Tumble dryers offer a fast and convenient way of drying textiles independent of weather conditions and therefore are frequently used in ordinary households. However, artificial drying of textiles consumes considerable amounts of energy, approximately 8.2 percent of the residential electricity consumption is for drying of textiles in northern European countries (Cranston et al., 2019). Several authors have investigated the aspects of the clothes drying cycle with experimental and numerical methods to understand and improve the process. The first turning point study on understanding the physics of evaporation for tumble dryers was presented by Lambert et al. (1991) in the early 90s. With the aid of Chilton_Colburn analogy, they introduced the concept of area-mass transfer coefficient to address evaporation rate. Afterwards, several experimental or numerical studies were published based on this concept, and furthermore, the model was then developed into 0-dimensional (Deans, 2001) and 1-dimensional (Wei et al., 2017) to gain more accuracy. The evaporation rate is considered to be the main system parameter for dryers with which other performance parameters including drying time, effectiveness, moisture content and efficiency can be estimated. More recent literature focused on utilizing dimensional analysis or image processing techniques to correlate drying indices with system parameters. However, the validity of these regressed models is machine-specific, and hence, cannot be generalized yet. All the previous models for estimating the evaporation rate in tumble dryers are discussed. The review of the related literature showed that all of the previous models for the prediction of the evaporation rate in the clothes dryers have some limitations in terms of accuracy and applicability.

%G eng %0 Journal Article %J Archiv der Mathematik %D 2023 %T On the distribution of the van der Corput sequences %A Beretti, Thomas %K Diaphony %K Discrepancy %K Uniform distribution %K Van der Corput sequence %X For an integer $p\ge 2$, let $\{x_n\}_{n\in {\mathbb {N}}}\subset {\mathbb {T}}$ be the p-adic van der Corput sequence. For intervals $[0,\alpha )\subset {\mathbb {T}}$ and for positive integers N, consider the geometrically-shifted discrepancy function $D_{p,N,\alpha }(t)=\sum _{n=0}^{N-1}\mathcal {X}_{[0,\alpha )}(x_n+t)-N\alpha$. In this paper, we give a characterization of the asymptotic behavior of $\Vert D_{p,N,\alpha }(\cdot )\Vert _{L^2({\mathbb {T}})}$ for $N\rightarrow \infty$that depends on the p-adic expansion of $\alpha$. %B Archiv der Mathematik %8 2023/01/13 %@ 1420-8938 %G eng %R https://doi.org/10.1007/s00013-022-01811-4 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Integer Sequences %D 2023 %T On the Minimal Number of Solutions of the Equation φ(n+k)=Mφ(n), M=1,2 %A Matteo Ferrari %A Lorenzo Sillari %K Euler’s phi function %X We fix a positive integer $k$ and look for solutions $n \in \mathbb{N}$ of the equations $\phi(n + k) = \phi(n)$ and $φ(n + k) = 2 φ(n)$. For $k \le 12 \cdot 10^{100}$, we prove that Fermat primes can be used to build five solutions for the first equation when $k$ is even, and five for the second one when $k$ is odd. Furthermore, for $k \le 4 \cdot 10^{58}$, we show that for the second equation there are at least three solutions when $k$ is even. Our work increases the previously known minimal number of solutions for both equations. %B Journal of Integer Sequences %V 26 %8 01/2023 %G eng %U https://cs.uwaterloo.ca/journals/JIS/VOL26/Sillari/sillari3.html %9 Article %0 Journal Article %J Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %D 2023 %T Nonreciprocal oscillations of polyelectrolyte gel filaments subject to a steady and uniform electric field %A Giancarlo Cicconofri %A Valentina Damioli %A Giovanni Noselli %X Soft actuators typically require time-varying or spatially modulated control to be operationally effective. The scope of the present paper is to show, theoretically and experimentally, that a natural way to overcome this limitation is to exploit mechanical instabilities. We report experiments on active filaments of polyelectrolyte (PE) gels subject to a steady and uniform electric field. A large enough intensity of the field initiates the motion of the active filaments, leading to periodic oscillations. We develop a mathematical model based on morphoelasticity theory for PE gel filaments beating in a viscous fluid, and carry out the stability analysis of the governing equations to show the emergence of flutter and divergence instabilities for suitable values of the system’s parameters. We confirm the results of the stability analysis with numerical simulations for the nonlinear equations of motion to show that such instabilities may lead to periodic self-sustained oscillations, in agreement with experiments. The key mechanism that underlies such behaviour is the capability of the filament to undergo active shape changes depending on its local orientation relative to the external electric field, in striking similarity with gravitropism, the mechanism that drives shape changes in plants via differential growth induced by gravity. Interestingly, the resulting oscillations are nonreciprocal in nature, and hence able to generate thrust and directed flow at low Reynolds number. The exploitation of mechanical instabilities in soft actuators represents a new avenue for the advancement in engineering design in fields such as micro-robotics and micro-fluidics. %B Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %V 173 %P 105225 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022509623000297 %R 10.1016/j.jmps.2023.105225 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Biological Systems %D 2022 %T A behavioral change model to assess vaccination-induced relaxation of social distancing during an epidemic %A Buonomo, Bruno %A Della Marca, Rossella %A Sintayehu Sharbayta, Sileshi %XThe success of mass vaccination campaigns may be jeopardized by human risky behaviors. For example, high level of vaccination coverage may induce early relaxation of social distancing. In this paper, we focus on the mutual influence between the decline in prevalence, due to the rise in the overall immunization coverage, and the consequent decrease in the compliance to social distancing measures. We consider an epidemic model where both the vaccination rate and the disease transmission rate are influenced by human behavior, which in turn depends on the current and past information about the spread of the disease. We highlight the impact of the information-related parameters on the transient and asymptotic behavior of the system that is on the early stage of the epidemic and its final outcome. Among the main results, we evidence that sustained oscillations may be triggered by the behavioral memory in the prevalence-dependent vaccination rate. However, the relaxation of social distancing may induce a switch from a cyclic regime to damped oscillations.

%B Journal of Biological Systems %V 30 %P 1-25 %8 2022/03/01 %@ 0218-3390 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218339022500085 %N 01 %! J. Biol. Syst. %0 Journal Article %J ETNA - Electronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis %D 2022 %T A comparison of reduced-order modeling approaches using artificial neural networks for PDEs with bifurcating solutions %A Martin W. Hess %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %B ETNA - Electronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis %V 56 %P 52–65 %G eng %R 10.1553/etna_vol56s52 %0 Generic %D 2022 %T Data-Driven Enhanced Model Reduction for Bifurcating Models in Computational Fluid Dynamics %A Martin W. Hess %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Generic %D 2022 %T A Data-Driven Surrogate Modeling Approach for Time-Dependent Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations with Dynamic Mode Decomposition and Manifold Interpolation %A Martin W. Hess %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Generic %D 2022 %T Doubly Intermittent Full Branch Maps with Critical Points and Singularities %A Douglas Coates %A Stefano Luzzatto %A Muhammad Mubarak %K 37E05 %K Dynamical Systems (math.DS) %K FOS: Mathematics %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2209.12725 %R 10.48550/ARXIV.2209.12725 %0 Generic %D 2022 %T Doubly Intermittent Maps with Critical Points, Unbounded Derivatives and Regularly Varying Tail %A Muhammad Mubarak %A Tanja I. Schindler %K 37A05 %K 37A25 %K 37A50 %K Dynamical Systems (math.DS) %K FOS: Mathematics %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2211.15648 %R 10.48550/ARXIV.2211.15648 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: M2AN %D 2022 %T Driving bifurcating parametrized nonlinear PDEs by optimal control strategies: application to Navier–Stokes equations with model order reduction %A Federico Pichi %A Maria Strazzullo %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %B ESAIM: M2AN %V 56 %P 1361 - 1400 %8 2022/// %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1051/m2an/2022044 %N 4 %0 Journal Article %D 2022 %T A Gradient Flow Equation for Optimal Control Problems With End-point Cost %A Alessandro Scagliotti %X In this paper, we consider a control system of the form $\dot x = F(x)u$, linear in the control variable u. Given a fixed starting point, we study a finite-horizon optimal control problem, where we want to minimize a weighted sum of an end-point cost and the squared 2-norm of the control. This functional induces a gradient flow on the Hilbert space of admissible controls, and we prove a convergence result by means of the Lojasiewicz-Simon inequality. Finally, we show that, if we let the weight of the end-point cost tend to infinity, the resulting family of functionals is Γ-convergent, and it turns out that the limiting problem consists in joining the starting point and a minimizer of the end-point cost with a horizontal length-minimizer path. %8 2022/07/07 %@ 1573-8698 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10883-022-09604-2 %! Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems %0 Journal Article %D 2022 %T Indeterminacy estimates, eigenfunctions and lower bounds on Wasserstein distances %A Nicolò De Ponti %A Sara Farinelli %XIn the paper we prove two inequalities in the setting of $$\mathsf {RCD}(K,\infty )$$spaces using similar techniques. The first one is an indeterminacy estimate involving the p-Wasserstein distance between the positive part and the negative part of an $$L^{\infty }$$function and the measure of the interface between the positive part and the negative part. The second one is a conjectured lower bound on the p-Wasserstein distance between the positive and negative parts of a Laplace eigenfunction.

%V 61 %P 131 %8 2022/05/05 %@ 1432-0835 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-022-02240-5 %N 4 %! Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %D 2022 %T Kernel-based active subspaces with application to computational fluid dynamics parametric problems using discontinuous Galerkin method %A Francesco Romor %A Marco Tezzele %A Andrea Lario %A Gianluigi Rozza %B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %V 123 %P 6000-6027 %G eng %R 10.1002/nme.7099 %0 Journal Article %J Mathematics in Engineering %D 2022 %T Long-time stability of the quantum hydrodynamic system on irrational tori %A Roberto Feola %A Felice Iandoli %A Federico Murgante %K Euler-Korteweg %K irrational tori %K long time stability %K QHD system %K Small divisors %B Mathematics in Engineering %V 4 %P 1-24 %G eng %U https://www.aimspress.com/article/doi/10.3934/mine.2022023 %R 10.3934/mine.2022023 %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Methods in the Applied SciencesMathematical Methods in the Applied SciencesMath Meth Appl Sci %D 2022 %T Mathematical modelling of oscillating patterns for chronic autoimmune diseases %A Rossella Della Marca %A Maria da Piedade Machado Ramos %A Carolina Ribeiro %A Ana Jacinta Soares %K autoimmune diseases %K cellular interactions %K Dynamical systems %K Hopf bifurcation %K kinetic theory %K mathematical biology %XMany autoimmune diseases are chronic in nature, so that in general, patients experience periods of recurrence and remission of the symptoms characterizing their specific autoimmune ailment. In order to describe this very important feature of autoimmunity, we construct a mathematical model of kinetic type describing the immune system cellular interactions in the context of autoimmunity exhibiting recurrent dynamics. The model equations constitute a nonlinear system of integro-differential equations with quadratic terms that describe the interactions between self-antigen presenting cells, self-reactive T cells, and immunosuppressive cells. We consider a constant input of self-antigen presenting cells, due to external environmental factors that are believed to trigger autoimmunity in people with predisposition for this condition. We also consider the natural death of all cell populations involved in our model, caused by their interaction with cells of the host environment. We derive the macroscopic analogue and show positivity and well-posedness of the solution and then we study the equilibria of the corresponding dynamical system and their stability properties. By applying dynamical system theory, we prove that steady oscillations may arise due to the occurrence of a Hopf bifurcation. We perform some numerical simulations for our model, and we observe a recurrent pattern in the solutions of both the kinetic description and its macroscopic analogue, which leads us to conclude that this model is able to capture the chronic behaviour of many autoimmune diseases.

%B Mathematical Methods in the Applied SciencesMathematical Methods in the Applied SciencesMath Meth Appl Sci %V n/a %8 2022/04/01 %@ 0170-4214 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1002/mma.8229 %N n/a %! Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Computational Physics %D 2022 %T Model hierarchies and higher-order discretisation of time-dependent thin-film free boundary problems with dynamic contact angle %A Dirk Peschka %A Luca Heltai %B Journal of Computational Physics %V 464 %P 111325 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in FluidsInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in FluidsInt J Numer Meth Fluids %D 2022 %T Model order reduction for bifurcating phenomena in fluid-structure interaction problems %A Moaad Khamlich %A Federico Pichi %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Bifurcation theory %K Coandă effect %K continuum mechanics %K fluid dynamics %K monolithic method %K parametrized fluid-structure interaction problem %K Proper orthogonal decomposition %K reduced order modeling %XAbstract This work explores the development and the analysis of an efficient reduced order model for the study of a bifurcating phenomenon, known as the Coand? effect, in a multi-physics setting involving fluid and solid media. Taking into consideration a fluid-structure interaction problem, we aim at generalizing previous works towards a more reliable description of the physics involved. In particular, we provide several insights on how the introduction of an elastic structure influences the bifurcating behavior. We have addressed the computational burden by developing a reduced order branch-wise algorithm based on a monolithic proper orthogonal decomposition. We compared different constitutive relations for the solid, and we observed that a nonlinear hyper-elastic law delays the bifurcation w.r.t. the standard model, while the same effect is even magnified when considering linear elastic solid.

%B International Journal for Numerical Methods in FluidsInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in FluidsInt J Numer Meth Fluids %V n/a %8 2022/05/23 %@ 0271-2091 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.5118 %N n/a %! International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids %0 Unpublished Work %D 2022 %T Model Reduction Using Sparse Polynomial Interpolation for the Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations %A Martin W. Hess %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %D 2022 %T The Neural Network shifted-proper orthogonal decomposition: A machine learning approach for non-linear reduction of hyperbolic equations %A Davide Papapicco %A Nicola Demo %A Michele Girfoglio %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Advection %K Computational complexity %K Deep neural network %K Deep neural networks %K Linear subspace %K Multiphase simulations %K Non linear %K Nonlinear hyperbolic equation %K Partial differential equations %K Phase space methods %K Pre-processing %K Principal component analysis %K reduced order modeling %K Reduced order modelling %K Reduced-order model %K Shifted-POD %XModels with dominant advection always posed a difficult challenge for projection-based reduced order modelling. Many methodologies that have recently been proposed are based on the pre-processing of the full-order solutions to accelerate the Kolmogorov N−width decay thereby obtaining smaller linear subspaces with improved accuracy. These methods however must rely on the knowledge of the characteristic speeds in phase space of the solution, limiting their range of applicability to problems with explicit functional form for the advection field. In this work we approach the problem of automatically detecting the correct pre-processing transformation in a statistical learning framework by implementing a deep-learning architecture. The purely data-driven method allowed us to generalise the existing approaches of linear subspace manipulation to non-linear hyperbolic problems with unknown advection fields. The proposed algorithm has been validated against simple test cases to benchmark its performances and later successfully applied to a multiphase simulation. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %V 392 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85124488633&doi=10.1016%2fj.cma.2022.114687&partnerID=40&md5=12f82dcaba04c4a7c44f8e5b20101997 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2022.114687 %0 Journal Article %D 2022 %T The $N$-Link Swimmer in Three Dimensions: Controllability and Optimality Results %A Marchello, Roberto %A Morandotti, Marco %A Shum, Henry %A Zoppello, Marta %X The controllability of a fully three-dimensional $N$-link swimmer is studied. After deriving the equations of motion in a low Reynolds number fluid by means of Resistive Force Theory, the controllability of the minimal 2-link swimmer is tackled using techniques from Geometric Control Theory. The shape of the 2-link swimmer is described by two angle parameters. It is shown that the associated vector fields that govern the dynamics generate, via taking their Lie brackets, all eight linearly independent directions in the combined configuration and shape space, leading to controllability; the swimmer can move from any starting configuration and shape to any target configuration and shape by operating on the two shape variables. The result is subsequently extended to the $N$-link swimmer. Finally, the minimal time optimal control problem and the minimization of the power expended are addressed and a qualitative description of the optimal strategies is provided. %V 178 %P 6 %8 2022/03/08 %@ 1572-9036 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10440-022-00480-3 %N 1 %! Acta Applicandae Mathematicae %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %D 2022 %T Optimal design of planar shapes with active materials %A Dario Andrini %A Giovanni Noselli %A Alessandro Lucantonio %XActive materials have emerged as valuable candidates for shape morphing applications, where a body reconfiguration is achieved upon triggering its active response. Given a desired shape change, a natural question is to compare different morphing mechanisms to select the most effective one with respect to an optimality criterion. We introduce an optimal control problem to determine the active strains suitable to attain a target equilibrium shape while minimizing the complexity of the activation. Specifically, we discuss the planar morphing of active, hyperelastic bodies in the absence of external forces and exploit the notion of target metric to encompass a broad set of active materials in a unifying approach. For the case of affine shape changes, we derive explicit conditions on the body reference configuration for the optimality of homogeneous target metrics. More complex shape changes are analysed via numerical simulations to explore the impact on optimal solutions of different objective functionals inspired by features of existing materials. We show how stresses arising from incompatibilities contribute to reduce the complexity of the controls. We believe that our approach may be exploited for the optimal design of active systems and may contribute to gather insight into the morphing strategies of biological systems.

%B Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %V 478 %P 20220256 %G eng %U https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2022.0256 %R 10.1098/rspa.2022.0256 %0 Generic %D 2022 %T An optimisation-based domain-decomposition reduced order model for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations %A Ivan Prusak %A Monica Nonino %A D. Torlo %A Francesco Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %K FOS: Mathematics %K Numerical Analysis (math.NA) %K Optimization and Control (math.OC) %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2211.14528 %R 10.48550/ARXIV.2211.14528 %0 Journal Article %D 2022 %T A piecewise conservative method for unconstrained convex optimization %A Alessandro Scagliotti %A Colli Franzone, P. %X We consider a continuous-time optimization method based on a dynamical system, where a massive particle starting at rest moves in the conservative force field generated by the objective function, without any kind of friction. We formulate a restart criterion based on the mean dissipation of the kinetic energy, and we prove a global convergence result for strongly-convex functions. Using the Symplectic Euler discretization scheme, we obtain an iterative optimization algorithm. We have considered a discrete mean dissipation restart scheme, but we have also introduced a new restart procedure based on ensuring at each iteration a decrease of the objective function greater than the one achieved by a step of the classical gradient method. For the discrete conservative algorithm, this last restart criterion is capable of guaranteeing a qualitative convergence result. We apply the same restart scheme to the Nesterov Accelerated Gradient (NAG-C), and we use this restarted NAG-C as benchmark in the numerical experiments. In the smooth convex problems considered, our method shows a faster convergence rate than the restarted NAG-C. We propose an extension of our discrete conservative algorithm to composite optimization: in the numerical tests involving non-strongly convex functions with $$\ell ^1$$-regularization, it has better performances than the well known efficient Fast Iterative Shrinkage-Thresholding Algorithm, accelerated with an adaptive restart scheme. %V 81 %P 251 - 288 %8 2022/01/01 %@ 1573-2894 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10589-021-00332-0 %N 1 %! Computational Optimization and Applications %0 Journal Article %D 2022 %T A POD-Galerkin reduced order model for the Navier–Stokes equations in stream function-vorticity formulation %A Michele Girfoglio %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Galerkin projection %K Navier–Stokes equations %K Proper orthogonal decomposition %K Reduced order model %K Stream function-vorticity formulation %XWe develop a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD)-Galerkin based Reduced Order Model (ROM) for the efficient numerical simulation of the parametric Navier–Stokes equations in the stream function-vorticity formulation. Unlike previous works, we choose different reduced coefficients for the vorticity and stream function fields. In addition, for parametric studies we use a global POD basis space obtained from a database of time dependent full order snapshots related to sample points in the parameter space. We test the performance of our ROM strategy with the well-known vortex merger benchmark and a more complex case study featuring the geometry of the North Atlantic Ocean. Accuracy and efficiency are assessed for both time reconstruction and physical parametrization.

%P 105536 %8 2022/06/14/ %@ 0045-7930 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045793022001645 %! Computers & Fluids %0 Generic %D 2022 %T Projection based semi–implicit partitioned Reduced Basis Method for non parametrized and parametrized Fluid–Structure Interaction problems %A Monica Nonino %A Francesco Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Yvon Maday %XThe goal of this manuscript is to present a partitioned Model Order Reduction method that is based on a semi-implicit projection scheme to solve multiphysics problems. We implement a Reduced Order Method based on a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, with the aim of addressing both time-dependent and time-dependent, parametrized Fluid-Structure Interaction problems, where the fluid is incompressible and the structure is thick and two dimensional.

%G eng %0 Conference Paper %B 2022 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) %D 2022 %T A Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Approach for Parameters Reduction of Single Shot Detector Networks %A Laura Meneghetti %A Nicola Demo %A Gianluigi Rozza %B 2022 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP) %G eng %R 10.1109/ICIP46576.2022.9897513 %0 Journal Article %J Networks and Heterogeneous Media %D 2022 %T An SIR–like kinetic model tracking individuals' viral load %A Rossella Della Marca %A Nadia Loy %A Andrea Tosin %B Networks and Heterogeneous Media %P - %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Numerical Mathematics %D 2022 %T The \textttdeal.II Library, Version 9.4 %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth Marco Feder %A Marc Fehling %A Rene Gassmöller %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Peter Munch %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Simon Sticko %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %B Journal of Numerical Mathematics %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics %D 2022 %T Variational Approach to Fluid–Structure Interaction via GENERIC %A Dirk Peschka %A Andrea Zafferi %A Luca Heltai %A Marita Thomas %B Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %D 2022 %T Vibration Analysis of Piezoelectric Kirchhoff-Love shells based on Catmull-Clark Subdivision Surfaces %A Zhaowei Liu %A Andrew McBride %A Prashant Saxena %A Luca Heltai %A Yilin Qu %A Paul Steinmann %B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences %D 2021 %T Adaptive non-hierarchical Galerkin methods for parabolic problems with application to moving mesh and virtual element methods %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Sutton, Oliver J. %X We present a posteriori error estimates for inconsistent and non-hierarchical Galerkin methods for linear parabolic problems, allowing them to be used in conjunction with very general mesh modification for the first time. We treat schemes which are non-hierarchical in the sense that the spatial Galerkin spaces between time-steps may be completely unrelated from one another. The practical interest of this setting is demonstrated by applying our results to finite element methods on moving meshes and using the estimators to drive an adaptive algorithm based on a virtual element method on a mesh of arbitrary polygons. The a posteriori error estimates, for the error measured in the L2(H1) and L∞(L2) norms, are derived using the elliptic reconstruction technique in an abstract framework designed to precisely encapsulate our notion of inconsistency and non-hierarchicality and requiring no particular compatibility between the computational meshes used on consecutive time-steps, thereby significantly relaxing this basic assumption underlying previous estimates. %B Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences %V 31 %P 711-751 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218202521500172 %R 10.1142/S0218202521500172 %0 Journal Article %J arXiv preprint arXiv:2101.05141 %D 2021 %T Approximation of the spectral fractional powers of the Laplace-Beltrami Operator %A Bonito, Andrea %A Wenyu Lei %B arXiv preprint arXiv:2101.05141 %G eng %0 Unpublished Work %D 2021 %T An artificial neural network approach to bifurcating phenomena in computational fluid dynamics %A Federico Pichi %A Francesco Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Jan S Hesthaven %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Comptes Rendus. Mécanique %D 2021 %T Asymptotic approach to a rotational Taylor swimming sheet %A Giovanni Corsi %B Comptes Rendus. Mécanique %V 349 %P 103–116 %G eng %R 10.5802/crmeca.75 %0 Journal Article %J Software Impacts %D 2021 %T ATHENA: Advanced Techniques for High dimensional parameter spaces to Enhance Numerical Analysis %A Francesco Romor %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Software Impacts %V 10 %P 100133 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.simpa.2021.100133 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Open Source Software %D 2021 %T BisPy: Bisimulation in Python %A Francesco Andreuzzi %B Journal of Open Source Software %V 6 %P 3519 %G eng %0 Unpublished Work %D 2021 %T A CERTIFIED REDUCED BASIS Method FOR LINEAR PARAMETRIZED PARABOLIC OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEMS IN SPACE-TIME FORMULATION %A Maria Strazzullo %A Francesco Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Fluids %D 2021 %T On the comparison of LES data-driven reduced order approaches for hydroacoustic analysis %A Mahmoud Gadalla %A Marta Cianferra %A Marco Tezzele %A Giovanni Stabile %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Dynamic mode decomposition %K Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings %K Hydroacoustics %K Large eddy simulation %K Model reduction %K Proper orthogonal decomposition %XIn this work, Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) and Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) methodologies are applied to hydroacoustic dataset computed using Large Eddy Simulation (LES) coupled with Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings (FWH) analogy. First, a low-dimensional description of the flow fields is presented with modal decomposition analysis. Sensitivity towards the DMD and POD bases truncation rank is discussed, and extensive dataset is provided to demonstrate the ability of both algorithms to reconstruct the flow fields with all the spatial and temporal frequencies necessary to support accurate noise evaluation. Results show that while DMD is capable to capture finer coherent structures in the wake region for the same amount of employed modes, reconstructed flow fields using POD exhibit smaller magnitudes of global spatiotemporal errors compared with DMD counterparts. Second, a separate set of DMD and POD modes generated using half the snapshots is employed into two data-driven reduced models respectively, based on DMD mid cast and POD with Interpolation (PODI). In that regard, results confirm that the predictive character of both reduced approaches on the flow fields is sufficiently accurate, with a relative superiority of PODI results over DMD ones. This infers that, discrepancies induced due to interpolation errors in PODI is relatively low compared with errors induced by integration and linear regression operations in DMD, for the present setup. Finally, a post processing analysis on the evaluation of FWH acoustic signals utilizing reduced fluid dynamic fields as input demonstrates that both DMD and PODI data-driven reduced models are efficient and sufficiently accurate in predicting acoustic noises.

%B Computers & Fluids %V 216 %P 104819 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045793020303893 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104819 %0 Unpublished Work %D 2021 %T Consistency of the full and reduced order models for Evolve-Filter-Relax Regularization of Convection-Dominated, Marginally-Resolved Flows %A Maria Strazzullo %A Michele Girfoglio %A Francesco Ballarin %A T. Iliescu %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Thesis %D 2021 %T Data-driven parameter and model order reduction for industrial optimisation problems with applications in naval engineering %A Marco Tezzele %I SISSA - International School for Advanced Studies %G eng %9 phd %0 Unpublished Work %D 2021 %T A data-driven partitioned approach for the resolution of time-dependent optimal control problems with dynamic mode decomposition %A Eleonora Donadini %A Maria Strazzullo %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Numerical Mathematics %D 2021 %T The deal.II Library, Version 9.3 %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Bruno Blais %A Marc Fehling %A Rene Gassmöller %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Uwe Köcher %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Peter Munch %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Sebastian Proell %A Konrad Simon %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %A Jiaqi Zhang %B Journal of Numerical Mathematics %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1515/jnma-2021-0081 %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Deep Learning Approximation of Diffeomorphisms via Linear-Control Systems %A Alessandro Scagliotti %K FOS: Computer and information sciences %K FOS: Mathematics %K Machine Learning (cs.LG) %K Optimization and Control (math.OC) %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.12393 %R 10.48550/ARXIV.2110.12393 %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T A Differential Perspective on Gradient Flows on CAT(K)-Spaces and Applications %A Nicola Gigli %A Francesco Nobili %XWe review the theory of Gradient Flows in the framework of convex and lower semicontinuous functionals on $$\textsf {CAT} (\kappa )$$-spaces and prove that they can be characterized by the same differential inclusion $$y_t'\in -\partial ^-\textsf {E} (y_t)$$one uses in the smooth setting and more precisely that $$y_t'$$selects the element of minimal norm in $$-\partial ^-\textsf {E} (y_t)$$. This generalizes previous results in this direction where the energy was also assumed to be Lipschitz. We then apply such result to the Korevaar–Schoen energy functional on the space of $$L^2$$and CAT(0) valued maps: we define the Laplacian of such $$L^2$$map as the element of minimal norm in $$-\partial ^-\textsf {E} (u)$$, provided it is not empty. The theory of gradient flows ensures that the set of maps admitting a Laplacian is $$L^2$$-dense. Basic properties of this Laplacian are then studied.

%V 31 %P 11780 - 11818 %8 2021/12/01 %@ 1559-002X %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s12220-021-00701-5 %N 12 %! The Journal of Geometric Analysis %0 Generic %D 2021 %T A Dimensionality Reduction Approach for Convolutional Neural Networks %A Laura Meneghetti %A Nicola Demo %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Report %D 2021 %T On Dini derivatives of real functions %A Giuliano Klun %A Alessandro Fonda %A Andrea Sfecci %G eng %0 Conference Paper %B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications ENUMATH 2019 %D 2021 %T Discontinuous Galerkin Model Order Reduction of Geometrically Parametrized Stokes Equation %A Nirav Shah %A Martin W. Hess %A Gianluigi Rozza %E Vermolen, Fred J. %E Vuik, Cornelis %XThe present work focuses on the geometric parametrization and the reduced order modeling of the Stokes equation. We discuss the concept of a parametrized geometry and its application within a reduced order modeling technique. The full order model is based on the discontinuous Galerkin method with an interior penalty formulation. We introduce the broken Sobolev spaces as well as the weak formulation required for an affine parameter dependency. The operators are transformed from a fixed domain to a parameter dependent domain using the affine parameter dependency. The proper orthogonal decomposition is used to obtain the basis of functions of the reduced order model. By using the Galerkin projection the linear system is projected onto the reduced space. During this process, the offline-online decomposition is used to separate parameter dependent operations from parameter independent operations. Finally this technique is applied to an obstacle test problem.The numerical outcomes presented include experimental error analysis, eigenvalue decay and measurement of online simulation time.

%B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications ENUMATH 2019 %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %8 2021// %@ 978-3-030-55874-1 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annales de la Faculté des sciences de Toulouse : Mathématiques %D 2021 %T Displacement convexity of Entropy and the distance cost Optimal Transportation %A Fabio Cavalletti %A Nicola Gigli %A Flavia Santarcangelo %B Annales de la Faculté des sciences de Toulouse : Mathématiques %V Ser. 6, 30 %P 411–427 %G eng %U https://afst.centre-mersenne.org/articles/10.5802/afst.1679/ %R 10.5802/afst.1679 %0 Journal Article %J Complex Analysis and Operator Theory %D 2021 %T Doulbeault and J-invariant Cohomologies on Almost Complex Manifolds %A Lorenzo Sillari %A Adriano Tomassini %K Almost Complex Manifolds %K Cohomology of Lie Algebra %K Compact four-manifold %K Dolbeault Cohomology %K Frölicher Spectral Sequence %K Solvmanifold %X In this paper we relate the cohomology of $J$-invariant forms to the Dolbeault cohomology of an almost complex manifold. We find necessary and sufficient condition for the inclusion of the former into the latter to be true up to isomorphism. We also extend some results obtained by J. Cirici and S. O. Wilson about the computation of the left-invariant cohomology of nilmanifolds to the setting of solvmanifolds. Several examples are given. %B Complex Analysis and Operator Theory %V 15 %8 09/2021 %G eng %U https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11785-021-01156-w %9 Article %R https://doi.org/10.1007/s11785-021-01156-w %0 Journal Article %J arXiv preprint arXiv:2110.09155 %D 2021 %T A dynamic mode decomposition extension for the forecasting of parametric dynamical systems %A Francesco Andreuzzi %A Nicola Demo %A Gianluigi Rozza %B arXiv preprint arXiv:2110.09155 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T A dynamic model for viscoelasticity in domains with time-dependent cracks %A Francesco Sapio %XIn this paper, we prove the existence of solutions for a class of viscoelastic dynamic systems on time-dependent cracking domains.

%V 28 %P 67 %8 2021/10/01 %@ 1420-9004 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-021-00729-0 %N 6 %! Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Computational Mathematics %D 2021 %T Efficient computation of bifurcation diagrams with a deflated approach to reduced basis spectral element method %A Moreno Pintore %A Federico Pichi %A Martin W. Hess %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Claudio Canuto %XThe majority of the most common physical phenomena can be described using partial differential equations (PDEs). However, they are very often characterized by strong nonlinearities. Such features lead to the coexistence of multiple solutions studied by the bifurcation theory. Unfortunately, in practical scenarios, one has to exploit numerical methods to compute the solutions of systems of PDEs, even if the classical techniques are usually able to compute only a single solution for any value of a parameter when more branches exist. In this work, we implemented an elaborated deflated continuation method that relies on the spectral element method (SEM) and on the reduced basis (RB) one to efficiently compute bifurcation diagrams with more parameters and more bifurcation points. The deflated continuation method can be obtained combining the classical continuation method and the deflation one: the former is used to entirely track each known branch of the diagram, while the latter is exploited to discover the new ones. Finally, when more than one parameter is considered, the efficiency of the computation is ensured by the fact that the diagrams can be computed during the online phase while, during the offline one, one only has to compute one-dimensional diagrams. In this work, after a more detailed description of the method, we will show the results that can be obtained using it to compute a bifurcation diagram associated with a problem governed by the Navier-Stokes equations.

%B Advances in Computational Mathematics %V 47 %G eng %R 10.1007/s10444-020-09827-6 %0 Journal Article %J Bolletino dell Unione Matematica Italiana %D 2021 %T An efficient computational framework for naval shape design and optimization problems by means of data-driven reduced order modeling techniques %A Nicola Demo %A Giulio Ortali %A Gianluca Gustin %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Gianpiero Lavini %XThis contribution describes the implementation of a data-driven shape optimization pipeline in a naval architecture application. We adopt reduced order models in order to improve the efficiency of the overall optimization, keeping a modular and equation-free nature to target the industrial demand. We applied the above mentioned pipeline to a realistic cruise ship in order to reduce the total drag. We begin by defining the design space, generated by deforming an initial shape in a parametric way using free form deformation. The evaluation of the performance of each new hull is determined by simulating the flux via finite volume discretization of a two-phase (water and air) fluid. Since the fluid dynamics model can result very expensive—especially dealing with complex industrial geometries—we propose also a dynamic mode decomposition enhancement to reduce the computational cost of a single numerical simulation. The real-time computation is finally achieved by means of proper orthogonal decomposition with Gaussian process regression technique. Thanks to the quick approximation, a genetic optimization algorithm becomes feasible to converge towards the optimal shape.

%B Bolletino dell Unione Matematica Italiana %V 14 %P 211-230 %G eng %R 10.1007/s40574-020-00263-4 %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T Equilibrium measure for a nonlocal dislocation energy with physical confinement %A Mora, Maria Giovanna %A Alessandro Scagliotti %S Advances in Calculus of Variations %8 2021 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1515/acv-2020-0076 %0 Journal Article %J Annales Henri Poincaré %D 2021 %T Exactness of Linear Response in the Quantum Hall Effect %A Sven Bachmann %A De Roeck, Wojciech %A Fraas, Martin %A Markus Lange %B Annales Henri Poincaré %I Springer Science and Business Media LLC %V 22 %P 1113–1132 %8 Jan %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00023-020-00989-z %R 10.1007/s00023-020-00989-z %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T An existence result for the fractional Kelvin–Voigt’s model on time-dependent cracked domains %A Maicol Caponi %A Francesco Sapio %XWe prove an existence result for the fractional Kelvin–Voigt’s model involving Caputo’s derivative on time-dependent cracked domains. We first show the existence of a solution to a regularized version of this problem. Then, we use a compactness argument to derive that the fractional Kelvin–Voigt’s model admits a solution which satisfies an energy-dissipation inequality. Finally, we prove that when the crack is not moving, the solution is unique.

%8 2021/06/04 %@ 1424-3202 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00028-021-00713-2 %! Journal of Evolution Equations %0 Unpublished Work %D 2021 %T AN EXTENDED PHYSICS INFORMED NEURAL NETWORK FOR PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF PARAMETRIC OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEMS %A Nicola Demo %A Maria Strazzullo %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Generic %D 2021 %T A first-order condition for the independence on p of weak gradients %A Nicola Gigli %A Francesco Nobili %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Multiscale Modeling and Simulation %D 2021 %T Hierarchical model reduction techniques for flow modeling in a parametrized setting %A Matteo Zancanaro %A F. Ballarin %A Simona Perotto %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we focus on two different methods to deal with parametrized partial differential equations in an efficient and accurate way. Starting from high fidelity approximations built via the hierarchical model reduction discretization, we consider two approaches, both based on a projection model reduction technique. The two methods differ for the algorithm employed during the construction of the reduced basis. In particular, the former employs the proper orthogonal decomposition, while the latter relies on a greedy algorithm according to the certified reduced basis technique. The two approaches are preliminarily compared on two-dimensional scalar and vector test cases.

%B Multiscale Modeling and Simulation %V 19 %P 267-293 %G eng %R 10.1137/19M1285330 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Marine Science and Engineering %D 2021 %T Hull Shape Design Optimization with Parameter Space and Model Reductions, and Self-Learning Mesh Morphing %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn the field of parametric partial differential equations, shape optimization represents a challenging problem due to the required computational resources. In this contribution, a data-driven framework involving multiple reduction techniques is proposed to reduce such computational burden. Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and active subspace genetic algorithm (ASGA) are applied for a dimensional reduction of the original (high fidelity) model and for an efficient genetic optimization based on active subspace property. The parameterization of the shape is applied directly to the computational mesh, propagating the generic deformation map applied to the surface (of the object to optimize) to the mesh nodes using a radial basis function (RBF) interpolation. Thus, topology and quality of the original mesh are preserved, enabling application of POD-based reduced order modeling techniques, and avoiding the necessity of additional meshing steps. Model order reduction is performed coupling POD and Gaussian process regression (GPR) in a data-driven fashion. The framework is validated on a benchmark ship.

%B Journal of Marine Science and Engineering %V 9 %P 185 %G eng %U https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1312/9/2/185 %R 10.3390/jmse9020185 %0 Journal Article %J Fluids %D 2021 %T Hybrid Neural Network Reduced Order Modelling for Turbulent Flows with Geometric Parameters %A Matteo Zancanaro %A Markus Mrosek %A Giovanni Stabile %A Carsten Othmer %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Fluids %I MDPI AG %V 6 %P 296 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6080296 %R 10.3390/fluids6080296 %0 Journal Article %J Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. %D 2021 %T Independence of synthetic curvature dimension conditions on transport distance exponent %A Afiny Akdemir %A Andrew Colinet %A Robert McCann %A Fabio Cavalletti %A Flavia Santarcangelo %B Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. %V 374 %P 5877–5923 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1090/tran/8413 %R 10.1090/tran/8413 %0 Unpublished Work %D 2021 %T A local approach to parameter space reduction for regression and classification tasks %A Francesco Romor %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %B arXiv preprint arXiv:2107.10867 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T Local Well Posedness of the Euler–Korteweg Equations on $$\mathbb T}^d}$$ %A Massimiliano Berti %A Alberto Maspero %A Federico Murgante %XWe consider the Euler–Korteweg system with space periodic boundary conditions $$ x \in {\mathbb {T}}^d$$. We prove a local in time existence result of classical solutions for irrotational velocity fields requiring natural minimal regularity assumptions on the initial data.

%V 33 %P 1475 - 1513 %8 2021/09/01 %@ 1572-9222 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10884-020-09927-3 %N 3 %! Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations %0 Generic %D 2021 %T On master test plans for the space of BV functions %A Francesco Nobili %A Enrico Pasqualetto %A Timo Schultz %G eng %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Model Order Reduction for Nonlinear and Time-Dependent Parametric Optimal Flow Control Problems %A Maria Strazzullo %I SISSA %C Trieste %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Fluids %D 2021 %T A Monolithic and a Partitioned, Reduced Basis Method for Fluid–Structure Interaction Problems %A Monica Nonino %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XThe aim of this work is to present an overview about the combination of the Reduced Basis Method (RBM) with two different approaches for Fluid–Structure Interaction (FSI) problems, namely a monolithic and a partitioned approach. We provide the details of implementation of two reduction procedures, and we then apply them to the same test case of interest. We first implement a reduction technique that is based on a monolithic procedure where we solve the fluid and the solid problems all at once. We then present another reduction technique that is based on a partitioned (or segregated) procedure: the fluid and the solid problems are solved separately and then coupled using a fixed point strategy. The toy problem that we consider is based on the Turek–Hron benchmark test case, with a fluid Reynolds number Re=100.

%B Fluids %V 6 %P 229 %G eng %U https://www.mdpi.com/2311-5521/6/6/229 %R 10.3390/fluids6060229 %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Monotonicity formulas for harmonic functions in RCD(0,N) spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Ivan Yuri Violo %XWe generalize to the RCD(0,N) setting a family of monotonicity formulas by Colding and Minicozzi for positive harmonic functions in Riemannian manifolds with non-negative Ricci curvature. Rigidity and almost rigidity statements are also proven, the second appearing to be new even in the smooth setting. Motivated by the recent work in [AFM] we also introduce the notion of electrostatic potential in RCD spaces, which also satisfies our monotonicity formulas. Our arguments are mainly based on new estimates for harmonic functions in RCD(K,N) spaces and on a new functional version of the `(almost) outer volume cone implies (almost) outer metric cone' theorem.

%G eng %0 Conference Paper %B Proceedings in Applied Mathematics & Mechanics %D 2021 %T Multi-fidelity data fusion for the approximation of scalar functions with low intrinsic dimensionality through active subspaces %A Francesco Romor %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Proceedings in Applied Mathematics & Mechanics %I Wiley Online Library %V 20 %G eng %R 10.1002/pamm.202000349 %0 Journal Article %J arXiv preprint arXiv:2110.14396 %D 2021 %T Multi-fidelity data fusion through parameter space reduction with applications to automotive engineering %A Francesco Romor %A Marco Tezzele %A Markus Mrosek %A Carsten Othmer %A Gianluigi Rozza %B arXiv preprint arXiv:2110.14396 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annals of Biomedical Engineering %D 2021 %T Multiscale coupling of one-dimensional vascular models and elastic tissues %A Luca Heltai %A Alfonso Caiazzo %A Lucas Müeller %B Annals of Biomedical Engineering %G eng %0 Generic %D 2021 %T The Neural Network shifted-Proper Orthogonal Decomposition: a Machine Learning Approach for Non-linear Reduction of Hyperbolic Equations %A Davide Papapicco %A Nicola Demo %A Michele Girfoglio %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Acta Mechanica Sinica %D 2021 %T Non-intrusive data-driven ROM framework for hemodynamics problems %A Michele Girfoglio %A Leonardo Scandurra %A Francesco Ballarin %A Giuseppe Infantino %A Francesca Nicolò %A Andrea Montalto %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Roberto Scrofani %A Marina Comisso %A Francesco Musumeci %B Acta Mechanica Sinica %V 37 %P 1183–1191 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Contemporary MathematicsCommunications in Contemporary Mathematics %D 2021 %T Non-well-ordered lower and upper solutions for semilinear systems of PDEs %A Alessandro Fonda %A Giuliano Klun %A Andrea Sfecci %XWe prove existence results for systems of boundary value problems involving elliptic second-order differential operators. The assumptions involve lower and upper solutions, which may be either well-ordered, or not at all. The results are stated in an abstract framework, and can be translated also for systems of parabolic type.We prove existence results for systems of boundary value problems involving elliptic second-order differential operators. The assumptions involve lower and upper solutions, which may be either well-ordered, or not at all. The results are stated in an abstract framework, and can be translated also for systems of parabolic type.

%B Communications in Contemporary MathematicsCommunications in Contemporary Mathematics %P 2150080 %8 2021/08/27 %@ 0219-1997 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219199721500802 %! Commun. Contemp. Math. %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Computational Physics %D 2021 %T A novel iterative penalty method to enforce boundary conditions in Finite Volume POD-Galerkin reduced order models for fluid dynamics problems %A Kelbij Star %A Giovanni Stabile %A Francesco Belloni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Joris Degroote %X A Finite-Volume based POD-Galerkin reduced order model is developed for fluid dynamic problems where the (time-dependent) boundary conditions are controlled using two different boundary control strategies: the control function method, whose aim is to obtain homogeneous basis functions for the reduced basis space and the penalty method where the boundary conditions are enforced in the reduced order model using a penalty factor. The penalty method is improved by using an iterative solver for the determination of the penalty factor rather than tuning the factor with a sensitivity analysis or numerical experimentation. The boundary control methods are compared and tested for two cases: the classical lid driven cavity benchmark problem and a Y-junction flow case with two inlet channels and one outlet channel. The results show that the boundaries of the reduced order model can be controlled with the boundary control methods and the same order of accuracy is achieved for the velocity and pressure fields. Finally, the speedup ratio between the reduced order models and the full order model is of the order 1000 for the lid driven cavity case and of the order 100 for the Y-junction test case. %B Communications in Computational Physics %I Global Science Press %V 30 %P 34–66 %G eng %R https://doi.org/10.4208/cicp.OA-2020-0059 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %D 2021 %T A numerical approach for heat flux estimation in thin slabs continuous casting molds using data assimilation %A Umberto Emil Morelli %A Patricia Barral %A Peregrina Quintela %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Giovanni Stabile %B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %I Wiley %V 122 %P 4541–4574 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.6713 %R 10.1002/nme.6713 %0 Journal Article %J Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A %D 2021 %T Nutations in growing plant shoots as a morphoelastic flutter instability %A Daniele Agostinelli %A Giovanni Noselli %A Antonio DeSimone %XGrowing plant shoots exhibit spontaneous oscillations that Darwin observed, and termed "circumnutations". Recently, they have received renewed attention for the design and optimal actuation of bioinspired robotic devices. We discuss a possible interpretation of these spontaneous oscillations as a Hopf-type bifurcation in a growing morphoelastic rod. Using a three-dimensional model and numerical simulations, we analyse the salient features of this flutter-like phenomenon (e.g. the characteristic period of the oscillations) and their dependence on the model details (in particular, the impact of choosing different growth models) finding that, overall, these features are robust with respect to changes in the details of the growth model adopted.

%B Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A %V 379 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2020.0116 %9 Journal article %R 10.1098/rsta.2020.0116 %0 Journal Article %J Frontiers in Plant Science %D 2021 %T Nutations in plant shoots: Endogenous and exogenous factors in the presence of mechanical deformations %A Daniele Agostinelli %A Antonio DeSimone %A Giovanni Noselli %XWe present a three-dimensional morphoelastic rod model capable to describe the morphogenesis of growing plant shoots driven by differential growth. We discuss the evolution laws for endogenous oscillators, straightening mechanisms, and reorientations to directional cues, such as gravitropic reactions governed by the avalanche dynamics of statoliths. We use this model to investigate the role of elastic deflections due to gravity loading in circumnutating plant shoots. We show that, in the absence of endogenous cues, pendular and circular oscillations arise as a critical length is attained, thus suggesting the occurrence of an instability triggered by exogenous factors. When also oscillations due to endogenous cues are present, their weight relative to those associated with the instability varies in time as the shoot length and other biomechanical properties change. Thanks to the simultaneous occurrence of these two oscillatory mechanisms, we are able to reproduce a variety of complex behaviors, including trochoid-like patterns, which evolve into circular orbits as the shoot length increases, and the amplitude of the exogenous oscillations becomes dominant.

%B Frontiers in Plant Science %I Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory %V 12 %G eng %U https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2021.608005 %9 Journal article %R 10.3389/fpls.2021.608005 %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Parallel transport on non-collapsed $\mathsfRCD(K,N)$ spaces %A Emanuele Caputo %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %XWe provide a general theory for parallel transport on non-collapsed RCD spaces obtaining both existence and uniqueness results. Our theory covers the case of geodesics and, more generally, of curves obtained via the flow of sufficiently regular time dependent vector fields: the price that we pay for this generality is that we cannot study parallel transport along a single such curve, but only along almost all of these (in a sense related to the notions of Sobolev vector calculus and Regular Lagrangian Flow in the nonsmooth setting).

The class of ncRCD spaces contains finite dimensional Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded from below, thus our construction provides a way of speaking about parallel transport in this latter setting alternative to the one proposed by Petrunin (1998). The precise relation between the two approaches is yet to be understood.

We prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional systems by the use of the lower/upper solutions method. Both the well-ordered and non-well-ordered cases are treated, thus generalizing to systems some well-established results for scalar equations.

%V 18 %P 223 %8 2021/09/07 %@ 1660-5454 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00009-021-01857-8 %N 5 %! Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Computational Physics %D 2021 %T A POD-Galerkin reduced order model for a LES filtering approach %A Michele Girfoglio %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe propose a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD)-Galerkin based Reduced Order Model (ROM) for an implementation of the Leray model that combines a two-step algorithm called Evolve-Filter (EF) with a computationally efficient finite volume method. The main novelty of the proposed approach relies in applying spatial filtering both for the collection of the snapshots and in the reduced order model, as well as in considering the pressure field at reduced level. In both steps of the EF algorithm, velocity and pressure fields are approximated by using different POD basis and coefficients. For the reconstruction of the pressures fields, we use a pressure Poisson equation approach. We test our ROM on two benchmark problems: 2D and 3D unsteady flow past a cylinder at Reynolds number 0≤Re≤100. The accuracy of the reduced order model is assessed against results obtained with the full order model. For the 2D case, a parametric study with respect to the filtering radius is also presented.

%B Journal of Computational Physics %V 436 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85102138957&doi=10.1016%2fj.jcp.2021.110260&partnerID=40&md5=73115708267e80754f343561c26f4744 %R 10.1016/j.jcp.2021.110260 %0 Journal Article %J Applied Mathematical Modelling %D 2021 %T A POD-Galerkin reduced order model of a turbulent convective buoyant flow of sodium over a backward-facing step %A Kelbij Star %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Joris Degroote %XA Finite-Volume based POD-Galerkin reduced order modeling strategy for steady-state Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) simulation is extended for low-Prandtl number flow. The reduced order model is based on a full order model for which the effects of buoyancy on the flow and heat transfer are characterized by varying the Richardson number. The Reynolds stresses are computed with a linear eddy viscosity model. A single gradient diffusion hypothesis, together with a local correlation for the evaluation of the turbulent Prandtl number, is used to model the turbulent heat fluxes. The contribution of the eddy viscosity and turbulent thermal diffusivity fields are considered in the reduced order model with an interpolation based data-driven method. The reduced order model is tested for buoyancy-aided turbulent liquid sodium flow over a vertical backward-facing step with a uniform heat flux applied on the wall downstream of the step. The wall heat flux is incorporated with a Neumann boundary condition in both the full order model and the reduced order model. The velocity and temperature profiles predicted with the reduced order model for the same and new Richardson numbers inside the range of parameter values are in good agreement with the RANS simulations. Also, the local Stanton number and skin friction distribution at the heated wall are qualitatively well captured. Finally, the reduced order simulations, performed on a single core, are about 105 times faster than the RANS simulations that are performed on eight cores.

%B Applied Mathematical Modelling %V 89 %P 486-503 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.apm.2020.07.029 %0 Journal Article %J Transactions on Mathematical Software %D 2021 %T Propagating geometry information to finite element computations %A Luca Heltai %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Martin Kronbichler %A Andrea Mola %B Transactions on Mathematical Software %V 47 %P 1--30 %G eng %N 4 %& 1 %R https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3468428 %0 Journal Article %J Software Impacts %D 2021 %T PyGeM: Python Geometrical Morphing %A Marco Tezzele %A Nicola Demo %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Free form deformation %K Geometrical morphing %K Inverse distance weighting %K Python %K Radial basis functions interpolation %X PyGeM is an open source Python package which allows to easily parametrize and deform 3D object described by CAD files or 3D meshes. It implements several morphing techniques such as free form deformation, radial basis function interpolation, and inverse distance weighting. Due to its versatility in dealing with different file formats it is particularly suited for researchers and practitioners both in academia and in industry interested in computational engineering simulations and optimization studies. %B Software Impacts %V 7 %P 100047 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.simpa.2020.100047 %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T Quadratic Life Span of Periodic Gravity-capillary Water Waves %A Massimiliano Berti %A Roberto Feola %A Luca Franzoi %XWe consider the gravity-capillary water waves equations for a bi-dimensional fluid with a periodic one-dimensional free surface. We prove a rigorous reduction of this system to Birkhoff normal form up to cubic degree. Due to the possible presence of three-wave resonances for general values of gravity, surface tension, and depth, such normal form may be not trivial and exhibit a chaotic dynamics (Wilton ripples). Nevertheless, we prove that for all the values of gravity, surface tension, and depth, initial data that are of size $$ \varepsilon $$in a sufficiently smooth Sobolev space leads to a solution that remains in an $$ \varepsilon $$-ball of the same Sobolev space up times of order $$ \varepsilon ^{-2}$$. We exploit that the three-wave resonances are finitely many, and the Hamiltonian nature of the Birkhoff normal form.

%V 3 %P 85 - 115 %8 2021/04/01 %@ 2523-3688 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s42286-020-00036-8 %N 1 %! Water Waves %0 Journal Article %J Ann. Fenn. Math. %D 2021 %T Quantitative lower bounds to the Euclidean and the Gaussian Cheeger constants %A Julin, V. %A Saracco, G. %B Ann. Fenn. Math. %V 46 %P 1071–1087 %G eng %R 10.5186/aasfm.2021.4666 %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Quantum Systems at The Brink. Existence and Decay Rates of Bound States at Thresholds; Critical Potentials and dimensionality %A Dirk Hundertmark %A Michal Jex %A Markus Lange %B arXiv:2107.14128 %P 8 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %D 2021 %T Quasi-optimal mesh sequence construction through Smoothed Adaptive Finite Element Methods %A Ornela Mulita %A Stefano Giani %A Luca Heltai %B SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T Quasistatic Limit of a Dynamic Viscoelastic Model with Memory %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Francesco Sapio %XWe study the behaviour of the solutions to a dynamic evolution problem for a viscoelastic model with long memory, when the rate of change of the data tends to zero. We prove that a suitably rescaled version of the solutions converges to the solution of the corresponding stationary problem.

%8 2021/11/30 %@ 1424-9294 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00032-021-00343-w %! Milan Journal of Mathematics %0 Journal Article %J Indiana Univ. Math. J. %D 2021 %T Rectifiability of the free boundary for varifolds %A Luigi De Masi %B Indiana Univ. Math. J. %V 70 %P 2603–2651 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Computer & Mathematics With Applications %D 2021 %T A Reduced Order Cut Finite Element method for geometrically parametrized steady and unsteady Navier–Stokes problems %A Efthymios N Karatzas %A Monica Nonino %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Cut Finite Element Method %K Navier–Stokes equations %K Parameter–dependent shape geometry %K Reduced Order Models %K Unfitted mesh %XWe focus on steady and unsteady Navier–Stokes flow systems in a reduced-order modeling framework based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition within a levelset geometry description and discretized by an unfitted mesh Finite Element Method. This work extends the approaches of [1], [2], [3] to nonlinear CutFEM discretization. We construct and investigate a unified and geometry independent reduced basis which overcomes many barriers and complications of the past, that may occur whenever geometrical morphings are taking place. By employing a geometry independent reduced basis, we are able to avoid remeshing and transformation to reference configurations, and we are able to handle complex geometries. This combination of a fixed background mesh in a fixed extended background geometry with reduced order techniques appears beneficial and advantageous in many industrial and engineering applications, which could not be resolved efficiently in the past.

%B Computer & Mathematics With Applications %8 2021/08/12/ %@ 0898-1221 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0898122121002790 %! Computers & Mathematics with Applications %0 Conference Paper %B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications ENUMATH 2019 %D 2021 %T Reduced Order Methods for Parametrized Non-linear and Time Dependent Optimal Flow Control Problems, Towards Applications in Biomedical and Environmental Sciences %A Maria Strazzullo %A Zakia Zainib %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications ENUMATH 2019 %I Springer %V 139 %P 841–850 %@ 978-3-030-55873-4 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.07886 %R 10.1007/978-3-030-55874-1_83 %0 Conference Paper %B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications ENUMATH 2019 %D 2021 %T Reduced Order Methods for Parametrized Non-linear and Time Dependent Optimal Flow Control Problems, Towards Applications in Biomedical and Environmental Sciences %A Maria Strazzullo %A Zakia Zainib %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %E Fred J Vermolen %E Cornelis Vuik %XWe introduce reduced order methods as an efficient strategy to solve parametrized non-linear and time dependent optimal flow control problems governed by partial differential equations. Indeed, the optimal control problems require a huge computational effort in order to be solved, most of all in physical and/or geometrical parametrized settings. Reduced order methods are a reliable and suitable approach, increasingly gaining popularity, to achieve rapid and accurate optimal solutions in several fields, such as in biomedical and environmental sciences. In this work, we employ a POD-Galerkin reduction approach over a parametrized optimality system, derived from the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. The methodology presented is tested on two boundary control problems, governed respectively by (1) time dependent Stokes equations and (2) steady non-linear Navier-Stokes equations.

%B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications ENUMATH 2019 %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %8 2021// %@ 978-3-030-55874-1 %G eng %U https://www.springerprofessional.de/en/reduced-order-methods-for-parametrized-non-linear-and-time-depen/19122676 %R https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-55874-1_83 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids %D 2021 %T Reduced order models for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on collocated grids using a `discretize-then-project' approach %A Kelbij Star %A Benjamin Sanderse %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Joris Degroote %B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids %I Wiley %V 93 %P 2694–2722 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.4994 %R 10.1002/fld.4994 %0 Generic %D 2021 %T A remark on two notions of flatness for sets in the Euclidean space %A Ivan Yuri Violo %XIn this note we compare two ways of measuring the n-dimensional "flatness" of a set S⊂Rd, where n∈N and d>n. The first one is to consider the classical Reifenberg-flat numbers α(x,r) (x∈S, r>0), which measure the minimal scaling-invariant Hausdorff distances in Br(x) between S and n-dimensional affine subspaces of Rd. The second is an `intrinsic' approach in which we view the same set S as a metric space (endowed with the induced Euclidean distance). Then we consider numbers a(x,r)'s, that are the scaling-invariant Gromov-Hausdorff distances between balls centered at x of radius r in S and the n-dimensional Euclidean ball of the same radius. As main result of our analysis we make rigorous a phenomenon, first noted by David and Toro, for which the numbers a(x,r)'s behaves as the square of the numbers α(x,r)'s. Moreover we show how this result finds application in extending the Cheeger-Colding intrinsic-Reifenberg theorem to the biLipschitz case. As a by-product of our arguments, we deduce analogous results also for the Jones' numbers β's (i.e. the one-sided version of the numbers α's).

%G eng %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Rigidity and almost rigidity of Sobolev inequalities on compact spaces with lower Ricci curvature bounds %A Francesco Nobili %A Ivan Yuri Violo %X

We prove that if M is a closed n-dimensional Riemannian manifold, n≥3, with Ric≥n−1 and for which the optimal constant in the critical Sobolev inequality equals the one of the n-dimensional sphere Sn, then M is isometric to Sn. An almost-rigidity result is also established, saying that if equality is almost achieved, then M is close in the measure Gromov-Hausdorff sense to a spherical suspension. These statements are obtained in the RCD-setting of (possibly non-smooth) metric measure spaces satisfying synthetic lower Ricci curvature bounds.%G eng %0 Journal Article %J Revista Matematica Iberoamericana %D 2021 %T The sharp quantitative isocapacitary inequality %A Guido De Philippis %A Michele Marini %A Ekaterina Mukoseeva %K Fraenkel asymmetry %K isocapacitary inequality %K Stability estimates %X

An independent result of our analysis is the characterization of the best constant in the Sobolev inequality on any compact CD space, extending to the non-smooth setting a classical result by Aubin. Our arguments are based on a new concentration compactness result for mGH-converging sequences of RCD spaces and on a Polya-Szego inequality of Euclidean-type in CD spaces.

As an application of the technical tools developed we prove both an existence result for the Yamabe equation and the continuity of the generalized Yamabe constant under measure Gromov-Hausdorff convergence, in the RCD-setting.

We prove a sharp quantitative form of the classical isocapacitary inequality. Namely, we show that the difference between the capacity of a set and that of a ball with the same volume bounds the square of the Fraenkel asymmetry of the set. This provides a positive answer to a conjecture of Hall, Hayman, and Weitsman (J. Analyse Math.'91). © 2021 Real Sociedad Matemática Española

%B Revista Matematica Iberoamericana %V 37 %P 2191 - 2228 %8 2021 %@ 02132230 (ISSN) %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85104691573&doi=10.4171%2frmi%2f1259&partnerID=40&md5=5f88bc37b87a9eea7a502ea63523ff57 %N 6 %! Rev. Mat. Iberoam. %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Calculus of Variations %D 2021 %T The sharp quantitative isocapacitary inequality (the case of p-capacity) %A Ekaterina Mukoseeva %K isocapacitary inequality %K Stability estimates %XWe prove a sharp quantitative form of isocapacitary inequality in the case of a general p. This work is a generalization of the author's paper with Guido De Philippis and Michele Marini, where we treated the case of 2-capacity. © 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2021.

%B Advances in Calculus of Variations %8 2021 %@ 18648258 (ISSN) %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85106363307&doi=10.1515%2facv-2020-0106&partnerID=40&md5=26dbcad781b68c1d873512e272f0e7f4 %! Adv. Calc. Var. %0 Journal Article %J Computational Methods in Applied Mathematics %D 2021 %T Smoothed-adaptive perturbed inverse iteration for elliptic eigenvalue problems %A Stefano Giani %A Luka Grubisic %A Luca Heltai %A Ornela Mulita %B Computational Methods in Applied Mathematics %V 21 %P 385-405 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J J. Convex Anal. %D 2021 %T A sufficient criterion to determine planar self-Cheeger sets %A Saracco, G. %B J. Convex Anal. %V 28 %P 951--958 %G eng %U https://www.heldermann.de/JCA/JCA28/JCA283/jca28055.htm %N 3 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %D 2021 %T A supervised learning approach involving active subspaces for an efficient genetic algorithm in high-dimensional optimization problems %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, we present an extension of the genetic algorithm (GA) which exploits the active subspaces (AS) property to evolve the individuals on a lower dimensional space. In many cases, GA requires in fact more function evaluations than others optimization method to converge to the optimum. Thus, complex and high-dimensional functions may result intractable with the standard algorithm. To address this issue, we propose to linearly map the input parameter space of the original function onto its AS before the evolution, performing the mutation and mate processes in a lower dimensional space. In this contribution, we describe the novel method called ASGA, presenting differences and similarities with the standard GA method. We test the proposed method over n-dimensional benchmark functions – Rosenbrock, Ackley, Bohachevsky, Rastrigin, Schaffer N. 7, and Zakharov – and finally we apply it to an aeronautical shape optimization problem.

%B SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %V 43 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.07282 %N 3 %& B831 %R https://doi.org/10.1137/20M1345219 %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T Traveling Quasi-periodic Water Waves with Constant Vorticity %A Massimiliano Berti %A Luca Franzoi %A Alberto Maspero %XWe prove the first bifurcation result of time quasi-periodic traveling wave solutions for space periodic water waves with vorticity. In particular, we prove the existence of small amplitude time quasi-periodic solutions of the gravity-capillary water waves equations with constant vorticity, for a bidimensional fluid over a flat bottom delimited by a space-periodic free interface. These quasi-periodic solutions exist for all the values of depth, gravity and vorticity, and restrict the surface tension to a Borel set of asymptotically full Lebesgue measure.

%V 240 %P 99 - 202 %8 2021/04/01 %@ 1432-0673 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-021-01607-w %N 1 %! Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis %0 Generic %D 2021 %T Trotter product formulae for $*$-automorphisms of quantum lattice systems %A Sven Bachmann %A Markus Lange %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T Uniqueness and continuous dependence for a viscoelastic problem with memory in domains with time dependent cracks %A Federico Cianci %A Gianni Dal Maso %G eng %U https://iris.sissa.it/handle/20.500.11767/125673 %0 Journal Article %D 2021 %T A vanishing-inertia analysis for finite-dimensional rate-independent systems with nonautonomous dissipation and an application to soft crawlers %A Paolo Gidoni %A Filippo Riva %XWe study the approximation of finite-dimensional rate-independent quasistatic systems, via a vanishing-inertia asymptotic analysis of dynamic evolutions. We prove the uniform convergence of dynamic solutions to a rate-independent one, employing the variational concept of energetic solution. Motivated by applications in soft locomotion, we allow time-dependence of the dissipation potential, and translation invariance of the potential energy.

%V 60 %P 191 %8 2021/08/03 %@ 1432-0835 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-021-02067-6 %N 5 %! Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2021 %T A weighted POD-reduction approach for parametrized PDE-constrained optimal control problems with random inputs and applications to environmental sciences %A G. Carere %A Maria Strazzullo %A Francesco Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %A R. Stevenson %B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %V 102 %P 261-276 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85117948561&doi=10.1016%2fj.camwa.2021.10.020&partnerID=40&md5=cb57d59a6975a35315b2cf5d0e3a6001 %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2021.10.020 %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Nonlinear Studies %D 2021 %T Well-Ordered and Non-Well-Ordered Lower and Upper Solutions for Periodic Planar Systems %A Alessandro Fonda %A Giuliano Klun %A Andrea Sfecci %B Advanced Nonlinear Studies %V 21 %P 397 - 419 %8 2021 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1515/ans-2021-2117 %N 2 %0 Conference Paper %B Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems, ECCM 2018 and 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2018 %D 2020 %T Advances in reduced order methods for parametric industrial problems in computational fluid dynamics %A Gianluigi Rozza %A M.H. Malik %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Michele Girfoglio %A Giovanni Stabile %A Andrea Mola %XReduced order modeling has gained considerable attention in recent decades owing to the advantages offered in reduced computational times and multiple solutions for parametric problems. The focus of this manuscript is the application of model order reduction techniques in various engineering and scientific applications including but not limited to mechanical, naval and aeronautical engineering. The focus here is kept limited to computational fluid mechanics and related applications. The advances in the reduced order modeling with proper orthogonal decomposition and reduced basis method are presented as well as a brief discussion of dynamic mode decomposition and also some present advances in the parameter space reduction. Here, an overview of the challenges faced and possible solutions are presented with examples from various problems.

%B Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics: Solids, Structures and Coupled Problems, ECCM 2018 and 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2018 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075395686&partnerID=40&md5=fb0b1a3cfdfd35a104db9921bc9be675 %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T On the Approximation of Quasistatic Evolutions for the Debonding of a Thin Film via Vanishing Inertia and Viscosity %A Filippo Riva %XIn this paper, we contribute to studying the issue of quasistatic limit in the context of Griffith’s theory by investigating a one-dimensional debonding model. It describes the evolution of a thin film partially glued to a rigid substrate and subjected to a vertical loading. Taking viscosity into account and under suitable assumptions on the toughness of the glue, we prove that, in contrast to what happens in the undamped case, dynamic solutions converge to the quasistatic one when inertia and viscosity go to zero, except for a possible discontinuity at the initial time. We then characterise the size of the jump by means of an asymptotic analysis of the debonding front.

%V 30 %P 903 - 951 %8 2020/06/01 %@ 1432-1467 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00332-019-09595-8 %N 3 %! Journal of Nonlinear Science %0 Book Section %B Model Order Reduction, Volume 2 Snapshot-Based Methods and Algorithms %D 2020 %T Basic ideas and tools for projection-based model reduction of parametric partial differential equations %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Martin W. Hess %A Giovanni Stabile %A Marco Tezzele %A F. Ballarin %B Model Order Reduction, Volume 2 Snapshot-Based Methods and Algorithms %I De Gruyter %C Berlin, Boston %P 1 - 47 %@ 9783110671490 %G eng %U https://www.degruyter.com/view/book/9783110671490/10.1515/9783110671490-001.xml %R https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110671490-001 %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Fluids %D 2020 %T Bayesian identification of a projection-based reduced order model for computational fluid dynamics %A Giovanni Stabile %A Bojana Rosic %X In this paper we propose a Bayesian method as a numerical way to correct and stabilise projection-based reduced order models (ROM) in computational fluid dynamics problems. The approach is of hybrid type, and consists of the classical proper orthogonal decomposition driven Galerkin projection of the laminar part of the governing equations, and Bayesian identification of the correction term mimicking both the turbulence model and possible ROM-related instabilities given the full order data. In this manner the classical ROM approach is translated to the parameter identification problem on a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Computationally the inverse problem is solved with the help of the Gauss-Markov-Kalman smoother in both ensemble and square-root polynomial chaos expansion forms. To reduce the dimension of the posterior space, a novel global variance based sensitivity analysis is proposed. %B Computers & Fluids %V 201 %P 104477 %G eng %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104477 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Calculus of Variations %D 2020 %T On the blow-up of GSBV functions under suitable geometric properties of the jump set %A Emanuele Tasso %B Advances in Calculus of Variations %8 2020 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1515/acv-2019-0068 %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2020 %T Certified Reduced Basis VMS-Smagorinsky model for natural convection flow in a cavity with variable height %A F. Ballarin %A Rebollo, T.C. %A E.D. Ávila %A Marmol, M.G. %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we present a Reduced Basis VMS-Smagorinsky Boussinesq model, applied to natural convection problems in a variable height cavity, in which the buoyancy forces are involved. We take into account in this problem both physical and geometrical parametrizations, considering the Rayleigh number as a parameter, so as the height of the cavity. We perform an Empirical Interpolation Method to approximate the sub-grid eddy viscosity term that lets us obtain an affine decomposition with respect to the parameters. We construct an a posteriori error estimator, based upon the Brezzi–Rappaz–Raviart theory, used in the greedy algorithm for the selection of the basis functions. Finally we present several numerical tests for different parameter configuration.

%B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %V 80 %P 973-989 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85085843368&doi=10.1016%2fj.camwa.2020.05.013&partnerID=40&md5=7c6596865ec89651319c7dd97159dd77 %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2020.05.013 %0 Report %D 2020 %T On coherent Hopf 2-algebras %A Xiao Han %X We construct a coherent Hopf 2-algebra as quantization of a coherent 2-group, which consists of two Hopf coquasigroups and a coassociator. For this constructive method, if we replace Hopf coquasigroups by Hopf algebras, we can construct a strict Hoft 2-algebra, which is a quantisation of 2-group. We also study the crossed comodule of Hopf algebras, which is shown to be a strict Hopf 2-algebra under some conditions. As an example, a quasi coassociative Hopf coquasigroup is employed to build a special coherent Hopf 2-algebra with nontrivial coassociator. Following this we study functions on Cayley algebra basis. %8 05/2020 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.11207 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: COCV %D 2020 %T On the continuity of the trace operator in GSBV (Ω) and GSBD (Ω) %A Emanuele Tasso %B ESAIM: COCV %V 26 %8 2020/// %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1051/cocv/2019014 %0 Journal Article %J J. Comput. Appl. Math. %D 2020 %T Convergence of an adaptive discontinuous Galerkin method for elliptic interface problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Sabawi, Younis A. %B J. Comput. Appl. Math. %V 367 %P 112397, 15 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2019.112397 %R 10.1016/j.cam.2019.112397 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Computational Physics %D 2020 %T Data-driven POD-Galerkin reduced order model for turbulent flows %A Saddam Hijazi %A Giovanni Stabile %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we present a Reduced Order Model which is specifically designed to deal with turbulent flows in a finite volume setting. The method used to build the reduced order model is based on the idea of merging/combining projection-based techniques with data-driven reduction strategies. In particular, the work presents a mixed strategy that exploits a data-driven reduction method to approximate the eddy viscosity solution manifold and a classical POD-Galerkin projection approach for the velocity and the pressure fields, respectively. The newly proposed reduced order model has been validated on benchmark test cases in both steady and unsteady settings with Reynolds up to $Re=O(10^5)$.

%B Journal of Computational Physics %V 416 %P 109513 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1907.09909 %R 10.1016/j.jcp.2020.109513 %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2020 %T The deal.II finite element library: Design, features, and insights %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Denis Davydov %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2020.02.022 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Numerical Mathematics %D 2020 %T The deal.II library, Version 9.2 %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Bruno Blais %A Thomas C. Clevenger %A Marc Fehling %A Alexander V. Grayver %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Peter Munch %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Reza Rastak %A Ignacio Tomas %A Bruno Turcksin %A Zhuoran Wang %A David Wells %B Journal of Numerical Mathematics %V 28 %P 131–146 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T A dynamic model for viscoelastic materials with prescribed growing cracks %A Maicol Caponi %A Francesco Sapio %XIn this paper, we prove the existence of solutions for a class of viscoelastic dynamic systems on time-dependent cracked domains, with possibly degenerate viscosity coefficients. Under stronger regularity assumptions, we also show a uniqueness result. Finally, we exhibit an example where the energy-dissipation balance is not satisfied, showing there is an additional dissipation due to the crack growth.

%V 199 %P 1263 - 1292 %8 2020/08/01 %@ 1618-1891 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00921-1 %N 4 %! Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Computational Mathematics %D 2020 %T Efficient computation of bifurcation diagrams with a deflated approach to reduced basis spectral element method %A Moreno Pintore %A Federico Pichi %A Martin W. Hess %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Claudio Canuto %XThe majority of the most common physical phenomena can be described using partial differential equations (PDEs). However, they are very often characterized by strong nonlinearities. Such features lead to the coexistence of multiple solutions studied by the bifurcation theory. Unfortunately, in practical scenarios, one has to exploit numerical methods to compute the solutions of systems of PDEs, even if the classical techniques are usually able to compute only a single solution for any value of a parameter when more branches exist. In this work we implemented an elaborated deflated continuation method, that relies on the spectral element method (SEM) and on the reduced basis (RB) one, to efficiently compute bifurcation diagrams with more parameters and more bifurcation points. The deflated continuation method can be obtained combining the classical continuation method and the deflation one: the former is used to entirely track each known branch of the diagram, while the latter is exploited to discover the new ones. Finally, when more than one parameter is considered, the efficiency of the computation is ensured by the fact that the diagrams can be computed during the online phase while, during the offline one, one only has to compute one-dimensional diagrams. In this work, after a more detailed description of the method, we will show the results that can be obtained using it to compute a bifurcation diagram associated with a problem governed by the Navier-Stokes equations.

%B Advances in Computational Mathematics %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.06089 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %D 2020 %T Efficient Geometrical parametrization for finite-volume based reduced order methods %A Giovanni Stabile %A Matteo Zancanaro %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, we present an approach for the efficient treatment of parametrized geometries in the context of POD-Galerkin reduced order methods based on Finite Volume full order approximations. On the contrary to what is normally done in the framework of finite element reduced order methods, different geometries are not mapped to a common reference domain: the method relies on basis functions defined on an average deformed configuration and makes use of the Discrete Empirical Interpolation Method (D-EIM) to handle together non-affinity of the parametrization and non-linearities. In the first numerical example, different mesh motion strategies, based on a Laplacian smoothing technique and on a Radial Basis Function approach, are analyzed and compared on a heat transfer problem. Particular attention is devoted to the role of the non-orthogonal correction. In the second numerical example the methodology is tested on a geometrically parametrized incompressible Navier–Stokes problem. In this case, the reduced order model is constructed following the same segregated approach used at the full order level

%B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %V 121 %P 2655-2682 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.06373 %R 10.1002/nme.6324 %0 Conference Paper %B Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %D 2020 %T The Effort of Increasing Reynolds Number in Projection-Based Reduced Order Methods: from Laminar to Turbulent Flows %A Saddam Hijazi %A Shafqat Ali %A Giovanni Stabile %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe present in this double contribution two different reduced order strategies for incompressible parameterized Navier-Stokes equations characterized by varying Reynolds numbers. The first strategy deals with low Reynolds number (laminar flow) and is based on a stabilized finite element method during the offline stage followed by a Galerkin projection on reduced basis spaces generated by a greedy algorithm. The second methodology is based on a full order finite volume discretization. The latter methodology will be used for flows with moderate to high Reynolds number characterized by turbulent patterns. For the treatment of the mentioned turbulent flows at the reduced order level, a new POD-Galerkin approach is proposed. The new approach takes into consideration the contribution of the eddy viscosity also during the online stage and is based on the use of interpolation. The two methodologies are tested on classic benchmark test cases.

%B Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 245–264 %@ 978-3-030-30705-9 %G eng %R 10.1007/978-3-030-30705-9_22 %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T Energy-dissipation balance of a smooth moving crack %A Maicol Caponi %A Ilaria Lucardesi %A Emanuele Tasso %K Energy-dissipation balance %K Fracture dynamics %K Wave equation in time-dependent domains %XIn this paper we provide necessary and sufficient conditions in order to guarantee the energy-dissipation balance of a Mode III crack, growing on a prescribed smooth path. Moreover, we characterize the singularity of the displacement near the crack tip, generalizing the result in [10] valid for straight fractures.

%V 483 %P 123656 %8 2020/03/15/ %@ 0022-247X %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X19309242 %N 2 %! Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences %D 2020 %T Enhancing CFD predictions in shape design problems by model and parameter space reduction %A Marco Tezzele %A Nicola Demo %A Giovanni Stabile %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we present an advanced computational pipeline for the approximation and prediction of the lift coefficient of a parametrized airfoil profile. The non-intrusive reduced order method is based on dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) and it is coupled with dynamic active subspaces (DyAS) to enhance the future state prediction of the target function and reduce the parameter space dimensionality. The pipeline is based on high-fidelity simulations carried out by the application of finite volume method for turbulent flows, and automatic mesh morphing through radial basis functions interpolation technique. The proposed pipeline is able to save 1/3 of the overall computational resources thanks to the application of DMD. Moreover exploiting DyAS and performing the regression on a lower dimensional space results in the reduction of the relative error in the approximation of the time-varying lift coefficient by a factor 2 with respect to using only the DMD.

%B Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences %V 7 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.05237 %N 40 %R https://doi.org/10.1186/s40323-020-00177-y %0 Journal Article %J Archiv der Mathematik %D 2020 %T Existence of Riemannian metrics with positive biorthogonal curvature on simply connected 5-manifolds %A Boris Stupovski %A Rafael Torres %XUsing the recent work of Bettiol, we show that a first-order conformal deformation of Wilking’s metric of almost-positive sectional curvature on $S2\times S3$ yields a family of metrics with strictly positive average of sectional curvatures of any pair of 2-planes that are separated by a minimal distance in the 2-Grassmanian. A result of Smale allows us to conclude that every closed simply connected 5-manifold with torsion-free homology and trivial second Stiefel–Whitney class admits a Riemannian metric with a strictly positive average of sectional curvatures of any pair of orthogonal 2-planes.

%B Archiv der Mathematik %I Springer %P 1–9 %G eng %U https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00013-020-01511-x %R 10.1007/s00013-020-01511-x %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T Existence of solutions to a phase–field model of dynamic fracture with a crack–dependent dissipation %A Maicol Caponi %XWe propose a phase–field model of dynamic fracture based on the Ambrosio–Tortorelli’s approximation, which takes into account dissipative effects due to the speed of the crack tips. By adapting the time discretization scheme contained in Larsen et al. (Math Models Methods Appl Sci 20:1021–1048, 2010), we show the existence of a dynamic crack evolution satisfying an energy–dissipation balance, according to Griffith’s criterion. Finally, we analyze the dynamic phase–field model of Bourdin et al. (Int J Fract 168:133–143, 2011) and Larsen (in: Hackl (ed) IUTAM symposium on variational concepts with applications to the mechanics of materials, IUTAM Bookseries, vol 21. Springer, Dordrecht, 2010, pp 131–140) with no dissipative terms.

%V 27 %P 14 %8 2020/02/11 %@ 1420-9004 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-020-0617-z %N 2 %! Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis %D 2020 %T Finite element approximation of an obstacle problem for a class of integro–differential operators %A Bonito, Andrea %A Wenyu Lei %A Salgado, Abner J %B ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis %I EDP Sciences %V 54 %P 229–253 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %D 2020 %T On functions having coincident p-norms %A Giuliano Klun %XIn a measure space $(X,{\mathcal {A}},\mu )$, we consider two measurable functions $f,g:E\rightarrow {\mathbb {R}}$, for some $E\in {\mathcal {A}}$. We prove that the property of having equal p-norms when p varies in some infinite set $P\subseteq [1,+\infty )$ is equivalent to the following condition: $\begin{aligned} \mu (\{x\in E:|f(x)|>\alpha \})=\mu (\{x\in E:|g(x)|>\alpha \})\quad \text { for all } \alpha \ge 0. \end{aligned}$

%B Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %V 199 %P 955-968 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00907-z %R 10.1007/s10231-019-00907-z %0 Report %D 2020 %T On the gauge group of Galois objects %A Xiao Han %A Giovanni Landi %X We study the Ehresmann--Schauenburg bialgebroid of a noncommutative principal bundle as a quantization of the classical gauge groupoid of a principal bundle. When the base algebra is in the centre of the total space algebra, the gauge group of the noncommutative principal bundle is isomorphic to the group of bisections of the bialgebroid. In particular we consider Galois objects (non-trivial noncommutative bundles over a point in a sense) for which the bialgebroid is a Hopf algebra. For these we give a crossed module structure for the bisections and the automorphisms of the bialgebroid. Examples include Galois objects of group Hopf algebras and of Taft algebras. %8 03/2020 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.06097 %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T Gauge theories on compact toric manifolds %A Giulio Bonelli %A Francesco Fucito %A Morales, Jose Francisco %A Massimiliano Ronzani %A Sysoeva, Ekaterina %A Alessandro Tanzini %8 7 %G eng %R 10.1007/s11005-021-01419-9 %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Fluids %D 2020 %T A hybrid reduced order method for modelling turbulent heat transfer problems %A Sokratia Georgaka %A Giovanni Stabile %A Kelbij Star %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Michael J. Bluck %XA parametric, hybrid reduced order model approach based on the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition with both Galerkin projection and interpolation based on Radial Basis Functions method is presented. This method is tested against a case of turbulent non-isothermal mixing in a T-junction pipe, a common ow arrangement found in nuclear reactor cooling systems. The reduced order model is derived from the 3D unsteady, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations weakly coupled with the energy equation. For high Reynolds numbers, the eddy viscosity and eddy diffusivity are incorporated into the reduced order model with a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (nested and standard) with Interpolation (PODI), where the interpolation is performed using Radial Basis Functions. The reduced order solver, obtained using a k-ω SST URANS full order model, is tested against the full order solver in a 3D T-junction pipe with parametric velocity inlet boundary conditions.

%B Computers & Fluids %V 208 %P 104615 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.08725 %R 10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104615 %0 Generic %D 2020 %T Indeterminacy estimates and the size of nodal sets in singular spaces %A Fabio Cavalletti %A Sara Farinelli %K Differential Geometry (math.DG) %K FOS: Mathematics %K Metric Geometry (math.MG) %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.04409 %R 10.48550/ARXIV.2011.04409 %0 Journal Article %J J. Sci. Comput. %D 2020 %T \it A posteriori error analysis for implicit-explicit $hp$-discontinuous Galerkin timestepping methods for semilinear parabolic problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Sabawi, Mohammad %B J. Sci. Comput. %V 82 %P Paper No. 26, 24 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10915-020-01130-2 %R 10.1007/s10915-020-01130-2 %0 Book %D 2020 %T Kernel-based Active Subspaces with application to CFD parametric problems using Discontinuous Galerkin method %A Francesco Romor %A Marco Tezzele %A Lario, Andrea %A Gianluigi Rozza %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Mat. Cult. Soc. Riv. Unione Mat. Ital. (I) %D 2020 %T Matematica ed elezioni, paradossi e problemi elettorali %A Saracco, A. %A Saracco, G. %B Mat. Cult. Soc. Riv. Unione Mat. Ital. (I) %V 5 %P 17–31 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Mathematics in Engineering %D 2020 %T MicroMotility: State of the art, recent accomplishments and perspectives on the mathematical modeling of bio-motility at microscopic scales %A Daniele Agostinelli %A Roberto Cerbino %A Del Alamo, Juan C %A Antonio DeSimone %A Stephanie Höhn %A Cristian Micheletti %A Giovanni Noselli %A Eran Sharon %A Julia Yeomans %K active matter %K adhesive locomotion %K cell motility %K cell sheet folding %K knotted DNA %K topological defects %K unicellular swimmers %K unjamming transition %XMathematical modeling and quantitative study of biological motility (in particular, of motility at microscopic scales) is producing new biophysical insight and is offering opportunities for new discoveries at the level of both fundamental science and technology. These range from the explanation of how complex behavior at the level of a single organism emerges from body architecture, to the understanding of collective phenomena in groups of organisms and tissues, and of how these forms of swarm intelligence can be controlled and harnessed in engineering applications, to the elucidation of processes of fundamental biological relevance at the cellular and sub-cellular level. In this paper, some of the most exciting new developments in the fields of locomotion of unicellular organisms, of soft adhesive locomotion across scales, of the study of pore translocation properties of knotted DNA, of the development of synthetic active solid sheets, of the mechanics of the unjamming transition in dense cell collectives, of the mechanics of cell sheet folding in volvocalean algae, and of the self-propulsion of topological defects in active matter are discussed. For each of these topics, we provide a brief state of the art, an example of recent achievements, and some directions for future research.

%B Mathematics in Engineering %V 2 %P 230 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/mine.2020011 %9 Perspective %R 10.3934/mine.2020011 %0 Generic %D 2020 %T MicroROM: An Efficient and Accurate Reduced Order Method to Solve Many-Query Problems in Micro-Motility %A Nicola Giuliani %A Martin W. Hess %A Antonio DeSimone %A Gianluigi Rozza %K FOS: Mathematics %K Numerical Analysis (math.NA) %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.13836 %R 10.48550/ARXIV.2006.13836 %0 Generic %D 2020 %T Minimality of the ball for a model of charged liquid droplets %A Ekaterina Mukoseeva %A Giulia Vescovo %G eng %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var. %D 2020 %T Minimizers of the prescribed mean curvature functional in a Jordan domain with no necks %A Leonardi, G. P. %A Saracco, G. %B ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var. %V 26 %P 76 %G eng %R 10.1051/cocv/2020030 %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Structures %D 2020 %T Multiscale modeling of fiber reinforced materials via non-matching immersed methods %A Giovanni Alzetta %A Luca Heltai %B Computers & Structures %V 239 %P 106334 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.compstruc.2020.106334 %0 Book Section %B Quantification of Uncertainty: Improving Efficiency and Technology: QUIET selected contributions %D 2020 %T Non-intrusive Polynomial Chaos Method Applied to Full-Order and Reduced Problems in Computational Fluid Dynamics: A Comparison and Perspectives %A Saddam Hijazi %A Giovanni Stabile %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) based on non-intrusive Polynomial Chaos Expansion (PCE) is applied to the CFD problem of the flow past an airfoil with parameterized angle of attack and inflow velocity. To limit the computational cost associated with each of the simulations required by the non-intrusive UQ algorithm used, we resort to a Reduced Order Model (ROM) based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD)-Galerkin approach. A first set of results is presented to characterize the accuracy of the POD-Galerkin ROM developed approach with respect to the Full Order Model (FOM) solver (OpenFOAM). A further analysis is then presented to assess how the UQ results are affected by substituting the FOM predictions with the surrogate ROM ones.

%B Quantification of Uncertainty: Improving Efficiency and Technology: QUIET selected contributions %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 217–240 %@ 978-3-030-48721-8 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-48721-8_10 %R 10.1007/978-3-030-48721-8_10 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Convex Analysis %D 2020 %T A numerical study of the jerky crack growth in elastoplastic materials with localized plasticity %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Luca Heltai %B Journal of Convex Analysis %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.12705 %0 Journal Article %J NONLINEAR ANALYSIS %D 2020 %T Periodic solutions of nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori %A Alessandro Fonda %A Giuliano Klun %A Andrea Sfecci %XWe prove the existence of periodic solutions of some infinite-dimensional nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems, bifurcating from infinite-dimensional tori, by the use of a generalization of the Poincaré–Birkhoff Theorem.

%B NONLINEAR ANALYSIS %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2019.111720 %R 10.1016/j.na.2019.111720 %0 Unpublished Work %D 2020 %T POD-Galerkin Model Order Reduction for Parametrized Nonlinear Time Dependent Optimal Flow Control: an Application to Shallow Water Equations %A Maria Strazzullo %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we propose reduced order methods as a reliable strategy to efficiently solve parametrized optimal control problems governed by shallow waters equations in a solution tracking setting. The physical parametrized model we deal with is nonlinear and time dependent: this leads to very time consuming simulations which can be unbearable e.g. in a marine environmental monitoring plan application. Our aim is to show how reduced order modelling could help in studying different configurations and phenomena in a fast way. After building the optimality system, we rely on a POD-Galerkin reduction in order to solve the optimal control problem in a low dimensional reduced space. The presented theoretical framework is actually suited to general nonlinear time dependent optimal control problems. The proposed methodology is finally tested with a numerical experiment: the reduced optimal control problem governed by shallow waters equations reproduces the desired velocity and height profiles faster than the standard model, still remaining accurate.

%G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Scientific Computing %D 2020 %T POD–Galerkin Model Order Reduction for Parametrized Time Dependent Linear Quadratic Optimal Control Problems in Saddle Point Formulation %A Maria Strazzullo %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we deal with parametrized time dependent optimal control problems governed by partial differential equations. We aim at extending the standard saddle point framework of steady constraints to time dependent cases. We provide an analysis of the well-posedness of this formulation both for parametrized scalar parabolic constraint and Stokes governing equations and we propose reduced order methods as an effective strategy to solve them. Indeed, on one hand, parametrized time dependent optimal control is a very powerful mathematical model which is able to describe several physical phenomena, on the other, it requires a huge computational effort. Reduced order methods are a suitable approach to have rapid and accurate simulations. We rely on POD–Galerkin reduction over the physical and geometrical parameters of the optimality system in a space-time formulation. Our theoretical results and our methodology are tested on two examples: a boundary time dependent optimal control for a Graetz flow and a distributed optimal control governed by time dependent Stokes equations. With these two test cases the convenience of the reduced order modelling is further extended to the field of time dependent optimal control.

%B Journal of Scientific Computing %V 83 %G eng %R 10.1007/s10915-020-01232-x %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2020 %T POD–Galerkin reduced order methods for combined Navier–Stokes transport equations based on a hybrid FV-FE solver %A S. Busto %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %A M.E. Vázquez-Cendón %XThe purpose of this work is to introduce a novel POD–Galerkin strategy for the semi-implicit hybrid high order finite volume/finite element solver introduced in Bermúdez et al. (2014) and Busto et al. (2018). The interest is into the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations coupled with an additional transport equation. The full order model employed in this article makes use of staggered meshes. This feature will be conveyed to the reduced order model leading to the definition of reduced basis spaces in both meshes. The reduced order model presented herein accounts for velocity, pressure, and a transport-related variable. The pressure term at both the full order and the reduced order level is reconstructed making use of a projection method. More precisely, a Poisson equation for pressure is considered within the reduced order model. Results are verified against three-dimensional manufactured test cases. Moreover a modified version of the classical cavity test benchmark including the transport of a species is analysed.

%B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %V 79 %P 256-273 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85068068567&doi=10.1016%2fj.camwa.2019.06.026&partnerID=40&md5=a8dcce1b53b8ee872d174bbc4c20caa3 %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2019.06.026 %0 Journal Article %J Numerische Mathematik %D 2020 %T A priori error estimates of regularized elliptic problems %A Luca Heltai %A Wenyu Lei %X Approximations of the Dirac delta distribution are commonly used to create sequences of smooth functions approximating nonsmooth (generalized) functions, via convolution. In this work we show a-priori rates of convergence of this approximation process in standard Sobolev norms, with minimal regularity assumptions on the approximation of the Dirac delta distribution. The application of these estimates to the numerical solution of elliptic problems with singularly supported forcing terms allows us to provide sharp \$\$H\^1\$\$and \$\$L\^2\$\$error estimates for the corresponding regularized problem. As an application, we show how finite element approximations of a regularized immersed interface method results in the same rates of convergence of its non-regularized counterpart, provided that the support of the Dirac delta approximation is set to a multiple of the mesh size, at a fraction of the implementation complexity. Numerical experiments are provided to support our theories. %B Numerische Mathematik %V 146 %P 571–596 %@ 0945-3245 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00211-020-01152-w %R 10.1007/s00211-020-01152-w %0 Journal Article %J Numerische Mathematik %D 2020 %T A priori error estimates of regularized elliptic problems %A Luca Heltai %A Wenyu Lei %B Numerische Mathematik %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2020 %T Projection-based reduced order models for a cut finite element method in parametrized domains %A Efthymios N Karatzas %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XThis work presents a reduced order modeling technique built on a high fidelity embedded mesh finite element method. Such methods, and in particular the CutFEM method, are attractive in the generation of projection-based reduced order models thanks to their capabilities to seamlessly handle large deformations of parametrized domains and in general to handle topological changes. The combination of embedded methods and reduced order models allows us to obtain fast evaluation of parametrized problems, avoiding remeshing as well as the reference domain formulation, often used in the reduced order modeling for boundary fitted finite element formulations. The resulting novel methodology is presented on linear elliptic and Stokes problems, together with several test cases to assess its capability. The role of a proper extension and transport of embedded solutions to a common background is analyzed in detail.

