Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 59 (2015), pp. 8-22 Y1 - 2015 A1 - Nicola Giuliani A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - Luca Heltai A1 - L. Formaggia AB -In finite element formulations, transport dominated problems are often stabilised through the Streamline-Upwind-Petrov–Galerkin (SUPG) method. Its application is straightforward when the problem at hand is solved using Galerkin methods. Applications of boundary integral formulations often resort to collocation techniques which are computationally more tractable. In this framework, the Galerkin method and the stabilisation may still be used to successfully apply boundary conditions and resolve instabilities that are frequently observed in transport dominated problems. We apply this technique to an adaptive collocation boundary element method for the solution of stationary potential flows, where we solve a mixed Poisson problem in boundary integral form, with the addition of linearised free surface boundary conditions. We use a mixed boundary element formulation to allow for different finite dimensional spaces describing the flow potential and its normal derivative, and we validate our method simulating the flow around both a submerged body and a surface piercing body. The coupling of mixed surface finite elements and strongly consistent stabilisation techniques with boundary elements opens up the possibility to use non conformal unstructured grids with local refinement, without introducing the inconsistencies of other stabilisation techniques based on up-winding and finite difference schemes.

UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34466 U1 - 34640 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/08 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Geodesics and horizontal-path spaces in Carnot groups JF - Geometry & Topology Y1 - 2015 A1 - Andrei A. Agrachev A1 - Alessandro Gentile A1 - Antonio Lerario AB -We study properties of the space of horizontal paths joining the origin with a vertical point on a generic two-step Carnot group. The energy is a Morse-Bott functional on paths and its critical points (sub-Riemannian geodesics) appear in families (compact critical manifolds) with controlled topology. We study the asymptotic of the number of critical manifolds as the energy grows. The topology of the horizontal-path space is also investigated, and we find asymptotic results for the total Betti number of the sublevels of the energy as it goes to infinity. We interpret these results as local invariants of the sub-Riemannian structure.

PB - Mathematical Sciences Publishers VL - 19 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Liquid crystal elastomer strips as soft crawlers JF - Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids Y1 - 2015 A1 - Antonio DeSimone A1 - Paolo Gidoni A1 - Giovanni Noselli KW - Crawling motility KW - Directional surfaces KW - Frictional interactions KW - Liquid crystal elastomers KW - Soft biomimetic robots AB -In this paper, we speculate on a possible application of Liquid Crystal Elastomers to the field of soft robotics. In particular, we study a concept for limbless locomotion that is amenable to miniaturisation. For this purpose, we formulate and solve the evolution equations for a strip of nematic elastomer, subject to directional frictional interactions with a flat solid substrate, and cyclically actuated by a spatially uniform, time-periodic stimulus (e.g., temperature change). The presence of frictional forces that are sensitive to the direction of sliding transforms reciprocal, ‘breathing-like’ deformations into directed forward motion. We derive formulas quantifying this motion in the case of distributed friction, by solving a differential inclusion for the displacement field. The simpler case of concentrated frictional interactions at the two ends of the strip is also solved, in order to provide a benchmark to compare the continuously distributed case with a finite-dimensional benchmark. We also provide explicit formulas for the axial force along the crawler body.

VL - 84 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022509615300430 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A permanence theorem for local dynamical systems JF - Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications Y1 - 2015 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Paolo Gidoni KW - Lotka–Volterra KW - permanence KW - Predator–prey KW - Uniform persistence AB -We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for permanence related to a local dynamical system on a suitable topological space. We then present an illustrative application to a Lotka–Volterra predator–prey model with intraspecific competition.

VL - 121 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X14003332 N1 - Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations, in honor of Enzo Mitidieri for his 60th birthday ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Approximate Hermitian–Yang–Mills structures on semistable principal Higgs bundles Y1 - 2014 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Beatriz Grana-Otero AB - We generalize the Hitchin-Kobayashi correspondence between semistability and the existence of approximate Hermitian-Yang-Mills structures to the case of principal Higgs bundles. We prove that a principal Higgs bundle on a compact Kaehler manifold, with structure group a connected linear algebraic reductive group, is semistable if and only if it admits an approximate Hermitian-Yang-Mills structure. PB - Springer UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34645 U1 - 34849 U2 - Mathematics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Cauchy-Laguerre two-matrix model and the Meijer-G random point field JF - Comm. Math. Phys. Y1 - 2014 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gekhtman, M. A1 - Szmigielski, J. VL - 326 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00220-013-1833-8 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Conformal invariants from nodal sets. I. negative eigenvalues and curvature prescription Y1 - 2014 A1 - Rod R. Gover A1 - Yaiza Canzani A1 - Dmitry Jakobson A1 - Raphaël Ponge A1 - Andrea Malchiodi AB - In this paper, we study conformal invariants that arise from nodal sets and negative eigenvalues of conformally covariant operators; more specifically, the Graham, Jenne, Mason, and Sparling (GJMS) operators, which include the Yamabe and Paneitz operators. We give several applications to curvature prescription problems. We establish a version in conformal geometry of Courant's Nodal Domain Theorem. We also show that on any manifold of dimension n≥3, there exist many metrics for which our invariants are nontrivial. We prove that the Yamabe operator can have an arbitrarily large number of negative eigenvalues on any manifold of dimension n≥3. We obtain similar results for some higher order GJMS operators on some Einstein and Heisenberg manifolds. We describe the invariants arising from the Yamabe and Paneitz operators associated to left-invariant metrics on Heisenberg manifolds. Finally, in Appendix, the second named author and Andrea Malchiodi study the Q-curvature prescription problems for noncritical Q-curvatures. PB - Oxford University Press UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35128 U1 - 35366 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Crawling on directional surfaces JF - International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics Y1 - 2014 A1 - Paolo Gidoni A1 - Giovanni Noselli A1 - Antonio DeSimone KW - Bio-mimetic micro-robots KW - Cell migration KW - Crawling motility KW - Directional surfaces KW - Self-propulsion AB -In this paper we study crawling locomotion based on directional frictional interactions, namely, frictional forces that are sensitive to the sign of the sliding velocity. Surface interactions of this type are common in biology, where they arise from the presence of inclined hairs or scales at the crawler/substrate interface, leading to low resistance when sliding ‘along the grain’, and high resistance when sliding ‘against the grain’. This asymmetry can be exploited for locomotion, in a way analogous to what is done in cross-country skiing (classic style, diagonal stride). We focus on a model system, namely, a continuous one-dimensional crawler and provide a detailed study of the motion resulting from several strategies of shape change. In particular, we provide explicit formulae for the displacements attainable with reciprocal extensions and contractions (breathing), or through the propagation of extension or contraction waves. We believe that our results will prove particularly helpful for the study of biological crawling motility and for the design of bio-mimetic crawling robots.

VL - 61 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020746214000213 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An effective model for nematic liquid crystal composites with ferromagnetic inclusions Y1 - 2014 A1 - Maria Carme Calderer A1 - Antonio DeSimone A1 - Dmitry Golovaty A1 - Alexander Panchenko AB - Molecules of a nematic liquid crystal respond to an applied magnetic field by reorienting themselves in the direction of the field. Since the dielectric anisotropy of a nematic is small, it takes relatively large fields to elicit a significant liquid crystal response. The interaction may be enhanced in colloidal suspensions of ferromagnetic particles in a liquid crystalline matrix- ferronematics-as proposed by Brochard and de Gennes in 1970. The ability of these particles to align with the field and simultaneously cause reorientation of the nematic molecules greatly increases the magnetic response of the mixture. Essentially the particles provide an easy axis of magnetization that interacts with the liquid crystal via surface anchoring. We derive an expression for the effective energy of ferronematic in the dilute limit, that is, when the number of particles tends to infinity while their total volume fraction tends to zero. The total energy of the mixture is assumed to be the sum of the bulk elastic liquid crystal contribution, the anchoring energy of the liquid crystal on the surfaces of the particles, and the magnetic energy of interaction between the particles and the applied magnetic field. The homogenized limiting ferronematic energy is obtained rigorously using a variational approach. It generalizes formal expressions previously reported in the physical literature. PB - Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34940 U1 - 35194 U2 - Physics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Review of the Sixth Painlevé Equation Y1 - 2014 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - For the Painlevé VI transcendents, we provide a unitary description of the critical behaviours, the connection formulae, their complete tabulation, and the asymptotic distribution of poles close to a critical point. PB - Springer UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34658 U1 - 34868 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Spontaneous division and motility in active nematic droplets Y1 - 2014 A1 - Luca Giomi A1 - Antonio DeSimone AB - We investigate the mechanics of an active droplet endowed with internal nematic order and surrounded by an isotropic Newtonian fluid. Using numerical simulations we demonstrate that, due to the interplay between the active stresses and the defective geometry of the nematic director, this system exhibits two of the fundamental functions of living cells: spontaneous division and motility, by means of self-generated hydrodynamic flows. These behaviors can be selectively activated by controlling a single physical parameter, namely, an active variant of the capillary number. PB - American Physical Society UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34902 U1 - 35107 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Steady nearly incompressible vector elds in 2D: chain rule and renormalization Y1 - 2014 A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - N.A. Gusev PB - SISSA U1 - 7464 U2 - Mathematics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Crawlers in viscous environments: linear vs nonlinear rheology JF - International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics 56, 142-147 (2013) Y1 - 2013 A1 - Antonio DeSimone A1 - Federica Guarnieri A1 - Giovanni Noselli A1 - Amabile Tatone AB - We study model self-propelled crawlers which derive their propulsive capabilities from the tangential resistance to motion offered by the environment. Two types of relationships between tangential forces and slip velocities are considered: a linear, Newtonian one and a nonlinear one of Bingham-type. Different behaviors result from the two different rheologies. These differences and their implications in terms of motility performance are discussed. Our aim is to develop new tools and insight for future studies of cell motility by crawling. PB - Elsevier U1 - 34590 U2 - Mathematics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On critical behaviour in systems of Hamiltonian partial differential equations Y1 - 2013 A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein A1 - Antonio Moro AB -We study the critical behaviour of solutions to weakly dispersive Hamiltonian systems considered as perturbations of elliptic and hyperbolic systems of hydrodynamic type with two components. We argue that near the critical point of gradient catastrophe of the dispersionless system, the solutions to a suitable initial value problem for the perturbed equations are approximately described by particular solutions to the Painlev\'e-I (P$_I$) equation or its fourth order analogue P$_I^2$. As concrete examples we discuss nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations in the semiclassical limit. A numerical study of these cases provides strong evidence in support of the conjecture.

