Given a vector field $\rho (1,\b) \in L^1_\loc(\R^+\times \R^{d},\R^{d+1})$ such that $\dive_{t,x} (\rho (1,\b))$ is a measure, we consider the problem of uniqueness of the representation $\eta$ of $\rho (1,\b) \mathcal L^{d+1}$ as a superposition of characteristics $\gamma : (t^-_\gamma,t^+_\gamma) \to \R^d$, $\dot \gamma (t)= \b(t,\gamma(t))$. We give conditions in terms of a local structure of the representation $\eta$ on suitable sets in order to prove that there is a partition of $\R^{d+1}$ into disjoint trajectories $\wp_\a$, $\a \in \A$, such that the PDE \begin{equation*} \dive_{t,x} \big( u \rho (1,\b) \big) \in \mathcal M(\R^{d+1}), \qquad u \in L^\infty(\R^+\times \R^{d}), \end{equation*} can be disintegrated into a family of ODEs along $\wp_\a$ with measure r.h.s.. The decomposition $\wp_\a$ is essentially unique. We finally show that $\b \in L^1_t(\BV_x)_\loc$ satisfies this local structural assumption and this yields, in particular, the renormalization property for nearly incompressible $\BV$ vector fields.

PB - SISSA UR - http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35274 U1 - 35581 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality of the matrix Airy and Bessel functions at spectral edges of unitary ensembles JF - Random Matrices Theory Appl. Y1 - 2017 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Mattia Cafasso VL - 6 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2010326317500101 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality of the Peregrine Soliton in the Focusing Dynamics of the Cubic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation JF - Phys. Rev. Lett. Y1 - 2017 A1 - Tikan, Alexey A1 - Billet, Cyril A1 - Gennady El A1 - Alexander Tovbis A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Sylvestre, Thibaut A1 - Gustave, Francois A1 - Randoux, Stephane A1 - Genty, Goëry A1 - Suret, Pierre A1 - Dudley, John M. PB - American Physical Society VL - 119 UR - https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.033901 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality Conjecture and Results for a Model of Several Coupled Positive-Definite Matrices JF - Commun. Math. Phys. Y1 - 2015 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Thomas Bothner VL - 337 UR - http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00220-015-2327-7 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A uniqueness result for the continuity equation in two dimensions: dedicated to constantine dafermos on the occasion of his 70th birthday Y1 - 2014 A1 - Giovanni Alberti A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - Gianluca Crippa AB - We characterize the autonomous, divergence-free vector fields b on the plane such that the Cauchy problem for the continuity equation ∂tu +div(bu) = 0 admits a unique bounded solution (in the weak sense) for every bounded initial datum; the characterization is given in terms of a property of Sard type for the potential f associated to b. As a corollary we obtain uniqueness under the assumption that the curl of b is a measure. This result can be extended to certain nonautonomous vector fields b with bounded divergence. PB - European Mathematical Society; Springer Verlag UR - http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34692 U1 - 34906 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation at the gradient catastrophe point: rational breathers and poles of the \it Tritronquée solution to Painlevé I JF - Comm. Pure Appl. Math. Y1 - 2013 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Alexander Tovbis VL - 66 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpa.21445 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness and nondegeneracy of the ground state for a quasilinear Schrödinger equation with a small parameter JF - Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications Y1 - 2011 A1 - Alessandro Selvitella KW - Bifurcation theory KW - Nonlinear Schrödinger equations KW - Stationary solutions AB -We study least energy solutions of a quasilinear Schrödinger equation with a small parameter. We prove that the ground state is nondegenerate and unique up to translations and phase shifts using bifurcation theory.