%B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %V 79 %P 833-851 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85070900852&doi=10.1016%2fj.camwa.2019.08.003&partnerID=40&md5=2d222ab9c7832955d155655d3c93e1b1 %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2019.08.003 %0 Generic %D 2020 %T Quantum Systems at The Brink: Properties of Atomic Bound States at The Ionization Threshold %A Dirk Hundertmark %A Michal Jex %A Markus Lange %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %D 2020 %T Reduced Basis Model Order Reduction for Navier-Stokes equations in domains with walls of varying curvature %A Martin W. Hess %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe consider the Navier-Stokes equations in a channel with a narrowing and walls of varying curvature. By applying the empirical interpolation method to generate an affine parameter dependency, the offline-online procedure can be used to compute reduced order solutions for parameter variations. The reduced order space is computed from the steady-state snapshot solutions by a standard POD procedure. The model is discretised with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 4752 degrees of freedom. The proposed reduced order model produces accurate approximations of steady-state solutions for a wide range of geometries and kinematic viscosity values. The application that motivated the present study is the onset of asymmetries (i.e., symmetry breaking bifurcation) in blood flow through a regurgitant mitral valve, depending on the Reynolds number and the valve shape. Through our computational study, we found that the critical Reynolds number for the symmetry breaking increases as the wall curvature increases.

%B International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %V 34 %P 119-126 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.03708 %R 10.1080/10618562.2019.1645328 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %D 2020 %T Reduced basis model order reduction for Navier–Stokes equations in domains with walls of varying curvature %A Martin W. Hess %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe consider the Navier–Stokes equations in a channel with a narrowing and walls of varying curvature. By applying the empirical interpolation method to generate an affine parameter dependency, the offline-online procedure can be used to compute reduced order solutions for parameter variations. The reduced-order space is computed from the steady-state snapshot solutions by a standard POD procedure. The model is discretised with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 4752 degrees of freedom. The proposed reduced-order model produces accurate approximations of steady-state solutions for a wide range of geometries and kinematic viscosity values. The application that motivated the present study is the onset of asymmetries (i.e. symmetry breaking bifurcation) in blood flow through a regurgitant mitral valve, depending on the Reynolds number and the valve shape. Through our computational study, we found that the critical Reynolds number for the symmetry breaking increases as the wall curvature increases.

%B International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %V 34 %P 119-126 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85085233294&doi=10.1080%2f10618562.2019.1645328&partnerID=40&md5=e2ed8f24c66376cdc8b5485aa400efb0 %R 10.1080/10618562.2019.1645328 %0 Conference Paper %B IUTAM Symposium on Model Order Reduction of Coupled Systems, Stuttgart, Germany, May 22–25, 2018 %D 2020 %T A Reduced Order Approach for the Embedded Shifted Boundary FEM and a Heat Exchange System on Parametrized Geometries %A Efthymios N Karatzas %A Giovanni Stabile %A Nabib Atallah %A Guglielmo Scovazzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %E Fehr, Jörg %E Bernard Haasdonk %XA model order reduction technique is combined with an embedded boundary finite element method with a POD-Galerkin strategy. The proposed methodology is applied to parametrized heat transfer problems and we rely on a sufficiently refined shape-regular background mesh to account for parametrized geometries. In particular, the employed embedded boundary element method is the Shifted Boundary Method (SBM) recently proposed. This approach is based on the idea of shifting the location of true boundary conditions to a surrogate boundary, with the goal of avoiding cut cells near the boundary of the computational domain. This combination of methodologies has multiple advantages. In the first place, since the Shifted Boundary Method always relies on the same background mesh, there is no need to update the discretized parametric domain. Secondly, we avoid the treatment of cut cell elements, which usually need particular attention. Thirdly, since the whole background mesh is considered in the reduced basis construction, the SBM allows for a smooth transition of the reduced modes across the immersed domain boundary. The performances of the method are verified in two dimensional heat transfer numerical examples.

%B IUTAM Symposium on Model Order Reduction of Coupled Systems, Stuttgart, Germany, May 22–25, 2018 %I Springer International Publishing %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.07753 %R 10.1007/978-3-030-21013-7_8 %0 Journal Article %J Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %D 2020 %T Reduced order isogeometric analysis approach for pdes in parametrized domains %A Fabrizio Garotta %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Massimo Carraturo %A Alessandro Reali %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this contribution, we coupled the isogeometric analysis to a reduced order modelling technique in order to provide a computationally efficient solution in parametric domains. In details, we adopt the free-form deformation method to obtain the parametric formulation of the domain and proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation for the computational reduction of the model. This technique provides a real-time solution for any parameter by combining several solutions, in this case computed using isogeometric analysis on different geometrical configurations of the domain, properly mapped into a reference configuration. We underline that this reduced order model requires only the full-order solutions, making this approach non-intrusive. We present in this work the results of the application of this methodology to a heat conduction problem inside a deformable collector pipe.

%B Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %V 137 %P 153-170 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85089615035&doi=10.1007%2f978-3-030-48721-8_7&partnerID=40&md5=7b15836ae65fa28dcfe8733788d7730c %R 10.1007/978-3-030-48721-8_7 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical EngineeringInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical EngineeringInt J Numer Meth Biomed Engng %D 2020 %T Reduced order methods for parametric optimal flow control in coronary bypass grafts, toward patient-specific data assimilation %A Zakia Zainib %A F. Ballarin %A Stephen E. Fremes %A Piero Triverio %A Laura Jiménez-Juan %A Gianluigi Rozza %K coronary artery bypass grafts %K data assimilation %K flow control %K Galerkin methods %K hemodynamics modeling %K Optimization %K patient-specific simulations %K Proper orthogonal decomposition %K reduced order methods %XAbstract Coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) surgery is an invasive procedure performed to circumvent partial or complete blood flow blockage in coronary artery disease. In this work, we apply a numerical optimal flow control model to patient-specific geometries of CABG, reconstructed from clinical images of real-life surgical cases, in parameterized settings. The aim of these applications is to match known physiological data with numerical hemodynamics corresponding to different scenarios, arisen by tuning some parameters. Such applications are an initial step toward matching patient-specific physiological data in patient-specific vascular geometries as best as possible. Two critical challenges that reportedly arise in such problems are: (a) lack of robust quantification of meaningful boundary conditions required to match known data as best as possible and (b) high computational cost. In this work, we utilize unknown control variables in the optimal flow control problems to take care of the first challenge. Moreover, to address the second challenge, we propose a time-efficient and reliable computational environment for such parameterized problems by projecting them onto a low-dimensional solution manifold through proper orthogonal decomposition-Galerkin.

%B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical EngineeringInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical EngineeringInt J Numer Meth Biomed Engng %V n/a %P e3367 %8 2020/05/27 %@ 2040-7939 %G eng %U https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cnm.3367?af=R %N n/a %! International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering %R https://doi.org/10.1002/cnm.3367 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %D 2020 %T A reduced order modeling technique to study bifurcating phenomena: Application to the gross-pitaevskii equation %A Federico Pichi %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe propose a computationally efficient framework to treat nonlinear partial differential equations having bifurcating solutions as one or more physical control parameters are varied. Our focus is on steady bifurcations. Plotting a bifurcation diagram entails computing multiple solutions of a parametrized, nonlinear problem, which can be extremely expensive in terms of computational time. In order to reduce these demanding computational costs, our approach combines a continuation technique and Newton's method with a reduced order modeling (ROM) technique, suitably supplemented with a hyperreduction method. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our ROM approach, we trace the steady solution branches of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation, called the Gross{Pitaevskii equation, as one or two physical parameters are varied. In the two-parameter study, we show that our approach is 60 times faster in constructing a bifurcation diagram than a standard full order method.

%B SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85096768803&doi=10.1137%2f20M1313106&partnerID=40&md5=47d6012d10854c2f9a04b9737f870592 %R 10.1137/20M1313106 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %D 2020 %T A Reduced Order technique to study bifurcating phenomena: application to the Gross-Pitaevskii equation %A Federico Pichi %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe propose a computationally efficient framework to treat nonlinear partial differential equations having bifurcating solutions as one or more physical control parameters are varied. Our focus is on steady bifurcations. Plotting a bifurcation diagram entails computing multiple solutions of a parametrized, nonlinear problem, which can be extremely expensive in terms of computational time. In order to reduce these demanding computational costs, our approach combines a continuation technique and Newton's method with a Reduced Order Modeling (ROM) technique, suitably supplemented with a hyper-reduction method. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our ROM approach, we trace the steady solution branches of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation, called Gross-Pitaevskii equation, as one or two physical parameters are varied. In the two parameter study, we show that our approach is 60 times faster in constructing a bifurcation diagram than a standard Full Order Method.

%B SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1907.07082 %R https://doi.org/10.1137/20M1313106 %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %D 2020 %T A reduced-order shifted boundary method for parametrized incompressible Navier–Stokes equations %A Efthymios N Karatzas %A Giovanni Stabile %A Leo Nouveau %A Guglielmo Scovazzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe investigate a projection-based reduced order model of the steady incompressible Navier–Stokes equations for moderate Reynolds numbers. In particular, we construct an “embedded” reduced basis space, by applying proper orthogonal decomposition to the Shifted Boundary Method, a high-fidelity embedded method recently developed. We focus on the geometrical parametrization through level-set geometries, using a fixed Cartesian background geometry and the associated mesh. This approach avoids both remeshing and the development of a reference domain formulation, as typically done in fitted mesh finite element formulations. Two-dimensional computational examples for one and three parameter dimensions are presented to validate the convergence and the efficacy of the proposed approach.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %V 370 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85087886522&doi=10.1016%2fj.cma.2020.113273&partnerID=40&md5=d864e4808190b682ecb1c8b27cda72d8 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2020.113273 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %D 2020 %T Special Issue on Reduced Order Models in CFD %A Simona Perotto %A Gianluigi Rozza %B International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %V 34 %P 91-92 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85084258805&doi=10.1080%2f10618562.2020.1756497&partnerID=40&md5=d9316aad9ba95f244e07379318ebbcba %R 10.1080/10618562.2020.1756497 %0 Journal Article %J Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %D 2020 %T A spectral element reduced basis method for navier–stokes equations with geometric variations %A Martin W. Hess %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe consider the Navier-Stokes equations in a channel with a narrowing of varying height. The model is discretized with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 6372 degrees of freedom. The steady-state snapshot solutions define a reduced order space through a standard POD procedure. The reduced order space allows to accurately and efficiently evaluate the steady-state solutions for different geometries. In particular, we detail different aspects of implementing the reduced order model in combination with a spectral element discretization. It is shown that an expansion in element-wise local degrees of freedom can be combined with a reduced order modelling approach to enhance computational times in parametric many-query scenarios.

%B Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %V 134 %P 561-571 %G eng %R 10.1007/978-3-030-39647-3_45 %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2020 %T Stabilized reduced basis methods for parametrized steady Stokes and Navier–Stokes equations %A Shafqat Ali %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIt is well known in the Reduced Basis approximation of saddle point problems that the Galerkin projection on the reduced space does not guarantee the inf–sup approximation stability even if a stable high fidelity method was used to generate snapshots. For problems in computational fluid dynamics, the lack of inf–sup stability is reflected by the inability to accurately approximate the pressure field. In this context, inf–sup stability is usually recovered through the enrichment of the velocity space with suitable supremizer functions. The main goal of this work is to propose an alternative approach, which relies on the residual based stabilization techniques customarily employed in the Finite Element literature, such as Brezzi–Pitkaranta, Franca–Hughes, streamline upwind Petrov–Galerkin, Galerkin Least Square. In the spirit of offline–online reduced basis computational splitting, two such options are proposed, namely offline-only stabilization and offline–online stabilization. These approaches are then compared to (and combined with) the state of the art supremizer enrichment approach. Numerical results are discussed, highlighting that the proposed methodology allows to obtain smaller reduced basis spaces (i.e., neglecting supremizer enrichment) for which a modified inf–sup stability is still preserved at the reduced order level.

%B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %V 80 %P 2399-2416 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85083340115&doi=10.1016%2fj.camwa.2020.03.019&partnerID=40&md5=7ace96eee080701acb04d8155008dd7d %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2020.03.019 %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T Stable vector bundles on the families of curves %A Fedor Bogomolov %A Elena Lukzen %X We offer a new approach to proving the Chen-Donaldson-Sun theorem which we demonstrate with a series of examples. We discuss the existence of a construction of a special metric on stable vector bundles over the surfaces formed by a families of curves and its relation to the one-dimensional cycles in the moduli space of stable bundles on curves. %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %D 2020 %T Surface tension controls the onset of gyrification in brain organoids %A Davide Riccobelli %A Giulia Bevilacqua %K Buckling %K Embryogenesis %K Morpho-elasticity %K Post-buckling analysis %K Surface tension %XUnderstanding the mechanics of brain embryogenesis can provide insights on pathologies related to brain development, such as lissencephaly, a genetic disease which causes a reduction of the number of cerebral sulci. Recent experiments on brain organoids have confirmed that gyrification, i.e. the formation of the folded structures of the brain, is triggered by the inhomogeneous growth of the peripheral region. However, the rheology of these cellular aggregates and the mechanics of lissencephaly are still matter of debate. In this work, we develop a mathematical model of brain organoids based on the theory of morpho-elasticity. We describe them as non-linear elastic bodies, composed of a disk surrounded by a growing layer called cortex. The external boundary is subjected to a tissue surface tension due the intercellular adhesion forces. We show that the resulting surface energy is relevant at the small length scales of brain organoids and affects the mechanics of cellular aggregates. We perform a linear stability analysis of the radially symmetric configuration and we study the post-buckling behaviour through finite element simulations. We find that the process of gyrification is triggered by the cortex growth and modulated by the competition between two length scales: the radius of the organoid and the capillary length generated by surface tension. We show that a solid model can reproduce the results of the in-vitro experiments. Furthermore, we prove that the lack of brain sulci in lissencephaly is caused by a reduction of the cell stiffness: the softening of the organoid strengthens the role of surface tension, delaying or even inhibiting the onset of a mechanical instability at the free boundary.

%B Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %V 134 %P 103745 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022509619304065 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2019.103745 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Applied Mechanics %D 2020 %T A Theoretical Study on the Transient Morphing of Linear Poroelastic Plates %A Dario Andrini %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Giovanni Noselli %XBased on their shape-shifting capabilities, soft active materials have enabled new possibilities for the engineering of sensing and actuation devices. While the relation between active strains and emergent equilibrium shapes has been fully characterized, the transient morphing of thin structures is a rather unexplored topic. Here, we focus on polymer gel plates and derive a reduced linear model to study their time-dependent response to changes in the fluid environment. We show that independent control of stretching and bending deformations in stress-free conditions allows to realize spherical shapes with prescribed geometry of the mid-plane. Furthermore, we demonstrate that tensile (compressive) membrane stresses delay (accelerate) swelling-induced shape transitions compared to the stress-free evolution. We believe that these effects should be considered for the accurate design of smart systems and may contribute to explain the complexity of natural shapes.

%B Journal of Applied Mechanics %V 88 %8 12 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4048806 %R 10.1115/1.4048806 %0 Journal Article %J Transactions of the american mathematical society %D 2020 %T Topology change and selection rules for high-dimensional spin(1,n)0-Lorentzian cobordisms %A Gleb Smirnov %A Rafael Torres %B Transactions of the american mathematical society %V 373 %P 1731-1747 %G eng %U http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/108858 %N 3 %9 Journal article %& 1731 %R 10.1090/tran/7939 %0 Report %D 2020 %T Twisted Ehresmann Schauenburg bialgebroids %A Xiao Han %X We construct an invertible normalised 2 cocycle on the Ehresmann Schauenburg bialgebroid of a cleft Hopf Galois extension under the condition that the corresponding Hopf algebra is cocommutative and the image of the unital cocycle corresponding to this cleft Hopf Galois extension belongs to the centre of the coinvariant subalgebra. Moreover, we show that any Ehresmann Schauenburg bialgebroid of this kind is isomorphic to a 2-cocycle twist of the Ehresmann Schauenburg bialgebroid corresponding to a Hopf Galois extension without cocycle, where comodule algebra is an ordinary smash product of the coinvariant subalgebra and the Hopf algebra (i.e. $\C(B/#_{\sigma}H, H)\simeq \C(B\#H, H)^{\tilde{\sigma}}$). We also study the theory in the case of a Galois object where the base is trivial but without requiring the Hopf algebra to be cocommutative. %8 09/2020 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.02764 %0 Journal Article %J Adv. Nonlinear Stud. %D 2020 %T The $\varepsilon-\varepsilon^β$ property in the isoperimetric problem with double density, and the regularity of isoperimetric sets %A Pratelli, A. %A Saracco, G. %B Adv. Nonlinear Stud. %V 20 %P 539–555 %G eng %R 10.1515/ans-2020-2074 %0 Journal Article %D 2020 %T Weak formulation of elastodynamics in domains with growing cracks %A Emanuele Tasso %XIn this paper, we formulate and study the system of elastodynamics on domains with arbitrary growing cracks. This includes homogeneous Neumann conditions on the crack sets and mixed general Dirichlet–Neumann conditions on the boundary. The only assumptions on the crack sets are to be $$(n-1)$$-rectifiable with finite surface measure, and increasing in the sense of set inclusions. In particular, they might be dense; hence, the weak formulation must fall outside the usual context of Sobolev spaces and Korn’s inequality. We prove existence of a solution for both the damped and undamped systems, while in the damped case we are also able to prove uniqueness and an energy balance.

%V 199 %P 1571 - 1595 %8 2020/08/01 %@ 1618-1891 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00932-y %N 4 %! Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %0 Journal Article %J Extreme Mech. Lett. %D 2019 %T Activation of a muscle as a mapping of stress–strain curves %A Davide Riccobelli %A D. Ambrosi %B Extreme Mech. Lett. %I Elsevier BV %V 28 %P 37–42 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Probability Theory and Related Fields %D 2019 %T Benamou–Brenier and duality formulas for the entropic cost on RCD*(K,N) spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Luca Tamanini %XIn this paper we prove that, within the framework of $\textsf{RCD}^\star(K,N)$ spaces with $N<\infty$, the entropic cost (i.e. the minimal value of the Schrödinger problem) admits:A threefold dynamical variational representation, in the spirit of the Benamou–Brenier formula for the Wasserstein distance; A Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman dual representation, in line with Bobkov–Gentil–Ledoux and Otto–Villani results on the duality between Hamilton–Jacobi and continuity equation for optimal transport;A Kantorovich-type duality formula, where the Hopf–Lax semigroup is replaced by a suitable `entropic' counterpart.We thus provide a complete and unifying picture of the equivalent variational representations of the Schrödinger problem as well as a perfect parallelism with the analogous formulas for the Wasserstein distance. Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded from below are a relevant class of $\textsf{RCD}^*(K,N)$ spaces and our results are new even in this setting.

%B Probability Theory and Related Fields %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00440-019-00909-1 %R 10.1007/s00440-019-00909-1 %0 Journal Article %J Computer Physics Communications %D 2019 %T BlackNUFFT: Modular customizable black box hybrid parallelization of type 3 NUFFT in 3D %A Nicola Giuliani %K C++ %K Extensibility %K FFT %K Modularity %K MPI %K MRI image processing %K NUFFT type 3 %K TBB %XMany applications benefit from an efficient Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) between arbitrarily spaced points. The Non Uniform Fast Fourier Transform reduces the computational cost of such operation from O(N2) to O(NlogN) exploiting gridding algorithms and a standard Fast Fourier Transform on an equi-spaced grid. The parallelization of the NUFFT of type 3 (between arbitrary points in space and frequency) still poses some challenges: we present a novel and flexible hybrid parallelization in a MPI-multithreaded environment exploiting existing HPC libraries on modern architectures. To ensure the reliability of the developed library, we exploit continuous integration strategies using Travis CI. We present performance analyses to prove the effectiveness of our implementation, possible extensions to the existing library, and an application of NUFFT type 3 to MRI image processing. Program summary Program Title: BlackNUFFT Program Files doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/vxfj6x2p8x.1 Licensing provisions: LGPL Programming language: C++ External routines/libraries: deal.II , FFTW, PFFT Nature of problem: Provide a modular and extensible implementation of a parallel Non Uniform Fast Fourier Transform of type 3. Solution method: Use of hybrid shared distributed memory paradigm to achieve high level of efficiency. We exploit existing HPC library following best practices in scientific computing (as continuous integration via TravisCI) to reach higher complexities and guarantee the accuracy of the solution proposed.

%B Computer Physics Communications %V 235 %P 324 - 335 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010465518303539 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2018.10.005 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Open Source Software %D 2019 %T BladeX: Python Blade Morphing %A Mahmoud Gadalla %A Marco Tezzele %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %B The Journal of Open Source Software %V 4 %P 1203 %G eng %R 10.21105/joss.01203 %0 Conference Paper %B 8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019 %D 2019 %T A complete data-driven framework for the efficient solution of parametric shape design and optimisation in naval engineering problems %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn the reduced order modeling (ROM) framework, the solution of a parametric partial differential equation is approximated by combining the high-fidelity solutions of the problem at hand for several properly chosen configurations. Examples of the ROM application, in the naval field, can be found in [31, 24]. Mandatory ingredient for the ROM methods is the relation between the high-fidelity solutions and the parameters. Dealing with geometrical parameters, especially in the industrial context, this relation may be unknown and not trivial (simulations over hand morphed geometries) or very complex (high number of parameters or many nested morphing techniques). To overcome these scenarios, we propose in this contribution an efficient and complete data-driven framework involving ROM techniques for shape design and optimization, extending the pipeline presented in [7]. By applying the singular value decomposition (SVD) to the points coordinates defining the hull geometry — assuming the topology is inaltered by the deformation —, we are able to compute the optimal space which the deformed geometries belong to, hence using the modal coefficients as the new parameters we can reconstruct the parametric formulation of the domain. Finally the output of interest is approximated using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation technique. To conclude, we apply this framework to a naval shape design problem where the bulbous bow is morphed to reduce the total resistance of the ship advancing in calm water.

%B 8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075342565&partnerID=40&md5=d76b8a1290053e7a84fb8801c0e6bb3d %0 Conference Paper %B VIII International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering %D 2019 %T A complete data-driven framework for the efficient solution of parametric shape design and optimisation in naval engineering problems %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn the reduced order modeling (ROM) framework, the solution of a parametric partial differential equation is approximated by combining the high-fidelity solutions of the problem at hand for several properly chosen configurations. Examples of the ROM application, in the naval field, can be found in [31, 24]. Mandatory ingredient for the ROM methods is the relation between the high-fidelity solutions and the parameters. Dealing with geometrical parameters, especially in the industrial context, this relation may be unknown and not trivial (simulations over hand morphed geometries) or very complex (high number of parameters or many nested morphing techniques). To overcome these scenarios, we propose in this contribution an efficient and complete data-driven framework involving ROM techniques for shape design and optimization, extending the pipeline presented in [7]. By applying the singular value decomposition (SVD) to the points coordinates defining the hull geometry –- assuming the topology is inaltered by the deformation –-, we are able to compute the optimal space which the deformed geometries belong to, hence using the modal coefficients as the new parameters we can reconstruct the parametric formulation of the domain. Finally the output of interest is approximated using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation technique. To conclude, we apply this framework to a naval shape design problem where the bulbous bow is morphed to reduce the total resistance of the ship advancing in calm water.

%B VIII International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1905.05982 %0 Report %D 2019 %T A continuous dependence result for a dynamic debonding model in dimension one %A Filippo Riva %XIn this paper we address the problem of continuous dependence on initial and boundary data for a one-dimensional debonding model describing a thin ﬁlm peeled away from a substrate. The system underlying the process couples the weakly damped wave equation with a Griﬃth’s criterion which rules the evolution of the debonded region. We show that under general convergence assumptions on the data the corresponding solutions converge to the limit one with respect to diﬀerent natural topologies.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35329 %1 35640 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2019-03-07T10:11:29Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PREPRINT_A continuous dependence result_Riva.pdf: 414517 bytes, checksum: 2719ac30fe4051bca0f76f6e2f603b4c (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Linear Algebra and its Applications %D 2019 %T Convergence analysis of LSQR for compact operator equations %A Noe Caruso %A Paolo Novati %K Compact operator %K Lanczos bidiagonalization %K Linear ill-posed problem %K LSQR %XIn this paper we analyze the behavior of the LSQR algorithm for the solution of compact operator equations in Hilbert spaces. We present results concerning existence of Krylov solutions and the rate of convergence in terms of an ℓp sequence where p depends on the summability of the singular values of the operator. Under stronger regularity requirements we also consider the decay of the error. Finally we study the approximation of the dominant singular values of the operator attainable with the bidiagonal matrices generated by the Lanczos bidiagonalization and the arising low rank approximations. Some numerical experiments on classical test problems are presented.

%B Linear Algebra and its Applications %V 583 %P 146-164 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0024379519303714 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.laa.2019.08.024 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Numerical Mathematics %D 2019 %T The deal.II Library, Version 9.1 %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Thomas C. Clevenger %A Denis Davydov %A Marc Fehling %A Garcia-Sanchez, Daniel %A Harper, Graham %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Martin Kronbichler %A Maguire Kynch, Ross %A Matthias Maier %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %B Journal of Numerical Mathematics %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Numerical Mathematics %D 2019 %T The deal.II Library, Version 9.1 %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Thomas C. Clevenger %A Denis Davydov %A Marc Fehling %A Garcia-Sanchez, Daniel %A Harper, Graham %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Martin Kronbichler %A Maguire Kynch, Ross %A Matthias Maier %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %X This paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II, version 9.1. %B Journal of Numerical Mathematics %G eng %R 10.1515/jnma-2019-0064 %0 Journal Article %J Expositiones Mathematicae %D 2019 %T Differential structure associated to axiomatic Sobolev spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %K Axiomatic Sobolev space %K Cotangent module %K Locality of differentials %XThe aim of this note is to explain in which sense an axiomatic Sobolev space over a general metric measure space (à la Gol’dshtein–Troyanov) induces – under suitable locality assumptions – a first-order differential structure.

%B Expositiones Mathematicae %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0723086918300975 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exmath.2019.01.002 %0 Journal Article %J Netw. Heterog. Media %D 2019 %T A discrete districting plan %A Saracco, A. %A Saracco, G. %B Netw. Heterog. Media %V 14 %P 771–788 %G eng %R 10.3934/nhm.2019031 %0 Conference Paper %B 8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019 %D 2019 %T Efficient reduction in shape parameter space dimension for ship propeller blade design %A Andrea Mola %A Marco Tezzele %A Mahmoud Gadalla %A Valdenazzi, Federica %A Grassi, Davide %A Padovan, Roberta %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, we present the results of a ship propeller design optimization campaign carried out in the framework of the research project PRELICA, funded by the Friuli Venezia Giulia regional government. The main idea of this work is to operate on a multidisciplinary level to identify propeller shapes that lead to reduced tip vortex-induced pressure and increased efficiency without altering the thrust. First, a specific tool for the bottom-up construction of parameterized propeller blade geometries has been developed. The algorithm proposed operates with a user defined number of arbitrary shaped or NACA airfoil sections, and employs arbitrary degree NURBS to represent the chord, pitch, skew and rake distribution as a function of the blade radial coordinate. The control points of such curves have been modified to generate, in a fully automated way, a family of blade geometries depending on as many as 20 shape parameters. Such geometries have then been used to carry out potential flow simulations with the Boundary Element Method based software PROCAL. Given the high number of parameters considered, such a preliminary stage allowed for a fast evaluation of the performance of several hundreds of shapes. In addition, the data obtained from the potential flow simulation allowed for the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces (AS) property, which suggested that the main propeller performance indices are, at a first but rather accurate approximation, only depending on a single parameter which is a linear combination of all the original geometric ones. AS analysis has also been used to carry out a constrained optimization exploiting response surface method in the reduced parameter space, and a sensitivity analysis based on such surrogate model. The few selected shapes were finally used to set up high fidelity RANS simulations and select an optimal shape.

%B 8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075395143&partnerID=40&md5=b6aa0fcedc2f88e78c295d0f437824d0 %0 Journal Article %J Stochastic Processes and their Applications %D 2019 %T An entropic interpolation proof of the HWI inequality %A Ivan Gentil %A Christian Léonard %A Luigia Ripani %A Luca Tamanini %K Entropic interpolations %K Fisher information %K Relative entropy %K Schrödinger problem %K Wasserstein distance %XThe HWI inequality is an “interpolation”inequality between the Entropy H, the Fisher information I and the Wasserstein distance W. We present a pathwise proof of the HWI inequality which is obtained through a zero noise limit of the Schrödinger problem. Our approach consists in making rigorous the Otto–Villani heuristics in Otto and Villani (2000) taking advantage of the entropic interpolations, which are regular both in space and time, rather than the displacement ones.

%B Stochastic Processes and their Applications %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304414918303454 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spa.2019.04.002 %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Mathematics with Applications %D 2019 %T Error estimates in weighted Sobolev norms for finite element immersed interface methods %A Luca Heltai %A Nella Rotundo %B Computers & Mathematics with Applications %I Elsevier BV %V 78 %P 3586–3604 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2019.05.029 %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2019.05.029 %0 Journal Article %J Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A %D 2019 %T On the existence of elastic minimizers for initially stressed materials %A Davide Riccobelli %A A. Agosti %A Pasquale Ciarletta %B Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A %I The Royal Society %V 377 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Fluids %D 2019 %T A Finite Volume approximation of the Navier-Stokes equations with nonlinear filtering stabilization %A Michele Girfoglio %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe consider a Leray model with a nonlinear differential low-pass filter for the simulation of incompressible fluid flow at moderately large Reynolds number (in the range of a few thousands) with under-refined meshes. For the implementation of the model, we adopt the three-step algorithm Evolve-Filter-Relax (EFR). The Leray model has been extensively applied within a Finite Element (FE) framework. Here, we propose to combine the EFR algorithm with a computationally efficient Finite Volume (FV) method. Our approach is validated against numerical data available in the literature for the 2D flow past a cylinder and against experimental measurements for the 3D fluid flow in an idealized medical device, as recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We will show that for similar levels of mesh refinement FV and FE methods provide significantly different results. Through our numerical experiments, we are able to provide practical directions to tune the parameters involved in EFR algorithm. Furthermore, we are able to investigate the impact of mesh features (element type, non-orthogonality, local refinement, and element aspect ratio) and the discretization method for the convective term on the agreement between numerical solutions and experimental data.

%B Computers and Fluids %V 187 %P 27-45 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85065471890&doi=10.1016%2fj.compfluid.2019.05.001&partnerID=40&md5=c982371b5b5d4b5664a676902aaa60f4 %R 10.1016/j.compfluid.2019.05.001 %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Fluids %D 2019 %T A Finite Volume approximation of the Navier-Stokes equations with nonlinear filtering stabilization %A Michele Girfoglio %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe consider a Leray model with a nonlinear differential low-pass filter for the simulation of incompressible fluid flow at moderately large Reynolds number (in the range of a few thousands) with under-refined meshes. For the implementation of the model, we adopt the three-step algorithm Evolve-Filter-Relax (EFR). The Leray model has been extensively applied within a Finite Element (FE) framework. Here, we propose to combine the EFR algorithm with a computationally efficient Finite Volume (FV) method. Our approach is validated against numerical data available in the literature for the 2D flow past a cylinder and against experimental measurements for the 3D fluid flow in an idealized medical device, as recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We will show that for similar levels of mesh refinement FV and FE methods provide significantly different results. Through our numerical experiments, we are able to provide practical directions to tune the parameters involved in the model. Furthermore, we are able to investigate the impact of mesh features (element type, non-orthogonality, local refinement, and element aspect ratio) and the discretization method for the convective term on the agreement between numerical solutions and experimental data.

%B Computers & Fluids %V 187 %P 27-45 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.05251 %R 10.1016/j.compfluid.2019.05.001 %0 Journal Article %J Reviews in Mathematical Physics %D 2019 %T Ground state energy of mixture of Bose gases %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Phan Thanh Nam %A Alessandro Olgiati %XWe consider the asymptotic behavior of a system of multi-component trapped bosons, when the total particle number N becomes large. In the dilute regime, when the interaction potentials have the length scale of order O(N−1), we show that the leading order of the ground state energy is captured correctly by the Gross–Pitaevskii energy functional and that the many-body ground state fully condensates on the Gross–Pitaevskii minimizers. In the mean-field regime, when the interaction length scale is O(1), we are able to verify Bogoliubov’s approximation and obtain the second order expansion of the ground state energy. While such asymptotic results have several precursors in the literature on one-component condensates, the adaptation to the multi-component setting is non-trivial in various respects and the analysis will be presented in detail.

%B Reviews in Mathematical Physics %V 31 %P 1950005 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0129055X19500053 %R 10.1142/S0129055X19500053 %0 Journal Article %J Computers & Mathematics with Applications %D 2019 %T hp-adaptive discontinuous Galerkin methods for non-stationary convection–diffusion problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Stefano Giani %A S. Metcalfe %K A posteriori error estimation %K Adaptive finite element methods %K Anisotropic meshes %K Discontinuous Galerkin %K Unsteady convection–diffusion %X An a posteriori error estimator for the error in the (L2(H1)+L∞(L2))-type norm for an interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin (dG) spatial discretisation and backward Euler temporal discretisation of linear non-stationary convection–diffusion initial/boundary value problems is derived, allowing for anisotropic elements. The proposed error estimator is used to drive an hp-space–time adaptive algorithm wherein directional mesh refinement is employed to give rise to highly anisotropic elements able to accurately capture layers. The performance of the hp-space–time adaptive algorithm is assessed via a number of standard test problems characterised by sharp and/or moving layers. %B Computers & Mathematics with Applications %V 78 %P 3090-3104 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0898122119302007 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2019.04.002 %0 Journal Article %J Duke Math. J. %D 2019 %T Isomonodromy deformations at an irregular singularity with coalescing eigenvalues %A Giordano Cotti %A Boris Dubrovin %A Davide Guzzetti %XWe consider an n×n linear system of ODEs with an irregular singularity of Poincar\'e rank 1 at z=∞, holomorphically depending on parameter t within a polydisc in Cn centred at t=0. The eigenvalues of the leading matrix at z=∞ coalesce along a locus Δ contained in the polydisc, passing through t=0. Namely, z=∞ is a resonant irregular singularity for t∈Δ. We analyse the case when the leading matrix remains diagonalisable at Δ. We discuss the existence of fundamental matrix solutions, their asymptotics, Stokes phenomenon and monodromy data as t varies in the polydisc, and their limits for t tending to points of Δ. When the deformation is isomonodromic away from Δ, it is well known that a fundamental matrix solution has singularities at Δ. When the system also has a Fuchsian singularity at z=0, we show under minimal vanishing conditions on the residue matrix at z=0 that isomonodromic deformations can be extended to the whole polydisc, including Δ, in such a way that the fundamental matrix solutions and the constant monodromy data are well defined in the whole polydisc. These data can be computed just by considering the system at fixed t=0. Conversely, if the t-dependent system is isomonodromic in a small domain contained in the polydisc not intersecting Δ, if the entries of the Stokes matrices with indices corresponding to coalescing eigenvalues vanish, then we show that Δ is not a branching locus for the fundamental matrix solutions. The importance of these results for the analytic theory of Frobenius Manifolds is explained. An application to Painlev\'e equations is discussed.

%B Duke Math. J. %I Duke University Press %V 168 %P 967–1108 %8 04 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-2018-0059 %R 10.1215/00127094-2018-0059 %0 Journal Article %D 2019 %T Isoperimetric inequality under Measure-Contraction property %A Fabio Cavalletti %A Flavia Santarcangelo %K Isoperimetric inequality %K Measure-Contraction property %K Optimal transport %K Ricci curvature %XWe prove that if (X,d,m) is an essentially non-branching metric measure space with m(X)=1, having Ricci curvature bounded from below by K and dimension bounded above by N∈(1,∞), understood as a synthetic condition called Measure-Contraction property, then a sharp isoperimetric inequality à la Lévy-Gromov holds true. Measure theoretic rigidity is also obtained.

%V 277 %P 2893 - 2917 %8 2019/11/01/ %@ 0022-1236 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123619302289 %N 9 %! Journal of Functional Analysis %0 Journal Article %J Calcolo %D 2019 %T On Krylov solutions to infinite-dimensional inverse linear problems %A Noe Caruso %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Paolo Novati %XWe discuss, in the context of inverse linear problems in Hilbert space, the notion of the associated infinite-dimensional Krylov subspace and we produce necessary and sufficient conditions for the Krylov-solvability of a given inverse problem, together with a series of model examples and numerical experiments.

%B Calcolo %V 56 %P 1–25 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré C, Analyse non linéaire %D 2019 %T Local well-posedness for quasi-linear NLS with large Cauchy data on the circle %A Roberto Feola %A Felice Iandoli %K Dispersive equations %K Energy method %K Local wellposedness %K NLS %K Para-differential calculus %K Quasi-linear PDEs %XWe prove local in time well-posedness for a large class of quasilinear Hamiltonian, or parity preserving, Schrödinger equations on the circle. After a paralinearization of the equation, we perform several paradifferential changes of coordinates in order to transform the system into a paradifferential one with symbols which, at the positive order, are constant and purely imaginary. This allows to obtain a priori energy estimates on the Sobolev norms of the solutions.

%B Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré C, Analyse non linéaire %V 36 %P 119 - 164 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144918300428 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anihpc.2018.04.003 %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %D 2019 %T A localized reduced-order modeling approach for PDEs with bifurcating solutions %A Martin W. Hess %A Alla, Alessandro %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Max Gunzburger %XReduced-order modeling (ROM) commonly refers to the construction, based on a few solutions (referred to as snapshots) of an expensive discretized partial differential equation (PDE), and the subsequent application of low-dimensional discretizations of partial differential equations (PDEs) that can be used to more efficiently treat problems in control and optimization, uncertainty quantification, and other settings that require multiple approximate PDE solutions. Although ROMs have been successfully used in many settings, ROMs built specifically for the efficient treatment of PDEs having solutions that bifurcate as the values of input parameters change have not received much attention. In such cases, the parameter domain can be subdivided into subregions, each of which corresponds to a different branch of solutions. Popular ROM approaches such as proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), results in a global low-dimensional basis that does not respect the often large differences in the PDE solutions corresponding to different subregions. In this work, we develop and test a new ROM approach specifically aimed at bifurcation problems. In the new method, the k-means algorithm is used to cluster snapshots so that within cluster snapshots are similar to each other and are dissimilar to those in other clusters. This is followed by the construction of local POD bases, one for each cluster. The method also can detect which cluster a new parameter point belongs to, after which the local basis corresponding to that cluster is used to determine a ROM approximation. Numerical experiments show the effectiveness of the method both for problems for which bifurcation cause continuous and discontinuous changes in the solution of the PDE.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %V 351 %P 379-403 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85064313505&doi=10.1016%2fj.cma.2019.03.050&partnerID=40&md5=8b095034b9e539995facc7ce7bafa9e9 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2019.03.050 %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %D 2019 %T A Localized Reduced-Order Modeling Approach for PDEs with Bifurcating Solutions %A Martin W. Hess %A Alla, Alessandro %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Max Gunzburger %XReduced-order modeling (ROM) commonly refers to the construction, based on a few solutions (referred to as snapshots) of an expensive discretized partial differential equation (PDE), and the subsequent application of low-dimensional discretizations of partial differential equations (PDEs) that can be used to more efficiently treat problems in control and optimization, uncertainty quantification, and other settings that require multiple approximate PDE solutions. In this work, a ROM is developed and tested for the treatment of nonlinear PDEs whose solutions bifurcate as input parameter values change. In such cases, the parameter domain can be subdivided into subregions, each of which corresponds to a different branch of solutions. Popular ROM approaches such as proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), results in a global low-dimensional basis that does no respect not take advantage of the often large differences in the PDE solutions corresponding to different subregions. Instead, in the new method, the k-means algorithm is used to cluster snapshots so that within cluster snapshots are similar to each other and are dissimilar to those in other clusters. This is followed by the construction of local POD bases, one for each cluster. The method also can detect which cluster a new parameter point belongs to, after which the local basis corresponding to that cluster is used to determine a ROM approximation. Numerical experiments show the effectiveness of the method both for problems for which bifurcation cause continuous and discontinuous changes in the solution of the PDE.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %V 351 %P 379-403 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.08851 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2019.03.050 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering %D 2019 %T Multiscale modeling of vascularized tissues via non-matching immersed methods %A Luca Heltai %A Alfonso Caiazzo %B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering %V 35 %P e3264 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1002/cnm.3264 %0 Journal Article %J JHEP %D 2019 %T N=2 gauge theories on unoriented/open four-manifolds and their AGT counterparts %A Aditya Bawane %A Benvenuti, Sergio %A Giulio Bonelli %A Muteeb, Nouman %A Alessandro Tanzini %B JHEP %V 07 %P 040 %G eng %U http://inspirehep.net/record/1631219/ %R 10.1007/JHEP07(2019)040 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering SciencesProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %D 2019 %T A neutrally stable shell in a Stokes flow: a rotational Taylor's sheet %A Giovanni Corsi %A Antonio DeSimone %A C. Maurini %A S. Vidoli %B Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering SciencesProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %V 475 %P 20190178 %8 2019/07/26 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2019.0178 %N 2227 %! Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %0 Journal Article %J Comptes Rendus - Mecanique %D 2019 %T A non-intrusive approach for the reconstruction of POD modal coefficients through active subspaces %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %XReduced order modeling (ROM) provides an efficient framework to compute solutions of parametric problems. Basically, it exploits a set of precomputed high-fidelity solutions—computed for properly chosen parameters, using a full-order model—in order to find the low dimensional space that contains the solution manifold. Using this space, an approximation of the numerical solution for new parameters can be computed in real-time response scenario, thanks to the reduced dimensionality of the problem. In a ROM framework, the most expensive part from the computational viewpoint is the calculation of the numerical solutions using the full-order model. Of course, the number of collected solutions is strictly related to the accuracy of the reduced order model. In this work, we aim at increasing the precision of the model also for few input solutions by coupling the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI)—a data-driven reduced order method—with the active subspace (AS) property, an emerging tool for reduction in parameter space. The enhanced ROM results in a reduced number of input solutions to reach the desired accuracy. In this contribution, we present the numerical results obtained by applying this method to a structural problem and in a fluid dynamics one.

%B Comptes Rendus - Mecanique %V 347 %P 873-881 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075379471&doi=10.1016%2fj.crme.2019.11.012&partnerID=40&md5=dcb27af39dc14dc8c3a4a5f681f7d84b %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crme.2019.11.012 %0 Journal Article %J Canadian Mathematical Bulletin %D 2019 %T A Note About the Strong Maximum Principle on RCD Spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Chiara Rigoni %XWe give a direct proof of the strong maximum principle on finite dimensional RCD spaces based on the Laplacian comparison of the squared distance.

%B Canadian Mathematical Bulletin %I Canadian Mathematical Society %V 62 %P 259–266 %G eng %R 10.4153/CMB-2018-022-9 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete & Computational Geometry %D 2019 %T On the Number of Flats Tangent to Convex Hypersurfaces in Random Position %A Khazhgali Kozhasov %A Antonio Lerario %B Discrete & Computational Geometry %8 Mar %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-019-00067-0 %R 10.1007/s00454-019-00067-0 %0 Journal Article %J Numerische Mathematik %D 2019 %T Numerical approximation of the integral fractional Laplacian %A Bonito, Andrea %A Wenyu Lei %A Joseph E Pasciak %X We propose a new nonconforming finite element algorithm to approximate the solution to the elliptic problem involving the fractional Laplacian. We first derive an integral representation of the bilinear form corresponding to the variational problem. The numerical approximation of the action of the corresponding stiffness matrix consists of three steps: (1) apply a sinc quadrature scheme to approximate the integral representation by a finite sum where each term involves the solution of an elliptic partial differential equation defined on the entire space, (2) truncate each elliptic problem to a bounded domain, (3) use the finite element method for the space approximation on each truncated domain. The consistency error analysis for the three steps is discussed together with the numerical implementation of the entire algorithm. The results of computations are given illustrating the error behavior in terms of the mesh size of the physical domain, the domain truncation parameter and the quadrature spacing parameter. %B Numerische Mathematik %V 142 %P 235–278 %@ 0945-3245 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00211-019-01025-x %R 10.1007/s00211-019-01025-x %0 Journal Article %J Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %D 2019 %T Nutations in growing plant shoots: The role of elastic deformations due to gravity loading %A Daniele Agostinelli %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Giovanni Noselli %A Antonio DeSimone %K Circumnutations %K Flutter instability %K Gravitropism %K Hopf bifurcation %XThe effect of elastic deformations induced by gravity loading on the active circumnutation movements of growing plant shoots is investigated. We consider first a discrete model (a gravitropic spring-pendulum system) and then a continuous rod model which is analyzed both analytically (under the assumption of small deformations) and numerically (in the large deformation regime). We find that, for a choice of material parameters consistent with values reported in the available literature on plant shoots, rods of sufficient length may exhibit lateral oscillations of increasing amplitude, which eventually converge to limit cycles. This behavior strongly suggests the occurrence of a Hopf bifurcation, just as for the gravitropic spring-pendulum system, for which this result is rigorously established. At least in this restricted set of material parameters, our analysis supports a view of Darwin’s circumnutations as a biological analogue to structural systems exhibiting flutter instabilities, i.e., spontaneous oscillations away from equilibrium configurations driven by non-conservative loads. Here, in the context of nutation movements of growing plant shoots, the energy needed to sustain oscillations is continuously supplied to the system by the internal biochemical machinery presiding the capability of plants to maintain a vertical pose.

%B Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %P 103702 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2019.103702 %R 10.1016/j.jmps.2019.103702 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Computational Physics %D 2019 %T Parametric POD-Galerkin Model Order Reduction for Unsteady-State Heat Transfer Problems %A Sokratia Georgaka %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Michael J. Bluck %XA parametric reduced order model based on proper orthogonal decom- position with Galerkin projection has been developed and applied for the modeling of heat transport in T-junction pipes which are widely found in nuclear power plants. Thermal mixing of different temperature coolants in T-junction pipes leads to tem- perature fluctuations and this could potentially cause thermal fatigue in the pipe walls. The novelty of this paper is the development of a parametric ROM considering the three dimensional, incompressible, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the heat transport equation in a finite volume approximation. Two different paramet- ric cases are presented in this paper: parametrization of the inlet temperatures and parametrization of the kinematic viscosity. Different training spaces are considered and the results are compared against the full order model.

%B Communications in Computational Physics %V 27 %P 1–32 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.05175 %R 10.4208/cicp.OA-2018-0207 %0 Conference Paper %B International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, M and C 2019 %D 2019 %T POD-Galerkin Reduced Order Model of the Boussinesq Approximation for Buoyancy-Driven Enclosed Flows %A Kelbij Star %A Giovanni Stabile %A Sokratia Georgaka %A Francesco Belloni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Joris Degroote %B International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering, M and C 2019 %@ 9780894487699 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %D 2019 %T A POD-selective inverse distance weighting method for fast parametrized shape morphing %A F. Ballarin %A A. D'Amario %A Simona Perotto %A Gianluigi Rozza %XEfficient shape morphing techniques play a crucial role in the approximation of partial differential equations defined in parametrized domains, such as for fluid-structure interaction or shape optimization problems. In this paper, we focus on inverse distance weighting (IDW) interpolation techniques, where a reference domain is morphed into a deformed one via the displacement of a set of control points. We aim at reducing the computational burden characterizing a standard IDW approach without significantly compromising the accuracy. To this aim, first we propose an improvement of IDW based on a geometric criterion that automatically selects a subset of the original set of control points. Then, we combine this new approach with a dimensionality reduction technique based on a proper orthogonal decomposition of the set of admissible displacements. This choice further reduces computational costs. We verify the performances of the new IDW techniques on several tests by investigating the trade-off reached in terms of accuracy and efficiency.

%B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %V 117 %P 860-884 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85056396233&doi=10.1002%2fnme.5982&partnerID=40&md5=6aabcbdc9a0da25e36575a0ebfac034f %R 10.1002/nme.5982 %0 Journal Article %J Complex Analysis and Operator Theory %D 2019 %T Point-Like Perturbed Fractional Laplacians Through Shrinking Potentials of Finite Range %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Raffaele Scandone %XWe construct the rank-one, singular (point-like) perturbations of the d-dimensional fractional Laplacian in the physically meaningful norm-resolvent limit of fractional Schrödinger operators with regular potentials centred around the perturbation point and shrinking to a delta-like shape. We analyse both possible regimes, the resonance-driven and the resonance-independent limit, depending on the power of the fractional Laplacian and the spatial dimension. To this aim, we also qualify the notion of zero-energy resonance for Schrödinger operators formed by a fractional Laplacian and a regular potential.

%B Complex Analysis and Operator Theory %8 May %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s11785-019-00927-w %R 10.1007/s11785-019-00927-w %0 Generic %D 2019 %T Quantum Systems at The Brink. Existence and Decay Rates of Bound States at Thresholds; Atoms %A Dirk Hundertmark %A Michal Jex %A Markus Lange %B arXiv:1908.05016 %P 14 %G eng %0 Generic %D 2019 %T Quantum Systems at The Brink. Existence and Decay Rates of Bound States at Thresholds; Helium %A Dirk Hundertmark %A Michal Jex %A Markus Lange %B arXiv:1908.04883 %P 25 %G eng %0 Report %D 2019 %T Quasi-continuous vector fields on RCD spaces %A Clément Debin %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Foundations of Computational Mathematics %D 2019 %T The Real Polynomial Eigenvalue Problem is Well Conditioned on the Average %A Carlos Beltrán %A Khazhgali Kozhasov %XWe study the average condition number for polynomial eigenvalues of collections of matrices drawn from some random matrix ensembles. In particular, we prove that polynomial eigenvalue problems defined by matrices with random Gaussian entries are very well conditioned on the average.

%B Foundations of Computational Mathematics %8 May %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10208-019-09414-2 %R 10.1007/s10208-019-09414-2 %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %D 2019 %T A reduced basis approach for PDEs on parametrized geometries based on the shifted boundary finite element method and application to a Stokes flow %A Efthymios N Karatzas %A Giovanni Stabile %A Leo Nouveau %A Guglielmo Scovazzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe propose a model order reduction technique integrating the Shifted Boundary Method (SBM) with a POD-Galerkin strategy. This approach allows to deal with complex parametrized domains in an efficient and straightforward way. The impact of the proposed approach is threefold. First, problems involving parametrizations of complex geometrical shapes and/or large domain deformations can be efficiently solved at full-order by means of the SBM. This unfitted boundary method permits to avoid remeshing and the tedious handling of cut cells by introducing an approximate surrogate boundary. Second, the computational effort is reduced by the development of a Reduced Order Model (ROM) technique based on a POD-Galerkin approach. Third, the SBM provides a smooth mapping from the true to the surrogate domain, and for this reason, the stability and performance of the reduced order basis are enhanced. This feature is the net result of the combination of the proposed ROM approach and the SBM. Similarly, the combination of the SBM with a projection-based ROM gives the great advantage of an easy and fast to implement algorithm considering geometrical parametrization with large deformations. The transformation of each geometry to a reference geometry (morphing) is in fact not required. These combined advantages will allow the solution of PDE problems more efficiently. We illustrate the performance of this approach on a number of two-dimensional Stokes flow problems.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %V 347 %P 568-587 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85060107322&doi=10.1016%2fj.cma.2018.12.040&partnerID=40&md5=1a3234f0cb000c91494d946428f8ebef %R 10.1016/j.cma.2018.12.040 %0 Journal Article %D 2019 %T Reduced basis approaches for parametrized bifurcation problems held by non-linear Von Kármán equations %A Federico Pichi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XThis work focuses on the computationally efficient detection of the buckling phenomena and bifurcation analysis of the parametric Von Kármán plate equations based on reduced order methods and spectral analysis. The computational complexity - due to the fourth order derivative terms, the non-linearity and the parameter dependence - provides an interesting benchmark to test the importance of the reduction strategies, during the construction of the bifurcation diagram by varying the parameter(s). To this end, together the state equations, we carry out also an analysis of the linearized eigenvalue problem, that allows us to better understand the physical behaviour near the bifurcation points, where we lose the uniqueness of solution. We test this automatic methodology also in the two parameter case, understanding the evolution of the first buckling mode. journal = Journal of Scientific Computing

%V 81 %P 112–135 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.02014 %R 10.1007/s10915-019-01003-3 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Scientific Computing %D 2019 %T Reduced Basis Approaches for Parametrized Bifurcation Problems held by Non-linear Von Kármán Equations %A Federico Pichi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XThis work focuses on the computationally efficient detection of the buckling phenomena and bifurcation analysis of the parametric Von Kármán plate equations based on reduced order methods and spectral analysis. The computational complexity—due to the fourth order derivative terms, the non-linearity and the parameter dependence—provides an interesting benchmark to test the importance of the reduction strategies, during the construction of the bifurcation diagram by varying the parameter(s). To this end, together the state equations, we carry out also an analysis of the linearized eigenvalue problem, that allows us to better understand the physical behaviour near the bifurcation points, where we lose the uniqueness of solution. We test this automatic methodology also in the two parameter case, understanding the evolution of the first buckling mode.

%B Journal of Scientific Computing %V 81 %P 112-135 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85068973907&doi=10.1007%2fs10915-019-01003-3&partnerID=40&md5=a09af83ce45183d6965cdb79d87a919b %R 10.1007/s10915-019-01003-3 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Computational Mathematics %D 2019 %T A reduced order variational multiscale approach for turbulent flows %A Giovanni Stabile %A F. Ballarin %A G. Zuccarino %A Gianluigi Rozza %XThe purpose of this work is to present different reduced order model strategies starting from full order simulations stabilized using a residual-based variational multiscale (VMS) approach. The focus is on flows with moderately high Reynolds numbers. The reduced order models (ROMs) presented in this manuscript are based on a POD-Galerkin approach. Two different reduced order models are presented, which differ on the stabilization used during the Galerkin projection. In the first case, the VMS stabilization method is used at both the full order and the reduced order levels. In the second case, the VMS stabilization is used only at the full order level, while the projection of the standard Navier-Stokes equations is performed instead at the reduced order level. The former method is denoted as consistent ROM, while the latter is named non-consistent ROM, in order to underline the different choices made at the two levels. Particular attention is also devoted to the role of inf-sup stabilization by means of supremizers in ROMs based on a VMS formulation. Finally, the developed methods are tested on a numerical benchmark.

%B Advances in Computational Mathematics %V 45 %P 2349-2368 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85068076665&doi=10.1007%2fs10444-019-09712-x&partnerID=40&md5=af0142e6d13bbc2e88c6f31750aef6ad %R 10.1007/s10444-019-09712-x %0 Journal Article %D 2019 %T Reducibility for a fast-driven linear Klein–Gordon equation %A Luca Franzoi %A Alberto Maspero %XWe prove a reducibility result for a linear Klein–Gordon equation with a quasi-periodic driving on a compact interval with Dirichlet boundary conditions. No assumptions are made on the size of the driving; however, we require it to be fast oscillating. In particular, provided that the external frequency is sufficiently large and chosen from a Cantor set of large measure, the original equation is conjugated to a time-independent, diagonal one. We achieve this result in two steps. First, we perform a preliminary transformation, adapted to fast oscillating systems, which moves the original equation in a perturbative setting. Then, we show that this new equation can be put to constant coefficients by applying a KAM reducibility scheme, whose convergence requires a new type of Melnikov conditions.

%V 198 %P 1407 - 1439 %8 2019/08/01 %@ 1618-1891 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00823-2 %N 4 %! Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Functional Analysis %D 2019 %T Reducibility of first order linear operators on tori via Moser's theorem %A Roberto Feola %A Filippo Giuliani %A Riccardo Montalto %A Michela Procesi %K Hyperbolic PDEs %K KAM theory %K Nash–Moser %K Reducibility %XIn this paper we prove reducibility of a class of first order, quasi-linear, quasi-periodic time dependent PDEs on the torus∂tu+ζ⋅∂xu+a(ωt,x)⋅∂xu=0,x∈Td,ζ∈Rd,ω∈Rν. As a consequence we deduce a stability result on the associated Cauchy problem in Sobolev spaces. By the identification between first order operators and vector fields this problem can be formulated as the problem of finding a change of coordinates which conjugates a weakly perturbed constant vector field on Tν+d to a constant diophantine flow. For this purpose we generalize Moser's straightening theorem: considering smooth perturbations we prove that the corresponding straightening torus diffeomorphism is smooth, under the assumption that the perturbation is small only in some given Sobolev norm and that the initial frequency belongs to some Cantor-like set. In view of applications in KAM theory for PDEs we provide also tame estimates on the change of variables.

%B Journal of Functional Analysis %V 276 %P 932 - 970 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123618303793 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2018.10.009 %0 Generic %D 2019 %T Regularity of minimizers for a model of charged droplets %A Guido De Philippis %A Jonas Hirsch %A Giulia Vescovo %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %D 2019 %T On the relaxed area of the graph of discontinuous maps from the plane to the plane taking three values with no symmetry assumptions %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Alaa Elshorbagy %A Maurizio Paolini %A Riccardo Scala %XIn this paper, we estimate from above the area of the graph of a singular map u taking a disk to three vectors, the vertices of a triangle, and jumping along three $\mathcal{C}^2$-embedded curves that meet transversely at only one point of the disk. We show that the singular part of the relaxed area can be estimated from above by the solution of a Plateau-type problem involving three entangled nonparametric area-minimizing surfaces. The idea is to ``fill the hole'' in the graph of the singular map with a sequence of approximating smooth two-codimensional surfaces of graph-type, by imagining three minimal surfaces, placed vertically over the jump of u, coupled together via a triple point in the target triangle. Such a construction depends on the choice of a target triple point, and on a connection passing through it, which dictate the boundary condition for the three minimal surfaces. We show that the singular part of the relaxed area of u cannot be larger than what we obtain by minimizing over all possible target triple points and all corresponding connections.

%B Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %8 Jul %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-019-00887-0 %R 10.1007/s10231-019-00887-0 %0 Journal Article %J Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo Series 2 %D 2019 %T The Serre–Swan theorem for normed modules %A Danka Lučić %A Enrico Pasqualetto %B Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo Series 2 %V 68 %P 385–404 %8 Aug %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s12215-018-0366-6 %R 10.1007/s12215-018-0366-6 %0 Conference Paper %B 8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019 %D 2019 %T Shape optimization through proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation and dynamic mode decomposition enhanced by active subspaces %A Marco Tezzele %A Nicola Demo %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe propose a numerical pipeline for shape optimization in naval engineering involving two different non-intrusive reduced order method (ROM) techniques. Such methods are proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI) and dynamic mode decomposition (DMD). The ROM proposed will be enhanced by active subspaces (AS) as a pre-processing tool that reduce the parameter space dimension and suggest better sampling of the input space. We will focus on geometrical parameters describing the perturbation of a reference bulbous bow through the free form deformation (FFD) technique. The ROM are based on a finite volume method (FV) to simulate the multi-phase incompressible flow around the deformed hulls. In previous works we studied the reduction of the parameter space in naval engineering through AS [38, 10] focusing on different parts of the hull. PODI and DMD have been employed for the study of fast and reliable shape optimization cycles on a bulbous bow in [9]. The novelty of this work is the simultaneous reduction of both the input parameter space and the output fields of interest. In particular AS will be trained computing the total drag resistance of a hull advancing in calm water and its gradients with respect to the input parameters. DMD will improve the performance of each simulation of the campaign using only few snapshots of the solution fields in order to predict the regime state of the system. Finally PODI will interpolate the coefficients of the POD decomposition of the output fields for a fast approximation of all the fields at new untried parameters given by the optimization algorithm. This will result in a non-intrusive data-driven numerical optimization pipeline completely independent with respect to the full order solver used and it can be easily incorporated into existing numerical pipelines, from the reference CAD to the optimal shape.

%B 8th International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering, MARINE 2019 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85075390244&partnerID=40&md5=3e1f2e9a2539d34594caff13766c94b8 %0 Journal Article %J Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %D 2019 %T A spectral element reduced basis method in parametric CFD %A Martin W. Hess %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe consider the Navier-Stokes equations in a channel with varying Reynolds numbers. The model is discretized with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 14,259 degrees of freedom. The steady-state snapshot solutions define a reduced order space, which allows to accurately evaluate the steady-state solutions for varying Reynolds number with a reduced order model within a fixed-point iteration. In particular, we compare different aspects of implementing the reduced order model with respect to the use of a spectral element discretization. It is shown, how a multilevel static condensation (Karniadakis and Sherwin, Spectral/hp element methods for computational fluid dynamics, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005) in the pressure and velocity boundary degrees of freedom can be combined with a reduced order modelling approach to enhance computational times in parametric many-query scenarios.

%B Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %V 126 %P 693-701 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85060005503&doi=10.1007%2f978-3-319-96415-7_64&partnerID=40&md5=d1a900db8ddb92cd818d797ec212a4c6 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-96415-7_64 %0 Book Section %B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications - ENUMATH 2017 %D 2019 %T A Spectral Element Reduced Basis Method in Parametric CFD %A Martin W. Hess %A Gianluigi Rozza %E Radu, Florin Adrian %E Kumar, Kundan %E Berre, Inga %E Nordbotten, Jan Martin %E Pop, Iuliu Sorin %XWe consider the Navier-Stokes equations in a channel with varying Reynolds numbers. The model is discretized with high-order spectral element ansatz functions, resulting in 14 259 degrees of freedom. The steady-state snapshot solu- tions define a reduced order space, which allows to accurately evaluate the steady- state solutions for varying Reynolds number with a reduced order model within a fixed-point iteration. In particular, we compare different aspects of implementing the reduced order model with respect to the use of a spectral element discretization. It is shown, how a multilevel static condensation in the pressure and velocity boundary degrees of freedom can be combined with a reduced order modelling approach to enhance computational times in parametric many-query scenarios.

%B Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications - ENUMATH 2017 %I Springer International Publishing %V 126 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.06432 %& A Spectral Element Reduced Basis Method in Parametric CFD %R 10.1007/978-3-319-96415-7_64 pages = 693–701 %0 Report %D 2019 %T On the square distance function from a manifold with boundary %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Alaa Elshorbagy %XWe characterize arbitrary codimensional smooth manifolds $\mathcal{M}$ with boundary embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$ using the square distance function and the signed distance function from $\mathcal{M}$ and from its boundary. The results are localized in an open set.

%G eng %U http://cvgmt.sns.it/media/doc/paper/4260/manif_with_bound_dist.pdf %0 Journal Article %J arXiv e-prints %D 2019 %T Strong Novikov conjecture for low degree cohomology and exotic group C*-algebras %A Paolo Antonini %A Buss, Alcides %A Engel, Alexander %A Siebenand , Timo %K Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology %K Mathematics - Operator Algebras %XWe strengthen a result of Hanke–Schick about the strong Novikov conjecture for low degree cohomology by showing that their non-vanishing result for the maximal group $C^*$-algebra even holds for the reduced group $C^*$-algebra. To achieve this we provide a Fell absorption principle for certain exotic crossed product functors.

%B arXiv e-prints %P arXiv:1905.07730 %8 May %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Nature Physics %D 2019 %T Swimming Euglena respond to confinement with a behavioural change enabling effective crawling %A Giovanni Noselli %A Alfred Beran %A Marino Arroyo %A Antonio DeSimone %X Some euglenids, a family of aquatic unicellular organisms, can develop highly concerted, large-amplitude peristaltic body deformations. This remarkable behaviour has been known for centuries. Yet, its function remains controversial, and is even viewed as a functionless ancestral vestige. Here, by examining swimming Euglena gracilis in environments of controlled crowding and geometry, we show that this behaviour is triggered by confinement. Under these conditions, it allows cells to switch from unviable flagellar swimming to a new and highly robust mode of fast crawling, which can deal with extreme geometric confinement and turn both frictional and hydraulic resistance into propulsive forces. To understand how a single cell can control such an adaptable and robust mode of locomotion, we developed a computational model of the motile apparatus of Euglena cells consisting of an active striated cell envelope. Our modelling shows that gait adaptability does not require specific mechanosensitive feedback but instead can be explained by the mechanical self-regulation of an elastic and extended motor system. Our study thus identifies a locomotory function and the operating principles of the adaptable peristaltic body deformation of Euglena cells. %B Nature Physics %V 15 %P 496–502 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-019-0425-8 %R 10.1038/s41567-019-0425-8 %0 Journal Article %J TOPOLOGICAL METHODS IN NONLINEAR ANALYSIS %D 2019 %T On the topological degree of planar maps avoiding normal cones %A Alessandro Fonda %A Giuliano Klun %XThe classical Poincaré-Bohl theorem provides the existence of a zero for a function avoiding external rays. When the domain is convex, the same holds true when avoiding normal cones.

We consider here the possibility of dealing with nonconvex sets having inward corners or cusps, in which cases the normal cone vanishes. This allows us to deal with situations where the topological degree may be strictly greater than $1$.

In this paper we recover the non-perturbative partition function of 2D Yang–Mills theory from the perturbative path integral. To achieve this goal, we study the perturbative path integral quantization for 2D Yang–Mills theory on surfaces with boundaries and corners in the Batalin–Vilkovisky formalism (or, more precisely, in its adaptation to the setting with boundaries, compatible with gluing and cutting–-the BV-BFV formalism). We prove that cutting a surface (e.g. a closed one) into simple enough pieces–-building blocks–-and choosing a convenient gauge-fixing on the pieces, and assembling back the partition function on the surface, one recovers the known non-perturbative answers for 2D Yang–Mills theory.

%B Communications in Mathematical Physics %8 Mar %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-019-03392-w %R 10.1007/s00220-019-03392-w %0 Journal Article %J IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis %D 2019 %T Virtual element method for quasilinear elliptic problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A Chatzipantelidis, P %A Diwan, G %A E.H. Georgoulis %X A virtual element method for the quasilinear equation \\$-\\textrm\{div\} (\{\\boldsymbol \ąppa \}(u)\\operatorname\{grad\} u)=f\\$ using general polygonal and polyhedral meshes is presented and analysed. The nonlinear coefficient is evaluated with the piecewise polynomial projection of the virtual element ansatz. Well posedness of the discrete problem and optimal-order a priori error estimates in the \\$H^1\\$- and \\$L^2\\$-norm are proven. In addition, the convergence of fixed-point iterations for the resulting nonlinear system is established. Numerical tests confirm the optimal convergence properties of the method on general meshes. %B IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis %V 40 %P 2450-2472 %8 07 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1093/imanum/drz035 %R 10.1093/imanum/drz035 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Scientific Computing %D 2019 %T A Weighted POD Method for Elliptic PDEs with Random Inputs %A L.Venturi %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we propose and analyze a weighted proper orthogonal decomposition method to solve elliptic partial differential equations depending on random input data, for stochastic problems that can be transformed into parametric systems. The algorithm is introduced alongside the weighted greedy method. Our proposed method aims to minimize the error in a L2 norm and, in contrast to the weighted greedy approach, it does not require the availability of an error bound. Moreover, we consider sparse discretization of the input space in the construction of the reduced model; for high-dimensional problems, provided the sampling is done accordingly to the parameters distribution, this enables a sensible reduction of computational costs, while keeping a very good accuracy with respect to high fidelity solutions. We provide many numerical tests to assess the performance of the proposed method compared to an equivalent reduced order model without weighting, as well as to the weighted greedy approach, in both low and high dimensional problems.

%B Journal of Scientific Computing %V 81 %P 136-153 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85053798049&doi=10.1007%2fs10915-018-0830-7&partnerID=40&md5=5cad501b6ef1955da55868807079ee5d %R 10.1007/s10915-018-0830-7 %0 Journal Article %J PoliTO Springer Series %D 2019 %T Weighted Reduced Order Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations with Random Inputs %A L. Venturi %A D. Torlo %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this manuscript we discuss weighted reduced order methods for stochastic partial differential equations. Random inputs (such as forcing terms, equation coefficients, boundary conditions) are considered as parameters of the equations. We take advantage of the resulting parametrized formulation to propose an efficient reduced order model; we also profit by the underlying stochastic assumption in the definition of suitable weights to drive to reduction process. Two viable strategies are discussed, namely the weighted reduced basis method and the weighted proper orthogonal decomposition method. A numerical example on a parametrized elasticity problem is shown.

%B PoliTO Springer Series %P 27-40 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85084009379&doi=10.1007%2f978-3-030-04870-9_2&partnerID=40&md5=446bcc1f331167bbba67bc00fb170150 %R 10.1007/978-3-030-04870-9_2 %0 Report %D 2019 %T Zero modes and low-energy resolvent expansion for three dimensional Schrodinger operators with point interactions %A Raffaele Scandone %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.02449 %0 Journal Article %J NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS %D 2018 %T Accelerating the iterative solution of convection-diffusion problems using singular value decomposition %A Giuseppe Pitton %A Luca Heltai %B NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS %P 1–21 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.09467 %R 10.1002/nla.2211 %0 Journal Article %J Math. Comp. %D 2018 %T Adaptive discontinuous Galerkin methods for elliptic interface problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Sabawi, Younis A. %B Math. Comp. %V 87 %P 2675–2707 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1090/mcom/3322 %R 10.1090/mcom/3322 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics %D 2018 %T Analysis of a Dynamic Peeling Test with Speed-Dependent Toughness %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Lorenzo Nardini %XWe analyse a one-dimensional model of dynamic debonding for a thin film, where the local toughness of the glue between the film and the substrate also depends on the debonding speed. The wave equation on the debonded region is strongly coupled with Griffith's criterion for the evolution of the debonding front. We provide an existence and uniqueness result and find explicitly the solution in some concrete examples. We study the limit of solutions as inertia tends to zero, observing phases of unstable propagation, as well as time discontinuities, even though the toughness diverges at a limiting debonding speed.

%B SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics %V 78 %P 1206-1227 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/17M1147354 %R 10.1137/17M1147354 %0 Journal Article %J Ann. Henri Poincaré %D 2018 %T On asymptotic expansions in spin-boson models %A Bräunlich, Gerhard %A Hasler, David %A Markus Lange %B Ann. Henri Poincaré %V 19 %P 515–564 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00023-017-0625-7 %R 10.1007/s00023-017-0625-7 %0 Journal Article %J JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES %D 2018 %T An authenticated theoretical modeling of electrified fluid jet in core–shell nanofibers production %A Rafiei, S. %A Noroozi, B. %A Luca Heltai %A Haghi, A. K. %B JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES %V 47 %P 1791–1811 %G eng %R 10.1177/1528083717710711 %0 Journal Article %J ArXiv e-prints %D 2018 %T The Baum–Connes conjecture localised at the unit element of a discrete group %A Paolo Antonini %A Azzali, S. %A Skandalis, G. %K 19K35 %K 46L80 %K 46L85 %K 58J22 %K Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology %K Mathematics - Operator Algebras %B ArXiv e-prints %G eng %0 Report %D 2018 %T Canonical Surfaces and Hypersurfaces in Abelian Varieties %A Luca Cesarano %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.05302 %0 Report %D 2018 %T On the Cauchy problem for the wave equation on time-dependent domains %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Rodica Toader %X We introduce a notion of solution to the wave equation on a suitable class of time-dependent domains and compare it with a previous de nition. We prove an existence result for the solution of the Cauchy problem and present some additional conditions which imply uniqueness. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35314 %1 35622 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-04-23T06:03:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Toa-18-sissa.pdf: 404543 bytes, checksum: 73bb5b0c57b574d05b3d6f33417016e0 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Scientific Computing %D 2018 %T Certified Reduced Basis Approximation for the Coupling of Viscous and Inviscid Parametrized Flow Models %A Immanuel Martini %A Bernard Haasdonk %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Journal of Scientific Computing %V 74 %P 197-219 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85017156114&doi=10.1007%2fs10915-017-0430-y&partnerID=40&md5=023ef0bb95713f4442d1fa374c92a964 %R 10.1007/s10915-017-0430-y %0 Report %D 2018 %T Characteristic boundary layers for mixed hyperbolic systems in one space dimension and applications to the Navier-Stokes and MHD equations %A Stefano Bianchini %A Laura Spinolo %X We provide a detailed analysis of the boundary layers for mixed hyperbolic-parabolic systems in one space dimension and small amplitude regimes. As an application of our results, we describe the solution of the so-called boundary Riemann problem recovered as the zero viscosity limit of the physical viscous approximation. In particular, we tackle the so called doubly characteristic case, which is considerably more demanding from the technical viewpoint and occurs when the boundary is characteristic for both the mixed hyperbolic-parabolic system and for the hyperbolic system obtained by neglecting the second order terms. Our analysis applies in particular to the compressible Navier-Stokes and MHD equations in Eulerian coordinates, with both positive and null conductivity. In these cases, the doubly characteristic case occurs when the velocity is close to 0. The analysis extends to non-conservative systems. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35325 %1 35635 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-10-16T11:48:42Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BiaSpiEuler116.pdf: 615669 bytes, checksum: 93b99e76a8c0a0f3e1753969d7170d1e (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences %D 2018 %T Cohesive fracture with irreversibility: Quasistatic evolution for a model subject to fatigue %A Vito Crismale %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Gianluca Orlando %XIn this paper we prove the existence of quasistatic evolutions for a cohesive fracture on a prescribed crack surface, in small-strain antiplane elasticity. The main feature of the model is that the density of the energy dissipated in the fracture process depends on the total variation of the amplitude of the jump. Thus, any change in the crack opening entails a loss of energy, until the crack is complete. In particular this implies a fatigue phenomenon, i.e. a complete fracture may be produced by oscillation of small jumps. The first step of the existence proof is the construction of approximate evolutions obtained by solving discrete-time incremental minimum problems. The main difficulty in the passage to the continuous-time limit is that we lack of controls on the variations of the jump of the approximate evolutions. Therefore we resort to a weak formulation where the variation of the jump is replaced by a Young measure. Eventually, after proving the existence in this weak formulation, we improve the result by showing that the Young measure is concentrated on a function and coincides with the variation of the jump of the displacement.

%B Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences %V 28 %P 1371-1412 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218202518500379 %R 10.1142/S0218202518500379 %0 Book Section %B Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System and Applications %D 2018 %T Combined parameter and model reduction of cardiovascular problems by means of active subspaces and POD-Galerkin methods %A Marco Tezzele %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System and Applications %I Springer %P 185–207 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J J. Elast. %D 2018 %T A Comparison Between Active Strain and Active Stress in Transversely Isotropic Hyperelastic Materials %A Giulia Giantesio %A Alessandro Musesti %A Davide Riccobelli %B J. Elast. %I Springer Nature %G eng %0 Book Section %B Cardiovascular Mechanics %D 2018 %T Computational methods in cardiovascular mechanics %A Auricchio, Ferdinando %A Conti, Michele %A Lefieux, Adrian %A Morganti, Simone %A Alessandro Reali %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Veneziani, Alessandro %E Michel F. Labrosse %XThe introduction of computational models in cardiovascular sciences has been progressively bringing new and unique tools for the investigation of the physiopathology. Together with the dramatic improvement of imaging and measuring devices on one side, and of computational architectures on the other one, mathematical and numerical models have provided a new, clearly noninvasive, approach for understanding not only basic mechanisms but also patient-specific conditions, and for supporting the design and the development of new therapeutic options. The terminology in silico is, nowadays, commonly accepted for indicating this new source of knowledge added to traditional in vitro and in vivo investigations. The advantages of in silico methodologies are basically the low cost in terms of infrastructures and facilities, the reduced invasiveness and, in general, the intrinsic predictive capabilities based on the use of mathematical models. The disadvantages are generally identified in the distance between the real cases and their virtual counterpart required by the conceptual modeling that can be detrimental for the reliability of numerical simulations.

%B Cardiovascular Mechanics %I CRC Press %P 54 %G eng %U https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781315280288/chapters/10.1201%2Fb21917-5 %& Computational methods in cardiovascular mechanics %0 Journal Article %J SOFTWAREX %D 2018 %T deal2lkit: A toolkit library for high performance programming in deal.II %A Alberto Sartori %A Nicola Giuliani %A Mauro Bardelloni %A Luca Heltai %B SOFTWAREX %V 7 %P 318–327 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.softx.2018.09.004 %0 Journal Article %J JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS %D 2018 %T The deal.II Library, Version 9.0 %A Giovanni Alzetta %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Boddu, Vishal %A Brands, Benjamin %A Denis Davydov %A Rene Gassmöller %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Kormann, Katharina %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %B JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1515/jnma-2018-0054 %R 10.1515/jnma-2018-0054 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Differential of metric valued Sobolev maps %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %A Elefterios Soultanis %G eng %0 Report %D 2018 %T Dimension reduction for thin films with transversally varying prestrain: the oscillatory and the non-oscillatory case %A Marta Lewicka %A Danka Lučić %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences %D 2018 %T Dimension reduction in heterogeneous parametric spaces with application to naval engineering shape design problems %A Marco Tezzele %A Filippo Salmoiraghi %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %XWe present the results of the first application in the naval architecture field of a methodology based on active subspaces properties for parameters space reduction. The physical problem considered is the one of the simulation of the hydrodynamic flow past the hull of a ship advancing in calm water. Such problem is extremely relevant at the preliminary stages of the ship design, when several flow simulations are typically carried out by the engineers to assess the dependence of the hull total resistance on the geometrical parameters of the hull, and others related with flows and hull properties. Given the high number of geometric and physical parameters which might affect the total ship drag, the main idea of this work is to employ the active subspaces properties to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space. Thus, a fully automated procedure has been implemented to produce several small shape perturbations of an original hull CAD geometry, in order to exploit the resulting shapes to run high fidelity flow simulations with different structural and physical parameters as well, and then collect data for the active subspaces analysis. The free form deformation procedure used to morph the hull shapes, the high fidelity solver based on potential flow theory with fully nonlinear free surface treatment, and the active subspaces analysis tool employed in this work have all been developed and integrated within SISSA mathLab as open source tools. The contribution will also discuss several details of the implementation of such tools, as well as the results of their application to the selected target engineering problem.

%B Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences %V 5 %P 25 %8 Sep %G eng %R 10.1186/s40323-018-0118-3 %0 Journal Article %J Teoret. Mat. Fiz. %D 2018 %T Discriminant circle bundles over local models of Strebel graphs and Boutroux curves %A Marco Bertola %A Korotkin, D. A. %B Teoret. Mat. Fiz. %V 197 %P 163–207 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.4213/tmf9513 %R 10.4213/tmf9513 %0 Book Section %B Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System and Applications %D 2018 %T A distributed lagrange formulation of the finite element immersed boundary method for fluids interacting with compressible solids %A Boffi, Daniele %A Gastaldi, Lucia %A Luca Heltai %B Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System and Applications %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %V 16 %P 1–21 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02545v1 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-96649-6_1 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical %D 2018 %T Effective non-linear spinor dynamics in a spin-1 Bose–Einstein condensate %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Alessandro Olgiati %XWe derive from first principles the experimentally observed effective dynamics of a spinor Bose gas initially prepared as a Bose–Einstein condensate and then left free to expand ballistically. In spinor condensates, which represent one of the recent frontiers in the manipulation of ultra-cold atoms, particles interact with a two-body spatial interaction and a spin–spin interaction. The effective dynamics is well-known to be governed by a system of coupled semi-linear Schrödinger equations: we recover this system, in the sense of marginals in the limit of infinitely many particles, with a mean-field re-scaling of the many-body Hamiltonian. When the resulting control of the dynamical persistence of condensation is quantified with the parameters of modern observations, we obtain a bound that remains quite accurate for the whole typical duration of the experiment.

%B Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical %I IOP Publishing %V 51 %P 405201 %8 sep %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1088%2F1751-8121%2Faadbc2 %R 10.1088/1751-8121/aadbc2 %0 Conference Proceedings %B The 28th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference %D 2018 %T An efficient shape parametrisation by free-form deformation enhanced by active subspace for hull hydrodynamic ship design problems in open source environment %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Active subspaces %K Boundary element method %K Dynamic mode decomposition %K Fluid structure interaction %K Free form deformation %K Fully nonlinear potential %K Numerical towing tank %X In this contribution, we present the results of the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces to the hull hydrodynamic design problem. Several parametric deformations of an initial hull shape are considered to assess the influence of the shape parameters considered on the hull total drag. The hull resistance is typically computed by means of numerical simulations of the hydrodynamic flow past the ship. Given the high number of parameters involved - which might result in a high number of time consuming hydrodynamic simulations - assessing whether the parameters space can be reduced would lead to considerable computational cost reduction. Thus, the main idea of this work is to employ the active subspaces to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space, or to verify the parameter distribution in the position of the control points. To this end, a fully automated procedure has been implemented to produce several small shape perturbations of an original hull CAD geometry which are then used to carry out high-fidelity flow simulations and collect data for the active subspaces analysis. To achieve full automation of the open source pipeline described, both the free form deformation methodology employed for the hull perturbations and the solver based on unsteady potential flow theory, with fully nonlinear free surface treatment, are directly interfaced with CAD data structures and operate using IGES vendor-neutral file formats as input files. The computational cost of the fluid dynamic simulations is further reduced through the application of dynamic mode decomposition to reconstruct the steady state total drag value given only few initial snapshots of the simulation. The active subspaces analysis is here applied to the geometry of the DTMB-5415 naval combatant hull, which is which is a common benchmark in ship hydrodynamics simulations. %B The 28th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference %I International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers %C Sapporo, Japan %G eng %U https://www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/ISOPE-I-18-481 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Existence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a one dimensional debonding model with damping %A Lorenzo Nardini %A Filippo Riva %XIn this paper we analyse a one-dimensional debonding model for a thin film peeled from a substrate when friction is taken into account. It is described by the weakly damped wave equation whose domain, the debonded region, grows according to a Griffth's criterion. Firstly we prove that the equation admits a unique solution when the evolution of the debonding front is assigned. Finally we provide an existence and uniqueness result for the coupled problem given by the wave equation together with Griffth's criterion.

%G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35319 %1 35629 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-07-16T13:11:24Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PREPRINT_28_2018_mate.pdf: 600708 bytes, checksum: 04321c1f671175dc8cf001c358699cba (MD5) %0 Report %D 2018 %T Existence for elastodynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Cristopher J. Larsen %A Rodica Toader %X We consider a model of elastodynamics with fracture evolution, based on energy-dissipation balance and a maximal dissipation condition. We prove an existence result in the case of planar elasticity with a free crack path, where the maximal dissipation condition is satisfied among suitably regular competitor cracks. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35308 %1 35616 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-03-19T09:02:45Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Lar-Toa-sissa.pdf: 429343 bytes, checksum: 82817f96da6dcabff29c2c322590fb66 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Open Source Software %D 2018 %T EZyRB: Easy Reduced Basis method %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %B The Journal of Open Source Software %V 3 %P 661 %G eng %U https://joss.theoj.org/papers/10.21105/joss.00661 %R 10.21105/joss.00661 %0 Book Section %B Current Research in Nonlinear Analysis: In Honor of Haim Brezis and Louis Nirenberg %D 2018 %T Failure of the Chain Rule in the Non Steady Two-Dimensional Setting %A Stefano Bianchini %A Paolo Bonicatto %E Rassias, Themistocles M. %B Current Research in Nonlinear Analysis: In Honor of Haim Brezis and Louis Nirenberg %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 33–60 %@ 978-3-319-89800-1 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89800-1_2 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-89800-1_2 %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Fluids %D 2018 %T Finite volume POD-Galerkin stabilised reduced order methods for the parametrised incompressible Navier–Stokes equations %A Giovanni Stabile %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work a stabilised and reduced Galerkin projection of the incompressible unsteady Navier–Stokes equations for moderate Reynolds number is presented. The full-order model, on which the Galerkin projection is applied, is based on a finite volumes approximation. The reduced basis spaces are constructed with a POD approach. Two different pressure stabilisation strategies are proposed and compared: the former one is based on the supremizer enrichment of the velocity space, and the latter one is based on a pressure Poisson equation approach.

%B Computers and Fluids %V 173 %P 273-284 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85043366603&doi=10.1016%2fj.compfluid.2018.01.035&partnerID=40&md5=c15435ea3b632e55450da19ba2bb6125 %R 10.1016/j.compfluid.2018.01.035 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Foldable structures made of hydrogel bilayers %A Virginia Agostiniani %A Antonio DeSimone %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Danka Lučić %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Physics %D 2018 %T Fractional powers and singular perturbations of quantum differential Hamiltonians %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Andrea Ottolini %A Raffaele Scandone %XWe consider the fractional powers of singular (point-like) perturbations of the Laplacian and the singular perturbations of fractional powers of the Laplacian, and we compare two such constructions focusing on their perturbative structure for resolvents and on the local singularity structure of their domains. In application to the linear and non-linear Schrödinger equations for the corresponding operators, we outline a programme of relevant questions that deserve being investigated.

%B Journal of Mathematical Physics %V 59 %P 072106 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5033856 %R 10.1063/1.5033856 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Functional Analysis %D 2018 %T On fractional powers of singular perturbations of the Laplacian %A Vladimir Georgiev %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Raffaele Scandone %K Point interactions %K Regular and singular component of a point-interaction operator %K Singular perturbations of the Laplacian %XWe qualify a relevant range of fractional powers of the so-called Hamiltonian of point interaction in three dimensions, namely the singular perturbation of the negative Laplacian with a contact interaction supported at the origin. In particular we provide an explicit control of the domain of such a fractional operator and of its decomposition into regular and singular parts. We also qualify the norms of the resulting singular fractional Sobolev spaces and their mutual control with the corresponding classical Sobolev norms.

%B Journal of Functional Analysis %V 275 %P 1551 - 1602 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123618301046 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2018.03.007 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Mathematics %D 2018 %T Framed symplectic sheaves on surfaces %A Jacopo Vittorio Scalise %XA framed symplectic sheaf on a smooth projective surface $X$ is a torsion-free sheaf $E$ together with a trivialization on a divisor $D \subset X$ and a morphism $\Lambda^2 E \rightarrow \mathcal{O}_X$ satisfying some additional conditions. We construct a moduli space for framed symplectic sheaves on a surface, and present a detailed study for $X =\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^2$. In this case, the moduli space is irreducible and admits an ADHM-type description and a birational proper map onto the space of framed symplectic ideal instantons.

%B International Journal of Mathematics %V 29 %P 1850007 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0129167X18500076 %R 10.1142/S0129167X18500076 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %D 2018 %T Free-form deformation, mesh morphing and reduced-order methods: enablers for efficient aerodynamic shape optimisation %A Filippo Salmoiraghi %A Scardigli, Angela %A Telib, Haysam %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, we provide an integrated pipeline for the model-order reduction of turbulent flows around parametrised geometries in aerodynamics. In particular, free-form deformation is applied for geometry parametrisation, whereas two different reduced-order models based on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) are employed in order to speed-up the full-order simulations: the first method exploits POD with interpolation, while the second one is based on domain decomposition. For the sampling of the parameter space, we adopt a Greedy strategy coupled with Constrained Centroidal Voronoi Tessellations, in order to guarantee a good compromise between space exploration and exploitation. The proposed framework is tested on an industrially relevant application, i.e. the front-bumper morphing of the DrivAer car model, using the finite-volume method for the full-order resolution of the Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes equations.

%B International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %I Taylor & Francis %V 32 %P 233-247 %G eng %R 10.1080/10618562.2018.1514115 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Applied Algebra and Geometry %D 2018 %T On fully real eigenconfigurations of tensors %A Khazhgali Kozhasov %XWe construct generic real symmetric tensors with only real eigenvectors or, equivalently, real homogeneous polynomials with the maximum possible finite number of critical points on the sphere.

%B SIAM Journal on Applied Algebra and Geometry %I SIAM %V 2 %P 339–347 %G eng %U https://epubs.siam.org/doi/pdf/10.1137/17M1145902 %R 10.1137/17M1145902 %0 Report %D 2018 %T On Geometric Quantum Confinement in Grushin-Like Manifolds %A Matteo Gallone %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Eugenio Pozzoli %X We study the problem of so-called geometric quantum confinement in a class of two-dimensional incomplete Riemannian manifold with metric of Grushin type. We employ a constant-fibre direct integral scheme, in combination with Weyl's analysis in each fibre, thus fully characterising the regimes of presence and absence of essential self-adjointness of the associated Laplace-Beltrami operator. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35322 %1 35632 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-09-19T07:05:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 GMP-Grushin-SISSApreprint.pdf: 390608 bytes, checksum: c4bbb299a3b07668840d185c315c1a29 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik %D 2018 %T Global, finite energy, weak solutions for the NLS with rough, time-dependent magnetic potentials %A Paolo Antonelli %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Raffaele Scandone %XWe prove the existence of weak solutions in the space of energy for a class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations in the presence of a external, rough, time-dependent magnetic potential. Under our assumptions, it is not possible to study the problem by means of usual arguments like resolvent techniques or Fourier integral operators, for example. We use a parabolic regularisation, and we solve the approximating Cauchy problem. This is achieved by obtaining suitable smoothing estimates for the dissipative evolution. The total mass and energy bounds allow to extend the solution globally in time. We then infer sufficient compactness properties in order to produce a global-in-time finite energy weak solution to our original problem.

%B Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik %V 69 %P 46 %8 Mar %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00033-018-0938-5 %R 10.1007/s00033-018-0938-5 %0 Thesis %D 2018 %T Ground states and spectral properties in quantum field theories %A Markus Lange %I Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena %G eng %U https://www.db-thueringen.de/receive/dbt_mods_00035196 %9 phd %R 10.22032/dbt.35196 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %D 2018 %T Heterogeneous elastic plates with in-plane modulation of the target curvature and applications to thin gel sheets %A Virginia Agostiniani %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Danka Lučić %B ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %I EDP Sciences %G eng %R https://doi.org/10.1051/cocv/2018046 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Hydrogenoid Spectra with Central Perturbations %A Matteo Gallone %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X Through the Kreĭn-Višik-Birman extension scheme, unlike the previous classical analysis based on von Neumann's theory, we reproduce the construction and classification of all self-adjoint realisations of two intimately related models: the three-dimensional hydrogenoid-like Hamiltonians with singular perturbation supported at the centre (the nucleus), and the Schördinger operators on the halfline with Coulomb potentials centred at the origin. These two problems are technically equivalent, albeit sometimes treated by their own in the the literature. Based on such scheme, we then recover the formula to determine the eigenvalues of each self-adjoint extension, which are corrections to the non-relativistic hydrogenoid energy levels.We discuss in which respect the Kreĭn-Višik-Birman scheme is somehow more natural in yielding the typical boundary condition of self-adjointness at the centre of the perturbation and in identifying the eigenvalues of each extension. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35321 %1 35631 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-08-27T06:42:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 GM-hydrogenoid-2018-SISSA-Preprint.pdf: 480482 bytes, checksum: 228ebe556a2688a43dcbbd1edeeaa5c4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Anal. %D 2018 %T On the isoperimetric problem with double density %A Pratelli, A. %A Saracco, G. %B Nonlinear Anal. %V 177 %P 733–752 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.na.2018.04.009 %0 Journal Article %J ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS %D 2018 %T Iterative map-making with two-level preconditioning for polarized cosmic microwave background data sets. A worked example for ground-based experiments %A Puglisi, Giuseppe %A Poletti, Davide %A Fabbian, Giulio %A Baccigalupi, Carlo %A Luca Heltai %A Stompor, Radek %B ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS %V 618 %P 1–14 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1801.08937 %R 10.1051/0004-6361/201832710 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Local moduli of semisimple Frobenius coalescent structures %A Giordano Cotti %A Boris Dubrovin %A Davide Guzzetti %XThere is a conjectural relation, formulated by the second author, between the enumerative geometry of a wide class of smooth projective varieties and their derived category of coherent sheaves. In particular, there is an increasing interest for an explicit description of certain local invariants, called monodromy data, of semisimple quantum cohomologies in terms of characteristic classes of exceptional collections in the derived categories. Being intentioned to address this problem, which, to our opinion, is still not well understood, we have realized that some issues in the theory of Frobenius manifolds need to be preliminarily clarified, and that an extension of the theory itself is necessary, in view of the fact that quantum cohomologies of certain classes of homogeneous spaces may show a coalescence phenomenon.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35304 %1 35610 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-01-16T11:11:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Preprint_Davide.pdf: 1242726 bytes, checksum: 527d898383b9f997856370b14965bbdc (MD5) %0 Report %D 2018 %T Long time existence for fully nonlinear NLS with small Cauchy data on the circle %A Feola Roberto %A Felice Iandoli %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Annales Henri Poincaré %D 2018 %T Lp-Boundedness of Wave Operators for the Three-Dimensional Multi-Centre Point Interaction %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Raffaele Scandone %A Kenji Yajima %XWe prove that, for arbitrary centres and strengths, the wave operators for three-dimensional Schrödinger operators with multi-centre local point interactions are bounded in Lp(R3)for 1<p<3 and unbounded otherwise.