PB - SISSA U1 - 7280 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Defect annihilation and proliferation in active nematics Y1 - 2013 A1 - Luca Giomi A1 - Mark J. Bowick A1 - Xu Ma A1 - M. Cristina Marchetti AB - Liquid crystals inevitably possess topological defect excitations generated\r\nthrough boundary conditions, applied fields or in quenches to the ordered\r\nphase. In equilibrium pairs of defects coarsen and annihilate as the uniform\r\nground state is approached. Here we show that defects in active liquid crystals\r\nexhibit profoundly different behavior, depending on the degree of activity and\r\nits contractile or extensile character. While contractile systems enhance the\r\nannihilation dynamics of passive systems, extensile systems act to drive\r\ndefects apart so that they swarm around in the manner of topologically\r\nwell-characterized self-propelled particles. We develop a simple analytical\r\nmodel for the defect dynamics which reproduces the key features of both the\r\nnumerical solutions and recent experiments on microtuble-kinesin assemblies. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6566 N1 - 5 pages, 4 figures U1 - 6517 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 2 U5 - FIS/02 FISICA TEORICA, MODELLI E METODI MATEMATICI ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Generalized Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions for first order differential systems in the plane JF - Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. Y1 - 2013 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione AB -We study asymptotically positively homogeneous first order systems in the plane, with boundary conditions which are positively homogeneous, as well. Defining a generalized concept of Fučík spectrum which extends the usual one for the scalar second order equation, we prove existence and multiplicity of solutions. In this way, on one hand we extend to the plane some known results for scalar second order equations (with Dirichlet, Neumann or Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions), while, on the other hand, we investigate some other kinds of boundary value problems, where the boundary points are chosen on a polygonal line, or in a cone. Our proofs rely on the shooting method.

PB - Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies VL - 42 UR - https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.tmna/1461248981 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Lipschitz Classification of Almost-Riemannian Distances on Compact Oriented Surfaces JF - Journal of Geometric Analysis Y1 - 2013 A1 - Ugo Boscain A1 - Grégoire Charlot A1 - Roberta Ghezzi A1 - Mario Sigalotti AB -Two-dimensional almost-Riemannian structures are generalized Riemannian structures on surfaces for which a local orthonormal frame is given by a Lie bracket generating pair of vector fields that can become collinear. We consider the Carnot–Carathéodory distance canonically associated with an almost-Riemannian structure and study the problem of Lipschitz equivalence between two such distances on the same compact oriented surface. We analyze the generic case, allowing in particular for the presence of tangency points, i.e., points where two generators of the distribution and their Lie bracket are linearly dependent. The main result of the paper provides a characterization of the Lipschitz equivalence class of an almost-Riemannian distance in terms of a labeled graph associated with it.

VL - 23 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s12220-011-9262-4 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Planar Hamiltonian systems at resonance: the Ahmad–Lazer–Paul condition JF - Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA Y1 - 2013 A1 - Alberto Boscaggin A1 - Maurizio Garrione AB -We consider the planar Hamiltonian system\$\$Ju^{\backslashprime} = \backslashnabla F(u) + \backslashnabla_u R(t,u), \backslashquad t \backslashin [0,T], \backslash,u \backslashin \backslashmathbb{R}^2,\$\$with F(u) positive and positively 2-homogeneous and \$\${\backslashnabla_{u}R(t, u)}\$\$sublinear in u. By means of an Ahmad-Lazer-Paul type condition, we prove the existence of a T-periodic solution when the system is at resonance. The proof exploits a symplectic change of coordinates which transforms the problem into a perturbation of a linear one. The relationship with the Landesman–Lazer condition is analyzed, as well.

VL - 20 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-012-0181-2 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Softly Constrained Films Y1 - 2013 A1 - Luca Giomi AB - The shape of materials is often subject to a number of geometric constraints\r\nthat limit the size of the system or fix the structure of its boundary. In soft\r\nand biological materials, however, these constraints are not always hard, but\r\nare due to other physical mechanisms that affect the overall force balance. A\r\ncapillary film spanning a flexible piece of wire or a cell anchored to a\r\ncompliant substrate by mean of adhesive contacts are examples of these softly\r\nconstrained systems in the macroscopic and microscopic world. In this article I\r\nreview some of the important mathematical and physical developments that\r\ncontributed to our understanding of shape formation in softly constrained films\r\nand their recent application to the mechanics of adherent cells. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6563 N1 - Review article, 21 pages, 16 figures, submitted to Soft Matter U1 - 6518 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 2 U5 - FIS/02 FISICA TEORICA, MODELLI E METODI MATEMATICI ER - TY - RPRT T1 - The splitting theorem in non-smooth context Y1 - 2013 A1 - Nicola Gigli AB - We prove that an infinitesimally Hilbertian $CD(0,N)$ space containing a line splits as the product of $R$ and an infinitesimally Hilbertian $CD(0,N −1)$ space. By ‘infinitesimally Hilbertian’ we mean that the Sobolev space $W^{1,2}(X,d,m)$, which in general is a Banach space, is an Hilbert space. When coupled with a curvature-dimension bound, this condition is known to be stable with respect to measured Gromov-Hausdorff convergence. UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35306 U1 - 35613 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Strong asymptotics for Cauchy biorthogonal polynomials with application to the Cauchy two-matrix model JF - J. Math. Phys. Y1 - 2013 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gekhtman, M. A1 - Szmigielski, J. VL - 54 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On the tritronquée solutions of P$_I^2$ Y1 - 2013 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Andrey Kapaev A1 - Christian Klein AB -For equation P$_I^2$, the second member in the P$_I$ hierarchy, we prove existence of various degenerate solutions depending on the complex parameter $t$ and evaluate the asymptotics in the complex $x$ plane for $|x|\to\infty$ and $t=o(x^{2/3})$. Using this result, we identify the most degenerate solutions $u^{(m)}(x,t)$, $\hat u^{(m)}(x,t)$, $m=0,\dots,6$, called {\em tritronqu\'ee}, describe the quasi-linear Stokes phenomenon and find the large $n$ asymptotics of the coefficients in a formal expansion of these solutions. We supplement our findings by a numerical study of the tritronqu\'ee solutions.

PB - SISSA U1 - 7282 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On 2-step, corank 2 nilpotent sub-Riemannian metrics JF - SIAM J. Control Optim., 50 (2012) 559–582 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Davide Barilari A1 - Ugo Boscain A1 - Jean-Paul Gauthier AB - In this paper we study the nilpotent 2-step, corank 2 sub-Riemannian metrics\\r\\nthat are nilpotent approximations of general sub-Riemannian metrics. We exhibit optimal syntheses for these problems. It turns out that in general the cut time is not equal to the first conjugate time but has a simple explicit expression. As a byproduct of this study we get some smoothness properties of the spherical Hausdorff measure in the case of a generic 6 dimensional, 2-step corank 2 sub-Riemannian metric. PB - Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6065 U1 - 5950 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On a class of vector fields with discontinuity of divide-by-zero type and its applications JF - Journal of dynamical and control systems Y1 - 2012 A1 - Roberta Ghezzi A1 - Alexey O. Remizov AB -We study phase portraits and singular points of vector fields of a special type, that is, vector fields whose components are fractions with a common denominator vanishing on a smooth regular hypersurface in the phase space. We assume also some additional conditions, which are fulfilled, for instance, if the vector field is divergence-free. This problem is motivated by a large number of applications. In this paper, we consider three of them in the framework of differential geometry: singularities of geodesic flows in various singular metrics on surfaces.

PB - Springer VL - 18 IS - 1 U1 - 7038 U2 - Mathematics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The KdV hierarchy: universality and a Painleve transcendent JF - International Mathematics Research Notices, vol. 22 (2012) , page 5063-5099 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Tom Claeys A1 - Tamara Grava KW - Small-Dispersion limit AB - We study the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy in the small dispersion limit where $\e\to 0$. For negative analytic initial data with a single negative hump, we prove that for small times, the solution is approximated by the solution to the hyperbolic transport equation which corresponds to $\e=0$. Near the time of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation, we show that the solution to the KdV hierarchy is approximated by a particular Painlev\'e transcendent. This supports Dubrovins universality conjecture concerning the critical behavior of Hamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic equations. We use the Riemann-Hilbert approach to prove our results. PB - Oxford University Press UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6921 N1 - This article was published in "International Mathematics Research Notices, vol. 22 (2012) , page 5063-5099 U1 - 6902 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Non-uniqueness results for critical metrics of regularized determinants in four dimensions JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics, Volume 315, Issue 1, September 2012, Pages 1-37 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Matthew Gursky A1 - Andrea Malchiodi AB - The regularized determinant of the Paneitz operator arises in quantum gravity (see Connes 1994, IV.4.$\gamma$). An explicit formula for the relative determinant of two conformally related metrics was computed by Branson in Branson (1996). A similar formula holds for Cheeger's half-torsion, which plays a role in self-dual field theory (see Juhl, 2009), and is defined in terms of regularized determinants of the Hodge laplacian on $p$-forms ($p < n/2$). In this article we show that the corresponding actions are unbounded (above and below) on any conformal four-manifold. We also show that the conformal class of the round sphere admits a second solution which is not given by the pull-back of the round metric by a conformal map, thus violating uniqueness up to gauge equivalence. These results differ from the properties of the determinant of the conformal Laplacian established in Chang and Yang (1995), Branson, Chang, and Yang (1992), and Gursky (1997). We also study entire solutions of the Euler-Lagrange equation of $\log \det P$ and the half-torsion $\tau_h$ on $\mathbb{R}^4 \setminus {0}$, and show the existence of two families of periodic solutions. One of these families includes Delaunay-type solutions. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6559 N1 - 35 pages, title changed, added determinant of half-torsion, references added. Comm. Math. Phys., to appear U1 - 6488 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical study of the small dispersion limit of the Korteweg-de Vries equation and asymptotic solutions JF - Physica D 241, nr. 23-24 (2012): 2246-2264 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein KW - Korteweg-de Vries equation AB - We study numerically the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ for $\epsilon\ll1$ and give a quantitative comparison of the numerical solution with various asymptotic formulae for small $\epsilon$ in the whole $(x,t)$-plane. The matching of the asymptotic solutions is studied numerically. PB - Elsevier U1 - 7069 U2 - Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Poles Distribution of PVI Transcendents close to a Critical Point (summer 2011) JF - Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, Volume 241, Issue 23-24, 1 December 2012, Pages 2188-2203 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painleve' equations AB - The distribution of the poles of Painlevé VI transcendents associated to semi-simple Frobenius manifolds is determined close to a critical point. It is shown that the poles accumulate at the critical point,asymptotically along two rays. As an example, the Frobenius manifold given by the quantum cohomology of CP2 is considered. The general PVI is also considered. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6526 U1 - 6469 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Resonance at the first eigenvalue for first-order systems in the plane: vanishing Hamiltonians and the Landesman-Lazer condition JF - Differential Integral Equations Y1 - 2012 A1 - Maurizio Garrione PB - Khayyam Publishing, Inc. VL - 25 UR - https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.die/1356012676 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Review on The Sixth Painlevé Equation Y1 - 2012 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painlevé equation AB -For the Painlev\\\'e 6 transcendents, we provide a unitary description of the\r\ncritical behaviours, the connection formulae, their complete tabulation, and\r\nthe asymptotic distribution of the poles close to a critical point.

PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6525 N1 - 31 pages, 10 figures U1 - 6470 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Solving the Sixth Painlevé Equation: Towards the Classification of all the Critical Behaviors and the Connection Formulae JF - Int Math Res Notices (2012) 2012 (6): 1352-1413 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - The critical behavior of a three real parameter class of solutions of the\\r\\nsixth Painlev\\\\\\\'e equation is computed, and parametrized in terms of monodromy\\r\\ndata of the associated $2\\\\times 2$ matrix linear Fuchsian system of ODE. The\\r\\nclass may contain solutions with poles accumulating at the critical point. The\\r\\nstudy of this class closes a gap in the description of the transcendents in one\\r\\nto one correspondence with the monodromy data. These transcendents are reviewed in the paper. Some formulas that relate the monodromy data to the critical behaviors of the four real (two complex) parameter class of solutions are\\r\\nmissing in the literature, so they are computed here. A computational procedure to write the full expansion of the four and three real parameter class of solutions is proposed. PB - Oxford University Press UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6093 N1 - 53 pages, 2 figures U1 - 5979 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Tabulation of Painlevé 6 transcendents JF - Nonlinearity, Volume 25, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 3235-3276 Y1 - 2012 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - The critical and asymptotic behaviors of solutions of the sixth Painlev'e equation PVI, obtained in the framework of the monodromy preserving deformation method, and their explicit parametrization in terms of monodromy data, are tabulated. PB - IOP Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6520 N1 - 30 pages, 1 figure; this article was published in "Nonlinearity" in 2012 U1 - 6471 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An asymptotic reduction of a Painlevé VI equation to a Painlevé III JF - J.Phys.A: Math.Theor. 44 (2011) 215203 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - When the independent variable is close to a critical point, it is shown that\\r\\nPVI can be asymptotically reduced to PIII. In this way, it is possible to\\r\\ncompute the leading term of the critical behaviors of PVI transcendents\\r\\nstarting from the behaviors of PIII transcendents. PB - IOP Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5124 U1 - 4940 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Axial symmetry of some steady state solutions to nonlinear Schrödinger equations JF - Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 139 (2011), 1023-1032 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Changfeng Gui A1 - Andrea Malchiodi A1 - Haoyuan Xu A1 - Paul Yang KW - Nonlinear Schrödinger equation AB - In this note, we show the axial symmetry of steady state solutions of nonlinear Schrodinger equations when the exponent of the nonlinearity is between the critical Sobolev exponent of n dimensional space and n - 1 dimensional space. PB - American Mathematical Society UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4100 U1 - 304 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Double resonance with Landesman–Lazer conditions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations JF - Journal of Differential Equations Y1 - 2011 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione KW - Double resonance KW - Landesman–Lazer conditions KW - Nonlinear planar systems AB -We prove the existence of periodic solutions for first order planar systems at resonance. The nonlinearity is indeed allowed to interact with two positively homogeneous Hamiltonians, both at resonance, and some kind of Landesman–Lazer conditions are assumed at both sides. We are thus able to obtain, as particular cases, the existence results proposed in the pioneering papers by Lazer and Leach (1969) [27], and by Frederickson and Lazer (1969) [18]. Our theorem also applies in the case of asymptotically piecewise linear systems, and in particular generalizes Fabry's results in Fabry (1995) [10], for scalar equations with double resonance with respect to the Dancer–Fučik spectrum.

VL - 250 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039610002901 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - An Estimate on the Flow Generated by Monotone Operators JF - Communications in Partial Differential Equations 36 (2011) 777-796 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - Matteo Gloyer PB - Taylor & Francis UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3646 U1 - 658 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The geometry of Maximum Principle JF - Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of mathematics. vol. 273 (2011), page: 5-27 ; ISSN: 0081-5438 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Andrei A. Agrachev A1 - Revaz Gamkrelidze AB - An invariant formulation of the maximum principle in optimal control is presented, and some second-order invariants are discussed. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6456 U1 - 6401 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Multi-physics modelling and sensitivity analysis of olympic rowing boat dynamics JF - Sports Engineering Y1 - 2011 A1 - Andrea Mola A1 - Mehdi Ghommem A1 - Muhammad R. Hajj PB - Springer Nature VL - 14 UR - https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-011-0075-2 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Nonlinear resonance: a comparison between Landesman-Lazer and Ahmad-Lazer-Paul conditions JF - Advanced Nonlinear Studies Y1 - 2011 A1 - Alessandro Fonda A1 - Maurizio Garrione AB -We show that the Ahmad-Lazer-Paul condition for resonant problems is more general than the Landesman-Lazer one, discussing some relations with other existence conditions, as well. As a consequence, such a relation holds, for example, when considering resonant boundary value problems associated with linear elliptic operators, the p-Laplacian and, in the scalar case, with an asymmetric oscillator.

PB - Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. VL - 11 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical Study of breakup in generalized Korteweg-de Vries and Kawahara equations JF - SIAM J. Appl. Math. 71 (2011) 983-1008 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - This article is concerned with a conjecture in [B. Dubrovin, Comm. Math. Phys., 267 (2006), pp. 117–139] on the formation of dispersive shocks in a class of Hamiltonian dispersive regularizations of the quasi-linear transport equation. The regularizations are characterized by two arbitrary functions of one variable, where the condition of integrability implies that one of these functions must not vanish. It is shown numerically for a large class of equations that the local behavior of their solution near the point of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation is described by a special solution of a Painlevé-type equation. This local description holds also for solutions to equations where blowup can occur in finite time. Furthermore, it is shown that a solution of the dispersive equations away from the point of gradient catastrophe is approximated by a solution of the transport equation with the same initial data, modulo terms of order $\\\\epsilon^2$, where $\\\\epsilon^2$ is the small dispersion parameter. Corrections up to order $\\\\epsilon^4$ are obtained and tested numerically. PB - SIAM UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4951 U1 - 4732 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Q-factorial Laurent rings Y1 - 2011 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Antonella Grassi AB - Dolgachev proved that, for any field k, the ring naturally associated to a\\r\\ngeneric Laurent polynomial in d variables, $d \\\\geq 4$, is factorial. We prove a\\r\\nsufficient condition for the ring associated to a very general complex Laurent\\r\\npolynomial in d=3 variables to be Q-factorial. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4183 N1 - 5 pages U1 - 3907 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Resonance and Landesman-Lazer conditions for first order systems in R^2 JF - Le Matematiche Y1 - 2011 A1 - Maurizio Garrione AB -The first part of the paper surveys the concept of resonance for $T$-periodic nonlinear problems. In the second part, some new results about existence conditions for nonlinear planar systems are presented. In particular, the Landesman-Lazer conditions are generalized to systems in $\mathbbR^2$ where the nonlinearity interacts with two resonant Hamiltonians. Such results apply to second order equations, generalizing previous theorems by Fabry [4] (for the undamped case), and Frederickson-Lazer [9] (for the case with friction). The results have been obtained with A. Fonda, and have been published in [8].

VL - 66 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Resonance and rotation numbers for planar Hamiltonian systems: Multiplicity results via the Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem JF - Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications Y1 - 2011 A1 - Alberto Boscaggin A1 - Maurizio Garrione KW - Multiple periodic solutions KW - Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem KW - Resonance KW - Rotation number AB -In the general setting of a planar first order system (0.1)u′=G(t,u),u∈R2, with G:[0,T]×R2→R2, we study the relationships between some classical nonresonance conditions (including the Landesman–Lazer one) — at infinity and, in the unforced case, i.e. G(t,0)≡0, at zero — and the rotation numbers of “large” and “small” solutions of (0.1), respectively. Such estimates are then used to establish, via the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem, new multiplicity results for T-periodic solutions of unforced planar Hamiltonian systems Ju′=∇uH(t,u) and unforced undamped scalar second order equations x″+g(t,x)=0. In particular, by means of the Landesman–Lazer condition, we obtain sharp conclusions when the system is resonant at infinity.

