The activity in mathematical analysis is mainly focussed on ordinary and partial differential equations, on dynamical systems, on the calculus of variations, and on control theory. Connections of these topics with differential geometry are also developed.The activity in mathematical modelling is oriented to subjects for which the main technical tools come from mathematical analysis. The present themes are multiscale analysis, mechanics of materials, micromagnetics, modelling of biological systems, and problems related to control theory.The applications of mathematics developed in this course are related to the numerical analysis of partial differential equations and of control problems. This activity is organized in collaboration with MathLab for the study of problems coming from the real world, from industrial applications, and from complex systems.

## Introduction to the calculus of variations

- Elements of convex analysis, polar and bipolar function and their properties, convex envelopes. Semiclassical theory, Euler-Lagrange equations and relation with elliptic PDE’s. Regularity of minimizers.
- Direct method, quasiconvexity, polyconvexity, rank-one convexity and their relations. Semicontinuity theorems for scalar and vectorial functionals; existence of minimizers.
- Relaxation theorems, representation of relaxed functionals; convex, quasiconvex, polyconvex and rank-one convex envelopes.

## Semilinear equations in singularly perturbed domains with applications to phase transitions and geometrically constrained walls

- Phase transitions models and the Cahn-Hilliard functional.
- The Modica-Mortola Gamma-convergence result.
- Structure of local minimizers of the Cahn-Hilliard functional in convex domains.
- Construction of nonconstant local minimizers in nonconvex domains.
- Extreme geometry and geometrically constrained magnetic walls:
- construction of nontrivial local minimizers in singularly perturbed domains,
- asymptotic analysis of the behavior of local minimizers in the singular limit.