VL - 74 UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X10007613 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - A uniqueness result for the continuity equation in two dimensions Y1 - 2011 A1 - Giovanni Alberti A1 - Stefano Bianchini A1 - Gianluca Crippa PB - SISSA UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4663 U1 - 4425 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications U4 - -1 ER - TY - RPRT T1 - Uhlenbeck-Donaldson compactification for framed sheaves on projective surfaces Y1 - 2010 A1 - Ugo Bruzzo A1 - Dimitri Markushevich A1 - Alexander Tikhomirov AB - We construct a compactification $M^{\\\\mu ss}$ of the Uhlenbeck-Donaldson type for the moduli space of slope stable framed bundles. This is a kind of a moduli space of slope semistable framed sheaves. We show that there exists a projective morphism $\\\\gamma \\\\colon M^s \\\\to M^{\\\\mu ss}$, where $M^s$ is the moduli space of S-equivalence classes of Gieseker-semistable framed sheaves. The space $M^{\\\\mu ss}$ has a natural set-theoretic stratification which allows one, via a Hitchin-Kobayashi correspondence, to compare it with the moduli spaces of framed ideal instantons. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4049 U1 - 353 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality in the profile of the semiclassical limit solutions to the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation at the first breaking curve JF - Int. Math. Res. Not. IMRN Y1 - 2010 A1 - Marco Bertola A1 - Alexander Tovbis UR - http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1093/imrn/rnp196 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On universality of critical behaviour in the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation, elliptic umbilic catastrophe and the \\\\it tritronquée solution to the Painlevé-I equation JF - J. Nonlinear Sci. 19 (2009) 57-94 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Boris Dubrovin A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Christian Klein AB - We argue that the critical behaviour near the point of ``gradient catastrophe\\\" of the solution to the Cauchy problem for the focusing nonlinear Schr\\\\\\\"odinger equation $ i\\\\epsilon \\\\psi_t +\\\\frac{\\\\epsilon^2}2\\\\psi_{xx}+ |\\\\psi|^2 \\\\psi =0$ with analytic initial data of the form $\\\\psi(x,0;\\\\epsilon) =A(x) e^{\\\\frac{i}{\\\\epsilon} S(x)}$ is approximately described by a particular solution to the Painlev\\\\\\\'e-I equation. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2525 U1 - 1593 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Universality of the break-up profile for the KdV equation in the small dispersion limit using the Riemann-Hilbert approach JF - Comm. Math. Phys. 286 (2009) 979-1009 Y1 - 2009 A1 - Tamara Grava A1 - Tom Claeys AB - We obtain an asymptotic expansion for the solution of the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation in the small dispersion limit near the point of gradient catastrophe (x_c,t_c) for the solution of the dispersionless equation.\\nThe sub-leading term in this expansion is described by the smooth solution of a fourth order ODE, which is a higher order analogue to the Painleve I equation. This is in accordance with a conjecture of Dubrovin, suggesting that this is a universal phenomenon for any Hamiltonian perturbation of a hyperbolic equation. Using the Deift/Zhou steepest descent method applied on the Riemann-Hilbert problem for the KdV equation, we are able to prove the asymptotic expansion rigorously in a double scaling limit. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2636 U1 - 1487 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Mathematical Physics ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness and continuous dependence on boundary data for integro-extremal minimizers of the functional of the gradient JF - J. Convex Anal. 14 (2007) 705-727 Y1 - 2007 A1 - Sandro Zagatti AB - We study some qualitative properties of the integro-extremal minimizers of the functional of the gradient defined on Sobolev spaces with Dirichlet boundary conditions. We discuss their use in the non-convex case via viscosity methods and give conditions under which they are unique and depend continuously on boundary data. UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2762 U1 - 1938 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - CHAP T1 - On universality of critical behaviour in Hamiltonian PDEs T2 - Geometry, topology, and mathematical physics : S.P. Novikov\\\'s seminar : 2006-2007 / V.M. Buchstaber, I.M. Krichever, editors. - Providence, R.I. : American Mathematical Society, 2008. - pages : 59-109 Y1 - 2006 A1 - Boris Dubrovin AB - Our main goal is the comparative study of singularities of solutions to\\r\\nthe systems of rst order quasilinear PDEs and their perturbations containing higher\\r\\nderivatives. The study is focused on the subclass of Hamiltonian PDEs with one\\r\\nspatial dimension. For the systems of order one or two we describe the local structure\\r\\nof singularities of a generic solution to the unperturbed system near the point of\\r\\n\\\\gradient catastrophe\\\" in terms of standard objects of the classical singularity theory;\\r\\nwe argue that their perturbed companions must be given