VL - 74 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X11001817 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Semistable and numerically effective principal (Higgs) bundles JF - Advances in Mathematics 226 (2011) 3655-3676 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Beatriz Grana-Otero AB - We study Miyaoka-type semistability criteria for principal Higgs G-bundles E on complex projective manifolds of any dimension. We prove that E has the property of being semistable after pullback to any projective curve if and only if certain line bundles, obtained from some characters of the parabolic subgroups of G, are numerically effective. One also proves that these conditions are met for semistable principal Higgs bundles whose adjoint bundle has vanishing second Chern class.\\r\\n\\r\\nIn a second part of the paper, we introduce notions of numerical effectiveness and numerical flatness for principal (Higgs) bundles, discussing their main properties. For (non-Higgs) principal bundles, we show that a numerically flat principal bundle admits a reduction to a Levi factor which has a flat Hermitian–Yang–Mills connection, and, as a consequence, that the cohomology ring of a numerically flat principal bundle with coefficients in R is trivial. To our knowledge this notion of numerical effectiveness is new even in the case of (non-Higgs) principal bundles. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3638 U1 - 666 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - CHAP T1 - Solving PVI by Isomonodromy Deformations T2 - Painlevé equations and related topics : proceedings of the international conference, Saint Petersburg, Russia, June 17-23, 2011 / Aleksandr Dmitrievich Briuno; Alexander B Batkhin. - Berlin : De Gruyter, [2012]. - p. 101-105 Y1 - 2011 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painlevé Equations AB - The critical and asymptotic behaviors of solutions of the sixth Painlev\\\'e\r\nequation, an their parametrization in terms of monodromy data, are\r\nsynthetically reviewed. The explicit formulas are given. This paper has been\r\nwithdrawn by the author himself, because some improvements are necessary.\r\nThis is a proceedings of the international conference \"Painlevé Equations and Related Topics\" which was taking place at the Euler International Mathematical Institute, a branch of the Saint Petersburg Department of the SteklovInstitute of Mathematicsof theRussian Academy of Sciences, in Saint Petersburg on June 17 to 23, 2011. JF - Painlevé equations and related topics : proceedings of the international conference, Saint Petersburg, Russia, June 17-23, 2011 / Aleksandr Dmitrievich Briuno; Alexander B Batkhin. - Berlin : De Gruyter, [2012]. - p. 101-105 PB - SISSA SN - 9783110275582 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6522 N1 - 12 pages, 1 figurethis paper has been U1 - 6472 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The sphere and the cut locus at a tangency point in two-dimensional almost-Riemannian geometry JF - Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems Y1 - 2011 A1 - Bernard Bonnard A1 - Grégoire Charlot A1 - Roberta Ghezzi A1 - Gabriel Janin AB -We study the tangential case in 2-dimensional almost-Riemannian geometry. We\\r\\nanalyse the connection with the Martinet case in sub-Riemannian geometry. We\\r\\ncompute estimations of the exponential map which allow us to describe the\\r\\nconjugate locus and the cut locus at a tangency point. We prove that this last\\r\\none generically accumulates at the tangency point as an asymmetric cusp whose branches are separated by the singular set.

PB - Springer VL - 17 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4914 U1 - 4692 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - THES T1 - Almost-Riemannian Geometry from a Control Theoretical Viewpoint Y1 - 2010 A1 - Roberta Ghezzi PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4705 U1 - 4482 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Cauchy biorthogonal polynomials JF - J. Approx. Theory Y1 - 2010 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gekhtman, M. A1 - Szmigielski, J. VL - 162 UR - http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1016/j.jat.2009.09.008 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Chern-Simons theory on L(p,q) lens spaces and Gopakumar-Vafa duality JF - J. Geom. Phys. 60 (2010) 417-429 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Andrea Brini A1 - Luca Griguolo A1 - Domenico Seminara A1 - Alessandro Tanzini AB - We consider aspects of Chern-Simons theory on L(p,q) lens spaces and its relation with matrix models and topological string theory on Calabi-Yau threefolds, searching for possible new large N dualities via geometric transition for non-SU(2) cyclic quotients of the conifold. To this aim we find, on one hand, some novel matrix integral representations of the SU(N) CS partition function in a generic flat background for the whole L(p,q) family and provide a solution for its large N dynamics; on the other, we perform in full detail the construction of a family of would-be dual closed string backgrounds via conifold geometric transition from T^*L(p,q). We can then explicitly prove that Gopakumar-Vafa duality in a fixed vacuum fails in the case q>1, and briefly discuss how it could be restored in a non-perturbative setting. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2938 U1 - 1762 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Concentration of solutions for some singularly perturbed mixed problems: Asymptotics of minimal energy solutions JF - Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire 27 (2010) 37-56 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Jesus Garcia Azorero A1 - Andrea Malchiodi A1 - Luigi Montoro A1 - Ireneo Peral AB - In this paper we carry on the study of asymptotic behavior of some solutions to a singularly perturbed problem with mixed Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, started in the first paper. Here we are mainly interested in the analysis of the location and shape of least energy solutions when the singular perturbation parameter tends to zero. We show that in many cases they coincide with the new solutions produced in. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3409 U1 - 926 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Concentration of solutions for some singularly perturbed mixed problems. Part I: existence results JF - Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 196 (2010) 907-950 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Jesus Garcia Azorero A1 - Andrea Malchiodi A1 - Luigi Montoro A1 - Ireneo Peral AB - In this paper we study the asymptotic behavior of some solutions to a singularly perturbed problem with mixed Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. We prove that, under suitable geometric conditions on the boundary of the domain, there exist solutions which approach the intersection of the Neumann and the Dirichlet parts as the singular perturbation parameter tends to zero. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3406 U1 - 927 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the Euler-Lagrange equation for a variational problem : the general case II JF - Math. Z. 265 (2010) 889-923 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - Matteo Gloyer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2551 U1 - 1568 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Gene expression analysis of the emergence of epileptiform activity after focal injection of kainic acid into mouse hippocampus. JF - The European journal of neuroscience. 2010 Oct; 32(8):1364-79 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Dario Motti A1 - Caroline Le Duigou A1 - Nicole Chemaly A1 - Lucia Wittner A1 - Dejan Lazarevic A1 - Helena Krmac A1 - Troels Torben Marstrand A1 - Eivind Valen A1 - Remo Sanges A1 - Elia Stupka A1 - Albin Sandelin A1 - Enrico Cherubini A1 - Stefano Gustincich A1 - Richard Miles AB -We report gene profiling data on genomic processes underlying the progression towards recurrent seizures after injection of kainic acid (KA) into the mouse hippocampus. Focal injection enabled us to separate the effects of proepileptic stimuli initiated by KA injection. Both the injected and contralateral hippocampus participated in the status epilepticus. However, neuronal death induced by KA treatment was restricted to the injected hippocampus, although there was some contralateral axonal degeneration. We profiled gene expression changes in dorsal and ventral regions of both the injected and contralateral hippocampus. Changes were detected in the expression of 1526 transcripts in samples from three time-points: (i) during the KA-induced status epilepticus, (ii) at 2 weeks, before recurrent seizures emerged, and (iii) at 6 months after seizures emerged. Grouping genes with similar spatio-temporal changes revealed an early transcriptional response, strong immune, cell death and growth responses at 2 weeks and an activation of immune and extracellular matrix genes persisting at 6 months. Immunostaining for proteins coded by genes identified from array studies provided evidence for gliogenesis and suggested that the proteoglycan biglycan is synthesized by astrocytes and contributes to a glial scar. Gene changes at 6 months after KA injection were largely restricted to tissue from the injection site. This suggests that either recurrent seizures might depend on maintained processes including immune responses and changes in extracellular matrix proteins near the injection site or alternatively might result from processes, such as growth, distant from the injection site and terminated while seizures are maintained.

PB - Wiley UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4480 U1 - 4244 U2 - Neuroscience U3 - Neurobiology U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Homogeneous binary trees as ground states of quantum critical Hamiltonians JF - Phys. Rev. A 81 (2010) 062335 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Pietro Silvi A1 - Vittorio Giovannetti A1 - Simone Montangero A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - J. Ignacio Cirac A1 - Rosario Fazio AB -Many-body states whose wave-function admits a representation in terms of a uniform binary-tree tensor decomposition are shown to obey to power-law two-body correlations functions. Any such state can be associated with the ground state of a translational invariant Hamiltonian which, depending on the dimension of the systems sites, involve at most couplings between third-neighboring sites. A detailed analysis of their spectra shows that they admit an exponentially large ground space.

PB - American Physical Society UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3909 U1 - 800 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Homogeneous multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz tensor networks for quantum critical systems JF - New J. Phys. 12 (2010) 075018 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Matteo Rizzi A1 - Simone Montangero A1 - Pietro Silvi A1 - Vittorio Giovannetti A1 - Rosario Fazio AB -In this paper, we review the properties of homogeneous multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) to describe quantum critical systems.We discuss in more detail our results for one-dimensional (1D) systems (the Ising and Heisenberg models) and present new data for the 2D Ising model. Together with the results for the critical exponents, we provide a detailed description of the numerical algorithm and a discussion of new optimization\\nstrategies. The relation between the critical properties of the system and the tensor structure of the MERA is expressed using the formalism of quantum channels, which we review and extend.