%B Annales Henri Poincaré %V 19 %P 283–322 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00023-017-0628-4 %R 10.1007/s00023-017-0628-4 %0 Report %D 2018 %T A minimization approach to the wave equation on time-dependent domains %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Lucia De Luca %X We prove the existence of weak solutions to the homogeneous wave equation on a suitable class of time-dependent domains. Using the approach suggested by De Giorgi and developed by Serra and Tilli, such solutions are approximated by minimizers of suitable functionals in space-time. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35318 %1 35627 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-06-05T09:52:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-DeL-18-sissa.pdf: 301594 bytes, checksum: 0da772afb21ae49058bd3b54ae1dd432 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées %D 2018 %T Minimizing movements for mean curvature flow of droplets with prescribed contact angle %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Matteo Novaga %A Shokhrukh Kholmatov %K Capillary functional %K Mean curvature flow with prescribed contact angle %K Minimizing movements %K Sets of finite perimeter %XWe study the mean curvature motion of a droplet flowing by mean curvature on a horizontal hyperplane with a possibly nonconstant prescribed contact angle. Using the solutions constructed as a limit of an approximation algorithm of Almgren–Taylor–Wang and Luckhaus–Sturzenhecker, we show the existence of a weak evolution, and its compatibility with a distributional solution. We also prove various comparison results. Résumé Nous étudions le mouvement par courbure moyenne d'une goutte qui glisse par courbure moyenne sur un hyperplan horizontal avec un angle de contact prescrit éventuellement non constant. En utilisant les solutions construites comme limites d'un algorithme d'approximation dû à Almgren, Taylor et Wang et Luckhaus et Sturzenhecker, nous montrons l'existence d'une évolution faible, et sa compatibilité avec une solution au sens des distributions. Nous démontrons également plusieurs résultats de comparaison.

%B Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées %V 117 %P 1 - 58 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021782418300825 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpur.2018.06.003 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %D 2018 %T Minimizing Movements for Mean Curvature Flow of Partitions %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Shokhrukh Kholmatov %XWe prove the existence of a weak global in time mean curvature flow of a bounded partition of space using the method of minimizing movements. The result is extended to the case when suitable driving forces are present. We also prove some consistency results for a minimizing movement solution with smooth and viscosity solutions when the evolution starts from a partition made by a union of bounded sets at a positive distance. In addition, the motion starting from the union of convex sets at a positive distance agrees with the classical mean curvature flow and is stable with respect to the Hausdorff convergence of the initial partitions.

%B SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %V 50 %P 4117-4148 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/17M1159294 %R 10.1137/17M1159294 %0 Conference Paper %B Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research %D 2018 %T Model Order Reduction by means of Active Subspaces and Dynamic Mode Decomposition for Parametric Hull Shape Design Hydrodynamics %A Marco Tezzele %A Nicola Demo %A Mahmoud Gadalla %A Andrea Mola %A Gianluigi Rozza %X We present the results of the application of a parameter space reduction methodology based on active subspaces (AS) to the hull hydrodynamic design problem. Several parametric deformations of an initial hull shape are considered to assess the influence of the shape parameters on the hull wave resistance. Such problem is relevant at the preliminary stages of the ship design, when several flow simulations are carried out by the engineers to establish a certain sensibility with respect to the parameters, which might result in a high number of time consuming hydrodynamic simulations. The main idea of this work is to employ the AS to identify possible lower dimensional structures in the parameter space. The complete pipeline involves the use of free form deformation to parametrize and deform the hull shape, the full order solver based on unsteady potential flow theory with fully nonlinear free surface treatment directly interfaced with CAD, the use of dynamic mode decomposition to reconstruct the final steady state given only few snapshots of the simulation, and the reduction of the parameter space by AS, and shared subspace. Response surface method is used to minimize the total drag. %B Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research %I IOS Press %C Trieste, Italy %G eng %U http://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/49270 %R 10.3233/978-1-61499-870-9-569 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %D 2018 %T Model Reduction for Parametrized Optimal Control Problems in Environmental Marine Sciences and Engineering %A Maria Strazzullo %A F. Ballarin %A Mosetti, R. %A Gianluigi Rozza %B SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %V 40 %P B1055-B1079 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/17M1150591 %R 10.1137/17M1150591 %0 Journal Article %J Int. J. Non-Linear Mech. %D 2018 %T Morpho-elastic model of the tortuous tumour vessels %A Davide Riccobelli %A Pasquale Ciarletta %B Int. J. Non-Linear Mech. %I Elsevier BV %V 107 %P 1–9 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Math. Phys %D 2018 %T Noncommutative Painlevé Equations and Systems of Calogero Type %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %A V. Rubtsov %B Comm. Math. Phys %G eng %0 Report %D 2018 %T Non-linear Gross-Pitaevskii dynamics of a 2D binary condensate: a numerical analysis %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Giuseppe Pitton %X We present a numerical study of the two-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii systems in a wide range of relevant regimes of population ratios and intra-species and inter-species interactions. Our numerical method is based on a Fourier collocation scheme in space combined with a fourth order integrating factor scheme in time. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35323 %1 35633 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-09-20T06:04:10Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_35-2018-MATE.pdf: 2536075 bytes, checksum: 323dca7431103028ecadfc71c052f4ed (MD5) %0 Report %D 2018 %T On the notion of parallel transport on RCD spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2018 %T A novel reduced order model for vortex induced vibrations of long flexible cylinders %A Giovanni Stabile %A Hermann G. Matthies %A Claudio Borri %I Elsevier {BV} %V 156 %P 191–207 %8 may %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.02.064 %R 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2018.02.064 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %D 2018 %T Numerical study of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation and dispersive shock waves %A Tamara Grava %A Christian Klein %A Giuseppe Pitton %XA detailed numerical study of the long time behaviour of dispersive shock waves in solutions to the Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KP) I equation is presented. It is shown that modulated lump solutions emerge from the dispersive shock waves. For the description of dispersive shock waves, Whitham modulation equations for KP are obtained. It is shown that the modulation equations near the soliton line are hyperbolic for the KPII equation while they are elliptic for the KPI equation leading to a focusing effect and the formation of lumps. Such a behaviour is similar to the appearance of breathers for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation in the semiclassical limit.

%B Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %V 474 %P 20170458 %G eng %U https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2017.0458 %R 10.1098/rspa.2017.0458 %0 Journal Article %J COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING %D 2018 %T NURBS-SEM: A hybrid spectral element method on NURBS maps for the solution of elliptic PDEs on surfaces %A Giuseppe Pitton %A Luca Heltai %B COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING %V 338 %P 440–462 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.08271 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2018.04.039 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Observables in the equivariant A-model %A Bonechi, F. %A Cattaneo, A.S. %A Riccardo Iraso %A Maxim Zabzine %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.08659 %0 Journal Article %J Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry. Methods and Applications %D 2018 %T Painlevé IV Critical Asymptotics for Orthogonal Polynomials in the Complex Plane %A Marco Bertola %A José Gustavo Elias Rebelo %A Tamara Grava %XWe study the asymptotic behaviour of orthogonal polynomials in the complex plane that are associated to a certain normal matrix model. The model depends on a parameter and the asymptotic distribution of the eigenvalues undergoes a transition for a special value of the parameter, where it develops a corner-type singularity. In the double scaling limit near the transition we determine the asymptotic behaviour of the orthogonal polynomials in terms of a solution of the Painlev´e IV equation. We determine the Fredholm determinant associated to such solution and we compute it numerically on the real line, showing also that the corresponding Painlev´e transcendent is pole-free on a semiaxis.

%B Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry. Methods and Applications %I National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine %V 14 %G eng %R 10.3842/SIGMA.2018.091 %0 Journal Article %J Frontiers in Robotics and AI %D 2018 %T Peristaltic Waves as Optimal Gaits in Metameric Bio-Inspired Robots %A Daniele Agostinelli %A François Alouges %A Antonio DeSimone %K Biomimetic robots %K Crawling motility %K Lumbricus terrestris %K Metameric robots %K Optimization %K Peristalsis %K Self-propulsion %K Soft robotics %X*Peristalsis*, i.e., a motion pattern arising from the propagation of muscle contraction and expansion waves along the body, is a common locomotion strategy for limbless animals. Mimicking peristalsis in bio-inspired robots has attracted considerable attention in the literature. It has recently been observed that maximal velocity in a metameric earthworm-like robot is achieved by actuating the segments using a “phase coordination” principle. This paper shows that, in fact, peristalsis (which requires not only phase coordination, but also that all segments oscillate at same frequency and amplitude) emerges from optimization principles. More precisely, basing our analysis on the assumption of small deformations, we show that peristaltic waves provide the optimal actuation solution in the ideal case of a periodic infinite system, and that this is approximately true, modulo edge effects, for the real, finite length system. Therefore, this paper confirms the effectiveness of mimicking peristalsis in bio-inspired robots, at least in the small-deformation regime. Further research will be required to test the effectiveness of this strategy if large deformations are allowed.

We study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear equation u''+(λa+(t)−μa−(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and sublinear growth at infinity. For λ,μ positive and large, we prove the existence of 3^m−1 positive T-periodic solutions when the weight function a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a T-periodicity interval). As a byproduct of our approach we also provide abundance of positive subharmonic solutions and symbolic dynamics. The proof is based on coincidence degree theory for locally compact operators on open unbounded sets and also applies to Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions. Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Neumann and the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

%B Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. %I American Mathematical Society %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35264 %1 35568 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-11-21T07:53:44Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Contemporary Mathematics %D 2018 %T Positive subharmonic solutions to nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Guglielmo Feltrin %XWe prove that the superlinear indefinite equation u″ + a(t)up = 0, where p > 1 and a(t) is a T-periodic sign-changing function satisfying the (sharp) mean value condition ∫0Ta(t)dt < 0, has positive subharmonic solutions of order k for any large integer k, thus providing a further contribution to a problem raised by Butler in its pioneering paper [Rapid oscillation, nonextendability, and the existence of periodic solutions to second order nonlinear ordinary differential equations, J. Differential Equations 22 (1976) 467–477]. The proof, which applies to a larger class of indefinite equations, combines coincidence degree theory (yielding a positive harmonic solution) with the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem (giving subharmonic solutions oscillating around it).

%B Communications in Contemporary Mathematics %V 20 %P 1750021 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219199717500213 %R 10.1142/S0219199717500213 %0 Journal Article %J SOFT ROBOTICS %D 2018 %T Predicting and Optimizing Microswimmer Performance from the Hydrodynamics of Its Components: The Relevance of Interactions %A Nicola Giuliani %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %B SOFT ROBOTICS %V 5 %P 410–424 %G eng %U https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094362/ %R 10.1089/soro.2017.0099 %0 Journal Article %J NoDEA Nonlinear Differ. Equ. Appl. %D 2018 %T The prescribed mean curvature equation in weakly regular domains %A Leonardi, G. P. %A Saracco, G. %B NoDEA Nonlinear Differ. Equ. Appl. %V 25 %P 9 %G eng %R 10.1007/s00030-018-0500-3 %0 Journal Article %J Reviews in Mathematical Physics %D 2018 %T Principal fibrations over noncommutative spheres %A Michel Dubois-Violette %A Xiao Han %A Giovanni Landi %X We present examples of noncommutative four-spheres that are base spaces of $SU(2)$-principal bundles with noncommutative seven-spheres as total spaces. The noncommutative coordinate algebras of the four-spheres are generated by the entries of a projection which is invariant under the action of $SU(2)$. We give conditions for the components of the Connes–Chern character of the projection to vanish but the second (the top) one. The latter is then a non-zero Hochschild cycle that plays the role of the volume form for the noncommutative four-spheres. %B Reviews in Mathematical Physics %V 30 %P 1850020 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.07032 %R 10.1142/S0129055X18500204 %0 Journal Article %J The Journal of Open Source Software %D 2018 %T PyDMD: Python Dynamic Mode Decomposition %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %B The Journal of Open Source Software %V 3 %P 530 %G eng %U https://joss.theoj.org/papers/734e4326edd5062c6e8ee98d03df9e1d %R 10.21105/joss.00530 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Nonlinear Science %D 2018 %T On the Quasistatic Limit of Dynamic Evolutions for a Peeling Test in Dimension One %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Lorenzo Nardini %XThe aim of this paper is to study the quasistatic limit of a one-dimensional model of dynamic debonding. We start from a dynamic problem that strongly couples the wave equation in a time-dependent domain with Griffith's criterion for the evolution of the domain. Passing to the limit as inertia tends to zero, we find that the limit evolution satisfies a stability condition; however, the activation rule in Griffith's (quasistatic) criterion does not hold in general, thus the limit evolution is not rate-independent.

%B Journal of Nonlinear Science %V 28 %P 269–304 %8 Feb %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00332-017-9407-0 %R 10.1007/s00332-017-9407-0 %0 Report %D 2018 %T On real resonances for the three-dimensional, multi-centre point interaction %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Raffaele Scandone %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %D 2018 %T Recognizing the flat torus among RCD*(0,N) spaces via the study of the first cohomology group %A Nicola Gigli %A Chiara Rigoni %XWe prove that if the dimension of the first cohomology group of a $\mathsf{RCD}^\star (0,N)$ space is $N$, then the space is a flat torus. This generalizes a classical result due to Bochner to the non-smooth setting and also provides a first example where the study of the cohomology groups in such synthetic framework leads to geometric consequences.

%B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %V 57 %P 104 %8 Jun %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-018-1377-z %R 10.1007/s00526-018-1377-z %0 Book Section %B Numerical Methods for PDEs %D 2018 %T Reduced Basis Approximation and A Posteriori Error Estimation: Applications to Elasticity Problems in Several Parametric Settings %A Huynh, D. B. P. %A Federico Pichi %A Gianluigi Rozza %B Numerical Methods for PDEs %V 15 %G eng %U https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-94676-4_8 %R https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94676-4_8 %0 Journal Article %J SEMA SIMAI Springer Series %D 2018 %T Reduced Basis Approximation and A Posteriori Error Estimation: Applications to Elasticity Problems in Several Parametric Settings %A D.B.P. Huynh %A Federico Pichi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we consider (hierarchical, Lagrange) reduced basis approximation and a posteriori error estimation for elasticity problems in affinely parametrized geometries. The essential ingredients of the methodology are: a Galerkin projection onto a low-dimensional space associated with a smooth “parametric manifold”—dimension reduction; an efficient and effective greedy sampling methods for identification of optimal and numerically stable approximations—rapid convergence; an a posteriori error estimation procedures—rigorous and sharp bounds for the functional outputs related with the underlying solution or related quantities of interest, like stress intensity factor; and Offline-Online computational decomposition strategies—minimum marginal cost for high performance in the real-time and many-query (e.g., design and optimization) contexts. We present several illustrative results for linear elasticity problem in parametrized geometries representing 2D Cartesian or 3D axisymmetric configurations like an arc-cantilever beam, a center crack problem, a composite unit cell or a woven composite beam, a multi-material plate, and a closed vessel. We consider different parametrization for the systems: either physical quantities—to model the materials and loads—and geometrical parameters—to model different geometrical configurations—with isotropic and orthotropic materials working in plane stress and plane strain approximation. We would like to underline the versatility of the methodology in very different problems. As last example we provide a nonlinear setting with increased complexity.

%B SEMA SIMAI Springer Series %V 15 %P 203-247 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85055036627&doi=10.1007%2f978-3-319-94676-4_8&partnerID=40&md5=e9c07038e7bcc6668ec702c0653410dc %R 10.1007/978-3-319-94676-4_8 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Reducibility for a class of weakly dispersive linear operators arising from the Degasperis Procesi equation %A Roberto Feola %A Filippo Giuliani %A Michela Procesi %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations %D 2018 %T Regularity estimates for scalar conservation laws in one space dimension %A Elio Marconi %XWe deal with the regularizing effect that, in scalar conservation laws in one space dimension, the nonlinearity of the flux function f has on the entropy solution. More precisely, if the set w : f″(w)≠0 is dense, the regularity of the solution can be expressed in terms of BVΦ spaces, where Φ depends on the nonlinearity of f. If moreover the set w : f″(w) = 0 is finite, under the additional polynomial degeneracy condition at the inflection points, we prove that f′∘ u(t) ∈BV loc(ℝ) for every t > 0 and that this can be improved to SBVloc(ℝ) regularity except an at most countable set of singular times. Finally, we present some examples that show the sharpness of these results and counterexamples to related questions, namely regularity in the kinetic formulation and a property of the fractional BV spaces.

%B Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations %V 15 %P 623-691 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219891618500200 %R 10.1142/S0219891618500200 %0 Journal Article %J J. Funct. Anal. %D 2018 %T Renormalization analysis for degenerate ground states %A Hasler, David %A Markus Lange %B J. Funct. Anal. %V 275 %P 103–148 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2018.03.005 %R 10.1016/j.jfa.2018.03.005 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %D 2018 %T Revealing new dynamical patterns in a reaction&\#x2013;diffusion model with cyclic competition via a novel computational framework %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Morozov, A. Yu. %A Sutton, O. J. %X Understanding how patterns and travelling waves form in chemical and biological reaction–diffusion models is an area which has been widely researched, yet is still experiencing fast development. Surprisingly enough, we still do not have a clear understanding about all possible types of dynamical regimes in classical reaction–diffusion models, such as Lotka–Volterra competition models with spatial dependence. In this study, we demonstrate some new types of wave propagation and pattern formation in a classical three species cyclic competition model with spatial diffusion, which have been so far missed in the literature. These new patterns are characterized by a high regularity in space, but are different from patterns previously known to exist in reaction–diffusion models, and may have important applications in improving our understanding of biological pattern formation and invasion theory. Finding these new patterns is made technically possible by using an automatic adaptive finite element method driven by a novel a posteriori error estimate which is proved to provide a reliable bound for the error of the numerical method. We demonstrate how this numerical framework allows us to easily explore the dynamical patterns in both two and three spatial dimensions. %B Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %V 474 %P 20170608 %G eng %U https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2017.0608 %R 10.1098/rspa.2017.0608 %0 Journal Article %J Rendiconti Lincei-Matematica e Applicazioni %D 2018 %T Second order differentiation formula on RCD(K, N) spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Luca Tamanini %B Rendiconti Lincei-Matematica e Applicazioni %V 29 %P 377–386 %G eng %0 Report %D 2018 %T Second order differentiation formula on RCD*(K,N) spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Luca Tamanini %G eng %0 Conference Paper %B Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research %D 2018 %T Shape Optimization by means of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and Dynamic Mode Decomposition %A Nicola Demo %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluca Gustin %A Gianpiero Lavini %A Gianluigi Rozza %X Shape optimization is a challenging task in many engineering fields, since the numerical solutions of parametric system may be computationally expensive. This work presents a novel optimization procedure based on reduced order modeling, applied to a naval hull design problem. The advantage introduced by this method is that the solution for a specific parameter can be expressed as the combination of few numerical solutions computed at properly chosen parametric points. The reduced model is built using the proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation (PODI) method. We use the free form deformation (FFD) for an automated perturbation of the shape, and the finite volume method to simulate the multiphase incompressible flow around the deformed hulls. Further computational reduction is done by the dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) technique: from few high dimensional snapshots, the system evolution is reconstructed and the final state of the simulation is faithfully approximated. Finally the global optimization algorithm iterates over the reduced space: the approximated drag and lift coefficients are projected to the hull surface, hence the resistance is evaluated for the new hulls until the convergence to the optimal shape is achieved. We will present the results obtained applying the described procedure to a typical Fincantieri cruise ship. %B Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future: Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship & Maritime Research %I IOS Press %C Trieste, Italy %G eng %U http://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/49229 %& 212 %R 10.3233/978-1-61499-870-9-212 %0 Journal Article %J Math. Mech. Solids %D 2018 %T Shape transitions in a soft incompressible sphere with residual stresses %A Davide Riccobelli %A Pasquale Ciarletta %B Math. Mech. Solids %I SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England %V 23 %P 1507–1524 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Numerical Mathematics %D 2018 %T On sinc quadrature approximations of fractional powers of regularly accretive operators %A Bonito, Andrea %A Wenyu Lei %A Joseph E Pasciak %B Journal of Numerical Mathematics %I De Gruyter %G eng %R 10.1515/jnma-2017-0116 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics %D 2018 %T Singular Hartree equation in fractional perturbed Sobolev spaces %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Alessandro Olgiati %A Raffaele Scandone %XWe establish the local and global theory for the Cauchy problem of the singular Hartree equation in three dimensions, that is, the modification of the non-linear Schrödinger equation with Hartree non-linearity, where the linear part is now given by the Hamiltonian of point interaction. The latter is a singular, self-adjoint perturbation of the free Laplacian, modelling a contact interaction at a fixed point. The resulting non-linear equation is the typical effective equation for the dynamics of condensed Bose gases with fixed point-like impurities. We control the local solution theory in the perturbed Sobolev spaces of fractional order between the mass space and the operator domain. We then control the global solution theory both in the mass and in the energy space.

%B Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics %I Taylor & Francis %V 25 %P 558-588 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/14029251.2018.1503423 %R 10.1080/14029251.2018.1503423 %0 Report %D 2018 %T On some rigorous aspects of fragmented condensation %A Daniele Dimonte %A Marco Falconi %A Alessandro Olgiati %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1809.03586 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Physics %D 2018 %T Spectral triples on the Jiang-Su algebra %A Jacopo Bassi %A Ludwik Dabrowski %B Journal of Mathematical Physics %V 59 %P 053507 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026311 %R 10.1063/1.5026311 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Mechanical Sciences %D 2018 %T Spontaneous morphing of equibiaxially pre-stretched elastic bilayers: The role of sample geometry %A Noe Caruso %A Aleksandar Cvetković %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Giovanni Noselli %A Antonio DeSimone %K Bifurcation %K Elastic bilayer %K Pre-stretch %K Shape programming %XAn elastic bilayer, consisting of an equibiaxially pre-stretched sheet bonded to a stress-free one, spontaneously morphs into curved shapes in the absence of external loads or constraints. Using experiments and numerical simulations, we explore the role of geometry for square and rectangular samples in determining the equilibrium shape of the system, for a fixed pre-stretch. We classify the observed shapes over a wide range of aspect ratios according to their curvatures and compare measured and computed values, which show good agreement. In particular, as the bilayer becomes thinner, a bifurcation of the principal curvatures occurs, which separates two scaling regimes for the energy of the system. We characterize the transition between these two regimes and show the peculiar features that distinguish square from rectangular samples. The results for our model bilayer system may help explaining morphing in more complex systems made of active materials.

%B International Journal of Mechanical Sciences %V 149 %P 481-486 %G eng %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020740317311761 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2017.08.049 %0 Conference Paper %B Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future - Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship and Maritime Research %D 2018 %T SRTP 2.0 - The evolution of the safe return to port concept %A D. Cangelosi %A A. Bonvicini %A M. Nardo %A Andrea Mola %A A. Marchese %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn 2010 IMO (International Maritime Organisation) introduced new rules in SOLAS with the aim of intrinsically increase the safety of passenger ships. This requirement is achieved by providing safe areas for passengers and essential services for allowing ship to Safely Return to Port (SRtP). The entry into force of these rules has changed the way to design passenger ships. In this respect big effort in the research has been done by industry to address design issues related to the impact on failure analysis of the complex interactions among systems. Today the research activity is working to bring operational matters in the design stage. This change of research focus was necessary because human factor and the way to operate the ship itself after a casualty on board may have a big impact in the design of the ship/systems. Also the management of the passengers after a casualty is becoming a major topic for safety. This paper presents the state of the art of Italian knowledge in the field of system engineering applied to passenger ship address to safety improvement and design reliability. An overview of present tools and methodologies will be offered together with future focuses in the research activity.

%B Technology and Science for the Ships of the Future - Proceedings of NAV 2018: 19th International Conference on Ship and Maritime Research %G eng %R 10.3233/978-1-61499-870-9-665 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM-ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification %D 2018 %T Stabilized weighted reduced basis methods for parametrized advection dominated problems with random inputs %A D. Torlo %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, we propose viable and eficient strategies for stabilized parametrized advection dominated problems, with random inputs. In particular, we investigate the combination of the wRB (weighted reduced basis) method for stochastic parametrized problems with the stabilized RB (reduced basis) method, which is the integration of classical stabilization methods (streamline/upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) in our case) in the ofine-online structure of the RB method. Moreover, we introduce a reduction method that selectively enables online stabilization; this leads to a sensible reduction of computational costs, while keeping a very good accuracy with respect to high-fdelity solutions. We present numerical test cases to assess the performance of the proposed methods in steady and unsteady problems related to heat transfer phenomena.

%B SIAM-ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification %V 6 %P 1475-1502 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85058246502&doi=10.1137%2f17M1163517&partnerID=40&md5=6c54e2f0eb727cb85060e988486b8ac8 %R 10.1137/17M1163517 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Stochastic homogenisation of free-discontinuity problems %A Filippo Cagnetti %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Lucia Scardia %A Caterina Ida Zeppieri %X In this paper we study the stochastic homogenisation of free-discontinuity functionals. Assuming stationarity for the random volume and surface integrands, we prove the existence of a homogenised random free-discontinuity functional, which is deterministic in the ergodic case. Moreover, by establishing a connection between the deterministic convergence of the functionals at any fixed realisation and the pointwise Subadditive Ergodic Theorem by Akcoglou and Krengel, we characterise the limit volume and surface integrands in terms of asymptotic cell formulas. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35309 %1 35617 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-03-19T09:16:27Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Cag-DM-Sca-Zep-Stochastic.pdf: 427225 bytes, checksum: 758a4e21e1c47b4a34c774f5d4bff8c2 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %D 2018 %T Symplectic invariants for parabolic orbits and cusp singularities of integrable systems %A Alexey Bolsinov %A Lorenzo Guglielmi %A Elena Kudryavtseva %XWe discuss normal forms and symplectic invariants of parabolic orbits and cuspidal tori in integrable Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom. Such singularities appear in many integrable systems in geometry and mathematical physics and can be considered as the simplest example of degenerate singularities. We also suggest some new techniques which apparently can be used for studying symplectic invariants of degenerate singularities of more general type. This article is part of the theme issue ‘Finite dimensional integrable systems: new trends and methods’.

%B Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %V 376 %P 20170424 %G eng %U https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rsta.2017.0424 %R 10.1098/rsta.2017.0424 %0 Report %D 2018 %T Transmission conditions obtained by homogenisation %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Giovanni Franzina %A Davide Zucco %X We study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to variational problems in perforated domains with Neumann boundary conditions. We consider perforations that in the limit concentrate on a smooth manifold. We characterise the limits of the solutions and show that they solve a variational problem with a transmission condition across the manifold. This is expressed through a measure on the manifold, vanishing on sets of capacity zero. Then, we prove that every such measure can be obtained by homogenising suitable perforations. Eventually, we provide an asymptotic formula for this measure by using some auxiliary minimum problems. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35310 %1 35618 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-03-19T09:23:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Fra-Zuc-preprint.pdf: 420855 bytes, checksum: 1c4ce5133a6ab027c50e403c702aa690 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2018 %T Truncation and convergence issues for bounded linear inverse problems in Hilbert space %A Noe Caruso %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Paolo Novati %X We present a general discussion of the main features and issues that (bounded) inverse linear problems in Hilbert space exhibit when the dimension of the space is infinite. This includes the set-up of a consistent notation for inverse problems that are genuinely infinite-dimensional, the analysis of the finite-dimensional truncations, a discussion of the mechanisms why the error or the residual generically fail to vanish in norm, and the identification of practically plausible sufficient conditions for such indicators to be small in some weaker sense. The presentation is based on theoretical results together with a series of model examples and numerical tests. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35326 %1 35637 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-11-20T13:02:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 infinite_dim_truncation_sissapreprint.pdf: 1326956 bytes, checksum: 75a6af69b0bca0c5b9b5283e640d89be (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. (4) %D 2018 %T Two examples of minimal Cheeger sets in the plane %A Leonardi, G. P. %A Saracco, G. %B Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. (4) %V 197 %P 1511–1531 %G eng %R 10.1007/s10231-018-0735-y %0 Conference Paper %B Theory, Numerics and Applications of Hyperbolic Problems I %D 2018 %T On Uniqueness of Weak Solutions to Transport Equation with Non-smooth Velocity Field %A Paolo Bonicatto %E Klingenberg, Christian %E Westdickenberg, Michael %B Theory, Numerics and Applications of Hyperbolic Problems I %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 191–203 %@ 978-3-319-91545-6 %G eng %U https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-91545-6_15 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-91545-6_15 %0 Book Section %B Generalized barycentric coordinates in computer graphics and computational mechanics %D 2018 %T Virtual element methods for elliptic problems on polygonal meshes %A Andrea Cangiani %A Sutton, Oliver J. %A Gyrya, Vitaliy %A Manzini, Gianmarco %B Generalized barycentric coordinates in computer graphics and computational mechanics %I CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL %P 263–279 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Manuscripta Math. %D 2018 %T Weighted Cheeger sets are domains of isoperimetry %A Saracco, G. %B Manuscripta Math. %V 156 %P 371–381 %G eng %R 10.1007/s00229-017-0974-z %0 Journal Article %J Nucl. Phys. B %D 2018 %T Wilson loop and its correlators in the limit of large coupling constant %A Sysoeva, Ekaterina %B Nucl. Phys. B %V 936 %P 383–399 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2018.09.015 %0 Journal Article %J JHEP %D 2018 %T Wilson loops and its correlators with chiral operators in $\mathcalN=2, 4$ SCFT at large $N$ %A Sysoeva, Ekaterina %B JHEP %V 03 %P 155 %G eng %R 10.1007/JHEP03(2018)155 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Engineering Software %D 2018 %T π-BEM : A flexible parallel implementation for adaptive , geometry aware , and high order boundary element methods %A Nicola Giuliani %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %B Advances in Engineering Software %V 121 %P 39–58 %G eng %0 Report %D 2017 %T On the 1D wave equation in time-dependent domains and the problem of debond initiation %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Lorenzo Nardini %XMotivated by a debonding model for a thin film peeled from a substrate, we analyse the one-dimensional wave equation, in a time-dependent domain which is degenerate at the initial time. In the first part of the paper we prove existence for the wave equation when the evolution of the domain is given; in the second part of the paper, the evolution of the domain is unknown and is governed by an energy criterion coupled with the wave equation. Our existence result for such coupled problem is a contribution to the study of crack initiation in dynamic fracture.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35302 %1 35608 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-12-04T07:54:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Laz-Nar-17b-initiation-preprint.pdf: 361257 bytes, checksum: faea0e34829456cb358a72d2020f0db4 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T Almost global existence of solutions for capillarity-gravity water waves equations with periodic spatial boundary conditions %A Massimiliano Berti %A Jean-Marc Delort %X The goal of this monograph is to prove that any solution of the Cauchy problem for the capillarity-gravity water waves equations, in one space dimension, with periodic, even in space, initial data of small size ϵ, is almost globally defined in time on Sobolev spaces, i.e. it exists on a time interval of length of magnitude ϵ−N for any N, as soon as the initial data are smooth enough, and the gravity-capillarity parameters are taken outside an exceptional subset of zero measure. In contrast to the many results known for these equations on the real line, with decaying Cauchy data, one cannot make use of dispersive properties of the linear flow. Instead, our method is based on a normal forms procedure, in order to eliminate those contributions to the Sobolev energy that are of lower degree of homogeneity in the solution. Since the water waves equations are a quasi-linear system, usual normal forms approaches would face the well known problem of losses of derivatives in the unbounded transformations. In this monograph, to overcome such a difficulty, after a paralinearization of the capillarity-gravity water waves equations, necessary to obtain energy estimates, and thus local existence of the solutions, we first perform several paradifferential reductions of the equations to obtain a diagonal system with constant coefficients symbols, up to smoothing remainders. Then we may start with a normal form procedure where the small divisors are compensated by the previous paradifferential regularization.The reversible structure of the water waves equations, and the fact that we look for solutions even in x, guarantees a key cancellation which prevents the growth of the Sobolev norms of the solutions. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35285 %1 35590 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-05-30T09:17:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1702.04674.pdf: 2311619 bytes, checksum: 0765035340f77780899e30e93390092b (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Random Matrices: Theory and Applications %D 2017 %T Analytic geometry of semisimple coalescent Frobenius structures %A Giordano Cotti %A Davide Guzzetti %XWe present some results of a joint paper with Dubrovin (see references), as exposed at the Workshop “Asymptotic and Computational Aspects of Complex Differential Equations” at the CRM in Pisa, in February 2017. The analytical description of semisimple Frobenius manifolds is extended at semisimple coalescence points, namely points with some coalescing canonical coordinates although the corresponding Frobenius algebra is semisimple. After summarizing and revisiting the theory of the monodromy local invariants of semisimple Frobenius manifolds, as introduced by Dubrovin, it is shown how the definition of monodromy data can be extended also at semisimple coalescence points. Furthermore, a local Isomonodromy theorem at semisimple coalescence points is presented. Some examples of computation are taken from the quantum cohomologies of complex Grassmannians.

%B Random Matrices: Theory and Applications %V 06 %P 1740004 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S2010326317400044 %R 10.1142/S2010326317400044 %0 Journal Article %J Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. %D 2017 %T An application of coincidence degree theory to cyclic feedback type systems associated with nonlinear differential operators %A Guglielmo Feltrin %A Fabio Zanolin %B Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. %I Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies %V 50 %P 683–726 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.12775/TMNA.2017.038 %R 10.12775/TMNA.2017.038 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Scientific Computing %D 2017 %T On the Application of Reduced Basis Methods to Bifurcation Problems in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics %A Giuseppe Pitton %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this paper we apply a reduced basis framework for the computation of flow bifurcation (and stability) problems in fluid dynamics. The proposed method aims at reducing the complexity and the computational time required for the construction of bifurcation and stability diagrams. The method is quite general since it can in principle be specialized to a wide class of nonlinear problems, but in this work we focus on an application in incompressible fluid dynamics at low Reynolds numbers. The validation of the reduced order model with the full order computation for a benchmark cavity flow problem is promising.

%B Journal of Scientific Computing %G eng %R 10.1007/s10915-017-0419-6 %0 Journal Article %J J. Comput. Appl. Math. %D 2017 %T The approximation of parabolic equations involving fractional powers of elliptic operators %A Bonito, Andrea %A Wenyu Lei %A Joseph E Pasciak %B J. Comput. Appl. Math. %V 315 %P 32–48 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2016.10.016 %R 10.1016/j.cam.2016.10.016 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2017 %T An avoiding cones condition for the Poincaré–Birkhoff Theorem %A Alessandro Fonda %A Paolo Gidoni %K Avoiding cones condition %K Hamiltonian systems %K Periodic solutions %K Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem %XWe provide a geometric assumption which unifies and generalizes the conditions proposed in [11], [12], so to obtain a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point Theorem for Poincaré maps of Hamiltonian systems.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 262 %P 1064 - 1084 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616303278 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2016.10.002 %0 Book Section %B Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations %D 2017 %T Certified Reduced Basis Method for Affinely Parametric Isogeometric Analysis NURBS Approximation %A Denis Devaud %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we apply reduced basis methods for parametric PDEs to an isogeometric formulation based on

NURBS. The motivation for this work is an integrated and complete work pipeline from CAD to parametrization

of domain geometry, then from full order to certified reduced basis solution. IsoGeometric Analysis

(IGA) is a growing research theme in scientic computing and computational mechanics, as well as reduced

basis methods for parametric PDEs. Their combination enhances the solution of some class of problems,

especially the ones characterized by parametrized geometries we introduced in this work. For a general

overview on Reduced Basis (RB) methods we recall [7, 15] and on IGA [3]. This work wants to demonstrate

that it is also possible for some class of problems to deal with ane geometrical parametrization combined

with a NURBS IGA formulation. This is what this work brings as original ingredients with respect to other

works dealing with reduced order methods and IGA (set in a non-affine formulation, and using a POD [2]

sampling without certication: see for example for potential flows [12] and for Stokes flows [17]). In this work

we show a certication of accuracy and a complete integration between IGA formulation and parametric

certified greedy RB formulation. Section 2 recalls the abstract setting for parametrized PDEs, Section 3

recalls IGA setting, Section 4 deals with RB formulation, and Section 5 illustrates two numerical examples in heat transfer with different parametrization.

%B Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations %7 Bittencourt, Dumont, Hesthaven. (Eds). %I Springer %C Heildeberg %V 119 %@ 978-3-319-65869-8 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis %D 2017 %T On a certified smagorinsky reduced basis turbulence model %A Rebollo, T.C. %A E.D. Ávila %A Marmol, M.G. %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %B SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis %V 55 %P 3047-3067 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85039928218&doi=10.1137%2f17M1118233&partnerID=40&md5=221d9cd2bcc74121fcef93efd9d3d76c %R 10.1137/17M1118233 %0 Journal Article %J Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations %D 2017 %T The Cheeger constant of a Jordan domain without necks %A Leonardi, G. P. %A Neumayer, R. %A Saracco, G. %B Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations %V 56 %P 164 %G eng %R 10.1007/s00526-017-1263-0 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2017 %T Clifford Tori and the singularly perturbed Cahn–Hilliard equation %A Matteo Rizzi %K Cahn–Hilliard equation %K Clifford Torus %K Lyapunov–Schmidt reduction %K Willmore surface %XIn this paper we construct entire solutions uε to the Cahn–Hilliard equation −ε2Δ(−ε2Δu+W′(u))+W″(u)(−ε2Δu+W′(u))=ε4λε(1−uε), under the volume constraint ∫R3(1−uε)2dx=82π2cε, with cε→1 as ε→0, whose nodal set approaches the Clifford Torus, that is the Torus with radii of ratio 1/2 embedded in R3, as ε→0. It is crucial that the Clifford Torus is a Willmore hypersurface and it is non-degenerate, up to conformal transformations. The proof is based on the Lyapunov–Schmidt reduction and on careful geometric expansions of the Laplacian.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 262 %P 5306 - 5362 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039617300530 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2017.01.026 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Complex Friedrichs systems and applications %A Nenad Antonić %A Krešimir Burazin %A Ivana Crnjac %A Marko Erceg %X We provide a suitable extension of the theory of abstract Friedrichs systems from real Hilbert spaces to the complex Hilbert space setting, which allows for applications to partial differential equations with complex coeffcients. We also provide examples where the involved Hilbert space is not the space of square integrable functions, as it was the case in previous works, but rather its closed subspace or the space Hs(Rd;Cr), for real s. This setting appears to be suitable for particular systems of partial differential equations, such as the Dirac system, the Dirac-Klein-Gordon system, the Dirac-Maxwell system, and the time-harmonic Maxwell system, which are all addressed in the paper. Moreover, for the time-harmonic Maxwell system we also applied a suitable version of the two-field theory with partial coercivity assumption which is developed in the paper. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35270 %1 35576 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-01-20T12:35:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 antonic_burazin_crnjac_erceg2016_preprint.pdf: 308035 bytes, checksum: 7c8e2264f51ab9699c6cbe9585fc047a (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Computational Physics %D 2017 %T Computational reduction strategies for the detection of steady bifurcations in incompressible fluid-dynamics: Applications to Coanda effect in cardiology %A Giuseppe Pitton %A Annalisa Quaini %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Parametrized Navier–Stokes equations %K Reduced basis method %K Stability of flows %K Symmetry breaking bifurcation %XWe focus on reducing the computational costs associated with the hydrodynamic stability of solutions of the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations for a Newtonian and viscous fluid in contraction–expansion channels. In particular, we are interested in studying steady bifurcations, occurring when non-unique stable solutions appear as physical and/or geometric control parameters are varied. The formulation of the stability problem requires solving an eigenvalue problem for a partial differential operator. An alternative to this approach is the direct simulation of the flow to characterize the asymptotic behavior of the solution. Both approaches can be extremely expensive in terms of computational time. We propose to apply Reduced Order Modeling (ROM) techniques to reduce the demanding computational costs associated with the detection of a type of steady bifurcations in fluid dynamics. The application that motivated the present study is the onset of asymmetries (i.e., symmetry breaking bifurcation) in blood flow through a regurgitant mitral valve, depending on the Reynolds number and the regurgitant mitral valve orifice shape.

We present a novel quasi-Newton continuation procedure that efficiently solves the system of nonlinear equations arising from the discretization of a phase field model for wetting phenomena. We perform a comparative numerical analysis that shows the improved speed of convergence gained with respect to other numerical schemes. Moreover, we discuss the conditions that, on a theoretical level, guarantee the convergence of this method. At each iterative step, a suitable continuation procedure develops and passes to the nonlinear solver an accurate initial guess. Discretization performs through cell-centered finite differences. The resulting system of equations is solved on a composite grid that uses dynamic mesh refinement and multi-grid techniques. The final code achieves three-dimensional, realistic computer experiments comparable to those produced in laboratory settings. This code offers not only new insights into the phenomenology of super-hydrophobicity, but also serves as a reliable predictive tool for the study of hydrophobic surfaces.

%B Journal of Computational Physics %V 344 %P 247 - 259 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002199911730356X %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2017.04.068 %0 Journal Article %J IMA J. Numer. Anal. %D 2017 %T Conforming and nonconforming virtual element methods for elliptic problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A Manzini, Gianmarco %A Sutton, Oliver J. %B IMA J. Numer. Anal. %V 37 %P 1317–1354 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1093/imanum/drw036 %R 10.1093/imanum/drw036 %0 Report %D 2017 %T On contact interactions realised as Friedrichs systems %A Marko Erceg %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X We realise the Hamiltonians of contact interactions in quantum mechanics within the framework of abstract Friedrichs systems. In particular, we show that the construction of the self-adjoint (or even only closed) operators of contact interaction supported at a fixed point can be associated with the construction of the bijective realisations of a suitable pair of abstract Friedrich operators. In this respect, the Hamiltonians of contact interaction provide novel examples of abstract Friedrich systems. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35298 %1 35604 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-10-10T11:23:22Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_48-2017-MATE.pdf: 431531 bytes, checksum: 0368c692a322778cda197c49c320b3a6 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Procedia engineering %D 2017 %T Coupling effects on the dynamic response of moored floating platforms for offshore wind energy plants %A Giusti, Alessandro %A Giovanni Stabile %A Marino, Enzo %A Claudio Borri %B Procedia engineering %I Elsevier %V 199 %P 3194–3199 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.09.527 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Analysis %D 2017 %T Curvature terms in small time heat kernel expansion for a model class of hypoelliptic Hörmander operators %A Davide Barilari %A Elisa Paoli %K Curvature %K Hypoelliptic heat equation %K Small time asymptotics %XWe consider the heat equation associated with a class of second order hypoelliptic Hörmander operators with constant second order term and linear drift. We completely describe the small time heat kernel expansions on the diagonal giving a geometric characterization of the coefficients in terms of the divergence of the drift field and the curvature-like invariants of the optimal control problem associated with the diffusion operator.

%B Nonlinear Analysis %V 164 %P 118 - 134 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X17302298 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2017.09.002 %0 Journal Article %J Engineering with Computers %D 2017 %T Curvature-adapted remeshing of CAD surfaces %A Franco Dassi %A Andrea Mola %A Hang Si %B Engineering with Computers %I Springer Nature %V 34 %P 565–576 %8 dec %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-017-0558-2 %R 10.1007/s00366-017-0558-2 %0 Journal Article %J JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS %D 2017 %T The deal.II Library, Version 8.5 %A Daniel Arndt %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Denis Davydov %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Jean-Paul Pelteret %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %B JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS %V 25 %P 137–145 %G eng %U https://www.dealii.org/deal85-preprint.pdf %R 10.1515/jnma-2017-0058 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Derivation of a rod theory from lattice systems with interactions beyond nearest neighbours %A Roberto Alicandro %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Mariapia Palombaro %X We study continuum limits of discrete models for (possibly heterogeneous) nanowires. The lattice energy includes at least nearest and next-to-nearest neighbour interactions: the latter have the role of penalising changes of orientation. In the heterogeneous case, we obtain an estimate on the minimal energy spent to match different equilibria. This gives insight into the nucleation of dislocations in epitaxially grown heterostructured nanowires. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35269 %1 35575 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-01-16T12:46:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Lazzaroni_Preprint_58_2016.pdf: 305384 bytes, checksum: 9e6300f0e04681ca5ebd4b457ddea10e (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T Discrete spectra for critical Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonians %A Matteo Gallone %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X The one-particle Dirac Hamiltonian with Coulomb interaction is known to be realised, in a regime of large (critical) couplings, by an infinite multiplicity of distinct self-adjoint operators, including a distinguished physically most natural one. For the latter, Sommerfeld’s celebrated fine structure formula provides the well-known expression for the eigenvalues in the gap of the continuum spectrum. Exploiting our recent general classification of all other self-adjoint realisations, we generalise Sommerfeld’s formula so as to determine the discrete spectrum of all other self-adjoint versions of the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian. Such discrete spectra display naturally a fibred structure, whose bundle covers the whole gap of the continuum spectrum. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35300 %1 35606 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-11-06T14:27:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_44-2017-MATE.pdf: 1573857 bytes, checksum: 728e94322471701d89ed5741cda85d99 (MD5) %0 Book Section %B Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems %D 2017 %T Dispersive Estimates for Schrödinger Operators with Point Interactions in ℝ3 %A Felice Iandoli %A Raffaele Scandone %E Alessandro Michelangeli %E Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %XThe study of dispersive properties of Schrödinger operators with point interactions is a fundamental tool for understanding the behavior of many body quantum systems interacting with very short range potential, whose dynamics can be approximated by non linear Schrödinger equations with singular interactions. In this work we proved that, in the case of one point interaction in $\mathbb{R}^3$, the perturbed Laplacian satisfies the same $L^p$−$L^q$ estimates of the free Laplacian in the smaller regime $q \in [2,3)$. These estimates are implied by a recent result concerning the Lpboundedness of the wave operators for the perturbed Laplacian. Our approach, however, is more direct and relatively simple, and could potentially be useful to prove optimal weighted estimates also in the regime $q \geq 3$.

%B Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 187–199 %@ 978-3-319-58904-6 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_11 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_11 %0 Report %D 2017 %T On the effect of interactions beyond nearest neighbours on non-convex lattice systems %A Roberto Alicandro %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Mariapia Palombaro %X We analyse the rigidity of non-convex discrete energies where at least nearest and next-to-nearest neighbour interactions are taken into account. Our purpose is to show that interactions beyond nearest neighbours have the role of penalising changes of orientation and, to some extent, they may replace the positive-determinant constraint that is usually required when only nearest neighbours are accounted for. In a discrete to continuum setting, we prove a compactness result for a family of surface-scaled energies and we give bounds on its possible Gamma-limit in terms of interfacial energies that penalise changes of orientation. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35268 %1 35574 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-01-16T12:38:33Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Lazzaroni_preprint_57_2016.pdf: 249941 bytes, checksum: e60963aab015e1fc146068240f824f79 (MD5) %0 Book Section %B Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems %D 2017 %T Effective Non-linear Dynamics of Binary Condensates and Open Problems %A Alessandro Olgiati %E Alessandro Michelangeli %E Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %XWe report on a recent result concerning the effective dynamics for a mixture of Bose-Einstein condensates, a class of systems much studied in physics and receiving a large amount of attention in the recent literature in mathematical physics; for such models, the effective dynamics is described by a coupled system of non-linear Schödinger equations. After reviewing and commenting our proof in the mean-field regime from a previous paper, we collect the main details needed to obtain the rigorous derivation of the effective dynamics in the Gross-Pitaevskii scaling limit.

%B Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 239–256 %@ 978-3-319-58904-6 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_14 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_14 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Elliptic diffeomorphisms of symplectic 4-manifolds %A Vsevolod Shevchishin %A Gleb Smirnov %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/pdf/1708.01518.pdf %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %D 2017 %T Energy release rate and quasi-static evolution via vanishing viscosity in a fracture model depending on the crack opening %A Stefano Almi %XIn the setting of planar linearized elasticity, we study a fracture model depending on the crack opening. Assuming that the crack path is known a priori and sufficiently smooth, we prove that the energy release rate is well defined. Then, we consider the problem of quasi-static evolution for our model. Thanks to a vanishing viscosity approach, we show the existence of such an evolution satisfying a weak Griffith’s criterion.

%B ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %I EDP Sciences %V 23 %P 791–826 %8 05/2017 %G eng %U https://www.esaim-cocv.org/component/article?access=doi&doi=10.1051/cocv/2016014 %R 10.1051/cocv/2016014 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Friedrichs systems in a Hilbert space framework: solvability and multiplicity %A Nenad Antonić %A Marko Erceg %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X The Friedrichs (1958) theory of positive symmetric systems of first order partial differential equations encompasses many standard equations of mathematical physics, irrespective of their type. This theory was recast in an abstract Hilbert space setting by Ern, Guermond and Caplain (2007), and by Antonić and Burazin (2010). In this work we make a further step, presenting a purely operator-theoretic description of abstract Friedrichs systems, and proving that any pair of abstract Friedrichs operators admits bijective extensions with a signed boundary map. Moreover, we provide suffcient and necessary conditions for existence of infinitely many such pairs of spaces, and by the universal operator extension theory (Grubb, 1968) we get a complete identification of all such pairs, which we illustrate on two concrete one-dimensional examples. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35280 %1 35587 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-04-11T07:42:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_16-2017-MATE.pdf: 323262 bytes, checksum: 17892409d83085ec46707fac64056fc1 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T Gamma-Convergence of Free-discontinuity problems %A Filippo Cagnetti %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Lucia Scardia %A Caterina Ida Zeppieri %X We study the Gamma-convergence of sequences of free-discontinuity functionals depending on vector-valued functions u which can be discontinuous across hypersurfaces whose shape and location are not known a priori. The main novelty of our result is that we work under very general assumptions on the integrands which, in particular, are not required to be periodic in the space variable. Further, we consider the case of surface integrands which are not bounded from below by the amplitude of the jump of u. We obtain three main results: compactness with respect to Gamma-convergence, representation of the Gamma-limit in an integral form and identification of its integrands, and homogenisation formulas without periodicity assumptions. In particular, the classical case of periodic homogenisation follows as a by-product of our analysis. Moreover, our result covers also the case of stochastic homogenisation, as we will show in a forthcoming paper. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35276 %1 35583 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-03-20T13:20:54Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Cag-DM-Sca-Zep-sissa.pdf: 494285 bytes, checksum: 0da567323c828153382b08fc0f967af4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Geometry and Physics %D 2017 %T Gauge theories on compact toric surfaces, conformal field theories and equivariant Donaldson invariants %A Mikhail Bershtein %A Giulio Bonelli %A Massimiliano Ronzani %A Alessandro Tanzini %K AGT %K Donaldson invariants %K Equivariant localization %K Exact partition function %K Supersymmetry %K Virasoro conformal blocks %XWe show that equivariant Donaldson polynomials of compact toric surfaces can be calculated as residues of suitable combinations of Virasoro conformal blocks, by building on AGT correspondence between $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories and two-dimensional conformal field theory. Talk presented by A.T. at the conference Interactions between Geometry and Physics — in honor of Ugo Bruzzo’s 60th birthday 17–22 August 2015, Guarujá, São Paulo, Brazil, mostly based on Bawane et al. (0000) and Bershtein et al. (0000).

%B Journal of Geometry and Physics %V 118 %P 40 - 50 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0393044017300165 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomphys.2017.01.012 %0 Journal Article %J Rev. Mat. Iberoam. %D 2017 %T On the generalized Cheeger problem and an application to 2d strips %A Pratelli, A. %A Saracco, G. %B Rev. Mat. Iberoam. %V 33 %P 219–237 %G eng %R 10.4171/RMI/934 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: COCV %D 2017 %T On the genesis of directional friction through bristle-like mediating elements %A Paolo Gidoni %A Antonio DeSimone %XWe propose an explanation of the genesis of directional dry friction, as emergent property of the oscillations produced in a bristle-like mediating element by the interaction with microscale fluctuations on the surface. Mathematically, we extend a convergence result by Mielke, for Prandtl–Tomlinson-like systems, considering also non-homothetic scalings of a wiggly potential. This allows us to apply the result to some simple mechanical models, that exemplify the interaction of a bristle with a surface having small fluctuations. We find that the resulting friction is the product of two factors: a geometric one, depending on the bristle angle and on the fluctuation profile, and a energetic one, proportional to the normal force exchanged between the bristle-like element and the surface. Finally, we apply our result to discuss the with the nap/against the nap asymmetry.

%B ESAIM: COCV %V 23 %P 1023-1046 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1051/cocv/2017030 %R 10.1051/cocv/2017030 %0 Journal Article %J Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %D 2017 %T Globally stable quasistatic evolution for strain gradient plasticity coupled with damage %A Vito Crismale %XWe consider evolutions for a material model which couples scalar damage with strain gradient plasticity, in small strain assumptions. For strain gradient plasticity, we follow the Gurtin–Anand formulation (J Mech Phys Solids 53:1624–1649, 2005). The aim of the present model is to account for different phenomena: On the one hand, the elastic stiffness reduces and the plastic yield surface shrinks due to material's degradation, on the other hand the dislocation density affects the damage growth. The main result of this paper is the existence of a globally stable quasistatic evolution (in the so-called energetic formulation). Furthermore, we study the limit model as the strain gradient terms tend to zero. Under stronger regularity assumptions, we show that the evolutions converge to the ones for the coupled elastoplastic damage model studied in Crismale (ESAIM Control Optim Calc Var 22:883-912, 2016).

%B Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %V 196 %P 641–685 %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-016-0590-7 %R 10.1007/s10231-016-0590-7 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics %D 2017 %T Gross-Pitaevskii non-linear dynamics for pseudo-spinor condensates %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Alessandro Olgiati %XWe derive the equations for the non-linear effective dynamics of a so called pseudo-spinor Bose-Einstein condensate, which emerges from the linear many-body Schrödinger equation at the leading order in the number of particles. The considered system is a three-dimensional diluted gas of identical bosons with spin, possibly confined in space, and coupled with an external time-dependent magnetic field; particles also interact among themselves through a short-scale repulsive interaction. The limit of infinitely many particles is monitored in the physically relevant Gross-Pitaevskii scaling. In our main theorem, if at time zero the system is in a phase of complete condensation (at the level of the reduced one-body marginal) and with energy per particle fixed by the Gross-Pitaevskii functional, then such conditions persist also at later times, with the one-body orbital of the condensate evolving according to a system of non-linear cubic Schrödinger equations coupled among themselves through linear (Rabi) terms. The proof relies on an adaptation to the spinor setting of Pickl’s projection counting method developed for the scalar case. Quantitative rates of convergence are available, but not made explicit because evidently non-optimal. In order to substantiate the formalism and the assumptions made in the main theorem, in an introductory section we review the mathematical formalisation of modern typical experiments with pseudo-spinor condensates.

%B Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics %I Taylor & Francis %V 24 %P 426-464 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/14029251.2017.1346348 %R 10.1080/14029251.2017.1346348 %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %D 2017 %T Homotopically invisible singular curves %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Francesco Boarotto %A Antonio Lerario %B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %V 56 %P 105 %8 Jul %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-017-1203-z %R 10.1007/s00526-017-1203-z %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Analysis and Geometry %D 2017 %T Homotopy properties of horizontal path spaces and a theorem of Serre in subriemannian geometry %A Francesco Boarotto %A Antonio Lerario %B Communications in Analysis and Geometry %I International Press of Boston %V 25 %P 269–301 %G eng %R 10.4310/CAG.2017.v25.n2.a1 %0 Book %B SpringerBriefs in Mathematics %D 2017 %T $hp$-version discontinuous Galerkin methods on polygonal and polyhedral meshes %A Andrea Cangiani %A Dong, Zhaonan %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Houston, Paul %B SpringerBriefs in Mathematics %I Springer, Cham %P viii+131 %@ 978-3-319-67671-5; 978-3-319-67673-9 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Sci. Comput. %D 2017 %T $hp$-version space-time discontinuous Galerkin methods for parabolic problems on prismatic meshes %A Andrea Cangiani %A Dong, Zhaonan %A E.H. Georgoulis %B SIAM J. Sci. Comput. %V 39 %P A1251–A1279 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/16M1073285 %R 10.1137/16M1073285 %0 Journal Article %J ArXiv e-prints %D 2017 %T The injectivity radius of Lie manifolds %A Paolo Antonini %A Guido De Philippis %A Nicola Gigli %K (58J40) %K 53C21 %K Mathematics - Differential Geometry %XWe prove in a direct, geometric way that for any compatible Riemannian metric on a Lie manifold the injectivity radius is positive

%B ArXiv e-prints %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.07595.pdf %0 Journal Article %J Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems %D 2017 %T Integrability of dominated decompositions on three-dimensional manifolds %A Stefano Luzzatto %A Sina Türeli %A Khadim Mbacke War %X

We investigate the integrability of two-dimensional invariant distributions (tangent sub-bundles) which arise naturally in the context of dynamical systems on 3-manifolds. In particular, we prove unique integrability of dynamically dominated and volume-dominated Lipschitz continuous invariant decompositions as well as distributions with some other regularity conditions.

Inspired by the work of Molino, we show that the integrability obstruction for transitive Lie algebroids can be made to vanish by adding extra dimensions. In particular, we prove that the Weinstein groupoid of a non-integrable transitive and abelian Lie algebroid, is the quotient of a finite dimensional Lie groupoid. Two constructions as such are given: First, explaining the counterexample to integrability given by Almeida and Molino, we see that it can be generalized to the construction of an "Almeida-Molino" integrable lift when the base manifold is simply connected. On the other hand, we notice that the classical de Rham isomorphism provides a universal integrable algebroid. Using it we construct a "de Rham" integrable lift for any given transitive Abelian Lie algebroid.

%B ArXiv e-prints %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/pdf/1707.04855.pdf %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences %D 2017 %T Kinematics of flagellar swimming in Euglena gracilis: Helical trajectories and flagellar shapes %A Massimiliano Rossi %A Giancarlo Cicconofri %A Alfred Beran %A Giovanni Noselli %A Antonio DeSimone %X Active flagella provide the propulsion mechanism for a large variety of swimming eukaryotic microorganisms, from protists to sperm cells. Planar and helical beating patterns of these structures are recurrent and widely studied. The fast spinning motion of the locomotory flagellum of the alga Euglena gracilis constitutes a remarkable exception to these patterns. We report a quantitative description of the 3D flagellar beating in swimming E. gracilis. Given their complexity, these shapes cannot be directly imaged with current microscopy techniques. We show how to overcome these limitations by developing a method to reconstruct in full the 3D kinematics of the cell from conventional 2D microscopy images, based on the exact characterization of the helical motion of the cell body.The flagellar swimming of euglenids, which are propelled by a single anterior flagellum, is characterized by a generalized helical motion. The 3D nature of this swimming motion, which lacks some of the symmetries enjoyed by more common model systems, and the complex flagellar beating shapes that power it make its quantitative description challenging. In this work, we provide a quantitative, 3D, highly resolved reconstruction of the swimming trajectories and flagellar shapes of specimens of Euglena gracilis. We achieved this task by using high-speed 2D image recordings taken with a conventional inverted microscope combined with a precise characterization of the helical motion of the cell body to lift the 2D data to 3D trajectories. The propulsion mechanism is discussed. Our results constitute a basis for future biophysical research on a relatively unexplored type of eukaryotic flagellar movement. %B Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences %V 114 %P 13085-13090 %G eng %U https://www.pnas.org/content/114/50/13085 %R 10.1073/pnas.1708064114 %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Math. Phys %D 2017 %T The Kontsevich matrix integral: convergence to the Painlevé hierarchy and Stokes' phenomenon %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %B Comm. Math. Phys %V DOI 10.1007/s00220-017-2856-3 %G eng %U http://arxiv.org/abs/1603.06420 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Krein-Visik-Birman self-adjoint extension theory revisited %A Matteo Gallone %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Andrea Ottolini %X The core results of the so-called KreIn-Visik-Birman theory of self-adjoint extensions of semi-bounded symmetric operators are reproduced, both in their original and in a more modern formulation, within a comprehensive discussion that includes missing details, elucidative steps, and intermediate results of independent interest. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35286 %1 35591 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-05-31T08:18:47Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Gallone-Michelangeli-Ottolini-KVB.pdf: 675862 bytes, checksum: 325168fcaae89a9faedde0e5c32e69a7 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T A Lagrangian approach for scalar multi-d conservation laws %A Stefano Bianchini %A Paolo Bonicatto %A Elio Marconi %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35290 %1 35596 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-08-08T08:57:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 main.pdf: 427188 bytes, checksum: 8ab383e6ab2a6dcbf06a22d007db5dda (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Contemporary Mathematics. Fundamental Directions %D 2017 %T Lagrangian representations for linear and nonlinear transport %A Stefano Bianchini %A Paolo Bonicatto %A Elio Marconi %XIn this note we present a unifying approach for two classes of first order partial differential equations: we introduce the notion of Lagrangian representation in the settings of continuity equation and scalar conservation laws. This yields, on the one hand, the uniqueness of weak solutions to transport equation driven by a two dimensional BV nearly incompressible vector field. On the other hand, it is proved that the entropy dissipation measure for scalar conservation laws in one space dimension is concentrated on countably many Lipschitz curves.

%B Contemporary Mathematics. Fundamental Directions %I Peoples' Friendship University of Russia %V 63 %P 418–436 %G eng %U http://www.mathnet.ru/php/archive.phtml?wshow=paper&jrnid=cmfd&paperid=327&option_lang=eng %R 10.22363/2413-3639-2017-63-3-418-436 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: COCV %D 2017 %T Limit of viscous dynamic processes in delamination as the viscosity and inertia vanish %A Riccardo Scala %XWe introduce a model of dynamic evolution of a delaminated visco-elastic body with viscous adhesive. We prove the existence of solutions of the corresponding system of PDEs and then study the behavior of such solutions when the data of the problem vary slowly. We prove that a rescaled version of the dynamic evolutions converge to a “local” quasistatic evolution, which is an evolution satisfying an energy inequality and a momentum balance at all times. In the one-dimensional case we give a more detailed description of the limit evolution and we show that it behaves in a very similar way to the limit of the solutions of the dynamic model in [T. Roubicek, SIAM J. Math. Anal. 45 (2013) 101–126], where no viscosity in the adhesive is taken into account.

%B ESAIM: COCV %V 23 %P 593-625 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1051/cocv/2016006 %R 10.1051/cocv/2016006 %0 Journal Article %D 2017 %T Linear Hyperbolic Systems in Domains with Growing Cracks %A Maicol Caponi %XWe consider the hyperbolic system ü$${ - {\rm div} (\mathbb{A} \nabla u) = f}$$in the time varying cracked domain $${\Omega \backslash \Gamma_t}$$, where the set $${\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d}$$is open, bounded, and with Lipschitz boundary, the cracks $${\Gamma_t, t \in [0, T]}$$, are closed subsets of $${\bar{\Omega}}$$, increasing with respect to inclusion, and $${u(t) : \Omega \backslash \Gamma_t \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d}$$for every $${t \in [0, T]}$$. We assume the existence of suitable regular changes of variables, which reduce our problem to the transformed system v̈$${ - {\rm div} (\mathbb{B}\nabla v) + a\nabla v - 2 \nabla \dot{v}b = g}$$on the fixed domain $${\Omega \backslash \Gamma_0}$$. Under these assumptions, we obtain existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for these two problems. Moreover, we show an energy equality for the functions v, which allows us to prove a continuous dependence result for both systems. The same study has already been carried out in [3, 7] in the scalar case.

%V 85 %P 149 - 185 %8 2017/06/01 %@ 1424-9294 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00032-017-0268-7 %N 1 %! Milan Journal of Mathematics %0 Report %D 2017 %T Linearisation of multiwell energies %A Roberto Alicandro %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Mariapia Palombaro %X Linear elasticity can be rigorously derived from finite elasticity under the assumption of small loadings in terms of Gamma-convergence. This was first done in the case of one-well energies with super-quadratic growth and later generalised to different settings, in particular to the case of multi-well energies where the distance between the wells is very small (comparable to the size of the load). In this paper we study the case when the distance between the wells is independent of the size of the load. In this context linear elasticity can be derived by adding to the multi-well energy a singular higher order term which penalises jumps from one well to another. The size of the singular term has to satisfy certain scaling assumptions whose optimality is shown in most of the cases. Finally, the derivation of linear elasticty from a two-well discrete model is provided, showing that the role of the singular perturbation term is played in this setting by interactions beyond nearest neighbours. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35288 %1 35594 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-06-22T09:07:10Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ADMLP_linear.pdf: 364014 bytes, checksum: 305b4dcf6f1ee7c09e6747b7378ae58c (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Calculus of Variations %D 2017 %T Lower semicontinuity of a class of integral functionals on the space of functions of bounded deformation %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Gianluca Orlando %A Rodica Toader %XWe study the lower semicontinuity of some free discontinuity functionals with linear growth defined on the space of functions with bounded deformation. The volume term is convex and depends only on the Euclidean norm of the symmetrized gradient. We introduce a suitable class of surface terms, which make the functional lower semicontinuous with respect to $L^1$ convergence.

%B Advances in Calculus of Variations %I De Gruyter %V 10 %P 183–207 %G eng %R 10.1515/acv-2015-0036 %0 Journal Article %J Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées %D 2017 %T A lower semicontinuity result for a free discontinuity functional with a boundary term %A Stefano Almi %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Rodica Toader %XWe study the lower semicontinuity in $GSBV^{p}(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^{m})$ of a free discontinuity functional $\mathcal{F}(u)$ that can be written as the sum of a crack term, depending only on the jump set $S_{u}$, and of a boundary term, depending on the trace of $u$ on $\partial\Omega$. We give sufficient conditions on the integrands for the lower semicontinuity of $\mathcal{F}$. Moreover, we prove a relaxation result, which shows that, if these conditions are not satisfied, the lower semicontinuous envelope of $\mathcal{F}$ can be represented by the sum of two integrals on $S_{u}$ and $\partial\Omega$, respectively.

%B Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées %V 108 %P 952-990 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/15979 %N 6 %1 34731 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by salmi@sissa.it (salmi@sissa.it) on 2015-12-15T14:37:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Alm-DM-Toa-15-sissa.pdf: 351559 bytes, checksum: b6adddc4944478676c7d4b34028a347c (MD5) %& 952 %R 10.1016/j.matpur.2017.05.018 %0 Journal Article %J SIGMA Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl. %D 2017 %T The Malgrange form and Fredholm determinants %A Marco Bertola %B SIGMA Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl. %V 13 %P Paper No. 046, 12 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2017.046 %R 10.3842/SIGMA.2017.046 %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Math. Phys. %D 2017 %T Maximal amplitudes of finite-gap solutions for the focusing Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Tovbis %B Comm. Math. Phys. %V 354 %P 525–547 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00220-017-2895-9 %R 10.1007/s00220-017-2895-9 %0 Journal Article %J Analysis and Mathematical Physics %D 2017 %T Mean-field quantum dynamics for a mixture of Bose–Einstein condensates %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Alessandro Olgiati %XWe study the effective time evolution of a large quantum system consisting of a mixture of different species of identical bosons in interaction. If the system is initially prepared so as to exhibit condensation in each component, we prove that condensation persists at later times and we show quantitatively that the many-body Schrödinger dynamics is effectively described by a system of coupled cubic non-linear Schrödinger equations, one for each component.

%B Analysis and Mathematical Physics %V 7 %P 377–416 %8 Dec %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s13324-016-0147-3 %R 10.1007/s13324-016-0147-3 %0 Journal Article %J Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis %D 2017 %T Minimizers of anisotropic perimeters with cylindrical norms %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Matteo Novaga %A Shokhrukh Kholmatov %K anisotropic Bernstein problem; %K minimal cones %K Non parametric minimal surfaces %K Sets of finite perimeter %XWe study various regularity properties of minimizers of the Φ–perimeter, where Φ is a norm. Under suitable assumptions on Φ and on the dimension of the ambient space, we prove that the boundary of a cartesian minimizer is locally a Lipschitz graph out of a closed singular set of small Hausdorff dimension. Moreover, we show the following anisotropic Bernstein-type result: any entire cartesian minimizer is the subgraph of a monotone function depending only on one variable.

%B Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis %V 16 %P 1427 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/47054f15-00c7-40b7-9da1-4c0b1d0a103d %R 10.3934/cpaa.2017068 %0 Book Section %B Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics Second Edition %D 2017 %T Model Reduction Methods %A Francisco Chinesta %A Antonio Huerta %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Karen Willcox %XThis chapter presents an overview of model order reduction – a new paradigm in the field of simulation-based engineering sciences, and one that can tackle the challenges and leverage the opportunities of modern ICT technologies. Despite the impressive progress attained by simulation capabilities and techniques, a number of challenging problems remain intractable. These problems are of different nature, but are common to many branches of science and engineering. Among them are those related to high-dimensional problems, problems involving very different time scales, models defined in degenerate domains with at least one of the characteristic dimensions much smaller than the others, model requiring real-time simulation, and parametric models. All these problems represent a challenge for standard mesh-based discretization techniques; yet the ability to solve these problems efficiently would open unexplored routes for real-time simulation, inverse analysis, uncertainty quantification and propagation, real-time optimization, and simulation-based control – critical needs in many branches of science and engineering. Model order reduction offers new simulation alternatives by circumventing, or at least alleviating, otherwise intractable computational challenges. In the present chapter, we revisit three of these model reduction techniques: proper orthogonal decomposition, proper generalized decomposition, and reduced basis methodologies.} preprint = {http://preprints.sissa.it/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1963/35194/ECM_MOR.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

%B Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics Second Edition %I John Wiley & Sons %P 1-36 %G eng %& Model Reduction Methods %R 10.1002/9781119176817.ecm2110 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Moduli of semistable sheaves as quiver moduli %A Andrea Maiorana %XIn the 1980s Drézet and Le Potier realized moduli spaces of Gieseker-semistable sheaves on P2 as what are now called quiver moduli spaces. We discuss how this construction can be understood using t-structures and exceptional collections on derived categories, and how it can be extended to a similar result on P1×P1.

%G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.05555 %0 Journal Article %J Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis %D 2017 %T Multiple positive solutions of a sturm-liouville boundary value problem with conflicting nonlinearities %A Guglielmo Feltrin %K Leray-Schauder topological degree; %K positive solutions %K Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions %K Superlinear indefinite problems %XWe study the second order nonlinear differential equation

\begindocument $ u'' + \sum\limits_i = 1^m α_ia_i(x)g_i(u) - \sum\limits_j = 1^m + 1 β_jb_j(x)k_j(u) = 0,\rm $ \enddocument

where $\alpha_i, \beta_j>0$, $a_i(x), b_j(x)$ are non-negative Lebesgue integrable functions defined in $\mathopen[0, L\mathclose]$, and the nonlinearities $g_i(s), k_j(s)$ are continuous, positive and satisfy suitable growth conditions, as to cover the classical superlinear equation $u"+a(x)u.p = 0$, with $p>1$.When the positive parameters $\beta_j$ are sufficiently large, we prove the existence of at least $2.m-1$positive solutions for the Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems associated with the equation.The proof is based on the Leray-Schauder topological degree for locally compact operators on open and possibly unbounded sets.Finally, we deal with radially symmetric positive solutions for the Dirichlet problems associated with elliptic PDEs.

%B Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis %V 16 %P 1083 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/1163b042-0c64-4597-b25c-3494b268e5a1 %R 10.3934/cpaa.2017052 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2017 %T Multiplicity of positive periodic solutions in the superlinear indefinite case via coincidence degree %A Guglielmo Feltrin %A Fabio Zanolin %K Coincidence degree %K Multiplicity results %K Neumann boundary value problems %K Positive periodic solutions %K subharmonic solutions %K Superlinear indefinite problems %XWe study the periodic boundary value problem associated with the second order nonlinear differential equationu″+cu′+(a+(t)−μa−(t))g(u)=0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity, a(t) is a periodic sign-changing weight, c∈R and μ>0 is a real parameter. Our model includes (for c=0) the so-called nonlinear Hill's equation. We prove the existence of 2m−1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by m negative ones (in a periodicity interval) and μ is sufficiently large, thus giving a complete solution to a problem raised by G.J. Butler in 1976. The proof is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree defined in open (possibly unbounded) sets and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Our method also provides a topological approach to detect subharmonic solutions.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 262 %P 4255 - 4291 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039617300219 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2017.01.009 %0 Journal Article %J COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING %D 2017 %T A natural framework for isogeometric fluid-structure interaction based on BEM-shell coupling %A Luca Heltai %A Kiendl, J. %A Antonio DeSimone %A Alessandro Reali %B COMPUTER METHODS IN APPLIED MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING %V 316 %P 522–546 %G eng %U http://cdsads.u-strasbg.fr/abs/2017CMAME.316..522H %R 10.1016/j.cma.2016.08.008 %0 Journal Article %J Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. %D 2017 %T A note on a fixed point theorem on topological cylinders %A Guglielmo Feltrin %XWe present a fixed point theorem on topological cylinders in normed linear spaces for maps satisfying a property of stretching a space along paths. This result is a generalization of a similar theorem obtained by D. Papini and F. Zanolin. In view of the main result, we discuss the existence of fixed points for maps defined on different types of domains and we propose alternative proofs for classical fixed point theorems, as Brouwer, Schauder and Krasnosel’skii ones.

%B Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. %I Springer Verlag %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35263 %1 35567 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-11-21T07:45:03Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/s10231-016-0623-2 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations %D 2017 %T A Note on the Convergence of Singularly Perturbed Second Order Potential-Type Equations %A Lorenzo Nardini %B Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations %V 29 %P 783–797 %8 Jun %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10884-015-9461-y %R 10.1007/s10884-015-9461-y %0 Journal Article %J Comput. Methods Appl. Math. %D 2017 %T Numerical approximation of space-time fractional parabolic equations %A Bonito, Andrea %A Wenyu Lei %A Joseph E Pasciak %B Comput. Methods Appl. Math. %V 17 %P 679–705 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1515/cmam-2017-0032 %R 10.1515/cmam-2017-0032 %0 Journal Article %J Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology %D 2017 %T Numerical modeling of hemodynamics scenarios of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts %A F. Ballarin %A Elena Faggiano %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Sonia Ippolito %A Roberto Scrofani %B Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology %V 16 %P 1373-1399 %G eng %U https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85015065851&doi=10.1007%2fs10237-017-0893-7&partnerID=40&md5=c388f20bd5de14187bad9ed7d9affbd0 %R 10.1007/s10237-017-0893-7 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Applied and Industrial Mathematics %D 2017 %T POD-Galerkin reduced order methods for CFD using Finite Volume Discretisation: vortex shedding around a circular cylinder %A Giovanni Stabile %A Saddam Hijazi %A Andrea Mola %A Stefano Lorenzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XVortex shedding around circular cylinders is a well known and studied phenomenon that appears in many engineering fields. In this work a Reduced Order Model (ROM) of the incompressible flow around a circular cylinder, built performing a Galerkin projection of the governing equations onto a lower dimensional space is presented. The reduced basis space is generated using a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) approach. In particular the focus is into (i) the correct reproduction of the pressure field, that in case of the vortex shedding phenomenon, is of primary importance for the calculation of the drag and lift coefficients; (ii) for this purpose the projection of the Governing equations (momentum equation and Poisson equation for pressure) is performed onto different reduced basis space for velocity and pressure, respectively; (iii) all the relevant modifications necessary to adapt standard finite element POD-Galerkin methods to a finite volume framework are presented. The accuracy of the reduced order model is assessed against full order results.

%B Communications in Applied and Industrial Mathematics %V 8 %P 210-236 %G eng %R 10.1515/caim-2017-0011 %0 Journal Article %J Numer. Math. %D 2017 %T A posteriori error estimates for the virtual element method %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Pryer, Tristan %A Sutton, Oliver J. %B Numer. Math. %V 137 %P 857–893 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00211-017-0891-9 %R 10.1007/s00211-017-0891-9 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2017 %T Quasi-periodic solutions for quasi-linear generalized KdV equations %A Filippo Giuliani %K KAM for PDE's %K KdV %K Nash–Moser theory %K Quasi-linear PDE's %K Quasi-periodic solutions %XWe prove the existence of Cantor families of small amplitude, linearly stable, quasi-periodic solutions of quasi-linear autonomous Hamiltonian generalized KdV equations. We consider the most general quasi-linear quadratic nonlinearity. The proof is based on an iterative Nash–Moser algorithm. To initialize this scheme, we need to perform a bifurcation analysis taking into account the strongly perturbative effects of the nonlinearity near the origin. In particular, we implement a weak version of the Birkhoff normal form method. The inversion of the linearized operators at each step of the iteration is achieved by pseudo-differential techniques, linear Birkhoff normal form algorithms and a linear KAM reducibility scheme.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 262 %P 5052 - 5132 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039617300487 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2017.01.021 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA %D 2017 %T Quasistatic crack growth based on viscous approximation: a model with branching and kinking %A Vito Crismale %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %XEmploying the technique of vanishing viscosity and time rescaling, we show the existence of quasistatic evolutions of cracks in brittle materials in the setting of antiplane shear. The crack path is not prescribed a priori and is chosen in an admissible class of piecewise regular sets that allows for branching and kinking.

%B Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA %V 24 %P 7 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-016-0426-6 %R 10.1007/s00030-016-0426-6 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Random spectrahedra %A Paul Breiding %A Khazhgali Kozhasov %A Antonio Lerario %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A %D 2017 %T Rayleigh–Taylor instability in soft elastic layers %A Davide Riccobelli %A Pasquale Ciarletta %B Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A %I The Royal Society %V 375 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of High Energy Physics %D 2017 %T Real topological string amplitudes %A Narain, K. S. %A Nicolò Piazzalunga %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe discuss the physical superstring correlation functions in type I theory (or equivalently type II with orientifold) that compute real topological string amplitudes. We consider the correlator corresponding to holomorphic derivative of the real topological amplitude $\mathcal{G_\chi}$, at fixed worldsheet Euler characteristic $\chi$. This corresponds in the low-energy effective action to $\mathcal{N}=2$ Weyl multiplet, appropriately reduced to the orientifold invariant part, and raised to the power $g'= −\chi+ 1$. We show that the physical string correlator gives precisely the holomorphic derivative of topological amplitude. Finally, we apply this method to the standard closed oriented case as well, and prove a similar statement for the topological amplitude $\mathcal{F}_g$.

%B Journal of High Energy Physics %V 2017 %P 80 %8 Mar %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP03(2017)080 %R 10.1007/JHEP03(2017)080 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM/ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification %D 2017 %T Reduced Basis Methods for Uncertainty Quantification %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we review a reduced basis method for the solution of uncertainty quantification problems. Based on the basic setting of an elliptic partial differential equation with random input, we introduce the key ingredients of the reduced basis method, including proper orthogonal decomposition and greedy algorithms for the construction of the reduced basis functions, a priori and a posteriori error estimates for the reduced basis approximations, as well as its computational advantages and weaknesses in comparison with a stochastic collocation method [I. Babuška, F. Nobile, and R. Tempone, *SIAM Rev.*, 52 (2010), pp. 317--355]. We demonstrate its computational efficiency and accuracy for a benchmark problem with parameters ranging from a few to a few hundred dimensions. Generalizations to more complex models and applications to uncertainty quantification problems in risk prediction, evaluation of statistical moments, Bayesian inversion, and optimal control under uncertainty are also presented to illustrate how to use the reduced basis method in practice. Further challenges, advancements, and research opportunities are outlined.

Read More: http://epubs.siam.org/doi/abs/10.1137/151004550

POD–Galerkin reduced-order models (ROMs) for fluid-structure interaction problems (incompressible fluid and thin structure) are proposed in this paper. Both the high-fidelity and reduced-order methods are based on a Chorin-Temam operator-splitting approach. Two different reduced-order methods are proposed, which differ on velocity continuity condition, imposed weakly or strongly, respectively. The resulting ROMs are tested and compared on a representative haemodynamics test case characterized by wave propagation, in order to assess the capabilities of the proposed strategies.

%B Model Reduction of Parametrized Systems %I Springer International Publishing %P 149–167 %G eng %& Reduced-order semi-implicit schemes for fluid-structure interaction problems %R 10.1007/978-3-319-58786-8_10 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Regularity estimates for scalar conservation laws in one space dimension %A Elio Marconi %X In this paper we deal with the regularizing effect that, in a scalar conservation laws in one space dimension, the nonlinearity of the flux function ƒ has on the entropy solution. More precisely, if the set ⟨w : ƒ " (w) ≠ 0⟩ is dense, the regularity of the solution can be expressed in terms of BV Ф spaces, where Ф depends on the nonlinearity of ƒ. If moreover the set ⟨w : ƒ " (w) = 0⟩ is finite, under the additional polynomial degeneracy condition at the inflection points, we prove that ƒ' 0 u(t) ∈ BVloc (R) for every t > 0 and that this can be improved to SBVloc (R) regularity except an at most countable set of singular times. Finally we present some examples that shows the sharpness of these results and counterexamples to related questions, namely regularity in the kinetic formulation and a property of the fractional BV spaces. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35291 %1 35597 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-08-16T06:45:14Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Regularity_preprint.pdf: 603969 bytes, checksum: 29e1eefa4da3dc5272a6e9c6119108a5 (MD5) %0 Book Section %B Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems %D 2017 %T Remarks on the Derivation of Gross-Pitaevskii Equation with Magnetic Laplacian %A Alessandro Olgiati %E Alessandro Michelangeli %E Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %XThe effective dynamics for a Bose-Einstein condensate in the regime of high dilution and subject to an external magnetic field is governed by a magnetic Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We elucidate the steps needed to adapt to the magnetic case the proof of the derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation within the ``projection counting'' scheme.

%B Advances in Quantum Mechanics: Contemporary Trends and Open Problems %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 257–266 %@ 978-3-319-58904-6 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_15 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-58904-6_15 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Second order differentiation formula on compact RCD*(K,N) spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Luca Tamanini %G eng %0 Report %D 2017 %T Self-Adjoint Extensions of Dirac Operator with Coulomb Potential %A Matteo Gallone %X In this note we give a concise review of the present state-of-art for the problem of self-adjoint realisations for the Dirac operator with a Coulomb-like singular scalar potential V(x) = Ø(x)I4. We try to follow the historical and conceptual path that leads to the present understanding of the problem and to highlight the techniques employed and the main ideas. In the final part we outline a few major open questions that concern the topical problem of the multiplicity of self-adjoint realisations of the model, and which are worth addressing in the future. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35273 %1 35579 %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-02-17T06:59:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Gallone_preprint2017.pdf: 186169 bytes, checksum: aa5eaaac65f07802fc5a3842ace968b4 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T Self-adjoint realisations of the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian for heavy nuclei %A Matteo Gallone %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X We derive a classification of the self-adjoint extensions of the three-dimensional Dirac-Coulomb operator in the critical regime of the Coulomb coupling. Our approach is solely based upon the KreĬn-Višik- Birman extension scheme, or also on Grubb's universal classification theory, as opposite to previous works within the standard von Neu- mann framework. This let the boundary condition of self-adjointness emerge, neatly and intrinsically, as a multiplicative constraint between regular and singular part of the functions in the domain of the exten- sion, the multiplicative constant giving also immediate information on the invertibility property and on the resolvent and spectral gap of the extension. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35287 %1 35592 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-06-05T06:42:39Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Coulomb_Gallone_Michelangeli_26_2017.pdf: 508858 bytes, checksum: 21c788d0de4fed88bee2e6fd5cd0849c (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T Semistable Higgs Bundles on Calabi-Yau Manifolds %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Valeriano Lanza %A Alessio Lo Giudice %X We provide a partial classification of semistable Higgs bundles over a simply connected Calabi-Yau manifold. Applications to a conjecture about a special class of semistable Higgs bundles are given. In particular, the conjecture is proved for K3 and Enriques surfaces, and some related classes of surfaces. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35295 %1 35601 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by mmarin@sissa.it (mmarin@sissa.it) on 2017-09-25T12:19:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_40-2017-MATE.pdf: 346868 bytes, checksum: 2ae5e19d45989bb2fa878236dd18d780 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems %D 2017 %T Small Time Asymptotics on the Diagonal for Hörmander's Type Hypoelliptic Operators %A Elisa Paoli %XWe compute the small time asymptotics of the fundamental solution of Hörmander's type hypoelliptic operators with drift, on the diagonal at a point x0. We show that the order of the asymptotics depends on the controllability of an associated control problem and of its approximating system. If the control problem of the approximating system is controllable at x0, then so is also the original control problem, and in this case we show that the fundamental solution blows up as t−N/2\$\backslashphantom {\backslashdot {i}\backslash!}t^{-\backslashmathcal {N}/2}\$, where N\$\backslashphantom {\backslashdot {i}\backslash!}\backslashmathcal {N}\$is a number determined by the Lie algebra at x0 of the fields, that define the hypoelliptic operator.

%B Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems %V 23 %P 111–143 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10883-016-9321-z %R 10.1007/s10883-016-9321-z %0 Journal Article %J J. Elast. %D 2017 %T Solid tumors are poroelastic solids with a chemo-mechanical feedback on growth %A D. Ambrosi %A Pezzuto, S. %A Davide Riccobelli %A Stylianopoulos, T. %A Pasquale Ciarletta %B J. Elast. %I Springer Netherlands %V 129 %P 107–124 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2017 %T Spectral Properties of the 2+1 Fermionic Trimer with Contact Interactions %A Simon Becker %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Andrea Ottolini %X We qualify the main features of the spectrum of the Hamiltonian of point interaction for a three-dimensional quantum system consisting of three point-like particles, two identical fermions, plus a third particle of different species, with two-body interaction of zero range. For arbitrary magnitude of the interaction, and arbitrary value of the mass parameter (the ratio between the mass of the third particle and that of each fermion) above the stability threshold, we identify the essential spectrum, localise and prove the finiteness of the discrete spectrum, qualify the angular symmetry of the eigenfunctions, and prove the monotonicity of the eigenvalues with respect to the mass parameter. We also demonstrate the existence of bound states in a physically relevant regime of masses. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35303 %1 35609 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by mmarin@sissa.it (mmarin@sissa.it) on 2018-01-04T08:57:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_61-2017-MATE.pdf: 465833 bytes, checksum: bc2bbd7578ccfcd69ca2a33a2fc3adb0 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Meccanica %D 2017 %T Stasis domains and slip surfaces in the locomotion of a bio-inspired two-segment crawler %A Paolo Gidoni %A Antonio DeSimone %XWe formulate and solve the locomotion problem for a bio-inspired crawler consisting of two active elastic segments (i.e., capable of changing their rest lengths), resting on three supports providing directional frictional interactions. The problem consists in finding the motion produced by a given, slow actuation history. By focusing on the tensions in the elastic segments, we show that the evolution laws for the system are entirely analogous to the flow rules of elasto-plasticity. In particular, sliding of the supports and hence motion cannot occur when the tensions are in the interior of certain convex regions (stasis domains), while support sliding (and hence motion) can only take place when the tensions are on the boundary of such regions (slip surfaces). We solve the locomotion problem explicitly in a few interesting examples. In particular, we show that, for a suitable range of the friction parameters, specific choices of the actuation strategy can lead to net displacements also in the direction of higher friction.

%B Meccanica %V 52 %P 587–601 %8 Feb %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s11012-016-0408-0 %R 10.1007/s11012-016-0408-0 %0 Journal Article %J Inventiones Mathematicae %D 2017 %T Symplectic geometry of the moduli space of projective structures in homological coordinates %A Marco Bertola %A Dmitry Korotkin %A Chaya Norton %B Inventiones Mathematicae %P 1–56 %8 06 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1506.07918 %0 Report %D 2017 %T Time quasi-periodic gravity water waves in finite depth %A P Baldi %A Massimiliano Berti %A Emanuele Haus %A Riccardo Montalto %X We prove the existence and the linear stability of Cantor families of small amplitude time quasi-periodic standing water wave solutions - namely periodic and even in the space variable x - of a bi-dimensional ocean with finite depth under the action of pure gravity. Such a result holds for all the values of the depth parameter in a Borel set of asymptotically full measure. This is a small divisor problem. The main difficulties are the quasi-linear nature of the gravity water waves equations and the fact that the linear frequencies grow just in a sublinear way at infinity. We overcome these problems by first reducing the linearized operators obtained at each approximate quasi-periodic solution along the Nash-Moser iteration to constant coefficients up to smoothing operators, using pseudo-differential changes of variables that are quasi-periodic in time. Then we apply a KAM reducibility scheme which requires very weak Melnikov non-resonance conditions (losing derivatives both in time and space), which we are able to verify for most values of the depth parameter using degenerate KAM theory arguments. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35296 %1 35602 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-09-27T15:46:10Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1708.01517.pdf: 1909445 bytes, checksum: 71fc741593666cacf41187c00b092503 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2017 %T A uniqueness result for the decomposition of vector fields in Rd %A Stefano Bianchini %A Paolo Bonicatto %XGiven a vector field $\rho (1,\b) \in L^1_\loc(\R^+\times \R^{d},\R^{d+1})$ such that $\dive_{t,x} (\rho (1,\b))$ is a measure, we consider the problem of uniqueness of the representation $\eta$ of $\rho (1,\b) \mathcal L^{d+1}$ as a superposition of characteristics $\gamma : (t^-_\gamma,t^+_\gamma) \to \R^d$, $\dot \gamma (t)= \b(t,\gamma(t))$. We give conditions in terms of a local structure of the representation $\eta$ on suitable sets in order to prove that there is a partition of $\R^{d+1}$ into disjoint trajectories $\wp_\a$, $\a \in \A$, such that the PDE \begin{equation*} \dive_{t,x} \big( u \rho (1,\b) \big) \in \mathcal M(\R^{d+1}), \qquad u \in L^\infty(\R^+\times \R^{d}), \end{equation*} can be disintegrated into a family of ODEs along $\wp_\a$ with measure r.h.s.. The decomposition $\wp_\a$ is essentially unique. We finally show that $\b \in L^1_t(\BV_x)_\loc$ satisfies this local structural assumption and this yields, in particular, the renormalization property for nearly incompressible $\BV$ vector fields.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35274 %1 35581 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-03-16T09:52:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WeakBressanConj-BB.pdf: 1581291 bytes, checksum: fd43c78bcd9ad0384df44d3fdccbe294 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Random Matrices Theory Appl. %D 2017 %T Universality of the matrix Airy and Bessel functions at spectral edges of unitary ensembles %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %B Random Matrices Theory Appl. %V 6 %P 1750010, 22 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2010326317500101 %R 10.1142/S2010326317500101 %0 Journal Article %J Phys. Rev. Lett. %D 2017 %T Universality of the Peregrine Soliton in the Focusing Dynamics of the Cubic Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation %A Tikan, Alexey %A Billet, Cyril %A Gennady El %A Alexander Tovbis %A Marco Bertola %A Sylvestre, Thibaut %A Gustave, Francois %A Randoux, Stephane %A Genty, Goëry %A Suret, Pierre %A Dudley, John M. %B Phys. Rev. Lett. %I American Physical Society %V 119 %P 033901 %8 Jul %G eng %U https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.033901 %R 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.033901 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Ship Research %D 2017 %T Wet and Dry Transom Stern Treatment for Unsteady and Nonlinear Potential Flow Model for Naval Hydrodynamics Simulations %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %XWe present a model for the fast evaluation of the total drag of ship hulls operating in both wet and dry transom stern conditions, in calm or wavy water, based on the combination of an unsteady semi-Lagrangian potential flow formulation with fully nonlinear free-surface treatment, experimental correlations, and simplified viscous drag modeling. The implementation is entirely based on open source libraries. The spatial discretization is solved using a streamline upwind Petrov‐Galerkin stabilization of an iso-parametric, collocation based, boundary element method, implemented using the open source library deal.II. The resulting nonlinear differential-algebraic system is integrated in time using implicit backward differentiation formulas, implemented in the open source library SUNDIALS. The Open CASCADE library is used to interface the model directly with computer-aided design data structures. The model accounts automatically for hulls with a transom stern, both in wet and dry regimes, by using a specific treatment of the free-surface nodes on the stern edge that automatically detects when the hull advances at low speeds. In this case, the transom stern is partially immersed, and a pressure patch is applied on the water surface detaching from the transom stern, to recover the gravity effect of the recirculating water on the underlying irrotational flow domain. The parameters of the model used to impose the pressure patch are approximated from experimental relations found in the literature. The test cases considered are those of the U.S. Navy Combatant DTMB-5415 and the National Physical Laboratory hull. Comparisons with experimental data on quasi-steady test cases for both water elevation and total hull drag are presented and discussed. The quality of the results obtained on quasi-steady simulations suggests that this model can represent a promising alternative to current unsteady solvers for simulations with Froude numbers below 0.35.