by certain special solutions\\r\\nof Painlev e equations and their generalizations. JF - Geometry, topology, and mathematical physics : S.P. Novikov\\\'s seminar : 2006-2007 / V.M. Buchstaber, I.M. Krichever, editors. - Providence, R.I. : American Mathematical Society, 2008. - pages : 59-109 PB - American Mathematical Society SN - 978-0-8218-4674-2 UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6491 U1 - 6417 U2 - Mathematics U4 - 1 U5 - MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness of classical and nonclassical solutions for nonlinear hyperbolic systems JF - J. Differential Equations 172 (2001) 59-82 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Paolo Baiti A1 - Philippe G. LeFloch A1 - Benedetto Piccoli PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3113 U1 - 1220 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness of solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi equations arising in the Calculus of Variations JF - Optimal control and partial differential equations : in honour of professor Alain Bensoussan\\\'s 60th birthday / edited by José Luis Menaldi, Edmundo Rofman, and Agnès Sulem.,Amsterdam : IOS Press, 2001, p. 335-345 Y1 - 2001 A1 - Gianni Dal Maso A1 - Helene Frankowska AB - We prove the uniqueness of the viscosity solution to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation associated with a Bolza problem of the Calculus of Variations, assuming that the Lagrangian is autonomous, continuous, superlinear, and satisfies the usual convexity hypothesis. Under the same assumptions we prove also the uniqueness, in a class of lower semicontinuous functions, of a slightly different notion of solution, where classical derivatives are replaced only by subdifferentials. These results follow from a new comparison theorem for lower semicontinuous viscosity supersolutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, that is proved in the general case of lower semicontinuous Lagrangians. PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/1515 U1 - 2648 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - A Uniqueness Condition for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws JF - Discrete Contin. Dynam. Systems 6 (2000) 673-682 Y1 - 2000 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Marta Lewicka AB - Consider the Cauchy problem for a hyperbolic $n\\\\times n$ system of conservation laws in one space dimension: $$u_t+f(u)_x=0, u(0,x)=\\\\bar u(x).\\\\eqno(CP)$$ Relying on the existence of a continuous semigroup of solutions, we prove that the entropy admissible solution of (CP) is unique within the class of functions $u=u(t,x)$ which have bounded variation along a suitable family of space-like curves. PB - American Institute of Mathematical Sciences UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3195 U1 - 1106 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness for discontinuous ODE and conservation laws JF - Nonlinear Analysis 34 (1998) 637-652 Y1 - 1998 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Wen Shen AB - Consider a scalar O.D.E. of the form $\\\\dot x=f(t,x),$ where $f$ is possibly discontinuous w.r.t. both variables $t,x$. Under suitable assumptions, we prove that the corresponding Cauchy problem admits a unique solution, which depends H\\\\\\\"older continuously on the initial data.\\nOur result applies in particular to the case where $f$ can be written in the form $f(t,x)\\\\doteq g\\\\big( u(t,x)\\\\big)$, for some function $g$ and some solution $u$ of a scalar conservation law, say $u_t+F(u)_x=0$. In turn, this yields the uniqueness and continuous dependence of solutions to a class of $2\\\\times 2$ strictly hyperbolic systems, with initial data in $\\\\L^\\\\infty$. PB - Elsevier UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3699 U1 - 606 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Unique solutions of 2x2 conservation laws with large data JF - Indiana Univ. Math. J. 44 (1995), no. 3, 677-725 Y1 - 1995 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Rinaldo M. Colombo AB - For a 2x2 hyperbolic system of conservation laws, we first consider a Riemann problem with arbitrarily large data. A stability assumption is introduced, which yields the existence of a Lipschitz semigroup of solutions, defined on a domain containing all suitably small BV perturbations of the Riemann data. We then establish a uniqueness result for large BV solutions, valid within the same class of functions where a local existence theorem can be proved. PB - Indiana University Mathematics Journal UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/975 U1 - 3479 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Upper semicontinuous differential inclusions without convexity JF - Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 106 (1989), no. 3, 771-775 Y1 - 1989 A1 - Alberto Bressan A1 - Arrigo Cellina A1 - Giovanni Colombo PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/670 U1 - 3256 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Uniqueness and multiplicity of periodic solutions to first order ordinary differential equations JF - Not Found Y1 - 0 A1 - Giovanni Vidossich PB - SISSA Library UR - http://hdl.handle.net/1963/321 U1 - 3646 U2 - Mathematics U3 - Functional Analysis and Applications ER -