PB - IOP Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4067 U1 - 335 U2 - Physics U3 - Condensed Matter Theory ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Lorentz Covariant k-Minkowski Spacetime JF - Phys. Rev. D 81 (2010) 125024 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Ludwik Dabrowski A1 - Michal Godlinski A1 - Gherardo Piacitelli AB - In recent years, different views on the interpretation of Lorentz covariance of non commuting coordinates were discussed. Here, by a general procedure, we construct the minimal canonical central covariantisation of the k-Minkowski spacetime. We then show that, though the usual k-Minkowski spacetime is covariant under deformed (or twisted) Lorentz action, the resulting framework is equivalent to taking a non covariant restriction of the covariantised model. We conclude with some general comments on the approach of deformed covariance. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3829 U1 - 498 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A normal form for generic 2-dimensional almost-Riemannian structures at a tangency point JF - arXiv preprint arXiv:1008.5036 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Ugo Boscain A1 - Grégoire Charlot A1 - Roberta Ghezzi ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Numerical Solution of the Small Dispersion Limit of the Camassa-Holm and Whitham Equations and Multiscale Expansions Y1 - 2010 A1 - Simonetta Abenda A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - The small dispersion limit of solutions to the Camassa-Holm (CH) equation is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations. An asymptotic description of these oscillations is given, for short times, by the one-phase solution to the CH equation, where the branch points of the corresponding elliptic curve depend on the physical coordinates via the Whitham equations. We present a conjecture for the phase of the asymptotic solution. A numerical study of this limit for smooth hump-like initial data provides strong evidence for the validity of this conjecture.... UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3840 U1 - 487 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Painlevé II asymptotics near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small-dispersion limit JF - Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 63 (2010) 203-232 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Tom Claeys A1 - Tamara Grava AB - In the small dispersion limit, solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries equation develop an interval of fast oscillations after a certain time. We obtain a universal asymptotic expansion for the Korteweg-de Vries solution near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone up to second order corrections. This expansion involves the Hastings-McLeod solution of the Painlev\\\\\\\'e II equation. We prove our results using the Riemann-Hilbert approach. PB - Wiley UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3799 U1 - 527 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Picard group of hypersurfaces in toric varieties Y1 - 2010 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Antonella Grassi AB - We show that the usual sufficient criterion for a generic hypersurface in a smooth projective manifold to have the same Picard number as the ambient variety can be generalized to hypersurfaces in complete simplicial toric varieties. This sufficient condition is always satisfied by generic K3 surfaces embedded in Fano toric 3-folds. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4103 U1 - 301 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Riemann-Roch theorems and elliptic genus for virtually smooth schemes JF - Geom. Topol. 14 (2010) 83-115 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Barbara Fantechi A1 - Lothar Göttsche AB - For a proper scheme X with a fixed 1-perfect obstruction theory, we define virtual versions of holomorphic Euler characteristic, chi y-genus, and elliptic genus; they are deformation invariant, and extend the usual definition in the smooth case. We prove virtual versions of the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch and Hirzebruch-Riemann-Roch theorems. We show that the virtual chi y-genus is a polynomial, and use this to define a virtual topological Euler characteristic. We prove that the virtual elliptic genus satisfies a Jacobi modularity property; we state and prove a localization theorem in the toric equivariant case. We show how some of our results apply to moduli spaces of stable sheaves. PB - Mathematical Sciences Publishers UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3888 U1 - 821 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Solitonic asymptotics for the Korteweg-de Vries equation in the small dispersion limit JF - SIAM J. Math. Anal. 42 (2010) 2132-2154 Y1 - 2010 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Tom Claeys AB - We study the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\\\\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ in a critical scaling regime where $x$ approaches the trailing edge of the region where the KdV solution shows oscillatory behavior. Using the Riemann-Hilbert approach, we obtain an asymptotic expansion for the KdV solution in a double scaling limit, which shows that the oscillations degenerate to sharp pulses near the trailing edge. Locally those pulses resemble soliton solutions of the KdV equation. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3839 U1 - 488 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Two-dimensional almost-Riemannian structures with tangency points JF - Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire Y1 - 2010 A1 - Andrei A. Agrachev A1 - Ugo Boscain A1 - Grégoire Charlot A1 - Roberta Ghezzi A1 - Mario Sigalotti AB -Two-dimensional almost-Riemannian structures are generalized Riemannian structures on surfaces for which a local orthonormal frame is given by a Lie bracket generating pair of vector fields that can become collinear. We study the relation between the topological invariants of an almost-Riemannian structure on a compact oriented surface and the rank-two vector bundle over the surface which defines the structure. We analyse the generic case including the presence of tangency points, i.e. points where two generators of the distribution and their Lie bracket are linearly dependent. The main result of the paper provides a classification of oriented almost-Riemannian structures on compact oriented surfaces in terms of the Euler number of the vector bundle corresponding to the structure. Moreover, we present a Gauss-Bonnet formula for almost-Riemannian structures with tangency points.

