%0 Journal Article
%J Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 183 (2007) 163-185
%D 2007
%T Asymptotic variational wave equations
%A Alberto Bressan
%A Zhang Ping
%A Zheng Yuxi
%X We investigate the equation $(u_t + (f(u))_x)_x = f\\\'\\\'(u) (u_x)^2/2$ where $f(u)$ is a given smooth function. Typically $f(u)= u^2/2$ or $u^3/3$. This equation models unidirectional and weakly nonlinear waves for the variational wave equation $u_{tt} - c(u) (c(u)u_x)_x =0$ which models some liquid crystals with a natural sinusoidal $c$. The equation itself is also the Euler-Lagrange equation of a variational problem. Two natural classes of solutions can be associated with this equation. A conservative solution will preserve its energy in time, while a dissipative weak solution loses energy at the time when singularities appear. Conservative solutions are globally defined, forward and backward in time, and preserve interesting geometric features, such as the Hamiltonian structure. On the other hand, dissipative solutions appear to be more natural from the physical point of view.\\nWe establish the well-posedness of the Cauchy problem within the class of conservative solutions, for initial data having finite energy and assuming that the flux function $f$ has Lipschitz continuous second-order derivative. In the case where $f$ is convex, the Cauchy problem is well-posed also within the class of dissipative solutions. However, when $f$ is not convex, we show that the dissipative solutions do not depend continuously on the initial data.
%B Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 183 (2007) 163-185
%G en_US
%U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2182
%1 2062
%2 Mathematics
%3 Functional Analysis and Applications
%$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2007-10-05T07:08:27Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n0502124v1.pdf: 205978 bytes, checksum: a1efb4667d7315509947b4d7a4999bd1 (MD5)
%R 10.1007/s00205-006-0014-8
%0 Journal Article
%J Comm. Math. Phys. 266 (2006) 471-497
%D 2006
%T Conservative Solutions to a Nonlinear Variational Wave Equation
%A Alberto Bressan
%A Zheng Yuxi
%X We establish the existence of a conservative weak solution to the Cauchy problem for the nonlinear variational wave equation $u_{tt} - c(u)(c(u)u_x)_x=0$, for initial data of finite energy. Here $c(\\\\cdot)$ is any smooth function with uniformly positive bounded values.
%B Comm. Math. Phys. 266 (2006) 471-497
%G en_US
%U http://hdl.handle.net/1963/2184
%1 2060
%2 Mathematics
%3 Functional Analysis and Applications
%$ Submitted by Andrea Wehrenfennig (andreaw@sissa.it) on 2007-10-05T08:06:00Z\\nNo. of bitstreams: 1\\n0502058v1.pdf: 265359 bytes, checksum: 77983b4834210b17aa4c758dbf189d4a (MD5)
%R 10.1007/s00220-006-0047-8