%B Journal of Ship Research %V 61 %P 1–14 %G eng %R https://doi.org/10.5957/JOSR.61.1.160016 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Sci. Comput. %D 2016 %T Adaptivity and blow-up detection for nonlinear evolution problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Kyza, Irene %A Metcalfe, Stephen %B SIAM J. Sci. Comput. %V 38 %P A3833–A3856 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/16M106073X %R 10.1137/16M106073X %0 Conference Paper %B Proceedings of the ECCOMAS Congress 2016, VII European Conference on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, %D 2016 %T Advances in geometrical parametrization and reduced order models and methods for computational fluid dynamics problems in applied sciences and engineering: overview and perspectives %A Filippo Salmoiraghi %A F. Ballarin %A Giovanni Corsi %A Andrea Mola %A Marco Tezzele %A Gianluigi Rozza %E Papadrakakis, M. %E Papadopoulos, V. %E Stefanou, G. %E Plevris, V. %XSeveral problems in applied sciences and engineering require reduction techniques in order to allow computational tools to be employed in the daily practice, especially in iterative procedures such as optimization or sensitivity analysis. Reduced order methods need to face increasingly complex problems in computational mechanics, especially into a multiphysics setting. Several issues should be faced: stability of the approximation, efficient treatment of nonlinearities, uniqueness or possible bifurcations of the state solutions, proper coupling between fields, as well as offline-online computing, computational savings and certification of errors as measure of accuracy. Moreover, efficient geometrical parametrization techniques should be devised to efficiently face shape optimization problems, as well as shape reconstruction and shape assimilation problems. A related aspect deals with the management of parametrized interfaces in multiphysics problems, such as fluid-structure interaction problems, and also a domain decomposition based approach for complex parametrized networks. We present some illustrative industrial and biomedical problems as examples of recent advances on methodological developments.

%B Proceedings of the ECCOMAS Congress 2016, VII European Conference on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, %I ECCOMAS %C Crete, Greece %8 06/2016 %G en %1 35466 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-05-13T00:28:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 eccomas2016_AROMA.pdf: 1846196 bytes, checksum: 9636e713df80de178d87fd2feff76f91 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: COCV %D 2016 %T On the area of the graph of a piecewise smooth map from the plane to the plane with a curve discontinuity %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Lucia Tealdi %A Maurizio Paolini %K Area functional %XIn this paper we provide an estimate from above for the value of the relaxed area functional for a map defined on a bounded domain of the plane with values in the plane and discontinuous on a regular simple curve with two endpoints. We show that, under suitable assumptions, the relaxed area does not exceed the area of the regular part of the map, with the addition of a singular term measuring the area of a disk type solution of the Plateau's problem spanning the two traces of the map on the jump. The result is valid also when the area minimizing surface has self intersections. A key element in our argument is to show the existence of what we call a semicartesian parametrization of this surface, namely a conformal parametrization defined on a suitable parameter space, which is the identity in the first component. To prove our result, various tools of parametric minimal surface theory are used, as well as some result from Morse theory.

%B ESAIM: COCV %V 22 %P 29-63 %G en %U https://www.esaim-cocv.org/articles/cocv/abs/2016/01/cocv140065/cocv140065.html %N 1 %1 7257 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Lucia Tealdi (ltealdi@sissa.it) on 2013-11-29T13:51:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bellettini_paolini_tealdi_SISSAprprint.pdf: 705021 bytes, checksum: 98a550aeb5925de05f6b419569ccd283 (MD5) %R 10.1051/cocv/2014065 %0 Journal Article %J SIGMA Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl. %D 2016 %T On asymptotic regimes of orthogonal polynomials with complex varying quartic exponential weight %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Tovbis %B SIGMA Symmetry Integrability Geom. Methods Appl. %V 12 %P Paper No. 118, 50 pages %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2016.118 %R 10.3842/SIGMA.2016.118 %0 Report %D 2016 %T Behaviour of the reference measure on RCD spaces under charts %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %G eng %0 Report %D 2016 %T Coalescence Phenomenon of Quantum Cohomology of Grassmannians and the Distribution of Prime Numbers %A Giordano Cotti %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of High Energy Physics %D 2016 %T Comparing Poisson Sigma Model with A-model %A Bonechi, F. %A Cattaneo, A.S. %A Riccardo Iraso %XWe discuss the A-model as a gauge fixing of the Poisson Sigma Model with target a symplectic structure. We complete the discussion in [4], where a gauge fixing defined by a compatible complex structure was introduced, by showing how to recover the A-model hierarchy of observables in terms of the AKSZ observables. Moreover, we discuss the off-shell supersymmetry of the A-model as a residual BV symmetry of the gauge fixed PSM action.

%B Journal of High Energy Physics %V 2016 %P 133 %8 Oct %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP10(2016)133 %R 10.1007/JHEP10(2016)133 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S %D 2016 %T On the concentration of entropy for scalar conservation laws %A Stefano Bianchini %A Elio Marconi %K concentration %K Conservation laws %K entropy solutions %K Lagrangian representation %K shocks %XWe prove that the entropy for an $L^∞$-solution to a scalar conservation laws with continuous initial data is concentrated on a countably $1$-rectifiable set. To prove this result we introduce the notion of Lagrangian representation of the solution and give regularity estimates on the solution.

%B Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S %V 9 %P 73 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/ce4eb91e-9553-4e8d-8c4c-868f07a315ae %R 10.3934/dcdss.2016.9.73 %0 Journal Article %D 2016 %T Confinement of dislocations inside a crystal with a prescribed external strain %A Ilaria Lucardesi %A Marco Morandotti %A Riccardo Scala %A Davide Zucco %X We study screw dislocations in an isotropic crystal undergoing antiplane shear. In the framework of linear elasticity, by fixing a suitable boundary condition for the strain (prescribed non-vanishing boundary integral), we manage to confine the dislocations inside the material. More precisely, in the presence of an external strain with circulation equal to n times the lattice spacing, it is energetically convenient to have n distinct dislocations lying inside the crystal. The novelty of introducing a Dirichlet boundary condition for the tangential strain is crucial to the confinement: it is well known that, if Neumann boundary conditions are imposed, the dislocations tend to migrate to the boundary. The results are achieved using PDE techniques and Ƭ-convergence theory, in the framework of the so-called core radius approach. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35247 %1 35558 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-10-20T11:44:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LMSZ-preprint.pdf: 547676 bytes, checksum: 5c7add921deefef560aac54da6a584cc (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems %D 2016 %T Conformal Equivalence of 3D Contact Structures on Lie Groups %A Francesco Boarotto %XIn this paper, a conformal classification of three dimensional left-invariant sub-Riemannian contact structures is carried out; in particular, we will prove the following dichotomy: either a structure is locally conformal to the Heisenberg group $mathbbH^3$ or its conformal classification coincides with the metric one. If a structure is locally conformally flat, then its conformal group is locally isomorphic to $SU(2,1)$.

%B Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems %V 22 %P 251–283 %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10883-015-9273-8 %R 10.1007/s10883-015-9273-8 %0 Journal Article %J Annales Henri Poincaré %D 2016 %T Construction of Real-Valued Localized Composite Wannier Functions for Insulators %A Domenico Fiorenza %A Domenico Monaco %A Gianluca Panati %XWe consider a real periodic Schrödinger operator and a physically relevant family of $m \geq 1$ Bloch bands, separated by a gap from the rest of the spectrum, and we investigate the localization properties of the corresponding composite Wannier functions. To this aim, we show that in dimension $d\leq 3$, there exists a global frame consisting of smooth quasi-Bloch functions which are both periodic and time-reversal symmetric. Aiming to applications in computational physics, we provide a constructive algorithm to obtain such a Bloch frame. The construction yields the existence of a basis of composite Wannier functions which are real-valued and almost-exponentially localized. The proof of the main result exploits only the fundamental symmetries of the projector on the relevant bands, allowing applications, beyond the model specified above, to a broad range of gapped periodic quantum systems with a time-reversal symmetry of bosonic type.

%B Annales Henri Poincaré %V 17 %P 63–97 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00023-015-0400-6 %R 10.1007/s00023-015-0400-6 %0 Journal Article %J Phys. D %D 2016 %T Correlation functions of the KdV hierarchy and applications to intersection numbers over $\overline\CalM_g,n$ %A Marco Bertola %A Boris Dubrovin %A Di Yang %B Phys. D %V 327 %P 30–57 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2016.04.008 %R 10.1016/j.physd.2016.04.008 %0 Journal Article %D 2016 %T CORRIGENDUM: The dependence on the monodromy data of the isomonodromic tau function %A Marco Bertola %8 01 %G eng %U http://arxiv.org/abs/1601.04790 %0 Journal Article %J arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.07093 %D 2016 %T Critical points of a perturbed Otha-Kawasaki functional %A Matteo Rizzi %B arXiv preprint arXiv:1601.07093 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Methods and Applications of Analysis %D 2016 %T Currents and dislocations at the continuum scale %A Riccardo Scala %A Nicolas Van Goethem %XA striking geometric property of elastic bodies with dislocations is that the deformation tensor cannot be written as the gradient of a one-to-one immersion, its curl being nonzero and equal to the density of the dislocations, a measure concentrated in the dislocation lines. In this work, we discuss the mathematical properties of such constrained deformations and study a variational problem in finite-strain elasticity, where Cartesian maps allow us to consider deformations in $L^p$ with $1\leq p<2$, as required for dislocation-induced strain singularities. Firstly, we address the problem of mathematical modeling of dislocations. It is a key purpose of the paper to build a framework where dislocations are described in terms of integral 1-currents and to extract from this theoretical setting a series of notions having a mechanical meaning in the theory of dislocations. In particular, the paper aims at classifying integral 1-currents, with modeling purposes. In the second part of the paper, two variational problems are solved for two classes of dislocations, at the mesoscopic and at the continuum scale. By continuum it is here meant that a countable family of dislocations is considered, allowing for branching and cluster formation, with possible complex geometric patterns. Therefore, modeling assumptions of the defect part of the energy must also be provided, and discussed.

%B Methods and Applications of Analysis %I International Press of Boston %V 23 %P 1–34 %G eng %R 10.4310/MAA.2016.v23.n1.a1 %0 Journal Article %J ARCHIVE OF NUMERICAL SOFTWARE %D 2016 %T The deal.II Library, Version 8.3 %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A G. Kanschat %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Bruno Turcksin %B ARCHIVE OF NUMERICAL SOFTWARE %V 4 %P 1–11 %G eng %U http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:16-ans-231226 %R 10.11588/ans.2016.100.23122 %0 Journal Article %J JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS %D 2016 %T The deal.II library, Version 8.4 %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Denis Davydov %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A G. Kanschat %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Bruno Turcksin %A David Wells %B JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS %V 24 %P 135–141 %G eng %U https://www.math.clemson.edu/ heister/preprints/deal84-preprint.pdf %R 10.1515/jnma-2016-1045 %0 Journal Article %J Appl. Numer. Math. %D 2016 %T Discontinuous Galerkin methods for fast reactive mass transfer through semi-permeable membranes %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Jensen, Max %B Appl. Numer. Math. %V 104 %P 3–14 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnum.2014.06.007 %R 10.1016/j.apnum.2014.06.007 %0 Report %D 2016 %T Equivalence of two different notions of tangent bundle on rectifiable metric measure spaces %A Nicola Gigli %A Enrico Pasqualetto %G eng %0 Journal Article %J JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING %D 2016 %T Error Estimates of B-spline based finite-element method for the wind-driven ocean circulation %A Rotundo, N. %A Kim, T. -Y. %A Jiang, W. %A Luca Heltai %A Fried, E. %B JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING %V 69 %P 430–459 %G eng %R 10.1007/s10915-016-0201-1 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations, vol. 261, issue 8 (2016): 4298-4337 %D 2016 %T Eulerian, Lagrangian and Broad continuous solutions to a balance law with non-convex flux I %A Giovanni Alberti %A Stefano Bianchini %A Laura Caravenna %B Journal of Differential Equations, vol. 261, issue 8 (2016): 4298-4337 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35207 %1 35507 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-09-05T15:06:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1512.04863v2_Caravenna.pdf: 1192837 bytes, checksum: 15e7fc975989af0ea19654f4eafd84a7 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jde.2016.06.026 %0 Report %D 2016 %T Eulerian, Lagrangian and Broad continuous solutions to a balance law with non convex flux II %A Giovanni Alberti %A Stefano Bianchini %A Laura Caravenna %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35197 %1 35494 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-06-21T11:33:07Z No. of bitstreams: 1 file2ABCottobre2015.pdf: 486411 bytes, checksum: cbdd0bce26d338707c03a61c42ec725e (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of High Energy Physics %D 2016 %T Exact results for N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on compact toric manifolds and equivariant Donaldson invariants %A Mikhail Bershtein %A Giulio Bonelli %A Massimiliano Ronzani %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric $U(N)$ gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for $U(2)\; \mathcal{N}=2^\star$ theory on $\mathbb{P}^2$ for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the $\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a longstanding conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new.

%B Journal of High Energy Physics %V 2016 %P 23 %8 Jul %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2016)023 %R 10.1007/JHEP07(2016)023 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Functional Analysis %D 2016 %T Existence and non-existence results for the SU(3) singular Toda system on compact surfaces %A Luca Battaglia %A Andrea Malchiodi %K Liouville-type equations %K Min–max solutions %K Non-existence results %K Toda system %XWe consider the SU(3) singular Toda system on a compact surface (Σ,g)−Δu1=2ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg−1)−ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg−1)−4π∑m=1Mα1m(δpm−1)−Δu2=2ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg−1)−ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg−1)−4π∑m=1Mα2m(δpm−1), where hi are smooth positive functions on Σ, ρi∈R+, pm∈Σ and αim>−1. We give both existence and non-existence results under some conditions on the parameters ρi and αim. Existence results are obtained using variational methods, which involve a geometric inequality of new type; non-existence results are obtained using blow-up analysis and localized Pohožaev-type identities."

%B Journal of Functional Analysis %V 270 %P 3750 - 3807 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022123615004942 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2015.12.011 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2016 %T Existence and uniqueness of dynamic evolutions for a peeling test in dimension one %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Lorenzo Nardini %K Dynamic debonding %K Dynamic energy release rate %K Dynamic fracture %K Griffith's criterion %K Maximum dissipation principle %K Wave equation in time-dependent domains %XIn this paper we present a one-dimensional model of a dynamic peeling test for a thin film, where the wave equation is coupled with a Griffith criterion for the propagation of the debonding front. Our main results provide existence and uniqueness for the solution to this coupled problem under different assumptions on the data.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 261 %P 4897 - 4923 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616301772 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2016.07.012 %0 Report %D 2016 %T A fast virtual surgery platform for many scenarios haemodynamics of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts %A F. Ballarin %A Elena Faggiano %A Andrea Manzoni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Sonia Ippolito %A Roberto Scrofani %A Carlo Antona %X A fast computational framework is devised to the study of several configurations of patient-specific coronary artery bypass grafts. This is especially useful to perform a sensitivity analysis of the haemodynamics for different flow conditions occurring in native coronary arteries and bypass grafts, the investigation of the progression of the coronary artery disease and the choice of the most appropriate surgical procedure. A complete pipeline, from the acquisition of patientspecific medical images to fast parametrized computational simulations, is proposed. Complex surgical configurations employed in the clinical practice, such as Y-grafts and sequential grafts, are studied. A virtual surgery platform based on model reduction of unsteady Navier Stokes equations for blood dynamics is proposed to carry out sensitivity analyses in a very rapid and reliable way. A specialized geometrical parametrization is employed to compare the effect of stenosis and anastomosis variation on the outcome of the surgery in several relevant cases. %I Submitted %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35240 %1 35545 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-10-14T23:07:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BMMB_SISSA_report.pdf: 16374062 bytes, checksum: 7ee82fd9d989ed91bf9cc721ae2114a0 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %D 2016 %T Fracture models for elasto-plastic materials as limits of gradient damage models coupled with plasticity: the antiplane case %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Gianluca Orlando %A Rodica Toader %XWe study the asymptotic behavior of a variational model for damaged elasto-plastic materials in the case of antiplane shear. The energy functionals we consider depend on a small parameter $\varepsilon$, which forces damage concentration on regions of codimension one. We determine the $\Gamma$-limit as $\varepsilon$ tends to zero and show that it contains an energy term involving the crack opening.

%B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %V 55 %P 45 %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-016-0981-z %R 10.1007/s00526-016-0981-z %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Frames symplectic sheaves on surfaces and their ADHM data %A Jacopo Vittorio Scalise %K moduli spaces %X This dissertation is centered on the moduli space of what we call framed symplectic sheaves on a surface, compactifying the corresponding moduli space of framed principal SP−bundles. It contains the construction of the moduli space, which is carried out for every smooth projective surface X with a big and nef framing divisor, and a study of its deformation theory. We also develop an in-depth analysis of the examples X = P2 and X = Blp (P2 ), showing that the corresponding moduli spaces enjoy an ADHM-type description. In the former case, we prove irreducibility of the space and exhibit a relation with the space of framed ideal instantons on S4 in type C. %I SISSA %G en %1 35517 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 %$ Submitted by jscalise@sissa.it (jscalise@sissa.it) on 2016-09-16T08:14:20Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Framed symplectic sheaves on surfaces and their ADHM data.pdf: 939059 bytes, checksum: f36f5bbc16875fdbb60776eed86a41c0 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Mathematics %D 2016 %T A Frobenius theorem for corank-1 continuous distributions in dimensions two and three %A Stefano Luzzatto %A Sina Türeli %A Khadim Mbacke War %XWe formulate a notion of (uniform) asymptotic involutivity and show that it implies (unique) integrability of corank-1 continuous distributions in dimensions three or less. This generalizes and extends a classical Frobenius theorem, which says that an involutive C1 distribution is uniquely integrable.

%B International Journal of Mathematics %V 27 %P 1650061 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0129167X16500610 %R 10.1142/S0129167X16500610 %0 Journal Article %J Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %D 2016 %T Generalizing the Poincaré–Miranda theorem: the avoiding cones condition %A Alessandro Fonda %A Paolo Gidoni %XAfter proposing a variant of the Poincaré–Bohl theorem, we extend the Poincaré–Miranda theorem in several directions, by introducing an avoiding cones condition. We are thus able to deal with functions defined on various types of convex domains, and situations where the topological degree may be different from \$\$\backslashpm \$\$±1. An illustrative application is provided for the study of functionals having degenerate multi-saddle points.

%B Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (1923 -) %V 195 %P 1347–1371 %8 Aug %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10231-015-0519-6 %R 10.1007/s10231-015-0519-6 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %D 2016 %T Globally stable quasistatic evolution for a coupled elastoplastic–damage model %A Vito Crismale %XWe show the existence of globally stable quasistatic evolutions for a rate-independent material model with elastoplasticity and incomplete damage, in small strain assumptions. The main feature of our model is that the scalar internal variable which describes the damage affects both the elastic tensor and the plastic yield surface. It is also possible to require that the history of plastic strain up to the current state influences the future evolution of damage.

%B ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %I EDP Sciences %V 22 %P 883–912 %G eng %U https://www.esaim-cocv.org/articles/cocv/abs/2016/03/cocv150037/cocv150037.html %R 10.1051/cocv/2015037 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Noncommutative Geometry %D 2016 %T The Gysin sequence for quantum lens spaces %A Francesca Arici %A Simon Brain %A Giovanni Landi %XWe define quantum lens spaces as ‘direct sums of line bundles’ and exhibit them as ‘total spaces’ of certain principal bundles over quantum projective spaces. For each of these quantum lens spaces we construct an analogue of the classical Gysin sequence in K-theory. We use the sequence to compute the K-theory of the quantum lens spaces, in particular to give explicit geometric representatives of their K-theory classes. These representatives are interpreted as ‘line bundles’ over quantum lens spaces and generically define ‘torsion classes’. We work out explicit examples of these classes.

%B Journal of Noncommutative Geometry %V 9 %P 1077–1111 %G eng %R 10.4171/JNCG/216 %0 Journal Article %J Constr. Approx. %D 2016 %T Hankel determinant approach to generalized Vorob'ev-Yablonski polynomials and their roots %A Ferenc Balogh %A Marco Bertola %A Thomas Bothner %B Constr. Approx. %V 44 %P 417–453 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00365-016-9328-4 %R 10.1007/s00365-016-9328-4 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM Math. Model. Numer. Anal. %D 2016 %T $hp$-version discontinuous Galerkin methods for advection-diffusion-reaction problems on polytopic meshes %A Andrea Cangiani %A Dong, Zhaonan %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Houston, Paul %B ESAIM Math. Model. Numer. Anal. %V 50 %P 699–725 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1051/m2an/2015059 %R 10.1051/m2an/2015059 %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Instanton counting on compact manifolds %A Massimiliano Ronzani %K Supersymmetry %X In this thesis we analyze supersymmetric gauge theories on compact manifolds and their relation with representation theory of infinite Lie algebras associated to conformal field theories, and with the computation of geometric invariants and superconformal indices. The thesis contains the work done by the candidate during the doctorate programme at SISSA under the supervision of A. Tanzini and G. Bonelli. • in Chapter 2, we consider N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories on four manifolds admitting an isometry. Generalized Killing spinor equations are derived from the consistency of supersymmetry algebrae and solved in the case of four manifolds admitting a U(1) isometry. This is used to explicitly compute the supersymmetric path integral on S2 × S2 via equivariant localization. The building blocks of the resulting partition function are shown to contain the three point functions and the conformal blocks of Liouville Gravity. • in Chapter 3, we provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of N = 2 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for U(2) N = 2∗ theory on P2 for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a long-standing conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new. • in Chapter 4, we explore N = (1, 0) superconformal six-dimensional theories arising from M5 branes probing a transverse Ak singularity. Upon circle compactification to five dimensions, we describe this system with a dual pq-web of five-branes and propose the spectrum of basic five-dimensional in- stanton operators driving global symmetry enhancement. For a single M5 brane, we find that the exact partition function of the 5d quiver gauge theory matches the 6d (1, 0) index, which we compute by letter counting. We finally show which relations among vertex correlators of qW algebrae are implied by the S-duality of the pq-web. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35219 %1 35521 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by mronzani@sissa.it (mronzani@sissa.it) on 2016-09-16T15:39:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Tesi.pdf: 1068628 bytes, checksum: abe8948669f9ea6ac56f6026c511b4ab (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Dynamical Systems %D 2016 %T Integrability of C1 invariant splittings %A Stefano Luzzatto %A Sina Türeli %A Khadim Mbacke War %XWe derive some new conditions for integrability of dynamically defined C1 invariant splittings, formulated in terms of the singular values of the iterates of the derivative of the diffeomorphism which defines the splitting.

%B Dynamical Systems %I Taylor & Francis %V 31 %P 79-88 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/14689367.2015.1057480 %R 10.1080/14689367.2015.1057480 %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Integrability of continuous bundles and applications to dynamical systems %A Khadim Mbacke War %X In this dissertation we study the problem of integrability of bundles with low regularities. %I SISSA %G en %1 35529 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by kmwar@sissa.it (kmwar@sissa.it) on 2016-09-28T12:10:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Thesis-Khadim.pdf: 510947 bytes, checksum: 66daf50c9c84de98301953af3433621e (MD5) %0 Report %D 2016 %T Isogeometric analysis-based reduced order modelling for incompressible linear viscous flows in parametrized shapes %A Filippo Salmoiraghi %A F. Ballarin %A Luca Heltai %A Gianluigi Rozza %X In this work we provide a combination of isogeometric analysis with reduced order modelling techniques, based on proper orthogonal decomposition, to guarantee computational reduction for the numerical model, and with free-form deformation, for versatile geometrical parametrization. We apply it to computational fluid dynamics problems considering a Stokes flow model. The proposed reduced order model combines efficient shape deformation and accurate and stable velocity and pressure approximation for incompressible viscous flows, computed with a reduced order method. Efficient offine-online computational decomposition is guaranteed in view of repetitive calculations for parametric design and optimization problems. Numerical test cases show the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed reduced order model. %I Springer, AMOS Advanced Modelling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35199 %1 35493 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-06-20T23:55:25Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MAIN_IGA_FFD_ROM.pdf: 1631282 bytes, checksum: b050e472f11943b95d8307915a50b6da (MD5) %0 Report %D 2016 %T Large KAM tori for perturbations of the dNLS equation %A Massimiliano Berti %A Thomas Kappeler %A Riccardo Montalto %X We prove that small, semi-linear Hamiltonian perturbations of the defocusing nonlinear Schr\"odinger (dNLS) equation on the circle have an abundance of invariant tori of any size and (finite) dimension which support quasi-periodic solutions. When compared with previous results the novelty consists in considering perturbations which do not satisfy any symmetry condition (they may depend on x in an arbitrary way) and need not be analytic. The main difficulty is posed by pairs of almost resonant dNLS frequencies. The proof is based on the integrability of the dNLS equation, in particular the fact that the nonlinear part of the Birkhoff coordinates is one smoothing. We implement a Newton-Nash-Moser iteration scheme to construct the invariant tori. The key point is the reduction of linearized operators, coming up in the iteration scheme, to 2×2 block diagonal ones with constant coefficients together with sharp asymptotic estimates of their eigenvalues. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35284 %1 35589 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-05-30T09:09:35Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1603.09252.pdf: 1306610 bytes, checksum: 1e34137dcb21eb2e2a8e93d0c2d009a3 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J COMPUTERS & MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS %D 2016 %T LinearOperator – a generic, high-level expression syntax for linear algebra %A Matthias Maier %A Mauro Bardelloni %A Luca Heltai %B COMPUTERS & MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS %V 72 %P 1–24 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2016.04.024 %0 Report %D 2016 %T A model for the quasistatic growth of cracks with fractional dimension %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Marco Morandotti %X We study a variational model for the quasistatic growth of cracks with fractional dimension in brittle materials. We give a minimal set of properties of the collection of admissible cracks which ensure the existence of a quasistatic evolution. Both the antiplane and the planar cases are treated. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35175 %1 35459 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-03-01T11:58:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Mor-15-SISSA.pdf: 333769 bytes, checksum: f89da17dcba29091a91c253127244ede (MD5) %0 Book Section %B Wiley Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, 2016 %D 2016 %T Model Order Reduction: a survey %A Francisco Chinesta %A Antonio Huerta %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Karen Willcox %B Wiley Encyclopedia of Computational Mechanics, 2016 %I Wiley %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35194 %1 35470 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-05-27T00:41:12Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ECM_MOR.pdf: 746542 bytes, checksum: 93d6252fe8a175c4378b96bd4192712c (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Mathematische Zeitschrift %D 2016 %T Moser–Trudinger inequalities for singular Liouville systems %A Luca Battaglia %XIn this paper we prove a Moser–Trudinger inequality for the Euler–Lagrange functional of general singular Liouville systems on a compact surface. We characterize the values of the parameters which yield coercivity for the functional, hence the existence of energy-minimizing solutions for the system, and we give necessary conditions for boundedness from below. We also provide a sharp inequality under assuming the coefficients of the system to be non-positive outside the diagonal. The proofs use a concentration-compactness alternative, Pohožaev-type identities and blow-up analysis.

%B Mathematische Zeitschrift %V 282 %P 1169–1190 %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00209-015-1584-7 %R 10.1007/s00209-015-1584-7 %0 Journal Article %J The European Physical Journal E %D 2016 %T Motion planning and motility maps for flagellar microswimmers %A Giancarlo Cicconofri %A Antonio DeSimone %XWe study two microswimmers consisting of a spherical rigid head and a passive elastic tail. In the first one the tail is clamped to the head, and the system oscillates under the action of an external torque. In the second one, head and tail are connected by a joint allowing the angle between them to vary periodically, as a result of an oscillating internal torque. Previous studies on these models were restricted to sinusoidal actuations, showing that the swimmers can propel while moving on average along a straight line, in the direction given by the symmetry axis around which beating takes place. We extend these results to motions produced by generic (non-sinusoidal) periodic actuations within the regime of small compliance of the tail. We find that modulation in the velocity of actuation can provide a mechanism to select different directions of motion. With velocity-modulated inputs, the externally actuated swimmer can translate laterally with respect to the symmetry axis of beating, while the internally actuated one is able to move along curved trajectories. The governing equations are analysed with an asymptotic perturbation scheme, providing explicit formulas, whose results are expressed through motility maps. Asymptotic approximations are further validated by numerical simulations.

%B The European Physical Journal E %V 39 %P 72 %8 Jul %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1140/epje/i2016-16072-y %R 10.1140/epje/i2016-16072-y %0 Journal Article %J Annals of Nuclear Energy, 87, 2 (2016): pp. 198-208 %D 2016 %T A multi-physics reduced order model for the analysis of Lead Fast Reactor single channel %A Alberto Sartori %A Antonio Cammi %A Lelio Luzzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %X In this work, a Reduced Basis method, with basis functions sampled by a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition technique, has been employed to develop a reduced order model of a multi-physics parametrized Lead-cooled Fast Reactor single-channel. Being the first time that a reduced order model is developed in this context, the work focused on a methodological approach and the coupling between the neutronics and the heat transfer, where the thermal feedbacks on neutronics are explicitly taken into account, in time-invariant settings. In order to address the potential of such approach, two different kinds of varying parameters have been considered, namely one related to a geometric quantity (i.e., the inner radius of the fuel pellet) and one related to a physical quantity (i.e., the inlet lead velocity). The capabilities of the presented reduced order model (ROM) have been tested and compared with a high-fidelity finite element model (upon which the ROM has been constructed) on different aspects. In particular, the comparison focused on the system reactivity prediction (with and without thermal feedbacks on neutronics), the neutron flux and temperature field reconstruction, and on the computational time. The outcomes provided by the reduced order model are in good agreement with the high-fidelity finite element ones, and a computational speed-up of at least three orders of magnitude is achieved as well. %B Annals of Nuclear Energy, 87, 2 (2016): pp. 198-208 %I Elsevier %V 87 %P 208 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35191 %1 35471 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-06-16T11:08:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %& 198 %R doi:10.1016/j.anucene.2015.09.002 %0 Report %D 2016 %T Multiplicity of self-adjoint realisations of the (2+1)-fermionic model of Ter-Martirosyan--Skornyakov type %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Andrea Ottolini %X We reconstruct the whole family of self-adjoint Hamiltonians of Ter-Martirosyan- Skornyakov type for a system of two identical fermions coupled with a third particle of different nature through an interaction of zero range. We proceed through an operator-theoretic approach based on the self-adjoint extension theory of Kreĭn, Višiik, and Birman. We identify the explicit `Kreĭn-Višik-Birman extension param- eter' as an operator on the `space of charges' for this model (the `Kreĭn space') and we come to formulate a sharp conjecture on the dimensionality of its kernel. Based on our conjecture, for which we also discuss an amount of evidence, we explain the emergence of a multiplicity of extensions in a suitable regime of masses and we re- produce for the first time the previous partial constructions obtained by means of an alternative quadratic form approach. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35267 %1 35573 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-01-16T12:25:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_65-2016-MATE.pdf: 252490 bytes, checksum: 59617b8bff76543e4ea137b885bf1254 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Rend. Sem. Mat. Univ. Padova %D 2016 %T New existence results for the mean field equation on compact surfaces via degree theory %A Aleks Jevnikar %B Rend. Sem. Mat. Univ. Padova %V 136 %P 11–17 %G eng %R 10.4171/RSMUP/136-2 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Numer. Anal. %D 2016 %T The nonconforming virtual element method for the Stokes equations %A Andrea Cangiani %A Gyrya, Vitaliy %A Manzini, Gianmarco %B SIAM J. Numer. Anal. %V 54 %P 3411–3435 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/15M1049531 %R 10.1137/15M1049531 %0 Report %D 2016 %T Non-linear Schrödinger system for the dynamics of a binary condensate: theory and 2D numerics %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Giuseppe Pitton %X We present a comprehensive discussion of the mathematical framework for binary Bose-Einstein condensates and for the rigorous derivation of their effective dynamics, governed by a system of coupled non-linear Gross-Pitaevskii equations. We also develop in the 2D case a systematic numerical study of the Gross-Pitaevskii systems in a wide range of relevant regimes of population ratios and intra-species and inter-species interactions. Our numerical method is based on a Fourier collocation scheme in space combined with a fourth order integrating factor scheme in time. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35266 %1 35572 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2017-01-16T12:09:24Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_63-2016-MATE_Michelangeli-Pitton-2016.pdf: 6158349 bytes, checksum: ab11de2762ff510e6833474d0688a8b4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Nonlinear Studies %D 2016 %T A note on a multiplicity result for the mean field equation on compact surfaces %A Aleks Jevnikar %B Advanced Nonlinear Studies %I De Gruyter %V 16 %P 221–229 %G eng %R 10.1515/ans-2015-5009 %0 Journal Article %J Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A 146 (2016), 449–474. %D 2016 %T Pairs of positive periodic solutions of nonlinear ODEs with indefinite weight: a topological degree approach for the super-sublinear case %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Guglielmo Feltrin %A Fabio Zanolin %XWe study the periodic and Neumann boundary value problems associated with the second order nonlinear differential equation u''+cu'+λa(t)g(u)=0, where g:[0,+∞[→[0,+∞[ is a sublinear function at infinity having superlinear growth at zero. We prove the existence of two positive solutions when ∫a(t)dt 0 is sufficiently large. Our approach is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree theory and index computations.

%B Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A 146 (2016), 449–474. %I Cambridge University Press %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35262 %1 35566 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-11-21T07:33:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1017/S0308210515000621 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Nonlinear Analysis %D 2016 %T Periodic perturbations of Hamiltonian systems %A Alessandro Fonda %A Maurizio Garrione %A Paolo Gidoni %XWe prove existence and multiplicity results for periodic solutions of Hamiltonian systems, by the use of a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem. The first part of the paper deals with periodic perturbations of a completely integrable system, while in the second part we focus on some suitable global conditions, so to deal with weakly coupled systems.

%B Advances in Nonlinear Analysis %I De Gruyter %V 5 %P 367–382 %G eng %R 10.1515/anona-2015-0122 %0 Book Section %B Noncommutative Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications %D 2016 %T Pimsner Algebras and Circle Bundles %A Francesca Arici %A Francesco D'Andrea %A Giovanni Landi %E Alpay, Daniel %E Cipriani, Fabio %E Colombo, Fabrizio %E Guido, Daniele %E Sabadini, Irene %E Sauvageot, Jean-Luc %XWe report on the connections between noncommutative principal circle bundles, Pimsner algebras and strongly graded algebras. We illustrate several results with examples of quantum weighted projective and lens spaces and θ-deformations.

%B Noncommutative Analysis, Operator Theory and Applications %I Springer International Publishing %C Cham %P 1–25 %@ 978-3-319-29116-1 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29116-1_1 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-29116-1_1 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Noncommutative Geometry %D 2016 %T Pimsner algebras and Gysin sequences from principal circle actions %A Francesca Arici %A Jens Kaad %A Giovanni Landi %B Journal of Noncommutative Geometry %V 10 %P 29–64 %G eng %U http://hdl.handle.net/2066/162951 %R 10.4171/jncg/228 %0 Journal Article %D 2016 %T POD-Galerkin Method for Finite Volume Approximation of Navier-Stokes and RANS Equations %A Stefano Lorenzi %A Antonio Cammi %A Lelio Luzzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %X Numerical simulation of fluid flows requires important computational efforts but it is essential in engineering applications. Reduced Order Model (ROM) can be employed whenever fast simulations are required, or in general, whenever a trade-off between computational cost and solution accuracy is a preeminent issue as in process optimization and control. In this work, the efforts have been put to develop a ROM for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) application based on Finite Volume approximation, starting from the results available in turbulent Reynold-Averaged Navier Stokes simulations in order to enlarge the application field of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition – Reduced Order Model (POD – ROM) technique to more industrial fields. The approach is tested in the classic benchmark of the numerical simulation of the 2D lid-driven cavity. In particular, two simulations at Re = 103 and Re = 105 have been considered in order to assess both a laminar and turbulent case. Some quantities have been compared with the Full Order Model in order to assess the performance of the proposed ROM procedure i.e., the kinetic energy of the system and the reconstructed quantities of interest (velocity, pressure and turbulent viscosity). In addition, for the laminar case, the comparison between the ROM steady-state solution and the data available in literature has been presented. The results have turned out to be very satisfactory both for the accuracy and the computational times. As a major outcome, the approach turns out not to be affected by the energy blow up issue characterizing the results obtained by classic turbulent POD-Galerkin methods. %I Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Elsevier %G en %1 35502 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-08-06T00:39:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Manuscript_second_rev.pdf: 6749813 bytes, checksum: 08833a58f5485216e08c0597a7c13975 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J International Journal Numerical Methods for Fluids %D 2016 %T POD–Galerkin monolithic reduced order models for parametrized fluid-structure interaction problems %A F. Ballarin %A Gianluigi Rozza %X In this paper we propose a monolithic approach for reduced order modelling of parametrized fluid-structure interaction problems based on a proper orthogonal decomposition (POD)–Galerkin method. Parameters of the problem are related to constitutive properties of the fluid or structural problem, or to geometrical parameters related to the domain configuration at the initial time. We provide a detailed description of the parametrized formulation of the multiphysics problem in its components, together with some insights on how to obtain an offline-online efficient computational procedure through the approximation of parametrized nonlinear tensors. Then, we present the monolithic POD–Galerkin method for the online computation of the global structural displacement, fluid velocity and pressure of the coupled problem. Finally, we show some numerical results to highlight the capabilities of the proposed reduced order method and its computational performances %B International Journal Numerical Methods for Fluids %I Wiley %G en %1 35465 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-05-13T00:02:12Z No. of bitstreams: 2 Navon75.pdf: 4121319 bytes, checksum: 70f177ea434e4e289b7df8f7aefe5534 (MD5) img.png: 368575 bytes, checksum: 8bdf24261b0824a8bbd57d499de78f41 (MD5) %R 10.1002/fld.4252 %0 Report %D 2016 %T On point interactions realised as Ter-Martirosyan-Skornyakov Hamiltonians %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Andrea Ottolini %X For quantum systems of zero-range interaction we discuss the mathematical scheme within which modelling the two-body interaction by means of the physically relevant ultra-violet asymptotics known as the ``Ter-Martirosyan--Skornyakov condition'' gives rise to a self-adjoint realisation of the corresponding Hamiltonian. This is done within the self-adjoint extension scheme of Krein, Visik, and Birman. We show that the Ter-Martirosyan--Skornyakov asymptotics is a condition of self-adjointness only when is imposed in suitable functional spaces, and not just as a point-wise asymptotics, and we discuss the consequences of this fact on a model of two identical fermions and a third particle of different nature. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35195 %1 35489 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by aottolini@sissa.it (aottolini@sissa.it) on 2016-06-16T11:35:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_11-2016-MATE.pdf: 288426 bytes, checksum: 1cd4fd0554e316274d2160eaecb2646e (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Positive solutions to indefinite problems: a topological approach %A Guglielmo Feltrin %K positive solutions %X The present Ph.D. thesis is devoted to the study of positive solutions to indefinite problems. In particular, we deal with the second order nonlinear differential equation u'' + a(t) g(u) = 0, where g : [0,+∞[→[0,+∞[ is a continuous nonlinearity and a : [0,T]→R is a Lebesgue integrable sign-changing weight. We analyze the Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic boundary value problems on [0,T] associated with the equation and we provide existence, nonexistence and multiplicity results for positive solutions. In the first part of the manuscript, we investigate nonlinearities g(u) with a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity (including the classical superlinear case g(u)=u^p, with p>1). In particular, we prove that there exist 2^m-1 positive solutions when a(t) has m positive humps separated by negative ones and the negative part of a(t) is sufficiently large. Then, for the Dirichlet problem, we solve a conjecture by Gómez‐Reñasco and López‐Gómez (JDE, 2000) and, for the periodic problem, we give a complete answer to a question raised by Butler (JDE, 1976). In the second part, we study the super-sublinear case (i.e. g(u) is superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity). If a(t) has m positive humps separated by negative ones, we obtain the existence of 3^m-1 positive solutions of the boundary value problems associated with the parameter-dependent equation u'' + λ a(t) g(u) = 0, when both λ>0 and the negative part of a(t) are sufficiently large. We propose a new approach based on topological degree theory for locally compact operators on open possibly unbounded sets, which applies for Dirichlet, Neumann and periodic boundary conditions. As a byproduct of our method, we obtain infinitely many subharmonic solutions and globally defined positive solutions with complex behavior, and we deal with chaotic dynamics. Moreover, we study positive radially symmetric solutions to the Dirichlet and Neumann problems associated with elliptic PDEs on annular domains. Furthermore, this innovative technique has the potential and the generality needed to deal with indefinite problems with more general differential operators. Indeed, our approach apply also for the non-Hamiltonian equation u'' + cu' + a(t) g(u) = 0. Meanwhile, more general operators in the one-dimensional case and problems involving PDEs will be subjects of future investigations. %I SISSA %G en %1 35528 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2016-09-27T16:35:29Z No. of bitstreams: 2 GFeltrin_PhDthesis.pdf: 2862403 bytes, checksum: f459a59342fc02fbb1cb3018037110ff (MD5) GFeltrin_PhDdefense.pdf: 1154181 bytes, checksum: f847c2ec71149b57133a19be81609634 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series %D 2016 %T A quadratic interaction estimate for conservation laws: motivations, techniques and open problems %A Stefano Modena %XIn a series of joint works with S. Bianchini [3, 4, 5], we proved a quadratic interaction estimate for general systems of conservation laws. Aim of this paper is to present the results obtained in the three cited articles [3, 4, 5], discussing how they are related with the general theory of hyperbolic conservation laws. To this purpose, first we explain why this quadratic estimate is interesting, then we give a brief overview of the techniques we used to prove it and finally we present some related open problems.

%B Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series %V 47 %P 589–604 %8 Jun %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00574-016-0171-9 %R 10.1007/s00574-016-0171-9 %0 Journal Article %J Contemporary Mathematics. Fundamental Directions %D 2016 %T Quadratic interaction estimate for hyperbolic conservation laws, an overview %A Stefano Modena %B Contemporary Mathematics. Fundamental Directions %I Peoples' Friendship University of Russia %V 59 %P 148–172 %G eng %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Qualitative properties and construction of solutions to some semilinear elliptic PDEs %A Matteo Rizzi %K moving planes method, maximum principle, Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction, Willmore surfaces, Otha-Kawasaki functional %X This thesis is devoted to the study of elliptic equations. On the one hand, we study some qualitative properties, such as symmetry of solutions, on the other hand we explicitly construct some solutions vanishing near some fixed manifold. The main techniques are the moving planes method, in order to investigate the qualitative properties and the Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction. %I SISSA %G en %1 35500 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by mrizzi@sissa.it (mrizzi@sissa.it) on 2016-07-11T13:48:21Z No. of bitstreams: 1 tesi_finale.pdf: 1142117 bytes, checksum: 481f2b0713509231cd3a6f8ead92bf59 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2016 %T Quasi-static hydraulic crack growth driven by Darcy's law %A Stefano Almi %XIn the framework of rate independent processes, we present a variational model of quasi-static crack growth in hydraulic fracture. We first introduce the energy functional and study the equilibrium conditions of an unbounded linearly elastic body subject to a remote strain ε ∈ R and with a sufficiently regular crack Γ filled by a volume V of incompressible fluid. In particular, we are able to find the pressure p of the fluid inside the crack as a function of Γ, V , and ε. Then, we study the problem of quasi-static evolution for our model, imposing that the fluid volume V and the fluid pressure p are related by Darcy’s law. We show the existence of such an evolution, and we prove that it satisfies a weak notion of the so-called Griffith’s criterion.

%G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35198 %1 35492 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by salmi@sissa.it (salmi@sissa.it) on 2016-06-18T13:27:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Almi-16.pdf: 469056 bytes, checksum: eeb8055150115033880a6c206e9d9fa8 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J NERS-14-1062; ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci, 2, 2 (2016) 021019 %D 2016 %T A Reduced Basis Approach for Modeling the Movement of Nuclear Reactor Control Rods %A Alberto Sartori %A Antonio Cammi %A Lelio Luzzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %X This work presents a reduced order model (ROM) aimed at simulating nuclear reactor control rods movement and featuring fast-running prediction of reactivity and neutron flux distribution as well. In particular, the reduced basis (RB) method (built upon a high-fidelity finite element (FE) approximation) has been employed. The neutronics has been modeled according to a parametrized stationary version of the multigroup neutron diffusion equation, which can be formulated as a generalized eigenvalue problem. Within the RB framework, the centroidal Voronoi tessellation is employed as a sampling technique due to the possibility of a hierarchical parameter space exploration, without relying on a “classical” a posteriori error estimation, and saving an important amount of computational time in the offline phase. Here, the proposed ROM is capable of correctly predicting, with respect to the high-fidelity FE approximation, both the reactivity and neutron flux shape. In this way, a computational speedup of at least three orders of magnitude is achieved. If a higher precision is required, the number of employed basis functions (BFs) must be increased. %B NERS-14-1062; ASME J of Nuclear Rad Sci, 2, 2 (2016) 021019 %I ASME %V 2 %P 8 %8 02/2016 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35192 %N 2 %1 35473 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2016-05-30T00:18:10Z No. of bitstreams: 1 sartori_post-icone.pdf: 1377810 bytes, checksum: 5c09a1296518bbbd4b61b709ced8dbca (MD5) %R 10.1115/1.4031945 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Computational Physics %D 2016 %T Reduced basis approaches in time-dependent noncoercive settings for modelling the movement of nuclear reactor control rods %A Alberto Sartori %A Antonio Cammi %A Lelio Luzzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, two approaches, based on the certified Reduced Basis method, have been developed for simulating the movement of nuclear reactor control rods, in time-dependent non-coercive settings featuring a 3D geometrical framework. In particular, in a first approach, a piece-wise affine transformation based on subdomains division has been implemented for modelling the movement of one control rod. In the second approach, a “staircase” strategy has been adopted for simulating the movement of all the three rods featured by the nuclear reactor chosen as case study. The neutron kinetics has been modelled according to the so-called multi-group neutron diffusion, which, in the present case, is a set of ten coupled parametrized parabolic equations (two energy groups for the neutron flux, and eight for the precursors). Both the reduced order models, developed according to the two approaches, provided a very good accuracy compared with high-fidelity results, assumed as “truth” solutions. At the same time, the computational speed-up in the Online phase, with respect to the fine “truth” finite element discretization, achievable by both the proposed approaches is at least of three orders of magnitude, allowing a real-time simulation of the rod movement and control.

%B Communications in Computational Physics %I SISSA %8 2016 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34963 %N in press %1 35188 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2015-11-05T15:06:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 manuscript.pdf: 2056729 bytes, checksum: 2a2fad22dc931e8c4094642e21c479cd (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2016 %T Reduced basis method and domain decomposition for elliptic problems in networks and complex parametrized geometries %A Laura Iapichino %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X The aim of this work is to solve parametrized partial differential equations in computational domains represented by networks of repetitive geometries by combining reduced basis and domain decomposition techniques. The main idea behind this approach is to compute once, locally and for few reference shapes, some representative finite element solutions for different values of the parameters and with a set of different suitable boundary conditions on the boundaries: these functions will represent the basis of a reduced space where the global solution is sought for. The continuity of the latter is assured by a classical domain decomposition approach. Test results on Poisson problem show the flexibility of the proposed method in which accuracy and computational time may be tuned by varying the number of reduced basis functions employed, or the set of boundary conditions used for defining locally the basis functions. The proposed approach simplifies the pre-computation of the reduced basis space by splitting the global problem into smaller local subproblems. Thanks to this feature, it allows dealing with arbitrarily complex network and features more flexibility than a classical global reduced basis approximation where the topology of the geometry is fixed. %B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %I Elsevier %V 71 %P 430 %8 01/2016 %G en %N 1 %1 35187 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2015-11-05T14:59:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RDF2_reduced.pdf: 3254431 bytes, checksum: 508b8775e27dfb868f1b39c270cb4a6f (MD5) %& 408 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Number Theory and Physics %D 2016 %T Refined node polynomials via long edge graphs %A Lothar Göttsche %A Benjamin Kipkirui Kikwai %XThe generating functions of the Severi degrees for sufficiently ample line bundles on algebraic surfaces are multiplicative in the topological invariants of the surface and the line bundle. Recently new proofs of this fact were given for toric surfaces by Block, Colley, Kennedy and Liu, Osserman, using tropical geometry and in particular the combinatorial tool of long-edged graphs. In the first part of this paper these results are for $\mathbb{P}^2$ and rational ruled surfaces generalised to refined Severi degrees. In the second part of the paper we give a number of mostly conjectural generalisations of this result to singular surfaces, and curves with prescribed multiple points. The formulas involve modular forms and theta functions.

%B Communications in Number Theory and Physics %I International Press of Boston %V 10 %P 193–234 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/CNTP.2016.v10.n2.a2 %R 10.4310/CNTP.2016.v10.n2.a2 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %D 2016 %T Renormalization for Autonomous Nearly Incompressible BV Vector Fields in Two Dimensions %A Stefano Bianchini %A Paolo Bonicatto %A N.A. Gusev %XGiven a bounded autonomous vector field $b \colon \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^d$, we study the uniqueness of bounded solutions to the initial value problem for the related transport equation \begin{equation*} \partial_t u + b \cdot \nabla u= 0. \end{equation*} We are interested in the case where $b$ is of class BV and it is nearly incompressible. Assuming that the ambient space has dimension $d=2$, we prove uniqueness of weak solutions to the transport equation. The starting point of the present work is the result which has been obtained in [7] (where the steady case is treated). Our proof is based on splitting the equation onto a suitable partition of the plane: this technique was introduced in [3], using the results on the structure of level sets of Lipschitz maps obtained in [1]. Furthermore, in order to construct the partition, we use Ambrosio's superposition principle [4].

%B SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %V 48 %P 1-33 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/15M1007380 %R 10.1137/15M1007380 %0 Book Section %B Building bridges: connections and challenges in modern approaches to numerical partial differential equations %D 2016 %T Review of discontinuous Galerkin finite element methods for partial differential equations on complicated domains %A Antonietti, Paola F. %A Andrea Cangiani %A Collis, Joe %A Dong, Zhaonan %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Stefano Giani %A Houston, Paul %B Building bridges: connections and challenges in modern approaches to numerical partial differential equations %S Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. Eng. %I Springer, [Cham] %V 114 %P 279–308 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Proc. A. %D 2016 %T Rogue waves in multiphase solutions of the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation %A Marco Bertola %A Gennady El %A Alexander Tovbis %B Proc. A. %V 472 %P 20160340, 12 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2016.0340 %R 10.1098/rspa.2016.0340 %0 Report %D 2016 %T Second-order structured deformations %A Ana Cristina Barroso %A Jose Matias %A Marco Morandotti %A David R. Owen %I SISSA %G en %1 35497 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2016-07-08T11:42:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Morandott-2oStD.pdf: 385787 bytes, checksum: 31ae44cb708c09f82aba2f6ea5e73248 (MD5) %0 Conference Paper %B The 26th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference %D 2016 %T Ship Sinkage and Trim Predictions Based on a CAD Interfaced Fully Nonlinear Potential Model %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %A Massimiliano Berti %B The 26th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference %I International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers %V 3 %P 511–518 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Int. Math. Res. Not. %D 2016 %T Simple Lie Algebras and Topological ODEs %A Marco Bertola %A Boris Dubrovin %A Di Yang %B Int. Math. Res. Not. %V 2016 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %D 2016 %T On Sobolev instability of the interior problem of tomography %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Katsevich %A Alexander Tovbis %B Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %G eng %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Some results on quasistatic evolution problems for unidirectional processes %A Vito Crismale %I SISSA %G en %1 35522 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by vcrisma@sissa.it (vcrisma@sissa.it) on 2016-09-18T20:26:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 TesiPHD.pdf: 1721272 bytes, checksum: 95ef69bafc860616d3cdb08901da7ffb (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Some results on the mathematical analysis of crack problems with forces applied on the fracture lips %A Stefano Almi %K Fracture mechanics %X This thesis is devoted to the study of some models of fracture growth in elastic materials, characterized by the presence of forces acting on the crack lips. Working in the general framework of rate-independent processes, we first discuss a variational formulation of the problem of quasi-static crack evolution in hydraulic fracture. Then, we investigate the crack growth process in a cohesive fracture model, showing the existence of an evolution satisfying a weak Griffith's criterion. Finally, in the last chapter of this work we investigate, in the static case, the interaction between the energy spent in order to create a new fracture and the energy spent by the applied surface forces. This leads us to study the lower semicontinuity properties of a free discontinuity functional F(u) that can be written as the sum of a crack term, depending on the jump set of u, and of a boundary term, depending on the trace of u. %I SISSA %G en %1 35503 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by salmi@sissa.it (salmi@sissa.it) on 2016-08-09T10:34:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Almi-PhDThesis.pdf: 2060635 bytes, checksum: 5fab9efd5312430a0c9e57282df75694 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Partial Differential Equations %D 2016 %T Spectral analysis and the Aharonov-Bohm effect on certain almost-Riemannian manifolds %A Ugo Boscain %A Dario Prandi %A M. Seri %XWe study spectral properties of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on two relevant almost-Riemannian manifolds, namely the Grushin structures on the cylinder and on the sphere. This operator contains first order diverging terms caused by the divergence of the volume. We get explicit descriptions of the spectrum and the eigenfunctions. In particular in both cases we get a Weyl's law with leading term Elog E. We then study the drastic effect of Aharonov-Bohm magnetic potentials on the spectral properties. Other generalized Riemannian structures including conic and anti-conic type manifolds are also studied. In this case, the Aharonov-Bohm magnetic potential may affect the self-adjointness of the Laplace-Beltrami operator.

%B Communications in Partial Differential Equations %I Taylor & Francis %V 41 %P 32-50 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/03605302.2015.1095766 %R 10.1080/03605302.2015.1095766 %0 Report %D 2016 %T On the structure of $L^\infty$-entropy solutions to scalar conservation laws in one-space dimension %A Stefano Bianchini %A Elio Marconi %XWe prove that if $u$ is the entropy solution to a scalar conservation law in one space dimension, then the entropy dissipation is a measure concentrated on countably many Lipschitz curves. This result is a consequence of a detailed analysis of the structure of the characteristics. In particular the characteristic curves are segments outside a countably 1-rectifiable set and the left and right traces of the solution exist in a $C^0$-sense up to the degeneracy due to the segments where $f''=0$. We prove also that the initial data is taken in a suitably strong sense and we give some counterexamples which show that these results are sharp.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35209 %1 35508 %2 Mathematics %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2016-09-06T09:18:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1608.02811v1.pdf: 591028 bytes, checksum: 069b218b01f350df6db7904e245ef701 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of High Energy Physics %D 2016 %T Symmetry enhancements via 5d instantons, qW-algebrae and (1,0) superconformal index %A Benvenuti, Sergio %A Giulio Bonelli %A Massimiliano Ronzani %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe explore $\mathcal{N}=(1,0)$ superconformal six-dimensional theories arising from M5 branes probing a transverse $A_k$ singularity. Upon circle compactification to 5 dimensions, we describe this system with a dual pq-web of five-branes and propose the spectrum of basic five-dimensional instanton operators driving global symmetry enhancement. For a single M5 brane, we find that the exact partition function of the 5d quiver gauge theory matches the 6d (1, 0) index, which we compute by letter counting. We finally show that S-duality of the pq-web implies new relations among vertex correlators of $q\mathcal{W}$ algebrae.

%B Journal of High Energy Physics %V 2016 %P 53 %8 Sep %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP09(2016)053 %R 10.1007/JHEP09(2016)053 %0 Journal Article %J Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di scienze %D 2016 %T Symmetry properties of some solutions to some semilinear elliptic equations %A Farina, Alberto %A Andrea Malchiodi %A Matteo Rizzi %B Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di scienze %I Classe di Scienze %V 16 %P 1209–1234 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Correggi, M., Dimonte, D., 2016. On the third critical speed for rotating Bose-Einstein condensates. J. Math. Phys. 57, 71901 %D 2016 %T On the third critical speed for rotating Bose-Einstein condensates %A Daniele Dimonte %A Michele Correggi %X We study a two-dimensional rotating Bose-Einstein condensate confined by an anharmonic trap in the framework of the Gross-Pitaevskii theory. We consider a rapid rotation regime close to the transition to a giant vortex state. It was proven in Correggi et al. [J. Math. Phys. 53, 095203 (2012)] that such a transition occurs when the angular velocity is of order ε−4, with ε−2 denoting the coefficient of the nonlinear term in the Gross-Pitaevskii functional and ε ≪ 1 (Thomas-Fermi regime). In this paper, we identify a finite value Ωc such that if Ω = Ω0/ε4 with Ω0 > Ωc, the condensate is in the giant vortex phase. Under the same condition, we prove a refined energy asymptotics and an estimate of the winding number of any Gross-Pitaevskii minimizer. %B Correggi, M., Dimonte, D., 2016. On the third critical speed for rotating Bose-Einstein condensates. J. Math. Phys. 57, 71901 %I AIP Publisher %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35246 %1 35557 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by ddimonte@sissa.it (ddimonte@sissa.it) on 2016-10-19T16:34:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1508.07235v4.pdf: 520340 bytes, checksum: e987bbeef8fe09e31b8ea970c4ae4b4b (MD5) %R 10.1063/1.4954805 %0 Journal Article %J Phys. Rev. D %D 2016 %T Towards a gauge theory interpretation of the real topological string %A Hayashi, Hirotaka %A Nicolò Piazzalunga %A Uranga, Angel M. %XWe consider the real topological string on certain noncompact toric Calabi-Yau three-folds $\mathbb{X}$, in its physical realization describing an orientifold of type IIA on $\mathbb{X}$ with an O4-plane and a single D4-brane stuck on top. The orientifold can be regarded as a new kind of surface operator on the gauge theory with 8 supercharges arising from the singular geometry. We use the M-theory lift of this system to compute the real Gopakumar-Vafa invariants (describing wrapped M2-brane Bogomol’nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) states) for diverse geometries. We show that the real topological string amplitudes pick up certain signs across flop transitions, in a well-defined pattern consistent with continuity of the real BPS invariants. We further give some preliminary proposals of an intrinsically gauge theoretical description of the effect of the surface operator in the gauge theory partition function.

%B Phys. Rev. D %I American Physical Society %V 93 %P 066001 %8 Mar %G eng %U https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.066001 %R 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.066001 %0 Journal Article %J Applied Categorical Structures %D 2016 %T t-Structures are Normal Torsion Theories %A Domenico Fiorenza %A Fosco Loregian %XWe characterize $t$-structures in stable ∞-categories as suitable quasicategorical factorization systems. More precisely we show that a $t$-structure $\mathcal{t}$ on a stable $\infty$-category $\mathbb{C}$ is equivalent to a normal torsion theory $\mathbf{F}$ on $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. to a factorization system $\mathbf{F} = (\mathcal{\epsilon}, \mathcal{M})$ where both classes satisfy the 3-for-2 cancellation property, and a certain compatibility with pullbacks/pushouts.

%B Applied Categorical Structures %V 24 %P 181–208 %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10485-015-9393-z %R 10.1007/s10485-015-9393-z %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T t-structures on stable (infinity,1)-categories %A Fosco Loregian %K category theory, higher category theory, factorization system, torsion theory, homological algebra, higher algebra %X The present work re-enacts the classical theory of t-structures reducing the classical definition coming from Algebraic Geometry to a rather primitive categorical gadget: suitable reflective factorization systems (defined in the work of Rosický, Tholen, and Cassidy-Hébert-Kelly), which we call "normal torsion theories" following. A relation between these two objects has previously been noticed by other authors, on the level of the triangulated homotopy categories of stable (infinity,1)-categories. The main achievement of the present thesis is to observe and prove that this relation exists genuinely when the definition is lifted to the higher-dimensional world where the notion of triangulated category comes from. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35202 %1 35477 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 %$ Submitted by floregi@sissa.it (floregi@sissa.it) on 2016-06-10T18:05:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 main-w.pdf: 1321458 bytes, checksum: b705aee6a0652769f8d48ad2ec750e94 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2016 %T Two explorations in Dynamical Systems and Mechanics %A Paolo Gidoni %K Poincaré-Birkhoff Theorem %X This thesis contains the work done by Paolo Gidoni during the doctorate programme in Matematical Analysis at SISSA, under the supervision of A. Fonda and A. DeSimone. The thesis is composed of two parts: "Avoiding cones conditions and higher dimensional twist" and "Directional friction in bio-inspired locomotion". %I SISSA %G en %1 35527 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Paolo Gidoni (pgidoni@sissa.it) on 2016-09-27T15:43:47Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PaoloGidoniDissertation.pdf: 3516967 bytes, checksum: 7ba7e59fb23b28fdd3ca2a95796a5827 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %D 2016 %T Viscous approximation of quasistatic evolutions for a coupled elastoplastic-damage model %A Vito Crismale %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %XEmploying the technique of vanishing viscosity and time rescaling, we show the existence of quasistatic evolutions for elastoplastic materials with incomplete damage affecting both the elastic tensor and the plastic yield surface, in a softening framework and in small strain assumptions.

%B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %V 55 %P 17 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-015-0947-6 %R 10.1007/s00526-015-0947-6 %0 Journal Article %J arXiv preprint arXiv:1602.08745 %D 2016 %T Volume geodesic distortion and Ricci curvature for Hamiltonian dynamics %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Davide Barilari %A Elisa Paoli %B arXiv preprint arXiv:1602.08745 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A %D 2016 %T Young towers for product systems %A Stefano Luzzatto %A Marks Ruziboev %XWe show that the direct product of maps with Young towers admits a Young tower whose return times decay at a rate which is bounded above by the slowest of the rates of decay of the return times of the component maps. An application of this result, together with other results in the literature, yields various statistical properties for the direct product of various classes of systems, including Lorenz-like maps, multimodal maps, piecewise $C^2$ interval maps with critical points and singularities, Hénon maps and partially hyperbolic systems.

%B Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A %V 36 %P 1465 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/18d4526e-470d-467e-967a-a0345ad4c642 %R 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.1465 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics %D 2016 %T Z2 Invariants of Topological Insulators as Geometric Obstructions %A Domenico Fiorenza %A Domenico Monaco %A Gianluca Panati %XWe consider a gapped periodic quantum system with time-reversal symmetry of fermionic (or odd) type, i.e. the time-reversal operator squares to $-\mathbb{1}$. We investigate the existence of periodic and time-reversal invariant Bloch frames in dimensions 2 and 3. In 2d, the obstruction to the existence of such a frame is shown to be encoded in a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-valued topological invariant, which can be computed by a simple algorithm. We prove that the latter agrees with the Fu-Kane index. In 3d, instead, four $\mathbb{Z}_2$ invariants emerge from the construction, again related to the Fu-Kane-Mele indices. When no topological obstruction is present, we provide a constructive algorithm yielding explicitly a periodic and time-reversal invariant Bloch frame. The result is formulated in an abstract setting, so that it applies both to discrete models and to continuous ones.

%B Communications in Mathematical Physics %V 343 %P 1115–1157 %8 May %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-015-2552-0 %R 10.1007/s00220-015-2552-0 %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Anisotropic mean curvature on facets and relations with capillarity %A Stefano Amato %A Lucia Tealdi %A Giovanni Bellettini %XWe discuss the relations between the anisotropic calibrability of a facet F of a solid crystal E, and the capillary problem on a capillary tube with base F. When F is parallel to a facet of the Wulff shape, calibrability is equivalent to show the existence of an anisotropic subunitary vector field in $F, with suitable normal trace on the boundary of the facet, and with constant divergence equal to the anisotropic mean curvature of F. When the Wulff shape is a cylynder, assuming E convex at F, and F (strictly) calibrable, such a vector field is obtained by solving the capillary problem on F in absence of gravity and with zero contact angle. We show some examples of facets for which it is possible, even without the strict calibrability assumption, to build one of these vector fields. The construction provides, at least for convex facets of class C^{1,1}, the solution of the total variation flow starting at 1_F.

%I de Gruyter %G en_US %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34481 %1 34663 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Stefano Amato (samato@sissa.it) on 2015-08-06T08:33:21Z No. of bitstreams: 1 amato_bellettini_tealdi.pdf: 561517 bytes, checksum: ee2370b8b8ae04078e1e8eae84d37bdd (MD5) %R 10.1515/geofl-2015-0005 %0 Journal Article %J Constr. Approx. %D 2015 %T Asymptotics of orthogonal polynomials with complex varying quartic weight: global structure, critical point behavior and the first Painlevé equation %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Tovbis %B Constr. Approx. %V 41 %P 529–587 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00365-015-9288-0 %R 10.1007/s00365-015-9288-0 %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications 69 (2015) 1167–1188 %D 2015 %T Benchmarking the Immersed Finite Element Method for Fluid-Structure Interaction Problems %A Roy Saswati %A Luca Heltai %A Francesco Costanzo %X We present an implementation of a fully variational formulation of an immersed methods for fluid-structure interaction problems based on the finite element method. While typical implementation of immersed methods are characterized by the use of approximate Dirac delta distributions, fully variational formulations of the method do not require the use of said distributions. In our implementation the immersed solid is general in the sense that it is not required to have the same mass density and the same viscous response as the surrounding fluid. We assume that the immersed solid can be either viscoelastic of differential type or hyperelastic. Here we focus on the validation of the method via various benchmarks for fluid-structure interaction numerical schemes. This is the first time that the interaction of purely elastic compressible solids and an incompressible fluid is approached via an immersed method allowing a direct comparison with established benchmarks. %B Computers and Mathematics with Applications 69 (2015) 1167–1188 %G en %1 34633 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2015-04-20T15:26:58Z No. of bitstreams: 1 rhc_feibm_validation-v3.pdf: 7039131 bytes, checksum: 705f28e17037504f00766fc4e84a10a4 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2015.03.012 %0 Report %D 2015 %T A bridging mechanism in the homogenisation of brittle composites with soft inclusions %A Marco Barchiesi %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Caterina Ida Zeppieri %X We provide a homogenisation result for the energy-functional associated with a purely brittle composite whose microstructure is characterised by soft periodic inclusions embedded in a stiffer matrix. We show that the two constituents as above can be suitably arranged on a microscopic scale ε to obtain, in the limit as ε tends to zero, a homogeneous macroscopic energy-functional explicitly depending on the opening of the crack. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7492 %1 7621 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-01-26T14:21:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BarLazZep-soft-2015(1).pdf: 488285 bytes, checksum: 252f196c34b0c22b00f3de1f36190176 (MD5) %0 Book %B Springer Briefs in Mathematics %D 2015 %T Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations %A Jan S Hesthaven %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Benjamin Stamm %K a posteriori error bounds %K empirical interpolation %K parametrized partial differential equations %K reduced basis methods, greedy algorithms %XThis book provides a thorough introduction to the mathematical and algorithmic aspects of certified reduced basis methods for parametrized partial differential equations. Central aspects ranging from model construction, error estimation and computational efficiency to empirical interpolation methods are discussed in detail for coercive problems. More advanced aspects associated with time-dependent problems, non-compliant and non-coercive problems and applications with geometric variation are also discussed as examples.

%B Springer Briefs in Mathematics %7 1 %I Springer %C Switzerland %P 135 %@ 978-3-319-22469-5 %G eng %6 1 %0 Report %D 2015 %T A class of Hamiltonians for a three-particle fermionic system at unitarity %A Michele Correggi %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %A Domenico Finco %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Alessandro Teta %X We consider a quantum mechanical three-particle system made of two identical fermions of mass one and a different particle of mass $m$, where each fermion interacts via a zero-range force with the different particle. In particular we study the unitary regime, i.e., the case of infinite two-body scattering length. The Hamiltonians describing the system are, by definition, self-adjoint extensions of the free Hamiltonian restricted on smooth functions vanishing at the two-body coincidence planes, i.e., where the positions of two interacting particles coincide. It is known that for $m$ larger than a critical value $m^* \simeq (13.607)^{-1}$ a self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonian $H_0$ can be constructed, whose domain is characterized in terms of the standard point-interaction boundary condition at each coincidence plane. Here we prove that for $m\in(m^*,m^{**})$, where $m^{**}\simeq (8.62)^{-1}$, there is a further family of self-adjoint and lower bounded Hamiltonians $H_{0,\beta}$, $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$, describing the system. Using a quadratic form method, we give a rigorous construction of such Hamiltonians and we show that the elements of their domains satisfy a further boundary condition, characterizing the singular behavior when the positions of all the three particles coincide. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34469 %1 34644 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Alessandro Michelangeli (alemiche@sissa.it) on 2015-05-21T06:33:20Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_22-2015-MATE.pdf: 438261 bytes, checksum: ca05e5e2c5d78d87225a11073cb09d47 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences %D 2015 %T A compatible-incompatible decomposition of symmetric tensors in Lp with application to elasticity %A Maggiani, Giovanni Battista %A Riccardo Scala %A Nicolas Van Goethem %K 35J58 %K 35Q74 %K compatibility conditions %K elasticity %K Korn inequality %K strain decomposition %K subclass74B05 %XIn this paper, we prove the Saint-Venant compatibility conditions in $L^p$ for $p\in(1,∞)$, in a simply connected domain of any space dimension. As a consequence, alternative, simple, and direct proofs of some classical Korn inequalities in Lp are provided. We also use the Helmholtz decomposition in $L^p$ to show that every symmetric tensor in a smooth domain can be decomposed in a compatible part, which is the symmetric part of a displacement gradient, and in an incompatible part, which is the incompatibility of a certain divergence-free tensor. Moreover, under a suitable Dirichlet boundary condition, this Beltrami-type decomposition is proved to be unique. This decomposition result has several applications, one of which being in dislocation models, where the incompatibility part is related to the dislocation density and where $1 < p < 2$. This justifies the need to generalize and prove these rather classical results in the Hilbertian case ($p = 2$), to the full range $p\in(1,∞)$. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

%B Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences %V 38 %P 5217-5230 %G eng %U https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mma.3450 %R 10.1002/mma.3450 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization %D 2015 %T Complexity of Control-Affine Motion Planning %A Jean, F. %A Dario Prandi %XIn this paper we study the complexity of the motion planning problem for control-affine systems. Such complexities are already defined and rather well understood in the particular case of nonholonomic (or sub-Riemannian) systems. Our aim is to generalize these notions and results to systems with a drift. Accordingly, we present various definitions of complexity, as functions of the curve that is approximated, and of the precision of the approximation. Due to the lack of time-rescaling invariance of these systems, we consider geometric and parametrized curves separately. Then, we give some asymptotic estimates for these quantities. As a byproduct, we are able to treat the long time local controllability problem, giving quantitative estimates on the cost of stabilizing the system near a nonequilibrium point of the drift.

%B SIAM Journal on Control and Optimization %V 53 %P 816-844 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/130950793 %R 10.1137/130950793 %0 Journal Article %J Adv. Calc. Var. %D 2015 %T Constrained BV functions on double coverings for Plateau's type problems %A Stefano Amato %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Maurizio Paolini %XWe link Brakke's "soap films" covering construction with the theory of finite perimeter sets, in order to study Plateau's problem without fixing a priori the topology of the solution. The minimization is set up in the class of $BV$ functions defined on a double covering space of the complement of an $(n − 2)$-dimensional smooth compact manifold $S$ without boundary. The main novelty of our approach stands in the presence of a suitable constraint on the fibers, which couples together the covering sheets. The model allows to avoid all issues concerning the presence of the boundary $S$. The constraint is lifted in a natural way to Sobolev spaces, allowing also an approach based on $Γ$-convergence theory.

%B Adv. Calc. Var. %G en_US %1 7597 %$ Submitted by Stefano Amato (samato@sissa.it) on 2014-12-12T07:20:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bvcovering_gen.pdf: 520748 bytes, checksum: 7b3d78994ff2d2ae5cbbe87eaa5f0777 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematics of Academia Sinica (New Series) %D 2015 %T Convergence rate of the Glimm scheme %A Stefano Modena %A Stefano Bianchini %B Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematics of Academia Sinica (New Series) %G eng %0 Report %D 2015 %T Convex combinations of low eigenvalues, Fraenkel asymmetries and attainable sets %A Dario Mazzoleni %A Davide Zucco %X We consider the problem of minimizing convex combinations of the first two eigenvalues of the Dirichlet-Laplacian among open set of $R^N$ of fixed measure. We show that, by purely elementary arguments, based on the minimality condition, it is possible to obtain informations on the geometry of the minimizers of convex combinations: we study, in particular, when these minimizers are no longer convex, and the optimality of balls. As an application of our results we study the boundary of the attainable set for the Dirichlet spectrum. Our techniques involve symmetry results à la Serrin, explicit constants in quantitative inequalities, as well as a purely geometrical problem: the minimization of the Fraenkel 2-asymmetry among convex sets of fixed measure. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35140 %1 35378 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Davide Zucco (dzucco@sissa.it) on 2015-12-03T12:26:59Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Mazzoleni_Zucco_preprint_SISSA.pdf: 437631 bytes, checksum: 990947c0f9a62d173c6e72d105297d19 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Deal2lkit: a Toolkit Library for High Performance Programming in deal.II %A Alberto Sartori %A Nicola Giuliani %A Mauro Bardelloni %A Luca Heltai %X We present version 1.0.0 of the deal2lkit (deal.II ToolKit) library. deal2lkit is a collection of modules and classes for the general purpose finite element library deal.II. Its principal aim is to provide a high level interface, controlled via parameter files, for those steps that are common in all finite element programs: mesh generation, selection of the finite element type, application of boundary conditions and many others. Each module can be used as a building block independently on the others, and can be integrated in existing finite element codes based on deal.II, drastically reducing the size of programs, rendering their use automatically parametrised, and reducing the overall time-to-market of finite element programming. Moreover, deal2lkit features interfaces with the SUNDIALS (SUite of Nonlinear and DIfferential/ALgebraic equation Solvers) and ASSIMP (Open Asset Import Library) libraries. Some examples are provided which show the aim and scopes of deal2lkit. The deal2lkit library is released under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) and can be retrieved from the deal2lkit repository https://github.com/mathLab/deal2lkit. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35006 %1 35235 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by asartori@sissa.it (asartori@sissa.it) on 2015-11-13T13:12:29Z No. of bitstreams: 1 paper_deal2lkit.pdf: 1085486 bytes, checksum: 1dc7e9b9790fe38d2ced7b5328633cd8 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Archive of Numerical Software, vol. 3, n. 100, (2015), pages : 1-8 %D 2015 %T The deal.II Library, Version 8.2 %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A G. Kanschat %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Bruno Turcksin %A T. D. Young %X This paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II version 8.2 %B Archive of Numerical Software, vol. 3, n. 100, (2015), pages : 1-8 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34464 %1 34637 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2015-04-20T15:40:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 18031-44567-1-PB (1).pdf: 137014 bytes, checksum: 9a5fddeccfa389c32ca89a466e653074 (MD5) %R 10.11588/ans.2015.100.18031 %0 Journal Article %J Dynamical Systems %D 2015 %T Decay of correlations for invertible maps with non-Hölder observables %A Marks Ruziboev %XAn invertible dynamical system with some hyperbolic structure is considered. Upper estimates for the correlations of continuous observables are given in terms of modulus of continuity. The result is applied to certain Hénon maps and Solenoid maps with intermittency.

%B Dynamical Systems %I Taylor & Francis %V 30 %P 341-352 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/14689367.2015.1046816 %R 10.1080/14689367.2015.1046816 %0 Journal Article %J J. Math. Phys. %D 2015 %T A degeneration of two-phase solutions of the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation via Riemann-Hilbert problems %A Marco Bertola %A Giavedoni, Pietro %B J. Math. Phys. %V 56 %P 061507, 17 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4922362 %R 10.1063/1.4922362 %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Dispersive deformations of the Hamiltonian structure of Euler's equations %A Matteo Casati %X Euler's equations for a two-dimensional system can be written in Hamiltonian form, where the Poisson bracket is the Lie-Poisson bracket associated to the Lie algebra of divergence free vector fields. We show how to derive the Poisson brackets of 2d hydrodynamics of ideal fluids as a reduction from the one associated to the full algebra of vector fields. Motivated by some recent results about the deformations of Lie-Poisson brackets of vector fields, we study the dispersive deformations of the Poisson brackets of Euler's equation and show that, up to the second order, they are trivial. %G en %1 34700 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Matteo Casati (mcasati@sissa.it) on 2015-09-09T13:27:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 defoHD.pdf: 195202 bytes, checksum: 9ee41e73fc37dd79f1659dda2e742b57 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Dynamics of screw dislocations: a generalised minimising-movements scheme approach %A Giovanni A. Bonaschi %A Patrick Van Meurs %A Marco Morandotti %X The gradient flow structure of the model introduced in [CG99] for the dynamics of screw dislocations is investigated by means of a generalised minimising-movements scheme approach. The assumption of a finite number of available glide directions, together with the "maximal dissipation criterion" that governs the equations of motion, results into solving a differential inclusion rather than an ODE. This paper addresses how the model in [CG99] is connected to a time-discrete evolution scheme which explicitly confines dislocations to move each time step along a single glide direction. It is proved that the time-continuous model in [CG99] is the limit of these time-discrete minimising-movement schemes when the time step converges to 0. The study presented here is a first step towards a generalization of the setting in [AGS08, Chap. 2 and 3] that allows for dissipations which cannot be described by a metric. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34495 %1 34692 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-09-04T08:36:59Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BvMM_03_9_15-MM.pdf: 773084 bytes, checksum: 686749d206d2f9c676ab004b860799f4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %D 2015 %T Existence and multiplicity result for the singular Toda system %A Luca Battaglia %K Existence result %K Liouville-type equations %K Multiplicity result %K PDEs on compact surfaces %K Toda system %XWe consider the Toda system on a compact surface (Σ,g)−Δu1=2ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg−1)−ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg−1)−4π∑j=1Jα1j(δpj−1),−Δu2=2ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg−1)−ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg−1)−4π∑j=1Jα2j(δpj−1), where hi are smooth positive functions, ρi are positive real parameters, pj are given points on Σ and αij are numbers greater than −1. We give existence and multiplicity results, using variational and Morse-theoretical methods. It is the first existence result when some of the αij's are allowed to be negative."

%B Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %V 424 %P 49 - 85 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X14010191 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2014.10.081 %0 Report %D 2015 %T Existence for constrained dynamic Griffith fracture with a weak maximal dissipation condition %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Cristopher J. Larsen %A Rodica Toader %X There are very few existence results for fracture evolution, outside of globally minimizing quasi-static evolutions. Dynamic evolutions are particularly problematic, due to the difficulty of showing energy balance, as well as of showing that solutions obey a maximal dissipation condition, or some similar condition that prevents stationary cracks from always being solutions. Here we introduce a new weak maximal dissipation condition and show that it is compatible with cracks constrained to grow smoothly on a smooth curve. In particular, we show existence of dynamic fracture evolutions satisfying this maximal dissipation condition, subject to the above smoothness constraints, and exhibit explicit examples to show that this maximal dissipation principle can indeed rule out stationary cracks as solutions. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35045 %1 35277 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2015-11-18T15:46:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Lar-Toa-SISSA.pdf: 313034 bytes, checksum: 76419fd2c8c435ae7deeca773b424667 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Adv. Differential Equations 20 (2015), 937–982. %D 2015 %T Existence of positive solutions in the superlinear case via coincidence degree: the Neumann and the periodic boundary value problems %A Guglielmo Feltrin %A Fabio Zanolin %XWe prove the existence of positive periodic solutions for the second order nonlinear equation u'' + a(x) g(u) = 0, where g(u) has superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. The weight function a(x) is allowed to change its sign. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of nontrivial solutions are obtained. The proof is based on Mawhin's coincidence degree and applies also to Neumann boundary conditions. Applications are given to the search of positive solutions for a nonlinear PDE in annular domains and for a periodic problem associated to a non-Hamiltonian equation.

%B Adv. Differential Equations 20 (2015), 937–982. %I Khayyam Publishing %G en %U http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ade/1435064518 %1 35388 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-12-18T08:49:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 FeltrinZanolin_ade2015.pdf: 321052 bytes, checksum: 38a45a1515a02fc86751b5f088bbfbfb (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Conference Publications %D 2015 %T Existence of positive solutions of a superlinear boundary value problem with indefinite weight %A Guglielmo Feltrin %K boundary value problem %K indefinite weight %K Positive solution; existence result. %K superlinear equation %XWe deal with the existence of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated with the nonlinear second order equation $u''+a(x)g(u)=0$. The weight $a(x)$ is allowed to change sign. We assume that the function $g\colon\mathopen[0,+∞\mathclose[\to\mathbb{R}$ is continuous, $g(0)=0$ and satisfies suitable growth conditions, including the superlinear case $g(s)=s^p$, with $p>1$. In particular we suppose that $g(s)/s$ is large near infinity, but we do not require that $g(s)$ is non-negative in a neighborhood of zero. Using a topological approach based on the Leray-Schauder degree we obtain a result of existence of at least a positive solution that improves previous existence theorems.

%B Conference Publications %V 2015 %P 436 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/b3c1c765-e8f5-416e-8130-05cc48478026 %R 10.3934/proc.2015.0436 %0 Conference Paper %B International Conference on Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics %D 2015 %T Experience on vectorizing lattice Boltzmann kernels for multi-and many-core architectures %A Calore, Enrico %A Nicola Demo %A Schifano, Sebastiano Fabio %A Tripiccione, Raffaele %B International Conference on Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics %I Springer %P 53–62 %G eng %0 Report %D 2015 %T Explicit formulas for relaxed disarrangement densities arising from structured deformations %A Ana Cristina Barroso %A Jose Matias %A Marco Morandotti %A David R. Owen %X Structured deformations provide a multiscale geometry that captures the contributions at the macrolevel of both smooth geometrical changes and non-smooth geometrical changes (disarrangements) at submacroscopic levels. For each (first-order) structured deformation (g,G) of a continuous body, the tensor field G is known to be a measure of deformations without disarrangements, and M:=∇g−G is known to be a measure of deformations due to disarrangements. The tensor fields G and M together deliver not only standard notions of plastic deformation, but M and its curl deliver the Burgers vector field associated with closed curves in the body and the dislocation density field used in describing geometrical changes in bodies with defects. Recently, Owen and Paroni [13] evaluated explicitly some relaxed energy densities arising in Choksi and Fonseca’s energetics of structured deformations [4] and thereby showed: (1) (trM)+ , the positive part of trM, is a volume density of disarrangements due to submacroscopic separations, (2) (trM)−, the negative part of trM, is a volume density of disarrangements due to submacroscopic switches and interpenetrations, and (3) trM, the absolute value of trM, is a volume density of all three of these non-tangential disarrangements: separations, switches, and interpenetrations. The main contribution of the present research is to show that a different approach to the energetics of structured deformations, that due to Ba\'{i}a, Matias, and Santos [1], confirms the roles of (trM)+, (trM)−, and trM established by Owen and Paroni. In doing so, we give an alternative, shorter proof of Owen and Paroni’s results, and we establish additional explicit formulas for other measures of disarrangements. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34492 %1 34687 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-08-28T10:09:53Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_Preprint_37_2015_MATE.pdf: 315599 bytes, checksum: 2bd676c192205d3a2edd7c48bf53c11c (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Extended affine Weyl groups of BCD type, Frobenius manifolds and their Landau-Ginzburg superpotentials %A Boris Dubrovin %A Ian A.B. Strachan %A Youjin Zhang %A Dafeng Zuo %X For the root systems of type Bl, Cl and Dl, we generalize the result of [7] by showing the existence of Frobenius manifold structures on the orbit spaces of the extended affine Weyl groups that correspond to any vertex of the Dynkin diagram instead of a particular choice made in [7]. It also depends on certain additional data. We also construct LG superpotentials for these Frobenius manifold structures. %I SISSA %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35316 %1 35625 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-05-23T10:53:54Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1510.08690.pdf: 433692 bytes, checksum: 0cd6111d36bb3b57262400e1f1cebe3a (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Fast simulations of patient-specific haemodynamics of coronary artery bypass grafts based on a POD-Galerkin method and a vascular shape parametrization %A F. Ballarin %A Elena Faggiano %A Sonia Ippolito %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Roberto Scrofani %X In this work a reduced-order computational framework for the study of haemodynamics in three-dimensional patient-specific configurations of coronary artery bypass grafts dealing with a wide range of scenarios is proposed. We combine several efficient algorithms to face at the same time both the geometrical complexity involved in the description of the vascular network and the huge computational cost entailed by time dependent patient-specific flow simulations. Medical imaging procedures allow to reconstruct patient-specific configurations from clinical data. A centerlines-based parametrization is proposed to efficiently handle geometrical variations. POD–Galerkin reduced-order models are employed to cut down large computational costs. This computational framework allows to characterize blood flows for different physical and geometrical variations relevant in the clinical practice, such as stenosis factors and anastomosis variations, in a rapid and reliable way. Several numerical results are discussed, highlighting the computational performance of the proposed framework, as well as its capability to perform sensitivity analysis studies, so far out of reach. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34623 %1 34824 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2015-10-07T00:30:27Z No. of bitstreams: 1 REPORT.pdf: 10426315 bytes, checksum: 6e5ddf4eb4cacdc7e803c2db1a540fc9 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 59 (2015), pp. 8-22 %D 2015 %T FEM SUPG stabilisation of mixed isoparametric BEMs: application to linearised free surface flows %A Nicola Giuliani %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A L. Formaggia %XIn finite element formulations, transport dominated problems are often stabilised through the Streamline-Upwind-Petrov–Galerkin (SUPG) method. Its application is straightforward when the problem at hand is solved using Galerkin methods. Applications of boundary integral formulations often resort to collocation techniques which are computationally more tractable. In this framework, the Galerkin method and the stabilisation may still be used to successfully apply boundary conditions and resolve instabilities that are frequently observed in transport dominated problems. We apply this technique to an adaptive collocation boundary element method for the solution of stationary potential flows, where we solve a mixed Poisson problem in boundary integral form, with the addition of linearised free surface boundary conditions. We use a mixed boundary element formulation to allow for different finite dimensional spaces describing the flow potential and its normal derivative, and we validate our method simulating the flow around both a submerged body and a surface piercing body. The coupling of mixed surface finite elements and strongly consistent stabilisation techniques with boundary elements opens up the possibility to use non conformal unstructured grids with local refinement, without introducing the inconsistencies of other stabilisation techniques based on up-winding and finite difference schemes.

%B Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 59 (2015), pp. 8-22 %G en_US %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34466 %1 34640 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by ngiuliani@sissa.it (ngiuliani@sissa.it) on 2015-05-04T12:32:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 paper-free-surface.pdf: 888763 bytes, checksum: 68366266786e84b78a356acd6de50840 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.enganabound.2015.04.006 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Mathematics %D 2015 %T A general existence result for the Toda system on compact surfaces %A Luca Battaglia %A Aleks Jevnikar %A Andrea Malchiodi %A David Ruiz %K Geometric PDEs %K Min–max schemes %K Variational methods %XIn this paper we consider the following Toda system of equations on a compact surface:−Δu1=2ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg−1)−ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg−1)−Δu1=−4π∑j=1mα1,j(δpj−1),−Δu2=2ρ2(h2eu2∫Σh2eu2dVg−1)−ρ1(h1eu1∫Σh1eu1dVg−1)−Δu2=−4π∑j=1mα2,j(δpj−1), which is motivated by the study of models in non-abelian Chern–Simons theory. Here h1,h2 are smooth positive functions, ρ1,ρ2 two positive parameters, pi points of the surface and α1,i,α2,j non-negative numbers. We prove a general existence result using variational methods. The same analysis applies to the following mean field equation−Δu=ρ1(heu∫ΣheudVg−1)−ρ2(he−u∫Σhe−udVg−1), which arises in fluid dynamics."

%B Advances in Mathematics %V 285 %P 937 - 979 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001870815003072 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aim.2015.07.036 %0 Journal Article %J Geometry & Topology %D 2015 %T Geodesics and horizontal-path spaces in Carnot groups %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Alessandro Gentile %A Antonio Lerario %XWe study properties of the space of horizontal paths joining the origin with a vertical point on a generic two-step Carnot group. The energy is a Morse-Bott functional on paths and its critical points (sub-Riemannian geodesics) appear in families (compact critical manifolds) with controlled topology. We study the asymptotic of the number of critical manifolds as the energy grows. The topology of the horizontal-path space is also investigated, and we find asymptotic results for the total Betti number of the sublevels of the energy as it goes to infinity. We interpret these results as local invariants of the sub-Riemannian structure.

