We provide a geometric assumption which unifies and generalizes the conditions proposed in [11], [12], so to obtain a higher dimensional version of the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point Theorem for Poincaré maps of Hamiltonian systems.

%B Journal of Differential Equations %V 262 %P 1064 - 1084 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022039616303278 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2016.10.002 %0 Journal Article %J Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %D 2011 %T Resonance and rotation numbers for planar Hamiltonian systems: Multiplicity results via the Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem %A Alberto Boscaggin %A Maurizio Garrione %K Multiple periodic solutions %K Poincaré–Birkhoff theorem %K Resonance %K Rotation number %XIn the general setting of a planar first order system (0.1)u′=G(t,u),u∈R2, with G:[0,T]×R2→R2, we study the relationships between some classical nonresonance conditions (including the Landesman–Lazer one) — at infinity and, in the unforced case, i.e. G(t,0)≡0, at zero — and the rotation numbers of “large” and “small” solutions of (0.1), respectively. Such estimates are then used to establish, via the Poincaré–Birkhoff fixed point theorem, new multiplicity results for T-periodic solutions of unforced planar Hamiltonian systems Ju′=∇uH(t,u) and unforced undamped scalar second order equations x″+g(t,x)=0. In particular, by means of the Landesman–Lazer condition, we obtain sharp conclusions when the system is resonant at infinity.

%B Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods & Applications %V 74 %P 4166 - 4185 %G eng %U http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362546X11001817 %R https://doi.org/10.1016/j.na.2011.03.051