We investigate the asymptotic decrease of the Wannier functions for the valence and conduction band of graphene, both in the monolayer and the multilayer case. Since the decrease of the Wannier functions is characterised by the structure of the Bloch eigenspaces around the Dirac points, we introduce a geometric invariant of the family of eigenspaces, baptised eigenspace vorticity. We compare it with the pseudospin winding number. For every value n∈Z of the eigenspace vorticity, we exhibit a canonical model for the local topology of the eigenspaces. With the help of these canonical models, we show that the single band Wannier function w satisfies |w(x)|≤const |x|^{−2} as |x|→∞, both in monolayer and bilayer graphene.

%B J. Stat. Phys 155 (2014) 1027-1071 %I Journal of Statistical Physics %G en %1 7368 %2 Mathematics %4 1 %# MAT/07 FISICA MATEMATICA %$ Submitted by Domenico Monaco (dmonaco@sissa.it) on 2014-05-25T14:32:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WannierGraphene_arXiv_v3.pdf: 618532 bytes, checksum: 975235799a61f551f3c4889727353676 (MD5) %R 10.1007/s10955-014-0918-x