%B Geometry & Topology %I Mathematical Sciences Publishers %V 19 %P 1569–1630 %G eng %R 10.2140/gt.2015.19.1569 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Geometric phases in graphene and topological insulators %A Domenico Monaco %K Geometric phases, graphene, topological insulators, Wannier functions, Bloch frames %X This thesis collects three of the publications that the candidate produced during his Ph.D. studies. They all focus on geometric phases in solid state physics. We first study topological phases of 2-dimensional periodic quantum systems, in absence of a spectral gap, like e.g. (multilayer) graphene. A topological invariant n_v in Z, baptized eigenspace vorticity, is attached to any intersection of the energy bands, and characterizes the local topology of the eigenprojectors around that intersection. With the help of explicit models, each associated to a value of n_v in Z, we are able to extract the decay at infinity of the single-band Wannier function w in mono- and bilayer graphene, obtaining |w(x)| <= const |x|^{-2} as |x| tends to infinity. Next, we investigate gapped periodic quantum systems, in presence of time-reversal symmetry. When the time-reversal operator Theta is of bosonic type, i.e. it satisfies Theta^2 = 1, we provide an explicit algorithm to construct a frame of smooth, periodic and time-reversal symmetric (quasi-)Bloch functions, or equivalently a frame of almost-exponentially localized, real-valued (composite) Wannier functions, in dimension d <= 3. In the case instead of a fermionic time-reversal operator, satisfying Theta^2 = -1, we show that the existence of such a Bloch frame is in general topologically obstructed in dimension d=2 and d=3. This obstruction is encoded in Z_2-valued topological invariants, which agree with the ones proposed in the solid state literature by Fu, Kane and Mele. %I SISSA %G en %1 34702 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Domenico Monaco (dmonaco@sissa.it) on 2015-09-13T00:09:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Monaco_PhDThesis.pdf: 1801696 bytes, checksum: 83cdd0dee2cc65cb246735d92f21c74a (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Gibbs-Markov-Young Structures and Decay of Correlations %A Marks Ruziboev %K Decay of Correlations, GMY-towers %X In this work we study mixing properties of discrete dynamical systems and related to them geometric structure. In the first chapter we show that the direct product of maps with Young towers admits a Young tower whose return times decay at a rate which is bounded above by the slowest of the rates of decay of the return times of the component maps. An application of this result, together with other results in the literature, yields various statistical properties for the direct product of various classes of systems, including Lorenz-like maps, multimodal maps, piecewise $C^2$ interval maps with critical points and singularities, H\'enon maps and partially hyperbolic systems. The second chapter is dedicated to the problem of decay of correlations for continuous observables. First we show that if the underlying system admits Young tower then the rate of decay of correlations for continuous observables can be estimated in terms of modulus of continuity and the decay rate of tail of Young tower. In the rest of the second chapter we study the relations between the rates of decay of correlations for smooth observables and continuous observables. We show that if the rates of decay of correlations is known for $C^r,$ observables ($r\ge 1$) then it is possible to obtain decay of correlations for continuous observables in terms of modulus of continuity. %I SISSA %G en %1 34677 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by mruziboe@sissa.it (mruziboe@sissa.it) on 2015-08-10T16:44:24Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ruziboev_thesis.pdf: 745751 bytes, checksum: 7743d9fe13df739ad5fe5dd9a0eed202 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Gli abachi: antichi strumenti precursori delle moderne macchine da calcolo %A Giuliano Klun %G eng %U http://hdl.handle.net/10077/10884 %0 Report %D 2015 %T Global well-posedness of the magnetic Hartree equation with non-Strichartz external fields %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X We study the magnetic Hartree equation with external fields to which magnetic Strichartz estimates are not necessarily applicable. We characterise the appropriate notion of energy space and in such a space we prove the global well-posedness of the associated initial value problem by means of energy methods only. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34440 %1 34567 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-02-09T07:36:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_07-2015-MATE.pdf: 185909 bytes, checksum: ae723e94b4951f0092f096c72ebf14d6 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Hilbert schemes of points of OP1(-n) as quiver varieties %A Ugo Bruzzo %X Relying on a representation of framed torsion-free sheaves on Hirzebruch surfaces in terms of monads, we construct ADHM data for the Hilbert scheme of points of the total space of the line bundle $\mathcal O(-n)$ on $\mathbb P^1$. This ADHM description is then used to realize these Hilbert schemes as quiver varieties. %I arXiv:1504.02987 [math.AG] %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34487 %1 34673 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Ugo Bruzzo (bruzzo@sissa.it) on 2015-08-07T20:51:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BBLR-10.pdf: 381014 bytes, checksum: 8e0965815a5d89b7855afc29dcf7fe74 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Homogenization problems in the Calculus of Variations: an overview %A Jose Matias %A Marco Morandotti %X In this note we present a brief overview of variational methods to solve homogenization problems. The purpose is to give a first insight on the subject by presenting some fundamental theoretical tools, both classical and modern. We conclude by mentioning some open problems. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34455 %1 34598 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-03-18T12:11:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 surveyhom1.pdf: 297678 bytes, checksum: be0ffd687370fdf3bf6a57d4f6dc61e4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Internat. J. Numer. Methods Engrg. %D 2015 %T Hourglass stabilization and the virtual element method %A Andrea Cangiani %A Manzini, G. %A Russo, A. %A Sukumar, N. %B Internat. J. Numer. Methods Engrg. %V 102 %P 404–436 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.4854 %R 10.1002/nme.4854 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %D 2015 %T Hourglass stabilization and the virtual element method %A Andrea Cangiani %A Manzini, G. %A Russo, A. %A Sukumar, N. %K consistency matrix %K hourglass control %K polygonal and polyhedral finite elements %K stabilization matrix %K underintegration %K virtual element method %X SummaryIn this paper, we establish the connections between the virtual element method (VEM) and the hourglass control techniques that have been developed since the early 1980s to stabilize underintegrated C0 Lagrange finite element methods. In the VEM, the bilinear form is decomposed into two parts: a consistent term that reproduces a given polynomial space and a correction term that provides stability. The essential ingredients of -continuous VEMs on polygonal and polyhedral meshes are described, which reveals that the variational approach adopted in the VEM affords a generalized and robust means to stabilize underintegrated finite elements. We focus on the heat conduction (Poisson) equation and present a virtual element approach for the isoparametric four-node quadrilateral and eight-node hexahedral elements. In addition, we show quantitative comparisons of the consistency and stabilization matrices in the VEM with those in the hourglass control method of Belytschko and coworkers. Numerical examples in two and three dimensions are presented for different stabilization parameters, which reveals that the method satisfies the patch test and delivers optimal rates of convergence in the L2 norm and the H1 seminorm for Poisson problems on quadrilateral, hexahedral, and arbitrary polygonal meshes. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. %B International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering %V 102 %P 404-436 %G eng %U https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/nme.4854 %R https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.4854 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Integrability of Continuous Tangent Sub-bundles %A Sina Türeli %K Dynamical Systems, Global Analysis, Frobenius Theorem, Integrability %X In this thesis, the main aim is to study the integrability properties of continuous tangent sub-bundles, especially those that arise in the study of dynamical systems. After the introduction and examples part we start by studying integrability of such sub-bundles under different regularity and dynamical assumptions. Then we formulate a continuous version of the classical Frobenius theorem and state some applications to such bundles, to ODE and PDE. Finally we close of by stating some ongoing work related to interactions between integrability, sub-Riemannian geometry and contact geometry. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34630 %1 34833 %2 Mathematics %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by stureli@sissa.it (stureli@sissa.it) on 2015-10-13T01:32:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 thesis-sina-tureli-2015.pdf: 526450 bytes, checksum: 9ff71f05dd4ee459ef37ff150ebb272e (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Interaction functionals, Glimm approximations and Lagrangian structure of BV solutions for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservations Laws %A Stefano Modena %K Hyperbolic conservation laws %X This thesis is a contribution to the mathematical theory of Hyperbolic Conservation Laws. Three are the main results which we collect in this work. The first and the second result (denoted in the thesis by Theorem A and Theorem B respectively) deal with the following problem. The most comprehensive result about existence, uniqueness and stability of the solution to the Cauchy problem \begin{equation}\tag{$\mathcal C$} \label{E:abstract} \begin{cases} u_t + F(u)_x = 0, \\u(0, x) = \bar u(x), \end{cases} \end{equation} where $F: \R^N \to \R^N$ is strictly hyperbolic, $u = u(t,x) \in \R^N$, $t \geq 0$, $x \in \R$, $\TV(\bar u) \ll 1$, can be found in [Bianchini, Bressan 2005], where the well-posedness of \eqref{E:abstract} is proved by means of vanishing viscosity approximations. After the paper [Bianchini, Bressan 2005], however, it seemed worthwhile to develop a \emph{purely hyperbolic} theory (based, as in the genuinely nonlinear case, on Glimm or wavefront tracking approximations, and not on vanishing viscosity parabolic approximations) to prove existence, uniqueness and stability results. The reason of this interest can be mainly found in the fact that hyperbolic approximate solutions are much easier to study and to visualize than parabolic ones. Theorems A and B in this thesis are a contribution to this line of research. In particular, Theorem A proves an estimate on the change of the speed of the wavefronts present in a Glimm approximate solution when two of them interact; Theorem B proves the convergence of the Glimm approximate solutions to the weak admissible solution of \eqref{E:abstract} and provides also an estimate on the rate of convergence. Both theorems are proved in the most general setting when no assumption on $F$ is made except the strict hyperbolicity. The third result of the thesis, denoted by Theorem C, deals with the Lagrangian structure of the solution to \eqref{E:abstract}. The notion of Lagrangian flow is a well-established concept in the theory of the transport equation and in the study of some particular system of conservation laws, like the Euler equation. However, as far as we know, the general system of conservations laws \eqref{E:abstract} has never been studied from a Lagrangian point of view. This is exactly the subject of Theorem C, where a Lagrangian representation for the solution to the system \eqref{E:abstract} is explicitly constructed. The main reasons which led us to look for a Lagrangian representation of the solution of \eqref{E:abstract} are two: on one side, this Lagrangian representation provides the continuous counterpart in the exact solution of \eqref{E:abstract} to the well established theory of wavefront approximations; on the other side, it can lead to a deeper understanding of the behavior of the solutions in the general setting, when the characteristic field are not genuinely nonlinear or linearly degenerate. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34542 %1 34739 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by smodena@sissa.it (smodena@sissa.it) on 2015-09-22T13:24:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Modena_tesi_2015_09_22.pdf: 1531188 bytes, checksum: 814a6709a4fcbf8b10bc95a9e3d155c7 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %D 2015 %T Liquid crystal elastomer strips as soft crawlers %A Antonio DeSimone %A Paolo Gidoni %A Giovanni Noselli %K Crawling motility %K Directional surfaces %K Frictional interactions %K Liquid crystal elastomers %K Soft biomimetic robots %XIn this paper, we speculate on a possible application of Liquid Crystal Elastomers to the field of soft robotics. In particular, we study a concept for limbless locomotion that is amenable to miniaturisation. For this purpose, we formulate and solve the evolution equations for a strip of nematic elastomer, subject to directional frictional interactions with a flat solid substrate, and cyclically actuated by a spatially uniform, time-periodic stimulus (e.g., temperature change). The presence of frictional forces that are sensitive to the direction of sliding transforms reciprocal, ‘breathing-like’ deformations into directed forward motion. We derive formulas quantifying this motion in the case of distributed friction, by solving a differential inclusion for the displacement field. The simpler case of concentrated frictional interactions at the two ends of the strip is also solved, in order to provide a benchmark to compare the continuously distributed case with a finite-dimensional benchmark. We also provide explicit formulas for the axial force along the crawler body.

%B Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids %V 84 %P 254 - 272 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022509615300430 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmps.2015.07.017 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Mathematical Models of Locomotion: Legged Crawling, Snake-like Motility, and Flagellar Swimming %A Giancarlo Cicconofri %K Motility %I SISSA %G en %1 34743 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# FIS/02 %$ Submitted by cicconof@sissa.it (cicconof@sissa.it) on 2015-09-24T20:39:35Z No. of bitstreams: 1 TESI_Cicconofri.pdf: 4716549 bytes, checksum: 708afb866eb4c106392495f2a8e7c6a8 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Anal. Math. Phys. %D 2015 %T Meromorphic differentials with imaginary periods on degenerating hyperelliptic curves %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Tovbis %B Anal. Math. Phys. %V 5 %P 1–22 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13324-014-0088-7 %R 10.1007/s13324-014-0088-7 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Computational Mathematics %D 2015 %T Model order reduction of parameterized systems (MoRePaS): Preface to the special issue of advances in computational mathematics %A Peter Benner %A Mario Ohlberger %A Anthony Patera %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Sorensen, D.C. %A Karsten Urban %B Advances in Computational Mathematics %V 41 %P 955–960 %G eng %R 10.1007/s10444-015-9443-y %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics %D 2015 %T Motility of a model bristle-bot: A theoretical analysis %A Giancarlo Cicconofri %A Antonio DeSimone %K Bristle-robots %K Crawling motility %K Frictional interactions %XBristle-bots are legged robots that can be easily made out of a toothbrush head and a small vibrating engine. Despite their simple appearance, the mechanism enabling them to propel themselves by exploiting friction with the substrate is far from trivial. Numerical experiments on a model bristle-bot have been able to reproduce such a mechanism revealing, in addition, the ability to switch direction of motion by varying the vibration frequency. This paper provides a detailed account of these phenomena through a fully analytical treatment of the model. The equations of motion are solved through an expansion in terms of a properly chosen small parameter. The convergence of the expansion is rigorously proven. In addition, the analysis delivers formulas for the average velocity of the robot and for the frequency at which the direction switch takes place. A quantitative description of the mechanism for the friction modulation underlying the motility of the bristle-bot is also provided.

%B International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics %V 76 %P 233 - 239 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020746215000025 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2014.12.010 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Multidimensional Poisson Vertex Algebras and Poisson cohomology of Hamiltonian operators of hydrodynamic type %A Matteo Casati %K Poisson Vertex Algebras, Poisson brackets, Hamiltonian operators, Integrable Systems %X The Poisson brackets of hydrodynamic type, also called Dubrovin-Novikov brackets, constitute the Hamiltonian structure of a broad class of evolutionary PDEs, that are ubiquitous in the theory of Integrable Systems, ranging from Hopf equation to the principal hierarchy of a Frobenius manifold. They can be regarded as an analogue of the classical Poisson brackets, defined on an infinite dimensional space of maps Σ → M between two manifolds. Our main problem is the study of Poisson-Lichnerowicz cohomology of such space when dim Σ > 1. We introduce the notion of multidimensional Poisson Vertex Algebras, generalizing and adapting the theory by A. Barakat, A. De Sole, and V. Kac [Poisson Vertex Algebras in the theory of Hamiltonian equations, 2009]; within this framework we explicitly compute the first nontrivial cohomology groups for an arbitrary Poisson bracket of hydrodynamic type, in the case dim Σ = dim M = 2. For the case of the so-called scalar brackets, namely the ones for which dim M = 1, we give a complete description on their Poisson–Lichnerowicz cohomology. From this computations it follows, already in the particular case dim Σ = 2, that the cohomology is infinite dimensional. %I SISSA %G en %1 34902 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Matteo Casati (mcasati@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T07:27:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PhDThesis_Casati.pdf: 1027291 bytes, checksum: 49f551db40603ca035f2515ccb6ec7a2 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Numerische Mathematik, (2015), 36 p. Article in Press %D 2015 %T Multilevel and weighted reduced basis method for stochastic optimal control problems constrained by Stokes equations %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %X In this paper we develop and analyze a multilevel weighted reduced basis method for solving stochastic optimal control problems constrained by Stokes equations. We prove the analytic regularity of the optimal solution in the probability space under certain assumptions on the random input data. The finite element method and the stochastic collocation method are employed for the numerical approximation of the problem in the deterministic space and the probability space, respectively, resulting in many large-scale optimality systems to solve. In order to reduce the unaffordable computational effort, we propose a reduced basis method using a multilevel greedy algorithm in combination with isotropic and anisotropic sparse-grid techniques. A weighted a posteriori error bound highlights the contribution stemming from each method. Numerical tests on stochastic dimensions ranging from 10 to 100 demonstrate that our method is very efficient, especially for solving high-dimensional and large-scale optimization problems. %B Numerische Mathematik, (2015), 36 p. Article in Press %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34491 %1 34680 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2015-08-25T23:32:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 06August2014_wRBM4SOC.pdf: 531409 bytes, checksum: d1a2f18b0de17872919c430779f7180c (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00211-015-0743-4 %0 Journal Article %J J. Differential Equations 259 (2015), 925–963. %D 2015 %T Multiple positive solutions for a superlinear problem: a topological approach %A Guglielmo Feltrin %A Fabio Zanolin %XWe study the multiplicity of positive solutions for a two-point boundary value problem associated to the nonlinear second order equation u''+f(x,u)=0. We allow x ↦ f(x,s) to change its sign in order to cover the case of scalar equations with indefinite weight. Roughly speaking, our main assumptions require that f(x,s)/s is below λ_1 as s→0^+ and above λ_1 as s→+∞. In particular, we can deal with the situation in which f(x,s) has a superlinear growth at zero and at infinity. We propose a new approach based on the topological degree which provides the multiplicity of solutions. Applications are given for u'' + a(x) g(u) = 0, where we prove the existence of 2^n-1 positive solutions when a(x) has n positive humps and a^-(x) is sufficiently large.

%B J. Differential Equations 259 (2015), 925–963. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35147 %1 35387 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-12-17T09:31:06Z No. of bitstreams: 1 FeltrinZanolin_jde2015.pdf: 350880 bytes, checksum: 0e329b01081df570863ea2492ffefe0a (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jde.2015.02.032 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of High Energy Physics %D 2015 %T N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on S^2xS^2 and Liouville Gravity %A Aditya Bawane %A Giulio Bonelli %A Massimiliano Ronzani %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe consider $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories on four manifolds admitting an isometry. Generalized Killing spinor equations are derived from the consistency of supersymmetry algebrae and solved in the case of four manifolds admitting a $U(1)$ isometry. This is used to explicitly compute the supersymmetric path integral on $S^2 \times S^2$ via equivariant localization. The building blocks of the resulting partition function are shown to contain the three point functions and the conformal blocks of Liouville Gravity.

%B Journal of High Energy Physics %V 2015 %P 54 %8 Jul %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2015)054 %R 10.1007/JHEP07(2015)054 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Normal matrix models and orthogonal polynomials for a class of potentials with discrete rotational symmetries %A Dario Merzi %K Mathematical Physics %X In this thesis we are going to study normal random matrix models which generalize naturally the polynomially perturbed Ginibre ensamble, focusing in particular on their eigenvalue distribution and on the asymptotics of the associated orthogonal polynomials. \\ The main result we are going to present are the following: \begin{itemize} \item we describe the explicit derivation of the equilibrium measure for a class of potentials with discrete rotational symmetries, namely of the form \[V(z)=|z|^{2n}-t(z^{d}+\bar{z}^{d})\qquad n,d\in\mathbb{N},\ \ d\leq2n\ \ t>0 .\] \item We obtain the strong asymptotics for the orthogonal polynomials associated to the weight \[ e^{-NV(z)},\quad V(z)=|z|^{2s}-t(z^s+\bar{z}^{s}) \qquad z \in \mathbb{C},\;s\in \mathbb{N},\quad t>0,\] and we will show how the density of their zeroes is related to the eigenvalue distribution of the corresponding matrix model; \item We show how the conformal maps used to describe the support of the equilibrium measure for polynomial perturbation of the potential $V(z)=|z|^{2n}$ lead to a natural generalization of the concept of polynomial curves introduced in by Elbau. \end{itemize} %I SISSA %G en %1 34938 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Dario Merzi (dmerzi@sissa.it) on 2015-10-24T00:25:34Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Tesi.pdf: 2303697 bytes, checksum: 620bce2fe472d72e2a7050687b21dc08 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. %D 2015 %T A note on compactness properties of the singular Toda system %A Luca Battaglia %A Gabriele Mancini %XIn this note, we consider blow-up for solutions of the SU(3) Toda system on compact surfaces. In particular, we give a complete proof of a compactness result stated by Jost, Lin and Wang and we extend it to the case of singular systems. This is a necessary tool to find solutions through variational methods.

%B Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. %V 26 %P 299-307 %G en %1 34669 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gmancini@sissa.it (gmancini@sissa.it) on 2015-08-07T16:01:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art3.pdf: 146803 bytes, checksum: 362923e2dd63f86658dd3bb0701ce05b (MD5) %R 10.4171/RLM/708 %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Onofri-Type Inequalities for Singular Liouville Equations %A Gabriele Mancini %XWe study the blow-up behavior of minimizing sequences for the singular Moser–Trudinger functional on compact surfaces. Assuming non-existence of minimum points, we give an estimate for the infimum value of the functional. This result can be applied to give sharp Onofri-type inequalities on the sphere in the presence of at most two singularities.

%I Springer US %G en %1 34668 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %R 10.1007/s12220-015-9589-3 %0 Journal Article %J J. Phys. A %D 2015 %T The partition function of the extended $r$-reduced Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy %A Marco Bertola %A Di Yang %B J. Phys. A %V 48 %P 195205, 20 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/48/19/195205 %R 10.1088/1751-8113/48/19/195205 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %D 2015 %T A permanence theorem for local dynamical systems %A Alessandro Fonda %A Paolo Gidoni %K Lotka–Volterra %K permanence %K Predator–prey %K Uniform persistence %XWe provide a necessary and sufficient condition for permanence related to a local dynamical system on a suitable topological space. We then present an illustrative application to a Lotka–Volterra predator–prey model with intraspecific competition.

%B Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %V 121 %P 73 - 81 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X14003332 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2014.10.011 %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T The phototransduction machinery in the rod outer segment has a strong efficacy gradient %A Monica Mazzolini %A Giuseppe Facchetti %A L. Andolfi %A R. Proietti Zaccaria %A S. Tuccio %A J. Treud %A Claudio Altafini %A Enzo M. Di Fabrizio %A Marco Lazzarino %A G. Rapp %A Vincent Torre %I National Academy of Sciences %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35157 %1 35382 %2 Neuroscience %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2016-01-21T09:29:28Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1073/pnas.1423162112 %0 Report %D 2015 %T Poisson cohomology of scalar multidimensional Dubrovin-Novikov brackets %A Guido Carlet %A Matteo Casati %A Sergey Shadrin %X We compute the Poisson cohomology of a scalar Poisson bracket of Dubrovin-Novikov type with D independent variables. We find that the second and third cohomology groups are generically non-vanishing in D>1. Hence, in contrast with the D=1 case, the deformation theory in the multivariable case is non-trivial. %G en %1 35389 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Principal circle bundles, Pimsner algebras and Gysin sequences %A Francesca Arici %X Principal circle bundles and Gysin sequences play a crucial role in mathematical physics, in particular in Chern-Simons theories and T-duality. This works focuses on the noncommutative topology of principal circle bundles: we investigate the connections between noncommutative principal circle bundles, Pimsner algebras and strongly graded algebras. At the C*-algebraic level, we start from a self-Morita equivalence bimodule E for a C*-algebra B which we think of as a non commutative line bundle over the `base space’ algebra B. The corresponding Pimsner algebra O_E, is then the total space algebra of an associated circle bundle. A natural six term exact sequence, an analogue of the Gysin sequence for circle bundles, relates the KK-theories of O_E and of the base space B. We illustrate several results with the examples of quantum weighted projective and lens spaces. %I SISSA %G en %1 34744 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Francesca Arici (farici@sissa.it) on 2015-09-26T07:48:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 AriciThesis.pdf: 983966 bytes, checksum: 4eadf33259d623493f52eaba5c45ec90 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics %D 2015 %T Quadratic Interaction Functional for General Systems of Conservation Laws %A Stefano Bianchini %A Stefano Modena %XFor the Glimm scheme approximation to the solution of the system of conservation laws in one space dimension with initial data u 0 with small total variation, we prove a quadratic (w.r.t. Tot. Var. ( u 0)) interaction estimate, which has been used in the literature for stability and convergence results. No assumptions on the structure of the flux f are made (apart from smoothness), and this estimate is the natural extension of the Glimm type interaction estimate for genuinely nonlinear systems. More precisely, we obtain the following results: a new analysis of the interaction estimates of simple waves;

%B Communications in Mathematical Physics %V 338 %P 1075–1152 %G eng %R 10.1007/s00220-015-2372-2 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Computational Mathematics %D 2015 %T Reduced basis approximation and a-posteriori error estimation for the coupled Stokes-Darcy system %A Immanuel Martini %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Bernard Haasdonk %K Domain decomposition %K Error estimation %K Non-coercive problem %K Porous medium equation %K Reduced basis method %K Stokes flow %XThe coupling of a free flow with a flow through porous media has many potential applications in several fields related with computational science and engineering, such as blood flows, environmental problems or food technologies. We present a reduced basis method for such coupled problems. The reduced basis method is a model order reduction method applied in the context of parametrized systems. Our approach is based on a heterogeneous domain decomposition formulation, namely the Stokes-Darcy problem. Thanks to an offline/online-decomposition, computational times can be drastically reduced. At the same time the induced error can be bounded by fast evaluable a-posteriori error bounds. In the offline-phase the proposed algorithms make use of the decomposed problem structure. Rigorous a-posteriori error bounds are developed, indicating the accuracy of certain lifting operators used in the offline-phase as well as the accuracy of the reduced coupled system. Also, a strategy separately bounding pressure and velocity errors is extended. Numerical experiments dealing with groundwater flow scenarios demonstrate the efficiency of the approach as well as the limitations regarding a-posteriori error estimation.

%B Advances in Computational Mathematics %V special issue for MoRePaS 2012 %G eng %N in press %R 10.1007/s10444-014-9396-6 %0 Journal Article %J Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %D 2015 %T Reduced basis approximation of parametrized advection-diffusion PDEs with high Péclet number %A Pacciarini, P. %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work we show some results about the reduced basis approximation of advection dominated parametrized problems, i.e. advection-diffusion problems with high Péclet number. These problems are of great importance in several engineering applications and it is well known that their numerical approximation can be affected by instability phenomena. In this work we compare two possible stabilization strategies in the framework of the reduced basis method, by showing numerical results obtained for a steady advection-diffusion problem.

%B Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering %V 103 %P 419–426 %G eng %R 10.1007/978-3-319-10705-9__41 %0 Journal Article %J Computers and Mathematics with Applications %D 2015 %T Reduced basis approximation of parametrized optimal flow control problems for the Stokes equations %A Federico Negri %A Andrea Manzoni %A Gianluigi Rozza %XThis paper extends the reduced basis method for the solution of parametrized optimal control problems presented in Negri et al. (2013) to the case of noncoercive (elliptic) equations, such as the Stokes equations. We discuss both the theoretical properties-with particular emphasis on the stability of the resulting double nested saddle-point problems and on aggregated error estimates-and the computational aspects of the method. Then, we apply it to solve a benchmark vorticity minimization problem for a parametrized bluff body immersed in a two or a three-dimensional flow through boundary control, demonstrating the effectivity of the methodology.

%B Computers and Mathematics with Applications %V 69 %P 319–336 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.camwa.2014.12.010 %0 Journal Article %J Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng. 2015;284:1147–1180 %D 2015 %T Reduced Basis Isogeometric Methods (RB-IGA) for the real-time simulation of potential flows about parametrized NACA airfoils %A Andrea Manzoni %A Filippo Salmoiraghi %A Luca Heltai %X We present a Reduced Basis (RB) method based on Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) for the rapid and reliable evaluation of PDE systems characterized by complex geometrical features. At the current state of the art, this is the first case of coupling between RB and IGA methods. The construction of the RB method relies on an Isogeometric Boundary Element Method (IGA-BEM) as the high-fidelity technique, allowing a direct interface with Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools. A suitable Empirical Interpolation Method (EIM) ensures an efficient offline/online decomposition between the construction and the evaluation of the RB method. We consider the real-time simulation of potential flows past airfoils, parametrized with respect to the angle of attack and the NACA number identifying their shape, and we provide a validation of our methodology with respect to experimental data and reference numerical codes, showing in both cases a very good agreement.We present a Reduced Basis (RB) method based on Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) for the rapid and reliable evaluation of PDE systems characterized by complex geometrical features. At the current state of the art, this is the first case of coupling between RB and IGA methods. The construction of the RB method relies on an Isogeometric Boundary Element Method (IGA-BEM) as the high-fidelity technique, allowing a direct interface with Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools. A suitable Empirical Interpolation Method (EIM) ensures an efficient offline/online decomposition between the construction and the evaluation of the RB method. We consider the real-time simulation of potential flows past airfoils, parametrized with respect to the angle of attack and the NACA number identifying their shape, and we provide a validation of our methodology with respect to experimental data and reference numerical codes, showing in both cases a very good agreement. %B Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng. 2015;284:1147–1180 %G en %1 34587 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2015-03-03T16:15:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RB_IGA_BEM.pdf: 725470 bytes, checksum: e2fe6fabfdbe6118e9ef07fb185113af (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.cma.2014.11.037 %0 Conference Paper %B Computational Methods in Marine Engineering VI – MARINE2015 %D 2015 %T A Reduced Order Model for the Simulation of Mooring Cable Dynamics %A Giovanni Stabile %A Hermann G. Matthies %A Claudio Borri %B Computational Methods in Marine Engineering VI – MARINE2015 %I Salvatore, Francesco; Broglia, Riccardo; Muscari, Roberto %P 387–400 %G eng %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T The relaxed area of maps from the plane to the plane with a line discontinuity, and the role of semicartesian surfaces. %A Lucia Tealdi %K Area functional %X In this thesis we study the relaxation of the area functional w.r.t. the L^1 topology of a map from a bounded planar domain with values in the plane and jumping on a segment. We estimate from above the singular contribution of this functional due to the presence of the jump in terms of the infimum of the area among a suitable family of surfaces that we call semicartesian surfaces. In our analysis, we also introduce a different notion of area, namely the relaxation of the area w.r.t. a convergence stronger than the L^1 convergence, whose singular contribution is completely characterized in terms of suitable semicartesian area minimizing problems. We propose also some examples of maps for which the two notions of relaxation are different: these examples underline the highly non-local behaviour of the L^1-relaxation, and justify the introduction of the other functional. Some result about the existence of a semicartesian area-minimizing surface is also provided. %I SISSA %G en %1 34732 %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Lucia Tealdi (ltealdi@sissa.it) on 2015-09-21T12:23:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Tealdi_PhD_thesis.pdf: 917244 bytes, checksum: a6bfc90b8457a030be4c7314ee1f426f (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Results on the minimization of the Dirichlet functional among semicartesian parametrizations %A Lucia Tealdi %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Maurizio Paolini %XWe start to investigate the existence of conformal minimizers for the Dirichlet functional in the setting of the so-called semicartesian parametrizations, adapting to this context some techniques used in solving the classical Plateau's problem. The final goal is to find area minimizing semicartesian parametrizations spanning a Jordan curve obtained as union of two graphs; this problem appeared in the study of the relaxed area functional for maps from the plane to the plane jumping on a line.

%G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34488 %1 34671 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Lucia Tealdi (ltealdi@sissa.it) on 2015-08-07T16:12:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bellettini_paolini_tealdi_semicart.pdf: 338138 bytes, checksum: c689a5b64d30dc600fe0429b72996c7d (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Rigidity of three-dimensional lattices and dimension reduction in heterogeneous nanowires %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Mariapia Palombaro %A Anja Schlomerkemper %X In the context of nanowire heterostructures we perform a discrete to continuum limit of the corresponding free energy by means of Γ-convergence techniques. Nearest neighbours are identified by employing the notions of Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations. The scaling of the nanowire is done in such a way that we perform not only a continuum limit but a dimension reduction simultaneously. The main part of the proof is a discrete geometric rigidity result that we announced in an earlier work and show here in detail for a variety of three-dimensional lattices. We perform the passage from discrete to continuum twice: once for a system that compensates a lattice mismatch between two parts of the heterogeneous nanowire without defects and once for a system that creates dislocations. It turns out that we can verify the experimentally observed fact that the nanowires show dislocations when the radius of the specimen is large %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7494 %1 7623 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-01-30T07:54:33Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LaPaSc-3dim.pdf: 249836 bytes, checksum: 8b8edddc952b9a4a084c1c0c85514051 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Schödinger operators on half-line with shrinking potentials at the origin %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X We discuss the general model of a Schrödinger quantum particle constrained on a straight half-line with given self-adjoint boundary condition at the origin and an interaction potential supported around the origin. We study the limit when the range of the potential scales to zero and its magnitude blows up. We show that in the limit the dynamics is generated by a self-adjoint negative Laplacian on the half-line, with a possible preservation or modification of the boundary condition at the origin, depending on the magnitude of the scaling and of the strength of the potential. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34439 %1 34566 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-02-09T07:28:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_06-2015-MATE.pdf: 177243 bytes, checksum: 383296953d36b4cec0cb4cfb55e95d7f (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Semicartesian surfaces and the relaxed area of maps from the plane to the plane with a line discontinuity %A Lucia Tealdi %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Maurizio Paolini %XWe address the problem of estimating the area of the graph of a map u, defined on a bounded planar domain O and taking values in the plane, jumping on a segment J, either compactly contained in O or having both the end points on the boundary of O. We define the relaxation of the area functional w.r.t. a sort of uniform convergence, and we characterize it in terms of the infimum of the area among those surfaces in the space spanning the graphs of the traces of u on the two side of J and having what we have called a semicartesian structure. We exhibit examples showing that the relaxed area functional w.r.t the L^1 convergence may depend also on the values of u far from J, and on the relative position of J w.r.t. the boundary of O; these examples confirm the non-local behaviour of the L^1 relaxed area functional, and justify the interest in studying the relaxation w.r.t. a stronger convergence. We prove also that the L^1 relaxed area functional in non-subadditive for a rather class of maps.

%G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34483 %1 34670 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Lucia Tealdi (ltealdi@sissa.it) on 2015-08-07T16:06:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bellettini_paolini_tealdi_semicartesian.pdf: 623410 bytes, checksum: 871f66c4686a39ad7d1bc996f0e2b0aa (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Sharp Inequalities and Blow-up Analysis for Singular Moser-Trudinger Embeddings. %A Gabriele Mancini %K Moser-Trudinger %X We investigate existence of solutions for a singular Liouville equation on S^2 and prove sharp Onofri-type inequalities for a Moser-Trudinger functional in the presence of singular potentials. As a consequence we obtain existence of extremal functions for the Moser-Trudinger embedding on compact surfaces with conical singularities. Finally we study the blow-up behavior for sequences of solutions Liouville-type systems and prove a compactness condition which plays an important role in the variational analysis of Toda systems. %I SISSA %G en %1 34738 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gmancini@sissa.it (gmancini@sissa.it) on 2015-09-22T12:27:17Z No. of bitstreams: 1 tesi4.pdf: 1376221 bytes, checksum: cfc85996d91a3384e94546a64bf8c479 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Singular Liouville Equations on S^2: Sharp Inequalities and Existence Results %A Gabriele Mancini %XWe prove a sharp Onofri-type inequality and non-existence of extremals for a Moser-Tudinger functional on S^2 in the presence of potentials having positive order singularities. We also investigate the existence of critical points and give some sufficient conditions under symmetry or nondegeneracy assumptions.

%G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34489 %1 34672 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gmancini@sissa.it (gmancini@sissa.it) on 2015-08-11T09:06:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art4.pdf: 352978 bytes, checksum: 4e081003a6b037544c46954c3d44b826 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Some results on anisotropic mean curvature and other phase-transition problems %A Stefano Amato %K Anisotropic mean curvature %X The present thesis is divided into three parts. In the first part, we analyze a suitable regularization — which we call nonlinear multidomain model — of the motion of a hypersurface under smooth anisotropic mean curvature flow. The second part of the thesis deals with crystalline mean curvature of facets of a solid set of R^3 . Finally, in the third part we study a phase-transition model for Plateau’s type problems based on the theory of coverings and of BV functions. %I SISSA %G en %1 34733 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Stefano Amato (samato@sissa.it) on 2015-09-21T12:36:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 tesi.pdf: 1566254 bytes, checksum: be7cf105a787693fd374acc1afe44fc3 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Stability of closed gaps for the alternating Kronig-Penney Hamiltonian %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Domenico Monaco %X We consider the Kronig-Penney model for a quantum crystal with equispaced periodic delta-interactions of alternating strength. For this model all spectral gaps at the centre of the Brillouin zone are known to vanish, although so far this noticeable property has only been proved through a very delicate analysis of the discriminant of the corresponding ODE and the associated monodromy matrix. We provide a new, alternative proof by showing that this model can be approximated, in the norm resolvent sense, by a model of regular periodic interactions with finite range for which all gaps at the centre of the Brillouin zone are still vanishing. In particular this shows that the vanishing gap property is stable in the sense that it is present also for the "physical" approximants and is not only a feature of the idealised model of zero-range interactions. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34460 %1 34629 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-04-01T14:57:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_16-2015-MATE.pdf: 349807 bytes, checksum: f5e6dacd85fb41c96420795cc37cc12c (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T Stability of the (2+2)-fermionic system with zero-range interaction %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Paul Pfeiffer %X We introduce a 3D model, and we study its stability, consisting of two distinct pairs of identical fermions coupled with a two-body interaction between fermions of different species, whose effective range is essentially zero (a so called (2+2)-fermionic system with zero-range interaction). The interaction is modelled by implementing the the celebrated (and ubiquitous, in the literature of this field) Bethe-Peierls contact condition with given two-body scattering length within the Krein-Visik-Birman theory of extensions of semi-bounded symmetric operators, in order to make the Hamiltonian a well-defined (self-adjoint) physical observable. After deriving the expression for the associated energy quadratic form, we show analytically and numerically that the energy of the model is bounded below, thus describing a stable system. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34474 %1 34649 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Alessandro Michelangeli (alemiche@sissa.it) on 2015-06-24T10:47:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 sissa-preprint-29-2015-mate.pdf: 827153 bytes, checksum: e5268c2d26f348929a3c532f9ffd3097 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %D 2015 %T Stable regular critical points of the Mumford-Shah functional are local minimizers %A Marco Bonacini %A Massimiliano Morini %K Mumford-Shah functional %XIn this paper it is shown that any regular critical point of the Mumford–Shah functional, with positive definite second variation, is an isolated local minimizer with respect to competitors which are sufficiently close in the $L^1$

-topology. A global minimality result in small tubular neighborhoods of the discontinuity set is also established.

We examine the problem of snake-like locomotion by studying a system consisting of a planar inextensible elastic rod with adjustable spontaneous curvature, which provides an internal actuation mechanism that mimics muscular action in a snake. Using a Cosserat model, we derive the equations of motion in two special cases: one in which the rod can only move along a prescribed curve, and one in which the rod is constrained to slide longitudinally without slipping laterally, but the path is not fixed a priori (free-path case). The second setting is inspired by undulatory locomotion of snakes on flat surfaces. The presence of constraints leads in both cases to non-standard boundary conditions that allow us to close and solve the equations of motion. The kinematics and dynamics of the system can be recovered from a one-dimensional equation, without any restrictive assumption on the followed trajectory or the actuation. We derive explicit formulae highlighting the role of spontaneous curvature in providing the driving force (and the steering, in the free-path case) needed for locomotion. We also provide analytical solutions for a special class of serpentine motions, which enable us to discuss the connection between observed trajectories, internal actuation and forces exchanged with the environment.

%B Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences %V 471 %P 20150054 %G eng %U https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspa.2015.0054 %R 10.1098/rspa.2015.0054 %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Supremizer stabilization of POD-Galerkin approximation of parametrized Navier-Stokes equations %A F. Ballarin %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X In this work, we present a stable proper orthogonal decomposition–Galerkin approximation for parametrized steady incompressible Navier–Stokes equations with low Reynolds number. %I Wiley %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34701 %1 34915 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T11:39:58Z No. of bitstreams: 1 IJNME_2014.pdf: 6761966 bytes, checksum: ad65f2c4d2dbd30a4a1590ff42ee49a0 (MD5) %R 10.1002/nme.4772 %0 Journal Article %J Acta Applicandae Mathematicae, vol. 137, Issue 1, 2015, pages: 185-203 %D 2015 %T Symmetry and localization in periodic crystals: triviality of Bloch bundles with a fermionic time-reversal symmetry %A Domenico Monaco %A Gianluca Panati %XWe describe some applications of group- and bundle-theoretic methods in solid state physics, showing how symmetries lead to a proof of the localization of electrons in gapped crystalline solids, as e.g. insulators and semiconductors. We shortly review the Bloch-Floquet decomposition of periodic operators, and the related concepts of Bloch frames and composite Wannier functions. We show that the latter are almost-exponentially localized if and only if there exists a smooth periodic Bloch frame, and that the obstruction to the latter condition is the triviality of a Hermitian vector bundle, called the Bloch bundle. The rôle of additional Z_2-symmetries, as time-reversal and space-reflection symmetry, is discussed, showing how time-reversal symmetry implies the triviality of the Bloch bundle, both in the bosonic and in the fermionic case. Moreover, the same Z_2-symmetry allows to define a finer notion of isomorphism and, consequently, to define new topological invariants, which agree with the indices introduced by Fu, Kane and Mele in the context of topological insulators.

%B Acta Applicandae Mathematicae, vol. 137, Issue 1, 2015, pages: 185-203 %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34468 %1 34642 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 %$ Submitted by Domenico Monaco (dmonaco@sissa.it) on 2015-05-15T10:12:11Z No. of bitstreams: 1 CalaGonone.pdf: 500680 bytes, checksum: 00aa2839c4d737f45da3d828e5cc0a53 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10440-014-9995-8 %0 Journal Article %D 2015 %T Three-sphere low-Reynolds-number swimmer with a passive elastic arm %A Alessandro Montino %A Antonio DeSimone %X One of the simplest model swimmers at low Reynolds number is the three-sphere swimmer by Najafi and Golestanian. It consists of three spheres connected by two rods which change their lengths periodically in non-reciprocal fashion. Here we investigate a variant of this model in which one rod is periodically actuated while the other is replaced by an elastic spring. We show that the competition between the elastic restoring force and the hydrodynamic drag produces a delay in the response of the passive elastic arm with respect to the active one. This leads to non-reciprocal shape changes and self-propulsion. After formulating the equations of motion, we study their solutions qualitatively and numerically. The leading-order term of the solution is computed analytically. We then address questions of optimization with respect to both actuation frequency and swimmer's geometry. Our results can provide valuable conceptual guidance in the engineering of robotic microswimmers. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34530 %1 34735 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-09-22T07:16:17Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art_10.1140_epje_i2015-15042-3.pdf: 766953 bytes, checksum: 7c5396c7e15baff264376c63eaf2248b (MD5) %R 10.1140/epje/i2015-15042-3 %0 Journal Article %J Analysis & PDE %D 2015 %T A topological join construction and the Toda system on compact surfaces of arbitrary genus %A Aleks Jevnikar %A Kallel, Sadok %A Andrea Malchiodi %B Analysis & PDE %I Mathematical Sciences Publishers %V 8 %P 1963–2027 %G eng %R 10.2140/apde.2015.8.1963 %0 Report %D 2015 %T Translation and adaptation of Birman's paper "On the theory of self-adjoint extensions of positive definite operators" (1956) %A Mikhail Khotyakov %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X This is an accurate translation from Russian and adaptation to the modern mathematical jargon of a classical paper by M. Sh. Birman published in 1956, which is still today central in the theory of self-adjoint extensions of semi-bounded operators, and for which yet no English version was available so far. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34443 %1 34570 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-02-13T10:07:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 SISSA_preprint_08-2015-MATE(1).pdf: 2044497 bytes, checksum: 092e3561b5722c604c896ccc97db7a76 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Commun. Math. Phys. %D 2015 %T Universality Conjecture and Results for a Model of Several Coupled Positive-Definite Matrices %A Marco Bertola %A Thomas Bothner %B Commun. Math. Phys. %V 337 %P 1077–1141 %8 08 %G eng %U http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00220-015-2327-7 %R 10.1007/s00220-015-2327-7 %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Variational aspects of Liouville equations and systems %A Aleks Jevnikar %K Toda system %I SISSA %G en %1 34676 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by ajevnika@sissa.it (ajevnika@sissa.it) on 2015-08-08T16:04:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 tesi phd.pdf: 1034249 bytes, checksum: 6988a3a6220b4d1bbd38c3124f520655 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Variational aspects of singular Liouville systems %A Luca Battaglia %K Variational methods, Liouville systems, Moser-Trudinger inequalities, min-max methods %X I studied singular Liouville systems on compact surfaces from a variational point of view. I gave sufficient and necessary conditions for the existence of globally minimizing solutions, then I found min-max solutions for some particular systems. Finally, I also gave some non-existence results. %I SISSA %G en %1 34737 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by lbatta@sissa.it (lbatta@sissa.it) on 2015-09-22T09:49:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 thesis0.pdf: 1795685 bytes, checksum: e981358904223d6649e47eb70e6da429 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2015 %T Volume variation and heat kernel for affine control problems %A Elisa Paoli %K Heat kernel asymptotics %X In this thesis we study two main problems. The first one is the small-time heat kernel expansion on the diagonal for second order hypoelliptic opeartors. We consider operators that can depend on a drift field and that satisfy only the weak Hörmander condition. In a first work we use perturbation techniques to determine the exact order of decay of the heat kernel, that depends on the Lie algebra generated by the fields involved in the hypoelliptic operator. We generalize in particular some results already obtained in the sub-Riemannian setting. In a second work we consider a model class of hypoelliptic operators and we characterize geometrically all the coefficients in the on-the diagonal asymptotics at the equilibrium points of the drift field. The class of operators that we consider contains the linear hypoelliptic operators with constant second order part on the Euclidean space. We describe the coefficients in terms only of the divergence of the drift field and of curvature-like invariants, related to the minimal cost of geodesics of the associated optimal control problem. In the second part of the thesis we consider the variation of a smooth volume along a geodesic. The structure of the manifold is induced by a quadratic Hamiltonian and the geodesic in described as the projection of the Hamiltonian flow. We find an expansion similar to the classical Riemannian one. It depends on the curvature operator associated to the Hamiltonian, on the symbol of the geodesic and on a new metric-measure invariant determined by the symbol of the geodesic and by the given volume. %I SISSA %G en %1 35290 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by epaoli@sissa.it (epaoli@sissa.it) on 2015-11-26T08:47:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Paoli_thesis.pdf: 1061974 bytes, checksum: d273a57f7bf44214d5fc30460ece686a (MD5) %0 Report %D 2015 %T The wave equation on domains with cracks growing on a prescribed path: existence, uniqueness, and continuous dependence on the data %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Ilaria Lucardesi %X Given a bounded open set $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ with Lipschitz boundary and an increasing family $\Gamma_t$, $t\in [0,T]$, of closed subsets of $\Omega$, we analyze the scalar wave equation $\ddot{u} - div (A \nabla u) = f$ in the time varying cracked domains $\Omega\setminus\Gamma_t$. Here we assume that the sets $\Gamma_t$ are contained into a prescribed $(d-1)$-manifold of class $C^2$. Our approach relies on a change of variables: recasting the problem on the reference configuration $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_0$, we are led to consider a hyperbolic problem of the form $\ddot{v} - div (B\nabla v) + a \cdot \nabla v - 2 b \cdot \nabla \dot{v} = g$ in $\Omega \setminus \Gamma_0$. Under suitable assumptions on the regularity of the change of variables that transforms $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_t$ into $\Omega\setminus \Gamma_0$, we prove existence and uniqueness of weak solutions for both formulations. Moreover, we provide an energy equality, which gives, as a by-product, the continuous dependence of the solutions with respect to the cracks. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34629 %1 34832 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by lucardes@sissa.it (lucardes@sissa.it) on 2015-10-12T09:08:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Luc-15-SISSA.pdf: 376913 bytes, checksum: bfdcf0975c25c9366acb4195e0f08e79 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T An Abstract Nash–Moser Theorem and Quasi-Periodic Solutions for NLW and NLS on Compact Lie Groups and Homogeneous Manifolds %A Massimiliano Berti %A Livia Corsi %A Michela Procesi %X We prove an abstract implicit function theorem with parameters for smooth operators defined on scales of sequence spaces, modeled for the search of quasi-periodic solutions of PDEs. The tame estimates required for the inverse linearised operators at each step of the iterative scheme are deduced via a multiscale inductive argument. The Cantor-like set of parameters where the solution exists is defined in a non inductive way. This formulation completely decouples the iterative scheme from the measure theoretical analysis of the parameters where the small divisors non-resonance conditions are verified. As an application, we deduce the existence of quasi-periodic solutions for forced NLW and NLS equations on any compact Lie group or manifold which is homogeneous with respect to a compact Lie group, extending previous results valid only for tori. A basic tool of harmonic analysis is the highest weight theory for the irreducible representations of compact Lie groups. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34651 %1 34858 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-20T12:19:54Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 549502 bytes, checksum: 4896c2df9fba6a09abb33941adb07837 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-014-2128-4 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Achieving unanimous opinions in signed social networks %A Claudio Altafini %A Gabriele Lini %X Being able to predict the outcome of an opinion forming process is an important problem in social network theory. However, even for linear dynamics, this becomes a difficult task as soon as non-cooperative interactions are taken into account. Such interactions are naturally modeled as negative weights on the adjacency matrix of the social network. In this paper we show how the Perron-Frobenius theorem can be used for this task also beyond its standard formulation for cooperative systems. In particular we show how it is possible to associate the achievement of unanimous opinions with the existence of invariant cones properly contained in the positive orthant. These cases correspond to signed adjacency matrices having the eventual positivity property, i.e., such that in sufficiently high powers all negative entries have disappeared. More generally, we show how for social networks the achievement of a, possibily non-unanimous, opinion can be associated to the existence of an invariant cone fully contained in one of the orthants of n. %I Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34935 %1 35137 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-11-06T12:24:07Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1109/ECC.2014.6862161 %0 Journal Article %J IMA J. Numer. Anal. %D 2014 %T Adaptive discontinuous Galerkin methods for nonstationary convection-diffusion problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Metcalfe, Stephen %B IMA J. Numer. Anal. %V 34 %P 1578–1597 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1093/imanum/drt052 %R 10.1093/imanum/drt052 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Adler-Gelfand-Dickey approach to classical W-algebras within the theory of Poisson vertex algebras %A Alberto De Sole %A Victor G. Kac %A Daniele Valeri %X We put the Adler-Gelfand-Dickey approach to classical W-algebras in the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. We show how to recover the bi-Poisson structure of the KP hierarchy, together with its generalizations and reduction to the N-th KdV hierarchy, using the formal distribution calculus and the lambda-bracket formalism. We apply the Lenard-Magri scheme to prove integrability of the corresponding hierarchies. We also give a simple proof of a theorem of Kupershmidt and Wilson in this framework. Based on this approach, we generalize all these results to the matrix case. In particular, we find (non-local) bi-Poisson structures of the matrix KP and the matrix N-th KdV hierarchies, and we prove integrability of the N-th matrix KdV hierarchy. %I SISSA %G eng %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7242 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Approximate Hermitian–Yang–Mills structures on semistable principal Higgs bundles %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Beatriz Grana-Otero %X We generalize the Hitchin-Kobayashi correspondence between semistability and the existence of approximate Hermitian-Yang-Mills structures to the case of principal Higgs bundles. We prove that a principal Higgs bundle on a compact Kaehler manifold, with structure group a connected linear algebraic reductive group, is semistable if and only if it admits an approximate Hermitian-Yang-Mills structure. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34645 %1 34849 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-14T16:50:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 191569 bytes, checksum: 33ef336bcd23cb79195af6fc13704f62 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10455-014-9433-1 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Approximate Hitchin-Kobayashi correspondence for Higgs G-bundles %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Beatriz Graña Otero %X We announce a result about the extension of the Hitchin-Kobayashi correspondence to principal Higgs bundles. A principal Higgs bundle on a compact Kähler manifold, with structure group a connected linear algebraic reductive group, is semistable if and only if it admits an approximate Hermitian-Yang-Mills structure. %I World Scientific Publishing %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35095 %1 35350 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-12-02T12:29:37Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1142/S0219887814600159 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Buckling dynamics of a solvent-stimulated stretched elastomeric sheet %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Matthieu Roché %A Paola Nardinocchi %A Howard A. Stone %X When stretched uniaxially, a thin elastic sheet may exhibit buckling. The occurrence of buckling depends on the geometrical properties of the sheet and the magnitude of the applied strain. Here we show that an elastomeric sheet initially stable under uniaxial stretching can destabilize when exposed to a solvent that swells the elastomer. We demonstrate experimentally and computationally that the features of the buckling pattern depend on the magnitude of stretching, and this observation offers a new way for controlling the shape of a swollen homogeneous thin sheet. %I Royal Society of Chemistry %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34967 %1 35197 %2 Physics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-10T09:50:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 2111018 bytes, checksum: 568652d2ca6c44cdad3e520342c8042d (MD5) %R 10.1039/c3sm52941j %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Math. Phys. %D 2014 %T Cauchy-Laguerre two-matrix model and the Meijer-G random point field %A Marco Bertola %A Gekhtman, M. %A Szmigielski, J. %B Comm. Math. Phys. %V 326 %P 111–144 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00220-013-1833-8 %R 10.1007/s00220-013-1833-8 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 331, nr. 2 (2014) 623-676 %D 2014 %T Classical W-algebras and generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies for minimal and short nilpotents %A Alberto De Sole %A Victor G. Kac %A Daniele Valeri %X We derive explicit formulas for lambda-brackets of the affine classical W-algebras attached to the minimal and short nilpotent elements of any simple Lie algebra g. This is used to compute explicitly the first non-trivial PDE of the corresponding intgerable generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies. It turns out that a reduction of the equation corresponding to a short nilpotent is Svinolupov's equation attached to a simple Jordan algebra, while a reduction of the equation corresponding to a minimal nilpotent is an integrable Hamiltonian equation on 2h-3 functions, where h is the dual Coxeter number of g. In the case when g is sl_2 both these equations coincide with the KdV equation. In the case when g is not of type C_n, we associate to the minimal nilpotent element of g yet another generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics 331, nr. 2 (2014) 623-676 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6979 %1 6967 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Daniele Valeri (dvaleri@sissa.it) on 2013-07-13T15:27:20Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1306.1684v1.pdf: 580565 bytes, checksum: de8a5fc99d3eb9f1c4f85b4a2a6592e9 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-014-2049-2 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Comparison between reduced basis and stochastic collocation methods for elliptic problems %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X The stochastic collocation method (Babuška et al. in SIAM J Numer Anal 45(3):1005-1034, 2007; Nobile et al. in SIAM J Numer Anal 46(5):2411-2442, 2008a; SIAM J Numer Anal 46(5):2309-2345, 2008b; Xiu and Hesthaven in SIAM J Sci Comput 27(3):1118-1139, 2005) has recently been applied to stochastic problems that can be transformed into parametric systems. Meanwhile, the reduced basis method (Maday et al. in Comptes Rendus Mathematique 335(3):289-294, 2002; Patera and Rozza in Reduced basis approximation and a posteriori error estimation for parametrized partial differential equations Version 1.0. Copyright MIT, http://augustine.mit.edu, 2007; Rozza et al. in Arch Comput Methods Eng 15(3):229-275, 2008), primarily developed for solving parametric systems, has been recently used to deal with stochastic problems (Boyaval et al. in Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng 198(41-44):3187-3206, 2009; Arch Comput Methods Eng 17:435-454, 2010). In this work, we aim at comparing the performance of the two methods when applied to the solution of linear stochastic elliptic problems. Two important comparison criteria are considered: (1), convergence results of the approximation error; (2), computational costs for both offline construction and online evaluation. Numerical experiments are performed for problems from low dimensions O (1) to moderate dimensions O (10) and to high dimensions O (100). The main result stemming from our comparison is that the reduced basis method converges better in theory and faster in practice than the stochastic collocation method for smooth problems, and is more suitable for large scale and high dimensional stochastic problems when considering computational costs. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34727 %1 34916 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-26T11:39:14Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/s10915-013-9764-2 %0 Journal Article %J Annals of Nuclear Energy %D 2014 %T Comparison of a Modal Method and a Proper Orthogonal Decomposition approach for multi-group time-dependent reactor spatial kinetics %A Alberto Sartori %A Davide Baroli %A Antonio Cammi %A Davide Chiesa %A Lelio Luzzi %A Roberto R. Ponciroli %A Ezio Previtali %A Marco E. Ricotti %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Monica Sisti %XIn this paper, two modelling approaches based on a Modal Method (MM) and on the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) technique, for developing a control-oriented model of nuclear reactor spatial kinetics, are presented and compared. Both these methods allow developing neutronics description by means of a set of ordinary differential equations. The comparison of the outcomes provided by the two approaches focuses on the capability of evaluating the reactivity and the neutron flux shape in different reactor configurations, with reference to a TRIGA Mark II reactor. The results given by the POD-based approach are higher-fidelity with respect to the reference solution than those computed according to the MM-based approach, in particular when the perturbation concerns a reduced region of the core. If the perturbation is homogeneous throughout the core, the two approaches allow obtaining comparable accuracy results on the quantities of interest. As far as the computational burden is concerned, the POD approach ensures a better efficiency rather than direct Modal Method, thanks to the ability of performing a longer computation in the preprocessing that leads to a faster evaluation during the on-line phase.

%B Annals of Nuclear Energy %I Elsevier %V 71 %P 229 %8 09/2014 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35039 %1 35270 %2 Physics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-11-18T12:07:02Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %& 217 %R 10.1016/j.anucene.2014.03.043 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Conformal invariants from nodal sets. I. negative eigenvalues and curvature prescription %A Rod R. Gover %A Yaiza Canzani %A Dmitry Jakobson %A Raphaël Ponge %A Andrea Malchiodi %X In this paper, we study conformal invariants that arise from nodal sets and negative eigenvalues of conformally covariant operators; more specifically, the Graham, Jenne, Mason, and Sparling (GJMS) operators, which include the Yamabe and Paneitz operators. We give several applications to curvature prescription problems. We establish a version in conformal geometry of Courant's Nodal Domain Theorem. We also show that on any manifold of dimension n≥3, there exist many metrics for which our invariants are nontrivial. We prove that the Yamabe operator can have an arbitrarily large number of negative eigenvalues on any manifold of dimension n≥3. We obtain similar results for some higher order GJMS operators on some Einstein and Heisenberg manifolds. We describe the invariants arising from the Yamabe and Paneitz operators associated to left-invariant metrics on Heisenberg manifolds. Finally, in Appendix, the second named author and Andrea Malchiodi study the Q-curvature prescription problems for noncritical Q-curvatures. %I Oxford University Press %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35128 %1 35366 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-12-02T16:09:57Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 356671 bytes, checksum: 20e817f9f20d9c72d717e04f94f86bd9 (MD5) %R 10.1093/imrn/rns295 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T On conjugate times of LQ optimal control problems %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Luca Rizzi %A Pavel Silveira %K Optimal control, Lagrange Grassmannian, Conjugate point %X Motivated by the study of linear quadratic optimal control problems, we consider a dynamical system with a constant, quadratic Hamiltonian, and we characterize the number of conjugate times in terms of the spectrum of the Hamiltonian vector field $\vec{H}$. We prove the following dichotomy: the number of conjugate times is identically zero or grows to infinity. The latter case occurs if and only if $\vec{H}$ has at least one Jordan block of odd dimension corresponding to a purely imaginary eigenvalue. As a byproduct, we obtain bounds from below on the number of conjugate times contained in an interval in terms of the spectrum of $\vec{H}$. %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7227 %1 7261 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-12-03T08:50:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1311.2009v1.pdf: 401341 bytes, checksum: 5c32a0e534e70539f1823acdad41ddca (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10883-014-9251-6 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A correction and an extension of Stampacchia's work on the geometric BVP %A Giovanni Vidossich %X G. Stampacchia introduced the geometric boundary value problem for ODEs in his doctoral thesis and published four papers related to it. Here we point out that the proof of his last theorem on the subject is incorrect and we provide a substitute for it as well as a generalizations of some of his earlier results. %I Advanced Nonlinear Studies %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35023 %1 35263 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-11-17T10:33:42Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %0 Conference Paper %B XIII Conference of the Italian Association for Wind Engineering (In-Vento 2014) %D 2014 %T Coupled dynamic simulations of offshore wind turbines: influence of wave modelling on the fatigue load assesment %A Marino, Enzo %A Lugni, Claudio %A Giovanni Stabile %A Claudio Borri %A Manuel, Lance %B XIII Conference of the Italian Association for Wind Engineering (In-Vento 2014) %G eng %0 Conference Paper %B 9th International Conference on Structural Dynamics (EURODYN 2014) %D 2014 %T Coupled dynamic simulations of offshore wind turbines using linear, weakly and fully nonlinear wave models: the limitations of the second-order wave theory %A Marino, Enzo %A Lugni, Claudio %A Giovanni Stabile %A Claudio Borri %B 9th International Conference on Structural Dynamics (EURODYN 2014) %G eng %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics %D 2014 %T Crawling on directional surfaces %A Paolo Gidoni %A Giovanni Noselli %A Antonio DeSimone %K Bio-mimetic micro-robots %K Cell migration %K Crawling motility %K Directional surfaces %K Self-propulsion %XIn this paper we study crawling locomotion based on directional frictional interactions, namely, frictional forces that are sensitive to the sign of the sliding velocity. Surface interactions of this type are common in biology, where they arise from the presence of inclined hairs or scales at the crawler/substrate interface, leading to low resistance when sliding ‘along the grain’, and high resistance when sliding ‘against the grain’. This asymmetry can be exploited for locomotion, in a way analogous to what is done in cross-country skiing (classic style, diagonal stride). We focus on a model system, namely, a continuous one-dimensional crawler and provide a detailed study of the motion resulting from several strategies of shape change. In particular, we provide explicit formulae for the displacements attainable with reciprocal extensions and contractions (breathing), or through the propagation of extension or contraction waves. We believe that our results will prove particularly helpful for the study of biological crawling motility and for the design of bio-mimetic crawling robots.

%B International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics %V 61 %P 65 - 73 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020746214000213 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2014.01.012 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Critical points of the Moser-Trudinger functional on a disk %A Andrea Malchiodi %A Luca Martinazzi %X On the 2-dimensional unit disk $B_1$ we study the Moser-Trudinger functional $$E(u)=\int_{B_1}(e^{u^2}-1)dx, u\in H^1_0(B_1)$$ and its restrictions to $M_\Lambda:=\{u \in H^1_0(B_1):\|u\|^2_{H^1_0}=\Lambda\}$ for $\Lambda>0$. We prove that if a sequence $u_k$ of positive critical points of $E|_{M_{\Lambda_k}}$ (for some $\Lambda_k>0$) blows up as $k\to\infty$, then $\Lambda_k\to 4\pi$, and $u_k\to 0$ weakly in $H^1_0(B_1)$ and strongly in $C^1_{\loc}(\bar B_1\setminus\{0\})$. Using this we also prove that when $\Lambda$ is large enough, then $E|_{M_\Lambda}$ has no positive critical point, complementing previous existence results by Carleson-Chang, M. Struwe and Lamm-Robert-Struwe. %I European Mathematical Society %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6560 %1 6487 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrea Malchiodi (malchiod@sissa.it) on 2013-03-14T10:24:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1203.1077v1.pdf: 218315 bytes, checksum: 7e4a2900b082b373371033ed0196f5de (MD5) %R 10.4171/JEMS/450 %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T The curvature of optimal control problems with applications to sub-Riemannian geometry %A Luca Rizzi %K Sub-Riemannian geometry %X Optimal control theory is an extension of the calculus of variations, and deals with the optimal behaviour of a system under a very general class of constraints. This field has been pioneered by the group of mathematicians led by Lev Pontryagin in the second half of the 50s and nowadays has countless applications to the real worlds (robotics, trains, aerospace, models for human behaviour, human vision, image reconstruction, quantum control, motion of self-propulsed micro-organism). In this thesis we introduce a novel definition of curvature for an optimal control problem. In particular it works for any sub-Riemannian and sub-Finsler structure. Related problems, such as comparison theorems for sub-Riemannian manifolds, LQ optimal control problem and Popp's volume and are also investigated. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7321 %1 7367 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Luca Rizzi (lrizzi@sissa.it) on 2014-05-23T12:10:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 main.pdf: 2357698 bytes, checksum: 7283fc7a064552ee4709b0dfccddf2b8 (MD5) %] Introduction 1) The curvature of optimal control problems 2) Comparison theorems for conjugate points in sub-Riemannian geometry 3) On conjugate times of LQ optimal control problems 4) A formula for Popp's volume in sub-Riemannian geometry %0 Journal Article %J Procedia Engineering %D 2014 %T Curvature-adapted remeshing of CAD surfaces %A Franco Dassi %A Andrea Mola %A Hang Si %XA common representation of surfaces with complicated topology and geometry is through composite parametric surfaces as is the case for most CAD modelers. A challenging problem is how to generate a mesh of such a surface that well approximates the geometry of the surface, preserves its topology and important geometric features, and contains nicely shaped elements. In this work, we present an optimization-based surface remeshing method that is able to satisfy many of these requirements simultaneously. This method is inspired by the recent work of Lévy and Bonneel (Proc. 21th International Meshing Roundtable, October 2012), which embeds a smooth surface into a high-dimensional space and remesh it uniformly in that embedding space. Our method works directly in the 3d spaces and uses an embedding space in R6 to evaluate mesh size and mesh quality. It generates a curvatureadapted anisotropic surface mesh that well represents the geometry of the surface with a low number of elements. We illustrate our approach through various examples.

%B Procedia Engineering %I Elsevier %V 82 %P 253–265 %G en %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.10.388 %1 35220 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-11T16:19:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art2014.pdf: 3913220 bytes, checksum: ba78b55b28c0eed195d2abc48bd7ca4b (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.10.388 %0 Journal Article %J IMRN %D 2014 %T Darboux Transformations and Random Point Processes %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %B IMRN %V rnu122 %P 56 %G eng %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T The decomposition of optimal transportation problems with convex cost %A Mauro Bardelloni %K Optimal Transportation %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7475 %1 7570 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Mauro Bardelloni (mbarde@sissa.it) on 2014-10-27T10:15:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Bardelloni-thesis.pdf: 1162347 bytes, checksum: f2b57d7f3054afe4fae1c207b090121f (MD5) %0 Report %D 2014 %T The decomposition of optimal transportation problems with convex cost %A Stefano Bianchini %A Mauro Bardelloni %I SISSA %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7433 %1 7527 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-09-22T14:16:35Z No. of bitstreams: 1 sissa _45_2014_MATE.pdf: 893572 bytes, checksum: c4334710f599da624c2e1cfb56aac415 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A density result for GSBD and its application to the approximation of brittle fracture energies %A Flaviana Iurlano %XWe present an approximation result for functions u: Ω → ℝ^n belonging to the space GSBD(Ω) ∩ L2(Ω, ℝn) with e(u) square integrable and Hn-1(Ju) finite. The approximating functions uk are piecewise continuous functions such that uk → u in (Formula Presented). As an application, we provide the extension to the vector-valued case of the Γ-convergence result in GSBV(Ω) proved by Ambrosio and Tortorelli (Commun Pure Appl Math 43:999-1036, 1990; Boll. Un. Mat. Ital. B (7) 6:105-123, 1992).

%I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34647 %1 34851 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-14T17:02:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 543013 bytes, checksum: 1d1170449f762ffdaf48812b31671bc2 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00526-013-0676-7 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Dirac operators on noncommutative principal circle bundles %A Andrzej Sitarz %A Alessandro Zucca %A Ludwik Dabrowski %X We study spectral triples over noncommutative principal U(1)-bundles of arbitrary dimension and a compatibility condition between the connection and the Dirac operator on the total space and on the base space of the bundle. Examples of low-dimensional noncommutative tori are analyzed in more detail and all connections found that are compatible with an admissible Dirac operator. Conversely, a family of new Dirac operators on the noncommutative tori, which arise from the base-space Dirac operator and a suitable connection is exhibited. These examples are extended to the theta-deformed principal U(1)-bundle S 3 θ → S2. %I World Scientific Publishing %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35125 %1 35363 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-12-02T15:58:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 282573 bytes, checksum: 862ea930b67b00c451a0c6f093be973d (MD5) %R 10.1142/S0219887814500121 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 331, nr. 3 (2014) 1155-1190 %D 2014 %T Dirac reduction for Poisson vertex algebras %A Alberto De Sole %A Victor G. Kac %A Daniele Valeri %X We construct an analogue of Dirac's reduction for an arbitrary local or non-local Poisson bracket in the general setup of non-local Poisson vertex algebras. This leads to Dirac's reduction of an arbitrary non-local Poisson structure. We apply this construction to an example of a generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics 331, nr. 3 (2014) 1155-1190 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6980 %1 6968 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Daniele Valeri (dvaleri@sissa.it) on 2013-07-13T15:28:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1306.6589v1.pdf: 417586 bytes, checksum: 261351372e0d72d5e2d46b6664f19fd4 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-014-2103-0 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Discrete one-dimensional crawlers on viscous substrates: achievable net displacements and their energy cost %A Giovanni Noselli %A Amabile Tatone %A Antonio DeSimone %K Cell migration %X We study model one-dimensional crawlers, namely, model mechanical systems that can achieve self-propulsion by controlled shape changes of their body (extension or contraction of portions of the body), thanks to frictional interactions with a rigid substrate. We evaluate the achievable net displacement and the related energetic cost for self-propulsion by discrete crawlers (i.e., whose body is made of a discrete number of contractile or extensile segments) moving on substrates with either a Newtonian (linear) or a Bingham-type (stick-slip) rheology. Our analysis is aimed at constructing the basic building blocks towards an integrative, multi-scale description of crawling cell motility. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34449 %1 34591 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gnoselli@sissa.it (gnoselli@sissa.it) on 2015-03-07T17:44:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 N-link_crawlers.pdf: 1005838 bytes, checksum: 685d5b41e7de190ec65c60090d397f93 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2013.10.023 %0 Report %D 2014 %T Dislocations at the continuum scale: functional setting and variational properties %A Riccardo Scala %A Nicolas Van Goethem %G eng %U http://cvgmt.sns.it/paper/2294/ %0 Report %D 2014 %T Donagi–Markman cubic for the generalised Hitchin system %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Peter Dalakov %K Generalized Hitchin system, Donagi-Markman cubic, algebraically completely integrable systems, moduli space of Higgs G-bundles %X Donagi and Markman (1993) have shown that the infinitesimal period map for an algebraic completely integrable Hamiltonian system (ACIHS) is encoded in a section of the third symmetric power of the cotangent bundle to the base of the system. For the ordinary Hitchin system the cubic is given by a formula of Balduzzi and Pantev. We show that the Balduzzi–Pantev formula holds on maximal rank symplectic leaves of the G-generalised Hitchin system. %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7253 %1 7294 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Ugo Bruzzo (bruzzo@sissa.it) on 2014-02-17T15:50:22Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bruzzo-dalakov-fin-2.pdf: 461019 bytes, checksum: 99e7b1cb6cd4f6f5d5fbfaa1d2d35880 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2014 %T Dynamics on a graph as the limit of the dynamics on a "fat graph" %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %A Alessandro Michelangeli %X We discuss how the vertex boundary conditions for the dynamics of a quantum particle constrained on a graph emerge in the limit of the dynamics of a particle in a tubular region around the graph (\fat graph") when the transversal section of this region shrinks to zero. We give evidence of the fact that if the limit dynamics exists and is induced by the Laplacian on the graph with certain self-adjoint boundary conditions, such conditions are determined by the possible presence of a zero energy resonance on the fat graph. Pictorially, one may say that in the shrinking limit the resonance acts as a bridge connecting the boundary values at the vertex along the different rays. %I SISSA %G en_US %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7485 %1 7598 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-12-12T13:16:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 sissa-preprint-69-2014-mate.pdf: 137454 bytes, checksum: 4d4571bd97df46ee020c81057ce78620 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Editorial %A Ciro Ciliberto %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Pasquale Vetro %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34712 %1 34926 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-26T10:50:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/s12215-014-0172-8 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T An effective model for nematic liquid crystal composites with ferromagnetic inclusions %A Maria Carme Calderer %A Antonio DeSimone %A Dmitry Golovaty %A Alexander Panchenko %X Molecules of a nematic liquid crystal respond to an applied magnetic field by reorienting themselves in the direction of the field. Since the dielectric anisotropy of a nematic is small, it takes relatively large fields to elicit a significant liquid crystal response. The interaction may be enhanced in colloidal suspensions of ferromagnetic particles in a liquid crystalline matrix- ferronematics-as proposed by Brochard and de Gennes in 1970. The ability of these particles to align with the field and simultaneously cause reorientation of the nematic molecules greatly increases the magnetic response of the mixture. Essentially the particles provide an easy axis of magnetization that interacts with the liquid crystal via surface anchoring. We derive an expression for the effective energy of ferronematic in the dilute limit, that is, when the number of particles tends to infinity while their total volume fraction tends to zero. The total energy of the mixture is assumed to be the sum of the bulk elastic liquid crystal contribution, the anchoring energy of the liquid crystal on the surfaces of the particles, and the magnetic energy of interaction between the particles and the applied magnetic field. The homogenized limiting ferronematic energy is obtained rigorously using a variational approach. It generalizes formal expressions previously reported in the physical literature. %I Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34940 %1 35194 %2 Physics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-09T09:28:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 284611 bytes, checksum: ef4123b4aefb1a36fa198c1207a6f021 (MD5) %R 10.1137/130910348 %0 Report %D 2014 %T An efficient computational framework for reduced basis approximation and a posteriori error estimation of parametrized Navier-Stokes flows %A Andrea Manzoni %K Reduced Basis Method, parametrized Navier-Stokes equations, steady incompressible fluids, a posteriori error estimation, approximation stability %X We present the current Reduced Basis framework for the efficient numerical approximation of parametrized steady Navier-Stokes equations. We have extended the existing setting developed in the last decade (see e.g. [Deparis, Veroy & Patera, Quarteroni & Rozza] to more general affine and nonaffine parametrizations (such as volume-based techniques), to a simultaneous velocity-pressure error estimates and to a fully decoupled Offline/Online procedure in order to speedup the solution of the reduced-order problem. This is particularly suitable for real-time and many-query contexts, which are both part of our final goal. Furthermore, we present an efficient numerical implementation for treating nonlinear advection terms in a convenient way. A residual-based a posteriori error estimation with respect to a truth, full-order Finite Element approximation is provided for joint pressure/velocity errors, according to the Brezzi-Rappaz-Raviart stability theory. To do this, we take advantage of an extension of the Successive Constraint Method for the estimation of stability factors and of a suitable fixed-point algorithm for the approximation of Sobolev embedding constants. Finally, we present some numerical test cases, in order to show both the approximation properties and the computational efficiency of the derived framework. %G en %1 7291 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Andrea Manzoni (amanzoni@sissa.it) on 2014-02-12T17:36:11Z No. of bitstreams: 1 AM_2014_M2AN_preprint.pdf: 5678588 bytes, checksum: 9589729cb84fffc5229b4b071e5e69fb (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %D 2014 %T Efficient geometrical parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling: application to fluid–structure interaction coupling problems %A Forti, D. %A Gianluigi Rozza %X We present some recent advances and improvements in shape parametrisation techniques of interfaces for reduced-order modelling with special attention to fluid–structure interaction problems and the management of structural deformations, namely, to represent them into a low-dimensional space (by control points). This allows to reduce the computational effort, and to significantly simplify the (geometrical) deformation procedure, leading to more efficient and fast reduced-order modelling applications in this kind of problems. We propose an efficient methodology to select the geometrical control points for the radial basis functions based on a modal greedy algorithm to improve the computational efficiency in view of more complex fluid–structure applications in several fields. The examples provided deal with aeronautics and wind engineering. %B International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics %V 28 %P 158–169 %G eng %R 10.1080/10618562.2014.932352 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Existence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in the space of probability measures %A Stefano Bianchini %A Alexander Dabrowski %X After a brief introduction on gradient flows in metric spaces and on geodesically convex functionals, we give an account of the proof (following the outline of [3, 7]) of the existence and uniqueness of the gradient flow of the Entropy in the space of Borel probability measures over a compact geodesic metric space with Ricci curvature bounded from below. %I EUT Edizioni Universita di Trieste %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34693 %1 34907 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T09:22:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ExUniqGFEntropy.pdf: 344636 bytes, checksum: a918d50ab5d6b9ce9cb8683238f402e6 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Mathematische Annalen %D 2014 %T Existence of immersed spheres minimizing curvature functionals in compact 3-manifolds %A Kuwert, Ernst %A Andrea Mondino %A Johannes Schygulla %XWe study curvature functionals for immersed 2-spheres in a compact, three-dimensional Riemannian manifold $M$. Under the assumption that the sectional curvature $K^M$ is strictly positive, we prove the existence of a smooth immersion $f:{\mathbb{S}}^2 \rightarrow M$ minimizing the $L^2$ integral of the second fundamental form. Assuming instead that $K^M \leq 2 $ and that there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})>6$, we obtain a smooth minimizer $f:{\mathbb{S}}^2 \rightarrow M$ for the functional $\int \frac{1}{4}|H|^2+1$, where $H$ is the mean curvature.

%B Mathematische Annalen %V 359 %P 379–425 %8 Jun %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00208-013-1005-3 %R 10.1007/s00208-013-1005-3 %0 Journal Article %J Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %D 2014 %T Existence of immersed spheres minimizing curvature functionals in non-compact 3-manifolds %A Andrea Mondino %A Johannes Schygulla %K Direct methods in the calculus of variations %K General Relativity %K Geometric measure theory %K second fundamental form %K Willmore functional %XWe study curvature functionals for immersed 2-spheres in non-compact, three-dimensional Riemannian manifold $(M,h)$ without boundary. First, under the assumption that $(M,h)$ is the euclidean 3-space endowed with a semi-perturbed metric with perturbation small in $C^1$ norm and of compact support, we prove that if there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})>0$ then there exists a smooth embedding $ f:\mathbb{S}^2 \hookrightarrow M$ minimizing the Willmore functional $\frac{1}{4}\int |H|^2$, where $H$ is the mean curvature. Second, assuming that $(M,h)$ is of bounded geometry (i.e. bounded sectional curvature and strictly positive injectivity radius) and asymptotically euclidean or hyperbolic we prove that if there is some point $\bar{x}\in M$ with scalar curvature $R^M(\bar{x})>6$ then there exists a smooth immersion $f:\mathbb{S}^2\hookrightarrow M$ minimizing the functional $\int (\frac{1}{2}|A|^2+1)$, where $A$ is the second fundamental form. Finally, adding the bound $K^M \leq 2$ to the last assumptions, we obtain a smooth minimizer $f:\mathbb{S}^2 \hookrightarrow M$ for the functional $\int \frac{1}{4}(|H|^2+1)$. The assumptions of the last two theorems are satisfied in a large class of 3-manifolds arising as spacelike timeslices solutions of the Einstein vacuum equation in case of null or negative cosmological constant.

%B Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %V 31 %P 707 - 724 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144913000851 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anihpc.2013.07.002 %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %D 2014 %T Existence of integral m-varifolds minimizing $\int |A|^p $ and $\int |H|^p$ , p>m, in Riemannian manifolds %A Andrea Mondino %XWe prove existence of integral rectifiable $m$-dimensional varifolds minimizing functionals of the type $\int |H|^p$ and $\int |A|^p$ in a given Riemannian $n$-dimensional manifold $(N,g)$, $2 \leq m<n$ and $p>m$ under suitable assumptions on $N$ (in the end of the paper we give many examples of such ambient manifolds). To this aim we introduce the following new tools: some monotonicity formulas for varifolds in ${\mathbb{R }^S}$ involving $\int |H|^p$to avoid degeneracy of the minimizer, and a sort of isoperimetric inequality to bound the mass in terms of the mentioned functionals.

%B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %V 49 %P 431–470 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-012-0588-y %R 10.1007/s00526-012-0588-y %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Finite dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili τ-functions. I. Finite Grassmannians %A Ferenc Balogh %A Tiago Fonseca %A John P. Harnad %X We study τ-functions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy in terms of abelian group actions on finite dimensional Grassmannians, viewed as subquotients of the Hilbert space Grassmannians of Sato, Segal, and Wilson. A determinantal formula of Gekhtman and Kasman involving exponentials of finite dimensional matrices is shown to follow naturally from such reductions. All reduced flows of exponential type generated by matrices with arbitrary nondegenerate Jordan forms are derived, both in the Grassmannian setting and within the fermionic operator formalism. A slightly more general determinantal formula involving resolvents of the matrices generating the flow, valid on the big cell of the Grassmannian, is also derived. An explicit expression is deduced for the Plücker coordinates appearing as coefficients in the Schur function expansion of the τ-function. %I American Institute of Physics Inc. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34952 %1 35153 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-04T14:31:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 403949 bytes, checksum: 01d5c482538ca09d858c0586f648b196 (MD5) %R 10.1063/1.4890818 %0 Conference Proceedings %B Proceedings of the 24th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Busan, 2014 %D 2014 %T A fully nonlinear potential model for ship hydrodynamics directly interfaced with CAD data structures %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %K ship hydrodynamics %X We present a model for ship hydrodynamics simulations currently under development at SISSA. The model employs potential flow theory and fully nonlinear free surface boundary conditions. The spatial discretization of the equations is performed by means of a collocation BEM. This gives rise to a Differential Algbraic Equations (DAE) system, solved using an implicit BDF scheme to time advance the solution. The model has been implemented into a C++ software able to automatically generate the computational grids from the CAD geometry of the hull. Numerical results on Kriso KCS and KVLCC2 hulls are presented and discussed. %B Proceedings of the 24th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, Busan, 2014 %I SISSA %G en %1 7357 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2014-03-22T15:00:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MolaHeltaiDeSimone2014.pdf: 1241007 bytes, checksum: 1a56d909a08f1f470c7efc14018e37f8 (MD5) %0 Book Section %B Separated representations and PGD-based model reduction : fundamentals and applications %D 2014 %T Fundamentals of Reduced Basis Method for problems governed by parametrized PDEs and applications %A Gianluigi Rozza %K reduced basis method, linear elasticity, heat transfer, error bounds, parametrized PDEs %XIn this chapter we consider Reduced Basis (RB) approximations of parametrized Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). The the idea behind RB is to decouple the generation and projection stages (Offline/Online computational procedures) of the approximation process in order to solve parametrized PDEs in a fast, inexpensive and reliable way. The RB method, especially applied to 3D problems, allows great computational savings with respect to the classical Galerkin Finite Element (FE) Method. The standard FE method is typically ill suited to (i) iterative contexts like optimization, sensitivity analysis and many-queries in general, and (ii) real time evaluation. We consider for simplicity coercive PDEs. We discuss all the steps to set up a RB approximation, either from an analytical and a numerical point of view. Then we present an application of the RB method to a steady thermal conductivity problem in heat transfer with emphasis on geometrical and physical parameters.

%B Separated representations and PGD-based model reduction : fundamentals and applications %S CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences %I Springer %C Wien %V 554 %G eng %& 4 %R 10.1007/978-3-7091-1794-1_4 %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T Geometry and analysis of control-affine systems: motion planning, heat and Schrödinger evolution %A Dario Prandi %K control theory %X This thesis is dedicated to two problems arising from geometric control theory, regarding control-affine systems $\dot q= f_0(q)+\sum_{j=1}^m u_j f_j(q)$, where $f_0$ is called the drift. In the first part we extend the concept of complexity of non-admissible trajectories, well understood for sub-Riemannian systems, to this more general case, and find asymptotic estimates. In order to do this, we also prove a result in the same spirit as the Ball-Box theorem for sub-Riemannian systems, in the context of control-affine systems equipped with the L1 cost. Then, in the second part of the thesis, we consider a family of 2-dimensional driftless control systems. For these, we study how the set where the control vector fields become collinear affects the diffusion dynamics. More precisely, we study whether solutions to the heat and Schrödinger equations associated with this Laplace-Beltrami operator are able to cross this singularity, and how its the presence affects the spectral properties of the operator, in particular under a magnetic Aharonov–Bohm-type perturbation. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7474 %1 7576 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by dprandi@sissa.it (dprandi@sissa.it) on 2014-10-28T17:03:22Z No. of bitstreams: 1 thesis_SISSA.pdf: 2610057 bytes, checksum: b1f6802988c3d34412407d628c7c1963 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Global Structure of Admissible BV Solutions to Piecewise Genuinely Nonlinear, Strictly Hyperbolic Conservation Laws in One Space Dimension %A Stefano Bianchini %A Lei Yu %XThe paper describes the qualitative structure of an admissible BV solution to a strictly hyperbolic system of conservation laws whose characteristic families are piecewise genuinely nonlinear. More precisely, we prove that there are a countable set of points Θ and a countable family of Lipschitz curves T{script} such that outside T{script} ∪ Θ the solution is continuous, and for all points in T{script}{set minus}Θ the solution has left and right limit. This extends the corresponding structural result in [7] for genuinely nonlinear systems. An application of this result is the stability of the wave structure of solution w.r.t. -convergence. The proof is based on the introduction of subdiscontinuities of a shock, whose behavior is qualitatively analogous to the discontinuities of the solution to genuinely nonlinear systems.

%I Taylor & Francis %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34694 %1 34908 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T09:34:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 global structure of solutions to PWGN hyperbolic conservation laws.pdf: 452219 bytes, checksum: 85bd51fc08fa53a087cee8aec2b9544a (MD5) %R 10.1080/03605302.2013.775153 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %D 2014 %T Hölder equivalence of the value function for control-affine systems %A Dario Prandi %B ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %I EDP Sciences %V 20 %P 1224–1248 %G eng %R 10.1051/cocv/2014014 %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T Holomorphically symplectic varieties with Prym Lagrangian fibrations %A Tommaso Matteini %K Holomorphically symplectic varieties %X The thesis presents a construction of singular holomorphically symplectic varieties as Lagrangian fibrations. They are relative compactified Prym varieties associated to curves on symplectic surfaces with an antisymplectic involution. They are identified with the fixed locus of a symplectic involution on singular moduli spaces of sheaves of dimension 1. An explicit example, giving a singular irreducible symplectic 6-fold without symplectic resolutions, is described for a K3 surface which is the double cover of a cubic surface. In the case of abelian surfaces, a variation of this construction is studied to get irreducible symplectic varieties: relative compactified 0-Prym varieties. A partial classification result is obtained for involutions without fixed points: either the 0-Prym variety is birational to an irreducible symplectic variety of K3[n]-type, or it does not admit symplectic resolutions. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7434 %1 7511 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 %$ Submitted by Tommaso Matteini (tommatte@sissa.it) on 2014-09-15T12:25:24Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PhDThesis.pdf: 910291 bytes, checksum: 263baffb058a78779fea853930868b2e (MD5) %0 Report %D 2014 %T Homogenization of functional with linear growth in the context of A-quasiconvexity %A Jose Matias %A Marco Morandotti %A Pedro M. Santos %X This work deals with the homogenization of functionals with linear growth in the context of A-quasiconvexity. A representation theorem is proved, where the new integrand function is obtained by solving a cell problem where the coupling between homogenization and the A-free condition plays a crucial role. This result extends some previous work to the linear case, thus allowing for concentration effects. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7436 %1 7528 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-10-07T06:20:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Mat-Mor-San-14.pdf: 352795 bytes, checksum: de708e4c922915ea1f523eb23165cb83 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Homology computation for a class of contact structures on T3 %A Ali Maalaoui %A Vittorio Martino %X We consider a family of tight contact forms on the three-dimensional torus and we compute the relative Contact Homology by using the variational theory of critical points at infinity. We will also show local stability. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34649 %1 34856 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-20T12:08:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 371632 bytes, checksum: abec6bf1b85cb6034662ab217f97c4b8 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00526-013-0648-y %0 Journal Article %J Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. %D 2014 %T $hp$-version discontinuous Galerkin methods on polygonal and polyhedral meshes %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Houston, Paul %B Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. %V 24 %P 2009–2041 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218202514500146 %R 10.1142/S0218202514500146 %0 Journal Article %J Comptes Rendus Mathematique %D 2014 %T An improvement on geometrical parameterizations by transfinite maps %A Jäggli, C. %A Laura Iapichino %A Gianluigi Rozza %X We present a method to generate a non-affine transfinite map from a given reference domain to a family of deformed domains. The map is a generalization of the Gordon-Hall transfinite interpolation approach. It is defined globally over the reference domain. Once we have computed some functions over the reference domain, the map can be generated by knowing the parametric expressions of the boundaries of the deformed domain. Being able to define a suitable map from a reference domain to a desired deformation is useful for the management of parameterized geometries. %B Comptes Rendus Mathematique %V 352 %P 263–268 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.crma.2013.12.017 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda lattice hierarchy %A Chaozhong Wu %A Dafeng Zuo %X Following the approach of Carlet et al. (2011) [9], we construct a class of infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds underlying the Toda lattice hierarchy, which are defined on the space of pairs of meromorphic functions with possibly higher-order poles at the origin and at infinity. We also show a connection between these infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds and the finite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds on the orbit space of extended affine Weyl groups of type A defined by Dubrovin and Zhang. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35026 %1 35264 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-17T10:32:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 358025 bytes, checksum: ef718fc5b61dfb8c0e0bd874196cfd13 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.aim.2014.01.013 %0 Report %D 2014 %T Integrability of Dirac reduced bi-Hamiltonian equations %A Alberto De Sole %A Victor G. Kac %A Daniele Valeri %X First, we give a brief review of the theory of the Lenard-Magri scheme for a non-local bi-Poisson structure and of the theory of Dirac reduction. These theories are used in the remainder of the paper to prove integrability of three hierarchies of bi-Hamiltonian PDE's, obtained by Dirac reduction from some generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7247 %1 7286 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Daniele Valeri (dvaleri@sissa.it) on 2014-01-24T09:47:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1401.6006v1.pdf: 249123 bytes, checksum: 3b83fabf790160e10ecb05aa89251970 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2014 %T An irreducible symplectic orbifold of dimension 6 with a Lagrangian Prym fibration %A Tommaso Matteini %K Irreducible symplectic variety, Lagrangian fibration, Prym variety, automorphism of symplectic varieties %X A new example of an irreducible symplectic variety of dimension 6, with only finite quotient singularities, is described as a relative compactified Prymian of a family of genus 4 curves with involution. It is associated to a K3 surface which is a double cover of a cubic surface. It has a natural Lagrangian fibration in abelian 3-folds with polarization type (1,1,2). It does not admit any symplectic resolution. %G en %1 7360 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Tommaso Matteini (tommatte@sissa.it) on 2014-04-07T21:56:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1403.5523v1.pdf: 263523 bytes, checksum: 3476aafd392b9871807ce18a89b857f4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T On an isomonodromy deformation equation without the Painlevé property %A Boris Dubrovin %A Andrey Kapaev %X We show that the fourth order nonlinear ODE which controls the pole dynamics in the general solution of equation $P_I^2$ compatible with the KdV equation exhibits two remarkable properties: 1) it governs the isomonodromy deformations of a $2\times2$ matrix linear ODE with polynomial coefficients, and 2) it does not possesses the Painlev\'e property. We also study the properties of the Riemann--Hilbert problem associated to this ODE and find its large $t$ asymptotic solution for the physically interesting initial data. %I Maik Nauka-Interperiodica Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6466 %1 6410 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Boris Dubrovin (dubrovin@sissa.it) on 2013-02-08T11:29:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1301.7211v2.pdf: 415681 bytes, checksum: f606a3b5df4b201ae37a9d6fa1b79016 (MD5) %R 10.1134/S1061920814010026 %0 Journal Article %J Mathematische Annalen %D 2014 %T KAM for quasi-linear and fully nonlinear forced perturbations of Airy equation %A P Baldi %A Massimiliano Berti %A Riccardo Montalto %X We prove the existence of small amplitude quasi-periodic solutions for quasi-linear and fully nonlinear forced perturbations of the linear Airy equation. For Hamiltonian or reversible nonlinearities we also prove their linear stability. The key analysis concerns the reducibility of the linearized operator at an approximate solution, which provides a sharp asymptotic expansion of its eigenvalues. For quasi-linear perturbations this cannot be directly obtained by a KAM iteration. Hence we first perform a regularization procedure, which conjugates the linearized operator to an operator with constant coefficients plus a bounded remainder. These transformations are obtained by changes of variables induced by diffeomorphisms of the torus and pseudo-differential operators. At this point we implement a Nash-Moser iteration (with second order Melnikov non-resonance conditions) which completes the reduction to constant coefficients. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. %B Mathematische Annalen %P 1-66 %G eng %R 10.1007/s00208-013-1001-7 %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T KAM for quasi-linear and fully nonlinear perturbations of Airy and KdV equations %A Riccardo Montalto %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7476 %1 7571 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by rmontalt@sissa.it (rmontalt@sissa.it) on 2014-10-27T10:15:33Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Tesi-Phd-Montalto-Riccardo.pdf: 1843377 bytes, checksum: b4e504e6ad1860c3d3580beb4e24efff (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris %D 2014 %T KAM for quasi-linear KdV %A P Baldi %A Massimiliano Berti %A Riccardo Montalto %XWe prove the existence and stability of Cantor families of quasi-periodic, small-amplitude solutions of quasi-linear autonomous Hamiltonian perturbations of KdV.