PB - Elsevier VL - 27 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3870 U1 - 839 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The Cauchy two–matrix model JF - Comm. Math. Phys. Y1 - 2009 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - M Gekhtman A1 - J Szmigielski VL - 287 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Cubic string boundary value problems and Cauchy biorthogonal polynomials JF - J. Phys. A Y1 - 2009 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gekhtman, M. A1 - Szmigielski, J. VL - 42 UR - http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1088/1751-8113/42/45/454006 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Hardy-Sobolev-Maz\\\'ja inequalities: symmetry and breaking symmetry of extremal functions JF - Commun. Contemp. Math. 11 (2009) 993-1007 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Marita Gazzini A1 - Roberta Musina UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2569 U1 - 1551 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Initial value problem of the Whitham equations for the Camassa-Holm equation JF - Physica D 238 (2009) 55-66 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Virgil U. Pierce A1 - Fei-Ran Tian AB - We study the Whitham equations for the Camassa-Holm equation. The equations are neither strictly hyperbolic nor genuinely nonlinear. We are interested in the initial value problem of the Whitham equations. When the initial values are given by a step function, the Whitham solution is self-similar. When the initial values are given by a smooth function, the Whitham solution exists within a cusp in the x-t plane. On the boundary of the cusp, the Whitham equation matches the Burgers solution, which exists outside the cusp. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3429 U1 - 906 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The intrinsic hypoelliptic Laplacian and its heat kernel on unimodular Lie groups JF - J. Funct. Anal. 256 (2009) 2621-2655 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Andrei A. Agrachev A1 - Ugo Boscain A1 - Jean-Paul Gauthier A1 - Francesco Rossi AB - We present an invariant definition of the hypoelliptic Laplacian on sub-Riemannian structures with constant growth vector, using the Popp\\\'s volume form introduced by Montgomery. This definition generalizes the one of the Laplace-Beltrami operator in Riemannian geometry. In the case of left-invariant problems on unimodular Lie groups we prove that it coincides with the usual sum of squares.\\nWe then extend a method (first used by Hulanicki on the Heisenberg group) to compute explicitly the kernel of the hypoelliptic heat equation on any unimodular Lie group of type I. The main tool is the noncommutative Fourier transform. We then study some relevant cases: SU(2), SO(3), SL(2) (with the metrics inherited by the Killing form), and the group SE(2) of rototranslations of the plane.\\nOur study is motivated by some recent results about the cut and conjugate loci on these sub-Riemannian manifolds. The perspective is to understand how singularities of the sub-Riemannian distance reflect on the kernel of the corresponding hypoelliptic heat equation. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2669 U1 - 1428 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On a Sobolev type inequality related to the weighted p-Laplace operator JF - J. Math. Anal. Appl. 352 (2009) 99-111 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Marita Gazzini A1 - Roberta Musina UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2613 U1 - 1510 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On universality of critical behaviour in the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation, elliptic umbilic catastrophe and the \\\\it tritronquée solution to the Painlevé-I equation JF - J. Nonlinear Sci. 19 (2009) 57-94 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - We argue that the critical behaviour near the point of ``gradient catastrophe\\\" of the solution to the Cauchy problem for the focusing nonlinear Schr\\\\\\\"odinger equation $ i\\\\epsilon \\\\psi_t +\\\\frac{\\\\epsilon^2}2\\\\psi_{xx}+ |\\\\psi|^2 \\\\psi =0$ with analytic initial data of the form $\\\\psi(x,0;\\\\epsilon) =A(x) e^{\\\\frac{i}{\\\\epsilon} S(x)}$ is approximately described by a particular solution to the Painlev\\\\\\\'e-I equation. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2525 U1 - 1593 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality of the break-up profile for the KdV equation in the small dispersion limit using the Riemann-Hilbert approach JF - Comm. Math. Phys. 286 (2009) 979-1009 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Tom Claeys AB - We obtain an asymptotic expansion for the solution of the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation in the small dispersion limit near the point of gradient catastrophe (x_c,t_c) for the solution of the dispersionless equation.\\nThe sub-leading term in this expansion is described by the smooth solution of a fourth order ODE, which is a higher order analogue to the Painleve I equation. This is in accordance with a conjecture of Dubrovin, suggesting that this is a universal phenomenon for any Hamiltonian perturbation of a hyperbolic equation. Using the Deift/Zhou steepest descent method applied on the Riemann-Hilbert problem for the KdV equation, we are able to prove the asymptotic expansion rigorously in a double scaling limit. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2636 U1 - 1487 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A variational model for quasistatic crack growth in nonlinear elasticity: some qualitative properties of the solutions JF - Boll. Unione Mat. Ital. (9) 2 (2009) 371-390 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Alessandro Giacomini A1 - Marcello Ponsiglione UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2675 U1 - 1425 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Gradient bounds for minimizers of free discontinuity problems related to cohesive zone models in fracture mechanics JF - Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations 31 (2008) 137-145 Y1 - 2008 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Adriana Garroni AB - In this note we consider a free discontinuity problem for a scalar function, whose energy depends also on the size of the jump. We prove that the gradient of every smooth local minimizer never exceeds a constant, determined only by the data of the problem. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1723 U1 - 2428 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the Logarithmic Asymptotics of the Sixth Painleve\' Equation (Summer 2007) JF - J.Phys.A: Math.Theor. 41,(2008), 205201-205247 Y1 - 2008 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - We study the solutions of the sixth Painlev\'e equation with a logarithmic\r\nasymptotic behavior at a critical point. We compute the monodromy group\r\nassociated to the solutions by the method of monodromy preserving deformations\r\nand we characterize the asymptotic behavior in terms of the monodromy itself. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6521 N1 - This paper appeared as a preprint in August 2007. It is published in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, Volume 41, Issue 20, 6 May 2008, p. 205201-205247. It was on the archive in January 2008 (arXiv:0801.1157). This version does not differ from the published one except for two facts: 1)the addition of subsection 8.2, which proves that tr(M0Mx) = −2 for solutions y(x) ∼ a (ln x)n , n = 1, 2, x → 0. 2). The title of the journal article is : The logarithmic asymptotics of the sixth Painlevé equation U1 - 6473 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Numerical study of a multiscale expansion of the Korteweg-de Vries equation and Painlevé-II equation JF - Proc. R. Soc. A 464 (2008) 733-757 Y1 - 2008 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - The Cauchy problem for the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation with small dispersion of order $\\\\e^2$, $\\\\e\\\\ll 1$, is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations. These oscillations are approximately described by the elliptic solution of KdV where the amplitude, wave-number and frequency are not constant but evolve according to the Whitham equations. Whereas the difference between the KdV and the asymptotic solution decreases as $\\\\epsilon$ in the interior of the Whitham oscillatory zone, it is known to be only of order $\\\\epsilon^{1/3}$ near the leading edge of this zone. To obtain a more accurate description near the leading edge of the oscillatory zone we present a multiscale expansion of the solution of KdV in terms of the Hastings-McLeod solution of the Painlev\\\\\\\'e-II equation. We show numerically that the resulting multiscale solution approximates the KdV solution, in the small dispersion limit, to the order $\\\\epsilon^{2/3}$. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2592 U1 - 1530 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - CHAP T1 - Transport Rays and Applications to Hamilton–Jacobi Equations T2 - Nonlinear PDE’s and Applications : C.I.M.E. Summer School, Cetraro, Italy 2008 / Stefano Bianchini, Eric A. Carlen, Alexander Mielke, Cédric Villani. Eds. Luigi Ambrosio, Giuseppe Savaré. - Berlin : Springer, 2011. - (Lecture Notes in Mathematics ; 20 Y1 - 2008 A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - Matteo Gloyer AB - The aim of these notes is to introduce the readers to the use of the Disintegration Theorem for measures as an effective tool for reducing problems in transport equations to simpler ones. The basic idea is to partition Rd into one dimensional sets, on which the problem under consideration becomes one space dimensional (and thus much easier, hopefully). JF - Nonlinear PDE’s and Applications : C.I.M.E. Summer School, Cetraro, Italy 2008 / Stefano Bianchini, Eric A. Carlen, Alexander Mielke, Cédric Villani. Eds. Luigi Ambrosio, Giuseppe Savaré. - Berlin : Springer, 2011. - (Lecture Notes in Mathematics ; 20 PB - Springer SN - 978-3-642-21718-0 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5463 N1 - This volume collects the notes of the CIME course Nonlinear PDE’s and\\r\\napplications held in Cetraro (Italy) on June 23–28, 2008. The school consisted\\r\\nin 5 series of lectures, delivered by Stefano Bianchini (SISSA, Trieste), Eric A. Carlen (Rutgers University), Alexander Mielke (WIAS, Berlin), Felix Otto (Bonn University), Cedric Villani (Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon). U1 - 5298 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The Asymptotic Behaviour of the Fourier Transforms of Orthogonal Polynomials II: L.I.F.S. Measures and Quantum Mechanics JF - Ann. Henri Poincar´e 8 (2007), 301–336 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Davide Guzzetti A1 - Giorgio Mantica AB - We study measures generated by systems of linear iterated functions,\r\ntheir Fourier transforms, and those of their orthogonal polynomials. We\r\ncharacterize the asymptotic behaviours of their discrete and continuous averages.\r\nFurther related quantities are analyzed, and relevance of this analysis\r\nto quantum mechanics is briefly discussed PB - 2007 Birkh¨auser Verlag Basel/Switzerland U1 - 6480 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Biorthogonal Laurent polynomials, Töplitz determinants, minimal Toda orbits and isomonodromic tau functions JF - Constr. Approx. Y1 - 2007 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gekhtman, M. VL - 26 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Black Holes, Instanton Counting on Toric Singularities and q-Deformed Two-Dimensional Yang-Mills Theory Y1 - 2007 A1 - Luca Griguolo A1 - Domenico Seminara A1 - Richard J. Szabo A1 - Alessandro Tanzini AB - We study the relationship between instanton counting in N=4 Yang-Mills theory on a generic four-dimensional toric orbifold and the semi-classical expansion of q-deformed Yang-Mills theory on the blowups of the minimal resolution of the orbifold singularity, with an eye to clarifying the recent proposal of using two-dimensional gauge theories to count microstates of black holes in four dimensions. We describe explicitly the instanton contributions to the counting of D-brane bound states which are captured by the two-dimensional gauge theory. We derive an intimate relationship between the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory and Chern-Simons theory on generic Lens spaces, and use it to show that the correct instanton counting is only reproduced when the Chern-Simons contributions are treated as non-dynamical boundary conditions in the D4-brane gauge theory. We also use this correspondence to discuss the counting of instantons on higher genus ruled Riemann surfaces. JF - Nucl. Phys. B 772 (2007) 1-24 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1888 U1 - 2347 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Effective inverse spectral problem for rational Lax matrices and applications JF - Int. Math. Res. Not. IMRN Y1 - 2007 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gekhtman, M. ER - TY - RPRT T1 - On the Maz\\\'ya inequalities: existence and multiplicity results for an elliptic problem involving cylindrical weights Y1 - 2007 A1 - Marita Gazzini A1 - Roberta Musina UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2522 U1 - 1596 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Metrics on semistable and numerically effective Higgs bundles JF - J. Reine Angew. Math. 612 (2007) 59-79 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Beatriz Grana-Otero AB - We consider fibre metrics on Higgs vector bundles on compact K\\\\\\\"ahler manifolds, providing notions of numerical effectiveness and numerical flatness in terms of such metrics. We prove several properties of bundles satisfying such conditions and in particular we show that numerically flat Higgs bundles have vanishing Chern classes, and that they admit filtrations whose quotients are stable flat Higgs bundles. We compare these definitions with those previously given in the case of projective varieties. Finally we study the relations between numerically effectiveness and semistability, providing semistability criteria for Higgs bundles on projective manifolds of any dimension. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1840 U1 - 2376 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - A new model for contact angle hysteresis Y1 - 2007 A1 - Antonio DeSimone A1 - Natalie Gruenewald A1 - Felix Otto AB - We present a model which explains several experimental observations relating contact angle hysteresis with surface roughness. The model is based on the balance between released energy and dissipation, and it describes the stick-slip behavior of drops on a rough surface using ideas similar to those employed in dry friction, elasto-plasticity and fracture mechanics. The main results of our analysis are formulas giving the interval of stable contact angles as a function of the surface roughness. These formulas show that the difference between advancing and receding angles is much larger for a drop in complete contact with the substrate (Wenzel drop) than for one whose cavities are filled with air (Cassie-Baxter drop). This fact is used as the key tool to interpret the experimental evidence. JF - Netw. Heterog. Media 2 (2007) 211-225 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1848 U1 - 2369 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Numerical solution of the small dispersion limit of Korteweg de Vries and Whitham equations Y1 - 2007 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - The Cauchy problem for the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation with small dispersion of order $\\\\epsilon^2$, is characterized by the appearance of a zone of rapid modulated oscillations of wave-length of order $\\\\epsilon$. These oscillations are approximately described by the elliptic solution of KdV where the amplitude, wave-number and frequency are not constant but evolve according to the Whitham equations. In this manuscript we give a quantitative analysis of the discrepancy between the numerical solution of the KdV equation in the small dispersion limit and the corresponding approximate solution for values of $\\\\epsilon$ between $10^{-1}$ and $10^{-3}$. The numerical results are compatible with a difference of order $\\\\epsilon$ within the `interior\\\' of the Whitham oscillatory zone, of order $\\\\epsilon^{1/3}$ at the left boundary outside the Whitham zone and of order $\\\\epsilon^{1/2}$ at the right boundary outside the Whitham zone. JF - Comm. Pure Appl. Math. 60 (2007) 1623-1664 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1788 U1 - 2756 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Numerical study of a multiscale expansion of KdV and Camassa-Holm equation Y1 - 2007 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - We study numerically solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries and Camassa-Holm equation close to the breakup of the corresponding solution to the dispersionless equation. The solutions are compared with the properly rescaled numerical solution to a fourth order ordinary differential equation, the second member of the Painlev\\\\\\\'e I hierarchy. It is shown that this solution gives a valid asymptotic description of the solutions close to breakup. We present a detailed analysis of the situation and compare the Korteweg-de Vries solution quantitatively with asymptotic solutions obtained via the solution of the Hopf and the Whitham equations. We give a qualitative analysis for the Camassa-Holm equation UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2527 U1 - 1591 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Numerically flat Higgs vector bundles Y1 - 2007 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Beatriz Grana-Otero AB - After providing a suitable definition of numerical effectiveness for Higgs bundles, and a related notion of numerical flatness, in this paper we prove, together with some side results, that all Chern classes of a Higgs-numerically flat Higgs bundle vanish, and that a Higgs bundle is Higgs-numerically flat if and only if it is has a filtration whose quotients are flat stable Higgs bundles. We also study the relation between these numerical properties of Higgs bundles and (semi)stability. JF - Commun. Contemp. Math. 9 (2007) 437-446 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1757 U1 - 2787 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Reciprocal transformations and flat metrics on Hurwitz spaces JF - J. Phys. A 40 (2007) 10769-10790 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Simonetta Abenda A1 - Tamara Grava AB - We consider hydrodynamic systems which possess a local Hamiltonian structure of Dubrovin-Novikov type. To such a system there are also associated an infinite number of nonlocal Hamiltonian structures. We give necessary and sufficient conditions so that, after a nonlinear transformation of the independent variables, the reciprocal system still possesses a local Hamiltonian structure of Dubrovin-Novikov type. We show that, under our hypotheses, bi-hamiltonicity is preserved by the reciprocal transformation. Finally we apply such results to reciprocal systems of genus g Whitham-KdV modulation equations. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2210 U1 - 2034 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Semistable principal Higgs bundles Y1 - 2007 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Beatriz Grana-Otero UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2533 U1 - 1585 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Experimental and modeling studies of desensitization of P2X3 receptors. JF - Molecular pharmacology. 2006 Jul; 70(1):373-82 Y1 - 2006 A1 - Elena Sokolova A1 - Andrei Skorinkin A1 - Igor Moiseev A1 - Andrei A. Agrachev A1 - Andrea Nistri A1 - Rashid Giniatullin AB - The function of ATP-activated P2X3 receptors involved in pain sensation is modulated by desensitization, a phenomenon poorly understood. The present study used patch-clamp recording from cultured rat or mouse sensory neurons and kinetic modeling to clarify the properties of P2X3 receptor desensitization. Two types of desensitization were observed, a fast process (t1/2 = 50 ms; 10 microM ATP) following the inward current evoked by micromolar agonist concentrations, and a slow process (t1/2 = 35 s; 10 nM ATP) that inhibited receptors without activating them. We termed the latter high-affinity desensitization (HAD). Recovery from fast desensitization or HAD was slow and agonist-dependent. When comparing several agonists, there was analogous ranking order for agonist potency, rate of desensitization and HAD effectiveness, with 2-methylthioadenosine triphosphate the strongest and beta,gamma-methylene-ATP the weakest. HAD was less developed with recombinant (ATP IC50 = 390 nM) than native P2X3 receptors (IC50 = 2.3 nM). HAD could also be induced by nanomolar ATP when receptors seemed to be nondesensitized, indicating that resting receptors could express high-affinity binding sites. Desensitization properties were well accounted for by a cyclic model in which receptors could be desensitized from either open or closed states. Recovery was assumed to be a multistate process with distinct kinetics dependent on the agonist-dependent dissociation rate from desensitized receptors. Thus, the combination of agonist-specific mechanisms such as desensitization onset, HAD, and resensitization could shape responsiveness of sensory neurons to P2X3 receptor agonists. By using subthreshold concentrations of an HAD-potent agonist, it might be possible to generate sustained inhibition of P2X3 receptors for controlling chronic pain. PB - the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4974 U1 - 4799 U2 - Neuroscience U3 - Neurobiology U4 - -1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Large Parameter Behavior of Equilibrium Measures Y1 - 2006 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Fei-Ran Tian AB - We study the equilibrium measure for a logarithmic potential in the presence of an external field V*(x) + tp(x), where t is a parameter, V*(x) is a smooth function and p(x) a monic polynomial. When p(x) is of an odd degree, the equilibrium measure is shown to be supported on a single interval as |t| is sufficiently large. When p(x) is of an even degree, the equilibrium measure is supported on two disjoint intervals as t is negatively large; it is supported on a single interval for convex p(x) as t is positively large and is likely to be supported on multiple disjoint intervals for non-convex p(x). JF - Commun. Math. Sci. 4 (2006) 551-573 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1789 U1 - 2755 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Matching Procedure for the Sixth Painlevé Equation (May 2006) JF - Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, Volume 39, Issue 39, 29 September 2006, Article numberS02, Pages 11973-12031 Y1 - 2006 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - We present a constructive procedure to obtain the critical behavior of\r\nPainleve\' VI transcendents and solve the connection problem. This procedure\r\nyields two and one parameter families of solutions, including trigonometric and\r\nlogarithmic behaviors, and three classes of solutions with Taylor expansion at\r\na critical point. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6524 N1 - This paper appeared in May 2006. I put it on the archive now, with more that four years of delay, for completeness sake. The paper is published in J.Phys.A: Math.Gen. 39 (2006), 11973-12031, with some modifications. U1 - 6474 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Thomae type formulae for singular Z_N curves JF - Lett. Math. Phys. 76 (2006) 187-214 Y1 - 2006 A1 - Victor Z. Enolski A1 - Tamara Grava AB - We give an elementary and rigorous proof of the Thomae type formula for singular $Z_N$ curves. To derive the Thomae formula we use the traditional variational method which goes back to Riemann, Thomae and Fuchs. An important step of the proof is the use of the Szego kernel computed explicitly in algebraic form for non-singular 1/N-periods. The proof inherits principal points of Nakayashiki\\\'s proof [31], obtained for non-singular ZN curves. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2125 U1 - 2118 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Hybrid necessary principle JF - SIAM J. Control Optim. 43 (2005) 1867-1887 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Mauro Garavello A1 - Benedetto Piccoli AB - We consider a hybrid control system and general optimal control problems for this system. We suppose that the switching strategy imposes restrictions on control sets and we provide necessary conditions for an optimal hybrid trajectory, stating a hybrid necessary principle (HNP). Our result generalizes various necessary principles available in the literature. PB - SIAM UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1641 N1 - Proceedings of IFAC Conference on Analysis and Design of Hybrid Systems, Saint Malo, France U1 - 2477 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Modulation of the Camassa-Holm equation and reciprocal transformations JF - Ann. Inst. Fourier (Grenoble) 55 (2005) 1803-1834 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Simonetta Abenda A1 - Tamara Grava AB - We derive the modulation equations or Whitham equations for the Camassa-Holm (CH) equation. We show that the modulation equations are hyperbolic and admit bi-Hamiltonian structure. Furthermore they are connected by a reciprocal transformation to the modulation equations of the first negative flow of the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation. The reciprocal transformation is generated by the Casimir of the second Poisson bracket of the KdV averaged flow. We show that the geometry of the bi-Hamiltonian structure of the KdV and CH modulation equations is quite different: indeed the KdV averaged bi-Hamiltonian structure can always be related to a semisimple Frobenius manifold while the CH one cannot. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2305 U1 - 1711 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Traffic flow on a road network JF - SIAM J. Math. Anal. 36 (2005) 1862-1886 Y1 - 2005 A1 - Giuseppe Maria Coclite A1 - Benedetto Piccoli A1 - Mauro Garavello AB - This paper is concerned with a fluidodynamic model for traffic flow. More precisely, we consider a single conservation law, deduced from conservation of the number of cars,\\ndefined on a road network that is a collection of roads with junctions. The evolution problem is underdetermined at junctions, hence we choose to have some fixed rules for the distribution of traffic plus an optimization criteria for the flux. We prove existence, uniqueness and stability of solutions to the Cauchy problem. Our method is based on wave front tracking approach, see [6], and works also for boundary data and time dependent coefficients of traffic distribution at junctions, so including traffic lights. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1584 U1 - 2534 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - Generic T1 - The elliptic representation of the sixth Painlevé equation. T2 - Théories asymptotiques et équations de Painlevé : [colloque], Angers, juin 2004 / édité par Éric Delabaere, Michèle Loday-Richaud. - Paris : Société mathématique de France, 2006. - Collection SMF. Séminaires et congrès. - page : 83-101 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painlevé equation AB - We find a class of solutions of the sixth Painlev´e equation corresponding\r\nto almost all the monodromy data of the associated linear system; actually, all data\r\nbut one point in the space of data. We describe the critical behavior close to the\r\ncritical points by means of the elliptic representation, and we find the relation among\r\nthe parameters at the different critical points (connection problem). JF - Théories asymptotiques et équations de Painlevé : [colloque], Angers, juin 2004 / édité par Éric Delabaere, Michèle Loday-Richaud. - Paris : Société mathématique de France, 2006. - Collection SMF. Séminaires et congrès. - page : 83-101 PB - Societe Matematique de France SN - 978-2-85629-229-7 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6529 U1 - 6482 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Singular Z_N curves, Riemann-Hilbert problem and modular solutions of the Schlesinger equation JF - Int. Math. Res. Not. 2004, no. 32, 1619-1683 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Victor Z. Enolski A1 - Tamara Grava AB - We are solving the classical Riemann-Hilbert problem of rank N>1 on the extended complex plane punctured in 2m+2 points, for NxN quasi-permutation monodromy matrices. Following Korotkin we solve the Riemann-Hilbert problem in terms of the Szego kernel of certain Riemann surfaces branched over the given 2m+2 points. These Riemann surfaces are constructed from a permutation representation of the symmetric group S_N to which the quasi-permutation monodromy representation has been reduced. The permutation representation of our problem generates the cyclic subgroup Z_N. For this reason the corresponding Riemann surfaces of genus N(m-1) have Z_N symmetry. This fact enables us to write the matrix entries of the solution of the NxN Riemann-Hilbert problem as a product of an algebraic function and theta-function quotients. The algebraic function turns out to be related to the Szego kernel with zero characteristics. From the solution of the Riemann- Hilbert problem we automatically obtain a particular solution of the Schlesinger system. The tau-function of the Schlesinger system is computed explicitly. The rank 3 problem with four singular points (0,t,1,\\\\infty) is studied in detail. The corresponding solution of the Riemann-Hilbert problem and the Schlesinger system is given in terms of Jacobi\\\'s theta-function with modulus T=T(t), Im(T)>0. The function T=T(t) is invertible if it belongs to the Siegel upper half space modulo the subgroup \\\\Gamma_0(3) of the modular group. The inverse function t=t(T) generates a solution of a general Halphen system. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2540 U1 - 1579 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Solitary waves for Maxwell Schrodinger equations JF - Electron. J. Differential Equations (2004) 94 Y1 - 2004 A1 - Giuseppe Maria Coclite A1 - Vladimir Georgiev AB - In this paper we study solitary waves for the coupled system of Schrodinger-Maxwell equations in the three-dimensional space. We prove the existence of a sequence of radial solitary waves for these equations with a fixed L^2 norm. We study the asymptotic behavior and the smoothness of these solutions. We show also that the eigenvalues are negative and the first one is isolated. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1582 U1 - 2536 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Hybrid optimal control: case study of a car with gears JF - Int. J. Control 76 (2003) 1272-1284 Y1 - 2003 A1 - Ciro D'Apice A1 - Mauro Garavello A1 - Rosanna Manzo A1 - Benedetto Piccoli AB - The purpose of this paper is to show the use of some analytical tools for hybrid optimal control. We illustrate both the hybrid maximum principle and the hybrid necessary principle at work on a simple example of a car with gears. The model is sufficiently rich to generate non-trivial optimization problems and the obtained results match with intuition. Finally, computer simulations confirm the theoretical analysis. PB - Taylor and Francis UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3022 U1 - 1311 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The Elliptic Representation of the General Painlevé 6 Equation JF - Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 55, Issue 10, October 2002, Pages 1280-1363 Y1 - 2002 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - We study the analytic properties and the critical behavior of the elliptic\r\nrepresentation of solutions of the Painlev\\\'e 6 equation. We solve the\r\nconnection problem for elliptic representation in the generic case and in a\r\nnon-generic case equivalent to WDVV equations of associativity. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6523 N1 - 60 pages; Latex; 3 figures. The statements of theorems have been\r\n simplified U1 - 6475 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - Generic T1 - The Elliptic Representation of the Painleve 6 Equation T2 - Deformation of differential equations and asymptotic analysis / Yoshishige Haraoka. - Kyōto : Kyoto University, Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, 2002. - RIMS kokyuroku, volume 1296 . - page: 112-123 Y1 - 2002 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painleve equations AB - We review our results on the elliptic representation of the sixth Painleve’ equation JF - Deformation of differential equations and asymptotic analysis / Yoshishige Haraoka. - Kyōto : Kyoto University, Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, 2002. - RIMS kokyuroku, volume 1296 . - page: 112-123 PB - Kyoto University, Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6530 U1 - 6481 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the K+P problem for a three-level quantum system: optimality implies resonance JF - J.Dynam. Control Systems 8 (2002),no.4, 547 Y1 - 2002 A1 - Ugo Boscain A1 - Thomas Chambrion A1 - Jean-Paul Gauthier PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1601 U1 - 2517 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - The passage from nonconvex discrete systems to variational problems in Sobolev spaces: the one-dimensional case JF - Proc. Steklov Inst. Math. 236 (2002) 395-414 Y1 - 2002 A1 - Andrea Braides A1 - Maria Stella Gelli A1 - Mario Sigalotti PB - MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3130 U1 - 1203 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the Critical Behavior, the Connection Problem and the Elliptic Representation of a Painlevé VI Equation JF - Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry 4: 293–377, 2001 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painleve Equations, Isomonodromy deformations AB - In this paper we find a class of solutions of the sixth Painlevé equation appearing in\r\nthe theory of WDVV equations. This class covers almost all the monodromy data associated to\r\nthe equation, except one point in the space of the data. We describe the critical behavior close to\r\nthe critical points in terms of two parameters and we find the relation among the parameters at\r\nthe different critical points (connection problem). We also study the critical behavior of Painlevé\r\ntranscendents in the elliptic representation. PB - Kluwer Academic Publishers U1 - 6477 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Dieletric breakdown: optimal bounds JF - Proc. of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 457 (2001): p. 2317-2335, OCT. 8, 2001 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Adriana Garroni A1 - Vincenzo Nesi A1 - Marcello Ponsiglione PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1569 U1 - 2549 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Finite Difference Approximation of Free Discontinuity Problems JF - Proc. Royal Soc. Edinb. Ser. A 131 (2001), no. 3, 567-595 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Massimo Gobbino A1 - Maria Giovanna Mora PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1228 U1 - 2715 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Inverse Problem and Monodromy Data for Three-Dimensional Frobenius Manifolds JF - Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry 4: 245–291, 2001 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Frobenius Manifolds, Painleve Equations, Isomonodromy deformations AB - We study the inverse problem for semi-simple Frobenius manifolds of dimension 3 and we\r\nexplicitly compute a parametric form of the solutions of theWDVV equations in terms of Painlevé VI\r\ntranscendents. We show that the solutions are labeled by a set of monodromy data. We use our parametric\r\nform to explicitly construct polynomial and algebraic solutions and to derive the generating\r\nfunction of Gromov–Witten invariants of the quantum cohomology of the two-dimensional projective\r\nspace. The procedure is a relevant application of the theory of isomonodromic deformations. PB - RIMS, Kyoto University U1 - 6479 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Lie triple systems and warped products JF - Rend. Mat. Appl. (7) Y1 - 2001 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gouthier, D. VL - 21 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On the subanalyticity of Carnot-Caratheodory distances JF - Ann. I. H. Poincare - An., 2001, 18, 359 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Andrei A. Agrachev A1 - Jean-Paul Gauthier PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1483 U1 - 2680 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Warped products with special Riemannian curvature JF - Bol. Soc. Brasil. Mat. (N.S.) Y1 - 2001 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gouthier, Daniele VL - 32 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - 3D superconformal theories from Sasakian seven-manifolds: new nontrivial evidences for AdS_4/CFT_3 JF - Nucl.Phys. B577 (2000) 547-608 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Davide Fabbri A1 - Pietro Fré A1 - Leonardo Gualtieri A1 - Cesare Reina A1 - Alessandro Tomasiello A1 - Alberto Zaffaroni A1 - Alessandro Zampa PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1327 U1 - 3128 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Decomposing quantum fields on branes JF - Nuclear Phys. B Y1 - 2000 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Bros, Jacques A1 - Gorini, Vittorio A1 - Moschella, Ugo A1 - Schaeffer, Richard VL - 581 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Elliptic variational problems in $ R\\\\sp N$ with critical growth JF - J. Differential Equations 168 (2000), no. 1, 10--32 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Antonio Ambrosetti A1 - Jesus Garcia Azorero A1 - Ireneo Peral PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1258 U1 - 3197 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Existence and multiplicity results for some nonlinear elliptic equations: a survey. JF - Rend. Mat. Appl., 2000, 20, 167 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Antonio Ambrosetti A1 - Jesus Garcia Azorero A1 - Ireneo Peral PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1462 U1 - 3078 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Inverse problem for Semisimple Frobenius Manifolds Monodromy Data and the Painlevé VI Equation Y1 - 2000 A1 - Davide Guzzetti PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1557 U1 - 2561 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Stability of L^infty Solutions of Temple Class Systems JF - Differential Integral Equations 13 (2000) 1503-1528 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Paola Goatin AB -Let $u_t+f(u)_x=0$ be a strictly hyperbolic, genuinely nonlinear system of conservation laws of Temple class. In this paper, a continuous semigroup of solutions is constructed on a domain of $L^\infty$ functions, with possibly unbounded variation. Trajectories depend Lipschitz continuously on the initial data, in the $L^1$ distance. Moreover, we show that a weak solution of the Cauchy problem coincides with the corresponding semigroup trajectory if and only if it satisfies an entropy condition of Oleinik type, concerning the decay of positive waves.

