We give a geometrical set up for the semiclassical approximation to euclidean field theories having families of minima (instantons) parametrized by suitable moduli spaces ${\mathcal{M}}$. The standard examples are of course Yang-Mills theory and non-linear $\sigma$-models. The relevant space here is a family of measure spaces $\tilde{\mathcal{N}} \rightarrow \mathcal{M}$, with standard fibre a distribution space, given by a suitable extension of the normal bundle to $\mathcal{M}$ in the space of smooth fields. Over $\tilde{\mathcal{N}}$ there is a probability measure $d\mu$ given by the twisted product of the (normalized) volume element on $\mathcal{M}$ and the family of gaussian measures with covariance given by the tree propagator $C_\phi$ in the background of an instanton $\phi \in \mathcal{M}$. The space of "observables", i.e. measurable functions on ($\tilde{\mathcal{N}},\, d\mu$), is studied and it is shown to contain a topological sector, corresponding to the intersection theory on $\mathcal{M}$. The expectation value of these topological "observables" does not depend on the covariance; it is therefore exact at all orders in perturbation theory and can moreover be computed in the topological regime by setting the covariance to zero.

%B Phys. Lett. B 297 (1992) 82-88 %I Elsevier %G en_US %U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/3541 %1 1160 %2 Mathematics %3 Mathematical Physics %$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2009-02-24T09:45:37Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n9209096v1.pdf: 142343 bytes, checksum: 14465c321b35b3996ff40101c331960b (MD5) %R 10.1016/0370-2693(92)91073-I