%B C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris %I Elsevier %V 352 %P 603-607 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35067 %N 7-8 %1 35302 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-11-30T15:30:40Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.crma.2014.04.012 %0 Journal Article %J Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. %D 2014 %T KAM for Reversible Derivative Wave Equations %A Massimiliano Berti %A Luca Biasco %A Michela Procesi %XWe prove the existence of Cantor families of small amplitude, analytic, linearly stable quasi-periodic solutions of reversible derivative wave equations.

%B Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. %I Springer %V 212 %P 905-955 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34646 %N 3 %1 34850 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-14T16:55:00Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 620515 bytes, checksum: d1d981f350e63c9906f793bcfe66e972 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00205-014-0726-0 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Laplace equation in a domain with a rectilinear crack: higher order derivatives of the energy with respect to the crack length %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Gianluca Orlando %A Rodica Toader %K cracked domains, energy release rate, higher order derivatives, asymptotic expansion of solutions %XWe consider the weak solution of the Laplace equation in a planar domain with a straight crack, prescribing a homogeneous Neumann condition on the crack and a nonhomogeneous Dirichlet condition on the rest of the boundary. For every k we express the k-th derivative of the energy with respect to the crack length in terms of a finite number of coefficients of the asymptotic expansion of the solution near the crack tip and of a finite number of other parameters, which only depend on the shape of the domain.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7271 %1 7316 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2014-03-11T15:17:50Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Orl-Toa-sissa.pdf: 251851 bytes, checksum: 59273a217a11dcfc5a9ed89d2c34c6cd (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00030-014-0291-0 %0 Book Section %D 2014 %T Lecture notes on gradient flows and optimal transport %A Sara Daneri %A Giuseppe Savarè %X We present a short overview on the strongest variational formulation for gradient flows of geodesically λ-convex functionals in metric spaces, with applications to diffusion equations in Wasserstein spaces of probability measures. These notes are based on a series of lectures given by the second author for the Summer School "Optimal transportation: Theory and applications" in Grenoble during the week of June 22-26, 2009. %I Cambridge University Press %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35093 %1 35348 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-12-02T11:28:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 448708 bytes, checksum: b8b01c6463b81dc26c42c74009c43406 (MD5) %R 10.1017/CBO9781107297296 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Legendre duality on hypersurfaces in Kähler manifolds %A Vittorio Martino %X We give a sufficient condition on real strictly Levi-convex hypersurfaces M, embedded in four-dimensional Kähler manifolds V , such that Legendre duality can be performed. We consider the contact form onM whose kernel is the restriction of the holomorphic tangent space of V and show that if there exists a Legendrian Killing vector field v, then the dual form β(̇) := d(v, ̇) is a contact form on M with the same orientation than theta. %I Walter de Gruyter and Co. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34777 %1 34998 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-27T17:37:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 98700 bytes, checksum: 1187e3e70cd12ba31a32c4be8491bd32 (MD5) %R 10.1515/advgeom-2014-0016 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %D 2014 %T Linearized plastic plate models as Γ-limits of 3D finite elastoplasticity %A Elisa Davoli %XThe subject of this paper is the rigorous derivation of reduced models for a thin plate by means of $\Gamma$-convergence, in the framework of finite plasticity. Denoting by $\epsilon$ the thickness of the plate, we analyse the case where the scaling factor of the elasto-plastic energy per unit volume is of order $\epsilon^{2 \alpha -2}$, with $\alpha \geq 3$. According to the value of $\alpha$, partially or fully linearized models are deduced, which correspond, in the absence of plastic deformation, to the Von Kármán plate theory and the linearized plate theory.

%B ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations %I EDP Sciences %V 20 %P 725–747 %G eng %R 10.1051/cocv/2013081 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Lipschitz continuous viscosity solutions for a class of fully nonlinear equations on lie groups %A Vittorio Martino %A Annamaria Montanari %X In this paper, we prove existence and uniqueness of Lipschitz continuous viscosity solutions for Dirichlet problems involving a class a fully non-linear operators on Lie groups. In particular, we consider the elementary symmetric functions of the eigenvalues of the Hessian built with left-invariant vector fields. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34699 %1 34910 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T10:28:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 418666 bytes, checksum: 959eed7adb8eeecee6c733f5ad7a136c (MD5) %R 10.1007/s12220-012-9332-2 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %D 2014 %T Local and global minimality results for a nonlocal isoperimetric problem on R^N %A Marco Bonacini %A Riccardo Cristoferi %K Nonlocal isoperimetric problem %XWe consider a nonlocal isoperimetric problem defined in the whole space R^N, whose nonlocal part is given by a Riesz potential with exponent $\alpha\in(0, N-1)$. We show that critical configurations with positive second variation are local minimizers and satisfy a quantitative inequality with respect to the L^1-norm. This criterion provides the existence of a (explicitly determined) critical threshold determining the interval of volumes for which the ball is a local minimizer, and allows to address several global minimality issues.

%B SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %I SIAM Publications %V 46 %P 2310-2349 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6984 %N 4 %1 6976 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Marco Bonacini (mbonacin@sissa.it) on 2013-07-19T15:56:58Z No. of bitstreams: 1 boncri_fin.pdf: 567997 bytes, checksum: a24d4e9e6bbd6f176558b4d007dba6e3 (MD5) %R 10.1137/130929898 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Local behavior of fractional p-minimizers %A Agnese Di Castro %A Tuomo Kuusi %A Giampiero Palatucci %K fractional Sobolev spaces %XWe extend the De Giorgi-Nash Moser theory to nonlocal, possibly degerate integro-differential operators

%I SISSA %G en %1 7301 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Giampiero Palatucci (palatucc@sissa.it) on 2014-03-03T08:54:40Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DKP.pdf: 459581 bytes, checksum: 58cf9e0f905a3932505ab467eefd39e9 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Int. J. Numer. Anal. Model. %D 2014 %T On local super-penalization of interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin methods %A Andrea Cangiani %A Chapman, John %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Jensen, Max %B Int. J. Numer. Anal. Model. %V 11 %P 478–495 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T On the Lp-differentiability of certain classes of functions %A Giovanni Alberti %A Stefano Bianchini %A Gianluca Crippa %X We prove the Lp-differentiability at almost every point for convolution products on ℝd of the form K*μ, where μ is bounded measure and K is a homogeneous kernel of degree 1-d. From this result we derive the Lp-differentiability for vector fields on R d whose curl and divergence are measures, and also for vector fields with bounded deformation. %I European Mathematical Society %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34695 %1 34909 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T09:44:25Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Alberti_Bianchini_50_M.pdf: 253000 bytes, checksum: 06381747f80814ced325966adefdec91 (MD5) %R 10.4171/rmi/782 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Maximal generalized solution of eikonal equation %A Sandro Zagatti %X We study the Dirichlet problem for the eikonal equation: 1/2 |∇u(x)|^2-a(x)=0 in Ω u(x)=(x) on Ω, without continuity assumptions on the map a(.). We find a class of maps a(.) contained in the space L∞(Ω) for which the problem admits a (maximal) generalized solution, providing a generalization of the notion of viscosity solution. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34642 %1 34846 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-21T08:38:44Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.jde.2014.04.001 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Minimal Liouville gravity correlation numbers from Douglas string equation %A Alexander Belavin %A Boris Dubrovin %A Baur Mukhametzhanov %X We continue the study of $(q,p)$ Minimal Liouville Gravity with the help of Douglas string equation. We generalize the results of \cite{Moore:1991ir}, \cite{Belavin:2008kv}, where Lee-Yang series $(2,2s+1)$ was studied, to $(3,3s+p_0)$ Minimal Liouville Gravity, where $p_0=1,2$. We demonstrate that there exist such coordinates $\tau_{m,n}$ on the space of the perturbed Minimal Liouville Gravity theories, in which the partition function of the theory is determined by the Douglas string equation. The coordinates $\tau_{m,n}$ are related in a non-linear fashion to the natural coupling constants $\lambda_{m,n}$ of the perturbations of Minimal Lioville Gravity by the physical operators $O_{m,n}$. We find this relation from the requirement that the correlation numbers in Minimal Liouville Gravity must satisfy the conformal and fusion selection rules. After fixing this relation we compute three- and four-point correlation numbers when they are not zero. The results are in agreement with the direct calculations in Minimal Liouville Gravity available in the literature \cite{Goulian:1990qr}, \cite{Zamolodchikov:2005sj}, \cite{Belavin:2006ex}. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34588 %1 34795 %2 Physics %4 2 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-09-28T14:45:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art2014.pdf: 914777 bytes, checksum: 6f6d70a301b22d993393d16ad5abef80 (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP01(2014)156 %0 Journal Article %J Asymptotic Analysis %D 2014 %T A model for crack growth with branching and kinking %A Simone Racca %K quasistatic crack evolution, branching, kinking, Griffith\\\'s criterion %XWe study an evolution model for fractured elastic materials in the 2-dimensional case, for which the crack path is not assumed to be known a priori. We introduce some general assumptions on the structure of the fracture sets suitable to remove the restrictions on the regularity of the crack sets and to allow for kinking and branching to develop. In addition we define the front of the fracture and its velocity. By means of a time-discretization approach, we prove the existence of a continuous-time evolution that satisfies an energy inequality and a stability criterion. The energy balance also takes into account the energy dissipated at the front of the fracture. The stability criterion is stated in the framework of Griffith's theory, in terms of the energy release rate, when the crack grows at least at one point of its front.

%B Asymptotic Analysis %I SISSA %V 89 %P 63-110 %G en %U https://content.iospress.com/articles/asymptotic-analysis/asy1233 %N 1-2 %9 Research Article %1 6293 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Simone Racca (sracca@sissa.it) on 2012-12-27T14:51:21Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nA model for crack growth with branching and kinking - Racca.pdf: 566327 bytes, checksum: c6cfc3165c0bfee387a9c6f8b1e5b4b1 (MD5) %& 63 %R 10.3233/ASY-141233 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Model Order Reduction in Fluid Dynamics: Challenges and Perspectives %A Toni Lassila %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X This chapter reviews techniques of model reduction of fluid dynamics systems. Fluid systems are known to be difficult to reduce efficiently due to several reasons. First of all, they exhibit strong nonlinearities - which are mainly related either to nonlinear convection terms and/or some geometric variability - that often cannot be treated by simple linearization. Additional difficulties arise when attempting model reduction of unsteady flows, especially when long-term transient behavior needs to be accurately predicted using reduced order models and more complex features, such as turbulence or multiphysics phenomena, have to be taken into consideration. We first discuss some general principles that apply to many parametric model order reduction problems, then we apply them on steady and unsteady viscous flows modelled by the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. We address questions of inf-sup stability, certification through error estimation, computational issues and-in the unsteady case - long-time stability of the reduced model. Moreover, we provide an extensive list of literature references. %I Springer %G en %1 34923 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T15:11:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 287014 bytes, checksum: b195410aa3f63643829ed25f1adb6520 (MD5) %R 10.1007/978-3-319-02090-7_9 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A modular spectral triple for κ-Minkowski space %A Marco Matassa %X We present a spectral triple for κ-Minkowski space in two dimensions. Starting from an algebra naturally associated to this space, a Hilbert space is built using a weight which is invariant under the κ-Poincaré algebra. The weight satisfies a KMS condition and its associated modular operator plays an important role in the construction. This forces us to introduce two ingredients which have a modular flavour: the first is a twisted commutator, used to obtain a boundedness condition for the Dirac operator, and the second is a weight replacing the usual operator trace, used to measure the growth of the resolvent of the Dirac operator. We show that, under some assumptions related to the symmetries and the classical limit, there is a unique Dirac operator and automorphism such that the twisted commutator is bounded. Then, using the weight mentioned above, we compute the spectral dimension associated to the spectral triple and find that is equal to the classical dimension. Finally we briefly discuss the introduction of a real structure. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34895 %1 35180 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-04T16:52:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 371387 bytes, checksum: 5ec9ef2cc02f42dd114bf8fc40bcd6ec (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.geomphys.2013.10.023 %0 Journal Article %J Bull. Inst. Math. Acad. Sin. %D 2014 %T A Moser-Trudinger inequality for the singular Toda system %A Luca Battaglia %A Andrea Malchiodi %B Bull. Inst. Math. Acad. Sin. %V 9 %P 1–23 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of High Energy Physics %D 2014 %T M-theory interpretation of the real topological string %A Nicolò Piazzalunga %A Uranga, Angel M. %XWe describe the type IIA physical realization of the unoriented topological string introduced by Walcher, describe its M-theory lift, and show that it allows to compute the open and unoriented topological amplitude in terms of one-loop diagram of BPS M2-brane states. This confirms and allows to generalize the conjectured BPS integer expansion of the topological amplitude. The M-theory lift of the orientifold is freely acting on the M-theory circle, so that integer multiplicities are a weighted version of the (equivariant subsector of the) original closed oriented Gopakumar-Vafa invariants. The M-theory lift also provides new perspective on the topological tadpole cancellation conditions. We finally comment on the M-theory version of other unoriented topological strings, and clarify certain misidentifications in earlier discussions in the literature.

%B Journal of High Energy Physics %V 2014 %P 54 %8 Aug %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP08(2014)054 %R 10.1007/JHEP08(2014)054 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T N = 2 Quiver Gauge Theories on A-type ALE Spaces %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Francesco Sala %A Richard J. Szabo %X We survey and compare recent approaches to the computation of the partition functions and correlators of chiral BPS observables in N = 2 gauge theories on ALE spaces based on quiver varieties and the minimal resolution Xk of the Ak-1 toric singularity C2/Zk, in light of their recently conjectured duality with two-dimensional coset conformal field theories. We review and elucidate the rigorous constructions of gauge theories for a particular family of ALE spaces, using their relation to the cohomology of moduli spaces of framed torsion-free sheaves on a suitable orbifold compactification of Xk. We extend these computations to generic N = 2 superconformal quiver gauge theories, obtaining in these instances new constraints on fractional instanton charges, a rigorous proof of the Nekrasov master formula, and new quantizations of Hitchin systems based on the underlying Seiberg–Witten geometry. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34719 %1 34918 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T12:43:35Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 715288 bytes, checksum: aa2d57d1d2ee3b6602bdcef73696035c (MD5) %R 10.1007/s11005-014-0734-x %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T New results on Gamma-limits of integral functionals %A Nadia Ansini %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Caterina Ida Zeppieri %K Gamma-convergence %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5880 %1 5745 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2012-05-30T12:48:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 03M_2012_Ansini.pdf: 262251 bytes, checksum: 4e0dd5c07ab75bd2da8aa462f2ae8f0f (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.anihpc.2013.02.005 %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T Non-commutative integration for spectral triples associated to quantum groups %A Marco Matassa %K Non-commutative geometry %X This thesis is dedicated to the study of non-commutative integration, in the sense of spectral triples, for some non-commutative spaces associated to quantum groups. %I SISSA %G en %1 7363 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Marco Matassa (mmatassa@sissa.it) on 2014-04-28T08:04:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Thesis (with corrections).pdf: 1129467 bytes, checksum: 77aa801082828a7b5b3fc10070f06319 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Nonsingular Isogeometric Boundary Element Method for Stokes Flows in 3D %A Luca Heltai %A Marino Arroyo %A Antonio DeSimone %K Isogeometric Analysis %X Isogeometric analysis (IGA) is emerging as a technology bridging Computer Aided Geometric Design (CAGD), most commonly based on Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS) surfaces, and engineering analysis. In finite element and boundary element isogeometric methods (FE-IGA and IGA-BEM), the NURBS basis functions that de- scribe the geometry define also the approximation spaces. In the FE-IGA approach, the surfaces generated by the CAGD tools need to be extended to volumetric descriptions, a major open problem in 3D. This additional passage can be avoided in principle when the partial differential equations to be solved admit a formulation in terms of bound- ary integral equations, leading to Boundary Element Isogeometric Analysis (IGA-BEM). The main advantages of such an approach are given by the dimensionality reduction of the problem (from volumetric-based to surface-based), by the fact that the interface with CAGD tools is direct, and by the possibility to treat exterior problems, where the computational domain is infinite. By contrast, these methods produce system matrices which are full, and require the integration of singular kernels. In this paper we address the second point and propose a nonsingular formulation of IGA-BEM for 3D Stokes flows, whose convergence is carefully tested numerically. Standard Gaussian quadrature rules suffice to integrate the boundary integral equations, and carefully chosen known exact solutions of the interior Stokes problem are used to correct the resulting matrices, extending the work by Klaseboer et al. [27] to IGA-BEM. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6326 %1 6250 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2012-12-03T08:19:28Z No. of bitstreams: 1 isogeo_stokes.pdf: 732320 bytes, checksum: 224ef57de6c49f03db0afaccdcb234f9 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.cma.2013.09.017 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Pfaffian representations of cubic surfaces %A Fabio Tanturri %XLet K be a field of characteristic zero. We describe an algorithm which requires a homogeneous polynomial F of degree three in K[x0,x1,x2,x3] and a zero a of F in P3 K and ensures a linear Pfaffian representation of V(F) with entries in K[x0,x1,x2,x3], under mild assumptions on F and a. We use this result to give an explicit construction of (and to prove the existence of) a linear Pfaffian representation of V (F), with entries in K′[x0,x1,x2,x3], being K′ an algebraic extension of K of degree at most six. An explicit example of such a construction is given.

%I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34688 %1 34900 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-21T16:49:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 289546 bytes, checksum: 0a8213f23936fd48edde60b3d788f158 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10711-012-9818-x %0 Conference Paper %B The 24th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference %D 2014 %T Potential Model for Ship Hydrodynamics Simulations Directly Interfaced with CAD Data Structures %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %A Massimiliano Berti %B The 24th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference %I International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers %V 4 %P 815–822 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Pseudo-automorphisms of positive entropy on the blowups of products of projective spaces %A Fabio Perroni %A Deqi Zhang %X We use a concise method to construct pseudo-automorphisms fn of the first dynamical degree d1(fn) > 1 on the blowups of the projective n-space for all n ≥ 2 and more generally on the blowups of products of projective spaces. These fn, for n=3 have positive entropy, and for n≥ 4 seem to be the first examples of pseudo-automorphisms with d1(fn) > 1 (and of non-product type) on rational varieties of higher dimensions. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34714 %1 34921 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T14:57:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 253886 bytes, checksum: 80c0805b318d2c20d9084bc5b0c31265 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00208-013-0992-4 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations %D 2014 %T On a quadratic functional for scalar conservation laws %A Stefano Bianchini %A Stefano Modena %XWe prove a quadratic interaction estimate for approximate solutions to scalar conservation laws obtained by the wavefront tracking approximation or the Glimm scheme. This quadratic estimate has been used in the literature to prove the convergence rate of the Glimm scheme.

%B Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations %I World Scientific Publishing %V 11 %P 355-435 %G en %U http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.2929 %N 2 %1 34903 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T08:34:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 31M_Bianchini_Modena.pdf: 710996 bytes, checksum: 8dd1a009996ca60b6c2f1dc96bb46f43 (MD5) %R 10.1142/S0219891614500118 %0 Journal Article %J Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematics of Academia Sinica (New Series) %D 2014 %T Quadratic interaction functional for systems of conservation laws: a case study %A Stefano Bianchini %A Stefano Modena %B Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematics of Academia Sinica (New Series) %V 9 %P 487-546 %G eng %U https://w3.math.sinica.edu.tw/bulletin_ns/20143/2014308.pdf %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Quantum dimension and quantum projective spaces %A Marco Matassa %X We show that the family of spectral triples for quantum projective spaces introduced by D'Andrea and Dbrowski, which have spectral dimension equal to zero, can be reconsidered as modular spectral triples by taking into account the action of the element K2por its inverse. The spectral dimension computed in this sense coincides with the dimension of the classical projective spaces. The connection with the well known notion of quantum dimension of quantum group theory is pointed out. %I Institute of Mathematics %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34764 %1 34991 %2 Physics %4 2 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-27T16:56:59Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 380876 bytes, checksum: 85fd2f00123c6d7110bdd8ba9731b97b (MD5) %R 10.3842/SIGMA.2014.097 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Quantum gauge symmetries in noncommutative geometry %A Jyotishman Bhowmick %A Francesco D'Andrea %A Biswarup Krishna Das %A Ludwik Dabrowski %X We discuss generalizations of the notion of i) the group of unitary elements of a (real or complex) finite-dimensional C*-algebra, ii) gauge transformations and iii) (real) automorphisms in the framework of compact quantum group theory and spectral triples. The quantum analogue of these groups are defined as universal (initial) objects in some natural categories. After proving the existence of the universal objects, we discuss several examples that are of interest to physics, as they appear in the noncommutative geometry approach to particle physics: in particular, the C*-algebras M n(R), Mn(C) and Mn(H), describing the finite noncommutative space of the Einstein-Yang-Mills systems, and the algebras A F = C H M3 (C) and Aev = H H M4(C), that appear in Chamseddine-Connes derivation of the Standard Model of particle physics coupled to gravity. As a byproduct, we identify a "free" version of the symplectic group Sp.n/ (quaternionic unitary group). %I European Mathematical Society Publishing House %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34897 %1 35182 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-04T16:59:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 652206 bytes, checksum: d452b46b1c285be861389dcab56e1f6e (MD5) %R 10.4171/JNCG/161 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Analysis %D 2014 %T Quasi-static crack growth in hydraulic fracture %A Stefano Almi %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Rodica Toader %XWe present a variational model for the quasi-static crack growth in hydraulic fracture in the framework of the energy formulation of rate-independent processes. The cracks are assumed to lie on a prescribed plane and to satisfy a very weak regularity assumption.

%B Nonlinear Analysis %I Elsevier %V 109 %P 301-318 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/17350 %N Nov %9 Journal article %1 34741 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by salmi@sissa.it (salmi@sissa.it) on 2015-09-24T08:10:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 A-DM-T-070714.pdf: 283645 bytes, checksum: 68056ef27e9dcfa246029148c0016c0f (MD5) %& 301 %R 10.1016/j.na.2014.07.009 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations %D 2014 %T Quasistatic Evolution in Perfect Plasticity as Limit of Dynamic Processes %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Riccardo Scala %XWe introduce a model of dynamic visco-elasto-plastic evolution in the linearly elastic regime and prove an existence and uniqueness result. Then we study the limit of (a rescaled version of) the solutions when the data vary slowly. We prove that they converge, up to a subsequence, to a quasistatic evolution in perfect plasticity.

%B Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations %V 26 %P 915–954 %8 Dec %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10884-014-9409-7 %R 10.1007/s10884-014-9409-7 %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences %D 2014 %T Quasistatic evolution models for thin plates arising as low energy Γ-limits of finite plasticity %A Elisa Davoli %XIn this paper we deduce by $\Gamma$-convergence some partially and fully linearized quasistatic evolution models for thin plates, in the framework of finite plasticity. Denoting by $\epsilon$ the thickness of the plate, we study the case where the scaling factor of the elasto-plastic energy is of order $\epsilon^{2 \alpha -2}$, with $\alpha\geq 3$. These scalings of the energy lead, in the absence of plastic dissipation, to the Von Kármán and linearized Von Kármán functionals for thin plates. We show that solutions to the three-dimensional quasistatic evolution problems converge, as the thickness of the plate tends to zero, to a quasistatic evolution associated to a suitable reduced model depending on $\alpha$.

%B Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences %V 24 %P 2085-2153 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S021820251450016X %R 10.1142/S021820251450016X %0 Report %D 2014 %T Rate-independent damage in thermo-viscoelastic materials with inertia %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Riccarda Rossi %A Marita Thomas %A Rodica Toader %X We present a model for rate-independent, unidirectional, partial damage in visco-elastic materials with inertia and thermal effects. The damage process is modeled by means of an internal variable, governed by a rate-independent flow rule. The heat equation and the momentum balance for the displacements are coupled in a highly nonlinear way. Our assumptions on the corresponding energy functional also comprise the case of the Ambrosio-Tortorelli phase-field model (without passage to the brittle limit). We discuss a suitable weak formulation and prove an existence theorem obtained with the aid of a (partially) decoupled time-discrete scheme and variational convergence methods. We also carry out the asymptotic analysis for vanishing viscosity and inertia and obtain a fully rate-independent limit model for displacements and damage, which is Independent of temperature. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7444 %1 7542 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-10-15T09:00:07Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LRTT-SISSA-preprint-14_10_15.pdf: 498065 bytes, checksum: 0de0c4a77dafb5df12747fd9947cec5c (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T Rational curves and instantons on the Fano threefold Y_5 %A Giangiacomo Sanna %K Moduli space of vector bundles %X This thesis is an investigation of the moduli spaces of instanton bundles on the Fano threefold Y_5 (a linear section of Gr(2,5)). It contains new proofs of classical facts about lines, conics and cubics on Y_5, and about linear sections of Y_5. The main original results are a Grauert-Mülich theorem for the splitting type of instantons on conics, a bound to the splitting type of instantons on lines and an SL_2-equivariant description of the moduli space in charge 2 and 3. Using these results we prove the existence of a unique SL_2-equivariant instanton of minimal charge and we show that for all instantons of charge 2 the divisor of jumping lines is smooth. In charge 3, we provide examples of instantons with reducible divisor of jumping lines. Finally, we construct a natural compactification for the moduli space of instantons of charge 3, together with a small resolution of singularities for it. %I arXiv preprint %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7482 %1 7594 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/02 %$ Submitted by gggsanna@sissa.it (gggsanna@sissa.it) on 2014-12-01T10:51:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 (Official) G. Sanna - Rational curves and instantons on the Fano threefold Y5 copia.pdf: 2005901 bytes, checksum: bd001232412f102490968ba3b21e1c20 (MD5) %0 Conference Paper %B ECMI 2014 proceedings %D 2014 %T Reduced basis method for the Stokes equations in decomposable domains using greedy optimization %A Laura Iapichino %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Volkwein, Stefan %B ECMI 2014 proceedings %P 1–7 %G eng %0 Book %B MS&A %D 2014 %T Reduced Order Methods for Modeling and Computational Reduction %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %K reduced order methods, MOR, ROM, POD, RB, greedy, CFD, Numerical Analysis %XThis monograph addresses the state of the art of reduced order methods for modeling and computational reduction of complex parametrized systems, governed by ordinary and/or partial differential equations, with a special emphasis on real time computing techniques and applications in computational mechanics, bioengineering and computer graphics.

Several topics are covered, including: design, optimization, and control theory in real-time with applications in engineering; data assimilation, geometry registration, and parameter estimation with special attention to real-time computing in biomedical engineering and computational physics; real-time visualization of physics-based simulations in computer science; the treatment of high-dimensional problems in state space, physical space, or parameter space; the interactions between different model reduction and dimensionality reduction approaches; the development of general error estimation frameworks which take into account both model and discretization effects.

This book is primarily addressed to computational scientists interested in computational reduction techniques for large scale differential problems.

%B MS&A %7 1 %I Springer %C Milano %V 9 %P 334 %G eng %6 1 %R 10.1007/978-3-319-02090-7 %0 Conference Proceedings %B 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering ICONE22 %D 2014 %T A reduced order model for multi-group time-dependent parametrized reactor spatial kinetics %A Alberto Sartori %A Davide Baroli %A Antonio Cammi %A Lelio Luzzi %A Gianluigi Rozza %X

In this work, a Reduced Order Model (ROM) for multigroup time-dependent parametrized reactor spatial kinetics is presented. The Reduced Basis method (built upon a high-fidelity "truth" finite element approximation) has been applied to model the neutronics behavior of a parametrized system composed by a control rod surrounded by fissile material. The neutron kinetics has been described by means of a parametrized multi-group diffusion equation where the height of the control rod (i.e., how much the rod is inserted) plays the role of the varying parameter. In order to model a continuous movement of the rod, a piecewise affine transformation based on subdomain division has been implemented. The proposed ROM is capable to efficiently reproduce the neutron flux distribution allowing to take into account the spatial effects induced by the movement of the control rod with a computational speed-up of 30000 times, with respect to the "truth" model.

%B 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering ICONE22 %7 American Society Mechanical Engineering %I American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) %C Prague, Czech Republic %P V005T17A048-V005T17A048 %8 07/2014 %@ 978-079184595-0 %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35123 %1 35360 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-12-03T10:06:02Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1115/ICONE22-30707 %0 Book Section %B AIMS Series on Applied Mathematics, vol. 8 (2014): 399 - 406 %D 2014 %T Reduction on characteristics for continuous of a scalar balance law %A Giovanni Alberti %A Stefano Bianchini %A Laura Caravenna %K Method of characteristics %B AIMS Series on Applied Mathematics, vol. 8 (2014): 399 - 406 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6562 %1 6516 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-04-03T07:48:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Alberti_11.pdf: 330968 bytes, checksum: a5f69e2a1d0afcfe139cf17ebcaf0f2d (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A Review of the Sixth Painlevé Equation %A Davide Guzzetti %X For the Painlevé VI transcendents, we provide a unitary description of the critical behaviours, the connection formulae, their complete tabulation, and the asymptotic distribution of poles close to a critical point. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34658 %1 34868 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-20T13:13:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 283505 bytes, checksum: d5f401efb5eec8b4689b090dbcca6d84 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00365-014-9250-6 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Royal Society A 470, 20140333 (2014) %D 2014 %T A robotic crawler exploiting directional frictional interactions: experiments, numerics, and derivation of a reduced model %A Giovanni Noselli %A Antonio DeSimone %X We present experimental and numerical results for a model crawler which is able to extract net positional changes from reciprocal shape changes, i.e. ‘breathing-like’ deformations, thanks to directional, frictional interactions with a textured solid substrate, mediated by flexible inclined feet. We also present a simple reduced model that captures the essential features of the kinematics and energetics of the gait, and compare its predictions with the results from experiments and from numerical simulations. %B Proceedings of the Royal Society A 470, 20140333 (2014) %I Royal Society Publishing %G en %1 34594 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gnoselli@sissa.it (gnoselli@sissa.it) on 2015-03-07T18:10:10Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bristle_crawlers.pdf: 9309327 bytes, checksum: 10f6df9814dd01c888aa9ec7836f1dff (MD5) %R 10.1098/rspa.2014.0333 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T SBV Regularity of Systems of Conservation Laws and Hamilton–Jacobi Equations %A Stefano Bianchini %X We review the SBV regularity for solutions to hyperbolic systems of conservation laws and Hamilton-Jacobi equations. We give an overview of the techniques involved in the proof, and a collection of related problems concludes the paper. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34691 %1 34904 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T08:51:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 proceeding.DFDE11.pdf: 401448 bytes, checksum: 0002408d841699f963dfb817ed96e577 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10958-014-2022-9 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Second Order Asymptotic Development for the Anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard Functional %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Irene Fonseca %A Giovanni Leoni %K Gamma-convergence, Cahn-Hilliard functional, phase transitions %X The asymptotic behavior of an anisotropic Cahn-Hilliard functional with prescribed mass and Dirichlet boundary condition is studied when the parameter $\varepsilon$ that determines the width of the transition layers tends to zero. The double-well potential is assumed to be even and equal to $|s-1|^\beta$ near $s=1$, with $1<\beta<2$. The first order term in the asymptotic development by $\Gamma$-convergence is well-known, and is related to a suitable anisotropic perimeter of the interface. Here it is shown that, under these assumptions, the second order term is zero, which gives an estimate on the rate of convergence of the minimum values. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7390 %1 7439 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2014-06-19T16:24:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Fon-Leo-14-sissa.pdf: 409621 bytes, checksum: 40ba0baf0686b18dcd89582772f376b5 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Semiclassical limit of focusing NLS for a family of square barrier initial data %A Robert Jenkins %A Kenneth McLaughlin %X The small dispersion limit of the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) exhibits a rich structure of sharply separated regions exhibiting disparate rapid oscillations at microscopic scales. The non-self-adjoint scattering problem and ill-posed limiting Whitham equations associated to focusing NLS make rigorous asymptotic results difficult. Previous studies have focused on special classes of analytic initial data for which the limiting elliptic Whitham equations are wellposed. In this paper we consider another exactly solvable family of initial data,the family of square barriers,ψ 0(x) = qχ[-L,L] for real amplitudes q. Using Riemann-Hilbert techniques, we obtain rigorous pointwise asymptotics for the semiclassical limit of focusing NLS globally in space and up to an O(1) maximal time. In particular, we show that the discontinuities in our initial data regularize by the immediate generation of genus-one oscillations emitted into the support of the initial data. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in which the genus structure of the semiclassical asymptotics for focusing NLS have been calculated for nonanalytic initial data. %I Wiley Periodicals %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35066 %1 35301 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-30T14:57:14Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 5320973 bytes, checksum: 457b6c96cf2335a7c55084d85eed3dbc (MD5) %R 10.1002/cpa.21494 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Shape control of active surfaces inspired by the movement of euglenids %A Marino Arroyo %A Antonio DeSimone %X We examine a novel mechanism for active surface morphing inspired by the cell body deformations of euglenids. Actuation is accomplished through in-plane simple shear along prescribed slip lines decorating the surface. Under general non-uniform actuation, such local deformation produces Gaussian curvature, and therefore leads to shape changes. Geometrically, a deformation that realizes the prescribed local shear is an isometric embedding. We explore the possibilities and limitations of this bio-inspired shape morphing mechanism, by first characterizing isometric embeddings under axisymmetry, understanding the limits of embeddability, and studying in detail the accessibility of surfaces of zero and constant curvature. Modeling mechanically the active surface as a non-Euclidean plate (NEP), we further examine the mechanism beyond the geometric singularities arising from embeddability, where mechanics and buckling play a decisive role. We also propose a non-axisymmetric actuation strategy to accomplish large amplitude bending and twisting motions of elongated cylindrical surfaces. Besides helping understand how euglenids delicately control their shape, our results may provide the background to engineer soft machines. %I Elsevier %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35118 %1 35375 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-12-03T09:19:38Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.jmps.2013.09.017 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Shape Optimization by Free-Form Deformation: Existence Results and Numerical Solution for Stokes Flows %A F. Ballarin %A Andrea Manzoni %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Sandro Salsa %X Shape optimization problems governed by PDEs result from many applications in computational fluid dynamics. These problems usually entail very large computational costs and require also a suitable approach for representing and deforming efficiently the shape of the underlying geometry, as well as for computing the shape gradient of the cost functional to be minimized. Several approaches based on the displacement of a set of control points have been developed in the last decades, such as the so-called free-form deformations. In this paper we present a new theoretical result which allows to recast free-form deformations into the general class of perturbation of identity maps, and to guarantee the compactness of the set of admissible shapes. Moreover, we address both a general optimization framework based on the continuous shape gradient and a numerical procedure for solving efficiently three-dimensional optimal design problems. This framework is applied to the optimal design of immersed bodies in Stokes flows, for which we consider the numerical solution of a benchmark case study from literature. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34698 %1 34914 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T11:24:27Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/s10915-013-9807-8 %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Pure Appl. Math. %D 2014 %T Singular Value Decomposition of a Finite Hilbert Transform Defined on Several Intervals and the Interior Problem of Tomography: The Riemann-Hilbert Problem Approach %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Katsevich %A Alexander Tovbis %B Comm. Pure Appl. Math. %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Six-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories, quantum cohomology of instanton moduli spaces and gl(N) Quantum Intermediate Long Wave Hydrodynamics %A Giulio Bonelli %A Antonio Sciarappa %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Petr Vasko %X We show that the exact partition function of U(N) six-dimensional gauge theory with eight supercharges on C^2 x S^2 provides the quantization of the integrable system of hydrodynamic type known as gl(N) periodic Intermediate Long Wave (ILW). We characterize this system as the hydrodynamic limit of elliptic Calogero-Moser integrable system. We compute the Bethe equations from the effective gauged linear sigma model on S^2 with target space the ADHM instanton moduli space, whose mirror computes the Yang-Yang function of gl(N) ILW. The quantum Hamiltonians are given by the local chiral ring observables of the six-dimensional gauge theory. As particular cases, these provide the gl(N) Benjamin-Ono and Korteweg-de Vries quantum Hamiltonians. In the four dimensional limit, we identify the local chiral ring observables with the conserved charges of Heisenberg plus W_N algebrae, thus providing a gauge theoretical proof of AGT correspondence. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34546 %1 34771 %2 Physics %4 2 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-09-28T10:16:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art2014.pdf: 600092 bytes, checksum: 8a020f470fff4ce83b5d820436def73f (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP07(2014)141 %0 Journal Article %J Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %D 2014 %T Smooth approximation of bi-Lipschitz orientation-preserving homeomorphisms %A Sara Daneri %A Aldo Pratelli %XWe show that a planar bi-Lipschitz orientation-preserving homeomorphism can be approximated in the W1,p norm, together with its inverse, with an orientation-preserving homeomorphism which is piecewise affine or smooth.

%B Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %V 31 %P 567 - 589 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144913000711 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anihpc.2013.04.007 %0 Report %D 2014 %T Some remarks on a model for rate-independent damage in thermo-visco-elastodynamics %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Riccarda Rossi %A Marita Thomas %A Rodica Toader %X This note deals with the analysis of a model for partial damage, where the rateindependent, unidirectional flow rule for the damage variable is coupled with the rate-dependent heat equation, and with the momentum balance featuring inertia and viscosity according to Kelvin-Voigt rheology. The results presented here combine the approach from Roubicek [1] with the methods from Lazzaroni/Rossi/Thomas/Toader [2] and extend the analysis to the setting of inhomogeneous time-dependent Dirichlet data. %I SISSA %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7463 %1 7566 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-10-23T09:01:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MURPHYS_LRTT14_SISSA-preprint(1).pdf: 246259 bytes, checksum: a67369f4eab98d39fb2165d882d97592 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Some remarks on the seismic behaviour of embedded cantilevered retaining walls %A Riccardo Conti %A F. Burali D'Arezzo %A Giulia M.B. Viggiani %X This paper is a numerical investigation of the physical phenomena that control the dynamic behaviour of embedded cantilevered retaining walls. Recent experimental observations obtained from centrifuge tests have shown that embedded cantilevered retaining walls experience permanent displacements even before the acceleration reaches its critical value, corresponding to full mobilisation of the soil strength. The motivation for this work stems from the need to incorporate these observations in simplified design procedures. A parametric study was carried out on a pair of embedded cantilevered walls in dry sand, subjected to real earthquakes scaled at different values of the maximum acceleration. The results of these analyses indicate that, for the geotechnical design of the wall, the equivalent acceleration to be used in pseudo-static calculations can be related to the maximum displacement that the structure can sustain, and can be larger than the maximum acceleration expected at the site. For the structural design of the wall, it is suggested that the maximum bending moments of the wall can be computed using a realistic distribution of contact stress and a conservative value of the pseudo-static acceleration, taking into account two-dimensional amplification effects near the walls. %I Thomas Telford %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35073 %1 35308 %2 Physics %4 2 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-30T17:34:56Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art2014.pdf: 1304935 bytes, checksum: 2618504941effc8eed6dddb1077d8916 (MD5) %R 10.1680/geot.13.P.031 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Spontaneous division and motility in active nematic droplets %A Luca Giomi %A Antonio DeSimone %X We investigate the mechanics of an active droplet endowed with internal nematic order and surrounded by an isotropic Newtonian fluid. Using numerical simulations we demonstrate that, due to the interplay between the active stresses and the defective geometry of the nematic director, this system exhibits two of the fundamental functions of living cells: spontaneous division and motility, by means of self-generated hydrodynamic flows. These behaviors can be selectively activated by controlling a single physical parameter, namely, an active variant of the capillary number. %I American Physical Society %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34902 %1 35107 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-03T14:40:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 4005398 bytes, checksum: eebaadedd03c1077a9cb2a209b5abdcc (MD5) %R 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.147802 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Calculus of Variations %D 2014 %T Stability of equilibrium configurations for elastic films in two and three dimensions %A Marco Bonacini %K Epitaxially strained elastic films %XWe establish a local minimality sufficiency criterion, based on the strict positivity of the second variation, in the context of a variational model for the epitaxial growth of elastic films. Our result holds also in the three-dimensional case and for a general class of nonlinear elastic energies. Applications to the study of the local minimality of flat morphologies are also shown.

%B Advances in Calculus of Variations %I SISSA %V 8 %P 117-153 %8 01/2014 %G en %U https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/acv.2015.8.issue-2/acv-2013-0018/acv-2013-0018.xml %N 2 %1 6997 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Marco Bonacini (mbonacin@sissa.it) on 2013-08-07T11:12:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 films.pdf: 595689 bytes, checksum: 009553ee1f902e6e6984675ad0cf70b6 (MD5) %& 117 %R https://doi.org/10.1515/acv-2013-0018 %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %D 2014 %T Stabilized reduced basis method for parametrized advection-diffusion PDEs %A Pacciarini, P. %A Gianluigi Rozza %XIn this work, we propose viable and efficient strategies for the stabilization of the reduced basis approximation of an advection dominated problem. In particular, we investigate the combination of a classic stabilization method (SUPG) with the Offline-Online structure of the RB method. We explain why the stabilization is needed in both stages and we identify, analytically and numerically, which are the drawbacks of a stabilization performed only during the construction of the reduced basis (i.e. only in the Offline stage). We carry out numerical tests to assess the performances of the ``double'' stabilization both in steady and unsteady problems, also related to heat transfer phenomena.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering %V 274 %P 1–18 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.cma.2014.02.005 %0 Conference Paper %B 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2014, 5th European Conference on Computational Mechanics, ECCM 2014 and 6th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2014 %D 2014 %T Stabilized reduced basis method for parametrized scalar advection-diffusion problems at higher Péclet number: Roles of the boundary layers and inner fronts %A Pacciarini, P. %A Gianluigi Rozza %XAdvection-dominated problems, which arise in many engineering situations, often require a fast and reliable approximation of the solution given some parameters as inputs. In this work we want to investigate the coupling of the reduced basis method - which guarantees rapidity and reliability - with some classical stabilization techiques to deal with the advection-dominated condition. We provide a numerical extension of the results presented in [1], focusing in particular on problems with curved boundary layers and inner fronts whose direction depends on the parameter.

%B 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics, WCCM 2014, 5th European Conference on Computational Mechanics, ECCM 2014 and 6th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ECFD 2014 %P 5614–5624 %G eng %U https://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/203327/files/ECCOMAS_PP_GR.pdf %0 Report %D 2014 %T Steady nearly incompressible vector elds in 2D: chain rule and renormalization %A Stefano Bianchini %A N.A. Gusev %I SISSA %G en %1 7464 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-08-13T07:08:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 main_stefano(1).pdf: 631783 bytes, checksum: 3ac150a4fb3cb33ebaf5273751dfdf27 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T The stringy instanton partition function %A Giulio Bonelli %A Antonio Sciarappa %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Petr Vasko %X We perform an exact computation of the gauged linear sigma model associated to a D1-D5 brane system on a resolved A_1 singularity. This is accomplished via supersymmetric localization on the blown-up two-sphere. We show that in the blow-down limit C^2/Z_2 the partition function reduces to the Nekrasov partition function evaluating the equivariant volume of the instanton moduli space. For finite radius we obtain a tower of world-sheet instanton corrections, that we identify with the equivariant Gromov-Witten invariants of the ADHM moduli space. We show that these corrections can be encoded in a deformation of the Seiberg-Witten prepotential. From the mathematical viewpoint, the D1-D5 system under study displays a twofold nature: the D1-branes viewpoint captures the equivariant quantum cohomology of the ADHM instanton moduli space in the Givental formalism, and the D5-branes viewpoint is related to higher rank equivariant Donaldson-Thomas invariants of P^1 x C^2. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34589 %1 34796 %2 Physics %4 2 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-09-28T14:48:41Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art2014.pdf: 719350 bytes, checksum: 2c296ad8eb7995f07c16f6d4e36c6813 (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP01(2014)038 %0 Report %D 2014 %T Structure of classical (finite and affine) W-algebras %A Alberto De Sole %A Victor G. Kac %A Daniele Valeri %X First, we derive an explicit formula for the Poisson bracket of the classical finite W-algebra W^{fin}(g,f), the algebra of polynomial functions on the Slodowy slice associated to a simple Lie algebra g and its nilpotent element f. On the other hand, we produce an explicit set of generators and we derive an explicit formula for the Poisson vertex algebra structure of the classical affine W-algebra W(g,f). As an immediate consequence, we obtain a Poisson algebra isomorphism between W^{fin}(g,f) and the Zhu algebra of W(g,f). We also study the generalized Miura map for classical W-algebras. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7314 %1 7359 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Daniele Valeri (dvaleri@sissa.it) on 2014-04-04T09:52:02Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1404.0715v1.pdf: 386481 bytes, checksum: bafb532b11dfa1100008853a1f4cd543 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %D 2014 %T Structure of entropy solutions to general scalar conservation laws in one space dimension %A Stefano Bianchini %A Lei Yu %B Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %I SISSA %V 428 %P 356-386 %8 08/2015 %G en %U https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X15002218 %N 1 %1 7305 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-03-10T11:39:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Global structure of entropy solutions to scalar conservation laws.ref.pdf: 464993 bytes, checksum: 9b83b6f3f845eda8eb202f0748617756 (MD5) %& 356 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2015.03.006 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Swelling dynamics of a thin elastomeric sheet under uniaxial pre-stretch %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Paola Nardinocchi %A Howard A. Stone %X It has been demonstrated experimentally that pre-stretch affects the swelling of an elastomeric membrane when it is exposed to a solvent. We study theoretically the one-dimensional swelling of a pre-stretched thin elastomeric sheet, bonded to an impermeable rigid substrate, to quantify the influence of pre-stretch. We show that the solvent uptake increases when pre-stretch increases, both at equilibrium and during the swelling transient, where it exhibits two different scaling regimes. The coupling between the solvent uptake and pre-stretch may be practically exploited to design soft actuators where the swelling-induced deformations can be controlled by varying the pre-stretch. %I American Institute of Physics %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35113 %1 35370 %2 Physics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-12-02T16:28:53Z No. of bitstreams: 1 art2014.pdf: 777840 bytes, checksum: 2362b6250fd872264208d0d3b846a551 (MD5) %R 10.1063/1.4866576 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Swelling-induced and controlled curving in layered gel beams %A Alessandro Lucantonio %A Paola Nardinocchi %A Matteo Pezzulla %X We describe swelling-driven curving in originally straight and non-homogeneous beams. We present and verify a structural model of swollen beams, based on a new point of view adopted to describe swelling-induced deformation processes in bilayered gel beams, that is based on the split of the swelling-induced deformation of the beam at equilibrium into two components, both depending on the elastic properties of the gel. The method allows us to: (i) determine beam stretching and curving, once assigned the characteristics of the solvent bath and of the non-homogeneous beam, and (ii) estimate the characteristics of non-homogeneous flat gel beams in such a way as to obtain, under free-swelling conditions, three-dimensional shapes. The study was pursued by means of analytical, semi-analytical and numerical tools; excellent agreement of the outcomes of the different techniques was found, thus confirming the strength of the method. %I Royal Society of London %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34987 %1 35229 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2015-11-12T09:25:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1098/rspa.2014.0467 %0 Journal Article %J J. Stat. Phys 155 (2014) 1027-1071 %D 2014 %T Topological Invariants of Eigenvalue Intersections and Decrease of Wannier Functions in Graphene %A Domenico Monaco %A Gianluca Panati %K Wannier functions, Bloch bundles, conical intersections, eigenspace vorticity, pseudospin winding number, graphene %XWe investigate the asymptotic decrease of the Wannier functions for the valence and conduction band of graphene, both in the monolayer and the multilayer case. Since the decrease of the Wannier functions is characterised by the structure of the Bloch eigenspaces around the Dirac points, we introduce a geometric invariant of the family of eigenspaces, baptised eigenspace vorticity. We compare it with the pseudospin winding number. For every value n∈Z of the eigenspace vorticity, we exhibit a canonical model for the local topology of the eigenspaces. With the help of these canonical models, we show that the single band Wannier function w satisfies |w(x)|≤const |x|^{−2} as |x|→∞, both in monolayer and bilayer graphene.

%B J. Stat. Phys 155 (2014) 1027-1071 %I Journal of Statistical Physics %G en %1 7368 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Domenico Monaco (dmonaco@sissa.it) on 2014-05-25T14:32:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WannierGraphene_arXiv_v3.pdf: 618532 bytes, checksum: 975235799a61f551f3c4889727353676 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10955-014-0918-x %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T The topology of a subspace of the Legendrian curves on a closed contact 3-manifold %A Ali Maalaoui %A Vittorio Martino %X In this paper we study a subspace of the space of Legendrian loops and we show that the injection of this space into the full loop space is an S 1-equivariant homotopy equivalence. This space can be also seen as the space of zero Maslov index Legendrian loops and it shows up as a suitable space of variations in contact form geometry. %I Advanced Nonlinear Studies %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35016 %1 35262 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-17T09:54:29Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 721147 bytes, checksum: 810ace1cc0879eac4e2e7b7f33a89751 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A uniqueness result for the continuity equation in two dimensions: dedicated to constantine dafermos on the occasion of his 70th birthday %A Giovanni Alberti %A Stefano Bianchini %A Gianluca Crippa %X We characterize the autonomous, divergence-free vector fields b on the plane such that the Cauchy problem for the continuity equation ∂tu +div(bu) = 0 admits a unique bounded solution (in the weak sense) for every bounded initial datum; the characterization is given in terms of a property of Sard type for the potential f associated to b. As a corollary we obtain uniqueness under the assumption that the curl of b is a measure. This result can be extended to certain nonautonomous vector fields b with bounded divergence. %I European Mathematical Society; Springer Verlag %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34692 %1 34906 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-10-22T09:07:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Alberti_Bianchini_Crippa_52M.pdf: 318780 bytes, checksum: 556a1d21b44c58d90201b25b2c104744 (MD5) %R 10.4171/JEMS/431 %0 Thesis %D 2014 %T A variational approach to statics and dynamics of elasto-plastic systems %A Riccardo Scala %K delamination %X We prove some existence results for dynamic evolutions in elasto-plasticity and delamination. We study the limit as the data vary very slowly and prove convergence results to quasistatic evolutions. We model dislocations by mean of currents, we introduce the space of deformations in the presence of dislocations and study the graphs of these maps. We prove existence results for minimum problems. We study the properties of minimizers. %I SISSA %G en_US %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7471 %1 7583 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Riccardo Scala (rscala@sissa.it) on 2014-10-29T12:04:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 tesi.pdf: 1322338 bytes, checksum: 5fcf0395d13a0dc16eac4edaef440913 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A variational model for the quasi-static growth of fractional dimensional brittle fractures %A Simone Racca %A Rodica Toader %K Variational models %XWe propose a variational model for the irreversible quasi-static evolution of brittle fractures having fractional Hausdorff dimension in the setting of two-dimensional antiplane and plane elasticity. The evolution along such irregular crack paths can be obtained as $\Gamma$-limit of evolutions along one-dimensional cracks when the fracture toughness tends to zero.

%I European Mathematical Society %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6983 %1 6973 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Simone Racca (sracca@sissa.it) on 2013-07-18T08:39:00Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Racca_Toader.pdf: 416939 bytes, checksum: cf459548a10944037e56b7504fe60f51 (MD5) %R 10.4171/IFB/328 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Vortex Partition Functions, Wall Crossing and Equivariant Gromov–Witten Invariants %A Giulio Bonelli %A Antonio Sciarappa %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Petr Vasko %X In this paper we identify the problem of equivariant vortex counting in a (2,2) supersymmetric two dimensional quiver gauged linear sigma model with that of computing the equivariant Gromov–Witten invariants of the GIT quotient target space determined by the quiver. We provide new contour integral formulae for the I and J-functions encoding the equivariant quantum cohomology of the target space. Its chamber structure is shown to be encoded in the analytical properties of the integrand. This is explained both via general arguments and by checking several key cases. We show how several results in equivariant Gromov–Witten theory follow just by deforming the integration contour. In particular, we apply our formalism to compute Gromov–Witten invariants of the C3/Zn orbifold, of the Uhlembeck (partial) compactification of the moduli space of instantons on C2, and of An and Dn singularities both in the orbifold and resolved phases. Moreover, we analyse dualities of quantum cohomology rings of holomorphic vector bundles over Grassmannians, which are relevant to BPS Wilson loop algebrae. %I Springer %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34652 %1 34859 %2 Physics %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-10-20T12:25:03Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 652465 bytes, checksum: 355132ee06625045b6adf8b1f4862533 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-014-2193-8 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T A weighted empirical interpolation method: A priori convergence analysis and applications %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X We extend the classical empirical interpolation method [M. Barrault, Y. Maday, N.C. Nguyen and A.T. Patera, An empirical interpolation method: application to efficient reduced-basis discretization of partial differential equations. Compt. Rend. Math. Anal. Num. 339 (2004) 667-672] to a weighted empirical interpolation method in order to approximate nonlinear parametric functions with weighted parameters, e.g. random variables obeying various probability distributions. A priori convergence analysis is provided for the proposed method and the error bound by Kolmogorov N-width is improved from the recent work [Y. Maday, N.C. Nguyen, A.T. Patera and G.S.H. Pau, A general, multipurpose interpolation procedure: the magic points. Commun. Pure Appl. Anal. 8 (2009) 383-404]. We apply our method to geometric Brownian motion, exponential Karhunen-Loève expansion and reduced basis approximation of non-affine stochastic elliptic equations. We demonstrate its improved accuracy and efficiency over the empirical interpolation method, as well as sparse grid stochastic collocation method. %I EDP Sciences %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35021 %1 35253 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2015-11-17T10:26:06Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1051/m2an/2013128 %0 Journal Article %D 2014 %T Weighted quantile correlation test for the logistic family %A Ferenc Balogh %A Éva Krauczi %X We summarize the results of investigating the asymptotic behavior of the weighted quantile correlation tests for the location-scale family associated to the logistic distribution. Explicit representations of the limiting distribution are given in terms of integrals of weighted Brownian bridges or alternatively as infinite series of independent Gaussian random variables. The power of this test and the test for the location logistic family against some alternatives are demonstrated by numerical simulations. %I University of Szeged %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35025 %1 35261 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by gfeltrin@sissa.it (gfeltrin@sissa.it) on 2015-11-17T09:50:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 preprint2014.pdf: 364753 bytes, checksum: 77f35846fb1cee29a66ca18ff89d5331 (MD5) %R 10.14232/actasm-013-809-8 %0 Report %D 2014 %T Where best to place a Dirichlet condition in an anisotropic membrane? %A Paolo Tilli %A Davide Zucco %X We study a shape optimization problem for the first eigenvalue of an elliptic operator in divergence form, with non constant coefficients, over a fixed domain $\Omega$. Dirichlet conditions are imposed along $\partial\Omega$ and, in addition, along a set $\Sigma$ of prescribed length ($1$-dimensional Hausdorff measure). We look for the best shape and position for the supplementary Dirichlet region $\Sigma$ in order to maximize the first eigenvalue. We characterize the limit distribution of the optimal sets, as their prescribed length tends to infinity, via $\Gamma$-convergence. %I SISSA %G en_US %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7481 %1 7592 %$ Submitted by dzucco@sissa.it (dzucco@sissa.it) on 2014-11-07T16:09:28Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Tilli_Zucco_varifold.pdf: 379650 bytes, checksum: 341cfa2d9d25e41789652de4c99c22fe (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J International Mathematics Research Notices %D 2014 %T Zeros of Large Degree Vorob'ev-Yablonski Polynomials via a Hankel Determinant Identity %A Marco Bertola %A Thomas Bothner %B International Mathematics Research Notices %V rnu239 %G eng %0 Report %D 2013 %T Ambrosio-Tortorelli approximation of cohesive fracture models in linearized elasticity %A Matteo Focardi %A Flaviana Iurlano %K Functions of bounded deformation %XWe provide an approximation result in the sense of $\Gamma$-convergence for cohesive fracture energies of the form \[ \int_\Omega \mathscr{Q}_1(e(u))\,dx+a\,\mathcal{H}^{n-1}(J_u)+b\,\int_{J_u}\mathscr{Q}_0^{1/2}([u]\odot\nu_u)\,d\mathcal{H}^{n-1}, \] where $\Omega\subset{\mathbb R}^n$ is a bounded open set with Lipschitz boundary, $\mathscr{Q}_0$ and $\mathscr{Q}_1$ are coercive quadratic forms on ${\mathbb M}^{n\times n}_{sym}$, $a,\,b$ are positive constants, and $u$ runs in the space of fields $SBD^2(\Omega)$ , i.e., it's a special field with bounded deformation such that its symmetric gradient $e(u)$ is square integrable, and its jump set $J_u$ has finite $(n-1)$-Hausdorff measure in ${\mathbb R}^n$. The approximation is performed by means of Ambrosio-Tortorelli type elliptic regularizations, the prototype example being \[ \int_\Omega\Big(v|e(u)|^2+\frac{(1-v)^2}{\varepsilon}+{\gamma\,\varepsilon}|\nabla v|^2\Big)\,dx, \] where $(u,v)\in H^1(\Omega,{\mathbb R}^n){\times} H^1(\Omega)$, $\varepsilon\leq v\leq 1$ and $\gamma>0$.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6615 %1 6573 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Flaviana Iurlano (iurlano@sissa.it) on 2013-05-13T11:26:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 coesivo17_preprint_SISSA.pdf: 482275 bytes, checksum: 890efd398f9ff18a36d5b18fc90f8107 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Analytical validation of a continuum model for epitaxial growth with elasticity on vicinal surfaces %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Irene Fonseca %A Giovanni Leoni %K singular nonlinear parabolic equations, Hilbert transform, thin films %X In this paper it is shown existence of weak solutions of a variational inequality derived from the continuum model introduced by Xiang [7, formula (3.62)] (see also the work of Xiang and E [8] and Xu and Xiang [9]) to describe the self-organization of terraces and steps driven by misfit elasticity between a film and a substrate in heteroepitaxial growth. This model is obtained as a continuum limit of discrete theories of Duport, Politi, and Villain [3] and Tersoff, Phang, Zhang, and Lagally[6]. %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7245 %1 7284 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2014-01-15T08:47:14Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-Fon-Leo.pdf: 409459 bytes, checksum: 07429e936667a481a2c093217e585e84 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00205-014-0730-4 %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T An Approximation Result for Generalised Functions of Bounded Deformation and Applications to Damage Problems %A Flaviana Iurlano %K Functions of bounded deformation %I SISSA %G en %1 7203 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Flaviana Iurlano (iurlano@sissa.it) on 2013-10-23T12:46:25Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Iurlano - PhD Thesis.pdf: 1234569 bytes, checksum: e031f9fd97f6a1662f96f1caf2bc564e (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Asymptotics of the first Laplace eigenvalue with Dirichlet regions of prescribed length %A Paolo Tilli %A Davide Zucco %X We consider the problem of maximizing the first eigenvalue of the $p$-Laplacian (possibly with nonconstant coefficients) over a fixed domain $\Omega$, with Dirichlet conditions along $\partial\Omega$ and along a supplementary set $\Sigma$, which is the unknown of the optimization problem. The set $\Sigma$, which plays the role of a supplementary stiffening rib for a membrane $\Omega$, is a compact connected set (e.g., a curve or a connected system of curves) that can be placed anywhere in $\overline{\Omega}$ and is subject to the constraint of an upper bound $L$ to its total length (one-dimensional Hausdorff measure). This upper bound prevents $\Sigma$ from spreading throughout $\Omega$ and makes the problem well-posed. We investigate the behavior of optimal sets $\Sigma_L$ as $L\to\infty$ via $\Gamma$-convergence, and we explicitly construct certain asymptotically optimal configurations. We also study the behavior as $p\to\infty$ with $L$ fixed, finding connections with maximum-distance problems related to the principal frequency of the $\infty$-Laplacian. %I Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/35141 %1 35379 %2 Physics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2015-12-09T16:12:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1137/130916825 %0 Report %D 2013 %T Attainment results for nematic elastomers %A Virginia Agostiniani %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Antonio DeSimone %X We consider a class of non-quasiconvex frame indifferent energy densities which includes Ogden-type energy densities for nematic elastomers. For the corresponding geometrically linear problem we provide an explicit minimizer of the energy functional satisfying a nontrivial boundary condition. Other attainment results, both for the nonlinear and the linearized model, are obtained by using the theory of convex integration introduced by Mueller and Sverak in the context of crystalline solids. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7174 %1 7201 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2013-10-22T14:32:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Ago-DM-DeS-13-sissa.pdf: 394672 bytes, checksum: d02690a6c7f206310d28d253ce53d0d3 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. %D 2013 %T Basic principles of virtual element methods %A Beirão da Veiga, L. %A Brezzi, F. %A Andrea Cangiani %A Manzini, G. %A Marini, L. D. %A Russo, A. %B Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. %V 23 %P 199–214 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218202512500492 %R 10.1142/S0218202512500492 %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T Biregular and Birational Geometry of Algebraic Varieties %A Alex Massarenti %K Moduli spaces of curves, automorphisms, Hassett's moduli spaces, varieties of sums of powers %X Every area of mathematics is characterized by a guiding problem. In algebraic geometry such problem is the classification of algebraic varieties. In its strongest form it means to classify varieties up to biregular morphisms. However, birationally equivalent varieties share many interesting properties. Therefore for any birational equivalence class it is natural to work out a variety, which is the simplest in a suitable sense, and then study these varieties. This is the aim of birational geometry. In the first part of this thesis we deal with the biregular geometry of moduli spaces of curves, and in particular with their biregular automorphisms. However, in doing this we will consider some aspects of their birational geometry. The second part is devoted to the birational geometry of varieties of sums of powers and to some related problems which will lead us to computational geometry and geometric complexity theory. %I SISSA %G en %1 6962 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Alex Massarenti (massaren@sissa.it) on 2013-06-25T07:25:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 AM_Thesis.pdf: 1175018 bytes, checksum: 8259bac19804f82ad17c11cd27d11c4a (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 323, nr. 2 (2013) 663-711 %D 2013 %T Classical W-algebras and generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov bi-Hamiltonian systems within the theory of Poisson vertex algebras %A Alberto De Sole %A Victor G. Kac %A Daniele Valeri %X We provide a description of the Drinfeld-Sokolov Hamiltonian reduction for the construction of classical W-algebras within the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. In this context, the gauge group action on the phase space is translated in terms of (the exponential of) a Lie conformal algebra action on the space of functions. Following the ideas of Drinfeld and Sokolov, we then establish under certain sufficient conditions the applicability of the Lenard-Magri scheme of integrability and the existence of the corresponding integrable hierarchy of bi-Hamiltonian equations. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics 323, nr. 2 (2013) 663-711 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6978 %1 6966 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Daniele Valeri (dvaleri@sissa.it) on 2013-07-13T15:24:57Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1207.6286v3.pdf: 588052 bytes, checksum: a5630eb1399cba992d56be98f25cdc9c (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-013-1785-z %0 Journal Article %J Comptes Rendus Mathematique. Volume 351, Issue 15-16, August 2013, Pages 593-598 %D 2013 %T A combination between the reduced basis method and the ANOVA expansion: On the computation of sensitivity indices %A Denis Devaud %A Andrea Manzoni %A Gianluigi Rozza %K Partial differential equations %XWe consider a method to efficiently evaluate in a real-time context an output based on the numerical solution of a partial differential equation depending on a large number of parameters. We state a result allowing to improve the computational performance of a three-step RB-ANOVA-RB method. This is a combination of the reduced basis (RB) method and the analysis of variations (ANOVA) expansion, aiming at compressing the parameter space without affecting the accuracy of the output. The idea of this method is to compute a first (coarse) RB approximation of the output of interest involving all the parameter components, but with a large tolerance on the a posteriori error estimate; then, we evaluate the ANOVA expansion of the output and freeze the least important parameter components; finally, considering a restricted model involving just the retained parameter components, we compute a second (fine) RB approximation with a smaller tolerance on the a posteriori error estimate. The fine RB approximation entails lower computational costs than the coarse one, because of the reduction of parameter dimensionality. Our result provides a criterion to avoid the computation of those terms in the ANOVA expansion that are related to the interaction between parameters in the bilinear form, thus making the RB-ANOVA-RB procedure computationally more feasible.

%B Comptes Rendus Mathematique. Volume 351, Issue 15-16, August 2013, Pages 593-598 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7389 %1 7434 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-06-19T08:56:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Devaud_Manzoni_Rozza_2013.pdf: 564002 bytes, checksum: 4c93e74468534915513e6805d440dee9 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.crma.2013.07.023 %0 Journal Article %J Nature. Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 1251, Published : 13 February 2013 %D 2013 %T Common dynamical features of sensory adaptation in photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons. %A Giovanna De Palo %A Giuseppe Facchetti %A Monica Mazzolini %A Anna Menini %A Vincent Torre %A Claudio Altafini %XSensory systems adapt, i.e., they adjust their sensitivity to external stimuli according to the ambient level. In this paper we show that single cell electrophysiological responses of vertebrate olfactory receptors and of photoreceptors to different input protocols exhibit several common features related to adaptation, and that these features can be used to investigate the dynamical structure of the feedback regulation responsible for the adaptation. In particular, we point out that two different forms of adaptation can be observed, in response to steps and to pairs of pulses. These two forms of adaptation appear to be in a dynamical trade-off: the more adaptation to a step is close to perfect, the slower is the recovery in adaptation to pulse pairs and viceversa. Neither of the two forms is explained by the dynamical models currently used to describe adaptation, such as the integral feedback model.

%B Nature. Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 1251, Published : 13 February 2013 %I SISSA %G en %1 6453 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Claudio Altafini (altafini@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T14:00:21Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1038/srep01251 %0 Book Section %B Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation %D 2013 %T A comparative study about the effects of linear, weakly and fully nonlinear wave models on the dynamic response of offshore wind turbines %A Marino, Enzo %A Giovanni Stabile %A Claudio Borri %A Lugni, Claudio %B Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation %I CRC Press %P 389–390 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2013 %T Concentration of solutions for a singularly perturbed mixed problem in non-smooth domains %A Serena Dipierro %K Finite-dimensional reductions %K Local inversion %K Singularly perturbed elliptic problems %XWe consider a singularly perturbed problem with mixed Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions in a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ whose boundary has an $(n−2)$-dimensional singularity. Assuming $1<p<\frac{n+2}{n−2}$, we prove that, under suitable geometric conditions on the boundary of the domain, there exist solutions which approach the intersection of the Neumann and the Dirichlet parts as the singular perturbation parameter tends to zero.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 254 %P 30 - 66 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039612003312 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2012.08.017 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Geometric Analysis %D 2013 %T The Conformal Willmore Functional: A Perturbative Approach %A Andrea Mondino %XThe conformal Willmore functional (which is conformal invariant in general Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ is studied with a perturbative method: the Lyapunov–Schmidt reduction. Existence of critical points is shown in ambient manifolds $(\mathbb{R}^3,g_\epsilon)$ – where $g_\epsilon$ is a metric close and asymptotic to the Euclidean one. With the same technique a non-existence result is proved in general Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ of dimension three.

%B Journal of Geometric Analysis %V 23 %P 764–811 %8 Apr %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s12220-011-9263-3 %R 10.1007/s12220-011-9263-3 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Geometric Analysis 23, nr.2 (2013), pages 812-854 %D 2013 %T Connected Sum Construction for σk-Yamabe Metrics %A Giovanni Catino %A Lorenzo Mazzieri %X In this paper we produce families of Riemannian metrics with positive constant $\sigma_k$-curvature equal to $2^{-k} {n \choose k}$ by performing the connected sum of two given compact {\em non degenerate} $n$--dimensional solutions $(M_1,g_1)$ and $(M_2,g_2)$ of the (positive) $\sigma_k$-Yamabe problem, provided $2 \leq 2k < n$. The problem is equivalent to solve a second order fully nonlinear elliptic equation. %B Journal of Geometric Analysis 23, nr.2 (2013), pages 812-854 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6441 %1 6366 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-01-29T10:41:53Z No. of bitstreams: 1 0910.5353v2.pdf: 355177 bytes, checksum: 0fa7b4a369607d617c4c167617460165 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s12220-011-9265-1 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics 56, 142-147 (2013) %D 2013 %T Crawlers in viscous environments: linear vs nonlinear rheology %A Antonio DeSimone %A Federica Guarnieri %A Giovanni Noselli %A Amabile Tatone %X We study model self-propelled crawlers which derive their propulsive capabilities from the tangential resistance to motion offered by the environment. Two types of relationships between tangential forces and slip velocities are considered: a linear, Newtonian one and a nonlinear one of Bingham-type. Different behaviors result from the two different rheologies. These differences and their implications in terms of motility performance are discussed. Our aim is to develop new tools and insight for future studies of cell motility by crawling. %B International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics 56, 142-147 (2013) %I Elsevier %G en %1 34590 %2 Mathematics %$ Submitted by gnoselli@sissa.it (gnoselli@sissa.it) on 2015-03-07T17:29:52Z No. of bitstreams: 1 viscous_crawlers.pdf: 887755 bytes, checksum: 6022e4160d2eced97b51326bf51e0827 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2013.02.007 %0 Report %D 2013 %T On critical behaviour in systems of Hamiltonian partial differential equations %A Boris Dubrovin %A Tamara Grava %A Christian Klein %A Antonio Moro %XWe study the critical behaviour of solutions to weakly dispersive Hamiltonian systems considered as perturbations of elliptic and hyperbolic systems of hydrodynamic type with two components. We argue that near the critical point of gradient catastrophe of the dispersionless system, the solutions to a suitable initial value problem for the perturbed equations are approximately described by particular solutions to the Painlev\'e-I (P$_I$) equation or its fourth order analogue P$_I^2$. As concrete examples we discuss nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations in the semiclassical limit. A numerical study of these cases provides strong evidence in support of the conjecture.

%I SISSA %G en %1 7280 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Tamara Grava (grava@sissa.it) on 2014-01-14T18:10:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 EHfinal_3.pdf: 7760169 bytes, checksum: 1e98e693fbceb1268a5acd269dd9b03e (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T The curvature: a variational approach %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Davide Barilari %A Luca Rizzi %K Crurvature, subriemannian metric, optimal control problem %X The curvature discussed in this paper is a rather far going generalization of the Riemannian sectional curvature. We define it for a wide class of optimal control problems: a unified framework including geometric structures such as Riemannian, sub-Riemannian, Finsler and sub-Finsler structures; a special attention is paid to the sub-Riemannian (or Carnot-Caratheodory) metric spaces. Our construction of the curvature is direct and naive, and it is similar to the original approach of Riemann. Surprisingly, it works in a very general setting and, in particular, for all sub-Riemannian spaces. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7226 %1 7260 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-12-03T08:46:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1306.5318v3.pdf: 991021 bytes, checksum: f99fb9f1455fa70fbca476e8fd2571af (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Physics. Volume 54, Issue 1, 22 January 2013, Article number 013518 %D 2013 %T Curved noncommutative torus and Gauss--Bonnet %A Ludwik Dabrowski %A Andrzej Sitarz %K Geometry %X We study perturbations of the flat geometry of the noncommutative two-dimensional torus T^2_\theta (with irrational \theta). They are described by spectral triples (A_\theta, \H, D), with the Dirac operator D, which is a differential operator with coefficients in the commutant of the (smooth) algebra A_\theta of T_\theta. We show, up to the second order in perturbation, that the zeta-function at 0 vanishes and so the Gauss-Bonnet theorem holds. We also calculate first two terms of the perturbative expansion of the corresponding local scalar curvature. %B Journal of Mathematical Physics. Volume 54, Issue 1, 22 January 2013, Article number 013518 %I American Institute of Physics %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7376 %1 7424 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-06-17T13:10:21Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1204.0420v1.pdf: 126064 bytes, checksum: ffa850e50f99585d61676b1d2398af2f (MD5) %R 10.1063/1.4776202 %0 Report %D 2013 %T The deal.II Library, Version 8.1 %A Wolfgang Bangerth %A Timo Heister %A Luca Heltai %A G. Kanschat %A Martin Kronbichler %A Matthias Maier %A Bruno Turcksin %A T. D. Young %X This paper provides an overview of the new features of the finite element library deal.II version 8.0. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7236 %1 7272 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2013-12-10T10:43:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1312.2266v1.pdf: 245445 bytes, checksum: e00fcd6d7d9ac6e2076208958b07eef3 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T Defect annihilation and proliferation in active nematics %A Luca Giomi %A Mark J. Bowick %A Xu Ma %A M. Cristina Marchetti %X Liquid crystals inevitably possess topological defect excitations generated\r\nthrough boundary conditions, applied fields or in quenches to the ordered\r\nphase. In equilibrium pairs of defects coarsen and annihilate as the uniform\r\nground state is approached. Here we show that defects in active liquid crystals\r\nexhibit profoundly different behavior, depending on the degree of activity and\r\nits contractile or extensile character. While contractile systems enhance the\r\nannihilation dynamics of passive systems, extensile systems act to drive\r\ndefects apart so that they swarm around in the manner of topologically\r\nwell-characterized self-propelled particles. We develop a simple analytical\r\nmodel for the defect dynamics which reproduces the key features of both the\r\nnumerical solutions and recent experiments on microtuble-kinesin assemblies. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6566 %1 6517 %2 Mathematics %4 2 %# FIS/02 FISICA TEORICA, MODELLI E METODI MATEMATICI %$ Submitted by Luca Giomi (lgiomi@sissa.it) on 2013-04-04T08:03:17Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1303.4720v1.pdf: 2660135 bytes, checksum: 5fdf2d289b9b42a28ae3d000faee65fb (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T On deformations of multidimensional Poisson brackets of hydrodynamic type %A Matteo Casati %K Hamiltonian operator %X The theory of Poisson Vertex Algebras (PVAs) is a good framework to treat Hamiltonian partial differential equations. A PVA consist of a pair $(\mathcal{A},\{\cdot_{\lambda}\cdot\})$ of a differential algebra $\mathcal{A}$ and a bilinear operation called the $\lambda$-bracket. We extend the definition to the class of algebras $\mathcal{A}$ endowed with $d\geq 1$ commuting derivations. We call this structure a multidimensional PVA: it is a suitable setting to the study of deformations of the Poisson bracket of hydrodynamic type associated to the Euler's equation of motion of $d$-dimensional incompressible fluids. We prove that for $d=2$ all the first order deformations of such class of Poisson brackets are trivial. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7235 %1 7271 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Matteo Casati (mcasati@sissa.it) on 2013-12-09T15:48:14Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1312.1878v1.pdf: 416883 bytes, checksum: d561f4d57afd0607190ba24368e563ae (MD5) %] 1. Introduction 1.1 Poisson Vertex Algebras 1.2 Poisson brackets of hydrodynamic type and their deformations 2. Multidimensional Poisson Vertex Algebras 2.1 Formal map space 2.2 Poisson bivector and Poisson brackets 2.3 Poisson Vertex Algebras 2.4 Proof of Master formula 2.5 Cohomology of Poisson Vertex Algebras 3. Multidimensional Poisson brackets of hydrodynamic type 3.1 Deformation of Lie-Poisson bracket of hydrodynamic type 3.2 Proof of Theorem 5 4. Concluding remarks %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T On the desingularization of Kahler orbifolds with constant scalar curvature %A Riccardo Lena %I SISSA %G en %1 7263 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Riccardo Lena (lena@sissa.it) on 2013-12-03T10:06:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Lena - On the desingularization of Kahler orbifolds with constant scalar curvature.pdf: 1229721 bytes, checksum: 6e1cc67d3ba8db21345b068a638d4bf4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Classical and Quantum Gravity. Volume 30, Issue 1, 7 January 2013, Article number 015006 %D 2013 %T Dirac operator on spinors and diffeomorphisms %A Ludwik Dabrowski %A Giacomo Dossena %K gravity %X The issue of general covariance of spinors and related objects is reconsidered. Given an oriented manifold $M$, to each spin structure $\sigma$ and Riemannian metric $g$ there is associated a space $S_{\sigma, g}$ of spinor fields on $M$ and a Hilbert space $\HH_{\sigma, g}= L^2(S_{\sigma, g},\vol{M}{g})$ of $L^2$-spinors of $S_{\sigma, g}$. The group $\diff{M}$ of orientation-preserving diffeomorphisms of $M$ acts both on $g$ (by pullback) and on $[\sigma]$ (by a suitably defined pullback $f^*\sigma$). Any $f\in \diff{M}$ lifts in exactly two ways to a unitary operator $U$ from $\HH_{\sigma, g} $ to $\HH_{f^*\sigma,f^*g}$. The canonically defined Dirac operator is shown to be equivariant with respect to the action of $U$, so in particular its spectrum is invariant under the diffeomorphisms. %B Classical and Quantum Gravity. Volume 30, Issue 1, 7 January 2013, Article number 015006 %I IOP Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7377 %1 7425 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-06-17T13:30:17Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1209.2021v1.pdf: 201918 bytes, checksum: fe811643c070348a7dd399672ddad6f4 (MD5) %R 10.1088/0264-9381/30/1/015006 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Numer. Anal. %D 2013 %T Discontinuous Galerkin methods for mass transfer through semipermeable membranes %A Andrea Cangiani %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Jensen, Max %B SIAM J. Numer. Anal. %V 51 %P 2911–2934 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/120890429 %R 10.1137/120890429 %0 Report %D 2013 %T Dislocation dynamics in crystals: a macroscopic theory in a fractional Laplace setting %A Serena Dipierro %A Giampiero Palatucci %A Enrico Valdinoci %K nonlocal Allen-Cahn equation %X We consider an evolution equation arising in the Peierls-Nabarro model for crystal dislocation. We study the evolution of such dislocation function and show that, at a macroscopic scale, the dislocations have the tendency to concentrate at single points of the crystal, where the size of the slip coincides with the natural periodicity of the medium. These dislocation points evolve according to the external stress and an interior repulsive potential. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7124 %1 7124 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Giampiero Palatucci (palatucc@sissa.it) on 2013-09-23T12:18:14Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Dipierro-Palatucci-Valdinoci.pdf: 651692 bytes, checksum: 839508f3ff7cdc4417c33991ebf3a9f3 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J PloS one. Volume 8, Issue 7, July 2013 : e68078 %D 2013 %T Early phase of plasticity-related gene regulation and SRF dependent transcription in the hippocampus %A Giovanni Iacono %A Claudio Altafini %A Vincent Torre %X Hippocampal organotypic cultures are a highly reliable in vitro model for studying neuroplasticity: in this paper, we analyze the early phase of the transcriptional response induced by a 20 µM gabazine treatment (GabT), a GABA-Ar antagonist, by using Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarray, RT-PCR based time-course and chromatin-immuno-precipitation. The transcriptome profiling revealed that the pool of genes up-regulated by GabT, besides being strongly related to the regulation of growth and synaptic transmission, is also endowed with neuro-protective and pro-survival properties. By using RT-PCR, we quantified a time-course of the transient expression for 33 of the highest up-regulated genes, with an average sampling rate of 10 minutes and covering the time interval [10:90] minutes. The cluster analysis of the time-course disclosed the existence of three different dynamical patterns, one of which proved, in a statistical analysis based on results from previous works, to be significantly related with SRF-dependent regulation (p-value<0.05). The chromatin immunoprecipitation (chip) assay confirmed the rich presence of working CArG boxes in the genes belonging to the latter dynamical pattern and therefore validated the statistical analysis. Furthermore, an in silico analysis of the promoters revealed the presence of additional conserved CArG boxes upstream of the genes Nr4a1 and Rgs2. The chip assay confirmed a significant SRF signal in the Nr4a1 CArG box but not in the Rgs2 CArG box. %B PloS one. Volume 8, Issue 7, July 2013 : e68078 %I Public Library of Science %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7287 %1 7332 %2 Neuroscience %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-03-14T11:26:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 journal.pone.0068078.pdf: 1188661 bytes, checksum: 29e83864b33fd1a072fe4ab4da6fcc17 (MD5) %R 10.1371/journal.pone.0068078 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM Control. Optim. Calc. Var. 19 (2013) 167-189 %D 2013 %T Epitaxially strained elastic films: the case of anisotropic surface energies %A Marco Bonacini %XIn the context of a variational model for the epitaxial growth of strained elastic films, we study the effects of the presence of anisotropic surface energies in the determination of equilibrium configurations. We show that the threshold effect that describes the stability of flat morphologies in the isotropic case remains valid for weak anisotropies, but is no longer present in the case of highly anisotropic surface energies, where we show that the flat configuration is always a local minimizer of the total energy. The main tool used to obtain these results is a minimality criterion based on the positivity of the second variation.

%B ESAIM Control. Optim. Calc. Var. 19 (2013) 167-189 %I EDP Sciences %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4268 %1 3999 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-26T15:17:45Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nbonacini_31_M.pdf: 278252 bytes, checksum: ae2b293dfe841dc6e68fcdf2bea68578 (MD5) %R 10.1051/cocv/2012003 %0 Report %D 2013 %T Equilibrium measures for a class of potentials with discrete rotational symmetries %A Ferenc Balogh %A Dario Merzi %X In this note the logarithmic energy problem with external potential $|z|^{2n}+tz^d+\bar{t}\bar{z}^d$ is considered in the complex plane, where $n$ and $d$ are positive integers satisfying $d\leq 2n$. Exploiting the discrete rotational invariance of the potential, a simple symmetry reduction procedure is used to calculate the equilibrium measure for all admissible values of $n,d$ and $t$. It is shown that, for fixed $n$ and $d$, there is a critical value $|t|=t_{cr}$ such that the support of the equilibrium measure is simply connected for $|t|This paper deals with the following class of nonlocal Schr\"odinger equations $$ \displaystyle (-\Delta)^s u + u = |u|^{p-1}u \ \ \text{in} \ \mathbb{R}^N, \quad \text{for} \ s\in (0,1). $$ We prove existence and symmetry results for the solutions $u$ in the fractional Sobolev space $H^s(\mathbb{R}^N)$. Our results are in clear accordance with those for the classical local counterpart, that is when $s=1$.

%B Le Matematiche (Catania), Vol. 68 (2013), no. 1: 201-216 %I University of Catania %G en %1 7318 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-03-11T16:07:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1202.0576v1.pdf: 219939 bytes, checksum: 822c73753d6d4194cf48cb0ff9ad0e48 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Section A Mathematics %D 2013 %T An existence result for the mean-field equation on compact surfaces in a doubly supercritical regime %A Aleks Jevnikar %B Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Section A Mathematics %I Royal Society of Edinburgh Scotland Foundation %V 143 %P 1021–1045 %G eng %R 10.1017/S030821051200042X %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Algebra. Volume 41, Issue 6, May 2013, Pages 2346-2386 %D 2013 %T Expanded degenerations and pairs %A Dan Abramovich %A Charles Cadman %A Barbara Fantechi %A Jonathan Wise %K Expanded pairs %X Since Jun Li's original definition, several other definitions of expanded pairs and expanded degenerations have appeared in the literature. We explain how these definitions are related and introduce several new variants and perspectives. Among these are the twisted expansions used by Abramovich and Fantechi as a basis for orbifold techniques in degeneation formulas. %B Communications in Algebra. Volume 41, Issue 6, May 2013, Pages 2346-2386 %I Taylor and Francis %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7383 %1 7431 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-06-18T09:55:33Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1110.2976v1.pdf: 418919 bytes, checksum: 61308c478c1e11ea1c389bd98e227cd2 (MD5) %R 10.1080/00927872.2012.658589 %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Fields of bounded deformation for mesoscopic dislocations %A Nicolas Van Goethem %X In this paper we discuss the consequences of the distributional approach to dislocations in terms of the mathematical properties\\r\\nof the auxiliary model fields such as displacement and displacement gradient which are obtained directly from \\r\\nthe main model field here considered as the linear strain. We show that these fields cannot be introduced rigourously without \\r\\nthe introduction of gauge fields, or equivalently, without cuts in the Riemann foliation associated to the dislocated crystal.\\r\\nIn a second step we show that the space of bounded deformations follows from the distributional approach in a natural way and \\r\\ndiscuss the reasons why it is adequate to model dislocations. The case of dislocation clusters is also addressed, as it represents an important issue in industrial crystal growth while from a mathematical point of view, peculiar phenomena might appear at the set of accumulation points. \\r\\nThe elastic-plastic decomposition of the strain within this approach is also given a precise meaning. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6378 %1 6311 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Nicolas Van Goethem (vangoeth@sissa.it) on 2013-01-14T21:21:32Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nFBDMD.pdf: 330187 bytes, checksum: 50e746906921ab10755a58da683b979d (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis 12 (2013) 1657-1686 %D 2013 %T Fracture models as Gamma-limits of damage models %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Flaviana Iurlano %XWe analyze the asymptotic behavior of a variational model for damaged elastic materials. This model depends on two small parameters, which govern the width of the damaged regions and the minimum elasticity constant attained in the damaged regions. When these parameters tend to zero, we find that the corresponding functionals Gamma-converge to a functional related to fracture mechanics. The corresponding problem is brittle or cohesive, depending on the asymptotic ratio of the two parameters.

%B Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis 12 (2013) 1657-1686 %I American Institute of Mathematical Sciences %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4225 %1 3952 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-23T11:09:07Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nDalMaso_Iurlano_25_M.pdf: 360594 bytes, checksum: a0e0909b1c483748ede26b7e785a1d79 (MD5) %R 10.3934/cpaa.2013.12.1657 %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Framed sheaves on projective stacks %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Francesco Sala %X Given a normal projective irreducible stack $\mathscr X$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero we consider {\em framed sheaves} on $\mathscr X$, i.e., pairs $(\mathcal E,\phi_{\mathcal E})$, where $\mathcal E$ is a coherent sheaf on $\mathscr X$ and $\phi_{\mathcal E}$ is a morphism from $\mathcal E$ to a fixed coherent sheaf $\mathcal F$. After introducing a suitable notion of (semi)stability, we construct a projective scheme, which is a moduli space for semistable framed sheaves with fixed Hilbert polynomial, and an open subset of it, which is a fine moduli space for stable framed sheaves. If $\mathscr X$ is a projective irreducible orbifold of dimension two and $\mathcal F$ a locally free sheaf on a smooth divisor $\mathscr D\subset \mathscr X$ satisfying certain conditions, we consider {\em $(\mathscr{D}, \mathcal{F})$-framed sheaves}, i.e., framed sheaves $(\mathcal E,\phi_{\mathcal E})$ with $\mathcal E$ a torsion-free sheaf which is locally free in a neighborhood of $\mathscr D$, and ${\phi_{\mathcal{E}}}_{\vert \mathscr{D}}$ an isomorphism. These pairs are $\mu$-stable for a suitable choice of a parameter entering the (semi)stability condition, and of the polarization of $\mathscr X$. This implies the existence of a fine moduli space parameterizing isomorphism classes of $(\mathscr{D}, \mathcal{F})$-framed sheaves on $\mathscr{X}$ with fixed Hilbert polynomial, which is a quasi-projective scheme. In an appendix we develop the example of stacky Hirzebruch surfaces. This is the first paper of a project aimed to provide an algebro-geometric approach to the study of gauge theories on a wide class of 4-dimensional Riemannian manifolds by means of framed sheaves on ``stacky" compactifications of them. In particular, in a subsequent paper \cite{art:bruzzopedrinisalaszabo2013} these results are used to study gauge theories on ALE spaces of type $A_k$. %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/7438 %1 7532 %$ Submitted by Ugo Bruzzo (bruzzo@sissa.it) on 2014-10-08T20:01:07Z No. of bitstreams: 1 FramedStacks-v3.pdf: 649302 bytes, checksum: 5a25742224d8e74e823bc6f3406a1a8e (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Applied and Industrial Mathematics %D 2013 %T Free Form Deformation Techniques Applied to 3D Shape Optimization Problems %A Anwar Koshakji %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X The purpose of this work is to analyse and study an efficient parametrization technique for a 3D shape optimization problem. After a brief review of the techniques and approaches already available in literature, we recall the Free Form Deformation parametrization, a technique which proved to be efficient and at the same time versatile, allowing to manage complex shapes even with few parameters. We tested and studied the FFD technique by establishing a path, from the geometry definition, to the method implementation, and finally to the simulation and to the optimization of the shape. In particular, we have studied a bulb and a rudder of a race sailing boat as model applications, where we have tested a complete procedure from Computer-Aided-Design to build the geometrical model to discretization and mesh generation. %B Communications in Applied and Industrial Mathematics %G eng %R 10.1685/journal.caim.452 %0 Journal Article %J Random Matrices: Theory and Applications %D 2013 %T The gap probabilities of the tacnode, Pearcey and Airy point processes, their mutual relationship and evaluation %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %B Random Matrices: Theory and Applications %V 02 %P 1350003 %G eng %U http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S2010326313500032 %R 10.1142/S2010326313500032 %0 Journal Article %J Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. %D 2013 %T Generalized Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions for first order differential systems in the plane %A Alessandro Fonda %A Maurizio Garrione %XWe study asymptotically positively homogeneous first order systems in the plane, with boundary conditions which are positively homogeneous, as well. Defining a generalized concept of Fučík spectrum which extends the usual one for the scalar second order equation, we prove existence and multiplicity of solutions. In this way, on one hand we extend to the plane some known results for scalar second order equations (with Dirichlet, Neumann or Sturm-Liouville boundary conditions), while, on the other hand, we investigate some other kinds of boundary value problems, where the boundary points are chosen on a polygonal line, or in a cone. Our proofs rely on the shooting method.

%B Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal. %I Nicolaus Copernicus University, Juliusz P. Schauder Centre for Nonlinear Studies %V 42 %P 293–325 %G eng %U https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.tmna/1461248981 %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Genus stabilization for moduli of curves with symmetries %A Fabrizio Catanese %A Michael Lönne %A Fabio Perroni %K group actions %K mapping class group %K Moduli space of curves %K Teichmüller space %X In a previous paper, arXiv:1206.5498, we introduced a new homological\r\ninvariant $\\e$ for the faithful action of a finite group G on an algebraic\r\ncurve.\r\n We show here that the moduli space of curves admitting a faithful action of a\r\nfinite group G with a fixed homological invariant $\\e$, if the genus g\' of the\r\nquotient curve is sufficiently large, is irreducible (and non empty iff the\r\nclass satisfies the condition which we define as \'admissibility\'). In the\r\nunramified case, a similar result had been proven by Dunfield and Thurston\r\nusing the classical invariant in the second homology group of G, H_2(G, \\ZZ).\r\n We achieve our result showing that the stable classes are in bijection with\r\nthe set of admissible classes $\\e$. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6509 %1 6461 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Fabio Perroni (perroni@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T21:38:16Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1301.4409v1.pdf: 515958 bytes, checksum: 378f14240b070b5bc840d1cd9ca8e6a0 (MD5) %0 Book Section %B Numerical mathematics and advanced applications 2011 %D 2013 %T Implementation of the continuous-discontinuous Galerkin finite element method %A Andrea Cangiani %A Chapman, J. %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Jensen, M. %B Numerical mathematics and advanced applications 2011 %I Springer, Heidelberg %P 315–322 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 322, nr.2 (2013): 415-452 %D 2013 %T An improved geometric inequality via vanishing moments, with applications to singular Liouville equations %A Mauro Bardelloni %A Andrea Malchiodi %B Communications in Mathematical Physics 322, nr.2 (2013): 415-452 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6561 %1 6486 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrea Malchiodi (malchiod@sissa.it) on 2013-03-14T10:23:46Z No. of bitstreams: 2 1206.0225v2.pdf: 376591 bytes, checksum: 84aab361b9f74c6f00164ed271fe2cfd (MD5) 1206.0225v2.pdf: 376591 bytes, checksum: 84aab361b9f74c6f00164ed271fe2cfd (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-013-1731-0 %0 Journal Article %J Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. %D 2013 %T Inversion formulae for the $\romancosh$-weighted Hilbert transform %A Marco Bertola %A Katsevich, A. %A Alexander Tovbis %B Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. %V 141 %P 2703–2718 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-2013-11642-4 %R 10.1090/S0002-9939-2013-11642-4 %0 Journal Article %J Annales Scientifiques de l'Ecole Normale Superieure %D 2013 %T KAM theory for the Hamiltonian derivative wave equation %A Massimiliano Berti %A Luca Biasco %A Michela Procesi %XWe prove an infinite dimensional KAM theorem which implies the existence of Can- tor families of small-amplitude, reducible, elliptic, analytic, invariant tori of Hamiltonian derivative wave equations. © 2013 Société Mathématique de France.

%B Annales Scientifiques de l'Ecole Normale Superieure %V 46 %P 301-373 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Geometric Analysis %D 2013 %T Lipschitz Classification of Almost-Riemannian Distances on Compact Oriented Surfaces %A Ugo Boscain %A Grégoire Charlot %A Roberta Ghezzi %A Mario Sigalotti %XTwo-dimensional almost-Riemannian structures are generalized Riemannian structures on surfaces for which a local orthonormal frame is given by a Lie bracket generating pair of vector fields that can become collinear. We consider the Carnot–Carathéodory distance canonically associated with an almost-Riemannian structure and study the problem of Lipschitz equivalence between two such distances on the same compact oriented surface. We analyze the generic case, allowing in particular for the presence of tangency points, i.e., points where two generators of the distribution and their Lie bracket are linearly dependent. The main result of the paper provides a characterization of the Lipschitz equivalence class of an almost-Riemannian distance in terms of a labeled graph associated with it.

%B Journal of Geometric Analysis %V 23 %P 438–455 %8 Jan %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s12220-011-9262-4 %R 10.1007/s12220-011-9262-4 %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis %D 2013 %T Macroscopic contact angle and liquid drops on rough solid surfaces via homogenization and numerical simulations %A Cacace, S. %A Antonin Chambolle %A Antonio DeSimone %A Livio Fedeli %B ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis %I EDP Sciences %V 47 %P 837–858 %G eng %R 10.1051/m2an/2012048 %0 Report %D 2013 %T Minimal partitions and image classification using a gradient-free perimeter approximation %A Samuel Amstutz %A Nicolas Van Goethem %A Antonio André Novotny %K Image classification, deblurring, optimal partitions, perimeter approximation %X In this paper a new mathematically-founded method for the optimal partitioning of domains, with applications to the classification of greyscale and color images, is proposed. Since optimal partition problems are in general ill-posed, some regularization strategy is required. Here we regularize by a non-standard approximation of the total interface length, which does not involve the gradient of approximate characteristic functions, in contrast to the classical Modica-Mortola approximation. Instead, it involves a system of uncoupled linear partial differential equations and nevertheless shows $\Gamma$-convergence properties in appropriate function spaces. This approach leads to an alternating algorithm that ensures a decrease of the objective function at each iteration, and which always provides a partition, even during the iterations. The efficiency of this algorithm is illustrated by various numerical examples. Among them we consider binary and multilabel minimal partition problems including supervised or automatic image classification, inpainting, texture pattern identification and deblurring. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6976 %1 6964 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Nicolas Van Goethem (vangoeth@sissa.it) on 2013-06-27T11:35:17Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Image.pdf: 1182883 bytes, checksum: 9ca6dcd03d7fd901b0d843d0062dfc74 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T Minimality and stability results for a class of free-discontinuity and nonlocal isoperimetric problems %A Marco Bonacini %K free-discontinuity problems %I SISSA %G en %1 7204 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Marco Bonacini (mbonacin@sissa.it) on 2013-10-23T13:11:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bonacini_phd_thesis.pdf: 1472871 bytes, checksum: 5866ef2786cf6ae345bb61eba76361a7 (MD5) %] Introduction Chapter 1. Preliminaries Chapter 2. The Mumford-Shah functional Chapter 3. A variational model in epitaxial films theory Chapter 4. A nonlocal isoperimetric problem Bibliography %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Monads for framed sheaves on Hirzebruch surfaces %A Claudio Bartocci %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Claudio L.S. Rava %K Monads, framed sheaves, Hirzebruch surfaces %X We define monads for framed torsion-free sheaves on Hirzebruch surfaces and use them to construct moduli spaces for these objects. These moduli spaces are smooth algebraic varieties, and we show that they are fine by constructing a universal monad. %G en %1 7292 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Ugo Bruzzo (bruzzo@sissa.it) on 2014-02-14T14:11:31Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bbr-preprint.pdf: 462014 bytes, checksum: e379860057e41d00c00c656d885fea88 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics %D 2013 %T The Monge Problem for Distance Cost in Geodesic Spaces %A Stefano Bianchini %A Fabio Cavalletti %XWe address the Monge problem in metric spaces with a geodesic distance: (X, d) is a Polish space and dLis a geodesic Borel distance which makes (X, dL) a non branching geodesic space. We show that under the assumption that geodesics are d-continuous and locally compact, we can reduce the transport problem to 1-dimensional transport problems along geodesics. We introduce two assumptions on the transport problem π which imply that the conditional probabilities of the first marginal on each geodesic are continuous or absolutely continuous w.r.t. the 1-dimensional Hausdorff distance induced by dL. It is known that this regularity is sufficient for the construction of a transport map. We study also the dynamics of transport along the geodesic, the stability of our conditions and show that in this setting dL-cyclical monotonicity is not sufficient for optimality.

%B Communications in Mathematical Physics %V 318 %P 615–673 %8 Mar %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-013-1663-8 %R 10.1007/s00220-013-1663-8 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. Volume 399, Issue 1, 1 March 2013, Pages 333-339 %D 2013 %T Multiplicity result for a nonhomogeneous Yamabe type equation involving the Kohn Laplacian %A Ali Maalaoui %A Vittorio Martino %K CR-Yamabe %B Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. Volume 399, Issue 1, 1 March 2013, Pages 333-339 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7374 %1 7422 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-06-17T12:33:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Maalaoui_Martino_2013.pdf: 322172 bytes, checksum: 56ab1f8740f578e4f0eab13319fbaa20 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jmaa.2012.10.014 %0 Report %D 2013 %T N=2 gauge theories on toric singularities, blow-up formulae and W-algebrae %A Giulio Bonelli %A Kazunobu Maruyoshi %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Futoshi Yagi %X We compute the Nekrasov partition function of gauge theories on the\r\n(resolved) toric singularities C^2/\\Gamma in terms of blow-up formulae. We\r\ndiscuss the expansion of the partition function in the \\epsilon_1,\\epsilon_2\r\n\\to 0 limit along with its modular properties and how to derive them from the\r\nM-theory perspective. On the two-dimensional conformal field theory side, our\r\nresults can be interpreted in terms of representations of the direct sum of\r\nHeisenberg plus W_N-algebrae with suitable central charges, which can be\r\ncomputed from the fan of the resolved toric variety.We provide a check of this\r\ncorrespondence by computing the central charge of the two-dimensional theory\r\nfrom the anomaly polynomial of M5-brane theory. Upon using the AGT\r\ncorrespondence our results provide a candidate for the conformal blocks and\r\nthree-point functions of a class of the two-dimensional CFTs which includes\r\nparafermionic theories. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6577 %1 6522 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Alessandro Tanzini (tanzini@sissa.it) on 2013-04-04T10:00:01Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1208.0790v4.pdf: 372527 bytes, checksum: 5fae7067b646df2fca0b20daa82b5cff (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Oberwolfach Reports %D 2013 %T A New Quadratic Potential for Scalar Conservation Laws %A Stefano Bianchini %A Stefano Modena %B Oberwolfach Reports %V 29 %G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Nonabelian Lie algebroid extensions %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Igor Mencattini %A Pietro Tortella %A Vladimir Rubtsov %K Lie algebroids, nonabelian extensions, spectral sequences %XWe classify nonabelian extensions of Lie algebroids in the holomorphic or algebraic category, and introduce and study a spectral sequence that one can attach to any such extension and generalizes the Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence associated to an ideal in a Lie algebra. We compute the differentials of the spectral sequence up to $d_2$

%G en %1 7293 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Ugo Bruzzo (bruzzo@sissa.it) on 2014-02-14T14:16:47Z No. of bitstreams: 1 nonabelian-9.pdf: 401046 bytes, checksum: 3ebfee7dd06925fea31100611bc7e2ca (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics. Volume 318, Issue 1, 2013, Pages 111-130 %D 2013 %T Noncommutative circle bundles and new Dirac operators %A Ludwik Dabrowski %A Andrzej Sitarz %K Quantum principal bundles %X We study spectral triples over noncommutative principal U(1) bundles. Basing on the classical situation and the abstract algebraic approach, we propose an operatorial definition for a connection and compatibility between the connection and the Dirac operator on the total space and on the base space of the bundle. We analyze in details the example of the noncommutative three-torus viewed as a U(1) bundle over the noncommutative two-torus and find all connections compatible with an admissible Dirac operator. Conversely, we find a family of new Dirac operators on the noncommutative tori, which arise from the base-space Dirac operator and a suitable connection. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics. Volume 318, Issue 1, 2013, Pages 111-130 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7384 %1 7432 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-06-18T10:06:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1012.3055v2.pdf: 181206 bytes, checksum: be182e0f568384847efe0f656a70634b (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-012-1550-8 %0 Journal Article %J Geometry Partial Differential Equations – proceedings, CRM Series (15), 2013. %D 2013 %T The nonlinear multidomain model: a new formal asymptotic analysis. %A Stefano Amato %A Giovanni Bellettini %A Maurizio Paolini %K bidomain model, anisotropic mean curvature, star-shaped combination %XWe study the asymptotic analysis of a singularly perturbed weakly parabolic system of m- equations of anisotropic reaction-diffusion type. Our main result formally shows that solutions to the system approximate a geometric motion of a hypersurface by anisotropic mean curvature. The anisotropy, supposed to be uniformly convex, is explicit and turns out to be the dual of the star-shaped combination of the m original anisotropies.

%B Geometry Partial Differential Equations – proceedings, CRM Series (15), 2013. %@ 8876424724 %G en %1 7259 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Stefano Amato (samato@sissa.it) on 2013-11-29T15:38:34Z No. of bitstreams: 1 bidomain_gen.pdf: 320909 bytes, checksum: a47cfa6c6dec3318d5d75f8a6a4a425b (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. Rend. Lincei (9) Mat. Appl. 24 (2013), no. 3: 437–450 %D 2013 %T A note on KAM theory for quasi-linear and fully nonlinear forced KdV %A P Baldi %A Massimiliano Berti %A Riccardo Montalto %K KAM for PDEs %X We present the recent results in [3] concerning quasi-periodic solutions for quasi-linear and fully nonlinear forced perturbations of KdV equations. For Hamiltonian or reversible nonlinearities the solutions are linearly stable. The proofs are based on a combination of di erent ideas and techniques: (i) a Nash-Moser iterative scheme in Sobolev scales. (ii) A regularization procedure, which conjugates the linearized operator to a di erential operator with constant coe cients plus a bounded remainder. These transformations are obtained by changes of variables induced by di eomorphisms of the torus and pseudo-di erential operators. (iii) A reducibility KAM scheme, which completes the reduction to constant coe cients of the linearized operator, providing a sharp asymptotic expansion of the perturbed eigenvalues. %B Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. Rend. Lincei (9) Mat. Appl. 24 (2013), no. 3: 437–450 %I European Mathematical Society %G en %1 7268 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-12-09T08:16:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Baldi-Berti-Montalto-Lincei-Note-KAM-forced-KdV.pdf: 322654 bytes, checksum: ddae153eff7ad17e2be36cb3ba1af9bf (MD5) %R 10.4171/RLM/660 %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T A note on non-homogeneous hyperbolic operators with low-regularity coefficients %A Ferruccio Colombini %A Francesco Fanelli %XIn this paper we obtain an energy estimate for a complete strictly hyperbolic operator with second order coefficients satisfying a log-Zygmund-continuity condition with respect to $t$, uniformly with respect to $x$, and a log-Lipschitz-continuity condition with respect to $x$, uniformly with respect to $t$.

%G eng %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T One-dimensional swimmers in viscous fluids: dynamics, controllability, and existence of optimal controls %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Antonio DeSimone %A Marco Morandotti %XIn this paper we study a mathematical model of one-dimensional swimmers performing a planar motion while fully immersed in a viscous fluid. The swimmers are assumed to be of small size, and all inertial effects are neglected. Hydrodynamic interactions are treated in a simplified way, using the local drag approximation of resistive force theory. We prove existence and uniqueness of the solution of the equations of motion driven by shape changes of the swimmer. Moreover, we prove a controllability result showing that given any pair of initial and final states, there exists a history of shape changes such that the resulting motion takes the swimmer from the initial to the final state. We give a constructive proof, based on the composition of elementary maneuvers (straightening and its inverse, rotation, translation), each of which represents the solution of an interesting motion planning problem. Finally, we prove the existence of solutions for the optimal control problem of finding, among the histories of shape changes taking the swimmer from an initial to a final state, the one of minimal energetic cost.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6467 %1 6412 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2013-02-11T12:13:39Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DM-DeS-Mor-12-v10 sissa.pdf: 606490 bytes, checksum: 45f448186465b198ec31beb54afb0edf (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Nonlinear Studies %D 2013 %T Pairs of nodal solutions for a class of nonlinear problems with one-sided growth conditions %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Fabio Zanolin %B Advanced Nonlinear Studies %I Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. %V 13 %P 13–53 %G eng %R 10.1515/ans-2013-0103 %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Nonlinear Studies %D 2013 %T Periodic bouncing solutions for nonlinear impact oscillators %A Alessandro Fonda %A Andrea Sfecci %B Advanced Nonlinear Studies %I Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. %V 13 %P 179–189 %G eng %R 10.1515/ans-2013-0110 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA %D 2013 %T Planar Hamiltonian systems at resonance: the Ahmad–Lazer–Paul condition %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Maurizio Garrione %XWe consider the planar Hamiltonian system\$\$Ju^{\backslashprime} = \backslashnabla F(u) + \backslashnabla_u R(t,u), \backslashquad t \backslashin [0,T], \backslash,u \backslashin \backslashmathbb{R}^2,\$\$with F(u) positive and positively 2-homogeneous and \$\${\backslashnabla_{u}R(t, u)}\$\$sublinear in u. By means of an Ahmad-Lazer-Paul type condition, we prove the existence of a T-periodic solution when the system is at resonance. The proof exploits a symplectic change of coordinates which transforms the problem into a perturbation of a linear one. The relationship with the Landesman–Lazer condition is analyzed, as well.

%B Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA %V 20 %P 825–843 %8 Jun %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00030-012-0181-2 %R 10.1007/s00030-012-0181-2 %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Quadratic cohomology %A Andrei A. Agrachev %X We study homological invariants of smooth families of real quadratic forms as\r\na step towards a \"Lagrange multipliers rule in the large\" that intends to\r\ndescribe topology of smooth vector functions in terms of scalar Lagrange\r\nfunctions. %I SISSA %G en %1 6456 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:16:17Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1301.2059v1.pdf: 236951 bytes, checksum: a481b8e5391a39e5e87402873e4023f7 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of the European Mathematical Society %D 2013 %T Quasi-periodic solutions with Sobolev regularity of NLS on Td with a multiplicative potential %A Massimiliano Berti %A Philippe Bolle %X We prove the existence of quasi-periodic solutions for Schrödinger equations with a multiplicative potential on Td , d ≥ 1, finitely differentiable nonlinearities, and tangential frequencies constrained along a pre-assigned direction. The solutions have only Sobolev regularity both in time and space. If the nonlinearity and the potential are C∞ then the solutions are C∞. The proofs are based on an improved Nash-Moser iterative scheme, which assumes the weakest tame estimates for the inverse linearized operators ("Green functions") along scales of Sobolev spaces. The key off-diagonal decay estimates of the Green functions are proved via a new multiscale inductive analysis. The main novelty concerns the measure and "complexity" estimates. © European Mathematical Society 2013. %B Journal of the European Mathematical Society %V 15 %P 229-286 %G eng %R 10.4171/JEMS/361 %0 Journal Article %J Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %D 2013 %T A quasistatic evolution model for perfectly plastic plates derived by Γ-convergence %A Elisa Davoli %A Maria Giovanna Mora %K -convergence %K Perfect plasticity %K Prandtl–Reuss plasticity %K Quasistatic evolution %K Rate-independent processes %K Thin plates %XThe subject of this paper is the rigorous derivation of a quasistatic evolution model for a linearly elastic–perfectly plastic thin plate. As the thickness of the plate tends to zero, we prove via Γ-convergence techniques that solutions to the three-dimensional quasistatic evolution problem of Prandtl–Reuss elastoplasticity converge to a quasistatic evolution of a suitable reduced model. In this limiting model the admissible displacements are of Kirchhoff–Love type and the stretching and bending components of the stress are coupled through a plastic flow rule. Some equivalent formulations of the limiting problem in rate form are derived, together with some two-dimensional characterizations for suitable choices of the data.

%B Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis %V 30 %P 615 - 660 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0294144912001035 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anihpc.2012.11.001 %0 Journal Article %J Numerische Mathematik, 2013 %D 2013 %T Reduced basis approximation and a posteriori error estimation for Stokes flows in parametrized geometries: roles of the inf-sup stability constants %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Phuong Huynh %A Andrea Manzoni %K parametrized Stokes equations %X In this paper we review and we extend the reduced basis approximation and a posteriori error estimation for steady Stokes flows in a ffinely parametrized geometries, focusing on the role played by the Brezzi\\\'s and Babu ska\\\'s stability constants. The crucial ingredients of the methodology are a Galerkin projection onto a low-dimensional space of basis functions properly selected, an a ne parametric dependence enabling to perform competitive Off ine-Online splitting in the computational\\r\\nprocedure and a rigorous a posteriori error estimation on eld variables.\\r\\nThe combination of these three factors yields substantial computational savings which are at the basis of an e fficient model order reduction, ideally suited for real-time simulation and many-query contexts (e.g. optimization, control or parameter identi cation). In particular, in this work we focus on i) the stability of the reduced basis approximation based on the Brezzi\\\'s saddle point theory and the introduction of a supremizer operator on the pressure terms, ii) a rigorous a posteriori error estimation procedure for velocity and pressure elds based on the Babu ska\\\'s inf-sup constant (including residuals calculations), iii) the computation of a lower bound of the stability constant, and iv) di erent options for the reduced basis spaces construction. We present some illustrative results for both\\r\\ninterior and external steady Stokes flows in parametrized geometries representing two parametrized classical Poiseuille and Couette \\r\\nflows, a channel contraction and a simple flow control problem around a curved obstacle. %B Numerische Mathematik, 2013 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6339 %1 6269 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2012-12-13T17:19:05Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nStokes_HMR10_SISSA_report.pdf: 4641267 bytes, checksum: 82a163163a62d0b9deef8d5d6590f8d7 (MD5) %0 Book Section %B CEMRACS 2013 - Modelling and simulation of complex systems: stochastic and deterministic approaches %D 2013 %T Reduced Basis Approximation for the Structural-Acoustic Design based on Energy Finite Element Analysis (RB-EFEA) %A Denis Devaud %A Gianluigi Rozza %B CEMRACS 2013 - Modelling and simulation of complex systems: stochastic and deterministic approaches %V 48 %P 98-115 %G eng %R http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/proc/201448004 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %D 2013 %T Reduced basis method for parametrized elliptic optimal control problems %A Federico Negri %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %X We propose a suitable model reduction paradigm-the certified reduced basis method (RB)-for the rapid and reliable solution of parametrized optimal control problems governed by partial differential equations. In particular, we develop the methodology for parametrized quadratic optimization problems with elliptic equations as a constraint and infinite-dimensional control variable. First, we recast the optimal control problem in the framework of saddle-point problems in order to take advantage of the already developed RB theory for Stokes-type problems. Then, the usual ingredients of the RB methodology are called into play: a Galerkin projection onto a low-dimensional space of basis functions properly selected by an adaptive procedure; an affine parametric dependence enabling one to perform competitive offline-online splitting in the computational procedure; and an efficient and rigorous a posteriori error estimate on the state, control, and adjoint variables as well as on the cost functional. Finally, we address some numerical tests that confirm our theoretical results and show the efficiency of the proposed technique. %B SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing %V 35 %P A2316–A2340 %G eng %R 10.1137/120894737 %0 Report %D 2013 %T A Reduced Computational and Geometrical Framework for Inverse Problems in Haemodynamics %A Toni Lassila %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %I SISSA %G en %1 6571 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2013-04-30T14:47:07Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LMQR_inverse_problems_Haemo.pdf: 2913600 bytes, checksum: 9bff594072e6c7b4a664bdade361a1a9 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T A reduced-order strategy for solving inverse Bayesian identification problems in physiological flows %A Toni Lassila %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %I SISSA %G en %1 6555 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2013-04-12T10:16:42Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\nHanoi_RQML_2012_REVISED.pdf: 1360222 bytes, checksum: 4cb9ffaaf9fd67e3eacf4d9c060d0940 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T Reduction Strategies for Shape Dependent Inverse Problems in Haemodynamics %A Toni Lassila %A Andrea Manzoni %A Gianluigi Rozza %I SISSA %G en %1 6554 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2013-04-12T09:59:54Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n03910397-1.pdf: 531448 bytes, checksum: 0ec611490748bed35d10f612e8296f27 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Nonlinear Analysis %D 2013 %T Remarks on the Moser–Trudinger inequality %A Gabriele Mancini %A Luca Battaglia %XWe extend the Moser-Trudinger inequality to any Euclidean domain satisfying Poincaré's inequality. We find out that the same equivalence does not hold in general for conformal metrics on the unit ball, showing counterexamples. We also study the existence of extremals for the Moser-Trudinger inequalities for unbounded domains, proving it for the infinite planar strip.

%B Advances in Nonlinear Analysis %I Advances in Nonlinear Analysis %V 2 %P 389-425 %G en %U http://edoc.unibas.ch/43974/ %N 4 %1 34666 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by gmancini@sissa.it (gmancini@sissa.it) on 2015-08-07T13:45:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 articolo1.pdf: 526978 bytes, checksum: 941a2e14ae2d0ff88b198a2e8c8c153e (MD5) %R 10.1515/anona-2013-0014 %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Self-adjoint extensions and stochastic completeness of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on conic and anticonic surfaces %A Ugo Boscain %A Dario Prandi %G eng %R 10.1016/j.jde.2015.10.011 %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T Semistability and Decorated Bundles %A Andrea Pustetto %K Decorated sheaves, semistability, moduli space, Mehta-Ramanathan, maximal destabilizing subsheaf %X This thesis is devoted to the study of semistability condition of type t=(a,b,c,N) decorated bundles and sheaves in order to better understand and simplify it. We approach the problem in two different ways: on one side we “enclose” the above semistability condition between a stronger semistability condition (\epsilon-semistability) and a weaker one (k-semistability), on the other side we try, and succeed for the case of a = 2, to bound the length of weighted filtrations on which one checks the semistability condition. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7130 %1 7132 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Andrea Pustetto (apustett@sissa.it) on 2013-09-25T09:47:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Semistability and Decorated Bundles.pdf: 829003 bytes, checksum: 22aa7f058a1945c70a0e0d29b46829e3 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Softly Constrained Films %A Luca Giomi %X The shape of materials is often subject to a number of geometric constraints\r\nthat limit the size of the system or fix the structure of its boundary. In soft\r\nand biological materials, however, these constraints are not always hard, but\r\nare due to other physical mechanisms that affect the overall force balance. A\r\ncapillary film spanning a flexible piece of wire or a cell anchored to a\r\ncompliant substrate by mean of adhesive contacts are examples of these softly\r\nconstrained systems in the macroscopic and microscopic world. In this article I\r\nreview some of the important mathematical and physical developments that\r\ncontributed to our understanding of shape formation in softly constrained films\r\nand their recent application to the mechanics of adherent cells. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6563 %1 6518 %2 Mathematics %4 2 %# FIS/02 FISICA TEORICA, MODELLI E METODI MATEMATICI %$ Submitted by Luca Giomi (lgiomi@sissa.it) on 2013-04-04T08:04:08Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1304.1077v1.pdf: 4248769 bytes, checksum: c955d3de3233f3619d546d93dab34c63 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T Some models of crack growth in brittle materials %A Simone Racca %K Quasi-static crack evolution %I SISSA %G en %1 7205 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Simone Racca (sracca@sissa.it) on 2013-10-23T13:11:13Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Racca_PhDThesis.pdf: 1710871 bytes, checksum: ea174e98f8849253e71cdefa52c6c8b8 (MD5) %] Introduction Chapter 1. Preliminaries Chapter 2. A viscosity-driven crack evolution Chapter 3.A variational model for the quasi-static growth of fractional dimensional brittle fractures Chapter 4. A model for crack growth with branching and kinking Bibliography %0 Journal Article %D 2013 %T Some open problems %A Andrei A. Agrachev %K Geometry %X We discuss some challenging open problems in the geometric control theory and sub-Riemannian geometry. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7070 %1 7064 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-09-16T09:39:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1304.2590v2.pdf: 169033 bytes, checksum: 43fab332ae3bb82c336a19ab7013c373 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. S %D 2013 %T Some remarks on the viscous approximation of crack growth %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Rodica Toader %K Variational models %XWe describe an existence result for quasistatic evolutions of cracks in antiplane elasticity obtained in [16] by a vanishing viscosity approach, with free (but regular enough) crack path. We underline in particular the motivations for the choice of the class of admissible cracks and of the dissipation potential. Moreover, we extend the result to a model with applied forces depending on time.

%B Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. S %I SISSA %V 6 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4206 %1 3945 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-23T10:54:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Lazzaroni_Toader_24_M.pdf: 225564 bytes, checksum: 4c5000d79e83902639a8efb34ba9c0c8 (MD5) %& 131-146 %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T Some topics on Higgs bundles over projective varieties and their moduli spaces %A Alessio Lo Giudice %K Algebraic Geometry, Moduli spaces, Vector bundles %X In this thesis we study vector bundles on projective varieties and their moduli spaces. In Chapters 2, 3 and 4 we recall some basic notions as Higgs bundles, decorated bundles and generalized parabolic sheaves and introduce the problem we want to study. In chapter 5, we study Higgs bundles on nodal curves. After moving the problem on the normalization of the curve, starting from a Higgs bundle we obtain a generalized parabolic Higgs bundle. Using decorated bundles we are able to construct a projective moduli space which parametrizes equivalence classes of Higgs bundles on a nodal curve X. This chapter is an extract of a joint work with Andrea Pustetto Later on Chapter 6 is devoted to the study of holomorphic pairs (or twisted Higgs bundles) on elliptic curve. Holomorphic pairs were introduced by Nitsure and they are a natural generalization of the concept of Higgs bundles. In this Chapter we extend a result of E. Franco, O. Garc\'ia-Prada And P.E. Newstead valid for Higgs bundles to holomorphic pairs. Finally the last Chapter describes a joint work with Professor Ugo Bruzzo. We study Higgs bundles over varieties with nef tangent bundle. In particular generalizing a result of Nitsure we prove that if a Higgs bundle $(E,\phi)$ over the variety X with nef tangent remains semisatble when pulled-back to any smooth curve then it discrimiant vanishes. %I SISSA %G en %1 7134 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Alessio Lo Giudice (logiudic@sissa.it) on 2013-09-25T11:22:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Some topics on Higgs bundles over projective varieties and their moduli spaces .pdf: 666905 bytes, checksum: 58cf6bb5b212512b46c870b0d955a865 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J J. Stat. Phys. %D 2013 %T Spectra of random Hermitian matrices with a small-rank external source: the supercritical and subcritical regimes %A Marco Bertola %A Buckingham, R. %A Lee, S. Y. %A Pierce, V. %B J. Stat. Phys. %V 153 %P 654–697 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10955-013-0845-2 %R 10.1007/s10955-013-0845-2 %0 Report %D 2013 %T The splitting theorem in non-smooth context %A Nicola Gigli %X We prove that an infinitesimally Hilbertian $CD(0,N)$ space containing a line splits as the product of $R$ and an infinitesimally Hilbertian $CD(0,N −1)$ space. By ‘infinitesimally Hilbertian’ we mean that the Sobolev space $W^{1,2}(X,d,m)$, which in general is a Banach space, is an Hilbert space. When coupled with a curvature-dimension bound, this condition is known to be stable with respect to measured Gromov-Hausdorff convergence. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35306 %1 35613 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-02-23T12:45:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Splittingmms-submitted.pdf: 826242 bytes, checksum: 0395e29f7f4d768880e012ef1a77073a (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J J. Sci. Comput. %D 2013 %T On the stability of continuous-discontinuous Galerkin methods for advection-diffusion-reaction problems %A Andrea Cangiani %A Chapman, John %A E.H. Georgoulis %A Jensen, Max %B J. Sci. Comput. %V 57 %P 313–330 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s10915-013-9707-y %R 10.1007/s10915-013-9707-y %0 Journal Article %J IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. Volume 58, Issue 1, 2013, Article number6228517, Pages 74-85 %D 2013 %T Stabilization of Stochastic Quantum Dynamics via Open and Closed Loop Control %A Claudio Altafini %A Francesco Ticozzi %A K. Nishio %X In this paper, we investigate parametrization-free solutions of the problem of quantum pure state preparation and subspace stabilization by means of Hamiltonian control, continuous measurement, and quantum feedback, in the presence of a Markovian environment. In particular, we show that whenever suitable dissipative effects are induced either by the unmonitored environment, or by non-Hermitian measurements, there is no need for feedback, as open-loop time-invariant control is sufficient to achieve stabilization of the target set in probability. Constructive necessary and sufficient conditions on the form of the control Hamiltonian can be provided in this case. When time-invariant control is not sufficient, state stabilization can be attained by the addition of filtering-based feedback control %B IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. Volume 58, Issue 1, 2013, Article number6228517, Pages 74-85 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6503 %1 6448 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:06:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1109/TAC.2012.2206713 %0 Journal Article %J Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, 37(1):128 – 143, 2013. %D 2013 %T A stable and adaptive semi-Lagrangian potential model for unsteady and nonlinear ship-wave interactions %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %K Unsteady ship-wave interaction %XWe present an innovative numerical discretization of the equations of inviscid potential flow for the simulation of three dimensional unsteady and nonlinear water waves generated by a ship hull advancing in water. The equations of motion are written in a semi-Lagrangian framework, and the resulting integro-diff erential equations are discretized in space via an adaptive iso-parametric collocation Boundary Element Method, and in time via adaptive implicit Backward Di erentiation Formulas (BDF) with variable step and variable order. When the velocity of the advancing ship hull is non-negligible, the semi-Lagrangian formulation (also known as Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formulation, or ALE) of the free surface equations contains dominant transport terms which are stabilized with a Streamwise Upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method. The SUPG stabilization allows automatic and robust adaptation of the spatial discretization with unstructured quadrilateral grids. Preliminary results are presented where we compare our numerical model with experimental results on the case of a Wigley hull advancing in calm water with fi xed sink and trim.

%B Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements, 37(1):128 – 143, 2013. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5669 %1 5457 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2012-03-16T11:19:51Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nMolaHeltaiDeSimone-2012-aa.pdf: 1981527 bytes, checksum: 8a82da009242da0cf884e2c7f04009a6 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Applicable Analysis %D 2013 %T Stable determination of a body immersed in a fluid: the nonlinear stationary case %A Andrea Ballerini %XWe consider the inverse problem of the detection of a single body, immersed in a bounded container filled with a fluid which obeys the stationary Navier–Stokes equations, from a single measurement of force and velocity on a portion of the boundary. We obtain an estimate of stability of log–log type.

%B Applicable Analysis %I Taylor & Francis %V 92 %P 460-481 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/00036811.2011.628173 %R 10.1080/00036811.2011.628173 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis %D 2013 %T Stochastic optimal robin boundary control problems of advection-dominated elliptic equations %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X In this work we deal with a stochastic optimal Robin boundary control problem constrained by an advection-diffusion-reaction elliptic equation with advection-dominated term. We assume that the uncertainty comes from the advection field and consider a stochastic Robin boundary condition as control function. A stochastic saddle point system is formulated and proved to be equivalent to the first order optimality system for the optimal control problem, based on which we provide the existence and uniqueness of the optimal solution as well as some results on stochastic regularity with respect to the random variables. Stabilized finite element approximations in physical space and collocation approximations in stochastic space are applied to discretize the optimality system. A global error estimate in the product of physical space and stochastic space for the numerical approximation is derived. Illustrative numerical experiments are provided. %B SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis %V 51 %P 2700–2722 %G eng %R 10.1137/120884158 %0 Journal Article %J J. Math. Phys. %D 2013 %T Strong asymptotics for Cauchy biorthogonal polynomials with application to the Cauchy two-matrix model %A Marco Bertola %A Gekhtman, M. %A Szmigielski, J. %B J. Math. Phys. %V 54 %P 043517, 25 %G eng %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T The structure and regularity of admissible BV solutions to hyperbolic conservation laws in one space dimension %A Lei Yu %X This thesis is devoted to the study of the qualitative properties of admissible BV solutions to the strictly hyperbolic conservation laws in one space dimension by using wave-front tracking approximation. This thesis consists of two parts: • SBV-like regularity of vanishing viscosity BV solutions to strict hyperbolic systems of conservation laws. • Global structure of admissible BV solutions to strict hyperbolic conservation laws. %I SISSA %G en %1 7210 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Lei Yu (yulei@sissa.it) on 2013-10-23T15:42:25Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Thesis_main.pdf: 960810 bytes, checksum: d3e2f04a4bb7cc2c30ba82507d536edc (MD5) %] Contents 0.1 HyperbolicConservationLaws. .......................... 1 0.2 SBV and SBV-like regularity ........................... 3 0.3 Global structure of BV solutions ......................... 6 0.4 Main notations ................................... 9 1 Preliminary results 11 1.1 BV and SBV functions............................... 11 1.2 Coarea formula for BV function.......................... 15 1.3 The singular conservation law........................... 16 1.3.1 The Riemann problem........................... 17 1.3.2 Front tracking algorithm.......................... 18 1.3.3 Uniform boundedness estimates on the speed of wave fronts . . . . . . 19 1.4 The Cauchy problem for systems ......................... 21 1.4.1 Solution of Riemann problem....................... 22 1.4.2 Construction of solution by wave-front tracking approximation . . . . 26 2 SBV-like regularity for strictly hyperbolic systems of conservation laws 33 2.1 Overview of the chapter .............................. 33 2.2 The scalar case ................................... 34 2.3 Notations and settings for general systems.................... 37 2.3.1 Preliminary notation............................ 37 2.3.2 Construction of solutions to the Riemann problem . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.3.3 Cantor part of the derivative of characteristic for i-th waves . . . . . 39 2.4 Main SBV regularity argument .......................... 40 2.5 Review of wave-front tracking approximation for general system . . . . . . . . 41 2.5.1 Description of the wave-front tracking approximation . . . . . . . . . . 42 2.5.2 Jump part of i-th waves.......................... 43 2.6 Proof of Theorem2.4.1............................... 46 2.6.1 Decay estimate for positive waves..................... 46 2.6.2 Decay estimate for negative waves .................... 47 2.7 SBV regularity for the i-th component of the i-th eigenvalue . . . . . . . . . 54 i CONTENTS 3 Global structure of admissible BV solutions to the piecewise genuinely nonlinear system 57 3.1 Description of wave-front tracking approximation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 3.2 Construction of subdiscontinuity curves ..................... 63 3.3 Proof of the main theorems ............................ 67 3.4 A counterexample on general strict hyperbolic systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 4 Global structure of entropy solutions to general scalar conservation law 75 4.1 Overview ...................................... 75 4.2 Estimates on the level sets of the front tracking approximations . . . . . . . . 76 4.2.1 Bounds on the initial points of the boundary curves of level sets . . . 77 4.2.2 Bound estimates on the derivative of the boundary curves of level sets 77 4.3 Level sets in the exact solutions.......................... 78 4.4 Lagrangian representative for the entropy solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 4.5 Pointwise structure................................. 88 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A %D 2013 %T Subharmonic solutions for nonlinear second order equations in presence of lower and upper solutions %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Fabio Zanolin %K lower and upper solutions %K parameter dependent equations %K Periodic solutions %K Poincaré-Birkhoff twist theorem %K subharmonic solutions %XWe study the problem of existence and multiplicity of subharmonic solutions for a second order nonlinear ODE in presence of lower and upper solutions. We show how such additional information can be used to obtain more precise multiplicity results. Applications are given to pendulum type equations and to Ambrosetti-Prodi results for parameter dependent equations.

%B Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A %V 33 %P 89 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/3638a93e-4f3e-4146-a927-3e8a64e6863f %R 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.89 %0 Report %D 2013 %T On Sudakov's type decomposition of transference plans with norm costs %A Stefano Bianchini %A Sara Daneri %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7206 %1 7234 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-11-08T11:08:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Sudakov_160813 (1).pdf: 1030337 bytes, checksum: 121734a60b7c507acb1e0ca656676a37 (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T Symplectic instanton bundles on P3 and 't Hooft instantons %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Dimitri Markushevich %A Alexander Tikhomirov %X We introduce the notion of tame symplectic instantons by excluding a kind of pathological monads and show that the locus $I^*_{n,r}$ of tame symplectic instantons is irreducible and has the expected dimension, equal to $4n(r+1)-r(2r+1)$. The proof is inherently based on a relation between the spaces $I^*_{n,r}$ and the moduli spaces of 't Hooft instantons. %I arXiv:1312.5554 [math.AG] %G en %U http://urania.sissa.it/xmlui/handle/1963/34486 %1 34675 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 %$ Submitted by Ugo Bruzzo (bruzzo@sissa.it) on 2015-08-07T20:57:05Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Symplectic_instantons_II-rev-dec2014.pdf: 340035 bytes, checksum: 8d0a2dfeea126810645c06e8b6352903 (MD5) %0 Thesis %D 2013 %T Topology of moduli spaces of framed sheaves %A Gharchia Abdellaoui %K Moduli spaces, framed sheaves, instantons %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7152 %1 7158 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Gharchia Abdellaoui (abdellao@sissa.it) on 2013-10-14T11:07:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Thesis.pdf: 1727939 bytes, checksum: b93e3969bd19c6608598757b8e61e69c (MD5) %0 Report %D 2013 %T On the tritronquée solutions of P$_I^2$ %A Tamara Grava %A Andrey Kapaev %A Christian Klein %XFor equation P$_I^2$, the second member in the P$_I$ hierarchy, we prove existence of various degenerate solutions depending on the complex parameter $t$ and evaluate the asymptotics in the complex $x$ plane for $|x|\to\infty$ and $t=o(x^{2/3})$. Using this result, we identify the most degenerate solutions $u^{(m)}(x,t)$, $\hat u^{(m)}(x,t)$, $m=0,\dots,6$, called {\em tritronqu\'ee}, describe the quasi-linear Stokes phenomenon and find the large $n$ asymptotics of the coefficients in a formal expansion of these solutions. We supplement our findings by a numerical study of the tritronqu\'ee solutions.

%I SISSA %G en %1 7282 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Tamara Grava (grava@sissa.it) on 2014-01-14T18:35:53Z No. of bitstreams: 1 tritronquee_coeff.pdf: 753719 bytes, checksum: 812d268b2abe25ccbcc69eb40ff75f1f (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Pure Appl. Math. %D 2013 %T Universality for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation at the gradient catastrophe point: rational breathers and poles of the \it Tritronquée solution to Painlevé I %A Marco Bertola %A Alexander Tovbis %B Comm. Pure Appl. Math. %V 66 %P 678–752 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpa.21445 %R 10.1002/cpa.21445 %0 Journal Article %J Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 66, Issue 3, March 2013, Pages 332-371 %D 2013 %T A variational Analysis of the Toda System on Compact Surfaces %A Andrea Malchiodi %A David Ruiz %X In this paper we consider the Toda system of equations on a compact surface. We will give existence results by using variational methods in a non coercive case. A key tool in our analysis is a new Moser-Trudinger type inequality under suitable conditions on the center of mass and the scale of concentration of the two components u_1, u_2. %B Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 66, Issue 3, March 2013, Pages 332-371 %I Wiley %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6558 %1 6489 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrea Malchiodi (malchiod@sissa.it) on 2013-03-14T10:26:34Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1105.3701v2.pdf: 306787 bytes, checksum: f64fe03fd72ea85831e8f8ca25e9f99e (MD5) %R 10.1002/cpa.21433 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis %D 2013 %T A weighted reduced basis method for elliptic partial differential equations with random input data %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %X In this work we propose and analyze a weighted reduced basis method to solve elliptic partial differential equations (PDEs) with random input data. The PDEs are first transformed into a weighted parametric elliptic problem depending on a finite number of parameters. Distinctive importance of the solution at different values of the parameters is taken into account by assigning different weights to the samples in the greedy sampling procedure. A priori convergence analysis is carried out by constructive approximation of the exact solution with respect to the weighted parameters. Numerical examples are provided for the assessment of the advantages of the proposed method over the reduced basis method and the stochastic collocation method in both univariate and multivariate stochastic problems. %B SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis %V 51 %P 3163–3185 %G eng %R 10.1137/130905253 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Control Optim., 50 (2012) 559–582 %D 2012 %T On 2-step, corank 2 nilpotent sub-Riemannian metrics %A Davide Barilari %A Ugo Boscain %A Jean-Paul Gauthier %X In this paper we study the nilpotent 2-step, corank 2 sub-Riemannian metrics\\r\\nthat are nilpotent approximations of general sub-Riemannian metrics. We exhibit optimal syntheses for these problems. It turns out that in general the cut time is not equal to the first conjugate time but has a simple explicit expression. As a byproduct of this study we get some smoothness properties of the spherical Hausdorff measure in the case of a generic 6 dimensional, 2-step corank 2 sub-Riemannian metric. %B SIAM J. Control Optim., 50 (2012) 559–582 %I Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6065 %1 5950 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-08-01T12:38:52Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1105.5766v2.pdf: 271835 bytes, checksum: 0836f63f262f14fbd4d44422b6c85686 (MD5) %R 10.1137/110835700 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 33, nr.7 (2012): 2777-2790 %D 2012 %T Asymptotics of the s-perimeter as s →0 %A Serena Dipierro %A Alessio Figalli %A Giampiero Palatucci %A Enrico Valdinoci %XWe deal with the asymptotic behavior of the $s$-perimeter of a set $E$ inside a domain $\Omega$ as $s\searrow0$. We prove necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of such limit, by also providing an explicit formulation in terms of the Lebesgue measure of $E$ and $\Omega$. Moreover, we construct examples of sets for which the limit does not exist.

%B Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 33, nr.7 (2012): 2777-2790 %I American Institute of Mathematical Sciences %G en %1 7317 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2014-03-11T15:55:21Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1204.0750v2.pdf: 216883 bytes, checksum: 3ee8d497a2c0f9a211ec5327e8aa6b9a (MD5) %R 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.2777 %0 Journal Article %J Geotechnique, Volume 62, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 1081-1094 %D 2012 %T On the behaviour of flexible retaining walls under seismic actions %A Riccardo Conti %A G.S.P. Madabhushi %A Giulia M.B. Viggiani %K Centrifuge modelling %X This paper describes an experimental investigation of the behaviour of embedded retaining walls under seismic actions. Nine centrifuge tests were carried out on reduced-scale models of pairs of retaining walls in dry sand, either cantilevered or with one level of props near the top. The experimental data indicate that, for maximum accelerations that are smaller than the critical limit equilibrium value, the retaining walls experience significant permanent displacements under increasing structural loads, whereas for larger accelerations the walls rotate under constant internal forces. The critical acceleration at which the walls start to rotate increases with increasing maximum acceleration. No significant displacements are measured if the current earthquake is less severe than earthquakes previously experienced by the wall. The increase of critical acceleration is explained in terms of redistribution of earth pressures and progressive mobilisation of the passive strength in front of the wall. The experimental data for cantilevered retaining walls indicate that the permanent displacements of the wall can be reasonably predicted adopting a Newmark-type calculation with a critical acceleration that is a fraction of the limit equilibrium value. %B Geotechnique, Volume 62, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 1081-1094 %I ICE Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6933 %1 6912 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-05-30T10:11:44Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1680/geot.11.P.029 %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, in press, 2012-13 %D 2012 %T Boundary control and shape optimization for the robust design of bypass anastomoses under uncertainty %A Toni Lassila %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %K shape optimization %X We review the optimal design of an arterial bypass graft following either a (i) boundary optimal control approach, or a (ii) shape optimization formulation. The main focus is quantifying and treating the uncertainty in the residual flow when the hosting artery is not completely occluded,\\r\\nfor which the worst-case in terms of recirculation e ffects is inferred to correspond to a strong ori fice flow through near-complete occlusion. A worst-case optimal control approach is applied to the steady\\r\\nNavier-Stokes equations in 2D to identify an anastomosis angle and a cu ed shape that are robust with respect to a possible range of residual \\r\\nflows. We also consider a reduced order modelling framework\\r\\nbased on reduced basis methods in order to make the robust design problem computationally feasible. The results obtained in 2D are compared with simulations in a 3D geometry but without model\\r\\nreduction or the robust framework. %B Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis, in press, 2012-13 %I Cambridge University Press %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6337 %1 6267 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2012-12-13T15:38:41Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nLMQR_M2AN_Special_SISSAreport.pdf: 5702019 bytes, checksum: 037e51bde713582eff1ee9766b1b4559 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of dynamical and control systems %D 2012 %T On a class of vector fields with discontinuity of divide-by-zero type and its applications %A Roberta Ghezzi %A Alexey O. Remizov %XWe study phase portraits and singular points of vector fields of a special type, that is, vector fields whose components are fractions with a common denominator vanishing on a smooth regular hypersurface in the phase space. We assume also some additional conditions, which are fulfilled, for instance, if the vector field is divergence-free. This problem is motivated by a large number of applications. In this paper, we consider three of them in the framework of differential geometry: singularities of geodesic flows in various singular metrics on surfaces.

%B Journal of dynamical and control systems %I Springer %V 18 %P 135-158 %G en %N 1 %1 7038 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-08-14T09:32:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1007.0912v1.pdf: 311033 bytes, checksum: 66a06c5e2764120aa6d9ac971a82baab (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10883-012-9137-4 %0 Journal Article %J Theoretical and Mathematical Physics. Volume 172, Issue 1, July 2012, Pages 911-931 %D 2012 %T Classical double, R-operators, and negative flows of integrable hierarchies %A Boris Dubrovin %A Taras V. Skrypnyk %X Using the classical double G of a Lie algebra g equipped with the classical R-operator, we define two sets of functions commuting with respect to the initial Lie–Poisson bracket on g and its extensions. We consider examples of Lie algebras g with the “Adler–Kostant–Symes” R-operators and the two corresponding sets of mutually commuting functions in detail. Using the constructed commutative Hamiltonian flows on different extensions of g, we obtain zero-curvature equations with g-valued U–V pairs. The so-called negative flows of soliton hierarchies are among such equations. We illustrate the proposed approach with examples of two-dimensional Abelian and non-Abelian Toda field equations. %B Theoretical and Mathematical Physics. Volume 172, Issue 1, July 2012, Pages 911-931 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6468 %1 6413 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-02-11T14:56:54Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/s11232-012-0086-6 %0 Journal Article %J Journal fur die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik, Issue 671, October 2012, Pages 131-198 %D 2012 %T A Codazzi-like equation and the singular set for C1 smooth surfaces in the Heisenberg group. %A Andrea Malchiodi %A Paul Yang %A Jih-Hsin Cheng %A JennFang Hwang %X In this paper, we study the structure of the singular set for a C 1 smooth surface in the 3-dimensional Heisenberg group ℍ 1. We discover a Codazzi-like equation for the p-area element along the characteristic curves on the surface. Information obtained from this ordinary differential equation helps us to analyze the local configuration of the singular set and the characteristic curves. In particular, we can estimate the size and obtain the regularity of the singular set. We understand the global structure of the singular set through a Hopf-type index theorem. We also justify the Codazzi-like equation by proving a fundamental theorem for local surfaces in ℍ 1 %B Journal fur die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik, Issue 671, October 2012, Pages 131-198 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6556 %1 6490 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-03-25T14:33:32Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1515/CRELLE.2011.159 %0 Book Section %B Natural locomotion in fluids and on surfaces : swimming, flying, and sliding / editors Stephen Childress, Anette Hosoi, William W. Schultz, and Z. Jane Wang, editors, %D 2012 %T Computing optimal strokes for low reynolds number swimmers %A Antonio DeSimone %A Luca Heltai %A François Alouges %A Lefebvre-Lepot Aline %K Numerical analysis. %XWe discuss connections between low-Reynolds-number swimming and geometric control theory, and present a general algorithm for the numerical computation of energetically optimal strokes. As an illustration of our approach, we show computed motility maps and optimal strokes for two model swimmers.

%B Natural locomotion in fluids and on surfaces : swimming, flying, and sliding / editors Stephen Childress, Anette Hosoi, William W. Schultz, and Z. Jane Wang, editors, %I Springer %@ 9781461439967 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6445 %1 6381 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2013-02-01T17:33:50Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/978-1-4614-3997-4_13 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Contemporary Mathematics %D 2012 %T Concentration on circles for nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson systems with unbounded potentials vanishing at infinity %A Bonheure, Denis %A Di Cosmo, Jonathan %A Mercuri, Carlo %XThe present paper is devoted to weighted nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson systems with potentials possibly unbounded and vanishing at infinity. Using a purely variational approach, we prove the existence of solutions concentrating on a circle.

%B Communications in Contemporary Mathematics %I World Scientific %V 14 %P 1250009 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219199712500095 %R 10.1142/S0219199712500095 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Partial Differential Equations %D 2012 %T Conservation of Geometric Structures for Non-Homogeneous Inviscid Incompressible Fluids %A Francesco Fanelli %XIn this article we get a result on propagation of geometric properties for solutions of the non-homogeneous incompressible Euler system in any dimension N ≥ 2. In particular, we investigate conservation of striated and conormal regularity, which generalize the 2-D structure of vortex patches. The results we get are only local in time, even for N = 2; however, we provide an explicit lower bound for the lifespan of the solution. In the case of physical dimension N = 2 or 3, we investigate also propagation of Hölder regularity in the interior of a bounded domain.

%B Communications in Partial Differential Equations %I Taylor & Francis %V 37 %P 1553-1595 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/03605302.2012.698343 %R 10.1080/03605302.2012.698343 %0 Journal Article %D 2012 %T Convergence of equilibria of thin elastic plates under physical growth conditions for the energy density %A Maria Giovanna Mora %A Lucia Scardia %XThe asymptotic behaviour of the equilibrium configurations of a thin elastic plate is studied, as the thickness $h$ of the plate goes to zero. More precisely, it is shown that critical points of the nonlinear elastic functional $\mathcal E^h$, whose energies (per unit thickness) are bounded by $Ch^4$, converge to critical points of the $\Gamma$-limit of $h^{-4}\mathcal E^h$. This is proved under the physical assumption that the energy density $W(F)$ blows up as $\det F\to0$.

%I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3466 %1 7112 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Francesca Arici (farici@sissa.it) on 2013-09-18T08:46:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 0901.4041v1.pdf: 233717 bytes, checksum: 3fc33c8ee52cddb0adf0a197c87d0ce8 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jde.2011.09.009 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete and Computational Geometry, Volume 48, Issue 4, December 2012, Pages 1025-1047 %D 2012 %T Convex pencils of real quadratic forms %A Antonio Lerario %X We study the topology of the set X of the solutions of a system of two quadratic inequalities in the real projective space RP^n (e.g. X is the intersection of two real quadrics). We give explicit formulae for its Betti numbers and for those of its double cover in the sphere S^n; we also give similar formulae for level sets of homogeneous quadratic maps to the plane. We discuss some applications of these results, especially in classical convexity theory. We prove the sharp bound b(X)\leq 2n for the total Betti number of X; we show that for odd n this bound is attained only by a singular X. In the nondegenerate case we also prove the bound on each specific Betti number b_k(X)\leq 2(k+2). %B Discrete and Computational Geometry, Volume 48, Issue 4, December 2012, Pages 1025-1047 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7099 %1 7097 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-09-17T11:33:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1106.4678v3.pdf: 250496 bytes, checksum: 3ad88e26b8325e50857d0d9f9aabd6ad (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00454-012-9460-2 %0 Journal Article %J The European Physical Journal E, Volume 35, Issue 9, September 2012, Article number85 %D 2012 %T Crawling motility through the analysis of model locomotors: two case studies %A Antonio DeSimone %A Amabile Tatone %X We study model locomotors on a substrate, which derive their propulsive capabilities from the tangential (viscous or frictional) resistance offered by the substrate. Our aim is to develop new tools and insight for future studies of cellular motility by crawling and of collective bacterial motion. The purely viscous case (worm) is relevant for cellular motility by crawling of individual cells. We re-examine some recent results on snail locomotion in order to assess the role of finely regulated adhesion mechanisms in crawling motility. Our main conclusion is that such regulation, although well documented in several biological systems, is not indispensable to accomplish locomotion driven by internal deformations, provided that the crawler may execute sufficiently large body deformations. Thus, there is no snail theorem. Namely, the crawling analog of the scallop theorem of low Reynolds number hydrodynamics does not hold for snail-like crawlers. The frictional case is obtained by assuming that the viscous coefficient governing tangential resistance forces, which act parallel and in the direction opposite to the velocity of the point to which they are applied, depends on the normal force acting at that point. We combine these surface interactions with inertial effects in order to investigate the mechanisms governing the motility of a bristle-robot. This model locomotor is easily manufactured and has been proposed as an effective tool to replicate and study collective bacterial motility. %B The European Physical Journal E, Volume 35, Issue 9, September 2012, Article number85 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7017 %1 7014 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-08-12T11:01:46Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1140/epje/i2012-12085-x %0 Journal Article %J Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics. Volume 19, Issue 4, December 2012, Pages 449-460 %D 2012 %T On the critical behavior in nonlinear evolutionary PDEs with small viscocity %A Boris Dubrovin %A Maria Elaeva %X We address the problem of general dissipative regularization of the quasilinear transport equation. We argue that the local behavior of solutions to the regularized equation near the point of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation is described by the logarithmic derivative of the Pearcey function, a statement generalizing the result of A.M.Il\\\'in \\\\cite{ilin}. We provide some analytic arguments supporting such conjecture and test it numerically. %B Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics. Volume 19, Issue 4, December 2012, Pages 449-460 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6465 %1 6409 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Boris Dubrovin (dubrovin@sissa.it) on 2013-02-08T11:28:04Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\ndubrovin_elaeva.pdf: 8618184 bytes, checksum: 3c56d1922af7001581ca4ceb4c79cc3b (MD5) %R 10.1134/S106192081204005X %0 Journal Article %J Bioinformatics (Oxford, England). 2012 Jan; 28(1):76-83 %D 2012 %T Decompositions of large-scale biological systems based on dynamical properties %A Nicola Soranzo %A Fahimeh Ramezani %A Giovanni Iacono %A Claudio Altafini %X MOTIVATION: Given a large-scale biological network represented as an influence graph, in this article we investigate possible decompositions of the network aimed at highlighting specific dynamical properties.\\r\\nRESULTS: The first decomposition we study consists in finding a maximal directed acyclic subgraph of the network, which dynamically corresponds to searching for a maximal open-loop subsystem of the given system. Another dynamical property investigated is strong monotonicity. We propose two methods to deal with this property, both aimed at decomposing the system into strongly monotone subsystems, but with different structural characteristics: one method tends to produce a single large strongly monotone component, while the other typically generates a set of smaller disjoint strongly monotone subsystems.\\r\\nAVAILABILITY: Original heuristics for the methods investigated are described in the article. %B Bioinformatics (Oxford, England). 2012 Jan; 28(1):76-83 %I Oxford University Press %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5226 %1 5049 %2 Physics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-01-16T15:13:23Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nSoIaRaAl10.pdf: 185656 bytes, checksum: df5605453eb314d79ada4355b16ad3cd (MD5) %R 10.1093/bioinformatics/btr620 %0 Journal Article %J Phys. Rev. D 86 (2012) 124035 %D 2012 %T Deformed Lorentz symmetry and relative locality in a curved/expanding spacetime %A Giovanni Amelino-Camelia %A Antonino Marciano %A Marco Matassa %A Giacomo Rosati %K Doubly special relativity %X The interest of part of the quantum-gravity community in the possibility of\r\nPlanck-scale-deformed Lorentz symmetry is also fueled by the opportunities for testing the relevant scenarios with analyses, from a signal-propagation perspective, of observations of bursts of particles from cosmological distances. In this respect the fact that so far the implications of deformed Lorentz symmetry have been investigated only for flat (Minkowskian) spacetimes represents a very significant limitation, since for propagation over cosmological distances the curvature/expansion of spacetime is evidently tangible. We here provide a significant step toward filling this gap by exhibiting an explicit example of Planck-scale-deformed relativistic symmetries of a spacetime with constant rate of expansion (deSitterian). Technically we obtain the first ever example of a relativistic theory of worldlines of particles with 3 nontrivial relativistic invariants: a large speed scale (\"speed-of-light scale\"), a large distance scale (inverse of the \"expansion-rate scale\"), and a large momentum scale (\"Planck scale\"). We address some of the challenges that had obstructed success for previous attempts by exploiting the recent understanding of the connection between deformed Lorentz symmetry and relativity of spacetime locality. We also offer a preliminary analysis of the differences between the scenario we here propose and the most studied scenario for broken (rather than deformed) Lorentz symmetry in expanding spacetimes. %B Phys. Rev. D 86 (2012) 124035 %I American Physical Society %G en %1 6496 %2 Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-03-18T13:28:49Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1206.5315v1.pdf: 659285 bytes, checksum: 97c0ba29c809a911f9abb22708bae66c (MD5) %R 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.124035 %0 Journal Article %J Nucleic Acids Research, Volume 40, Issue 15, August 2012, Pages 7132-7149 %D 2012 %T Detection of transcriptional triggers in the dynamics of microbial growth: application to the respiratory-versatile bacterium Shewanella oneidensis %A Q Beg %A Mattia Zampieri %A N Klitgord %A S Collins %A M Serres %A Daniel Segrè %A Claudio Altafini %X The capacity of microorganisms to respond to variable external conditions requires a coordination of environment-sensing mechanisms and decisionmaking regulatory circuits. Here, we seek to understand the interplay between these two processes by combining high-throughput measurement of time-dependent mRNA profiles with a novel computational approach that searches for key genetic triggers of transcriptional changes. Our approach helped us understand the regulatory strategies of a respiratorily versatile bacterium with promising bioenergy and bioremediation applications, Shewanella oneidensis, in minimal and rich media. By comparing expression profiles across these two conditions, we unveiled components of the transcriptional program that depend mainly on the growth phase. Conversely, by integrating our time-dependent data with a previously available large compendium of static perturbation responses, we identified transcriptional changes that cannot be explained solely by internal network dynamics, but are rather triggered by specific genes acting as key mediators of an environment-dependent response. These transcriptional triggers include known and novel regulators that respond to carbon, nitrogen and oxygen limitation. Our analysis suggests a sequence of physiological responses, including a coupling between nitrogen depletion and glycogen storage, partially recapitulated through dynamic flux balance analysis, and experimentally confirmed by metabolite measurements. Our approach is broadly applicable to other systems %B Nucleic Acids Research, Volume 40, Issue 15, August 2012, Pages 7132-7149 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6506 %1 6452 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:39:07Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1093/nar/gks467 %0 Journal Article %J Biophysical Journal. Volume 102, Issue 12, 20 June 2012, Pages 2677-2686 %D 2012 %T A dynamical feedback model for adaptation in the olfactory transduction pathway %A Giovanna De Palo %A Anna Boccaccio %A Andrew Miri %A Anna Menini %A Claudio Altafini %X Olfactory transduction exhibits two distinct types of adaptation, which we denote multipulse and step adaptation. In terms of measured transduction current, multipulse adaptation appears as a decrease in the amplitude of the second of two consecutive responses when the olfactory neuron is stimulated with two brief pulses. Step adaptation occurs in response to a sustained steplike stimulation and is characterized by a return to a steady-state current amplitude close to the prestimulus value, after a transient peak. In this article, we formulate a dynamical model of the olfactory transduction pathway, which includes the kinetics of the CNG channels, the concentration of Ca ions flowing through them, and the Ca-complexes responsible for the regulation. Based on this model, a common dynamical explanation for the two types of adaptation is suggested. We show that both forms of adaptation can be well described using different time constants for the kinetics of Ca ions (faster) and the kinetics of the feedback mechanisms (slower). The model is validated on experimental data collected in voltage-clamp conditions using different techniques and animal species. %B Biophysical Journal. Volume 102, Issue 12, 20 June 2012, Pages 2677-2686 %I Biophysical Society, Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7019 %1 7012 %2 Neuroscience %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-08-12T10:21:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1-s2.0-S0006349512005140-main.pdf: 607871 bytes, checksum: b57c678e05477bb1551bc379bc674a88 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.bpj.2012.04.040 %0 Journal Article %J PloS one. 2012 ; 7(6):e38135 %D 2012 %T Dynamics of opinion forming in structurally balanced social networks %A Claudio Altafini %X A structurally balanced social network is a social community that splits into two antagonistic factions (typical example being a two-party political system). The process of opinion forming on such a community is most often highly predictable, with polarized opinions reflecting the bipartition of the network. The aim of this paper is to suggest a class of dynamical systems, called monotone systems, as natural models for the dynamics of opinion forming on structurally balanced social networks. The high predictability of the outcome of a decision process is explained in terms of the order-preserving character of the solutions of this class of dynamical systems. If we represent a social network as a signed graph in which individuals are the nodes and the signs of the edges represent friendly or hostile relationships, then the property of structural balance corresponds to the social community being splittable into two antagonistic factions, each containing only friends. %B PloS one. 2012 ; 7(6):e38135 %I PLoS %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6051 %1 5942 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-08-01T07:37:37Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\njournal.pone.0038135.pdf: 460419 bytes, checksum: 94138ada3b8a6340ae8f7b5d3ec08c4e (MD5) %R 10.1371/journal.pone.0038135 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. Volume 86, Issue 3, 26 September 2012, Article number036116 %D 2012 %T Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks %A Giuseppe Facchetti %A Giovanni Iacono %A Claudio Altafini %X Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers. %B Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. Volume 86, Issue 3, 26 September 2012, Article number036116 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6504 %1 6451 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:27:42Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.036116 %0 Journal Article %J Analysis and Geometry in Metric Spaces, vol. 1 (2012), pages : 42-57 %D 2012 %T A formula for Popp\'s volume in sub-Riemannian geometry %A Luca Rizzi %A Davide Barilari %K subriemannian, volume, Popp, control %X For an equiregular sub-Riemannian manifold M, Popp\'s volume is a smooth\r\nvolume which is canonically associated with the sub-Riemannian structure, and\r\nit is a natural generalization of the Riemannian one. In this paper we prove a\r\ngeneral formula for Popp\'s volume, written in terms of a frame adapted to the\r\nsub-Riemannian distribution. As a first application of this result, we prove an\r\nexplicit formula for the canonical sub-Laplacian, namely the one associated\r\nwith Popp\'s volume. Finally, we discuss sub-Riemannian isometries, and we prove\r\nthat they preserve Popp\'s volume. We also show that, under some hypotheses on\r\nthe action of the isometry group of M, Popp\'s volume is essentially the unique\r\nvolume with such a property. %B Analysis and Geometry in Metric Spaces, vol. 1 (2012), pages : 42-57 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6501 %1 6446 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Luca Rizzi (lrizzi@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T08:20:17Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 2\n1211.2325v2.pdf: 219748 bytes, checksum: 03a6289f4ee77387ad54e210dbb84b60 (MD5)\nagms-2012-0004.pdf: 1247984 bytes, checksum: 137bd44ed6f06bbbe02ed9dae33ab42a (MD5) %R 10.2478/agms-2012-0004 %0 Journal Article %J Comm. Math. Phys. %D 2012 %T Fredholm determinants and pole-free solutions to the noncommutative Painlevé II equation %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %B Comm. Math. Phys. %V 309 %P 793–833 %G eng %U http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1007/s00220-011-1383-x %R 10.1007/s00220-011-1383-x %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 311 (2012) 557-594 %D 2012 %T Frobenius manifold for the dispersionless Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation %A Andrea Raimondo %X We consider a Frobenius structure associated with the dispersionless\\r\\nKadomtsev-Petviashvili equation. This is done, essentially, by applying a\\r\\ncontinuous analogue of the finite dimensional theory in the space of Schwartz\\r\\nfunctions on the line. The potential of the Frobenius manifold is found to be a\\r\\nlogarithmic potential with quadratic external field. Following the construction\\r\\nof the principal hierarchy, we construct a set of infinitely many commuting\\r\\nflows, which extends the classical dKP hierarchy. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics 311 (2012) 557-594 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6040 %1 5931 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-07-31T12:51:57Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1008.2128v3.pdf: 349185 bytes, checksum: a5a3fa842d50f3d9450813e55218f093 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-012-1470-7 %0 Report %D 2012 %T A Fully Coupled Immersed Finite Element Method for Fluid Structure Interaction via the Deal.II Library %A Luca Heltai %A Saswati Roy %A Francesco Costanzo %K Finite Element Method %K Immersed Boundary Method %K Immersed Finite Element Method %X We present the implementation of a solution scheme for fluid-structure\\r\\ninteraction problems via the finite element software library deal.II. The\\r\\nsolution scheme is an immersed finite element method in which two independent discretizations are used for the fluid and immersed deformable body. In this type of formulation the support of the equations of motion of the fluid is extended to cover the union of the solid and fluid domains. The equations of motion over the extended solution domain govern the flow of a fluid under the action of a body force field. This body force field informs the fluid of the presence of the immersed solid. The velocity field of the immersed solid is the restriction over the immersed domain of the velocity field in the extended equations of motion. The focus of this paper is to show how the determination of the motion of the immersed domain is carried out in practice. We show that our implementation is general, that is, it is not dependent on a specific choice of the finite element spaces over the immersed solid and the extended fluid domains. We present some preliminary results concerning the accuracy of the proposed method. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6255 %1 6172 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2012-09-28T11:06:13Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1209.2811v1.pdf: 4766431 bytes, checksum: a46803f7f8daf3195359f65c9161b944 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées, Available online 12 September 2012 %D 2012 %T Gamma-convergence and H-convergence of linear elliptic operators %A Nadia Ansini %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Caterina Ida Zeppieri %K Linear elliptic operators %B Journal de Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées, Available online 12 September 2012 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5878 %1 5746 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2012-05-30T13:02:32Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n04M_2012_Ansini.pdf: 226441 bytes, checksum: 789582b685e552b522a3e8a896e091f8 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.matpur.2012.09.004 %0 Journal Article %J Lett. Math. Phys. 101 (2012) 103-124 %D 2012 %T Gauge Theories on ALE Space and Super Liouville Correlation Functions %A Giulio Bonelli %A Kazunobu Maruyoshi %A Alessandro Tanzini %X We present a relation between N=2 quiver gauge theories on the ALE space O_{P^1}(-2) and correlators of N=1 super Liouville conformal field theory, providing checks in the case of punctured spheres and tori. We derive a blow-up formula for the full Nekrasov partition function and show that, up to a U(1) factor, the N=2^* instanton partition function is given by the product of the character of \\\\hat{SU}(2)_2 times the super Virasoro conformal block on the torus with one puncture. %B Lett. Math. Phys. 101 (2012) 103-124 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4305 %1 4068 %2 Physics %3 Elementary Particle Theory %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-28T07:00:50Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n1107.4609v1.pdf: 256160 bytes, checksum: f34c8fc8ed919adff7b4d65312b81db1 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s11005-012-0553-x %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2012 %T A general method for the existence of periodic solutions of differential systems in the plane %A Alessandro Fonda %A Andrea Sfecci %K Nonlinear dynamics %K Periodic solutions %XWe propose a general method to prove the existence of periodic solutions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations, which can be used in many different circumstances. Applications are given to some nonresonant cases, even for systems with superlinear growth in some direction, or with a singularity. Systems “at resonance” are also considered, provided a Landesman–Lazer type of condition is assumed.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 252 %P 1369 - 1391 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039611003196 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2011.08.005 %0 Book Section %B Springer, Indam Series, Vol. 4, 2012 %D 2012 %T Generalized reduced basis methods and n-width estimates for the approximation of the solution manifold of parametric PDEs %A Toni Lassila %A Andrea Manzoni %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %K solution manifold %X The set of solutions of a parameter-dependent linear partial di fferential equation with smooth coe fficients typically forms a compact manifold in a Hilbert space. In this paper we review the generalized reduced basis method as a fast computational tool for the uniform approximation of the solution manifold. We focus on operators showing an affi ne parametric dependence, expressed as a linear combination of parameter-independent operators through some smooth, parameter-dependent scalar functions. In the case that the parameter-dependent operator has a dominant term in its affi ne expansion, one can prove the existence of exponentially convergent uniform approximation spaces for the entire solution manifold. These spaces can be constructed without any assumptions on the parametric regularity of the manifold \\r\\nonly spatial regularity of the solutions is required. The exponential convergence rate is then inherited by the generalized reduced basis method. We provide a numerical example related to parametrized elliptic\\r\\nequations con rming the predicted convergence rates. %B Springer, Indam Series, Vol. 4, 2012 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6340 %1 6270 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2012-12-13T17:47:45Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nqlmr-bumi_FINAL_SISSAreport.pdf: 377397 bytes, checksum: ecaf5713afa6a6f68992f6331631aff4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics. Volume 19, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 273-298 %D 2012 %T On the genus two free energies for semisimple Frobenius manifolds %A Boris Dubrovin %A Si-Qi Liu %A Youjin Zhang %X We represent the genus two free energy of an arbitrary semisimple Frobenius\\r\\nmanifold as a sum of contributions associated with dual graphs of certain\\r\\nstable algebraic curves of genus two plus the so-called \\\"genus two G-function\\\".\\r\\nConjecturally the genus two G-function vanishes for a series of important\\r\\nexamples of Frobenius manifolds associated with simple singularities as well as\\r\\nfor ${\\\\bf P}^1$-orbifolds with positive Euler characteristics. We explain the\\r\\nreasons for such Conjecture and prove it in certain particular cases. %B Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics. Volume 19, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 273-298 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6464 %1 6411 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Boris Dubrovin (dubrovin@sissa.it) on 2013-02-08T11:35:38Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1205.5990v1.pdf: 547320 bytes, checksum: 9c9d894fbe3241c632b6cab13379f9c9 (MD5) %R 10.1134/S1061920812030028 %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations. Volume 43, Issue 3-4, March 2012, Pages 355-388 %D 2012 %T On the Hausdorff volume in sub-Riemannian geometry %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Davide Barilari %A Ugo Boscain %X For a regular sub-Riemannian manifold we study the Radon-Nikodym derivative\r\nof the spherical Hausdorff measure with respect to a smooth volume. We prove\r\nthat this is the volume of the unit ball in the nilpotent approximation and it\r\nis always a continuous function. We then prove that up to dimension 4 it is\r\nsmooth, while starting from dimension 5, in corank 1 case, it is C^3 (and C^4\r\non every smooth curve) but in general not C^5. These results answer to a\r\nquestion addressed by Montgomery about the relation between two intrinsic\r\nvolumes that can be defined in a sub-Riemannian manifold, namely the Popp and\r\nthe Hausdorff volume. If the nilpotent approximation depends on the point (that\r\nmay happen starting from dimension 5), then they are not proportional, in\r\ngeneral. %B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations. Volume 43, Issue 3-4, March 2012, Pages 355-388 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6454 %1 6399 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-05T13:55:36Z\r\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\r\n1005.0540v3.pdf: 352986 bytes, checksum: 7d3e71cad3c7ff917dc8769ba4cd96c5 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00526-011-0414-y %0 Journal Article %J Nanoscale. 2012 Mar; 4(5):1734-41 %D 2012 %T Hybridization in nanostructured DNA monolayers probed by AFM: theory versus experiment %A Alessandro Bosco %A Fouzia Bano %A Pietro Parisse %A Loredana Casalis %A Antonio DeSimone %A Cristian Micheletti %X Nanografted monolayers (NAMs) of DNA show novel physico-chemical properties that make them ideally suited for advanced biosensing applications. In comparison with alternative solid-phase techniques for diagnostic DNA detection, NAMs have the advantage of combining a small size with a high homogeneity of the DNA surface coverage. These two properties favour the extreme miniaturization and ultrasensitivity in high-throughput biosensing devices. The systematic use of NAMs for quantitative DNA (and protein) detection has so far suffered from the lack of a control on key fabrication parameters, such as the ss- or ds-DNA surface coverage. Here we report on a combined experimental-computational study that allows us to estimate the surface density of the grafted DNA by analyzing the sample mechanical response, that is the DNA patch height vs. applied tip load curves. It is shown that the same analysis scheme can be used to detect the occurrence of hybridization with complementary strands in solution and estimate its efficiency. Thanks to these quantitative relationships it is possible to use a single AFM-based setup to: (i) fabricate a DNA NAM, (ii) control the DNA surface coverage, and (iii) characterize its level of hybridization helping the design of NAMs with pre-determined fabrication parameters. %B Nanoscale. 2012 Mar; 4(5):1734-41 %I Royal Society of Chemistry %G en %1 6998 %2 Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-08-08T07:48:55Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1039/c2nr11662f %0 Report %D 2012 %T Introduction to Riemannian and sub-Riemannian geometry %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Davide Barilari %A Ugo Boscain %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5877 %1 5747 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2012-05-30T13:23:26Z\r\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\r\n09M_2012_Barilari.pdf: 1146702 bytes, checksum: 28492a78df0fdf2435dd0606fdfc78f5 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J International Mathematics Research Notices, vol. 22 (2012) , page 5063-5099 %D 2012 %T The KdV hierarchy: universality and a Painleve transcendent %A Tom Claeys %A Tamara Grava %K Small-Dispersion limit %X We study the Cauchy problem for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) hierarchy in the small dispersion limit where $\e\to 0$. For negative analytic initial data with a single negative hump, we prove that for small times, the solution is approximated by the solution to the hyperbolic transport equation which corresponds to $\e=0$. Near the time of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation, we show that the solution to the KdV hierarchy is approximated by a particular Painlev\'e transcendent. This supports Dubrovins universality conjecture concerning the critical behavior of Hamiltonian perturbations of hyperbolic equations. We use the Riemann-Hilbert approach to prove our results. %B International Mathematics Research Notices, vol. 22 (2012) , page 5063-5099 %I Oxford University Press %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6921 %1 6902 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-05-29T08:08:55Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1101.2602v1.pdf: 327994 bytes, checksum: 5b5bbc9f9b74ce97c2bf5ae794698819 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire %D 2012 %T Linear elasticity obtained from finite elasticity by Gamma-convergence under weak coerciveness conditions %A Virginia Agostiniani %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Antonio DeSimone %K Nonlinear elasticity %XThe energy functional of linear elasticity is obtained as G-limit of suitable rescalings of the energies of finite elasticity...

%B Ann. Inst. H. Poincare Anal. Non Lineaire %I Gauthier-Villars;Elsevier %V 29 %P 715-735 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4267 %1 3996 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-26T15:11:45Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nAgostiniani_DalMaso_30_M.pdf: 407057 bytes, checksum: 2009d1218f7735191a1c768a73b400a3 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.anihpc.2012.04.001 %0 Journal Article %J Central European Journal of Mathematics, Volume 10, Issue 4, August 2012, Pages 1442-1454 %D 2012 %T On localization in holomorphic equivariant cohomology %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Vladimir Rubtsov %K Lie algebroids %X We prove a localization formula for a "holomorphic equivariant cohomology" attached to the Atiyah algebroid of an equivariant holomorphic vector bundle. This generalizes Feng-Ma, Carrell-Liebermann, Baum-Bott and K. Liu's localization formulas. %B Central European Journal of Mathematics, Volume 10, Issue 4, August 2012, Pages 1442-1454 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6584 %1 6543 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-04-08T12:16:34Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.2478/s11533-012-0054-2 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinearity %D 2012 %T On the location of poles for the Ablowitz-Segur family of solutions to the second Painlevé equation %A Marco Bertola %B Nonlinearity %V 25 %P 1179–1185 %G eng %U http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1088/0951-7715/25/4/1179 %R 10.1088/0951-7715/25/4/1179 %0 Conference Proceedings %B Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Volume 1403, 2012, Pages 125-130 %D 2012 %T Mathematical and numerical modeling of liquid crystal elastomer phase transition and deformation %A Mariarita De Luca %A Antonio DeSimone %K Artificial muscle %X Liquid crystal (in particular, nematic) elastomers consist of cross-linked flexible polymer chains with embedded stiff rod molecules that allow them to behave as a rubber and a liquid crystal. Nematic elastomers are characterized by a phase transition from isotropic to nematic past a temperature threshold. They behave as rubber at high temperature and show nematic behavior below the temperature threshold. Such transition is reversible. While in the nematic phase, the rod molecules are aligned along the direction of the "nematic director". This molecular rearrangement induces a stretch in the polymer chains and hence macroscopic spontaneous deformations. The coupling between nematic order parameter and deformation gives rise to interesting phenomena with a potential for new interesting applications. In the biological field, the ability to considerably change their length makes them very promising as artificial muscles actuators. Their tunable optical properties make them suitable, for example, as lenses for new imaging systems. We present a mathematical model able to describe the behavior of nematic elastomers and numerical simulations reproducing such peculiar behavior. We use a geometrically linear version of the Warner and Terentjev model [1] and consider cooling experiments and stretching experiments in the direction perpendicular to the one of the director at cross-linking. %B Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Volume 1403, 2012, Pages 125-130 %I Cambridge University Press %@ 9781605113807 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7020 %1 7011 %2 Physics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-08-12T10:02:18Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1557/opl.2012.249 %0 Journal Article %J IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. Volume 57, Issue 8, 2012, Article number6189035, Pages 1898-1917 %D 2012 %T Modeling and control of quantum systems: An introduction %A Claudio Altafini %A Francesco Ticozzi %X The scope of this work is to provide a self-contained introduction to a selection of basic theoretical aspects in the modeling and control of quantum mechanical systems, as well as a brief survey on the main approaches to control synthesis. While part of the existing theory, especially in the open-loop setting, stems directly from classical control theory (most notably geometric control and optimal control), a number of tools specifically tailored for quantum systems have been developed since the 1980s, in order to take into account their distinctive features: the probabilistic nature of atomic-scale physical systems, the effect of dissipation and the irreversible character of the measurements have all proved to be critical in feedback-design problems. The relevant dynamical models for both closed and open quantum systems are presented, along with the main results on their controllability and stability. A brief review of several currently available control design methods is meant to provide the interested reader with a roadmap for further studies %B IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. Volume 57, Issue 8, 2012, Article number6189035, Pages 1898-1917 %I Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6505 %1 6449 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Approved for entry into archive by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:32:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1109/TAC.2012.2195830 %0 Journal Article %J Central European Journal of Mathematics 10, nr. 4 (2012) 1232 %D 2012 %T Moduli of symplectic instanton vector bundles of higher rank on projective space $\\mathbbP^3$ %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Dimitri Markushevich %A Alexander Tikhomirov %X Symplectic instanton vector bundles on the projective space $\\mathbb{P}^3$ constitute a natural generalization of mathematical instantons of rank 2. We study the moduli space $I_{n,r}$ of rank-$2r$ symplectic instanton vector bundles on $\\mathbb{P}^3$ with $r\\ge2$ and second Chern class $n\\ge r,\\ n\\equiv r({\\rm mod}2)$. We give an explicit construction of an irreducible component $I^*_{n,r}$ of this space for each such value of $n$ and show that $I^*_{n,r}$ has the expected dimension $4n(r+1)-r(2r+1)$. %B Central European Journal of Mathematics 10, nr. 4 (2012) 1232 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4656 %1 4406 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-10-10T09:47:24Z\r\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\r\n1109.2292v1.pdf: 243006 bytes, checksum: 39feac60657ccc939b3d688db3738e0e (MD5) %R 10.2478/s11533-012-0062-2 %0 Journal Article %J Quarterly Journal of Mathematics (2012) 63 (1): 41-86 %D 2012 %T Moduli spaces of noncommutative instantons: gauging away noncommutative parameters %A Simon Brain %A Giovanni Landi %X Using the theory of noncommutative geometry in a braided monoidal category, we improve upon a previous construction of noncommutative families of instantons of arbitrary charge on the deformed sphere S^4_\\\\theta. We formulate a notion of noncommutative parameter spaces for families of instantons and we explore what it means for such families to be gauge equivalent, as well as showing how to remove gauge parameters using a noncommutative quotient construction. Although the parameter spaces are a priori noncommutative, we show that one may always recover a classical parameter space by making an appropriate choice of gauge transformation. %B Quarterly Journal of Mathematics (2012) 63 (1): 41-86 %I Oxford University Press %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3777 %1 548 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-10-26T14:39:30Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n0909.4402.pdf: 469021 bytes, checksum: bbcda76215b8bb90a5704b81326e9dde (MD5) %R 10.1093/qmath/haq036 %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %D 2012 %T The Monge problem in Wiener space %A Fabio Cavalletti %XWe address the Monge problem in the abstract Wiener space and we give an existence result provided both marginal measures are absolutely continuous with respect to the infinite dimensional Gaussian measure γ.

%B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations %V 45 %P 101–124 %8 Sep %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00526-011-0452-5 %R 10.1007/s00526-011-0452-5 %0 Journal Article %J Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. 22, 1150016 (2012) %D 2012 %T Nonlinear thin-walled beams with a rectangular cross-section-Part I %A Lorenzo Freddi %A Maria Giovanna Mora %A Roberto Paroni %X Our aim is to rigorously derive a hierarchy of one-dimensional models for thin-walled beams with rectangular cross-section, starting from three-dimensional nonlinear elasticity. The different limit models are distinguished by the different scaling of the elastic energy and of the ratio between the sides of the cross-section. In this paper we report the first part of our results. %B Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci. 22, 1150016 (2012) %I World Scientific %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4104 %1 300 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-11-17T08:45:48Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nFreddi_79M.pdf: 331698 bytes, checksum: 3b0d6e3d51984a8e8222753a57064ee9 (MD5) %R 10.1142/S0218202511500163 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %D 2012 %T A nonresonance condition for radial solutions of a nonlinear Neumann elliptic problem %A Andrea Sfecci %K Neumann problem %K Nonresonance %K Radial solutions %K Time-map %XWe prove an existence result for radial solutions of a Neumann elliptic problem whose nonlinearity asymptotically lies between the first two eigenvalues. To this aim, we introduce an alternative nonresonance condition with respect to the second eigenvalue which, in the scalar case, generalizes the classical one, in the spirit of Fonda et al. (1991) [2]. Our approach also applies for nonlinearities which do not necessarily satisfy a subcritical growth assumption.

%B Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %V 75 %P 6191 - 6202 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X12002659 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2012.06.023 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics, Volume 315, Issue 1, September 2012, Pages 1-37 %D 2012 %T Non-uniqueness results for critical metrics of regularized determinants in four dimensions %A Matthew Gursky %A Andrea Malchiodi %X The regularized determinant of the Paneitz operator arises in quantum gravity (see Connes 1994, IV.4.$\gamma$). An explicit formula for the relative determinant of two conformally related metrics was computed by Branson in Branson (1996). A similar formula holds for Cheeger's half-torsion, which plays a role in self-dual field theory (see Juhl, 2009), and is defined in terms of regularized determinants of the Hodge laplacian on $p$-forms ($p < n/2$). In this article we show that the corresponding actions are unbounded (above and below) on any conformal four-manifold. We also show that the conformal class of the round sphere admits a second solution which is not given by the pull-back of the round metric by a conformal map, thus violating uniqueness up to gauge equivalence. These results differ from the properties of the determinant of the conformal Laplacian established in Chang and Yang (1995), Branson, Chang, and Yang (1992), and Gursky (1997). We also study entire solutions of the Euler-Lagrange equation of $\log \det P$ and the half-torsion $\tau_h$ on $\mathbb{R}^4 \setminus {0}$, and show the existence of two families of periodic solutions. One of these families includes Delaunay-type solutions. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics, Volume 315, Issue 1, September 2012, Pages 1-37 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6559 %1 6488 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrea Malchiodi (malchiod@sissa.it) on 2013-03-14T10:25:46Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1105.3762v3.pdf: 658857 bytes, checksum: 2821cb9caed2f5cda3b406c745b73009 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-012-1535-7 %0 Journal Article %J Acta Geotechnica, Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 219-237 %D 2012 %T Numerical modelling of installation effects for diaphragm walls in sand %A Riccardo Conti %A Luca de Sanctis %A Giulia M.B. Viggiani %K Constitutive relations %X The scopes of this work are to study the mechanisms of load transfer and the deformations of the ground during slurry trenching and concreting in dry sand and to evaluate their effects on service structural loads, wall deflections and ground displacements behind the wall caused by subsequent excavation. A series of three-dimensional finite element analyses was carried out modelling the installation of diaphragm walls consisting of panels of different length. The soil was modelled as either linearly elastic-perfectly plastic or incrementally non-linear (hypoplastic) with elastic strain range. Plane strain analyses of diaphragm walls of identical cross section were also carried out in which wall installation was either modelled or the wall was wished in place (WIP). The analyses predict ground movements consistent with the experimental observations both in magnitude and trend. The results also show that the maximum horizontal wall deflections and structural loads reduce with increasing panel aspect ratio towards a minimum which is about twice the value computed for WIP analyses. Panel aspect ratios should be larger than about three to take advantage of the three-dimensional effects. The pattern and magnitude of surface vertical displacements obtained from linearly elastic-perfectly plastic analyses, no matter whether three- or two-dimensional, are unrealistic. %B Acta Geotechnica, Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 219-237 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6934 %1 6916 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-05-30T10:23:32Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1007/s11440-011-0157-0 %0 Journal Article %J Physica D 241, nr. 23-24 (2012): 2246-2264 %D 2012 %T Numerical study of the small dispersion limit of the Korteweg-de Vries equation and asymptotic solutions %A Tamara Grava %A Christian Klein %K Korteweg-de Vries equation %X We study numerically the small dispersion limit for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation $u_t+6uu_x+\epsilon^{2}u_{xxx}=0$ for $\epsilon\ll1$ and give a quantitative comparison of the numerical solution with various asymptotic formulae for small $\epsilon$ in the whole $(x,t)$-plane. The matching of the asymptotic solutions is studied numerically. %B Physica D 241, nr. 23-24 (2012): 2246-2264 %I Elsevier %G en %1 7069 %2 Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-09-16T14:49:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1202.0962v2.pdf: 2652650 bytes, checksum: d8678338138745b35d8515af39f85d18 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.physd.2012.04.001 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Non-Linear mechanics %D 2012 %T Ogden-type energies for nematic elastomers %A Virginia Agostiniani %A Antonio DeSimone %K Nonlinear elasticity %XOgden-type extensions of the free-energy densities currently used to model the mechanical behavior of nematic elastomers are proposed and analyzed. Based on a multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into an elastic and a spontaneous or remanent part, they provide a suitable framework to study the stiffening response at high imposed stretches. Geometrically linear versions of the models (Taylor expansions at order two) are provided and discussed. These small strain theories provide a clear illustration of the geometric structure of the underlying energy landscape (the energy grows quadratically with the distance from a non-convex set of spontaneous strains or energy wells). The comparison between small strain and finite deformation theories may also be useful in the opposite direction, inspiring finite deformation generalizations of small strain theories currently used in the mechanics of active and phase-transforming materials. The energy well structure makes the free-energy densities non-convex. Explicit quasi-convex envelopes are provided, and applied to compute the stiffening response of a specimen tested in plane strain extension experiments (pure shear).

%B International Journal of Non-Linear mechanics %I Elsevier %V 47 %P 402-412 %G en %N 2 %1 6971 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-07-15T14:33:38Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2011.10.001 %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Nonlinear Studies %D 2012 %T One-signed harmonic solutions and sign-changing subharmonic solutions to scalar second order differential equations %A Alberto Boscaggin %B Advanced Nonlinear Studies %I Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. %V 12 %P 445–463 %G eng %R 10.1515/ans-2012-0302 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %D 2012 %T Optimal Transport with Branching Distance Costs and the Obstacle Problem %A Fabio Cavalletti %B SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis %V 44 %P 454-482 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1137/100801433 %R 10.1137/100801433 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2012 %T Pairs of positive periodic solutions of second order nonlinear equations with indefinite weight %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Fabio Zanolin %K Critical points %K Necessary conditions %K Pairs of positive solutions %K Periodic solutions %XWe study the problem of the existence and multiplicity of positive periodic solutions to the scalar ODEu″+λa(t)g(u)=0,λ>0, where g(x) is a positive function on R+, superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity, and a(t) is a T-periodic and sign indefinite weight with negative mean value. We first show the nonexistence of solutions for some classes of nonlinearities g(x) when λ is small. Then, using critical point theory, we prove the existence of at least two positive T-periodic solutions for λ large. Some examples are also provided.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 252 %P 2900 - 2921 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039611003895 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2011.09.011 %0 Journal Article %J Differential Integral Equations %D 2012 %T Periodic solutions of a system of coupled oscillators with one-sided superlinear retraction forces %A Alessandro Fonda %A Andrea Sfecci %B Differential Integral Equations %I Khayyam Publishing, Inc. %V 25 %P 993–1010 %8 11 %G eng %U https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.die/1356012248 %0 Journal Article %J Portugaliae Mathematica %D 2012 %T Periodic solutions to superlinear planar Hamiltonian systems %A Alberto Boscaggin %XWe prove the existence of infinitely many periodic (harmonic and subharmonic) solutions to planar Hamiltonian systems satisfying a suitable superlinearity condition at infinity. The proof relies on the Poincare-Birkhoff fixed point theorem.

%B Portugaliae Mathematica %I European Mathematical Society Publishing House %V 69 %P 127–141 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, Volume 241, Issue 23-24, 1 December 2012, Pages 2188-2203 %D 2012 %T Poles Distribution of PVI Transcendents close to a Critical Point (summer 2011) %A Davide Guzzetti %K Painleve' equations %X The distribution of the poles of Painlevé VI transcendents associated to semi-simple Frobenius manifolds is determined close to a critical point. It is shown that the poles accumulate at the critical point,asymptotically along two rays. As an example, the Frobenius manifold given by the quantum cohomology of CP2 is considered. The general PVI is also considered. %B Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, Volume 241, Issue 23-24, 1 December 2012, Pages 2188-2203 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6526 %1 6469 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Davide Guzzetti (guzzetti@sissa.it) on 2013-03-12T10:23:20Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1104.5066v3.pdf: 539839 bytes, checksum: 5e2f0aa0a56736f91219709b51d0a970 (MD5) %R doi:10.1016/j.physd.2012.02.015 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2012 %T Positive periodic solutions of second order nonlinear equations with indefinite weight: Multiplicity results and complex dynamics %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Fabio Zanolin %K Complex dynamics %K Poincaré map %K Positive periodic solutions %K Subharmonics %XWe prove the existence of a pair of positive T-periodic solutions as well as the existence of positive subharmonic solutions of any order and the presence of chaotic-like dynamics for the scalar second order ODEu″+aλ,μ(t)g(u)=0, where g(x) is a positive function on R+, superlinear at zero and sublinear at infinity, and aλ,μ(t) is a T-periodic and sign indefinite weight of the form λa+(t)−μa−(t), with λ,μ>0 and large.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 252 %P 2922 - 2950 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039611003883 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2011.09.010 %0 Journal Article %J BMC Systems Biology. 29 August 2012, Page 115 %D 2012 %T Predicting and characterizing selective multiple drug treatments for metabolic diseases and cancer. %A Giuseppe Facchetti %A Claudio Altafini %A Mattia Zampieri %X Background: In the field of drug discovery, assessing the potential of multidrug therapies is a difficult task because of the combinatorial complexity (both theoretical and experimental) and because of the requirements on the selectivity of the therapy. To cope with this problem, we have developed a novel method for the systematic in silico investigation of synergistic effects of currently available drugs on genome-scale metabolic networks. The algorithm finds the optimal combination of drugs which guarantees the inhibition of an objective function, while minimizing the side effect on the overall network. Results: Two different applications are considered: finding drug synergisms for human metabolic diseases (like diabetes, obesity and hypertension) and finding antitumoral drug combinations with minimal side effect on the normal human metabolism.The results we obtain are consistent with some of the available therapeutic indications and predict some new multiple drug treatments.A cluster analysis on all possible interactions among the currently available drugs indicates a limited variety on the metabolic targets for the approved drugs. Conclusion: The in silico prediction of drug synergism can represent an important tool for the repurposing of drug in a realistic perspective which considers also the selectivty of the therapy. Moreover, for a more profitable exploitation of drug-drug interactions, also drugs which show a too low efficacy but which have a non-common mechanism of action, can be reconsider as potential ingredients of new multicompound therapeutic indications.Needless to say the clues provided by a computational study like ours need in any case to be thoroughly evaluated experimentally. %B BMC Systems Biology. 29 August 2012, Page 115 %I BioMed Central %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6515 %1 6450 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Claudio Altafini (altafini@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T13:12:49Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R doi:10.1186/1752-0509-6-115 %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of variations and partial differential equations 44 (2012) 495-541 %D 2012 %T Quasistatic evolution for Cam-Clay plasticity: properties of the viscosity solution %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Antonio DeSimone %A Francesco Solombrino %XCam-Clay plasticity is a well established model for the description of the mechanics of fine grained soils. As solutions can develop discontinuities in time, a weak notion of solution, in terms of a rescaled time s , has been proposed in [8] to give a meaning to this discontinuous evolution. In this paper we first prove that this rescaled evolution satisfies the flow-rule for the rate of plastic strain, in a suitable measure-theoretical sense. In the second part of the paper we consider the behavior of the evolution in terms of the original time variable t . We prove that the unrescaled solution satisfies an energy-dissipation balance and an evolution law for the internal variable, which can be expressed in terms of integrals depending only on the original time. Both these integral identities contain terms concentrated on the jump times, whose size can only be determined by looking at the rescaled formulation.

%B Calculus of variations and partial differential equations 44 (2012) 495-541 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3900 %1 809 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-07-26T09:17:50Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nSolombrino_46M.pdf: 382911 bytes, checksum: dd118cc7f80d4cb1902713eb18747ac6 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00526-011-0443-6 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis 44, nr. 1 (2012) 245-292 %D 2012 %T Quasistatic evolution in non-associative plasticity - the cap models %A Jean-Francois Babadjian %A Gilles A. Francfort %A Maria Giovanna Mora %K Elasto-plasticity %X Non-associative elasto-plasticity is the working model of plasticity for soil and rocks mechanics. Yet, it is usually viewed as non-variational. In this work, we prove a contrario the existence of a variational evolution for such a model under a natural capping assumption on the hydrostatic stresses and a less natural mollification of the stress admissibility constraint. The obtained elasto-plastic evolution is expressed for times that are conveniently rescaled. %B SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis 44, nr. 1 (2012) 245-292 %I SIAM %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4139 %1 3879 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-15T12:13:15Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Bab-Fra-Mora_05M.pdf: 420336 bytes, checksum: cf8a2e6bd6c333fb5b6b130ae22de0a7 (MD5) %R 10.1137/110823511 %0 Conference Proceedings %B European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2012) J. Eberhardsteiner et.al. (eds.), Vienna, Austria, 10-14 sept. 2012 %D 2012 %T Reduction strategies for PDE-constrained oprimization problems in Haemodynamics %A Gianluigi Rozza %A Andrea Manzoni %A Federico Negri %K inverse problems %X Solving optimal control problems for many different scenarios obtained by varying a set of parameters in the state system is a computationally extensive task. In this paper we present a new reduced framework for the formulation, the analysis and the numerical solution of parametrized PDE-constrained optimization problems. This framework is based on a suitable saddle-point formulation of the optimal control problem and exploits the reduced basis method for the rapid and reliable solution of parametrized PDEs, leading to a relevant computational reduction with respect to traditional discretization techniques such as the finite element method. This allows a very efficient evaluation of state solutions and cost functionals, leading to an effective solution of repeated optimal control problems, even on domains of variable shape, for which a further (geometrical) reduction is pursued, relying on flexible shape parametrization techniques. This setting is applied to the solution of two problems arising from haemodynamics, dealing with both data reconstruction and data assimilation over domains of variable shape,\\r\\nwhich can be recast in a common PDE-constrained optimization formulation. %B European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2012) J. Eberhardsteiner et.al. (eds.), Vienna, Austria, 10-14 sept. 2012 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6338 %1 6268 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2012-12-13T16:30:48Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\npaper_ECCOMAS2012_AM_SISSAreport.pdf: 4599005 bytes, checksum: 014a5a01276f25177386ad374a5917c8 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Differential Integral Equations %D 2012 %T Resonance at the first eigenvalue for first-order systems in the plane: vanishing Hamiltonians and the Landesman-Lazer condition %A Maurizio Garrione %B Differential Integral Equations %I Khayyam Publishing, Inc. %V 25 %P 505–526 %8 05 %G eng %U https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.die/1356012676 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Volume 109, Issue 44, 30 October 2012, Pages 17874-17879 %D 2012 %T Reverse engineering the euglenoid movement %A Marino Arroyo %A Luca Heltai %A Daniel Millán %A Antonio DeSimone %K microswimmers %X Euglenids exhibit an unconventional motility strategy amongst unicellular eukaryotes, consisting of large-amplitude highly concerted deformations of the entire body (euglenoid movement or metaboly). A plastic cell envelope called pellicle mediates these deformations. Unlike ciliary or flagellar motility, the biophysics of this mode is not well understood, including its efficiency and molecular machinery. We quantitatively examine video recordings of four euglenids executing such motions with statistical learning methods. This analysis reveals strokes of high uniformity in shape and pace. We then interpret the observations in the light of a theory for the pellicle kinematics, providing a precise understanding of the link between local actuation by pellicle shear and shape control. We systematically understand common observations, such as the helical conformations of the pellicle, and identify previously unnoticed features of metaboly. While two of our euglenids execute their stroke at constant body volume, the other two exhibit deviations of about 20% from their average volume, challenging current models of low Reynolds number locomotion. We find that the active pellicle shear deformations causing shape changes can reach 340%, and estimate the velocity of the molecular motors. Moreover, we find that metaboly accomplishes locomotion at hydrodynamic efficiencies comparable to those of ciliates and flagellates. Our results suggest new quantitative experiments, provide insight into the evolutionary history of euglenids, and suggest that the pellicle may serve as a model for engineered active surfaces with applications in microfluidics. %B Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Volume 109, Issue 44, 30 October 2012, Pages 17874-17879 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6444 %1 6380 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Luca Heltai (heltai@sissa.it) on 2013-02-01T17:29:31Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1073/pnas.1213977109 %0 Journal Article %D 2012 %T A Review on The Sixth Painlevé Equation %A Davide Guzzetti %K Painlevé equation %XFor the Painlev\\\'e 6 transcendents, we provide a unitary description of the\r\ncritical behaviours, the connection formulae, their complete tabulation, and\r\nthe asymptotic distribution of the poles close to a critical point.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6525 %1 6470 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Davide Guzzetti (guzzetti@sissa.it) on 2013-03-12T10:24:43Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1210.0311v1.pdf: 283505 bytes, checksum: d5f401efb5eec8b4689b090dbcca6d84 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena %D 2012 %T Riemann–Hilbert approach to multi-time processes: The Airy and the Pearcey cases %A Marco Bertola %A Mattia Cafasso %K Integrable kernels %B Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena %V 241 %P 2237 - 2245 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167278912000115 %R 10.1016/j.physd.2012.01.003 %0 Journal Article %J Systems and Control Letters. Volume 61, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 347-353 %D 2012 %T On robust Lie-algebraic stability conditions for switched linear systems %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Yurij Baryshnikov %A Daniel Liberzon %X This paper presents new sufficient conditions for exponential stability of switched linear systems under arbitrary switching, which involve the commutators (Lie brackets) among the given matrices generating the switched system. The main novelty feature of these stability criteria is that, unlike their earlier counterparts, they are robust with respect to small perturbations of the system parameters. %B Systems and Control Letters. Volume 61, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 347-353 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6455 %1 6400 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-05T14:15:25Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.sysconle.2011.11.016 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 313 (2012) 1-33 %D 2012 %T SBV regularity for genuinely nonlinear, strictly hyperbolic systems of conservation laws in one space dimension %A Stefano Bianchini %A Laura Caravenna %B Communications in Mathematical Physics 313 (2012) 1-33 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4091 %1 313 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-10-19T09:31:49Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nBianchini_Caravenna_71M_2010.pdf: 591519 bytes, checksum: 388c1d8be60af95097574c718b4708b2 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-012-1480-5 %0 Journal Article %J Siam Journal on Mathematical Analysis %D 2012 %T SBV regularity for Hamilton-Jacobi equations with Hamiltonian depending on (t,x) %A Stefano Bianchini %A Daniela Tonon %B Siam Journal on Mathematical Analysis %I SISSA %V 44 %P 2179-2203 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/14066 %N 3 %1 3890 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-20T13:28:47Z\r\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\r\nBianchini_Tonon_13M.pdf: 249849 bytes, checksum: 461aecb2ce41d2bff011ba0062ed1cfb (MD5) %R 10.1137/110827272 %0 Journal Article %J Acta Mathematica Scientia, Volume 32, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 380-388 %D 2012 %T SBV regularity of genuinely nonlinear hyperbolic systems of conservation laws in one space dimension %A Stefano Bianchini %K Hyperbolic systems %X The problem of the presence of Cantor part in the derivative of a solution to a hyperbolic system of conservation laws is considered. An overview of the techniques involved in the proof is given, and a collection of related problems concludes the paper. Key words hyperbolic systems; conservation laws; SBV; regularity %B Acta Mathematica Scientia, Volume 32, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 380-388 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6535 %1 6510 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-03-21T08:22:40Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/S0252-9602(12)60024-1 %0 Journal Article %J Rend. Istit. Mat. Univ. Trieste %D 2012 %T SBV-like regularity for general hyperbolic systems of conservation laws in one space dimension %A Stefano Bianchini %A Lei Yu %B Rend. Istit. Mat. Univ. Trieste %V 44 %P 439–472 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %D 2012 %T SBV-like regularity for Hamilton-Jacobi equations with a convex Hamiltonian %A Stefano Bianchini %A Daniela Tonon %B Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %I SISSA %V 391 %P 190-208 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/13909 %N 1 %1 4352 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-10-07T11:24:37Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n45M_Tonon_Bianchini.pdf: 179519 bytes, checksum: c157fc19ae52c2fb8bcd2ca28815d26e (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jmaa.2012.02.017 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A %D 2012 %T Second order approximations of quasistatic evolution problems in finite dimension %A Virginia Agostiniani %K discrete approximations %K perturbation methods %K saddle-node bifurcation %K Singular perturbations %K vanishing viscosity %XIn this paper, we study the limit, as ε goes to zero, of a particular solution of the equation $\epsilon^2A\ddot u^ε(t)+εB\dot u^ε(t)+\nabla_xf(t,u^ε(t))=0$, where $f(t,x)$ is a potential satisfying suitable coerciveness conditions. The limit $u(t)$ of $u^ε(t)$ is piece-wise continuous and verifies $\nabla_xf(t,u(t))=0$. Moreover, certain jump conditions characterize the behaviour of $u(t)$ at the discontinuity times. The same limit behaviour is obtained by considering a different approximation scheme based on time discretization and on the solutions of suitable autonomous systems.

%B Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A %V 32 %P 1125 %G eng %U http://aimsciences.org//article/id/560b82d9-f289-498a-a619-a4b132aaf9f8 %R 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.1125 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Biological Dynamics %D 2012 %T Self-propelled micro-swimmers in a Brinkman fluid %A Marco Morandotti %XWe prove an existence, uniqueness, and regularity result for the motion of a self-propelled micro-swimmer in a particulate viscous medium, modelled as a Brinkman fluid. A suitable functional setting is introduced to solve the Brinkman system for the velocity field and the pressure of the fluid by variational techniques. The equations of motion are written by imposing a self-propulsion constraint, thus allowing the viscous forces and torques to be the only ones acting on the swimmer. From an infinite-dimensional control on the shape of the swimmer, a system of six ordinary differential equations for the spatial position and the orientation of the swimmer is obtained. This is dealt with standard techniques for ordinary differential equations, once the coefficients are proved to be measurable and bounded. The main result turns out to extend an analogous result previously obtained for the Stokes system.

%B Journal of Biological Dynamics %I Taylor & Francis %V 6 %P 88-103 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1080/17513758.2011.611260 %R 10.1080/17513758.2011.611260 %0 Journal Article %J International Journal Numerical Methods Biomedical Engineering %D 2012 %T Simulation-based uncertainty quantification of human arterial network hemodynamics %A Peng Chen %A Alfio Quarteroni %A Gianluigi Rozza %K uncertainty quantification, mathematical modelling of the cardiovascular system, fluid-structure interaction %X This work aims at identifying and quantifying uncertainties from various sources in human cardiovascular\r\nsystem based on stochastic simulation of a one dimensional arterial network. A general analysis of\r\ndifferent uncertainties and probability characterization with log-normal distribution of these uncertainties\r\nis introduced. Deriving from a deterministic one dimensional fluid structure interaction model, we establish\r\nthe stochastic model as a coupled hyperbolic system incorporated with parametric uncertainties to describe\r\nthe blood flow and pressure wave propagation in the arterial network. By applying a stochastic collocation\r\nmethod with sparse grid technique, we study systemically the statistics and sensitivity of the solution with\r\nrespect to many different uncertainties in a relatively complete arterial network with potential physiological\r\nand pathological implications for the first time. %B International Journal Numerical Methods Biomedical Engineering %I Wiley %G en %1 6467 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/08 ANALISI NUMERICA %$ Submitted by Gianluigi Rozza (grozza@sissa.it) on 2013-03-07T12:33:02Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\nreport.pdf: 1605405 bytes, checksum: bb12cf074ce32a80567a0cde0c0861db (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinearity %D 2012 %T Sobolev quasi-periodic solutions of multidimensional wave equations with a multiplicative potential %A Massimiliano Berti %A Philippe Bolle %X We prove the existence of quasi-periodic solutions for wave equations with a multiplicative potential on T d , d ≥ 1, and finitely differentiable nonlinearities, quasi-periodically forced in time. The only external parameter is the length of the frequency vector. The solutions have Sobolev regularity both in time and space. The proof is based on a Nash-Moser iterative scheme as in [5]. The key tame estimates for the inverse linearized operators are obtained by a multiscale inductive argument, which is more difficult than for NLS due to the dispersion relation of the wave equation. We prove the 'separation properties' of the small divisors assuming weaker non-resonance conditions than in [11]. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd. %B Nonlinearity %V 25 %P 2579-2613 %G eng %R 10.1088/0951-7715/25/9/2579 %0 Journal Article %J Int Math Res Notices (2012) 2012 (6): 1352-1413 %D 2012 %T Solving the Sixth Painlevé Equation: Towards the Classification of all the Critical Behaviors and the Connection Formulae %A Davide Guzzetti %X The critical behavior of a three real parameter class of solutions of the\\r\\nsixth Painlev\\\\\\\'e equation is computed, and parametrized in terms of monodromy\\r\\ndata of the associated $2\\\\times 2$ matrix linear Fuchsian system of ODE. The\\r\\nclass may contain solutions with poles accumulating at the critical point. The\\r\\nstudy of this class closes a gap in the description of the transcendents in one\\r\\nto one correspondence with the monodromy data. These transcendents are reviewed in the paper. Some formulas that relate the monodromy data to the critical behaviors of the four real (two complex) parameter class of solutions are\\r\\nmissing in the literature, so they are computed here. A computational procedure to write the full expansion of the four and three real parameter class of solutions is proposed. %B Int Math Res Notices (2012) 2012 (6): 1352-1413 %I Oxford University Press %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6093 %1 5979 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-08-02T13:30:44Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1010.1895v3.pdf: 424524 bytes, checksum: b558cd4e4da76831f67255b275392840 (MD5) %R 10.1093/imrn/rnr071 %0 Journal Article %J Riv. Mat. Univ. Parma %D 2012 %T Some applications of the SBV Regularity Theorem for entropy solutions of 1D scalar conservation laws to ConvectionTheory and sticky particles %A Daniela Tonon %XWe show how it is possible to apply the SBV Regularity Theorem for entropy solutions of one-dimensional scalar conservation laws, proved by Ambrosio and De Lellis, to Convection Theory and sticky particles. In the multi-dimensional case we present a counterexample which prevent us from using the same approach.

%B Riv. Mat. Univ. Parma %V 3 %P 163–175 %G eng %U https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00918409 %0 Thesis %D 2012 %T Some aspects of spinors – classical and noncommutative %A Giacomo Dossena %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6317 %1 6218 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Giacomo Dossena (dossena@sissa.it) on 2012-11-13T11:13:08Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nthesis.pdf: 1569621 bytes, checksum: 1ab89dce9cdc2097b3692da5a63ad82b (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics, Volume 9, Issue 2, March 2012, Article number1260018 %D 2012 %T Some remarks on quantum mechanics %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %K Quantum mechanics %X We discuss the similarities and differences between the formalism of Hamiltonian Classical Mechanics and of Quantum Mechanics and exemplify the differences through an analysis of tracks in a cloud chamber. %B International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics, Volume 9, Issue 2, March 2012, Article number1260018 %I World Scientific Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7018 %1 7013 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-08-12T10:45:49Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1142/S0219887812600183 %0 Journal Article %J J. Stat. Phys. %D 2012 %T Spectra of random Hermitian matrices with a small-rank external source: the critical and near-critical regimes %A Marco Bertola %A Buckingham, R. %A Lee, S. Y. %A Pierce, V. %B J. Stat. Phys. %V 146 %P 475–518 %G eng %U http://0-dx.doi.org.mercury.concordia.ca/10.1007/s10955-011-0409-2 %R 10.1007/s10955-011-0409-2 %0 Journal Article %J Rev. Math. Phys. 24 (2012), 1250017 %D 2012 %T Stability for a System of N Fermions Plus a Different Particle with Zero-Range Interactions %A Michele Correggi %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %A Domenico Finco %A Alessandro Michelangeli %A Alessandro Teta %X We study the stability problem for a non-relativistic quantum system in\\r\\ndimension three composed by $ N \\\\geq 2 $ identical fermions, with unit mass,\\r\\ninteracting with a different particle, with mass $ m $, via a zero-range\\r\\ninteraction of strength $ \\\\alpha \\\\in \\\\R $. We construct the corresponding\\r\\nrenormalised quadratic (or energy) form $ \\\\form $ and the so-called\\r\\nSkornyakov-Ter-Martirosyan symmetric extension $ H_{\\\\alpha} $, which is the\\r\\nnatural candidate as Hamiltonian of the system. We find a value of the mass $\\r\\nm^*(N) $ such that for $ m > m^*(N)$ the form $ \\\\form $ is closed and bounded from below. As a consequence, $ \\\\form $ defines a unique self-adjoint and bounded from below extension of $ H_{\\\\alpha}$ and therefore the system is stable. On the other hand, we also show that the form $ \\\\form $ is unbounded from below for $ m < m^*(2)$. In analogy with the well-known bosonic case, this suggests that the system is unstable for $ m < m^*(2)$ and the so-called Thomas effect occurs. %B Rev. Math. Phys. 24 (2012), 1250017 %I World Scientific %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6069 %1 5955 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-08-02T07:19:59Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1201.5740v1.pdf: 303047 bytes, checksum: eb2df0afd547514c235422e82f494584 (MD5) %R 10.1142/S0129055X12500171 %0 Conference Paper %B 17th Int. Conf. Ships Shipp. Res. %D 2012 %T A stable semi-lagrangian potential method for the simulation of ship interaction with unsteady and nonlinear waves %A Andrea Mola %A Luca Heltai %A Antonio DeSimone %B 17th Int. Conf. Ships Shipp. Res. %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems. Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 21-44 %D 2012 %T Sub-Riemannian structures on 3D Lie groups %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Davide Barilari %XWe give a complete classification of left-invariant sub-Riemannian structures on three dimensional Lie groups in terms of the basic differential invariants. As a corollary we explicitly find a sub-Riemannian isometry between the nonisomorphic Lie groups $SL(2)$ and $A^+(\mathbb{R})\times S^1$, where $A^+(\mathbb{R})$ denotes the group of orientation preserving affine maps on the real line.

%B Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems. Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 21-44 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6453 %1 6397 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-05T13:48:29Z\r\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\r\n1007.4970v2.pdf: 453953 bytes, checksum: 4330325299743bad4afe9f1ac7121e21 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10883-012-9133-8 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, Volume 105, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 622-660 %D 2012 %T Systems of Quadratic Inequalities %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Antonio Lerario %X We present a spectral sequence which efficiently computes Betti numbers of a closed semi-algebraic subset of RP^n defined by a system of quadratic inequalities and the image of the homology homomorphism induced by the inclusion of this subset in RP^n. We do not restrict ourselves to the term E_2 of the spectral sequence and give a simple explicit formula for the differential d_2. %B Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, Volume 105, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 622-660 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/7072 %1 7066 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-09-16T10:02:51Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1012.5731v2.pdf: 367584 bytes, checksum: 136c7bc2abeeb2a239c15689929eae30 (MD5) %R DOI: 10.1112/plms/pds010 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinearity, Volume 25, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 3235-3276 %D 2012 %T Tabulation of Painlevé 6 transcendents %A Davide Guzzetti %X The critical and asymptotic behaviors of solutions of the sixth Painlev'e equation PVI, obtained in the framework of the monodromy preserving deformation method, and their explicit parametrization in terms of monodromy data, are tabulated. %B Nonlinearity, Volume 25, Issue 12, December 2012, Pages 3235-3276 %I IOP Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6520 %1 6471 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Davide Guzzetti (guzzetti@sissa.it) on 2013-03-12T10:28:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 1108.3401v3.pdf: 449170 bytes, checksum: f6436fe13133f97b3b49bb7d11e23004 (MD5) %R 10.1088/0951-7715/25/12/3235 %0 Journal Article %J Proc. R. Soc. A 8 March 2012 vol. 468 no. 2139 701-719 %D 2012 %T Thermodynamic phase transitions and shock singularities %A Giuseppe De Nittis %A Antonio Moro %X We show that under rather general assumptions on the form of the entropy\\r\\nfunction, the energy balance equation for a system in thermodynamic equilibrium is equivalent to a set of nonlinear equations of hydrodynamic type. This set of equations is integrable via the method of the characteristics and it provides the equation of state for the gas. The shock wave catastrophe set identifies the phase transition. A family of explicitly solvable models of\\r\\nnon-hydrodynamic type such as the classical plasma and the ideal Bose gas are\\r\\nalso discussed. %B Proc. R. Soc. A 8 March 2012 vol. 468 no. 2139 701-719 %I The Royal Society %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6090 %1 5978 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-08-02T11:53:22Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1107.0394v2.pdf: 610849 bytes, checksum: be0b8d83ff44e0468c3133f7ab3ca18d (MD5) %R 10.1098/rspa.2011.0459 %0 Report %D 2012 %T Topological sensitivity analysis for high order elliptic operators %A Samuel Amstutz %A Antonio André Novotny %A Nicolas Van Goethem %K Topological derivative, Elliptic operators, Polarization tensor %X The topological derivative is defined as the first term of the asymptotic expansion of a given shape functional with respect to a small parameter that measures the size of a singular domain perturbation. It has applications in many different fields such as shape and topology optimization, inverse problems, image processing and mechanical modeling including synthesis and/or optimal design of microstructures, fracture mechanics sensitivity analysis and damage evolution modeling. The topological derivative has been fully developed for a wide range of second order differential operators. In this paper we deal with the topological asymptotic expansion of a class of shape functionals associated with elliptic differential operators of order 2m, m>=1. The general structure of the polarization tensor is derived and the concept of degenerate polarization tensor is introduced. We provide full mathematical justifications for the derived formulas, including precise estimates of remainders. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6343 %1 6272 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Nicolas Van Goethem (vangoeth@sissa.it) on 2012-12-14T17:45:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Degenerate_sub.pdf: 479352 bytes, checksum: eefab8b4e64b0ef0c7d7f0e16d529008 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. Volume 229-232, 1 July 2012, Pages 110-127 %D 2012 %T Variational implementation of immersed finite element methods %A Luca Heltai %A Francesco Costanzo %K Turbulent flow %XDirac-delta distributions are often crucial components of the solid-fluid coupling operators in immersed solution methods for fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problems. This is certainly so for methods like the Immersed Boundary Method (IBM) or the Immersed Finite Element Method (IFEM), where Dirac-delta distributions are approximated via smooth functions. By contrast, a truly variational formulation of immersed methods does not require the use of Dirac-delta distributions, either formally or practically. This has been shown in the Finite Element Immersed Boundary Method (FEIBM), where the variational structure of the problem is exploited to avoid Dirac-delta distributions at both the continuous and the discrete level. In this paper, we generalize the FEIBM to the case where an incompressible Newtonian fluid interacts with a general hyperelastic solid. Specifically, we allow (i) the mass density to be different in the solid and the fluid, (ii) the solid to be either viscoelastic of differential type or purely elastic, and (iii) the solid to be and either compressible or incompressible. At the continuous level, our variational formulation combines the natural stability estimates of the fluid and elasticity problems. In immersed methods, such stability estimates do not transfer to the discrete level automatically due to the non- matching nature of the finite dimensional spaces involved in the discretization. After presenting our general mathematical framework for the solution of FSI problems, we focus in detail on the construction of natural interpolation operators between the fluid and the solid discrete spaces, which guarantee semi-discrete stability estimates and strong consistency of our spatial discretization.

%B Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. Volume 229-232, 1 July 2012, Pages 110-127 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6462 %1 6389 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Lucio Lubiana (lubiana@sissa.it) on 2013-02-04T16:21:56Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2012.04.001 %0 Journal Article %J JHEP 06(2012)178 %D 2012 %T Vertices, vortices & interacting surface operators %A Giulio Bonelli %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Zhao Jian %X We show that the vortex moduli space in non-abelian supersymmetric N=(2,2) gauge theories on the two dimensional plane with adjoint and anti-fundamental matter can be described as an holomorphic submanifold of the instanton moduli space in four dimensions. The vortex partition functions for these theories are computed via equivariant localization. We show that these coincide with the field theory limit of the topological vertex on the strip with boundary conditions corresponding to column diagrams. Moreover, we resum the field theory limit of the vertex partition functions in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions formulating their AGT dual description as interacting surface operators of simple type. Analogously we resum the topological open string amplitudes in terms of q-deformed generalized hypergeometric functions proving that they satisfy appropriate finite difference equations. %B JHEP 06(2012)178 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4134 %1 3874 %2 Physics %3 Elementary Particle Theory %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-15T08:59:30Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n1102.0184v1.pdf: 250685 bytes, checksum: b0209b95cc58d31e3cd28c41cd8b0f25 (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP06(2012)178 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Calculus of Variations 5 (2012) 433-483 %D 2012 %T A Viscosity-driven crack evolution %A Simone Racca %XWe present a model of crack growth in brittle materials which couples dissipative effects on the crack tip and viscous effects. We consider the 2 -dimensional antiplane case with pre-assigned crack path, and firstly prove an existence result for a rate-dependent evolution problem by means of time-discretization. The next goal is to describe the rate-independent evolution as limit of the rate-dependent ones when the dissipative and viscous effects vanish. The rate-independent evolution satisfies a Griffith’s criterion for the crack growth, but, in general, it does not fulfil a global minimality condition; its fracture set may exhibit jump discontinuities with respect to time. Under suitable regularity assumptions, the quasi-static crack growth is described by solving a finite-dimensional problem.

%B Advances in Calculus of Variations 5 (2012) 433-483 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5130 %1 4944 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-11-29T07:47:42Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n63M_Racca.pdf: 473110 bytes, checksum: f4d49c3f7e2b984e9694fbd66a806447 (MD5) %R 10.1515/acv-2011-0012 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Functional Analysis 262 (2012) 409-450 %D 2012 %T Weighted barycentric sets and singular Liouville equations on compact surfaces %A Alessandro Carlotto %A Andrea Malchiodi %X Given a closed two dimensional manifold, we prove a general existence result\\r\\nfor a class of elliptic PDEs with exponential nonlinearities and negative Dirac\\r\\ndeltas on the right-hand side, extending a theory recently obtained for the\\r\\nregular case. This is done by global methods: since the associated Euler\\r\\nfunctional is in general unbounded from below, we need to define a new model\\r\\nspace, generalizing the so-called space of formal barycenters and\\r\\ncharacterizing (up to homotopy equivalence) its very low sublevels. As a\\r\\nresult, the analytic problem is reduced to a topological one concerning the\\r\\ncontractibility of this model space. To this aim, we prove a new functional\\r\\ninequality in the spirit of [16] and then we employ a min-max scheme based on a cone-style construction, jointly with the blow-up analysis given in [5] (after\\r\\n[6] and [8]). This study is motivated by abelian Chern- Simons theory in\\r\\nself-dual regime, or from the problem of prescribing the Gaussian curvature in\\r\\npresence of conical singularities (hence generalizing a problem raised by\\r\\nKazdan and Warner in [26]). %B Journal of Functional Analysis 262 (2012) 409-450 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5218 %1 5040 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-01-10T11:49:50Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1105.2363v2.pdf: 793763 bytes, checksum: 4996db876d03946c03fa0d4766801974 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jfa.2011.09.012 %0 Journal Article %J JHEP 02(2012)031 %D 2012 %T Wild quiver gauge theories %A Giulio Bonelli %A Kazunobu Maruyoshi %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe study $N=2$ supersymmetric $SU(2)$ gauge theories coupled to non-Lagrangian superconformal field theories induced by compactifying the six dimensional $A_1 (2,0)$ theory on Riemann surfaces with irregular punctures. These are naturally associated to Hitchin systems with wild ramification whose spectral curves provide the relevant Seiberg-Witten geometries. We propose that the prepotential of these gauge theories on the Omega-background can be obtained from the corresponding irregular conformal blocks on the Riemann surfaces via a generalization of the coherent state construction to the case of higher order singularities.

%B JHEP 02(2012)031 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5184 %1 4999 %2 Physics %3 Elementary Particle Theory %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-12-12T14:57:36Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n1112.1691v1.pdf: 374306 bytes, checksum: d108d1f4f381124a4ff917b4c621f359 (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP02(2012)031 %0 Journal Article %J IET systems biology. 2011 Jul; 5(4):269-79 %D 2011 %T Adaptation as a genome-wide autoregulatory principle in the stress response of yeast. %A F Eduati %A B Di Camillo %A G Toffolo %A Claudio Altafini %A Giovanna De Palo %A Mattia Zampieri %X The gene expression response of yeast to various types of stresses/perturbations shows a common functional and dynamical pattern for the vast majority of genes, characterised by a quick transient peak (affecting primarily short genes) followed by a return to the pre-stimulus level. Kinetically, this process of adaptation following the transient excursion can be modelled using a genome-wide autoregulatory mechanism by means of which yeast aims at maintaining a preferential concentration in its mRNA levels. The resulting feedback system explains well the different time constants observable in the transient response, while being in agreement with all the known experimental dynamical features. For example, it suggests that a very rapid transient can be induced also by a slowly varying concentration of the gene products. %B IET systems biology. 2011 Jul; 5(4):269-79 %I The Institution of Engineering and Technology %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5106 %1 4922 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2011-11-25T13:05:49Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nDePaEdal10.pdf: 2390366 bytes, checksum: f6550b1052efeb53942e47cae9632899 (MD5) %R 10.1049/iet-syb.2009.0050 %0 Journal Article %J J.Phys.A: Math.Theor. 44 (2011) 215203 %D 2011 %T An asymptotic reduction of a Painlevé VI equation to a Painlevé III %A Davide Guzzetti %X When the independent variable is close to a critical point, it is shown that\\r\\nPVI can be asymptotically reduced to PIII. In this way, it is possible to\\r\\ncompute the leading term of the critical behaviors of PVI transcendents\\r\\nstarting from the behaviors of PIII transcendents. %B J.Phys.A: Math.Theor. 44 (2011) 215203 %I IOP Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5124 %1 4940 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2011-11-28T15:06:23Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1101.4705v1.pdf: 150593 bytes, checksum: 32af4569fb34ae6257486f096be0142b (MD5) %R 10.1088/1751-8113/44/21/215203 %0 Journal Article %J Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 139 (2011), 1023-1032 %D 2011 %T Axial symmetry of some steady state solutions to nonlinear Schrödinger equations %A Changfeng Gui %A Andrea Malchiodi %A Haoyuan Xu %A Paul Yang %K Nonlinear Schrödinger equation %X In this note, we show the axial symmetry of steady state solutions of nonlinear Schrodinger equations when the exponent of the nonlinearity is between the critical Sobolev exponent of n dimensional space and n - 1 dimensional space. %B Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 139 (2011), 1023-1032 %I American Mathematical Society %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4100 %1 304 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-11-10T10:42:02Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nGui_Malchiodi_75M.pdf: 196044 bytes, checksum: ed4d2f1be79209d4b3e7d428564d043a (MD5) %R 10.1090/S0002-9939-2010-10638-X %0 Journal Article %D 2011 %T Bishop and Laplacian Comparison Theorems on Three Dimensional Contact Subriemannian Manifolds with Symmetry %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Paul Lee %X We prove a Bishop volume comparison theorem and a Laplacian comparison\r\ntheorem for three dimensional contact subriemannian manifolds with symmetry. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6508 %1 6455 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:12:11Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1105.2206v1.pdf: 252509 bytes, checksum: c5f4299fedd5f685c7b283c5a4ea995d (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Anal. Math. Phys. %D 2011 %T Boutroux curves with external field: equilibrium measures without a variational problem %A Marco Bertola %B Anal. Math. Phys. %V 1 %P 167–211 %G eng %U http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13324-011-0012-3 %R 10.1007/s13324-011-0012-3 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics %D 2011 %T Branching of Cantor Manifolds of Elliptic Tori and Applications to PDEs %A Massimiliano Berti %A Luca Biasco %X We consider infinite dimensional Hamiltonian systems. We prove the existence of "Cantor manifolds" of elliptic tori-of any finite higher dimension-accumulating on a given elliptic KAM torus. Then, close to an elliptic equilibrium, we show the existence of Cantor manifolds of elliptic tori which are "branching" points of other Cantor manifolds of higher dimensional tori. We also answer to a conjecture of Bourgain, proving the existence of invariant elliptic tori with tangential frequency along a pre-assigned direction. The proofs are based on an improved KAM theorem. Its main advantages are an explicit characterization of the Cantor set of parameters and weaker smallness conditions on the perturbation. We apply these results to the nonlinear wave equation. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. %B Communications in Mathematical Physics %V 305 %P 741-796 %G eng %R 10.1007/s00220-011-1264-3 %0 Journal Article %J Comptes Rendus Mathematique 349 (2011) 161-166 %D 2011 %T A class of existence results for the singular Liouville equation %A Alessandro Carlotto %A Andrea Malchiodi %X We consider a class of elliptic PDEs on closed surfaces with exponential nonlinearities and Dirac deltas on the right-hand side. The study arises from abelian Chern–Simons theory in self-dual regime, or from the problem of prescribing the Gaussian curvature in presence of conical singularities. A general existence result is proved using global variational methods: the analytic problem is reduced to a topological problem concerning the contractibility of a model space, the so-called space of formal barycenters, characterizing the very low sublevels of a suitable functional. %B Comptes Rendus Mathematique 349 (2011) 161-166 %I Elsevier %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5793 %1 5648 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-05-07T07:37:16Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1016/j.crma.2010.12.016 %0 Journal Article %J Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana %D 2011 %T Cluster solutions for the Schrödinger-Poisson-Slater problem around a local minimum of the potential %A David Ruiz %A Giusi Vaira %B Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana %I Real Sociedad Matemática Española %V 27 %P 253–271 %8 01 %G eng %U https://projecteuclid.org:443/euclid.rmi/1296828834 %0 Report %D 2011 %T Compactness by maximality %A Sandro Zagatti %X We derive a compactness property in the Sobolev space $W^{1,1}(\O)$ in order to study the Dirichlet problem for the eikonal equation \begin{displaymath} \begin{cases} \ha |\n u(x)|^2 - a(x) = 0 & \ \textrm{in} \ \O\cr u(x)=\varphi(x) & \ \textrm{on} \ \partial \O, \end{cases} \end{displaymath} without continuity assumptions on the map $a$. %G en %U http://preprints.sissa.it/handle/1963/35317 %1 35626 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2018-05-24T07:53:14Z No. of bitstreams: 0 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Volume 108, Issue 52, 27 December 2011, Pages 20953-20958 %D 2011 %T Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks. %A Giuseppe Facchetti %A Giovanni Iacono %A Claudio Altafini %K Combinatorial optimization %X Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly \\\"apparent disorder,\\\" rather than true \\\"frustration.\\\" %B Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Volume 108, Issue 52, 27 December 2011, Pages 20953-20958 %I National Academy of Sciences %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6426 %1 6362 %2 Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-01-25T12:27:12Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\npnas.1109521108-1.pdf: 1293098 bytes, checksum: 288a1ce2e9407b58249c5ea58a06f31b (MD5) %R 10.1073/pnas.1109521108 %0 Journal Article %J Annales de l'I.H.P. Analyse non linéaire %D 2011 %T Concentration of solutions for a singularly perturbed Neumann problem in non-smooth domains %A Serena Dipierro %B Annales de l'I.H.P. Analyse non linéaire %I Elsevier %V 28 %P 107-126 %G eng %U http://www.numdam.org/item/AIHPC_2011__28_1_107_0 %R 10.1016/j.anihpc.2010.11.003 %0 Journal Article %J Le Matematiche (Catania), volume 66, Issue no.2, (2011), pages : 153-187 %D 2011 %T Cones of divisors of blow-ups of projective spaces %A Alessio Lo Giudice %A Salvatore Cacciola %A M. Donten-Bury %A O. Dumitrescu %A J. Park %K Mori dream space %X We investigate Mori dream spaces obtained by blowing-up the n-dimensional complex projective space at n+1, n+2 or n+3 points in very general position. Using toric techniques we study the movable cone of the blow-up of Pn at n+1 points, its decomposition into nef chambers and the action of theWeyl group on the set of chambers. Moreover, using different methods, we explicitly write down the equations of the movable cone also for Pn blown-up at n+2 points. %B Le Matematiche (Catania), volume 66, Issue no.2, (2011), pages : 153-187 %I Università degli Studi di Catania. Dipartimento di matematica %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6613 %1 6462 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Alessio Lo Giudice (logiudic@sissa.it) on 2013-03-01T08:45:50Z No. of bitstreams: 1 CONES OF DIVISORS OF BLOW-UPS OF PROJECTIVE SPACES: 409758 bytes, checksum: 15d01ca131c41cf5f244bb4621177e36 (MD5) %R 10.4418/2011.66.2.13 %0 Journal Article %J Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg. %D 2011 %T Convergence of the mimetic finite difference method for eigenvalue problems in mixed form %A Andrea Cangiani %A Gardini, Francesca %A Manzini, Gianmarco %B Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg. %V 200 %P 1150–1160 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cma.2010.06.011 %R 10.1016/j.cma.2010.06.011 %0 Journal Article %J Le Matematiche 66 (2011) 137-151 %D 2011 %T Covered by lines and Conic connected varieties %A Simone Marchesi %A Alex Massarenti %A Saeed Tafazolian %X We study some properties of an embedded variety covered by lines and give a\\r\\nnumerical criterion ensuring the existence of a singular conic through two of\\r\\nits general points. We show that our criterion is sharp. Conic-connected,\\r\\ncovered by lines, QEL, LQEL, prime Fano, defective, and dual defective\\r\\nvarieties are closely related. We study some relations between the above\\r\\nmentioned classes of objects using celebrated results by Ein and Zak. %B Le Matematiche 66 (2011) 137-151 %I Universita\\\' di Catania, Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5788 %1 5641 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-05-03T14:43:36Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 2\\n1105.5918v2.pdf: 279 bytes, checksum: a3b0f104eb894295409bae95af5b2e16 (MD5)\\n844-3335-1-PB.pdf: 186181 bytes, checksum: b32fc90e8bb7277d82a3c3705174e89a (MD5) %R 10.4418/2011.66.2.12 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series A 31 (2011) 1219-1231 %D 2011 %T Crack growth with non-interpenetration : a simplified proof for the pure Neumann problem %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %X We present a recent existence result concerning the quasi-static evolution of cracks in hyperelastic brittle materials, in the frame-work of finite elasticity with non-interpenetration. In particular, here we consider the problem where no Dirichlet conditions are imposed, the boundary is traction-free, and the body is subject only to time-dependent volume forces. This allows us to present the main ideas of the proof in a simpler way, avoiding some of the technicalities needed in the general case, studied in. %B Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series A 31 (2011) 1219-1231 %I American Institute of Mathematical Sciences %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3801 %1 526 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-11-27T10:24:55Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nDM-Laz-proc-pre.pdf: 195002 bytes, checksum: 44e408b134f19e4d31e77b3e0762cd73 (MD5) %R 10.3934/dcds.2011.31.1219 %0 Journal Article %J This article will be published in 2011 in the \"Nagoya Mathematical Journal\" Volume 201, March 2011, Pages 1-22, under the title \"Computing certain Gromov-Witten invariants of the crepant resolution of P{double-strock}(1, 3, 4, 4) %D 2011 %T Crepant resolutions of weighted projective spaces and quantum deformations %A Samuel Boissiere %A Etienne Mann %A Fabio Perroni %X We compare the Chen-Ruan cohomology ring of the weighted projective spaces\r\n$\\IP(1,3,4,4)$ and $\\IP(1,...,1,n)$ with the cohomology ring of their crepant\r\nresolutions. In both cases, we prove that the Chen-Ruan cohomology ring is\r\nisomorphic to the quantum corrected cohomology ring of the crepant resolution\r\nafter suitable evaluation of the quantum parameters. For this, we prove a\r\nformula for the Gromov-Witten invariants of the resolution of a transversal\r\n${\\rm A}_3$ singularity. %B This article will be published in 2011 in the \"Nagoya Mathematical Journal\" Volume 201, March 2011, Pages 1-22, under the title \"Computing certain Gromov-Witten invariants of the crepant resolution of P{double-strock}(1, 3, 4, 4) %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6514 %1 6463 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/03 GEOMETRIA %$ Submitted by Fabio Perroni (perroni@sissa.it) on 2013-02-28T17:54:00Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\nmath_0610617v2.pdf: 309225 bytes, checksum: 1488b79e5765bdffd4353bd8e04ffa8e (MD5) %0 Report %D 2011 %T Critical points of the Moser-Trudinger functional %A Francesca De Marchis %A Andrea Malchiodi %A Luca Martinazzi %K Moser-Trudinger inequality %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4592 %1 4353 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-10-07T11:40:39Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n46M_Malchiodi.pdf: 234581 bytes, checksum: 365098bf21692bfa547056b200acb4c6 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J PNAS 108 (2011) 13978 %D 2011 %T Cytoskeletal actin networks in motile cells are critically self-organized systems synchronized by mechanical interactions %A Luca Cardamone %A Alessandro Laio %A Rajesh Shahapure %A Antonio DeSimone %B PNAS 108 (2011) 13978 %I National Academy of Sciences %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4358 %1 4066 %2 Physics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-28T06:31:24Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.1073/pnas.1100549108 %0 Report %D 2011 %T D-branes, surface operators, and ADHM quiver representations %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Duiliu-Emanuel Diaconescu %A M. Yardim %A G. Pan %A Yi Zhang %A Chuang Wu-yen %X A supersymmetric quantum mechanical model is constructed for BPS states bound to surface operators in five dimensional SU(r) gauge theories using D-brane engineering. This model represents the effective action of a certain D2-brane configuration, and is naturally obtained by dimensional reduction of a quiver $(0,2)$ gauged linear sigma model. In a special stability chamber, the resulting moduli space of quiver representations is shown to be smooth and isomorphic to a moduli space of framed quotients on the projective plane. A precise conjecture relating a K-theoretic partition function of this moduli space to refined open string invariants of toric lagrangian branes is formulated for conifold and local P^1 x P^1 geometries. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4133 %1 3873 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-15T08:27:03Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n1012.1826v2.pdf: 536824 bytes, checksum: 38cd256a97e7244dc3eaac8073827cc2 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis %D 2011 %T A Decomposition Theorem for BV functions %A Stefano Bianchini %A Daniela Tonon %B Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis %I American Institute of Mathematical Sciences %V 10 %P 1549-1566 %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11767/14599 %N 6 %1 693 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-04-07T15:11:02Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\narticoloBV-preprint.pdf: 278021 bytes, checksum: db1d8f4c30a60313b69e105977010165 (MD5) %R 10.3934/cpaa.2011.10.1549 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2011 %T Degenerate KAM theory for partial differential equations %A Dario Bambusi %A Massimiliano Berti %A Elena Magistrelli %X This paper deals with degenerate KAM theory for lower dimensional elliptic tori of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian systems, depending on one parameter only. We assume that the linear frequencies are analytic functions of the parameter, satisfy a weak non-degeneracy condition of Rüssmann type and an asymptotic behavior. An application to nonlinear wave equations is given. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. %B Journal of Differential Equations %V 250 %P 3379-3397 %G eng %R 10.1016/j.jde.2010.11.002 %0 Thesis %D 2011 %T Dimensional Reduction and Approximation of Measures and Weakly Differentiable Homeomorphisms %A Sara Daneri %X This thesis is devoted to the study of two different problems: the properties of the disintegration of the Lebesgue measure on the faces of a convex function and the existence of smooth approximations of bi-Lipschitz orientation-preserving homeomorphisms in the plane. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5348 %1 5178 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-02-02T16:17:40Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nTesiPhDDaneriFinal.pdf: 1042283 bytes, checksum: be3ac0827af99c78eafc9395b4670544 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2011 %T Double resonance with Landesman–Lazer conditions for planar systems of ordinary differential equations %A Alessandro Fonda %A Maurizio Garrione %K Double resonance %K Landesman–Lazer conditions %K Nonlinear planar systems %XWe prove the existence of periodic solutions for first order planar systems at resonance. The nonlinearity is indeed allowed to interact with two positively homogeneous Hamiltonians, both at resonance, and some kind of Landesman–Lazer conditions are assumed at both sides. We are thus able to obtain, as particular cases, the existence results proposed in the pioneering papers by Lazer and Leach (1969) [27], and by Frederickson and Lazer (1969) [18]. Our theorem also applies in the case of asymptotically piecewise linear systems, and in particular generalizes Fabry's results in Fabry (1995) [10], for scalar equations with double resonance with respect to the Dancer–Fučik spectrum.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 250 %P 1052 - 1082 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039610002901 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2010.08.006 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations %D 2011 %T Embedding theorems and existence results for nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson systems with unbounded and vanishing potentials %A Bonheure, Denis %A Mercuri, Carlo %XMotivated by existence results for positive solutions of non-autonomous nonlinear Schrödinger–Poisson systems with potentials possibly unbounded or vanishing at infinity, we prove embedding theorems for weighted Sobolev spaces. We both consider a general framework and spaces of radially symmetric functions when assuming radial symmetry of the potentials.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %I Elsevier %V 251 %P 1056–1085 %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2011.04.010 %R 10.1016/j.jde.2011.04.010 %0 Journal Article %J Journal de Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees 95 (2011) 565-584 %D 2011 %T Energy release rate and stress intensity factor in antiplane elasticity %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Rodica Toader %X In the setting of antiplane linearized elasticity, we show the existence of the stress intensity factor and its relation with the energy release rate when the crack path is a C1,1 curve. Finally, we show that the energy release rate is continuous with respect to the Hausdorff convergence in a class of admissible cracks. %B Journal de Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees 95 (2011) 565-584 %I Elsevier %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3780 %1 546 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-11-17T11:50:32Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 2\\r\\nLazzaroni_67M_2009.pdf: 259616 bytes, checksum: 3c3adef52607bc6238c11a84904a9fb9 (MD5)\\r\\nLazzaroni_67M_2009: 259616 bytes, checksum: 3c3adef52607bc6238c11a84904a9fb9 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.matpur.2011.01.001 %0 Journal Article %J Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series A 31 (2011) 1017-1021 %D 2011 %T Ennio De Giorgi and Γ-convergence %A Gianni Dal Maso %X Γ-convergence was introduced by Ennio De Giorgi in a series of papers published between 1975 and 1983. In the same years he developed many applications of this tool to a great variety of asymptotic problems in the calculus of variations and in the theory of partial differential equations. %B Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series A 31 (2011) 1017-1021 %I American Institute of Mathematical Sciences %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5308 %1 5138 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-01-31T12:04:34Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %R 10.3934/dcds.2011.31.1017 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Partial Differential Equations 36 (2011) 777-796 %D 2011 %T An Estimate on the Flow Generated by Monotone Operators %A Stefano Bianchini %A Matteo Gloyer %B Communications in Partial Differential Equations 36 (2011) 777-796 %I Taylor & Francis %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3646 %1 658 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-06-10T13:06:54Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n29_2009M.pdf: 209332 bytes, checksum: b30a32046e7a3c3c30436e84c03dc6d3 (MD5) %R 10.1080/03605302.2010.534224 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Math. Anal. %D 2011 %T An Existence and Uniqueness Result for the Motion of Self-Propelled Microswimmers %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Antonio DeSimone %A Marco Morandotti %XWe present an analytical framework to study the motion of micro-swimmers in a viscous fluid. Our main result is that, under very mild regularity assumptions, the change of shape determines uniquely the motion of the swimmer. We assume that the Reynolds number is very small, so that the velocity field of the surrounding, infinite fluid is governed by the Stokes system and all inertial effects can be neglected. Moreover, we enforce the self propulsion constraint (no external forces and torques). Therefore, Newton\\\'s equations of motion reduce to the vanishing of the viscous drag force and torque acting on the body. By exploiting an integral representation of viscous force and torque, the equations of motion can be reduced to a system of six ordinary differential equations. Variational techniques are used to prove the boundedness and measurability of its coefficients, so that classical results on ordinary differential equations can be invoked to prove existence and uniqueness of the solution.

%B SIAM J. Math. Anal. %I Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics %V 43 %P 1345-1368 %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3894 %1 815 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-07-23T11:44:06Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nMorandotti_44M.pdf: 217358 bytes, checksum: 4c362016bb2220e7a97805254b7fb870 (MD5) %R 10.1137/10080083X %0 Journal Article %J Rend. Lincei Mat. Appl. 22 (2011) 387-408 %D 2011 %T Existence for wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Cristopher J. Larsen %K Wave equation %X In this paper we formulate and study scalar wave equations on domains with arbitrary growing cracks. This includes a zero Neumann condition on the crack sets, and the only assumptions on these sets are that they have bounded surface measure and are growing in the sense of set inclusion. In particular, they may be dense, so the weak formulations must fall outside of the usual weak formulations using Sobolev spaces. We study both damped and undamped equations, showing existence and, for the damped equation, uniqueness and energy conservation. %B Rend. Lincei Mat. Appl. 22 (2011) 387-408 %I European Mathematical Society %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4284 %1 4015 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-27T09:09:30Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nDM-Lar_32_M.pdf: 223891 bytes, checksum: 7c6c66b6d21936b33ed0c21574928e24 (MD5) %R 10.4171/RLM/606 %0 Journal Article %J Advances in Calculus of Variations., to appear. %D 2011 %T Fracture and plastic models as Gamma-limits of damage models under different regimes %A Flaviana Iurlano %XWe consider a variational model for damaged elastic materials. This model depends on three small parameters, which are related to the cost of the damage, to the width of the damaged regions, and to the minimum elasticity constant attained in the damaged regions. As these parameters tend to zero, our models Gamma-converge to a model for brittle fracture, for fracture with a cohesive zone, or for perfect plasticity, depending on the asymptotic ratios of the three parameters.

%B Advances in Calculus of Variations., to appear. %I Walter de Gruyter %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5069 %1 4883 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-11-15T11:55:02Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nIurlano_59M_2011.pdf: 387080 bytes, checksum: e5aab40ae643ec056bf0adc92bcaa7c8 (MD5) %R 10.1515/acv-2011-0011 %0 Journal Article %J Continuum. Mech. Therm. %D 2011 %T Gamma-convergence of energies for nematic elastomers in the small strain limit %A Virginia Agostiniani %A Antonio DeSimone %K Liquid crystals %XWe study two variational models recently proposed in the literature to describe the mechanical behaviour of nematic elastomers either in the fully nonlinear regime or in the framework of a geometrically linear theory. We show that, in the small strain limit, the energy functional of the first one I\\\"-converges to the relaxation of the second one, a functional for which an explicit representation formula is available.

%B Continuum. Mech. Therm. %I Springer %V 23 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4141 %1 3882 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-15T13:10:38Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nAgost_DeSim07M.pdf: 348761 bytes, checksum: b9b69eb7da7ca6962e4a46e904646a6b (MD5) %& 257 %R 10.1007/s00161-011-0180-2 %0 Journal Article %J J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), to appear %D 2011 %T Generalised functions of bounded deformation %A Gianni Dal Maso %K free discontinuity problems, special functions of bounded deformation, jump set, rec- tifiability, slicing, approximate differentiability %XWe introduce the space GBD of generalized functions of bounded deformation and study the structure properties of these functions: the rectifiability and the slicing properties of their jump sets, and the existence of their approximate symmetric gradients. We conclude by proving a compactness results for GBD, which leads to a compactness result for the space GSBD of generalized special functions of bounded deformation. The latter is connected to the existence of solutions to a weak formulation of some variational problems arising in fracture mechanics in the framework of linearized elasticity.

%B J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), to appear %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6374 %1 6309 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Gianni Dal Maso (dalmaso@sissa.it) on 2013-01-10T18:54:48Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nDM-11.pdf: 413971 bytes, checksum: eca2a953ba1b97755da281bca4e099e4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J JHEP, Volume 2011, Issue 7, 2011, Article number055 %D 2011 %T Generalized matrix models and AGT correspondence at all genera %A Giulio Bonelli %A Kazunobu Maruyoshi %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Futoshi Yagib %X We study generalized matrix models corresponding to n-point Virasoro\r\nconformal blocks on Riemann surfaces with arbitrary genus g. Upon AGT\r\ncorrespondence, these describe four dimensional N=2 SU(2)^{n+3g-3} gauge\r\ntheories with generalized quiver diagrams. We obtain the generalized matrix\r\nmodels from the perturbative evaluation of the Liouville correlation functions\r\nand verify the consistency of the description with respect to degenerations of\r\nthe Riemann surface. Moreover, we derive the Seiberg-Witten curve for the N=2\r\ngauge theory as the spectral curve of the generalized matrix model, thus\r\nproviding a check of AGT correspondence at all genera. %B JHEP, Volume 2011, Issue 7, 2011, Article number055 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6568 %1 6530 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Alessandro Tanzini (tanzini@sissa.it) on 2013-04-04T10:07:44Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\n1011.5417v2.pdf: 288213 bytes, checksum: 4ffb3884bb05de0280c0f8a0dc7847ab (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP07(2011)055 %0 Journal Article %D 2011 %T Generalized Ricci Curvature Bounds for Three Dimensional Contact Subriemannian manifolds %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Paul Lee %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6507 %1 6454 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-27T15:07:16Z\nNo. of bitstreams: 2\n0903.2550v3.pdf: 413981 bytes, checksum: 6f08d5002703670b5985e13d642ef755 (MD5)\n0903.2550v3.pdf: 413981 bytes, checksum: 6f08d5002703670b5985e13d642ef755 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of mathematics. vol. 273 (2011), page: 5-27 ; ISSN: 0081-5438 %D 2011 %T The geometry of Maximum Principle %A Andrei A. Agrachev %A Revaz Gamkrelidze %X An invariant formulation of the maximum principle in optimal control is presented, and some second-order invariants are discussed. %B Proceedings of the Steklov Institute of mathematics. vol. 273 (2011), page: 5-27 ; ISSN: 0081-5438 %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6456 %1 6401 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/05 ANALISI MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Andrei Agrachev (agrachev@sissa.it) on 2013-02-05T14:28:16Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %0 Journal Article %J Differential Geometry and its Applications 29 (2011) 147-153 %D 2011 %T Holomorphic Cartan geometry on manifolds with numerically effective tangent bundle %A Indranil Biswas %A Ugo Bruzzo %B Differential Geometry and its Applications 29 (2011) 147-153 %I Elsevier %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3830 %1 497 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-01-26T15:20:25Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nbiswas-bruzzo_2010.pdf: 181667 bytes, checksum: ac09c3a64c7a8642ae63e2b807f2da64 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.difgeo.2011.02.001 %0 Thesis %D 2011 %T Homology invariants of quadratic maps %A Antonio Lerario %X Given a real projective algebraic set X we could hope that the equations describing it can give some information on its topology, e.g. on the number of its connected components. Unfortunately in the general case this hope is too vague and there is no direct way to extract such information from the algebraic description of X: Even the problem to decide whether X is empty or not is far from an easy visualization and requires some complicated algebraic machinery. A fi rst step observation is that as long as we are interested only in the topology of X, we can replace, using some Veronese embedding, the original ambient space with a much bigger RPn and assume that X is cut by quadratic equations. The price for this is the increase of the number of equations de ning our set; the advantage is that quadratic polynomials are easier to handle and our hope becomes more concrete... %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6245 %1 6145 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2012-09-14T09:24:43Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nPhd_Thesis_Lerario_Antonio.pdf: 937331 bytes, checksum: f34eea56b610434e63b6f3dd1dded09c (MD5) %] 1 Basic theory. 2 Nondegeneracy conditions. 3 Spectral sequences. 4 Complex theory. 5 Applications and examples %0 Journal Article %J Matematische Annalen 349 (2011) 75-115 %D 2011 %T Infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifolds for 2 + 1 integrable systems %A Guido Carlet %A Boris Dubrovin %A Luca Philippe Mertens %X We introduce a structure of an infinite-dimensional Frobenius manifold on a subspace in the space of pairs of functions analytic inside/outside the unit circle with simple poles at 0/infinity respectively. The dispersionless 2D Toda equations are embedded into a bigger integrable hierarchy associated with this Frobenius manifold. %B Matematische Annalen 349 (2011) 75-115 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3584 %1 716 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-03-09T09:29:31Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n0902.1245.pdf: 343930 bytes, checksum: 421342a05bb8986c1bf542d6446f5792 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00208-010-0509-3 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %D 2011 %T Infinitely many positive solutions for a Schrödinger–Poisson system %A Pietro d’Avenia %A Alessio Pomponio %A Giusi Vaira %K Non-autonomous Schrödinger–Poisson system %K Perturbation method %XWe are interested in the existence of infinitely many positive solutions of the Schrödinger–Poisson system −Δu+u+V(|x|)ϕu=|u|p−1u,x∈R3,−Δϕ=V(|x|)u2,x∈R3, where V(|x|) is a positive bounded function, 1<p<5 and V(r

%B Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %V 74 %P 5705 - 5721 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X11003518 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2011.05.057 %0 Report %D 2011 %T Instantons on ALE spaces and Super Liouville Conformal Field Theories %A Giulio Bonelli %A Kazunobu Maruyoshi %A Alessandro Tanzini %X We provide evidence that the conformal blocks of N=1 super Liouville\\r\\nconformal field theory are described in terms of the SU(2) Nekrasov partition\\r\\nfunction on the ALE space O_{P^1}(-2). %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4262 %1 3987 %2 Physics %3 Elementary Particle Theory %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-26T14:31:56Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1106.2505v1.pdf: 137191 bytes, checksum: 721cf25d724b7aca87a3429a0119e201 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Convex Analysis 18 (2011) 1141-1170 %D 2011 %T An Integro-Extremization Approach for Non Coercive and Evolution Hamilton-Jacobi Equations %A Sandro Zagatti %X We devote the \\\\textit{integro-extremization} method to the study of the Dirichlet problem for homogeneous Hamilton-Jacobi equations \\\\begin{displaymath} \\\\begin{cases} F(Du)=0 & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{in} \\\\quad\\\\O\\\\cr u(x)=\\\\varphi(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad x\\\\in \\\\partial \\\\O, \\\\end{cases} \\\\end{displaymath} with a particular interest for non coercive hamiltonians $F$, and to the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for the corresponding homogeneous time-dependent equations \\\\begin{displaymath} \\\\begin{cases} \\\\frac{\\\\partial u}{\\\\partial t}+ F(\\\\nabla u)=0 & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{in} \\\\quad ]0,T[\\\\times \\\\O\\\\cr u(0,x)=\\\\eta(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad x\\\\in\\\\O \\\\cr u(t,x)=\\\\psi(x) & \\\\quad \\\\textrm{for} \\\\quad (t,x)\\\\in[0,T]\\\\times \\\\partial \\\\O. \\\\end{cases} \\\\end{displaymath} We prove existence and some qualitative results for viscosity and almost everywhere solutions, under suitably convexity conditions on the hamiltonian $F$, on the domain $\\\\O$ and on the boundary datum, without any growth assumptions on $F$. %B Journal of Convex Analysis 18 (2011) 1141-1170 %I Heldermann Verlag %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5538 %1 5375 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-02-23T14:37:59Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Differential Equations 250 (2011) 1788-1827 %D 2011 %T Invariant manifolds for a singular ordinary differential equation %A Stefano Bianchini %A Laura Spinolo %B Journal of Differential Equations 250 (2011) 1788-1827 %I Elsevier %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2554 %1 1565 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2008-01-15T10:35:53Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nSissa0408M.pdf: 296248 bytes, checksum: 7563bf5d03a78a0e2c2c606a9b609827 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.jde.2010.11.010 %0 Thesis %D 2011 %T Invariants, volumes and heat kernels in sub-Riemannian geometry %A Davide Barilari %K Sub-Riemannian geometry %X Sub-Riemannian geometry can be seen as a generalization of Riemannian geometry under non-holonomic constraints. From the theoretical point of view, sub-Riemannian geometry is the geometry underlying the theory of hypoelliptic operators (see [32, 57, 70, 92] and references therein) and many problems of geometric measure theory (see for instance [18, 79]). In applications it appears in the study of many mechanical problems (robotics, cars with trailers, etc.) and recently in modern elds of research such as mathematical models of human behaviour, quantum control or motion of self-propulsed micro-organism (see for instance [15, 29, 34])\\r\\nVery recently, it appeared in the eld of cognitive neuroscience to model the\\r\\nfunctional architecture of the area V1 of the primary visual cortex, as proposed by Petitot in [87, 86], and then by Citti and Sarti in [51]. In this context, the sub-Riemannian heat equation has been used as basis to new applications in image reconstruction (see [35]). %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6124 %1 6005 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2012-08-08T07:49:33Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nPhD_Thesis_Barilari.pdf: 924464 bytes, checksum: dd34c4627062993f1d72d4c7eff914e6 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Communication in Partial Differential Equations 36 (2011) 2062-2102 %D 2011 %T Large Time Existence for Thin Vibrating Plates %A Helmut Abels %A Maria Giovanna Mora %A Stefan Müller %X We construct strong solutions for a nonlinear wave equation for a thin vibrating plate described by nonlinear elastodynamics. For sufficiently small thickness we obtain existence of strong solutions for large\\r\\ntimes under appropriate scaling of the initial values such that the limit system as h --> 0 is either the nonlinear von Karman plate equation or the linear fourth order Germain-Lagrange equation. In the case of the\\r\\nlinear Germain-Lagrange equation we even obtain a convergence rate of the three-dimensional solution to the solution of the two-dimensional linear plate equation. %B Communication in Partial Differential Equations 36 (2011) 2062-2102 %I Taylor & Francis %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3755 %1 562 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-09-15T09:12:35Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nLongTimeExistence.pdf: 331066 bytes, checksum: eba3dcbc86ddcd7b92e10fddca5964c4 (MD5) %R 10.1080/03605302.2011.618209 %0 Journal Article %J Functional Analysis and Its Applications. Volume 45, Issue 4, December 2011, Pages 278-290 %D 2011 %T Linearly degenerate Hamiltonian PDEs and a new class of solutions to the WDVV associativity equations %A Boris Dubrovin %A M.V. Pavlov %A Sergei A. Zykov %K Frobenius manifold %X We define a new class of solutions to the WDVV associativity equations. This class is determined by the property that one of the commuting PDEs associated with such a WDVV solution is linearly degenerate. We reduce the problem of classifying such solutions of the WDVV equations to the particular case of the so-called algebraic Riccati equation and, in this way, arrive at a complete classification of irreducible solutions. %B Functional Analysis and Its Applications. Volume 45, Issue 4, December 2011, Pages 278-290 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/6430 %1 6367 %2 Mathematics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2013-01-29T11:15:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 dubrovin_linearly.pdf: 298813 bytes, checksum: 568feaa543b4082cc8e8fab4643dce71 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10688-011-0030-9 %0 Journal Article %J JHEP 09(2011)096 %D 2011 %T The Liouville side of the vortex %A Giulio Bonelli %A Alessandro Tanzini %A Jian Zhao %X We analyze conformal blocks with multiple (semi-)degenerate field insertions in Liouville/Toda conformal field theories an show that their vector space is fully reproduced by the four-dimensional limit of open topological string amplitudes on the strip with generic boundary conditions associated to a suitable quiver gauge theory. As a byproduct we identify the non-abelian vortex partition function with a specific fusion channel of degenerate conformal blocks. %B JHEP 09(2011)096 %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4304 %1 4019 %2 Physics %3 Elementary Particle Theory %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-27T09:53:04Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\n1107.2787v1.pdf: 990433 bytes, checksum: 1dc28192f585097bc1e32987afd97aa7 (MD5) %R 10.1007/JHEP09(2011)096 %0 Journal Article %J Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis 200 (2011) 1023-1050 %D 2011 %T The matching property of infinitesimal isometries on elliptic surfaces and elasticity on thin shells %A Marta Lewicka %A Maria Giovanna Mora %A Mohammad Reza Pakzad %X Using the notion of Γ-convergence, we discuss the limiting behavior of the three-dimensional nonlinear elastic energy for thin elliptic shells, as their thickness h converges to zero, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like h β with 2 < β < 4. We establish that, for the given scaling regime, the limiting theory reduces to linear pure bending. Two major ingredients of the proofs are the density of smooth infinitesimal isometries in the space of W 2,2 first order infinitesimal isometries, and a result on matching smooth infinitesimal isometries with exact isometric immersions on smooth elliptic surfaces. %B Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis 200 (2011) 1023-1050 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3392 %1 940 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2008-12-05T19:03:58Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nlemopa_convex4.pdf: 284015 bytes, checksum: 201392cdf06b00dfe1026dba836582b8 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00205-010-0387-6 %0 Journal Article %J Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics %D 2011 %T Metastable equilibria of capillary drops on solid surfaces: a phase field approach %A Livio Fedeli %A Turco, Alessandro %A Antonio DeSimone %XWe discuss a phase field model for the numerical simulation of metastable equilibria of capillary drops resting on rough solid surfaces and for the description of contact angle hysteresis phenomena in wetting. The model is able to reproduce observed transitions of drops on micropillars from Cassie–Baxter to Wenzel states. When supplemented with a dissipation potential which describes energy losses due to frictional forces resisting the motion of the contact line, the model can describe metastable states such as drops in equilibrium on vertical glass plates. The reliability of the model is assessed by a detailed comparison of its predictions with experimental data on the maximal size of water drops that can stick on vertical glass plates which have undergone different surface treatments.

%B Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics %V 23 %P 453–471 %8 Sep %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s00161-011-0189-6 %R 10.1007/s00161-011-0189-6 %0 Journal Article %J {MATHEMATICAL MODELS & METHODS IN APPLIED SCIENCES} %D 2011 %T A MODEL FOR CRACK PROPAGATION BASED ON VISCOUS APPROXIMATION %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %A Rodica Toader %K Brittle fracture %K Crack propagation %K energy derivative %K energy release rate %K free-discontinuity problems %K Griffith's criterion %K local minimizers %K stress intensity factor} %K vanishing viscosity %K {Variational models %X{In the setting of antiplane linearized elasticity, we show the existence of quasistatic evolutions of cracks in brittle materials by using a vanishing viscosity approach, thus taking into account local minimization. The main feature of our model is that the path followed by the crack need not be prescribed a priori: indeed, it is found as the limit (in the sense of Hausdorff convergence) of curves obtained by an incremental procedure. The result is based on a continuity property for the energy release rate in a suitable class of admissible cracks.}

%B {MATHEMATICAL MODELS & METHODS IN APPLIED SCIENCES} %I {WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD} %C {5 TOH TUCK LINK, SINGAPORE 596224, SINGAPORE} %V {21} %P {2019-2047} %8 {OCT} %G eng %9 {Article} %R {10.1142/S0218202511005647} %0 Journal Article %J Doc. Math. 16 (2011) 399-410 %D 2011 %T Moduli of framed sheaves on projective surfaces %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Dimitri Markushevich %X We show that there exists a fine moduli space for torsion-free sheaves on a\\r\\nprojective surface, which have a \\\"good framing\\\" on a big and nef divisor. This\\r\\nmoduli space is a quasi-projective scheme. This is accomplished by showing that such framed sheaves may be considered as stable pairs in the sense of\\r\\nHuybrechts and Lehn. We characterize the obstruction to the smoothness of the moduli space, and discuss some examples on rational surfaces. %B Doc. Math. 16 (2011) 399-410 %I Documenta Mathematica %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5126 %1 4942 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2011-11-28T15:59:58Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n0906.1436v2.pdf: 285229 bytes, checksum: 6451a4aeb6a764184842f8515fec4930 (MD5) %0 Conference Paper %B Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Applications %D 2011 %T The Monge Problem in Geodesic Spaces %A Stefano Bianchini %A Fabio Cavalletti %E Alberto Bressan %E Chen, Gui-Qiang G. %E Marta Lewicka %E Wang, Dehua %XWe address the Monge problem in metric spaces with a geodesic distance: (X, d) is a Polish non branching geodesic space. We show that we can reduce the transport problem to 1-dimensional transport problems along geodesics. We introduce an assumption on the transport problem π which implies that the conditional probabilities of the first marginal on each geodesic are continuous. It is known that this regularity is sufficient for the construction of an optimal transport map.

%B Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Applications %I Springer US %C Boston, MA %P 217–233 %@ 978-1-4419-9554-4 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Sports Engineering %D 2011 %T Multi-physics modelling and sensitivity analysis of olympic rowing boat dynamics %A Andrea Mola %A Mehdi Ghommem %A Muhammad R. Hajj %B Sports Engineering %I Springer Nature %V 14 %P 85–94 %8 nov %G eng %U https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-011-0075-2 %R 10.1007/s12283-011-0075-2 %0 Journal Article %J Boll. Unione Mat. Ital.(9) %D 2011 %T Multiplicity of solutions for a mean field equation on compact surfaces %A Francesca De Marchis %XWe consider a scalar field equation on compact surfaces which has variational structure. When the surface is a torus and a physical parameter ρ belongs to $(8\pi, 4\pi^2 )$ we show under some extra assumptions that, as conjectured in [9], the functional admits at least three saddle points other than a local minimum.

%B Boll. Unione Mat. Ital.(9) %V 4 %P 245–257 %G eng %0 Journal Article %J Geometric and Functional Analysis 21 (2011) 1196-1217 %D 2011 %T New improved Moser-Trudinger inequalities and singular Liouville equations on compact surfaces %A Andrea Malchiodi %A David Ruiz %X We consider a singular Liouville equation on a compact surface, arising from the study of Chern-Simons vortices in a self dual regime. Using new improved versions of the Moser-Trudinger inequalities (whose main feature is to be scaling invariant) and a variational scheme, we prove new existence results. %B Geometric and Functional Analysis 21 (2011) 1196-1217 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4099 %1 305 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-11-10T10:27:54Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nMalchiodi-Ruiz-74M.pdf: 192985 bytes, checksum: 61acb10ab3cde055824228920d16987a (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00039-011-0134-7 %0 Journal Article %J Advanced Nonlinear Studies %D 2011 %T Nonlinear resonance: a comparison between Landesman-Lazer and Ahmad-Lazer-Paul conditions %A Alessandro Fonda %A Maurizio Garrione %XWe show that the Ahmad-Lazer-Paul condition for resonant problems is more general than the Landesman-Lazer one, discussing some relations with other existence conditions, as well. As a consequence, such a relation holds, for example, when considering resonant boundary value problems associated with linear elliptic operators, the p-Laplacian and, in the scalar case, with an asymmetric oscillator.

%B Advanced Nonlinear Studies %I Advanced Nonlinear Studies, Inc. %V 11 %P 391–404 %G eng %R 10.1515/ans-2011-0209 %0 Report %D 2011 %T Nonlinear thin-walled beams with a rectangular cross-section - Part II %A Lorenzo Freddi %A Maria Giovanna Mora %A Roberto Paroni %K Thin-walled cross-section beams %X In this paper we report the second part of our results concerning the rigorous derivation of a hierarchy of one-dimensional models for thin-walled beams with rectangular cross-section.. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4169 %1 3891 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-20T13:52:25Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\nFreddi_Mora_14_M.pdf: 427788 bytes, checksum: e3682dceada2647cc7dee99102979180 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Duke Mathematical Journal %D 2011 %T Nonlinear wave and Schrödinger equations on compact Lie groups and homogeneous spaces %A Massimiliano Berti %A Michela Procesi %X We develop linear and nonlinear harmonic analysis on compact Lie groups and homogeneous spaces relevant for the theory of evolutionary Hamiltonian PDEs. A basic tool is the theory of the highest weight for irreducible representations of compact Lie groups. This theory provides an accurate description of the eigenvalues of the Laplace-Beltrami operator as well as the multiplication rules of its eigenfunctions. As an application, we prove the existence of Cantor families of small amplitude time-periodic solutions for wave and Schr¨odinger equations with differentiable nonlinearities. We apply an abstract Nash-Moser implicit function theorem to overcome the small divisors problem produced by the degenerate eigenvalues of the Laplace operator. We provide a new algebraic framework to prove the key tame estimates for the inverse linearized operators on Banach scales of Sobolev functions. %B Duke Mathematical Journal %V 159 %8 2011 %G eng %N 3 %& 479 %R 10.1215/00127094-1433403 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %D 2011 %T A note on a superlinear indefinite Neumann problem with multiple positive solutions %A Alberto Boscaggin %K Indefinite weight %K Nonlinear boundary value problems %K positive solutions %K Shooting method %XWe prove the existence of three positive solutions for the Neumann problem associated to u″+a(t)uγ+1=0, assuming that a(t) has two positive humps and ∫0Ta−(t)dt is large enough. Actually, the result holds true for a more general class of superlinear nonlinearities.

%B Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications %V 377 %P 259 - 268 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X10008796 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2010.10.042 %0 Journal Article %J J. Phys. A 44 (2011) 315302 %D 2011 %T On the number of eigenvalues of a model operator related to a system of three particles on lattices %A Gianfausto Dell'Antonio %A Zahriddin I. Muminov %A Y.M. Shermatova %B J. Phys. A 44 (2011) 315302 %I IOP Publishing %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5496 %1 5340 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-02-16T07:58:53Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 0 %] We consider a quantum mechanical system on a lattice \\\\mathbb {Z}^3 in which three particles, two of them being identical, interact through a zero-range potential. We admit a very general form for the \\\'kinetic\\\' part H0γ of the Hamiltonian, which contains a parameter γ to distinguish the two identical particles from the third one (in the continuum case this parameter would be the inverse of the mass). We prove that there is a value γ* of the parameter such that only for γ < γ* the Efimov effect (infinite number of bound states if the two-body interactions have a resonance) is absent for the sector of the Hilbert space which contains functions which are antisymmetric with respect to the two identical particles, while it is present for all values of γ on the symmetric sector. We comment briefly on the relation of this result with previous investigations on the Thomas effect. We also establish the following asymptotics for the number N(z) of eigenvalues z below Emin, the lower limit of the essential spectrum of H0. In the symmetric subspace \\\\lim _{z \\\\rightarrow E_{\\\\rm min}^- } { N^s(z) \\\\over | \\\\log | E_{\\\\rm min} -z| | } = \\\\mathcal {U}_0^s (\\\\gamma ), \\\\quad \\\\forall\\\\ \\\\gamma, whereas in the antisymmetric subspace \\\\lim _{z \\\\rightarrow E_{\\\\rm min}^- } { N^{as}(z) \\\\over | \\\\log | E_{\\\\rm min} -z| | } = \\\\mathcal {U}_0^{as} (\\\\gamma ), \\\\quad \\\\forall\\\\ \\\\gamma \\\\gt \\\\gamma ^*, where \\\\mathcal {U}_0^{ as } (\\\\gamma ), \\\\mathcal {U}_0^s (\\\\gamma ) are written explicitly as a function of the integral kernel of operators acting on L^2((0,r) \\\\times (L^2 (\\\\mathbb {S}^2) \\\\otimes L^2 (\\\\mathbb {S}^2)) (\\\\mathbb {S}^2 is the unit sphere in \\\\mathbb {R}^3). %R 10.1088/1751-8113/44/31/315302 %0 Journal Article %J Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences 21 (2011) 361-387 %D 2011 %T Numerical Strategies for Stroke Optimization of Axisymmetric Microswimmers %A François Alouges %A Antonio DeSimone %A Luca Heltai %K Optimal swimming %X We propose a computational method to solve optimal swimming problems, based on the boundary integral formulation of the hydrodynamic interaction between swimmer and surrounding fluid and direct constrained minimization of the energy consumed by the swimmer. We apply our method to axisymmetric model examples. We consider a classical model swimmer (the three-sphere swimmer of Golestanian et al.) as well as a novel axisymmetric swimmer inspired by the observation of biological micro-organisms. %B Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences 21 (2011) 361-387 %I World Scientific %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3657 %1 648 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-06-23T17:30:51Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nSissa33_2009M.pdf: 708341 bytes, checksum: 6134bd52f083488620fb5bb24bcf9b93 (MD5) %R 10.1142/S0218202511005088 %0 Journal Article %J SIAM J. Appl. Math. 71 (2011) 983-1008 %D 2011 %T Numerical Study of breakup in generalized Korteweg-de Vries and Kawahara equations %A Boris Dubrovin %A Tamara Grava %A Christian Klein %X This article is concerned with a conjecture in [B. Dubrovin, Comm. Math. Phys., 267 (2006), pp. 117–139] on the formation of dispersive shocks in a class of Hamiltonian dispersive regularizations of the quasi-linear transport equation. The regularizations are characterized by two arbitrary functions of one variable, where the condition of integrability implies that one of these functions must not vanish. It is shown numerically for a large class of equations that the local behavior of their solution near the point of gradient catastrophe for the transport equation is described by a special solution of a Painlevé-type equation. This local description holds also for solutions to equations where blowup can occur in finite time. Furthermore, it is shown that a solution of the dispersive equations away from the point of gradient catastrophe is approximated by a solution of the transport equation with the same initial data, modulo terms of order $\\\\epsilon^2$, where $\\\\epsilon^2$ is the small dispersion parameter. Corrections up to order $\\\\epsilon^4$ are obtained and tested numerically. %B SIAM J. Appl. Math. 71 (2011) 983-1008 %I SIAM %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4951 %1 4732 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2011-10-27T12:18:45Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1101.0268v1.pdf: 522533 bytes, checksum: d9e2df220724f918ec3b888cef3593d4 (MD5) %R 10.1137/100819783 %0 Journal Article %J Rendiconti Lincei - Matematica e Applicazioni 22 (2011) 3-15 %D 2011 %T Osservazioni sui teoremi di inversione globale %A Antonio Ambrosetti %X Some global inversion theorems with applications to semilinear elliptic equation are discussed. %B Rendiconti Lincei - Matematica e Applicazioni 22 (2011) 3-15 %I European Mathematical Society %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4068 %1 334 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-09-20T10:54:19Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nAmbrosetti_64M_2010.pdf: 208213 bytes, checksum: 21e1562f4cbcd9ceb8c1b8c8afe9e442 (MD5) %R 10.4171/RLM/584 %0 Report %D 2011 %T A planar bi-Lipschitz extension Theorem %A Sara Daneri %A Aldo Pratelli %G eng %U http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.6124 %0 Journal Article %J Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 139 (2011) 4445-4459 %D 2011 %T Planar loops with prescribed curvature: existence, multiplicity and uniqueness results %A Roberta Musina %K Plane curves %B Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 139 (2011) 4445-4459 %I American Mathematical Society %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3842 %1 867 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-02-08T14:32:58Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nMusina_loops.pdf: 273296 bytes, checksum: f8e3d605bca8421d5c606f9e490c911b (MD5) %R 10.1090/S0002-9939-2011-10915-8 %0 Journal Article %J Physics Letters A 375 (2011) 3496-3498 %D 2011 %T Poincaré covariance and κ-Minkowski spacetime %A Ludwik Dabrowski %A Gherardo Piacitelli %X A fully Poincaré covariant model is constructed out of the k-Minkowski spacetime. Covariance is implemented by a unitary representation of the Poincaré group, and thus complies with the original Wigner approach to quantum symmetries. This provides yet another example (besides the DFR model), where Poincaré covariance is realised á la Wigner in the presence of two characteristic dimensionful parameters: the light speed and the Planck length. In other words, a Doubly Special Relativity (DSR) framework may well be realised without deforming the meaning of \\\"Poincaré covariance\\\". %B Physics Letters A 375 (2011) 3496-3498 %I Elsevier %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3893 %1 816 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-07-23T11:27:21Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\npiacitelli_43FM.pdf: 292672 bytes, checksum: 3aaa83de9dbf151351756897dbbcda09 (MD5) %R 10.1016/j.physleta.2011.08.011 %0 Journal Article %J Communications in Mathematical Physics 304 (2011) 395-409 %D 2011 %T Poincaré polynomial of moduli spaces of framed sheaves on (stacky) Hirzebruch surfaces %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Rubik Poghossian %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe perform a study of the moduli space of framed torsion-free sheaves on Hirzebruch surfaces by using localization techniques. We discuss some general properties of this moduli space by studying it in the framework of Huybrechts-Lehn theory of framed modules. We classify the fixed points under a toric action on the moduli space, and use this to compute the Poincare polynomial of the latter. This will imply that the moduli spaces we are considering are irreducible. We also consider fractional first Chern classes, which means that we are extending our computation to a stacky deformation of a Hirzebruch surface. From the physical viewpoint, our results provide the partition function of N=4 Vafa-Witten theory on total spaces of line bundles on P1, which is relevant in black hole entropy counting problems according to a conjecture due to Ooguri, Strominger and Vafa.

%B Communications in Mathematical Physics 304 (2011) 395-409 %I Springer %V 304 %P 395-409 %8 06/2011 %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3738 %N 2 %1 579 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-09-09T09:26:43Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nBPT-8.pdf: 250954 bytes, checksum: 984c30f0144339468a97f54d6b22ce05 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-011-1231-z %0 Journal Article %J International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics 8 (2011) 1833-1848 %D 2011 %T Product of real spectral triples %A Ludwik Dabrowski %A Giacomo Dossena %X We construct the product of real spectral triples of arbitrary finite dimension (and arbitrary parity) taking into account the fact that in the even case there are two possible real structures, in the odd case there are two inequivalent representations of the gamma matrices (Clifford algebra), and in the even-even case there are two natural candidates for the Dirac operator of the product triple. %B International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics 8 (2011) 1833-1848 %I World Scientific %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5510 %1 5345 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2012-02-16T16:08:08Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1011.4456v1.pdf: 279 bytes, checksum: 44d0388a861dfb41e598ee6d79dc9d01 (MD5) %R 10.1142/S021988781100597X %0 Journal Article %J Mathematische Zeitschrift 268 (2011) 371-407 %D 2011 %T A proof of Sudakov theorem with strictly convex norms %A Laura Caravenna %X We establish a solution to the Monge problem in Rn, with an asymmetric, strictly convex norm cost function, when the initial measure is absolutely continuous. We focus on the strategy, based on disintegration of measures, initially proposed by Sudakov. As known, there is a gap to fill. The missing step is completed when the unit ball is strictly convex, but not necessarily differentiable nor uniformly convex. The key disintegration is achieved following a similar proof for a variational problem. %B Mathematische Zeitschrift 268 (2011) 371-407 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2967 %1 1733 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2008-09-24T10:14:57Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nsudStrConv.pdf: 432852 bytes, checksum: 0c4df310f125711293cef790005abc33 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00209-010-0677-6 %0 Report %D 2011 %T Q-factorial Laurent rings %A Ugo Bruzzo %A Antonella Grassi %X Dolgachev proved that, for any field k, the ring naturally associated to a\\r\\ngeneric Laurent polynomial in d variables, $d \\\\geq 4$, is factorial. We prove a\\r\\nsufficient condition for the ring associated to a very general complex Laurent\\r\\npolynomial in d=3 variables to be Q-factorial. %I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4183 %1 3907 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-22T10:50:24Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1108.4116v1.pdf: 105862 bytes, checksum: e65647872af8c9b70f2fe8466f37669a (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Commun. Math. Phys. 308 (2011) 567-589 %D 2011 %T Quantum Geometry on Quantum Spacetime: Distance, Area and Volume Operators %A Dorothea Bahns %A Sergio Doplicher %A Klaus Fredenhagen %A Gherardo Piacitelli %X We develop the first steps towards an analysis of geometry on the quantum\\r\\nspacetime proposed in Doplicher et al. (Commun Math Phys 172:187–220, 1995). The homogeneous elements of the universal differential algebra are naturally identified with operators living in tensor powers of Quantum Spacetime; this allows us to compute their spectra. In particular, we consider operators that can be interpreted as distances, areas, 3- and 4-volumes. The Minkowski distance operator between two independent events is shown to have pure Lebesgue spectrum with infinite multiplicity. The Euclidean distance operator is shown to have spectrum bounded below by a constant of the order of the Planck length. The corresponding statement is proved also for both the space-space and space-time area operators, as well as for the Euclidean length of the vector representing the 3-volume operators. However, the space 3-volume operator (the time component of that vector) is shown to have spectrum equal to the whole complex plane. All these operators are normal, while the distance operators are also selfadjoint. The Lorentz invariant spacetime volume operator, representing the 4- volume spanned by five\\r\\nindependent events, is shown to be normal. Its spectrum is pure point with a\\r\\nfinite distance (of the order of the fourth power of the Planck length) away\\r\\nfrom the origin. The mathematical formalism apt to these problems is developed and its relation to a general formulation of Gauge Theories on Quantum Spaces is outlined. As a byproduct, a Hodge Duality between the absolute differential and the Hochschild boundary is pointed out. %B Commun. Math. Phys. 308 (2011) 567-589 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/5203 %1 5025 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2011-12-16T08:24:01Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1005.2130v1.pdf: 270027 bytes, checksum: d12021458a91ccdbfdaf8adfbb2ec89d (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-011-1358-y %0 Report %D 2011 %T Quantum Hitchin Systems via beta-deformed Matrix Models %A Giulio Bonelli %A Kazunobu Maruyoshi %A Alessandro Tanzini %XWe study the quantization of Hitchin systems in terms of beta-deformations of generalized matrix models related to conformal blocks of Liouville theory on punctured Riemann surfaces. We show that in a suitable limit, corresponding to the Nekrasov-Shatashvili one, the loop equations of the matrix model reproduce the Hamiltonians of the quantum Hitchin system on the sphere and the torus with marked points. The eigenvalues of these Hamiltonians are shown to be the epsilon1-deformation of the chiral observables of the corresponding N=2 four ndimensional gauge theory. Moreover, we find the exact wave-functions in terms of the matrix model representation of the conformal blocks with degenerate field insertions.

%I SISSA %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4181 %1 3904 %2 Physics %3 Elementary Particle Theory %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Maria Pia Calandra (calapia@sissa.it) on 2011-09-22T10:22:35Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1104.4016v2.pdf: 317021 bytes, checksum: 92bcb534e0e6fdeb2e5c51517f28d510 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J Commun. Math. Phys. 307:101-131, 2011 %D 2011 %T Quantum Isometries of the finite noncommutative geometry of the Standard Model %A Jyotishman Bhowmick %A Francesco D'Andrea %A Ludwik Dabrowski %X We compute the quantum isometry group of the finite noncommutative geometry F describing the internal degrees of freedom in the Standard Model of particle physics. We show that this provides genuine quantum symmetries of the spectral triple corresponding to M x F where M is a compact spin manifold. We also prove that the bosonic and fermionic part of the spectral action are preserved by these symmetries. %B Commun. Math. Phys. 307:101-131, 2011 %I Springer %G en %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4906 %1 4688 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %4 -1 %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2011-10-25T07:42:04Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n1009.2850v3.pdf: 383426 bytes, checksum: 9d28d3070f7e7c39ec9486f40fd4f13b (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00220-011-1301-2 %0 Journal Article %J Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 59 (2011) 787-803 %D 2011 %T Quasiconvex envelopes of energies for nematic elastomers in the small strain regime and applications %A Pierluigi Cesana %A Antonio DeSimone %X We provide some explicit formulas for the quasiconvex envelope of energy densities for nematic elastomers in the small strain regime and plane strain conditions. We then demonstrate their use as a powerful tool for the interpretation of mechanical experiments. %B Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 59 (2011) 787-803 %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/4065 %1 337 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2010-09-15T10:43:52Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nCesana_DeSimone_62M.pdf: 1146834 bytes, checksum: 514b1b282763c0351f234702f96e73f4 (MD5) %0 Journal Article %J ESAIM: COCV 17 (2011) 1-27 %D 2011 %T Quasistatic crack evolution for a cohesive zone model with different response to loading and unloading: a Young measures approach %A Filippo Cagnetti %A Rodica Toader %X A new approach to irreversible quasistatic fracture growth is given, by means of Young measures. The study concerns a cohesive zone model with prescribed crack path, when the material gives different responses to loading and unloading phases. In the particular situation of constant unloading response, the result contained in [6] is recovered. In this case, the convergence of the discrete time approximations is improved. %B ESAIM: COCV 17 (2011) 1-27 %I Cambridge University Press / EDP Sciences %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2355 %1 1662 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2007-11-07T13:38:16Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nQuasCrack.pdf: 298737 bytes, checksum: 127034af65efce0ab97317eccb47e76c (MD5) %R 10.1051/cocv/2009037 %0 Journal Article %J {ANNALI DI MATEMATICA PURA ED APPLICATA} %D 2011 %T Quasistatic crack growth in finite elasticity with Lipschitz data %A Giuliano Lazzaroni %K Brittle fracture %K Crack propagation %K Energy minimization %K Finite elasticity %K free-discontinuity problems %K Griffith's criterion %K Non-interpenetration} %K Polyconvexity %K Quasistatic evolution %K Rate-independent processes %K {Variational models %X{We extend the recent existence result of Dal Maso and Lazzaroni (Ann Inst H Poincare Anal Non Lineaire 27:257-290, 2010) for quasistatic evolutions of cracks in finite elasticity, allowing for boundary conditions and external forces with discontinuous first derivatives.}

%B {ANNALI DI MATEMATICA PURA ED APPLICATA} %I {SPRINGER HEIDELBERG} %C {TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY} %V {190} %P {165-194} %8 {JAN} %G eng %9 {Article} %R {10.1007/s10231-010-0145-2} %0 Journal Article %J Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations 40 (2011) 125-181 %D 2011 %T Quasistatic evolution for Cam-Clay plasticity: a weak formulation via viscoplastic regularization and time rescaling %A Gianni Dal Maso %A Antonio DeSimone %A Francesco Solombrino %K Cam-Clay plasticity %XCam-Clay nonassociative plasticity exhibits both hardening and softening behaviour, depending on the loading. For many initial data the classical formulation of the quasistatic evolution problem has no smooth solution. We propose here a notion of generalized solution, based on a viscoplastic approximation. To study the limit of the viscoplastic evolutions we rescale time, in such a way that the plastic strain is uniformly Lipschitz with respect to the rescaled time. The limit of these rescaled solutions, as the viscosity parameter tends to zero, is characterized through an energy-dissipation balance, that can be written in a natural way using the rescaled time. As shown in [4] and [6], the proposed solution may be discontinuous with respect to the original time. Our formulation allows to compute the amount of viscous dissipation occurring instantaneously at each discontinuity time.

%B Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations 40 (2011) 125-181 %I Springer %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3670 %1 635 %2 Mathematics %3 Functional Analysis and Applications %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-07-20T08:26:03Z\\r\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\r\\nDM-DeS-Sol-36_2009_preprint.pdf: 421582 bytes, checksum: 011806364200378d6deec80b88978550 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s00526-010-0336-0 %0 Journal Article %J Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 202 (2011) 295-34