PB - Khayyam Publishing UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3256 U1 - 1445 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - CHAP T1 - Stokes Matrices for Frobenius Manifolds and the 6 Painlevé Equation T2 - Rokko Lectures in Mathematics, Vol 7 [Issue title: Perspective of Painleve equations], (2000), pages : 101-109 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Davide Guzzetti KW - Painlevé equation AB - These notes are a short review on the theory of Frobenius manifolds and its connection to problems of isomonodromy deformations and to Painlev'e equations. JF - Rokko Lectures in Mathematics, Vol 7 [Issue title: Perspective of Painleve equations], (2000), pages : 101-109 PB - Kobe University, Japan SN - 4-907719-07-8 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6546 U1 - 6478 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Correspondence between Minkowski and de Sitter quantum field theory JF - Phys. Lett. B Y1 - 1999 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gorini, Vittorio A1 - Moschella, Ugo A1 - Schaeffer, Richard VL - 462 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Lipschitz selection from the set of minimizers of a nonconvex functional of the gradient JF - Nonlinear Analysis, Theory, Methods and Applications. Volume 37, Issue 6, September 1999, Pages 707-717 Y1 - 1999 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Vladimir V. Goncharov A1 - Antonio Ornelas AB - A constructive and improved version of the proof that there exist a continuous map that solves the convexified problem is presented. A Lipschitz continuous map is analyzed such that a map vector minimizes the functional at each vector satisfying Cellina\\\'s condition of existence of minimum. This map is explicitly given by a direct constructive algorithm. PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6439 U1 - 6379 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Oleinik type estimates and uniqueness for n x n conservation laws JF - J. Differential Equations 156 (1999), no. 1, 26--49 Y1 - 1999 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Paola Goatin AB - Let $u_t+f(u)_x=0$ be a strictly hyperbolic $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws in one space dimension. Relying on the existence of a semigroup of solutions, we first establish the uniqueness of entropy admissible weak solutions to the Cauchy problem, under a mild assumption on the local oscillation of $u$ in a forward neighborhood of each point in the $t\\\\text{-}x$ plane. In turn, this yields the uniqueness of weak solutions which satisfy a decay estimate on positive waves of genuinely nonlinear families, thus extending a classical result proved by Oleĭnik in the scalar case. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3375 U1 - 955 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Perturbation of $\Delta u+u^(N+2)/(N-2)=0$, the scalar curvature problem in $R^N$, and related topics JF - J. Funct. Anal. 165 (1999) 117-149 Y1 - 1999 A1 - Antonio Ambrosetti A1 - Jesus Garcia Azorero A1 - Ireneo Peral AB -Some nonlinear elliptic equations on $R^N$ which arise perturbing the problem with the critical Sobolev exponent are studied. In particular, some results dealing with the scalar curvature problem in $R^N$ are given.

PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3255 U1 - 1446 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Stokes matrices and monodromy of the quantum cohomology of projective spaces JF - Comm. Math. Phys. 207 (1999) 341-383 Y1 - 1999 A1 - Davide Guzzetti AB - n this paper we compute Stokes matrices and monodromy of the quantum cohomology of projective spaces. This problem can be formulated in a \\\"classical\\\" framework, as the problem of computation of Stokes matrices and monodromy of differential equations with regular and irregular singularities. We prove that the Stokes\\\' matrix of the quantum cohomology coincides with the Gram matrix in the theory of derived categories of coherent sheaves. We also study the monodromy group of the quantum cohomology and we show that it is related to hyperbolic triangular groups. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3475 U1 - 789 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Variational formulation of softening phenomena in fracture mechanics. The one-dimensional case JF - Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 146 (1999), no. 1, 23--58 Y1 - 1999 A1 - Andrea Braides A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Adriana Garroni AB - Starting from experimental evidence, the authors justify a variational model for softening phenomena in fracture of one-dimensional bars where the energy is given by the contribution and interaction of two terms: a typical bulk energy term depending on elastic strain and a discrete part that depends upon the jump discontinuities that occur in fracture. A more formal, rigorous derivation of the model is presented by examining the $\\\\Gamma$-convergence of discrete energy functionals associated to an array of masses and springs. Close attention is paid to the softening and fracture regimes. \\nOnce the continuous model is derived, it is fully analyzed without losing sight of its discrete counterpart. In particular, the associated boundary value problem is studied and a detailed analysis of the stationary points under the presence of a dead load is performed. A final, interesting section on the scale effect on the model is included. PB - Springer UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3371 U1 - 959 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - THES T1 - On the Cauchy Problem for the Whitham Equations Y1 - 1998 A1 - Tamara Grava KW - Korteweg de Vries equation PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5555 U1 - 5382 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics U4 - -1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Generation of primordial fluctuations in curved spaces JF - Gravit. Cosmol. Y1 - 1998 A1 - Schaeffer, Richard A1 - Moschella, Ugo A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Gorini, Vittorio VL - 4 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Special functions with bounded variation and with weakly differentiable traces on the jump set JF - NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl. 5 (1998), no. 2, 219--243 Y1 - 1998 A1 - Luigi Ambrosio A1 - Andrea Braides A1 - Adriana Garroni PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1025 U1 - 2831 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Shift-differentiability of the flow generated by a conservation law JF - Discrete Contin. Dynam. Systems 3 (1997), no. 1, 35--58. Y1 - 1997 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Graziano Guerra AB - The paper introduces a notion of \\\"shift-differentials\\\" for maps with values in the space BV. These differentials describe first order variations of a given functin $u$, obtained by horizontal shifts of the points of its graph. The flow generated by a scalar conservation law is proved to be generically shift-differentiable, according to the new definition. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1033 U1 - 2823 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - THES T1 - Asymptotic Behaviour of Dirichlet Problems in Perforated Domains Y1 - 1994 A1 - Adriana Garroni KW - Dirichlet problems PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5714 U1 - 5566 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER -